The onion family has about 600 varieties. More than 200 grow with us. The number of varieties is increasing due to the cultivation of wild species. The owners of homestead, suburban areas grow perennial onion crops. Batun, shnitt, slizun, shallot, fragrant, oblique, multi-tiered - this is the name of the most popular vegetable varieties. With thin feathers, wide, long, sweet and bitter. They have early greens softer feathers onions. It has a high content of vitamins, minerals. Caring for these varieties is simpler since sowing is done once every three to five years. It is worth considering the top 5 most popular bows.
Variety of varieties of perennial onions, giving greens
Shallot (forty-toothed) is similar to the onion method of reproduction. Batun grown for the sake of greenery. At one place grows 5-7 years. Chives are similar, but there are features. The site is desirable to change every 2-3 years. A feature of the multi-tiered onion is the formation of aerial onion in 3-4 tiers. Slizun (drooping) less acute, useful for anemia.
Perennial onions in the garden
Batun as a perennial species
Onions batun most common among perennials. It has large, dark green leaves. Externally, like the bulb, but the taste is more spicy. Only feathers go to food, heads are absent. There are several varieties of batun. Differences are manifested in branching, foliage, precocity, frost resistance. All varieties begin to grow as soon as the snow melts.
This species propagates by seeds and division of the bush. Seeds are sown in late autumn, early spring, at the end of summer. Sub-winter and spring sowing yields in late July, August. When summer - in the fall, a few feathers appear, in the spring the leaves quickly produce marketable products.
During vegetative propagation, plants are planted in the fall from mid-September to the second half of October or early in spring. The rhizome is divided into parts of 2-3 plants, pruned roots up to 3-4 cm, pruned leaves up to 5-8 cm. When planting, do not cover the growing point with earth.
Onions batun on the garden plot
Slider with wide flat feathers
Slyzun bow - frost-resistant perennial plant. On one site grows more than five years. Feathers are flat, fragile. It differs from others in a gentle, mild taste. Greens do not lose their taste for a long time, it is eaten before the start of the bar.
The root system is located at a depth of 20 centimeters. The plant loves moisture, grows well when watering the sown area. Undemanding to the light. It grows in poorly lit places.
Propagated by seeds and vegetatively. Planting, care, transplanting are similar to the onion-batun. Sowing the seeds in July, the crop is harvested in the third week of April. Feathers are ready to eat two to three weeks after the land thaws.
This is one of the most cold-resistant herbaceous plants.. On one site grows up to seven years. Eat green mass, basal and large air bulbs, which are formed in 2-4 tiers instead of inflorescences. Due to the lack of a rest period, disembarkation is carried out all year round. Greens appear a month after planting in the ground.
Reproduction is carried out by dividing the uterine bulbs or air bulbs. To obtain planting material required uterine area. The area of two square meters is enough to provide air bulbs in the required quantity. For larger bulbs, multi-layered species grown from seedlings.
For discharging the greenery on the windowsill use air heads. After harvesting, they are dried, placed in a cool, dry place. So onions will not dry up before planting. 20 days after disembarkation, the leaves in the kitchen will grow up to half a meter tall.
Multi-tiered onions close-up
Chives somewhat similar to the batun. Planting method, biological requirements. External difference is determined by narrower, stronger leaves. Cut feathers do not fall apart, remaining in bundles. The presentation is better, during transportation almost not damaged.
When grown in one area of three years, there is a decrease in yield, the leaves become shallow, a powerful turf is formed. Can be used for growing greens in winter. In the fall, rhizomes are dug up, stored in cellars for at least a month, planted in pots with fertile soil. Put in a warm place, watered. After three weeks, the leaves grow back. From one plant you can harvest three times.
This variety is also grown as an ornamental plant. Planted in beds, around the tracks, for decorating lawns, used as a curb plant. A year later, flowering arrows with spherical umbrellas are formed. Shades of them from pink to purple. Flowering plants look like wonderful, colorful carpets.
Blooming onion schnitt at their summer cottage, growing along the path
Shallots - a variety of bulb. Small bulbs, ripen two decades earlier turnips. The taste is not as sharp as onions. Greens are tender, erect, feathers are 3-4 times more than the turnip. Grow more often for green mass. The bulbs are used less frequently due to the fact that they are small and consist of several cloves. From here one more name - forty-toothed dog.
For planting heads are divided into teeth or planted entirely. Then a bunch of greens will be more. Less sown seeds. In the first year, small onions of 3 - 5 cloves are formed. On the second - large bulbs. Some of them form arrows, inflorescences and give seeds.
Shallot has a long rest period. Before planting the head should be cut on the hanger. Warm up for 3 hours in hot water at a temperature of 45 degrees.
Freshly harvested shallot
How to care for onion perennial species?
Onion crops belong to the same family. To avoid damage by pests and diseases, they can not be grown in one area. Basic care is reduced to watering, loosening, weeding, fertilization.
Under good weather conditions, onions are watered four times per season. In dry weather - every fifteen decades. After watering the soil loosened. The first deep loosening is carried out in the spring. This has a beneficial effect on the growth of roots and leaves. Together with irrigation they make mineral fertilizers. Weed as needed.
The value of perennial onions is due to the ability to grow a green feather, with the help of forcing, throughout the entire non-season period.
Useful properties and advantages of perennial onions
Different varieties have their own, inherent qualities: taste, appearance, ripening periods and agrotechnical requirements, we can say that one unique quality unites them - they feel great as an ornamental plant in flower beds, rabatkah, lawns, curbs.
Perennial onions are rich in vitamins, amino acids, which directly affect the improvement of immunity, metabolic processes, improve digestion. Folk healers have long used a perennial plant to treat a variety of diseases.
The healing properties of this unique plant increase hemoglobin, remove “bad” cholesterol from the body, rejuvenate all its systems and thereby prolong life.
Characteristics of some varieties
The first thing that needs to be said about this unique plant is its frost resistance, because it can withstand sub-zero temperatures under 40 degrees. Apparently, therefore, the perennial onion practically does not get sick and is not attacked by insects - pests.
If all the conditions for the successful growth of onions are met, it can produce excellent yields for several years in a row, even with repeated and constant cutting.
In good weather conditions, the bulb is able to constantly give new leaves, and the rest period is not significant at all. If the onion grows in a place that does not heat up, it will grow up to six years without problems.
The root system is strudel-shaped and lies down to a depth of 30 cm, so the soil must be fertile to such depth. For perennial culture, slightly acidic or neutral soil with a light composition is suitable.
Weeds often grow around the rhizomes, they need to be cleaned, as they hinder the full development and inhibit their growth.
In general, this plant is quite unpretentious and able to grow in almost any areas. But, in order to please yourself and your loved ones with juicy and healthy herbs, you need to know some of the features for caring for this crop, as well as the rules for growing it in one place.
In April, only the ground warms up slightly with the sun, one of the first batunas, chives, as well as the multi-tiered appearance of onions, begin to appear, and a little later, the slizun and fragrant onions become visible.
- Schnitt - grows well in the northern regions, has different shades, blooms almost the entire season. The unpretentious grade, well looks in the Alpine hills, borders. The average life cycle of 4-5 years, reproduces independently by seeds and tufts of bulbs. The varieties Crocus, Bohemia, Medonos, Vitaminny, Sonnet are well known.
- Shallot is considered a delicacy, as it has a sweetish aftertaste and unique aroma. Grown on the greens and grows nests, beautifully branched and blooms beautifully. Unusually viable. Popular varieties: Siberian yellow, Sprint, Banana, Friendly family.
- Batun - other names Fistula or Tatar. Looks good in flowerbeds, has long leaves, very tasty and healthy, it contains a lot of potassium, ascorbic acid, riboflavin. Propagated by seeds and grows in one place up to 6 years. Famous varieties: Maysky, Totem, Well done, Emerald, Baikal.
- Tiered onions - viviparous variety, different ripening onions above the soil level. It is also called horned or walking. Greens can be cut constantly during the summer. It is spicy, spicy and tasty. The most common varieties: Odessa, Likov, Gribovsky 38, Memory.
It is also worth mentioning Cheremshu and Sweet Onions - they are rich in vitamins and have a savory taste, resistant to frost and not demanding care.
Growing and proper care for perennial onions
The soil at the site is prepared in advance, for this purpose, manure and humus in the proportion of 10 kilograms of the mixture per square meter, as well as ready-made fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium, should be added for spring digging.
Based on the manufacturer's recommendations, which should not be neglected, be sure to familiarize yourself with the dosage and follow the instructions.
This type of onion is planted and propagated by delenki - this is the most effective way, since seed propagation is not always successful.
This is due to the fineness of the seeds and not always good germination. But if you plan to plant a perennial onion in the seed way, then you should know:
- that the seeds before sowing should be disinfected by soaking them in potassium permanganate or any other drug that protects against diseases,
- the surface of the soil must be made perfectly flat,
- sowing in April or early May,
- after sowing it is necessary to mulch the area with peat or humus.
Further, in the following seasons, the young onion should be fed in the period of early spring: 15 g of phosphorus mixture and 10 g of potash and nitrogen per meter in a square.
During the first season, 1-3 branches begin to form in the onion, and then there is a seal of flower arrows and spherical inflorescences.
Perennial onions, of course, should grow on each site, these non-capricious and beautiful plants are healing, tasty and not demanding. Their ability to winter in the conditions of the Central zone and more northern areas surprises and pleases, and the fragrant and juicy greens do not leave indifferent even the most fastidious gourmets.
Perennial onions are loved by all gardeners. It possesses not only excellent nutritional and medicinal properties, but also looks beautiful on summer cottages.
The most important advantage of such a bow is its lifespan. With proper care, perennials grow on the same bed for up to 6 years. Also, they do not require a transplant from one place to another.
Perennial vegetable has excellent frost resistance. It is able to withstand cold temperatures up to -40 C. This allows varieties to easily survive winters in different parts of the country.
A separate advantage is to care for him. Basically, the bushes require good watering, fertilizer and periodic loosening of the soil. With sufficient care, perennials are not exposed to pests and diseases.
If desired, perennial onion is convenient to propagate. This can be done with the help of seeds that develop in the spike of the plant, or by dividing an adult shrub.
Perennial onions are replete with a variety of vitamins and amino acids. They have a positive effect on metabolism and strengthen the immune system. Onions also contain volatile substances - volatile substances that kill the bacteria.
Onion harvest appears one of the first. Simple agricultural technology allows you to get large volumes of fresh green leaves from April, May.
Its description of a perennial vegetable is almost similar to a one-year-old vegetable, but there are still differences. Assembling it at your cottage is not difficult if you follow all our recommendations.
As the name implies, this variety has the ability to bear fruit for years. The winter road is mainly bush, flat and fragrant. The most pronounced garlic flavor has a Chinese version.
There is a wide variety of perennial onions on the market. The most interesting of them will be discussed below.
Batun - the most famous type of onion among perennials. It can be found in almost every garden. There are several varieties of this onion. Their main differences are branching, frost resistance, ripening speed.
Onions a batun has a branched bush with large, long leaves of dark green color. The height of the bush can be up to 60 cm. It multiplies by planting seeds or vegetatively. Batun sown in late autumn, early spring or late summer.
For reproduction by the second method, the rhizome is divided into parts by several plants, the roots are shortened to 4 cm and the leaves are cut to 8 cm.
It is important to note that while planting the growth point does not fall asleep. Plants can be planted this way in early spring or in September, October.
To taste, this perennial slightly sharper onions. Feathers are used in food, it has no heads. By the number of nutrients, this winter road is definitely a leader. It contains vitamin C, riboflavin and potassium salts.
Greenery will delight with its beauty from spring to the end of the summer season. With good feeding and care, a batun grows on a single bed for about 6 years. The most commonly used varieties such as "Emerald", "Well done", "Totem", "Baikal".
A special feature of shallots is its sweetish leaves and soft smell. For this he is so appreciated by many gardeners. Bulbs are also eaten, but much less frequently.
The shallot looks like an ordinary onion, but outwardly it looks more spreading, and small, elongated bulbs form nests.
Shallot is somewhat capricious. It requires a special plot, when in proximity with other plants can lose its taste and reborn. However, it is fairly easy to grow and multiply.
For reproduction, the bulbs are dug in August and planted in early spring or autumn. To get juicy greenery, you should plant the plants after the snow melts, and for the ripening of bulbs - at the end of autumn.
Common varieties are "Sprint", "Delicacy", "Friendly family", "Siberian yellow" and "Banana".
This winter road is perfect not only for ingestion, but also for decorating the dacha. Many gardeners plant it precisely for the inflorescence of white, purple or pink. Fluffy inflorescences beautifully fit into the country beds and perfectly harmonize with other colors.
For food use only gentle tubular feathers. They represent a whole treasury of vitamins - ascorbic acid, B3, B9 and many others. An important condition is timely cutting of the leaves. He will help feathers not to be rude and to keep tenderness.
In addition, this bow is well adapted to various environmental conditions. Schnitt can grow in harsh cold climates as well as in arid areas. However, abundant watering is the main condition for its development.
Before the beginning of winter, the plant should be cut almost to the root. If desired, it can be transplanted into a pot and left for a couple of months. In winter, it will also give fresh greens. From early spring to flowering, the Schnitt will delight with its soft, gentle feathers. However, during the flowering period, the leaves become sharp and practically not used in food.
A fragrant winter road originally from China. Currently, among gardeners, he is just gaining its popularity.
Sweet onions do not change their taste during the whole season. His feathers are gentle, with a subtle taste of garlic. Onions are not consumed. They are covered with a protective layer that allows fragrant onions to withstand cold winters.
Полностью срезать листья опытные садоводы не рекомендуют. Достаточно оборвать крайние, а сердцевину оставить. В период выпускания стрелок листья становятся более грубыми.
В августе душистый зимник начинает цвести. Его белые звездчатые цветки станут прекрасным украшением альпийской горки.
Душистый лук – бесспорный чемпион по количеству витамина С. Famous varieties are "Stargazer" and "Spicy".
Which to choose?
When choosing a perennial onion, there are several factors to consider: taste, care requirements and reproduction.
Most varieties have a delicate taste of feathers. The exception here can be fragrant onions, the leaves of which give light notes of garlic. For lovers of the usual onion, suitable batun variety. For lovers of sweet taste, suitable shallot.
The care requirements for many varieties are the same. However, when planting must consider the type of onions. Some perennials, such as batun, shallot, multi-tiered onions, require their beds and do not tolerate neighborhoods even with other varieties. Others, on the contrary, will be a wonderful decoration of the next flower bed with flowers. Beautiful additions to flowering plants will be chives and fragrant onions.
All species reproduce both by dividing the bush and by seeds. Under this rule, only a multi-tiered onion, which itself produces new onions, does not fit. This factor is important to those who are going to plant a small bed of onion and expand it further.
Perennial onions can be bred in two ways - by seeds and dividing the bushes. About each of these methods, its advantages and disadvantages, it is worth mentioning separately.
Most onion varieties are recommended to be planted in late autumn or early spring. Seeds sown in frozen ground are saturated with moisture and sprout within the specified time. With such cultivation, the harvest from young onions can be obtained 2 weeks earlier than with spring sowing.
But spring planting also has its merits. The soil after winter is more friable - this means that the roots will develop better. Therefore, during spring planting, more seeds sprout, and the bed grows less with weeds. It is important to note that onion seeds require well-treated, fertilized soil. A sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals contributes to a better development of plants.
When growing onions with seeds, planting time depends on the climate. The southern regions are characterized by rapid moisture removal from the soil. So, it is best to sow the beds with perennial onions in early spring. If the snow does not go away until May, and the frosts persist for June, then it is worth sowing the onion in late autumn.
Almost all types of perennial onions can be diluted with seeds. Multilevel onion seeds do not create, it can be propagated by dividing the bushes. Otherwise, this type of breeding is called vegetative. It is suitable absolutely for all types of perennial onions. The principle of reproduction is very simple. In the first months of spring or in August, the adult onion bush is divided into independent parts. It is important that the divisible bush be more than three years old. The plant grows over three years, so it will be easy to propagate it.
The root of the bush must look strong and viable, otherwise the bow will die. Well-developed parts of the bush are planted at a distance of 20-30 centimeters from each other and to a depth of about 10 centimeters.
If the ramifications are weaker, then they should be planted shallowly - up to 6 centimeters. The distance between such bushes can be reduced by half - up to 10-15 centimeters.
Perennial onions: growing on the site and care
Soil preparation is the same as under onion. In the autumn under the digging of the soil make compost, manure or humus. The amount of fertilizer is calculated 10 kg per 1 square meter.
Potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are also used. In the spring under the rake add nutrient nitrogen mixture. Perennial bows can be propagated by delenki, and can be sown.
The seeds of perennial cereals are small (especially this distinguishes shnitt) and are characterized by low germination. Fresh seeds are recommended for planting. If they lie for a long time, their germination may be below 80%. If this happens, an increase in seeding rate is recommended. Before you put the seeds in the ground, they are subjected to the process of disinfection.
Activities for the cultivation of perennial onions are not accompanied by a general special difficulties. Seeds are placed on beds, flat surfaces or ridges. The choice of location may depend on the type of soil. Ridges and ridges are used in cold lands or in lowlands. Sowing in open soil begins in late April - early May. It is important to mulch it with peat or humus. The ratio is desirable to withstand 0.5 kg per square meter of soil. In the spring and summer, planting delenki and seedlings. In the second year and in the next you need to regularly feed the culture. When the early spring comes, after cutting, 10 g per 1 square meter of nitrogen and potash mixtures, as well as 15 g of phosphate compounds are also added.
In the first year of life, a plant is formed with one, maximum three branches. Next year, in the same number, flower arrows will appear, on which spherical inflorescences will appear. In the last weeks of April - early May the first begin to arise:
A little later begin to ascend slizun and fragrant. In order to get a harvest in the winter time, it is necessary to select planting material of a three- or four-year period from autumn and dig it out. Plants are placed in boxes, sprinkled with earth or peat. Before planting, they should be stored at temperatures from 0 to 2 degrees above zero.
There are many varieties of perennial onions. In this article we will talk only about some of them. And first on the list we will have chives.
This variety is also called a griddle or chisel.
Schnitt is mainly used for decorative purposes. Many gardeners grow it on their plots or boxes.
Most often, the life cycle of this onion is no more than 5 years. This plant reproduces well.:
They form their shoots overgrown sod. Bulbs have a small size.
Important! They do not eat them!
This plant is valued slightly rough, narrow and fistula feathers. Their width is not more than 7 mm, and the height is not more than 40 cm. Onion greens will remain tender and not coarsen over time, but such properties are preserved under the conditions of timely pruning.
The flowers of the onion shnitta spherical. Their shades are distinguished by a large variety in the red spectrum - from pink to purple. Flowering does not affect the quality of the life cycle. This period falls on May-August.
This is a very unpretentious plant. It successfully takes root even in the northern regions. Besides culture needs abundant watering. Some gardeners plant it on their plots only for greenery, and someone uses this plant for the natural decoration of their plot.
The islands of the charnitas impressively emphasize the borders, they also look great on the alpine hills. For decorating alpine slides, it is recommended to plant shnitts from the southern and eastern sides.
Schnitt onion varieties
Its varieties are selected based on the climatic features of the growing area: Bohemia and Crocus excellent fruit. They feel great in areas with warm winters.
characterized by resistance to frost.
Preparing for winter time
In preparation for the winter, this plant is practically cut off at the root. It can also be transplanted into a suitable vessel for 60 days. In winter, the sapling will begin to give fresh greens. Bow Schnitt, as soon as the snow melts, begins to appear one of the first. The first leaves of the plant in early spring are very soft, and by the beginning of summer they become coarse and tough. Before flowering, they become bitter and sharp and are practically not consumed.
This species is known as one of the delicacies. Shallot is valued for its gentle herbal aroma. and sweetish leaves.
The bulbs of this plant, albeit infrequently, but still also eaten. This onion is very popular in France - both as an ornamental plant and in cooking.
Greens are valued in shallot, for her and grow this onion.
Shallots have a lot in common with onions. However, it is more branched, and the bulbs, oblong and small, form nests. When digging, they are fairly easy to separate. With the following plantings they multiply very effectively. Their ability to upgrade quickly makes it possible to grow this onion on an industrial scale.
As is already evident, the long-term view of this sharp plant in self-care is very unassuming. At the same time, its taste and appearance attract representatives of many professions: professional gardeners, culinary specialists, and so on. Even a completely inexperienced novice gardener is certainly capable of growing it in the summer or even winter time - at home.
The main thing in this business is a careful attitude to the culture, appropriate care, regular watering, systematic loosening, as well as correctly carried out pruning during the preparatory period before the beginning of the wintering season. And then this interesting, deserving of the popularity that it has in modern gardeners and gardeners, will delight everyone with its appearance, and the sharpness and piquancy, assessed by far from the first generations.
Perennial onions: cultivation and care
Soil preparation is carried out in the same way as under onions. In the autumn period, manure, compost or humus per 10 kg per 1 m 2 is brought under digging. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are also used. In the spring, nitrogen nutrient mixtures are added under the rake.
Perennial bows can be sown, and can be propagated by delenki. The seeds of the crops are small (especially in Schnitt) and are characterized by low germination. It is recommended to plant fresh seeds. If they lie down, germination will fall below 80%. In this case, it is necessary to increase the seeding rate. Before entering into the soil seeds are disinfected.
Growing perennial onions in general is not accompanied by difficulties. Seeds are placed on ridges, ridges or flat surface. It depends on the type of soil. The first two methods are used on cold ground and in lowlands. Sowing in open ground begins in April-May. In this case, mulching with humus or peat in the ratio of 0.5 kg per 1 m 2 of soil is obligatory. In spring and summer, delenki and seedlings are planted.
In the second and following years, it is regularly necessary to feed the culture. In early spring, and after cutting, 10 g / 1 sq. M. m. of potash and nitrogen mixtures and 15 g of phosphate.
During the first year is the formation of a plant with 1-3 branches. Next year flower arrows with spherical buds will start to appear in the same amount.
By the end of April - beginning of May, the batun, shnitt and multi-tiered bow begin to appear first. A little later, fragrant and slizun.
For the harvest in the winter from the autumn you need to select a three-, four-year planting material and dig. Plants are placed in boxes, sprinkled with peat or earth. Before disembarking, they should be stored at a temperature of from 0 to 2 degrees.
There are a lot of varieties of perennial onion. We will focus only on some of them. It is worth starting with a chives.
This variety is also called incision or skoroda. Schnitt is used primarily for decorative purposes. It is grown by many gardeners in most parts of the country.
On average, the life cycle of a Schnitt is 3-5 years. This plant is well propagated by seeds, self-sowing, tuber bulbs, forms overgrown sod.
Bulb size is small. They do not eat them. The value of this plant is narrow, fistulous, slightly rough feathers. Their width is about 2-7 mm, and the height is about 40 cm. Onion greens will remain tender and will not become hard if cut in a timely manner.
Shnitta flowers spherical. Shades are very diverse - from pink to purple. The quality of the life cycle of flowering has no effect. This period falls on May-August.
Chives - very unpretentious plant. It successfully takes root in the northern regions. However, this culture requires abundant watering.
Some gardeners plant it exclusively for greenery, others use the plant to decorate the site. The islands of Schnitt effectively emphasize the borders, they look great on the alpine hills. In the latter case, it is preferable to plant onions on the east and south sides.
Preparing for the winter
When preparing the plant pruned almost at the root. It can be transplanted into a pot and left for 2 months. In winter, the seedling will give fresh greens.
Schnitt after melting snow appears one of the first. In early spring, the leaves of the plant are very soft, and at the beginning of summer coarsen, become tough. By the beginning of the flowering period, they become spicy and almost never consumed.
This type is considered one of the delicacies. Shallot is appreciated for its delicate aroma and sweetish taste of leaves. The bulbs of plants, though rarely, but also used in food. Especially popular plant in France.
Usually shallots are grown for greenery. He has a lot in common with onions. At the same time, the shallot is more branched, and small oblong bulbs form nests. They are quite easy to separate when digging. At the next landing they reproduce very well. The ability to quickly upgrade allows you to grow shallots on an industrial scale.
Perennial onion batun
It is considered one of the most common species. Batun grown in almost every garden. This species is also called Tatar or Dudchaty.
As a rule, the batun is planted on a separate bed. The plant survives well along with flower crops.
The baton has a very branched bush, with lush, long, fistulous leaves. Their height reaches 60 cm. You can cut the greens from spring to the end of the season.
In taste, the batun is in no way inferior to bulb onions, but in terms of the amount of nutrients it is the undoubted leader. The batun contains ascorbic acid, potassium salts, riboflavin, etc.
The culture is well propagated by seeds obtained after its flowering. The plant can be grown in one area for 6 years, if it is properly watered and regularly fed.
The most common varieties are Baikal, Emerald, Trinity, Totem, Well done, Russian winter, May, April, etc.
It is also called drooping onions. Slider rises immediately after the snow melts. In early April, greens are already fit for human consumption.
Slizun is considered one of the earliest species and the leader in the amount of iron. Onion has a rich, unsharp taste, not changing the whole season.
Slizun grows a low bush. Its leaves are juicy, pale green in color. After cutting, they are quickly restored. Blooms purple large single balls.
In comparison with other perennial onions, the productivity of the slick is not very high. The average life cycle duration is 4 years. Upon its completion, the plant is transplanted and well fed.
Reproduction is carried out by seeds.
Among the main varieties are particularly popular Vitamin Glade, Leader, Fount of health.
Slips are often grown for decorative purposes. It is planted on alpine hills, in flowerbeds.
This species is rarely found on sites. The vinegar is also called mountain garlic. Externally, it is close to garlic. It has the same thick stem, from which flat leaves alternately depart. Their thickness reaches three centimeters. However, vinegar blooms like all onions.
This culture is different taste. It tastes like garlic and onions. The leaves are usable at the end of May. However, by the end of the summer period the leaves become tough. They are used instead of garlic in conservation.
It is rich in fiber, vitamin C. The leaves are plant shaped.
During the first year, 2 shoots are formed with 3-6 leaves on each. Their length is about 30 cm. In the second year, floral arrows are formed. White flowers are collected on them in a simple umbrella. They smell good.
Among the varieties is popular Stargazer. The dark green leaves of this plant grow to 60 cm pretty quickly. The width of the leaves is 1.5 cm. A promising (new) mid-season variety called Spicy is also introduced. It has more vitamin C, and it is more resistant to frost.
Perennial onions: types, cultivation. Perennial onions on greens
In addition to the usual turnips, on the sites of domestic gardeners one can often see an unusually useful perennial onion. It is this variety that opens the vitamin spring season, releasing its green leaves almost the very first in the garden. The peculiarities of perennial onions can be attributed primarily to unpretentious care and high yields.
There are several types of perennial onions. Of course, all of them, like any other garden crops, require watering, loosening and fertilizing. However, by and large, caring for them is practically no different from caring for regular turnip onions.
Plants are related, and in fact there are not so many differences between them. Turnip and other annuals are grown mainly for large and juicy bulbs. Perennials plant in the garden for the leaves - on the greens.
The latter is usually cut 2-3 times per season.
The only distinguishing feature of perennial onions from the usual ones is increased demands on the quality of the soil. Planted such crops most often on loamy and sandy nutrient soils. The acidity of the soil should be close to neutral. Если данный показатель равен 5.5, в землю уже нужно вносить известь.
Иногда многолетний лук сажают и на песчаных почвах. Однако на таких грунтах растения выпускают очень много цветоносов и дают не слишком хороший урожай листьев.
На одном и том же месте многолетний лук обычно растет 2-4 года. Then it needs to be planted again, because the quality of greenery begins to deteriorate. The feather not only becomes smaller, but also loses its characteristic rich taste.
Varieties of perennial onions, unfortunately, displayed very little. But there are simply a huge number of its varieties. Today, more than 600 of them are known. But, of course, far from all of them are grown in gardens and in gardens. The most common and popular are such types of perennial onions, such as:
This species has gained popularity in our country recently. Homeland batun is China. In this country, it is still found even in the wild. This perennial onion is very popular in Mongolia, Korea, and Vietnam. In another it is called "winter", "sandy", "fist".
The best predecessors for this onion are tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage and cucumbers. The batun is usually planted on wet soils (without stagnant water). Before planting, they dig up the earth on a spade bayonet.
Growing in the same place this variety may be one, two or three years. In the first two cases, a batun onion is planted in the spring (as early as possible). With three years of cultivation, the beds are sown from mid-summer until October.
How to grow onion batun
To accelerate germination, seeds of this culture are usually soaked for 24 hours. During this time, they manage to swell well. Water during soaking change 2-3 times. After swelling, the seeds are removed from the saucer and dried.
Onions are planted in carefully prepared beds of two to six lines. Seeds buried in the soil by 1-2 centimeters. The distance between rows and individual plants should be about 18-20 cm.
Care for the onion batun is periodic watering and feeding. For the first time, the soil in the garden is fertilized in the spring before planting the seeds. At the same time use mineral fertilizer. In the future, feeding is carried out after each cut feather.
In this case, a mullein diluted with water would be an excellent option for feeding. The perennial batun onion responds very well to the ash solution. Too often watering the bushes is not necessary. The soil under this plant is usually moistened only with a long drought.
The crust that forms after the rain is broken by a rake.
As food, the leaves of this onion can be used after they have reached a height of 10-15 cm. Plants are cut at the very base, leaving two or three arrows on the seeds. After some time, the leaves grow back. You can get 2-3 harvests from a batun during a season.
How to grow perennial onions in the greens in winter
All the above varieties are excellent for forcing during the cold season. Feathers of perennial onions contain a lot of vitamins. In this regard, as well as in taste, they are superior even to the bulb. Planted their sod.
That is, they dig up a bush and divide it into several parts, leaving as much land as possible. In the shred of onion shnitta should be about 30 onions, other perennials - 3-5. Leaves, in the event that they have not yet withered, cut off.
Turfs prepared in this way are stored in a cool place until November – December. At this time, they are transferred to cooked containers. Pots for perennial bows should have a height of at least 15 cm. Light, nutritious soil should be laid in a layer of 10-12 cm at their bottom.
Then the turfs themselves are set and lightly sprinkled them on top.
As soon as sprouts appear on the surface, a pot of onions is transferred to the window sill. Too often watering plants is optional. A perennial onion is fed, growing it on the windowsill is a simple procedure, several times over the winter with a weak solution of urea (1 g per 1 liter of water). This allows you to get a bountiful harvest.
As you can see, the culture is very unpretentious in the care - perennial onions. Even a completely inexperienced gardener will probably be able to grow it in summer or even in winter. After all, all that is required to obtain a good harvest of this useful plant is to irrigate, feed and loosen in time.
Perennial onion varieties and types
Young leaves of onions are tasty and healthy, they should always be present on our table. For green vertices, many planted a turnip, but his perennial relatives have much more interesting feathers. It is not only richer in vitamins, but also softer in taste.
It is equally important that the crown time of perennial onions is early spring, when nothing had yet grown in the garden. Growing perennial onions does not require much care, they are unpretentious and hardy. They all grow well on fertile, non-acidic soils.
There are four honors in my garden: batun, slizun, shnitt and walking along the beds - multi-tiered.
Perennial Bows - Types
Batun - beam on beam
Batun among perennial bows - one of the most popular.
It is also called winter, Russian or Siberian. By the end of the first year of life, the plant forms small curtains from 3-5 branches. Then every year the bushes grow and can consist of from 30 to 60 branches. However, as early as the 3-4th year, the yield decreases, the leaves grow coarser, the plant starts to shoot out earlier.
The first feathers of this bow appear immediately after the snow melts. For the entire season, 3-4 crops can be harvested from the garden with good care. Early cuts do not harm the batun (if after them the landings are fed, watered, spilled). Within a month, the plants grow so much that it is impossible to distinguish them from those where cutting was not carried out.
In the summer you need to ensure that the onions do not bloom. All peduncles cut with a sharp knife.
By winter, the arrows of the onion-batun dry out. They must be removed, because pests can hibernate in them.
On private plots, the onion batun is most often propagated by dividing a bush. It is better to do in the summer, after flowering. With this planting, the first harvest can be removed as early as next spring. If you sow onions in mid-June, the harvest will be in the second year.
The green feather of a baton usually remains tender and tasty until it starts to throw out the arrows. Therefore, in recent years, I began to grow it through the sowing of Chernushka. I spend it in two terms.
In March - April, as soon as the soil allows, I sow very thickly, then the leaves are softer. I start harvesting at the end of July, thinning out the plants and pulling them out entirely. If I do not have time to pull out all the bushes before frosts and some of them remain before winter, in the spring I cover planting with a film. As soon as the feather grows well, I dig them out by the roots.
In July, then the plants go into the winter in the phase of 3-4 leaves.
In the spring I select the largest ones and sit on a separate bed in the cut furrows at a distance of 15 cm from each other, digging leaves into the soil. As soon as new ones grow, I roll up.
And so three times in the summer. Watering planting, always add a grassy infusion to the water. I pull out the bushes entirely with a bleached, thick, juicy leg, almost like a leek.
With such accelerated cultivation, hybrids work well. F1 Parade, F1 Performer, F1 Green Banner. With “long-playing”, early-maturing varieties proved to be well. Russian winter and wales. Hybrids without shelter can freeze in winter.
Related link: Growing onion batun
If you plan to grow onion batun in one place for 3-4 years, do not sow the seeds in early spring. It practically does not accelerate the receipt of products, but in the next season the number of shooter plants increases significantly.
Slizun - perennial onion for the nursery beds
Onions-slizun - a squat grassy perennial with juicy, flat, wide leaves. If they are cut off, they release viscous transparent viscous mucus, which, obviously, gave the name to this type of onion. Blooms in the second year. Before flowering, the umbrella "looks" down. As soon as the first tender lilac flowers begin to open, the arrow straightens.
Despite the fact that the cultivation of slizuna does not present any particular difficulties, it is quite rare in our gardens. And obviously not able to compete in terms of popularity with the bow-batun. However, it is worthwhile to have at least some plants of such onions on the site!
The onion slizun is especially valuable because it contains mineral salts of iron, manganese, potassium, zinc, molybdenum, nickel in large quantities, as well as essential oil. Therefore, it is very useful in anemia. At the same time, the taste of its leaves is pleasant, slightly sharp, with a slight garlic-onion smell. They are happy to eat children. Succulent and tender leaves remain almost the entire vegetation period.
The more often to cut off the leaves of onion slizuna (after 2-2.5 weeks), the more tender they will be.
The slizuna bush has been growing in my place for more than seven years and now occupies an area of about half a meter. I cut it with bunches together with a piece of rhizome, in this case it quickly gives new young shoots. And the bush is not so thickened.
For the winter I sprinkle it with a bucket of humus. This, in general, is the whole care. Even the weeds he survives himself (except dandelions).
I do not use slizun for winter forcing. It has a powerful root system, with very little greenery from one pot. Do not discourage him and beautiful curb. Although this onion blooms very beautifully, giving out large purple balls on thin arrows, he has “rare” thickets. But on the site can live even in the most extreme conditions.
Read more about growing onion slizuna here
Perennial onions: name, varieties, photos, cultivation and care:
Perennial onions (the name of the genus in Latin Allium) has excellent decorative, nutritional, medicinal properties.
The genus includes about 500 species. However, about 200 of them are grown in Russia. Mainly in the gardens you can find garlic, shallots, leeks, onions. Such varieties of perennial onions, such as fragrant, slizun, shnitt, ramson, batun, oblique, multi-tiered, etc., unfortunately, do not enjoy such popularity.
The varieties of perennial onion are distinguished not only by their taste, but also by the characteristics of their cultivation, appearance, and ripening periods.
They can be planted in flower beds and rabatka - some varieties are not inferior to ornamental plants in their aesthetic qualities.
The majority of gardeners appreciate the varieties of perennial onions (photos of some of them can be seen in the article) their ability to ripen early. Indeed, in the not yet green landscape at the beginning of spring only young juicy onion shoots stand out noticeably.
This plant is rich in vitamins, essential amino acids. As a rule, perennial onions are planted on greens.
After all, the substances that it contains have a positive effect on metabolic processes and immunity, and essential oils improve digestion.
In folk medicine, the properties of these plants to increase hemoglobin and promote the excretion of excess cholesterol have long been known.
Perennial bows, many gardeners are planted for decorative purposes. Plants perfectly complement the flowerbed, curbs along the paths, alpine slide. Flowers attract pollinators, so a number of growing crops will not be deprived of the attention of bees.
Perennial onions: varieties, rules of planting and care
In addition to the usual onions, there are many other species and varieties of this cultivated plant. They differ in appearance, taste and aromatic qualities, scope of application.
If you decide to plant on your site a perennial onion, its varieties are presented in a wide range.
Perennials are characterized by undemanding to growing conditions, high yield, resistance to cold.
Varieties of perennial onions are gaining popularity among gardeners
If onions are grown primarily for the purpose of obtaining large, juicy bulbs, then from long-term varieties you can get high-quality greens, fleshy feathers. Perennials do not require special growing conditions and careful care.
That's just planting should be carried out on fertile soil. At one place, the plant feels comfortable for four years, then transplantation is required. The fact is that the soil is depleted, which affects the quality of greenery. The feather becomes thin, not so fleshy and fragrant.
Suffering and taste, which loses its richness and expressiveness.
Perennial onion batun
China is considered the birthplace of this perennial onion. In our territories, the popular bat onion has become relatively recent, known by the following names: “sandy”, “wintery”.
The plant is characterized by powerful, long leaves in the form of tubes. In the period of flowering on the peduncles appear large, lush inflorescences, in which there can be up to 200 white flowers. The fruit of the onion-batun is a box with seeds.
The most popular varieties include the following:
- Aprelevsky is characterized by a spicy taste with a sweetish hint, it ripens early, excellent for supplementing vitamin salads.
- Bahia Verde - tall variety with dark green, covered with bluish bloom feathers, taste - sweet and spicy.
- Russian winter - the most fragrant and juicy variety, very frost-resistant and high-yielding.
- Giant has large, long, fleshy shoots, which can reach a height of 50 cm.
- Sort Seryozh perfectly tolerates winter cold, greens appear in early spring, feathers juicy, large, long.
The planting of this variety of onions is carried out in early spring. Seeds can be sown in boxes in the winter, and you can already directly into the ground. The best harbingers of all varieties are tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes. The plant prefers moist soils, well-permeable, stagnant water onions does not tolerate.
Special care for this culture is not required. Before planting, seeds are recommended to soak for a day. In order for a batun bow to feel comfortable, it must be periodically fed and watered. The plant responds well to a solution of ash, diluted mullein, mineral fertilizers.
From the history of the bow
The cultivation of onions occurred about 4 thousand years ago in Asia. In Russia, they learned about this vegetable crop in the middle of the 12th century. Since then, almost no dish can do without onions. Vegetable has healing properties and is widely used in traditional medicine.
All varieties, such as onions, are distinguished by their growth, appearance, taste, and maturity. There are about 900 varieties of onions, but only 220 species are grown on land. The most common types of onions: turnip, batun, shallot, leek, slizun, branched, multi-tiered, chives, fragrant.
Varieties of onions by the amount of content of essential oils and sugar:
- sharp varieties with a sugar content of 11%,
- semisweet onion varieties contain 8% sugar,
- sweet varieties have about 5% sugar in their composition.
The sweetest varieties of onions contain the least sugar, but they also have less essential oils. Essential oils give taste to bitterness and sharpness. Below is a list of popular onion types of onions with names and descriptions.
It is better to choose an unpretentious caregiver variety of onion with good yield and long storage.
The best crop varieties include: Aleko, Golden, Timiryazevsky. The varieties of early ripening are: Carmen, Power of the Hero, Red Semko. For a long time they do not lose their density and taste of the turnip from the onion variety: Sturon, Orion, Stuttgarter.
Onions like fertile, loose soil with neutral acidity. It actively develops with good light and air temperature above +15 degrees. Culture imposes particular demands on irrigation during the formation of the underground part. Superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, potash salt is suitable as a fertilizer.
You can grow vegetables with seeds. In the prepared soil they plant seeds - chernushka. Next year will be ready sevok. Onion seeds can be bought in the store or collect yourself. The seeds of black color are in the boxes on the arrows, which are produced by the onion head after planting.
Seeds before sowing are sorted, sorted, disinfected and germinated. In the prepared area, furrows are made at a distance of 20 cm. Seeds deepen by 2–3 cm.
Plant can be sevok. Heads no larger than 2.5 cm are selected for planting. Sevok is heated, disinfected and soaked in growth stimulants. As soon as the soil warms up to 10 degrees, sevok deepen by 5 cm.
Sevok under winter begin to plant when the temperature at night drops to -3. It is better to choose a sunny place without stagnant moisture. The best varieties of onion before winter are: Ellan, Bessonovsky, Arzamas, Chalcedony.
Care is a regular watering, loosening the soil after irrigation and rain, weeding, fertilization and treatment of pests and diseases. The first feeding is carried out two weeks after planting. You can prepare a solution of chicken manure. Two weeks later spend the second feeding. The third fertilization coincides with the period of active head formation.
The leek is a two year old herb. It has a lot in common with onions. Differs in the absence of a round bulb, in food are used long, wide leaves and a stem. The length of the leaves can reach one meter.
All types of onions are divided by ripening. Early varieties of onions begin to mature after 140 days, middle-ripening after 165 days, the harvest of late-ripening leek can be harvested after 180 days or more.
Сорта лука-порея, которые можно выращивать из семян: Камус, Бастион, Танго, Меркурий, Сизокрыл, Веста, Голиаф.
Самым распространенным считается рассадный способ посадки овощной культуры. Посев семян начинают в последних числах февраля либо в начале марта. Пересадку взрослой рассады проводят в середине мая. Leek grows best in loamy soil. In the fall and spring, while digging the land, it is recommended to put humus or compost.
Care for leeks requires careful and attentive:
- watering should be abundant and regular,
- loosen the ground should be every week,
- hilling is carried out every two weeks,
- in order to get a rich harvest during the whole growing season it is advisable to bring at least two supplements,
- Be sure to timely destroy weeds.
Harvest best stored with green leaves. This will allow the white stalk to not lose its juiciness and nutritional components.
The difference between shallots and bulb varieties is the formation at the base of a nest of several bulbs of oblong shape, small size and a greater number of thin feathers. The taste of the turnip pulp is sweet, without bitterness.
In terms of aging allocate:
- early maturing varieties: Cascade, Emerald, Family, Yashma, Belorerets,
- Mid-season types: Ayrat, Blond, Kuban, Bistro, Andreyka,
- with late borders of ripening bulbs: Fortress, Siberian amber, Ural violet, Vonsky.
All shallot varieties are distinguished by good disease resistance and drought tolerance. Shallot can be planted in spring and autumn. It is better to choose a place for planting sunny, with non-acidic, fertile, friable soil. You can grow from seeds and bulbs.
The plant after planting should be watered often and plentifully. During the season it is recommended to apply fertilizer three times, the last application should be three weeks before harvest. To vegetable got enough oxygen and nutrients, you need to loosen and weed the soil.
It is imperative to carry out prophylactic treatment against insect pests (onions fly and nematode, worms most often appear) and diseases (powdery mildew, fusarium, neck rot).
Before you grow shallots, you need to get acquainted with the description of the variety. Oblong brown-white or purple-red onions are small, up to 20 pieces. They taste more delicate, fragrant and sweeter than peeled vegetable.
The above-ground part consists of a false stem and numerous tubular, bright green leaves. Bloom Schnitt begins in the second year of growth, in May. In August, a seed box is formed instead of flowers. In the food are young leaves that are cut 2-3 times per season.
Place for landing should be protected from direct sunlight. The soil should be fertile and moist. The treatment is standard and involves weeding, loosening, fertilizing.
Popular varieties of onions are: Bohemia, Crocus, Albion, Medonos, Siberian, Welt. They can be grown both in open ground and in the greenhouse.
What kind of vegetable is there? There are the following varieties of multi-tiered onions, which are known among vegetable growers: Gribovsky 38, Likova, Odessa winter, Memory.
Tiered bow has an unusual appearance. Instead of inflorescences, large air bulbs are formed on the tubular arrow, which are called bulbs. The plant forms several arrows with bulbs located at different levels. The leaves are juicy and pleasant to taste, the bulbs have a slightly bitter taste.
The plant is characterized by high resistance to diseases and pests, unpretentious and easy to grow. It tolerates drought and frost. As a planting material can be used as ground bulbs, and the underground part.
The soil on the site should be light, loose, breathable and fertile. To get a good harvest in the soil you need to make fertilizer. Care is a moderate watering, loosening the soil, weeding from the weeds and the timely application of fertilizers.
Lettuce-onion batun is a perennial herb. The bulb is small and not juicy, with thin scales. They are poorly stored in winter. Only tubular leaves and stems are used for food. The plant is characterized by excellent greens with a pleasant, delicate flavor. Popular varieties are: April, Ispolin, Russian Winter.
Batun is very useful for the human body, the product has a high content of vitamins, trace elements, essential oils.
For the landing of the baton, it is necessary to choose wet, but not wetlands. Previously, they dig up the earth and bring in organic matter. When growing annual crops, sowing begins in early spring. For cultivation as a perennial planting is carried out in the summer or autumn. Seeds deepen by 1–2 cm.
After germination, thinning is performed, leaving a distance of 2.5 cm. With repeated thinning, the distance is increased to 6 cm. The rest of the treatment is no different.
Puchi Aging Bow
Puchkh onion is a wild plant that grows on gravelly slopes in the mountains, can be found in the steppes. It is found everywhere in Mongolia, China, and Korea. In Korea, onions are grown for eating. The juicy ground portion is edible only in spring, in summer the stem and leaves of the plant grow coarse and take on a bitter taste.
There are 4 types of Puchha:
- The European variety forms long, narrow and straight leaves.
- Altai-Sayan species is characterized by short straight leaves.
- Transbaikal species can be recognized by a powerful bush and short, bent leaves.
- The Far Eastern species has long, folded leaves.
The ripening period comes at the end of the summer. The taste of the leaves by this time becomes acrid. The bulbs are cut into rings, dried and added during cooking.
Onion varieties Strigunovsky refers to the northern group of plants. For full development, it needs the length of daylight 15-17 hours. The bulb is round, slightly elongated at the base, weighs 50 g, with an acrid flavor. Scales at the time of maturation becomes yellow.
The turnip matures early. The yield of the variety is high, it is well kept all winter, until the next harvest, does not impose special requirements for care.
Seeds of onions Tenaza average terms of ripening turnips. It takes 100 days to fully mature. Dense onions weigh 90 g, the taste is semi-sharp. Their form is rounded, golden-yellow scales. The yield is consistently high, long-term storage of the crop.
For mid-season hybrids is onion variety Valentino. The turnip is rounded, dense, weighing about 110 g. It is brown in color, the flesh is white and juicy with a semi-sharp taste.
Under good conditions, you can harvest a rich harvest, which can be stored for up to 5 months. The variety is resistant to adverse factors, high disease resistance, especially pink root rot.
It is worth getting acquainted with the description of the variety of onion Bessonovsky, which has good characteristics. The bulbs are small, weighing 50 g, rounded in shape, slightly flattened. The flesh tastes spicy, savory. Scales are golden yellow.
Harvest can be stored up to 9 months, preserving taste and presentation. Variety refers to the early ripening crops, it is possible to harvest a turnip in the last days of July. The plant is characterized by moderate disease resistance.
Onions Manas recommended to grow on a turnip from seeds. The hybrid belongs to late-ripening cultures. The bulb is round in shape, taste is semi-sharp, weight is 90 g. The upper scales are brown in color. The flesh is white, juicy.
The yield of the variety is high, characterized by drought resistance and rarely suffers from fungal diseases. Crop suitable for long-term storage, while maintaining the taste and presentation.
In high-yield onions Green Banner early terms of fruit ripening. Type of onion batun. The plant forms erect leaves up to 50 cm long, dark green in color with a waxy coating.
Long retain juiciness and do not get rude. Green leaves are frozen, dried and used in cooking. The variety is disease-resistant, especially well resists fusarium and pink rot of the roots.
Onion Hybrid Golden Semko is recommended to grow on a turnip from seeds. The hybrid has early ripening ripening periods of 73 days. A dense, round bulb weighing 90 g is formed. Dry scales are bright yellow. The taste of white flesh is semi-sharp.
Taste and commercial quality persist for 6 months. Good development is noted even under the condition of irregular watering and high air temperature.
In the description of the variety of onion Danilovsky there is a high yield and good resistance to disease. Refers to the bulb type of vegetable culture. Turnip maturation begins after 100 days. Dry scales of a violet shade. The taste of light purple pulp is semi-sharp. The shape of the bulb is flat-round, weight 100 g.
By the mid-season variety of onions is Yellow dragonfly with excellent characteristics. The period from germination to mass lodging of the tops is 100 days. The bulb is small, rounded, slightly flattened. Dry scales of straw yellow color. Pulp of sweet taste, onion mass 60 g
Sterling F1 onion hybrid is recommended for growing on a turnip as an annual plant from seeds and as a two-year-old one from sevka. Refers to late-ripe, common culture. Dry external white scales. The taste of the pulp is semi-sharp. The mass of a round bulb is 120 g. Productivity is high.
Onions Siberia F1 is recommended to grow on a turnip from seeds. Refers to the early ripe culture. The white flesh is semi-sharp in taste. The bulb weighs 100 g. Dry scales are colored yellow-brown. It tolerates frost, the variety is resistant to diseases and attack by pests.
Growing onion Alan from seed presents no difficulties. Bulbs of a rounded-flat form ripen early, their weight is 110 g. Husk is yellow, white flesh. The taste is soft, sweet.
The seeds are cold-resistant, germinate even at a temperature of +1 degree. By the winter they are sown a month before the onset of frosts. The bulbs will begin to form in the middle of May. Juicy bulbs are harvested in a mule, they are not stored for a long time.
Description of the winter hybrid of the onion variety Senshui marks the early ripening period, frost resistance, high yield and resistance to diseases.
The plant is 50 cm tall. The leaves are broad dark green. The head is rounded, slightly flattened. Outside is a golden yellow color, the inner scales are white in color. Bulb weight 170 g
Onion hybrid Kaoba average ripening. From the time of planting to maturation, 110 days pass. Refers to the bulb type of vegetable culture. Fruits are round with a smooth surface of yellow-brown color.
The variety is characterized by high yield, long shelf life of the crop, high resistance to diseases and pests.
Easy to grow is salad onions, does not require special care and takes up little space. Vegetable culture is growing rapidly and rarely exposed to disease. All kinds of salad vegetables grow well in fertile, compacted soils. The harvest is stored no more than 4 months. Bulbs contain many beneficial ingredients.
The varieties of the salad group include: Exhibichen, Yalta, Ermak. Pulp of bulbs juicy with pleasant semi-sharp, juicy smack.
Choose to your taste
Each type and variety of onions is suitable for the preparation of individual dishes (salads, canning, stewing, roasting). Growing involves the passage of the same stages. Be sure to prepare planting material, choose a place to plant, regularly water the seedlings, apply fertilizer, loosen and weed.
When choosing a type of vegetable culture, attention must be paid to ripening terms, yield, and it is necessary to study the main characteristics: color, taste and size of the head, the suitability of the leaves for food, and the requirements for care.
Strigunovskiy vegetable growers choose for many years. Onion is spicy and juicy. The ripening period lasts 80 days. The harvest is stored for a long time without losing its taste.
Onion Golden Semko forms a large rounded head (weight 100 g) in a short time. The taste is semi-sharp. The harvest is kept excellent for a long time. Not affected by disease and has a high yield.
Perennial onions perennial
Homeland plants is China. Often fragrant onions are called Chinese garlic. At one place you can grow a culture up to 5 years, then it must be transplanted, because the soil is depleted, the greens are not so high quality.
The shoots are used for food, they are juicy, fleshy, tasty, give special flavor to the dishes. The culture propagates by seeds and vegetatively. Seeds are used less frequently, because the plant planted in this way develops rather slowly.
Perennial onion fragrant different original appearance
Before planting, it is necessary to fertilize the bed, make mineral and organic substances. Care for perennial fragrant onions uncomplicated. To get high-quality greens, it is necessary to grow a plant in fertile soil.
Seeds before sowing soaked for a day, then dried and sown in the ground. The best form of growing - on the bed, with a large distance between the rows. The beds should be regularly watered, weed, remove weeds. Cutting is carried out two or three times a year. After cutting green shrubs need to pour a weak, unconcentrated solution mullein.
Different varieties of onion perennial positively respond to organic and mineral fertilizers.
This type of perennial onion is much less common in vegetable gardens and cottages than others. Varieties of plants derived a bit. Greens are widely used in cooking, it contains a large number of trace elements and vitamins. This species is often used in ornamental gardening, valued for green, wide shoots.
Some varieties of onion-slizuna perennial characterized by a strong garlic aroma. Care for long-term onions is as follows:
- the soil is necessarily wet, the plant does not like drought and moisture stagnation,
- To make the bow feel comfortable, you should regularly remove weeds,
- In the first weeks after planting, the bed is recommended to cover with plastic wrap to ensure the plants greenhouse effect,
- mineral and organic fertilizers have a positive effect on the onion condition.
Perennial onions are a healthy, tasty addition to any vegetable garden or summer cottage. Gardeners appreciate it for unpretentiousness, undemanding to growing conditions, frost resistance, yield, as well as excellent aromatic and taste qualities.
In addition to the usual onions, there are many other species and varieties of this cultivated plant. They differ in appearance, taste and aromatic qualities, scope of application. If you decide to plant on your site a perennial onion, its varieties are presented in a wide range. Perennials are characterized by undemanding to growing conditions, high yield, resistance to cold.
Varieties of perennial onions are gaining popularity among gardeners
If onions are grown primarily for the purpose of obtaining large, juicy bulbs, then from long-term varieties you can get high-quality greens, fleshy feathers. Perennials do not require special growing conditions and careful care. That's just planting should be carried out on fertile soil. At one place, the plant feels comfortable for four years, then transplantation is required. The fact is that the soil is depleted, which affects the quality of greenery. The feather becomes thin, not so fleshy and fragrant. Suffering and taste, which loses its richness and expressiveness.
What varieties and varieties are known
Perennial onions are represented by such species as a batun, slizun, shnitt and multi-tiered onions. They all grow in the wild in different parts of the globe. Selection work allowed us to obtain varieties of onions, which are superior to wild relatives in taste, feather length, yield, resistance to temperature change and lack of moisture.
Important: The manufacturer’s description on the onion seed packaging allows you to know the characteristics of the crop. Buying seeds of onion batun, you need to pay attention to the characteristics.
This may be April 12 - early variety, opening the garden season. Shrubs 2 years of life give the first green feathers after the snow from the garden. This variety does not tolerate drought and quickly goes to rest.
It is replaced by the Maysky variety, which breeds until mid-June. Batun Russian winter competes with these varieties. It forms powerful bushes and is resistant to bacterial infections.
To keep the green feather on the table, the batun seeds are sown 2 times a year, using the Parade, Wales or Performer hybrids for planting. Growing a batun as an annual crop makes it possible to provide family with greens until the end of the summer season. Chernushka batun, sown in the soil in early spring, and then in early June, gives a harvest of young onions from mid-July to the first snow.
Important: Hybrids are not adapted for Russian frosts, and plantings freeze out in winter.
Если хочется оставить несколько кустов в грядке, чтобы весной получить ранний лук, то для посевов используют сорт Русский размер, дающий мощное перо, длиною до 35 см через 1,5 месяца после посева семян.
Сорта Легионер и Грин Баннер, устойчивые к грибковым инфекциям, рекомендуются к выращиванию в промышленных масштабах. Эти виды батуна дают ветвистое сочное перо через 45 дней после посева семян в грунт.
Кроме батуна для получения зелени выращивают другие виды многолетнего лука. This may be a multi-tiered bow. This variety of perennial culture attracts many farmers due to its unique breeding method using aerial bulbous beetles. The culture gives a fragrant feather that can be cut several times during the season.
Breeders offer 3 varieties of multi-tiered onions. For cultivation in areas equivalent to the Far North, suitable grade Chelyabinsk.
In the southern regions they plant a bow. Memory, which forms a huge mass of green feather.
From the central regions of the Russian Federation, the variety Likova showed itself well, which easily tolerates spring frosts, expelling the first feather 21 days after thawing of the ground.
Chives and slizun rarely planted in areas, despite the fact that these types of perennial onions have juicy, fragrant early greens.
Schnitt gives a thin round feather, which, with proper farming techniques, can grow several times during the season. On the plot you can plant one of the varieties, and it will grow well in the garden reserved for him.
Slizun forms a bush, increasing annually in size, forming a hummock. On sale you can find a slizun of such names as Leader, Broadleaf, Vavilovsky.
A feather in a slizun is flat, juicy, containing a large amount of mucus, due to which the culture has received such a name. The leaves are constantly growing before the onset of drought. When the temperature rises, the bulbs fall asleep for a while. In late August, the bushes begin to produce a green feather with a new force.
If you equip a garden with different types of perennial onions in the garden, this will make it possible to obtain green feathers for the entire summer season.
The photo below shows various varieties of perennial onions, which will allow you to choose suitable perennial crops.
How to grow onions from seed
A suitable time, when planting perennial onions with seeds in open ground, is considered late autumn or early spring. Sowing, made into the frozen ground of a previously prepared garden bed, is good in that it allows the seeds to soak in the early spring with moisture and germinate in a suitable time for the plant. This makes it possible to get an early harvest of young onions 2 weeks earlier compared with spring sowing.
Spring sowing has its advantages. When planting in early spring, a larger percentage of seeds sprout. Onion beds are less overgrown with weeds. The soil with this crop is more loose, and the plants develop better.
Choosing a way to grow perennial onions from seeds, you need to pay attention to the climate. In the southern regions, where spring begins early, the soil quickly loses moisture, sowing seeds in early spring is more suitable.
Where the winters are snowy and the snowmelt continues until the end of April, frosts continue until mid-June and the batun can be planted in the ground before winter.
Important: Planting perennial onions with seeds should be in a well-fertilized soil. Perennial will grow well only if it gets good nutrition.
How to care for perennial plantings
Growing and caring for perennial onions requires compliance with the rules of agricultural technology.
Perennial onions grown on greens need abundant watering and multiple foliar dressings, which are made after the crop is cut.
To improve nutrition, onion beds are watered with green manure made from infusion of nettle leaves, bream, burdock and other weeds. A perennial onion grows well in one place for several years, if in early spring, when the ground is frozen, the beds are sprinkled with either complex fertilizer for onions or nitrogen.
Perennials are watered as the soil dries. The root system of the bulbs is long, and the onions do not need abundant watering. Loosening the soil and weeding is carried out after each irrigation. This allows you to grow a large juicy feather, and maintain a healthy and strong fit.
Important: If perennials are not cared for, the root system starts to affect bacterial diseases, which are completely destroyed by adult bushes.
Shrubs 2 years of life form flower stalks, which should be removed in a timely manner so that the bulb does not waste its strength on the cultivation of unwanted seeds. Part of the peduncles can be left to ripen nagging, if a variety has been planted. Hybrids form empty seeds.
Special attention requires a multi-tiered bow, which over the season can increase a large number of brooches. They need to be removed from the plants, not waiting until the small onions touch the ground and begin to take root. This leads to thickened plantings and depletion of the soil of the beds.
The collected seeds of a multi-tiered onion are planted on a prepared bed in early August, which allows you to get a crop of greenery in early September.
For winter, onion beds are covered in those areas where winters are not snowy and night temperatures reach -25 ° C. Plantings are covered with dry grass, corn ditches, reeds or covering materials. Shelter removed after the snow. Do it carefully, because under the grass harvested green leaves of young onions are found. Freed beds are carefully loosened with a rake, trying to destroy the upper dense layer, preventing the seedlings from breathing.
In areas where there is a lot of snow, perennial onions overwinter under snow and feel good.