If you like to grow large, fleshy and tasty tomatoes, then pay attention to the Bull's Heart variety. This tomato has long been loved by many gardeners for its irregular shape, tender, fleshy pulp and aroma. Reviews of those who planted these tomatoes, say that this variety is more like men, because it is convenient to cut large fruits, and the juice from them is not enough, it means that it will be much easier to clean the table. For canning, they are suitable only if you roll up these tomatoes in cut form. We will be grateful to you if you write a review about the result and share delicious cooking recipes. Omit the culinary possibilities and let us now get to know the bull's heart more in detail.
Characteristics and description of the variety
Bull heart tomatoes belong to mid-season varieties, their maturation takes up to 125 days. Determinant bushes can withstand no more than 5-6 fruits on one brush. The height of the plant sometimes reaches 1.5 meters, garter to the support is required. The growth of bushes stops at the first formation of brushes. The plant is designed so that larger fruits ripen on the lower rows, the mass of which can vary from 300 to 800 g, and closer to the top, tomatoes decrease in volume and naturally lose weight. Top tomatoes can weigh up to 200 g. With a square meter, with proper care, you can collect up to 8 kg of crop.
Under the peel of medium density, there is a fleshy, bright red, juicy, shallow pulp, with a small proportion of veins and the number of seeds. The taste of tomato is sweet, sour. In appearance, tomatoes are similar to the heart, but sometimes the fruits have a non-standard shape and may differ from the name.
By the way, tomatoes can be stored for up to two weeks and will not change the appearance, but they will become softer and will be suitable only for heat treatment.
How to grow "Bull's heart"?
We have already met a bullish heart with a tomato, now we know its characteristics and description of the variety, it remains to find out how to grow tomatoes at home, spend a little effort on it, and get a good harvest. The first step is to grow seedlings. To do this, you can take the purchased seeds or home (which remained from last year from the previous harvest), process them with a weak solution of manganese, cover with a damp cloth or gauze, leave for a couple of days so that the seedlings sprout.
Sow seeds for seedlings need in March, in a box with noble soil. In the first few days, the container with seedlings is recommended to be kept under the film so that, due to the greenhouse effect, the seeds are strengthened and can grow through the ground. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film can be removed.
The plant grows well both in open ground and in the greenhouse, so in late May, plant it where you want, most importantly, this place should be well fertilized and treated with special solutions from the blight and other fungal diseases.
Pasvy bushes should occur every time new shoots appear. If you look at the steps in the bushes in pictures, you will be more aware of what is required of you and you will immediately understand what you need to tear off. To yield was at the highest level, you need to form a plant in one stem.
Since the seedlings do not grow small sizes, they should be planted at a distance of 50 cm from each other, tomatoes can be tied up either to horizontal supports or to vertical ones.
Basic rules for growing tomatoes
- Obligatory loosening and top dressing of the soil once a week.
- Before August nip the plants.
- Water as needed.
- Do not forget about the treatment of late blight and remove pests from the leaves.
- Weed the beds as weed appears.
- In time to harvest, so he did not have time to burst.
Speaking about varieties of the variety, it is possible to distinguish an analogue - the Dutch tomato “Bull's Heart” f1, it is not large, the fruits weigh up to 250 g and are amenable to transportation. In addition, you can meet:
- tomato "Bull's heart", about the red coloring of the fruit and its characteristics, we have already said,
- Tomato "Bull's heart" - orange coloring, differs from the colleagues in the increased resistance to droughts. It can be rarely watered, but yields up to 800 g of one fruit, tomatoes are salad type,
- Tomato "Bull's heart" in golden peel is practically no different from orange, only its fruit taste,
- “Bull's heart” in black color is sweet, fleshy, the mass of one tomato does not exceed 600 g. It grows well in open ground and in a greenhouse, not a capricious plant that needs only watering,
- Tomato "Bull's Heart" pink does not grow more than 120 cm, yield is high, vegetables weigh 400 g each
We told you everything you need to know about the Bull Heart Heart Tomato. Growing tomatoes, as you can see, will not be difficult. All of the above instructions will help you grow a good, large crop and you will have the opportunity to try the real taste of the “bullish heart”. If you are new to the garden business, then any deviation from the norm can ruin a tomato plant and lead to the loss of fruits. You need to treat your summer hobby with love, appreciate every bush of a given culture, and remember that only after good care it will ennoble you and thank you.
I have been growing a golden bullish heart for several years in a row, I like it with its golden yellow color, fruit taste, which looks more like a mixture of melon and banana. To harvest a large crop, before planting, the seeds are soaked in potassium permanganate, then transplanted into the soil. Pastage is done after the bushes get stronger in greenhouse conditions and reach a meter height. Seeds are harvested on their own, from last year's tomatoes. This technique has never failed me, tomatoes always grow large and juicy. The husband constantly looks into the greenhouse, in the hope that they have already ripened, I don’t know what, but he really likes this sort of tomato, and he also retains his taste in the seams well. I will plant more.
In the gardener's store, she saw a bundle of seeds, in the photo, which was a black tomato, called a “bullish heart”. I read the description, got acquainted with the other characteristics and came to the conclusion that I wanted to plant a tomato in my garden. Bought two packs of seeds. I went home on the Internet and found some other information about these vegetables, it turns out, they sow seeds in early February, and found out about other, important features of tomato cultivation. At first, I wondered if I could even achieve the desired results, but good, there is a lot of space in the garden and there is a place to “roam”. Has planted, looked after as it is written on the Internet. The harvest was good, the grade is satisfied, the color is unusual. Left a couple of tomatoes for seed, see what comes of it next year.
I sow the seeds of a bovine heart in mid-February, a month later I transplant them into a heated greenhouse, and starting to feed various mineral complexes. Timely care and patience - always bring a rich harvest. From ten bushes I collect about 15-20 kg. The wife does not like to preserve them, so she twists on tomato juice and rolls into cans, adds borscht in winter or just opens a jar, adds salt, sugar, pepper, and it turns out real tomato juice, which is very similar to the store product. I like to make a salad of these tomatoes, two large pieces are enough for a whole plate, add onions, water all with vegetable oil and eat black bread, taste! I want to try other varieties of this variety, but all the time I forget to buy them, I hope this winter, I will not forget.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The variety belongs to the determinant type, therefore it has all its pros and cons.
Of the benefits can be called:
- higher yields than the indeterminant varieties with parts of the plant similar in height,
- "Friendly" (almost one-time) setting of brushes,
- earlier ripeness.
Cons this variety of tomatoes also has:
- susceptibility to disease, as it is more loaded with ovaries than indeterminant varieties,
- the need for an increased amount of mineral fertilizers,
- there is a risk that the shrub will soon be fully completed and will stop forming new ovaries, which will affect the total yield of the crop.
The height of the stems of tomatoes ranges from 150 to 170 cm. The peculiarity is that the weight of the first fruits on the lower inflorescences can be about 300 g, diameter - about 15 cm. Subsequent fruits can be less (about 100 g) or more oval. Yield from one bush of tomatoes in the soil is from 3.5 to 5 kg, and greenhouse or greenhouse from 8 to 12 kg. Variety of tomatoes refers to mid-ripening, i.e. crop can be harvested after 2 months after the shoots appeared.
Those who planted tomatoes, know that the soil should be lightweight, loose, well-heated. For bull's-heart tomatoes, one should find a highly fertile soil or take care of fertilizers (manure, compost, peat). Start preparing better in the fall. It is necessary to deeply dig up that part of the land that is planned to be cultivated for tomatoes, adding fertilizer to it.
The best time for sowing seeds is early March. Seeds are washed and disinfected with potassium permanganate, can be treated with phytosporin solution. Sow to a depth of 3 cm. Dives should be made after the appearance of 2-3 true leaves. To make the seedlings healthy and strong, it should be fed several times during its growth, and several weeks before planting, it should be gradually hardened.
In the southern part of Russia, "bullish heart" can be grown in open ground, and in the middle - in closed (greenhouses, greenhouses). In heated greenhouses, seedlings can be planted as early as April, where there is no heating, you should wait until the end of May. For 1 m² should be no more than 4 plants. You can form 2 stalks (the second of the first stepson), extra leaves and stepsons should be regularly removed. The optimal number of brushes of fruits on one stem is 8. To get a good harvest, plants should be watered regularly with warm water and fed.
As a rule, all subspecies of this variety differ in similar characteristics. In addition to the traditional red, breeders bred tomatoes with other interesting colors.
Colors may occur as follows:
- maroon, almost black (if the fruit received enough light),
- yellow (from lemon to orange)
The greatest demand of gardeners have seeds "bullish heart" pink. Reviews of this subspecies are the most enthusiastic: fruits are juicy, fleshy, sweet and tasty. They go well to various salads and to the preparation of tomato juice, because it is quite problematic to place such large fruits in a regular can of canning.
The peculiarity of the variety is later maturation, but their yield is excellent, and the fruits themselves do not crack and are sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests.
For many, the taste of summer is just the taste of the flesh of juicy tomatoes, plucked straight from the bush, with salt. Among the fruits there is almost no bursting or rotted. For canning, as a rule, they are not used, but you can try to roll up a few cans of thick, homemade tomato juice.
For those who are interested in growing this variety, but still have no experience, it can be recalled that a good harvest requires good watering, aeration of the greenhouse and fertilizers, which need to be fed on time.
This is the sort of tomato that requires care from the gardener. Otherwise, excess leaves and stems will reduce your harvest, and pests can completely destroy the plants.
About the taste of "bull heart", as a rule, good reviews, and there are still impressive photos. In addition to traditional red varieties, gardeners are grown and yellow. There are reviews that yellow gardeners were less fruitful and sweet, but they have a more dense skin of the fruit. Plant care is required, but there is nothing extraordinary in this: plant seedlings in time, be sure to fertilize, water after lunch (if you grow in the open field). Do not recommend planting bushes very close to each other and strongly advise to put support for each bush. These can be wooden pegs about 2 m and a diameter of 5 cm.
Even if you make some mistakes in the first year, you can be sure that next year you will definitely be very pleased with the choice of the variety!
Tomato "Bull's heart", characteristic and description of the variety - refers to mid-season varieties. The first fruits ripen in 120-130 days from the moment of emergence of shoots. The average yield per bush is 3.5–5 kg of tomatoes when grown in open ground and 8–12 kg in greenhouse conditions.
The plant is powerful, sprawling, low-leafy. Tall shrubs, not standard, determinant type. Stop their growth after the formation of 5-6 brushes with fruits. The length of the stems reaches 1.5-1.8 m. The first ovary is formed above 8 or 9 leaves, the subsequent brushes with fruits are formed after 1-2 leaves. On each brush matures up to 5 fruits.
Feature of the variety is presence of fruits of different shape and size on one plant. The largest tomatoes (weighing 300-500 grams) ripen in the lower part of the bush. The upper fruits are much smaller and weigh no more than 100-150 grams.
Disease resistance of the variety is average. Special susceptible to blight. Soils for growing this variety are preferred light and fertile. Tomatoes "Bull's Heart" are quite transportable. Yield losses during long-distance transportation do not exceed 5%.
Appearance and the sizes of tomatoes "Bullish heart" are very various. Most tomatoes have pretty correct heart shape. The weight of individual tomatoes (with properly carried out agrotechnology) can reach 600-800 grams, there were cases when the weight of one tomato approached 1 kg.
The color of the tomatoes is saturated red. The peel is thin, easily separated from the pulp. The inside of the fruit is fleshy, dense, dry, with a high content of solids. There are practically no shelter.
The seed chambers inside the fruit are few (4-5 pieces), they are small and located closer to the edge of the fruit. Chambers filled with seeds weak. Tomatoes taste excellent. The increased sugar content in the pulp of the fruit gives them a unique sweetness. A light acidity emphasizes the refined taste of tomatoes.
Tolerance is good. In a cool place (refrigerator or cellar), they do not lose their shape and retain their taste in a couple of weeks. With longer storage the fruits become soft and suitable only for heat treatment.
Photo of tomato variety "Bull heart", see below:
"Bull's heart" is table variety salad destination and grow it mainly for fresh consumption.
For preservation, fruits are suitable only in a ground state or as the basis of tomato sauces, dressings, pastes and ketchups. The most widespread variety received in private areas, little used in industrial breeding.
Sort quite capricious in growing. Only compliance with certain requirements for agricultural technology allows you to get a good harvest.
The main activities for growing tomatoes "Bull Heart":
- On one square. a meter no more than 3-4 bushes are planted under the scheme 50х50.
- Proper formation of the bush. Leave one or two stalks (the second - from the first stepchild). The remaining shoots are removed. Also cut off all the lower foliage before the first brush with the ovary.
- To get the best harvest, no more than 8 ovary brushes are left on one bush. Above the last brush leave a couple of leaves and pinch the top.
- A timely garter is needed to support the trunk of the plant as it grows. In addition to the main stem if necessary fix and brush with tomatoes.
- It is preferable to choose the soil light and fertile, with the high content of nutrients.
- Feed up plants with mineral and organic fertilizers every 10-15 days.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of "Bull's heart" over other varieties of tomatoes is the unique taste of the fruit. The fleshy flesh with a pleasant sweet-sour taste makes these tomatoes the kings of salads.
It should be noted yield varieties. A couple of bushes of tomatoes can feed a large family for several months. And the sizes of tomatoes will please the heart of any gardener.
Another factor that gives an advantage to a variety over its peers is the ability to grow crops from its own seeds.
By purchasing planting material once, in the future you can collect seeds from ripened fruit.
The main disadvantage of the variety is the need for constant care of the plants. They themselves do not grow, they need to be cherished and cherished.
Как уже было сказано выше у «Бычьего сердца» имеется много подвидов. Имеются как гибриды, так и оригинальные сорта. Наибольшее распространение получили разработки отечественной селекции: «Бычье сердце оранжевое», «Бычье сердце розовое» и «Бычье сердце красное«. Сорта включены в Российский реестр сортов.
Из гибридов можно отметить tomatoes with unusual color:
- Brad’s Black Heart,
- Lemon Yellow - Brown’s Yellow Giant,
- White - Brown’s Yellow Giant.
Tomatoes "Bull's heart" quite troublesome to grow. Not every novice gardener can fully cope with this task. However, strict observance of all the rules of agricultural engineering will allow any summer resident to get an excellent harvest.
Useful information about the Bullish Heart Tomato variety in the video below:
General information about the variety
Variety refers to the determinant type. The bush is powerful, spreading, height - from one to 1.8 meters.
The variety is distinguished by large, tasty, sweet fruits with a slight sourness. The average weight of the fruit is 500 g on the lower clusters of the bush and 100-200 g on the upper tiers.
The first fruit grows over 8–9 leaves, the next fruits are tied in one or two leaves. Each brush maintains up to five fruits. On one bush fruits can be of different sizes and shapes.
Having studied the description of tomato Bull Heart, it becomes clear that for him the place of cultivation is of great importance. Growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, Bull's Heart allows you to get up to 12 kg of fruit from each bush, and in the open field up to 5 kg.
The pros and cons of tomato Bull heart
Based on the feedback on tomato Bull heart, one can identify the main positive qualities of this variety. They are:
- High yield.
- Good taste.
- The ovaries of the hands occur almost simultaneously.
- Simple cultivation from own seeds.
- Good fruit transportability.
- A slight foliage of bushes - protection from fungal diseases.
- Preservation of fruits in the form of a long time.
There are also drawbacks to this variety, although not much in comparison with their merits. The disadvantages include:
- Predisposition of plants to some diseases.
- They require frequent fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
- It is necessary to form and tie up bushes.
Varieties and subspecies of the variety
Thanks to the work of domestic and Dutch breeders, several different subspecies of Bull's Heart variety, differing not only in color, but also in their characteristics, are currently created.
- Bull heart red. Differs tomato bull heart red aromatic taste and meaty heart. Color - dark pink. Fruits have a weight of 400 to 700 grams. Considering the reviews of Tomato Bull red heart, it is better to use the fruit fresh, make salads or use to make mashed potatoes, ketchups and juice.
- Bull's heart is golden. The color of the fruit - golden - yellow. The shape of the fruit is cone-shaped. Weight - 400 - 700 g. Tomatoes are distinguished by a sweet taste, but after studying the reviews of tomato Bull Gold Heart F1, it becomes clear that the fruits have a rather thick skin and lower yields compared with other subspecies.
- Bull heart pink. Fruits are bright pink. According to reviews of tomato Bullish pink heart, the fruits of gigantic weight - up to 1 kg can be obtained from this subspecies. Fruits are dense, but ripen later than other subspecies. But the fruits are better preserved, and the plant has good resistance to diseases. Simple care and all previous advantages make this subspecies very popular.
- The bullish heart is white. Fruits are light white. Individual fruits can grow up to 900 grams. Fruiting long, stops after the first frost.
- Bull heart orange. Fruits are orange. Weight - up to 900 grams. Plants are resistant to drought and are rarely affected. The lack of varieties: requires frequent pasynkovanie.
- Bull heart is black. The color of the fruit is most often brown - maroon. Fruits grow to 700 g, but ripen for a long time. They are distinguished by tender pulp and practically have no seeds. The subspecies has the highest yield: often fruits at once on all hands.
Growing tomatoes Bull heart
Tomatoes of this variety are demanding on the soil. It should be: highly fertile, loose, not heavy, well-warmed.
In order to achieve high yields, the soil must also be fertilized with manure, peat or compost.
The soil for tomatoes is prepared in the fall. For this, the bed intended for tomatoes is deeply dug up and fertilizers are applied.
Growing seedlings from seed
Seeds of the Bullish Heart variety are washed, disinfected and sown in early March.
10 days before planting, it is recommended to harden the seeds so that the shoots grow strong and healthy.
In a well-warmed and fertilized land planted seeds to a depth of no more than three centimeters.
Dive seedlings after the appearance of the first pair of full-fledged leaves.
Seedlings of tomatoes are planted in open ground at the end of May, in greenhouses - at the end of April. On one square meter no more than 4 - 5 bushes are planted.
Forming a bull heart bush
In the bush may be two stalks. The second stem is formed from the first stepchild. On one stalk no more than 8 flowering brushes are permissible. It is necessary to monitor and cut off unnecessary stepsons and leaves in time. Otherwise there will be no big harvest.
Each bush is tied to a support with the help of a two-meter wooden peg, since the bush of the Bull's heart is tall.
If you want to get the fruits of a large size and a good harvest, you need to take care of the bushes. Namely:
- be sure to tie up
- water regularly
- fertilize if necessary,
- use only warm water for irrigation,
- water only at sunset.
If cultivation takes place in a greenhouse, then constant and regular ventilation is necessary.
Diseases Tomatoes Bullish Heart
Phytophthora fungi infect the shrub and fruit, which can lead to the death of the whole plant.
Signs of phytophtora disease. The disease is easily detected by the following features:
- The bushes begin to rot: first the leaves, then the fruit and the stem,
- inflorescences become dark and wither.
At the first signs of phytophtora damage, it is necessary:
- remove all diseased plants and burn them to prevent the spread of the disease,
- spray the plants with fungicides.
Description and characteristics of tomato Bull heart
The tomato called Bullish Heart is a fleshy, but juicy and sweet-tasting vegetable that has larger fruits than other varieties of tomatoes. It is grown for salads or canning. Tomatoes are resistant to disease, well stored, retain the taste even after processing.
Tomatoes grow on tall and spreading bushes, reaching 1.5 meters in height. Tomatoes of this species ripen only for 132 days after the germination of the first shoots. On one stem can grow fruits of different shapes and masses. On the lowest inflorescences, as a rule, up to three large fruits grow. At the top of the bush are smaller tomatoes, their shape is oval. Stem necessarily, in the process of development, you need to tie. This variety forms up to 6-8 brushes and stops growing. This is a determinant view.
The tomatoes themselves are raspberry red in color. True, breeders derived several varieties of this variety. Some of them have pink, yellow, dark red, brown fruits. The leaves of tomatoes are green, medium size. The skin is dense, does not crack for a long time. One brush can withstand up to 5 fruits.
This variety has gained popularity among gardeners due to its high yield. It is much higher if grown in a greenhouse. With one huge bush you can get up to 12 kilograms of ripe fruits. If you grow tomatoes in the open field, they may not have time to ripen. This is a late ripening variety. In the garden its yield is up to 5-8 kilograms.
How to plant a tomato in open ground?
Propagated tomatoes, as a rule, rassadny way. Thus it is possible to get an early harvest, even in the open field. Tomatoes are grown on the garden or greenhouse method. The choice of landing site depends on the climate of a particular region.
Considering the long time of ripening of tomatoes, it is better to plant them on a bed in warm latitudes. In places with a harsh climate and short summer, tomatoes are planted only in greenhouses.
When to plant a tomato?
Tomatoes on the garden are planted in the form of seedlings. At this point, the seedlings are already 1.5-2 months old. Pre-seeds are planted in small trays in February or early March. For 60 pieces of seedlings need 2 boxes, the dimensions of which are 30 x 40 centimeters. The depth of the tank is about 15 centimeters. In late May, seedlings are planted in the garden.
Planting seeds on seedlings
Seeds for seedlings need to be sown in small wooden or plastic boxes. Soil should have drainage, consist of land, humus, sand, fertilizer. You can buy ready-made peat substrate in the store.
The depth of sowing seeds - 2 centimeters. Pre-moisten the ground with warm water. Cover the soil with seeds. When shoots appear, it is removed. The land must be constantly watered. Do not let it dry out. Seedlings fed organic solution with ash. If the seedlings grow in the greenhouse, it is necessary to avoid over-wetting the soil. Otherwise, the plant can get sick.
Small trays of seeds are contained on the window sill or in the greenhouse. The room should be well heated. Saplings, with early planting, in the dark time of day include additional lighting.
Growing in a greenhouse
In the heated greenhouse seedlings planted in April. Per 1 square meter should be no more than 4 plants. After planting, tomatoes are watered and tied up. On the bush should be 1-2 stalk. The second is formed from the first stepchild. The remaining leaves and stepchildren are removed.
On one plant should be 8 brushes with fruits. A good harvest is achieved if the tomatoes are watered and fertilized regularly. The tomatoes grown in the greenhouse need additional pollination.
Before disembarking, seedlings are hardened. They are pre-sprayed with Zircon solution. It boosts immunity. Then young plants for two weeks are taught to new conditions. The plant is planted on the garden at the end of May. 3-4 stalks are planted per 1 square meter.
The very soil for planting is prepared in the fall. They dig it up. Fertilize with humus. For tomatoes, use beds after carrots, cabbage, onions, and cucumbers. In the spring, shortly before planting, the soil is again dug up and leveled. Organics and mineral fertilizers are added to the soil.
Tomatoes love a lot of sun. For them, you need to choose an unshadowed area. Seedlings are planted deep in the soil, but the leaves of the plant are not covered with earth. Tomatoes are immediately watered.
Features plant care
Care of tomatoes (step by step):
- top dressing
- bush formation and pasynkovanie,
- tying long stalks
- loosening the soil and laying mulch
- pest control.
Watering, feeding, pollination
Tomatoes are recommended to be watered regularly. Watering is done 2 or 3 times a week. You can use drip irrigation of plants. Water for irrigation should be soft and warm. It is not recommended to use tap water. It is better to water the tomatoes after the sun or in the evening. The earth should get wet by 30 centimeters.
Tomatoes need to be fed on time. Once every 2 weeks. Do not give them too much fertilizer. Tomatoes are usually fed several times. For the first time - even at the time of growing seedlings. Then - before the appearance of flowers, as well as at the time of fruit set.
Fertilizers are carefully applied under the root. When ripe tomatoes feed do not give. After all, it can lead to abundant growth of greenery. Initially, seedlings are fertilized with phosphorus and nitrogen supplements, at the time of the formation of the fruits - with potassium.
The yield of tomatoes depends on good pollination. Pollen quality deteriorates at temperatures below 10 or above 35 degrees. Overheating often occurs in greenhouse conditions, so greenhouses need to be regularly aired. If the fruits are grown in the greenhouse, they need additional pollination. For this purpose, the plants are slightly shaken.
It is also recommended to place honey plants (rapeseed, mustard, basil), favorite by bees, near the greenhouses - so insects will fall inside the greenhouse.