Many people remember the fragrant fragrance of jasmine since childhood. A large sprawling shrub attracts with its snow-white flowers and sweetly sweet aroma. Perhaps no other plant has such a fragrant and rich smell. It is for these qualities that Russian gardeners love him so much. But to chubushnik (so in fact correctly called this plant) was pleased with its flowering and aroma, you first need to learn everything about planting and caring for jasmine shrubs.
Features of planting and care
Snow beauty jasmine is very popular in landscape design, these decorative shrubs are often decorated with urban areas, parks and alleys. And there is an explanation for this, because the bush will not only beautify, but also fill the air with the enchanting scent of flowers, which are simply covered with the bush of the pincer-bush. But first you need to properly plant and grow this plant, as well as create the necessary conditions for a beautiful and abundant flowering.
Choosing the best place
Ornamental shrubs have a rather high survival rate. and resistance to various negative impacts. Therefore, it is possible, without fear, to plant jasmine even in the poorest substrate, but in this case the decorativeness of the jug will be reduced, and the flowering will not be so abundant. And even the best and painstaking care will not be able to correct the situation.
Planting jasmine in a place where the shadow prevails will not allow the bush to develop fully, and as a result it will stretch and will have a less attractive appearance, and the flowering will noticeably decrease. The fact is that poor and dry soil slows the growth of this ornamental shrub, while the leaves and flowers shrink. In order for the plant to develop fully, it needs a place with good lighting and moisture, as well as a soil that contains a sufficient amount of humus. The flower can bloom in the penumbra, but only if this penumbra is insignificant and falls only on one side of the bush.
It is best to add self-made primer to the landing pit, which consists of the following components:
- sheet soil - 3 parts,
- garden humus - 2 parts,
- river sand - 1 part.
The garden chubushnik extremely negatively reacts to stagnation of water, therefore it is necessary to provide it with a good drainage layer in advance. For this fit broken brick chippings, expanded clay or gravel. The drainage layer is laid down on the bottom of the planting pit; 15–20 centimeters will be enough for the shrub.
In addition, when choosing a place you need to take into account that the jasmine shrub does not like drafts and strong winds, so it is better to choose a site where the bush will be protected from these natural disasters.
Watering and fertilizing
To grow a healthy shrub that will delight the gardener with annual flowers, you need to properly care for him. This treatment also includes watering activities, which should be regular and fairly abundant. Jasmine likes high humidity, so you need to periodically spray it, but only at a time when there are no flowers on the bush.
It is better to use warm rainwater or separated water for the chubushnika, since the plant's roots absorb soft water much faster and it does not stay in the soil for a long time.
In addition, the forelock needs regular fertilization. The shrub responds well to complex mineral compounds that are intended for flowering crops. And also you can make and self-made compositions. To make such a nutritional mixture, you will need:
- water - 10 liters,
- urea - 15 grams,
- sulfur potassium - 15 grams,
- superphosphate - 30 grams.
As organic matter suitable manure or wood ash. After flowering, it is better to fertilize jasmine shrub with garden humus; for an adult plant, you will need about two buckets.
In addition, you need to regularly loosen and weed the area around the bush. As well as a good effect gives the soil mulching with peat or compost. All these actions retain moisture in the substrate and improve the air permeability of the soil, which means that the root system will be saturated in full volume.
Secrets of the correct landing
The best time for planting, breeding and caring for the jasmine shrub is spring. As a rule, it is during this period that propagation is made by cuttings. To do this, for each seedling a separate hole is dug about 50 centimeters deep. But it is important to plant the cutting in such a way that only the root system is in the ground, and the stem itself is on the surface. The fact is that the stem part, which is in the ground, can rot, what will cause the death of fragrant shrubs.
You can plant a bush and in the autumn, on a warm and sunny September day. But only if jasmine has been placed in the ground since the spring and has taken root well in it during the summer period. To do this, a planting pit is dug up, nitrophosphate fertilizer is applied and the shrub is rooted, while it is necessary to ensure that the roots are flattened and do not abut against the walls, but ten centimeters from them.
The root system itself is buried to a depth of 3-5 centimeters, this is quite enough for a pince-neon. After planting, the soil is well compacted, as it promotes rooting.
Cropping and crown formation
Once the young seedlings take root, they will need pruning. To do this, on a bush all main shoots are shortened, and weak, dry, or improperly growing ones are removed completely. Such pruning will make ornamental shrubs more lush, spreading and symmetrical.
If a hedge is created from jasmine, then during planting a trench is dug and bushes are planted at a distance of 50–80 centimeters from each other. If in the future to make the correct formation of the crown, a beautiful green small fence will grow from the pince-face.
After the color of the garden plant, it must be carefully and carefully examined. Remove all dry shoots, dried inflorescences and weak and diseased branches. All these actions will help stimulate the growth of new, younger and stronger shoots. And in spring, these branches will turn green and fragrant buds will appear on them.
After three years from the time the jasmine seedlings are planted in the open ground, the bush is subjected to a thorough rejuvenating pruning. All old shoots are completely removed from it, cutting them to the very foundation. This will give young branches the opportunity to develop fully, which means that there will be much more inflorescences.
Main breeding methods
Jasmine shrub can be propagated by several options. For faster flowering, it is better to use cuttings and layering. But the seed method is more durable, but also more interesting. What particular way to choose, decides exclusively gardener:
- For seed reproduction will need seeds that are sown in nutrient soil at the very beginning of winter. You can even sow them directly in front of the frost. After the seeds are planted, they must be covered with spruce branches. And at the beginning of spring the first jasmine shoots will appear, such seedlings are already hardened and in the future even the most severe frosts will not be afraid of them. But flowering will come only after 7−8 years after planting seeds.
- A more popular method of propagation is carried out using a branch as a planting material. To get such cuttings, you need to cut off all the shoots from it in the spring. This will allow you to get quite strong and healthy shoots later. After the shoots are selected, it must be bent down to the ground and prikopat in the prepared groove, which is sprinkled with sand or peat from above. After the branch begins to branch, it is separated from the parent bush and the plant begins to develop independently. And in the autumn it can be transplanted to permanent residence.
- Another popular breeding option is grafting. To do this, cut from a bush strong young twig with a length of 5−10 centimeters. Then the stem is rooted in a previously prepared and moistened substrate, moreover, placed in the ground at an angle of 40 degrees. After that, the container with the handle is covered with polyethylene and sprayed daily. As soon as the cutting takes root, you can remove the polyethylene.
Jasmine is not too capricious to the ground, but its maximum flowering is possible only in the soil with good fertile characteristics. Since the plant does not tolerate stagnant water, it is desirable to plant it on high ground. Otherwise, drainage can be arranged using rubble mixed with sand. The height of the drainage should be approximately 15 centimeters.
For planting the seedling dug a recess of 50 centimeters. The fossa is filled with fertile soil, after which you need to add 30 grams of nitrophoska to it. In the process of planting try to make sure that the roots are not deepened into the soil more than is required. The soil around the seedling is carefully tamped down, followed by abundant watering.
What feedings can be used
Feeding bushes can be carried out a year after planting. First of all, you can use mineral-type fertilizers. To do this, take ten liters of pure water and add superphosphate, urea and potassium sulfide to it (respectively 30, 15 and 15 grams). The mixture can be poured under a couple of jasmine bushes.
Well proven and fertilizers of organic origin. As them, you can use the usual slurry. In order not to burn the sensitive root system, organic matter should be added to the water (tenth). Feeding with this method is carried out regularly, once a year. In addition, you can use wood ash from an apple tree by digging it into the soil in close proximity to the shrub.
In some cases, garden jasmine can grow asymmetrically, because its individual parts differ in different growth rates. In order to give the plant a neat appearance, pruning forming type is performed.
Give a bush aesthetic appearance can be during the growing season. In the spring, when the weather is warm, lightly cut the long stems. If you see that some parts are too weak, you can safely shorten them in half. This manipulation will lead to an intensive growth of young shoots.
Over time, some branches begin to lose foliage. This look does not decorate your beautiful flowers, so in this case it is recommended to pruning the anti-aging type.
With the onset of spring, several trunks are cut, until their length is 50 cm. All other shoots can be cut at the root. In order to prevent the development of diseases of the fungal type, it is desirable to treat the exposed areas with the help of infusion of mullein. Note that during the growing season the plant prefers regular watering. One plant should have about 20 liters of water.
Young shoots are formed from dormant buds, which are almost completely eliminated. It is enough to leave only a few strong branches on the stump. These branches will be the base of the new bush. A year later, the jasmine will already have a neat look, and after three years you can watch its lush flowering.
As for the trimming sanitary type, it is held annually. In the process of shrub thinned out, and the extra shoots are eliminated. You can also remove unattractive and faded flowers in a timely manner.
Preparing a plant for winter
Jasmine care involves the proper preparation of the plant for the winter period. It is worth noting that adult shrubs tolerate negative temperatures well. In severe frosts, the upper part of the branches may be damaged, but after spring pruning the plant quickly restores strength.
Young saplings are not able to transfer frosts on their own, so by the onset of winter the shrub is wrapped in light material, which is fixed with ropes.
In addition, in the late autumn period, the soil is dug over and covered with manure with pine needles near the root system. This will help protect the jasmine roots from freezing.
Jasmine - is quite strong shrub, which is rarely seen pests. However, from time to time it is necessary to inspect the leaves and branches for the presence of harmful insects. On the shrub can be seen such individuals as weevil, aphids or worm.
With these insects you can fight with the help of folk methods, for example, using a conventional solution of laundry soap with an extract of tobacco dust. If this tool does not help, you can use special insecticides.
Useful care tips
In order for the bush for a long time to please you with its flowering and aesthetic appearance, it is recommended to follow the following rules:
- every week spend loosening the soil in order to get oxygen to the root system,
- remove weeds from the soil,
- use mineral and organic fertilizers in a timely manner
- give the bush a regular shape with trimming,
- do not allow the soil to dry out: the plant should be watered regularly, especially in dry weather,
- in order for the branches to be stronger, the plant can be fertilized using phosphate-containing components.
You can propagate the shrub with seeds. To do this, it is recommended to use small dust-like seeds, which are planted in advance prepared beds before the onset of cold weather. Sowing is carried out in December, after which the beds are covered with fir branches.
In the spring, the snow begins to melt, providing a full flow of moisture into the soil. After some time, you may notice the first young shoots. Seedlings that have grown from seeds are of high quality: they grow quickly and are excellent in resisting disease.
Reproduction is very popular with cuttings. In this case, it is recommended to prepare material for planting in June. To do this, take the cuttings, the length of which is approximately 10 centimeters. If you bend the escape, it should not break.
For rooting you need to choose a greenhouse. As for the substrate, it should include sand and peat (these components must be used in equal quantities). The cuttings are planted at a depth of three centimeters. The distance between the shoots should be about five centimeters. Please note that the leaves at the bottom of the cutting must remain above the soil.
Two weeks in a greenhouse must maintain an optimal level of humidity. To do this, the cuttings are regularly sprayed, while exposure to sunlight is undesirable. After a while you can observe the appearance of the roots. It is during this period that you need to gradually let fresh air into the greenhouse in order to accustom young shoots to it.
If there is no greenhouse, reproduction is carried out directly in the conditions of the beds. In this case, the seedlings are planted at an angle and covered with a plastic bottle. Two days later, an improvised greenhouse can be opened in order to air out shoots.
Thus, planting jasmine and caring for this shrub is within the power of every novice and experienced gardener. It is only important to observe the recommendations and regularly pay attention to this beautiful plant.
Why spend cutting a bush
Jasmine is grown for intense aroma in the garden and beautiful delicate flowers. Jasmine pruning in spring has several goals:
- improve the look of the plant
- improve and rejuvenate the bush,
- prolong the flowering period
- increase the number of inflorescences and their size.
Removing long branches of jasmine helps shape the symmetry or give the desired shape. Heavily overgrown bushes thin out to get young strong shoots. Cut off the ends of branches about 40 cm long, or delete completely at ground level. Shoots over 10 years old must be cut.
After pruning the jasmine, sections are necessarily closed up with garden pitch to keep the bush healthy.
Growing plants in the garden involves regular care, jasmine free from old inflorescences and unwanted shoots regularly. After the winter, frozen branches, roots on the surface of the earth are cut off.
Forming pruning of jasmine in the spring will prepare the plant for the flowering period and increase the number of young shoots, which will give it pomp and hide bare trunks. In the spring, before the plant “wakes up” with pruning shears, the old branches are flush with the ground or shortened by a third of their length.
Pruning the jasmine in the spring will shape the plant, remove weak and shorten too long branches, will allow to get new shoots that will increase the pomp of the bush.
Over time, the “older” the plant becomes, the more “wild” shoots appear that do not carry any load, but are actively fed from the roots. This greatly affects the aesthetics and health of the plant. Весной или осенью удаляют ненужные веточки, прореживают внутреннее пространство куста.
Особенности обрезки жасмина:
- Проводят первичную «стрижку» жасмина спустя 3 года после высадки на постоянное место.
- Весенние работы начинают до появления почек.
- Two-year shoots do not touch, they are responsible for the development of the root system, the formation of the crown and the release of flower beds.
- For a beautiful and high-quality crown, the height of the bush is about 2 meters.
- When cutting, dry, diseased, crooked shoots and branches older than three years without flowering buds are removed first.
- In the pruning need for rejuvenation shrubs seven years and older. Leave healthy and strong trunks (1/3) up to half a meter, the rest are removed at the root, patched up with garden pitch. This ensures the entry of sunlight, and stimulates the growth of new branches. The following year, one-third of the left old trunks are cut, by the end of the third year, pruning of old branches should be completed.
- The processes extending from the ground to the side of the bush are cut, they are not suitable for plant formation.
For the decoration of the site select the grade that meets the purpose:
- lawn decoration
- decoration of arbors.
The height of jasmine varies from 1 to 3 meters. Creepers grow like a vine. The plant itself feels great on a trellis or a trellised terrace.
Planting jasmine in the open ground is recommended in the spring when the weather is well established or in September, so that the bush, taking appropriate care, can take root for the upcoming wintering.
The plant will experience less stress if it is done in the evening, in rain or cloudy weather.
It is noted that planting jasmine in the spring is more preferable, the probability of frost is reduced and there is enough time for rooting. It is important to transfer the seedling to the ground before the first leaves bloom, otherwise it is vulnerable and may die.
Varieties of jasmine varieties
As mentioned above, the jasmine plant is represented in nature by a variety of varieties and many hybrids. However, there are a number of the most popular and well-known species that are great for home cultivation in the garden. Highlight some of them:
- Common Jasmine. Differs in big height (to three meters), and the gentle inflorescences painted in white or cream tone. During the flowering period, it produces a strong aroma that attracts pollinators to the garden and delivers a host of unforgettable sensations to the owners of the site.
- Small-leaved. On the abolition of the previous species, small-leaved (Terry) jasmine is a relatively small plant with semi-double or double flowers. It is placed in the foreground of a garden landscape near paths, porches, benches or gates,
- Fluffy. It can be a shrub, and a small tree that grows up to 4 meters in height. The inflorescences are painted in soft cream tones with a slight odor.
People also appreciate the variety pink jasmine, however, its cultivation is accompanied by certain difficulties. As a result of diligent breeding work and the crossing of the three above-mentioned species, scientists have developed many new varieties, including: "Efironos", "Gletcher", "Alabaster" other.
How to plant jasmine
Planting jasmine in open ground is a very important event that determines the beauty and success of the growth of culture in the future. To garden jasmine could please you with a long and lush flowering, you should correctly respond to a number of important points, including the choice of planting site and soil preparation. It is important to remember that the comfortable distance between the roots and the walls of the hole should be at least 10 centimeters. It is better to sprinkle the rhizome with earth, deepening the root neck by 3 centimeters. Then it remains plentiful to water the bush and wait for rooting.
When choosing a suitable place for landing should be guided by the feature that the plant is especially actively growing and blooming in the south side of the plot. Nevertheless, even if it is planted in the northern zone or in partial shade, the development will be quite normal. It is important that there is no stagnation of groundwater in the soil composition, which can cause the development of fungal microorganisms and putrefactive processes.
Many novice gardeners often wonder: "When is it better to plant a bush in the open ground and in what place will it bloom well?"
The best time for planting a tree is considered to be early spring or late autumn.. Try to have time to implement the action before the final disclosure of the kidneys. Experienced gardeners plant a crop in September or mid-October, stating that with such a planting it will bloom very richly..
As for the soil composition, the tree lives quietly in almost any soil, but a special developmental efficiency seen with growth in fertile substrate. Immediately before planting in open ground, the ground should be carefully dig up and build a hole at least 50 centimeters deep. Further, in a hole pour a nitrophoshka in a proportion of 30 grams on 1 sapling. The drainage layer is created from the following materials:
Jasmine planting and care
To grow a beautiful and neat plant, you should know and perform certain agrotechnical techniques.
- The plant makes a shadow, so it can grow in shaded places and in the sun. Planted jasmine in a well-lit place will bloom more abundantly and grow rapidly.
- Work on planting jasmine seedlings can be carried out in the autumn or early spring. These periods are favorable for the rooting and development of young plants.
Soil for planting jasmine orchard
- Jasmine is picky to the ground, but it can reveal itself in all its glory only on fertile soil. The shrub does not tolerate stagnant water; therefore, it should be planted at a high site or by making a preliminary drainage of rubble with sand, broken bricks or gravel. The height of the layer must be at least 15 cm.
- For a seedling, it is necessary to dig a hole 50 cm deep, fill it with fertile soil, and add 30 g of nitrophobia. When planting, it is necessary to ensure that the root system is not sunk into the ground by more than 3 cm. The soil around the seedling is tamped and watered abundantly.
Top dressing of jasmine bushes
- Fertilizing bushes Chubushka begin one year after planting.
- Mineral fertilizers. 10 liters of water will require: superphosphate - 30 g, urea - 15 g, potassium sulphide - 15 g. All components are stirred in a bucket of water and poured the contents under 1-2 jasmine bush. Bleached shrub should be fed by adding to the soil 15 g of potassium and 20 g of superphosphate.
- Organic fertilizer. Well established slurry. To prevent the plant from getting burned, organic fertilizer is diluted with water at a ratio of 1:10. This feeding is recommended once a year. You can use wood birch or apple ash, buried it in the soil under the jasmine. On one bush enough to take 100 g of fertilizer.
Jasmine shrub formation and anti-aging pruning
Often, tall varieties of garden jasmine acquire an asymmetrical shape, which is associated with different plant growth rates. To make it more accurate, you will need regular formative pruning.
- Give jasmine a beautiful view can be during the growing season. In early spring, when it becomes warm, you need to slightly cut the long branches, weak - shorten by half. This procedure will enhance the active growth of young shoots.
- Over time, the bush grows, the branches become bare and drown out the plant. Without a doubt, this type does not adorn jasmine. Required to hold anti-aging pruning.
- With the arrival of spring, 4-5 trunks are shortened to half a meter, and all other shoots are cut to the ground. To prevent the development of fungal diseases, bare spots need to be treated. Garden var - a good way to protect the plant. Surface substrate zamulchirovat compost and shed the extract of mullein land. During the growing season, jasmine likes regular watering, 20-30 liters per adult plant.
- Young shoots grow from sleeping buds. They are removed almost completely. It is recommended to leave only 2-3 strongest branches on each stump. They will be the basis of a new shrub. After a year, jasmine gets a decent look, and after 3 years you can enjoy flowering.
- Sanitary and cosmetic pruning held every year. It should be thinned bush, remove excess shoots, in time to remove flowers that have lost their attractive appearance.
Preparing jasmine for winter
- The adult jasmine bush does not need any additional preparation, it tolerates cold temperatures well. During the winter time, the tops of young branches can be damaged, but in the spring, after the formative pruning, jasmine quickly gains strength and is restored.
- But it is not so easy to move the winter cold to young saplings, therefore, if there is not a year for a bush, it should be covered with light material in the late autumn and secured with a rope.
Jasmine planting and care photo
- In late autumn, soil is dug up and covered with mulch near the plant stem, as well as garden compost, manure or pine needles. This will prevent freezing of the root system.
- Garden shrubs, thanks to unpretentious care and ease of reproduction, won the hearts of gardeners. An adult flowering chubushnik is the business card of the garden! A charming aroma, abundant bloom, white and cream, simple and beautiful, fluffy double flowers attract the eye of every passer-by. So you want to stop, breathe a unique aroma and enjoy the beauty of garden jasmine.
Jasmine Breeding Techniques
There are many ways to get the new variety you like. Garden jasmine propagated by layering, lignified and green cuttings, as well as seeds. The latter method is long in time, rather laborious and takes a lot of effort. Jasmine blooms only 7-8 year.
- Small dusty seeds of Chubushnik are planted on previously prepared beds even before the onset of severe frosts. Sowing is carried out in December, when the snow cover rises above the site and reaches 15 cm in height.
- Seeds are buried in the soil and the beds are covered with spruce sprigs. During the winter, they undergo a natural stratification. In the spring, with the first rays of the sun, the snow cover will begin to melt and soak into the ground, saturating the seeds with moisture. After some time, the first green shoots will appear.
- The quality of seedlings grown from seeds is quite high. They are less prone to disease and tolerate harsh winters.
Reproduction by layering
- With the onset of spring heat from the parent bush it is necessary to cut off all the shoots. Over the summer, young shoots grow near the plant. The strongest and strongest can be used for breeding.
- At the very bottom of the shoot, under the first developed kidney, it is recommended to pull the lignified branch with copper or aluminum wire. Such a procedure would entail the formation of a root system. It remains only to tilt the shoots to the ground in the previously prepared shallow grooves. The shoot is placed in the hole and secured with wire in several places for good fixation. The grooves must be filled first with sand and then with peat.
- After 1.5 months, new shoots will grow on the layers; during the growing season, you need to spud the soil 2 times. In the fall, they are shortened, separated from the uterine bush and transplanted to a new place for growing.
Reproduction by young cuttings
- June is the most suitable month for harvesting planting material. What cuttings are suitable for breeding? If you take an escape length of 10 cm and bend it into a ring, then it should not break.
- The preparation of the material must begin in the morning, the branches at this time contain enough moisture. Under the lower kidney is cut obliquely, and above the top - in a straight line. The leaves are shortened in half, completely pick off them is not worth it.
- The greenhouse is the most convenient place for rooting young parts of the bush. The substrate for plant development should consist of sand and weathered peat, taken in equal quantities. Cuttings before planting is recommended to hold in a solution that promotes the formation of roots for 20 hours. Planting depth is 3 cm. There must be a distance of 5 cm between the cuttings. The lower leaves cannot be buried in the ground.
- Within 2 weeks to maintain the humidity, it is advisable to spray cuttings, shade from the sun's rays and air the greenhouse. You will not have to wait long, after some time whitish dots appear, and then roots. At this time, it is required to gradually accustom the seedlings to the air. Young plants are grown in the garden.
- If there is no possibility of breeding in a greenhouse, this can be done directly on the garden bed in the garden or in the garden. Cuttings are planted under an inclination and covered with a trimmed plastic bottle. The first 2 days you can not open a miniature greenhouse, and then you need daily ventilation, so that young seedlings are not burned out.
Propagation shoots with dense wood
- In the autumn, when the shrub is free of foliage, 15 cm long shoots are harvested. Under the lower bud they are cut off directly, above the upper one - obliquely. Prepared branches placed in a box, covered with sand and sent to a cool place for winter maintenance.
Important! In the spring, they start planting on the bed of overwintered cuttings. We can not miss the time, the kidneys should not swell!
- By autumn, the root system will appear, young shoots will develop.
Reproduction by dividing the root system
- This method is used only when you want to get another jasmine bush in a short time. To do this, you need to dig up jasmine and divide the root system so that each plot has root growth. It is more convenient to divide a bush into parts with the help of garden shears. During flowering reproduction can not be carried out, the best period - October.
What is sick jasmine, and what pests can be damaged?
Chubushnik - a strong bush, pests do not like jasmine. But it is useful to inspect garden jasmine from time to time for the presence of insects. You can fight pests with folk remedies, of which the most effective is a solution of household soap.
Jasmine can attack:
- spider mite,
- soft false shield.
If folk remedies do not help, it can be treated with insecticides.
Garden Jasmine Care Tips
- Weekly soil loosening,
- weed removal
- the use of organic fertilizers
- mineral fertilizers,
- the formation of the bush, pinching the top to give the correct shape,
- timely watering, preventing the soil from drying out,
- removal of flowering inflorescences,
- thinning the bush as needed, removing weak and old shoots.
- the introduction of phosphate fertilizers to enhance flowering.
Work on the creation of landscape composition
- You can make a hedge out of garden jasmine, having planted shrubs around the perimeter of the site, up to 1 m away. The shrub grows well and if you plant close one from one, you will get a thickened “wall” with which it will be difficult to cope.
- In early June, blooms common chubushnik. Then pleases with its fragrant flowers small-leaved variety and passes the baton to a bush with a translucent crown - Chubushnik Shrenka. In late June, blooms chubushnik odorless. The name itself speaks for itself: the flowers of this variety are odorless, therefore they are recommended for people prone to allergies. Chubushnik Lemoine - one of the most beautiful shrubs, completes flowering.
- By gathering on the site a collection of different varieties that differ in the painted foliage and timing of buds, you can contemplate their beauty for 2 months. Low-growing varieties are suitable for decoration of rock garden or rock arias, tall can be planted in the center to create the background.
On a note! There are varieties of jasmine, which for the season 2 times covered with flowers. And from the low jasmine, which is used for registration of rock gardens, you can not wait for the flowers. Therefore, it is recommended that allergy sufferers should have low-growing species on their land plots.
- Garden jasmine with simple flowers looks beautiful in the vicinity of lilac, but it is better to plant a jubilee with fringed flowers separately from other plants. A single planting will be beneficial to allocate it among other varieties.
The soil in the place of planting shrubs need well-drained, moist and moderately fertile. Jasmine needs sunlight at least 4 hours a day, with long light bloom will be abundant and long. Shrubs planted in the shade worse develop a crown, flowers are rare and small.
Each plant needs at least 3 meters of space for the healthy development of the root system and the formation of a crown for upright growth. When creating a living fence bushes are placed every 50 cm.
The life cycle of jasmine for at least 10 years, so carefully choose the place where the bush will be planted.
Before planting jasmine in spring or autumn, prepare the pit. The depth of the pothole is up to 70 cm, width is up to 60 cm. A layer of sand and rubble (20 cm) is covered by a loose bottom. To sustain a pit in such a state it takes several days for the sun to warm up.
When planting jasmine roots fall asleep soil which includes:
When choosing a jasmine variety, consider its flowering period. Some bushes are buried in bloom from June to August, others from April to June.
The process of planting seedlings
The crucial moment on which the future state of jasmine depends must be carefully prepared:
- В вырытую яму высыпают подготовленную земляную смесь, чтобы образовался холмик.
- Осматривают корневую систему саженца. Сухие, поврежденные отростки удаляют секатором.
- Раскладывают по поверхности земли корни и заглубляют. The root collar is at ground level, it is unacceptable to lower it into the ground for more than 3 cm.
- Sprinkle the ground and seal the pit.
- Watered water at the rate of 2 buckets of water per bush.
- Sprinkle with mulch to retain moisture and prevent weed growth. Use needles, peat or sawdust.
Jasmine blooming in the garden is the gardener's pride, for whom care and cultivation are not just words. The bush is unpretentious, but this does not mean that it does not need care.
It is necessary to fertilize a plant before it is ready to grow (in spring). Use mineral fertilizers. The composition of 10 liters of water:
This refreshing cocktail is enough for 2 bushes. Do not neglect the slurry, which contains the necessary trace elements and substances. Pre-mix in the ratio of 1:10 (manure / water) need to stand for a couple of days and water the bushes.
Jasmine is fed with ash, which is obtained from fireplaces with branches of fruit trees. The shrub needs regular watering during the flowering period.
You can grow jasmine from seeds, layering and cuttings.
If you want to get a beautiful jasmine shrub with white flowers as early as possible, choose simple solutions: cuttings and cuttings.
It is inefficient to plant jasmine seeds in the ground, if you strive to get a sea of fragrant flowers on a bush. Flowering is possible only after 7 years. It is easier to use the technique of layering, in which they receive a full-fledged specimen with a high degree of probability.
Reproduction of jasmine cuttings in the spring is the most popular way to teach a new plant that does not require human energy. Cut off side shoots with inflorescences, shorten to 5 cm, but make sure that there are at least two internodes and two pairs of leaves on the branch.
For planting and subsequent care, you can get the roots on the cuttings of garden jasmine by keeping it in settled water for about 2 weeks, or in a sand-peat mixture. In the ground, the cuttings are buried at an angle, then covered with plastic containers or polyethylene to maintain constant humidity and temperature.
For the development of the root system regularly water and loosen the earth. At the end of the summer will be ready a new copy of jasmine, which is planted in the fall to a permanent place.
Before you propagate the jasmine shrub, look at photos of different varieties. Perhaps it makes sense to plant and care on the site of other species that will differ in the size of flowers, color and height of the bush.
Jasmine Garden Care
If you intend to plant a terry shrub in your garden, be prepared to give it due attention and care, otherwise it will not be able to bloom properly. Only if the key rules are observed exactly as established, the bush will delight you with lush and abundant flowering for a long time:
- Every week, the soil around the shrub needs to be loosened, removing weeds,
- Fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers is carried out regularly,
- From time to time it is necessary to pinch the tops of the bushes to give it a proper shape.
Jasmine needs plenty of waterwhose intensity should be maximized in dry weather. Drying of the soil is an extremely undesirable phenomenon, which will cause yellowing of the leaves, as a result, the culture will cease to bloom. On one square meter of territory it is necessary to pour out about three liters of water.
The first feeding arrangements are held only one year after planting, and in mineral and organic preparations are used as fertilizers. In a 10-liter bucket of water stir 30 grams of superphosphate and 15 grams of urea. This dressing is suitable for processing two bushes. As a good organic fertilizer can be used slurry, which is diluted in a ratio of 1:10.
It is known that Jasmine has excellent winter hardiness.therefore, no special preparatory activities are needed. It is necessary to cover only the young shoots, using a light cloth or rope.
Jasmine needs regular pruningwhich intend to give a neat shape and appearance. Every year should be carried out sanitary and cosmetic pruning, thinning bushes and removing dried inflorescences to dilute the crown. Once every three years old shoots should be removed at the age of more than 12 years.
In addition, prunings are intended for rejuvenating purposes, in the process of which, in the spring, the bush is cut to 0.5 meters. If the stems are cut, it is better to treat the cut sites with a garden warp, which will prevent fungal diseases.
Protection against diseases and pests
Despite strong immunity and excellent endurance, jasmine needs reliable protection from spider mites, aphids, weevils, and soft false protectors.. Preventive measures consist in treating the shrub with various insecticides. As organic fertilizers, you should use soap or ash.
When gardening, jasmine is grown in large mixborders, being an indispensable addition to the garden landscape. Dwarf varieties look great in rock gardens or rocky gardens. They can be planted in flower beds, where they play the role of a living curb or edging.
It is known that the jasmine shrub looks great in combination with lilac, hydrangea or weigela. Wanting to create a beautiful hedge, many gardeners put together different varieties of jasmine with luxurious shades and a unique form of inflorescences. In addition, the plant looks beautiful when properly placed with other greenery, representing a good decoration for the gate, the walls of the house or shops.
Jasmine is a delightful shrub, so its presence in the garden is a vivid example of the refined taste of the owners of the house. It is important to pay attention to the fact that some varieties can be covered with flowers twice per season. And if we talk about low jasmine, which is used in the design of rock gardens, it may not bloom at all. For this reason, people suffering from allergic reactions to jasmine, should grow exactly stunted varieties.
As mentioned above, in addition to the unique decorative properties and fragrant aroma, the culture has other useful properties. It is known that it is a strong honey plant attracting beneficial insects, including various pollinators: butterflies, bees, bumblebees.
Features of garden jasmine
Such a plant as garden jasmine is quite possible to grow on absolutely any site, but remember that it requires special care. Before you start growing this flower, you must first find out all the details about the care it needs. However, you should first learn about this kind of jasmine better.
Hail garden jasmine from the Mediterranean. This plant has healing properties. However, most often it is grown as an ornament for decorating summer and garden plots. This shrub has a very spectacular lush crown. It is most beautiful during the flowering period, when the branches bloom with yellow or white flowers, collected in inflorescences. They are incredibly fragrant. Garden jasmine has a large number of different subspecies, which differ from each other in the size of the flowers. These plants are distinguished by the fact that they are able to adapt to almost any weather conditions.
Garden jasmine is quite undemanding to the landing site. So, it grows very well and develops in both sunny and shady places. It can be planted both on the south and on the north side of the plot. It tolerates drought and high humidity quite well. Various insects, including most bee species, love to collect nectar from the jasmine bush.
The uniqueness of garden jasmine
In the period of flowering in the flowers there is a large amount of essential oils, but only in those that have blossomed recently. They have a beneficial effect on human well-being. Benzyl alcohol and jasmine benzyl acetate can normalize a person’s sexual libido. The buds of such a plant are used to make a special decoction, which has the ability to normalize the work of the digestive organs. Also, the substances contained in garden jasmine, can cleanse the body of toxins, as well as strengthen the immune system. In any of the varieties of this jasmine are substances with medicinal properties. Jasmine bush will not only be a great decoration for your site, but will also significantly enhance your health.
In order for cultivation to be successful, it is necessary to know at what time and how exactly to plant this flower in open ground.
Small leaf jasmine
This is a fairly compact shrub that is almost never more than 100 centimeters tall. In such a plant, the leaf plates are rather large and curved. Flowers have a very pleasant smell, reminiscent of strawberries.
Jasmine coronary plain
The shrub is large enough. So, it can be in height from 250 to 300 centimeters. During the flowering period, such a jasmine bush is decorated with very large and beautiful inflorescences that emit a pleasant sweetish smell. The sheet plates are painted in a rich golden color.
This plant is recommended to grow in parks or in fairly large areas. The bush can reach a height of 400 centimeters, and it is the tallest plant of all types of jasmine. However, the peculiarity of this plant is also in the fact that its lovely flowers do not possess aroma. This species blooms quite late. Flowering lasts for 4 weeks.
Also very popular is the Gornostaeva mantle jasmine variety. This plant is quite compact and its height does not exceed 100 centimeters. Inflorescences are located along the entire length of the branches. Flowering lasts about 8 weeks.
Choosing the right landing site
These types and varieties can be found in many garden and suburban areas. As a rule, garden jasmine is planted in open ground in springtime. In order for a plant to grow and develop normally, it is necessary to know a few important rules of both planting and caring for it. As a rule, planting of various species and varieties of garden jasmine is practically no different.
The main points in choosing a suitable place for landing:
- When choosing a suitable place for a given plant, it is necessary to take into account the fact that it can adapt to almost any weather conditions. However, if you want your plant to have a spectacular appearance and bloom very richly, then it should be planted in a place that is protected from strong drafts. The fact is that they have a very negative effect on this shrub. Also, garden jasmine grows better and develops in a well-lit area with plenty of direct sunlight.
- This shrub is recommended to plant in close proximity to flowers that have a purple or deep blue color shade. For example, it will look great next to a delphinium or lavender. Also, jasmine grows beautifully next to hydrangea or spiraea.
- Planting garden jasmine experts advise to engage in the spring. However, this procedure can be carried out in the fall.
Optimal soil selection and planting
Garden jasmine, as mentioned above, quite unpretentious plant. But for his best growth should be carefully attributed to the choice of soil, as well as its direct landing.
- In view of its unpretentiousness, such a shrub is able to settle down and grow well on almost any soil. However, preference should be given whenever possible to a soil saturated with nutrients. It should be remembered that jasmine roots react extremely negatively to excessive moisture, so the choice should be left on a piece of land located on a not very large elevation.
- Pour sand mixed with small stones into the well prepared for disembarkation. This layer will act as a drain. When planting in the spring, it is recommended to pour 50 grams of nitrophosphate into the well. This will allow the plant to settle on the new place.
- When the bush is planted, the ground will need to be tamped a little. Then jasmine must be watered.
- In order for the plant to develop properly, it is necessary to systematically apply fertilizer to the soil.
In order for your site to be decorated with lush jasmine shrub, you not only need to take care of it regularly, but also systematically apply fertilizer to the soil. It should be remembered that the very first dressing should be carried out only 12 months after planting in an open ground.
Garden jasmine needs minerals. For feeding plants are recommended to use a nutrient solution consisting of 1 liter of water and 5 grams of superphosphate. In the resulting solution should be poured another 2.5 grams of urea and potassium sulphide. After that, the solution is thoroughly mixed. It is used to fertilize this shrub.
Garden jasmine also needs organic fertilizers. So, for dressing it is recommended to use manure, as well as humus. But it should be remembered that manure for top dressing should be used only in diluted form, otherwise the root system of the plant may burn. Manure is recommended to be dissolved in water in the ratio of 1:15.
In order for the jasmine bush to be lush and fragrant, top dressing alone is not enough; it must also be properly looked after.
In order for the crown to always look well-groomed and spectacular, regular shaping trimmings should be carried out. Both summer residents and gardeners have several secrets and rules regarding this procedure:
- Formative pruning should be carried out in the springtime, when the shrub is in a vegetative state,
- the longest branches should be cut off completely, and short ones should be shortened by ½ part,
- rejuvenating pruning is carried out for more abundant flowering, or rather, all empty branches are removed,
- in an adult bush, the central trunk should be cut to 45–50 centimeters, while the rest are removed entirely.
Every year it is necessary to inspect the shrub and remove the damaged and diseased branches.
Preparing for the winter
In order for the plant not to die in the winter, it must be properly prepared for this difficult period. To do this, you need to perform several very simple manipulations:
- It should be remembered that adult specimens are more frost resistant than younger ones. Therefore, it is quite possible for adult plants not to be prepared for the winter period. However, those jasmines that are still quite young need this procedure.
- When the shrub ottsvetet, it should be wrapped with a specially designed material for this. You can also use regular straw for this purpose.
- So that during the winter cold the roots of jasmine do not suffer, in the autumn time you need to dig up the soil around the trunk and do not forget to add compost to it.
- If desired, in the springtime, this shrub can be transplanted to a new place.
Repot garden jasmine in the spring. To do this, prepare the ground by digging a hole in it, which in size should correspond to the volume of the root system of the shrub. In this hole and transplanted plant, while the rules are similar to those that relate to planting such a bush in the spring.