Pear is one of the most popular garden trees. Gardeners love this plant for its unpretentious, tasty and healthy fruits. Among the many varieties, the Ussuri pear is of great interest, which is valued not only for its nutritional properties, but also for its appearance. It is a real decoration of the garden and the city park.
Description of Ussuri pear
This is a deciduous tree, whose height under favorable conditions can reach 10 meters. Its crown is wide, dense, with glossy leathery oval-shaped leaves. Trees have a rather powerful root system. The flowering period begins even before the leaves bloom, and lasts about a week. Large white flowers, located on long stalks, are very resistant to frost, unlike many other cultivated varieties of pears. This plant winters very well, withstanding even very strong Siberian frosts.
The Ussuriisk pear tree is a tree that is distributed mainly in Siberia and the Far East, where climatic conditions are most suitable for this species. It is valued not only for its healthy and tasty fruits, but also for its appearance. A pear tree is planted in the cities as an ornamental plant, which in spring adorns the cityscape with its flowering, and in the fall with beautiful purple leaves. This is a long-lived tree. Under good conditions, it can live up to 300 years.
Features of the fruit
Ussuri pear begins to bear fruit in September. The tree is hung with small yellow fruits, some of them covered with red blush. Their pulp, rich in organic acids, pectin substances and vitamins, also has a fairly good taste.The size of the fruit varies depending on the soil, growing conditions of the pear, but rarely grow more than 5 cm. Their shape can be both spherical and oblong. Immediately after harvest, the fruits are very tart, so they are rarely used fresh. After a short period of storage, they acquire a more pleasant taste with a slight sourness. Then from pears prepare jams, compotes, jam, etc.
A pear is a tree, which is best planted in the spring. Saplings must first carefully examine for the presence of damaged roots, which must be removed. Then dip each seedling into the solution so that the plant will stick better (one bucket of humus and top soil mixed with 300 g of superphosphate). Pour some soil into a prepared well in advance to create a small slide, then put a seedling on it and gently sprinkle the roots on the ground. In the process of backfilling, the plant is slightly shaken so that there is no free space between the roots. After planting, you need to make a small hole around the tree, pour it abundantly and fill it with humus.
To care for this tree should be about the same as for the apple tree. Trim pear even easier. To make it more overgrown with lateral semi-skeletal branches, on which fruit branches are formed, long skeletal branches are removed, leaving no more than a dozen. In tall trees, they are shortened more and periodically rejuvenate fruit twigs.
Pear growing is carried out on nutrient-rich soil. Nevertheless, it requires a large amount of potash fertilizers. Before flowering plants and after the ovary is already re-fall off, carry out fertilizing with nitrogen. Once in 5 years make a mixture of fertilizers. On the periphery of a tree trunk, a groove is pulled out and a composition is made of humus, peat mass, to which add superphosphate and potassium chloride 500 and 800 g respectively, as well as 1 kg of lime. After that, the groove is buried.
Pear is considered a very moisture-loving plant. Care and cultivation of this crop implies mandatory watering of the tree, especially during the dry season. This is best done with a spray bottle. You can also dig a groove around the trunk and fill it gradually with water. For one tree it is necessary in the dry period up to twenty buckets of water. Especially during the pouring of the fruit, pear watering should be intensified. Summer heat also requires spraying the plant with water. This should be done in the late afternoon when the heat subsides.
Ussuri pear grows well on black earth, gray forest and loamy soils. The quality of the fruit depends on the fertility of the soil and the amount of heat. They ripen sour and harsh, if the pear grows on poor in composition of the soil or issued a cold summer.
It is best to plant these plants in well-lit places. If a young tree grows well in shaded areas, an adult needs much more light. Only in extreme heat, when the young leaves are drying and blackening, the tree should be pritened.
It is recommended to plant a pear on small elevations and slopes. The roots of the tree penetrate very deeply into the ground, and the crown can become very large.
On the whole, the Ussuri pear is a rather unpretentious plant. Care and cultivation are often not much different from those for other garden crops.
Health benefits of pear
Many gardeners are happy to grow pears. The fruits of this plant are highly valued for their qualities. They are not only very tasty, but also extremely useful. In their composition, they have a special substance - arbutin. It is a biological compound that can prevent diseases of the bladder and liver. Another important ingredient in pear fruits is folic acid. It is effective for anemia, viral hepatitis, helps to liquefy and remove mucus from the lungs. Ussuri pear, like all other varieties, contains iodine.
For colds, pear juice and decoction are used to reduce the temperature. In the composition of many diets recommended for obesity and diabetes, there are pear fruit. They improve the metabolism, remove excess water and salt from the body, accelerate the healing of tissues with various wounds and bleeding, providing an anti-inflammatory and strengthening effect.
Decorative variety pears The creator is the Russian botanist Karl Maksimovich, who bred this variety in 1857. The tree is quite high (10-15 m) with a thick, broad crown in the shape of a pyramid. This variety has a moderate growth rate. There are also spines on the tree.
The leaves are glossy, green in color from above, matte and bright from below. A special feature of the Ussuri pear is the pronounced smell of flowers.
Fruit 3-5 cm in diameter, have an elongated shape, ripening ends in the period from late August to early September. The peel can be both green and yellow, sometimes there is a red spot on the side. The flesh of such pears, though sweet, but tart, with stone cells, is white or yellow. You can ensure the disappearance of these stone cells, there is to give the fruit to ripen. Then the pear will become softer and more palatable.
Ussuri pear characteristic of diversity, that is, variability in size, color and taste of the fruit. Therefore, each seedling of this variety can be the first representative of a new variety of pears. Based on this fact, the Ussuri pear is actively used by gardeners for breeding.
For planting Ussuri pear need a good soil with a high degree of permeability to water. This grade impossible to grow in swampy soil. The pear does not like places that the wind has access to. For planting is suitable both in spring and autumn. When planting in the spring pit for future pears must be done in advance, that is, in the fall. If you plant trees in the fall, then the places need to be prepared in 3-4 weeks.
The pit should be 1-1.5 m in diameter and 70-80 cm deep. Before landing fertilizers should be applied to the ground - 1 kg of wood ash, 1.5 kg of lime. Nitrogen should be made only in spring. Sapling placed in a pit, covered with earth. Next, next to him is deeply driven in a stake that will happen to support. Despite the fact that the Ussuri pear is drought-resistant, it needs moisture immediately after planting.
Therefore, each seedling should be watered with a calculation of 2-3 buckets on the tree. The Ussuri pear is a self-infertile plant, therefore this variety requires the pollen of another tree for pollination.
A pear is a plant that loves water very much, therefore it is necessary to water trees and seedlings regularly in spring and summer. Sprinkling is considered the best option for irrigation. Through such irrigation, the roots of pear trees most effectively receive water. You can dig a circular ditch with a depth of 10-15 cm around each tree and pour water there. When the temperature rises, the amount of watering should be increased.
Mulching pears best organic materials, such as straw, grass, fallen leaves. The first mulching is necessary when planting, then in the fall. Mulch becomes not only protection from various weeds and harmful plants, but also the initial basis for tree growth.
Any gardener knows that sheltering trees for the winter is a must-have procedure. Ussuri pear trees, although the most frost-resistant, need shelter. You can shelter the lower part of the trunk with reeds or paper, and in the presence of snow you need to make a mound around the tree.
During the first year of its growth, the pear does not need spring pruning. Already the young tree should remove part of the center conductor, and the side branches should be cut to the level of the kidneys. Next time you also need to shorten the center conductor. In addition, the side branches are shortened to create the correct shape of the crown, that is, the upper branches must be shorter than the lower ones. Shortening can be made on 4-7 cm.
Pear need potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and, of course, organic fertilizers. Therefore, once in 4-5 years, 20-25 kg of humus are added, in which 0.5 kg of superphosphate, 0.5-0.8 kg of potassium chloride and 1 kg of limestone are added. Fertilizers need to be in a ditch, the diameter of which coincides with the diameter of the crown. Nitrogen fertilizers should be applied once a year before flowering.
The trees of the Ussuri pear can be damaged by gall mites, hemp and rust.
The pear gall mite survives the winter in the buds of the pear, where it lays its eggs in the spring. His food is tree sap. An indicator of the presence of this parasite is the appearance of blisters (galls) on the leaves of the plant. To effectively deal with this pest, it is necessary to spray infected foliage with a solution of colloidal sulfur (100 g per 10 liters of water) during bud break, at the end of flowering and in July-August.
A pear sucker also overwinters pears in the buds and feeds on sap. If gray balls are visible on the leaves (“copper dew”), then before blooming the kidneys it is necessary to treat the plants with solutions of preparations of oleocuprit, nitrafen, karbofos (90 g per 10 l of water), kemifos (10 ml per 10 l of water), etc.
Pear rust is a fungal disease and manifests as red, increasing spots on the upper side of the leaf. Surprisingly, the spores of this fungus spread from the juniper, so you need to plant around the site, which would protect the pears from spores.
What are the features of the variety?
Pear Ussuriyskaya - decorative variety, which was bred by Russian botanist Karl Maksimovich in 1857. In height, the variety reaches from 10 to 15 meters. The wide and dense pyramid crown - one of the main distinguishing characteristics of the Ussuri pear, provides a rather low growth rate and development of the plant. Tree branches have growths - prickles. The leaves of the Ussuri pear are green from above and light dull from below with a gloss effect. A striking feature of this fruit tree is a pronounced pleasant smell of a flower.
The diameter of the fruit of the Ussuri variety varies from three to five centimeters somewhat elongated. Fruits ripen in late summer - early autumn. The peel has both green and yellow color, some fruits may have a spot of red color on the side. The flesh is different sweetness, but shows a tart taste, interspersed with stone cells of yellowish or white hue. In order for the stone cells to disappear, it is enough to ensure the ripening of the fruit, because as a result the pear will get a pleasant taste and become softer.
The peculiarity of the Ussuri pear is its diversity, since depending on the place of planting and climatic conditions, it can change the weight and diameter of the fruit, the color gamut and even its taste. That is why seedlings claim the founder of a completely new, unique variety. Given this unusual feature, professional breeders use the Ussuri pear to cross with other varieties and obtain new specimens. Ussuri pear not whimsical to the soilthat expands the geography of its breeding.
We make landing correctly
In order for a pear of this variety to feel comfortable, it needs a soil that has a sufficient indicator of water absorption, marshy for growing Ussuriysk pear is categorically not suitable. It is undesirable to choose a landing site that is influenced by wind.
The best time for planting a tree will be autumn and spring. To prepare the soil for planting hold events:
- Prepare a pit for planting up to 80 centimeters in depth and about 1 meter in diameter (depending on the size of the root system),
- apply fertilizer (use 1 kilogram of wood ash and a half - lime).
The best time for planting a tree will be autumn and spring.
The seedling is placed in a prepared pit, and covered with soil. To ensure normal growth and the formation of a tree at a short distance, drive in a wooden stake, which is later used as a support for the seedling. Ussuri pear does not apply to varieties that are susceptible to drying - it must be regularly watered, with the expectation that at least 2-3 buckets of water fall under each tree.
The description of the Ussuri pear variety indicates that it belongs to the order of self-productive plants, therefore, for normal pollination and fruiting, other varieties of fruit trees located nearby are needed.
Pear Ussuri, requires a care, which is not difficult for inexperienced gardeners. The description of this process includes:
Watering the Ussuri pear is simple, and consists in regular irrigation in the spring and summer season. The best way for a pear is to sprinkle, which ensures maximum moisture production by the root system of the tree. In addition, an effective method of digging ditches with a diameter of 10 to 15 centimeters around a tree trunk where water is poured. In a period of significant increase in average daily temperature - the regularity of watering increases.
Fertilizer and pruning trees
Mulching of the Ussuri pear is recommended to be carried out using organic materials using grass or foliage. The first mulching is carried out during planting, and later - in the autumn. Mulch protects against weeds, ensuring normal plant growth.
Pruning is not carried out in the first year after planting.
Shelter pears for the winter period is an important procedure, and the Ussuri variety, despite its frost resistance, is not an exception. Cover the lower part of the trunk, and for these needs, the use of paper or reed is recommended. When snow falls, form a mound in a circle of a tree trunk.
Pruning is not carried out in the first year after planting. Already next year form the crown.
Description of the fertilization process is simple: feeding should follow the diameter of the ditch, which coincides with the crown of the tree. Fertilizers containing nitrogen are recommended to be applied annually before flowering of trees.
The main pests from which the tree suffers are the gall mite, the sucker and rust. Taking into account the fact that the latter do not die in the winter, being and multiplying in the buds of the tree, when it detects characteristic damage to the foliage, it is recommended to treat it with a solution of colloidal sulfur during blooming and flowering. Oleocuprat, karbofos, kemifos, nitrafena in the form of a solution will help in the fight with the brassica. Quickly and permanently get rid of the fungal disease called rust - will help competent seating next to a tree, because the disease spreads through the juniper. The gardener's task is to protect his plot in such a way as to protect him from possible ingress of the fungus from his neighbors.
Pear "Ussurian": description
The fruit tree has a dense spherical shape of the crown and a trunk up to 15 m high, covered with a rough, almost black bark. New shoots are usually brownish, over the years they become yellow-brown. The leaves are glossy, dark green color. They may be ovate, heart-shaped or rounded near the base. The reverse side of the leaves is matte. В осенний период крона становится ярко-красного цвета. Продолжительность жизни примерно 70–75 лет, в дикой природе растет до 200–300 лет.
Белоснежные душистые цветки собраны в многоцветковые соцветия, которые растут на небольших цветоножках. Во время цветения дерево превращается в огромный шар, состоящий из красивых цветков белого цвета. Цветение происходит в мае. The fruits of yellow-green color have a round or elongated shape, medium-sized, there is a small stem. Pear ripens in August and September. The fruits are small. They differ in light sourness. In a fruitful year, it is possible to harvest about 70 kg of fruit from one tree. According to various reports, the first harvest can be obtained only in 10–12 years. But if you properly care for the plant, then the period of fruiting is possible to accelerate for several years. This is not a dessert variety, but delicious compotes and jams are made from it.
Cultivars of pears "Ussuri" are bred with grafts and cuttings, and also they are propagated by layering and seeds. The latter method is most often used by breeders in order to bring a new variety. The simplest method is dilution by layering. They bear fruit much earlier than seedlings. For pollination this variety of pears requires pollen of another tree.
Features of growing
Ussuri pear prefers loose, neutral or slightly acidic, well-aerated fertile soils. Before planting it is necessary to make a drainage. The best place for planting pears is a sunny or half-shaded area of the garden. The tree has a very powerful root system. Therefore, it should be planted at a distance from other fruit trees.
Seeds of pears "Ussuri" is best sown in the autumn. In springtime they are stratified for 2–4 months at a temperature of 0 to 5 degrees in wet sand, placed in a refrigerator. Planted in soil with good drainage.
Breeding pear seedlings
Planting material is recommended to buy only in special stores. Their optimal age is 2-3 years. Before planting, it is necessary to dig a hole 60 by 80 or 70 by 100 cm. After that, a soil mixture should be prepared, for which sod earth, peat and river sand are mixed in proportions of 2: 1: 1. The root neck should be placed 10 centimeters above ground level.
Before planting the seedling, manure, sodium chloride and superphosphate are introduced into the pit. Further feeding is carried out two - three times a year. In the first 3 years, the pear should be watered systematically, and then good irrigation will suffice once a month. Sprinkling is the best option for moistening the soil. During a long drought watered 1 time in 2 weeks. Mulching and loosening will have a positive effect on fruit crops. Mulching is done at planting, and then every autumn. When loosening it is necessary to remove all the weeds. 2 weeks before the growing season should be cut off the sick, damaged and dry branches.
Preparing for the winter
Despite the fact that the Ussuriisk pear is frost-resistant, young trees should be sheltered for the winter, for example, with spruce fir trees. The soil in the stalk zone should be mulched with sawdust, peat, humus. As soon as the snow melts, the material is removed.
Starting from the second year, the crown needs constant sanitary and formative pruning, at which thickening branches are removed, as well as shortened shoots. It is necessary to make a cut over the kidney so that new ones do not grow. The rejuvenating pruning is applied to old trees, after which the plant needs to be more carefully looked after, more often watered and fed.
Pests and diseases
The fruit tree is subject to various pests, especially with insufficient and improper care. The most dangerous are moths, spider mites, aphids and leaf weevils. Scab affects young leaves and branches. It can be seen on the dark spots with a diameter of up to four centimeters.
At the first detection of these pests, herbal infusions are immediately processed. In case of mass lesions, it is recommended to use insecticides. The Ussuri pear is also susceptible to diseases, among which are black and perforated spotting, gall mite, powdery mildew. The fungal disease covers leaves and branches with a whitish bloom. All diseases are harmful to the plant. With late processing, they can cause the death of the seedling.
To protect against diseases and pests need to perform the following steps:
- when using last year's foliage as a cover for the soil in the autumn period, it is necessary to shed special drugs to combat fungal diseases and mulch, and the crown,
- In the summer period, the drop of the drop should be removed, due to which various diseases are spread,
- during the autumn period it is necessary to burn damaged branches and fruits.
Reviews of pear "Ussuri": how to increase the harvest
In order for a pear to grow well and bring a rich harvest, it is necessary to create the following conditions:
- excellent illumination (in the shade almost does not bloom),
- regularly fertilize and moisten the soil for better fruiting and growth,
- fight pests well in advance.
If you do not care for a pear, then the harvest will be about 50 kg per tree, and if you regularly fertilize it and make small efforts, then up to 80 kg of fruits can be harvested from one tree.
Like the fruits of any culture, the pear is removed in the optimal period of maturity. Otherwise, the fruits will ripen, and their shelf life will decrease. The optimal time to collect is determined by pressing. To do this, press with a finger on the base of the fetus. The formation of a small dent indicates the ripening of the pear. In order for pear fruits to be stored for a long time, they must be removed at the initial stage of maturity. When not ripening in natural conditions, astringency will decrease. Pears are stored in wooden boxes. Between the rows prostitut paper and fall asleep sawdust. At observance of temperature condition from -1 to +2 degrees the crop can be stored till 8 months.
Fresh fruits are good for the body, as they are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. In addition, the pear contains a large amount of iron, which is necessary for the creation of healthy blood cells. Pear fruit is recommended to use for dizziness, fatigue, loss of appetite, etc. Of them prepare jam, jam, fruit juice and other preservation. Dried fruits are used in traditional medicine. Pear tree is often used as an ornamental crop for planting parks, squares and gardens.
The fruit tree due to its unpretentiousness and decorativeness has been widely recognized among summer residents and owners of private houses. The harvest is used not only fresh, but also for further processing. In addition, the pear "Ussuri" - stock for experiments on the breeding of new varieties.
Currently, breeders bred more than 30 varieties using Ussuri pear. About 20 varieties are widely used by gardeners to grow on their plots. Among them are very popular types such as: Theme, Fields, Lida and others. This species belongs to deciduous trees, reaching up to 10 meters in height in culture. The crown of the tree is very wide and dense with glossy leaves. This plant has a very powerful root system. Flowering begins before the leaves bloom and lasts about 7 days. The flowers are white with a persistent and fragrant smell.
The fruits of the Ussuri pear appear in early autumn. Medium-sized fruits are usually yellow, sometimes with a red tinge. They taste tart with a high content of organic acids and vitamins. The shape of the fruit can be both round and oblong. It may be noted some advantages of this species.
- Drought tolerance. Allows gardeners not to bother too much with watering pears. Do not be afraid if you did not water for a long time.
- Undemanding soil cover. These trees feel great on different types of soil, which allows them to be planted almost everywhere.
- Frost resistance. It is well tolerated by strong Far Eastern frosts, which allows it to be grown in different regions.
The only drawback of this tree is that you have to wait a long time for the first fruiting.
Growing from seed at home
Many gardeners, especially retirees, try to grow a pear from seed at home. Usually it is grown as a stock, followed by planting on the site. Seeds should be purchased from trusted sources. Acquired seeds should first be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then place them in wet sand and quench them in a fridge or a cool underfloor.
Time should be calculated so that the seeds sprout by the beginning of February. Sprouted seeds are transplanted into individual containers. Land for seedlings can be purchased in specialized stores. Containers with a pear should be placed on the windowsill, as this plant loves a lot of light. It is better to plant seedlings more, as the pear is very poorly taken root in the open field.
Planting seedlings in open ground
For a positive result, it is advisable to plant a pear with seedlings purchased in the nursery. Several specimens are recommended to be planted nearby, since pollination occurs from neighboring trees. Seedlings must be purchased by age from 2 to 3 years. When choosing a site for disembarkation, we take into account that the ground is well drained and weakly blown by the wind. Landing can be made both in the spring, and in the fall.
We prepare pits with a diameter of 1 meter and depth, depending on the root system. The distance between the pits should be from 4 to 6 meters. Before planting, we apply fertilizers consisting of a mixture of wood ash and lime. Roots before planting can be treated with a mixture of clay and mullein. Then the seedling is placed in a hole and we fall asleep, having previously driven a garter number. Pour a small layer of mulch around the trunk. Immediately produce sufficient watering of our seedlings. It should be noted that if you plant in the spring, it is desirable to add nitrogen fertilizers.
Pear Care Rules
Care for this tree is easy:
- Watering. Although these trees are considered drought tolerant, watering should still be done periodically. If the weather is rainy, then it can be limited only to loosening around the trunk. Some gardeners for water retention dig a ditch depth of 10−15 cm
- Mulching. For mulch it is best to use straw, grass and fallen leaves. It is recommended to carry out this procedure immediately after landing and in the fall. Mulching helps in weed control and creates favorable conditions for the growth of trees.
- Shelter. Although these trees are considered to be frost-resistant, they still need to be sheltered for the winter. Cover the bottom of the trees is paper, and if there is snow, you can use it, making a hill around the trunk.
- Pruning. This procedure begins with the next year after landing. In the spring, part of the central conductor is removed from young trees. Lateral branches form, shortening each to the kidneys. Pruning is carried out every year for the proper formation of the crown of the tree. The branches are shortened by 4−7 cm
- Top dressing. For the proper development of the tree needed potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus and organic fertilizers. Therefore, about 4 kg of humus is added every 4–5 years with the addition of 0.5 kg of superphosphate, 0.5–0.8 kg of potassium chloride and 1 kg of lime. Nitrogen fertilizer is applied annually before flowering.
The care of trees and include the fight against diseases and pests.
Fight against diseases and pests
One of the common diseases of pear is scab. First, the leaves of the crown are affected, becoming covered with dark green spots. Then there is an infection of the fruits, which become very hard and are covered with dark spots. To combat this disease, Bordeaux liquid is treated three times per season. Thinning the crown of trees also helps.
Black fungus can also be attributed to the frequent disease of the pear. With this disease, the leaves begin to turn black. To combat use the drug "Calypso", which destroys insect-carriers of this disease.
To the pests of a pear can be attributed a small tick, which is carried on the trees by the wind. To determine its appearance can be on the characteristic bloating on the leaves. In the fight against tick use the drug "Vertimek". And also you need to keep order in the area, avoiding the accumulation of fallen leaves. The butterfly hawthorn is also a pest of pears, laying its larvae on the leaves of trees. Such leaves should be torn off and burned away from the site.
Features of appearance and taste
The decorative and at the same time edible Ussuriisk species was described in 1857 by the Russian botanist Karl Maksimovich. Differs in low rates of growth and development, but has tremendous resistance to frosts. Garden species, which we know, was created by Michurin as a result of pollination of the “wild” French variety “Bere-Royal”.
- The presence of spines.
- Vividly noticeable aroma when flowering.
- Variability in size, color and taste of pears depending on growth conditions.
Advantages of the form: resistance to drought and cold, exceptional value in breeding, minimum requirements for growing soil, a lot of healing qualities.
Problems:the difficulty of harvesting pears from tall trees, the long term before the first fruiting, the need for pollinators, in cold summers and on poor soils sour and hard fruits are possible.
Planting pear seedlings
The best time to plant Ussuriyskaya pears is spring, although it can be planted in the fall. Saplings must be selected with whole roots, age 2-3 years, removing damaged ones. A place on the site is allocated solar and windless, preferably on a hillock, soils with good water absorption. It is categorically not suitable "swampy option."
Pit digging:in the case of planting pear "Ussuri" in the spring, work is done in the autumn, if the pear is planted in the fall - the place is "ennobled" for 3-4 weeks.
- Make a depth of 70-80 cm, diameter up to 1.5 m.
- Nutrients are brought to the bottom - turf, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. Or a mixture: 700 g of potassium chloride, one and a half kilograms of superphosphate, 3 - lime and 60 - of ripened manure. The easiest way - for 1 kg of ash 1.5 kg of lime, add nitrogen in the spring.
Step-by-step scheme of planting pear "Ussuriyskaya" is as follows:
- Dip the roots into the “mash”: on a bucket of top soil and humus, dilute 300 g of superphosphate with water.
- Pour a "hill" of earth on the bottom of the pit.
- Set on her pear seedling, straighten the roots.
- Fill with earth, slightly shaking and tamping, so that the soil lay tight.
- As a support, drive a wooden stake deep into the ground and tie a pear seedling, not tight.
- To form a small hole around the tree. Pour 2-3 buckets of water into it.
- Cover with humus, peat or sawdust.