Ferovit refers to the means of agrotechnics, stimulating the livelihoods of plants. Its effect on vegetation is similar in appearance to that of vitamins and oxygen cocktails on us. The use of ferovita significantly affects the plantations, especially in combination with growth stimulants, for example. Zirconia. Ferovit allows you to nurse plants with chlorosis, helps healthy to endure adverse conditions, and in favorable conditions increases the yield of fruit and vegetable crops. Ferovit does not require from the user a lot of experience in agricultural engineering and especially careful adherence to the processing procedures of plants. The drug ferovita with proper use of a little dangerous and does not accumulate in the fruit. However, for its full effectiveness, it is necessary to apply ferovit in suitable conditions subject to certain rules. This article outlines when and how to use ferite.
Composition and action
The mother liquor (commercial) solution of ferovite contains biologically active 2-valent iron Fe II in an amount of 75 g / l (112.5 mg in a vial 1.5 ml) and nitrogen in the amide form (in the form of urea-urea) 40 g / l or 60 mg / ampoule. Fe II is a meso element of plant nutrition that they need for the synthesis of chlorophyll, i.e. for photosynthesis. Amide nitrogen in plant biocenosis is the precursor of nitrate, assimilated by plants in the process of biosynthesis. Thus, first of all, ferovit, figuratively speaking, stimulates the appetite of plants, and when they start to "saliva", they offer them a "snack" - the main element of the food - in the amount necessary to "freeze the worm" and with fresh forces take up their direct responsibilities. Sick plants ferovit, again figuratively speaking, prompts "to perk up" and resist the disease more actively. If the disease is iron chlorosis (see below), then ferovit is also an effective cure for it.
Effect on plants of the drug Ferovit in conjunction with growth promoters
Thus, the use of ferovita is effective in the following cases:
- For the treatment of iron chlorosis (see below), i.e. replenishing the deficiency of active iron in plants and stimulating their vital activity for a speedy recovery.
- Planned on open ground with an excess of calcium or in the spring after the introduction of lime powder. Not dolomite, see below!
- Planned for indoor plants and greenhouses (greenhouse, greenhouse) - to enhance photosynthesis in low light conditions.
- Same for aquarium plants.
- Unplanned on open ground in adverse years (cold, rainy, overcast) - to maintain the yield and / or yield of other marketable products (cut flowers, seedlings, etc.).
- Preventive fertilizer on open ground on a well-kept plot in good years - to increase the yield above the usual rate.
Note: The use of ferovite, as any other means of enhancing plant life, will be effective only if they receive adequate nutrition and adequate watering. Patients with non-chlorosis and affected plants must first be cured, free from pests and, if possible, placed in favorable conditions. Chlorotic plants should try to give more light, and when signs of recovery appear, they also need good nutrition.
Iron, Magnesium and Calcium
Calcium is also a necessary meso element for plants, but its excess in the soil suppresses the absorption of active iron by the roots. If the soil in the area is strongly calcinated alkaline, ferovit is regularly given to the plants by foliar fertilizing during the growing season. If the fall was carried out liming the soil, ferovit used next year. But in the case when the soil is deoxidized with dolomite flour (magnesium instead of calcium in it), there is nothing to interfere with the absorption of iron by plants. Then the diagnosis of the cause of chlorosis is simplified (see below), since Magnesium is also needed by plants for the synthesis of chlorophyll, but its disadvantage is excluded in this case.
Ferovit as a chelated drug
The activity of ferovite for plants is due to the fact that Fe II is contained in it in the so-called. chelated form. Free ions of Fe II in nature very quickly almost all transform into the 3-valent form of Fe III, which is not digestible by plants. By introducing non-chelated Fe II in air and in the soil in the presence of moisture, an equilibrium between Fe II and Fe III is soon established, but the first remains an insignificant amount.
In the process of chelate formation, the ion of a chemical element seems to be trapped by organic compounds that do not form “real” chemical bonds with it (the “external” electrons of atoms do not transfer to the orbitals common to the compound components), see on the left in fig. But the compound - chelating agent (chelating agent) inhibits the chemical activity of the chelated ion. Chelates are not very stable compounds and in nature they gradually disintegrate, releasing chelated ions. If the chelated battery is in this area of accessibility for the plant, it is immediately absorbed by it.
Scheme of formation and appearance of iron chelates
The usefulness of chelates for plants is also determined by the type of chelating agent. In appearance, all iron chelates are similar to each other (on the right in the figure), but their decay rate can be very different from the optimum one for the plants to assimilate, and much of the microelement they need will still be wasted. On the left in fig. shows the formation of iron chelate with citric acid, so called. iron citrate. This is a very simple chelate. Iron citrate is easy to prepare yourself, see the video:
Video: making chelate - iron citrate yourself
However, iron citrate decomposes in the heat too quickly, and in the cold too slowly. Therefore, most of the Fe II from it in the open field disappears in vain just when the Fe II from it is most needed by plants. For the preparation of ferovite, various specially selected chelating agents are used; therefore, the rate of Fe II release by them in almost any conditions of application is optimal for plants.
When to apply ferovit for treatment
Planned-prophylactic use of ferovita is easy, see below. Some overdose or short supply will not harm the plants or the users of plant products. But treatment of leaf chlorophyll with ferovite requires preliminary diagnosis of the cause of the disease.
As can be seen from fig. below, leaf chlorosis can be caused by a lack or excess of various plant nutrients. And even an excess of the same element, the lack of which leads to chlorosis with similar symptoms.
Causes and signs of plant leaf chlorosis
Lack of magnesium leads to chlorosis of the leaves, at least, and even more often than iron. And you cannot confuse iron chlorosis with magnesium, because Both of these elements are used by plants to synthesize chlorophyll. If you give iron when there is not enough magnesium, or vice versa, then such a “treatment” will only aggravate the situation.
According to the written recommendations, it is easy to distinguish iron chlorine from magnesium chlorine: the first affects the whole leaf area, while magnesium has green veins on it. But, first, these symptoms clearly appear when the disease is already running. Then, if the plants survive, the crop losses will still be large.
Secondly, the individual signs of chlorosis in plants of different species are very different. Or even the same species under different cultivation conditions. Here you can see the concrete leaves of particular chlorotic plants:
Different types of plant leaf chlorosis
Can you determine from them with 100% certainty what kind of chlorosis is taking place? Therefore, the key to successful treatment of plants is, first of all, your own experience in plant growing. If it is not yet enough, a video about the signs of chlorosis in plants will help you to get some initial information about the diagnosis of plant diseases by leaves:
How to breed ferovit
According to the manufacturer’s instructions, a working 0.1% is prepared from a vial of 1.5 ml, dissolving its contents in 1.5 of water. However, for various purposes (see below) it is advisable to change the dosage:
- For treatment on open ground - 0.2% solution (6 ampoules per 3 liters of water or 12-13 ampoules per bucket),
- For planned and unscheduled treatments - base solution: a 1.5 l ampoule or 6-7 ampoules per bucket,
- For prophylactic application after liming - 0.03% solution: ampoule with 4.5 liters of water or 2 ampoules per bucket,
- For the treatment of indoor plants - 45 drops per 1 liter of water,
- For routine preventive treatments room - 35 drops per 1 liter of water.
The venomous preparation of ferovita in the opened package and the working solution are not stored and should be used immediately. For a small area, indoor and aquarium plants of one ampoule may be too much. Ferovit is inexpensive (about 30 rubles per vial), but the penny saves the penny.
It is possible to select ferovit from the original packaging in parts with a medical syringe, piercing the cork with it. There is a hole in it, into which a lump of sealant is pressed. The best of the available tools for this are chewed chewing gum (yes, yes), mashed white bread crumb or cool dough. You can also cover up with clay. When they seal the puncture site, the shelf life of the drug (2 years) is not reduced.
Treatment rates and procedures
Plants are treated with ferovite by spraying according to the usual rules: from early morning or (better) in the evening in calm, warm weather, preferably overcast, but not in anticipation of rain. Consumption rate - by eye, before settling on the leaves of a thin film of drizzle. The first drops appeared a little - enough is enough, we process further. Instructions on treatment regimes and schemes for different crops are as follows:
- Vegetables - planned and unscheduled once every 3 weeks during the growing season before harvest. On flowering - a break before the formation of ovaries (the smell and taste of ferovite frighten off pollinators). Medical - once a week when there is evidence of disease. After treatment, you can switch to the planned one. Prophylactic after liming - once a month,
- Fruit and berry bushes, ornamental trees and flowers - 3-4 times before flowering with an interval of 10 days - 2 weeks. If treatment is carried out, the concentration of the solution is doubled (see above),
- Garden strawberries (strawberries) - ampoule per 1 liter of water per 5 square meters. m plantings. Green mass of bushes sprayed 1-3 times before flowering at the same interval as the fruit. Rooting mustache process pointwise from a hand sprayer in the calculation of 1-2 pressing on each bud rooting.
- Indoor - spraying base solution at a rate of 50-70 ml per plant, which requires a pot of 1 l. For large acc. more, less less.
Ferovit belongs to the substances of the 3rd hazard class, but is located at the very bottom of its range, closer to the 4th grade. Therefore, the PPE for working with it is quite simplified: glasses, a respirator or a wet gauze bandage, clothes and shoes covering the body, a hat, gloves. In the working area should not be outsiders, you can not eat, drink, smoke. The time of working with ferovit working solution is unlimited. If the product comes into contact with the skin, wash it off with water and wash the affected area with soap and water. In case of contact with eyes, rinse them open under running water. If you feel unwell, stop working, drink a glass of water with activated carbon powder, then another 2-4 glasses of water and induce vomiting, and then consult a doctor.
Ferovit for aquarium
Aquarists love ferovit: it allows you to keep aquatic plants under minimal lighting. From this, the aquarium with the fish looks much more spectacular, and the risk of getting such filth in it as thread or Vietnamese decreases many times.
To add ampoules of ferovite and citovite to the aquarium, pour in 1 l of water, this is enough for tanks with a total capacity of a ton. For smaller stock solutions are taken by syringe in parts, see above. The rate of application - 1 ml of the working solution per 1 liter of the tank aquarium daily. The dose is gradually injected with a syringe into the jet from the filter pump.
An indispensable condition for the successful use of ferovite in an aquarium is an illumination of at least 2 W / 1 l of tank capacity in terms of incandescent lamps. If the aquarium is illuminated with fluorescent phytolamps, the rate of light is reduced 5 times (0.4 W / l or 40 W / 100 l), if with LED lights - 8 times (0.25 W / l or 25 W / 100 l). If, however, conventional housekeeping bulbs or LEDs are used for illumination, it is necessary to determine the application scheme empirically: the abovementioned should be introduced first weekly, one month later in 3 days, another month after 2 days and, finally, daily. It is necessary to stop at that stage, at which the improvement of plant health is noticeable. It is not necessary to give more, so as not to “catch” filamentous algae.
Instructions for use
Ferovit is a multifunctional photosynthetic stimulator that removes chlorosis and yellowing of the leaves, which are caused by a lack of available iron or damage caused by pests.
In appearance, Ferovit is essentially a solution of chelated iron, the composition is not less than 75 g / l, and nitrogen, the composition is not less than 40 g / l in the form of urea. The tool has been produced since 2005. The need to develop this fertilizer is dictated by the need to replenish the iron deficiency in many crops, often arising on leaded, calcareous and alkaline soils.
Ferovit is intended for foliar and root dressings of all crops of open and closed ground, including indoor and medicinal plants, as well as, including deciduous and coniferous shrubs and trees. It is used as a preventive agent and protection against chlorosis with a lack of iron available through the natural environment. Required in all cases of destruction of chlorophyll and reduction of photosynthetic activity, which are caused by:
- unstable growing conditions,
- low light,
- pest damage.
- It activates the development and growth of plants.
- Warns abscission of flowers. Initiates friendly and early flowering. Favors better fruit set, lowering the number of immature. Multiplies yield.
- Protects plants from chlorosis. Lowers diseases of spider mites, powdery mildew, brown rust, etc.
- Improves acclimatization of plants.
- Rehabilitates the power of growth in the event of damage by pests and diseases, lack of light, low temperatures.
- In mixtures with pesticides, it reduces the frequency of treatments with chemical fungicides, and if there is a problem with pests, it makes it possible to use only bio-insecticides. The maximum effect comes from sharing with growth regulators, such as Zircon, Epin-Extra (we will talk about them separately later).
At a time when the plant is not enough available from the nature of iron, it begins to get chlorosis. With this violation, the following occurs:
- chlorophyll does not appear,
- leaves turn yellow, shrink, fall off early,
- photosynthesis is upset.
This leads to a decrease in yield, decoration and the death of the plant. Lack of iron plantations begin to experience not only on carbonate alkaline soils, but also on acidic because of its strong fixation with the ground. When watering household plants with hard water, the soil is alkalized, and then the iron becomes unattainable for the plants.
The period of application of Ferovit is year-round. Ferovit enhances the growth of plants, increases their resistance to negative growing conditions (lack of light in growing seedlings, seasonal cold, high humidity or, on the contrary, dry weather), lowers the fall of the ovaries, prevents the death of growth points.
Ferovit is a means to prevent such pathologies:
- the rot
- leaf spots,
- late blight,
- chlorosis and so on.
Practical use of the drug
Perform preventive spraying of ornamental flowering shrubs and trees, as well as fruit and berry crops in the calculation (1.5 ml / 1 l of water). The number of treatments - 3-4 times per season with an interval of 1.5−2 weeks during active growth. If there are pronounced signs of chlorosis - once every 7 days, until the disappearance of iron deficiency.
Ready seedlings and home plants spray once a week, when watering, add water to each second watering (per 1.5 ml for every 1.5 -2 l of water). Vegetable crops are treated cautiously 1 time for 15-20 days.
Berry cultures (strawberries and strawberries) at the rate of 1.5 ml / l per 5 cubic meters of water with a frequency of 1-3 times in spring when leaves appear, sprouts are sprinkled during rooting. Adding medicine to nutritious soil is carried out directly before planting at the rate of 1.5 ml per 5 l of soil.
Means intends both for not root, and root food. Non-root dressings are conducted with caution by diluting from 0.03 to 0.1% Ferovit in water, and in case of indicators of chlorosis, 7–14 days before a complete victory over the disease.
Для питания корней в охраняемом грунте рекомендовано от 1 до 3 л средства Феровит на 1 кубический метр маточного раствора. Представленная ориентировочная доза использования хелата железа должна рассчитываться индивидуально в зависимости от запросов конкретного вида растений.
Представляет собой антистрессовый адаптоген и регулятор роста. The tool is able to regulate (i.e., activate and harmonize) all the safety functions of cells:
- activates cell division,
- increases the energy of enzymes, changes the function of biological membranes and ultrastructure,
- increases the synthesis of nucleic proteins and acids
- in case of unforeseen frosts, timely processing of Épin-Extra is protection against emerging ovaries and freezing of opened flowers,
- protects plants from sudden temperature fluctuations in temperature and roots from soaking.
With a lack of lighting "Epin-Extra" increases chlorophyll synthesis. The tool increases the level of yield up to 60% and tested without exaggeration speaking on all cultures:
- fruit and berry,
- flower and ornamental shrubs, perennial and annual flowers.
- conifers, and so on.
Epin-Extra activates metabolic processes in plants, due to which the content of radionuclides, salts of heavy metals and nitrates in fruits decreases.
Means "Zircon" - seed germination accelerator, inducer of disease resistance and flowering, a very strong root-forming agent. It protects plants from drought and destructive ultraviolet radiation, reduces the rate of pesticide costs with combined use by 30-50%, without prejudice to their effectiveness. It has a pronounced protective effect against phytopathogens of different genesis, showing antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral activity. "Zircon" stimulates the synthesis of chlorophyll, protects the genetic and photosynthetic apparatus of cells from harmful ultraviolet radiation, shows mutagenic protection.
Use of Ferovit and other drugs
These tools can be used as analogues of chemical pesticides at the beginning of the development of diseases. They provide self-regulation of plants, optimizing their development and growth, stimulating flowering throughout the season.
With regard to flower crops, “Zircon” and “Epin-extra” will help to increase their resistance to negative natural factors.
If there are plants on the site that have suffered after wintering, and there are violations in the timely awakening of the kidneys, then it is worthwhile to treat them with “Ferovit” and then with “Zircon”.
This combination will contribute to the activation of dormant axillary buds, will have a stimulating effect on lateral spine formation. Processing before budding during the formation of inflorescences will allow for 7–10 days to speed up the beginning of the flowering process, making it more active. Precautionary treatment "Ferovit" and "Zircon" will protect plants from pests and diseases.
Each plant always requires batteries. For this purpose, in combination with Ferovit, it will be best to apply a complex microfertilizer called Tsitovit. Joint treatment of plants with “Zircon”, “Tsitovit” with “Epinom-Extra” and, of course, “Ferovit” will influence the seed potential of plants.
For regeneration of yellowed needles, the multifunctional growth regulator Zircon is used, which spraying must be alternated with the treatment of the multifunctional photosynthesis stimulator Ferovit. "Zircon" is used additionally when planting seedlings as a biostimulant rooting during the cutting.
In addition to root-forming and adaptive properties, “Zircon” and “Ferovit” exhibit functions of an immunomodulator and provide an opportunity to overcome the problems that arise when growing conifers.
Lawns and lawns
Lawns and lawns that are weakened after the winter period and require seeding will also be “grateful” for additional aid funds.
To increase plant immunity to negative weather factors, it is necessary to spray the lawn or lawns with the anti-stress adaptogen Epin-Extra, and in hot, dry weather, Zircon. And with an insufficient level of illumination, “Ferovit” is used as a multifunctional stimulator of photosynthesis and for better oxygen flow into the plant cells.
Not all chemicals are harmful to plants. Thanks to the preparation "Ferovit" and the use of complex treatments with other specified means, it is possible not only to support plants suffering from various adverse factors, but also to significantly increase the yield.
What are chelates - their advantages over salts
How are chelated compounds formed in nature? This requires time, which gardeners usually do not have. Chelates cannot form in poor soil with humic acids, since they represent an atom of a trace element that is wrapped in a shell of organic matter. The so-called chelating agent.
Humic acids appear due to the work of soil microorganisms and earthworms that eat plant residues. Passing through the digestive tract, they are released as a black substance called humus. It is the main indicator of soil fertility.
Conclusion: the more plant components in the soil for the nutrition of microorganisms, the higher the fertility and the more chelate compounds in the soil.
Chelates are absorbed by the root system by 90%, while salt compounds are only 30%. This is the difference of micronutrients based on salts and chelated substances.
The lack of chelates can be considered as their instability in the ground, therefore, in the instructions for use for plants, Ferovit is used in especially urgent cases.
The composition of Ferovita and the principle of action
In the preparation Ferovit active active ingredient is chelated iron in the form of a concentrate, that is, mother liquor, which will need to be diluted with water before spraying or watering.
In addition to iron ions, nitrogenous substances in the form of urea are present. Ferovit operates according to the following scheme:
- Iron chelate activates metabolic processes in plants.
- After the awakening of the "appetite", nitrogen enters into the process as the main nutrient against chlorosis, at the same time acidifying the soil.
- The normal process of nutrition begins and the plant gains strength. Acids act on phosphorous elements, dissolving them and making them available to the roots.
Thus, iron-deficient chlorosis is not a disease, but it can weaken the plant and a fungal or bacterial infection will join it, so it is necessary to act quickly - at the first signs of wilting tops.
Benefits of Chelated Iron
Chelating drugs are made both by the method of irrigation, and on the sheet. It is equally well absorbed. For example, if too much calcium has been added to the soil, then the metabolism can only be restored by spraying.
The drug Ferovit is consumed sparingly, as it requires three times less active substances. It is profitable and for the price - processing the whole garden will be much cheaper.
Chelates do not enter into chemical bonds between the components of the soil, as salt does, so they are enough for the entire growing season unchanged.
Chelated iron can be prepared independently, using citric acid as a chelating agent.
Rules for use in the garden
Apply fertilizer Ferovit according to the instructions:
- as prophylaxis on alkaline and weakly alkaline soils,
- for treating plants after temperature changes in spring or prolonged rains,
- in case of insufficient lighting of the green parts - for example, in a greenhouse in early spring,
- to increase the yield of vegetable or ornamental plants for sale.
Video: Ferovit - plant life stimulant
You should know that different deoxidizers have a different effect on the absorption of iron. Reduce the acidity of chalk, lime, dolomite and phosphate rock. Of these, only dolomite does not interfere with the absorption of iron; therefore, after liming with dolomite flour, it is possible not to spray with chelated Ferovite.
In favorable weather, liming and processing with Ferovit is carried out in turn - in a year.
For the treatment of plants damaged by pests, first of all, it is necessary to carry out the treatment against insects, and then proceed to the spraying with chelate iron. To restore all the growth functions of the culture, after spraying with Ferovit, other microelements are gradually introduced - potassium and phosphorus in microdoses.
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"Ferovit": composition and action
The standard solution of the drug contains ferrous iron Fe (II), it is characterized by biological activity and can be absorbed by plants. Its dosage is in 1 ml of 75 g, and the ampoule of 1.5 ml contains 112.5 mg. Another active substance in the composition is amide nitrogen in the form of urea 40 g / l, respectively, per 1 vial of 60 mg.
Bivalent iron is a meso element for feeding on vegetation. Plants need a substance because of its participation in photosynthesis, namely in the release of chlorophyll. Nitrogen in the amide form plays a role in the plant biocenosis, since it produces nitrate compounds that are easily absorbed.
The drug "Ferovit" is an agrotechnical substance
Initially, the drug Ferovit accelerates the metabolism in plants, and then covers the shortage of substances, providing a complex effect and recuperation. When used against seedlings that are confronted with the disease, most often chlorosis, the agent enhances natural immunity and allows you to withstand more disease or pests. With the development of chlorosis, the substance covers iron deficiency. By stimulating the plant’s own resources, further resistance to various ailments is achieved.
Instructions for use recommends spraying plants in an aquarium or in the garden in the following cases:
- to eliminate iron chlorosis. The disease develops due to the appearance of an iron deficiency in the active state. The drug stimulates the recovery of vital activity,
- planned treatment of garden seedlings upon the onset of excess calcium or after autumn liming of the soil, except for dolomite flour,
- regular fertilizer for indoor plants, as well as other crops grown in greenhouses. The tool activates photosynthesis, it is important when there is a lack of sunlight,
- similar effect for aquarium plants,
- unscheduled fertilizer for garden and horticultural crops under adverse environmental conditions: excessive moisture, lack of sun, cold, etc.,
- “Ferovit” maintains the level of yield or is used to stimulate high-quality goods: saplings, flowers in a pot, cut flowers, etc.,
- for preventive purposes. It acts as a fertilizer for outdoor crops. Used to increase yields.
It is worth remembering that the drug is able to improve the rates of fruiting and livelihoods only under the condition that regular and high-quality watering will be carried out, as well as adequate nutrition. Before using "Ferovita" for plants with various diseases, it is recommended that the cause of the lesion be eliminated or transplanted. When used for plants suffering from chlorosis, it is necessary to ensure the maximum amount of sunshine and quality nutrition.
Use of the drug is prescribed with an excess amount of calcium. Normally, calcium is extremely important and beneficial, but with an excess of the plant, negative changes begin - deterioration in the absorption of iron. In case of excessive alkalinity of the soil due to calcination, the drug should be applied as foliar dressings at any stage of the growing season.
When carrying out liming in the autumn period, it is necessary to postpone the dressing with the help of “Ferovit” for the next season. If dolomite flour was used during liming, in which calcium is replaced by magnesium, the absorption of active iron proceeds normally.
How does Ferovit affect plants?
“Ferovit” for plants provides a positive effect due to the presence of Fe (II) in chelate form. This type of metal in its free form has low environmental resistance and in a short time goes into Fe (III) (this form cannot be treated with plants). Not chelated Fe (II) under the action of moisture is converted to Fe (III), for a short time the balance of substances in the air and soil. Chelate form allows you to extend the effect.
To form a chelate, it is necessary to capture Fe (II) with organic components that do not enter into a chemical reaction. After entering the soil, chelates undergo a process of decomposition and subsequent release of the corresponding ions. If decay occurs in the vicinity of plant elements, the substance is rapidly absorbed.
Microfertilizer Ferovit, iron chelate, 100 ml
The benefit of chelate comes from the type of agent that forms the chelating bond. To achieve the best digestibility, it is necessary to ensure a suitable decay rate, since it can be greatly accelerated, and the plants will not have time to absorb substances. One of the best chelating agents is citric acid, from which you can make your own composition. Self-made substances are almost as good as finished products.
Under the action of temperature, decay can be accelerated or slowed down. With strong temperature variations, the plants especially need an active gland, and due to an undesirable procedure of fast or slow decay, a deficit can occur. To compensate for the condition in the composition of "Ferovit" for plant chelating agents are used. Such substances provide uniformity and a suitable rate of onset of the reaction, regardless of external factors.
When to use "Ferovit" for treatment?
Carrying out prophylaxis or fertilizer does not require complex manipulations or special skills. Even with inaccurate compliance with the instructions "Ferovita" does not occur a negative reaction from the quality of life, and consumer characteristics of the plant. Before carrying out the treatment procedure for chlorosis, it is necessary to accurately diagnose the condition and its true cause. Such manifestations can have not only iron deficiency, but also other various trace elements. Even excess can lead to similar manifestations.
Magnesium deficiency provokes chlorine foliage cover more often than iron itself. Magnesium and iron are involved in photosynthesis and are not interchangeable. When feeding with a substance that is already sufficient, the deficiency of another component may be aggravated.
There are visible differences between magnesium and iron chlorosis. In the first case, the foliage becomes affected, but there are noticeable streaks of green color, and in the second case, the lesions spread to the whole area.
"Ferovit" for the treatment of chlorosis
There are 2 diagnostic difficulties:
- Symptomatology differs only in the progressive stage. By the time that the true cause of the condition can be determined, a large proportion of the crop will have already been lost.
- Manifestations of chlorosis are very different due to the variety of crops that tolerate the disease in different ways. Symptoms may vary even within the same species depending on the growing methods.
In the issue of diagnosis can help reviews regarding the specific situation, as well as their own experience.
How to breed "Ferovit"?
According to the instructions, it is recommended to prepare a solution for the preparation in a dosage of 0.1%. The substance is sold in 1.5 ml ampoules, respectively, you need to mix the product in 1.5 liters of water. The dosage may vary depending on the task:
- for the therapy of garden or garden plants it is worth doubling the dose to 0.2%. For 3 liters of solution used 6 ampoules. On 1 bucket 20 ampoules,
- for carrying out dressings according to plan or unscheduled enough standard solution - 1 ampoule per 1.5 liters or 6 per 10 liters,
- for prophylactic use after liming the soil, a solution dose of 0.03% should be used. So, 1 ampoule is diluted in 4.5 liters of liquid or 2 pcs. 10 l,
- for indoor plants "Ferovit" is used from a ratio of 45 drops to 1 l of water,
- For routine prophylactic uses, 35 drops per liter of solution are used.
Do not store or water plants with expired. The working solution after opening cannot be preserved for a long time, respectively, must be used soon. The cost of the drug is low - about 30 rubles per 1 ampoule.
Ferovit - stimulator of photosynthesis and respiration of plants
When processing plants in an aquarium, 1 ampoule can be many, if it is wrong to take a substance, the rest will have to be thrown away, it can no longer be used. Чтобы растянуть ампулу на несколько использований стоит взять обычный медицинский шприц, которым через пробку набирается средство, а сверху укладывается герметик (хлебный мякиш, жевательная резинка, пластилин). Этот препарат после вскрытия можно хранить весь оставшийся период, указанный на бутылке, без каких-либо изменений.
«Феровит» для аквариума
“Ferovit” for plants from the aquarium was fallen in love because of the opportunity to grow plants in water with a small level of illumination. The lack of lighting allows you to make the aquarium more beautiful and spectacular.
With regard to aquarium plants, a combination of "Ferovita" and "Tsitovita" is used, since the preparations complement each other. It is recommended to use a medical syringe for dilution, since 1 ampoule will be plenty. If you add 1.5 ml of "Ferovit" and "Tsitovit" in 1 liter of liquid, then you can dilute an aquarium with a capacity of 1 ton. Standard dosage of 1 ml of solution (1 ampoule per 1.5 l of water) per 1 liter capacity. The introduction of the drug is recommended in the pump filter.
For efficient use of funds, you need to provide some level of illumination at the rate of 2 W / liter. Using phytolamps of the luminescent type can reduce the dosage of light to 0.4 W / liter, that is, 40 W of the lamp will be enough to illuminate an aquarium with a capacity of 100 liters. When illuminated by LEDs - 0.25 W / l or 25 W is enough for 100 liters.
When using economical light bulbs, as well as LED strips, it is worthwhile to determine the best level of illumination through experiments. First, use the appropriate dosage 1 time per week for 1 month. After 30 days it is worth reducing the intensity to 1 time in 3 days. Later in the month - 1 time in 2 days, then every day. You can interrupt the experiment at the stage of plant wellbeing.
"Ferovit" for plants from the aquarium
"Ferovit" for plants
For the preparation of the drug used spraying method based on standard rules:
- the coating is produced in the evening, it is also possible in the early morning,
- the weather must be warm
- it is better to carry out processing in cloudy weather, except in cases of rain,
- the selection of the dose can be guided by the principle of "by eye". It is recommended to spray before the onset of low moisture foliage. When drops appear, the area is stopped.
Depending on the crop, the instructions and dosage may vary:
- for vegetable crops, scheduled spraying can be carried out 1 time per 20 days. It is allowed to use "Ferovit" throughout the growing season. A break should be done during the flowering period, as this may scare away pollinators from the plant and the ovaries will be small. For treatment, the drug should be used 1 time in 7 days until the symptoms are eliminated. After treatment, go to the standard scheme. For prophylaxis after liming can be used 1 time in 30 days,
- Shrubs, flowers and trees are processed 3-4 times before discarding color. The minimum interval between procedures is 10 days. During the treatment it is necessary to double the concentration,
- strawberries require full coverage of the plot at the rate of 1 ampoule per 1 liter of solution, which will be enough to spray 5 m2. Greens are processed 1-3 times until the color appears with a frequency of about 2 weeks. When used for whiskers, spraying is done with a dot, 1-2 presses are enough for 1 kidney,
- in relation to houseplants, spray the standard solution. At 1 plant will need from 50 to 70 ml, the dose is valid for plants that fit in a pot with a capacity of 1 liter.
Buy Ferovit to stimulate plant growth, seedlings, houseplants and disease prevention.
Designed for root and foliar dressings of absolutely all crops of open and protected soil, including indoor and medicinal plants, as well as trees and shrubs, as a preventive agent and protection against chlorosis with a deficiency of biologically available iron. It is necessary in all cases of destruction of chlorophyll and reduction of photosynthetic activity (unstable growing conditions, insufficient light, diseases, damage by pests).
- accelerates the growth and development of plants
- prevents flowers from falling off, causes early and friendly flowering, promotes better fruit setting and reduces the number of immature, increases the yield of seeds,
- protects against chlorosis, reduces damage by brown rust, powdery mildew, spider mites, etc.
- improves plant acclimatization
- restores the intensity of growth processes at low temperatures, lack of light, disease and pest damage,
- in tank mixtures with toxic chemicals, it reduces the multiplicity of treatments with chemical fungicides, and in the case of pests, it allows using only biological insecticides.
Ferovit for plants
Under certain conditions, iron deficiency is also found on acidic soils, which is associated with an imbalance of ions in the root zone. For example, a high concentration of manganese or zinc leads to an iron deficiency (ion antagonism), and an excess of phosphorus leads to the formation of insoluble (and therefore inaccessible to plants) iron phosphates. Overmoistening of the soil, poor aeration, high content of organic matter are also factors that reduce the mobility and absorption of iron by plants. The most sensitive to iron deficiency are perennial fruit, berry and ornamental crops. Iron deficiency (“iron chlorosis”) is manifested in the fact that young leaves become light yellow or even white. Such symptoms are found when growing tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers in greenhouses. Therefore, iron is necessary for the cultivation of greenhouse vegetable crops, both on soils and on artificial substrates.
Fertilizer FEROVIT® when spraying plants penetrates plants much more easily than mineral salts of iron. In the soil, it does not undergo dissociation into ions and is not absorbed by the soil absorbed by the complex; it remains available for plants for quite a long time. All this ensures high environmental safety and efficiency of the drug. According to the concentration of the active substance, the liquid preparation is practically not inferior to imported dry iron chelates, but surpasses them in water solubility and digestibility by plants.
Ferovit - water or spray?
For greater efficiency, the plants must be sprayed and watered.
Instructions for use Ferovita for plants
The drug is intended for both root and foliar nutrition. Non-root dressing prophylactically spend 0.03-0.1% solution of the drug, and when signs of chlorosis appear, 1-2 times a week until chlorosis completely disappears with a 0.1-0.4% solution. For root nutrition in greenhouses, 1 to 3 liters of the drug per 1 cu. m stock solution. This approximate dose of iron chelate, which needs to be clarified depending on the needs of plants.
The nature of the action. Iron is an important catalyst for the formation of chlorophyll involved in photosynthesis and respiration. Therefore, the use of the drug in a protected ground fills the lack of light, activating the synthesis of chlorophyll. In addition, the participation of iron in many cellular processes contributes to the restoration of the protein-pigment complex of chloroplasts damaged by pests, which makes it possible to use the preparation in integrated systems of plant protection.
Thus, the inclusion of the drug FEROVIT® in the technology of protection of the white lapchatka from rust has reduced the frequency of application of the folicur fungicide. In the variant of the Folikur experiment + double treatment with FEROVIT®, the number of plants affected by rust on the 20th day after treatment was 9.3%, with a slight development of the disease (4.7%), while in the control variant the number of affected plants was 82%, with a degree of development of the disease 56%. However, when treated with FEROVIT®, the qualitative composition of the nutrient substrate is changed, which creates unfavorable conditions for feeding the sucking insects. In the protection of Potentilla white from spiderweb mite, an increase in biological efficiency is observed by 10.3% when using Karate tank mixture (0.15 l / ha) + FEROVIT® (0.4 l / ha) and by 7.6% when using Fitoverma ( 0.5 l / ha) + FEROVIT® (0.4 l / ha).