Clematis cetovody awarded the honorary title of king among the most popular lianas. But among the variety of these magnificent plants there are other varieties - low (no more than 100 cm), not “climbing” on supports, but at the same time covered with elegant flowers. He is not inferior in beauty to royal vines. The hero of our article will be clematis bush (or whole-leaf).
The main distinguishing feature of these plants is their winter hardiness, which allows them to grow without shelter even in the northern regions. Among the bush varieties are dominated by forms with four petals, but there are also flowers with six petals. They can have different colors - from light blue to deep blue, from pale pink to purple. No less spectacular and bushes with white flowers. Many varieties have very delicate flowers in the form of bells.
Clematis bush blooms a little earlier than the higher vines. From the beginning of June to the first days of September they delight us with their bright colors. If you cut off flowering flowers, bushes drive out the buds. So many growers prolong flowering until the cold. If it is not cut, then at the very end of summer the branches of the bushes will be decorated with an elegant lace of fruits. These are numerous seeds with antennae and feathers. This beauty will no doubt revive and decorate the empty garden.
Spray Clematis: planting and care
This plant is unpretentious and very responsive to additional feeding. Well-lit areas prefer this plant, although in the penumbra it feels quite comfortable. Planting of clematis bush is made in early spring, when the soil warms up, or in late autumn. In a harsh climate with a very frosty winter, you should not risk it - plant a bush in spring.
First you need to prepare the landing pit. It is filled with a mixture of peat, compost (humus), garden soil and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 1. To the resulting composition, you must add 3 cups of ash, 150 g of mineral fertilizers and 200 g of dolomite flour (or wood ash).
In the pit, you need to make a small mound of soil mixture, and gently straighten the roots of the plant on it, only after that they can be sprinkled with a small amount of soil and moistened. The seedling should be planted so that the growth point is immersed in the soil for about ten centimeters. The pit does not completely fall asleep. During the summer, it is gradually sprinkled, leaving a growth point slightly below ground level.
Thanks to this method of planting in the future, bush clematis, the photos of which can be found in all reference books on gardening, will develop better. In the first year, the plant must be pinned. This will form the root system and growth points. The following year, the plant will give you three or four shoots. In addition, in the first year should be removed and most of the flowers, so as not to overload the young seedlings.
Spray Clematis, whose photos you can see in this article, need competent pruning. From this largely depends on the beauty of the bush. Shoots are shortened for the first time when planting. Grown from the lower pair of buds in the summer shoots need to pinch. In addition, regulating pruning is necessary in the summer.
Clematis Spray: Care
Most gardeners believe that this is an unpretentious plant. However, this does not mean at all that bush clematis do not need to be cared for. Planting and caring for a plant will require the owner to follow certain rules, of course, if he wants to see a beautifully flowering plant on his plot, rather than a semi-feral, shapeless shrub.
It is necessary to periodically loosen the soil under a bush, remove weeds. Clematis spray loves the soil to always be slightly moist, but there should be no excess moisture. In the first three years, young plants are watered in warm weather every other day. If the autumn is dry and warm, then watering is carried out on the same schedule.
We have already mentioned that clematis bush loves fertilizer. It is desirable to conduct dressing twice a month, preferably liquid fertilizers. The first time this procedure is carried out in the spring, when the shoots begin to grow. For this period, suitable ammonium nitrate (20 grams per bucket of water), mullein (1:10), chicken droppings (1:15). Five liters of fertilizer are poured under the bush.
Each subsequent top dressing alternates: if the first one was organic fertilizer, then during the second one mineral substances should be used. Only during the formation of buds can you make them at the same time. During the growing season it is useful to water the clematis bush with the addition of boric acid (no more than 2 grams per ten liters of water).
In late autumn, it is necessary to start preparing the plant for winter - to make mineral or organic fertilizers (granulated superphosphate, potassium magnesia, potassium sulfate). This late dressing is carried out when digging, the fertilizer is recommended to be applied to the pre-watered soil. The best varieties of clematis bush are presented below.
Quite rare bush clematis with straight, thin and very numerous shoots not more than 40 cm long. Leaves dense dark green pointed with pronounced veins. The flowers are beautiful pink in color, with a diameter of up to 7 centimeters. They consist of four oblong, bent petals and numerous, dense, light stamens. This variety blooms very abundantly throughout the summer season.
Closer to the fall on the bushes appear beautiful flat seeds with cute fluffy "tails". They make the plant even more attractive. This cultivar is suitable for curbing, mass and single landings, rockeries, stony hills. In the winter shelter does not need.
Clematis height of 60 centimeters. Flowers have the form of a camomile, opened, with a diameter of up to five centimeters, petals are white, collected in numerous inflorescences. Blooms profusely. The grade differs in unpretentiousness, grows in any conditions.
And this is an old, proven, time-tested variety suitable for beginner flower growers. He is unpretentious, growing fast. The flowers are large (up to 10 cm in diameter), single drooping bell-shaped lilac-purple color. Anthers are pale yellow. The plant blooms very profusely from late June until frost.
Planting time of cluster clematis
When you choose a sapling, you need to remember - it must be at least one escape.
Lomonos is a heat-loving plant, therefore, in areas with a cool climate, planting a plant is preferable in spring, after positive temperatures are established outside, not earlier than mid-May. During the summer season, the plant will have time to adapt in the open field and will get strong enough for wintering.
In the southern regions of the autumn allowed planting of seedlings, which must be implemented before the end of October. It is not recommended to plant clematis later, because, despite the frost resistance, in the first year after planting there is still a risk that the young plant would freeze out of an immature plant even in conditions of a fairly mild winter.
What should be the soil
For planting you need to choose a well-lit place with fertile, loose soil. Cluster forms of clematis grow in partial shade and even in the shade, but in a sunny place it will grow better and last longer. Since its flowering is not very long - it begins at the end of June and lasts about three weeks, an increase in the duration of flowering is very important.
If your soil is not very good, then before planting it needs to be improved. To do this, mix compost, peat and sand in equal proportions, and also add a little phosphate fertilizer to the soil.
Spring planting rules
To plant a seedling, dig a sufficiently deep and wide planting hole (approximately 30 x 30), and pour drainage there. Drainage is necessary - this flower likes abundant watering, but does not tolerate stagnant water at the roots. Therefore, this circumstance must be taken into account, and do not plant clematis in wetlands. Also, the plant does not like drafts.
Drainage sprinkled on top of the soil, and put a seedling on top, carefully straightening its roots. It should be deepened by about 10 - 15 cm. At the same time, the growth point should be slightly higher than the ground level - these are mandatory conditions for proper planting of clematis.
If you plant a plant in the spring, you do not need to fill the planting hole completely with soil, you will need to pour the soil there throughout the season. Sapling after planting plentifully watered with warm water. If you plant several seedlings, the distance between the landing pits should be made at least 1 meter.
After planting, it is advisable to put supports that will protect the plants from the wind.
What is different planting clematis autumn
Autumn planting of clematis differs from spring only in that the planting pit should be filled up with soil in the fall, and the ground should be mulled with sawdust, pine needles or fallen leaves. Also for these purposes you can use peat.
Spruce clematis gives a lot of tender shoots, so in spring the upper soil words under the bush must be removed by 10-15 centimeters - this will help the growth of shoots that can quickly break through from the root clematis system. At the end of summer, the ground will need to be added, leveling the edges of the landing pit with the ground.
Important: in the first year of the plant, you must pinch and remove flowers from it. This will give him the opportunity to form a good root system.
Clematis Shrub Care
Clematis - quite unpretentious plant, and does not require special attention. However, in order for the flower not only to occupy a place in the garden or garden, and the whole season to please you with its decorative effect and feel well, it needs proper care.
Leaving is simple and comes down to the following activities:
- mulching and compulsory loosening of the soil under a bush, as well as thorough weeding. Both loosening and weeding promote sufficient access of oxygen to the roots, which is the key to good growth and flowering of the plant. To loosen the soil under a bush should be after each watering, as well as after the rain, waiting for the ground to dry out a bit. This should be done superficially so as not to damage the delicate roots of the seedling,
- watering with warm water. Particularly clematis needs good watering during the formation of buds and flowering. Young bushes should be watered every other day, not allowing the bay, and adult plants - twice a week. However, too abundant watering in cloudy or rainy weather, like irrigation with cold water, can trigger the development of fungal infections,
- cluster clematis needs pruning, which must be done in spring and autumn. Pruning contributes to the formation of a beautiful shape of the bush, decorative and duration of flowering, as well as the preservation of the plant in the winter cold,
- Clematis should be covered for the winter, bending the pruned shoots and securing them with special braces. You can cover the plants with leaves, spruce branches, hay or special covering materials,
- The plant very much loves top dressing and fertilizer. Fertilizing with organic fertilizers should always be carried out in early spring, when clematis is just beginning to form shoots, and then every two weeks throughout the season. Approximately one month prior to winter shelter, feeding should be stopped.
Diseases and pests
Clematis can get sick from improper care. The diseases that this flower is prone to include the following common fungal infections:
- gray rot, which can infect clematis, like any flowering shrub, with improper watering. Gray decay may occur if the plants are watered with cold water that has not settled, or they are too watered. The disease manifests itself as a shaggy gray bloom that can appear on the flowers and leaves of clematis. The infected parts of the plant should be removed, and the bush itself should be sprayed with a 2% Fundazole preparation,
- rust, with the appearance of which the leaves of the plant begin to curl and wither. Spores of the fungus affect the leaves of the plant, which are quickly deformed. With proper treatment, clematis can be saved - rust is removed with a 2% Bordeaux fluid. Wilted leaves and shoots must be removed,
- powdery mildew, which manifests itself as a white bloom on the flowers and leaves of cluster clematis. The affected areas of the plant first become brown in color and then begin to dry. And the growth and flowering plants slows down very much, or completely stops. For treatment, you should use special antifungal drugs - for example, Topaz or Fundazol. Spray with a solution to the whole bush, and not just the infected areas.
In addition to diseases, clematis often undergoes attacks of pests, the most dangerous of which are slugs, snails and aphids. Snails and slugs eat soft young shoots, and aphid colonies settle on the inner side of the leaves, which leads to them withering and drying.
Snails and slugs should be collected from the bush with their hands, carefully inspecting all the shoots. To combat aphids, you can spray the plant with soapy water with finely chopped or grated garlic.
How to combine bush clematis
Clematis look great on lawns as single plants thanks to beautiful flowers and bright green leaves. However, properly selected plants can enhance the beauty of bush clematis by adding plantings.
The plant looks good next to jasmine, barberry and roses, especially climbing. The beauty of clematis is remarkably set off by the low juniper-type conifers — you only need to select species that tolerate the sun well, since clematis prefers sunny areas.
If you planted your flower in partial shade or shadow, its beauty will be perfectly set off by the hosts and astilbe. On their background, any form of bush clematis with its flowers. resembling bells, will look very decorative.
These plants look good in the form of a hedge, especially when combined with bushes of different colors.
With all these simple conditions, you can enjoy the flowering of your clematis and its decorative effect all season.
Planting, bloom, care
Spruce clematis begins to develop well after feeding. The plant is planted in early spring or late autumn, when the soil is warm enough. It is recommended to plant clematis in the spring.
Prepared by a pit depth of about 10-12cm. The plant is deepened by 10 cm.
Next need mixture of such components:
Ingredients are mixed in proportion: one part of the sand and peat, two parts of the earth and compost. To the mixture is added 2.5-3.5 cups of ash, 0.2 kg of wood ash, 0.15 kg of any mineral fertilizer. The plant is placed in the hole and sprinkled with the prepared mixture. A mound is made, the roots are straightened, the soil is powdered and watered. In the summer, earth is poured under the root.
In the first year of growth, the seedling is pinned, many flowers are destroyed so that the young shoots are not overloaded too much. In the second year the roots will be formed correctly, 3-5 shoots appear.
The soil under the bush of young clematis is regularly loosened, weeds are removed. Watering is required, but do not overdo it. Just right small portions daily.
Clematis spray just loves fertilizer. After planting and the formation of the first shoots, a mixture is prepared, which includes:
- ammonium nitrate,
- chicken droppings
The shrub is fertilized with five liters of top dressing. Then enough liquid fertilizer every two months. During the growing season, boric acid will be an excellent addition to top dressing.
With the arrival of autumn, think about preparing the plant for the winter. Organic and mineral fertilizers are gradually introduced. Fit:
Introduced in pre-moistened soil.
Most species of the described plant can be grown at home from seed. Care is simple. In accordance with the size of the seeds and the duration of their germination, clematis is divided into the following three groups:
- Large seeds . Planting material sprouts quite a long time. Germination period is 2-8 months.
- Medium seed . Germinate 2-6 months.
- Small seeds . Germinate quickly, massively - 2-4 months.
For planting in the garden is recommended to use the seeds of the current year. They can be stored for 3-4 years at a stable temperature of 20-23 ° C.
Large seeds are sown immediately after harvest - in the fall, medium seeds - in February, small - in March-April. To speed up the process, seeds are soaked in water for a week. Moreover, care involves the replacement of water several times a day.
The soaked seeds of clematis whole-leaved are planted in the soil substrate from equal parts of sand, peat, and garden soil. They are sown superficially, sprinkled with a layer of sand in 2-3 cm and slightly compacted. Для ускорения проращивания посадки накрываются прозрачным стеклом. Этим обеспечивается необходимая температура – 24-28 ° C . Последующий уход заключается в регулярном увлажнении субстрата через поддон. Данный метод полива предупреждает риск вымывания семян.
После первых всходов, растения переносятся в хорошо освещаемое место, куда не падают прямые лучи солнца. At the stage of the emergence of two or three leaves, seedlings are seated separately in bowls and small containers. Further cultivation is carried out in room conditions, while the threat of the last frost is not over.
Integrifolia rosea. Rare variety, outwardly very different from other species. A large number of straight thin shoots up to 40 cm in length. The leaves are dense to the touch, with veins. Pink flowers of medium length, have four petals. When planting this species is guaranteed abundant bloom throughout the warm season. In the fall on the flowers formed flat seeds. Overwinter variety well. It grows in groups and singly. It is more often used for decoration of sidewalks, fences, arches.
Hexapetala. It grows to 0.6 m. White or yellow flowers resemble chamomile, their diameter is about 4-6 cm. Unpretentious, blooms profusely. From the moment of planting, it is necessary to wait for the first shoots on average for 1.5-6 months.
Junost. Well suited for beginner growers. Like other varieties, unpretentious and fast-growing. The flowers are very reminiscent of bells, as a rule, blue and purple. The diameter reaches 10cm. Throughout the summer and autumn, the variety grows remarkably.
Clematis borschavikolistny. Shrubs of this variety are one of the largest, growing to 1m in height. The flowers appear in late summer and have the appearance of small blue or blue tubules. Hold about 2-3 months. Flowers can be confused with hyacinths, but the petals are gradually twisted, and the color is revealed. It can winter without fertilizers, feels great in late autumn, likes cool and well-lit areas.
Clematis is another name for clematis. In the ancient Chinese culture, this flower was a revered plant, personified the elements of the earth and brought good luck, happiness.
Clematis is also a medicinal plant. Contains tanning components, oils and phytoncides. This helps fight cancer and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
In cooking, clematis flowers, leaves and sprouts are used as seasonings. To taste, they resemble young asparagus.
European masters learned to weave from strong stalks and shoots of a basket. The British use clematis as “smoking cane”.
Share with your friends
Clematis straight occurs in wet areas of light forests of central Russia, in the North Caucasus, in Central Europe. The stems of this herbaceous perennial with graceful foliage reach 1.5 m in height, are unstable and require light garter. The stem root system penetrates the soil to a depth of more than 50 cm. From the end of May within two weeks or more, the ends of the stems are covered with a lot of poorly fragrant open white flowers, gathered in huge loose paniculate inflorescences. If the stems are pruned immediately after flowering, the bush blooms again in August. Clematis direct undemanding to the soil, but grows best on slightly acid. Blooms profusely both in the shade and in the open. By the end of the season, the stems die off, the bush winters without shelter.
Cluster Clematis Photo Gallery
Clematis borschavikolistny. Amazingly beautiful bush 80–90 cm high at the end of the summer is decorated with fragrant blue-blue tubular flowers gathered in bunches. Each flower does not lose decoration for more than two weeks. When they appear, they resemble hyacinth "tubes", but gradually the lobes twist and the flower opens. And the flowers, and dense leaves are not afraid of autumn frosts and continue to delight until late autumn, when the aboveground part dies. Clematis houndschikolistny prefers sunny hot places, likes to pour ash or dolomite flour. Winters without shelter.
Clematis six-petal(Clematis hexapetala) very rare in gardens, although it deserves greater popularity. It is a perennial herbaceous about 1 m tall with leathery feathery leaves and white open flowers, gathered in small, loose, paniculate inflorescences. Buds outside pubescent. It blooms from mid-summer for more than two weeks. This clematis is found in the nature of Northern China, Eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Japan, and the Far East. It grows on dry meadows, in the steppes, on the slopes of ravines. In the garden it is planted in a warm, sunny place. It is very unpretentious, but it is useful to add ash or dolomite flour to the soil. Winter hardy
This rarity and the dream of many collectors - clematis scrub blade(Clematis fruticosa f. Lobata) Hailing from Northern China and Northern Mongolia. An erect branched shrub up to 80 cm in height blooms in late August with bright yellow flowers with a diameter of 4 cm. Opened flowers with four “petals” look upwards. Unlike other bush clematis, its stems do not die off by winter. The well-known breeder and connoisseur of clematis Margarita Beskaravaynaya recommended this species for widespread use, but it almost never occurs in gardens.
Planting, blooming and care
As already mentioned, bush clematis is an unpretentious plant. It responds well to various types of feeding. Florists plant in early spring or late fall, when the ground is sufficiently heated by the sun. But it is preferable to plant clematis in the spring.
How to plant clematis? This is an easy task, but you need to approach it responsibly. Initially, you need to prepare a planting hole with a depth of about 10-12 cm. The plant is placed in the ground for 10 cm. Next, you will need a special mixture. It is made of 4 components: peat, compost, garden soil and plain sand. All components are mixed in the following proportions: 1 part peat and sand, 2 parts compost and earth. To the prepared mixture is also added 2.5-3.5 cups of ordinary ash, 0.2 kg of wood ash and 0.15 kg of any mineral fertilizer.
After that, you need to place the plant in the hole, sprinkle the previously made mixture, creating a small mound, gently straighten all the roots and then sprinkle with ordinary soil. We must not forget about the soil moisture and how to water planted clematis. During the summer, it is necessary to slightly pour the ground under the root of the plant.
In the first year of growth, the seedling should be pinched and many flowers should be eliminated so that the young shoots are not overloaded. In the second year, the plant already has a properly formed root system and will appear from 3-5 shoots. If the florist wants to see a beautiful plant on his plot, he is obliged to care for him. The soil under the bush of young clematis at equal intervals of time you need to loosen and remove all weeds. Watering a plant is necessary, but not overdoing it. Small portions of water every other day will be just right.
Should I nourish bush clematis? Of course it is. This plant loves fertilizer. After planting and the emergence of the first shoots need to prepare a mixture consisting of ammonium nitrate, mullein and chicken manure. Shrub need to fertilize 5 liters of this feeding. After that, clematis will have enough liquid fertilizer every 2 months. In the growing season, an excellent addition to the feed will be the addition of boric acid to the fertilizer mixture.
When autumn comes it is worth thinking about preparing the plant for a long winter. Gradually it will be necessary to make mineral and organic fertilizers. Kalimagnese and potassium sulfate are well suited for this. Such fertilizers are applied to the pre-moistened soil.
All florists are involved in plant reproduction. What are the breeding methods for clematis? There are only three of them: dividing the bush, cutting and layering.
Cutting is the fastest and most efficient. It is necessary to start working with this method before flowering, because cuttings from already sprouted shoots will develop much worse. For the preparation of suitable cuttings should choose a three-year clematis bush and cut them from the middle part, at a height of from 25 to 35 cm
The planting method is the following: a mixture of peat and sand is poured into a prepared hole, then it is poured with Hetero-Auxin. The cuttings also need to be sprayed with water, and within a month they will take root. For reliability in the winter planting should be covered with a box and sprinkle with foliage.
Reproduction of clematis by layering is also effective, as is grafting. In early summer, at the base of the bush, you need to prepare a hole 5-8 cm deep and place the stem of the plant longitudinally in it. Leave the top off the ground. Knots sprinkle fertile soil. We must not forget about dressing. In 10 liters of water dilute 1 tsp. potassium sulfate, urea and pour 1 tbsp. l Agricola. Moisten the soil periodically.
Reproduction of clematis by dividing the bush does not always suit flower growers. It is used if necessary transplants to a new place. For division choose a healthy bush age of 4-5 years. The procedure is carried out in the spring, when the shoots have not yet sprouted. It is necessary to cut the plant so that on each separated part there is some amount of buds and a good root system. On average it comes out divided into 2-3 parts, but this is enough. Pit before planting should be watered with Heteroauxin solution at the rate of 2.5-3 l per plant. The procedure is repeated in a week.
Clematis is otherwise called clematis. In ancient Chinese culture, clematis was a very respected plant, personified the elements of the earth and brought happiness, good luck.
Clematis is not only an ornamental plant, but also a healing one. It contains tanning components, phytoncides and oils. They help in the fight against cancer and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Cooks use flowers, leaves, and sprouts as seasonings. The taste of such components is similar to the taste of young asparagus.
Masters from Europe have learned to use strong stems and clematis shoots as a material for weaving baskets. The British use clematis as "smoking cane".
Clematis bush, planting and care
Clematis sprout - one of the types of clematis, which is not a climbing plant. The bush form in its beauty and abundance of flowering is not inferior to the royal vines, and is a real decoration of any garden or backyard. On how to grow clematis on the plot, we will tell further.
Clematis whole-leaf cluster: description
Shrub clematis is home to Eastern Europe and the Far East, but this beautiful plant is cultivated in almost any temperate latitudes. The characteristics and characteristics of this culture are as follows:
- Clematis whole-leaf cluster is a perennial herbaceous plant, whose height reaches up to 1 meter.
- The shrub form of clematis is not as popular among florists as the royal creeper, but in its decorative properties is not at all inferior to the latter. Its root system is similar to the roots of liana-like relatives. It consists of a set of filiform roots collected in a bundle.
- The young shoots of the clematis cluster are rather thin and weak, so they need a garter. This is especially true of tall varieties, mainly hybrids, the length of shoots which can reach 2 m.
- On each shoot of bush clematis no more than 7 flowers are located. The inflorescences of this culture wilted. They have a bell shape. The most common color is blue with white edging.
- Flowering bush clematis continues for three to four weeks. The inflorescences begin to bloom in late June.
- Even after the end of flowering, the plant never ceases to please with its beautiful appearance. The flowers are replaced by tufts of seed fruits, which have a silvery color and a twisted shape. They remain on the shoots until the first frost.
- With the arrival of autumn, stunted clematis varieties of bush are pruned to ground level. They winter well and without additional shelter. Tall varieties are pruned, leaving only 20-30 cm of shoots, which are pressed to the ground and covered with leaves or wrap.
Klematis bush: varieties
Among the bush clematis the most popular are:
- Clematis spray white (straight). This shrub can reach 150 cm in height. Differs in beautiful stalks with white flowers. The stems are not very stable, therefore they require a garter.
- By the end of autumn, the shoots die off and must be cut. Therefore, direct clematis can hibernate without shelter.
- Clematis borschavikolistny. Very beautiful shrub up to 1 m tall with blue-bluish tubular flowers. The upper part of the plant does not die off until late autumn. After that, it is cut off.
- Clematis six-petal. Perennial shrub height of more than 1 m with white flowers open. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts for 2 weeks. Resistant to frost.
- Clematis shrub lobed. Bushes rarely reach a height of more than 80 cm. It blooms from late August to mid-September with yellow flowers with a diameter of about 4 cm.
Spray Clematis: Care
A plant during the whole cycle of its life does not require close attention. However, in order for clematis not to turn into a semi-wild shrub that will rarely bloom and only occupy space in a flowerbed, it is necessary to periodically take care of it:
- The main event in the care of shrub clematis is a regular weeding flower beds with the removal of weeds. The latter can cause the rebirth of a plant with the loss of all the beauty and originality of its flowering. This happens due to the fact that the weeds absorb all the nutrients from the soil, so that the plant is experiencing a kind of hunger. Weeding will also ensure the flow of oxygen into the soil.
- Watering plants should be moderate with a focus on weather conditions. Clematis cluster requires more moisture during flowering. Too abundant watering can cause fungal diseases, especially in low-sun or rainy weather, when the soil does not have time to dry properly.
- After watering, when the top layer of soil dries, it is necessary to loosen the soil. Young plants in the period of rapid growth can be watered every other day. Older 1-2 times a week depending on weather conditions.
- Pruning plants should be carried out regularly. This is done both to form a bush and to preserve it in the winter. In spring, shoots grown from buds should be pinched. In summer, the shrub is pruned, leaving only 20 cm. The remaining shoots are gently tilted to the ground and covered with leaves.
- Spruce clematis is one of many flowering plants that love fertilizer. That is why he just needs constant feeding. It is carried out twice a month using liquid fertilizers. The first dressing is carried out in early spring during the formation of plant shoots. To do this, prepare a special mixture of the calculation:
- ammonium nitrate - 2 grams per 1 liter of water,
- cow grass - 100 grams per 1 liter of water,
- chicken litter 70 grams per 1 liter of water.
For the first top dressing, 4-5 liters of the prepared solution are poured under each bush. The second is carried out with the help of mineral fertilizers. Such dressings for clematis bush can be bought at any flower shop. In the future, the mixture alternate, and during the flowering period, mineral fertilizers and organic matter can be applied simultaneously.
Klematis bush: diseases and pests
Like all flower plants, clematis cluster is exposed to pathogens and pests. Most diseases are caused by improper planting and caring for bush clematis:
- Gray rot. This fungal disease affects the plant due to improper watering, as well as in a very rainy summer. The disease manifests itself in the form of rapidly growing brown spots on the foliage and flowers of the plant. These necrosis quickly become covered by fungal spores, which can enter healthy individuals and infect them. If signs of gray mold appear, the diseased plant should be urgently removed from the flower bed and burned. The rest of the flower bed is sprayed with solutions of Fundazol or Azocene (0.2%).
- Mealy dew. Like gray rot is a fungal disease. It manifests itself as a white mealy bloom on the petals of the inflorescences and the leaves of the plant. Fabrics that are under the patina of mycelium, begin to grow brown and dry. When this slows down or stops the growth of the plant, its flowering. With proper and timely treatment, the plant can still be saved. To do this, use antifungal drugs such as Fundazol, Azocene, Topaz. You can prepare antifungal solution yourself. To do this, you must take 250 grams of soap and 25-30 grams of copper sulfate and dissolve in water. Spray need not only diseased plants, but also healthy for prevention.
- Rust. This fungal disease manifests itself by the appearance on the surface of the leaves of spores of fungi that are rust-colored. The leaves in the process of spore activity begin to fade and die, the shoots are deformed. This disease is treated with a 2% Bordeaux liquid, or with Oxyx, Polyx, etc.
Among the pests most often cause problems aphid and slugs. Methods of dealing with aphids a large number:
- You can treat plants with a solution of liquid soap. To do this, dilute 2 tsp. soap to 0.5 liters of water and mix thoroughly. You can add a few gr. vegetable oil. Spray need all the plants.
- Также для борьбы с тлей может помочь мыльный раствор, о котором говорилось выше, с добавлением 2-3 зубков чеснока, мелко натертого на терке.
- Для слизней устраивают специальные ловушки. На клумбу выкладывают несколько слоев соломы, смоченной в воде. Через несколько дней ее собирают вместе со слизнями, которые перебираются внутрь и сжигают.
В последнее время у садоводов заметно возрос интерес к клематисам. And all because of different types of clematis can be used as a herbaceous crop, dwarf shrub or vine, which makes these plants indispensable in the design of the garden.
Clematis belong to the family of buttercups (Ranunculaceae).
The word "clematis" is translated from the Greek as "grape escape" or "branch of the vine". In the genus clematis, there are about 230 species. Among them are both deciduous and evergreen. The latter do not tolerate the harsh winters of central Russia.
We will focus on only a few, the most interesting views.
Clematis whole-leaved (Clematis integrifolia) and clematis borschivikolistny (Clematis heracleifolia) - erect shrubs with aerial parts dying in the winter.
Clematis whole-leaf has simple, whole leaves and purple flowers with a diameter of up to 6 - 8 cm. It blooms in June - July. Blooms in the second year of life.
Clematis borschovikolistny has trifoliate leaves up to 15 cm long. Pale blue flowers, up to 2 cm in size, appearing in August, resemble hyacinth flowers in shape.
Clematis brown (Clematis fusca) is from the Far East. This semi-shrub liana, up to 2 m high, has trifoliate leaves 7 cm long and very original, up to 2.5 cm long, bell-shaped, drooping brown flowers, with white pubescence on the edges. Blooms on the 4th year of life.