The bird cherry of Virginskaya (in the west it is called “choking cherry” - Chokecherry) is a decorative culture of the genus Plum. Often grown in gardens, due to its beautiful appearance. The bird cherry is a close relative of garden crops such as plum, cherry, peach and others.
The name of the plant was named after the state of Virginia (USA), where it came from. Bird cherry species is cultivated in Russia. It can be found not only in the South of Russia, but also in the North.
Culture can grow up to 15 meters. The height of cultivated plants usually rarely exceeds 7 meters.
Small flowers, collected in the brush, have no flavor. Brushes can reach 15 cm in length. Flowering tree lasts for two weeks. The color is white. Flowering begins in May. In northern areas, the tree blooms later - in June.
Fruit ripening occurs at the end of summer-beginning of autumn. Fruits have a dark red color. They taste very pleasant, there is no astringency. Fruits can decorate a tree even during the winter period, without being showered.
Shiny leaves have the form of ovals. Their length is from 3 to 10 cm. The edges are slightly jagged. The bark of the tree is gray with a violet tinge.
The first few years, the growth is quite slow, then the tree begins to grow faster.
There are not so many varieties of bird cherry virgin. Description of the most famous and common varieties in Russia:
- Prunus virginiana Shubert (Prunus virginiana Shubert) different spectacular decorative qualities. The tree with a height of 5-10 meters has a beautiful spreading crown. The leaves come in two colors: green and red with a purple or violet shade. White flowers are collected in numerous inflorescences. The beginning of flowering occurs in May. The fruits are shaped like balls. At first they are red, by the end of maturation they acquire a shade of black. The fruits are edible. Fruit ripening occurs in mid-August. The variety is sun-loving, but it can also grow in shady places. The tree is undemanding to the soil, but grows better on moist and nutrient-rich soils. The variety is resistant to diseases. Among the pests that infect a tree, there are often those that gnaw leaves.
Schubert The same variety can be seen on the title photo.
- Canada red - This is a tree whose height can reach 5 meters. Crohn has a conical shape. When the leaves bloom, they are green. In early summer, the color changes to red with a purple hue. Flowering occurs in April-May. Small flowers of white color are collected in inflorescences. Black fruits with a shiny surface are edible, but viscous in taste. Canada Red is a red varietal variety that is not demanding on soils, but prefers fertile soil and sun. In addition, this variety is resistant to frost.
Planting does not require any additional gardening skills.
It is possible to plant the bird cherry of this species both in the penumbra and in the shade, but still the culture prefers the sun. Cherry blossoms are much more beautiful if they grow in sunny places.
Landing is required in autumn or spring. The distance between bird cherry seedlings should not exceed 5 meters.
Prunus prefers neutral or slightly alkaline soil. The ideal choice for plants - loams.
The pit for planting should be such that the root system fits perfectly in it.
In addition to fertile soil in the groove for planting should be made of mineral and organic fertilizer. However, with organic fertilizers should be careful, because their excess is fraught with darkening and drying of the stem of the plant.
Reproduction of culture is possible:
- Root layering
How to care?
For the young copy are necessary:
- Regular weeding,
- Loosening the soil around the trunk,
- Sanitary and shaping pruning.
Since the tree can grow strongly the crown branches out in all directions and decays. It is possible to prevent overgrowth by trimming the crown.
Formation is possible in two ways: in the form of a tree with a bob or in free form. The first method is preferred. Every year it is desirable to cut the main shoot of a tree by 50 centimeters. This is necessary for the formation of a magnificent tree crown.
Because of the high growth, the crown of a tree often thickens, therefore thinning is desirable. Cut off areas can simply gloss over with whitewash. You can also use a garden pitch.
The soil should be constantly moist, but virgin bird cherry does not need as much watering as some other species of bird cherry. Also, the soil must be constantly loosened to keep the soil moisture in the norm. No wonder a variety often grows along river banks.
Fallen leaves of bird cherry have a beneficial effect on the composition of the soil.
Bird cherry virgin has fruits of red juicy color. They persist on the branches of a tree and gradually begin to dry out. Fruits decorate the tree until the end of next spring.
Fruits from ancient times were actively used in cooking. They make the filling for pies, as well as prepare the flour, which is used for baking. In addition, various drinks are prepared from the berries - compote, jelly, tea and wine. Wine is a separate conversation. It turns out incredibly tasty and beautiful, because the berries do not differ in acid, but they are very bright and saturated.
Fruits of a bird cherry virginskaya
Such fruits are ideal for freezing. In winter, they can also be used to boil jelly and compotes or add to tea.
However, it is possible to use red cherry fruit only in ripe form, since green berries contain toxic substances.
Application in landscape design
A variety of this tree can be planted both singly and in group plantings. It is grown to strengthen the soil in the garden area, as well as to create beautiful hedges.
The bird cherry virgin can be planted together with other species of bird cherry, as well as other shrubs and crops that bloom at the same time.
With the help of virgin bird cherry create incredible floral arrangements for large and small gardens. Also planted in alleys and in park areas.
On the net you can find reviews of gardeners who managed to grow beautiful specimens of this tree.
At one of the forums, an experienced grower with the nickname Melja says that the Bird-Cherry variety Virgina Schubert is not only incredible in beauty, but also in growth rate. Growing green, it gradually becomes purple, which cannot but draw attention to itself. However, it is often affected by a disease like flatulence or perforated spotting.
Another gardener with the nickname Nadejda also praises the virgin cherry for its showy decorative qualities. Long branches are covered with red leaves. Despite the rare damage to the leaves of aphids, the shrub is very beautiful. And also grow red berries that can be used in cooking.
Review on video
It should be borne in mind that virgin bird cherry can be dangerous for people prone to allergies. Especially during flowering, although outwardly it is a very spectacular plant in this period. In the video below - virgin bird cherry during fruiting.
It is noteworthy that the red bird cherry is a very close relative of peach, cherry and plum. This culture was named after the US state of Virginia, where it was first found. Today, this culture is actively used by Russian gardeners. However, it is found not only in the southern but also in the northern regions of the country.
The height of the plant can reach 15 m. However, cultivated varieties rarely reach 7 meters in size.
Flowering virgin cherry begins somewhat later than the ordinary. but she isgives a richer harvest, because it is characterized by high resistance to spring frosts. The chic look of the virgin variety gives a very lush flowering, reminiscent of snow-white foam.
The tassels, formed by small flowers, do not smell. Their length can reach 14−16 cm. This cherry blossoms about 2 weeks. The beginning of flowering - the end of April or the beginning of May. Although in the northern areas of the tree begins to bloom only in June.
The fruits ripen closer to the fall and have an interesting dark-red color, they have a rather pleasant taste and lack any astringency.. It is noteworthy that the berries can remain on the tree until the winter.
Sheets have a shiny surface and oval shape. They grow to 4−10 cm. The bark of the virgin variety has a gray-purple color.
In the virginian species of bird cherry not very many subspecies. The most popular varieties in the Russian Federation are:
- Virginian Prunus Schubert. The tree looks very attractive. Its height varies from 4 to 10 meters. The crown is very spreading and lush. Blossom starts in May. The fruits have a spherical shape and red color, which darkens as they mature. Berries of this bird cherry are considered edible. They mature in August. This is a very light-loving plant, but it can grow in the shade. The plant is unpretentious to the soil, but it grows best on nutritious and moist soils.
- Canada Ed. This bird cherry rarely grows more than 5 meters. It has a conical crown and green leaves. In June, their color becomes reddish. Flowering continues from April to May. Black berries are edible, but have a viscous aftertaste. The advantage of this variety is that it is frost resistant.
Most often on the sites you can see the variety Schubert. It was he who gained widespread popularity and is considered almost the benchmark of a garden tree.
For the landing of this culture does not need any special skills, so even an aspiring gardener can handle it. Pick up a place for this culture can be in the shade and in partial shade, however it is better to plant it in the lit area, bird cherry grow more lush and attractive.
Plant the plant better in spring or autumn. At the same time between seedlings need to leave an interval of not more than 5 meters. This shrub loves a slightly alkaline or neutral ground. The most favorable solution is loam. When constructing a pit for planting a bird cherry, it is necessary to take into account the dimensions of its root system, that is, the rhizome should fit freely in it.
In addition to fertile land, organic and mineral fertilizers should also be placed in the hole. But with organic matter you need to behave as carefully as possible, since its surplus can lead to drying and darkening of the stem of the virgin bird cherry.
After disembarking, it is advisable to cut about 50 cm of wood. This is necessary for laying the 1st level of the branches of the skeleton. Culture can be propagated by shoots, stones, layers of roots and grafting.
After planting the plant need to properly care. Although a beginner can cope with this, there are no particular troubles with planting and caring for a virgin bird cherry. She needs the following conditions:
- pruning for sanitation and molding,
- loosening the soil near the trunk,
- systematic weeding.
The crown of this species of bird cherry grows rapidly and breaks apart, to suppress too intensive development of culture, its crown must be cut. Forming is performed by two methods:
Experts often prefer the second method. Every year should cut the main shoot of the shrub 45−50 cm. This will allow the tree to form a very lush and beautiful crown.
Due to the active development of the crown often suffers from thickening, so it needs to be thinned from time to time. It is desirable to grease cuts with whitewash or garden pitch.
Soil for virgin bird cherry should be regularly moistened, but this variety does not require such abundant watering as other species. In addition, the land should be loosened as often as possible so that it maintains a normal level of humidity. After all, not without reason, this culture often grows near water.
It is not necessary to collect the fallen leaves, because it has a positive effect on the composition of the soil, saturating it with nutrients. Also, do not cover the plant for wintering, as it has excellent resistance to frost.
The fruits of virginian cherry have a very juicy red color. They firmly hold on the branches, so they dry out on them. Fruits can decorate the tree until May next year.
Even in ancient times, these berries are often used to prepare delicious dishes. On their basis, prepare the filling for cakes and pies. Cherry made and various drinks - wine, tea, jelly and fruit juice. These fruits can be frozen. You can make very fragrant drinks from them on cold winter days. But do not eat green berries, because before ripening, they are considered poisonous.
Description of virgin cherry
This spreading wide tree Drain species imported from North America. At home, it can grow up to 15 m in height, and in garden conditions it usually reaches 5-7 meters. It grows quickly, yields the harvest for the fourth year after planting undergrowth. The plant is a close relative of garden trees such as plum and cherry.
Gray bark with a violet shade. Bright green leaves of oval form become reddish by autumn, and young shoots have dark brown color. White small flowers are collected in elongated brushes. The tree blooms after the appearance of the leaves - at the end of May or the beginning of June, therefore it is not exposed to the detrimental effect of spring frosts. A beautiful abundant bloom that lasts for two weeks, is not accompanied by a sharp characteristic odor inherent in bird cherry trees.
Round fruits begin to ripen in August and have a bright or dark red color.. Fruits do not crumble, and if they are not collected, the tree can be decorated with them in winter practically until spring.
Varieties of red bird cherry
The following varieties are popular in our country:
- Bird cherry virginian Schubert - high ornamental plant with a beautiful crown. Leaves can be green or red with a violet shade. Edible ripe fruits of dark red almost black. This variety is resistant to garden pests.
- Bird cherry virginian Canada Red different conical shape of the crown. The leaves become reddish in early summer. Black shiny fruits have an astringent taste. This variety is characterized by frost resistance.
Planting red bird on the site
The red leaf plant will be a real decoration of the garden, if you put it in the illuminated area, but in the shade the tree grows well and preserves the color of the leaves. Most suitable for planting is west or north land tenure. Ideal for growing a healthy beautiful plant is considered to be moist fertile soil. When choosing a place, lowlands should be avoided so as not to subject flowers to damage during the period of spring frosts. It must be borne in mind that the tree grows rapidly and acquires a wide crown, which can shade nearby shrubs or flowers.
The bird cherry Virginskaya breeds in different ways:
- seedlings of pits,
- root growth,
To obtain seedlings, seeds obtained from ripe fruits are placed in holes 5 to 6 cm deep. Grown up rooted plants are planted in spring or autumn to a depth of 50 cm so that the roots are completely closed, into holes about 70 cm wide. The distance between trees should be about 4 meters. After planting, the soil around the seedling should be mulched with sawdust or peat.
The plant is quite resistant to diseases and pests.. However, the tree is most vulnerable to the main enemy - the cherry cherry moth. In order to prevent the negative impact of moths in early spring, plants are treated with tobacco extract, lavender extract, or soapy water.
To get rid of insects that have appeared, an effective method is spraying with chemicals, for example, karbofos or insecticide "Aktara". It is usually sufficient to spray twice. A marsupial mushroom may appear on the tree. This disease is not amenable to treatment, so you have to remove the affected areas.
Weak plants with cracks or cuts in the trunk and branches are susceptible to fusarium drying or fusarium. Therefore, for the prevention of drying, timely cutting and processing of mechanically damaged areas is necessary.
Useful properties of black cherry fruit virgin
Red-cherry cherries have a sweet-sour taste and contain:
- organic acids (malic, citric),
- tannins, which give tanning properties and light astringent taste,
- oil in pits.
Thanks to these substances, the fruits are consumed fresh, and also used to prepare various dishes in cooking. From fruits it turns out delicious jam beautiful in color. Compotes with the addition of bird cherry have a rich color and a pleasant aroma. You can make wine or liqueur with a unique taste.
В лечебных целях используются не только плоды, но и листья, кора или цветы дерева. Высушенные ягодки подходят для приготовления напитков, которые можно принимать при простуде и кашле. Цветочный отвар хорошо помогает при промывании ран и язв.
Important! It should be remembered that you can not eat unripe fruits, as they are poisonous. In addition, this plant is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women. Caution should be applied to those who have a tendency to constipation. In people with allergies, bird cherry can cause an adverse reaction.
Gardeners planted red-leaved trees at sites, not only for harvesting, but also for creating beautiful compositions and hedges. The plant in the form of a shrub is used both in landscape design, and to strengthen the soil. Red bird cherry can be placed in the garden separately or in a group with other species of bird cherry. In this case there will be a crossing, as a result of which the hybrid will have intermediate signs.
A virgin bird cherry is a tree with a rather wide and spreading crown. Under the conditions of home gardening, the height of the plant does not exceed 5–7 m, which somewhat facilitates the care of it and the harvesting of medicinal berries. Young shoots are dark brown in color. On the shoots are ovate-conical buds, the color of which varies from yellow-brown to dark brown. The average length of the kidneys is 0.3–0.5 cm.
The leaves are dense, shiny, oval or oval-lanceolate, 3–10 cm long, serrated on the edges, with a bright green upper side and a lighter lower one. In late autumn, the foliage acquires a decorative reddish color. Racemes inflorescences, composed of 15-30 white flowers. The peak of flowering occurs in late spring, almost immediately after the appearance of foliage. In the northern regions of the bird cherry virgin blossom in the first summer month.
The fruits are round pitted trees with a diameter of up to 1 cm. In size, they significantly exceed the berries of the bird cherry. The pulp is acidic, with pronounced astringent properties. The surface of a fully ripe berry is dark red, almost black, for which the bird cherry is called “red fruit”. Due to the chemical composition, the berries have healing properties.
Varieties of bird cherry virgins are self-fertile and self-fruit. In recent years, breeders bred red-leaved and pink-flowered varieties. By itself, bird cherry virginskaya is of minor interest, but it has a very showy form Schubert (Prunusvirginiana Shubert) with decorative leaves and flowers. In the spring, the foliage of the tree is green, and in summer it changes color to dark purple. Flowering occurs in May. The flowers are pink and white, numerous, gathered in a racemes of drooping type.
Description where grows
The tree is native to the forests of North America, where it can reach 15 m in height, in the garden conditions of the middle lane develops in the form of a shrub, not exceeding 7 m.
- The crown consists of spreading branches covered with dark brown bark with small cracks.
- Oval-shaped sheet plates can reach a length of 10 cm.
- During the flowering period, which is celebrated in late spring - early summer, small fragrant white flowers bloom, gathered in small racemes.
- By the end of summer edible fruits, painted in red color, ripen.
Due to its chemical composition, the stonewort of the bird cherry has healing properties. Originally from Virginia, ornamental culture in the gardens of Russia is found not only in the south, but also in the northern regions.
Types and varieties of plants
Typical varieties of virgin bird cherry are not of particular interest, but its forms - red-leaf and rose-flower - are valued by many gardeners for their high decoration.
- Canada Red - frost-resistant variety with a conical crown and leaves that change color from green to red. Blooms white flowers, gathered in clusters in the form of a brush. When ripe, the berries become almost black and remain on the branches almost until spring.
- Bird cherry (Virginskaya) Schubert - a tree with a spreading crown. Young leafy plates of green color change their color to purple with a violet shade as they grow older. At the end of spring, the flowering phase begins, at which white, almost odorless, inflorescences consisting of small flowers bloom.
Optimum conditions for growing
In order for the tree to decorate the garden with its refinement for many years, the bird cherry should be provided with optimal conditions for comfortable growth.
- A place. It is possible to plant a bird cherry in partial shade and even in shady areas of the garden. However, the specimens growing in sunny areas possess the highest decorative qualities. Also, when choosing a place, it is worth considering that the krasnolistnaya bird cherry produces abundant growth.
- The soil. Despite the undemanding nature of the culture to the composition of the soil, the best option would be a fertile loam with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction and a loose structure.
Important! Bird cherry virgininskaya quite a hardy plant that has such important characteristics for temperate latitudes as heat and winter resistance.
It will not be difficult to care for an unpretentious culture, the landing of which was carried out with the implementation of all the recommendations:
- Watering. Drought-resistant plant does not need additional moisture, with the exception of long periods of soil and air drought, when the bird cherry is to be watered once.
- Tillage. To loosen with simultaneous removal of weeds will be required in the early years of the development of the bird cherry. At a more adult age, with the help of an extensive root system, it itself will provide the necessary soil looseness and suppress the growth of weeds. In the future, the gardener will need to annually clean the tree trunk from the root growth of bird cherry, which it gives in a fairly large number.
- Crop. For the formation of a lush and beautiful crown, pruning, which ensures the laying of the first skeletal branches, is carried out during planting, if the seedling has reached a height of 70 - 60 cm. to shorten inwardly developing shoots and dried, diseased.
Diseases, pests and methods of dealing with them
The main disease that affects the culture is leaf spot. At the first sign, the affected shoots are removed and the plant is treated with a fungicide.
Among the pests are aphid, silkworm, moth and weevils. As a protective measure, spray the damaged specimen with an insecticide solution according to the manufacturer's instructions. With a strong settlement processing is repeated, having sustained a two-week groove.
The procedure is carried out at the beginning of summer, when green cuttings are cut in length from 10 to 15 cm.
- The pre-treated charcoal planting material is buried 1–2 cm in the shaded area into light, loose soil.
- When rooting takes place, which usually takes 2 months, new specimens of the bird cherry are planted in a permanent place of growth.
This is the easiest breeding method in which:
- The most developed otvrak with the branched root system is selected.
- The shoots are separated from the parent with a sharp spade.
- The cut is treated with an antiseptic to prevent infection.
- The branching is planted for rearing in pristenenny place.
- After 2 months, when the specimen has increased the root mass, it is transplanted to a permanent habitat.
Use of wood in landscape design
The decorative variety of bird cherry has recently become increasingly used in the design of homestead territories and landscape gardening zones.
With her help:
- alleys and flower-shrub compositions are created,
- original hedges are made,
- decorated gardens, created in the "Russian" style,
- water objects are framed
- emphasizes the beauty of juicy green lawn.
Cheryuha virginskaya with openwork crown and elegant silhouette - undemanding and at the same time refined decoration of the Russian garden, which is certainly worthy of your attention.
Bird-cherry Red-leaved Purple Candle
The appearance of the red-cherry bird cherry. The purple candle forces the gardeners' heart to quiver and inclines towards planting this ornamental tree. The beauty of Russian gardens is associated with childhood memories, as the flowering of the plant was always accompanied by the return of cold weather.
The variety is bred by domestic breeders and listed in the Russian State Register. The tree quickly grows up to 5 meters in height. Narrow pyramidal crown of medium thickness in spring with green leaves, painted in autumn in dark purple tones.
Shoots branch from the trunk at an angle close to a straight line. Blooming white flowers with a pinkish tinge collected in polupinkayuschie brush size of 10-14 cm.
Fruits with a mass of 0.6–0.7 grams formed after flowering change their color from brown to black as they mature. Fruiting is average, therefore, to increase the yield required pollinator replanting.
Conditions for fit and care
Bird cherry seedlings have a high survival rate, so suitable dates for planting are spring and autumn. Requirements for the soil - neutral or slightly acidic loam.
The place is chosen spacious and sunny. It is not recommended to plant in the shade, because the shoots are strongly drawn out, the berries are more formed at the ends, and this makes harvesting difficult.
Twice a year, a complex fertilizer with a minimum percentage of chlorine is applied to the soil under the tree. If you wish to grow several copies, the distance between them should be 5-7 meters. For the formation of a lush crown requires annual pruning of the central shoot. Bird cherry variety Purple candle winter-hardy and does not need shelter.
CRANKSHAFT KRASNOLISTAYA "SIBERIAN BEAUTY"
Red cherry "Siberian Beauty"
Ornamental and fruit shrubs, obtained by crossing the bird cherry ordinary with bird cherry virginian "Schubert". Bush height 4-5 m with a thick pyramidal crown. This variety can be counted among the red-leaved forms, although the purple color of the foliage begins to appear only from mid-July. At first, the young leaves of the Siberian Beauty are green, then the upper part of the leaf turns dark purple and the lower part turns light purple. The game of colors, which is observed on a windy day, looks very impressive and unusual. Then the leaves quickly darken and remain so until late autumn. Dense, dense foliage does not fall off until November.
The crown with upright large shoots is generally oval. By pruning, you can successfully restrain plant growth at a height of 2-3 meters. Usually a bird cherry is a tree, but our bird cherry is a rather large shrub. It grows very quickly.
Flowering about two weeks - white tassels, like a normal bird cherry. Strong pleasant aroma. When ripe, green fruits turn into red, and then black, of good taste, low-sweet, sweet, weighing about 0.7 g, yield is average. For good fruiting in the garden, it is desirable to have at least two plants of the bird cherry.
Bird cherry trees grow on the fertile soils of excessive and flowing moisture, along the edges and thickets of bushes. Prunus - a culture undemanding to the conditions of growth. It has a strong root system, therefore it tolerates temporary waterlogging, as well as soil and air drought. Improves and well drains the soil, and its fallen leaves significantly reduce the acidity of the soil and increase fertility. Prunus grows fast, hardy, moisture-loving, shade-tolerant. Satisfactory tolerates urban conditions.
Bird-cherry is a fairly well-known genus in ornamental gardening, the species of which are valued for the delicacy of the crown, abundant flowering and general decorativeness. Apply bird cherry in group and single plantings. Looks good in mixborders and in combination with fruit trees and shrubs.
Red cherry leafless Neubiennaya, Schubert 0,2-0,3m 2l Padus Atropurpurea NO
Witcher Neubiennu can be ranked as the red-leaved forms, although the purple color of the foliage begins to manifest itself only from mid-July around the days of the execution of Russian Emperor Nicholas II - the name of the plant is inspired by the Orthodox religion of the people.
Further, the description is based on observations of the plant from our nursery.
Then the leaves quickly darken and remain so until late autumn. Dense, dense foliage does not fall off until November.
The crown with upright large shoots is generally oval. By pruning, you can successfully restrain plant growth at a height of 2-3 meters. A bird cherry is a tree or a rather large shrub. It grows very quickly.
Flowering about two weeks - white tassels, like a normal bird cherry. Strong pleasant aroma. By the end of July, in August, black glossy, edible, tart-flavored berries ripen in August. For good fruiting in the garden, it is desirable to have at least two plants of the bird cherry.
Winter hardiness is very high. It winters well not only in the Moscow region, but also in the north, in the Far East.
Loves the fertile, well moistened soil. Not affected Chermukhov moth.
Shade-tolerant, but decorative and fruiting is better in the sun.
The bird cherry Neubiennaya has many similarities with other varieties of the red-leaved bird cherry. Examples:
The purple candle variety is described as a medium height 5m tree with a narrow pyramidal crown. It also has in spring the usual green color of the leaves, which then darken.
Variety Schubert also has a young green foliage, which then turns red.
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Minimum order amount:
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Krasnolistnaya bird cherry virginskaya: features of growing and care
Bird cherry - deciduous tree, which is often found in central Russia. During walks in the forest, many admired the beautiful flowering of this plant and enjoyed its unique aroma. But not only in the wild can be found bird cherry. It is successfully planted on the sites of amateur gardeners. One of the most common types of this tree, suitable for growing in the garden, is considered bird virgin, which is also called red or krasnolistnoy.
Fruits are round-shaped, acidic, with definitely astringent signs. But they are not so tart as the fruits of the usual bird cherry. When fully matured, they become almost black. By the dark red color of the berries, the Virginian cherry is also called “red fruit”. The chemical composition of the fruit is such that they have healing properties.
Red cherry blossoms in late spring, after a short time after the appearance of the leaves. In some areas it is covered with flowers at the beginning of summer. The leaves are long, up to 10 cm, jagged along the edge, color - from bright to light green. In late autumn - a reddish tint. This gives the tree even more decorative.
The virgin bird cherry owes its particular beauty to color. In spring, white flowers cover it like lace. In the summer and early fall, it flames because of the red color of the berries. Late autumn decorated with reddish leaves. In winter, the fruits remaining on the branches are reddened.
In the 70s of the last century, plant breeders from Siberia MN Salamatov and V.S. Simagin bred new varieties in the Siberian Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy by crossing common bird cherry with its virgin bird cherry. Thus, the new varieties “Dawn”, “Narym”, “Taiga”, “Samoplodnaya”, “Black Splendor”, “Sakhalin Black” appeared. There are a few more hybrids of value in culture that have not yet been given names.
Among them are the red-leaved and pink-flowered subspecies later bred by selection. All trials were carried out. Now the world's first varieties have been successfully distributed. They all differ from each other.
There are varieties that can self-pollinate - self-bearing. Those who are incapable of this are called self-fruitless.
- "Narym" and "Taiga" - not very tall bushes about 4 m tall. They are distinguished by dense foliage, lush and beautiful flowering. They should be planted in groups, because individually these varieties are not pollinated. This is the so-called samobzlodnye varieties. The fruits are not very large, red in color with yellow flesh, have a sour-sweet taste. Each plant yields up to 5 kg.
- Еще один из популярных сортов – «Рассвет». Он немного ниже «Нарыма» и «Тайги» – около 3 м, но дает ранний урожай. The fruits are not very large in size, but the yield is constant and quite large - from each bush it is really possible to get about 10 kg of berries of a characteristic dark red color and a sweet-sour taste with a slight tartness.
Bird cherry red leaf Schubert
Bird cherry red leaf Schubert
The red cherry leafy Schubert is a decorative variety, which was created by breeders from the United States.
In appearance, it is a slender tree, reaching a height of up to 10 m (!), With a thick crown of leaves that change color depending on the season: in the spring they are green, become a little burgundy in the summer, and in the autumn delight the eye with amazing red-violet colors . The Schubert can show itself as a bird cherry not only with its beautiful leaves, but also with bright white and fragrant flowers forming a brush. Thanks to its aesthetic qualities, it has been recognized by many gardeners in the world.
Blackberry fruits have a juicy pulp, a slightly astringent, tart taste, in appearance of black color with a red tint. In America, they are used to produce juice, jam or baking, after removing the seeds.
The plant is long-lived, its lifespan can reach up to fifty years, it has cold-resistant qualities. The wild cherry tree of Schubert has strong branched roots, due to which it is unpretentious in its care. Moreover, the tree boasts excellent survival in large cities with a polluted atmosphere.