If you characterize the bushes of tea and hybrid roses, you can highlight common points. All of them are erect or slightly sprawling. Their shoots are reliable, they are straight or slightly cranked. These are the plants intended for cultivation on beds. The height of the bushes reaches 80 centimeters. The leaves are quite large, combining different shades.
The flowers are beautiful with a pleasant aroma. They are terry, single or collected in small inflorescences. The buds are elongated and pointed, have a goblet shape. Varieties of roses are decorative in the bush and shtambovoy form, used in the flower decoration of villas, gardens and used for cutting. If you carry out the right care and take care of the plant, then it can live for more than a dozen years.
Rose Osiria has large buds. Their diameter is about 12-16 centimeters. This variety has an amazing and unusual color. The upper part of the petal is dark red, the lower - with slightly pink edges. Inside they are velvet. Scent is not strong. Plant height can reach from seventy to eighty centimeters. In the semi-dispersed state, a goblet bud, and at full disclosure - a cup-shaped.
Flowering, perfectly carrying rain Osiria. Photos in the gardening guide show how unusual this variety is. He is amazingly handsome. But, despite all the advantages and, most importantly, a beautiful appearance, roses are whims and demanding care. Therefore, you should clearly follow the instructions to the plant pleased with beauty for a long time.
For a great result, planting should be done according to the appropriate rules. The landing usually takes place in early May. The shrub is placed in loose, weakly acidic soil. Rose Osiria should be protected from the wind. Before planting a seedling, it is placed in water for a few hours so that it absorbs moisture. It is necessary to dig a special hole in which to fit the rose of Osiria. Description of landing clearly and capaciously reveals all the required actions. Each bush should be at a distance of 50 centimeters. Landing is completed by hilling up to 15 cm.
It is possible to grow a plant in the open and closed ground, weather conditions influence on it. Flowering lasts almost the entire summer, so timely pruning is important. It increases the growth of shoots, giving him a chance to re-bloom. Do not simultaneously prune more than two flowers from one bush. If you do not follow this rule, the plant may weaken. Winter pruning is carried out in late October. And after that, the roses take shelter for a period of cold before spring.
Care and watering
Since the rose Osiria is capricious, care must be constant. For good growth and continuous flowering should be fed bushes minerals. In their composition must necessarily be present phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. Watering is important for any plant, the lack or excess of moisture leads directly to death. If it is not enough to water Osiria, the flowers are shredded, the color will no longer be so delightful, and bright notes may disappear in the aroma.
Optimal watering - once a week, if it is very hot. In spring and autumn it will be enough to do this once every ten days. After each watering it is better to mulch around the bush humus. So there will be no overheating and drying. In order to grow a beautiful and worthy of attention and admiration for the rose Osiria, it is important to simply follow certain instructions that are not so difficult in practice. As a result, you will get a beautiful and richly flowering plant.
Selection of seedlings and planting sites
The family of roses - plants are capricious and require a special approach. With proper care, hybrid tea roses are capable of producing up to 6-7 buds on each peduncle and give pleasure to their fragrant flowering for a long time.
Roses are very capricious creatures
The place for planting a hybrid tea rose should be sunny and protected from strong winds, plants do not like drafts. Well, if the rose bushes will be located near buildings or higher shrubs. It is not advisable to plant roses close to other rose plants: raspberries, rowan, cherry or pear.
The soil should be non-clayey, slightly acid, loose and well fertilized. It is better to plant roses in spring in order for the plant to settle down before wintering. Therefore, it is necessary to fertilize the soil at the end of autumn. To do this, you must make the land humus and cow dung.
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of planting material. In addition to color and flavor, decide which variety is more suitable for your region, and what size the rosebush is expected to reach. The height of the bushes of hybrid tea roses can be from 50 to 150 cm.
When buying seedlings, use the following points:
- The root system must be well developed and branched out.
- The presence of two or more stems with a diameter of 6-7 mm
- Kidneys should be at rest
- Lack of pale and too long shoots
- The stems should be mature, mature and green.
It is best to purchase seedlings in specialized stores or from trusted and reliable sellers.
Planting hybrid tea roses
Prepare roses for planting in advance
You can buy a sapling in advance, in early March. It should be stored in damp soil or sand in a cool room - basement, refrigerator. In this state of rest, the sapling will safely await the moment of planting in open ground. The time for landing is from May to June, before the onset of strong heat. The earth should be heated to +12 degrees Celsius.
Before planting, the roots of the seedling are recommended to trim a little and soak in water for 2 hours so that they are filled with moisture. But it is even better to place the plant completely in water.
Dig a hole so deep that the roots fit freely in it and do not bend, about 50-60 cm. Half of the hole must be filled with a mixture of garden soil, organic fertilizers (cow dung, peat, humus) and sand, in equal proportions. If the soil is dry, it is necessary to water it with 2 liters of water.
Next, the plant is lowered into the hole and covered with earth. Thickening on a seedling is a grafting site that needs to be buried 2-3 cm below the ground. After planting, the ground should be compacted thoroughly and an earthen roller should be built around the seedling so that during irrigation water flows directly to the roots.
The planting process ends with an earthing up of the plant in order to protect the lower buds from adverse climatic conditions.
Hybrid tea roses love rare but abundant watering. Young bush requires more watering. At first, every 2-3 days, but you should not over fill it. It will be enough 3-5 liters of water. Then watering can be done once a week, according to the degree of drying of the soil.
When the buds began to appear, you need to water the roses more often.
Most plants need watering during the formation of buds and active flowering. When there is insufficient moisture, the shoots develop poorly, the flowers become small and lose their beauty.
An adult plant needs about 10 liters of water per water. Roses love rain and melt water. Water from the tap does not really like the flower because it contains salt impurities. It is necessary to water a thin stream in order not to damage the roots. Also avoid water from the leaves and buds. This can lead to the development of fungal diseases.
On too hot days, roses should be watered with lukewarm water and done in the evening. If the summer is not very hot, watering can be done every 10-14 days.
In the autumn, the hybrid tea rose needs almost no watering unless there is no rain at all.
Top dressing roses
A very important process for the health of rose bushes is timely feeding. The combination of organic and mineral fertilizers has a good effect. Organic improves soil composition and nourishes the plant, and mineral fertilizer enhances growth and flowering.
In the first year, the rose does not need root dressing, because during planting fertilizers were made in the hole. But in the fall you can make additional feeding on the leaves (1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate per 8 liters of water). This will help the young plant to get stronger and prepare for the winter.
The first top dressing is made after pruning roses in spring, in order to activate growth. For this special mineral dry fertilizers are used, which can be purchased in stores. After abundant watering, fertilizers are scattered around the bush, departing from the center of 10-12 cm. Then close up and water well again.
Roses are very useful fertilizer
A week later, you must make organic fertilizers. Approximately 5 liters of rotted mullein should be placed around the bush, burst into the ground and watered.
During the appearance of the ovary of rosebuds, they again need feeding. Organic will be a good remedy - an infusion of chicken manure or cow dung. Infusion should be prepared in advance. Take 1 liter of manure per 8 l of water and let it stand for two weeks. The resulting fertilizer is diluted 1: 5 with water and watered.
In the same period, foliar feeding should be carried out with infusion of wood ash or a weak solution of nitrate.
Before the start of flowering store fertilizers should be applied. It is not necessary to fertilize during active rose color.
The last time roses are fertilized in September. Organic fertilizers are used for this.
If the roses look healthy, bloom actively and for a long time, then you can make only organic dressings in order not to pickle the soil.
Pest and disease control
Powdery mildew is a common disease of hybrid tea. In order to prevent disease and for prevention, plants are treated with baking soda. To do this, 40 g of soda diluted in 1 liter of water and this solution is sprayed on the leaves. Processing is carried out in the spring, with the appearance of foliage. This is done 2 times a week and lasts until the end of June.
Often, roses are invaded by green aphids. You can fight this pest with the prepared solution. In 10 liters of water, rub a piece of ordinary laundry soap and add a few sprigs of wormwood.
Boil the ingredients for 15 minutes, let stand and strain. The resulting solution is necessary to process the leaves and stems of plants. Repeat the procedure in a week.
Roses are often pet pests
If the pest does not recede, then you can use special poisons that are on sale.
Timely pruning plays a major role in the proper care of hybrid tea roses. It can be of several types:
Strong pruning. More than half of the shoot is cut to leave 3-4 buds. This contributes to the formation of larger colors, but in smaller quantities. Flowering begins later than usual.
Weak pruning. Removed damaged or frozen tip of the shoot. The plant begins to bloom early, flowers are formed more. But the flowers themselves will be smaller.
Spring pruning is the most important. It is made when the buds have reached the size of 0.5 to about 8 cm. In low-growing varieties, 3-4 buds should be left and the shoot length is 15-20 cm. Up to 8 buds are left for tall plants, the shoot length is 30 cm.
Summer pruning. Held after flowering. Faded flowers are removed with a small part of the shoot. At the same time, roses do not give strength to the formation of fruits, which will provide abundant flowering in the future.
Autumn pruning. Produced before wintering. Undirected and damaged shoots are cut. Strong pruning is not recommended, since during severe winters the branches can freeze deeply, which can greatly harm the plant.
Do not forget the autumn pruning
After the pruning process, all remote shoots and leaves must be removed away from the bushes or burned. They may contain pathogens of plant diseases.
Preparing for the winter
To the bushes well wintered, they must be covered. The bases of the bushes are covered with dry leaves or branches of pine trees, sprinkled with a layer of earth or peat, 25 cm high. If the winters are harsh, you need to make a frame, cover it with a warming material and waterproof film on top.
While watching the video, you will learn how to plant roses.
Hybrid tea roses require attention and special care. But having put the efforts, you receive as a reward delightful plants which will become decoration of any garden.
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Description of a grade of roses "Osiria", photo
The hybrid two-tone tea rose Osiria Reimer Kordes was first allocated to a separate class in Germany (1978). It got its name from the fairy-tale legend about the mysterious ancient country of Osiry, which sank in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean and carried its secret to the bottom.
The roses of Cordes are known throughout the world for the incredible and unusual beauty of their flowers, wonderful aroma and amazing ability to bear fruit for a long time.
“Osiria” is an ornamental plant, therefore it is ideal for growing in flowerbeds, gardens, avenues, it is successfully used for organizing landscape designs and design of bouquets.
The plant grows to a height of 70-90 cm, has strong shoots, mostly straight, sometimes with a slight curvature. The diameter of the crown with proper care does not exceed 80 cm. The bushes are powerful, slightly sprawling, upright.
The leaves are large, densely covering the entire stem, mostly dark green, dull with the outer surface, may have a lighter shade.
The buds of the rose “Osiria” have a glass-like shape, which at the stage of full disclosure turns into a cup-shaped. The flower consists of a large number of petals with the original double color: the inside of the velvet red color, the outer one - from milky to creamy white. Buds are large, single, in diameter 9-12 cm.
Active bloom, with many inflorescences, continues from the beginning of June to the last days of the warm autumn season.
The flowers have a pleasant, light, spicy scent that intensifies in calm weather and in the evening.
Rose "Osiria" in the photo:
To grow a beautiful plant, to ensure lush flowering for several years, you need to properly care for roses.
One of the conditions for obtaining a decent result is competent planting seedlings into the soil. The place is chosen sunny, without drafts.
Transplantation in open ground is carried out in early May. Before planting, the seedlings are soaked in water for 6-7 hours, so that the shoots are well saturated with moisture. The wells for plants are located at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other. The land is well loosened, fertilizers are added. The shrub is immersed in the hole, covered with earth and spud, creating a mound around the stem to a height of 20 cm.
Osiria rose variety needs regular optimal watering. But the plant should not be poured strongly, the soil under the bush should not be too wet. Increased humidity will cause root decay and lead to the death of the plant. In case of insufficient watering, there is a deficit of moisture in the shoots, as a result of which the number and size of buds are significantly reduced.
Rose care, video:
Pruning is carried out regularly, the entire period of flowering. Remove adult branches, ensuring the development of young shoots. Updating the bush increases the formation of new inflorescences, stimulates their growth. Too much to get involved in this process is not recommended, because excessive removal of healthy shoots will weaken the plant, it will cease to bloom.
Winter pruning is carried out at the end of October, after it the bushes are covered with straw or dry leaves, and the side branches are fixed to the center with a rope to protect from the wind.
To ensure active growth, strengthen the root system, the formation of foliage and vigorous flowering, rose bushes need to be fertilized.
Nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as well as boron, iron, magnesium and manganese are applied to the soil in spring. These substances affect the formation of buds, the severity of flower color, the development of green mass. Phosphoric mixtures contribute to the formation of new root threads, strengthen shoots, increase the activity of flowering.
Organic fertilizers (peat, compost, chicken dung, humus) are especially useful for young plants, they are used in early spring, during the awakening of the rose bushes, and in the autumn, before wintering. Organic top-dressing increases soil fertility, contributes to the strengthening and active growth of roots.
After the lush flowering of roses need nutrition to restore lost strength. Ready complex compositions come to the rescue: Agricola-Avto, Bud Plus, Zircon, Pokon. Useful yeast dressing, returning the plant strength and energy.
The lack of necessary care can cause roses to be affected by various diseases, including:
- Sunburn. Appear due to prolonged exposure to direct sunlight in the absence of shading devices.
- Battery shortage. The wilting and aging of the bush is caused by an insufficient amount of potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, and iron.
- Chlorosis. Developed with a lack of mineral components necessary for the normal development of the plant.
Advantages of hybrid tea roses
- long flowering (all summer and almost all autumn),
- elasticity flower buds,
- high ornamental shrub
- устойчивость к климатическим изменениям.
Для того чтобы эти розы украсили дачный участок, нужно знать основные принципы агротехники, соблюдать особенности ухода и выращивания.
Популярные сорта чайно-гибридных роз
Currently, breeders bred a lot of varieties. They differ in the main features:
- variety of colors: from red crimson to pale yellow roses,
- height (from 50 cm to one meter),
- leaf quality and coloring (from thick to thin, from leathery to thin),
- the number of flowers on the peduncle,
- form (narrow, sprawling, narrow pyramidal).
Everyone will be able to choose a variety that he likes more. We present several varieties that are popular.
Alexander. Plant in height can reach one and a half meters. Stems erect, flowers in up to 15 cm in diameter. Variety refers to the semi-double. Suitable for decorating a hedge, used to create bouquets.
Peer Gynt. Beautiful variety of hybrid tea, early. It has neat compact bushes in height up to 90 cm. The spikes are sharp and thin. The flowers at the very beginning of flowering are golden yellow, then appear at the edges pink patina. The lack of varieties - often sick powdery mildew.
Prima Ballerina. Real prima among very moody beauties. The bush is upright, it reaches a meter in height. It is a bed of hybrid tea rose, has large inflorescences of pink cherry color. This variety is prone to disease.
Dame De Coeur. Variety resistant to frost and various diseases. It has a faint, very delicate flavor. The flowers are beautiful, large, terry, about 12 cm in diameter. Look great in bouquets and group planting.
Le France. Very popular variety, it wins its color. The lower part of the flower is bright pink, the upper part is silver-pink. The aroma is saturated, high winter hardiness. Susceptible to fungal diseases.
Lucky Piece. A beautiful variety with two-sided petals. Bottom they are orange-red, apricot pink above. Flowers gustomahrovye, bush itself compact size.
Basic requirements for planting hybrid tea roses
For planting hybrid tea roses on his plot need to pick up place on the plotwhich will be protected from strong winds, but will be sunny. And roses do not like drafts. It is convenient to have pink bushes near tall shrubs or buildings. Neighborhood with such plants as mountain ash, raspberry, pear and cherry, is undesirable.
The soil should be slightly acidic, well-fertilized and loose. It is better to plant roses in the spring, then the plant will have time to settle down, it is good to winter well. In late autumn, the soil must be fertilized. It is better to make humus ground or cow dung.
The quality of planting material is given special attention. To begin with, the grower must choose which variety best suits the climate of his region. Take into account the need and size, which reaches the rose bush. The height of hybrid tea roses - up to one and a half meters.
Choosing seedlings in the nursery, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- no too long and pale shoots that may be sick
- the roots should be good branched and well developed,
- the stems should be green, be mature and mature,
- buds should be at rest,
- the seedling should be 2 or more stems with a diameter of about 7 mm.
Preparation of planting material
Seedlings must be prepared in early March. Prior to that, they are stored in a cool room, in wet sand or soil. This planting material quietly awaits landing in open ground. The optimal time for planting is May-June, when the soil has already warmed up to + 12 ° С. The main thing is to have time to plant the plants before the onset of extreme heat. The roots of the seedling must be cut a little. Then the seedlings are placed in water for 2 hours, they should be thoroughly soaked with moisture.
Planting a hybrid tea rose
The fossa should be of such depth that the roots of the plant when placed in it do not bend. It is approximately 50-60 cm. Half the pit is filled with a mixture of sand, organic fertilizers and garden soil, all components are taken in equal quantities. It is necessary to water the dry soil with two liters of water.
Sapling falls into the hole, covered with soil. The inoculation site (noticeable thickening on the seedling) needs to be buried 2-3 cm into the ground. The soil around the plant is compacted, a mound is constructed from the ground, so that during watering water came to the roots. At the end of planting, you need to pile up the plant, so the lower buds can be protected from weather surprises.
Hybrid tea roses prefer abundant but rare watering. Abundant watering requires a young bush. In the first days after planting, it is watered in 2-3 days, not overflowing. The optimal amount is 3-5 buckets of water. Later, watering is done once a week, as the soil dries. After the appearance of the buds on the plant, frequent watering should be resumed.
In the period of active rose blooms need good watering. If moisture is not enough, the shoots will develop poorly, the flowers lose their beauty, they will become small. On one watering of an adult plant 10 liters of water will be required.
Water quality also matters. Roses do not like tap water because of the presence of salt impurities, prefer thawed and rain. Watering is done carefully, so as not to damage the roots. Care must be taken not to wet the buds and leaves. Moisture on them contributes to the development of fungal diseases.
In hot days you need to water the roses in the evening with warm water. With cool weather, watering can be reduced to once every two weeks. In the autumn watering is excluded, it is allowed to water the roses, if there is no precipitation at all.
Timely top dressing roses is a very important process in the cultivation of hybrid tea varieties of roses. Good mineral dressing, it enhances flowering and growth. Organic fertilizers nourish the plant and improve the composition of the soil.
Rose in first year after planting does not need anything, provided fertilizer in the pit when planting. Florists spend feeding on the leaves of potassium sulfate. This is necessary so that the young plant is strengthened and prepared for wintering.
In the spring of the first dressing is carried out after pruning roses. Special mineral fertilizers are used. In dry form, they are sold in all agrotechnical stores. Fertilizers are scattered around the bush after abundant watering, departing from the center about 11 cm. Close up, then watered again. Organic fertilizers are applied after a week. Near each bush you need to place about 5 liters of rotted mullein, which are loosened with the ground and watered.
The next time, fertilizing is needed when the bud bud appears. Effective introduction of infusion of chicken manure. Infusion is prepared in advance. Eight liters of water take 1 liter of manure. Insist the mixture for 2 weeks, so you need to prepare it in advance. Fertilizer is diluted 1: 5, then watered.
Simultaneously with this dressing, additional dressing is needed with a weak solution of saltpeter or wood ash. Shop fertilizers are applied before flowering. When the roses begin to bloom, fertilizer is not necessary. In September, fertilize roses for the last time, make organic dressing. Mineral fertilizers do not need to make, if the roses long and actively bloom, look healthy.
To actively bloom roses and be healthy, you need to carefully look after behind them, get rid of weeds. The soil is loosened to saturate the soil with oxygen. The earth should retain moisture well, this will contribute to the normal development of the root system. The procedure is carried out after feeding or watering once a month.
Diseases and pests: how to fight
Mealy dew is the most common disease of hybrid tea varieties of roses. In order to prevent and prevent disease, it is necessary to treat plants with baking soda. It is necessary to dilute 40 g of soda in a liter of water, the resulting solution is sprayed on the leaves. Do it in the spring when the foliage appears. Spraying is carried out twice a week in spring and until the end of June.
Often roses are affected by green aphids. A soap solution with the addition of several branches of wormwood will help to cope with it. A piece of laundry soap rubs into the water (10 liters), boils for 15 minutes, infused. The solution is treated with the stems and leaves of the plant. After a week, this procedure is repeated. If the infection is very active, it does not go away, you should turn to special chemicals that are sold in specialized stores.
Preparing Hybrid Tea Roses for Winter
Choosing the right time for pruning and shelter is an important step in preparing the tea rose for winter. If it is too early to cover the rose or it is early to dig up, the plant's immunity will weaken, it may die immediately after the first frost.
The longest shoots need to be cut, leaving only 6 buds, so that the rose could grow again next year. The remaining shoots are carefully inspected. When detecting watery areas, they need to be removed. After that, the rose is covered, it is dropped in the surrounding earth, covering part of the stems and roots. The soil works as a heat insulator, preventing the plant from freezing.
Additionally, you need to cover the base of the bushes with branches of pine trees, fir branches, dry leaves. Top sprinkled with peat 25 cm in height. In the conditions of severe winters it is necessary to make a special frame on which to fix the insulating material.
Growing up tea rose, with proper fit and care in the garden, will bring a lot of positive emotions, will allow you to enjoy the touching beauty of these flowers.
Description of the rose axis
Shrubs at the plant quite powerful, developed, upright. Often there is the formation of drooping shoots after the formation of massive buds. On the adult bush a lot of leaves along the length of the shoots. The foliage is greenish with a matte surface. Shoots grow to a height of 80-90cm, well suited for cutting and landscape design.
The height of the bush axis is usually 1-1,1m. The crown width with competent timely measures of pruning and formation is rarely greater than 0.7-0.9 m. The resistance of the rose to damage by common diseases is rather average. Sometimes axisria need regular preventive treatments.
- The main feature - the original color of flowers. The inner petals are red in color, delicate and velvety, and for the bottom side an attractive creamy white shade is characteristic.
- Buds gustomahrovye. Half open buds have a goblet shape. The buds, which are fully bloomed, acquire an open cupped shape.
- The diameter of the flower is about 10-11cm. Fully opened flowers have an intoxicating scent that intensifies in the evening.
- Flowering is long and abundant, lasts from mid-summer to the last warm days of autumn.
- Often there is the formation of drooping shoots due to the formation of massive buds.
Like many hybrid tea varieties, the axis of the rose requires strict adherence to care activities, in accordance with the agricultural culture. Untimely or improper care often leads to the destruction of rose bushes by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
Among non-communicable diseases of rose bushes, osria can be:
- Sunburns of the aerial parts, which require removable shading of bushes with awnings or shading nets.
- Physiological aging, characteristic of all grafted roses and expressed in the thickening of the aerial part, the accumulation of diseases, the defeat of the fungus and bacteria in the neck root, and the growth of the shoots of the basement.
- Lack of batteries, including magnesium, nitrogen, iron, potassium and phosphorus.
- Chlorosis due to lack of minerals or the inability of the axis to absorb nutrients.
Compliance with the technology of cultivation will provide tolerable resistance to disease and parasites. A standard set of preventive measures is required.
How well the care of the rose was made in the first year after its planting determines, in many respects, its further development, growth and flowering.
Mandatory activities during the season:
- soil loosening
- weed control
- pest and disease control
- top dressing.
The best fertilizer for young roses - it is a slurry containing, along with the required chemical elements, bacteria, mineralizing organic compounds inaccessible to plants, and converting them into an assimilable form. The first feeding is carried out in the second decade of June, the last - in the first half of August. All you need 3-4 feeding with an interval of two weeks.
Slurry is prepared for 10-12 days before use. A fresh mullein is put into the barrel and filled with water in a ratio of 1: 3. 10-15 g of potassium sulfate and double superphosphate are added to each bucket of water. Everything is mixed and aged 10-12 days. Before use divorces in a ratio of 1:10.
Before feeding around the bushes, at a distance of 30-35 cm from the side shoots, furrows are made and shed water. Then diluted slurry flows into the furrows, 3-5 l per bush. When the ground dries out a little (in 30-40 minutes), the furrows are covered with dry earth, sand or peat.
The next day, loosen the soil. So that the root system was powerful, the axis of the rose should not be given abundant bloom in the 1st year. The buds are removed until August, one or two flowers are left for fruit set. After the cessation of intensive growth, the plant is better prepared for winter.
When the temperature in the fall drops to 8 ° C, young flowers shelter from frost. Hilling with dry soil and sand to a height of 30 cm and covering with spruce branches will be a good defense. With the advent of young shoots in the spring, the bushes are freed from the shelter. This is done in several receptions for 8-10 days in the evening or in cloudy weather. When hilling is removed from the bushes, their branches are covered with spruce branches. In this case, the sun will not damage the shoots, and the soil around the bushes will gradually warm up, and water will begin to go to the roots.
To tea hybrid rose pleased with an abundance of flowers every year, it is necessary to carefully care for it: cut, water, feed, cover for the winter.
Flower grower reviews
Flower growers engaged in the cultivation of hybrid tea rose, speak about axisy ambiguously. Some note copious blooms, but are unhappy with slow growth rates, relatively weak peduncles, often drooping under the weight of buds, which is especially noticeable after heavy rains. This feature of the axia was obtained as a result of the prevalence of the genes of one of the “parents” - the “Snowfire” variety.
Description of the Rose of Osiria
Osiria is a bush about 90 centimeters high. The foliage is quite abundant, dark green. The surface of the leaves is matte. The width of the bush usually does not exceed 70 centimeters.
The main distinctive feature of the rose Osiria is its coloring. Petals have different colors from the top and bottom side. Inside the red palette prevails, from red-pink to dark shades. And on the outside the petals are light, almost white.
The half-open flower has a graceful, goblet shape. At this stage, it looks particularly impressive, as the petals play with color from different angles. After full disclosure, the shape goes into the cup.
In addition to the unusual appearance, the flowers have a pleasant spicy fragrance. It is especially pronounced in the evening and in calm, calm weather.
Like any hybrid tea, it looks great in single plantings, precisely because of its unusual, self-sufficient color. However, this advantage can be used in grouping.
Osiria roses are perfect for cutting. They look great in mono-bouquets and stand in a vase for a long time.
Characteristics and characteristics of the variety
This wonderful flower has quite good frost resistance indicators - it holds to minus 23 degrees (under cover). The time of landing in the soil - from March to October, flowering occurs in June, lasts until September. The hybrid is re-flowering, i.e. blooms several times during the season with intervals between blooms. Rose bushes are excellently developed, they have an upright (or slightly spreading) appearance, quite powerful, reaching a height of 1.1 meters in height. The crown width during molding trimmings averages 0.9 m.
Hardness is observed along the entire length of the shoots. The leaves are rather large, characteristic for roses, dark green in color, the surface is smooth, matte, at the edges are cloves.
The most important feature that Assyria Rose can boast of is the unusual color of flowers: from the inside they are dark red in color, dense with double, velvety structure, the reverse is creamy white with a silvery shade. Some florists compare the color of Osiria with ripe cherries or strawberries. In the half-opened state, the bud resembles a glass, having blossomed - an open cup. The flower is quite large and lush, reaching 11-12 centimeters in diameter. Flowering lasts up to two weeks, while decorativeness lasts all this time. The aroma is very strong, pleasant, literally “intoxicating”, intensifying in the evening hours.
Rose tea hybrid Osiria in the bush and standard form is used for decorating suburban areas, are also used in cut form for the formation of delicious bouquets. With the observance of the rules of agrotechnology can grow well and bloom in one place for several decades.
Characteristicvariety says that it has an average resistance to diseases of flowering plants, both infectious and non-infectious nature:
- sunburn in the absence of proper shading,
- старение, которому подвержены все привитые розы: утолщение стебля в прикорневой зоне, грибковые поражения, накопление заболеваний,
- дефицит азота, магния, калия, фосфора и других минеральных веществ, который выражается в хлорозе.
Common infectious diseases in roses include: stem cancer, powdery mildew, rust, gray mold, viral mosaic.
The rose Osiria has strong dense stems, from which it is very difficult to get cuttings, therefore the main ways of its reproduction are cutting and dividing the bush.
The stalk is taken from a strong shoot while it is covered with flowers. It is necessary to choose the middle of the shoot, on which there is a couple of sheets, the length of the cutting should be from 10 to 15 centimeters. The cut is made straight (top), 1 centimeter above the kidney. Bottom pruned at an oblique angle of 6-8 centimeters lower buds. Leaves are pinch off.
It is desirable to treat the lower (root) cut of the cutting with a stimulating compound of “Heteroauxin” within half a day. The soil in the rose garden (or planting tanks when planting in closed ground) must also be prepared. It is filled with peat-sand mixture, humus is also added, everything is processed with a weak manganese solution. Ready cuttings are placed in the soil at a depth of two centimeters, watered with heated water and covered with a film to create greenhouse conditions. The signal of the successful rooting of future roses is the blooming of buds on the trunk. When the air and the soil are warm enough (usually by the beginning of May), young Osiry can be planted in open ground.
Best of all, roses grow on loose, slightly acidic soils. The place should be sheltered from the wind and get enough sunlight. Each future bush should be planted at a distance of half a meter from the other. After planting, the earthing up of the plant root zone is made to a height of at least 15 centimeters.
Best of all, roses grow on loose, slightly acidic soils.
The reproduction of roses by dividing the bush is made in the spring or autumn period. The operation is quite simple - a rosebush is dug out and divided into a 2-3 parts with a spade or other clean tool, and each delenka should have a developed rhizome. The wells for planting are prepared in the usual way: they moisten, fertilize, after which parts of the bush are planted in them.
Like most decorative roses, hybrid tea Osiria is very capricious and requires constant care. Since the plant blooms all summer, it must be periodically cut, which stimulates the growth of new shoots and re-blooming buds. However, the maximum can be cut no more than two or three flowers and branches on the bush, otherwise the rose may weaken. At the end of flowering (the second decade of October) winter pruning is carried out, followed by hiding for the winter.
Timely and competent flower top dressing is very important. It is necessary to ensure a sufficient content of phosphorus, potassium and magnesium, boron, iron and manganese. This has an impact on the proper formation of buds and the classic color of the flowers, as well as on the development and strengthening of the root system.
Optimally water the rose every five to seven days in hot weather.
It is necessary to water the rose correctly - with insufficient moisture, the flowers become small and almost stop smelling, with excess - the plant can rot and die. It is optimal to water the rose once every five to seven days in hot weather, other periods just watering once every 10 days. Each watering is desirable to complete the mulch with humus.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
A description of the variety of Osirius roses would be incomplete without a description of the advantages and disadvantages of the flower. So, this rose is valued for the following advantages:
- amazingly painted flowers and a wonderful aroma, which allows Osiry to be an ornament to cottages and bouquets,
- can grow in one place not one decade,
- is immune to insect pests,
- blooms magnificently several times a season.
There are disadvantages:
- sometimes the bush grows slowly and has rather weak flower stalks,
- after the rain, the branches are drooping due to the weight of the buds,
- can be obtained under the guise of Osiria saplings of other, not such chic varieties or plants with high susceptibility to diseases (from vegetative propagation),
- demanding care.
Tea hybrid Ossiria is a capricious, but remarkably beautiful garden rose. If you properly care for her, you can enjoy the incredible two-tone buds and the wonderful aroma of this hybrid tea rose for a long time.