Plot design

The main techniques of vertical gardening in landscape design

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Here are all the necessary buildings in the suburban area are available: house, bath, gazebo, greenhouse, with a garden everything is in order. But the feeling of incompleteness does not leave.

What is the matter?

It's simple - your garden needs decor. That can serve as a material for creation of a decor of a garden, learn from this article.

Using colors garden decor is carried out for a long time. Flower beds can be seen on many farmsteads. As a rule, such landscape objects are given the correct form, enclosed with plastic or brick, laid obliquely.

Instead of one flower bed, you can make several flower beds of smaller sizes. It does not cost a pretty penny, and exotic plants do not have to look for. Several small flower beds successfully decorate the site.

  • dishes,
  • old furniture,
  • various utensils
  • similar items.

Garden decor can be carried out and with a trough, rusted cars, leaky casserole, torn shoe. It is a little creativity, and this stuff will turn into wonderful decorative elements.

Most often, in the capacity you just need to fill the ground. Even a whole bed can be the basis of a flower garden, if the garden area allows.

If the stationary flower beds are already available, they can be improved with the help of a good fence, for example: a shtaketnik made of pegs, an elastic rod.

The fence can be made of any natural material:

Useful and construction debris. Fragments of bricks and tiles are also good at edging flower beds. Stone fences can be given different forms. In the simplest case, the wreckage is laid out in rows that form a high curb. The masterful man can make a vase, a bowl, a basket, a snail out of stone fragments. Do not forget about compositional unity.

Reservoir decor

Water Garden decor itself, but there is no limit to perfection, you can decorate it too. You can do it using waterfalls or fountains inside. The murmur of falling water can be listened to for hours, as well as admiring the rainbow on the spray.

If you are the lucky one through which the stream flows, you can think of a lot for the original garden decor.

Here the greatest attention is recommended not to be given to fountains, but arrangement of thresholdsWith the help of which you can make a cascade of waterfalls.

It is easy to create an imitation of a natural stream. This will require only a working water system in the house. Thresholds of an artificial stream should be replaced by a composition of jets erupting from under water. This effect will allow to achieve fountain nozzles.

The original decoration of the garden will be illuminated pond. In the evening, the play of light on the water surface will make a strong impression. The sets of underwater and above-water fixtures are not so expensive to give up this option of garden decor.

In the area of ​​the reservoir suburban area can also be decorated using statues and figures. They will help to arrange a fabulous lake. Not bad idea - as if an earthen jar, forgotten on the shore, turned over on a round pebble and poured water back into the reservoir.

Garden tree

Wood will be a great raw material. to create superior garden decorations. Wooden structures can perform only a decorative function or carry a practical load.

Functional objects include:

Wooden elements in the garden decor are considered a manifestation of rustic style, perfectly suited to the rural landscape. The main buildings are built in the style of Russian architecture. You can put a carved bench or a coarse furniture set near the bathhouse of a log house - deliberately coarsely made block-stools, not a planed table. A carved donkey harnessed to a cart filled with flowers can be set along the path.

If the site has an abandoned well, it can be arranged under a flower bed. When performing decor, you can use old or interfering trees. Perhaps you should not cut them at the root, and stump up the stump. Trimmed trunk can be a wonderful decoration.

Stone ornaments

The japanese make whole rock gardenswhy not to adopt the idea? Paths are made of stones, with their help they make borders and alpine slides, etc.

The stone is guaranteed to decorate the siteno matter how you come up with it. Only a handful of gravel, poured under a flower or scattered around the pond, will give the landscape refinement, and granite blocks or marble will completely transform the territory.

Relief bumps also used to decorate the garden. They are decorated with stones, bushy flowers. They make dry streams, rockeries.

Plastic in the decor

Plastic container our man in the street sometimes just mountains. You can, of course, throw the PET bottles into a special container, but you can also use them at the dacha - make different crafts from them that will help decorate the dacha. With plastic containers, an artificial plantation of palm trees and cacti can be broken in the middle of the garden, and this element will become the ridge of the entire landscape composition.

If there are no huge stocks of plastic, make a few penguins that will revive the decor of the garden. In the work take an even number of bottles. Cut the pair so that the 10-centimeter lower part remains. Combine the bottoms in the barrel and paint with white acrylic paint. Next, make the appropriate painting. From above fix a pompom from polyfoam or a tennis ball.

Pliability of plastic will make it almost anything. Plastic bottles can be made lawn fence or garden furniture.

Mosaics can be laid paths and banks of the reservoir. It is used in decorating fences or inlaying garden furniture. This is a universal decor, a great way to update the decoration of the site. Mosaic masonry is made of pieces of old tiles, glass, broken porcelain. It is enough to lay out the elements of the composition carefully and the decoration is ready!

Flower garden from old tires

Used tires - just a wonderful material for decoration, because of it is easy to build maxi-pots for flowers. For greater decorativeness, the tire is cut on one side so that the teeth are visible. This is the basis for a flower bed being painted. After the elements are laid out on the site, covered with soil and planted with flowers.

We use the old barrel

Having painted a rusty barrel with bright ornaments, you can make a house for the ampel plants in it. Often the barrel is transformed into a vertical bed by cutting openings in the sides. Barrels can serve as ordinary water storage. In this case, the emphasis is on the originality of the painting.

A wicker basket will also be a good solution. A short-lived product, but after treatment with wood preservatives it will last several seasons. With the help of baskets decorated terrace, porch, gazebo.

Original ideas

How many things can be used to decorate the garden plot!

  • Served his chair can become the basis of a mini-flower garden. It is required to throw away the seat and replace it with geotextile. Next is filling with nutrient soil, in which you can plant flowers with a superficial root system, like moss, young, sedum. Add a pair of convolvulaceae, which beautifully girth the legs and back of the structure.
  • In the absence of a reservoir and the desire to have pretty bridge, install the latter in the mixborder. The pouring water will be replaced by creeping plants, and irises and other tall herbs will help in the design of the “shores”.
  • You can turn into a flower garden old umbrella, wheelbarrow, bicycle. Pots can be made from old shoes or shoes. Shoes can be placed along the garden, along the tracks or nailed to the fence.
  • Do not rush to patch holes in the path of paving slabs. Potholes can also be used for their own purposes. They are filled with land where mosses, stonecrops, pansies are planted.

At the summer cottage is usually enough natural materials suitable for turning into a garden decor. The original flower bed, for example, is easy to arrange in hemp with a withdrawn core. In the resulting hole, you can put a pot with a plant or make a flower garden here, pouring soil into the stump and planting flowers. In highly cut trunks planted vines, which, falling down, form columns, which are easy to beat in landscape design. In a word, fantasize boldly, everything will certainly work out!

Hedge with his own hands

In Europe, a green hedge is widely used in landscaping homestead and local area. In Soviet times, this type of landscaping was popular with us. Different methods of device hedges have their own characteristics. Taking them into account, plants and a method of shaping are selected.

In height, a hedge can reach two or more meters. If the height does not exceed 0.5 m, the fence is called a border.

To create a beautiful green fence with your own hands, not only the correct choice of plants is important, but also the systematic care of them. Regular pruning and dressing is also required.

A hedge can be made on a light vertical fence, like a chain-link, for example. In this case, selected and perennial and annual plants that can bloom all summer.

  • Arched landscaping . For the design of such an element of landscape design as an arch, plants that bloom during the whole warm season are usually chosen. When creating this landscaping, the main supporting structure, the arch itself, plays a big role.
  • If garden paths require sun protection, this design is created with the required length and with alternating supports.
  • Vertical gardening on the trellis . At the heart of the design is a bearing decorative frame, which is filled in the form of a lattice with more subtle elements. It can be made of plastic, wood and metal. Lanes made of light inexpensive materials can be used for growing garden crops and decorative gardening.
  • Galleries Berso. Creating green tunnels or galleries is widespread in landscaping parks. Vertical supports with arched vault are connected with crossbeams and form a lattice structure. Plants hover on supports, creating a living tunnel. A similar form of landscaping in landscape design requires a lot of space. The main task is the shading of park paths.
  • Pergola landscaping. Traditionally used in Italy. Initially, this design in Italy was intended to maintain the vine. But today not only grapes can braid a support, but any other ornamental climbing plant. The design consists of repetitive vertical supports, which are overlapped on top by horizontally wooden bars.
  • Trellis landscaping . Lattice form in the form of an arbor. Provided dense landscaping will be protected from the sun and even rain. Materials of manufacture: wood, metal or bamboo. In park architecture, this type of landscaping landscaping has found a special place.
  • Hanging flowerpots . For landscaping small spaces of the local area, an effective construction of hanging vases. Boxes with soil or vases placed on the support frame. For landscaping use ampelous, copiously flowering annuals.
  • Vertical flower beds . Separate tiered structure of the boxes with the soil. Flowerbeds can be in the form of a pyramid or be a stepped design. The form will create a unique decor on any personal plot. For landscaping, flowering ampelous plants are used. This method of landscape gardening is widely used in private courtyards and in the urban economy: streets, squares and parks are decorated.

Gardening of walls without additional elements of supports

Ivy-covered houses are often found in northern Europe and the UK. With the help of this method of gardening, it will be successful to hide the shortcomings of the walls. Since plants without frames cling to the irregularities of the walls, landscaping is of high quality.

Humid climate favors the rapid growth of plants and their freshness. With this option of landscaping does not need additional supports. The method is suitable solid brick and concrete fences. With the use of different varieties of climbing plants perfectly able to decorate the facades.

To perform landscaping using different perennial vines. This group includes curling perennials, unable to hold themselves vertically on their own. We will talk about them below.

Perennial creepers

Actinidia. The most common acute actinidia and actinidium colomicta. These large woody vines have curly stems and heart-shaped leaves. The main difference between species in the degree of decorative leaves. Kolomikta for the season changes their color to pink and crimson. Leaves of actinidia acute during the growing season do not change color. Fruits of both types are edible.

Lemongrass Chinese . A woody plant with green leaves, egg-shaped. Unlike actinidia, the support always twists clockwise. Liana has a distinctive lemon scent and is healing. The fruits are yagoobraznye red and juicy, are collected in a brush, and on the vine are kept throughout the autumn, and sometimes in winter.

Aristolohiya (Kirkazon) . Shrub vine with a height of 12-15m with large, up to 30 cm in diameter, rounded-heart-shaped leaves. Unusual flowers plant resembles tropical.

Tree pliers . The most popular tree pliers are round-leaved, whip-like and climbing. Liana grows in length to 7-10m, have dense foliage, large leaves and bright fruits. It is not recommended to plant this plant near useful plants. Artificial supports.

Grapes . In our weather conditions, Amur, Fox, Coastal or Fragrant grapes are often used for decorative purposes. Each of these species is valued for the decorativeness of the fruit, color and shape of the leaves. Thanks to its powerful growth, the plant will quickly decorate garden elements.

Partenocissus . Another name for the plant is maiden or five-leafed grapes. Large winding vine, which reaches a height of 15-20m. To grow unpretentious, to pests and diseases resistant, durable and shade tolerant. In the vertical gardening garden with your own hands is appreciated, as it can be fixed on the sheer surface. In growth it is aggressive, therefore it is better to use a plant on high big support. Otherwise, the grapes need to be cut. High regenerative ability provides quick restoration of decorative effect.

Honeysuckle Capricole. Abundantly flowering shrubs, whose climbing shoots grow to 4-6m. Without proper pruning, the shoots become woody and bare, and the plant loses its decorative effect. If so, it is recommended to cut the stems completely and allow new shoots to develop. Formative pruning will contribute to particularly abundant flowering. Honeysuckle has good resistance to diseases and pests.

Clematis (clematis). May be grassy, ​​that is, lose shoots by the end of the growing season. The bottom shrubs have a woody lower part, lasting for several years, and an upper part, which dies off at the end of the season. Shrubs also have completely lignified wintering shoots. Most clematis are classified as vines. The plant does not tolerate transplantation: it is better to plant it immediately to a permanent place. When buying, pay attention to winter hardiness, find out what should be the conditions of pruning for the winter and what is the resistance to pests and diseases.

Climbing Roses. Perfectly combined with small architectural forms. Homeland of these roses - areas with a relatively warm mild climate. The plant is often grown in central Russia. Be sure to cover the roses for the winter. Abundant flowering occurs in the first half of summer. Planted plant better in the sun-ventilated area.

Hydrangea Curly (stalked). While little known in the suburbs, although perfectly decorate the arch, gazebo, wood or wall. For more rapid growth of hydrangea pruned. Like other types of hydrangea, stalked like sour moist soil. The greatest decorative effect is achieved when grown in partial shade and shade.

Annuals Vines

Perennials for maturation require 2-3 years: not everyone is willing to wait so long. The proper effect when gardening with your own hands can be achieved faster with the use of annual plants. Annual lianas grow quickly, and their flowers are beautiful. Remember that annual vines love light and warmth. So, what plants to pay attention to in landscape design.

Sweet pea. Sunny and cold-resistant. Choosing seeds, familiarize yourself with the characteristics of peas. Varieties differ in height, size of flowers, strength of aroma. Care is to provide support and remove wilted flowers, which will extend the flowering until the cold.

Kobeya. Gentle and whimsical plant. To plant its seedlings in open soil should be extremely careful. Planting is recommended on the south side of the house, where there is a lot of sun, but there is no wind. When watering, make sure that the soil is not very dry or moist.

Curly nasturtium. Curling lashes of this plant can reach a length of 2m. Flowering continues from mid-summer to frost.

Thunbergia . Довольно миниатюрное растение, большого количества зеленой массы не дает, почему не подходит для декорирования заборов и стен. Для растения хороша тонкая вертикальная опора. Тунбергия может служить ампельным растением.To give it splendor shoots pinch. Flowering begins in mid-July and lasts until the onset of cold weather in autumn.

Fire Red Beans . Unpretentious plant has red and white flowers that will help decorate any garden. Perfectly is suitable for decoration of a fence or an arbor. The advantage is that the beans can grow both in the sun and in partial shade.

Morning glory . One of the largest genera of the flowering family of convolvulidae. Liana grows to 4-5m, has a powerful main stem. Flowering begins in late July - early August, and lasts until October. The flower of the morning dawn is called Ipomoea, because its flowers open early in the morning, and close after lunch. Terry varieties, which are rather rare in central Russia, are especially spectacular.

Decorative pumpkin . One of the most unpretentious annuals for landscaping is a decorative pumpkin. But it is not winter hardy. Even light frosts will destroy it. In this regard, decorative pumpkin is recommended to grow seedlings. So that she pleased you with an abundance of flowers and fruits, it is recommended to plant a pumpkin in a sunny place, although it can grow in partial shade. Decorative pumpkin gratefully responds to the abundant watering and fertilizer.

The fruit has a small, rarely large 15cm. The shape of the fruit is varied: stellate, round, mushroom and so on. The skin is smooth or nodular. Fruit coloring will delight both in summer and in winter. You can collect the fruit in the fall, dried and used in the preparation of original decorative compositions.

In conclusion, we note that vertical gardening was practiced in ancient Egypt, and the first plant in this landscape design was grapes.

Alpine Hill

If in the garden there is a slight elevation, unevenness of the landscape, you can use these features for the device of the alpine slide. Many people mistakenly believe that to create such a decor it is enough to plant many flowers on a hill, decorate it with stones and other objects, but this is not always the case.

Competently constructed alpine slide is not just a dump of necessary and not very necessary items, but an imitation of the mountain landscape, with the presence of original shrubs, paths laid out with stones. There should be no other structures, playgrounds, etc. near the hill. The alpine slide in its size fits organically into the total area of ​​the garden and is located in close proximity to an artificial reservoir or other source of moisture.

Original flower beds from improvised means

Beds of own production today are very popular. For making hand-made flower beds, all available materials are used:

  • old vehicles (carts and carts),
  • troughs
  • old dishes
  • footwear,
  • natural materials.

In the course goes everything that lay in the old pantry. Rusty teapots, covered with bright enamel, pots, pots made of metal with the effect of light rubbing look very unusual and beautiful. Some designers will improve the flowerbeds, pasting old dishes with colorful stones and other materials.

If the house has old, leaky rubber boots, do not rush to throw them away. Paint them in bright, unusual colors, apply a picture, plant flowers in them and place them on a flower bed, or hang them along the fence. Flower pots can also be “seated” on old furniture without seats. In general, it is easy to turn any utensils into a flower bed - there would be a desire and imagination.

Water decor

Individual attention should be paid to artificial reservoirs, which are an integral part of a full-fledged garden. Natural and artificial materials, mainly stones, are often used for decoration. They can indicate the boundaries of the pond, as well as lining the bottom. Stones or tiles are needed in order to protect the pond from the shedding of the soil. If there is an alpine slide near the decorative pond in the immediate vicinity, the overall picture will benefit.

When making a pond, designers recommend sticking to the general style of the garden plot. The pond should not look like a separate element, but should harmoniously fit into the landscape. If you install decorative fountains and waterfalls on the banks of the pond, they are unlikely to spoil the overall impression.

Floating flower bed with their own hands

Such a decorative element of the reservoir, like a floating flower bed, looks very stylish and beautiful. Green island of flowers you can build your own hands. It is enough to make a solid wooden base with a moisture-resistant impregnation, on which the sealing net and the ground are placed, and land the plants on this raft.

As a basis, you can take other materials holding onto the water - foam, light plastic, etc. Often the foundation of the raft is made of ordinary plastic bottles, fastened together.
Floating flowerbed should consist of moisture-loving plants, otherwise the island will soon become unusable. These plants include:

  • ornamental grass
  • sedge,
  • lilies
  • papyrus,
  • some potted flowers.

Flower garden afloat performs not only decorative, but also practical function, filtering and purifying water from organic waste. In addition, flowers in the water will be out of reach for locusts and other insects.

The use of wood in decorating the site

In the decoration of the garden is difficult to do without wooden products, since it is the tree that is considered the most natural material, a reflection of nature itself. All garden furniture can be made from wood: arbors, tables and benches, large flower vases, tubs with plants.

If you install a decorative wooden mill on the garden plot, the landscape will be transformed beyond recognition. The main thing is that everything should correspond to the general style of the garden.

Depending on the style and personal tastes of the owners, in the garden it is possible to use large and small wooden figures - heroes of ancient epics, fairy-tale characters. It is not necessary to paint them in all the colors of the rainbow, as in a kindergarten - figures from natural wood can look quite complete and organic. It can be a big owl, a bear, a hare, other birds and animals.

Stone Jewelry

Another natural material that will always be in place in the garden is stone. For use in the decoration take pebbles, gravel, rubble, granite, sandstone. An elementary cobblestone of unusual shape can be an accent in the design of an alpine slide or another part of the garden.

When making a garden with stones, it is important to maintain a balance, if, of course, you are not going to turn the land into a Japanese rock garden, where, apart from this material, it is difficult to find anything throughout. The best option for using stones in garden decoration is to install a couple of large boulders in the area of ​​the Alpine slide and water bodies, and use the middle and small stones to draw paths and the shore of the pond.

Sometimes natural cavities form in large stones, as a result of which a lump turns into a natural stone pallet. You can plant plants in it, but take care of drainage and sufficient moisture, otherwise the flowers will not take root on such a basis.

Decor plastic bottles

Making plastic bottles is considered by many to be something out of the ordinary in terms of design. But one should not be so categorical - craftsmen create such miracles from bottle plastic that they are just amazing. Looking at the many products that make up the garden and suburban areas, the first time you do not even understand what they are made of. Fantasy, creativity, sleight of hand - and the decor is ready.

You can make anything from bottles - bright decorative palm trees, flower beds, decorations for canopies and gazebos, bases for plants, original fences. Plastic bottles are easy to use, the material bends well, is cut, plastic products are not afraid of moisture and other weather phenomena. Using such additional tools as a gas burner, glue, plastic, you can create beautiful crafts and surprise yourself with home-made decorations of friends and acquaintances.

Glass bottle decoration

No less interesting is the decor of glass - a more durable and durable material. One of the ideas for decorating a village or urban garden plot is to collect a sufficient number of glass bottles of the same size, paint them in one color (or in different, but harmoniously combined shades) and stick them down on both sides of the path laid with a decorative stone.

Glass bottles make homemade arches located on the site, decorate fences with them, use as the basis for the manufacture of original benches.

Feeders for birds made from multi-colored glass bottles and ceramic plates look very interesting. If you carefully cut the bottom of the bottle and then turn it over, you will get the original flower pot.

Application of ceramic tiles

Widespread use in garden decoration found ceramic tiles of various sizes and various shades. Tiles can be decorated with paths, used as cladding for tables, benches, flower beds.

Ceramics is convenient in that not only solid material is useful for decorating a garden, but also its fragments. If you have a marriage or waste after facing the bathroom or fireplace, do not rush to throw them away. From the fragments of ceramic tiles, you can lay out very interesting ornaments and arrange garden paths, large flower pots, overlay decorative fountains and ponds.

The tile is wonderfully combined with colors. Around the flower beds, you can simply scatter in random order pieces of bright decorative tiles - the flower garden will only benefit from this.

Bright flower bed of old tires

Application for garden decor, there is even an old tire, which will make an excellent flowerbed. For such purposes, it is better to use worn imported winter tires - they are softer and more durable.

Tires are carefully washed, after which the contours of future cuts are applied with chalk, in accordance with a previously developed design of a flower bed. Consider the fact that the tire will have to be turned inside out (which is why the softest rubber is preferable).

A knife or a jigsaw for cutting the petals of a future flower bed should be smeared with liquid soap and then carefully made figure sawing. The most time consuming process is tire reversal. If at first you turn out at least a small section of the tire, then it will be done much faster.

The final stage - painting with enamel paint or automotive aerosol, decorating with small stones and other materials. A properly made flower bed from an old tire looks quite bright and original.

Track decoration

Paths in the garden play not only a practical, but also a decorative role. They must be strong enough to withstand a constant load, but at the same time, beautiful, stylish, suitable to the entire landscape design of the site.

Garden paths are decorated with a variety of materials - both budget and more expensive. Natural stones, concrete, wooden boards, ceramic tiles are used. The most advantageous is the path laid out of individual stones, between which looks neat decorative grass. Paths made of wood look beautiful, but they should be treated with special compounds that prevent wood rotting and slipping in winter.

One of the often used budget options for the design of paths is with the help of rubble, gravel, and pebbles, which is poured in an even layer, and decorated with larger stones on the sides.

Interesting decor ideas

Creative people are rarely limited to the standard design options of the garden plot. The usual approach for them is too boring and monotonous, so designers are trying to get away from the usual shapes and sizes. For example, one large flower bed can be divided into many miniature vegetable balls, arranging them throughout the garden. Instead of one reservoir, they also make several smaller ones, with an individual decor.

As for accessories for decoration - there is also no limit to the imagination. Those objects that an ordinary person simply throws into a landfill, in the hands of the artist, find a second life. So, an old rusty wheelbarrow for transporting coal turns into a beautiful flower bed. Old rakes, choppers, shovels - everything finds its place in the design. Worn car tires are woven over with a vine and become the main decoration of the site, and the original illumination of the reservoir turns an ordinary pond into a fairy tale.

The garden is an amazing place where you can make many childhood dreams come true. If, after reading oriental tales, you have dreamed all your life about a beautiful tent, why not make it right near your house? It is enough to fix a gymnastic hoop on a tree, throw a translucent fabric over it elegantly falling onto the ground, throw a couple of decorative pillows and covers on the ground, and the oriental tent is ready. Children from such an idea will definitely be delighted!

Conclusion

The more effort is spent on the design of the garden, the more comfortable you will feel in it. Talk to an experienced designer, decide on the specific style of landscape design and turn your home garden into the area of ​​your dreams. There is nothing more pleasant than enjoying an island of nature that belongs exclusively to you!

Utility and decorative paths in the garden

All garden paths can be divided into two large groups: utilitarian and decorative. At each site there are always representatives of both groups. The utilitarian group includes access roads to the sites for motor vehicles, as well as paths laid to farm buildings that are actively used throughout the year. The width of the driveway to the site depends on the size of the vehicles used by the owners of a country house. Usually this value is 2.5-3 meters. The power of the base is calculated taking into account the weight of transport. Previously, only concrete was used as material for the web. Now, preference is increasingly given to road tiles, which allows us to more accurately maintain the style in landscape design.

Decorative garden paths are necessary to decorate the site. They are laid for pedestrian walks, during which a person can enjoy the beauty of the garden. Decorative paths lead to recreation areas hidden in secluded corners of the garden plot. The width of the tracks of this type is from half a meter to one and a half meters. Pebbles, crushed stone, tile, natural stone, etc. are used as materials for decorative paths.

Decorative garden paths, laid out of individual natural stones, bring a zest to the garden landscape design and make it easier to admire its beauty.

Division of garden paths to destination

Among the garden paths there is a peculiar hierarchy. The tracks can be main, secondary, connecting.

  • The main path is the main connecting element of the garden. The width of this path should exceed 1.2 meters in order to have enough space for walking together.
  • Secondary and connecting paths branch off from the main path to different sides of the garden. It is convenient to move along one narrow path, the width of which is about 0.5-0.7 meters. The configuration of secondary and interconnecting tracks should not be complicated. Otherwise, these elements will enter into rivalry with the main track, which cannot be allowed.

With the help of the main, secondary and connecting paths, united into a single road and transport network, all significant objects located on a suburban site are connected: a house, a garage, outbuildings, an entrance area, open areas, recreation areas, artificial reservoirs.

A competently designed network of garden paths on the site allows you to easily get to any place in the garden

When designing a road and transport network, it is necessary to adhere to the "golden" rule, which is that the axes of all tracks should intersect at a single point. This place, which is the compositional center of the garden, is designed in the dominant style.

Garden paths design

The design of garden paths is chosen depending on:

  • the type and structure of the soil on the plot
  • seasonal ground movement
  • groundwater level
  • the anticipated paving load
  • intensity of use (seasonal or year-round).

Because of their design features, garden paths, in addition to the main purpose, are capable of performing another important function - water disposal. To do this, their surfaces give a small slope, which allows rain and melt water to drain into the drainage layer of the track base. You can build a garden path:

  • two-profile (middle above the edges) - water flows in two directions,
  • single-profile (one edge is raised above the other) - the water flows in the direction of the slope.

Garden paths have not only a transverse profile, but also a longitudinal profile that shows the difference in its height along the entire length (from beginning to end). The difference in height between the edges of the track in the transverse and longitudinal profile is measured in ppm. При этом допускаются следующие значения:

  • 15-60 промилле для поперечного уклона дорожки (в зависимости от ее ширины):
  • 70 промилле и менее – для продольного уклона дорожки.

Если величина продольного уклона на каком-либо участке садовой дорожки превышает 70 промилле, то рекомендуется в целях безопасности устраивать лестницы. Иначе тропинка будет слишком крутой.

With a significant difference in the heights in the garden area, a walkway with stair steps facilitates the ascent and descent along the slope.

The classification of tracks by type

Any track consists of the following structural elements:

  • road bed (depressions in the soil, corresponding to the size of the track or site under construction),
  • the base consisting of the underlying sand layer and (or) the buffer gravel-crushed stone pillow layer. Both layers are designed to reduce the load on the subgrade, as well as to drain water from the site (drainage).

About other ways of draining water from the site, you can learn from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/voda/drenazh-uchastka-svoimi-rukami.html

Depending on the functional purpose of the garden path, the type of base is chosen. So for the garden paths used during the summer season, it is enough to make a sandy base. For pedestrian paths that are operated year-round, the base should already be gravel-sandy. Entrance roads and sites designed for parking of vehicles, built on a solid concrete base, reinforced with reinforcement.

Dividing tracks into groups according to the type of paving

The roadbed is one more obligatory constructive element of any path. By type of coverage, all garden paths can be divided into two groups:

  • hard (monolithic concrete, clinker bricks, paving slabs, natural stone),
  • soft (pebble, gravel, granite sifting (crumb), rubble).

In landscape design, combined tracks are also used, which consist of sections with a hard or soft coating.

Combined paths are made of bulk materials and hard coatings, presented here as separate square stone slabs

For laying a special roadway applied sophisticated technology. This could include green tracks arranged on a geogrid or poured with decorative concrete. The most popular in suburban construction are hard tracks, which allow to implement a wide variety of stylistic decisions on the design of the garden plot. In addition, they are more practical, as durable, reliable, easy to clean. Soft tracks will have to clean up debris longer and repair more often, leveling bulk material.

In a separate group, it is customary to allocate wooden coverings, which are made in the form of floorings, scaffolds, plank walkways, paths made from wood cuts.

Also for garden paths use plastic tiles. Read about the pros and cons of this mother: https://diz-cafe.com/dekor/ukladka-dorozhki-iz-plastikovyx-plitok.html

The cuts of the tree in the design of garden paths are used in combination with objects built of rounded logs or timber.

Strengthening the edges of garden paths

Curbs used to strengthen the edges of garden paths allow you to:

  • increase the stability of the coating
  • to protect the edges of the coating from possible slipping and destruction,
  • prevent the vegetation from overgrowing
  • protect lawns and flower gardens adjacent to the paths from trampling.

Installation of curbs is required for garden paths with a soft type of coverage. Hard tracks framed borders at the request of the owner of the suburban area.

Aesthetic value of garden paving

The choice of materials for paving garden paths has an important aesthetic value in landscape design. The pavement pattern can set the direction for the movement of holidaymakers, while causing their interest in individual parts. With the help of the pattern and type of paving you can create the illusion of a large space, which is important for small areas. Deliberate narrowing or widening of the walkway, interspersing the ornament, step-by-step plots laid out of decorative stone, as well as a number of other tricks used by landscape designers, make it possible to decorate the plot and make it look unique.

The bizarre form of garden paths adorns the garden plot, shading the green of the lawn and highlighting small flower beds from the general background

Considering the relief when making tracks

Any track, laid on the site with a practical or decorative purpose, must be required to be safe, as well as easy to use. This is possible only if the tracks are designed taking into account the peculiarities of the site’s terrain:

  • Smooth terrain: secondary paths can be placed in any way (fanlike, in the form of branches from the main path, other options).
  • “Saucer-like” relief: garden paths depart from the sun's rays from the lowest place on the site in which a decorative pond or gazebo is located.
  • Relief with a height difference: on gentle slopes, garden paths of a zigzag shape are arranged, the neighboring areas of which are interconnected by smooth transitions. On steep slopes one cannot do without the construction of retaining walls and terraces, the transition to which is ensured by means of ramps and stair steps.

For the owner of the country territory with uneven terrain, material on strengthening the slopes and slopes on the site will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/ukreplenie-sklonov-na-uchastke.html

The main garden path, immersed in the green of trees and leaving into the distance, allows you to climb to the terrace along a cascade of stairs

The combination of materials - the key to completeness of the composition

Garden paths, which are combined in the form and color of the materials used with the decoration of the house, fencing, arbors, flower beds and flower beds, allow to give a composite perfection to the garden. When designing tracks, you must adhere to the requirements of the chosen style. For example, in a strict regular style it is assumed that all garden paths will necessarily be straight. The main path at the same time serves as a kind of axis of symmetry, dividing the garden into two halves of the same design. Sites, arranged at the intersection of the tracks, must also have a strict shape of regular geometric shapes (circle, square).

The garden in a regular style is decorated with smooth and straight paths, carried out as if in the line with the skillful hand of a designer-artist.

Landscape style, on the contrary, does not accept strict and straight lines. In such a garden, winding paths leading to the most secluded corners of the site would be appropriate. In addition, each bend of the winding garden path should open a beautiful view of the growing trees and flowers, skillfully created reservoirs with streams and waterfalls, attractive resting places, charming sculptures and other decorative elements.

An unexpected result is obtained by combining styles. In this mixing, the main path is carried out in the form of a straight line, and the secondary paths extending from it are given a free form. To emphasize the beauty of the Dutch style will help the tracks decorated with floral borders.

Preparation for the transformation of the dacha

Before the start of the revolutionary changes in the design of the suburban area, you should carefully consider the layout of the space. Recommendations for planning depend on the area of ​​the site.

T ak, for small areas (no more than 6 acres), experts advise to take into account that:

  • in case of a shortage of territory, a high fence will only add to the feeling of being cramped, therefore, it is better to do with a small decorative fence to give around the perimeter of the site,

If the suburban area is small - it is better to do with a decorative fence.

  • it is better to refuse the pool,
  • It is not recommended to use straight as an arrow tracks, it is better to make them curved.

Note!
Scientists have shown that smooth curved lines affect a person on a subconscious level and blur the line between civilization and wildlife.
Broken tracks on the contrary, emphasize this line.

Making a house on a summer cottage with an area of ​​6 to 10 acres does not impose so many restrictions on the gardener:

  • the fence can be any
  • tall trees and farm buildings are still better shifted to the north,
  • the device of the small country pool is allowed.

If the area of ​​the site exceeds 12 acres, then there are no restrictions on the design. If desired, you can even organize in the depths of the site a pond and a mini-waterfall.

If the size of the site allows, then you can think about creating an artificial pond

Often, in addition to the area, the elongated shape of the site also acts as a limiter. There are frequent cases when there is only a few meters of free space between the wall of the house and the fence, and it is empty.

The task of the designer in this case is to divert attention from excessive "elongation."

This can be achieved by a set of simple tricks:

  • near the fence to start a path paved with natural stone (or imitation),
  • land on the ground near the house in the center of an unusual, lush bush - it will be a kind of anchor of the composition,
  • planted around him plants easier
  • the rest is planted with unobtrusive flowers of small height.

Option design a narrow suburban area

The main methods of decorating the suburban area

There are a great many ways to design a summer cottage, so a universal instruction is simply impossible.

Nevertheless, it is possible to distinguish several techniques that are used in almost any method of registration:

  • as a rule, landscape design uses curved paths made of natural stone (or its imitation),

When making a plot, you should strive to avoid straight lines.

  • any area is fenced, so the fence should also be considered as an element of decor,
  • it is important to correctly illuminate the site, emphasize advantageous places in the dark,
  • correct design of the landscape of the suburban area is impossible without proper selection of plants,

Note!
Country houses from a block of containers usually look boring, and for their decoration it is not necessary to sheathe the structure with any building material.
You can get out of this situation with minimal cost by dropping climbing vines around the walls of the house.

  • small sculptures and figures of dwarfs will help to add a sense of completeness, for example,
  • gazebos and pavilions, twined ivy, also look great on the site,

In the photo - an example of a cozy gazebo

  • if the budget allows, then a small pond or waterfall is also appropriate.

Good planning is the key to success.

To plan the suburban area, you can use special programs. Although, it is possible and in the old fashioned way - to draw a plot on a sheet in a cell at the scale and manually select the location of the main elements.

It is not necessary to create landscape ideas for making a summer cottage with your own hands, you can familiarize yourself with the ready-made schemes on our website or combine several ready-made ideas.

Dacha planning

It is important to choose the right types of plants. The garden should not hit a person with diversity, it is better to make a choice in favor of a concise design. The diversity and brightness is allowed, but it should be localized within the flowerbeds, such "bright blots" only enliven the site.

Coniferous plants can be used as elements of the hedge. This may not be a fence in the usual sense of the word, but rather its imitation. Small green cones planted along garden paths will perfectly fit into the overall concept of space.

How to make a garden path?

Natural stone to use in order to lay out the tracks on the site is very expensive, and just illogical. For this, you can use ready-made plastic molds that are simply filled with concrete, the shape of the finished elements resembles natural stone, the cost of such a solution is low.

The work is conducted in this order:

  • Turf is removed along the perimeter of the future walkway, the ground is compacted. If the soil is weak, it is allowed to use the filling of a mixture of cement and sand,

The diagram shows the structure of a normal garden path.

  • concrete solution is prepared, it is recommended to use crushed stone of fine fraction (not more than 5 mm),
  • then the cells of the form are filled with concrete mix, the surface is smoothed with a trowel (you can slightly moisten the surface to make it smoother),

The upper surface of the concrete is carefully smoothed.

  • the form is transferred and the process is repeated.

The next part of the track is arranged close to the previous one.

Note!
The length of the form is small, so it is better to purchase several such forms, otherwise the process will take a long time.

Lighting and installation of sculptures

To complement the design of the suburban area can figures of animals and fabulous creatures.

As for the sculptures, they can be divided into several types:

  • classical (marble or stone) - suitable only for large areas, emphasize the status of the owner,

Marble sculptures can be recommended for decoration of large areas.

  • contemporary art - anything can be used as material, up to polyurethane foam and wire,
  • wooden sculptures, for example, the figure of an animal from the roots of a tree,

Ordinary branches can turn into an unusual sculpture

  • decorative figures (garden gnomes), giving a fabulous surroundings to the site.

Funny figures will revive any garden

Classical figures look good with fountains or as the center of a complex composition. Other types of sculptures are placed, as a rule, in the depths of the garden - their task is to create the right mood in a person.

As for lighting, wiring and organizing light from DC sources is too expensive, it may be necessary to rent a diesel generator to give. Moreover, there is simply no need to fill the area with bright light. It is enough to place solar lamps along the garden paths, in the daytime they will be recharged, and at night it is advantageous to illuminate the site.

Solar-powered lamps do an excellent spot spotlight.

How to save when making a plot

For this you need to have a very small - you need a bright fantasy. Even ordinary things, which, at first glance, the place at the dump can turn into a decoration of the dacha.

An old car, or rather a carcass from it, can become an original flowerbed, and old tires can be used for the same purpose. And you can try to turn unfit musical instruments into a small fountain.

Musical instrument turned into a fountain-flowerbed

The main thing - do not turn your site into a landfill. The main goal is still beauty, not maximum economy.

Summarizing

Making a summer cottage - a feasible task for any summer resident. Of course, you will need the skills of an architect and designer, but by observing the elementary techniques of landscape design, you can achieve excellent results. The sense of beauty is not alien to anyone, which means that any dacha can become a magnificent example of landscape design.

The video in this article revealed the main tricks of the arsenal of landscape designers.

1. Plastic pond

In the list of "techniques" of landscape design, from which customers have to discourage, the top line is occupied by plastic reservoirs. Black or green troughs dug into the ground and filled with water, many cottage owners consider ponds - and usually place plastic frogs near them, so that it is clear what this strange bog serves. Which, moreover, blooms easily, attracts midges and does not always smell good.

The most terrible kind of ponds from plastic ready-made forms are in the spring: the ground from frost swells, and the leaning pond walls protrude from the ground.

Alternative: even a plastic pond, in fact, can look good - if the material from which the bowl is made does not catch the eye. To hide polymer shores, decorate them with stone, grass, and lay down the lawn cover. Plant plants in and around the water. Clean the pond regularly - and in the winter, leave a few boards or foam blocks in the water to compensate for the pressure of ice from the inside to the walls and the pressure of the soil from the outside to the entire mold.

3. Artificial fences

The landscape designer's nightmare is plastic edges for flowerbeds that mimic fence fences or logs. Such products are usually painted in the colors of “tear out the eyes”, they shine with joy in the sun and do not leave the eye any opportunity to examine in detail, and what, actually, grows in a flowerbed.

Alternative: lack of fencing in principle. The beauty of flowers is self-sufficient - let nothing interfere with its contemplation. If there is a need, after all, to isolate the flower bed, you can pour off the curb with gravel, pebbles or mulch.

If there are village plants in the composition, the wattle looks good. Better from the real vine or flexible branches, even better - woven by yourself (but you can also find polymer options for inconspicuous colors, without plastic gloss and a more or less natural look).

4. Garden figures

What you need to forget as a nightmare. There are several reasons. First, they are really fed up with everyone. Each roadside "landscape center" is filled with figures: from gnomes the size of a three-year-old child and the above-mentioned frogs with panthers and ducks to the statues of Dionysus with stone bowls. And in every second section these figures can be met.

Secondly, these “decorations” are almost never truly beautiful - maximum, some of them are funny. Но когда приходится смотреть на сапоги Гулливера или фигуру Шрека как минимум несколько месяцев, а то и годами, то это уже не смешно.

В-третьих, для фигур не так просто выбрать место. Yes, you can buy, for example, a copy of an antique statue - but where will you put it? Hercules, who kills a lion near the compost heap - most often the composition looks that way.

Alternative:look not for "garden figures", but for real sculptures made of natural stone. Pick up for them a truly park environment, away from zucchini and garlic, toilet and shed. The graceful figure of a fragile elf made of natural stone, lost among astilbe and decorative bow, can look very touching.

5. Peasant yard

Next on my list is the longing for the Old Russian outback. Carts, psevdokolodtsy (of which instead of water flows insane color of petunia) and other Krynka, rocker arms and even mini-mills. This trend has earned an unflattering attitude among designers because of its absolute meaninglessness. If you are drawn to the roots, then it is easier to buy a house in the village and start a real farm, rather than build a modern set of scenery for the comedy series “Fools Village”.

Alternative: The cottage design in the old Russian style is possible - if there is a log house or at least a sauna on the plot, add carved decorations to them (you can buy ready-made valances and balusters). Leave a real well - if you really take water from it (at least for watering). And the woodpile - if you really drown the wood.

Refrain from the hut on chicken legs and other Serpents of the Gorynych - so that your country reality does not turn into a terrible tale. The Russian stove with tongs and pots in the open, on which no one cooks, is also a dubious exterior decoration.

6. Solar lights

I am a big fan of alternative energy sources - probably, like any landscape designer. But solar summer lights in my professional arsenal have not yet taken root: the ominous and dim glow of solar lamps at dusk looks repulsive and does not provide safe movement. Low lights along the paths make the garden in the evenings look like a night airport - but not at all in a romantic green corner.

Alternative:Save electricity, including powerful marker lights or bright lights on the porch just when needed. Candles look beautiful in the gazebo, on the veranda or in the outdoor seating area - put them in candle-lights and use instead of lamps.

7. Decor from "recycled"

Another trend popular and beloved by designers and gardeners is the use of old things for decoration. But sometimes our fantasy crosses the line between good and evil. For example, in the case of garden bikes. A stylized bicycle, “all covered with greens, absolutely all”, painted in the color of fuchsia or turquoise and decorated with a sign with a chalk inscription is an indispensable attribute of the most fashionable summer cottage. Also, the flowerbeds in old cast-iron tub legs and flowers planted in shoes were released. All I can say about this - beware of consumer goods!

In general, I like the idea of ​​land art: for old things to integrate into the natural environment, look just forgotten in the garden - and overgrown plants over time. But it is important to know the measure: for example, flowers in a broken piano always cast a longing. And the piano-fountain looks wild at all.

Alternative: if you really want to take an old instrument to the dacha, put it on the veranda, it will look natural and charming in the interior. A real, albeit old bicycle, use it for its intended purpose: just choose a picturesque place for parking - for example, at the fence with climbing roses. In this case, it will definitely decorate your site.

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