Modern summer residents have a huge selection of mineral fertilizers. In specialized stores for gardeners and gardeners you can buy the most modern fertilizer for every taste. Recently, however, more and more beginners and experienced gardeners prefer to use the old, time-tested "grandmothers" means feeding garden crops. Among them are ash, ground egg shells and powdered bones. They are rightly considered one of the most valuable complex mineral fertilizers.
Bonemeal contains almost the entire periodic table. (Of course, only those minerals that are useful for plants are potassium, calcium, magnesium, nitrogen, phosphorus, and many others). This fertilizer is known in Russia for a long time. In rural areas, many still make this valuable product on their own. And summer residents living in cities usually buy ready-made feeding, as it is inexpensive and is sold in convenient packages. The composition of the purchased and home-made flour is about the same, so each gardener does what is most convenient for him.
In essence, they are ground into bones of domestic animals (cattle and small ruminants). Usually, bones of cows, goats, pigs and horses are taken for the manufacture of such powder. There is also the so-called fishmeal flour - the bones of river and sea fish ground into powder (hake, cod, carp, crucian carp, carp and any other fish). Residents of the countryside usually make bone meal after slaughtering their own livestock for meat. It can make and sell in the fishing artels. This flour is considered a valuable product., because:
- such flour, applied as a fertilizer, does not contain aggressive chemicals and pesticides that adversely affect the growth and development of plants,
- it is rich in nitrogen, but, unlike other mineral supplements, it is not deposited in vegetables in the form of harmful salts - nitrates and nitrites,
- ground bones decompose easily and do not pollute the environment
- flour from the bones of fish and pets is inexpensive,
- This fertilizer is convenient to measure. To measure the right amount, usually use a tablespoon,
- You can work with it without gloves. Contact of the fertilizer with the skin and mucous membranes does not cause irritation and poisoning,
- it contains many useful substances that contribute to the intensive growth, development, flowering and fruiting of garden crops.
How to make bone meal yourself
You can buy fertilizer in any specialized store for gardeners and gardeners, where there is a department of complex mineral fertilizers. You can also order it online. The main advantages of the purchase of flour is that it is sold in a convenient package and is fully ready to add soil. Also, industrial production fertilizer is additionally enriched with individual chemical elements (for example, with a high concentration of calcium or potassium). However, many experienced gardeners, especially residents of villages and villages, prefer to make this fertilizer on their own.
The main advantage of home fertilizer is that its composition may vary, depending on the desires of the gardener. For example, you can add a little lime or ground eggshell to it to increase the concentration of calcium. To make this valuable dressing yourself, you must first make a crusher.
The house craftsman will easily cope with this task by making the simplest crusher from an old washing machine - an automatic or semi-automatic machine. You can also construct a small mill, similar to those used in the old days to make wheat or rye flour. And small bones can be fine grind in a coffee grinder. Those who want to make fishmeal flour can grind fragile fish stones with a mortar and pestle. There are a lot of options. To make such a fertilizer at home can be as follows:
- when food waste appears in the house (fish bones, meat bones, eggshells), it all stacks in one bag in the freezer,
- waste is safely stored until it has accumulated quite a lot,
- when a lot of raw materials for manufacturing have accumulated, it is removed from the freezer and milled in any convenient way, depending on the size of the bones,
- the resulting flour is then sifted through a sieve. Large pieces of bones that could not be ground, thrown out or put in the freezer with a new batch of waste,
- the finished flour should look like a fine, uniform consistency, powder. Outwardly, it vaguely resembles tooth powder, which in Soviet times was sold in tin boxes instead of toothpaste. If the bones of old domestic animals were used to make flour, the finished mineral dressing will have a yellowish color. Meat and bone meal from the bones of young animals and fish bone meal will have a white color. In general, the color of the finished dressing can vary from beige to pure white. If lime or crushed chalk is added to the fertilizer (as an additional source of calcium), top dressing will become lighter in color.
How to feed to the soil
Fertilizer is highly valued by experienced and novice gardeners, primarily for its versatility and ease of use. This fertilizer can be applied as follows:
- gently open the container with the finished powder,
- using a tablespoon to measure the required amount of feeding,
- make in the soil a shallow furrow or depression in the form of a round hole,
- to add to this deepening the required amount of mineral fertilizer,
- gently mix the fertilizer with the soil until a homogeneous mass. If white flour is no longer visible on the surface of the earth, then everything is done correctly.
A common mistake novice gardeners, gardeners is that they bury the dressing in the ground. There will be no sense from such feeding, because the fertilizer will go deep into the soil, and the plant will not have time to assimilate it. Such flour does not need to be buried in the ground. It is necessary to mix it with the ground (with the upper layer of the earth) until a homogeneous mass.
This fertilizer is used for top dressing of any garden and garden cropsincluding:
- root vegetables (potatoes, beets, carrots, turnips),
- solanaceous (tomatoes, sweet Bulgarian pepper, eggplants),
- legumes (peas, beans, fenugreek),
- flowers Roses and peonies need such mineral fertilization more than others because they are especially demanding on soil fertility).
It can also be used to feed indoor plants. Thus, the regular use of fertilizer helps to prevent such a dangerous disease, as chlorosis of the leaves in indoor plants. Chlorosis is caused by iron deficiency, and the fertilizer contains a fairly high concentration of this trace element.
Bonemeal as a vitamin supplement for animals
It is used not only as a valuable mineral fertilizer for horticultural crops. It is also used as a vitamin supplement for poultry, cattle and small cattle. Regular inclusion of this dressing in the diet of domestic animals promotes:
- replenishment of vitamin deficiencies, especially in winter, when animals and birds are kept without walking,
- prevention of viral and bacterial infections,
- strengthen bones
- prevention of diseases caused by calcium deficiency in the body of domestic animals.
Poultry experts say that the inclusion of powder in the diet of young birds (goslings, ducklings, poults) contributes to the rapid growth of babies. The inclusion of bone meal in the diet of adult birds significantly improves egg production, improves the taste of the eggs and helps to strengthen the eggshell.
Before giving bone or fishmeal to animals and birds, it is imperative to check that there is no vitamin supplement. large, uncut until the end of sharp pieces of bone. If animals or birds are fed whole bonemeal, unground bone pieces can puncture the stomach or intestines, and this will lead to the death of the animal (bird).
Bone meal is a very valuable vitamin supplement for both horticultural crops and domestic animals (birds). Many make it yourself, however, there is no special point in this. You can buy this valuable mineral dressing at any fertilizer store or combined feed. It is inexpensive, and consumes much slower than other fertilizers, so one package is usually enough for a long time. Bone meal is an excellent option for those who want to feed plants or pets with valuable minerals.
What do they do
Bone meal is a crumbly, light powder with high moisture content due to animal fat. The substance is derived from the processing of bones. The main suppliers of raw materials for the manufacture of bone meal are meat processing plants. Also for processing go veterinary confiscated and carrion. All material must be fresh and not infected.
Another technology is the initial steaming of raw materials. This allows you to slightly increase the amount of micronutrient. But the highest rates can be achieved with the initial degreasing of bones. The latest product version is considered the highest quality.
At home, you can also make a similar fertilizer, especially if there are horns, bones, hooves of domestic animals, fish and poultry. To do this, you will need to rinse the raw material and chop it into small pieces.
In agriculture, this organic powder is quite versatile. It is widely used as a feed additive in animal husbandry and as a fertilizer in crop production.
The substance is quite suitable for feeding garden, decorative, garden, flower, greenhouse and pot plants.
In addition, it does not oxidize, even when using mulch suitable for this process. Substrate use is appropriate in the period of spring or autumn soil preparation for planting crops. In the berries and the garden, experts advise to first disperse the fertilizer and only then carry out a deep digging.
In the garden per square meter will need to make within 200 g of powder, the dosage can be adjusted depending on the physico-chemical characteristics of the soil.
It would seem that powdered fertilizer obtained from animal bones is limited to micronutrients and cannot compete with other mineral complexes. That is, it is only an additional component in the supplemental solution.
Compared to other substances, the substrate is valued for:
- slow process of splitting chemical compounds, which ensures long-term effects on the plant and uniform saturation with nutrients,
- harmlessness - the substance can be applied even several weeks before the harvest (moreover, professionals even advise making powder 14 days before the fruit ripens to improve their taste characteristics),
- the ability to deoxidize soils, so phosphoazotin in limited quantities is applied to areas with an alkaline pH,
- the ability to improve the vegetation of plants at all stages (intensive biomass buildup, flowering, the formation and maturation of fruits).
Types and composition
Scientifically, bone meal is called "tricalcium phosphate," which is due to the main components of the powder. It contains large amounts of calcium and phosphorus. Fat, glue, phosphoric acid, nitrogen, sodium, chlorine, sulfur act as additional components, the percentage ratio of which varies between 1.5–10%.
- Regular - is the cheapest, because it is very easy to manufacture, does not require additional processing of raw materials before grinding and contains only 15% of phosphorus.
- Steamed - as a result of the preliminary heat treatment of the material, manufacturers manage to obtain 25% of phosphorus from it.
- Fat-free is the most expensive and valuable type of all existing, since the amount of phosphorus in it is 35%.
How to apply fertilizer
For fertilizer vegetation, you can use the root and foliar method. In most cases, the powder is simply embedded in the ground during its preparation for planting. Experts also advise them to fertilize garden, garden and pot crops in the period of vegetative development.
- On the lawns scatter dry powder at the rate of 200 g per 1 sq. Km. m area (in acidic areas, the amount of fertilizer is desirable to double).
- For indoor and garden garden plants, it is recommended to add dry matter in the ratio of 1: 100, and the liquid solution is prepared from 1 kg of flour and 2 buckets of hot water. In the latter case, the suspension is left to infuse for a week, stirring daily. Then it is passed through a filter and topped up with water in order to make a total of 380 l of liquid.
- For seedlings of vegetable crops, it is practiced to add 1–2 tablespoons of powder directly to the wells.
- When planting berry specimens in each pit you need to make up to 70 g of the substance in the spring and up to 120 g in the fall.
- Under bulbous flower cultures (tulips, gladioli, daffodils, lilies) it is recommended to add 30 g of substance to each well.
Manufacturers advise you to store bone meal in rooms protected from damp, heat and direct sunlight. Purchased packaging is desirable to lay in a well-ventilated shed, where there are no rodents or any other pests. To do this, you need to find a shelf inaccessible for children and animals.
This is due to internal chemical reactions in phosphozotine, which provokes a high temperature. When decomposed, the fat becomes poisonous. It is advisable to periodically check the condition of the flour, mix and dry it. Knowing what and how bonemeal is made, you can be confident in its biological and chemical safety for its vegetation. Feel free to feed the flowers, vegetables, berries, fruits with this powder, and they will thank you for quality fruits and decorations. We hope our recommendations will help you with this.
How to apply bone meal
Bone oatmeal is universal, yet you should pay attention to some things. For example - the composition of the soil. As the main plant nutrition, phosphoazotine is added to the acidic soil. The main element phosphorus is well soluble in an acidic environment, poorly in ordinary water. Therefore, the high acidity of the soil is of great importance: it allows you to use the potential of the substance one hundred percent.
The most popular calculation formula is: 100-200 grams of bone substance feeds 1 square meter of soil. For fruit trees, it is better to use a dose of 200 g, feeding every three years - this helps to restore the root system, if necessary. For berries, the dosage will vary, depending on the season: in the spring they add 70 g to the hole during transplantation, in the fall - 90-100 g. Phosphoazotine is very beneficial for bulbous plants.
Fish bone meal, grinding of fish skeleton, contains more phosphorus than usual. Her prefer plants that are extremely important this element. Among them, potatoes - 100 grams of fishmeal per square meter is enough, and tomatoes - a tablespoon of substrate for each bush will bring a remarkable harvest of tomatoes. For indoor plants, you can use phosphoazotine in the ratio of 1: 100 (1 part of powder plus 100 parts of soil) - such a cocktail will give home colors a great appearance. It should not be used for azaleas or rhododendrons.
It is very convenient to make bone oatmeal in the ground when digging beds or direct planting. This is usually done in the fall or spring. The validity of the substrate is at least 6 months. For the most effective impregnation of soil it is sprinkled with powder (the calculation is the same - 100-200 g per square of the earth), and then dug. To feed vegetables, bulbous plants, fertilizer fall asleep right in the hole or on the groove before planting the crop. So, it is mixed with the ground.
If the soil is light, dry powder can be used. For heavy soils, you can mix it with composts or make liquid fertilizer: 1 kg of powder per 20 liters of hot water is mixed, then kept for 10 days. After aging, such make-up can be diluted with water, and then added to the ground along with other useful additives.
Bonemeal has several varieties, which differ in the method of production and the content of phosphorus:
- powder with 15% content,
- steam contains 25% of the main substance,
- fat free with a content of 35%.
Supplement, which is obtained by grinding fish skeleton, called fishmeal flour. Такая форма подпитки широко применима на побережье, где развит рыбный промысел – Аргентина, США, регион Средиземноморья. Рыбное толокно состоит не только из перемолотых рыбных костей, но из тканей рыбных тушек тоже. Фосфора этот экстракт содержит около 4%, а азота — целых 10%. Для большего эффекта его смешивают с рыбокостным удобрением или же применяют как азотную подпитку.Flour can be obtained from horns, hoofs, crabs shells, even bird feathers. This supplement will be rich in iron and calcium. In the CIS countries, this type is not popular.
Bone meal has long established itself as a quality fertilizer. The bone and meat, fish or any other it has a low cost, shows good results. Because of this, this kind of organic feed is an important part of the agricultural industry. It is used for gardens, gardens, even indoor plants. A small amount of oatmeal is more than enough for a whole season, and the harvests are succulent, rich in nutrients and radiant with health.
Types of flour and their properties as a fertilizer
Flour for fertilizer is prepared from different raw materials: the bones of farm animals, blood, horns, hooves or fish waste. Depending on this, the final product exhibits different properties, but the rich content of nutrients, especially phosphorus or nitrogen, remains common to all types of flour:
The table shows that different types of flour can be used as a substitute for certain mineral fertilizers. Bone and fishmeal flour, for example, successfully replaces superphosphate, and hoofed or blood meal can be used as a mild alternative to ammonium nitrate.
The use of flour dressings for different cultures
The use of flour dressings for growing plants allows to solve the following tasks:
- to intensify the growth of the vegetative mass,
- stimulate flowering plants
- increase the mass and sugar content of fruits,
- increase plant resistance to adverse environmental conditions.
There are practically no crops for which the use of flour as a fertilizer would be contraindicated. Do not use it only for rhododendrons, azaleas and other plants that love acidic soil.
The greatest positive responsiveness to making flour show:
- garden strawberries,
- garlic and onions,
Errors of application of flour dressings
Despite the safety and many advantages of organic flour, fertilizing with this fertilizer obeys certain rules, non-observance of which leads to unpleasant errors:
Error number 1. A sharp increase in application rates.
It is necessary to have a good understanding of what and how much each culture needs, and to strictly observe the norms for the application of flour. Otherwise, you can get a time bomb. For example: if you put too much bone or fish meal under the tomatoes, the plants will not select all the phosphorus offered in a season. Next year, the soil will be oversaturated with this element, and cucumbers planted to replace it may suffer from yellowing of the leaves and premature aging of the bush.
Error number 2. Unsystematic mixing with other fertilizers.
This often leads to an imbalance of nutrients in the soil solution, which negatively affects the general condition of crops and their resistance to diseases.
Error number 3. The use of low-quality flour.
Like any organic substance, flour is subject to rotting and molding. The decomposition of fats leads to the accumulation of toxic decomposition products in flour, so it is important to monitor the condition of the powder and observe its shelf life.
Tip # 2. Flour should be stored in a dry ventilated area without ultraviolet access. The temperature should be low, as its increase leads to damage to the product.
What is bone meal?
Before considering the properties of the tool, you need to know what bone meal is and from what it is obtained. The basis of bone meal are chopped bones of fish or animals. Fertilizer is mined by grinding cattle bones, and sometimes horns, hooves, shells or blood. At the end of the grinding process, the bones become dry and are a fine powder with a solid, pale yellow color.
Bone meal is made exclusively from organic matter, it is safe for plants, pets and people. The tool is not prone to deposition in the tissues of plants and fruits.
An excess of bones led to a decrease in the cost of production. Because of the low price, fertilizer is often used in large areas.
Bonemeal made exclusively from organic
Ecological safety is confirmed by extensive use by various countries of the world, including European ones. Countries located on the coasts of the seas, often use flour from the ridges of fish.
Top dressing from bone meal has a rich mineral composition and biologically active components. The composition contains proteins, including cystine, methionine and lysine. The abundance of proteins allows the use of flour when feeding animals.
Fertilizer is useful for plants, as it has a rich composition of mineral substances, including:
This is only part of what is part of fertilizer, because the most important components are phosphorus and nitrogen, as they are the main nutrients necessary for the growth of any plant.
Application and rules for making bone meal
Bonemeal, as a fertilizer, is similar in properties to superphosphate; both top dressings contain a large dosage of phosphorus. Bonemeal fertilizer is recommended to be used before digging, it can be used both in autumn and in spring. To make dressing the most effective and useful it is recommended to study the basic rules of application, based on the feedback from experts and instructions on the use of the substance:
- bone meal as a fertilizer for vegetable crops that will be grown in greenhouses is used on the basis of a ratio of 2–3 tbsp. l for 1 well. You can use the substance for inclusion in the beds with vegetables. It is better to lay the powder before laying the seeds, then there will be a remixing of the flour with the soil as close as possible to the rhizome of the future plant. The substrate is poorly transported in the soil and is not washed off with water, it should initially be applied evenly,
- when used during planting or replanting berry bushes, it is recommended to pour 50–100 g of the substrate into 1 well. More precisely, the dose is selected based on the size of the bush. When fertilizing planted crops, you can use flour 1 time in 3 years based on the ratio of 200 g per 1 m 2. Certain types of plants need additional feeding more than others, currant is counted among them (phosphorus is especially important for it),
- 200 g / m 2 should be used when planting trees. The procedure can be no more than 1 time in 3 years. The greatest efficiency occurs with damage to the rhizome,
- Bulb cultures respond well to fertilizing. Often flour is used when planting lilies, tulips and daffodils, but the flowers need small amounts of the substance, about 1 tbsp. l per well
- when planting perennials under the plant stack 2–3 tbsp. l substrate,
- bone meal has a beneficial effect on the lawn. For fertilizer it is worth 2-3 glasses to distribute 1 m 2,
- when used for indoor plants, the product is mixed with the soil on the basis of the ratio of 1 to 100. It should be borne in mind that certain varieties of flowers feel well in acidified soils. If you ignore the recommendations, the result will be deplorable. Among these plants are azaleas and rhododendrons.
Effect on plants
Due to the long process of decomposition of bone mass, the tool for six months gives the plants the necessary substances for growth, ensuring proper nutrition and active development of rhizomes. Thanks to the minerals, the plants grow quickly and throw away more color, the maturation of the crop is further accelerated and its composition is enriched.
During transplantation, such fertilizer as bone meal is used to restore rhizome as soon as possible, therefore, the plant takes root in a new area more quickly and easily.
The effects of phosphorus and calcium have been studied for a long time, they help to strengthen the roots, accelerate the ripening of fruits, the acquisition of fruits and leaves of the correct form. High-quality absorption of trace elements from the soil is also valuable.
Calcium and phosphorus deficiency in most plants affects as:
- delayed development
- late flowering
- slow pouring fruit
- changes in the usual color of the foliage or stem,
- frequent disease damage.
To preserve the properties of the substrate, it is necessary to know the rules of storage, otherwise the flour will lose most of the elements and become ineffective. Compliance with simple rules will help make feeding the most useful:
- the room must be dry and well ventilated
- it is important to take care of protection from rodents, pests and birds,
- Flour containers should be protected from direct sunlight,
- allowed to store at room temperature or below. In case of heat, the raw materials overheat, which leads to a deterioration in the quality and decomposition of the fat that releases toxins.
Now the fishmeal is sold in most agricultural stores, even small ones, respectively, before purchasing it is worth checking the remaining useful life.
Fish meal, as a fertilizer, has a similar effect on vegetation. Fish bones contain a lot of protein, nitrogen and minerals. All sea inhabitants - sardines, pollock, shrimps, anchovies, etc., are suitable for making flour.
The key differences are:
- type of raw materials used (fish ranges),
- slightly reduced phosphorus,
- there are often soft fabrics in the product,
- increased amount of nitrogen, the concentration reaches 10%. The trace element contributes to the rapid growth of green mass and roots.
Instructions for the use of fish meal often contain recommendations for the preparation of liquid fertilizer. For its manufacture will require fish powder, it is insisted in water. Most often, the instructions for the use of fish meal implies the need to mix the drug with other supplements.
Fishmeal as a fertilizer has a similar effect on vegetation
- promotes greater yield
- compacts the structure of fruits, improving the quality of their storage,
- increases the sugar content of fruits
- accelerates the development of the plant,
- enriches the composition of the soil.
It is recommended to make fish powder in the fall, because the process of processing the substance and the allocation of easily digestible elements takes more than six months.
Instructions for the use of fish meal allows you to use the substance in relation to virtually all cultures. The best effect is noted on the nightshade: potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant.
For dosage, the instructions for use of fish meal have the following instructions:
- when digging - 100 g / m 2,
- when laying in the beds - 1-2 tbsp. l on the plant,
- when transplanting - 2-3 tbsp. l in the hole.
Mixing the powder from the bones of animals and fish helps to achieve the best results; the output is fish bone meal. Abroad, such top dressing is used quite often, but in Russia it remains rare.
Nitrogen is extremely important to all plants, but this element can cause an overdose, which will worsen their condition. Do not neglect the recommendations, but use fishmeal flour in the indicated dosages. Overdose increases the time of development of the fruit, the plants become more vulnerable to stress: illness, heat or cold.
Fish Meal Based Fertilizer
How to make bone meal at home?
For the manufacture of flour there is no need for specialized equipment, as the technology is extremely simple. To get the powder, you should burn the bones with the help of an open fire, the raw material itself can be located inside the vessel, as well as have direct contact with the fire.
First of all, it is worth choosing a convenient place where you can make a fire without damage to plants and buildings. It should be borne in mind that the smell, in the process of cooking, is quite sharp and unpleasant. Before roasting, soft tissue is removed from all bones. With small quantities of bones, you can perform the procedure with a knife, if there is a lot of raw materials, it is enough to boil it to the state when the meat begins to fall off on its own. The second option is more efficient, but also more expensive.
At the base of the campfire is better to use dry larch wood. Immediately lay the bones on the fire should not, it is better to wait until most of the burn. The indicator is the appearance of a sufficient number of hot coals, they are laid on a layer of raw materials. It is recommended to crush the bones before firing, this will increase the quality of the procedure. A layer of small branches or chips is laid over the bones. When the fire burns out, you can get bones from the ashes. The raw material will be ready if it is easily rubbed with fingers.
The next stage is to pour the bones into the bag and crush them with any heavy tool. At the exit, powder of different fractions will be obtained, it should be sieved through a sieve with small cells. The remaining pieces are again baked and crushed. You can not sift the flour to a fine fraction, but this will extend the period of decomposition.
Recommendations from experts
The growth quality of most crops can be increased by using blood meal, it does not contain potassium and phosphorus, respectively, it is mixed with meat and bone powder. Blood type can cause burns, with it you need to carefully follow the instructions.
The use of blood meal is recommended 2 times a year, in spring and summer. The first time is used for the development of green mass, and the second time - before flowering. The minimum interval between procedures is 2 months. Best of all, the agent has an effect on vyschelochnye soils. You can mix the powder with limestone, but in a small dosage, since the blood variety increases the acidity slightly.
Crushed hooves and horns that contain a lot of nitrogen can be used. Due to the gradual feeding of the substance during the processing of carotene there is no risk of burns. The introduction is carried out no more than 1 time in 3 months, more often - before sowing and flowering. In the composition there is no phosphorus and potassium, it is necessary to use together with other powders.
With a deficiency of useful components in the soil can be made from shell flour due to the abundance of trace elements. It contains 23% potassium and 5% magnesium, which is useful for enriching the composition of the soil. Salt is present in the powder, its additives are undesirable on chestnut and clay soils.
Experts consider the use of bone meal in relation to common cultures with some features:
- roses Add from spring or autumn to 30-50 grams per well,
- Peonies take root well when planted before winter, so the soil should begin to be prepared from August – September. Before digging make 300 g / m 2. An alternative method of use - in the hole when planting, from the ratio of 100-150 g per 1 well. Then feeding may not be carried out 2 seasons,
- Strawberry. Fertilizer is applied to the site during flowering and after receiving the crop at a dosage of 300 g / m 2. When landing you can stack 100 g / well. If top dressing is applied for already developing bushes, 50 g per 1 bush is enough, then the earth is loosened,
- garlic. Means is added during autumn digging at the rate of 300–500 g / m 2,
- potatoes. Bookmark perform before winter or early spring at a dose of 300-500 g / m 2. Potatoes respond well to fertilizer fish meal,
- Tomatoes The substance is used in the autumn digging process on the basis of a calculation of 300–500 g / m 2. When introduced in the spring, an interval of 20 days is observed. When added to wells, 100 g per well should be used.
Bone meal is one of the old, well-known and popular tools that is not used by the first generation of gardeners and gardeners, therefore, there is no need to care about the quality of fertilizer and potential risks.
Bonemeal - organic phosphate fertilizer
Phosphoazotine, or bone meal, is made from the skeleton of cattle, it is such a valuable fertilizer for the agricultural industry.
The composition of the bone substance includes the main nutrients needed by plants at different stages of the growing season:
Also phosphoazotine is composed of trace elements. Most of them have a significant impact on the state of green mass and roots.
The main plant nutrient is phosphorus. There are 3 types of substances, the amount of phosphorus in which differs in percentage:
- without fatty impurities - 35%,
- one stripped off - 25%,
- ground - 15%.
There is less potassium in flour, but for additional fertilizing of vegetable crops it lasts a long time. The lowest amount of nitrogen is about 4%. Therefore, when phosphoazotine is introduced into the soil, nitrogen-containing fertilizers (urea, nitrate or ammonium sulfate) must be used simultaneously.
In terms of nutrient content, phosphoazotine is more suitable for cacti plants, since succulents require large quantities of calcium for growth and development.
It is necessary to use meat and bone waste on peaty boggy soils. Plants on such soil always lack copper, and in bone meal its 18%. On light sandy soils, nutrients are quickly washed into the lower layers, becoming inaccessible to plants. Due to the long period of decay of animal residues, plants receive food, grow well and bear fruit.
Костная мука для растений: как применять
Костное удобрение вносится в почву осенью. Период его разложения составляет от 6 до 8 месяцев, и к наступлению весны питательные вещества успевают перейти в удобную для усвоения форму. Достаточно применять 1 раз в год, чтобы растения не испытывали недостатка в питании на протяжении всего периода вегетации. But experienced gardeners say that once a year is a lot, and it’s enough to use it once every 3 years to maintain soil fertility.
As a feed additive, it is necessary to bring in digging between 100 and 200 g per m².
For tomatoes and other vegetable plants
Meat and bone waste used as fertilizer for vegetable crops need more. At the same time vegetables will be much tastier due to calcium and potassium. Substance contribute either in the fall or in the spring when planting, adding to each well 50 g of bone meal.
Tomatoes, eggplants best respond to feeding meat and bone waste. Tomatoes have dense pulp without white streaks and seals. Have a uniform color and good seed. Used substance in the preparation of soil for tomato seedlings. It affects the growth of the root system and the full absorption of other nutrients - nitrogen, potassium and calcium by young seedlings. As a result, plants tolerate transplantation to open ground better, spring temperature drops, they start to bloom and bear fruit earlier.
Tomatoes, zucchini, cucumbers, cabbage improve flowering rates, the duration of the fruiting period and nutritional characteristics.
Meat and bone meal is laid on potato fields or homestead beds from 300 to 500 g of substance per m². It is better to make in the fall under the digging, as the addition of this fertilizer to each well takes a long time. Phosphoazotine contributes to the accumulation of starch and sugar in tubers, an increase in their size and quantity. Can harvest 40% more when using bone waste.
Potatoes are suitable in terms of fishmeal composition, in which more nitrogen is available for building up the aerial parts - shoots and leaves.
Roses need potassium and calcium for flowering. Not only bone meal, but also fish meal as a fertilizer will do. The advantage of fish waste in a higher nitrogen content is up to 10%. Fishmeal also contains a lot of calcium and phosphorus, but it will be cheaper to use fish production waste in the regions located closer to the sea. The cost of flour is much lower.
For soils with iron deficiency, blood meal is used — dried cattle blood. It is mixed with meat and bone and introduced into the soil for plant nutrition.
Bonemeal - organic phosphate fertilizer
Produce bone meal from the bones of farm animals. We know that bones are a source of phosphorus and calcium. Depending on the production method, flour contains from 15 to 35% of calcium and phosphorus. Most phosphorus is found in fat-free bone meal. Today, the flour from the bones is mined by the method of cooking, so that the concentration of nitrogen in it is not more than 3%. In addition, bone meal contains iron, magnesium, potassium, sodium, trace elements zinc, copper, manganese, cobalt, iodine, copper, and nitrogen-free extractives.
I.e, bone meal for garden and garden - first of all, phosphate dressing. In fact, it can be compared with superphosphate or phosphate rock, which is produced from natural minerals.
What makes the introduction of bone meal as fertilizer?
- phosphorus is responsible for rootingtherefore, when planting seedlings in the wells, bone meal will have to be in place. Young plants are guaranteed to take better
- increase immunity, resistance to diseases and pests
- training perennial crops - flowers, fruit trees, berry bushes - for winteringlignification shoots
- phosphorus has a positive effect on flowering and crop quality - fruits become more elastic, sweet, ripen better.
Bone meal for tomatoes and other vegetable plants
When planting seedlings of tomatoes in the hole should be made 1-3 tbsp. l flour and lightly mix it with the ground. This phosphate fertilizer for tomatoes is enough for the whole season. Also, bone meal as a fertilizer for a tomato can be applied from autumn at the rate of 100-200 grams per “square” of a bed. But remember that at first the tomato will need fairly high doses of nitrogen, so feeding only flour is not enough. The same applies to other vegetable plants, including root vegetables.
Bone meal for roses
For a good survival rate of roses when planting in each well should be made from 50 to 150 grams of flour. Once every three years, you can feed adult bushes: put 50-100 grams of fertilizer in the root zone and mulch. This will help build a strong root system and abundant flowering.
Note that bone meal is also useful for other colors. It is best to use it for the first spring feeding.
Bone meal for strawberries
In preparing the new beds for strawberry bone meal as fertilizer can be made either by digging the bed at the rate of 300 grams per "square", or into each well at the rate of 20-30 grams per plant. For adult plants, this fertilizer is the best fit as a top dressing after fruiting or during the flowering period (10-20 grams).
Bone meal for bulbous plants
Very often, bone meal as a top dressing is used for bulb flowers - daffodils, lilies, tulips, as this fertilizer stimulates the growth of roots and ensures the rooting of the bulbs. To do this, 1-2 spoons of flour are mixed with the soil, and then the onion is planted.
Bone meal for berry bushes and fruit trees
When transplanting or planting berry bushes in the hole, 50-150 grams of flour should be added, and adult plants can be fed with the same amount of fertilizer once every three years. Phosphate fertilizers are very effective after fruit bearing of berry bushes when they need to recuperate, plant buds for the next year and prepare for winter.
The same is carried out feeding with bone meal of fruit trees, but in large doses: 200-250 grams when planting or transplanting, or once every three years.
Bone meal for liquid fertilizer
Can cook bone meal: 100 grams of flour is poured over with 2 liters of hot water, the mixture is kept for about a week, stirring regularly, and then filtered. The hood is diluted with 4 buckets of water - and the excellent liquid phosphate fertilizer is ready! If you shed fruit trees, bushes, tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers in such a composition a couple of weeks before harvest, berries, fruits, and vegetables will be much tastier and sweeter.
In conclusion, I would like to remind you that bone meal for plants is a wonderful fertilizer, but you can't call it full. When planting plants in the spring, introducing only flour into the wells will probably not be enough: nitrogen is not enough, and just nitrogen plays an extremely important role at the beginning of the growing season. Therefore, along with flour (or before this - in the fall, or a couple of weeks before planting in the spring), add other organic fertilizers rich in nitrogen. And so that organic matter in the soil starts to “work” faster, you can add EM-preparations.