Fringed Euphorbia (Euphorbia marginata) is a one-year decorative culture that is widely used in landscape design. The plant came to us from North America and conquered gardeners not only with its flowers, but also with the color of the leaves.
White border noticeably highlights spurge in flower beds, making it an original decoration of any flower garden. For his unusual appearance, he received the romantic name "mountain snow".
Brief description of the plant
The stem of a fringed euphorbia is long and thin, its height can vary from 20 to 80 cm. Numerous oval foliage is painted in light green color, the size of an individual leaflet does not exceed 5 cm (see photo).
Flowering "mountain snow" begins in June and continues until late autumn. It is during this period that spurge throws out small bright inflorescences and transforms its leaves. They appear snow-white border, which, in combination with light buds gives the plant a decorative look.
Edged spurge is poisonous - its juice is dangerous for humans and can cause poisoning. However, growing it in flowerbeds while observing the elementary rules of protection is safe - the main thing is to prevent the milky sap from falling on the skin or eyes. You can plant a plant in a bed only 1 time - although it is not a perennial, it will multiply perfectly in subsequent seasons by self-sowing.
Growing milkweed bordered from seeds
Cultivation of milkweed in the garden begins with the sowing of seeds. Quality planting material can be purchased at a flower shop or assemble yourself.
The boll of a plant consists of 3 fragments and looks like a wood capsule. Each segment, in turn, contains a large seed, which spreads around the site after ripening of the box. To collect and preserve the seed, you need to wrap the capsule with gauze or a thin cloth.
You can grow euphorbia from seeds immediately in open ground or seedlings.
Sowing in open ground
Sowing of seeds in open soil is carried out in spring, in May, when stable temperatures will be established and the threat of night frosts will pass. Spurge reacts negatively to highly moist clay soil, so it is best to grow it in beds with stony ground, sandy substrate or black soil. The site should be well lit, because in the partial shade the plant will develop poorly.
To do this, carry out the following manipulations:
- Soil need to dig for 1 bayonet shovels, remove all the weeds, along with the roots,
- Then you need to do a shallow hole - about 7 cm,
- Moisten the soil a little and sow the seeds, covered with soil,
- After the emergence of seedlings (after 1.5-2 weeks), the plants need to be thinned, removing all weak specimens and leaving only strong seedlings.
Further care for euphorbia does not require any complex farming practices. In drought, it is desirable to water the plantations, weed weeds and periodically loosen the soil for better aeration. Avoid stagnation of moisture - in such an environment, the roots can easily rot, and the plant will die. It is better to moisten the soil as needed, about 1 time per week.
Sowing on seedlings
Sowing on seedlings is carried out in the winter, at the end of February or at the beginning of March. To do this, take the usual container or tray for growing seedlings, fill it with universal soil and place planting material in it:
- Build up large seeds of 3-4 centimeters and pour a little water or spray the substrate with a spray bottle,
- Put on a well lit warm window sill,
- After the appearance of the first shoots (3-5 days) and the expansion of these leaves, the seedlings need to be dived, transplanted into disposable cups or other convenient containers of small volume,
- It is necessary to plant euphorbia on a flower bed in spring, when the threat of frost has passed (for different regions of Russia - the end of March-April)
- When planting between seedlings need to observe a distance of 20-30 cm.
Even a beginner grower can grow euphorbia from seeds, because the plant takes root well and easily forgives care errors. The main rule is not to get involved in top dressing, as the excess snow does not tolerate the excess fertilizer.
Fringed Euphorbia in Landscape Design
Fringed Euphorbia will be an excellent neighbor for phlox or ornamental grasses, shading the beauty of perennial flowering shrubs. You can use it as a curb plant, landed along the contour of the paths, lawns or flower beds.
"Mountain snow" is often used in flower beds to smooth out excessive brightness and variegation of flowering plantations, as well as to create natural transitions between individual groups or plants that do not match in color. It looks particularly impressive next to yellow, orange or red buds that adorn the garden in late summer.
Fringed euphoria combines with hosts and ornamental plants with dark foliage (black cohosh, bazarniki), and also perfectly harmonizes with irises of different colors. Romantic looks composition of this annual with red roses.
Many growers use spurge for hard-to-reach areas of the garden, where during flowering it looks like a big snow globe.
Characteristic and description
Euphorbia bordered (Euphorbia marginata) - annual plant family of Euphorbia Stems erect and densely leafy. The length of the stems to fall reaches 60-80 centimeters in height.
This herb has a lot of light green oval leaves. At the time of flowering, the leaves on flowering shoots change in appearance, acquiring a white rim, and resemble extraordinary flowers. In this form, the leaves meet the first autumn frosts.
Flowering begins in the middle of summer. Flowers are small, light and inconspicuous in appearance. All presentable "snow on the mountains" give the fringed leaves, which do not lose their freshness until frost.
Like many types of milkweed, “early snow” is quite unpretentious and easy to clean. Such species as euphorbia are popular in cultivation: Multi-flowered, Cypress, Tirukalli, Comb, Mil, Pallas, Trihedral, Belozilkovy.
However, for productive growth in the garden should observe some rules.
Planting this type of milkweed is possible by such methods as:
- Sowing in open soil
- Sub-winter sowing,
- Planting cuttings.
For euphorbia bordered, growing from seed begins with sowing. Sown in open soil in the beginning of May. To do this, dig up the soil and clean weeds. In small holes (up to 6 centimeters in depth) plant the seeds, which sprout later 1-2 weeks. Among the seedlings produce a selection, removing more frail.
Subwinter seeding is made in February - March at home.
Seeds are planted in a pot with soil for seedlings to the depth 2 - 4 centimeters.
Shoots appear within a few days.
After the appearance of leaflets seedlings are seated in separate containers.
Spurge planted in open soil at the end of frosts, maintaining the distance between the seedlings up to 30 centimeters.
The best option would be the soil without excess fertilizer and dressings. Places with elevated groundwater levels will not work, as the milkweed roots will suffer.
The twig is immersed in warm water and, together with a container, is placed in a darkened warm place for one day.
Then the plant is planted in a peat mixture. A month later, the stalk rooted and planted in a flower bed.
Plant drought tolerant and does not like excessive moisture, as it is detrimental to its roots. Needs moderate watering.
A sufficient level of coverage is the main condition for the development of euphorbia. Planting should be on the sunny side. Penumbra is allowed.
Euphorbia grows on any soil, sandy and rocky substrate. but on nutrient ground plant develops more intense. An important factor is lack of groundwater at the landing site.
Top dressing / fertilizer
Fertilization has a good effect on the growth of “early snow”.
Fertilizers are suitable mineral and organic.
A good top dressing will be manure solution.
It is easy to prepare it: 200 grams of manure is poured with ten liters of water and insisted for a day.
This feeding make in evening time.
In the autumn, the aerial part of the plant is cut, and the excess root shoots are removed. Works are carried out in gloves, because poisonous plant.
Reproduction of "early snow" is carried out in two ways:
Propagation by seeds occurs either by planting seeds in open ground in May, or by sowing "before winter" in February - March. Shoots appear after 7 - 10 days. Planting of seedlings is carried out in the absence of spring frosts and stable positive air temperature. The interval between future colors is set at 15 - 30 centimeters.
In the vegetative mode, the breeding of euphorbia bordered is carried out. cuttings. Cut cuttings give roots in warm water and soon land in open soil.
The flowering period begins in July, and ends with the onset of the first frost.
Flowers are small and white.
An amazing feature of the “early snow” is the fact that at the time of flowering on the upper leaves, which are located under unsightly flowers, a bright white border appears.
The plant seems decorated with huge hats colors.
This magical transformation justifies one of his names - "the rich bride."
Diseases and pests
Euphorbia bordered not affected by pestsResistant to diseases and negative manifestations of the environment.
Euphorbia marginate - unpretentious and hardy plant. Subject to simple rules for the care will please the gardener with the magnificence of his bloom.
Euphorbia fringed decorate any garden. Looks harmoniously in the curbs when landing on the contours of flower beds, paths and lawns. Also, it is successfully used in rock gardens and mixborders.
Euphorbia bordered - an annual plant, for the amazing decorative properties of which he named many names. Among amateur gardeners, it is often called euphorbia mountain snow - for its ability to bloom before the onset of frost.
In its natural environment, the plant grows in the mountainous regions of the United States. Its leaves are dusty emerald green with a light gray border. When it begins to bloom with white flowers, then on their background the leaves seem to be completely transparent, like lace.
In nature, there are about two thousand species of euphorbia. Spurge can be propagated by cuttings or seeds. Shoots appear after fourteen days. "Mountain snow" is very common in landscape gardening design, where it is used in mixboards, flower beds and rabatkah.
Most often used as a background for motley perennials. It looks great with many colors, but not everyone can grow close to it.
Planting and care
Euphorbia Mountain snow can be propagated vegetatively or by seed, so preparing material for seedlings will not be a problem even for the most inexperienced gardener. Planting methods are fairly simple and equally good, but each of them has its own nuances.
So, there are three types of landing:
- planting cuttings,
- winter sowing
- planting seeds in open ground.
The first method is grafting. Planting material taken from an adult plant, cut into twigs. The cuttings are placed in warm water, which prevents the outflow of juice, due to which the cutting rooted. A jar of twigs is set for a day in a dark room with an air temperature no higher than +25 degrees.
During this time, the cuttings will become slightly lethargic, then they are planted in a mixture of sand and peat. Full rooting takes no more than 25 days. When the growth of milkweed becomes pronounced, it can be planted in the garden.
For growing from seeds, the largest seeds are taken and placed in any container with soil for seedlings. As a rule, such sowing is carried out at the end of winter-early spring.
Seeds are planted to a depth of four centimeters and leave the pot on a warm window. Shoots will be visible after 4-5 days, and after the first leaves appear, they are planted in separate pots.
With the end of night frosts saplings transplanted into a flower bed, at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other. Earth is not much fertilized, as it can be detrimental to milkweed. Ideal soil mixtures for it should include sand and pebbles. It is also worth paying attention to the humidity of the site, there should not be groundwater.
In the latter method, the plant is sown in spring in open ground. The soil on the site should be well dug and cleared of weeds. It is necessary to moisten the ground well and make small holes up to seven centimeters deep. After 7-14 days, when shoots appear, weak seedlings can be identified and removed.
Euphorbia marginata (euphorbia bordered) is a hardy and not capricious plant. It easily tolerates high temperatures, and flowering, which begins in July, ends only with the arrival of the first frost. Euphorbia is resistant to diseases and pests, does not need regular feeding and moisturizing.
However, the rules of care are for her, observing that you will long enjoy her flowering:
- Weeds should be regularly removed, as they greatly deplete the soil and weaken the growth of milkweed.
- It is not necessary to plant a plant close to the asphalted coatings. The minimum distance must be at least 30 cm.
- Spurge, planted around the perimeter of the site with other plants, can protect them from dust. But do not plant it together with plants whose root system is much more powerful.
- Euphorbia needs a lot of solar diffused light, in the shade a plant can die. Therefore, choose to land east or south.
- Euphorbia easily tolerates heat, but with a long absence of precipitation, it must be watered. Watering is carried out strictly under the root, the water should not fall on the leaves.
- During the flowering period, the plant can be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. To do this, dilute 200 g of manure in a bucket of water and let it stand for a day. Feed injected under the root, after sunset.
- In September, spurge throws ripe seeds. So that they ascend to the next year, it is necessary only to loosen the earth.
- In the autumn, the aboveground part of the plant is cut off, and the excess root shoots are removed.
- If the plant is planted around the perimeter of the garden, then it will scare off pests and rodents.
- It is necessary to work with euphorbia strictly in gloves! The sap of the plant is very poisonous and can cause burns. If the juice is still on the skin, rinse quickly with warm water.
My experience of growing milkweed
Once I read on floriculture on the site: “if you manage to grow euphorbia from seeds, you can consider yourself a real florist”. I was eager to grow this flower. When it was possible to acquire the seeds, agrotechnical fully complied. And this means, above all, placed in the wet sand on the stratification.
A month later, she sowed, carefully shifting the sand along with seeds to the surface of light soil. Cared, as well as for other crops. After some time, two thin seedlings appeared. But the cat Murzik ruined my dreams with a single movement of the tail, dropping crops to the floor. On this first attempt to become a real florist over.
However, the second time I still managed to grow one plant, which I planted in the foreground next to the curtain of styloid phlox. And now more than one year, I admire their amazing simultaneous flowering.
How to grow spurge from seed?
All seeds of milkweed have a limited shelf life, which is why it is rare to find fresh seeds in the store. For reproduction of milkweed seeds, pollination is carried out manually with a cotton swab or a thin brush. Milkweed pollen will ripen in 2-3 days. Then it is transferred within the specified period from flower to flower.
Especially careful to be when working with several types of milkweed. Rinse and dry the brush well to avoid getting hybrids. Euphorbia can be pollinated in another way. With the help of thin tweezers, pinch off ripe stamens and pollinate another flower.
This procedure is also not too simple. Milkweed fruits resemble wood capsules, which consist of 3 segments, each of which contains a seed of relatively large size. After the capsule ripens, it explodes and disperses its seeds to a sufficiently large distance.
To collect milkweed seeds, it is necessary to put tea bags on immature seeds. Take a new bag and gently pour tea out of it. This will allow to collect milkweed seeds with small losses. If the capsule shoots, it will not fly away from the bag. She may fall into or near the flowerpot.
The procedure for growing milkweed from seeds
Now you can go to the cultivation of milkweed from seed. For sowing, take small containers. Do not use disposable cups, as their height is more than 12 cm. For the cultivation of milkweed, smaller dishes are required. Take light soil, including sand and a small amount of peat. Spill the soil before planting milkweed seeds. The soil must be wet.
Consider that wet conditions in containers are favorable for fungus growth. Therefore, it is important to sterilize the soil. For this, the soil is evenly distributed on a baking sheet and placed in an oven for 20 minutes at a temperature of 120 ° C.Instead, the soil can be treated with a fungicide. But it is important to carefully read the instructions, since if it is used improperly, the seeds can be damaged and they will not germinate.
Seeds are sown evenly, but not too thick. Press the seed lightly when sowing. Then sprinkle them with a thin layer of sand or soil. It is important that it does not exceed twice the thickness of the seed.
It is important to keep the soil moist during the germination period, otherwise the seeds may die in this phase. Cover the seed container with a transparent film. At night, the temperature should be at least + 18 ° C. The optimum temperature for germination is + 25 ° C. Euphorbia will rise in 8-15 weeks. The specific period will depend on the type of milkweed.
What conditions are necessary for growing milkweed?
In summer, the temperature should be within + 20-25 ° C, and in winter + 16 ° C. However, it should not be below + 10 ° C. Euphorbia needs bright light in summer and winter. But at the same time in the spring and summer, the plant should be taught to direct sunlight gradually. It is important that there are no burns on the plant.
For the cultivation of milkweed at home, choose a sill, located on the south-east or south side.
As for watering, it should be moderate in spring and summer. Water the plant should be 2 times a week. In the fall, watering is reduced, and in winter it should be very rare. For example, in winter, juicy species are watered only once a month. For watering, soft water warmed to room temperature is used. Nutrient medium of the plant should not completely dry during growth and flowering.
Fertilizers are added to the soil during growth and flowering every 2 weeks. You can use fertilizers for indoor plants. Suitable fertilizers for cacti. Flowering species require potash fertilizers. From November to February, the plant goes into a dormant period. Euphorbia does not hurt dry air. Regular spraying with warm water is helpful.
This way, you can grow euphorbia from seeds and get new plants for your home garden. The main thing is to grow the plant properly with seeds and provide it with proper care.
When to plant seedlings
Growing seedlings allows you to get stronger plants that will develop faster in the open field. Sowing Euphorbia marginate on seedlings in March.
- Take wide containers, fill with fertile soil (mostly used universal substrate for growing seedlings), level the soil and distribute the seeds on the surface. Do not close the seeds deep enough to gently push into the soil.
- It is convenient to plant the seeds one by one in separate cups or cell cassettes for seedlings. In this case, do not need to disturb the plants and lose time on the pick.
Euphorbia bordered from seed photos of shoots
- Spray crops from a fine sprayer, to create a greenhouse effect, cover with film or glass.
- You will need diffuse lighting, temperature conditions within 22-25 ° C, daily ventilation (you need to get rid of condensation so that the seeds do not co-exist) and periodic soil moistening by spraying.
- Shoots will appear after 1-3 weeks, after which the shelter must be removed.
- After the seedlings have formed a pair of true leaves, spread them out in plastic cups.
- Continue care, consisting in moderate watering.
A couple of weeks before transplanting into the open ground, begin to harden the seedlings: take them out to fresh air for several hours, increasing the length of time every day.
How to plant seeds of euphorbia marginate in open ground
How to sow euphorbia bordered in the ground photo shoots
Sowing of seeds of euphorbia bordered in open ground is carried out in the spring (approximately in the beginning of May), or towards the winter, 3-4 weeks before the start of frost (so that the seeds do not have time to rise in the fall and the seedlings do not die from frost). Also, the plant gives a good self-seeding.
The seeds of euphorbia marginate are large enough to be sown less often. Make shallow grooves at a distance of 25-30 cm. The depth of seeding is 1-2 cm, the distance between the seeds is 7-8 cm. When shoots appear, the plants are thinned in several steps. Extra seedlings can be transplanted as seedlings. The final distance between the bushes in a row is 25-30 cm.
A suitable place for planting euphorbia marginata
The main condition for normal growth and development is adequate lighting. Choose a plot that is well lit by sunlight, then the plant will feel comfortable, will get a decorative appearance. Even in light shading sprouts stretched, bushes look weak.
Euphorbia bordered can grow on poor rocky or sandy soil, but when grown in fertile soil, the bushes will be more magnificent. The plant successfully endures drought, and excessive moisture is harmful to milkweed. Lowlands and flooded areas will not be suitable for planting; if ground waters are close to each other, build a high bed.
Planting of milkweed bordered in the ground
How to plant euphorbia fringed in the garden photo
To plant seedlings in open ground should be with the establishment of this heat. Dig the area, make the holes according to the size of the earthy coma, gently roll over the seedlings and squeeze the soil around the plants with your palms.
- Position the root collar flush with the surface of the soil, pour.
- Between individual plants keep a distance of about 30 cm.
How to care for euphorbia fringed in the garden
Euphorbia bordered, like all types of euphorbia unpretentious. Having sown it once, it will multiply by self-sowing, practically without requiring attention.
Only occasional watering is required during a period of severe long drought. Also remove weeds from the site, periodically loosen the soil.
The plant is also resistant to diseases and pests.
Consider that the milky sap secreted by a plant when it is cracked or cut is very poisonous. It can severely burn the skin, so use gloves when handling the plant.
Euphorbia bordered in landscape design
Euphorbia marginata or euphorbia fringed photo on flowerbed with other flowers
Euphorbia bordered in curb plantings, for framing garden paths, zoning the site, it will help to “dilute” its cold beauty colored flowerbeds.
Euphorbia fringed planting and care photos in the garden
Garden spurge bordered with marigolds and zinnias photo
Spurge fringed with phloxes and the population of the thinnest photo
Humidity and watering
Watering should be moderate. Excessive moisture for a flower is more dangerous than its disadvantage. This is due to drought tolerance of culture. In summer, the flower is watered as needed. Enough 1st time a week.
If the culture is grown in indoor conditions and is experiencing winter, then watering is reduced to a minimum. In winter, watering is carried out only after complete drying of the soil.
The culture does not need high humidity. Culture tolerates drought. Spraying is not required. In room conditions the flower feels well in the neighborhood with heating devices.
Temperature and lighting
Fringed Euphorbia - lover of heat and light. For good growth and development, the plant must provide air temperature from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius.
Spurge not afraid of heat and drought. In the garden, it develops well until the onset of frost.
Fringed Euphorbia does not tolerate cold spells, so it is grown as an annual.
Euphorbia fringed likes open areas with lots of light
For intensive development, the flower requires a maximum of light. Slightly shaded areas will do. If the plant is grown on a windowsill, then the window should be chosen southern, where the flower will receive a lot of light and sunlight. The hit of direct rays of the sun is not afraid of culture.
Soil and dressing
Soil bordered euphorbia does not differ. Culture feels great on sandy and stony soils. At the same time, the flower feels more comfortable on soils that are rich in nutrients.
At the same time when planting is required to comply with the very important rule the plant does not like the soil where there is groundwater.
The flower responds well to the introduction of fertilizing. Both organic and mineral fertilizers are used as top dressing.
An excellent option for feeding is the manure solution. For its preparation will require:
This solution must be infused for 24 hours. Fertilizer is recommended in the evening.
Growing from seed
It is possible to grow euphorbia bordered from seeds in two ways:
- Through seedlings
- Immediately to the open ground.
In open ground, seeds are sown in May, when frosts will be in the past. Soil is required to dig and clean from weeds.
The seedlings are sown at the end of February and beginning of March. For this, seeds are sown in pots. Which are filled with a special substrate for seedlings. To deepen the seed is required no more than 4 cm.
When the first leaves appear, the seedlings dive. When the frosts end, seedlings are planted in open ground. The distance between them should be about 30 cm.
Description of euphorbia marginate
The edged euphorbia is a very beautiful plant that actively used in landscape design. It is grown in flower beds, beds, mixborders. It goes well with phloxes, ornamental cereals and monard.
Also, the plant is used for cutting. In bouquets, fringed euphorbia combines perfectly with delphinium, mallow and dahlia.
What does it look like?
Straight stems with dense foliage can grow up to 80 cm in height. The leaves are oval-shaped and light green in color. At the flowering stage, the leaves change color, a beautiful white border appears on them, which makes the plant decorative.
Euphorbia bordered can reach 80cm in height
From mid-summer, spurge starts to bloom. The flowers are light in color, small size. In general, they look inconspicuous and do not have decorative qualities. At the same time in combination with snow leaves look very presentable.
What else is called?
Fringed euphorbia is also called “Mountain snow, this is due to the fact that during the flowering period the plant resembles beautiful snow balls. In addition, "Mountain Snow" is a separate varietal variety of fringed euphorbia.
Bordered euphorbia is called because of the white border on the leaves, which distinguishes it from other species.
Milkweed blooms from mid-July until the first frost. The flowers are white and small.
A distinctive feature of milkweed is that it is during the period when flowers appear on the leaves that a chic white border is formed. As a result, it creates the feeling that the plant is covered with snow caps from flowers.
Thus, euphorbia bordered is a beautiful ornamental plant. Grown as an annual. It can be a wonderful decoration of the garden and goes well with other cultures. Euphorbia Bordered unpretentious. He does not need abundant watering and tolerates drought. The edged euphorbia is a poisonous plant. Milky juice is dangerous to people and animals.
Euphorbia bordered - snowy charm on summer days
Euphorbia bordered blooms from June to late autumn, and it is during this period that it is unusually beautiful. On the upper gray-green leaves there is a wide border of white bracts and small inflorescences on them. Euphorbia bordered decorative not only delicate flowers, but beautiful foliage. Plant height reaches 80 cm, so the bush will stand out well in group plantings.
The name “spurge” plant received due to color. A lush bush during flowering resembles a snowball, so many people call euphorbia: "mountain snow", "snow in the mountains", "bride".
How to grow euphorbia bordered from seeds
Although milky milkweed juice is poisonousThis plant is widely used in urban and garden landscaping. Thick bushes are ideal for decorating hard-to-reach corners of the garden, creating attractive snowy glades.
Growing culture is not difficult, since it pretty hardy and unpretentious plant. It is not affected by diseases and pests, does not require certain conditions and frequent fertilizers. It is best to grow a flower from seed. Planting material can be purchased at the store or collected from withered plants.
After flowering on the branches of euphorbia bordered with a box of seeds. They resemble wood capsules consisting of three segments. Each segment has a large seed. When the capsule matures, it explodes and the seeds fly apart. To harvest them, immature seed boxes should be wrapped in a thin cotton cloth or gauze. This will save seed.
Care for euphorbia bordered
Many herbaceous plants grow well and without care, getting everything you need from the environment. If the plant is planned to be planted next year, then proper care will help grow and harvest a healthy seed. Euphorbia positively responds to feeding phosphate, potash and organic fertilizers. During the flowering period, you can make a solution of manure. Feed the plant 3 times per season at the same time. Excess fertilizer provokes abundant growth of the stems, but will slow the flowering process.
Euphorbia fringed the most popular of all types of euphorbia. This plant is often seated in mixborders and flowerbeds, highlighting the "mountain snow" place of honor. It harmonizes perfectly with any color, smoothing out excessive brightness. Small flowers create a festive atmosphere, turning the garden plot into a real “winter wonder” in the middle of summer.