Growing tomato seedlings is a time consuming and lengthy process. But when the seedlings have already formed, the key to high yield of tomatoes is the correct planting of seedlings in open ground. When and how to plant tomatoes in open ground, we consider in detail in the article.
The main thing to comply with the technology when planting seedlings, especially if the seedlings of tomatoes of different varieties. The time of disembarkation depends on many factors and weather conditions of the region where the disembarkation will take place. Consider also the recommendations for planting tomato seedlings on the Lunar calendar for 2017.
Lunar calendar planting tomato in open ground in 2017
Phases of the moon and constellations affect the growth and development of plants, so many gardeners use the recommendations of the Lunar calendar 2017. This will help grow plants more resistant to diseases and stress.
In the lunar calendar you will find the dates, phases of the moon and the constellations in which they are located, thanks to which you will learn what you can and cannot do in the garden on any given day.
Planting of tomato seedlings usually ends at the end of June, so the dates of planting until the end of June are given below.
Unfavorable days of landing and work in May-June 2017 are the following dates:
Planting tomatoes in open ground
Seedlings are planted in open ground, when frosts in your region should not return. This usually occurs from mid-May (southern regions) to early June (northern regions).
Usually, after planting, seedlings are covered for several days with a film in order to improve survival.
For this purpose, a small greenhouse is constructed of iron arcs, onto which the film material is stretched and pressed down to the ground with bricks on its sides.
The soil temperature at the time of planting seedlings should be at least 10 degrees (if a greenhouse will be used) and 15 degrees when planting tomatoes in open ground. At temperatures below 10 degrees seedlings will not survive and will die.
How to plant tomatoes in open ground
At the time of planting, the seedlings may already overgrow and stretch, so before planting in the ground it is necessary to cut off the lower pair of leaves, and plant them with a slight depth. Adventitious roots are formed in the lower part of the stem, which will provide additional nutrition.
Planting technology seedlings step by step:
The plot a week before planting the seedlings should be treated with a solution of copper sulfate - 1 liter of a weak solution per 1 m 2 plot. Then the soil is fertilized: with organic fertilizers 4 kg of humus per 1 m 2 and mineral fertilizers of 1 tbsp. l superphosphate and wood ash per 1 m 2. They dig up the land in the plot.
Planting tomato seedlings produced as follows:
- undersized early varieties in a checkerboard pattern with a distance between seedlings of 30-35 cm and between rows of 60 cm,
- tall varieties are planted according to the scheme 30 x 70.
- carefully remove the plant from the pot,
- pour fertilizers for tomatoes (Signor-tomato type) into a prepared hole in the beginning 1 tbsp. l., mixed with the earth at the bottom of the fossa. Now put an earthen ball with the roots in the hole,
- if there are overgrown plants, deepen them in the hole by 10 cm,
- if you have decided on the depth of planting, spread the seedlings in the pits on one side and pour water abundantly in several walks,
- sprinkle the plants with earth, at this moment the plant remains on its side,
- after full backfilling, carefully lift the stem of the tomato, and tie it to the peg (if the plant is tall),
- around the plant, flour the soil with dry peat to preserve moisture.
Proper care of tomato seedlings after planting
The first 3-4 days after planting seedlings do not need to be disturbed.
Watering seedlings begin after plant adaptation, it should be abundant but not too frequent. Land drying is not allowed, as well as overflow. Irregular watering leads to top rot of the fruit. Also after 5 days, loosen the ground around the bushes.
Feeding. The first feeding of seedlings is carried out 2 weeks after disembarkation: these are complex fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal proportions.
In the garter tomatoes need in 2-3 weeks after planting (depending on the size of the bush), for this you can use the trellis or pegs.
Masking tomatoes carry out when they grew in height to 30 cm. The growing shoots between a stalk and the real leaf are removed. In the event of serious damage to the main stem, the lowest stepson is left, all others are removed. So the bush of tomatoes will not be thick and nutrients will no longer go to ripening fruits.
Methods of reproduction of tomatoes
Culture multiplies two ways:
- Sowing seeds in the ground.
- Planting prepared seedlings.
The plant is grown in greenhouse conditions of seeds. Tomatoes can be transplanted after growing to the level of seedlings. The quality of seedlings affects the amount of harvest. The greenhouse consists of a support and a polyethylene coating. Such a shelter creates favorable conditions for the life of the culture. Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out in early May. You can grow a plant on any land. Land for growing tomatoes can be neutral or weak reaction.
Planting seedlings carried out after the disappearance of the last frost. If you carry out an early planting, the plant dies when the night cold comes. Seedlings must be hardened before planting. Hardening occurs by removing the seedlings to fresh air.
Greenhouse seedlings hardened a little differently. To do this, the greenhouse opens during the day and closes for the evening.
Soil for seedlings
Early tomatoes are planted on a well-lit plot of land. It is advisable to choose a plot on the south side. It is not necessary to place tomatoes on heavy soils. Tomatoes OK grow after cucumbers, onions and beans. Planting tomatoes after tomatoes, potatoes, peppers and eggplants is not recommended. Planting tomatoes after solanaceous crops threatens the disease blight.
Complex fertilizers are applied to the soil before planting. The earth is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or Bordeaux mixture.
Tomatoes grow well on protected from the wind patches of land. In the same place, tomatoes are grown in 3-4 years. It is desirable for 1-2 years before planting to make manure in the ground. Dwarf varieties are planted in the first year after making manure in the ground. 3-4 pounds of manure are used per 1 meter.
Soil weeds before planting, and then dug over and leveled. If the compost by this time was not introduced, then it is added in the amount of 5 kilograms per 1 meter. Top dressing with nitrogen is applied to the soil up to 30-60 grams per 1 meter.
Spring and autumn plot plowed and harrowed. It is forbidden to make fresh manure. Fresh manure slows down the process of fruit formation. During plowing, phosphorus-potassium fertilizer is applied.
Planting rules seedlings
Seedlings are planted after warming the air to 12 degrees. This temperature ensures the safety of seedlings at night. Seedlings ready for planting are considered when there are 6-9 leaves. The height of the seedlings should be 25 centimeters. In greenhouses, the height of seedlings can be much above. For planting is better to use seedlings older than 50-60 days. Adult seedlings more difficult to take root. To avoid risks, a part of sprouts younger than 45 days is used.
Good tomato seedlings have a thick stem.
Early varieties are considered ready for planting when they have first buds. Seedlings are planted in batches. Part of the party should be left in case of freezing sprouts. To protect the germs from frost, polyethylene covers are used. Sprouts hiding in night time. The rest of the party landed after the final warming.
It is necessary to carefully consider the distance between the bushes of tomatoes. Too long a distance threatens to reduce yields. The large distance between the shrubs does not affect the yield, but it is not practical.
It is best to plant tomatoes in rows as follows:
- Low varieties are planted in rows. The distance between the rows is 40-50 centimeters. The distance between the bushes is 30-35 centimeters.
- The distance between the rows of tall varieties is 130 centimeters. The distance between the bushes is 70-90 centimeters.
Preparing for landing
Before planting sprouts watered abundantly. The soil should be so soft that the seedlings can be pulled out with their hands. It should pull the shoots with a lump of wet earth. Pull out carefully so as not to damage the root system.
The hole should be of such size that it fit the root system and a little stem. Long stalks are planted flush with short ones. For longer stems, a deeper fossa is excavated. Tomatoes must grow at the same level so that the shrubs do not overshadow each other.
When planting it is important to water the hole. After watering the hole is covered with a small amount of dry soil or humus. This treatment allows the seedlings to have a good survival rate.
Planting tomatoes in a permanent place
Planting dates are determined in accordance with the grade. Early varieties are planted May 15-20. Seedlings of later varieties planted until June 10. The planting dates depend not only on the variety of tomatoes, but also on the planting region. Also, landing is influenced by climatic conditions. It should be planted in heated land to 10-12 degrees. The air temperature should be 12-15 degrees.
Landing in mid-April threatens to repeat the night frosts. Seedlings cover for the night. Shelter should be completely removed in early June. It is best to plant tomatoes in cloudy weather. Favorable time for landing is morning or evening.
Planting seedlings in May as follows:
- Seedlings should be watered abundantly before planting. Watering will greatly facilitate the process of extracting seedlings from the ground.
- The hole is made deep on the spade bayonet. Before disembarking, the well is completely filled with water. Wait until water is completely absorbed.
- Seedlings carefully planted after the readiness of the hole.
- The root is lightly powdered with earth. Further, a small amount of humus is sprinkled over the ground.
- The hole is finally buried with earth and irrigated with 1-2 liters of water.
- Garter pegs are set near each sprout.
- After disembarking the bed is covered with a plastic cover. When sprouts get stronger polyethylene is removed.
- To settle down seedlings takes up to 10 days. During this period, it must be watered.
The fruits slow down their development in hot weather. Under the blazing sun, tomatoes do not blush for a long time. Plucked fruits can be brought to readiness by artificial ripening. In time, the plucked fruits will turn red, but their nutritional value greatly reduced.
Tomato care in the garden
Tomatoes need regular care. Before planting, the seedlings are sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate. A mixture of compost, ash and superphosphate is added to the well. Seedlings are planted in such a way that the bottom sheet is located next to the ground. The plant deepens to the cotyledon leaves. It is necessary to loosen the earth after the seedlings have taken root. The plant is slightly curled after each watering. Tomatoes must be watered regularly. Watering should be regular, but in moderation. A bountiful harvest depends on the application of organic and mineral fertilizers to the soil.
The first feeding is carried out 10 days after planting. For the first feeding the following solutions are used:
- Ammonium nitrate. Need to spend 100 grams of ammonium nitrate in 10 meters of the site.
- Dung diluted 6 times with water. 50 grams of superphosphate is added to this liquid per 1 bucket of solution. Each plant should receive 0.5 liters of solution.
2 weeks after the first feeding the second one is applied. The second dressing is carried out with superphosphate 13-18 grams per 1 meter of the plot. Also, 10-12 grams of potassium salt per 1 meter of the plot is applied.
Do not overdo it with fertilizer containing nitrogen. Such fertilizers increase the chance of barrenness and poor fruit development. The need for fertilizers is determined by the appearance of the plants. Healthy plants with thick stems do not need further feeding.
During the summer it is necessary to weed the area from the weeds.
Some varieties have large fruits. Branches sag under heavy fruit. It is necessary to dig support into the ground so that the branches do not break under the action of the weight of the fruit.
It is advisable not to water the bushes of tomatoes with cold water. You should install a container for heating the water under the sun.
When planting seedlings in open ground
Let us see what can affect the time of transplanting to open ground. Those who consider weather conditions to be the main factor for a successful landing are right, but only partially. An equally important fact is the readiness of plants to transplant to a permanent place and the state of the soil.
Dates for the Moscow region
The climate in the suburbs is moderately continental: mild winter, rainy summer, moderate air temperature. The exact timing of planting a tomato in the suburbs in advance will not be calculated even by the most experienced gardener. There is always a small error with their definition. In determining the timing of landing you need to pay attention to the following points:
- early spring (early, late)
- the probability of frost
- ground temperature
- average daily temperature.
These criteria are important not only for the Moscow region, they are analyzed by vegetable growers of Siberia and the Urals when determining the time of planting tomato seedlings in the ground. Usually the summer residents of the Moscow region begin to transplant tomato seedlings on May 10-15. The soil should warm up by this time. Its usual temperature by this time is 15 ° С. If tomatoes are planted in the first days of May, then they are covered for the night with non-woven material, this helps to protect young plants from unexpected frosts.
The weather in the Urals is even more difficult to predict than in the Moscow region. But with the right choice of varieties and good agricultural practices, summer residents do not complain about tomato yields. Varieties need to pick up early and mid-term ripening, it is better to plant plants of determinant type in open field.
Without shelter, tomatoes in the Urals may suffer from frost, so seedlings are planted in open ground in early June. At this time, frost can not fear and do not spend time and effort to shelter planted seedlings in the ground.
For Siberia, the usual time for planting tomatoes in open ground from 7 to 15 June. In some years, when early spring and frost is not promised, tomatoes can be planted in the soil early under the covering material.
Most of the summer residents who work at the main job are not in a hurry, planting early and middle-early varieties in June and harvest part of the crop at the stage of biological maturity in August, another part at the stage of technical ripeness and reap the fruits during the autumn.
When landing in the soil according to the lunar calendar in 2018
There are many supporters of agroastrology among gardeners. It is very convenient to open the lunar calendar, find the dates of days favorable for planting seedlings in the ground, and carry out all the work, using the recommendations of scientists.
Proponents of planting vegetables on the lunar calendar argue that the yield with an exact observance of all recommendations for planting and care increases by 30%. Favorable days for planting indeterminate varieties are considered days before the full moon. Low-growing varieties grow better at the beginning of the growing moon phase.
Favorable and unfavorable days
The lunar calendar for 2018 recommends sowing tomato seeds for seedlings in February from 18 to 20 and from 25 to 28.
In March, favorable days for sowing seeds 1, from 17 to 20 and from 24 to 28.
It is better to plant in the ground on April 20-22 and April 24-27, May 9-11 and May 18-19.
Having a lunar calendar at hand for your region, you can learn from it all the favorable days for feeding and picking up seedlings, as well as other work on caring for tomatoes in the open field.
How to plant tomatoes in open ground
What you need to know to properly plant seedlings in open ground? First of all, a long-term weather forecast. The lunar calendar gives useful tips, but knowledge of weather forecasts will not hurt. It is necessary to grow viable seedlings, choose a plot of land suitable for growing tomatoes, prepare it according to the rules and at the right time.
Knowledge of landing rules will not hurt:
- selection of the correct well pattern;
- knowledge of the main methods of transplantation
- know which fertilizers can be added to the planting wells,
- competent watering seedlings.
Age of seedlings
External signs that indicate your tomatoes are ready for transplanting:
- stem about 35 cm high (not less than 25 cm), 0.5 cm thick,
- the number of leaves is not less than 6 pieces,
- developed root system
- two tassels with buds in early-ripening varieties, one each in middle-late and late plants.
In the table you can see the age of seedlings, ready to transplant, depending on the time of maturation.
The planting scheme depends on the variety. Characteristics that define it:
- height of the central stem,
- type of shrub by type of growth (indent, det),
- схема формирования куста (1, 2, 3 стебля, без формирования).
Огородники практикуют два вида посадки помидор в открытом грунте: квадратно-гнездовой, ленточно-гнездовой.
Квадратно-гнездовой способ посадки подходит для высокорослых сортов. Рассада садится в углах квадрата. По мере ее роста сохраняется достаточное пространство для обработки кустов и почвы между ними. To care for tall bushes with such a scheme is convenient. The tape-breeding scheme is needed when it is necessary to place as many plants as possible on a small area.
Planting holes must be made directly during planting. Taking out a bush of seedlings from the tank, it is easy to estimate the volume of the root system and form a landing hole of the desired depth and width.
The seedlings on the eve are well watered, so that during transplantation the root system suffers less from mechanical damage during handling. A clod of earth around the root should not be destroyed, it should fit completely into the dug hole. It remains to sprinkle the roots with earth and water well. With proper transplantation, healthy seedlings are practically not ill, it takes a couple of days for adaptation.
First we determine the landing site. Choose the beds where onions, carrots, cucumbers or cabbage grew last season. All of these crops are considered good precursors for tomatoes.
We prepare the soil in several stages, they are different for different types of soils. Some work should be carried out in the autumn, others in the spring:
- In the autumn, sand is introduced into heavy soils (clay, loamy). The procedure is called sanding. Standard sand consumption is 10 kg / m².
- Once in 3-5 years in the autumn period, liming of acid soils is carried out. Approximate consumption of lime - 0.8 kg / m².
- Disinfection is carried out annually in early spring. Copper sulphate is used, consumption is 1 l / m².
- Improving soil fertility with organic fertilizers can be carried out in spring and autumn. Under digging make humus (cow, horse) or mature compost. Consumption depends on fertility and soil structure (from 3 to 7 kg / m²).
- Mineral fertilizers are applied annually: urea in spring 20 g / m², in the fall (spring) superphosphate 60 g / m², potassium sulfate 20 g / m².
We plan work on transplanting seedlings into open ground for the second half of the day. The heat subsides and the sun does not shine so brightly. On the eve of the seedlings poured abundantly, it will be easier to get it from the glasses or from the common boxes.
Prepare the soil a week before planting:
- dig on the bayonet of the shovel,
- introduce organic matter (humus, compost, peat, ash, sand), proportions and components depend on the structure and fertility of the soil,
- according to the norm, fertilize the soil with mineral fertilizers - add superphosphate and potassium nitrate.
Two weeks before planting, the soil should be treated with a fungicide (Fitosporin) to prevent fungal diseases.
Choose a planting method (square-nested, tape-nested) and form the wells immediately before transferring the seedling to the hole. The size of the landing pit should correspond to the size of the earthen coma around the root. In the hole you can pour a small amount of ash, all other fertilizer is better to make a digging.
For each tomato variety, the manufacturer provides accurate recommendations on the placement of plants per unit area. These recommendations should be followed. When planting tall varieties of tomatoes, the stem garter can be driven into the center of the planting well before transplanting seedlings. Bushes can be tied up immediately, but you can postpone this procedure for 2-3 days. Wait until the bushes adapt and take a natural position.
Planting overgrown seedlings
Overgrown seedlings should not frighten the novice vegetable grower. Coping with her landing is easy. There are even some advantages. With its proper planting, additional roots are formed, which improve the nourishment of the bush. Fruiting overgrown seedlings comes later, but by the abundance of fruits and the duration of fruiting, overgrown seedlings are not inferior to standard seedlings.
For overgrown seedlings, it is necessary to form a well not round, but oblong, deepening it on one side, the root of an overgrown bush will be located there. Part of the stem fits into the hole and sprinkled with earth. Leaves on this site are best removed.
Stalk and root sprinkle with earth. So that the leaves do not touch the ground, a small mound should be formed from the ground; it will support the top of the plant above the ground. Bush water. A few days later the bush will take a vertical position, it can be easily tied to a peg.
Watering aryk saves time. To organize it is not difficult. Seedlings are planted in the usual way in the landing pits, placing them in rows. During the adaptation period, each bush is watered with a watering can of 3-5 liters per well. When the tomatoes get used to the new place and start growing, the bushes need to be tucked up like potatoes, using the usual chopper.
Grooves - aryks are formed between rows of tomato. In order to water the tomatoes, you just need to put a hose on the edge of the aryk and let the water. Watering is stopped when the groove is completely filled with water.
Under drip irrigation
Many gardeners are switching to drip irrigation of tomatoes in the open field. To properly organize drip irrigation, you need to form a narrow ridge from 0.5 to 1.2 m wide. The tracks for this irrigation scheme should not be already 0.5 m, it is better to do it wider - 0.7 m.
On a ridge of meter width, you need to put 2-3 drop tapes, on a narrow ridge (0.5 m) it is enough to put 1 drop tape.
Advantages of drip irrigation:
- water flow directly under the root,
- economical water consumption without unnecessary losses,
- reduction of physical labor,
- reducing the risk of fungal diseases due to high humidity in the root zone.
Care of transplanted seedlings
The first 10 days after transplanting seedlings into the ground the tomatoes need minimal care:
- in hot weather, cover from the midday sun with white covering material,
- in case of the threat of return frost, cover the plants with covering material (black, white) or PVC film in the evening,
- Do not water, at nighttime cooling sprinkle with a solution of a stimulator: Epinom or HB
After 2 weeks, tomatoes need full care. First of all they are watered. Water consumption for a young bush from 3 to 5 liters. The average frequency of irrigation of tomatoes in the open field - 1 time per week. Adjustments are possible: in hot weather, water is watered more often, on rainy days they take breaks and are limited to loosening the row spacing and removing weeds.
Now gardeners have become more economical to use water for irrigation and it is beneficial to mulch the soil. As mulch they use everything that can be found at the dacha:
- wood chips
- urea impregnated sawdust
To retain moisture, the mulch layer must be of sufficient thickness. Mulch has another plus: it inhibits the growth of weeds and reduces the time for their removal. Mulch for a lazy gardener real find, using it, you can reduce the time spent on the beds and increase the duration of rest.
The first watering combined with the first feeding. During this period, tomatoes respond well to fertilizing, prepared from nitrophosphate mineral fertilizer and mullein infusion. In a bucket of water pour 0.5 liters of mullein and add 15 ml of nitrophoska. 0.5 l of this fertilizer is poured under one bush.
It takes a little less than a month (20 days) and the tomatoes need a second feeding. For the preparation of the infusion is to use dry (granulated) chicken manure 400 g, a tablespoon of superphosphate, a teaspoon of potassium sulfate. All ingredients are dissolved in 10 liters of water. On 1 tomato bush pour 1 liter of the mixture. Top dressing is carried out after watering, the ground should be wet.
The third and fourth feeding is carried out with an interval of two weeks:
- during the third feeding use nitrophoska (15 g), potassium humate (15 ml), water 10 liters, 5 liters of fertilizer is poured into each square meter,
- for the fourth feeding, you need superphosphate (30 g) and 10 liters of water, the solution flow is a bucket per square meter.
During the summer, tomato bushes need to be treated at least 3 times on a sheet with a solution of urea with the addition of potassium permanganate:
- water 10 l,
- urea 15 g,
- potassium permanganate 1 year
This solution is enough to handle 70 bushes. When there is a long-lasting heat and no rain, tomatoes should be treated with a solution of boric acid. First, dissolve 1 teaspoon of acid in a small amount of hot water, after its hollow dissolving, pour into a 10 liter bucket of water or directly into the sprayer. Top dressing on the sheet is carried out in the evening in dry weather, ideal if there is complete calm.
Errors in gardeners when planting tomatoes in open ground are different.
- The first one is made when buying seeds. Buy varieties that need to be grown in a greenhouse, and planted them in open ground.
- Planting overexposed seedlings also affects yield. She adapts longer and dies with improper care.
- A sign of overexposed seedlings - the presence of formed inflorescences. When planting such tomatoes, the inflorescences are removed so that the plant has the strength to develop the root system. Overexposed seedlings are planted in holes, plentifully watered with water, or more precisely: they are planted in mud, so they take root faster.
- Another mistake gardeners - planting their seedlings obtained from hybrids on seedlings. In this case, wait for a good harvest is not worth it. Such seeds do not retain varietal characteristics.
Planting in the greenhouse
It is always necessary to proceed from the growing season of one or another variety. All tomatoes have a growing season of 80 to 140 days. Therefore, planting of seedlings in the greenhouse should be made in accordance with the period of their maturation, namely as follows:
- The planting of early ripe varieties of tomatoes at their permanent growing place (regardless of whether it is open ground or greenhouse) is made at the age of 45-60 days from the time of sowing.
- For mid-season varieties, this age is about 2.5 months from the time of sowing.
- The seedlings of late ripening varieties are planted at the age of about 80 days. But these varieties of tomatoes probably will not be able to ripen by May.
In the indicated planting dates, the time for seed germination is also taken into account. It may be a little less or more, depending on the conditions that will be created for this process. Such conditions are the depth of seed embedding and light and thermal conditions.
To obtain a tomato crop in May, early ripening varieties of this solanaceous crop should be selected. In addition, for greenhouses, it is better to choose tomatoes with vertical growth. So even a small amount of greenhouses will be used more efficiently.
To obtain the harvest of greenhouse tomatoes in the first decade of May, you can use hybrids, the fruiting period of which is only 95-100 days from the day of sowing. There are both imported hybrids ("Raisa", "President", "Anabel"), and Russian ("Vasilyevna", "Dobrun", "Divo").
Features care in greenhouse conditions
For planting tomatoes in the greenhouse you need to carefully prepare the ground. It should be warm enough - no less than 14 ◦ C. For warming and disinfection, you can pre-shed the ground where the tomatoes will be planted in the greenhouse with a hot and sufficiently strong solution of potassium permanganate.
In addition, do not bury the seedlings - in contrast to planting a tomato in open ground. When the young plant is deepened, additional roots are formed, which will slow down the growth of the aerial part of the plant.
Caring for greenhouse tomatoes consists in maintaining the optimum temperature of 22 - 25 ◦ С, in irrigation, proper lighting and stading of plants. Watering need tomatoes at the root. It is better to do this in the morning so that no condensation forms. During the flowering period, the plants are watered once in 4-5 days.
You can do and feeding, if the soil is poor. They are produced a week after the seedlings are planted in the greenhouse. Then do another 1-2 feeding solution of mullein or chicken manure. To the solution, you can add 1 tbsp. l nitrophosphate or 1 tsp. potassium sulfate per 10 l of fertilizer solution.
Shoots growing from the leaf axils (stepchildren) must be removed in order to get full and full-fledged fruits on the main shoots.
Planting tomatoes in the ground
To grow a good crop of tomatoes in the open field, it is better to choose zoned varieties that are able to withstand our weather conditions.
All heat-loving plants, tomatoes - including grown from seedlings. To plant young plants in open ground in May, seeds should be sown in February-March. Most gardeners trust the lunar calendar. According to him, in March the best day will be March 1. In this case, sow the seeds of tomatoes need in the afternoon - after 3 hours. Another auspicious day in March is the 6th.
Experienced amateur growers advise sowing tall varieties in February, and short-growing varieties in March. Then in May, it will be possible to plant fully grown and grown seedlings in the ground.
Although in our conditions May is a moody month, and it may even snow, but the earth at this time is already heated enough to plant seedlings in it. In extreme cases, plants can be covered with a greenhouse if the weather let you down.
Favorable days for planting any aboveground plants are phases of the growing moon. Next May, these days will be May 1 and 2 (morning disembarkation), 27 (after 4 in the afternoon), 28 and 29 (until 3 in the afternoon).
To get a good harvest, you should not neglect the lunar calendar, which is the product of many years of observations. Therefore, it is necessary to listen to him and choose favorable days for planting not only tomatoes, but also other plants.
Some vegetable growers consider tomatoes a capricious plant. In fact, for them, you just need to choose a sunny, warm place, not blown by a draft, and care for tomatoes with a soul. Then the return from the plants will be appropriate.