Aloe is a very useful plant that can be grown right on the windowsill. This flower is very often used in traditional medicine recipes and that is why its leaves can be consumed very quickly.. And so that stocks never run out you need to learn how to propagate aloe. Let's talk more about how to grow this medicinal plant at home.
This method is very often used to rejuvenate and give new life to the old plant.. Also, this method is quite interesting and unusual, because few plants can be propagated using the green part.
For reproduction, Aloe needs to break off a healthy leaf from the base, dry it with activated carbon and leave it for a couple of days in the dark.
The algorithm of action on the reproduction of aloe using the sheet is as follows:
- at the base of the stem with a neat, sharp knife cut off a healthy, fleshy leaf,
- then it is laid on gauze, bandage or cotton wool and placed in a dark place. This is necessary in order to increase the germination of a future seedling,
- after the cut point dries, its treated with crushed charcoal,
- then necessary prepare a wet substrateconsisting of a mixture of sand, garden earth and vermiculite,
- leaves are planted in the substrate at a depth of about 3 centimeters,
- the basic rule for the care of the rooted leaf will be abundant and daily watering, because without it a sapling can dry out.
After the developed roots appear on the sheet, it can be planted in a separate container for permanent residence.
Cutting is one of the most common ways to reproduce many horticultural crops and plants. In most cases, breeding cuttings ends in success. The main thing is to fulfill all the requirements correctly and not to lose sight of any details.
Aloe is propagated by cuttings, usually in spring or summer, when rooting works best.
For propagation by cuttings, lateral branches of the plant are used, which are located along the stem. Before starting work, they are carefully cut off and placed in a closet, bedside table or any other dark place with a humidity of about 50% for about a week. This procedure is necessary for the cut to dry.
As a substrate, a mixture of:
After the cutting is ready for rooting, the following steps are taken.:
- The base of the cut planting material treated with crushed coal,
- The soil is laid out in low containers. or cassettes and water thoroughly,
- Between individual instances should be maintained a distance equal to 5-7 centimeters,
- During landing cuttings slightly deepen into the ground, only 1-2 centimeters,
- Constant soil moisture is the key to successful breeding. In addition, experienced gardeners recommend increase the amount of watering with the advent of the first roots.
Aloe vera develops very quickly and the cutting does not stop growing need to be transplanted into a container with larger sizes. Prerequisite will be the presence of drainage holes with a diameter of not less than 1 centimeter.
In order to properly decontaminate the container, it is necessary to consider the material from which it is made.:
- pottery is placed in a hot oven for 10-15 minutes,
- clay is treated superphosphate solution,
- plastic container can wash under hot water using laundry soap.
Aloe apex breeding is the fastest way, which is also very simple for beginners, because rooting takes place in water and you can always easily see how this process proceeds. Work carried out, adhering to the following rules:
- The top of the flower is cut off so that it leaves at least 7 healthy sheets,
- Then the bottom of the planting material for half an hour soaked using growth hormone,
- Prepared top placed in a container with warm water,
- As soon as the first roots appear, seedlings are planted in a prepared pot. As a soil, you can use a mixture of clean sand and leafy ground, which must be carefully moistened.
This method has several names - children, sleeping buds, appendages or root shoots. This method of reproduction is the easiest, it occurs naturally.and all that remains is for man to separate the seedling from the mother plant. The main disadvantage will be a long period of waiting for the formation of new appendages.
Reproduction Aloe underground shoots (kids) that grow around the potted plants
The breeding process is as follows:
- To start flower is taken from the pot and carefully considered, determining the degree of maturity of the roots of "kids",
- The appendages and the main plant share with the help of a sharp garden blade, while in no case can you damage the root system,
- Then the plant separation planted in separate containers with a sandy substrate and watered daily.
This work is the most difficult and lengthy, to get aloe from seeds you need to spend a lot of time and effort. The algorithm of such actions is as follows.:
- First prepare the substrate. You can buy it in the store (soil mix for indoor plants) or you can cook it yourself from grain sand, leaf and sod land,
- In the prepared container pour the soil and deepen seeds by 2-3 centimeters,
- Then the container is covered with foil or glass,
- As soon as the first shoots appear shelter can be gradually removed,
- The grown seedlings are moved to a new, separate containerwhile the composition of the soil should remain the same.
In a year, a small but already mature plant should form.which needs to be transplanted again using the largest container.
Since aloe is an indoor plant, can multiply at any time of the year, the main condition will be to maintain a stable temperature regime.
But experienced growers say it is best to carry out such work in early spring. It is during this period that natural processes are activated, and rooting occurs much faster.
If you follow all the above recommendations, the reproduction of aloe vera will always end in success. This plant is well rooted and getting young flowers is available even for a beginner grower.
Growing conditions at home
Aloe belongs to succulents, and therefore has the general properties of this group of plants:
- the ability to endure drought for a long time due to the accumulation of moisture in its leaves and stems,
- love of light
- the difference in care requirements in summer and winter,
- ease of engraftment during transplantation and reproduction.
In winter, aloe is enough to water once a monthIts temperature should not exceed 12-14 degrees. Otherwise, the plant will stretch, and at close proximity to heat sources (batteries, stoves, stoves) can begin rot from the roots.
In the spring a gradual awakening of aloe is recommended. increased watering (up to 1 time per week), making a brighter light. But do not forget that abrupt change of conditionth environment can be destructive for aloe.
In the summer, especially in extreme heat, aloe needs spraying. Young and actively developing plants are subject to transplantation once a year, and after they reach the age of 5 years once every three years. The optimal time for transplanting is from February to deep autumn. Later, aloe will be in a state of rest or winter rest, and you should not touch it.
When transplanting, it is better to choose a low but spacious container. Give preference to pots of natural materials. For example, clay. Since in the wild, aloe grows in heat and dryness, then you should take care not to destroy the flower with excess stagnant water. For this, the bottom of each pot must be filled. drainage material (expanded clay, tile or brick chips).
If the soil in the transplanted pot is very dry, then it should be watered in a day or two. After transplanting aloe vera and slightly thickening the soil, you should not get involved in watering. Tumble dry land and leave alone for 5-7 days. To learn how to plant properly, read here.
How to multiply at home?
If you use aloe juice for medicinal and cosmetic purposes, then you have to cut off the lower leaves. The plant loses its decorative appearance, and therefore there is a need to have several such plants. You can, of course, buy ready-made flower in the store, but aloe is enough unpretentious and transplanting and reproduction, if you do not make serious mistakes.
Should know and abide by fundamental rules, and then it’s easy to create a new plant with your own hands:
- from cuttings
- from the process,
- from a separate sheet,
- from seeds.
At home, aloe blooms rarely and get the seeds from it in a natural way is quite difficult. But well afford to buy a bag of aloe seeds in the flower department.
One of the fastest ways to get an adult matured plant is reproduction by cuttings. The stalk that you plan to plant for breeding aloe should be about 10 cm. Long. It is more convenient to cut it off from the main plant with a sharp one (so as not to mash the cut plant tissue), but with a short knife in order to reduce the risk of grazing adjacent stems and leaves.
The resulting cutting is powdered at the site of the cut with coal dust and dried (infused) for 2-3 days at room temperature, avoiding bright light. Then, in an already prepared container with light, loose soil at the bottom (3/4 of the height) and wet sand from above (1/4), they are planted to a depth of 1 centimeter slightly tilted. If there are several cuttings, then the distance between them should be 4-5 centimeters.
With moderate soil moisture and light loosening along the edges of the aloe root and it can be a month or a little more carefully transplanted to a permanent place in another pot.
The method of growing aloe from seeds is the longest, but plants can immediately get the whole plantation. It is recommended to take dishes for germinating seeds flat and low. Time to plant is better to choose spring and summer. In this case, it will be possible to put the dishes for germination in a greenhouse and not to spray to maintain constant humidity.
The seeds are laid out no closer than 1.5 cm from each other, slightly pressing into the ground. The soil itself is necessarily pre-sanitized by heating or a solution of potassium permanganate and consists, as in the case of cuttings, of sand and barren land. Wet soil with seeds sprinkled on a centimeter of dry clean sand. Sufficient temperature for germination of aloe seeds - 22-25 degrees.
The first shoots will appear in 2-4 days. In the future, the sprouts dive and transplanted into more bulk capacity. But be prepared that the adult plant will have to wait. about 2 years.
We multiply shoots
A healthy adult plant will certainly give young shoots coming from the bottom of the rosette. Such shoots thicken aloe and will soon weaken it, taking away food and living space. But in the new place they will take root well and form an independent plant.
It is desirable that when separating the already formed "kids" as possible less damaged their roots. Carefully clean the base of the aloe from the ground, try to do without a knife, only with your own fingers. If this succeeds, then all that remains is to plant such an escape into a separate place.
If the "baby" firmly attached to the parent plant, then carefully cut it off, trying to save his roots. The open cut is sprinkled with coal powder, similar to propagation by cuttings, and after aging for 2-3 days they are planted in a moist (not wet!) Substrate, trying to fill the voids. About planting and transplanting aloe, read here.
Watered a little bit a week. It will be possible to feed the young individuals only when they finally take root and give new leaves.
Even when the young sprout is completely detached from the roots, it is able to survive and grow. For this, planting methods that are similar to planting by cuttings are applicable (dusting with coal, drying for several days and subsequent planting).
How to grow aloe leaf?
The most problematic is to apply the method of breeding aloe from his leaf. But it happens that the whole plant is so damaged that there is nothing left except for individual leaves. It is possible to try and get good results.
The lowermost leaves are usually cut off from a capable plant. If there is no choice, then any one will do. The cut is clean and even. It is made with the help of a knife. Then it is possible to process the cut-off areas with coal (dust, powder) and slightly press the sheet. Follow the same recommendations as when planting cuttings, but plant in the substrate deeper - 2.5-3 centimeters. It is sometimes advised in the case of individual leaves to cover with a glass jar to maintain humidity and temperature. And protect from direct sunlight until it finally takes root.
How to propagate aloe apex?
It happens that aloe starts due to excess moisture or drafts rot below the trunk. It would be more reasonable to save the crown and try the following method of reproduction - cutting with the tip. The main condition - how can cut off the wet and rotten part faster, preventing the disease from spreading to the healthy top of the plant. It is best to make it a few inches taller from the site of the lesion. Then the treatment with coal powder, a short drying and planting in another place with a healthy, moderately moist soil, followed by engraftment.
Peculiarities of care after reproduction
After you have planted the seedlings in separate pots, and they have pleased you with new leaves, you can pamper them with fertilizers. Now the usual watering can be done more often (once a week). But Do not forget about the moderation of moisture in order to avoid rotting and death of the plant. We wrote about plant diseases in this article.
It is better to cultivate aloe in spring or summer so that the flower has enough sun and heat for full recovery and subsequent care for winter rest.
Having not only a beautiful plant on your windowsill or on the balcony, but a pharmacy for rejuvenating and healing the body is rarely refused. Care for your aloe, please him the right care and it will grow to your joy.
See more photos below:
The necessary conditions
Aloe, like any home plant, needs proper care. Only if the correct temperature and humidity is observed in the room, can we expect babies or seeds to appear in the flower. Otherwise, the selection of the breeding method will be significantly limited.
Agaric (the national name of aloe) is a succulent and grows in the wild in southern countries. Therefore, to grow in the apartment this flower should be on sandy, clay and dry soils. Planting agave should be in breathable ground that does not trap moisture.
This plant is able to endure prolonged droughts. Because of this, when growing aloe in an apartment, it is imperative to avoid excessive soil moisture.
The flower pot should be placed on a warm and well-lit window sill. Allowed placement on the east window. You need to put the pot under the window, as the plant loves fresh air. If the window is not near the window, it is recommended to open it often for airing.
If you create conditions for aloe, as close as possible to natural, it can be multiplied in any of the possible ways.
Before breeding a flower, you must first figure out how to root aloe. The rooting process depends on the method of obtaining a new plant. Let's look at five possible options for performing this procedure.
One of the commonly used methods is reproduction of aloe leaf. This is due to the fact that the method is very simple to implement. The optimal time for work is the beginning of spring, as well as the first summer months.
If you do not know how to grow aloe from a leaf, we advise you to consistently perform the following steps:
- The plant gets the most healthy and beautiful leaf. Cut it as close as possible to escape. You can not tear off the leaf.
- Then the cut part of the plant is placed in a dark place until the cut dries. A thin crust should appear on the cut.
- This is followed by crushing activated carbon. They are covered with a leaf in the area of the cut.
- Then we prepare the soil-sand mixture, to which we add peat. Moisturize the soil.
- Insert the leaf into the prepared soil so that it enters the ground by 2-4 cm. Stick sheet cut into the soil.
To grow a new agave in this way, it is necessary to water the leaf and place the pot with it in the usual conditions for this plant.
Now you know how to plant an aloe process, namely its leaf without a root.
Довольно просто черенковать столетник, чтобы получить новое растение. The best time to perform this procedure is summer. But many growers say that in the spring and in the autumn, grafting can also be performed.
In the role of the cutting will be the lateral process or escape. An excellent copy can be grown with proper flower care. When the best shoot is selected, it must be carefully separated from the main stem. Cut the stalk at its base.
The sprout should be placed in a dark place and left for 5 days to dry. After drying, the same actions are performed as with a piece of paper: sprinkling with coal the cut and sticking a cutting into the ground. The process should be buried 1-2 cm. After planting in a room, it is necessary to maintain a constant indicator of humidity.
Kids or shoots
Homemade aloe vera can be propagated by children, which, if properly cared for, form in a small amount in a pot. This is the easiest way that the agave can breed, since everything here occurs naturally. It only remains for the florist that it is neat to separate the sapling from the mother flower. Splitting plants need a sharp tool. In this case, damage to the roots should be avoided. This is due to the fact that the baby does not have to re-root.
The main disadvantage of aloe division by processes or children is that the formation of such formations is rare. In addition, for their appearance care for the plant must be perfect, which is not as common as we would like.
You can sprout aloe from seeds. However, this is the most difficult and time-consuming method. If you use seeds, the flower will acquire its natural appearance only in 1.5–2 years. In addition, seed before planting must be treated with special growth agents and disinfected (for example, dilute a weak solution of potassium permanganate).
Seeds are obtained after the aloe has thrown out the peduncle and formed a bud. Ready-made seeds can be easily bought at any flower shop.
Sowing seeds is best done in early spring. At this time, daylight hours have already increased and become sufficient for normal sowing of seed. Seeds are sown in moist soil. Many growers recommend after planting to cover the flower pot with a plastic transparent film. Thus, a greenhouse effect is achieved. Such conditions are necessary for the rapid germination of seeds.
If everything was done correctly, then the first shoots will appear in about 1.5 months or later. With a strong thickening of young plants, they are pickled. When sprouts reach a height of 5–7 cm, they can be transplanted into individual containers. After transplantation, a young plant is recommended to be placed in a greenhouse or else to maintain a constant temperature and humidity in the room. Also on the shoots should get sunlight.
The next transplant is performed next year, in early spring. A larger pot should be used. After that, the care of a young flower is carried out according to the standard scheme. The main thing is to organize the correct water regime, and also to create optimal conditions for the plant.
As you can see, the reproduction of aloe can be done in different ways, each of which has its own characteristics. Choose for yourself the best option to always have on hand several "home doctors".
This is an amazing way, because plants rarely give in to such breeding methods. But aloe is so unpretentious creation that by cutting off only one leaf, you can safely count on the fact that a new bush will grow out of it.
To do this, you just need to tear off a leaf from the bush, sprinkle the damaged place with crushed coal and remove it for a day or two in a dark place.
The sequence of actions is as follows:
- cut a thick, sturdy leaf with a sharp knife,
- planting material is placed on a suitable fabric (gauze, cotton wool, bandage, etc. can be used),
- seedling is left for a couple of days in the dark to increase survival,
- dried place cut pollinate crushed coal
- in the prepared and well-moistened soil mixture planted cuttings, deepening by 2-3 centimeters.
Caring for a plant will be in the indispensable daily watering, without this nothing happens - the leaf dries. After rooting, the seedling is determined in a separate pot.
Regarding whether to engage in rooting such cut pieces in a jar of water, then there are conflicting opinions. There are gardeners who insist on this method of growing cuttings. Dropping it into the water, you should definitely wait for the roots. Opponents of this method are sure that the cutting, standing in the water, will simply rot, there is no use for such a method.
In any case, you need to choose yourself. But I want to say that agave grows so quickly that such experiments will not affect its population in any way, and reproduction can be repeated in another variation.
Propagation by grafting
This path of breeding aloe - the most commonly used growers. This, in my opinion, is the most accessible, most successful method. Here it is important that the rules be followed - albeit simple, but indispensable.
To use this method of breeding aloe is best in the spring and summer, so that rooting is the most quickly and successfully.
You need to choose the side shoots, growing on the main trunk. Cutting off and preparing the planting material, it is put in the pantry or bedside table. This should be a suitable place in which the humidity is maintained at 50% and there will be no light. These manipulations are needed to dry the cut on the handle, which is made with a sharp and disinfected knife or other suitable tool.
For cuttings prepare soil mixture, breathable enough, which includes:
After that, when all the manipulations are done, you can proceed to rooting. For this:
- The cut is processed by dusting it with coal dust,
- Fill the substrate with a suitable container and spill the soil with water,
- If several plants are planted, the gap between them should be at least five centimeters,
- When planting, the plant is buried only one and a half to two centimeters.
Caring for cuttings is proper and regular watering. The experience of florists says that the frequency of watering should be increased from the moment the roots appear.
So that the flower does not stop in development, it should be transplanted into a larger pot as it grows. When transplanting, you should not forget that the pot should have fairly good drainage, and the drainage holes should be at least a centimeter in diameter. Do not neglect the disinfection capacity when planting cuttings. This will protect the immature plant from the adverse effects of various pathogens.
How to root the tops
This method of reproduction is suitable even for the most inexperienced novice florist. It is completely unpretentious, and the rooting process can be observed, since the tops are in an aqueous solution.
Here everything is extremely simple:
Cut off the top, on which there are five or seven leaves,
Planting material is treated for half an hour in a root formation stimulator,
Dipped in a jar of water and waiting for the appearance of the roots.
After waiting for the formation of the root system of the plant, it must be transplanted into the soil. To do this, you can cook the sheet earth, adding to it fine sand, not forgetting to ensure that the soil was constantly wet.
How to hold rooting babies
Reproduction with the help of babies, and they also say - with the help of sleeping buds or root processes. In this case, no effort at all will have to be applied, because it is a natural process of division. It remains only to pick up the finished process, separating it from the main bush. But there is only one drawback - the process is uncontrollable. Wait for new shoots until they appear near the uterine bush, it will take quite a long time.
- Carefully spill the soil in a container with a willow bush to make it easier to get it,
- The plant is removed from the container and study the roots of the children, determining visually their maturation,
- Cut off the necessary shoots using garden tools, trying not to touch the roots of the main bush,
- The removed seedlings are transplanted into new containers with the prepared soil mixture, not forgetting about the daily watering.
The process should be buried in the soil to the bottom leaflets. The soil is slightly pressed down and watered. In the future, care for a young agave is the same as for an adult. The plant quickly enough and takes root in a new place.
Aloe Breeding with Seed
This breeding method is not suitable for florists who need instant results. Because in this case you have to be patient, spending a lot of time and effort.
The process is as follows:
- Prepare the soil mixture independently of humus and sand, or acquire store,
- Fill the prepared container with the substrate, spill water and sow the seeds a couple of centimeters deep,
- The container is covered with a film to create the greenhouse effect,
- Before the appearance of seedlings, the room is trying to keep the temperature above +22,
- Emerging shoots open, and waiting for the appearance of leaves, transplanted to a permanent place in a new pot, without changing the composition of the soil.
And only next year you get a new, full-fledged plant. It will be still very miniature, it will have to be re-transplanted into a slightly larger capacity.
When is it best to breed aloe
We have aloe - it is exclusively a houseplant. Therefore, you can breed new bushes at any convenient time. But among experienced flower growers there is an opinion that the best time will be the beginning of spring, when all nature wakes up. Since the beginning of spring, all vegetative processes occur much more actively. Consequently, the plant can take root easier and faster.
Agave - completely unpretentious, but some rules in caring for him is still there. Bush can grow on the sunny side, and on the shady one. It does not matter to him. But, falling under the scorching sun, the plant risks getting a severe burn, from which it can even die.
Do not just too flooding the plant with water. For agave enough watering every 10-15 days, but spraying bush loves
We grow aloe at home
Culture can be called unique in endurance and simplicity. Where other plants dry out, freeze or suffer from heat, aloe tolerates all adversity.
This is a record for resilience and staying in dry ground. But as soon as you resume watering and move the pot to a comfortable environment, almost completely dried leaves are poured with juice, and flower growth continues.
Although moderately cool temperatures are considered optimal for succulent growth, it is possible to grow aloe at home without worrying about creating a special temperature regime. In the warm season, when it is time for frost, it is useful to take aloe pot to fresh air. And here, and indoors, the plant is looking for a well-lit place where the indirect rays of the sun will fall on the succulent leaves. If there is not enough light, the plant signals by twisting the leaf plates, they lose their richness and turn gray.
With a long stay under the scorching sun, especially in drought conditions, the foliage loses its juiciness, becomes concave, and purple or brownish tones appear in its color. In spring, the flower is gradually taught to stay in the sun, bringing it to a loggia or balcony and gradually increasing the time spent outside the room. Such care for aloe at home will help the flower to avoid sunburn.
With the onset of autumn, the aloe is returned to the room, and it is important to ensure that the length of the day does not decrease and is 12-14 hours.
In the middle lane to ensure this will have to use a special light for plants. In winter, the best place for aloe is a cool bright room, where the temperature does not exceed 10–14 ° C.
Undemanding aloe refers to watering and air humidity. If other indoor plants suffer in too dry air of city apartments, then home-grown aloe does not feel any discomfort. He does not need additional spraying, but sometimes it is necessary to wash the crowns with warm water. This procedure will improve the appearance of the flower and allow it to breathe easier.
Watering in spring and summer time is carried out regularly, as the top layer of soil dries out. It is better to moisten the soil with purified water, which is 5–8 ° C warmer than the surrounding air. This procedure is combined with weekly supplements, for which they take ready-made complex formulations for succulents. If the plant is recently transplanted, fertilizer should not be applied under it. Also do not feed the aloe, transplanted in the summer in the open ground.
When caring for aloe in the garden, it is important to know that in the rain the bush must be protected from moisture. Accumulating in the center of the outlet, water during the cooling period often causes rotting and death of a healthy escape.
In winter, care for aloe at home is changing, firstly, the temperature of the content decreases, and secondly, ordinary watering reduces. This is extremely important if the plant is cool. When the pot for the winter remains at normal room temperature, it is necessary to moisten the soil a little more often, while it is necessary to focus on the state of the foliage and 2-cm layer of substrate.
How to transplant aloe at home?
As with most indoor plants, spring transplanting is preferred for aloe. The same time is used to divide an adult shrub into several parts.
The younger the flower, the faster it develops. Therefore, plants up to three years old can be transplanted aloe annually, and then the frequency of transshipment is reduced to once every 2-3 years. A day before the transplant aloe plentifully watered. This will help, without loss, remove and transfer the powerful root system of the plant to the new pot.
Substrate for succulent prepared from a mixture of turf land, sand and humus. Pieces of charcoal and crushed red brick are added to the ground. Peat, which increases the acidity of the soil, should not be mixed in. It negatively affects the growth of the root system and the overall well-being of aloe. But drainage of this culture is vital. It will help protect the roots from being in the constantly damp, threatening development of soil rot.
After aloe has fallen into a new substrate, the soil is moistened, and the surface is covered with dry soil. This will help the plant retain moisture and acclimatize faster. The first watering after transplantation is carried out only after 5–7 days, and the plant should not be fed for at least another month.
Before planting aloe, to simplify the extraction of the pot, the plant is watered abundantly. The root system is carefully released, and then divided with a sharp knife so that each shoot has its own roots, sufficient for quick acclimatization.
A video on how to transplant aloe at home will help to understand the intricacies of the process and will not allow you to make any mistakes when it comes to practice.
How to propagate aloe at home?
Aloe's vitality and endurance is fully reflected in the variety of ways in which it can be propagated. At home, most often offspring from an adult plant is obtained using:
- grafting, that is, the separation and rooting of lateral shoots,
- the top of the bush or one of their adult shoots,
- daughter outlets formed at the base of an adult bush,
One of the easiest and guaranteed successful breeding methods for aloe is rooting cuttings. Side shoots that appear in the axils of adult leaves can be cut all year round. They easily give roots and acclimatize after transplanting.
Such "stepsons" are cut at the very base, the cut is treated with coal powder. And then do not put in a substrate or put in water, and 2-4 days dried at room temperature in a dark place. Only after such preparation, the cuttings are ready for rooting. The same manipulations are carried out before planting aloe without a root, for example, after its decay or unsuccessful division of the bush.
Cuttings easily give roots in wet sand or vermiculite, and in ordinary water. When rooting in the substrate, future plants can be dropped in several pieces at a distance of about 5 cm from each other. The stem is not buried by more than 1 cm. If the cuttings are in a humid, warm environment, within a week powerful seed buds of the roots appear on the seedlings and the aloe can be transplanted into separate pots.
At home, aloe without visible problems is propagated by daughter rosettes appearing at the very base of an adult flower. How to plant aloe shoots? Young rosettes have their own root system, so they are freely separated from the adult bush during the spring transplant or in the summer.
In a few years of growth at home, aloe can reach almost a meter height. При этом его стебель значительно оголяется, а листья остаются только на верхушке.
Не стоит расставаться с таким алоэ. Его можно омолодить, срезав с него верхушку и высадив в отдельный горшок. Для этого срезают верхнюю часть стебля с 6–7 взрослыми листьями.
Но как пересадить алоэ без корня? Чтобы укоренить такой посадочный материал, верхушку подсушивают и ставят в воду. After a few days, the roots will appear on the plant, and in the future the seedling can be transplanted into a separate pot.
Small plants form at the base of the leaf, torn from the lower tiers of the stem. Before growing aloe leaf at home, it is dried, like a cutting, and then the planting material is submerged in water or sandy soil after treatment with charcoal. In this case, it is extremely important to maintain the humidity of the substrate, otherwise the sheet will quickly dry.
Reproduction of aloe seeds - the longest and most laborious way. Sowing is carried out at the end of winter in a light, friable substrate based on sand and garden soil. At room temperature and high humidity, the seeds pretty well peck up and grow until they appear on a pair of true leaves. At this time, aloe dive, replanting sprouts in small individual pots. After a year care for aloe at home is already in normal mode.
Simple and reliable way, known even to inexperienced owners of this healing plant. When at the base of an adult aloe appear the daughter rosettes of a delicate green color, the owner of the flower has the opportunity to share them with friends or increase the number of his plants.
When transplanting flowers, which is carried out in spring or summer, the grown daughter outlets are separated manually or with a sharp knife. If babies have well developed roots, they are immediately seated in separate containers with soil mixture. Sockets with weak roots are placed in a glass of water. After two or three weeks they are transplanted into a pot with soil.
Soil mixture for plants need light, loose, water-permeable, breathable and slightly acidic, so you do not need to add peat. You can buy in the store a special soil for cacti or compose it yourself from humus, turfy and leafy ground, coarse sand and clay soil. For looseness add broken brick, and for disinfection - charcoal.
Pots and containers for growing young aloe vera must have drainage holes. At the bottom of the pot lay a good drainage layer of 2-2.5 cm: pebbles, expanded clay, broken brick, foam. From above it is covered with a layer of sand, and then the pot is filled with soil mixture.
When aloe babies appear in adults remove or remove them in a timely manner so as not to weaken the plant.
Reproduction by cuttings
Florists practice this breeding method when they need to get a lot of plants. Cuttings are lateral shoots that appear in the leaf axils. They are rooted all year round, but the period of active growing season, that is, spring-summer, is considered a favorable time.
How to propagate aloe cuttings (step by step guide):
- Using a sharp knife, cut the side shoots as close as possible to the trunk of the mother plant.
- Place the cuttings for 3–5 days in a dry and dark place (they should dry out a little and prepare for rooting).
- Before rooting the aloe, powder the slices with finely ground wood or activated charcoal to protect against infection.
- Planting material rooted in sand, vermiculite, soil mixture. If the cuttings are many, they are rooted in a flat bowl, deepening 1 cm into the substrate at a distance of 5 cm from each other.
- Maintain the moisture of the substrate by moistening it with a spray bottle or gently watered.
- About a week later, roots will appear and cuttings can be planted in separate pots.
- Follow the development of the plant. Replace if necessary. Close pot slows down the development of roots, and aloe stops growing.
Reproduction aloe apex
Rooting aloe apical shoots although traumatic for the plant, it gives a reliable result. This method of reproduction is used to rejuvenate aged aloe, in which, because of the cut off lower leaves, the stem is bare.
Using a sharp knife or blade, cut off the upper part of the plant with five to seven leaves, dry it and place it in a glass or jar of water. When the roots appear, the apical stalk is planted in a pot with soil mixture.
How to grow aloe leaf
It is not always possible to propagate aloe babies or cuttings. In this case, use breeding aloe leaf. It can be carried out throughout the year.
- Cut the leaf off the base as close as possible to the stem of the mother plant.
- Put in a dry dark place to dry the slice for 3-5 days.
- Treat the cut area with pounded wood or activated charcoal.
- Prepare a container for planting with a wet substrate (sand, vermiculite, soil mixture). Plant leaves to a depth of 3 cm (as opposed to cuttings, which are buried by 1 cm). When shallow planting leaves can dry out, and with a deep - longer to take root.
- Moisten the substrate to keep it dry.
- Planted rooted sheets in separate pots or containers with soil.
Seed propagation method
Reproduction of aloe seeds at home - the process is time consuming, long and not always effective, but interesting for amateur growers with the opportunity to observe all the stages of plant development. And although from the moment of sowing seeds to adult aloe it takes 1.5-2 years, there are those who want to grow an adult flower from a tiny seed.
Aloe flowering is a rare phenomenon, so it is better to look for seeds in specialized flower shops. Sowing plan for the end of February and March. At this time, daylight hours are optimal for active seed germination.
How to grow aloe from seed (walkthrough):
- Prepare the soil mixture by mixing two parts of leaf and sod land and one part of coarse sand. The capacity for sowing seeds should be shallow.
- Sow the seeds in a moist soil. To create the greenhouse effect, you can cover the container with plastic wrap. Maintain a temperature of about 22 degrees Celsius. Be patient: the seeds will spawn in a month and a half.
- Provide additional coverage for shoots. Watering preferably through the spray.
- When the seedlings grow to 5-7 cm in height, dive them into small pots. Soil use the same as for sowing seeds, but for looseness, add charcoal and brick chips to it.
- Watch the soil moisture, provide good light. Seedlings develop well in the greenhouse.
- The following year, in spring, transplant young aloe into new pots by transferring them.
Aloe Seedlings Care
So that young aloe vegeons grow actively, have an attractive and healthy appearance, stick tobasic rules in the care. They are simple and not burdensome:
- Plants need good light. Due to lack of light, their leaves turn pale and stretch out. Unlike other green pets, aloe is not afraid of direct sunlight. He is also not afraid of a change of location, so the pots with plants can be moved for them painlessly.
- After transplanting, young sockets do not fertilize for six months. Then feed every two weeks with fertilizers for cacti. You can feed in the moist soil, for example, a few hours or the next day after watering.
- Do not fertilize patients affected by pests or plants suffering from an overabundance of moisture. First, the problem needs to be fixed.
- Aloe does not like excess moisture and stagnant water, from which the roots begin to rot. The best way for him to water is to immerse the plant pot for 10 minutes in water. In the summer, they water it once a week, in the winter - once every two weeks.
- If, due to overmoistening, the root system began to rot, it is necessary to drastically reduce watering, rearrange the plant in a well-lit, warm place. If the measures taken did not help, the plant is removed from the pot, inspect the roots, darkened and softened areas are removed, leaving light and elastic roots. With a completely affected root system, the plant can be saved only by rooting the tops.
- Young aloe vera is transplanted every year, and after three years - once every two or three years.
Types of aloe, especially their reproduction
Tree. For a rare bloom, which allegedly happens once in a century, it is also called the agave. With careful care intensively grows in width and height, and therefore needs a large pot. Reproduces kids and cuttings. He has no difficulties with planting material.
Spinous. It is a small outlet of 8 to 10 cm in diameter. The leaves are thick with a white border and soft spikes. It reproduces mainly by children, which every year becomes more and more. Emerging babies should be separated from the maternal outlet, otherwise they may die under the large dense leaves of adult aloe.
Variegated or brindle, named for drawing in the form of white strokes across dark green leaves. The maximum height of the plant is 30 cm. Very decorative. Propagated by the apical and lateral cuttings.
Aloe vera It is a compact rosette of bluish-green succulent leaves with light streaks and sharp teeth on the edge. Propagated by cuttings, children and seeds. Aloe vera is used not only in folk medicine, but also in official medicine.
As you can see, even an inexperienced florist can handle the reproduction and home maintenance of aloe. Give a little love and care to a green pet, and he will please you with a decorative appearance, clean the air from germs and harmful impurities, and, if necessary, solve health problems.
The main types grown at home
Aloe houseplant can be distinguished by its external appearance, depending on the species. If we talk about plants growing in their natural habitat, then this succulent is quite tall, forms thickets. Household types of aloe compared with wild are dwarfs, hybrids. So, consider the main types of homemade aloe:
- Aloe vera. Aloe vera has a rather short stem, fleshy leaves of a smoky green shade, gathering into a rosette. The sheet plate is completely covered with white spots. There are spikes along the edges of the sheet plate. Aloe vera blooms, but quite rarely. However, if you take care of aloe vera at home, based on all the rules and requirements, the plant will throw out inflorescences that look like a brush. Aloe vera flowers are rather inconspicuous, yellowish.
- Aloe vera. This species has another name - agave. Tree aloe is distinguished by its rapid growth. The plant has fleshy gray-green leaves, which are very similar in shape to swords. Leaf plates are located on the stems, thus forming an outlet. Flowers, like aloe vera, are quite rare. But if they did appear, they please the eye with red, yellow or pink buds. On some aloe flower is scarlet.
- Aloe motley. This species is distinguished by its unusual tiger-colored green leaf. The length of one sheet reaches 30 cm. The sockets on the plant are arranged in a spiral. This type is valued among flower growers due to its decoration. Motley aloe blooms also not often. Pink or yellow inflorescences resemble tassels in form.
All of the above types of aloe can be used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. Many cosmetologists from around the world prefer to prepare anti-aging and medicinal preparations with the addition of aloe leaf juice.
Now let's look at what aloe care at home is.
Aloe: home care
Many novice growers are interested in how to plant aloe at home from the process. First of all, you must purchase pots for planting. Aloe pot should be spacious and large in volume. It is advisable to use ceramic pots so that the root system of the flower can breathe well. The roots of the plant grow well, so in a small container the flower will be uncomfortable, as an improperly planted process signals an error by crawling roots from the soil, as well as drying leaves.
Repotting plants should be carried out only if the flower becomes cramped in a pot. At the same time, the aloe flower must be placed in a new, larger container each time. It is also necessary to use only a certain composition of the soil. Despite the fact that the flower is quite undemanding to the ground, for a young aloe plant it is necessary to buy the substrate in a specialized flower shop. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the agave perfectly feels in the soil for cacti.
When planting on the bottom of the pot it is imperative to fill the drainage layer, and then the substrate. After this, the substrate is slightly shed with water, and then a sprout is planted. A young indoor flower after planting must be placed in a cool room, which does not fall into direct sunlight. After some time, young aloe can be transferred to the sunny window sill, as agave is a heat-loving plant.
Tip! Experienced growers strongly recommend keeping the substrate in a hot oven before planting, in order to avoid the appearance of any diseases or harmful insects.
If you follow all the rules of aloe care at home, the plant will grow pretty quickly. During the watering of the flower, you must observe some points, which are as follows:
- In summer, the plant is enough to water once every 7 days, but the watering should be abundant. If agave blooms, then watering increases.
- In winter, when agave is in the resting stage, it grows rather slowly. That is why the plant absorbs the minimum amount of moisture. In winter, aloe vera is sufficient to be watered once every two weeks.
And now let's get acquainted with the rules of irrigation in order not to harm the plants:
- First of all, you must avoid stagnant moisture in the pot. The root system of the plant in water rots. The lack of moisture in the substrate is also easy to determine: as a rule, fleshy leaves become flat, while their tops twist.
- A drainage pad consisting of expanded clay, fine crushed stone or brick dust will help prevent stagnant moisture in the ground.
- Before planting a flower, several holes must be drilled in the bottom of the pot so that the excess moisture flows into the pan, otherwise, the soil will be covered with a green coating.
- It is strictly forbidden to produce watering plants from above. Water is recommended to pour into the pan and put a flower in it.
- For watering it is necessary to use water only at room temperature. If water is taken from the system, then it must first be defended.
- In the summer period around the aloe vera it is necessary to create a high humidity by spraying.
- Once in 2 months it is recommended to add special fertilizers and fertilizing to the water.
Any indoor plant is demanding of a particular light mode. Agave with this prefers to be on the sunny windowsill. If we talk about the winter period, the aloe tolerates darkening well, while it will have enough artificial lighting.
In order to form a uniform arrangement of leaves, an agave in the summer can be transferred to a balcony or terrace. It is necessary to put a flower in such a way that direct sunlight does not fall on it and do not burn leaves.
In summer, the agave should be in a room with a temperature of 22 to 26 degrees. In winter, temperatures can drop just above 10 degrees.
Agave needs a periodic transplant. This procedure, as a rule, should be carried out with the onset of the spring period. If you follow all the rules of transplantation, the aloe pretty quickly take root and begin to form new leaves.
Before you transplant agave at home, it is necessary to divide the plants by age. If aloe is young, then transplanting is done every year. Old flowers are transplanted every two or three years. In addition, it will have to be planted and overgrown plants, regardless of their age.
First of all, it is necessary to prepare a new container and soil for the plant. Separate aloe with a knife from an old pot. To clear the root system of the old substrate, cut off all the darkened roots. The same procedure must be carried out with damaged roots. After that, the plant is placed in the center of the new container, a new ground is poured to it and compacted. Aloe may remain during transplantation a variety of planting material:
- Randomly broken leaves
- Root shoots
- Cut the stalk from the top of the plant.
By the way, this tip can be specially cut in order to obtain a new plant.
Ways to breed aloe at home
There are several methods of breeding aloe, each of which needs a specific approach. For reproduction will have to decide on choosing one thing.
- Reproduction by seeds. This breeding method is not suitable for all flower growers, as it will take a whole year to produce a new flower. First of all, it is necessary to sow the seeds, and then grow the seedlings. The resulting seedlings need some care and the creation of some conditions of detention. Such care requires a lot of effort and time.
- Reproduction from the sheet. Данный метод является довольно практичным. Для этого необходимо отрезать посадочный материал от материнского растения, присыпать срез активированным толченым углём. После этого срезанному листу надо дать полежать 5 дней для подсыхания.Next, planting material must be immersed in the substrate to a depth of 5 cm and cover the top with a can. Since the leaf has no roots, the planting is carried out in a wet substrate, the top is covered with a jar. An artificially created greenhouse effect can accelerate the development of the root system. The first roots, as a rule, appear 2 weeks after planting.
- Reproduction from the process. For this you need to take the desired part from a healthy plant. On the process should be up to 8 leaves. After that, aloe is cut in the necessary together and the planting material is removed to dry for 5 days. Before planting the process, it is necessary to ensure that the lower leaflets reach the wet substrate. The fastest process will take root on a well-lit window sill. The first roots will usually appear a month after planting.
- Reproduction kids. Kids are called shoots that come from the root system. And if these kids do not even have roots, they can still be used as planting material. The root system in this case develops later.
Possible diseases and pests
As already mentioned, agave is a fairly unpretentious plant with respect to care and maintenance. But if you do not follow certain rules of care, then some diseases or pests can affect aloe. Let's look at the most common problems:
- The cause of the appearance root rot, lightening of leaves, decay of the lower part of the plant may be excessive watering. It is necessary to reduce the intensity of irrigation, wait until the ground dries. If this method does not help, you need to do transplant plants in any way.
- The reason for the sudden fall of the leaves may be cold water or finding the plant in cold air. At the same time it is necessary to produce watering only with warm and defended water, and the plant should be transferred to a warmer room.
- Reason for education brown spots There may be a lack of moisture on the leaves. In this case, it is necessary to increase the frequency of irrigation.
- If soft spots have appeared on the plant, then this indicates the presence of fungus. At the same time, it is necessary to treat aloe with a fungicide, as well as ventilate the room containing the plant.
- If agave began strongly pull upthen this indicates a lack of light in the room. To fix the problem, aloe vera needs to be moved to a more lighted window.
In addition, various insects can harm the agave. Most of all, you need to beware of the scale insect, spider mite, thrips and mealybug. With regard to measures to combat these pests, they are the same as with the rest of the indoor plants.