Seed chestnut (Latin C. sativa Mill), also known as “edible chestnut”, “European chestnut” and “noble chestnut” - a type of deciduous tree of the family Beech. In nature, it is widely distributed in a warm subtropical climate, in Russia it is found only in the Caucasus. Gives edible fruits that from ancient times to this day are used in cooking and medicine.
Photo of an adult tree.
A chestnut seed reaches a height of 35 meters, lives on average a hundred years. The trunk is straight and slim, its maximum diameter is one meter. Oblong leathery leaves with pointed tops and bases on average grow to 15 centimeters in length. From above they are bare or barely pubescent, on the back side they are hairy.
Chestnut flowers are collected in groups of three or more, which are located on the same axis in inflorescences up to thirty centimeters in length. At their bases are placed female flowers, above which are placed individuals of the male sex. Some inflorescences may include only male flowers.
The leaves begin to bloom from mid-spring, and flowering usually begins in early July. Pollinated by wind, bees or other insects. Cross-pollination occurs due to the fact that female and male chestnut flowers open at different times.
Chestnut nuts ripen closer to the end of autumn (end of October - beginning of November) - at the same time leaves fall. Ripe fruit weighs about twenty grams and has good germination (about 90%). In addition to seeds, it can be propagated with the help of a sprout. It grows quickly, begins to bear fruit from twenty years.
Before planting a chestnut plant, you need to determine the right place for planting. In diameter, it should be at least three meters - only then the plant can successfully develop and will please the gardener with a high and powerful crown and rich fruit bearing. The best type of soil for chestnut is leached chernozem with the addition of sand and clay. The tree is well tolerated by the wind and has good frost resistance.
Young tree seedling.
Several times during the season it is necessary to loosen the soil around the tree and water it. Before winter, a ten-centimeter layer of peat, sawdust or foliage should be laid out around the trunk. In order for your chestnut tree to become lush and spreading, in early spring it is necessary to prune the upper branches by a quarter of the length.
The plant is recommended to be fertilized once a year - this should be done at the beginning of the summer season. The recipe for the ideal fertilizer for chestnut: in a fifteen-liter bucket, 20 grams of ammonium nitrate and a potassium nitrogen mixture with a kilogram of fresh manure and 15 grams of urea are diluted.
The chemical composition of the fruit of the tree
The fruits of edible chestnut contain a number of substances useful to the human body, including:
- Proteins (about 3% per 100 g) and carbohydrates (about 30% per 100 g),
- Starch, sucrose, glucose,
- Vitamins of group B,
- Vitamin C,
- Natural acids (lactic, malic and citric),
- Minerals (calcium, iron, zinc, iodine and others).
Caloric value of 100 g of a product makes 165 kilocalories.
The use of chestnut fruit in cooking
Fried fruit tree.
Nuts of a plant found broad application in cookery and the food industry. Raw fruits taste like nuts, and after cooking they become like potatoes. It is used by vegetarians as a substitute for animal protein for vegetable.
Edible Chestnut Nuts:
- Eaten: boiled, smoked, stewed, fried and raw,
- Crushed into flour and consumed instead of coffee
- Used in the preparation of chopped chocolate and marzipan,
- Recycled in alcohol.
During the preparation of various dishes edible chestnut fruit:
- Added to the filling and side dish for meat,
- In crushed form are added to soups,
- Used as seasoning oatmeal or wheat porridge,
- Used to make pasta for sandwiches and toasts,
- Added to pastry.
The use of wood in medicine
The fruits of the plant are used in folk and traditional medicine. They make various drugs (syrups, ointments, pills and tinctures), which are recommended for use for the prevention of rheumatism, sciatica, colds, bronchitis, various inflammations, cough and hemorrhoids.
The leaves of the tree are used in medicine.
In folk medicine, the fetus is advised to be carried in a breast pocket for the treatment of coughs and colds and to periodically massage the breast with it. In ancient times, from the fruits of the plant they made medicinal necklaces that restored people's well-being during bronchitis and asthma.
Parts of the tree itself are dried and used to prepare infusions, alcoholic liquors and syrups for the treatment of the following ailments:
- Airway inflammation,
- Varicose veins
- Stomach diseases,
- Kidney disease
- Whooping cough,
- Cuts and wounds
- Bladder diseases,
- Vein nasopharynx,
- Pain during menstruation,
Chestnut - unpretentious tree for decoration of the garden plot
Chestnut is a very beautiful tree with a peculiar appearance. It has a wide, spreading crown, the height of the tree reaches 25 m. Toward October, fruits are ripening on a tree, and it also looks very stylish.
By the way, many types of chestnut have inedible fruits. So do not expect that you will have a source of tasty nuts. No, in the northern zones chestnuts have a more decorative meaning. But the trees are really good and do an excellent job with the main role - to decorate the land.
Planting and care, reproduction of chestnut are not difficult. The main thing is to grow a viable seedling, and then the tree will grow by itself.
In fact, options for breeding chestnut set:
- Root Scions,
How to choose a landing site
When planting chestnut, it is important to choose a good place, it will be a guarantee that in the future the tree will turn green and grow quickly. The sun needs chestnut like air! That is why chestnut cultivation is problematic in northern latitudes.
It is also important to expect that there are no buildings, barns, large trees, arbors near the place chosen by you. Within a radius of 5 m should be open space! Chestnut is a fairly large plant, it needs a lot of space.
Thus, the requirements for the landing site are as follows:
- High illumination
- Enough space for the root system
- Space for the crown of the future tree (5 m space in the radius should be free).
The chestnut root system has an interesting feature - it is superficial. Therefore, after choosing a good place, it is necessary to prepare the soil for the tree to be comfortable.
Good drainage is needed: a layer of sand or a mixture of sand and clay should be laid in a prepared pit up to 60 cm deep. This is done so that the roots do not rot: stagnation of water is destructive for chestnut.
Most often, horse chestnut is planted in the fall. Alternatively, you can land in early spring. When planting, it is important to trace that you have not buried the root neck in the ground - it should be at the level of the soil. As soon as the planting is completed, it is necessary to water a sapling plentifully (at least 3 buckets of water per 1 tree).
While the tree is very young, it can be damaged by an animal or wind. To prevent this from happening, you need to install props on four sides.
Breeding features of chestnut walnut
As I already mentioned, the method of growing chestnuts from walnut is very attractive. It will be your tree that you have grown yourself, from a small chestnut tree. Make it easy. You will need, in fact, only fully ripe fruits and time - about 3-4 years. What fruits are suitable for our purposes:
- who fell to the earth themselves
- without traces of illness or damage by rodents,
- without a trace of rot.
In the fall, collect a few ripe chestnuts, put them in a closed container with wet sand. This is an artificial stratification (chestnut will not rise without it). Chestnut should lie in the sand for some time, for example, until spring. Just like in nature! Indeed, in natural conditions, the fruit of chestnut, before germinating, is resting in the cool ground.
Closer to spring, you can get a nut, soak it in warm water (this is an imitation of warm spring rains). Water should be changed from time to time (keep an eye on the condition). When the nut has softened rind, you can plant it in the pot.
The tree will soon germinate, and with the first warm days you can put it in the sun, into the courtyard. If you live in a warm climate zone, the chestnut can grow in a pot and spend the winter in the greenhouse for the first three years.
If you live in the middle zone, it is advisable to grow a chestnut to a more adult state - for about 5 years it should spend the winter in a greenhouse. But no more! Chestnut should harden, get used to external conditions.
In the summer, it is advisable to water the sapling with soft water, loosen the ground, feed it. Adult chestnuts do not require such care, but in case of drought, it is advisable to water the tree additionally (in the evening).
It is desirable to make top dressing in early spring, cow dung is perfect. Also in the fall they prepare chestnut for wintering, feeding it with a special mixture: 15 grams of nitroammophoska per 10 liters of water.
If you wish, you can trim the chestnut, forming a symmetrical crown, it treats pruning well.
Horse chestnut is the most common type of this plant. In addition to it, other species are also grown:
- Californian chestnut. This species grows in the western part of North America. The height of the tree reaches 10 meters. He has a straight trunk. The main advantage of the tree are white flowers with a pinkish tinge, reaching a diameter of 20 centimeters,
- chestnut meat-red. Distributed in the Crimea, in the south of the Baltic, in Ukraine. An adult plant can grow up to 25-30 meters. The leaves are dark green in color, with a dense, leathery surface. The flowers are collected in racemes and painted dark pink or dark red. This chestnut variety needs a lot of moisture and does not tolerate hot dry summers,
- chestnut yellow. Chestnut variety is widely distributed in eastern America. A tree up to 30 meters high has a crown in the shape of a pyramid. Leaves are wedge-shaped with jagged edges. The lower part of the leaf plate is colored golden yellow. This kind of plant is easier for others to tolerate lower temperatures in winter and blooms somewhat later than other species,
- small-flowered chestnut. Unlike other representatives of this species has a shrub form and reaches a height of 5 meters. Planting chestnut small-flowered can create dense thickets. The leaves consist of several small leaves, the lower part of which has a grayish tint,
- Pavia or chestnut red. It grows in the east of the United States. The plant may have a woody or shrub form. Its height reaches 10-20 meters. The flowers are saturated red. Fruits are smooth and have no bristles,
- japanese chestnut. The height of the tree is 30 meters. The trunk is straight, smooth, sprawling main branches. The leaves are quite large, reaching a length of 16 centimeters. Flowers are painted in yellowish-white color and are collected in inflorescences. Fruits are pear shaped.
Growing chestnutt on the plot
Every gardener who has experience in growing plants can grow a beautiful spreading tree on his plot. To do this, follow the simple rules of planting and care for the chestnut.
Having decided to plant a horse chestnut, you should know that wood takes a lot of space. In order for the crown to develop well and form correctly, the distance from the tree to the nearest buildings or other plantings must be at least five meters. Only in this case, horse chestnut will develop normally and will not inhibit other plants.
Horse chestnut care is easy, in the shade of a tree practically no other plants grow, which allows creating a resting place under its crown.
When planting chestnut, remember that the tree requires considerable space, good lighting and protection from cold wind and drafts.
Chestnut shade-tolerant, but flowering occurs only with good sunlight.
For seedlings, a large area is chosen, since the powerful root system of the plant and the spreading crown require a lot of space.
To keep the tree trunk smooth and not deformed, the plant should not be exposed to gusts of wind and constant drafts.
Planting young plants in the open ground in the springwhen the soil warms up. Planting seedlings in the fall is not recommended, as in winter they can be damaged by rodents.
Chestnut requires weak acid nutrient friable soil. The tree grows well in loamy or black soil. Dense soil is not suitable for plants, since the root system cannot develop normally. When planting should take care of drainage to avoid stagnant moisture.
Selection of seedlings
- For planting should choose young three-year plants or a little older. A transplant of young plants to a new place can be carried out until the plant is 10 years old.
- Planting pits are prepared for seedlings of a cubic form with a depth of up to 60 centimeters, at the bottom of which a layer of drainage from fine crushed stone and sand, nutritious soil from humus and dolomite flour is laid out.
- When planting, do not bury the root neck. The hole for planting should be slightly higher, because after a while the ground will settle and the tree trunk will be bare. After planting, the seedlings are watered and set up props to protect against the wind. They are removed when the root system is sufficiently developed and strengthened.
An adult chestnut tree easily tolerates a lack of moisture. Watering is necessary if summer is very hot and there is no rain for a long time. Regular watering is required only for young plants.
Weeding and loosening
Weeding around young landings should be done regularly. It is usually combined with shallow soil loosening and weed destruction.
As the tree grows, the need for these events disappears, as a dense crown suppresses growth near any plants.
During pruning formed lush spreading crown of the tree. For this, in the spring the upper branches are pruned to length. The lateral shoots which have grown up in the summer do not cut off. This pruning is carried out every year until the tree reaches the required height.
When pruning leave 5 strong side shoots. After the crown formation is completed, pruning is not performed.
Sanitary pruning is carried out regularly in spring time. It allows you to remove dried and pest damaged branches.
When pruning young plants shortened regrown shoots are cut in half length. In summer, thin branches should be removed. This will help prevent crown thickening.
After pruning is completed, the cuts are treated with garden pitch.
Chestnut propagated by cuttings and seeds.
Preparation of cuttings is carried out in the autumn, after the bark of the main plant has ripened, and the buds have formed. Planting requires cuttings up to 30 centimeters in length with 5-7 well developed buds. They are placed in planting boxes filled with rooting for rooting.
- Seed propagation
For seed propagation, well ripened whole intact nuts are used. Seed germination is possible only after stratification, which naturally occurs in fallen foliage, where the nuts overwinter and sprout with the onset of spring.
At home for stratification nuts placed in wet sand and stored in a cool room for two to five months. Before planting, they should be dipped in warm water. This will allow the shell to soften and break down the substances contained in it, which prevent germination.
Then the seeds are planted in open ground in the garden at a depth of 10 centimeters. And also, you can land them in small pots. In this case, the planting can be carried out without waiting for the onset of spring, and at the end of May, seedlings can be transplanted to the personal plot.
If the root root is slightly shortened during transplantation, then a strong surface root system will develop. Care of seedlings includes regular loosening of the soil, weeding and watering. In the second year after planting, the seedlings are definitely thinned.
Top dressing and fertilizer
Fertilization is carried out annually in early spring. As a top-dressing, a composition of ammonium nitrate, urea, phosphate-potassium fertilizer and manure is used.
And also for dressing you can use compost, herb extracts, humus with additions of mineral fertilizers.
Before fertilizing, the soil is mulched using peat, sawdust and wood chips, which will later become a good fertilizer for wood.
Preparing for the winter
Chestnut easily tolerates winter frosts, but still needs additional preparation for the cold. Protection against lowering the temperature and cold wind is necessary for young landings in the first 3 years.
Чтобы подготовить растение к зиме, следует мульчировать приствольный круг и укрыть стволы мешковиной или нетканым укрывным материалом. Это может избежать появления трещин на коре. Если они все-таки появились, их обрабатывают антисептическим раствором и садовым варом.
Pest and disease control
Каштан подвержен развитию грибковых заболеваний, мучнистой росы, антракноза. To eliminate diseases, as well as for preventive purposes, trees are treated with Bordeaux mixture and other fungicidal agents.
Of insect pests, Japanese hruschiki, borers, bagworms and the previously unknown Balkan moth often attack trees. Insecticidal agents are used for pest control.
For the prevention of diseases and the multiplication of pests, it is necessary to burn the fallen leaves during the autumn harvesting of the garden plots.
Chestnut tree (Castanea): description of species and varieties
Chestnut (Castanea) - a tree that is able to decorate any alley in the park or garden. The crown gives it a plentiful shade, and pinkish-white flower candles delight with their beauty.
Chestnut blooms every spring for several weeks. Autumn formed fruit boxes, covered with thick spikes. When ripe, they crack, fall and glossy nuts appear from them.
The fruits of the tree have healing properties. Chestnuts are used to treat thrombosis, anemia, arthritis, diseases of the cardiovascular system and bleeding. Often the fruit is used in cooking.
- Chestnut is a perennial plant.
- The tree reaches a height of 30 meters.
- Its leaves are rather large, fleshy, with well-defined veins.
- Inflorescences have the form of a brush or a candle, which is directed upwards.
- The flowers are white, pink, yellow (depending on the type of tree), with a pleasant aroma.
The most common type is horse chestnut (Aesculus), or "ventricle". Its peculiarity is in fruits whose taste is tart and astringent. Often these chestnuts go to feed livestock.
In addition, there are other types of wood:
- Californian. Its maximum height is 10 m. It grows in the USA (western part).
- Meat red. The tree grows up to 30 m in height. Poor drought tolerance, but it stuck well in the Crimea. The plant differs in bright red inflorescences.
- Yellow. It tolerates cold and drought. Inflorescences are yellow, with a characteristic aroma.
- Small flowers. The trees are small, reaching a height of 4 - 5 m.
- Pavia Chestnut has smooth fruits, fruit boxes have no thorns.
- Japanese. Tree with large, fleshy leaves and white flowers.
These are the most common types of chestnuts, which are completely unpretentious in the care.
How to grow chestnuts?
First of all, it is necessary to determine from which to grow a tree. You can plant seedlings or use for growing fruits. Next, you need to prepare the soil and choose a suitable place on the site for planting a large tree with a spreading crown. It is advisable to plant a chestnut in well lighted place and allocate for it a lot of free space, since the root system of the tree is very extensive. In the next 5 meters from the selected place should not be present any buildings and other landings.
In order to avoid stagnation of water and the roots do not begin to sing, it is necessary to provide the tree with a suitable loose soil with good drainage. The soil should also be moderately moist.
In the care of this luxurious tree is unpretentious and does not need frequent watering, calmly enduring drought. Unlike mature trees, young ones are more demanding on watering and need to be watered much more frequently and more abundantly. Chestnut needs fertilizer and pruning damaged and dry branches. Fertilize the culture is necessary in the spring, using a solution and mullein and urea, in the ratio of 1 kg and 15 grams per 10 liters of water.
Despite the frost resistance, in the winter months it is necessary to cover young saplings with sacking. Mature trees that have reached the age of three are more resistant to severe frosts and do not need to be covered.
Features of growing chestnut
Chestnut is a tall tree that can decorate a summer cottage. Umbrella crown gives a thick shadow, and delicate flower candles please every spring for 2 weeks. In autumn, fruit boxes covered with green thorns appear. When ripe, they crack, and from there hard glossy brown nuts fall to the ground.
This perennial tree has many healing properties. Different parts of the plant contain coumarins, glycosides, tannins, vitamins C and thiamine, carotenoids, pectins, flavonoids. They contribute to the treatment of thrombosis, the elimination of edema, are useful for cardiovascular disorders, arthritis, anemia, bleeding and many other problems.
Horse chestnut grows up to 36 meters
In its wild form it grows in many southern countries, but it is often found in the middle lane as a landscape gardening culture. Correct planting and caring for a chestnut tree is not as complicated as it may seem to a beginner.
Horse chestnut flowers have beneficial properties
Deciding to plant this sprawling tree in your garden, you need to take into account that for the normal development of its crown space is needed: the distance to buildings, buildings or other green spaces must be at least 5 meters. Even grass does not grow under its dense crown, but it is an excellent protection from the scorching sun.
In what climate does chestnut grow
Despite its southern origin, the chestnut is winter-hardy enough. Under favorable conditions, some specimens survive the centuries. Thanks to an extensive and powerful root system, a tree can grow even in a rather severe climate, needing shelter for the winter only at a young age.
In the summer, it withstands thirty-degree heat, but the best temperature for it is moderate heat from 20 to 25 ⁰C.
With good snow cover in the winter, the tree is experiencing twenty degrees of frost, but suffers from cold, piercing winds.
Chestnut also badly tolerates gas atmosphere and dry winds. Therefore, it is often possible to observe the streets of industrial cities withering and drying out the foliage of trees in the midst of a hot summer.
The most common representative of this plant in our country is horse chestnut. In adulthood, it grows up to 30 meters, has large finger-like (5 or 7) complex leaves with well-defined veins. Crice-like inflorescences directed upwards appear in May. They have white terry, yellow or pink flowers with red spots in the center. The fruits ripen in September - October.
The main use of chestnut in traditional medicine is the treatment of blood vessels.
Besides him there are other types:
- Californian. It grows in the western United States, its height is up to 10 meters, and the flowers are white and pink.
- Meat red. Crimean variety with large raceme-shaped inflorescences of dark red color. A tree that grows up to 30 meters, absolutely can not stand the drought, likes abundant watering.
- Yellow. East American species with a pyramidal crown, yellow buds and golden toothed leaves. Considered one of the most cold-resistant species. Blossoms a little later than their relatives.
- Small-flowered. Shrub form with complex small leaves, painted on the underside in a grayish color. Grow up to 5 meters tall.
- Pavia, or red chestnut. A shrub or tree growing in the east of the USA. It grows up to 10 meters and is characterized by rich red flowers and smooth fruits.
- Japanese. A tall erect tree with very large leaves and yellow-white flowers. Its fruits are pear-shaped.
How to plant a chestnut tree
Planting chestnut - a simple matter, but it should take into account the condition of the soil on the site. If the soil composition is unfavorable for this tree, they prepare the seat in advance: they dig a hole and fill it with a mixture of three parts of turf ground, two parts of humus and one part of sand.
Fruits of horse chestnut - a valuable raw material for the preparation of drugs
The best time for planting is considered to be autumn or early spring, these terms are not recommended to be shifted, because there is a chance that the seedling will not have time to settle down.
Horse chestnut is widely used in park landscapes
Three-year and slightly older specimens are excellent planting material.
The order of work:
- Dig a hole with a depth and width of more than half a meter.
- Humus, a glass of superphosphate is introduced into the soil. Overly acidic soil composition is neutralized using dolomite flour.
- The roots of chestnut can not tolerate waterlogging, so for good drainage the bottom of the ditch is covered with a layer of about 15 cm, consisting of sand with the addition of fine gravel.
- Root neck when landing placed at ground level.
- To prevent subsidence of the root collar, the pit is not only densely filled with nutrient soil mixture, but also makes a small mound around the trunk.
- Each sapling is watered with 3-4 warm water buckets. After planting, practice daily watering.
- For better rooting sapling tied to a support. The prop can be removed when the chestnut is rooted and the tree can withstand the winds.
Caring for a seedling in the garden
Under natural conditions, the chestnut tree prefers loose fertile soil
Caring for a tree planted in a permanent place in the garden is simple. At a young age, you need to constantly take care of it, but a mature tree almost does not need guardianship.
You can not leave a newly planted tree under the hot rays of the sun, it can overheat and get severe burns. When growing chestnut under the open sun and at high air temperature in the first year of life, it is necessary to water heavily and additionally cover the chestnut tree.
After landing, the following agrotechnical measures are carried out during the season:
- Watering. For young specimens, it should be constant, while mature ones should be watered only as needed. It is better to use separated water. Water the plants at the same time - in the early morning or before sunset.
- Weeding. It is made only for the first time, since the overgrown dense crown of the tree does not create conditions for the appearance of extraneous vegetation in the forest region.
- Mulching. So that the ground around the chestnut remains loose and does not dry out, it is mulched with a 10-centimeter layer of wood chips or peat with the addition of compost.
- Top dressing. Fertilization is a must-have ritual for achieving good tree growth. After wintering, manure and urea, ammonium nitrate and phosphate-potassium fertilizers are used for top dressing. In the autumn for this purpose used nitroammofosku. A layer of mulch from wood chips and peat is also a fertile option for additional feeding of young trees.
- Preparing for the winter. It is needed only in the first couple of years after landing. The barrel is wrapped in several layers of burlap, and the barrel circle is mulched. This prevents cracking in the cold. Appeared the same frost is treated with an antiseptic and covered with garden pitch.
- Crop. It is necessary to stimulate the lush and beautiful crown. In spring pruning, shoots grown from young trees are shortened by half. In the summer, thin sprigs are removed to avoid excessive growth of the crown. Be sure to leave intact at least five strong side shoots. Places saw cuts branches covered with garden pitch. In adult trees, only spring sanitary pruning of dry and damaged branches is done.
A decoction of the prickly shell of chestnut is used in the treatment of gynecological diseases
Prevention and control of diseases and pests
Although the tree, traditional for gardening of city streets, is rarely sick, it sometimes suffers from fungal diseases, an invasion of bulls and other pests.
A diseased tree with dry, reddened leaves should be immediately sprayed with Bordeaux liquid or Fundazol, which helps in almost all cases.
In recent decades, previously unknown pests have begun to attack chestnut trees - the chestnut, or Balkan mole. From it in the midst of summer, the leaves dry and fall, disintegrating again in the fall. Then the chestnut starts late flowering, and because of this it meets the winter unprepared. This leads to its freezing and even death during wintering.
Escin in combination with flavonoids found in chestnut fruits prevent the formation of blood clots and strengthen the walls of blood vessels
It is difficult to fight this pest, you have to inject a special chemical into the trunk of the affected tree. An effective measure of prevention is the timely cleaning of fallen leaves, in which the pupae of the moth prefer to spend the winter.
The dangerous enemy of the chestnut is the tick. To prevent its occurrence, 2 times a month, the tree can be treated with Karbofos or Fitoverm. Of folk remedies, decoctions of dissected hogweed and black henbane are considered the most effective.
Problems of growing chestnut and their solution
Growing chestnut trees in most cases brings little trouble. But sometimes you have to face some complications:
- Leaf spot. It is perforated, black, brown, or red-brown. With this phenomenon, it is important to collect all the affected leaves and burn them. Sick tree needs extra feeding, reducing the frequency of watering. Its additional protection will be a cover tied with several pegs.
A spotted tree weakens and blooms poorly
Mealy dew looks like a gray-white scurf on the leaves
I advise you to transplant chestnuts in early autumn, when the heat is already gone, but it will still be warm enough. Repot with a lump of earth (if it was hot before that and the earth crumbles — pour a few days before the transplant so that the earth “clutches” and the lump of earth around the roots holds on. After transplantation be sure to spill well. And a week later. You can pour when planting with Kornevin. Here I do not advise cutting the central stem. Chestnut is not a bush, it should have one trunk. It is his nature to be even)
I have horse chestnut growing. He is already 5 years old. He grew 1 m from a nut that I planted on the sample (if he grows up, he won't grow). He is very attractive even without flowers (he has little sun). It grows in front of the cottage, along the path. I expect that someday I will give a shadow on the house and on the car, near which it now turned out (when I put it, I did not even think about the car).
Many gardening enthusiasts have tried to grow horse chestnut in Siberia, but these attempts have come to nothing. The trees, despite the growth and even fully matured shoots by autumn, froze hard over the winter. Or completely freezed.
As well as attempts to grow a sapling from a nut. These seedlings grow and hibernate while small, after that, when their growth increases, they freeze and become like a bush.
We did this. In the fall, they simply planted chestnuts in a row. At a distance of about 50 cm from each other, half a bayonet. If the ground is dry, pour water into the well before planting. Plant it in the fall, they need to survive the cold. That's all. In the spring, 9 of the planted chestnuts rose from us. 7. We watered and loosened. A year later, 2 seedlings were planted near the yard, the rest were distributed.
And Baba Yaga is against
When growing a horse chestnut tree or its varieties need patience, it does not grow quickly. With careful care after a dozen years, having significantly overtaken all the surrounding garden trees in growth, it will become a protection from the summer heat thanks to thick, juicy and delicate foliage. If necessary, this plant can become a healer for many diseases.
Possible diseases and pests
Any variety of this picturesque tree is subject to certain diseases and pest attacks. Among them is worth highlighting the following:
- Chestnut moth - harms the leaves and when attacked by this pest, the tree begins to discard the injured foliage and weaken. You can get rid of the pest with the help of a special tool sold in specialized stores. Patients with fallen leaves must be burned to get rid of the pest larvae.
- Mealy dew - appears as a characteristic whitish plaque on the leaves. When infected leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off.
- Tree mite - lay the larvae on the foliage. Sucks the juice from the leaves, turning the green foliage into purple. To get rid of the pest fit karbofos. Trees afflicted with wood mite must be cut and burned.
- Holey spotting - manifested in the form of small holes in the leaves. Over time, the leaves also form brownish specks. Bordeaux liquid, which needs to be sprayed on the leaves 10 days after the flowering period, with an interval of a couple of seconds will help fight infection.
- Black spot - characteristic black specks appear on the leaves when infected. Over time, the foliage begins to fall, and the tree to wither. Causes of infection can be prolonged rain, high humidity and lack of potassium. It is desirable in this case for prevention to spray the tree with copper sulphate.