Owners of private houses or cottages want to decorate their plots with various ornamental plants to give them a more aesthetic look. For this there are a large number of different instances that bloom and retain their beauty for more than one year. Blue fescue also belongs to the elements of live decor.
Description of blue fescue
Blue fescue is a perennial plant that reaches a height of 20 to 60 cm. In appearance it has a spherical shape, and the leaves in the form of needles are painted in a pleasant bluish tint. Even in winter, such a plant does not lose its attractiveness.
Since the beginning of the summer festivity read bloom. It has inflorescences-panicles that rise high above the bush. Even when they fade away, they retain their decorative functions. But if desired, they can be cut off so as not to deplete the plant.
It tolerates winter fescue well, but it happens that mature bushes freeze slightly. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to divide the bush. Otherwise, this decorative grass is undemanding, so it is perfect for decoration.
It is possible to decorate with the named plant the most inconspicuous places of the site, since on dry and stony soils the blue fescue grows well. You can choose different varieties that will be different shades from the most blue to azure and silver.
Planting blue fescue
Ornamental plant blue fescue, planting and care of which does not require much effort, suitable even for novice gardeners. It is grown from seeds that are of medium size.
It can be planted immediately in open soil, from April to early May, or in late autumn:
- Make a nest for disembarkation, you need to put about four seeds in it. This method is most effective, as it allows in the first year to grow a decorative bump.
- Dig holes for planting at a distance of 15-20 cm. After placing the seeds in the hole, sprinkle them out with a thin layer of soil and pour in plenty.
- In two weeks you will see the first shoots of fescue. Loves this plant sun, dry or moderate soil. It is necessary to regularly loosen the surface of the earth, but water it infrequently.
It is not necessary to plant the plant under the open sun, in the partial shade it can also give a good decorative effect. Moreover, with such illumination the color of the leaves takes on a more saturated color.
You can see what festivity looks like. Her photo is presented in our article.
Secrets of care
Blue fescue seeds take root very quickly, and after germination they require the same care as the lawn. It is necessary to monitor soil moisture, fertilize as necessary, and also to divide the plants every two or three years. Planting is necessary so that the plants do not get used to the soil and do not die off.
After the winter period, it is required to remove old dead sheets.
To get the biggest increase in ornamental grass, multiply it is worth it through seating, and not through the seeds. And also it is possible to germinate them when planting from seeds in the beginning. To do this, they are planted in a box in early March and kept at room temperature.
Especially closely follow the watering, it is impossible to overmoisten the plant. Therefore, consider the weather conditions, the type of soil and its moisture level.
If you carry out the right care, the inflorescences of the panicle of the blue fescue will long decorate your garden.
Comfortable conditions for fescue
Blue fescue - representative of a vast family of decorative cereals. Refers to the kind of sun lovers. To succeed in cultivation, you need to find the warmest or even the hottest part in the garden. Even the most intensely lit southern sides will work well. If you put the fescue in too dark a place, then you will not get the gray shade of the sheets.
These plants do not put special requirements to the soil, so even in completely dry zones their spherical shape will adorn the site. You should not choose a site where moisture can accumulate, do not like the described plants and highly nutritious soil. It is believed that the most beautiful fescue grow on the rocky soil of rock gardens and rockeries.
All species of this plant are resistant to frost, and therefore do not need protection in the winter. But it is still worth buying varieties already acclimatized to your climate zone.
They also have a disadvantage - rather rapid extinction of clumps. After 2-3 years, the center of the derninka gradually dries out at the plant, therefore they need to be constantly rejuvenated and divided.
Especially strong growth of fescue has a width rather than height, so well fill the required area.
Other types of fescue
Not only the blue fescue, the photo of which you see in the article, can decorate your plot, but also other varieties of ornamental grass.
Amethyst fescue, originating from the mountains of Transcaucasia and Central Europe. This is a large blue fescue, which grows up to 60 cm in height. The leaf looks like a needle, but at the same time has a pleasant texture. The color of this evergreen plant varies from bluish-green to gray-blue.
It blooms in June, and the flowers rise high above the foliage. It grows well on light, poor, sandy soils.
Glacier fescue hails from the Pyrenees. It is up to 30 cm in height and creates hemispherical bushes near the glacier zone. Planted in rock gardens. The plant, although it freezes in the harsh winter, has a fast ability to recover.
Paniculate fescue refers to the low variant - up to 15 cm in height. Color has a light green, blooms also in late June. Can be planted in the shaded areas of the garden. If after winter most of the foliage will die, then you just need to get rid of it, and the bush itself will quickly recover.
Sheep fescue has thin stems that end in triangles. The foliage is silky and long, and the color is light green. It decorates paths and borders, it grows well under pines.
But the most interesting is still blue fescue (gray), due to its unnatural color. She is especially well able to decorate your yard.
Tips for picking and planting blue fescue
Blue fescue is perfect for dry soils. If there are places on your personal plots where nothing grows, since they are too dry, then you can fill them with such decorative grass.
This is a perennial evergreen plant that is not afraid of the cold. If after winter dry leaves were formed, they just need to be removed.
When choosing seeds for planting, pay attention to the fact that they are acclimatized to your region.
It is necessary to plant in the nests of four seeds in one. Watering is not abundant after planting, as in the process of growing. And do not choose the places where water can accumulate.
Grows best in the sunniest areas. Since it does not require special care, even a novice gardener can cope with growing such an element of decor.
Over the years of observation, experts have concluded that the blue fescue is not terrible for the vast majority of diseases. It is not affected by rot and tolerates cold. Even insect pests bypass this decorative grass side.
Therefore, no difficulties other than overwetting the soil, when it is harvested, you will not find.
Application in landscape design
The main purpose as a ground cover plant. This culture is the most common in the gardens of our climate zone. Grass is used as a background plant, filling in all the gaps, in rabatkah, beds, mixborders, curbs. Only gray fescue is used in carpet flower beds. Sit in whole arrays near dwarf and medium-sized shrubs. You can find planting plants in baskets and containers, near flowering summer plants. Plays a role in the design of rock gardens. Being a background or addition to the main elements of the composition, the blue-eyed fescue helps the ensemble to find a complete and complete image.
The plant is universal. It is combined with almost all flowers and shrubs, looks beautiful against the background of garden furniture, decor items, gravel dumping, boulders. If hewn logs are used instead of benches, then planting grass around will create a natural and natural look. The same effect will produce a culture on the shore of a natural or artificial reservoir. The slight swaying of grass from the slightest breath of wind brings a pacifying aura and romantic mood. The modest charm of the fescue in combination with its expressive leaves, needles complements the image of any backyard.
Landscape style "New Wave", which uses a combination of different types of cereals, gives the fescue the role of not only the background, but also the basis in the compositions. The color, texture and movement of the plant allows you to give the garden absolute naturalness, without a trace of human intervention. The color of the bush that changes throughout the year allows you to combine around you plants that bloom in different periods. In this case, the composition will be transformed independently, without requiring the attention of the gardener. In winter, the plant is seen from under the snow and attracts many birds that fill the garden with their singing.
The first time the fescue is planted on the side auxiliary beds, due to slow growth. When the plant completely enters the role of a decorative element of the garden, it is moved to the site that is accessible to the survey from different points. There fescue will be able to fulfill its main purpose - to create a magically beautiful landscape. Cereals are a canvas on which a skilled designer will create bright colors by planting flowering shrubs, evergreens and colorful flowers nearby.
Combination with other plants
The idea of using cereals in garden design came about thanks to the versatility of the plant and the ability to create bright contrasts in colors, shapes, sizes. Bluegrass fescue is an ideal background and addition for roses, yarrow, rhodiola, peony, carnations, geraniums, violets, echinacea and many others. Performing the role of an array of low-growing plants, fescue is combined with a lung box, cuff, geyher, tradescantia. Perfectly in addition to such soliter: Volzhanka, miscanthus. Near garden furniture and other designer utensils are harmoniously combined with field flowers: poppies, daisies, cornflowers and salvia. Framing paths effectively interacts with the bunny tail.
But gardener's design ideas are endless. They created a flower garden without flowers, with the participation of fescue. Skillfully combining ornamental species and varieties of cereals, natural picturesque islands are obtained. Given the height, shape, color and sweepingness of adult representatives of cereals, designers planted them along the curb, high boulders and garden furniture. Choosing an open area for planting a mini-garden of cereal will be visible at different points in the backyard. The most popular "neighbors" of the fescue are the gray-gray cereal - long-necked barley, cattail, blue elimus. Flowerbed, catching any breath of wind - a fresh and original solution for a country house. Plants can be planted in semicircular tiers or rows.
Compatibility with needles has become a classic. Exotic southern view of the landscape will give a combination of emerald green and seribris-blue flowers. This combination will decorate the site all year round, refreshing in the summer heat and dynamically speaking in the snowy winter. The combination can take the place of the main mixborder or the territory near the entrance to the garden. The texture of the cereals gives the needles a flowing look and complements the ensemble, Fescue is able to emphasize all the play of shades of coniferous shrubs or trees. Grasses bushes are combined with juniper, western thuja, and pea-growing cypress.
The most popular and popular varieties of fescue are gray:
Fescue growing conditions
This decorative grass loves the sun, so choose a well-lit areas. Fans of stony gardens are especially pleased: the plant easily tolerates heat and lack of moisture, so feel free to plant fescue where you can sometimes forget about it.
It should be remembered that the penumbra or shadow is perceived by the grass sharply negatively, and the gray species can change color, losing a decorative bluish tint.
Fescue will suit garden soil of any composition, but preferably still loose soil without stagnant moisture. For full development, the plant needs a soil structure that is air and moisture permeable. To achieve the desired structure is simple: if the earth is clayey, heavy, you need to add sand and a little loose organic matter (rotten compost), but not more than a third of a bucket per square meter. Excess humus is perceived negatively by the plant. The best soil for the plant is stony soil with good drainage, where the fescue shows itself in all its glory.
Good cold resistance of fescue allows you to grow it in areas with harsh winters, even without covering. When purchasing planting material, it is better to consult how successfully this species is established in the conditions of your area and to select already tested varieties. So you can protect yourself from any unpleasant surprises and get a variety that will perfectly feel in the climatic conditions of your zone.
How to care for fescue
Care for outdoor fescue Photos with flowers
Lazy gardeners will be very happy to know that in addition to a good choice of location and soil, the plant does not need anything more. Yes transplant every three years. The rest of the care for watering and dressing will be completely unnecessary.
A good result will be the mulching of the soil with decorative pebbles: weeds will not break through such mulch, at night condensate will form under it (that's what you water), and in the heat there will be no intense evaporation of moisture.
To maintain the bushes in a beautiful way, in the spring it is enough to remove dead leaves, cutting them off or “combing” them with a rake. After flowering is not superfluous to cut the dried panicles. That's all the "wisdom" in the care of fescue.
Fescue breeding division bush
Transplantation, rejuvenation of the bush and its division, reproduction of fescue - all this is a simple and accessible process. It is enough to shovel a clod of earth under the fescue with a shovel and dig it out. Sharp knife divide the bush into several parts, preserving the integrity of the earthy coma. The dead central part of a bush is thrown out.
Planted new bushes at a distance of 15-20 cm, if they want to get a solid carpet, or less often (50-60 cm), so that the plants looked apart.
It is possible to start breeding fescue in early spring, for which, from autumn, dug uterine plants dug up and transplanted into pots are brought into a cold room. They contain them at low positive temperatures, but provide good lighting. In the spring, plants are separated and planted in a flower bed.
How and when to sow fescue in the ground
Difficulties in the cultivation of fescue from seed is not. Sowing begin at the end of March, as soon as the ground ripens. The seeds are quite large, so you can plant decorative fescue on one seed at a distance of 10-15 cm. Seeding depth is 2-3 cm. Lawn grass is simply spread evenly over the surface of the ground and sealed with a rake. In the spring of moisture in the ground is enough to sprout the plants. But if you want to speed up the process, you can occasionally water the garden, however, avoiding overflow and the formation of an earthy crust.
When shoots appear, you need to remove the weeds and plow the soil. Fescue grows and develops very quickly, so by the end of the summer you will get full-fledged bushes.
How to grow fescue from seed for seedlings at home
Patient gardeners like to grow fescue through seedlings. To do this, at the end of February, seedlings are prepared and filled with loose earth. Planted in each glass of 1-2 seeds and lightly watered. Place you need to choose a warm and well lit, preferably south or east windows.
Remember that the stagnation of moisture is unacceptable, so there must be drainage holes in the bottom of the cups, and the excess water from the pan must be drained.
Plants quickly germinate and develop. Already in April, subject to the absence of frosts, fescue seedlings are planted in a flower bed by transshipment method. The distance between the holes is approximately 15 cm.
Blue or Gray Fescue Festuca glauca
Fescue gray landing and care Fescue blue photo
The most popular species, deserving the attention of gardeners with its unusual blue shade. Separately planted bushes, growing, form spherical clumps resembling fluffy pomponchiki. Thin sharp leaves are tough enough to retain shape even with strong wind and precipitation. During flowering rare paniculata inflorescences beautifully emphasize the round balls of leaves. height of bushes from 30 to 60 cm, depending on the variety.
Fescue Myra Festuca mairei
Fescue Mayra Festuca mairei photo
It gives a special romance to any flower garden, diluting paints and introducing touches of naturalness, non-interference of a person in the harmony of nature. Beautiful spheres that have a somewhat “jagged” look blend spectacularly with bright colors, such as Echinacea.
Овсяница красная луговая Festuca rubra
Овсяница красная Festuca rubra фото
Газонная трава, достигает в высоту 60 см, прекрасно переносит стрижку. It has long been a pasture plant, and only recently landscape designers showed interest in it due to the unusual reddish tinge of spike inflorescences.
Fescue filamentis fescue
Fescue filamentous Festuca photo
The incredibly thin needle-shaped leaves of this plant look beautiful next to other plants, being an expressive background for the brighter representatives of the flora. Landscape designers are happy to use threadlike fescue in group plantings, adding grace and unique charm to the compositions.
Fescue glacial Festuca glacialis
Fescue glacial Festuca glacialis photo
A great plant for rock gardens: with its hard needle leaves, the grass looks very impressive against the backdrop of large decorative stones. The spherical compact form is especially attractive for its complete look. Panicled spikelets-inflorescences with a slight lilac shade turn the bush into fantastic fireworks.
Siberian Fescue Festuca sibirica
Siberian Fescue Festuca sibirica photo
Very frost-resistant perennial that can be grown in the harshest conditions. This fescue is planted as lawn grass and as a decorative grass in flower beds. The grass is low, up to 20 cm in height, paniculate spicate inflorescences have a reddish tint. It grows even on poor stony soils, without irrigation.
Valissa fescue or feschak Festuca valesiaca
Valissa fescue or fescue Festuca valesiaca photo
It resembles a Siberian, very densely germinates in the soil, forming strong turfs. The density of green bristles is obtained by annual self-seeding, due to which dying off old bushes are replaced by young ones. Drowns out any weeds, aggressively conquering territory. Very decorative during the flowering period: light gray panicles-inflorescences effectively stand out against the background of dark green needle leaves.
Fescue Fesuca arundinacea
Fescue cane Festuca arundinacea photo
This is a lawn grass with high resistance to trampling. It has a well-developed, powerful root system, thanks to which it is able to extract moisture from the deep layers of the soil even during droughty periods. Keeps an attractive appearance and does not fade even in a strong heat. Perfectly tolerates a haircut. Due to its many advantages, she deserved a special love from landscape designers.
Fescue sheep Festuca ovina
Fescue sheep Festuca ovina photo
This is also a lawn grass, characterized by intensive growth. The powerful roots of fescue so weave the upper part of the soil that it is not subject to erosion in the rainy season. The grass is resistant to trampling, excellent tolerates frequent haircuts, quickly growing young greens.
Meadow fescue Festuca pratensis
Meadow fescue Festuca pratensis photo
High frost resistance, excellent endurance in any conditions won the high popularity of this lawn grass, which became part of various mixtures. Perfectly transfers hairstyles, quickly restores the vegetative mass. Very decorative, even in group plantings in the flower bed.
Fescue blue or gray in landscape design a selection of photos
Gray fescue in landscape design photo
The spherical shape of the bushes, an unusual metallic bluish tint give room for imagination: in any flower garden or rock garden such a plant will become a real highlight. Planted fescue randomly in group plantings or form geometric patterns in the form of rows, rectangles, semicircles, circles, triangles. The cereals are beautiful with any wildflowers or bright colors of red, blue.
Fescue in the design of the recreation area photo
Gray fescue is planted not only in flower beds: alternating glades of various decorative cereals in the roadside area look quite original.
Blue fescue landing and care Photos in the urban landscape
Plantings with field herbs like ornamental yarrow are very beautiful.
Blue fescue growing from seed photo
Popular compositions with undersized flowers of purple, blue, red shades. White and cream flowers on a background of bluish fescue also look good.
Fescue gray photo with flowers
Co-planting of different types of fescue, for example, blue and Valisse, also looks beautiful.
Fescue in landscape design photo
There are many options, the main thing is to use your imagination and not be afraid to experiment. Inspiration to you in creating your unique garden design!
Gray Fescue in urban design photo
Gray fescue in the rocky garden photo
Blue fescue and young on the photo
Fescue gray planting and care in the open field
Description of fescue: types and varieties
The plant belongs to the numerous family of cereals. Total genus "fescue" includes more than six hundred species.
Gray. The most sought-after view in landscape design. Narrow leaves form a dense globular bush, as in the photo. The colors, depending on the variety and lighting, vary in a greenish-blue range. The species does not grow to a large area, but forms a neat outlet. Grades:
- Azurit (prefers wet, wetland soils, stems are gray-green, up to 60 cm tall),
- Blaufuhs (can be diluted on dry barren soils with irrigation, low bushes with bluish-gray narrow foliage),
- Meerblau (blue leaves with an emerald green shade),
- Blue bump, Lapis lazuli, Blue (domestic selection).
Furrowed. In the wild form is common in the steppe zones. It tolerates drought and severe frosts (up to 50ºС). Propagated by seeds, used mainly for lawns.
Sheep. Resistant to drought and frost, poorly tolerated waterlogging. A tight planting will equally well tolerate low mowing and regular trampling. Planted not only on the lawn, but also on flowerbeds and slides, as well as in decorative flowerpots.
Valis or tipchak. Very decorative look with thin needle-shaped leaves. Growing up, the plants create a solid dense "carpet". Leaf color is green with a matte coating.
Mayerie. Mayer homeland - Altai highlands. Hard stems gracefully bend, giving the fescue the shape of a sphere. The surface of the leaves is glossy, greenish-gray color. Thin flower panicles adorn an already attractive plant.
Paniculata. Low-growing with light green foliage. Growth is fast, in the third year forms lush large mounds.
Fescue: how to propagate and plant an ornamental plant
For fescue choose a bright place with well-drained soil. Small penumbra is allowed. Do not plant fescue under tall trees and bushes, it will not allow it to develop fully.
Attention! Some species prefer more moist areas, for example, the banks of reservoirs.
It is preferable to choose loose sandy-humus soil. At one place fescue can grow up to 10 years. To preserve the decorative qualities, the cereal culture is rejuvenated once every 2-3 years. The plant is propagated vegetatively or by seed.
- Vegetative method. The best period is considered to be early spring or late autumn. Adult bushes dig up completely, remove the old overgrown core. The remaining parts are neatly divided, keeping the leaves and root system. Delenki seated in separate holes. Some gardeners prefer to keep the donor bush until spring in the greenhouse, and the breeding procedure is carried out in the spring. Children are seated in containers, transferring to open ground only at the beginning of summer.
- Seed method. Fescue seeds are highly germinating and capable of self-seeding. Evidence of this young growth near the old bushes. Plants easily take root in a new place. You can collect the material yourself. To do this, choose large ripened ears, which are dried until the seed completely rains. Planted in the open ground in the spring after the completion of frosts, or in the fall before the onset of sub-zero temperatures. The holes are dug not 3–4 cm deep. In each, 5–7 seeds are dipped to obtain a lush bush. The distance between the holes is arbitrary, depending on what you want to receive.
Care of fescue: subcortex with fertilizers and watering
In open ground, the plant does not require special attention. On particularly dry days the fescue is watered. In weeding and loosening, there is practically no need. Fertilization is cautious, as fescue does not tolerate excess nutrients. For the season, you can not make any additional fertilizing.
To preserve an attractive shape, get rid of dead leaves last year. They do this with the arrival of spring, cutting off excess stems and leaves. If the plant is not required to obtain seeds, then break out and peduncle.
Tip Purchase only varieties adapted to your location.
Of particular danger to the fescue are the snowless, freezing winters and the spring flood. To prevent the plants from dying, they are covered with straw or a dry leaf. The location of fescue at higher sites and slopes will help prevent rotting of the roots of the grass.
If the fescue is present in the composition of the lawn mixture, then take care according to the instructions on the package.
Pests and diseases of fescue, combinations with other plants
Culture is resistant to diseases, rarely affected by pests. In cases of waterlogging in the open ground, oteobelez (fungal rot of the stem) develops. Mycelium spreads quickly throughout the area and infects new plants. Detecting the disease early is visually difficult. Rot is detected most often when leaves and stems turn black. As a preventive measure, it is useful to add ammonium-potassium complexes to the site and acidify the soil. Infected plants are burned.
The fungus also causes infection of seeds. A brown felt patina appears on the spikelets. Such material is not suitable for planting and requires destruction.
Wild fescue is common in almost all climatic zones. There is a plant everywhere in the forests of the middle zone, in the subtropics and tropical mountainous areas. It survives well on poor rocky soils and in arid areas. Fescue is used as a grazing feed crop. Another practical application is turf holding back crumbling mounds. Ornamental varieties decorate flowerbeds, rockeries, unusual "rock gardens".
Fescue is combined with many plants. Classics is a partnership with conifers: juniper, cypress, thujas. Such ensembles will create the impression of an untouched wilderness area.
Tall species often play a leading role in compositions. Planted in the center of lush bushes, complement bright flowering herbs. Stunted - usually serve as an ornament curbs, edges of garden paths. Solid "carpet" of fescue can be used as a lawn near the cottage. Feel like a landscape designer of the site, show imagination. Use incredibly malleable natural material - fescue.
Grass fescue - description
Grassy perennial can have a height of from ten to twenty centimeters. Some species that grow in nature grow to one or more meters. They have creeping or compact roots and leafy lateral vegetative shoots. At the base of the plant and in the nodes of the shoots are linear leaves with a hairy or rough surface.
The width of the leaflets reaches no more than one and a half centimeters. Along the vertical axis, they are folded in half and seem even narrower. At the end of platinum plate there is a styloid growth, and parallel veins run along the surface.
The flowering of the fescue begins in early summer. At this time, paniculate inflorescences with short spikelets are formed on it, which are kept on a thin stalk. Each spikelet has a length of 0.5 to 1.5 centimeters. Long yellowish-green peduncles rise above the foliage, which gives the bush airiness.
Types and varieties
Of all the types of fescue that grow in nature, only about twenty are used to decorate garden and suburban areas.
Gray fescue. Favorite among gardeners perennial differs foliage gray-blue or silver-green. Bush height from fifty to sixty centimeters resembles a hummock and formst gray-green thick panicles. When the buds bloom, they become straw-colored. Most popular varieties:
- Fescue Glacial titmouse - grass with blue-gray narrow leaves in height grows up to forty centimeters.
- Lazurite fescue - a plant with leaves of blue-silver color.
- Fescue Blue Bug - a lush bush, which forms a large number of greenish-blue narrow leaves.
Glacial titmouse and other varieties in the care of unpretentious, but the cold tolerate poorly.
Blue fescue. Decorative grass in height from twenty to sixty centimeters with gray-gray leaves in the form of needles. When they grow, the bush takes a spherical shape.
The fescue has high blue inflorescences-panicles, the decorativeness of which occurs at the beginning of summer and persists until the very frost even after flowering. The plant tolerates frost well, however, adult bushes in snowless and cold winters can freeze.
Red fescue. Perennial differs narrow, red-green foliage from thirty to forty centimeters. The plant has dense, reddish side shoots and bare stems up to eight centimeters high. Sheet plates have a ribbed surface. Inflorescences in the form of panicles grow to twelve centimeters. The variety prefers well-moistened soils and is not afraid of frost.
Sheep fescue. A low plant with a height of twenty to thirty centimeters consists of long, thin stems and bright green narrow foliage. When the leaves grow, sheep fescue has the appearance of a spherical pillow. During flowering, drooping spikelets are formed, which are located on loose and oblong inflorescences. Sheep fescue is unpretentious in care, grows well on poor soils and is able to survive drought.
Fescue gote. Compact evergreen perennial up to ten centimeters in diameter can grow up to sixty centimeters. It has dark green threadlike leaves and green-gray panicles reaching a length of seven centimeters. Flowering occurs at the beginning of summer.
Reed fescue. The plant with dense stems up to one and a half meters in June produces bare flower stalks, on which drooping panicles of up to twenty centimeters are formed.
Gray Fescue - planting and care
For heat-loving grass, sunny, windless areas are selected. Decorative plant depends on the lighting, so it is not recommended plant in the shade of bushes or other high perennials. In a sunny place, the bush grows well and acquires a rich bluish-blue hue.
The soil should be slightly nutritious, moderately moist and light. When landing in the hole is added drainage. If at the site the soil is poor, then ash, peat, humus and sand are added to it.
Do landings after how will the threat of frost. The soil is pre-digging and fertilized if necessary. Then on the garden make holes, the distance between them depends on the diameter of the adult bush. The bottom of the pit is covered with drainage and soil, after which the bushes are placed in them, which are covered with soil mixture and watered.
Peculiarities of care
Perennial grass tolerates arid weather and unpretentious care. But in order for it not to lose its decoration, it is necessary to observe some rules:
- From the excess moisture in the soil the plants begin to rot the roots, causing the entire bush to suffer. Therefore, it should be watered only as needed, if the summer is hot and dry.
- Perennial for a long time grows well and develops on loamy and sandy soils, without requiring additional fertilizer. For the entire vegetative season, the bushes can be fed once or twice, using mineral fertilizers for decorative foliage plants. Their concentration should be two times less than what is written in the instructions.
- So that the bushes do not lose their decorative effect, in the spring and summer they need sanitary pruning. In the spring the grass is freed from dry and frozen leaves. After flowering, faded flower stalks are cut in summer. They are left only if you need to collect seed.
- Every two to three years, it is necessary to update the bush, because the old one dries and dies in the middle of time. To do this, it is divided and planted on new beds.
- Many varieties are frost resistant, however, in snowless winters, bushes can freeze. Therefore, with the onset of cold weather, it is recommended to cover them with dry peat, leaves, or straw. Interestingly, young plants are most resistant to frost. Therefore, experienced gardeners after flowering mature bushes divide and plant. They have time to settle down until the fall and tolerate the winter well.
Vegetative breeding method held in the spring before the flowering plant or in the fall, when all flower stalks wither. For breeding an overgrown bush is selected. It is dug with a shovel and divided into pieces. You can use only the side delenki, as the core dies off and is not suitable for reproduction.
Для кустиков подготавливается грядка, на которой предварительно необходимо сделать небольшие лунки. Посаженные деленки поливаются, а почва вокруг них посыпается мульчей или мелкой галькой.
Опытные садоводы советуют размножать таким способом овсяницу только весной. In order for the adult shrub to be divided, in winter it does not freeze, it is dug out and stored until spring in the greenhouse.
Fescue seeds can be harvested on their own, for which the ripened large ears of corn are cut and well dried at home. Dried seeds can be sown on a bed in the fall before the onset of cold weather or in the spring, when frosts will pass. For them are prepared wells with a depth of three to four centimeters. From five to seven seeds are placed in each hole. In this case the bush will turn out magnificent. There can be any distance between holes.
Fescue and self-sowing breeds, forming young shoots around the bushes. It can be dug up and transplanted to new beds.
To make the young plant decorative and bloomed in early summer, you can grow fescue seedlings and plant it in open ground with the onset of warm days. Seedlings are grown using the following technology:
- In the first half of March, seedlings are sown in light boxes with light soil. From above they are moistened with water from a spray bottle. Sprinkle with sand or soil is not necessary.
- The containers on top are covered with glass or polyethylene and exposed to a well-lit place. In a warm room, shoots will appear in a few days.
- To seedlings not stretched, it is placed in a bright place, but with lower temperatures.
- When the seedlings will have two true leaves, they are transplanted into separate containers. In each pot sits a few bushes.
Pests and diseases
Gardeners fescue is also appreciated for the fact that it is resistant to diseases and pests. If a crop grows in soils that are too wet for it, fungal disease of ooobelez may develop on it. In this case, the bush begins to rot stem. The disease quickly spreads, and after a while the stems and leaves turn black.
Infected plants can not be treated. It must be dug and burned and the soil treated with fungicides. The fungus spreads quickly throughout the area, causing other plants to become infected.
For the purpose of prevention, it is recommended to acidify the soil and apply ammonia-potassium fertilizers to it.
Fescue is widely used to decorate gardens in many climatic zones. Unpretentious culture is combined with many plants, so it can be used to create various compositions. The main thing is to show imagination and not forget that the plant does not like too wet soils.
The most convenient and therefore the most common breeding options for plants is the vegetative method.
- In spring or autumn, fescue shrubs should be divided into several parts,
- Young bushes land on a new place and at the same time rejuvenate,
- With this method, the middle of the bush can dry out, then it just needs to be destroyed, it is not suitable for transplanting.
If you are well acquainted with the features of this plant, then you probably know how to increase its number in your garden. Planting fescue, as well as its reproduction, is not laborious and laborious work. You only need to follow the basic rules on agricultural work on your site.
The most successful place for landing fescue will be an open area with good lighting and without drafts. Do not plant bushes next to tall plants that will shade and oust it from the site. In the shade the foliage will lose its interesting color and become more green.
On the lighted area, the leaves will be especially beautiful. It is better if the land on the plot will be light and nutritious, although this is not at all necessary. The main thing is that the landing site does not stagnate water. Excessive dampness will not benefit the bush, so it is better to pre-build a good drainage layer.
If you nevertheless decided to improve the poor soil, then humus, sand and peat will help you. Do not overdo it with top dressing, because the best growth you will still see on poor ground. You can often see the fenced cousin of fescue with decorative stones, in which she also feels excellent.
- You can sow the seeds under the seedlings or directly into the open ground,
- Before sowing, process the material with a weak solution of manganese,
- Put at least 5 seeds in one hole, so you will get a good bush nest in the future,
- The hole should be no deeper than 5 cm,
- Between the holes should be left no more than 10 cm of free space,
- It is possible to sow material in the fall or spring, when the frosts have definitely receded,
- The first shoots appear after a few weeks and very soon they will turn into lush bushes.
For more information on planting a video in a video:
You will get a beautiful and healthy plant by observing elementary agrotechnical rules. The bush does not need special care. In the spring you need to cut dry shoots that died during the winter, for this you can use the usual rake.
In the summer, all flower stalks should be cut during flowering, as they have no decorative value, but only take nutrients.
Watering is carried out moderately and only when necessary. It is better to fill the fescue a little, than to pour. Every few years the bush needs to be divided and transplanted to another place, so you will rejuvenate the plant. Fescue is not afraid of chills, so it does not require shelter for the winter period.
If the winter was snowless, the bushes can be covered with straw, thereby preventing the death of many shoots.
Fescue landing and care
Fescue is fairly easy to grow and care for. A sunny, warm area will be suitable for this grass - it will feel great in a hot and dry place.
They are badly affected by drafts and shade, and if the plant lacks light, it may lose its gray color.
The disadvantage of this herb is that it degenerates pretty soon. After a couple of years the fescue begins to turn yellow and the center of the bush dies, which indicates the need for rejuvenation, which is carried out by dividing the bush.
In principle, the entire care of the fescue is in the above-mentioned division of the bush and transplant. In addition, you only need to clean the plant from dry leaves and withered brooms.
Soil for fescue
Soils are not important for this flower, it is only important that they are dry or have good drainage, since it is very important to exclude the smallest possible stagnation of moisture.
Fescue does not need nutrient soils, it will feel great on a dry rocky area.
Fescue seed growing
Gray fescue, as well as almost all species can be grown from seeds, with no special difficulties. Their seeds are medium in size: one gram contains about eight hundred seeds of pancake fescue and about nine hundred and fifty seeds of gray-fescue. Seeds are sown directly in open ground in April - early May or late autumn.
Sow usually nests, three to four seeds in the nest. Nests are located at a distance of fifteen to twenty centimeters from each other. Seeds should be sprinkled with a very thin layer of soil, then water the crops.
Shoots appear no earlier than a couple of weeks. Sowing nests has its advantage - in the first year a number of seedlings that sprouted alongside form a decorative hummock.
Reproduction of fescue seedlings
For young plants fescue earlier, it is grown through seedlings. Sowing is done in March, while the seeds are better not to sprinkle with soil - when moistening with a spray bottle, seeds with sharp tips retrace themselves to the required depth, while giving more friendly shoots, and from above the container should be covered with glass or film to maintain moisture.
At room temperature, the seeds germinate after a couple of weeks. After the appearance of seedlings, the containers with crops are transferred to a light, cooler place, which makes it possible to avoid pulling and lodging the seedlings. Watering the fescue seedlings very carefully - if there is a waterlogging, the root system of the plants may rot.
When young plants will be three centimeters high, and they will have at least a pair of leaves, they should be seated in separate pots - one or a small bunch.
It is also possible to plant in April in cold greenhouses. A young fescue is planted in open ground in May, keeping a distance of twenty to twenty-five centimeters between each plant.
Diseases and pests
This plant is very resistant to diseases and is not disturbed by pests.
The most common issue associated with fescue is the yellowing of the middle of the bush, which, as mentioned, indicates aging and the need for division and transplantation.