The genus of Alpine asters includes about 250 species of annual, biennial, perennial herbaceous plants and subshrubs. Widely distributed in various natural areas of the Northern Hemisphere, especially in North America. Feels great in the Alps, Sayan Mountains, Altai, Caucasus. Plants are suitable for breeding on alpine slides and for borders.
Asters in terms of flowering are divided into spring-, summer-, autumn-flowering. Inflorescences are single, very attractive, with a diameter of 4-5 cm, on thin peduncles, are widely used for cutting. Some shrub species grow exclusively in South Africa. The name reflects the similarity with the star - numerous rays-petals diverge from the bright yellow center. It looks like a garden chamomile or a daisy, hence the second name is alpine chamomile.
Unpretentiousness and modest, long decorative alpine asters favorably distinguish perennial from annual counterparts. Having planted one plant, admire it not one year at the minimum care and care.
Alpine aster perennial photo
Alpine aster, Korzhinsky aster, false aster - a close relative of Chinese aster or one-year aster, one of the many years of representatives of the huge family of asters, has earned the love of many gardeners for several centuries. It is a medium-sized plant up to 35 cm high. With good illumination, the bush, growing, acquires a volumetric shape.
From the thickened rhizomes depart erect, pubescent, strongly branched branches. The root is horizontally located and branching. Bottom leaves obovate, located on the stems - lanceolate, shredding to the apex, occasionally pubescent without petioles. By winter, the plants go green. The wrapper is hemispherical, consisting of a pair of rows of leaves of a lanceolate elongated shape. Inflorescence - apical basket up to 6 cm with a variety of reed flowers of various color palettes - from whitish to dark ultramarine. Seeds - obovate with a tuft. It blooms from late May to July. Do not lose their attractiveness to the snow.
The plant has been cultivated since the 16th century, it is actively used to decorate plots by many gardeners and summer residents. In landscape design it is used for mixborders, borders, alpine slides and group planting foreground. It is cultivated in the northernmost regions, enduring long winters without consequences.
Growing alpine asters
Astra Alpine perennial planting and care photos
If your flower garden is not shaded, it is well illuminated by the sun, the beautiful Alpine aster will not require special care. She needs well-drained, not acidified soil, but otherwise they are unpretentious and hardy. During the mass flowering they need abundant watering. Tall species and varieties need moderate supplements. As soon as the cold comes (mid-October and later), the stem is cut to the root collar. This operation can be transferred to the spring, combining with the removal of frozen shoots.
If the rhizomes of Alpine asters protruding from the soil are noticed, then the plant should be transplanted as soon as possible with the deepening or carefully poured with the ground, closing the exposed areas. Some species quickly degenerate, so they should be periodically divided. For transplantation using the most healthy parts of rhizome with large shoots and a well-developed root system. Feed at the beginning of the growing season with potash fertilizer with the addition of calcium, which is used as chalk or finely crushed eggshell.
During the summer they pour ash under the plants, followed by loosening. Fresh dung does not like. Ceases to bloom when the excess organic remains. Winter well without shelter, cover only young and recently transplanted specimens with spruce branches, dry moss.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Reproduction of asters by alpine dividing bush photo
Propagated mainly by dividing the bush. The best timeframe for this operation is May - September. Delenki grown at a distance of about 15 cm from each other. When they develop, they can be planted in open ground. They are also propagated by seeds that quickly lose their germination, are sown in a hotbed from April to July or towards winter, provoking a natural stratification.
Astra Alpine can be propagated by cutting
Such reproduction completely duplicates the parent copy. Cuttings taken from healthy plants. The lower internodes are cleared of leaves, treated with a root, or other stimulant, pinch the top. Succinic acid can be used as a stimulator of root formation, lightly powdering sections.
Rooting occurs within two weeks. To speed up the formation of roots, the cuttings in the nursery are covered with a film or glass. Every day, air for 5-10 minutes, lifting the shelter. Watered as drying, not allowing waterlogging. In early autumn, transplanted to a permanent place at a distance of 15-20 cm.
Diseases and pests of alpine asters
Astra alpine blue photo
The roots are often affected by black mold, which leads to decay of the root system, the death of the plant. The leaves may appear powdery mildew, called the white Compositae disease. This occurs as a result of the wrong choice of location of the plant. Handled from this scourge of available means.
Of insects, aphids are the most dangerous, which slows growth, damaging young stems, sucking the juice out of them, and deformed inflorescences develop from the affected shoots, which do not bloom later. Danger represent snails, gnawing young shoots. From snails get rid of with the help of ash. All this can be avoided by placing the bushes in open, well-lit, blown places.
Against insects apply tar water (2-3 tablespoons of birch tar per 10 liters of water), watering plants and watering cans with it. Good results are given by processing by usual economic soap. You can dissolve soap in tar water, which will increase the effect of treatment. The division of the bush involves rejuvenation, it must be done every 3-5 years. It is better not to be zealous with dressings and fertilizer - in natural conditions of alpine asters growing, the soil is usually poor. When overfeeding, the plant may not bloom or get sick.
Popular varieties of alpine aster
Astra Alpine White Alps
Albus (Albys) - one of the first blooms, in early June, short stalks are covered with small dark green leaves. The flowers are white with a yellow heart, semi-double and simple scattered throughout the spherical bush. Height is 12-22 cm. It looks perfect in rockeries, on alpine hills.
Gloria - blue simple flowers do not exceed 3 cm in diameter. The beginning of flowering occurs at the end of May, June. The bush with emerald lanceolate leaves is decorative until late autumn. Up to 35 cm high. Suitable for low curbs, flowerbeds, rockeries. Unpretentious, stable, responsive to care.
Astra Alpine Blue Goliath Aster alpinus Goliath
Goliath - semi-double light purple flowers on grassy low bushes of gray-green color. When used as a groundcover, it grows quickly and occupies the space provided for it. Timely removal of branches that have lost their decorative effect contributes to long-term flowering.
Astra Lipian Rosea Pink
Rosia - baskets with a diameter of 6 cm are collected from buds with pink petals, yellow-greenish middle. Height is about 15 - 20 cm. It blooms in July. They form picturesque balls, covered with bright flowers. Grassy part of bright green color. Suitable for compositions with stones.
Astra Alpine Happy End Happy End photo
Happy End - a variety with upright strong stems, the most early-flowering. Pink petals adorn the outlet. A little higher than their fellows. Blossoming plentiful and long from May to July. Valuable curb plant with dense, compact, spherical bushes copiously covered with pink flowers during flowering. When landing along the tracks looks spectacular and picturesque. It should promptly remove faded shoots, thereby prolonging flowering.
Dunkle енеene - low lush aster with dense purple flower petals and bright yellow center does not exceed 3 cm in diameter and 25 cm high. Looks great against the background of faded peony bushes and other early-fading perennials, creating a bright spot against the background of green foliage.
Ruber - amazingly beautiful bloom fascinates the look. A rich color of flowers of red and pink color will decorate any place in your garden. Height up to 30 cm suitable for single planting curtain, also for borders, flower beds, rocky hills. Having landed it along the tracks, create a magnificent ensemble with a lawn.
Superbus is an unpretentious, undemanding variety with lilac-blue flowers on openworking bushes. Decorate any place in your garden. It feels good when lightly shaded, decorating the walls of sheds and other outbuildings.
Dark Beauty and Helen Beauty - picturesque curtains 15 centimeter stalks with bright purple flower petals are used as a ground cover plant at places of memory, creating a long-flowering meadow. Planted between the stones, look great.
Combining planting from different varieties, colors achieve continuous flowering from early spring to late autumn. This is achieved by supplementing the Alpine varieties with other species of perennial asters - October, September, Italian, Belgian, New England and New Zealand varieties.
Only from these flowers alone, alternating varieties and plant height, you can create an English mixborder - a mandatory element of European design that will remain decorative throughout the year and will delight its creator and its household with magnificence, lush flowering. Mixborder, located along the fence, fence or against the background of the structure will hide the flaws, decorate the territory of the site or garden and give the completeness of the landscape composition. Requires a minimum of care and cost. Such plantings look organic, they are constantly in bloom, thus they compare favorably with ordinary flower beds and flower beds.
Alpine aster ground cover photo
Used medicinal properties of alpine chamomile. Traditional medicine uses flowering tops. Successfully use them for gastrointestinal disorders, treatment of scrofula, tuberculosis. Harvest during flowering: cut, laid out in one layer, dried under canopies, avoiding the sun's rays. Decoctions, lotions treat children and adults. Juice is used for various dermatoses.
This unassuming plant since ancient times draws attention of people with modest magnificence. Ancient buildings decorated with ornaments, repeating the twists of twigs and sepals. Found them during excavations in ancient tombs and burials. Mentioned in the legends and myths of love and loyalty associated with the goddess of love, Aphrodite, personifying divine beauty and unfading youth.
It was believed that these cute звезд ’asterisks’ ’appeared at the site of the goddess’s footprints. They were planted in antiquity at the entrances to temples and houses, to earn the favor of the heavenly bodies and gods. People gave them to each other at parting, believing that they help lovers to find happiness and meet again.
Many amateur flower growers chase the impregnable, capricious exotic, not noticing the simple, not demanding, and satisfied with little attention to the representatives of the flora, which is our modest woman who, with unobtrusive care, is self-sufficient, respectable in those places where your other elects will wipe and die .
Often, passing by abandoned areas, you can spot a blooming bush of alpine aster under a raspberry or currant bush. What kind of care can be said in this case, and the plant is alive, growing, blooming. It is worth adding a little attention and care to him, and it will thank him for his gentle long flowering. Not many plants have such properties and exceptional life burden.
The plant is perfect for those summer residents, prefer to just relax in the country or garden, not bothering to take care of the plants. Alpine daisy will always thank everyone for its fun little stars. Of course, in this case, you need to pay attention to more unpretentious varieties.
Alpine aster is another great creation of Mother Nature, pleasing us with its flowering, unobtrusive beauty, bribing unpretentiousness, endurance, charm. Growing it will not be difficult, even for novice gardeners.
Alpine Astra is a ground cover perennial plant that attracts gardeners with magnificent decorative qualities. Due to the horizontal growth of the roots, they form a bright grassy carpet that prevents the growth of weeds and protects the soil from drying out.
Erect, pubescent shoots of alpine asters grow from horizontally branching root and end with a single basket inflorescence at a height of approximately from 5 to 40 cm. The diameter of the flower varies from 3 to 6 cm. The leaves are bright green in color, small in size. With sufficient illumination, the alpine perennial of the ground-covering aster forms voluminous bushes that remain green, even when leaving under the snow.
Astra alpine perennial, as the photo shows, looks like a daisy - in the center of the flower is a fluffy yellow circle, from which the delicate petals radially diverge. The perennial aster flowers are fascinated by the delicate, unobtrusive beauty that the rich green of their leaves sets off.
The attractiveness of alpine grassy asters for growing in gardens and dachas is due to its qualities:
- long flowering period
- simple rules of care,
- a variety of shades - from white to deep purple,
- the possibilities of combining aster perennial with other colors.
The genus of flowers Alpine aster is widely distributed in various regions of the Northern Hemisphere and has up to two and a half hundred different species, among which there are annuals and perennials. But many species of semi-shrub asters grow only in the south of the African continent. Alpine aster varieties differ in terms of flowering, range of shades, size of the cup. The most popular of them are the following.
A variety of perennial alpine aster, attracting with compact green bushes, which are crowned with caps of wonderful snow-white flowers. They look great in any composition.
It belongs to the varieties of white Alpine asters - low, up to 15-20 cm, stalks with white flower baskets resembling chamomile stand out against the background of lush green foliage.
Alpine perennial with charming blue petals, inside which a yellow circle stands out with a bright terry spot. Flowers are relatively large and reach a diameter of 8 cm, and the bushes grow up to half a meter, forming a magnificent carpet along the borders. The variety has a long flowering.
Alpine short-cut aster variety with chamomile flower cups of various shades that look great on stony hills. Belongs to winter-hardy varieties. When grown from seed bushes bloom in the second year.
Astra Alpine Blue
It belongs to undersized perennials with large flowers - up to 6 cm in diameter. Their saturated blue color casts with a light violet, and the elongated leaves at the base of the roots form a lush green rosette.
One of the best undersized perennials of alpine aster with small blue flowers, up to 3 cm in diameter.
Goliath is distinguished by larger flowers of purple hues. All June blooms.
Herbaceous perennial alpine aster with small pink inflorescences. Bushes grow rapidly and require frequent transplantation with division.
Features of growing
Astra alpine perennial is characterized as an extremely unpretentious herb for open ground. However, to obtain a long and massive flowering, it is desirable to provide her with favorable conditions:
- in good light, the alpine aster bushes will grow and become lush, three-dimensional forms,
- ensuring soil drainage increases the survival rate of plants,
- the period of mass flowering requires more abundant watering,
- some types of asters, especially tall ones, need systematic feeding,
- when autumn frosts come on, the bush is cut to the root collar,
- during spring pruning of alpine asters, frozen branches are simultaneously removed,
- if part of the root system is bare, the plant should be transplanted or sprinkled with earth,
- some quickly degenerate species of asters need to be planted periodically, separating the healthy parts,
- in the south and in the middle belt, the plants overwinter without shelter; in more northern regions, they are covered with spruce leaves or dry moss.
В умеренном климате семена астры альпийской можно посеять сразу в открытый грунт уже в первых числах апреля и накрыть пленкой. Через несколько недель появятся ростки, которые можно пересаживать на клумбу. В конце лета на зеленых кустиках появятся первые цветы. And next year they will demonstrate massive abundant flowering. The buds on young alpine aster bushes in the first year are best cut, as the flowering will have a negative effect on their wintering and subsequent development.
Many gardeners sow alpine aster seeds in late autumn in slightly frozen soil. Seeds poured into the grooves and sprinkled with earth, and in the spring of them appear green shoots. In order to prevent thickening of plantings, already grown bushes are seated.
You can grow seedlings of aster alpine perennial from seeds and at home, and then transplant it to a permanent place. In this case:
- seed dates are postponed to the end of February or March,
- soil is prepared from garden soil, mixed in half with rotted manure, or a ready-made floral substrate is taken,
- boxes for the substrate must have drainage holes,
- Alpine aster seeds should be buried in the soil by no more than 1-1.5 cm or simply placed on the surface and sprinkled with a layer of loose earth,
- wet moderately, taking care not to form a crust on the surface of the soil,
- put containers with aster perennial landings on the southern windows to provide good illumination,
- after the appearance of the first shoots, the temperature in the room should be lowered to 16-18 degrees, otherwise the germs will be pulled,
- dive asters carried out with the appearance of 3-4 true leaves,
- you can grow perennial seedlings without picking, if you plant aster seeds in separate cups,
- with the onset of heat, the seedlings gradually harden,
- in early summer, you can transfer planting in open ground, previously decontaminated with a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
An interesting and unusual method of growing alpine asters is sowing seeds in boiling water. It allows you to speed up the time of emergence. The substrate prepared for planting perennial aster seeds is filled in a plastic container with a transparent lid. Placed on the surface of the soil flower seeds in several rows. Then spill the soil with aster crops with ground-up boiling water, then close the container with a lid and put it in a warm place. Delicate shoots of flowers are peeking very quickly, after which the lid must be opened. The box is placed on the window sill, and after the appearance of 3-4 leaves the seedlings are swooping.
Reproduction by cuttings
If during the reproduction of alpine aster perennial it is required to retain all parental signs, the best way is grafting. This procedure is available even to novice gardeners, if you follow the simple recommendations:
- for cutting cuttings you need to choose healthy and strong copies of alpine perennial,
- young shoots are cut into pieces so that each leaf has 3 leaves,
- cuts are treated with a stimulant - some gardeners are advised to use succinic acid for root development,
- cuttings of ground-aster asters are planted in a special soil prepared from a mixture of sod land, peat and sand,
- in order to speed up the rooting of cuttings, they are covered with a film,
- the soil is moistened in moderation, avoiding drying out and excess water,
- every day, landing airs, opening the film,
- After 2-3 weeks, when the cuttings take root, the film can be removed.
Already, alpine perennial perennial bushes can be transplanted to their permanent place at the end of summer or in September.
Many gardeners prefer to multiply the aster alpine perennial way of dividing the bush, considering it the most simple and effective. The operation can be carried out throughout the season - from early summer until September. After the beginning of active growth of the plant, a part of the shrub is carefully separated along with the root and transplanted to a new place. Simultaneously with the transplant, the weak and dried shoots of perennial aster are removed. The land for planting asters of a ground cover should not be chosen in the lowland so that water does not stagnate on it, otherwise the roots of the flowers will start to ache and rot. The best option is considered well dug loam. Poor soils should be fertilized with organic matter and calmed to increase the calcium content. The marigolds and marigolds are useful for ground-laying aster precursors in the flowerbed.
Although perennial aster alpine can grow and bloom in one place from 5 to 7 years, but the optimal period for rapid development and flowering is a period of up to 3-4 years. After that, the aster bloom is slowly declining. In order for the alpine perennial to show lush flowering for a long time, you must follow simple rules:
- should not allow drying or over-wetting of the soil - watering should be uniform, and the water should be separated,
- regularly get rid of weeds that take a significant portion of nutrients from the soil,
- remove aster flowers that have already faded,
- periodic loosening will provide the plants with the necessary drainage - it must be shallow so as not to damage the flower roots,
- the hilling up of bushes will help to strengthen the root system of the grassy aster,
- Astra responds well to supplements, they are especially important during the period of plant growth and budding,
- in the spring from the flowerbeds, where perennial asters hibernated, you need to quickly remove the snow so that water does not stagnate, which is detrimental to their roots.
Astra Alpine perennial has a good resistance to many diseases, however, unfavorable growing conditions can cause damage to plants with powdery mildew or Fusarium. When the first signs of pathology appear, the affected parts of the plants must be removed and destroyed, and the perennial aster bushes should be treated with antifungal preparations or Bordeaux medicine.
Insect pests can also occur on plants - spider mites, caterpillars or slugs, for which a variety of means are also used to protect them. The processing of aster flowers with ash or soap solutions is effective. But the best prevention of disease is to provide a comfortable environment for flower development.
Application in landscape design
Fine decorative properties of aster alpine perennial, a variety of colors make it indispensable in landscape design:
- when creating a background for alpine slides,
- colorful groups of perennial asters in rockeries,
- for edging curbs and garden paths,
- for planting in beds in combination with other flowers,
- to create on the site a bright living carpet of perennial aster,
- landings along the shores of garden ponds.
Alpine Astra is a beautiful perennial, pleasing with its decorativeness, brightness, variety of colors and allowing to form flower gardens of unique beauty.
Perennial aster is considered an unpretentious plant and does not require much attention of gardeners to the process of planting and growing. But still to enjoy her full beauty and grace, it is recommended to create the necessary quality conditions for the maintenance of alpine asters:
- It is advisable to grow the flower in a well-lit place, although, according to flower grower reviews, a semi-shaded area will do.
- To avoid the possibility of rotting of the root system, it is necessary to have good drainage on the site, which should exclude completely stagnant water.
- These flowers are very demanding to the presence of calcium in the soil, so you need to add lime or dolomite flour to the soil, at the rate of 200 grams of substance per square meter.
- With very poor soil on the site, it will need to fertilize with humus.
- A remarkable result of the work gives the planting of this unique plant to the place where marigolds or calendula were planted before.
- Asters in one place are encouraged to grow no more than five years in a row. Then they are moved to another location on the site.
Fulfillment of these simple conditions will enable the owner to fully enjoy the beauty of this plant.
Surprises a large variety of varieties. The most popular among gardeners are currently considered:
- Albus is a semi-terry aster variety that looks like a daisy on stems 15–20 cm high. It blooms in June or July with flowers with snow-white petals and a yellow middle.
- Happy End - Inflorescences of a pink shade with a sweetish aroma appear on strong stalks of this plant in May.
- Goliath - blooms throughout June with light purple large flowers that are 6 cm in size.
- War grave - the flower of this aster consists of marginal pink petals with a bright yellow center. It has an inflorescence size of 4 cm.
- Gloria - inflorescence diameter up to 3 cm, petals painted in delicate blue tones.
- Dunkley Sheen - a flower with a diameter of about three centimeters, intense purple color.
- Rosen - the color of the inflorescence is pink, the diameter of the aster basket reaches 4 cm.
- Superbus - a flower about three centimeters in size, with petals of lilac-blue color.
- Ruben - this variety of aster with flowers of red-pink color and a bud up to four centimeters in diameter.
- Helen Butte - a semi-terry variety on short stems has a rich purple color.
- Dark Butte is a variety that blooms with blue-violet buds throughout July.
Of course, it is impossible to describe all varieties of Alpine chamomile in one article, because thanks to the work of many breeders, there are over 250 different varieties of this graceful flower.
Planting and care of the alpine aster
If you want to grow aster seedlings from seeds, you need to plant seeds in pre-prepared boxes, with a land substrate, in late March or early April. The room temperature should be at least 20, but the drawers are still closed with glass or plastic to create the most favorable conditions.
After the appearance of young shoots, the container with the seedlings is moved to a cooler room with a temperature of 15-18. Lowering the ambient temperature is necessary so that the seedlings grow with stronger stalks. When the stalks grow four full leaves, the seedlings can be swooped in separate pots or cups. When carrying out this operation, you need to make additional feeding mineral complexes.
At the beginning of May, pots or cups are rearranged in a low capacity in order to be able to carry out seedlings every day to the loggia, to conduct hardening of the shoots. Further, seedlings can be transported to the cottage and placed in a greenhouse for several days.
The seedlings grown in this way are then planted in a flower garden or in a flower bed in the evening, in May. The landing site must be prepared in advance., why dig up the ground and remove all the weeds. Further, the wells for planting are plentifully shed with a solution of potassium permanganate and, after soaking up the liquid, we place the shoots with the ground right into the planting hole. It is advisable to water the asters daily during the first week, in the morning time of the day, with water at room temperature. But, in any case, water should not be allowed to stagnate in the hole.
But, if the opportunity to engage in the process of growing seedlings is missing, then it is possible to plant seeds in the autumn period immediately into the ground. Sowing of seeds is carried out in the prepared grooves, even already in frozen soil, and sprinkle them on top of them, specially prepared for this purpose, with earth.
In the spring, at the site of planting, there will be boring holes that will need to be carefully seated to avoid excessive plant density. With this method of planting, it must be remembered that the germination of seeds is the higher, the fresher they are.
Charming Alpine Chamomile Asters can be propagated by grafting. To do this, in the middle of summer, it is necessary to cut off the apical processes, which have already grown to a length of at least 6 cm. These cuttings are placed in a moistened garden bed, preferably in a shady place, and covered with transparent caps, it is possible from a plastic bottle. After about 25 days, the roots of the saplings should grow, if you do not forget, regularly moisten the soil and remove the ventilation hoods.
Another way of breeding alpine asters is considered to be the division of the bush. To perform this procedure, it will take three or four year old bush of Alpine chamomile aster divided into several parts, and then transplant them to other places. This work is best done in the spring, when the leaves begin to grow on the stalks. On the right part for landing flower should be three shoots of plants with a root system.
In principle, it is desirable to update perennial asters, living for three or four years in a permanent flower bed, because the plant eventually crawls out of the ground. This process is associated with the formation of new buds at the base of the shoots of the past season, so in little snow winters, these buds may not be completely covered with snow, and may freeze to death.
In the next few years your flowers will require a little care:
- Periodic watering of the soil is carried out as the soil dries, as excessive moisture adversely affects the root system of the plant.
- Regular weeding and loosening the ground near the base of the flower.
- Before the formation of the bud of an aster, it is necessary to produce an earthing up of the plant, thanks to which the development of the root system accelerates and its growth is strengthened.
- It is necessary to carry out plant nutrition. At the time of bud formation and active leaf growth, two supplements are carried out by adding organic fertilizers to the soil, for example, mullein. During flowering spend third feeding. In the autumn period, it is enough to add ash to the soil.
If you do not plan to use seeds for reproduction, it is desirable to remove the flower baskets that have lost their decorative property.
About plant diseases and pests
If you take care and proper care of the plant, then the misfortunes usually bypass your perennial flower side. In the rainy summer or with excessive moisture Aster can sometimes be affected by powdery mildew at the landing site. If a spore of a harmful fungus gets into contact with a plant, a gray-white plaque may appear. Therefore, many florists before the flowering period twice treat the plant with Topaz or Fundazol. And in the autumn, it is desirable to make the treatment of the plant Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate.
Root rot can also be caused by excessive soil moisture, while the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow, and the flower turns brown and fades. Plants afflicted with such a disease must be urgently removed from the site in order to prevent the spread of the disease to other plantings.
The main plant pests are:
- Spider mites, which can appear in hot, dry summers, they suck the sap from the plant. To combat this pest is very useful treatment of infusion of onion and garlic arrows. If there are a lot of ticks, then they are treated with “Malophos”.
- Caterpillars scoops destroy leaves of the plant. To destroy them, the plant will have to be treated with “Phosphide” or “Karbofos”.
- Slugs also eat the leaves and stalks of asters. In order to prevent them from getting on the plant, you need to periodically sprinkle it with lime or ash, or set traps.
- The meadow bug is removed by treating asters with “Feverfrom”, “Karbofos”.
Some ideas for using plants in the garden
- It will be appropriate to plant this type of asters at the foot of an alpine slide.
- The rosemary bordyurchik made of alpine aster looks great, because these flowers look very impressive against a background of stones.
- Using several different varieties of plants, you can arrange a beautiful lawn near a private house.
- The use of bright varieties of alpine asters beautifully revive the curb on the path to the gazebo.
- In the flower garden near the house, asters are perfectly combined with geraniums, Chinese carnations, violets, low phloxes, yarrow, and a collar.
- A very beautiful flower bed will be if bearded irises settle near the aster of violet and blue color.
And in containers on the loggias of high-rise buildings Low alpine aster varieties look very nice.
If you like the exquisite beauty of the mountains, the flowers of asters will be the perfect decoration of the backyard territory. A minimum of diligence and patience, with a modest care of this plant, will give you unforgettable minutes of enjoying the beauty of alpine aster perennial.
Description: varieties and varieties of aster alpine
Astra - one of the most common colors used in landscape design in the open field, on the suburban areas. These flowers delight the eye from spring to late autumn.
The first of the aster family in late May is the Alpine aster, a perennial aster, a spring-summer flowering plant, up to 25-30 cm in height. Usually, the asters continue to bloom for more than three to four weeks. Alpine aster flower sockets of medium size (not exceeding 4-6 cm in diameter), are located one by one on the stem. In shape and location of the petals, aster alpine resembles chamomile, so it is sometimes called alpine chamomile. This flower is perfect for decoration of the foot of the Alpine, frost-resistant.
A variety of colors Alpine perennial asters contributes to its active use in landscape design. Селекционерами выведено множество сортов астры альпийской с различной окраской цветочных корзинок: встречаются темно-фиолетовые, голубовато-фиолетовые, светло- и темно-розовые, ярко-оранжевые цветки.
Наиболее распространенные сорта астры альпийской:
- «Альбус» – белая невысокая астра, цветет в первые два месяца лета, стебли короткие (не выше 15-20 см), плотно усеяны листочками,
- «Глория» — цветочные розетки окрашены в голубые тона, соцветия не превышают 3 см в диаметре,
- "Goliath" is distinguished by light purple flower rosettes about 6 cm in diameter. Blossoms about a month, the beginning of flowering is June,
- "Rosea" - a flower of a pink shade, flower sockets up to 4 cm in diameter,
- "Happy End" is characterized by strong straight stems, abundantly covered with leaves. Blossoms in May, the flowering period is long enough - about a month,
- "Dunkle Schone" - spectacular dark purple aster, inflorescences about 3 cm,
- "Ruber" - an unusual aster of a red-pink shade, flower sockets up to 4 cm,
- "Superbus" - aster lilac-blue tones, flower rosettes about 3.5 cm in diameter.
Planting a plant
Before planting plants in open ground, you must choose a suitable location: all perennial asters like a well-lit sunny place. It is recommended to fertilize the soil before planting asters (phosphate preparations are used), dig up, select all weeds and moisten.
It is advisable to add about 200 g of lime to the soil before digging the soil and planting asters (you can substitute dolomite flour), about 100 g of superphosphate. It is necessary to dig up to a depth of 30 cm.
Attention! For landing asters raw, flooded soils are categorically not suitable. In such conditions, the plant becomes infected with powdery mildew and simply dies.
Alpine Astra - perennial, unpretentious in the care. It is necessary to ensure timely watering of the plant (infrequently, but abundantly) and loosening of the soil, weeding. The lack of moisture can lead to the loss of the decorative type of flower baskets and their drying out. Before flowering, it is recommended to pile up the crop to a height of 5-6 cm, thus accelerating the growth of the root system and its strengthening. During the flowering period, it is necessary to remove dried plants.
The flower is frost-resistant, but for frosty winters it is recommended to mulch the perennial with soil or sand, given that the buds of the plant should be covered.
Fertilizer and dressing
Alpine permeable soil containing calcium is required for lush flowering of the alpine alpine. As a fertilizer during transplantation and pruning of plants, phosphorus and potassium-containing preparations should be applied to the soil.
If the aster is planted in a soil with low humus content, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with organic compounds at the rate of about 10 kg of humus per 1 m 2. In addition, 20 g of mineral nitrogen fertilizers should be added to light soils.
Alpine asters are propagated in two ways: by seeds and by dividing a bush that grows a couple of years.
Seeds Asters are harvested at the end of autumn after flowering is over, planted in fertilized soil and covered with foil to obtain the greenhouse effect. Saplings received dive in March-April, after the appearance of the first leaves. Asters grown from seeds in the open ground bloom only in the second year. This breeding method is quite laborious, since seed germination is low.
Aster bush dividing (vegetative method) - simple and fast method of reproduction and planting new areas with flowers. It is necessary to separate part of the bush along with the rhizome in the spring after the beginning of rapid growth, remove weak stems and transplant to a new place.
Also asters all summer you can propagate by cuttings. For this purpose, the tops of the shoots are suitable, their recommended length is about 6 cm. Cuttings should be planted in specially prepared for them beds with special soil (turfy ground, peat, sand in the ratio of 2 parts of ground to 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand) in partial shade, covered with agrofibre. Rooting time of cuttings is about 1 month. As the cuttings, you can use young shoots up to 15 cm tall, cut into several parts, each of which should have 3 leaves. In August and September, such cuttings can be planted at a permanent place of growth.
Alpine Astra: combination with other plants
Alpine Astra blooms for quite a long time, it can serve as a backdrop for other flowers, gradually replacing each other from spring to autumn.
Bordyrny irises, euphorbia cypress, evening primrose, euphorbia multicolor, pin sow-color, which are painted in bright yellow color, look spectacular against the background of purple asters. The combination of bearded irises and alpine asters looks interesting - by planting blue or lilac varieties next to you, you can create a pleasant looking composition by playing on a smooth change of semitones.
Astra goes well with:
- big stonecrop
- stonecrop prominent
- turf white,
- barberry Thunberg,
- Japanese spirit.
Experienced gardeners willingly include in the composition with Alpine aster primula Julia, reed grass, spartina, creeping thyme. Successful partners for perennial asters are decorative cereals.
Astra alpine in landscape design
Since the alpine aster perennial is rather unpretentious in cultivation, it is actively used in landscape design, gardeners and simply wildlife lovers in flower gardens, rock gardens, in the design of flower beds, stony hills, as a balcony plant.
It is recommended to plant alpine asters in the foreground of shrub plantings, in borders, to decorate the shores of small garden or summer ponds.
Astra Alpine perennial equally loved and experienced landscape designers and amateur gardeners. It is easy to maintain, does not require special irrigation conditions, but at the same time almost the whole summer pleases with bright colors, emphasizing the beauty of the surrounding nature. Give your attention to Astra Alpine, and she will thank for a lush bloom.
Astra Alpine: photos
- Astra: cultivation and care in the open field
- How to determine the variety of chrysanthemums for the garden. Characteristics of the most beautiful species
- Flowers for the garden: planting and caring for a peach bell
- How to organize an early decor plot with the help of the crested
Every summer I plant asters not only annuals, but also perennials of a mixture of alpine species. The flowerbeds adorn the garden beautifully. Practically not whimsical and grow without proper care the whole season. Asters are both tall and short growing. Tall ones go to the bouquet.
Amazingly beautiful photos, I really like asters! Thank you for the pleasure!
Alpine perennial aster is ...
Alpine Astra (A. Alpinus) is the only true member of the Astrov family, which is native to the mountain systems of Europe and North America. This is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches a height of approximately 15 to 30 centimeters, at the moment when flowers appear on the bush every year, at the end of spring, and the seeds ripen.
Most varieties of this species have colorful flowers. Growing them successfully on stony, drained soils that are illuminated by abundant sunshine. Bushes of this aster themselves are compact, shot down, like all plants of the Alpine type. There are six hundred varieties of alpine aster. Care of the aster of a perennial alpine includes sowing (planting), pruning, the highest twigs for a more compact look at the bush, feeding and fighting insect pests and various rot. The flowers are the inflorescences of the basket, solitary. The color of the petals in the baskets of inflorescences: pink, lilac, lavender, dark purple, charcoal-lilac, snow-white and milky. The flowering of this plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.
“Dunkle schöne” is a German alpine aster variety, commonly known in English as “Dark Beauty”. It possesses large, daisy-like flowers, with a lot of dark purple radiant petals and yellow discs of the centers on short stems, 20-25 cm tall. The leaves are of a light green or deep green color, narrow-lanceolate and form a good tangle. Growing this variety is good because it is a supplier of cut flowers, and care is needed when the usual.
Where did she live and where does she live?
The Alpine perennial aster is a dwarf, growing for many years after its initial landing, in one place and originating from the European Alps. She is listed there as an object that is endangered and highly protected. Her bush forms single stem flowers from late spring to early summer. Therefore, it is an early flowering species. It is often used in rock gardens or for growing as edging the borders of flower beds. Thickets from the bushes of this aster form a low carpet of bright green leaves.
It should have, after planting, a lot of direct sunlight, but without much additional irrigation.
Requirements, preferences, recommendations for care ...
Perennial aster does not require any strong care to yourself. If you follow the two mandatory rules, then the alpine aster will always delight the eye with violent flowering in the flowerbeds.
- After an aster is planted, be sure to mulch the soil near it. Organic mulch will be able to keep enough moisture and nutrients. Lay it in several centimeters from aster stalks, but not directly near them.
- Astra Alpine has requirements for water, but medium, it needs water regularly, but not too much. Proper care of asters includes watering at the base, but water should not be sprayed on the foliage. Constant drops on the leaves contribute to the flourishing of powdery mildew and other fungal diseases.
What loves and what does not?
Loves watering only in the morning and occasionally.
They are not a glutton, therefore it is necessary to apply mineral dressings sparingly, once a month or so, as the bushes grow in size.
Bushes, growing more than 4 years in one place, require dividing themselves into parts or old plants die in the middle of those thickets.
Requirements for soil pH and preference for different soils in%:
- up to 5.5 (strongly acidic) - 6%,
- 5.6 to 6.0 (acid) - 8%,
- 6.1 to 6.5 (slightly acid) - 56%,
- 6.5 to 7.5 (neutral) - 30%.
Where to grow?
This side rabatok and edging flower arrangements. Astra itself loves the full sun, but will grow in a light shade, grows well in any, well-drained soil, and the seeds should be planted in the garden after the soil has warmed sufficiently in spring. Astra alpine perennial will look great on the front of the ridge or near the border, the flower bed, but you can put it among small shrubs.
Where and how to plant?
The distance, when planting is carried out, between plants, in a flower garden or in a garden, is from 18 to 34 centimeters.
- vegetatively - by dividing a coma of a perennial bush and planting new parts in a new place,
- from seeds, by direct sowing in the open air in autumn in the winter,
- from seeds - by sowing in winter to containers in greenhouses or unheated greenhouses,
- from seeds - sowing indoors for seedlings in the spring,
- from seeds, by direct sowing after the last frost in spring in the flower garden soil.
Growing asters by simple sowing is a delicate matter. This perennial, with small seeds is better to sow on seedlings in fine earth, at a distance of 2.5 to 3 cm from each other. To a depth of 2 cm. It grows from 15 to 25 days with an optimum soil temperature from +20 to +25 degrees. Germination is improved by pre-cooling the seeds in the refrigerator, from two to three weeks before planting.
Better aster alpine grows, being sown in a seedling container, since this habitat is easier to control. The container is filled with light, airy, sterilized soil; the container itself must have drainage holes.
Cultivation through sowing seeds into the soil occurs by direct sowing with a coating of a thin layer of dry soil. For the best contact of seeds with soil they are gently pressed. Then cover the container with a newspaper to reduce evaporation and keep the soil moist until the seedlings appear. After that, immediately take shelter, otherwise the seedlings will not begin to germinate.
When the seedlings show their first green leaves, you will need water with a liquid solution of complex fertilizer "Kemira", strictly according to the instructions. Repeat feeding every two weeks by placing the container in the sun.
When the seedlings have their first set of true leaves, they should be transplanted into separate plastic pots. Next, plants grow in full sun, with cool nights, from +10 to +14 at night. After the last frosting, it is necessary to move the pots to the open air, until the plants are well hardened and have a height of 5 to 8 cm, then they are planted in a permanent place.
Planted in the evening in the pre-watered fossa. After planting, seedlings are immediately poured with water with an additive, ½ liter per bucket of water, a liquid solution of potassium humate, in order to reduce the shock of transplantation. Keep new plantings wet and continue rare, but uniform watering until flowering stops.
What is the care for life without diseases and pests?
Growing and caring for alpine asters should include control over powdery mildew and sheet gnaws. It is easier to prevent the disease by dividing the bushes, in the fall or spring, into medium-sized lumps, removing and discarding all the weak, sick and old parts.
Mealy dew is expelled using fungicidal sprays or “green soap” if the disease is detected early. Regular use of fungicides during the growing season will help to prevent irreparable powdery powdery mildew damage in the aesthetic look of a flower garden. Spraying infusions of herbs will scare away small sheet rats and aphids, which sometimes feed on a succulent growth point in growing asters.
If this wonderful aster is included in the decoration of the site, she will be able to please with its flowering for more than one year, without requiring additional care. This hardy perennial plant will repeat its spring bloom for many years, delighting with this florist.
General description and main varieties
Alpine aster is a perennial herb of the Astrovye family. As for the representatives of this family, aster blooms quite early - in late May or early June. The flowers of the plant are not large; their diameter does not exceed 5–6 cm. In appearance, the aster as a perennial alpine resembles a chamomile, but differs from it in a variety of colors, thanks to which it won the love of summer residents.
White, blue, purple, lilac and pink asters grow in lush bushes with a height of not more than 30 cm. The plant is perfect for decoration of hills and rockeries, ordinary flower beds.
Breeders bred many varieties of alpine asters. On private plots, the following are the most common:
- Albus - white flowers with yellow-green center, bloom in early summer.
- Goliath - flowers of purple and rich purple color, diameter - up to 6 cm. The beginning of flowering - June.
- Superbus - the plant has lilac-blue flowers with a diameter of not more than 3 cm.
- Helen Beauty is a semi-terry variety, flowers have a bright rich purple color.
- Vargrave - flowers of a delicate pink color with a bright yellow center, the diameter of the inflorescences 3-4 cm.
- Ruber - extraordinarily beautiful asters of red-pink color, flowers diameter up to 4 cm.
- Happy End - variety is distinguished by early flowering. Flowers bloom in May. Inflorescence pink color.
Description of plant culture
Alpine aster, or aster false, or aster of Korzhinsky, is a perennial herb of the Astrov family. For many centuries, it has been grown by gardeners and amateur growers.
Srednerosly flower can reach a height of 30−35 cm With good lighting the bush grows, acquiring a volumetric shape. The plant has a horizontal thickened rhizome. From it grow upright and strongly branched shoots with pubescence. Leaf plates located at the roots are obovate. The stems are covered with spherical lanceolate leaves, shallow to the top.
The inflorescences are represented by apical baskets up to 5-6 cm in diameter, having a lot of reed flowers of various colors. Seeds of obovate form have a tuft. The main advantage of the alpine aster is its long flowering time, which begins in late May and ends in autumn.
False asters began to cultivate in the XVI century. Beautiful flowers resembling chamomiles use summer residents and gardeners for their plots. Mixborders, curbs, alpine slides and group planting foreground rarely do without such a flower. Astra is cultivated even in the northern regions, where it perfectly tolerates long winters without negative consequences.
In the world there are more than 250 varieties of alpine chamomile. The natural areas of the Northern Hemisphere are rich in this plant culture. Most often such an aster is found in North America. In addition, the Alps, Sayans, Altai and the Caucasus are rich in such plants.
Popular flower varieties
Alpine asters differ in flowering time. Different types of plants can enjoy attractive flowers in spring, summer or autumn. Several shrub species can be found only in South Africa. Flowers, like stars, have a bright yellow center and numerous petals in the form of rays.
Popular types of aster false:
- Albus Short stems have small dark green leaves. Simple or semi-double flowers with white petals and yellow center cover the entire spherical bush. The plant reaches 13−20 cm in height. Flowering begins at the very beginning of summer.
- Blondie. Растительная культура, часто выращиваемая для срезки цветов, вырастает до 35 см. Цветки белого розового или сиренево-фиолетового окраса напоминают пушистые шарики. Неприхотливая в уходе астра зацветает в начале июня.
- Глория. Высота растения достигает 30−35 см. Куст с изумрудными листьями отличается декоративностью до конца осени. Simple blue flowers, which appear at the end of May, are characterized by a diameter of 3-4 cm. Gloria is considered to be a undemanding and disease-resistant variety.
- Goliath. The low plant differs in semi-double flowers of a light-violet shade. This species tends to grow rapidly, so for its cultivation requires a large area.
- Dark Beauty. The picturesque bush, reaching 15 cm in height, has bright purple flowers. This variety is often planted between stones, resulting in a picturesque landscape.
- Dunkle Scheene. The lush plant, growing up to 25 cm, has baskets of purple color. Saturated tone flower looks favorably against the backdrop of greenery and flowers of other species.
- Rosey. The bush grows to 16−22 cm. The flowers, having a greenish-yellow center and pink petals, appear in early July, decorating a spherical bush. This view is also recommended to plant the stones.
- Ruber. The plant has a rich color of red-pink flowers. The bush grows up to 30 cm and can decorate the garden both with single plantings on a flower bed, and landing along the paths.
- Superbus During the flowering period, openwork bushes adorn lilac-blue flowers. The grade is unpretentious, does not demand special leaving and can develop even on the shaded sites.
- Happy end. The early flowering variety is characterized by shrubs not less than 35 cm high. The Alpine aster with pink flowers is characterized by abundant flowering, which begins in May and ends in July. Effectively this variety will look along the tracks.
By combining different varieties, you can achieve a bright landscape and continuous flowering from the very beginning of spring to the beginning of winter. Asters are in harmony with many colors, so they will fit into any floral arrangement. If you want to arrange a summer cottage with some asters, you can add octabrins, septemberins, belgian, italian, new zealand and other perennials to alpine varieties.
Features planting plants
Planting and care for the alpine aster is not a big deal. Plant culture fell in love with the majority of florists for their unpretentiousness. However, to achieve a healthy development and lush flowering will turn out only with certain conditions.
For the cultivation of alpine chamomile should choose a site that is well lit by the sun. Astra will grow well in shaded areas, but in this case there is rarely abundant flowering. Usually the flowers that appear are small in size. Experienced gardeners do not recommend planting crops in damp places, because groundwater contributes to root decay.
For Korzhinsky aster, it is necessary to select a drained alkaline soil. Prepare it in the fall. First, they dig the soil, then add humus or compost to it in a volume of 3 kg per square meter. In early spring, the soil is treated with ammonium sulphate, potassium salt and superphosphates. Then make another digging with further loosening of the soil. The holes for each bush are dug at a depth of at least 25 cm so that the neighboring flowers do not tangle with shoots.
The basics of alpine aster care
The rapid development and abundance of flowers is guaranteed with the right care for alpine chamomile.
Perennial requires moderate watering. Abundantly watered plant can only be in the summer heat, while monitoring its condition. Per square meter of landings should go about 3 buckets of water. In spring and autumn, the crop is watered when a thin crust forms on the soil of the bushes. At disturbance of process of watering or excessive moistening emergence of mealy dew is possible.
Astra, like many plants, needs feeding. Feed the plant 3 times a year:
- 2 weeks after landing. A square meter requires a mixture of 10 g of potassium sulfate, 50 g of superphosphate and 20 g of nitrate.
- In the period of budding. Superphosphate and potassium sulfate 50 g per square meter are added to the ground.
- With the beginning of flowering. The third and last top dressing is similar in volume and composition to the second.
It is important not to overdo it with fertilizers, since an excess amount often leads to the death of the plant.
It is also necessary to conduct regular loosening of the soil with the removal of weeds growing near asters. Loosen the soil should be no deeper than 5-7 cm. The procedure should be performed after the rains.
Winter rest period
Before the onset of winter, many years of Astra should provide the conditions with which she will be able to survive the cold period. The ground around the bushes must be mulched. This will protect the plant root system from freezing. As mulch is used sawdust or dry foliage.
Most often, the green parts of the flower do not dry out and hibernate in this form. If the shoots with leaves are withered, you should prune the bush from excess parts. Without this procedure, the aster will not be able to grow next spring. The flower does not require additional shelter, as the plant culture is rather resistant to the harsh climate. If the plant is grown in the northern regions, the base of the bushes are advised to fall asleep with sand, so that the buds do not freeze out, from which new shoots will appear in the spring.
With the beginning of the spring season around the bushes should be removed thawed ice. If moisture stagnates in the ground, the aster root system will deteriorate. At the same time, not only the roots can be damaged, but also the young stems, for which excessive moisture will be disastrous at this time.
Perennial Breeding Methods
The reproduction of alpine asters can be done in several ways: bush dividing, grafting or seed.
The quickest way to enrich your garden with alpine daisies is to divide the bush. The procedure is recommended in the period from May to September. Delenki planted in separate pots or large capacity so that the distance between them was not less than 15−20 cm. When the plants develop, they are planted in a permanent place in the open ground.
Often, plant culture is propagated by cutting. Only healthy specimens are suitable for this purpose. Cuttings cut with a sterile knife. The lower internodes relieve the leaves, the cut is treated with a root. Also hold pinching tops. In order to stimulate the formation of the root system, many growers resort to the use of succinic acid: a small amount of the substance is powdered by cuttings from cuttings.
Rooted samples about two weeks. Capacities in which rooting cuttings can be covered with a film or glass to accelerate the appearance of roots. Plants need to be ventilated every day for 7−10 minutes. Watering is done only after complete drying of the substrate in order to prevent overmoistening. Transplantation of cuttings in open ground is performed in September.
It is also possible to grow perennial alpine asters from seeds. Usually the material is germinated at home. Seeds are planted in March or April.
Growing alpine asters from seeds in room conditions:
- The bottom of small containers is filled with drainage.
- The containers are filled with a light substrate of rotten organic matter and garden soil.
- The seed is immersed 1-1.5 cm in the ground. On one capacity should take 2−3 seed. In a large container, seeds are sown at a distance of 6 cm from each other. Between the rows should be 7−9 cm
- The nursery should be placed on the window sill of the south window.
- Watering should be moderate so that the soil does not clog and does not become too hard.