Violet or Saintpaulia is a genus belonging to the family of the Gesnerievs. In the wild form grows in the mountainous regions of East Africa. It was discovered by the scientist Saint-Paul, after whom it was named. To date, many varieties have been developed from this plant, which are widely distributed in indoor gardening.
Violet is a low perennial, with a very short stem and a large number of fleshy leaves. Flowers are small, simple, collected in a brush. Modern selection was able to bring varieties with the most diverse color and shape of the petals.
In fact, indoor saintpaulia is not a violet at all, it is so called because of its similarity with forest violet and tricolor - pansies, but in reality they are from different families.
The classification of Saintpaulia is quite complicated, so we will give only the general characteristics. The traits shared by violets are: the type of rosette, its size, the color of the foliage, the type of flower and its color, as well as the number of petals.
Most modern varieties are very different from the usual room violets, they have a different shape of leaves, and the petals are similar to corrugated or terry.
Among the varieties with high decorativeness are popular Duchess, amadeus, frosty cherry, Cinderella's sleep, Isadora, Angelica, Lituanica other.
But fragrant violet is also a representative of violets proper, and not Saintpaulus. And alpine violet is actually cyclamen.
Violet care at home
Proper care of the violet will help to enjoy its flowering for almost the entire year.
Saintpaulias are very fond of light, but they should not be placed in direct sunlight. It's not scary if the light falls on them in the morning or in the evening, but if the sun is turned towards them at noon, the leaves will burn.
In order for the violet to fully blossom, it needs a light day at about 13 hours. If you follow this rule, you can achieve flowering, even in winter.
When a column falls on a thermometer below 15 ° С, the saintpaulia stops growing. In summer, the best temperature for a flower will be 24 ° C. In winter, the temperature may drop slightly, but not below this point.
Also it is impossible to allow sharp temperature jumps and drafts. Because of this feature, it is better not to take a saintpaulia outside in the summer.
Violet needs a high humidity, but it is impossible to get water on the foliage and inflorescence.
Capacity for landing need to pick a small. If there is too much space in the pot, the violet will not bloom until it is filled with roots. For this plant, small plastic pots are quite suitable, the size of which should be 2-3 times smaller than the outlet.
Soil for violets
Regular room violets are not particularly whimsical to the ground, but for varietal, you should choose the right substrate. You can buy it in the store, and you can make it yourself by mixing half a share of sod ground, two leaves, and one each of humus and sand. You should also add a spoonful of superphosphate and some bone meal.
But the most important thing is that the soil is loose and slightly acid. At the bottom of the pot should be placed drainage layer.
When planting, the flower is placed in the center of the tank and gradually fill it with earth, so that there are no voids left. After planting, water the plant.
Water violets do not need often, about once every 7-10 days. It is best to use bottom watering. At the same time use defended, warm water.
Violets can be, and when the leaves are contaminated, it is necessary to spray and wash them. But before carrying out these procedures, the flower must be removed from the window sill. After spraying or douche, you should also not rush to put the violet in place - wait until it dries, otherwise spots will form on the foliage.
Fertilizer for violets
Also saintpaulia need to fertilize. To do this, take complex feeding, which begin to make in the period of increasing green mass. Fertilizer continues until the dormant period, the frequency - once every 10 days with irrigation.
It is advised to use a lower concentration of fertilizers than stated in the instructions.
Transplanting violets at home
Potted violets need annual transplants, because they deplete the soil in a year. In this case, it is necessary to replace the pot only if you observe signs that the flower does not have enough space (shallow foliage, weak flowering).
It is best to transplant plants in early spring by transshipment, so that the roots do not particularly suffer.
Violets do well in the bush, but in order to increase the decorativeness, you need to pinch them. This is especially true of the lower leaves. They can be torn off with petioles, because they quickly fade and only take power from the flower. You should also get rid of sluggish inflorescences and ugly and yellowed foliage.
Sometimes turn the plant in a circle so that the bush grows evenly.
Gradually, after the removal of the lower leaves, the trunk of the Saintpaulia will become visible and over time it will only become more noticeable. To keep the flower beautiful, as before, it can be transplanted by deepening the trunk into the soil or cutting off all the leaves, leaving only a couple of centimeters of the stem.
After this, the stump remaining after pruning is placed in the water before the root is formed and planted in the soil, thus another plant is obtained.
Propagation of violets by division
Propagated Saintpaulia can be seeds, rosettes and leaves. Seed method is practically not used due to its complexity, and also due to the fact that as a result the flower will lose its varietal characteristics and you will get the usual violet.
If your plant has grown heavily and new sockets have started to form on it, then they need to be separated and planted in other containers. You can divide even during flowering.
Violets leaf breeding
The most common and easy way is to grow a violet from a leaf. To do this, take a strong leaf together with the stem and put it in water to form roots. But you can try to immediately plant a leaf in the substrate of sand, leaf soil and peat (4: 2: 1). This container is covered with glass and kept warm and with good lighting, but so that the direct rays do not fall on the container.
Sometimes the soil needs to be watered, but only so that they are slightly moist. It happens that the sheet begins to wither or does not change at all. If this happens, you do not need to hurry and throw away the material - sometimes it takes a long time to form a new plant.
If with the advent of young foliage, the old leaf is in good condition, then it needs to be cut off. After that, you can even try to use it for breeding again.
If you root a leaf in the ground, then you cannot observe the formation of roots, but the speed of their appearance and the chance to get a new violet increases.
Diseases of violets
Ordinary saintpaulias are fairly resistant to diseases, but varietal species are not so strong at all in this regard.
- One of the most common diseases affecting violets is powdery mildew. She is manifested by white bloom on the leaves plants. When a disease is detected, we recommend using Fundazole or bentlan.
- Late blight leads to rotting of the roots and the formation of brown spots on the foliage. If the plant is sick, it must be destroyed and sterilized capacity in which it was grown.
- Gray rot forms gray spots on the body of the plant. If they are found, they should be immediately cut off and processed with a fungicide. The soil in which the diseased plants grew can no longer be used.
- Furazioz appears with an excess of moisture. is he leads to rotting of the stem and leaf stalks. If you notice these symptoms, treat the violet with a fungicide.
- Rust appears as small orange spots on the leaves.. To cure a flower, use a 1% solution of copper sulfate.
Violets of violets
- Among the pests for violets ticks are especially dangerous. It affects different types of this parasite. If you find pests, spiderwebs on the foliage or as if eaten brown traces, treat the flower with acaricide.
- Also frequent "guest" are scythethat leave behind a sticky liquid on the leaves. If a symptom is found, treat the flower with Agravertin.
- Thrips spoil the leaves and flowers of plants. If they are bred on your saintpaulia, then all flowers should be cut off, and the plant itself should be treated with Aktar.
- If your flower is hit by nematodes, it will start to rot.. This process is reminiscent of gray rot disease, but when infected with nematodes there is no fungal plaque. With the defeat of this parasite the plant is destroyed.
The most frequent questions about indoor violets related to the lack of flowering, yellowing of foliage and leaf spot.
- If your violet does not bloom, then, in addition to pests, this can be a number of reasons: lack of light, short light day, excess nitrogen supplements, excessive moisture in the soil, or lack of such in the air. Also, this problem is caused by a large growing capacity and an excessively dense substrate.
- Yellowing of the leaves may indicate flower aging.. This also happens when placed in direct sunlight. This can be observed with a deviation of soil acidity from the norm, as well as with an excess of phosphorus dressings.
- The most common spots on the leaves are the result of pests and diseases, but sometimes they appear due to drafts.
- Stains from the edges of the sheet indicate a lack of potassium in the soil - it means that the substrate is exhausted and it is time to transplant the flower.
- Dry spots formed if the violet is in direct sunlight.
What should be the external environment for violets?
Often you can hear from beginners, they say, we grow flowers according to all the rules, but they do not want to bloom. This happens if you miss something in creating a suitable environment for violets. First, these flowers love good lighting. Light day for them should last at least 10 hours. But these flowers do not like direct sunlight, and therefore they pritenyut. Light is needed diffused. In winter, when the duration of daylight hours is less than that necessary to violet, use additional lighting - fluorescent lamps.
Violet sensitive to humidity. You must put a cup of water next to the flower pots.
Indoor violet - a thermophilic plant. From spring to the beginning of autumn it is necessary that the temperature in the room should be + 20 ... + 22 ° С. In winter, the temperature should be no lower than + 18 ... + 20 ° С. Drafts are contraindicated in this plant. At the same time, violets need fresh air, so you need to ventilate the room regularly, but the pots with flowers for this time will have to be moved to another room.
Watering: the choice of method
Violet care is also the right watering. If it is too abundant, then the plant can get sick, in addition, root decay can begin. The soil in the flower pot should not dry out and become a solidified clod, so on average you need to water 2-3 times a week. This is a general rule, and in each case the frequency of irrigation depends on the humidity of the room, the time of year and the material from which the pot is made.
There are 3 main irrigation options:
The latter method is convenient because with the right settings you can water the violet once a week or less.
The wick method involves the use of a cord that absorbs moisture from a container with water and ensures that it enters the pot with the substrate. This allows you to maintain an adequate level of humidity and at the same time prevents rotting of the roots. The wick method allows you to smooth out changes in conditions of detention, for example, in late spring, when sudden heat begins.
The wick method has many advantages. It provides good conditions for the growth and development of violets - the plants bloom early and bloom more abundantly. This method allows plants to provide not only water but also nutrients, while the dosage of fertilizer is calculated and the corresponding aqueous solution is made. The method ensures that violet gets all the nutrients and moisture.
This watering has its drawbacks. If the diameter of the cord and the material from which it is made are chosen incorrectly, and the wick will absorb more water than is needed, this will lead to overmoistening of the substrate and rotting of the roots. During the cold season, if the violet is simply left on the windowsill, the water through the wick will flow very cold, which can also negatively affect the condition of the roots of the plant, so you will have to rearrange the pots with violets where they will be warmer.
Cultivation of violets at home with wick irrigation can be associated with some difficulties. When using this method, the socket is enlarged. If the florist grows only a few outlets, it does not matter. But if he grows many varieties at once, the enlargement of the outlet reduces its possibilities - there is not enough room for all varieties. In addition, if the violets are not grown on window sills, but on racks, then difficulties may arise with the additional load that will create a container with water. For it, you need to find a place and pick it up so that there are gaps between the tank and the pots.
Due to the difficulties that arise with the wick during the cold season, many experienced growers in the winter go to another method of watering, most often under the ground one, since it is much simpler.
Underwater irrigation assumes that no water will fall on the aboveground part of the violet. Direct contact is generally excluded. Warm water is poured into the pan, which put the pots with violets. When it will be seen that the soil is soaked with moisture (but no later than 15 minutes from the start of the procedure), the water from the pan can be drained.
When watering from the pallet excess water must be removed.
Care for violets at home also implies the choice of a method of watering after analyzing all the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Some growers choose sub-irrigation as the easiest way.
How to care for violets? This flower like other plants should be regularly cleaned from dust, literally on the leaf. This is done about 1 time per month. But after this procedure, the leaves need to be dried - for this paper napkins are used.
Violet is very sensitive to water temperature and water quality, therefore, it is better to use water for watering and for the shower, which you have previously defended for 2 days, then boiled and cooled to a temperature of + 18 ... 22 ° C.
To Saintpaulia beautifully bloomed, you need to feed it with mineral fertilizers. Do it only 2 times a year. In spring, violet is fed during the period of active growth. The second time they do it after it has flowered, that is, in the fall. In winter, when the plant is at rest, it is not necessary to feed it. Complex mineral fertilizers are used for this.
Although it is recommended to apply fertilizers 2 times a year, this does not mean that they are used one-time. For example, in the spring they are made 2 times a month and with the same frequency they are used in the autumn.
During transplanting plants use a small amount of humus or humus for feeding. It should also be noted that only adult plants need to be fed.
How to repot violet?
This flower should be replanted no more often than 1 time in 3 years. The plant periodically needs fresh soil. You can buy in the store a special substrate for violets, you can take garden soil, which has undergone special treatment from pests. At the bottom of the pot should be a layer of drainage. The pot itself is selected so that its diameter is 2-3 times smaller than the diameter of the plant. In too large a capacity, the violet simply will not bloom.
The land should be wet for transplanting, but it should not stick to hands. For transplantation, you can use only new pots, so that the plant does not become infected. Unlike popular opinion it is better to use plastic pots than glossy ceramic.
For transplanting, loose soil with sand or peat is needed. For the drainage layer is used claydite. When transplanting violet planted so that its lower leaves barely touched the surface of the earth. For some time after that, the plant should be covered with plastic wrap, creating greenhouse conditions for it. Watering is possible only on the next day after transplantation. But it is necessary to ventilate regularly so that condensate does not collect under the film.
Reproduction violets cuttings
The most popular option is the reproduction of violet cuttings. It is best to choose a leaf from the middle of the outlet, that is, neither too young nor old. It can be pinched off or neatly cut off with a small sharp knife so as not to damage the plant and leave a high stump after it. Cut the stalk as close as possible to the ground.
It is desirable that the black was not less than 47 cm in length. It should be cut obliquely, at an angle of 45 °. If the cut surface is 2-4 cm in length, this will be quite enough for the leaf to take root well and give more outlets.
Not all leaves take root, so it is advisable to take 2-3 leaves at once from the variety you like, if there is such an opportunity. It is not necessary to buy a pot for rooting such a leaflet. Можно обойтись одноразовыми пластиковыми стаканчиками или тарой из-под йогурта. Лучше всего брать неглубокие стаканчики. Если есть неглубокая тара большого диаметра, то в одну емкость можно посадить сразу несколько листочков.The distance between them should be at least 5 cm, so that later it would be convenient to dig them up.
Not all violets reproduce equally well by cuttings. There are so-called chimerka - these are varietal flowers of unusual colors. Their leaves are well rooted, but they do not retain the features of colors or beautifully shaped leaves.
Violet leaf reproduction
How to grow a violet from a leaf, in the ground or in water, interests many beginning gardeners. In fact, both methods are equivalent. And in fact, and in another case, this environment must be disinfected, for example, using activated carbon. If the cutting is put in water, you need to ensure that it does not rot. Water should be taken warm, but not hot. The roots of the leaf will appear in about 1-2 weeks, and then it will be possible to plant it in the ground. Some growers wait longer - until new shoots appear, and this happens after about 1-2 months in the water. Shoots appear from the point of cut. If the florist has decided to wait for their appearance, then you need to podgadat so that they are old enough so that when planting they are not sprinkled with soil. You can not drip the cutting too deep, otherwise the sprouts will not appear soon. The maximum depth is 1.5 cm.
Some believe that violets sprouted in water will bloom faster. In fact, this is a controversial issue. Experienced flower growers who know how to care for violets at all stages of development of this plant will surely say that when grown in water there is always a risk that the cutting will start to rot. Water quality does not always meet the requirements of this plant.
Rooting violets in the ground has its advantages. But here, too, there is a nuance: you need to choose a super-light substrate, looser than the one that is usually used for "adult" violets. The soil mixture will have to be prepared independently on the basis of a special soil for senpoly, to which is added pure river sand (previously calcined). You can also use sphagnum moss for this, it is also sold in flower shops. Moss, even if it is fresh, you need to slightly calcined in the oven for disinfection. So that it does not burn, it must be spread on food foil.
Substrate should be regularly watered with warm water so that it does not dry out. Rooting in the soil is slower than in water, but the risk of rotting of the roots is excluded. The seedling must be kept away from the draft. Direct sunlight is not recommended for him. It is recommended to make a greenhouse for it, covered for this with plastic wrap. Approximately 2 months after rooting, when the sprouted sprouts are already visible, the plant should be transplanted into a constant container, having previously treated both it and the plant itself with special means against pests and fungi.
Violet (Uzambara violet, Saintpaulia) is a compact perennial plant with a growing creeping rhizome. The leaves are dark green, pubescent, heart-shaped. Flower rosette during flowering period almost completely hides the leaves. Flowers are simple and terry, gathered together in several pieces.
The color of the petals is the most diverse, mostly pastel shades. The fruit is a box with a lot of seeds. The root is thin and almost does not branch. Violets are divided into groups that differ in shape, color and type of flowers.
Violets grade "LE Rosemary"
Popular variety with star-shaped terry flowers. It has a standard jagged sheet rosette. It stands out for its decorative inflorescences. On the petals there are three colors at once: on a white background scattered pink strokes and blue specks. Violet Rosemary looks luxurious and delicate at the same time.
Humidity and air temperature
In the nature of Saintpaulia grow in places with high humidity. But the usual method of increasing this indicator - spraying the leaves of a plant - is not applicable for violets. Their leaves have a pubescence, which contributes to the retention of water droplets on the leaf plate. As a result, a fungal disease can develop, especially if the room is cool.
It is best to place water containers on the windowsill or place pots of violets on a tray with wet clay. Only you need to make sure that the water does not reach the bottom of the pot. You can use a household humidifier by placing it next to the window. In the apartment the humidity especially decreases in the winter time when the central heating is working.
The temperature in the room is important for violets, because it is thermophilic. In winter, the thermometer readings should not fall below 16 degrees. The optimum growing temperature will be 20-24 degrees. With such parameters, the violet willingly blooms, and flowering continues for a long time. Young plants need a temperature of 23-24 degrees for this. When the temperature is too high or too low, flowering stops.
In winter, it is better to remove the violet from a cold window-sill and put it on a shelf or rack next to the window. Or, the pots are placed on wooden, foam supports so that the root system does not overcool. Aside from the window of Saintpaulia, you need light for flowering.
Violets should receive from 10 to 12 hours of light, but it should avoid direct sunlight. At the same time, the night time period in the dark is important to them. Some varieties need more lighting than others. If saintpaulia has faded leaves, she refuses to bloom, then there is a shortage of light or she stays in the dark for less than 8 hours a day.
In the summer months, violets are suitable for lighting the northern and eastern window-sills. In winter, they are best located on the southern and western windows.
The socket during the growth process may be bent, as the leaves reach for the light. To avoid this, periodically turn the pot around its axis. Violets grow beautifully under artificial lighting. For this, fluorescent lamps are best suited. Bushes grow in a compact size and bloom well.
The main rule when watering violets - water should not fall on the leaves of the plant. Saintpaulias often die for this very reason. Water for irrigation is better to use separated at room temperature. Too cold or too hot water can damage the roots.
Experienced growers do not water the violets from above, but use other methods of watering:
You can take a large bowl of water, put there several pots of violets at once and leave for a while until the soil is saturated with moisture. The pots can be reached when the earth is darkened by water. After that, they put in their place.
Please note that all plants must be healthy, otherwise it is easy to infect them one from another. With this method of irrigation, the water quality should be perfect, since harmful salts are not washed out, but rise to the top and settle in the ground.
For this method, use a watering can with a narrow spout or syringe to make it easy to get to the ground, bypassing the sheet rosette. With this option, it is important not to overdo it with the amount of water. If you poured excess violet, excess water from the tray under the pot immediately drain.
To do this, most often use a piece of fabric or lace, missed in the drainage hole at one end, the other end is immersed in a container with water for irrigation.
The advantage of this method is that the plant itself takes as much moisture as it needs - the capillary effect works. The level of moisture in the pot at the same time remains stable and is regulated by the flower itself, depending on the air temperature. This method can be used only with a small volume of the pot and in the warm season. In winter, the water may become too cold on the windowsill. In addition, not all varieties of violets suitable such watering.
Selection of pot and soil
Choosing a pot depends on the size of the plant. Conditionally Saintpaulias can be divided into large, medium and miniature copies. The root system of violets is superficial, it does not require a large amount of land, because in nature they grow on stony soils. You can not even increase the volume of the pot at the next transplant. If the violet was cramped in a pot, you need to remove it, remove the old dead roots, excess ground and plant it back in the same container.
Neglect of these recommendations may result in:
- The plant will build up excess green mass to the detriment of flowering. Sometimes the violet may not bloom at all.
- The risk of fungal diseases and the appearance of pests will increase, since such violet is difficult to inspect thoroughly.
- The soil in the pot will sour due to the fact that the roots are not able to braid the whole earthen room.
Usually, the maximum size of a pot for violets is not more than 9 cm in diameter. Plastic containers are best suited.
As a substrate, you can take ready-made soil for Saintpaulia, but it is not always of the desired quality. Some bring it to the required state by adding baking powder. Most often, perlite, vermiculite, coconut fiber is used for this purpose. Additionally, these components retain moisture, so putting them a lot is not necessary, so as not to provoke rotting roots.
You can take in the preparation of the substrate up to 40% of biohumus, it is well established itself in the cultivation of violets. The rest of the soil in this case should consist of baking powder, to prevent it from petrifying with time.
It is better to feed young violets with fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen in order to build up a good sheet rosette. Plants that are preparing for flowering need to feed phosphorus and potassium. Top dressing is added to water for watering in the pan, or fertilized with violets on top. With nitrogen fertilizer it is worth being careful, with its overdoses the plant will not bloom.
On a note! Nutrient deficiencies are easily identified by the appearance of the violet. She will have weak stems and leaves, slow growth, poor-quality flowering.
Usually from fresh soil nutrients disappear within 2 months, then you have to make artificial fertilizer. Regarding fertilizers, violets are unpretentious. They can be fed not necessarily with complexes for flowering plants, but also for vegetables. The composition should include not only nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, but also iron, calcium, magnesium, boron, molybdenum. When buying fertilizer, be sure to read on the packaging of its components and choose a complex with the widest range of components.
How to transplant violet
Since the violets are grown in small pots and there is a small supply of soil there, they should be transplanted annually. White salt deposits on the soil surface and complete filling of the pot with roots indicate the need for transplantation. Transplantation can be done at any time of the year, except for the winter months. If your saintpaulia blooms, do not disturb her, because the bloom suggests that the plant is well in this pot. To transplant should begin after flowering.
- Moisten the potted soil to make it easier for the plants to be removed from there.
- Prepare a washed, well cleaned pot.
- The bottom of the tank filled with expanded clay.
- On the hill of the ground vertically put the plant.
- Violet poured the soil to the bottom of the leaves, slightly compacted soil hands.
- Watering the transplanted plant can be a day. If, after watering, the stem is bare, the ground fill up.
You can repot the plant and method of transshipment. In this case, the ground gently spit on the edge of the pot, which should be slightly larger than the previous one.
At home, growers propagate violet leaf. Rooting can be done both in water and in soil. The sheet must be cut from the second or third row of sheet rosettes. Too young and old leaves for breeding will not work. The leaf of the leaf should be 3-5 cm long. Just cut the sheet should be slightly dried in the air.
If you ordered planting material on the Internet, and it came slightly substandard, soak it for several hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the sheet must be completely dried. Rooting is carried out in water using a glass cup made of dark glass. There boiled water is poured and an activated carbon tablet is placed. Leaf petiole should be no more than 1 cm submerged in water. As water evaporates, water is poured. Rooting speed depends on the type of violet and the air temperature in the room. If the petiole began to rot, damage can be cut off and put a leaf in fresh water.
Rooting in the soil is carried out by placing the sheet at an angle of 45 degrees and making it a support from a toothpick. After that, the seedling is covered with a film or glass jar, create a greenhouse effect. Place it in a warm, bright place, the soil is periodically moistened. A young violet is planted in a permanent place when its leaves are 3 cm in size.
How to grow a violet from a leaf. Rooting and reproduction of Saintpaulia: video
Anyone who has seen the lush bloom of violet will be forever captured by her beauty. But for this you have to give a flower at least a minimum of care.
A prerequisite for the flowering of violets will be sufficient lighting. This can be a bright diffused light, and the emission of fluorescent lamps. Light day should last 12 hours. Keep them in a warm place at a temperature of 20-24 degrees. Spend timely watering and fertilizing. In winter, be sure to increase the humidity.
Violet has blossomed, what to do
During flowering, you should regularly remove faded flower stalks. After flowering, you can use a pause and transplant the plant. If you do not plan this, start applying top dressings with a predominance of nitrogen to enhance the growth of new leaves.
Types of violets
Violets or Saintpaulias are a rosette of leaves without a central stem, with a large number of medium-sized flowers with petals of simple and bizarre forms. Color of flower petals, leaves varied. The shape of the outlet from simple to strongly terry. Patterned lace plants are decorative not only on the window sills. They create compositions on a kitchen apron, racks. Subject to compliance with care, the plant will decorate the most modest home.
Violets and related beliefs and folk omens
When growing violets at home, it is believed that these plants strengthen the material condition of the inhabitants and their health.
Violets attributed to the property to drive from the home of ants. They create a field of luck in the house and reassure unbalanced people. If the violet died, it is believed that she took over the host disease. And if someone from the household is sick, then the violet fades away, dividing the torment of the person.
Such signs make caring for the plant settled in the house responsible, as the blooming violet will be an indicator of a healthy family.
Coloring inflorescences also matters:
- purple flowers are an indicator of love and understanding,
- blue flowers thrive in a creative atmosphere
- the red ones warn against excessive mercantile spirit
- white color brings harmony, removes negativity and suffering,
- pink flower on the window of a lonely person calls for a pair.
A delicate flower requires a caring attitude towards oneself, not only poking a finger into the ground, but stopping, talking, lovingly touching the leaf. The unloved flower will wither and die from the absence of a simple morning greeting. You can rid the flower of negative energy by turning the pots from time to time on the other side to light.
Violet planting and care at home
If you decided to start violet, then you should take into account its preferences. The flower loves bright light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Violet loves moist soil, but without stagnation of water, does not like excessive air humidity and does not tolerate spraying of the leaf blade. It can only be cleaned under a shower, but after a rare procedure, a dry plant should be taken out, without droplets of water on the leaves. Water for irrigation should always be warm and separated. Moderate watering through the pan is considered convenient and favorable for the root system.
The violet does not like drafts from a window leaf either as warm air from a heater or a fan. She can not stand the lack of love and peace in the house and inattention to themselves. If the desire to start violet only strengthened, then we are preparing to receive a new family member.
Caring for indoor violets begins with the preparation of the correct substrate and capacity for the plant. An acidic composition is taken for planting, including peat, dried peat moss, leaf sand and charcoal. Moreover, moss and coal should not be more than 10% of the total composition of the main ingredients:
- peat - 3 volumes,
- leaf earth - 5 volumes,
- large river sand - 1 part.
Experts advise to add perlite and vermiculite to peat, which contribute to the retention of moisture in light soil. Poor composition requires the addition of nutrition in the process of growth. Once a year, a solution of humate is added in winter, spring and autumn, they make mineral dressings with special liquid fertilizer for saintpaulia. The condition is to prevent overfeeding, the soil should remain lean at all times.
Capacity and timing of transplantation
Growing violets at home does not have trifles. Для того чтобы ком земли не закисал, он должен быть достаточным для развития корней, но без излишеств. Так, для взрослого растения вполне достаточно стаканчика высотой и диаметром в 10 см, при этом нижняя часть его наполовину должна состоять из дренажного наполнения.
Пока корневая система не заполнит горшок с землёй, растение не зацветёт. Для разведения первая посуда может быть диаметром 6 см. Дренажное отверстие везде должно быть достаточно большим. Repot the plant every three years, it is not necessary to change the capacity of the pot, you can change only the ground, carefully cleaning the roots as much as possible.
Where did they come to us
From Africa - in Kenya and Tanzania, such flowers bloom near rivers and waterfalls.
There are about 20 kinds of violets, and more than 32 thousand varieties.
On our window sills grow perennial herbaceous Saintpaulias, their leaves are located rosette (go from the center). Not everyone knows, but room violets are divided into:
- "Girls", near the base of the leaf of such plants there is a bright spot,
- "Boys" - their leaves are completely green.
The flowers are medium in size (about 3 cm in diameter). They can be absolutely any color, from five or many petals, with rims, double or corrugated edges, less often in the form of an asterisk. They can be painted in one color, several similar tones or even have a contrasting color.
Such flowers bloom all year round (of course, if the care of the senpolia is organized correctly).
But if you have been to the forest, you could exclaim: but after all other violets are blooming there! Indeed, wild-growing or garden violets (pansies, viols, tricolor violets) very remotely resemble a noble, well-groomed saintpaulia.
Biologists can confirm your skepticism: these plants are not even relatives. But “you can't throw the words out of the song,” and since the Saintpaulias are called violets, I will do that too - so familiar.
Planting grown bush
- Pot. It should be small. Harmful Saintpaulia will not begin to bloom until its roots are populated with the entire pot. Therefore, the "house" for it should be shallow, and wide: about 5 cm for a young, 8 cm for a mature plant and 12 cm for a spreading "old man". If in doubt, make it simple: measure the diameter of the leaves, divide it into three ... That's the desired diameter of the pot! Take a plastic, not a clay pot, and always with the lower holes and a special tray ("saucer").
- The soil. If you did not find it in the store (there are special soils for senpoly), you can mix leaf ground (2 parts), turf (1 part), sand (1 part), humus (0.5 parts). Are you a gardener and you have vegetable food? 120 ml of bone meal and 1 tablespoon of superphosphate can be added to a bucket of soil for violets.
- Drainage. Must fill the pot by a third. This can be not only vermiculite (pebbles) or expanded clay (artificial "shards", although you can take the usual broken ceramic pot), but pieces of foam. A piece of charcoal can be put on top of the drainage, it will additionally protect the violet roots from rot.
Sometimes violets are transplanted. Their roots grow slowly, so often the flower is taken out, shake out the soil, refresh the clay ... And then return the flower to his old "house", changing the soil. Well, if the pot is very close, buy a new one 2 cm more.
Important: transplanting is done when Saintpaulia does not bloom. Good time: early spring.
Repot violet by transshipment method, protecting the roots. The socket does not need to deepen!
What care does an adult violet need?
- Shine. There should be a lot of it in the room, but, like other exotics from warm countries, Saintpaulia is afraid of direct "firing" by the sun's rays. And this means that it should be kept on the western, eastern, and better north window. If you have only the south, curtain it, and put violet on the table next. And by the way, in winter the plant needs to be illuminated, at least keeping it in the room where the lamp is lit all the time - the violet needs up to 14 hours of light per day, otherwise it will not bloom.
- Humidity. Violet does not like dry air, but it also negatively relates to spraying on the windowsill. What to do? In the cold season, include a humidifier (Dr. Komarovsky recommends it - for people, not for violets). If it is expensive to buy such a gadget, just type in the clay, pour and put a pot with violet on it.
- Washing violets. This plant is not afraid of moisture on the leaves! The main thing is that while the leaves do not illuminate the sun, otherwise it will end in burns (water droplets will act as lenses). Soft leaf plates sometimes fall in dust, and the bushes can be taken to the bathroom and washed, putting the shower on a “quiet run” (it is better to wrap cellophane in the pot so as not to get too much water - but if the water is not too hard in the pipeline, you can also arrange a flower ). But do not return the pot to the window sill until the flower is completely dry!
- Temperature. Violet is good at 18-24 degrees. If the batteries are turned on or off abruptly, it can get sick, but placing in the kitchen, where the air constantly heats the stove, can save your darling. Also, do not hold it near the vents and do not expose to the open balcony, the flower is afraid of drafts.
- Watering. It must be done often, but carefully and only when all the soil dries. The so-called bottom watering has proved itself very well: the bottom of the pot, with holes, dipped in a basin of water. When you see that the soil is moistened on top, remove the pot. The excess water will flow for some time, so do not immediately return the pot to the window sill, hold it in the bathroom. Water for irrigation must be defended (type it in a basin the day before).
- Fertilizers. You do not need to break your head - special compositions have already been invented and signed, you will find them in the store. They are given by watering, diluting in water, every 7-10 days. But add two times more water than fertilizer vendors recommend. And one more thing: if the violet has faded and is resting, do not disturb it with additional feedings - let it “sleep off”, otherwise the plant will refuse to bloom later.
If you adhere to these conditions, Saintpaulia will bloom, and not easy, but nodding - that is, the most luxuriant and decorative.
And of course, do not forget that this plant is gentle, which means that sometimes it hurts. If your saintpaulia has yellow leaves or another ailment has attacked, do not worry - even very experienced gardeners face such problems. Most of them are solvable.
A popular blogger and florist will tell about how violets look like and how to treat them:
How different izambarskie violets look
There are not tens, but hundreds of varieties and colors of senpoly. I just do not have enough space here to show all the photos. Therefore - the video! Each picture is signed, you just have to find the right plants or cuttings for sale:
Why does not bloom
The reasons for the lack of flowering can be several: lack of lighting, cold content, depleted soil, overfeeding with nitrogen fertilizers. Move the plant pot to a warm, bright place, watering in a timely manner, use dressings with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. It is also possible that the violet is planted in too large a pot.
Diseases and their treatment
Diseases in plants most often occur due to improper content. Weakened violet can not resist pests and the causative agent of various diseases. Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure, so it is important to maintain plant immunity and carry out preventive measures.
Saintpaulias are prone to fungal diseases. They are often affected by powdery mildew, fusarium, gray rot, blight, rust. The cause of the accelerated development of the spore of the fungus can be drops of moisture on the leaves and low air temperature in the room. All of these diseases are manifested by the appearance of dark and brown spots on the leaves, spores or fluff. At the first signs of disease, the plant should be treated with fungicides, acting according to the instructions.
Why leaves turn yellow and dry
A similar phenomenon can be observed when overheating, if the air temperature is above 25 degrees. Yellow spots appear on the leaves, then they begin to dry and fade. The direct sun rays have the same effect. If you do not want the violet to lose all the leaves, move it to a cooler room with ambient lighting.
Yellowing of the leaves can also be observed due to rotting of the roots. If root rot is suspected, the plant should be removed and the roots inspected. The affected areas are removed, the wounds are powdered with coal, after which the plant is planted in fresh ground. In case of excessive watering, the surface of the earth in the pot can become covered with mold - this is another factor in the yellowing of the leaves. The color of the leaves can also be affected by a lack of nitrogen.
Pincers, thrips, aphids, nematodes, scythosis and false guard, whitefly and some other insects can attack the violet. You will see their presence by the appearance of spots and dots on the leaves; you can see it near flying insects; cobwebs may appear on the leaves. To avoid this, to maintain the indoor environment and the correct microclimate, with a decrease in temperature, reduce watering, air the room regularly.
If harmful insects are already wound up, use an insecticide. Actellic, Intavir, Fitoverm and other drugs are suitable for treatment. They are diluted in water and treated with violet, acting on the instructions.
Signs and superstitions
It is believed that violets charge the premises with positive energy. This flower is a symbol of comfort and prosperous life; it brings joy and harmony to the inhabitants of the house, awakens activity and vitality in pessimists. The beneficial effect depends on the color of the plant.
White Saintpaulias muffle bright emotions, clean the space from the negative influence of bad thoughts and quarrels. They are ideal for children's rooms, helps relieve fatigue and emotional stress.
Varieties of purple buds contribute to spiritual growth and development. They strengthen the character and take away from the head all the same. It becomes easier for people living in the house to find mutual understanding. Purple flowers help to develop intuition and the gift of foresight. It is better not to put them in a room where children sleep and near workplaces.
Blue violets will quickly help to forget about boredom and despondency. They are great for children's groups: various studios, school classes. These flowers make a person more harmonious, develop his creative abilities.
Pink and red violets stand guard over health, prevent diseases of the throat and thyroid gland, reduce excessive appetite. Emotionally, these flowers help to cope with a bad mood, to feel joy. They will suit those people who have a lot of problems in life.
The success of the result is affected by the implementation of a number of features of cultivation of the indoor flower:
- Giving the correct shape to the socket - for this you need to systematically turn the pot to the sun in a clockwise direction.
- Creating a compact bush - as the violet grows, you should carefully cut off the lower leaves to get a compact attractive bouquet framed with several rows of green foliage.
- Reproduction or rejuvenation of the old specimen - with an elongated stem and small flowers, you need to cut the sheets to get new young plants or rejuvenate the violet by replanting the rhizome with the two youngest sheets.
- Adding brightness to flowers - for brighter flowers, Saintpaulia should be watered with potassium permanganate solution
Location and lighting
Throughout the year, the flower needs intense and long-lasting illumination, excluding the flow of direct sunlight. The window sill on the west side of the house will be the most suitable place for placing a flower pot.
Attention! When there is a shortage of light, the flowers will have a faded appearance - elongated leaves, an elongated cutting that violates the shape of the rosette.
Saintpaulia is a cold-resistant culture and is able to survive at low temperatures of 13 ° C, at the same time slowing down life processes, stopping growth and delaying flowering. The optimum temperature range for normal plant development is 20-25 ° C.
Watering and humidity
Watering is carried out 1-2 times a week in the usual way and with saucers. They should not be water residue after the procedure. Water is recommended to use separated during the day and 3-4 ° warmer than ambient air: if the difference in temperature values of water and air exceeds 5 °, yellowish spots appear on the leaf plates.
Violet prefers more humid air. To do this, placed near the flower tanks with water or wet moss. Leaf plates do not wash due to the delay of moisture between the hairs on them.
Attention! Do not allow water to enter the leaves: this leads to the formation of stains, decay and loss of decoration.
Transplant at home
Violet is transplanted once a year in spring, in case the plant develops year-round - at least twice at any time of the year. During transplantation of old specimens, extended shoots are deepened, at which new roots are formed.
Pests and diseases
Saintpaulia is a culture that is fairly resistant to disease and pest damage. Most often on the shoots there are signs of blight blight - brown spots. Fighting him is almost pointless. The main thing to prevent the spread of the disease, destroying the patient specimen and throwing out the substrate. The nematodes affecting the roots of the plant are considered the most harmful pest, because of which the violet stops feeding and dies. To prevent infection of the indoor flower will help purchase a special substrate for growing crops in the store or high-quality roasting of garden soil.
For implementation will require:
- Take a well-developed leaf with a stem and place it in water to form roots, and after formation, plant in a pot with a substrate for violets.
- Or, place the sheet directly into the substrate of sand, leaf and turf soil in equal parts.
- Container with earth and a sheet covered with glass and kept in a warm, well-lit place, but protecting from direct sunlight.
- Periodically slightly moisten the soil.
If it is noted that the leaf began to wilt or does not undergo changes, do not rush to get rid of the material: the new plant may require a long period of time to form.
There is a need to separate the children:
- The daughter socket is carefully dug out with a short sharp knife so as not to injure the mother specimen.
- If the separated bush has a lot of sheets and few roots, then some of the leaf plates are cut off.
- The resulting outlet is planted in a small container filled with the same substrate as in the pot with the mother plant.
- Watering should be done moderately, avoiding flower overflows.
- The young flower is placed in a warm, lighted place under the scattered rays.
Tip! It is better to carry out the division of the bush in the summer season, so that the mother plant recuperates faster and has time to accumulate energy for the winter.
Planting and caring for violets (in brief)
- Bloom: almost year round.
- Lighting: bright diffused light (north, north-east, north-west windowsills). Light day of Saintpaulia should last 13-14 hours.
- Temperature: during the growing season - 18-24 ˚C, in winter - not less than 15 ˚C.
- Watering: regular - 2 times a week, 1 time in a week and a half, it is desirable to apply the method of lower watering.
- Air humidity: normal for residential premises.
- Top dressing: during the active growing season 1 time in 10 days with mineral fertilizer for flowering houseplants, adding it to the water for lower irrigation. Fertilizer dosage should be two times weaker than indicated in the instructions.
- Rest period: not clearly pronounced, but sometimes in winter it is necessary to give senpolias a rest.
- Transfer: it is necessary to change the substrate in the pot annually, but the pot is changed to a larger one only as needed.
- Breeding: babies, leaf cuttings and seeds.
- Pests: spider mites, scale insects and lozhnooshchiki, aphids, thrips, nematodes, worms, whiteflies, woodlice, fly and mosquitoes.
- Diseases: fusarium, powdery mildew, rust, gray mold and late blight.
Flowers violets - description
Home violet is a short, evergreen perennial herb with shorter stems and basal rosette of rounded leathery fuzzy leaves green on the so-called boy plants (boys) and with a bright spot at the base on the saint-sexes girls (girls). The leaves of domestic violets have an unequal heart-shaped base and a pointed or rounded tip. Flowers in Saintpaulia, with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm, simple, pyatilepestkovye or terry, kamenchatye, star-shaped or corrugated, collected in hand. The color of the flowers can be almost any - one shade or two-tone. The flowering of violets with proper care lasts almost all year round. Saintpaulia fruit is a box with a large number of seeds.
Actually, saintpaulia is called home violet only because its flowers are similar to violet forest or garden flowers, in fact, Saintpaulia belongs to a completely different family and is not related to such a well-known garden plant as tricolor violet or pansy. Violets on the window sills are Saintpaulias, African flowers, who managed to conquer the whole world in a short period of time. We will tell you how to plant a violet, how to care for your home violet and describe to you the most popular varieties in the culture of violets.
Care for home violet.
How to care for home violets so that they bloom as long as possible? Комнатные фиалки очень любят свет, но боятся прямых солнечных лучей, поэтому лучшее место для них – северный, северо-восточный или северо-западный подоконник, освещаемый рассеянным светом. Можно держать их и на южном окне, до середины занавешенным тканью – не беда, если на фиалки упадет луч заходящего солнца, но от полуденных обжигающих лучей нежные листья и цветки сенполий следует защитить. Световой день для домашней фиалки должен длиться 13-14 часов, и если вы в зимнее время сумеете организовать для нее дополнительное освещение, она будет без устали цвести даже в февральские холода.
How to grow violet in a city apartment and what is the optimum temperature for it? Violet flowers stop growing when the temperature drops below 15 ºC, therefore it is necessary to maintain a moderately warm temperature indoors in summer and moderately cool in winter. The optimal temperature for the saintpaulia is 18-24 ºC. Drafts and a sharp temperature drop have a bad effect on them - that is why indoor violets do not like to spend the summer in the fresh air. It is important for Saintpaulia and the humidity of the air - it should be increased, but at the same time the water should not fall on the flowers or on the leaves of the plant exposed to light.
Pots for violets.
The pot for the saintpaulia should be small, since the root of the violet does not take up much space, and the plant begins to bloom abundantly only when the roots have mastered the entire inner space of the pot. Young seniors need a pot with a diameter of 5-6 cm, and for an adult violet it is enough to have a pot with a diameter of 7-9 cm. And only very large plants will need a container with a diameter of 11-13 cm. The calculation for picking up the dishes is simple: the diameter of the container should be three times smaller diameter rosette of leaves. And note that room violet prefers plastic clay pots.
When the tank for violets is filled with drainage, you can start planting Saintpaulia. Pour a layer of substrate onto the drainage, place the plant in the center of the pot and gradually pour the substrate under the plant from different sides, shaking the pot a little to fill all the voids with soil. When 2 cm to the edge of the pot is left empty, slightly press the surface of the substrate and pour the violet.
Caring for violet at home requires fertilizer in the soil. They begin to fertilize the violets at the beginning of the growing season, and continue to make additional feedings once a week and a half until the violet enters the dormant period. As a fertilizer use liquid complexes for flowering houseplants. The best way is to add fertilizer to the water for lower irrigation, especially since the frequency of soil moistening coincides with the frequency of applying top-dressings. However, note that the concentration of fertilizer should be two times lower than indicated in the instructions.
Transplant of violets.
Growing violets requires annual replacement of the substrate in the pot, but the pot itself can be not changed. If the plant requires a larger pot, you can tell by the fact that the leaves of the violet have become smaller and paler, and the flowering has become scarce. In this case, you need to transplant Saintpaulia in a pot with a diameter of 2 cm more. How to transplant violet, to cause her as little as possible anxiety? Easier tolerates transplanting violet in March. Try to carefully transfer it from one pot to another without breaking the earthy clod. The root neck of the plant should be 2-3 cm below the edge of the pot. After transshipment of the saintpaulia to the new pot on the drainage layer, evenly fill the spaces between the plant’s earthy clot and the walls with fresh substrate, shaking the pot to fill the entire space. After transplantation, do not forget to water the violet well.
Pruning violets and forming an outlet of violets.
A violet bush should have three tiers of leaves. Leaves located below can be cut off, leaving no petioles, especially if they are faded and lifeless. Remove faded flowers and deformed or yellowed leaves in a timely manner so that the bush looks neat. From time to time, turn the pot with violet around the axis so that the leaves in the socket are evenly spaced. Over time, due to the fact that you have removed the lower leaves, the stem is exposed to the violet. The older the plant, the higher the stem, and it does not add to the plant decoration. There are two ways to remedy the situation: transplant the violet by plunging the stem into the ground, or cut off the entire outlet, leaving a stem up to 2 cm high under it, place the bush with a penny bush in a glass of water, wait for the roots to form on it and plant the violet in the ground.
Violet care is also hygienic. In the natural conditions of the African mountains, where violets pour rain and dry wind, they feel great and sometimes grow up to 30 cm in height. Therefore, to readers' questions whether it is possible to wash violets and why violets cannot be sprayed, we answer that it is possible to wash and spray violets. When the leaves of the plants are covered with dust, take them to the bath, turn on the shower and wash the dust off the leaves with a gentle warm water pressure. However, do not rush to return the violets to the window sill, leave them in the bathroom until the excess water runs out and the leaves dry out, otherwise there will be spots on them under the bright light.
How to propagate violet.
As you can see, planting and caring for violets are not at all complicated, and the unobtrusive, but almost perfect beauty of Saintpaulus makes any dwelling attractive and cozy. Anyone who has conquered the unassuming charm of room violets will definitely want to learn how to reproduce them, and we are ready to share with you our experience in this matter. House violets are propagated by seeds, babies, and leaf cuttings, but it is easier to use vegetative propagation methods.
Violet does not bloom.
Beginner growers sometimes appeal to us that, despite all their efforts, they cannot wait for their bloom to bloom. So why the violet does not bloom? Let's analyze the causes of this phenomenon. It is difficult to wait from the violet bloom if:
- - she does not have enough light
- - light day she has less than 12 hours,
- - the substrate is supersaturated with nitrogen fertilizers,
- - violated the rules of watering plants,
- - there is not enough humid air in the room - violet needs humidity of 50%,
- - in the pot is too heavy and dense soil,
- - the plant is too spacious pot,
- - the violet is affected by pests or is sick.
Violet turns yellow.
Often worried novice violet lovers and the fact that the violet leaves turn yellow. Why is this happening? Sometimes the leaves turn yellow from the natural cause - old age. Such leaves are best removed along with the stalks. The second reason is the burning of the leaves under the bright rays of the sun, drying out of the soil or overheating of the plant. Moisten the soil in a pot using a lower irrigation method and organize the protection of the plant from the sun in the midday time - you can hang curtains on the window, or cover the glass with a sunscreen film. If possible, place the violets on the sill of a north, northwest, or northeast orientation. Be sure to follow the acidity of the soil - the norm for senpoly 5.5-6.5 pH. And do not get carried away with phosphate fertilizers to the detriment of nitrogen - the plant needs nitrogen, including so that the leaves of the violet were green.
If, after the leaves have turned yellow, the base of the stem has become brown in color and has become soft, the plant suffers from excess moisture and too low temperature.
Spots on violets.
Spots on violet leaves appear for various reasons. For example, light yellow spots are the work of thrips. And if black spots are visible on a sheet under a magnifying glass, then these are spores of a parasitic fungus. Black bloom on the leaves - from soot fungus. Rounded light brown spots on the leaves and flowers of the plant - sunburn. Gray-beige small spots in the form of blots, stripes and curls on the whole sheet - the consequences of drafts. Dark spots on the edges of old leaves arise from a lack of potassium - this is a signal for changing the substrate in the pot. White spots or bloom are signs of powdery mildew. Dark spots covered with gray cannon mold - gray mold. Auburn stains - rust.
Types and varieties of violets
The American classification of room violets, which most flower growers use, is quite complicated due to the huge number of varieties, but we still try to give you an idea of the types and varieties of Saintpaulia hybrids that exist in culture. Varietal violets are distinguished by the following features:
- outlet size - micromini mM (outlet diameter up to 6 cm), mini M (diameter from 10 to 15 cm), semi-mini, or midi SM (diameter from 15 to 20 cm), standard S (diameter from 20 to 40 cm), large standard L (diameter from 40 to 60 cm). A separate category are trailer violets, or ampelous,
- leaf type - oval, rounded, reniform, oblong-cordate, oblong-oval on long petioles, entire, serrated, wavy along the edge or corrugated. In addition, there are leaves with a stain at the base of the plate - they are called "gerl", and there are leaves without a stain - "battle." The leaf surface can be smooth, quilted, spoon-shaped, weakly or densely pubescent, monophonic or variegated,
- leaf color may be from the upper side of any shade of green, sometimes dark brown or almost black, olive, gray-green, with splashes or veins of white, light green with pink splashes. The underside may be light green, pinkish, almost white, lilac with purple spots, dark purple, green with purple spots,
- flower type in senpolius it happens: classical, as in pansies, star-shaped - with five petals of the same size, bell-shaped - with one or two rows of petals, wasp - a very rare type with folded petals of the upper lip and wide petals of the bottom and spider - flowers with elongated petals, that seem to cover the hemisphere. Flowers of all types can be simple, semi-double and terry. Flowers of bell-shaped type are only simple and semi-double.
In addition to the basic forms, with the emergence of an increasing number of hybrids of violets, there are varieties with such a shape of the edges of the petals as corrugated (border or lace), rounded, pointed, torn and even,
- coloring petals in violets it can be monophonic, two-tone, (two shades of the same color), two-color or multicolor. Two-color, multi-color and two-tone color can be fancy (with dots, splashes, peas, rays or spots of a different color or tone on the petals) and bordering (on the flowers one or two borders of different widths of one or two colors). The two-tone color can also be finger-like - on the petals there is a contrasting color spot in the form of a circle or oval. As for colors, in which violet flowers can be painted, there are letter designations for the whole range of colors:
- - B (Blue) - blue or blue,
- - C (Multicolor) - multicolored,
- - P (Pink, Rose) - hot pink or dark pink,
- - O (Orchid, Mauve, Levender) - orchid, lavender, rose-lilac or pale lilac,
- - R (Red, Mahagon, Plum, Burgundy) - red, red, chestnut, plum, cherry,
- - V (Violet, Purple) - purple or purple,
- - W (White, Creamy, Blash) - white, cream or barely pink,
- - X (Bicolor) - two-tone
- - Y - white with yellow.
Recently, when describing violets, such unusual colors as beige, fawn, orange, indigo, salmon, ashen, gray, terracotta, electrician and fuchsia also came into use.
- number of petals - Violet flowers can be simple, or single, with five to six petals, semi-double - in the center of the flower two additional shriveled comb-petals and terry are formed.
From the huge variety of Saintpaulias we offer you remarkable varieties of violets with names and descriptions that you will surely remember. We will not argue that these are the best violets grown in culture, but for sure you will be able to choose among them a flower for your home.
Caprice - white violet with double flowers with green fringe on the edges of the petals. The leaves are variegated, wavy.
Macho - purple violets with a burgundy shade of large semi-double flowers with a white border on wavy edges. Leaves are green, simple, ovoid.
Your majesty - pink violet with dense flowers with wavy edges of petals and bright green leaves,
Water - terry blue violet that turns pink to the edges of the petals. There is a bright bronze-green border along the fringed edges. Leaves are light green, wavy.
Sea wolf - gigantic, up to 8 cm in diameter, semi-double blue violet with wavy petals, decorated with a thin mesh pattern. The leaves are dark green.
Tomahawk - bright red violet with a classic flower type. The variety has abundant flowering. The leaves of this violet are dark green.
Paris secrets - large double flowers of dark lilac-black color with iridescent amethyst-red mesh pattern on all petals. The central petals are collected in a tight ball, like a cabbage. Along the fringed edges of the petals are white and green ruff. The scalloped leaves, variegated - green with white.
Jabot - violet with terry dark blue petals, wrapped in a cabbage. At the edges of the petals twisted bright lime ruff. Leaves are green, wavy.
Max Black Pearl - velvet black violet with purple tint and compact semi-miniature foliage.
Unfortunately, neither green violet nor yellow has been bred so far, but breeders have already developed varieties with a yellow tinge or with a yellow pattern on the leaves - Lemon Kissis, Majestie, Worm Sunrise, Sunkist Rose. There are also several varieties of Saintpaulia with prozeleness, which are commonly called green violets - Silverglade Apples, Frozen in Time, Baccay Irish Lace, Irish Cream, Spring Rose, Green Lace and others.
Violets on the windowsill destroy privacy.
The incredible popularity of Saintpaulus has become the cause of many superstitions and signs, with which this flower is associated. They say, for example, that violet is a muzhegon, that is, an unmarried woman who grows indoor violets has no chance of getting married, and a married lover of Saintpaulus has a risk of being left without a husband. But if you think well, it turns out that among your acquaintances there are married women who have been growing violets for years. Yes, and those of your girlfriends who recently got married can be found on the window-sill a violet or two. If you search.
Another superstition claims that indoor violet is an energetic vampire and that you cannot keep it in your bedroom because it causes drowsiness and fatigue. But if you think about it, violets, like any other plants, by day, by light, produce oxygen, and at night, on the contrary, they absorb it and release carbon dioxide. And from a lack of oxygen and you tend to sleep. Hence the conclusion: no need to arrange on the windowsill in the bedroom a whole greenhouse.
Violets are good signs.
But astrologers believe that the violet, combining the energy of Taurus and the Moon, has a calming effect on a person, brings comfort and good mood to the house. And like all flowers belonging to the sign of Taurus, they have the power of a talisman that guarantees security, stability, harmony and gives a person wisdom, endurance and inspiration in creativity. Like this.