Syngonium is one of the most popular and unpretentious indoor plants. Its genus consists of 36 species and belongs to the aroid family. The birthplace of Singonium is Central and South America, which is characterized by tropical forests. In the wild, this plant is a grassy liana. Their life can begin with the ordinary seed that fell on the ground. Then the plant can climb up the tree or again fall to the ground. The syngonium has rather thin stems. If the plant vine is damaged, then the branching process begins.
In some species, you can observe wax bloom on the stems. The leaves on the Syngonium are arranged alternately. Like many aroid ones, the leaves of Syngonium are subject to polymorphism, changing their appearance depending on the surrounding conditions. For example, very young leaves can be very different in shape and color from old ones. A characteristic feature of Syngonium is the presence of the milky juice. On a leaf of a plant there is a drawing from thin veins.
Syngonium has two kinds of roots. Both species are formed under each node of the stem. The plant has both small thin roots that help it to hold on to various supports, as well as a thicker root, due to which Syngonium gets all the necessary nutrients.
The inflorescence at Singonium is protected by a veil, it has female and male flowers. Female inflorescences are located at the base of the plant, male - in its upper part. To prevent self-pollination, female flowers bloom first, then male flowers. But under room conditions, the syngoniums practically do not bloom and are used only as ornamental plants.
The fruits of syngonium are edible mainly for monkeys and a number of birds. Each of them contains up to 100 seeds that are edible to humans.
It is best to plant Syngonium at home in spring time. For planting used apical cuttings of plants, previously taken root. You can plant cuttings without roots, but for this, the tip of the cutting will have to be processed by a rooting plant and sprayed with a growth simulator, although often the aroid one will take root well and without roots at all.
For planting it is impossible to use too heavy substrate. Since the root system of Syngonium is superficial, the pot for it should not be too deep. Ideally, if the capacity is wide, where the plant will be able to place its additional roots.
- Pot size. For the Syngonium flower, the size and shape of the pot will not play a significant role. The only thing is not recommended to use pots for bonsai, whose width is much greater than the depth. But the plant is so unpretentious that it can grow in such a pot, but the development will be very slow. Ideally, a pot will be suitable for the Singonium, whose width will be less than its depth. Choose a pot with a stock is not worth it. The size of the pot should correspond to the root system. When the roots begin to look through the drainage holes in the pot, then you need to replant the Syngonium.
- The soil. Care involves the selection of soil. Syngonium loves slightly acidic soil. In addition, the substrate should be fairly light and airy. The mixture of soil should consist of leaf and sod land, peat soil and sand. The plant does not like heavy soil. If the soil looks heavy, you can add a little perlite or fine expanded clay to it. This will give the substrate airiness. So that the water in the soil does not stagnate, drainage in the form of expanded clay or small pebbles is necessarily placed on the lower layer of soil. Otherwise, the roots of Syngonium will rot.
Young Syngoniums at home must be replanted annually. Best at home to hold this event in the spring. As part of the care, the adult plant is transplanted once every two to three years. When transplanting, drainage is necessarily placed on the bottom, then the nutrient soil is poured. The size of the pot is also necessary to select the appropriate. It is not necessary to replant the plant in the capacity of "for growth".
In order to give more decorative to the Syngonium at home, a support can be placed in the center of the tank. Before this, you need to gently straighten the root system of the plant. The soil is distributed evenly in a circle. After this, the substrate must be slightly applied. Watering the plant after transplanting is not necessary. The exception is if the substrate was too dry. The syngonium will also grow well in hydroponics.
Location and lighting
Syngonium - very light-loving planttherefore, a bright and diffused light is necessary for him throughout the year. The plant may be used to shading, but there are some species that lose their color due to lack of light. But direct sunlight should be avoided, otherwise it may cause burns to the leaves. It is better to place the pot with Syngonium on the east or yf west side. Very often the plant is placed in the middle of the room.
In winter, the Syngonium will lack light, so at this time it should be located on the south side and provide additional lighting. A plant needs additional light or not — it can be easily identified by the color of the leaves. If the leaves are light green in size have become somewhat smaller, then Syngonium suffers from a deficit of light.
Fertilizers and feeding
Like most houseplants at home, In the framework of care, the syngonium needs regular feeding and nourishment.. For fertilizing plants suitable any fertilizer for leaf and plants and flowers. Proportions for dressing must comply with those specified in the instructions. Top dressing should not be abused if it concerns colored or variegated Syngonium. Especially such species do not tolerate nitrogenous fertilizers. The plant must be fed with a frequency of once every two to three weeks. In late autumn, as well as in winter, feeding is worth refusing.
Syngonium - moisture-loving plantso he needs plenty of water when caring for him. Throughout the year, the plant must be placed in a bath and watered at room temperature with water from a shower. This procedure is carried out at an air temperature of about 20 degrees. After that, the water must be given time to drain, after which the pots with the Syngonium is removed to its place. The next watering of the plant should be carried out when the top layer of the soil dries to a depth of 3 cm. If the Syngonium is too large and there is no opportunity to put it under the shower, then the plant is watered in place until the water passes into the pot. After an hour, the excess water must be drained.
Temperature and humidity
- For the Syngonium at home, it is best to maintain a constant air temperature within 20 degrees. The plant can also easily tolerate a strong drop in temperature. Even with a temperature drop of up to 10 degrees, Syngonium will behave with firmness. The only exception is the dwarf species of flower with delicate leaves and stems. In the summer, the Syngonium can be brought out onto the street or onto a balcony. But direct sunlight should be avoided, so the plant must be provided with additional shading. If in the winter to adhere to the same high temperature, the Signonium will need additional watering and moistening.
- Since Syngonium is a tropical plant, it is very moisture-loving, which suggests frequent spraying and wetting of the house. In the summer spraying should be done daily. If the plant is regularly bathed under a warm shower, it will give a juicy look to its leaves. It is necessary to avoid the location of Syngonium next to the heating devices. It will be good if you put the flower in the pan, which will be wet peat, expanded clay or pebbles. You can also use artificial air humidifiers. Periodically, the leaves of Syngonium should be wiped with a damp sponge. When spraying, the water should be soft and well settled, and also have room temperature.
Syngoniums require mandatory pruning. Pruning should be done annually in the spring. When pruning Syngonium removes poor-quality winter growth. In addition, to give the plant more branching, the Syngonium must be regularly and pinch. Pinching is carried out over the sixth sheet. When pruning and pinching, it is worth being careful that the syngonium's milky juice does not get on your hands, as it can cause skin irritation. Therefore, trimming should be done only with gloves.
Pests and diseases
Almost all species of Singonyua are rarely attacked by pests. Pests do not infect plants because of its poisonous juice. But there are three pests with which the poison is fearless: thrips, aphids, and scales.
Aphids can be found only on the bottom of the sheet. From above it does not happen. With her defeat, the leaves of the flower are beginning to curl, turn pale and fall off. To get rid of aphids, the plant must be treated with a solution of derris, fitoverma or aktellika. Proportions must comply with the instructions on the package. If one spraying does not relieve the Syngonium from the presence of aphids, then this procedure is repeated.
When the plant is attacked, its leaves begin to dry out, as a result of which the Syngonium can completely die. With the defeat of the flower with the shield, the Syngonium should be treated with a solution of actellic. Such a procedure is usually carried out several times.
Thrips attacks Syngonium only when the plant is in a room with dry air and high temperature. The first sign of plant damage is the formation of silvery spots on the outer part of the leaf. On the inside of a leaf, thrips postpones their future offspring. When attacking such a pest, the Syngonium also needs to be treated with an insecticide solution. The procedure is repeated until the trips disappear completely.
When growing Syngonium in room conditions, the plant will never give flowers. Only when it is grown on the street, Syngonium can bloom, forming beautiful flowers of light pink color.
To propagate SyngoniumYou can use several ways:
- Apical grafting.
- Air cutting.
- Pieces of escape.
It is very important to use only those shoots that have at least two buds. Shoots can also be rooted using different methods:
- Rooting in the water.
- Rooting in peat soil.
- Rooting in vermiculite.
- Rooting in sphagnum.
To speed up the process of formation of roots, putting the escape in water, you can add a growth simulator or one tablet of activated carbon. The root system is developing and Syngonium fairly quickly. After the formation of the roots, the stalk should be planted in a separate container with moist nutrient soil. Capacity should be covered with a transparent plastic bag. Thus, the effect of a small greenhouse will be created. After some time, the plant will take root. But it must be kept in a warm room with an air temperature of at least 22 degrees.
Shoots with buds can be tried to be planted immediately in wet soil.. The container with the plant is also covered with a film and retracted in a warm, bright place. Periodically, the film should be removed and aired the young plant.
After rooting, the young Syngonium can be pinched. This will give the plant a bushy shape.
The period of rest for Syngonium comes from late November to March. At this time, the plant does not need additional feeding. The air temperature in the room should not drop below 18 degrees. Also it is necessary to monitor the constant humidity of the air, so winter heating can cause dry air. Watering during dormancy is carried out as the topsoil dries. In addition, it is necessary to monitor enough light for the Singonium.
Syngonium: Signs and Superstitions
- It is often believed that a flower can bring destruction into family relationships.
- According to Chinese beliefs, Syngonium carries negative energy into the house.
- Some legends say that the plant is the keeper of the hearth.
- Syngonium accelerates the recovery of the patient.
- The plant in the bedroom reduces the number of unpleasant dreams.
Appearance and characteristics of popular varieties of syngonium
Syngonium is a plant from the aroid family, which originated from the countries of Central and South America. It is a fast-growing type liana with beautiful arrow-shaped leaves, air-like roots and thin-stemmed stems. With the gradual development and awareness of the plant It requires additional support for itself so that its stem can easily twist around it, just as in the wild it twists around the trunks of large and powerful trees of tropical climate.
The second way is to grow a flower in ample fashion, then its leaves will hang down like a lush and thick carpet. Given that the plant is quite unpretentious, the syngonium has one feature: its milky juice is considered poisonous and can easily provoke irritation of the mucous membrane in an adult and a child. The name for this reason should be especially careful to care for the flower, so that the poisonous juice does not accidentally fall on you.
What species of singnonium exist?
Singnonium is represented by 30 unusual and different species, but at home, mainly accustomed to grow only 3 varieties:
- Venlanda (Syngonium wendlandii) is an evergreen type liana with leaves of large size and dark green color, which has a rather velvety structure. The central vein is well expressed on the surface of the leaf, therefore, in some cases it is cast with a silvery shade.
- Knife-type syngonium (Syngonium podophullum) is one of the varieties of climbs of the climbing type, which with a gradual growth change the shape of the leaves (from arrow-shaped to table-shaped). Usually, the leaves are cut into 5-11 segments, the stalks are up to 60 centimeters long. Botanists were able to bring several varieties of this variety, some of them retain their versatility and arrow-shaped leaflets in adulthood. Syngonium knife-care at home.
- Uranus syngonium (Syngonium auritum) is also a climbing vine that has long branches. In the roots, this vine usually forms an internode. The leaves are quite dense, glossy-green shade, change their shape as they develop: from arrow-shaped they change to dissected with two ear-like segments near the base. The cover of a sheet of large size, in some cases, yellow or purple inside.
Caring for the syngonium at home
How to care for syngonium at home? And although the syngonium is rather unpretentious, it will still require care and special care from the owner. In order for him to grow up healthy and for a long time to make you happy, you need to follow some rules and maintain his vital activity with the help of special care.
- Proper lighting. Like a large number of other plants, syngonium is against bright light, so the best place for it will be a semi-dark spot with diffused light. Particularly well grow in the conditions of the penumbra varieties with green leaves (in the bright sun the leaves of the plant begin to fade and fade), and varieties with variegated vines are pretty light-loving. Especially carefully select the area where the flower will grow in the winter. So, due to the poor quality of the lighting, the leaves of the plant start to become smaller and paler. Also for the plant, you can use artificial types of lighting. It would be best to place the plant near the windows of the east western type.
- Temperature Indicators. The syngonium is a fairly stable plant, therefore it can perfectly withstand frequent temperature drops, and will also withstand temperatures of 10 degrees Celsius well. But for singnonium, it is still necessary to observe the optimum temperature regime in the room from 17 to 18 degrees Celsius in winter, and in summer from 18 to 24 degrees.
- Humidity indicators. Homeland plants are tropical areas, so singonium loves moisture and needs regular spraying and watering (the plant should be sprayed every day, especially in summer, hot weather). Try to maintain the humidity inside the room, bathe the plant under the shower at least once a month so that its leaves can preserve the beauty and attractive appearance. The main thing is that the plants do not stand near heating devices. It is best to place the plant in special pallets, at the bottom of which you should put peat or expanded clay, maintaining it in regular humidity. In this case, watering the plant should also be carried out with caution, because you can easily pour this plant.
- Watering. In summer, watering a plant should be quite abundant, as the soil dries out. For watering should be applied only to the water that was previously settled. It is also worth using only room temperature water. With the onset of cold weather, the volume of watering is gradually reduced, and in winter it becomes completely minimal.
- Fertilizer plants. The soil for planting and further transplantation is needed of a neutral type, slightly acid. Это должна быть минеральная смесь из листовой и дерновой земли, торф, а также песка. Лучше при этом использовать особую пропорцию этих компонентов -1:1:10,5.In the spring and summer, signignum must be fed with specialized fertilizers containing a large amount of vitamin minerals, and some calcium must be present in the fertilizer. Use this mixture should be 1 time for two - three weeks.
- Period of flowering signonium. At home, singnonium usually does not bloom at all. When grown on the street, the owners can achieve flowering, the flowers of the plant will be white and pink.
Singonium saplings undergo transplants every year in the springtime, and the adult plants - 1 time in two - three years. So, a layer of drainage should be laid on the very bottom of the prepared container, and then a nutrient substrate should be added. To enhance the decorative qualities flower you need to install additional support in the center of the tank, and then put the plant in a convenient place, straightening his root system. After that, the earth is poured in a circle of plants, and then pressed. The plant can grow freely in hydroponics.
Reproduce this plant can be in several ways:
- Pieces of shoots.
- Air cutting.
- Apical grafting.
Should be especially attentive and choose only those shoots on which there is a minimum of buds. Root Syngonium can also be various methods: in peat, in water, in vermiculite, and also sphagnum. In the water should first throw a tablet of activated carbon or any growth stimulant, accelerating the growth and development of Syngnonium. Root system of singnonium developing rapidly. Fully rooted cuttings should be transplanted into moist soil and covered with an additional plastic bag or glass on top, making it a way like a small greenhouse.
Also, young shoots together with the kidneys can be immediately planted in a wet substrate, while covering it with polyethylene before rooting. It should be remembered about airing young sprout.
To make the flower look more magnificent and acquire a beautiful shape, it is necessary to pinch the apical type shoots (above the sixth or seventh leaf).
Major diseases and harmful insects
All species of Syngnonium well protected from harmful insects and infections, because the juice of this plant is poisonous. But with all this, there are three pests on which this poison does not act at all: aphid, thrips, and scytchik.
Aphid most often affects the lower surface of the leaf, so you can overlook it from above. If the plant has a plant louse, then its leaves immediately begin to turn pale, dry out and quickly fall off. Fighting with aphids should be sprinkled with a solution of derris, phytoderm or aktellika in an appropriate proportion, which can be found in the instructions for the preparations. If nessesary, then spraying with these preparations should be carried out again.
If the Syngonium is struck by the thyroid, then its leaves wilt quickly, and after a while the plant completely dies. This time the owner will be helped by a special solution of actellin (10 drops should be diluted in 0.5 liters of water). Spraying the plant follows spend several times every 2-3 days.
Trips occurs in the culture in the case when the air in the room is too dry and the temperature exceeds the normal mark. In this case, light blotches can be found on the surface of the sheet, after some time the leaves become a grayish-brown color with a silvery sheen. In the lower part of the plant, you can distinguish a large number of colonies, which are set aside by this harmful parasite. In this case, the plant should also be treated with an insecticide.
Main features and difficulties in growing home-type syngonium
It happens that flower growers start complaining that the flower suddenly has small leaves. This can happen due to the small amount of vitamins in the composition of the earth and soil. At this time, the plant should be transplanted into a new soil mixture, which will be enriched with a large number of minerals and nutrients.
Due to the high dryness in the air the leaves of the syngonium suffer greatly: at first only the edges of the leaf dry up, and then the leaf as a whole. To overcome this problem, you should move the plant away from the heating equipment, regularly spray it and place an additional tank with separated water next to it.
If you notice that the leaves of the culture have begun to acquire a yellow color, then this means that you are not caring for the plant badly. This is the main sign that the plant is excessively flooded with water or the lighting in the room is too bright. It should be remembered that it is better to underfill the water than to pour and pour the whole plant. Over time, you will be able to independently determine the optimal amount of water that will be required for the normal existence of the plant. Also, the leaves of Signonium can significantly turn yellow, but it does not fall off from a lack of vitamins and trace elements, so you should remember to regularly feed the plant with additional fertilizers.
Is it possible to keep Signonium at home?
And although Signonium contains poisonous juice, it is considered quite useful for the house: it enriches the air, improves the general atmosphere and comfort in the apartment. With the help of its unusual qualities, unpretentiousness, as well as an unusual appearance and elegance, Signonium is considered a very popular and widespread flower.
There is a sign that all plants of creepers, even syngonium, survive from the house of the male gender. But one should not believe these judgments and speculation: after all, the plant is a priori unable to influence the statistics of conflicts and divorces in families around the world. Therefore, do not be afraid to plant the plant and grow it at home.
Experienced gardeners are accustomed to give a certain shape using the method of pinching the apical shoots at a distance of 6–7 centimeters from the surface of the leaf. This method gives the tropical liana a more bushy look. For singnonium such a method pinching also works well.
Whether to keep in the house of singonium: omens and superstitions
First, consider the bad signs about the flower and their interpretation:
- All creepers are popularly considered plants that can survive a man from home. Therefore, the syngonium is not recommended to start either married or girls on the issue.
However, in the "muzhegony" long ago recorded numerous indoor flowers. It is easier to list which flowers can be kept in a house where there is a man than those that are not allowed. And even easier is to shift the blame for your marriage sticking to the seams for the presence of a houseplant in the house.
To death - how to neutralize?
- A long climbing plant paves its way to the cemetery.
Such superstition concerns not only the syngonium, but also other flowers that possess long stems or branches. In order to reverse the signs, it is recommended to send the shoots upwards, towards the sky, and not downwards, towards the ground. Use for this special arches and stands.
Negative in the house
- The leaves of syngonium poison the energy of the room.
This opinion has developed in Eastern countries. The fact is that the leaves of this flower resemble arrowheads in shape. And in the house, according to the teachings of feng shui, there should be no sharp corners at all, especially in such numbers and multidirectional.
- Keep in the house of syngonium - to the trouble.
Perhaps the origin of omens is due to the fact that the plant is poisonous. However, like all plants of the family lianaovyh. But poisoning or irritation on the skin can only cause close contact - the ingress of juice into the wound or into the stomach. Place the pot with a flower high on the closet or on a special stand on the wall above, so that neither the pet nor the children reach. Otherwise, the trouble and in fact can not be avoided.
Syngonium home: good signs
Good signs are more objective because they rely on real-life and proven properties of the plant. For example, it has been proven that syngonium leaves are capable of absorbing from the environment evaporation of formaldehyde and other dangerous gases, which are especially abundant in densely populated cities.
- The flower returns to the sick health, and healthy gives courage.
- Syngonium improves mental performance.
- Contributes to the formation and strengthening of character.
- If you put a flower in the bedroom, it will relieve sleeping people from bad dreams and insomnia.
- You need to give syngonium only to those to whom you sincerely wish happiness. Then it will certainly come to this man’s house.
Description and characteristics of syngonium
Syngonium is an elegant grassy climbing plant. It is distinguished by large leaves on long petioles and aerial roots capable of grasping almost any support. In wildlife, there are more than 30 species of climbing syanium. In the conditions of an apartment you can grow only 2-3 species depending on the climatic conditions of the region.
The young singonium is very attractive, its leaves have a bright color and a solid structure. And the old leaves are dissected into 3–7 segments, and their color fades with age. A plant of any age leaves have an uneven color, painted with silvery natural strokes. Background leaves can be green, light green and whitish.
Indoor syngoniums never bloom, and in nature their bloom is no different from that of the genus. They produce a greenish cob with pink bracts.
Some flower growers have a question whether it is possible to keep this exotic flower at home. Yes, you can keep and even grow yourself, but very carefully. The fact is that the sap of a plant is poisonous; when it comes into contact with the skin or mucous, it causes severe irritation. Therefore, buying syngonium, be sure to install it at a safe distance from children and pets.
Types of syngonium
At home, you can grow such adapted syngoniums:
- Imperial White (variegated) - a great variety of climbing vines. Differs in large leaves up to 12 cm long and 9 cm wide.
- Syngonium Regina Red is a medium-sized flower with an unusual reddish-pink color of leaves, which gave it a name. The reverse part of the leaf is green, the leaves are large, which makes an adult plant convenient for growing in an apartment.
- Brown Aron (Brown Aron) is another syngonium from the “pink collection”. Its leaves are pinkish, and from the inside they are green. Liana Aron Brown is small and extremely compact.
- The red knight, as we understand, also has a red leaf tint. It should be noted that this variety and the species of singonium albolineate, despite the poisonous juice, are being purchased for the equipment of aquariums.
- Pink Chocolate is a plant with dark chocolate shade leaves.
- Pintail White Butterfly (Snow-white butterfly) has leaves of a gentle-green shade. The leaves in the first 2 years of growth are more white than green, and the liana in a year and a half easily reaches a height of 1.5 m. This is the most beautiful and popular species of the close-shelled syngonium, also known as podofilolistny.
You can also try to germinate these types of syngonium from seeds or cuttings:
- Christmas It is possible to learn a grade on green sheets with streaks of yellow color. The brighter the light, the more expressive the shade of the leaf.
- Tiffany variety. This dwarf species of vines with glossy green sheets is just perfect for growing in a small apartment.
- Variety Panda has green leaves with white veins and small specks of light green. Sheets are large on elongated petioles.
- Type Pixie - low creeper reaching 1.5 m in height. The variety is also called variegated because of the multi-colored coloring of the sheets.
And a few more interesting varieties: Zhade, Mix, Brokant, Godzilla, grown as an ampelous plant, Neon, Red Spot, and bulgy and large-leaved varieties. At home, you can really grow a nocturnal, ushkaty variety and a variety of Wendland.
How to buy the right syngonium?
Buying syngonium, make sure that it is really a decorative liana. Recently, in Ukraine, the Russian Federation and other CIS countries, singonium varieties are being sold, the names and appearance of which do not coincide with real varieties.
Do not buy syngonium with hands. We recommend choosing and ordering a flower through the online catalog of ornamental plants. You can also purchase this beautiful liana at a flower shop.
How does reproduction occur?
Syngonium is difficult, if not impossible, to grow from seeds. At home, the plant can be propagated by cutting and pieces of escape. In an adult plant, it is recommended to cut the upper part of the crown annually in spring. Pruned shoots are seated in the soil, and the mother plant throws side shoots, making the plant lush.
If the bush syngonium is propagated with pieces of escape, then there must be at least 2–3 buds (nodules) on each process. Such shoots are recommended to root in a mixture of peat and sand, vermiculite or simple sand with the addition of finely divided activated carbon. After rooting, young shoots should be transplanted into a separate pot for each.
To form a crown and properly grow the vines, the young plant must be clipped over the 6 leaves over the liana. Pinching is done once every 1-2 years after landing.
Home care for syngonium
Caring for the syngonium at home is extremely simple and even enjoyable. The plant loves the light, and you can place it in a shade on the eastern sill. With good, but not burning lighting, the pigmentation of the leaves becomes well pronounced, and the vine grows much faster. Direct sunlight will discolor the leaves, and shading they open and stretch.
In the cold season, the syngonium needs additional lighting. In the fall and winter, its leaves become faded, curtailed or wither. In this case, move the pot with liana closer to artificial lighting.
Air temperature and comfortable humidity
Humidity for comfortable maintenance should be higher than normal, 2-3 times a week, please enjoy an exotic vine by spraying with warm water. The plant is bulky, and it is inconvenient to move it, so spraying replaces washing with a shower. 1–2 times a month, wipe the sheets with a damp soft sponge, dust is clearly visible on bright sheets.
The best option for raising the humidity is to install a pot with a vine in a container with moistened pebbles or expanded clay, while the bottom of the pot does not touch the moistened pebbles. In the cold season, keep the plant away from the battery and heating devices to avoid drying out.
During the growing season, the syngonium suffices at 24–25 ° C, and in winter it needs a low temperature from 16 to 18 ° C.
Watering and maintenance
Moderate watering for singonium is recommended. In the warm season, when the apartment is very hot, you can spray the leaves every day. Watering should be carefully, the land in the pot should always be wet, do not forget to drain the excess from the pan. For irrigation, water is settled for 3-5 days.
To give a decorative to the syngonium, they acquire a support, this is a beautiful high stick, around which your flower will curl. Liana is unstable, and the support helps her to recreate the natural form. It is enough just to fix the vine, and after a few days it will firmly grip the support with a thick green stem. In this position, the plant is more compact.
The young plant is transplanted immediately after rooting in the pot. Subsequent transplants take place every 2 years in spring. If you purchased the plant in the store, then after purchase within 1 week it is necessary to move it to a new pot.
Transplantation is carried out in loose non-acidic soil of such composition:
The whole soil is mixed in equal proportions, flooded and poured into pots so that it is airy, and not knocked down into a hard lump. If you want to grow syngonium not as a shrub, but as a tree, then when transplanting, install a support in the pot.
You need to do it this way: first lay down the drainage, then pour out 1/3 of the soil, install the support and gently place your plant, leveling the roots. All, pour the rest of the earth, pour syngonium and send it to the warm window-sill. Note that for 1-3 weeks after transplantation it can not be watered.
Fertilizer and dressing
For all syngoniums, their type of care is recommended, and before growing, be sure to familiarize yourself with the recommendations for your variety. It is traditionally recommended to apply mineral dressing 1–2 times in the warm months. During the winter period, fertilizing and fertilizer are not applied, the plant does not need additional nutrition.
What if the plant is sick?
Plant diseases are most often associated with improper care.
- If the leaves turn yellow, increase the number of sprays. Dry yellowed tips of a flower are a sign of a lack of moisture in the air.
- Faded and non-shiny leaves of the plant are with excessive watering. What to do in this case? Reduce watering, you can arrange a drought within 2-3 days, so that the earthy soil and the roots in it dry up. Excessive watering, complete with low air temperature can destroy the vine. Its stem rots so that the plant cannot be saved.
- Желтизна на всей поверхности листа свидетельствует о недостатке удобрений. В этом случае внесите аварийную порцию подкормки.
Приметы и суеверия о сингониумах
Сингониум – это недорогое и неприхотливое растение. На разных рекламных досках можно найти сотни объявлений: «Продам сингониум, черенки сингониума и т. д.». Мы приобретаем растение, даже не задумываясь о том, какое значение оно имеет по фэншуй.
But the syngonium is a muzhegon, that is, a flower that drives away from the house of men. This belief applies to all types of vines, and its truthfulness can be disbelieved. Many girls on the forums refute the theory, noting that their beloved men get along well with these vines.
A beautiful plant that you take good care of always brings happiness. Keep this in mind, and the energy of the syngonium growing in an apartment will be positive. It fills the atmosphere of the house with the energy of action. It is recommended to plant and grow vines for people who doubt their abilities, are prone to doubt.
Syngonium has an individual effect on each. He will calm the skeptic, give impetus to the action of the weak, absorb the negative and set up in a positive way. As you can see, the benefits of exotic creepers are, and the flower itself is very peaceful.
The syngonium is a genus of perennial evergreen climbing plants of the Aroid family. The rain forests of South and Central America are home to the plant. In room culture, syngonium is grown as a decorative foliage flower.
The stems of young vines are green and participate in photosynthesis, over time, the upper layer of shoot cells, within the limits of one internode, loses its color. The thickness of the old stem reaches 4–6 cm, at a young age - a few millimeters, the average diameter of the branches is 1–2 cm. The stem is unbranched, however, if it is damaged (cut, broken), it can begin branching. The stems are quite elastic, but with strong bending, the outer epidermis cracks. In many species, for example, in the knife-list syngonium, a wax deposit is formed on the shoots.
In natural conditions, the length of the plant varies 15–20 m, the stem diameter reaches 4–6 cm. When growing indoors, the vine grows no more than two meters in length, the stem thickness reaches 2 cm.
The root system is represented by feeding and cattle-tropic (air) roots. Both types are formed below each node of the stem. With the help of aerial roots, the plant clings to the ground, is held on a support. Each node forms one long feeding root, serves to provide the plant with essential nutrients. Unlike cattle tropics, the feeding root is larger and can move away from the stem at some angle.
Many species differ in shape, color and size of the leaf plate. There are heart-shaped, arrow-shaped, spear-shaped and three-lobed leaves. One type can form leaves of various forms, at a young age they have an arrow-shaped form, then over time their form changes, acquires dissected, lobed leafy elements.
The color of the leaves is very interesting - monophonic, with various shades of green tone, many species have almost chalky color of leaves. Very spectacular look with variegated leaves, white, yellow, red, pink spots, dots and strokes make the plant highly decorative. The saturation of the color and the color of the leaves of the houseplant of the syngonium varies depending on the lighting.
It gives the flower syngonium quite rarely, it does not represent any aesthetic and decorative value.
The flower of the syngonium is a green ear with female and male flowers with a pale pink or red bract in the form of a veil, almost completely covering the ear. The shape of the bract is reminiscent of a semi-unfolded scroll or hood. Male flowers are located at the top, most of the cob, female at the base. Flowering of singonium in natural environment occurs in late spring.
The flower is characterized by cross-pollination, with the first opening of female flowers, and later men. After pollination, the fruits of a cylindrical or egg-shaped form with a rich aroma, containing up to 100 seeds, are formed. Fruits feed on birds and animals, spreading them over long distances.
At home, it’s almost impossible to see how the syngonium blooms, the vine blooms only in its natural environment.
Is it possible to keep the syngonium at home: signs and superstitions about the poisonousness of the plant?
Syngonium is a poisonous plant, like all members of the Aroid family. His milky juice, falling on the skin, or mucous membranes, can cause severe irritation, and if ingested, lead to poisoning. When working with a flower (transplanting, division) it is necessary to use individual means of protection - rubber gloves.
You can keep the syngonium at home, however, it is better to choose a place for a flower that is inaccessible for children and animals - tall dressers, shelves, and hanging pots.
For all the time of cultivating the species, he has acquired, a considerable amount will also accept superstitions. The syngonium has a “good” and a “bad” side. As a vine, comes from tropical forests, it reacts to increased air humidity, forming small droplets of water on the tips of the leaves.
Because of this specific feature, the syngonium is called a “synoptic”; as soon as droplets form on the sheet plates, it is possible to speak with confidence about the approach of rain. However, the same plant reaction indicates an excess of moisture in the soil.
In the past, singonium, like all types of vines, was considered a “muzhegon”, but over time this belief has not been confirmed, in fact, such a “negative trait” is just an ordinary prejudice.
According to the Chinese theory of Feng Shui, the sharp ends of a room, objects, including plants, have a negative, toxic effect on human life. According to the Feng Shui, the sharp ends of the arrow-shaped leaves of the syngonium emit “poisonous breath”. However, to neutralize the negative energy of the plant, according to the rules of the doctrine, it is possible with the help of protective objects, amulets, talismans located near the flower pot.
Planting and care at home
Syngonium planted in small pots with drainage holes. To get more lush growth, 2-3 sprouts are planted in one pot at once. You can use the syngonium as an ampelous plant, giving the shoots to hang freely from a pot, or to form a kind of tree. In the latter case, a strong support is inserted in the ground. On it the creeper will climb up.
Young plants are transplanted in the spring every year, gradually increasing the frequency. An adult syngonium is transplanted when the roots begin to peek out of the drainage holes. At the bottom of the pot must fill clay or shards. The soil should be loose and fertile with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. It can be composed of sheet and turf soil, sand and peat. In order not to damage the thin roots, transplantation is performed by the method of transshipment.
Care for the syngonium is simple. Many growers adore this fast-growing plant for its unsightly nature and vitality. He needs a long day of light and diffused light. You can put the pot on the east or west window sill, but protect the shoots from the midday sun.
The optimum air temperature throughout the year is + 22 ... + 25 ° C. In winter, cold temperatures up to + 18 ° C are allowed; it is not necessary to provide it.
Syngonium needs high humidity and regular watering. To prevent the leaves from starting to dry, they are sprayed daily with well-settled, warm water. Water the plants often enough so that the soil dries only 2-3 cm from the surface. For irrigation, take well-purified water at room temperature. With regular watering, the plant tolerates dry air more easily.
Fertilizer syngonium from April to October twice a month. For this purpose, special mineral complexes for decorative leafy plants are used. Well-diluted dressing is applied to the soil away from the stems.
Liana branches weakly, but still it can be given some form. Syngonium tolerates pruning. Its stalks are pinched for the first time after the appearance of the sixth leaf. Too long processes are shortened to the required length. After pruning, even at the base of an old bared stem, young side shoots may appear.
Syngonium has a good immunity, so plant disease is not susceptible. With prolonged improper care, powdery mildew may develop. Sometimes a spider mite, scab, or mealybug lives on the leaves. First aid to the plant is a hot shower (up to 45 ° C). Then carry out spraying with a chemical insecticide ("Aktellik", "Fitoverm").
Benefit, Signs and Superstitions
For city apartments, singonium is simply an indispensable plant. He effectively greenery space. Also, the crown cleans the air, absorbing vapors of xylene, formaldehyde and other hazardous substances. The flower optimizes the humidity of the air in the room and nourishes it with oxygen.
They say that the syngonium in the home of a sick person returns the owner health and fights even with terrible, incurable illnesses. It also strengthens character, helps get rid of bad habits, and also stimulates mental and physical development. In the bedroom, the vine will protect the owner’s sleep and relieve him of nightmares.
Some omens are called syngonium as a peasant. It means that the men in the house with this plant do not get along and the mistresses face loneliness. However, there is no justification for these superstitions. Many even single women have long found happiness in marriage, although their tropical window sills still adorn tropical beauty.
Types and varieties
The genus includes more than 30 species, but in room culture, the syngonium is represented by only 2-3 species. The varieties of the syngonium with variegated colors - imperial White, butterfly and others possess the greatest decorative value. Currently cultivated and developed varietal syngoniums within each species. Breeders are faced with the task of obtaining varieties of different species of syngonium with tricolor.
Syngonium Pink Spot
The highly ornamental variety Pinkonium syngonium is grown as a vine or shrub. The growth rate of the varietal form of the syngonium Pink Spot (Syngonium Pink Spot) is above average. At a young age, the leaves are cream - pink with a red or crimson patch, the older leaves turn pale. With prolonged, intense illumination, leaf plates lose their bright color, becoming brighter.
Syngonium Pink Splash (Syngonium Pink Splash)
The varietal form of the syngonium Pink Splash (Syngonium Pink Splash) is distinguished by dark green leaves with randomly scattered patches of creamy pink hue, of various shapes and sizes.
Ushkovaty or uviform
Uphthalmic syngonium (Syngonium auritum)
Leaves, glossy dark green with a wax coating, 6–20 cm long, up to 24 cm wide. Petiole, smooth of one color with leaves, 15–40 cm long. The shape of the leaf plate changes with time: at a young age - arrow-shaped, after become three times or five times dissected. In old leaves, at the base of the leaf, two small ear-shaped segments are formed.
Upholstery syngonium (Syngonium auritum) rather quickly grows, can grow 70–90 cm in a year. The stalks of the ear-like form are strong, flexible, 1.5–2.5 cm in diameter, will become woody with time, grow to 2 m.
Wendland's Syngonium (Syngonium wendlandii)
Homeland varieties Central America (Republic of Costa Rica). Wendland's syngonium (Syngonium wendlandii) is a slow-growing, well-climbing liana. The roots of the plant cling tightly to any support. The leaves are dark green, spear-shaped, medium-sized, three separate with a matte, velvety surface.
A characteristic feature of the variety is a bright, pronounced central, longitudinal vein. Petioles, 20–30 cm long. The green-leaf syngonium is more decorative than many varieties of knife-leaf and podophyllous species.
Syngonium Neon Pink
A characteristic feature of the variety in the color of arrow-shaped leaves - they are pinkish, tinted with a light green border. Depending on the conditions of detention, the green background can be mixed with a pink primary color or slightly tint the edges of the sheet. The abbreviated name of the variety is singonium neon.
At an early age, arrow-shaped leaves are pink in color, with age they become a paler color with a green tint, with red streaks. Pink syngonium (Syngonium Neon Pink) has various varieties and species - Robusta, Tetra, etc.
A miniature neat variety of mini-mini-syngonium with small spear-shaped, pointed leaves of dark green color with pink veins.
Varietal shape with a glossy surface of green-brown leaves, veinlets are expressed in red or pink color. Syngonium Brocante is an unusually attractive plant, forming, pinching the stems, you can achieve an interesting type of crown with amazing green-chocolate leaves.
An unusual rare variety, each leaf has an original coloring.
The syngonium confetti (Syngonium Confetti) stands out against the background of other varieties with striking colors of leaves — pink and yellow dots and splashes flaunted against a bright green background of arrow-shaped leaves.
A distinctive feature of the variety in the dynamic transformation of the form of a leaf plate, depending on age. In the young leaf, the arrow-shaped form prevails, in the old one the lobes resembling a star of irregular shape with an extended ray are clearly expressed.
Not the most popular variety, it has an interesting color of leaf plates - white or yellow spots and smears are placed on a matte dark green background. Syngonium Panda grows fast and bushes.
Syngonium podophyllum (Syngonium podophyllum)
Knife-type syngonium, a native of Central America, has other names: foot-leaved syngonium or podophyllum (Syngonium podophyllum). Stems are flexible, thin, climbing, fast-growing. For the year, the syngonium nib is pulled out by 45–60 cm.
Young leaves are dark green arrow shaped. Petiole, long up to 35 cm. Leaf plates become repeatedly dissected with age. Based on the species, many indoor varietal forms have been developed.
Pixie variety (Syngonium Pixie) - dwarf variegated syngonium with bright light green veins. The pixony of the pixy, in addition to a miniature view, has a small size of a glossy sheet plate, similar to an elongated heart-shaped ellipse.
The Arrow variety is a very unpretentious, rapidly expanding and popular form with arrow-shaped variegated leaves. The syngonium arrow (Syngonium Arrow) has a characteristic leaf color — the central and several lateral veins are white, the green background around them is noticeably lighter than the main surface of the leaf.
Syngonium White Butterfly
Quite a popular variety in room culture. The fast-growing large-leaved form (Syngonium White Butterfly) is pulled out to 1.5 places. Syngonium Butterfly in care is unpretentious and not burdensome. It reproduces at any time of the year. The white butterfly or white butterfly has a peculiarity - the arrow-shaped leaves partially or completely brighten starting from the central vessels.
Effect on the atmosphere in the house
A tropical plant fills the atmosphere around you with energy and life. Elastic, strong leaves on the high petioles speak of persistent character, the desire to grow and develop.
Flower for motivated people. Many believe that, due to the rapid growth of the plant, various matters and problems of the owners are also rapidly finding their solution.
It is believed that singonium - a flower, guarding family happiness.
Impact on the emotional state
Because of the ability of a plant to change its shape-shape, color and size of leaves during life, it will perfectly suit impressionable, curious, enthusiastic people. Uncovering the next boundaries and opportunities with each new leaf, not knowing what it will be, allows a person to develop, learn the unknown, reproach the learning process. This flower is ideal for teachers, scientists, researchers, students to all those associated with education, information. It helps to quickly absorb new material and systematize the old one.
On the other hand, during his transformation, the syngonium also changes the people around him, gives birth to a craving for changes in life.
For people who are suspiciously looking at everything new, to conservatives, the syngonium will become a real salvation, smooth out a difficult temper, calm down, instill loyalty and tolerance.
The plant is able to help people who are insecure when communicating with other people, to overcome complexes of a different nature, to adapt in society, to improve relations with others. Those who are afraid to let go of the past will help the flower begin to live in the present. Watching the growth of plants, fear of the future will gradually subside.
The plant quite willingly shares its energy, taking away at the same time painful sensations, fears, anxieties, and insecurity. It is believed that the flower pot next to the bed can calm thoughts, relieve tension, save its owner from bad dreams and nightmares.
One of the positive properties attributed to the syngonium is the quickest healing of the sick. Evergreen perennial - a symbol of positive change. By purchasing syngonium, many believe that various diseases are sure to pass by.
A creeping plant has a beneficial effect on health, in particular, on the digestive system, intestines and the abdominal cavity in general. Наличие в помещении сингониума способствует ускорению, течению кишечных заболеваний и быстрому их излечению.
Выбор места в комнате
Отличным местом для растения является подоконник западного или восточного окна. Многие помещают растение на возвышение — полку, комод, позволяя цветку вытягиваться и ползти по опоре. For these purposes, the rope is stretched between the shelves or cabinets, the plant itself begins to curl around it.
It should be possible to exclude the location of the pot with a flower near the operating radiators.
Requirements for soil and planting pot
The soil is completely undemanding to the soil, but for better development and growth, the soil for the vine is taken neutral or slightly acidic with a pH of 6–7. A loose, permeable nutrient mixture of equal parts of turf, leaf soil, peat and half of the sand is suitable.
The soil is enriched with charcoal, pine bark, bone meal and crushed bricks. It is necessary to ensure the removal of excess water, for these purposes drainage material is laid on the bottom of the pot - expanded clay, crushed shells of nuts, broken bricks, etc.
The tropical plant is shade tolerant, prefers bright places, but it does not like the bright sun. Should protect the plant from direct sunlight. It is necessary to provide liana diffused light or light shade.
A good place for creepers will be the window sill of the western and eastern windows.
The penumbra is especially good for species and varieties of green-leaved syngonium. With a long stay of the flower in an open sunny place, the leaf plates begin to lose their bright color, becoming more pale.
Watering and spraying
Liana is a water-loving plant, for active growth, the soil must be maintained in a moderately wet state. In the hot season, watering is plentiful, in winter it is halved and the soil is moistened after the top layer dries. Use soft, distilled water at room temperature.
It is important to ensure that water does not stagnate in the pan.
In the summer, it is necessary to ensure, in addition to abundant watering, frequent spraying with warm settled water, periodically wipe the leaf sheets with a damp sponge.
The syngonium does not like dry air, prefers a moderately humid atmosphere.
In winter, due to the operating radiators, the air becomes very dry, at which time the flowerpot is placed away from heat sources.
The container with the plant is installed in a tray with wet stones, expanded clay, while the bottom of the pot should not come into contact with water.
Trimming and shaping
The appearance of the syngonium is quite simple to form; the vine has a good tolerance of trimming. Since the stem is able to stretch without any branching, the vine can be grown as an ampelous plant. To create a more bushy form, several shoots are planted in one pot.
To accelerate the formation of lateral branches, pinch the apical shoots above 6–7 leaves.
If you install a support in the form of a tube or stick, you can get a vine-tree. Fixing the arch on the pot, like a high basket handle, in the process of developing the syngonium, the flower will completely entangle the support.
Errors in the care and how to eliminate them
Although the plant is shade-loving, the lack of light can seriously spoil the decorative appearance of the flower, especially the variegated species and varieties of syngonium. If new leaves of variegated varieties began to form completely green, and old leaves lose their variegated color, gradually becoming monotonous. This indicates an error in the care of the plant and the wrong location for the flower, you should put the flower pot in a lighter place.
It is necessary to find the "golden" middle, a place where the flower will be optimally comfortable.
When excessive watering, improperly organized drainage layer, water stagnation, the leaf plates become pale, lose their glossy shine. In this case, the flower should be transplanted into a more suitable pot with a good drainage layer and loose, permeable earth, and watering should be done only when the top layer of the earth dries.
The appearance of plaque, spots on the leaves indicates poor quality water for spraying the plant.
To eliminate the formation on the leaf plates, wipe them with a soft, damp sponge or cloth (suitable only for species and varieties with a glossy surface). Water for spraying using boiled or well settled.
Possible difficulties in growing
With insufficient air humidity, the tips and edges of the leaves of the syngonium become dry and become brown. As well as brown formations on the leaves can speak of direct sunlight, over-wetting of the soil, low air temperature, cold, hard water for irrigation.
What to do if the leaves become pale and dull, this development indicates a high humidity. Place the flower pot in a more suitable place.
Slow growth, new leaves are smaller than old ones - this indicates the wrong arrangement of the flower pot in a too shaded place, as well as a lack of nutrients in the soil.
Excessive concentration of fertilizer in the soil is a possible cause of yellowing of the leaves and the stem.
When horses appear on the surface of the earth, the flower pot is too close, the plant has grown and filled the container. In this case, despite the time of year, the flower should be transplanted into a more spacious container or sprinkled the roots with a layer of earth, if the height of the pot allows it.
Diseases and pests
The greatest danger to the creeper of the syngonium is represented by the shield, aphid; thrips, as a result of their vital activity, the plant loses its decorative appearance.
When attacking aphids, leaves are damaged from the underside and tops of the shoots. In the places of settlement of aphids, the green parts of the plant turn pale, the leaves turn yellow, deform and fall.
If only a few leaves are affected by a plant louse, it is best to remove them immediately. In the event of the defeat of a large part of the plant, it is impossible to do without special treatment.
Shchitovka affects the stem and leaf plates on both sides. As a result, the growth and development of the plant slows down or stops altogether, the leaves partially or completely dry out. In a severely neglected case, the appearance of a scythe can lead to the death of the plant. With the help of a cotton swab and soapy solution remove all visible pests. After that, the plant must be washed under a hot shower, before the procedure, the ground is covered with polyethylene whenever possible. At the end of the plant is treated with special chemical means against insects - pests.
Improper maintenance, violation of living conditions, the location of a flower pot near a working central heating battery, in too dry air contributes to the appearance of thrips. The pest settles on the lower side of the sheet because of what, on the upper side light spots are formed. In the future, the entire surface of the leaf plate becomes brown-gray with a metallic sheen.
To combat insect pests spray the plant with insecticides (fitovermom, aktellikom, Intavir). Often one treatment is not enough, after some time the treatment is repeated.
Planting and breeding
The syngonium is propagated by vegetative means - apical or stem cuttings and rooting of part of the stem. To obtain young shoots, syngonium is grown at any time of the year, however, the rooting and development of spring and summer cuttings occurs much faster.
Growing vines is quite a simple process, the vegetative method allows you to quickly get a new plant.
Planting apical cuttings
When propagating by apical or stem cuttings, a part of a plant with a length of 10–15 cm is cut off. 2-3 interstices with aerial roots should remain on it. Prior to the formation of roots, the stalk is placed in warm settled water with the addition of one activated charcoal pounded into powder, or it is planted in soil mixture from sand, moss and peat.
Planted cuttings are covered with a transparent material to maintain a moist atmosphere around them and contain at a temperature of 25 ... 27 Сº. After rooting the shelter is removed. Cuttings are seated on a permanent place in flower pots, one by one or in a group, they establish a support. Care of seedlings is carried out by analogy with an adult plant.
For young plants, an annual transplant is required, for more adults - once every 2-3 years. The procedure for replacing a flower pot is made when roots appear from the drainage holes of the container. Transplantation is carried out in the spring in a larger flower container with a sufficient number of drainage holes.
During the annual transplant, the flower is cut in half. Cut parts can be used for breeding.
Drainage material is laid on the bottom of the pot, then a support is installed, sprinkled with earth. Move the flower in the pot, straightening and unraveling the roots, this should be done as carefully as possible so as not to damage the roots. Fall asleep the required amount of soil, slightly tamping. After transplantation, the flower is watered, fertilized after 1 month. If the roots of the plant are not particularly tangled in the first transplant, a transshipment method is used in the next 2-3 procedures.
Rooting a piece of stem
Prepare a separate flower tank, cover a layer of drainage material 3-5 cm. Fill it with loose, fertile soil. A pot with the ground set near the container with a liana. Choose a part of the stem with several nodes and well-formed aerial roots.
In a separate container with the ground, a hole is made, a part of the liana is placed in it, aerial roots are added dropwise and fixed with a clip or other holding object. Water, fertilize as needed. After 1-2 weeks, when the roots of sprinkled vines are well fixed in the soil, it is cut off from the parent plant.
Application in landscape design
The uniqueness of the ornamental tropical plants lies in its versatility, elegance, ability to fit into any interior. If the stalks of the syngonium do not find a suitable support, it grows like a ground cover or hangs down its shoots freely. This property of the plant is used in the cultivation of singonium in hanging pots, creating beautiful ampelnaya ensembles.
When installing a vertical support, you can achieve the formation of a certain shape of the plant. Pulling the ropes from the flower pot along the wall, over time, they get a beautiful green vertical carpet. With its presence singonium decorate any room.