Hydrangea refers to the brightly flowering plants. According to the systematics, hydrangea is a representative of the dicotyledonous class, the order of corylaceous, family of hydrangea. In Latin, hydrangea means "a vessel with water."
Hydrangea in the country is popular as an ornamental plant. In height can reach 4 meters, it is actively used for registration of parks and gardens, thanks to large bright inflorescences. Hydrangea planting and care do not require much effort. Hydrangea grows quickly enough. Growing plants begins at home. For 2 years, the seedling will delight the house with the first buds. After this period, you should transplant the bush in the conditions of open ground.
It is known that hydrangea is a light-loving plant, and the soil composition should contain an abundance of organic matter and have a neutral or slightly acidic pH.
How to plant a hydrangea? For planting hydrangeas should be purchased shrub seedling. However, you can grow a seedling from seed. This method will require much more time.
How to plant hydrangea seeds? Sowing seeds should be carried out in the autumn. For planting it is necessary to choose a soil rich in organic matter. Independently prepare the soil mixture from peat, leaf soil and river sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 1. Prepared land is required to ginger carefully. Sowing the seeds, they should be sprinkled with a thin layer of soil, which should be moistened with a spray bottle.
After planting hydrangea container should be covered with a film or glass, removing it several times a day to air the soil. Also important is the maintenance of soil moisture.
The ideal temperature range for germinating seeds is 14-20 ° C. After the emergence of seedlings shelter must be finally removed.
The pick is done in 2 stages. The first time to dive seedlings should be with the appearance of cotyledons, the second time - in early spring. During the second pick, you should choose a small size of the pots.
After the second replanting, young plants should begin to perform hardening procedures. For this, pots can be taken out in the summer to fresh air. You should choose a place protected from direct sunlight, drafts and precipitation. At night, hydrangeas need to be returned to the premises.
Growing house lasts for 2 years. During this period in summer you can keep pots outside, and in winter - in well-lit cool conditions.
Important! During this period, all the buds should be cut off, since they take away the strength of the young bush.
At the age of 2 years, saplings become ready for transplanting to the main place of cultivation. How to plant hydrangea in open ground?
It is better to carry out transplanting in early spring. Competent selection of the place of growth is the key to good plant growth.
How to grow hydrangea in the garden? Hydrangeas are demanding in terms of lighting, they need to choose places with indirect exposure to sunlight. Soil for seedlings should be chosen, as far as possible, the most enriched with organic substances, with a neutral or slightly acidic pH.
Attention! With a clear alkaline reaction, the soil should be acidified. For this, you can use peat or a commercial preparation, for example, Acid plus.
Planting hydrangea bushes next to other plants with a shallow root system is undesirable. This neighborhood will lead to competition for nutrients and moisture.
When is it best to plant a hydrangea in the fall or spring? Spring planting will help the sapling to get stronger by the winter.
For landing it is necessary to prepare a landing hole. Its size should be 2 times larger than the size of the root system of a young plant, together with the earthy clod adjacent to it. After that, you need to make complex fertilizers, both organic and mineral. In addition, you must make a peat mixture mixed with the ground.
Remove the seedling from the pot with the ground. Shaking off and straightening the roots, lower it into a hole and cover it with soil with compost.
Note! It should be ensured that the root system is located on an elevation above the soil surface.
Having dug up the roots covering their soil, it is necessary to thoroughly compact, water and mulch the stem around the pine needles.
Hydrangeas in the garden are demanding compliance with watering. Almost constantly they need wet soil. Planting near Erica and Vodanik will allow you to constantly maintain low acidity of the soil for hydrangea.
Cultivation on dense soils imposes an obligation in frequent loosening. The introduction of organic substances stimulates the growth and development of the shrub. For aeration of the soil loosening should be carried out to a depth of 5 cm.
The bushes of street hydrangea are characterized by poor drought resistance. In hot conditions, a weekly abundant watering is necessary at the rate of 15-20 liters of water per plant. In normal times, it is enough to water 1-2 times a month. Soil mulching with pine needles, wood chips or bark helps preserve soil moisture and maintain acid balance.
Hydrangeas in the garden
As a rule, hydrangea does not have good frost resistance. Although there are varieties, quietly enduring the winter season. For the cooling period, it is necessary to use special covering materials in order to avoid freezing of the shrub.
To maximize flowering to feed the bush is worth at least 2 times a year. It is necessary to feed in the period of the beginning of flowering and after the fall of the last flowers. In early spring, urea solution is suitable as a top dressing. It should be prepared according to the scheme 2 grams per 1 liter of water. One plant requires 30 liters of such a solution.
After flowering, minerals should be used as a top dressing. In the summer, it is better to use slurry.
Important! For beginners, it is important not to over-feed hydrangeas. Because of this, excessively large inflorescences are formed, with their weight breaking into young branches. Timely garter will help keep shoots in integrity.
Sanitary pruning of shoots is required for bushes older than 3-4 years after disembarking. Pruning, that is, to take care of the shrub, cutting off the flowering stalks of the current year, should be at the beginning of the summer season.
Note! In order to avoid the death of the plant from the loss of juice, pruning should be carried out before the opening of the kidneys.
The optimal time is when the kidneys swell and begin to look alive. Unnecessarily long stems should be cut at the level of 3-4 buds. In addition, be sure to cut off the damaged and dried branches.
After the procedure of cutting branches remains an excess of different segments. They can be used for breeding hydrangea cuttings. To do this, each handle must have at least 2 nodes. For the formation of the cutting, it is necessary that the cut above the knot be straight, and below the bottom, oblique. For proper cutting, it is necessary to measure 2-3 cm from the knot. To plant such a cutting, it is necessary to equip a greenhouse container. As a soil, choose a mixture of peat and sand. Planting cuttings occurs at a depth of 3 cm, after it is necessary to water the soil abundantly.
Important! After planting, the greenhouse container should be covered with a “house” type film. Cuttings are demanding on soil moisture, therefore it is necessary to regularly moisten it with a spray gun. After rooting, the cuttings can be planted in open ground in spring. By next winter, they are getting stronger.
The ability to bloom directly depends on the development of the root system. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the fertilizer and irrigation pattern correctly. Excessively overfed plants form the root system for an order of magnitude longer, which would entail the absence or very poor flowering.
Types of hydrangeas
A variety of the removed types allows to pick up a grade suitable to the set conditions.
Tree hydrangea is popular with garden owners. The plant has the appearance of a shrub, 1-3 meters in height. Inflorescences form at the tips of annual branches. The color of flowers, as a rule, is light green when opened, and at full bloom - cream or white.
Hydrangea Trees Annabel
Paniculata hydrangea - tree shrub. Its height can vary within 2-5 meters. In favorable conditions, such a plant can survive for more than 40 years. Lignification of stems occurs in a short time. This quality makes the plant winter-hardy. Inflorescences are formed in the upper parts of young stems. A characteristic feature is the presence of foliage inflorescences. The flowering period is in August-September. The shape of the inflorescence resembles a pyramid. Interesting multi-colored change of colors. At the beginning of flowering inflorescences have a pale green color, after full disclosure, they become white. Towards the end of the summer, the flowers become light pink in color, and then a brick color. By the end of flowering inflorescences become white again.
Large-leaved hydrangea or garden broadleaf is often used for cultivation in the garden. Certain varieties can be grown in pots. The leaves of such a hydrangea rich green, quite dense. The stems grown this year are grassy, and therefore the bush has almost no frost resistance. Inflorescences are formed on last year's stems, since budding takes place in the autumn period. The inflorescences of the umbellate form of the umbrella, otherwise called hemispherical. The color of the inflorescences depends on the pH of the soil: in an acidic environment - blue, in a neutral environment - lilac.
Note! Hydrangea Dubolistnaya is a shrub up to 2 meters in height. Blooms profusely with paniculate inflorescences, 10-30 cm long. The flowering period occurs in June-July. In the process, the color changes from white to purple. The shrub does not tolerate sub-zero temperatures, needing high-quality insulation.
Ground cover hydrangea belongs to winter-hardy species. In height reaches 2-3 meters. It is often used to form a stab form. The long green leaves from the front are smooth, from the inside - pubescent. The inflorescence of the thyroid form at the beginning of flowering is white, then replacing the color with a pink one.
Growing hydrangeas in the Moscow region
How to grow hydrangea in the suburbs? In the middle zone of the Russian Federation, for example, the Leningrad or Moscow region, planting hydrangeas requires preparation. It is better to arrange a sapling in a shaded place. Having landed a bush under the scorching sun, it is necessary to hitch. Otherwise, in conditions of moisture deficiency, a viable plant will not work.
On a note! Wet soil with a weak acid reaction is preferable for the plant. Grow on clay or sandy soils will not be easy. Before planting, complex fertilizers should be applied to the soil.
Creating favorable conditions for wintering will allow you to get a rich bloom. Proper feeding will allow the plant to develop a root system. For the first fertilizer, take carbamide with a high percentage of nitrogen in the composition. After 2 weeks you need to feed complex organic fertilizer. In the process of bud formation, you can feed the plant with a complex of organic and mineral substances.
Summing up, we can say that the hydrangea is considered to be an excellent ornamental plant, pleasing the eye with lush and bright blooms. Observing the prescribed conditions for care, you can get a strong plant, whose lifespan will be more than 40 years.
Step by step instructions for planting hydrangea
- Dig a hole the right size for 15-30 days before planting.
- Prepare the soil mix and fill the planting pit.
- Dig a hole and place the seedling at the desired depth on the cone of the soil mixture and flatten the roots. Gradually fill the pit and compact the soil.
- Water the bush with 8-12 liters of water and sprinkle with bark, sawdust or peat - 6-8 cm in thickness and 16-20 cm in diameter.
- Cover the flower from direct sunlight during the day and strong wind.
The flower is moisture-loving and needs regular watering. Drought is contraindicated, the lack of sufficient moisture leads to disruption of development.
In dry and hot weather, water every 7-8 days with 15-20 liters of water. The usual schedule every 13-16 days is 15-25 liters of water, and if it is rainy summer, then 4-5 times per season.
The lack of moisture in the fall reduces the winter hardiness of the plant, so if there is little rain in the fall, additional watering is required.
In the water for irrigation, periodically add 2-3 grams of potassium permanganate to prevent the development of rot. Soft water is best for watering.
It is better to water in the morning or in the evening in the tree circle, when there is no scorching sun. After each watering, it is desirable to loosen the soil 5-6 cm deep around the plant.
Group №1 (large-leaved hydrangea (garden), prickly, serrate, oak-leaved, Sargent and petiolate)
These species bloom on last year's shoots and need sanitary and cosmetic pruning. The optimal time for pruning - as soon as the buds are slightly swollen, there is no active movement of the juices, plus such pruned shoots can be rooted. Let's tell on the example of garden hydrangea.
Large-leaved hydrangea (macrophile) can not be cut, but you can only rejuvenate. Every spring, cut every fourth branch older than 3 years, especially growing inside, so as not to thicken the bush, as well as dead, weak (thin) or broken stems under the root. Such pruning, in addition to giving a more decorative form, improves flowering.
Spring pruning of hydrangea garden (large-leaved)
An exception: modern varieties from the “Forever and ever”, “You & Me” series, as well as the “MiniPenny” varieties, which bloom on the shoot of the first and previous years. They are cut depending on the state of the plant and the last wintering.
- The pedunculate hydrangea is poorly pruned: long stalks are shortened for better branching.
Group number 2 (treelike and paniculata)
These species blooming on young shoots (current season) are pruned each year before bud break. The best moment: the middle - the end of March (as soon as the snow melted). Annual formative pruning is required, since if the flower thickens, the inflorescences will become smaller.
- Hydrangea Tree wakes up first. Shoots pruned to 2-3 buds from the ground. On a powerful and adult shrub sometimes only one pair of buds is left. For the formation of the decorative form of the bush pruned weak and growing inward shoots.
- Hydrangea paniculata needs more gentle pruning. Last year's shoots are shortened by a third.
- To thin out the shrub remove completely annually old, weak and growing inward shoots.
- Frozen stems pruned to the first live buds.
Rejuvenation of the bush
The old bush is easy to rejuvenate with the help of special pruning: cut at a height of 5-7 cm from ground level (“under the stump”) or to the level of perennial wood all shoots. Next spring, young shoots will begin to grow, and the decorativeness of the bush will be restored.
Is it necessary to trim the hydrangea for the winter?
In the autumn, hydrangea flowers are cut off at the hydrangea without fail, so that the branches do not break under the weight of the snow.
Hortensia paniculata is an opportunity to grow in the form of a tree - a low stem. Choose one of the most developed shoots on a biennial plant grown from an apical stalk, and trim the rest. Then cut off this shoot to the strongest bud every year in spring, until it reaches 100 cm in height.
To form a crown in the following years, pinch the tip of the shoot, and new shoots are removed completely. Subsequently, weak shoots are cut annually and only 4-5 strongest branches are left for bushiness.
An example of a stem-shaped hydrangea paniculata
Preparing for the winter and shelter hydrangea
Inflorescences appear on last year's shoots (large-leaved hydrangea), and the goal is to save them completely from frost and vypryvaniya.
Since the leaves and flowers of large-leaved hydrangea die from small frosts at night, preparations for winter begin in the middle - end of October (after the first frosts).
- Hydrangea garden paniculate and large-leaved need to cover for the winter.
- To do this, spud the bush with the earth, and the near-trunk circle is mulched with rotted manure, needles or peat.
- Then the stems are bent to the soil and covered with sawdust, spruce branches or dry leaves. And on top of the bush put a box (box).
- After the end of the spring frosts (April), the winter shelter is dismantled and cut.
- It is better to carefully tie a large bush and make a frame shelter ("hut") above it at 8-12 cm and sprinkle dry foliage inside it.
In case of short frosts, it is convenient to cover with lutrasil, white sacking or double layer of film.
Shelter of large-leaved hydrangea for the winter from the gardener from the Moscow region
- In the fall, before the arrival of night frost, cut off all the leaves from the bush. If you leave them, the flower will start to rot. Leave only the flower buds on the tips of the branches, a maximum of two leaves that protect them.
- Свяжите все ветки на кусте по 3-4 штуки примерно одинакового размера в отдельные пучки эластичным материалом (резинка, колготки, полоски ткани).
- Пригните пучки как можно ниже к почве и закрепите металлическими скобами (электроды, толстая проволока). Bend the hydrangea to the ground should be careful not to damage the shoots. In some varieties, they are heavily woody and it is better to bend them gradually, starting with a slight slope.
- Before the onset of cold weather (mid-November), cover the hydrangea with any nonwoven fabric (burlap, agrofibre).
- Before the onset of severe frosts, remove the cover and fill the flower with dry peat, compost or leaf ground. The base of the bush is less afraid of frost than the fragile tips of the shoots, so it sprinkles quite a bit.
- Place the arc over the plant and stretch the covering material again, and put a piece of film on top so that the ends are left open and there is no high humidity inside the winter shelter.
Shelter for the winter young hydrangea
Young saplings do not cut, but simply in pots are brought into the house for the winter or spud with earth and additionally cover for the winter 11-16 cm with a layer of peat, dry leaves, pine needles or sawdust.
When can I open a hydrangea after winter?
In the spring you need to remove the winter shelter from the hydrangea at the right time to prevent the shoots from fading.
- In the middle of March, remove the film and covering material, rake peat or earth and cover it again with sacking.
- In early April, when the night frosts are over and stable heat sets in, remove the cover from the large-leaved hydrangea.
Indicates the approximate dates for the Moscow region.
Winter hardiness of hydrangea
Now large-leaved hydrangea is increasingly grown in conditions of central Russia and in the Moscow region, in the Urals and Siberia. However, not all winter-hardy varieties are able to bloom in any area due to the different microclimate.
Withstands the plant to -23 ° C, and the most winter-hardy are hydrangea tree, paniculate and groundcover.
Winter hardiness of the plant increases if it received a sufficient amount of water in the fall, as well as potassium phosphate fertilizer.
Why does not hydrangea bloom in the garden? What to do?
We list the most common causes of lack of flowering.
- Deficiency or excess of nutrients, especially nitrogen. With excessive feeding, especially organic fertilizer flowering is very difficult to achieve. Nitrogen is introduced only during the active growing season (April - May).
- Improper pruning or winterizing. The plant blooms on last year's shoots (upper buds). They often suffer from winter cold, and are sometimes removed when over-trimmed. If you have large-leaved hydrangea, then read how to properly trim it - the section "Crop".
- Surplus of direct sunlight. Diffused light is ideal for hydrangea, but if it grows in a sunny place without shading in the midday heat, the flowering worsens and shortens.
How to speed up the flowering hydrangea?
To bloom faster bush, sprinkle it as soon as the inflorescence will be 2-4 cm in diameter twice with an interval of 5-7 days gibberellinami - 50 mg / liter of water. This treatment allows you to bloom 2-4 weeks earlier and get more massive and decorative flowering.
How to change the color of hydrangea flowers?
The flowers of the plant can change their color depending on the acidity of the soil, and the ability to accumulate aluminum.
Water the bush with a solution of potassium alum (100 g / 10 liters of water). To change the color you need to spend 3-4 watering every 12-15 days. Therefore, begin to water 50-70 days before flowering.
After that, white or pink flowers (slightly alkaline primer) will turn blue or blue, depending on the concentration. In this case, alum reduces acidity, so you need to carefully use them. The price of 100 grams of alum is about 30-50 rubles.
Useful tips for the care of hydrangea
- If you want to dry for the winter hydrangea inflorescences, then cut them immediately after blooming all the flowers. Tie in small bunches and hang flowers down in a dark place to dry.
- Hydrangea can be grown at home, like a pot. In the fall, it sheds its leaves, for the winter it is cut and transferred to a cool place (+ 4-6), and in late February - early March, it is placed on a bright and warm place without direct sunlight. In summer, the flower can be taken out into the open air and left until September.
- Experts advise planting ground cover species in the tree circle: stonecrops, moss-shaped saxifrage and others.
ADDITION TO ARTICLE:
We wish the flowers to lift your spirits and make you a little happier!
From the composition of the soil depends not only the development of the plant, but also the color of its inflorescences:
- on soils rich in iron and aluminum, they acquire rich blue hues,
- in neutral lands rich in phosphorus, pink tones.
Most varieties of hydrangea prefer diffused light or light partial shade, so the bushes in the garden are placed on the east or west side of the site, in places protected from drafts.
How to choose planting material
Hortensia is propagated by seeds and vegetatively. Seed method is long-lasting and rather laborious, therefore it is rarely used. Vegetative reproduction carried out by cuttings, cuttings and dividing the bush, allows much faster to get young plants in the case of an existing adult bush.
If you wish to breed a new variety, it is convenient to purchase a ready seedling. Nurseries and specialty stores offer them in a large assortment, and with both an open and a closed (in capacity) root system. The task of the grower is reduced to his competent choice.
To do this, before buying, you must carefully consider a sapling:
- The ground part should look healthy, strong and have at least 2 shoots. Their deviation from the trunk line or curvature is permissible, which is easily corrected by subsequent cuts. The leaves on the shoots should be bright green. The brownish hue or lethargy of the foliage signals the presence of the disease.
- Roots should be well developed, with no signs of mold, rot and dry areas. When buying a sapling in a container, inspection of the roots is also required. For its conduct, an earthen room is carefully removed from the container and examined. The soil should be clean and wet, visible roots - without signs of trouble.
The timing of planting hydrangeas is determined by the climatic conditions of the area:
- in regions with mild winters, the crop is planted in spring (April) and autumn (September),
- in temperate latitudes, especially in its northern areas, it is preferable to plant hydrangeas in the spring, during the swelling of the kidneys.
Young plants with open roots are planted immediately after purchase. Experienced gardeners recommend doing it in the evening.
Plants sold in containers can be planted during the season by choosing an overcast cool day.
When preparing the landing pits, it is necessary to consider some nuances:
- when planting with a nutrient mixture, pits dig a third deeper and wider,
- when the bushes are arranged in rows between the saplings, they retreat by 2–3 m, to get a thick hedge - 0.7–1 m,
- with a dense planting, hydrangea will bloom earlier, but later the bushes will have to be defused.
The seedling is placed in the central part of the recess and covered with soil or nutrient mixture. Root neck slightly, 2-3 cm, deepened, or left at ground level. The soil around the shoots are well compacted. Planting seedlings purchased in containers, carried out by the method of transshipment.
Planted plants watered at the rate of 1 bucket under a bush. As soon as moisture is fully absorbed into the ground, the tree trunk circle (10–12 cm) is mulched with peat, sawdust, tree bark or rotted leaves 5–7 cm in thickness.
In the case of spring planting, the shoots of 1 or 2-year-old seedlings are cut, leaving at least 3 pairs of buds on each.
After planting, young plants are looked after:
- protect from sunlight and winds,
- regularly (1 time per week) plentifully (1–1.5 buckets under a bush) are watered,
- strongly stretched or arched under the weight of inflorescences tie up shoots,
- varieties sensitive to low temperatures are closed for the winter.
When planting a nutrient mixture feeding in the first 2 years do not spend. The exceptions are signs of nutrient deficiencies, manifested by the formation of small inflorescences and loss of brightness of the green foliage.
Fertilizers are applied several times a season, according to the following scheme:
- in the spring, during the period of active growth of shoots, nitrogen fertilizers are fed,
- twice, at the stage of budding and when opening the first flowers, mineral supplements, rich in potassium and phosphorus, are introduced,
- after flowering (August, the first half of September), the plant is fed with superphosphate (1 tablespoon per bucket of water).
The nuances of planting hydrangeas in the Moscow region, in Siberia and the Urals
Culture belongs to the heat-loving plants, but today it reigns in the gardens of the Moscow region, is found in the Urals and even in Siberia.
In the suburbs and the conditions of the middle band, tree, panicled, and broadleaved or garden hydrangea varieties are successfully cultivated.
The complexity of the climatic conditions of this area are easily compensated:
- a more careful approach to the selection of seedlings, taking into account knowledge of the characteristics of the winter resistance of the variety and its viability (the presence of well-developed roots and strong shoots),
- the right location on the site, excluding open sunny places and neighborhood with trees,
- compliance with all the subtleties of planting and care.
In the Urals and Siberia, in the conditions of open ground, paniculate hydrangea are successfully grown, preferring its dwarf (up to 1 m) varieties. They have well-developed roots, due to which it is easily revived even with a substantial freezing of the ground part.
Adding an article to a new collection
This plant is quite whimsical, so we share with you the secrets of where and how to plant a hydrangea, so that in the future you will definitely enjoy its flowering.
Hydrophobic and photophilous hydrangea is incredibly popular among gardeners. From Latin its name Hydrangea translates as "a vessel with water." With respect to hydrangeas, a very rare rule for watering is applied: "it is better to pour than to underfill." The plant blooms from late summer to late autumn and rarely suffers from diseases and pests.
Pink and blue large-leaved hydrangeas possess an amazing ability: the shade of their inflorescences differs depending on the composition of the soil. The paniculate and ground cover are frost resistant, and the tree is more compact than its relatives and can withstand frosts down to –40 ° C.
You can buy hydrangea saplings in a specialized store or independently prepare them by cutting. By the way, the middle of July for this procedure is the most favorable time, since shoots are not woody yet. Adult bushes are divided into several parts during transplantation.
When buying seedlings, check with the seller whether they are adapted to the local climate, otherwise uncured plants may die.
Autumn planting of hydrangea in central Russia is carried out in early September, in the southern region - until the end of autumn. But remember that only plants with a well-developed root system are suitable for the procedure, since otherwise, the bush does not have time to settle down to frost. Young plants better planted in spring.
In the fall, mainly paniculata and tree hydrangeas are planted. Large Leaf - in the middle of May. But in the southern regions of Russia, you can plant it in September.
Autumn planting hydrangeas - the advantages and disadvantages
Planting hydrangeas in the fall in open ground has many advantages over the spring event. First, if the plant is well acclimatized, it may in the next season please you with flowering. Secondly, it is much easier to carry out all the preparatory procedures, because the soil has already been heated for a long time. So, you will save a lot of time.
In addition, in the fall, hydrangea will suffer less from pests and it will need very little nutrition. After all, winter is not far off and the plant does not make sense to build up a green mass, the main thing is to take root in a new place.
Among the shortcomings it is worth noting that the hydrangea must be properly covered for the winter. If this is not done, the sapling will die during the first frost. Autumn rainy weather can also bring problems, such as the worsening of fungal diseases. For prevention, it is worth it at first to water the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Hydrangea is a poisonous plant, its leaves and flowers can cause stomach upset and allergies, so refrain from planting if you have small children or pets. And all the garden work with the plant spend in gloves.
Where to plant hydrangea
Hortensia loves the sun and warmth, so choose a windless place for landing, in open space or in partial shade with diffused light. It is best to choose a cozy area near the fence or arrange a stylish solitary fit in the middle of the lawn. Also, hydrangea will look great in the background of mixborders and alpine slides. It is not recommended to plant it under trees. plants will compete for moisture.
Hortense doesn’t like aggressive neighbors, so don’t plant it too close to the pinework, ostrich, fern, ryegrass, and others. Good neighbors for hydrangea: chubushnik (garden jasmine), spirea, lilac. But the bush is best formed with a single planting.
Is it possible to plant a hydrangea near the country house? Quite, but note that an adult plant requires a lot of free space: at least 3 m in height and 1.5 m in width. Therefore, do not plant a bush near the porch or under the window, so that you do not wrestle with what to do with it after growing
For hydrangea, it is important that the soil was light, nutritious, slightly acidified, quickly absorbed water. If the soil on the site is not very suitable, fill the landing pit with a prepared mixture of sheet or turf soil, humus, red peat and sand (2: 2: 1: 1). Add to it 1.5 tbsp. urea, 4-5 tbsp. superphosphate and 2 tbsp. potassium sulfate. So the hydrangea will get all the substances it needs and will begin to develop properly.
On alkaline soil, hydrangea will suffer from chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves). And on the neutral - slower to grow and fade to bloom. Therefore, under no circumstances add ash, lime or dolomite flour to the soil.
How to prepare a landing hole for hydrangea
Prepare a landing hole for hydrangea worth in advance. Some summer residents already in the spring outline the places where the bush will settle. But you can do it for 3-4 weeks before landing. The depth and width of the planting pit should correspond to the seedling root system. On average - 30-50 cm.
If you plant several plants, dig holes at a distance of at least 70 cm (for a hedge). During normal landing - at least 1.5-3 m, since after years the bushes will grow much. Fill the pit with ready-made soil mix, water and leave for 3-4 days to ground the donkey.
Hydrangea - planting and care in the open field
So, it's time to plant the hydrangea in open ground. To do this, carefully remove the seedling from the pot along with the earthy clod and place it in a hole. If the seedling without a pot: straighten the roots and also place in the center of the pit. Sprinkle with nutrient mixture so that the root neck is at ground level, tamp the soil. After that, water the bush plentifully (8-12 liters of water) and grind the soil with needles or peat in a layer of 4-7 cm. So the soil will stay wet longer and weeds will not appear on it.
In order for the hydrangea to settle down faster, she needs care at first. Water the bush with soft rainwater or separated tap water. You can slightly acidify it with citric acid (20-25 g per 10 l of water) or vinegar (1 tbsp per bucket of water). After each watering, loosen the soil, and to strengthen the shoots and protect against fungal infections, periodically spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
When the hydrangea takes root, and new shoots appear, prepare a bush for winter. This is especially important for plants from the nursery or uncreated seedlings. Before covering the hydrangea, remove the remnants of the leaves and inflorescences from the shoots so that they do not rot. If the seedling is 3-4 years old, spend a little pruning. How to trim the hydrangea, you will learn from our material.
So that young plants do not freeze out in winter, after the first small frosts (in the middle lane they usually happen in November), the center of each bush should be filled with pieces of dry sphagnum to a height of 20-30 cm. shredded bark, chopped straw, etc. Also, it will not be superfluous to pour the mulching material into the near-stem circles (the larger the particles of the mulch, the thicker the layer must be). Then tie the plants with twine and wrap spunbond, burlap or fir twig.
In the spring, the winter mulch layer must be removed to prevent the hydrangea from dying out, and sprinkle the tree trunk with fresh mulch in a layer of 8-10 cm. In the first few years, the shrub builds up green mass, so it is better to remove the inflorescences.
Caring for hydrangea in the open field is simple, so take a look at this plant and try to plant it on your site. In the articles below you will find many secrets and tips that will help you grow healthy flowering bushes.
Reproduction of hydrangea with green cuttings
Cutting cuttings carried out in July, when the buds are formed:
- choose last year's lower side shoots,
- срезают прут утром,
- затем побег делят на части, оставляя на каждой по 2-3 пары листьев,
- готовые черенки помещают в раствор стимулятора роста корней на пару часов,
- далее их высаживают в торфяную почву, и накрывают стеклянными банками.
Черенки следует регулярно поливать. Уже через месяц на них появятся новые листья.
Размножение гортензии отводками
Layers are recommended to do in the spring, before bud break. The soil around the bush digging and align, form the grooves, which lay the lower side shoots. They are pinned to the ground, and powdered with powder. Already by October, the cuttings will form the roots and young shoots will start - then they can be separated.
Seed propagation method
Growing from seed begins in autumn:
- as a substrate they use garden soil, peat and sand 4: 2: 1,
- sowing is covered with a thin layer of soil mixture, moistened, and covered with glass,
- planting is regularly aired and irrigated,
- the first shoots appear after 4-6 weeks
- At the development stage of the first leaves, the first pick is performed,
- in May, a second picking is carried out, planting the plants in individual containers with a diameter of at least 7 cm.
During the summer, the young shoots are hardened in the open air, but without drafts and direct sunlight. So seedlings grow for 2 years, regularly removing the buds - this will save the strength of the young sprout. In winter, seedlings are kept in a bright, cool place.
Choosing a place for growing hydrangeas
Culture loves moisture and sunshine. Well, if close to the surface of the soil are groundwater. Nutritious clay soil is ideal for cultivation, unlike sandy.
The best neighbors for the spreading flower garden will be shrubs and trees. The lower tier can be filled with a host and fern.
For hydrangea, an open sunny place is perfect.
By choosing a place, you can start preparing the soil, oxidizing or deoxidizing it to the required level, and bringing in the necessary minerals. This is done to change the color of the hydrangea buds to fit the overall garden design.
Soil preparation for hydrangea
The most important feature of the plant is that the inflorescences can change their color depending on the acidity of the soil:
- the plant may have white and beige flowers - if the soil has a neutral pH,
- lilac and pink inflorescences are characteristic of alkaline soil,
- blue and blue - for sour.
The brightness of blue hues depends on the level of iron in the soil, the greater it is - the more saturated blue the flowers will be. To enhance the shade, the soil under the bush is watered with solutions of iron salts, and sprinkled with metal shavings.
In alkaline soil, iron is not absorbed by plants, so the flowering becomes delicate pink tones. White inflorescences practically do not change their shade.
Planting Hydrangea Seedlings
The seedlings are placed in the soil together with the earthy clod, respectively, the size of the hole should be 2 times larger than it. A mixture of peat and soil with the addition of minerals and organic matter is introduced into the recess.
The roots of the seedling slightly straighten, and planted so that the upper part of the root system is just above ground level. Then planting sprinkle with soil, water and mulch the bark.
How to care for hydrangea in the garden
The soil under the hydrangea bush should always be hydrated. In hot summertime, irrigation should be carried out twice a week with warm settled water in the amount of 30-40 liters under an adult bush.
Using mulch will keep moisture longer, so the frequency of watering can be reduced. The surface root system needs oxygen, so in spring and summer it is necessary to loosen the soil several times to a depth of 5 cm.
Fertilization under the hydrangea
Feeding is recommended twice a year:
- before flowering: 20 g of urea per bucket of water, the consumption rate is 3 buckets per adult plant,
- after flowering: fertilizing complex mineral composition.
During the summer, it is good to fertilize the soil with organic matter. It is important not to overdo it, because plants can activate uncontrolled growth.
Trimming various types of hydrangea
Crops are subject to plants that have reached 3-4 years of age. The procedure is carried out in the spring before the start of active sap flow.
Trees are pruned before others: shoots are shortened at a height of 3-4 buds. Cut residues can be used as cuttings.
In paniculate hydrangeas, only last year's shoots are cut, shortening them by a third. Plant residues are used for reproduction.
Pruning Hydrangea Trimming
Large-leaved subspecies slightly rejuvenate and thin out: cut out every 4th shoot to avoid thickening. Remove the diseased, broken and growing inside the bush shoots.
Chlorosis of hydrangeas - occurs when there is a lack of iron in the soil. The leaves turn yellow, the buds shrink. In case of chlorosis, the bushes should be watered with soft rainwater, and fed with iron-containing preparations.
Diseases of hydrangea - leaf chlorosis
White rot is a fungal disease that causes plants to rot, leaves and shoots turn brown and are covered with a white bloom like cotton wool.
With the defeat of septoriozom on the leaves are formed brown spots rounded, which gradually merge. The affected sheet dies off.
Hydrangea Diseases - Septoria
For fungal diseases, plants are treated with phytosporin or copper sulfate.
Ring spots: viral ailment. On the leaves appear black spots of necrosis in the form of rings. There is no cure for viral hydrangea diseases.
The most commonly encountered hydrangea pests:
- snail grape and amber,
- spider mite,
- gall nematode.
Insects feed on leaves, buds and roots of plants. To combat them applicable insecticides and acaricides: Tifos, Lightning, Vermitek. Snails and their clutches are mechanically destroyed.
Gall nematodes damage the hydrangea root system
Preparation and shelter of hydrangea for the winter
Culture has a superficial root system, which is subject to freezing. In the autumn you need to prepare a flower garden for wintering. Bushes should be highly spud and well zamulchirovat.
In October, you need to take care of the winter shelter. Young bushes bend to the ground, and covered with roofing material, pressing the edges of the sheet with stones or bricks.
Adult bushes bind and wrap spunbond. Around them build frames from the grid in the form of cones. The space between the net and the shelter is filled with dry leaves.
Shelter hydrangea for the winter
Growing hydrangea in the garden is very simple. Unpretentious culture develops well on different soils, has a high winter hardiness, and a little sick. A unique feature of the plant is to change the color of the inflorescences depending on the acidity of the soil, which allows it to be used in the design of any garden design.