Gentle and graceful, tropical and beautiful - all these characteristics are directly related to clerodendrum. Numerous varieties of this culture have a diverse form of inflorescences, aroma and colors.
A favorite flower for florists, as well as designers, with a properly organized care and supervision, can be a good decoration for an interior in absolutely any style.
Tropical flower clerodendrum thompson
Clerodendrum or (Clerodendrum in Latin) from the verben family includes more than 400 varieties of varieties or semi-deciduous climbing bushes and lianas. In the wild, this culture can be found in the rainforests of Asia, Africa, and South America.
In Latin, the plant is called the tree of fate. The inhabitants of these territories truly believe that the klerodendrum is a blessed plant and brings comfort and happiness to the house.
Florists call this unusual plant "innocent love" for the white petals of some varieties of this plant.
The bright green leaves of the clerodendrum with solid edges are similar in appearance to the elongated hearts and are full of small grooves. The shoots of the culture are quite flexible, but over time they begin to woody actively. The leaves and inflorescences of the klerodendrum have a pleasant aroma, and even the very look of the plant exudes an unusual smell.
Blooming klerodendrum is a rather unusual sight. Its inflorescences are very distinguished by their beauty and in most cases are similar to beautiful butterflies, but among a large number of plant varieties you can find other unusual forms of inflorescences. All these unusual phenomena can be observed throughout the summer season - the klerodendrum is capable of blooming profusely and for a long time.
The most common varieties of clerodendrum
- Clerodendrum ThomsonClerodendrum thomsoniae in Latin is the most common variety that looks like a vine with large and long leaves. The plant dissolves in rather unusual clusters in the form of unusual snow-white cups with blood-red corollas. Clerodendrum continues to bloom from March to mid-summer, and with proper care it can continue to please the grower with its flowers until late autumn.
- Klerodendrum fragrant - It is an evergreen shrub with downy shoots that can reach a height of 2 meters. Most often it blooms with white unusual flowers that exude a pleasant aroma with a hint of violet, as well as citrus fruits. If he is properly cared for and the level of illumination correctly built, then he is able to continue to bloom for a year.
- Clerodendrum is the most beautiful - a fairly large bush with tetrahedral shoots that reach a height of three meters. Its purple flowers, which are very similar to unusual butterflies, are formed into inflorescences. The flowers of klerodendrum actively bloom from June to September.
- Ugandan Clerodendrum - It is a climbing plant with inflorescences of unusual purple and blue shades, which flower growers call blue butterflies. Unusual culture loves solar lighting, grows rapidly, multiplies easily and can bloom for a whole year.
- Klerodendrum Filipino - Semishrub, which has large spherical inflorescences, which are composed of pink and white roses with a delicate aroma of jasmine. Tender inflorescences look unusual against the background of velvet leaves of dark green shade.
- Clerodendrum Bunge - This is a fast-growing liana, derived from China itself. Usually it blooms with large caps of bright pink-colored asterisks with long stamens, which in their inflorescence resemble a volley of festive salute. Klerodendrum Bunge pleases those around with its spectacular flowering throughout the summer season.
Clerodendrum: home care
Clerodendrum Thompson is pretty hardy plantbut for a beautiful bloom he needs special conditionsthat will be as natural as possible. Especially the flower needs proper lighting. In its native land, the plant grows, wrapping itself around the trunks of tropical trees, so when grown in a house it should create a certain support. The important thing is that the more often the plant is pruned and clipped, the more flowers are on the crown.
How to choose the right temperature and lighting?
Clerodendrum Thompson prefers to grow under the rays of the sunbut they should not be straight. Western or eastern window will be the best option for the growth of this plant. On the south window the plant will need additional shading from the direct rays of the sun. On the windowsill with access to the north side, on the contrary, the plant will not bloom - there will be little lighting around it. The best temperature for a plant in the summer season - from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius.
In winter, it is best to place the plant in a cool room with a total temperature of 15 degrees Celsius.
The process of watering the plants at home
It’s worth watering this crop regularly and in moderation, waiting for when the topsoil dries. Waterlogging will have a negative effect on the plant’s root system itself. In winter, the plant should be watered much less often, but the full drying of the soil should still be avoided.
Clerodendrum should absorb all the moisture the entire surface of the leaves, which is why it needs to be sprayed regularly. Spraying procedures are very important for the culture also because it cannot tolerate dryness in the air. For the spraying process it is better to take thawed or rainwater.
Tips for grower. Melt water can be easily made at home. Fill a plastic bottle with tap water and put it in the freezer. After the water has completely frozen, the bottle should be removed from the refrigerator and defrosted in the room. Melt water will be ready for use.
How to choose a soil mix, care at home?
Clerodendrum loves to grow in a nutrient soil with a weak acidity ratio. For this, it is good to use a mixture of decorative leafy plants with the addition of a small amount of fine-grained sand or vermiculite.
You can make a soil mixture yourself, while mixing in the same ratio peat, leaf soil, humus, sod land, as well as fine sand.
There is also another way to make a soil mix:
- 30% peat.
- 20% fine sand.
- 20% clay soil.
- 30% of leaf land.
The soil before the process of planting is mandatory to process. This will help protect the culture from possible parasites and fungi that could accidentally get into the ground.
The process of transplantation, as well as feeding the indoor flower of clerodendrum
Young clerodendrum need every year relocate with the onset of springand adult species every three or four years.
To make a transplant at the plant is a way of handling, so as not to deform the rhizomes of the plant.
At the very bottom of the pot you need to lay out a drainage layer with a thickness of 4 centimeters in the form of expanded clay, pebbles, broken bricks or other material.
The plant should be fed once every ten days with complex food for flowering crops from the very beginning of spring to autumn. Fertilizers should continue to be applied after spring pruning. After the plant has fully bloomed, fertilizing should stop before the onset of spring.
Proper pruning and crown creation
In spring time, during the planting of shoots, the shoots of the klerodendrum stand cut by one third of total length.
This technique will help the plant to bloom faster and give it more inflorescences.
Inflorescences often develop abundantly only on young shrubs. A strong process of pruning the branches of a young shrub helps to create the most beautiful ornamental shrub out of it.
Clerodendrum can be easily created as well. shtambovy tree. To do this, the young plants need to leave only one shoot. As it grows and forms, all lateral branches should be removed from it. At a height of about 50 centimeters, pruning is done, and new growing shoots continue to pinch, which makes the crown on the plant more lush. All lower processes should be completely removed from the cervix.
The flowering and tranquility of the clerodendrum
Some florists are tormented by the question why their plant does not begin to bloom. In most cases, this happens because of poor quality care for the crop in winter. For klerodendrum very important state of rest, which is necessary to restore vitality for abundant flowering in the future. Prepare the flower for the rest you need in the fall, when the shoots completely slow the growth process. The process of watering at this time should be significantly reduced, and fertilizing should stop altogether.
For three months of winter, the plant should be moved to a place where the temperature will be 15 degrees Celsius. At this time, the klerodendrum is able to partially or completely shed its leaves and strip part of the shoots. Do not be afraid of this - this is a normal process for plants. With the advent of spring, the plant stems should be cut to a third, and it will continue to branch and blossom beautifully with new forces.
How to multiply clerodendrum at home?
Clerodendrum can be quickly propagated by top cuttings that need to be rooted in water. In a warm period of time, this action is much faster, but the plant can also be replicated in winter. After the development of strong roots, cuttings should be planted in separate containers. In order to get a lush beautiful bush can be planted in a pot about two or three rooted cuttings. Young species should be regularly pinned to develop a beautiful and decorative crown.
Clerodendrum is also possible to propagate with the help of seeds, which should be sown in a soil soil, which will include an equal ratio of peat, sand, turf land. Landing is worth in March. After the development of four leaflets seedlings need to dive into separate pots.
Major Diseases and Parasites
The spider mite, as well as the whitefly, is considered the most dangerous enemies for a klerodendrum. If parasites are detected, they should be removed with a soap sponge, and the plant treated with insecticides several times at one week intervals. Regular spraying of the culture will be a good prevention of the development of harmful insects.
Klerodendrum sometimes can be affected by various rot, as well as fungal diseases. A sick plant can be healed quickly. To do this, remove all the damaged roots and shoots, treat the healthy part of the plant with a fungicide and transplant into fresh ground.
What problems may arise?
- There is an active fall of flowers, buds, as well as leaves - dry air around, lack of micronutrients.
- The leaves begin to become small, their stems are drawn out - an insufficient parameter of illumination.
- Actively wither, leaves quickly fall off - drought in the soil itself.
- In autumn, leaves quickly turn yellow and fall to the ground - a natural process. Therefore, it is quite normal.
Clerodendrum, like other plant species, requires increased attention. You need to work hard to admire its unusual flowers. But the extraordinary beauty of this culture and its decorative qualities are worth any effort and effort.
What to do if the plant does not bloom
In order for the klerodendrum to bloom in springtime, it is worthwhile to organize a rather cool winter. As soon as the flowering process is over, reduce watering and transfer the plant to a colder place - no warmer than 15 degrees Celsius. The best condition for wintering the plant will be a temperature of 12 degrees Celsius and conditional watering so that the plant cannot dry out.
In early December, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 15-16 ° C. At this time, the plant should come rest period. Lasts a period of 60-65 days. Under insufficient light, it can shed its leaves. At this time it is necessary to reduce watering to a minimum. Feeding should stop altogether. They are renewed in early spring.
Care after purchase
Most often this plant sold in the fall. It is at this time that it blooms profusely and attracts the attention of buyers.
With careless transportation buds can crumble. Flowers do not tolerate strong temperature changes.
Therefore, after the purchase of the plant can not be unpacked immediately. It is necessary to give the plant time to adapt and let stand in room conditions for 60-90 minutes.
Read more about the care of Clerodendrum here.
Flower Formative trimming is required. It is produced in February - early March before the beginning of active growth and flowering. It is important to have time until the moment when the young representatives of the flora begin to plant buds. Cut stalks can be used for breeding.
Prefers systematic watering. It is necessary that the land between watering a little dry. If the plant is often poured - leaves will wither. Flower loves frequent spraying. The flowers do not lose their decorative effect from moisture. In case of strong arid air, a pallet next to the tank is placed in water or moistened with forest moss.
For planting choose fortified breathable priming. You can use the store. It can be mixed with compost or biohumus. When preparing the substrate independently, fine-grained sea sand and commercial pearlite are added to the soil.
After planting or transplanting the flower must be kept in the same conditions in which it was before. Otherwise, this representative of the flora can get very sick.
The transplant is made only after full flowering.
They are neatly cut with scissors. After 30 days, flower stalks are removed. After this pet, you can repot.
You can not keep the flower in non-fortified soil. With a lack of trace elements flower may die.
When transplanting Do not damage the root system. This plant is very fragile. Due to the fact that the bush is miniature, the capacity is chosen not more than 20 cm in diameter.
In larger pots, this species will not bloom, as the root system will not cope with the incoming moisture.
The flower is very thermophilic. Do not allow the temperature to drop below 18 ° C. The optimum temperature is 18-24 ° C. It can tolerate higher temperatures, but in this case the plant required spraying.
This plant is very demanding for lighting. Prefers bright natural light. Does not like direct hit by the sun.
Reproduction occurs by grafting. It is best rooted stems with 3-4 leaf nodes. They must be cut from the lower stems. Sprouting rooted in water or in a wet substrate. For this purpose, peat and fine-grained sea sand are added to the soil.
The optimum temperature for growth is 20-22 ° C. Capacities choose no more than 15 cm in diameter. Initially, 2-3 cuttings can be planted in them.
Top need build a mini-hothouse from the cut plastic bottle. It retains moisture and helps the plant to take root faster.
With natural light, rooting occurs slowly and weakly. It may take 1-1.5 months. Therefore, pre-seedlings are treated growth promoters.
Perfectly Zircon, Kornevin, Heteroauxin. They greatly accelerate the rooting process.
As soon as the sprouts take root, they begin to feed. A month later, seedlings can already be transplanted into other containers.
In autumn, they can bloom. But the first bloom is weak and not plentiful. Active growth and flowering begins in the second year of life.
Diseases and pests
This plant is practically not affected by pests. Sometimes spider mites can appear, which are washed off with soapy water. Whiteflies and mealybugs may also appear. For their elimination use Aktar solution. The plant is watered and sprayed once a week. You can also use alcohol wool.
The reason may be an overabundance or lack of natural light. There may also be a very strong alkaline environment in the soil, a deficiency of vitamins or hard water with chemical impurities. It is important to find the cause. It is necessary to check the soil for acidity and rearrange the flower in another room.
You can add "Ferrovit". This treatment is fast. It will heal the plant. In the ground is necessary add mineral fertilizers. Also, the flower may stop blooming from tobacco smoke, ethylene and carbon dioxide.
Also, if the containers in diameter are too large, the root system will not be able to fill the pot. Excess moisture will accumulate in it. And the plant will stop blooming. Subject to all the rules, this representative of the flora blooms long and large scale.
Walloch's clerodendrum is propagated by cuttings. Pests are not affected.
Loves systematic watering and gentle care. Prefers small containers no more than 20 cm in diameter.
Хорошо отзывается на дополнительные подкормки.
Описание цветка и популярные виды
Благодаря красивым цветам, растение выращивают для украшения домашнего интерьера. Caring for the Clerodendrum Thompson at home is not difficult, even an inexperienced florist can handle it. If this wonderful flower grows in an apartment, then good times are waiting for all members of the household, as the plant is popularly called “the tree of destiny” and “pure love”.
The fast-growing evergreen vine belongs to the Verben family. Curly, slightly flexible stems with good care can reach up to 2.5 meters. With age, the stems become woody.
A dark green leaf plate sits on a short handle and is oval-shaped. Thripson's clododendron blooms twice a season. The flowers of the plant appear from the axils of the leaves, forming a racemes. The flower is original, consists of a snow-white bract, a bright red corolla and golden stamens.
During flowering, the bract changes its color from white to pale pink, and a lilac color a week before withering. When the flower blooms, an orange seed box appears in its place.
- Mrs. Thompson's clerodendrum. The species has become popular due to its rapid growth. In winter, sheds all foliage and goes into hibernation. It blooms from March to June with white flowers. Flower Madame Thomson in the care is not capricious.
- Brilliant Clerodendrum. This species is not deciduous and with good care can bloom all year round.
- Philippine Clerodendrum. The look differs in big foliage and large pinkish-white inflorescences. During flowering, jasmine scent fills the entire apartment, especially in the evening.
- Ugandan Clerodendrum. Liana reaches up to 2 meters, has dark green leaves. The flowers have a blue color with blue stamens. The plant for the winter does not go into hibernation.
- Klerodendrum fragrant. The species is an evergreen tall shrub. The leaf plate is large, the flowers are pure white with a delicate violet-lemon scent. With good care, the plant blooms all year round.
- Clerodendrum Wallich. Evergreen miniature shrub, the most fascinating of all kinds. In the people it is known under the names "Cleopatra's tears" and "veil of the bride".
Lighting and location
Since the plant needs bright diffused light, you need to choose a place for growth on the western or eastern side of the window. If the plant is located on the south side, it should be shaded from direct sunlight, otherwise the flower will burn the leaves, and the flowers will have a faded color. The north side is also not suitable for a flower. On this side it will grow, but because of a lack of light, it will not bloom.
Soil selection and top dressing
Clerodendrum grows and blooms only in the nutrient subacid soil. Soil can be purchased at the store. To do this, buy the soil for azaleas and roses and mix in a 4: 1 ratio.
During the period of active growth, the flower needs to be fed with complex mineral fertilizers for ornamental flowering plants.
Top dressing bring after watering, time in 7 days. In the autumn period, fertilizers are applied once a month, and in winter they stop feeding.
Transplanting and pruning a flower
Transplantation is carried out in the spring. A young plant is transplanted once a year, an adult - once every three years.
- Pot pick two 2 cm more than the previous one.
- Lay the drainage layer on the bottom of the pot. It can be: expanded clay, river sand or crushed brick.
- We fill up half of the nutrient soil and using the transshipment method we place the plant in the center.
- We fall asleep all the voids, then watching so that the airbag does not form.
- The transplanted plant is plentifully spilled and removed for half a day in penumbra for adaptation.
Pruning is carried out only adult flower. It is necessary for the growth of new lateral shoots. The procedure is carried out in the spring before active growth. Pruned all shoots in half the length. After pruning, the plant begins to grow lateral shoots, which further lead to lush flowering.
The young plant does not need pruning, it is only pinched so that a shrub begins to form.
To obtain a large number of young specimens, the plant can be propagated. There are two ways to do this:
Seed propagation. The field as the flower blooms, a seed pod appears in its place, which opens during ripening. At this time there is a collection of seeds.
For seed breeding choose spring months. The first step is to prepare the tank and nutrient soil.
Important! For each seed, it is better to prepare separate pots.
The seeds are sown in a moistened soil to a depth of 1.5 cm. For fast germination, we make a micro-lick. We place tanks with sowing material on a sunny warm place. The first shoots appear in 30-60 days.
After the appearance of 2-3 true sheets, we remove the film and begin to care for the seedlings, like an adult plant.
Cuttings. Easy and fast breeding. Cut the cuttings during pruning length of 10-15 cm and put in a glass with water, for quick rooting you can add Kornevin to the water.
After the appearance of the roots, the young sapling is planted in a small pot with nutrient soil. The first week we cover the container with a glass jar for better rooting. Cover material is removed only after the appearance of new sheets.
Rooted plant expose on a sunny place.
Clerodendrum does not bloom
Flowering depends on the correct care and growing conditions. For lush flowering is necessary:
- do the right watering
- selection of a sunny place and a pot of the desired diameter,
- top dressing and pruning,
- provide a rest period.
Important! The lack of light and the high temperature of the air adversely affect the formation of buds.
Clerodendrum Thompson loves being cared for and cared for. The slightest mistake can lead to the absence of flower stalks, falling foliage, the appearance of various diseases and the death of a flower.
Origin and habitat
Clerodendrum (Clerodendrum) is a perennial plant of the verbenum family.
Translated from the Greek klerodendrum - the tree of fate (cleros - fate, dendrum - tree).
In the genus, there are about four hundred species of herbaceous and woody plants, as well as lianas and shrubs. Clerodendrum is found in the subtropics and tropics of South America, Asia and Africa.
Clerodendrum Thompson - one of the most popular varieties
The leaves of the klerodendrum large and shiny, flowers, depending on the variety, white, pink or blue color, elegant shape, resembling a butterfly.
Since klerodendrum is a tropical guest, he is very sensitive to the humidity of the air. It is easy to raise the humidity - you need to put a flowerpot on a pallet filled with pebbles. Pour water into the pan so that it barely reaches the surface of the pebbles.
In the summer, daily spraying is desirable, a special thanks for the shower, and in winter it is enough to wipe the leaves once a week with a damp cloth and not put a flower near the heating appliances.
How to water
The klerodendrum grows very quickly, its leaves are large, the evaporation surface is large, so watering should be abundant.
It is best to water with well-settled, soft water.
In the summer you need to keep track of the land in the pot, preventing it from drying out. You may have to moisturize it every day. To reduce evaporation of water, you can peel the soil surface with pebbles. In winter, watering is reduced, and if the plant has dropped foliage, then it is watered very rarely and little by little, maintaining the soil moisture.
To prepare the klerodendrum for flowering, fertilizer should be applied once every two weeks. The klerodendrum blooms, as a rule, from spring to autumn, so from March to September, the plant needs feeding. Top dressing is better to alternate - mineral complex for flowering plants and organic humic.
Agricola is produced in the form of liquid concentrate, granulated powder and long-lasting sticks.
From mineral it is possible to recommend the fertilizer Agricol. The method of application and consumption rates are specified in the instructions. From humic it is recommended to choose FlorHumat for decorative flowering. The method of cultivation depends on the method of feeding - root or spraying. Instructions to the drug contains a detailed description of the application.
Organic fertilizers are not only a source of nutrients for plants, but also to a large extent enrich the soil with humus, improve its biological activity and physical properties, protect against acidification, which is impossible with the introduction of mineral fertilizers alone.
the book "Encyclopedia of gardening"
It is very important to observe the temperature regime for the flowering of the klerodendrum. In summer, the optimum temperature for him will be from +20 to +25 o, from October to March it is necessary to ensure him a period of rest - reduce watering, lower the temperature to +12 o. Humidity and lighting should not be reduced.
Note! If you do not provide winter rest to klerodendrum, then it will not bloom.
After the klerodendrum ottsvetet (usually in late August-early September), you need to cut off all flower stalks, reduce watering and stop feeding. Gradually lower the temperature to prepare the plant for winter rest.
Table: care errors
- insufficient watering
- bad light,
- low humidity.
- settle watering
- move the flower closer to the light
- increase the humidity of the air.
- lack of lighting
- improper temperature conditions
- no rest period
- lack of trace elements.
- move the flower closer to the window
- regulate the temperature
- provide winter peace
- from the spring to make feeding.
Clerodendrum is also interesting in that it is possible to form a plant of the desired species from it. It can be a lush flowering shrub, free-hanging liana and even a tree. All this is achieved by using the correct pruning. In the spring, with the beginning of growth, it is necessary to shorten the shoots by about 1/3 of the length, remove all dried and weak branches.
- The growing tops should be pinched to give the plant the shape of a lush bush.
- To form a plant in the form of a tree, that is, to give it a stab form, you need to remove all the branches, leaving one strongest escape and cut it at a height of about 60 cm. Also remove all branches that fall below the crown from this escape and pinch as you grow crown and get rid of excess shoots.
- Vines do not need a strong pruning, but by shortening the ends of the twigs in the spring and carrying out regular pruning of the shoots, you can get a luxurious plant.
Timely and skillful pruning will not only give the clerodendrum the desired shape, but will also contribute to intensive growth and flowering.
Table: diseases and pests
With the beginning of growth, in the spring, a klerodendrum needs a transplant.
If you bought your plant in a store, then transplanting is a must, since the pot does not have a soil, but a transport mixture, and the plant does not live in this substrate for a long time.
A young plant should be transplanted annually, each time increasing the pot a couple of centimeters in diameter. For an adult plant, it will be enough to replace the top layer of the earth, and the transplant will be carried out once every three years.
Clerodendrum does not impose special requirements on the soil, but it must be slightly acidic, nutritious, breathable. You can take ready-made soil for flowering plants or make a substrate yourself from 2 parts of leafy ground, 1 part of peat or coconut substrate and 1 part of large river sand.
When transplanting should take care of drainage. Expanded clay, crushed brick, gravel will save your plant from stagnation and sour water. The thickness of the drainage layer for clerodendrum should be about 1/5 of the pot.
Video: the most popular varieties of clerodendrum
In our house, the atmosphere of bright summer begins as early as April, and sometimes in March, when the luxurious bush of the klerodendrum Thompson blooms. My friends, without remembering the name that is difficult to pronounce, dubbed him "the surprise of Mrs. Thompson." Indeed, this unusual exotic plant is a real surprise for flower lovers.
Only for me it remains unclear where in the winter I can arrange a flower of 10-15 grams. With? My balcony is not warm, and in the room at 10–15 grams. I’m freezing and the child ... In general, in August it was cold, and I gave him a “winter” - I pulled it out onto the balcony and watered it very rarely. After that, my klerodendrum began to brighten, and then dropped all the leaves, and I trimmed it. For two months he showed no signs of life at all, I was already desperate that the flower had died, but HE HAS FLOWED! In the fifth year of life! This is just great!
My klerodendrum has been blooming for three months now and more and more flowers. And he loves water very much, if you miss a couple of days - all the foliage hangs, but after watering everything is restored. I feed with a Bud 2 times a month. But that's what I noticed, as soon as I try to spin it along the trellis, to make a compact bush out of it - it drops foliage and stops growing. As if freezes for a long time. And when she let him loose, and the creeper vymahala 1.5 meters, for some reason he was covered with flowers. Most likely, he does not like any violence over himself. Make it impossible.
If you have a clerodendrum, try to make friends with it. Care for him is easy. If you create good conditions for him, he will thank you for his lush and long flowering.
Plants of the genus Clerodendrum are flowering shrubs. In nature, they mainly grow in the humid tropics of Asia, Africa and South America. The name of the flower comes from the Greek words kleros - fate, dendron - tree and literally translates as "tree of destiny." The people call the klerodendrum "innocent love."
The leaves of the plant are bright green in color, the lamina is heart-shaped with jagged edges and a rough surface. The length of the leaf is 20–30 cm. There are flexible shoots of the klerodendrum, which in their lower part will quickly turn into wood. Among flower growers, klerodendrum is popular for its charming flowers, resembling a butterfly, while flowers are gathered in brushes or shields depending on the type of plant.
A special feature of the klerodendrum is that both flowers and leaves exude a delicate, pleasant aroma. The smell of clerodendrum different species is different.
Such a different and unique clerodendrum
Breeders deduced a variety of plant varieties, including:
- Clerodendrum Prospero. This variety has expressive snow-white inflorescences, thanks to which it has received the nicknames “veil of the bride”, “bride's veil”, and amateur growers call Clerodendrum Prospero “Cleopatra's tears”. Compared with other varieties of klerodendrumami, this plant is quite compact and elegant, takes up very little space on the window sill.
- Clerodendrum Wallich. A distinctive feature of this klerodendrum are drooping shoots and glossy leaves with a slightly wavy edge. The shape of the flower has a bloated red cup and white petals and stamens.
- Klerodendrum is Philippine, the second name of the species is sweet. The flowers of this plant exude a delicate violet-citrus scent, it is especially strong in the evening and morning hours. The plant quickly grows green mass and quite decorative, even in a dormant period.
- Ugandan clerodendrum is still rarely found in collections at florist. Although this species has many advantages. Unlike most indoor clerodendrum, it can grow in sunny places and tolerate a lack of moisture. The flowers of the uteri-blue uteri clerodendrum resemble a butterfly, and its stamens are insect antennae. This is a fairly large vine, which shoots in the open field can reach three meters.
- Klerodendrum Thompson can be more often found at home, it is a curly shrub with large flowers, with a red corolla and snow-white petals, while after the withering the cup changes its color to lilac. It is usually grown in ampel form, but using pruning with Thomson's klerodendrum it can be given a bush or stem form.
- Klerodendrum Inerme (bezkolyuchkovy) begins to bloom in November, snow-white flowers with purple stamens. In room culture, it is still a rather rare plant, but in warm countries it is widely used to create green hedges.
- Klerodendrum Bunge in nature grows in China. This plant with fragrant flowers of a gentle-pink shade, collected in corymbose inflorescences.
- Clerodendrum most beautiful has bright scarlet tubular flowers with stamens resembling antennae of insects.
- Clerodendrum paniculata or “plant-pagoda” is a large shrub up to 150 cm in height. The plant is very showy, with huge orange flowers gathered in conical inflorescences.
Features planting and transplanting plants
Klerodendrum grows very quickly, in the year the vine can grow shoots up to two meters, so young plants are transplanted annually in a larger pot (approximately 3 cm). When the klerodendrum has reached a value that you consider sufficient, you can restrain plant growth. For this flower is grown in a close pot, not allowing the root system to develop. Replant adult liana every two to three years in a pot of the same size.
Step-by-step description of the landing of clerodendrum:
- Посадку и пересадку растений проводите в начале весны, когда растение только тронулось в рост и появились первые листочки на побегах. В остальное время, если есть необходимость пересадить растение (к примеру, вы его только что приобрели), делайте это при помощи процедуры перевалки.
- Составьте почвосмесь. Субстрат для посадки цветка необходим лёгкий, плодородный. The soil may be slightly acidic or neutral in composition. It is preferable to make the soil yourself. This requires: leaf humus (forest land), peat, coarse river sand, perlite, it is recommended to add a little dolomite flour to absorb the excess acidity in the soil mixture (1 tsp per 5 liters of soil is enough).
Soil for creepers to be loose and nutritious
Drainage should be good, as the clerodendrum does not like stagnant water.
After planting, the plant quickly takes root and begins to actively grow vegetation.
The flowering period and how to make the klerodendrum bloom?
For lush flowering is necessary to provide several conditions. First, the plant needs a period of rest. It begins in September and lasts until February. During this period, the klerodendrum needs to be rearranged from the window to a cooler place. Watering should be very scarce and rare.
Secondly, in the spring when green leaves appear, you need to increase the amount of watering, prune the branches and place the plant on the bright window where it is usually grown.
Flowering time of a klerodendrum - from the beginning of spring and till September. If the plant has rested during the “sleep” period and has gained strength, the buds begin to appear in March, they cover the bare stem and bloom for quite a long time, while maintaining decorativeness even when the flowers wilt.
If your klerodendrum does not want to bloom, then you did not provide him with the necessary conditions during the rest period. In the spring, you can put it in two - three weeks in a dark cool place, then cut off the shoots and transplant in fresh nutritious soil. Such procedures can cause the klerodendrum to bloom.
Flowering klerodendrum Thompson lasts 3-5 months
In the fall, the vine begins to shed its leaves, and the shoots seem to dry out, which often frightens inexperienced gardeners. The plant thus prepares for the winter period of rest. At this time, it is very important to create suitable conditions for winter sleep in the clerodendrum.
Tie shoots so that they do not break (in winter they become fragile). Move the flower to a cool place where the temperature does not rise above 10-15 degrees. Stop fertilizing the flower and reduce watering. Moisten the soil only if the earth lump is completely dry.
Flower grower reviews
This flower came to me in the winter. He looked like three bitches sticking out of a pot. I had no idea what kind of plant it was and whether it would survive, but just in case I transplanted it and waited. To my surprise, the flower quickly came to life, leaves began to appear. But a real gift for me was its bloom. I considered blooming buds every day. And when red petals appeared from white flowers, this flower won my love and admiration forever. Later, I recognized its name, the peculiarities of care, and now it makes me bloom every year. This flower requires a winter period of rest, during which watering is reduced almost to nothing, the flower is placed in a cold place, but not lower than 3-5 degrees. During the reduction of watering, and it should start to reduce around the end of October, the flower resets all foliage. In February, we transplant the clerodendrum into new land, cut off the shoots about half (they can then be rooted in ordinary water), put the flower on a warm, lighted place and do not forget to water it. Soon he will wake up and start to grow. After such a winter hibernation, you can appreciate the beauty of the blossoming clerodendrum. And if you consider that it blooms from 3 to 5 months, then the impressions will last for a long time.
In our house, the atmosphere of bright summer begins as early as April, and sometimes in March, when the luxurious bush of Clerodendron Thomson blooms. My friends, without remembering the difficultly articulated name, dubbed it "the surprise of Mrs. Thomson." Indeed, this unusual exotic plant is a real surprise for flower lovers. First, clusters of white lanterns appear among large light green quilted leaves. Then bright red velvet balls peep out of them. These are buds. When they open into a flower, long stamens, looking like fluffy eyelashes, burst from it. A surprisingly spectacular sight, especially when an adult plant is covered with red-white inflorescences. After flowering, there are lanterns on the plant (in fact, they are bracts) that change color from white to lilac. It is a long time, decorated with purple garlands. Clerodendron Thompson is a fast-growing liana. Caring for her is easy. The main condition for lush flowering is a short period of winter dormancy (November-December), at this time watering is greatly reduced and the pot with the plant is kept on a cool window-sill. In such conditions, the vine itself sheds some of the leaves - it seems to be dormant.
My klerodendrum - long-livers, probably, they are 12-13 years old, like a lemon. They come from the tropical forests of Africa, love light and warmth. But there are nuances. Clerodendrum, like all living things, begins to grow actively in the spring, releasing new shoots - a vine, after all - and if no action is taken, then abundant flowering, resembling Chinese lanterns, will come when the cancer on the mountain whistles. Rule one: mandatory pruning in the spring. My hand did not rise to cut the shoots almost "under zero", and for several years I remained without flowers. But with fat and juicy greens. I like greenery when it hangs down from the walls or closet. And this wickedness grew only on the window. And once I armed myself with side cutters - I had the experience, the hand did not flinch - and I shaved my flower with lush head of hair like in the film of the same name - Ivan Brovkin. The shoots put in the water, in the spring they take root well. Well - instead of a chic bush, I got a pot with earth and bare branches sticking out of it. But after three weeks - this time you just need to endure - the young leaves have surely grown in breadth and high, and behind them appeared buds. Rule two: in the winter the plant is resting, watering should be moderate, but do not wait until the earthen coma is completely dry. Starts releasing shoots - reduce watering. Without rest flowering will be weak and uninteresting. But after pruning - frequent watering and fertilizing are needed.
Clerodendrum - spectacular and unpretentious liana that can give a unique interior to your home. Create good conditions for her, and she will delight you with her bloom.
How to make bloom?
In order for the plant to bloom magnificently, you must perform:
- Rest period - September - February. Clerodendrum rearranged in a cooler place, provide meager and rare watering.
- In the spring, as soon as the green leaves appear, increase watering, prune and relocate the plant to the previous bright place of cultivation.
It blooms from early spring to September. If the klerodendrum is well rested during the rest period, then in early March, buds will begin to appear. Clodendrum bloom occurs from 3 to 5 months.
Why doesn't the plant bloom? This means that you did not provide him with the right conditions during the rest period. To start blooming again, place it for 2-3 weeks in a cool and dark place. After that, the shoots need to be cut and transplanted into a new nutrient soil. These procedures will restore flowering.
Features of growing at home
- Lighting and temperature. In winter, the plant partially drops the leaf - this is a natural process. This means that the plant has a period of rest. Organize the bush temporary content in a bright, cool place with temperatures up to 15 o C. For the spring and autumn, use the eastern and western areas. The summer temperature is 18-25 ° C.
- Watering. Spring and summer provide abundant watering. Wait for the topsoil to dry between watering. The plant reacts negatively to the lack of moisture, does not tolerate excessive moisture. During the dormant period, the flower absorbs a lot of water, and the soil keeps moisture for a long time. Water it gently no more than 1 time in 7-10 days. Irrigated water is required for irrigation. Her temperature should be 22-24 o C.
- Trimming, nip. With the help of pruning you can achieve not only abundant, but also sufficiently long flowering. Needed for an adult plant. The best time for pruning is early spring. For its implementation it is enough to shorten the stems by 1/3 of the length. In a young plant you just need to pinch the tips.
- Air humidity. It is well tolerated spraying especially in the hot season. Spray the flower regularly in the summer and winter. In winter, do not spray.
- Top dressing. Feed the plant weekly in spring and summer using liquid fertilizers for indoor plants that bloom beautifully. In the fall, fertilizing should be reduced to 1 time per month. In winter, they must be completely stopped.
Watch the video about the care of Thrompson Clerodendrum at home:
Here you can see the photo of the flower.
How to shape a bush?
The plant is easy to form. Can be in the form of a bush or a standard tree:
- Standard form - A young plant is enough one strong escape. Tie it up to a vertical support. Other shoots cut off. When the plant is half a meter high, trim the top. For intensive branching, pinch growth points. Periodically remove shoots that are below the desired crown level.
- Bush - shorten the shoots to your desired height when pruning. To get a thicker bush - pinch the side branches.
For a beautiful bush, follow these rules:
- The first pruning should be done with the arrival of spring. Shoots that are woody need to be shortened by a third. This will give an incentive to bloom. The desired plant species will form the subsequent pruning and pinching.
- The plant forms the ampoule form on its own, without your help. Shorten shoots before a dormant period for good growth. Do this in early March or when the plant has already dropped the leaves.
- For a bush we leave 3 strong woody shoots. cut the rest. The rest is shortened by a third. Pinch the tops of the green twigs when they appear. This contributes to tillering. The bush will be thicker and more magnificent if you do not cut the root shoots. If the bush is heavily thickened - just cut a few shoots from its middle.
Possible problems and illnesses
The flower is very painful and touchy, so troubles with it are very frequent:
- Leaves fall in the summer - not enough moisture or poor humidity, perhaps a lack of nutrients in the soil.
- Does not bloom - little light or no proper winter conditions.
- The appearance of yellow and brown spots on the leaves - burns from sunlight.
- Spider mite - on the leaves there is a slightly noticeable cobweb, and the reverse side of the sheet has white dots. For treatment, spray once every 3 days with Aktellik's solution (1 ampoule per 1 liter of water). Repeat 3-4 times. In preventive measures, maintain the required level of humidity, do not forget to regularly and abundantly spray, once a month arrange a shower with soapy water.
- White fly - the leaf is covered with a white shiny bloom, on the back of the leaf you can see an insect. Control measures and preventive measures as with spider mites.
- Shchitovka - leaves fade quickly, brown insect pustules are visible on the stems. Scraping remove the flaps, treat the plant with soapy water, and rub with alcohol. Treat with the drug and you need to repeat it every seven days during the month.
- Mealybug - the growth of the plant stops, it drops the leaves, dirty-white balls, similar to cotton, appear on the leaves and shoots. It is necessary to wipe the leaves and shoots with alcohol, spray insecticides. For prophylaxis, control moisture and spray.
For propagation by cutting, you can use the apical stems that remained after pruning. On them should be at least 3-4 internodes. Rooting of the plant is very simple and fast. Root the plant can be in a container with water, and in a wet substrate.
How to propagate the clerodendrum cuttings:
- Plant remaining after pruning the cuttings in a plastic cup with a substrate,
- Cover the mini hothouse of cellophane or a bottle,
- Put in a well-lit place
- Ventilate from time to time so that the fungus does not start.
After 30-60 days, new leaves should appear on the seedlings. After full rooting, the flower is transplanted into large containers.
After flowering the plant produces small fruits on it. In each of them is one seed. Seeds are harvested and sown in prepared containers with fortified soil. Planting is covered with a mini-greenhouse from a glass jar or a transparent glass.
Periodically future seedlings airing. After 45-60 days, shoots should appear. After the leaves appear on them, they can be transplanted into large containers. If the planting is supplemented with additional artificial light, the sprouts will appear earlier - in 10-15 days.