Terrific looks beautiful balcony, entwined with bright multi-colored petunias. And despite the fact that there are many annual plants that can perfectly decorate the loggia, most housewives prefer these colors. This is not by chance. After all, culture allows you to achieve impressive results in decorating the balcony. Looking at this exquisite beauty, the question unwittingly arises: "How to care for a petunia?" After all, I certainly want to plant it on my balcony.
The modest petunia, invariably decorating the gardens of our grandmothers, today has become one of the most popular plants. Most recently, she was completely exhausted by mid-summer. But now, thanks to the breeders, the modern plant affects not only the variety of color palette, but also long flowering. The main thing is to know how to care for petunia.
Many beautiful plant hybrids have been bred. Among them are ampelous and erect forms, with double and simple flowers, miniature bushes and long shoots falling to the bottom.
The most popular varieties are:
- Multicolor petunia. Low compact plant. It has many flowers. It flourishes for a long time. It tolerates cooling.
- Krupnotsvetkovaya, bushy petunia. Plant height - about 50 cm. Differs in kuparnye flowers. They can be terry or simple.
- Mini-petunia, bushy. Its height reaches 25 cm. The bush is simply dotted with small flowers.
- Mini petunia, ampelnaya. It has small flowers. This variety is often planted in pots or hanging baskets. After all, it forms a real floral cascade. However, the plant is sensitive and whimsical. Therefore, you need to carefully study how to care for petunia in pots. But the beauty that the plant will provide is worth it.
- Petunia "Surfinia", ampelous. It is distinguished by beautiful falling stems that can reach 2 m in size. At the same time, they are completely covered with flowers. The plant just looks perfect in the balcony boxes.
How to grow seedlings?
Every hostess dreams that the petunia blooms as early as possible. To do this, grow seedlings.
Flower growers explain how to properly care for petunia:
- It is necessary in late February to put the soil for heating. To make the soil loose and light, the substrate purchased in the store is mixed in equal proportions with ordinary garden soil.
- In early March, proceed to landing. Initially, the soil should be moistened. Water should be warm and always defended. Then sow seeds on top.
- It is not necessary to sprinkle the earth. However, the container with sown seeds must be covered with a film or glass. This will create a favorable microclimate for germination and prevent drying.
- Capacity with crops needs to be put on a window, on the sun.
- When most seeds germinate, the film can be removed. However, remember how to care for a petunia. It is necessary to constantly moisten the soil so that it does not dry out.
- When the first true leaves of petunia appear, 3-4 pieces each. transplanted into separate containers. You can use plastic cups. In them, they wait for their turn to transfer to the balcony boxes.
In May, when the weather is warm, you can repot the plant in selected containers. However, there are some subtleties.
Therefore, we consider how to care for your pet petunia:
- Vases or boxes should be spacious enough. The roots of the plant develop very quickly and rapidly occupy the entire capacity. And if they become cramped, then the petunia will not please either a beautiful growth, or exquisite flowers.
- Soil is recommended to prepare the following: 5 parts of the earth + 1 part of the hydrogel. This will allow watering much less.
- In each tank planted several seedlings. Between plants leave a distance of 10-15 cm.
- Petunia is a lover of light. Therefore, place it on the south side. It does not need shading from bright rays. But only with regular watering. Otherwise, the plant will not develop normally.
Culture is very moisture-loving.
Therefore, talking about how to care for petunia on the balcony, you should especially focus on watering:
- The plant needs to be moisturized often. The soil should be slightly damp. Dry soil and scorching sun inhibit the flower.
- However, excessive gulfing should be avoided. The root system does not withstand water stagnation. In the case of the Gulf, it is recommended to slightly break through the soil. So it dries faster.
- In addition, you should understand how to care for petunia in pots. The plant, planted in a pot, requires more frequent watering than growing in a balcony drawer.
- Petunia loves spraying. This procedure can be done in the morning or in the evening. In the heat of the spraying is not done.
- In case of hot weather, increase the amount of watering. In the cool - lower.
It is important not to forget about fertilizers. It is recommended every 2 weeks to "feed" petunia. It is rather unpretentious to fertilizers. It will suit any composition for flowering crops. Especially favorable to its growth will affect the introduction of fertilizer, enriched with potassium.
You can add stimulant to the feed. It will significantly increase the resistance of the culture to possible temperature drops. In addition, the stimulator will improve the appearance. Petunia "shine" even more vivid and rich colors.
Experienced growers, telling how to care for a petunia at home, are recommended to make sure such a procedure.
Follow these guidelines:
- Periodically should be cut petunia. Such a procedure is an excellent stimulation for growth. Pruning is particularly relevant if the plant develops unevenly or looks depleted.
- Remove faded flowers in a timely manner. They should be pruned with a small stem. If they are not removed, the culture will throw all its strength to ensure the offspring. And instead of beautiful flowers you get seeds.
Unfortunately, the balcony beauty can be subjected to various influences.
Common petunia diseases are:
- Chlorosis. The leaves of the plant fade and turn yellow. For treatment, preparations containing iron chelate are used.
- Mealy dew. Spots appear on the leaves of the plant. You can get rid of the disease with the Topaz fungicide.
- Blackleg. Most often affects young shoots. It is necessary to stop watering. The soil must be completely dry.
You should know that all the above diseases most often result from excessive watering.
Now, knowing how to care for a petunia, you can create the most luxurious flower garden on your balcony. And in order not to plant seedlings next spring, use the following advice.
In the fall, select the most beautiful plants and transplant them into pots. They have a great winter in the apartment, on the windowsill. And in the spring you will be able to land them again in the balcony containers, and they will again delight in a riot of color.
Petunia Planting Varieties
If we want to enjoy the beauty of a flowering plant like petunia at the beginning of the summer, then starting from the second half of February, it’s time to sow seedlings.
This can be done in different ways. It may be:
- Planting seeds
- Simple cutting
The fact is that its seeds are quite small. And it is better not to bury them in the ground as is usually done when sowing flower seeds, but just need to sprinkle on top. The most important thing is to comply with the necessary conditions, since the planting of this plant is rather painstaking. Initially, you need to sift the soil, then properly moisten it. And even up to the first shoots of petunia, to maintain the temperature it needs (this is approximately not below 22 degrees).
The first shoots may appear somewhere in 2 weeks or a little earlier. In this regard, sleeping in the same room with some seedlings will be difficult and uncomfortable. Care these days will be minimal, it is only necessary to control the temperature in the room and look at the humidity of the soil itself.
By cuttings, you can plant seedlings only in those cases when petunia grows constantly in your house all the year round. A ten-centimeter stem of a flower, having from 4 to 6 leaves, should be carefully planted in any other suitable container. If the capacity is quite large, and you want to plant several cuttings into it at once, then you need to maintain a 2 cm distance between the plants. After transplanting the cuttings, the soil is watered and the container is closed with glass or film. The temperature for the planted petunias should also be no lower than 22 degrees.
Growing and caring for petunia
With the advent of the first shoots petunia should begin to harden. To do this, for several hours to give access to fresh air. This plant can adapt to many types of soil, but the loose sandy sandy soil is considered the best for it. But at the same time, in no case should not overdo it with sand, since with its excessive content, perhaps, the cessation of flowering.
The main care for seedlings is timely watering and sufficient lighting. Due to the fact that this plant can not do without heat and lightIt is easiest to grow petunias on the balcony, which is located on the south side of the house. You can, of course, grow these flowers in partial shade, but only then you need to make the necessary fertilizers in a timely manner. If the plant has a large lack of sunlight, the stems will begin to stretch, and the foliage will become very rare.
If you plant a petunia with large flowers on the balcony, it will need to be protected not only from heavy rain, but also from strong wind. Since under their influence large flowers of petunia can lose all their beauty and appearance. As for small-color varieties of petunia, they are less whimsical to the weather and therefore they can be located anywhere on the balcony, even behind its railing.
After the sprouts reach a height of seven centimeters, they must be transplanted to other pots with a distance between plants of at least 15 cm. You will also need to be transplanted apply liquid complex fertilizers. Due to the fact that petunia does not tolerate even the slightest stagnation of water, there must be drainage in pots. Thus, the care of petunia on the balcony is to choose the right soil, which is designed specifically for planting various flowers, in a timely and abundant watering of flowers, as well as in weekly fertilizing with fertilizers.
Dangerous diseases for petunias
If you have the right care and the right soil in the pots, you can easily enjoy the flowering of petunias all year round. Unfortunately, everybody can be saddened by some diseases to which this plant is exposed.
- Late blight - This is a disease in which there is a shortage of copper in the soil. With this disease, the flowers simply fade, the stems and leaves begin to grow brown.
- Blackleg appears after excessive watering and the soil becomes acidic. With such a disease, the basal part of the stem darkens.
- Gray rot can strike petunia if abused with nitrogen fertilizers. When this disease on the leaves can form a gray patina.
- Aphid provokes a change in the shape of the leaves, they begin to dry, coil and die off altogether.
- White rot begins with the appearance of brown plaque. But when water falls on brown spots, they become white. If such spots appear at the root part of the stem, the loss of the whole flower is possible.
So that the petunias on the balcony are not affected by the above diseases, they must be properly looked after and monitored.
Although petunia loves moist soil, it should be watered on the balcony only as it dries up the moisture in the pot. In the case when the balcony is located on the south side of the house, the plant needs to be sprayed daily in the early morning hours and evening hours. During the day you can not do this because of the possibility of burns.
If suddenly it happened that the water still began to stagnate in the pots, watering immediately stopped, and the ground must be well loosened. Flower care complements fertilizer twice a month with complex fertilizer. It should include potassium, because with its help the balcony flower garden becomes even more lush. But fresh manure in flower pots is strictly prohibited to add, since it can harm the root system.
In order for a flowering plant to retain its attractiveness for a long time, it can be partially pruned. If the plant is affected, continuous care should be supplemented with treatment for the disease. If you look at it in detail, many varieties of petunia will be quite appropriate on the balcony. With the proper placement of the pots with the plant and proper care for it, it is possible to plant any variety of this beautiful flowering plant.
Reviews and comments: 10
I know what these flowers are “gluttons” - they like to be often fed and watered. But last May I had to leave the country house for a long time and leave my favorites unattended. When he returned, she found that the soil in the pots was absolutely dry, and the petunias were wilted and turned yellow. All faded flowers plucked and shed plenty of soil water at room temperature. Then prepared a healing dressing: 2 tbsp. nitroammofoski poured 0.5 liters of water and, when the fertilizer was dissolved, stirred it in 10 liters of water.
Olival Petunia at the rate of 0.1 liters of solution per liter container. A week later, noticed that the flowers have become more saturated colors, the leaves - brighter and juicier. She fertilized plants with such composition once every 7-10 days after evening watering (without water, fertilizing can burn the roots), and they thanked me with cascading flowering throughout the season.
I live in the village, in the private sector. I love growing flowers, it has become my hobby. I love all the flowers, but especially petunias. I have been cultivating them for 6 years.
I buy petunia seeds of different varieties in the market in February, sowing them for seedlings in flower boxes. In April I plant in open ground - and in flowerbeds around the house, and in the front garden along the road, and even in the garden. When they bloom, they decorate our whole street. Whoever passes and passes, everyone admires and takes pictures with my flowers.
It is not the first year that I grow petunia from seeds myself. It is troublesome, but I have the opportunity to choose the varieties that I like, which are far from always on offer. Yes, and it turns out much more economical to buy a bag of seeds than a ready-made plant. In order for this beauty to bloom throughout the whole season, regularly tearing off all faded and deformed flowers, as well as pinching the shoots. l Svetlana Lvovna
Petunia is a moisture-loving plant. In addition to regular cleaning of the bush from faded blossoms, water it and feed, better - complex fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.
I live on the 18th floor and tried to breed petunias in the loggias, but for some reason they did not survive. What can be wrong? What plants are best grown on the balcony?
Veronika Vladimirovna DUBITSKAYA
It is difficult to directly answer this question, because when growing plants on a balcony, perhaps the most important factor is its orientation. And we do not have this information. In particular, petunias are among the most light-loving flower plants. And if the loggia goes to the north, and even glazed, which prevents the penetration of light, then, of course, a good result is not achieved. Under these conditions, the plants are drawn out, their leaves turn pale, and flowering practically does not begin.
When breeding garden flowers on the balconies and loggias, it must be borne in mind that the vast majority of them prefer the south, south-west and south-east sides. In addition to petunias, aster, salvia, calendula, forget-me-nots, gantry, and snapdragons are among the most photophilous ornamental plants.
At the same time, there are flowers that, on the contrary, suffer from the bright sun. These include tuberous begonias, fuchsias, hosts, periwinkles, kupeny. They are perfect for balconies with a north and east orientation. Nasturtium, marigolds and fragrant tobacco will also feel good here.
But perhaps the petunias did not like the height of the loggia. This, too, must be considered when choosing plants. The fact is that on the upper floors of multi-storey buildings winds blow more. They quickly drain the soil in the planting tanks, because their volume is small. In this case, it is necessary to water the plants more often, and even better to plant drought-resistant flowers. These include all types of saxifrage, vervain, thyme, gentian, allisum.
For the above reason, it is also not necessary to grow plants with long shoots, including ampelous and various lianas, on high floors. Gusts of wind can break off the stems, which is fraught with the death of plants. Therefore, on the balconies and in the loggias above the 10th floor it is worthwhile to breed mostly low-growing forms of the above-listed flowers. You can also add daisies and pansies to them.
Seedlings of petunias and asters sometimes have a black leg. The main reason is excessive soil moisture. Для профилактики болезни каждые 10 дней опрыскивают растения и поливают землю раствором Циркона (5-7 капель на полстакана воды) или марганцовокислого калия розового цвета.
Если на рассаде петуний появится тля, поможет опрыскивание тем же раствором марганцовки, но уже ярко-розового цвета.
We decorate the balcony
In the balcony boxes it is time to sow the seeds of sweet peas, nasturtiums, resedy, alissum, plant viola, daisy, forget-me-nots, lobelia, and fragrant tobacco. At the end of the month you can put aukuba, laurel, roses, citrus fruits on the balcony. By bright light accustom them gradually, in the first days shading from the sun. And watch the temperature of the air in order to pick up plants in the room for the time of frosts.
Petunia seeds sprout beautifully in Petri dishes (low flat vessels, closed with a transparent lid). For several years in a row I have been germinating seeds as follows: I put filter paper on petri dishes, wet it with water (so that it only gets soaked, without too much moisture, the seeds should not float) and gently sprinkle the seeds evenly. I close the lid and put it on the window. The main thing - do not forget from time to time, as the paper dries, gently water the seeds. After some time the sunflower seeds will spit Svetlana Pavlova.
The Petri dish can be replaced with any suitable container, such as a saucer or plate, and the filter paper can be replaced with a light cloth moistened with water.
Suddenly, the leaves on petunias began to darken and fade, although I regularly water the flowers. What could it be?
Most likely, this is bacterial wilt - a disease that affects petunia, ageratum, carnation, left, poppy. t The vessels of young specimens are dark-I and are clearly visible on the cut of the stem I in the form of black stripes, from which there is abundant grayish or brown mucus. The veins on the leaves, too, turn black, the plants quickly fade. The infection penetrates with mechanical damage. The disease develops with high temperature and humidity. To combat use of copper-containing drugs: Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate (repeated processing - in 7-14 days). Plant residues must be burned.
Plant description: varieties
A variety of petunia types allows you to decorate the balcony using only these flowers, while the composition will not look monochrome:
- ampelous plant (the plant has long lashes up to 100-200 cm, it is best to place it in hanging pots),
- cascade (the stems are shorter, as they grow, they bend under their own weight and hang down, they look good in floor and hanging pots),
- erect (plant up to 20 cm high, ideal for standing pots and decorating the balcony parapet).
Harmoniously arranging all these varieties of petunia on the balcony, you can create a real garden with thick greenery. Due to the color of flowers that are of any shades from white to almost black, you can arrange the area in a variety of colors.
Petunia has a long flowering period: from the end of May to the first frost. The flowers have the shape of a funnel and monophonic or variegated color. Plant breeders have deduced many varieties, among which terry flowers and with fringe around the edge are particularly interesting.
Petunia loves light and heat, so the easiest way to grow it is on a balcony located on the south side of the house. This plant also feels well in the penumbra, but in such conditions it requires additional care in the form of fertilizer. With a lack of sunlight, the stems are drawn out and the foliage becomes rare.
Growing seedlings of petunias
Large flowers lose their appearance from heavy rain and wind, so it is necessary to protect them from atmospheric phenomena with a roof, small-color varieties are more resistant, they can be placed even behind the balcony railing.
For the preparation of seedlings, you can choose any variety; information on the length of the stems and time of planting is placed on the seed packaging. As a rule, sowing is carried out at the end of winter - early spring, so that petunias grown on the balcony start blooming from the beginning of summer. Seeds deepen into the ground by 1–2 centimeters and cover the container with glass or film. After the appearance of the first shoots, the plant needs to be hardened, opening up access of fresh air for several hours a day. Caring for seedlings is regular watering.
Petunia adapts to any type of soil, but it is best to plant it in loose sandy loam. If there is too much sand in the ground, the plant may stop flowering.
When the sprouts grow to 5-7 centimeters, they need to be transplanted into medium-sized pots, keeping the distance between the plants at least 15 cm, and making complex liquid fertilizers. Drainage must be present in the tanks for planting, as the petunia does not tolerate stagnant water. To grow healthy greens you need to control the temperature. The optimal performance for seedlings of any sort of petunia is +18 - 20 degrees, for growth it is enough +14 at night and +16 during the day.
What flowers should be grown on the balcony - read in this article.
Care and prevention of diseases
Petunia likes moist soil, it is necessary to water it on the balcony as the water dries in pots or pot. If the ground goes to the south side of the house, the plants should be sprayed daily, preferably early in the morning or in the evening so that the sun's rays do not burn the delicate leaves. In cases where the water has stagnated, the earth is carefully loosened and suspended watering.
Ampel petunia looks great in hanging pots
Plant care is supplemented by fertilizing complex fertilizers twice a month. In the mixture must be potassium, it promotes lush flowering. In the ground with petunia can not add fresh manure, it can damage the root system.
In order for the plant to retain an attractive appearance, you can do a partial pruning of the shoots. Regular care must be supplemented with disease prevention or treatment if the plant is already affected. The most common problems with growing petunias are caused by:
- powdery mildew (the disease appears as white bloom on the leaves, later drops appear that look like dew),
- black leg (this disease is typical for young seedlings, it can be recognized by darkening and softening of the stem),
- chlorosis (if the plant is affected, the leaves will begin to rapidly turn yellow).
The cause of all these diseases is often the wrong care, namely excessive watering. The best prevention of black leg - compliance with the regime and amount of soil moisture. When the yellow leaves appear, the plant is treated with iron chelate preparations. To combat the powdery mildew, the Topaz fungicide is used.
Any varieties of petunia are appropriate on the balcony, proper placement of flower pots and quality care will keep the attractiveness and brightness of a small garden until mid-autumn.
Types and varieties of petunias for growing on the balcony
For growing on the balcony using three types of petunia: bush, cascade and ampelnaya. The last two are characterized by long falling shoots. Therefore, they are recommended to be placed in hanging pots or high containers that the plant fully covers with flowers as it grows.
Bush species are erect low plants. They are planted in ordinary pots, which can be put on the floor or any stand, so that the parapet of the balcony does not block access to sunlight.
Petunia balcony, a mixture of colors which can be very unexpected, perfect for the most fastidious lovers of flowers.
There are several main types of petunias:
- Multicolor. Low bushes (up to 30 cm) with a lot of small flowers, resistant to adverse weather. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively.
- Large-flowered. The size of the flowers in diameter reaches 12 cm. There are regular and terry different colors. Shrubs grow to 50 cm. Propagate from seeds and vegetatively, terry varieties - only cuttings, because they do not give seeds.
- Miniature. Bush - up to 25 cm, a lot of small flowers. It tolerates both dry and rainy weather.
- Ampelnaya miniature. Whimsical. It requires more frequent watering, especially at the beginning of growth. Propagated mainly by cuttings. It is recommended to grow petunia in hanging tanks on balconies under a canopy, because the flowers can be badly damaged by rain.
- Cascade. Stems grow up, then to the sides. They form dense thickets that look spectacularly grown in hanging pots. The flower is medium in size. Propagated by seeds and cuttings.
- Ampelnaya. One of the most attractive varieties. It differs from the cascade in larger flowers, the stems are thinner, grow down long garlands. An indispensable option for a balcony or terrace.
How to plant petunia on the balcony
After you have grown seedlings for petunia, or bought it ready, you need to plant it. The main goal during planting is to turn weak sprouts into fluffy, beautifully growing flower bushes. You can plant them anywhere, it can be pots, boxes, and various other containers for flowers. Petunia planting should be carried out only after a constant positive air temperature is established, and when night frosts are no longer expected.
Small bushes of this flower should be planted in boxes under the calculation of 1-2 liters of land per plant. Between the main stems of bushes must necessarily be kept a distance within 15-20 centimeters. If you plant the seedlings very close to each other, then when they grow up, stronger pagons will depress weak bushes in growth. They will not have enough space to grow. If possible, flowers should be placed in deeper boxes, but if you have already purchased shallow boxes, then you will have to make a large number of holes in it to improve drainage.
Petunias are very picky about the soil in which they grow. The soil should be loose, light, should pass air well.
To do this, you will suit the standard soil, based on peat, which you can buy at any flower shop. Delicate stems can be damaged when it rains, so we recommend that you remove the crates and hanging baskets with petunias when it comes to rain inside. Sowing petunias on seedlings read here.
Watering petunias on the balcony
The plant needs to be moisturized often. The soil should be slightly damp. Dry soil and scorching sun inhibit the flower. However, excessive gulfing should be avoided. The root system does not withstand water stagnation. In the case of the Gulf it is recommended to slightly break through the soil. So it dries faster. In addition, you should understand how to care for petunia in pots. The plant, planted in a pot, requires more frequent watering than growing in a balcony drawer. Petunia loves spraying. This procedure can be done in the morning or in the evening. In the heat of the spraying is not done. In case of hot weather, increase the amount of watering. In the cool - lower.
Petunia dressing on the balcony
It is important not to forget about fertilizers. It is recommended every 2 weeks to "feed" petunia. It is rather unpretentious to fertilizers. It will suit any composition for flowering crops. Especially favorable to its growth will affect the introduction of fertilizer, enriched with potassium. - You can add stimulant to the feed. It will significantly increase the resistance of the culture to possible temperature drops. In addition, the stimulator will improve the appearance. Petunia "shine" even more vivid and rich colors.
Trimming petunia on the balcony
By midsummer, petunias usually begin to bloom worse, lashes stretch out, flowers become smaller. In order to return the plants decorative, they are cut. Spray petunias can be trimmed dramatically, leaving 10-12 cm. Apepel haircut is not so radical - the whips are shortened by about half their length.
Do not be afraid to cut the petunias, do not feel sorry for them! You'll see, the twigs and leaves will grow quite quickly and after 2 weeks instead of an aging frail "freak" you will get a young magnificent bush of lush greenery and flowers. During this period it is very important to fertilize petunia regularly and regularly. Then she will very easily transfer pruning and will react to it with the rapid growth of new branches and abundant flowering.
You can trim petunias several times per season, usually in mid-summer (July) and early autumn (September).
Petunia on the balcony photo
The most important thing when making a balcony with petunias is a properly selected planting container for each variety. That it allows you to fully reveal the beauty of plants. So, for decorating the parapet zone, boxes attached to it, hanging flower pots, would be ideal. They will feel comfortable ampelnye varieties.
Cascade petunias can be planted in long boxes, flowerpots located along the end walls of the balcony. Branched, abundantly flowering bush varieties look good in the flowerpots on the floor. Very small bushes will be located on the windowsills.
If you wish, you can create a “blooming corner” on the balcony. Try to use it in petunias at various levels - from floor to ceiling. It will look spectacular. This solution is suitable for those who in addition to the colors on the balcony have a wardrobe, sofa or other items of furniture that occupy space. Properly selected, lovingly grown petunias will surely delight you with a beautiful, long bloom. And with the right approach to the design of the balcony, they will surprise passers-by.
What is sick petunia
If proper care and good soil in the boxes and vases will allow petunias to bloom all summer, then some diseases can spoil the whole picture.
The main enemies of nasturtium in the conditions of growing on the balcony are spider mites, aphid, cabbage moth and cruciferous flea. To combat spider mites, you can use alcohol (not technical!), Which need to spray the plant. Alternatively, used and chemical compositions sold in flower shops. The same ash, sifted through a sieve, will successfully cope with other pests. The resulting powder sprinkled leaves and stems, after which the insects disappear. This should be done on a windless day so that the ashes are not blown off the plant.
Of the diseases of nasturtium, the most common is gray rot, the cause of which is botris. It manifests itself in the form of gray-brown spots on the leaves and stems. The treatment consists in spraying the plant with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid at the stage of vegetative development. All affected areas are removed and burned.
As you can see, there is nothing particularly difficult in growing petunias on the balcony! Any flower, if you treat it with care and love, will bloom in your apartment garden until the autumn and delight you with bright colors and fragrance.
Choice of petunia variety
When real leaves appear, seedlings swoop into boxes. A month later, repeat the pick already in the pots. To obtain a compact plant, it is advisable to pinch all the shoots. This technique stimulates the branching of the plant.
How to grow petunia? Biotechnology for growing petunias contains several basic rules.
- dwarf petunias, undersized (plant height 15-30 cm),
Most hybrids were not obtained from seeds. Petunia remains popular for many years, largely due to the ease of maintenance and continuous flowering from spring to frost. Most of the plants that are usually sold in the trade network today are complex and hybrids (P. axillaris x P.integrifolia). These hybrids are predisposed to constant growth, but grow more in width than in height. Flowers terry. They come in almost all colors except brown and black. They can be with a strip on the edge of the petals and bicolor. There are hybrids with large flowers, smaller and numerous. There are so-called cascade hybrids grown in hanging baskets. Most hybrids emit fragrance.
To begin with, petunias can be different, ordinary and ampelous. Ampel varieties are distinguished by long, flexible shoots hanging freely from the edge of the pot. Often they are sold under the name surfinia or ampelous petunia. Ordinary petunias have erect shoots, creeping as they grow. There are varieties with compact bushes only up to 20 cm in height.
The most important points in the breeding of petunias - the choice of seed and care for flowers.
, Or branching petunias, we most often plant in the ground or boxes "pots". Caring for them is quite simple. Sowing bush varieties taken in March, April, and you can sow petunia to a permanent place in May.
A charming perennial plant for growing in the garden and at home, one of the most unpretentious annuals, a good solution for balconies, containers and hanging pots, a fragrant honey plant with rich colors, an indispensable partner in city beds and curb compositions - all this can be said about many loved petunias It has such a unique natural charm, thanks to which even simple varieties with ordinary monochromatic flowers always look fabulously airy, not to mention stunningly beautiful hybrids and varieties specially created by breeders. But among them there are specimens with a variegated color of flowers (one, two and even tricolor!), Their various forms (simple, terry, with corrugated edge) and sizes (large and small-flowered), growth pattern (bush, ampel, cascade ) and even different resistance to weather conditions (wind and rain). Поразительно, что при таком шикарном разнообразии практически все петунии предъявляют легко выполнимые требования к посадке и, за небольшим исключением, к уходу, а это, конечно же, открывает большие возможности в их использовании. Хотя при этом, как показывает практика, успех выращивания петунии иногда сильно зависит от выбранного способа посадки.
Петуния в летнем саду
Сначала надо определиться с местом для высаживания петуний. Эти цветы любят солнечные хорошо освещённые места. In the shade with a lack of light shoots strongly stretched, a large number of leaves are formed, and flowering is weakened. The plant loses its decorative effect. If your balcony is oriented to the south or southwest, petunia is the best flower to decorate. In the garden, petunias find a place well lit by the sun.
- ampelous petunias. This group includes cascade petunias and the popular now Petunias of Surfini.Tobacco
She has no specific pests and diseases. Susceptible to root rot, gray mold, late blight and tobacco mosaic virus. It is necessary to monitor the appearance of aphids, fleas, snails and slugs.
In size and color of petunia flowers can boast a very large variety. There are large-flowered (up to 10 cm in diameter), small-flowered (a flower is about 2 cm in diameter). Coloring can be almost any: white, red, pink, crimson, purple, and all intermediate varieties. A variety of stripes, headbands, spots of contrasting color on funnel flowers have long been no surprise to anyone.7 After 2 weeks, when the first true leaves appear, it is time to start the first feeding with the help of a spray bottle. Repeat the feeding procedure with watering 1-2 times a week.
Good seeds can not be packaged in a thousand or a hundred bags. Quality seeds are packaged in about 5 pcs. and each seed must be granulated.
Varieties of bush petunias do not need special care or other troublesome activities, these flowers from the category of "planted and forgotten", which, naturally, will facilitate the work of any gardener
Which varieties of petunias are best to choose?
Before planting petunia on the plot, it should be taken into account that biologically it is a perennial plant, but in regions with an average annual temperature below 10 ° C, one must either regularly grow exclusively as an annual, or provide it with wintering in a well-lit cool (10 - 12 ° C) indoors. This technique allows, on the one hand, to prolong the flowering of the crop in the autumn, and on the other, to receive planting material in the form of cuttings for rooting each year in early spring. One of the beneficial properties of petunia can be considered a good tendency to self-seeding, so that it can “sit down” on the site from year to year even without the intervention of a grower. However, if you consider that this plant is very thermophilic, and from seed germination to flowering in different varieties, the periods can vary from 70 to 90 days, in a harsh climate petunia is strongly recommended to grow through seedlings for an early and longer flowering period. For abundant flowering, it should grow on fertilized loam in a well-lit place, in the extreme case - in the diffused penumbra, and get enough moisture with irrigation. And although practical experience confirms that a petunia planted in a garden can adapt to any type of soil (even to poor sand and clay) and lighting, on strongly drying out soil and in the shade its flowering will be noticeably weaker, and on heavy wet areas it will be more often sick that in either case would entail the loss of the expected decoration.
- - Carefully treat the watering, to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil,Many varieties of petunia multiply by seeds, but varieties with double flowers produce few seeds, of which less than half germinates, therefore these varieties propagate by cutting. Propagated by cuttings and petunias of some hybrid varieties, in particular Surfinia.
- Petunia plant is thermophilic and drought-resistant, but it does not tolerate too high temperature. In such periods, the defeat of the spider mite is possible.Currently on sale are many varieties of petunia hybrid. Large-flowered varieties are petunias of the “Limbo F1”, “Hit Parad F1”, “P.Grandiflora” series and others. Among these varieties there are red petunias, pink, blue petunias, pure white petunias, and there are two-colored varieties - red with a white star , blue with a white star, pink with dark veins and many other various shades.
- . The leaves of petunia and tobacco are similar. They are whole, sessile or on short stalks, they are of various sizes and shapes. On the stems the leaves are arranged alternately. Stems are green, branched, depending on the variety may be erect, creeping or hanging down.----------------------------------------------------------------------------
- Seedlings of petunias are planted in separate pots, long boxes along the balcony railing. Petunias grow strongly, they are planted in the boxes at a distance of about 20 cm from each other. If the newly planted plants already have flowers (this is how they usually sell them), they should be removed. Petunia bush should bloom when it grows green mass.8 As you grow flowers should be transplanted into deeper containers.
It is better if the seeds are placed in a special flask. So they are 100% protected from damage during transportation.
Selection of seeds: a guide for beginners
- Strangely enough, the most difficult for florists with experience, and for beginners is sometimes the choice of the variety. After all, it must be done not only on the basis of the shade of the flowers, but also so that the plant harmoniously blends into the overall composition. Despite the fact that petunia is considered to be a good partner for other Letnikov (marigolds, tsinii, ageratum, left wing, snapdragon), it grows best and it looks most decorative on a separate flower bed, where ideally it is desirable to combine no more than 2–3 shades ( 1 - 2 different varieties). This is especially true for undersized and dwarf varieties and hybrids (“Duo Mixed”, “Erfurt”), which can be stifled by aggressive partners in the common flower garden, and also ampelous specimens, which occupy much more space on the flowerbed than ordinary bush petunias. Low-growing varieties are best suited for planting in hanging baskets and containers, ampelous varieties are best for decorating slopes, decorating gazebos, balconies, open terraces, original wire or wooden supports and frameworks for hanging baskets or pots, and bush petunias can be a godsend during decoration. compositions with “unusual” containers from old dishes, household appliances, stumps, barrels, etc.
- - not to allow an excess of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil.
- Uterine plants are dug in the fall, rolled into pots, pruned old shoots and placed for the whole winter in a cool and bright room with good ventilation. Contain at a temperature of + 10-12 degrees, moderately watered. In spring, young green apical cuttings do10 cm long are cut from this plant. All leaves except the top two are removed. For better root formation, the lower part of the cutting is immersed in a phytohormone solution, then planted in wet sand or loose, breathable soil to a depth of 3-4 cm, well crush the soil around the seedlings, watered and covered with film or glass. Planted cuttings after cutting need as quickly as possible. This is a general rule for grafting all plants (except succulents, which must be dried before planting).
- For some time, petunias can do without water, but for normal development and flowering they must be watered regularly. On the balconies in hot weather, it is advisable to water the flowers in the morning and in the evening, preventing complete drying of the earthy clod.
Among the multi-flowered petunias, we note the low, compact “P. multiflora nana compacta ", (height 20-35 cm, flowers smooth 5-6 cm in diameter), from the same series low petunia terry -" P. multiflora nana pleno ". Beautiful multifloral petunias "Fantasy red crystal" - light red with pink edges, the Merlin F1 hybrids are distinguished by a variety of shades.
Petunia flowers resemble
I admire this plant, so I will tell all about him that I know. But I got my knowledge from my mother. I often had to help her. Of course, the screening rules were not known to me, but her instructions sent me. I tried to remember how to grow petunia. However, I learned some features of the flower. When I decided to breed beauty on my own, my mother tried to give advice, but I no longer needed him. Now I will share how to care properly.
Ampel petunias plant them in hanging baskets. The size of the container for them is chosen more, not less than 3 liters in volume for one plant. To grow a lush ball of flowers requires good food.
Important points when sowing petunias:
Healthy petunia, which lacks light and nutrition, has short internodes and leaves of bright green color. During plant development, in violation of the conditions of light, temperature, heavy soil, we can observe such phenomena as chlorosis, powdery mildew and the invasion of pests.
If the packaging of loose petunia seeds costs 5-10 rubles. - high quality material under a big question. The price of a bag with granulated or selected high quality seeds - from 20 to 50 rubles.
Petunias are planted in large pots or suspended on verandas and loggias. These varieties are sown much earlier than the bush - in the beginning and middle of February to obtain seedlings.
When choosing a petunia, features characteristic of different varieties should be taken into account. For example, large-flowered (Grandiflora) petunias bloom 15 to 20 days later than the small-flowered (Multiflora), while the number of flowers is much lower than the last. As for resistance to adverse conditions, small-flowered petunias, although they suffer from rain and wind, but quickly recover, and large-flowered, especially terry, not only lose their decorative effect for a long time (the flowers stick together after the rain and rot, but also refuse to bloom in cold wet weather. An alternative to both can be a group of floriferous petunias (Floribunda), varieties of which are characterized both by large flower sizes and sufficient rain and wind resistance. Among marketed ampelous petunias, one should distinguish between “real ampel” and “half-amulet”. In the first (varieties “Explorer”, “Purple Velvet”, “Wonder wave” series, etc.), the shoots are a little thinner and they start to develop horizontally from a young age, then forming long, falling shoots, “curtains”, and the middle of an already grown bush has a small "bald spots". The same semi-amulet (cascade petunias “Ramblin”, “Double Cascade”, “Opera Supreme”, “Partitunia”, etc.) are distinguished by a shorter length and growth pattern of the shoots - they first grow upwards and then begin to hang under their own weight, thanks to what is formed thick fluffy blooming "pillow" or cascade.
In adults, petunias can turn yellow leaves. The most common causes of this trouble are as follows:
Rooting requires a temperature of + 20-23 degrees and good lighting. In the case of a short daylight, additional lighting with fluorescent lamps does not place the light day for at least 10 hours. The soil in the tank with cuttings must be constantly wet. Approximately a week later, roots are formed at the cuttings. When plants give new leaves they can be planted in small pots. As the petunias grow, they roll into larger pots. Further care for these plants is the same as for plants grown from seeds.
Petunias tolerate overmoistening, but stagnant water cannot be allowed. Not bad in the hot dry weather in the evenings to spray the plants that grow on the balcony (water droplets should be very small, in the form of fog). Spraying is the prevention of the appearance of spider mites.
Pretty woman loves good lighting and warmth, so always choose open and sunny areas. Warn, with the onset of dry and cold weather no longer bloom. Be sure to feed for abundant and prolonged flowering (I start after its placement and finish at the end of the summer period every 7-10 days, for which I use a full complex fertilizer, which includes potassium). I also like organics, so I often use mullein and humic fertilizers.
The soil for planting should be loose and fertile enough. You can buy ready-made mixture for petunias or make up from garden soil, leafy humus and peat with the addition of perlite and sand for friability.
If you have created the proper conditions for the seedlings, then by May you should have a small fluffy and blooming (15-20 buds) bush of ampelous petunia.
In supermarkets and garden sales departments there is not a very large and high-quality assortment of petunia seeds, therefore we advise you to contact online stores.
Feeding and care
The ammune varieties of petunia will harmoniously look both on the balcony of your summer house and as an independent composition in the garden.
Please note that ampelous petunias are often marketed under the name of sortogroup - not as an ampelous petunia, but as tumbelina (Tumbelina) conchita (Conchita), fortuna (Fortunia), surfiniya (Surfinia), Supertunia (Supertunia) and even Calibrachoa . Calibrachoa, by the way, is botanically related to another genus in general, although it is very similar to the same conchita and outwardly differs from most petunias only in smaller (no more than 3–4 cm in diameter) flowers and leaves. All these plants are not only characterized by abundant flowering and enviable resistance to any weather conditions (including drought), diseases and pests, but also have absolutely identical requirements for planting and care (even calibrahoa), so that a beginner does not have to understand their differences. Unless it is more careful to choose a place protected from rain for terry ampels — specimens from the Tumbelina, Fortunia and Conchita variety groups. However, it is necessary to clarify that the strength of growth and the size of the bushes, all ampelous petunias show only with sufficient heat, therefore the same caliber and surfines, of which in Japan create luxurious 1.5 - 2-meter flower "fountains", "waterfalls" "And" mountain rivers ", in our cooler climate, even with the best care will look much more compact. Since ampelous petunias set up very few seeds and do not always retain varietal characteristics during seed reproduction, they usually sell seedlings, but fortune is an exception, as the seeds of its hybrids are sold in flower shops (F1).
- violation of temperature,Diseases of petunias.Older varieties of petunias do not like rainy weather, when an excess of moisture accumulates in the soil (root decay is possible). Modern varieties are more resistant to adverse weather conditions. They tolerate wind, rain and drought better, but this does not mean that they can be forgotten to be watered or watered excessively.Characterized by compact bush and small height. Petunias with fringed edges of petals of “P. Erfurt Dwarf F1 "," P. Merlin F1 "- monophonic and a mixture of colors (pink with a white throat, dark purple and pure white)," P. Duo Mixed "- have densely-terry flowers, they are very good in hanging baskets.
. In size and shape they are divided into small and large-color, terry and simple. The range of colors is very wide - from pure white, light tones of yellow, pink to rich red, blue and purple. Often there are varieties of petunias combining different shades and having a motley pattern of flowers. The edges of the petals can be smooth and fringed.
Problems sometimes occur, and not everyone knows their causes and solutions. For example, not everyone knows what to do if it does not bloom charm. This may be due to poor screening. For example, if too much temperature drops during the day and night, as well as a lack of lighting. I will reveal the secret of what to do if a beautiful woman grows up poorly. In this case, spray it with epin. In general, some varieties can develop poorly because of inappropriate soil. There are still some diseases and pests. Charming black legs, some rot, brown spot, blight, some bacterial and viral diseases. Pests can attack whiteflies, aphids, thrips, spider mites and slugs. With this all I struggle if necessary with special preparations.
By illumination, the most suitable is a balcony or terrace on the east, west or north side of the house. In southern summer is too hot and flowering stops quickly. Hanging baskets are often placed in the garden, along the walkway to the house, at the porch.
How to plant petunias?
If we are talking about seeds, it must be said that with their purchase flower growers, unfortunately, can wait for disappointment. As practice shows, petunia seeds usually show good germination, but the plants grown from them do not always correspond to the characteristics indicated on the package. And not only in those cases when the terry of flowers is rarely “inherited”, but also when even the color of flowers and the growth pattern of seedlings are radically different from the pattern on the package, and almost all amber hybrids are sold under the general name like “Flower avalanche ". Увы, у недобросовестных производителей такая ситуация - отнюдь не редкость, поэтому приобретать любой посевной/посадочный материал настоятельно рекомендуется у проверенных продавцов, а еще лучше - отдавать предпочтение уже готовой рассаде, причем цветущей, что уж во всяком случае будет лучше непроверенных семян.
- нарушение режима полива,
Петунии достаточно выносливые растения, но при неблагоприятных условиях всё же болеют и поражаются вредителями.
Где посадить петунии?
Особенно внимательными надо быть к петуниям на балконе. Сильный ветер и дождь могут поломать длинные побеги (особенно у ампельных петуний в подвесных кашпо) и повредить нежные лепестки цветов. During such periods, it is better to move the plants to a place protected from wind and rain, and it is better, if possible, to immediately identify such a place for growing petunias on the balcony.
Where to get spring petunias?
The fruit of petunia is a box filled with very small seeds (there can be up to 10,000 pieces in one gram). Germination of seeds of petunia save 2-3 years.
I will also tell you how to collect the seeds, for which, from the very beginning, I select some flowers located below. It is their leave for the collection. I note that the size of the seeds are very small. So, having made a choice, I have to wait for quite a long time, since the ripening takes place within two or even three months. Therefore, I leave the necessary copies in advance so as not to cut them off.
Large-flowered varieties are severely damaged by rain and wind. They are best placed on the glassed-in balcony. Small flowers on flexible stems tolerate much better weather, suffer little from splashing water. They can be safely planted almost anywhere.
After landing in a permanent place, petunia can already begin to feed in a couple of weeks. Fertilizer should be applied with each watering.
How to breed petunias?
There are a huge number of varieties of petunia, but there are few really high-quality and popular ones. In our article we wrote several of the most popular varieties that do not require special care, but look no worse than the rest.
Any varieties of petunias look great on beds and pots. Here are pretty good varieties:
Possible problems with petunia: diseases and pests
It's time to talk about how to plant. Just want to say that the planting is carried out only in the fertile loamy or sandy soil. But it can be placed in other fertile lands, though, she does not like them so much. I will definitely bring humus or compost into the substrate, but I don’t use fresh manure, because it can cause fungal diseases. When I plan to plant, I always lime the acidic lands. In the spring when digging I make nitrophoska.
Gorgeous petunia and its cultivation in the garden
It is best to buy not from attendants on the market, but in a specialized garden center. There, you are guaranteed to get strong seedlings in small pots, usually with buds or one or two flowers. Choose a shrub with as many side shoots as possible, then you will have a lush, beautiful flowering plant. Petunias are on sale at the end of April or in May. Another advantage of shopping at the garden center is almost always there is a consulting girl who will tell you in detail what to do with the selected flower and how.
We recommend the following feeding scheme:
Some varieties of petunias are not whimsical. It is enough to sow them in May in the open land and water well. But more often, to grow a smart “hat” of petunias in your flowerpot, one small seed must go a very long way.
A little harder is to root the stalk of the petunia yourself and plant it on the plot. This method is ideal for the reproduction of the most valuable and most decorative varieties, but it requires certain skills from the gardener. Purely theoretically, cuttings can be cut off (tops of shoots with 4–5 leaves) in petunia throughout the growing season, since the ideal conditions for rooting are heat (20–23 ° C) and at least a 10-hour light day. But since plants grown from cuttings bloom on average after 1–1.5 months, summer grafting makes sense only when young petunias hibernate in cool (10–16 ° C) and in good light, even if there is a dozen plants not every grower can afford. It is much easier to arrange the same wintering for one or two mother plants, cutting them to take place in February or in early spring and enjoy summer blooming of young specimens in the garden. Pay attention: the marvelous petunias that go on sale are often grown in the mode of accelerated forcing using growth / flowering stimulants and, according to experts, are less suitable for grafting than those grown on their own, for example, from seeds. But if you have already acquired a petunia of rare beauty, do not be too lazy to cut it in summer and leave for wintering one or two young plants along with a mother bush, which, before the first frost, needs to be trimmed a little and transferred into a separate pot. After a short "rest" with very moderate watering and regular illumination around the end of winter, petunias will begin to actively grow vegetated, so you can start feeding them, often watering longer (up to 16 hours per day) to finish lighting. When the uterine plant has already formed into a more or less lush bush, cut the cuttings, remove the lower leaves from them and immediately place them on the rooting - either just put into the water with dissolved grains of potassium permanganate, or put into a light nutrient mixture mixed with the calcined river sand . Cuttings of terry varieties must be planted in the soil mixture, as they take root worse in water, and for more successful completion of the process, also use rotors and arrange a mini-hothouse above the “plantings”. With sufficient heat, light scattered light and daily brief airing, in 7–10 days the roots grow on almost all cuttings, so they can already be transplanted into separate small containers, and later as they grow they can be pinched and reloaded into large pots (containers ) or immediately planted in a permanent place.
Petunia - care, breeding, disease.
. These petunias stalks (up to 1 m long) hang from flower boxes and hanging baskets, forming waterfalls of flowers. These are the series “Avalanche F1”, “Wonder Wave F1”, “Pendula”, petunias - Surfinia, having flowers of many colors with a characteristic dark mouth.
Very often, newcomers, focusing on the relative unpretentiousness of already adult petunias, try to grow their seedlings from seeds and, alas, are frustrated. Firstly, some people make a gross mistake - they sow the seeds collected from already growing terry and ampelous petunias and in most cases do not receive plants with the expected characteristics. Secondly, because of unscrupulous growers, completely different plants grow from seedlings (not terry, other colors, etc.). And thirdly, seedlings who have no experience growing seedlings due to improper care, seedlings often get sick and die. In order not to "fill the cones", buy seeds only from reliable suppliers and better give preference to the coated ones. Due to excessive burial, very small petunia seeds may not germinate, therefore, the soil for sowing must be sifted through a fine sieve, and the seeds themselves can either be mixed with sand or sown on a layer of fine sand or snow scattered on the soil. It is impossible to sprinkle them on top, maximum - gently seal with a spoon or wooden spatula and pour over the container with crops through the pan until the soil is completely wet or using a syringe so as not to wash off the seeds. With coated seeds, of course, it is much more convenient to work with: they are not so afraid of digging and can be planted in general immediately in separate peat tablets. Provided sufficient heat (20 - 23 ° C) and high humidity (under glass, in a greenhouse), the seeds peck a maximum after a week, after which the seedlings should be organized to cool (16 - 18 ° C) content and good lighting to avoid stretching. If the seeds are sown very early (in January - February), you need to take care of additional lighting, and if in March - you can be content with natural light. The biggest problem in this whole process is to protect the seedlings from lodging and waterlogging, because of which they are affected by fungal diseases and quickly die. Therefore, as they grow, in order to avoid thickening, they must either be thinned out, or, at the age of 2 to 4 true leaves, dive into separate containers. To stimulate branching, after the growth of 4 - 5 leaflets in seedlings, it is recommended to pinch the tops. In general, from sowing seeds to planting seedlings at a permanent place, taking into account the pre-hardening time, it takes about two to three months, so this method of planting petunias is both the most time-consuming and the longest, but with the desire and the presence of sufficient areas can be slightly simplified. To do this, in March, the seeds should be sown immediately in portable containers (the same old leaky basins), covered with lutrasil and put in a sufficiently lit room - on the glazed balcony, loggia or veranda. At the same time, seeds germinate a little longer, but as a result seedlings turn out to be stronger and less sick, and containers with grown petunias with heat can simply be transferred to a permanent place.Spider mite».
It is very important to remove faded flowers and prevent the ovary from forming. Ripening fruits (seed boxes) does not contribute to abundant flowering. Removal of the ovary, on the contrary, stimulates the establishment of new flower buds.Loved flower growers and
Petunia whiteI would also like to tell you about watering. Of course, baby can do without water for a short period of time. But in order to grow and develop properly, I regularly perform water procedures. In the heat I do it twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. But still, I try not to overwet babies, so sometimes, instead of evening watering, I just spray them.There is another trick, how to achieve good and long flowering: do not plant petunia right away in a very large pot! It is better to first put in a plastic pot a little larger than the one in which you bought it. When the roots are covered with a clod of earth and the petunia is covered with flowers, transplant gently into a large pot.We water with a solution of water and humates,1. Land for petunias should be fairly loose and light. The soil should be poured into a small container (you can take a plastic container), moisten well and pour growth stimulator.
As a rule, petunias planted on a flower bed or in open ground, need less care than growing in containers. If the first for abundant flowering is sufficiently regular watering after light drying of the soil and removal of faded flowers, then the latter, in addition, should be organized also additional feeding. Fertilizers (complex with a predominance of potassium and phosphorus, vermistim, humates, ash infusion, etc.) should be optimally applied no more than once every 2 weeks, ideally, it is advisable to carry out top-dressing only after irrigation and reduce the concentration by 2 times as overfed petunias may refuse to bloom. The absence or delay of flowering and development in general can be observed in petunias and on the background of bad weather conditions or chlorosis, but then in the first case it is also accompanied by twisting of the leaves, and in the second - by their yellowing. After evaluating the appearance of non-flowering plants, appropriate “treatment” should be carried out: overfed petunias show a short cessation of fertilizing and irrigation under low light or heat - spraying with “Zircon” or “Appin”, and for petunias with the first signs of chlorosis - treatment iron chelate (according to the instructions).
- A very small red spider. Appears on the underside of the leaves and envelops them with thin white cobwebs. It is destroyed by spraying and washing the leaves, especially from the lower side, with water, weak tobacco extract, dusting (in the open air, outside the rooms) with ground sulfur or the plant is treated with ready-made systemic insecticides.
At the first signs of the disease - softening and darkening of the root part of the stem, immediate measures should be taken:
To get a beautiful plant, petunia bush must be formed by pinching shoots. This technique stimulates the formation of new branches of the flower, the plant becomes more lush, it produces more flowers.
Now I will tell you how to cut and why to do it. So, always remove the flowers that have faded so that the ovary does not form, which also contributes to the formation of new buds. For the formation of new branches and bush pomp is pruned.What to do if there is no garden center in your city? Just order in the fall or winter through the Internet seeds of your favorite flowers! They can be selected in a special catalog of plants, landscape.ua, for example. As a rule, in such catalogs there is a brief description of varieties and varieties, which allows us to imagine what will grow from the purchased seeds. The selection of seeds and plants in containers there is quite large.
Second week:2 We pour the seeds from above, without deepening into the soil, and we slightly rub down with earth.- also very beautiful and easily grown species,
The defeat of petunias (and seedlings, and adult plants) diseases and pests most often occurs against the background of irregular / uneven watering, so beginners need to be prepared for this. Because of the lack of moisture, petunia seedlings quickly die, and adult plants lose leaves in the heat, form small flowers, bloom less long-term and often suffer from attacks of spider mites and aphids. With rapid temperature changes in combination with increased air humidity (irregular ventilation) and over-wetting, the soil of petunia can suffer from fungal diseases - blackleg (mainly affects seedlings), powdery mildew (very dangerous even for adult plants), wet rot, late blight, and t .P. At the first signs of pests and diseases, the necessary treatments with insecticides (such as “Taurus”) and fungicides (“Profit”, “Oxy”, “Ridomil MC”, etc.) should be carried out, respectively, and spray the plants from above and at the base. For the purposes of prevention, it is recommended not to thicken the crops and planting of petunias, to provide them with sufficient aeration, not to over-wet the plants, not to get involved in nitrogen supplements and not to use too cold and hard (causing chlorosis) water for irrigation, and during the flowering period to give preference to watering under the root. GoAphid- remove the diseased plant with a part of the adjacent land,
Breeding petunias.- “Pirouette F1” - two-color petunias: purple with white, red with white, pink with white, pure white terry “Sonata F1”.Red-purple petuniaI want to say that the photos of the kids I really like. Petunia in the photo impresses many people. And me as well.
Beautiful large-flowered petunias do not propagate by seeds collected on a flower bed. The collected seeds of hybrids do not inherit the characteristics of the mother plant. They breed by cuttings. If you especially like a variety, save it in a pot in the winter. In the spring cut the cuttings and plant under the film. Petunias root well.
Water with a solution of water and potassium sulfate. Next, alternate according to the scheme first.
Spray petunia will look great in any pot
The question of the feasibility of pruning (pinching) petunias should be solved depending on the varietal characteristics and, in fact, the desire of the grower. Theoretically, even with the usual removal of flowers withered or spoiled due to rain, you can constantly stimulate this plant to bloom, but if there are too many petunias in the garden and it’s not always time to pay attention to each other, after an active spring wave of flowering they start to lose decorativeness - flowering shifts to the ends of the exposed shoots, and the flowers themselves become shallow. If the petunias at this time are slightly “cut” - shorten the shoots by 2/3 - then in a couple of weeks they will grow into new growth and bloom profusely again. Here, by the way, the grower can help very much young plants (seedlings) grown in the second wave (later for a couple of weeks) of sowing seeds / cuttings and planted in portable containers - they will actively bloom and help temporarily “cover” the trimmed petunias for the period their "resuscitation". Unfortunately, this technique is not suitable for all varieties and hybrids, since in terry and large-flowered dwarf varieties, strong pruning can stimulate the shredding of flowers, and this procedure is shown only in spring in amber petunias. Experts generally advise in ampelous (cascading) petunias not only to pinch the tips of the shoots for active branching, but also to remove all the buds before the completion of the shaping, in order to create the very effect of massive abundant flowering. Practicing color growers, by the way, with the help of timely pruning, it is possible to restore patients with petunias, and to receive, with regular pinching, even from one or two copies, the volume illusion of a whole group of plants.
- A small insect can be green, gray or black in color. It settles on the underside of the leaf and feeds on the sap of the plants, which leads to drying and folding of the leaves. It multiplies rapidly. Destroyed by finished products, which are sold in stores or solutions of nicotine sulfate in water with soap in the ratio of 1 gr. никотин - сульфата на 1 литр мыльной воды.
- все оставшиеся растения обработать фунгицидами,
В настоящее время на протяжении всего весеннее-летнего сезона можно купить готовую рассаду петуний в цветочных магазинах и на базарах, но можно получить рассаду петуний самостоятельно. Главное при этом приобрести качественные семена, которые желательно покупать в специализированных магазинах или у проверенных поставщиков.
Purchased seeds usually have a F1 mark on the bag. It means a hybrid. They are sown in early spring in boxes, covered with film or glass and placed in a well-lit place. From lack of light, seedlings are drawn out. After the appearance of the second leaf, dive into separate pots. After the appearance of the fourth leaf pinch the top to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots.
Perloga decorated with petunia along with other flowers will be an excellent design solution.
Important: Granulated seeds should be watered abundantly so that the granules dissolve faster. Otherwise, the material will rise for a long time.
- bush variety, has a very beautiful color,
If you are familiar with petunia not for the first year, but you still haven’t “laid claim to exclusiveness”, allowing this plant to multiply by self-seeding, grow freely and choose its place and flower bed partners, try to look at it in a new way, connect a creative approach and careful care and try to extract the maximum decorativeness from each copy. Believe me, in the future you will never want to give up the opportunity to have this beauty on the site.
After processing, the plant should be thoroughly cleaned in a day, closing the soil with polyethylene. If necessary, processing is repeated.
- to establish watering, not to allow overmoistening of the soil and stagnant water.
Planting of petunias from seeds is carried out in March. These dates are determined by the desired time of landing of petunias in the garden or on the balcony. It takes about three months to produce developed petunia seedlings from seeds.
There are four groups of petunia flowers:Homeland - South America.
Perennial plant grown as an annual. It feels great in well-drained soil with medium humidity. Light-requiring and shade-loving.
It is very important to detect plant diseases in time. If you notice signs of pests or powdery mildew, you should immediately treat the petunia with a special solution. The bush should be sprayed not only from above, but also to raise the branches and process the plant from the bottom at the base. Do not forget to remove faded buds every week.3 Liberally spray crops with clean water from a spray bottle."Vander Wave"
Petunia for many years occupies a leading position among the most popular summer flowers among gardeners. And this is no accident! Petunias bloom all summer and have a wide variety of shades and colors. The flower season is coming, so today we will talk about how to plant and grow petunia in our country house, on the balcony or in the garden.
Powdery mildew also belongs to fungal diseases. Mealy dew in petunias has the appearance of white bloom on leaves and flowers. Occurs with sudden changes in temperature and humidity (especially in hot weather). The affected parts of the plant must be removed. All plant process sulfur.
The soil prepared for planting, pre-sieved and well watered. Seeds are mixed with sand for a more even distribution over the ground, after which they are sown, not ground up, sprinkled with water from a spray bottle and covered with film or glass.
"Fairy Tale F1". A flower with a dark pharynx, various colors, the edges of the petals are crimped.
- large-flowered petunias (the size of flowers is up to 10 cm in diameter),
It grows well in open sunny places.
Petunia is not by chance so popular. Even with minimal care, the plant is able to give the owners a lush colorful bloom all summer long, and to the very frost. After the onset of cold weather up to -30C, you can pick up the flowerpots in the house and the petunia with its flowers will please you for a long time. Plant this universal plant and you will not regret it!
4 Seedlings should be covered with glass or plastic wrap.
- a very powerful species that can develop vast territories.
These flowers have many shapes. The most common division of petunias is the bush and ampelous varieties. Just look at the photo of petunias on this page, and everything will become clear to you.
- a small white butterfly, lays larvae on the underside of the leaf. It multiplies rapidly. As a rule, he lives in greenhouses and indoors. The whitefly is rarely found on the balcony and in the garden. Destroyed with preparations containing permethrin (at a concentration of 0.2%). Processing should be carried out every three days.
To prevent fungal diseases, you must adhere to the following rules:
The best temperature for seed germination is 20-23 degrees. With a higher temperature and lack of light, the seedlings are drawn out, laid down and are affected by fungal diseases. Sowing petunias regularly airs. Under favorable conditions, seeds germinate in 5-7 days. As soon as the seeds germinate, the glass or film must be removed. Water carefully and moderately, and the air temperature should be gradually reduced to +18 degrees.
Leaving- multi-flowered petunias with small flowers (3-5 cm in diameter),- perennial herbaceous plant of the nightshade family, belongs to the same family as potato and tomato. In floriculture is used as an annual. Petunia is not grown as an indoor flower, but the best plant for outdoor decoration of windows and balconies is difficult to find.
It can easily tolerate lean soils. Most often grown from seeds planted in the soil for 10-12 weeks before the last frost. Many gardeners are looking for interesting varieties in nurseries and use seeds only when it is necessary to obtain a certain variety. Acquired plants pinch during planting. Pinching contributes to a more rapid formation of new buds and allows you to form a plant. If the plant is dried up in the summer heat, it must be cut to stimulate late flowering. Favorite and rare plants can be left to spend the winter indoors, in a cool place.Petunia is one of the most popular annual plants for summer landscaping of balconies. Bright flowers of various colors will make the balcony festive and elegant. Petunia is now rarely grown from seed, usually buying ready-made seedlings. How to care for these flowers so that they decorate your house as long as possible?
5 Open the film every day to check the degree of soil moisture and, if necessary, water the seedlings.
Hanging pots on the veranda, or any other place, and planting petunias in them, you will receive a beautiful composition that will delight you all summer.Bush
True chlorosis is usually caused by a high content of calcium in the soil and too hard water used for irrigation. In such conditions, the plant can not absorb iron from the soil. Iron deficiency can also affect petunias grown in pots. In this case, it is necessary to introduce fertilizers containing iron. Source: http://www.keepflowers.ru/
- the land for sowing is not heavy, with the RN - the land before sowing to steam,
Remove old flowers and whip
In mid-late May, a petunia planted in good soil, regularly watered, pleases its owners with numerous, large and bright colors. But after only a few weeks the colors become smaller, and their size significantly decreases.
To avoid this, regularly inspect the bushes and carefully pick off the flowering flowers. It is easy to identify them - their petals become sluggish, weakly hold their shape.
But still, the plant spends on their maintenance a lot of nutrients. So, healthy flowers and buds will get less. Removing old flowers at least two or three times a week will save moisture and minerals by getting beautiful, healthy flowers.
In addition, over time, the bushes of petunias begin to throw out the lash, trying to grab an increasingly large area. The florist does not need this at all - the flowering becomes much less intense. Fortunately, the problem is solved by a regular haircut. Scourge can be shortened by 2/3 or completely removed. With good watering and fertilizing will take no more than a week or two, and the bushes will be covered with numerous, bright and beautiful flowers.
A few words about feeding
Petunia is quite a "voracious" plant - a large number of flowers quickly depletes the soil. Therefore, fertilizing is especially important for their health and beauty.
Special mixtures containing a large amount of phosphorus — superphosphate or potassium monophosphate — are best suited. We should not forget about nitrogen - it is needed to maintain the stems in perfect condition. However, you can use special fertilizers designed specifically for petunias.
In them, the most important trace elements are combined in an optimal proportion, and special vitamins significantly increase efficiency.
Such simple tips allow you to maintain the flowering of petunias until the first frost.