Today, a large number of melons are known, including this variety. It perfectly transfers a cool and wet summer season of Europe. The second name of Cantaloupe is musk melon. Externally, the plant is different oval or slightly flattened forms, the fruits are colored yellow or orange color, the foliage is dark green. On the cut stands out a lot of juice and pulp.
What is cantaloupe?
The plant belongs to the family of pumpkin. Bushes are powerful, with large foliage. The mass of fruits reaches one and a half kilogram. The melon is covered with striped, somewhat relief peel.
The variety is widely known in Western Europe, America. Candied fruit of excellent quality is made from its fruit, and tasty jam is made. In addition, Cantaloupe is enriched with carotene, which increases its value. It is used in the preparation of some dishes, because the berry has a strong aroma and a pleasant aftertaste. From here and the second name of a melon - musky.
Cantaloupe refers to mid-season, for long storage is not recommended, but has a good transportability.
Cantalupa came to the territory of Russia from Italy.
The advantages and disadvantages of cantaloupe
First we need to recall that this berry is considered the ancestor of almost all varieties grown in Europe, and one of the close relatives of Central Asian cultures.
Among the positive qualities are the following:
- the coarseness of the retina on the peel does not allow the fruit to crack due to excess moisture,
- the culture easily tolerates a humid and not very warm summer,
- in comparison with Asian varieties, Cantalupa matures two to three times faster,
- the plant is excellent against powdery mildew, a disease common to all melon crops in the rainy season,
- different taste excellent.
Of the shortcomings can be noted this - short storage. For this reason, the melon is recommended to be eaten for three weeks after harvest.. With longer storage the fruits lose their attractiveness.
The chemical composition of the fetus
It is valued not only for its taste, but also for its beneficial properties. According to certain indicators for Cantaloupe, there is no equal among other fruits. Most of all it contains:
- ascorbic acid
For example, it contains carotene most of all, a lot of sucrose. The level of sugar Cantaloupe exceeds watermelon.
The presence of iron in cantaloupe is almost twice as high as chicken meat and seventeen times as milk. The presence of vitamin C is also distinguished, its amount is ahead of watermelon three times.
Musk melon is recommended for use by those suffering from obesity, cholesterol, hair loss. The presence of Inosine in the product does not allow such diseases to progress.
The potassium present in the berry stabilizes the pressure, so that the fruit can be eaten by hypertensive patients. Low calorie fetus allows you to include it in the diet.
Melon skin is used in the preparation of nutritious masks for the skin of the face.
The best varieties of cantaloupe
Breeding work on the breeding of new varieties continues quite successfully. Among the most promising are the following:
Another variety bred from an East American plant. Powerful plant has long scourge and large leaves of a dark green shade. The term of aging is average. Fruits have a rough mesh on the skin, oval-shaped, their weight reaches 1.7 kg. Longevity is normal, the crop should be removed in a timely manner so that the melons do not overripe. It has good disease resistance.
One of the new varieties with medium aging. The plant is well accustomed to new features of the climate, indicators of soil composition, moisture level. Fruits are small, flattened or oval. Their weight does not exceed six grams. The variety has good root rot resistance,
Known around the world. Fruits differ in small weight - from six hundred grams to one kilogram. Its performance Charente is similar to other melons, but the main feature is a strong and persistent aroma and savory flavor. It is grown only in France, in protected soil conditions. More often it is used as an additional ingredient.
The result of the work of Israeli breeding specialists. Externally, the variety resembles Cantalupu. It does not impose any special requirements on the growth conditions; it tolerates equally well an elevated level of humidity and a dry period, and is resistant to cold. Mid-season variety with pistachio pulp. The fruits are not very large. The main value lies in a good immune system and the ability to adapt to different climate conditions,
Another hybrid. Known for bright yellow flesh, excellent juiciness with characteristic sourness. The term of full maturation is from two to one and a half months.
Planting seeds and care for the first shoots
Melons are planted in two ways - in the ground or rassadnym method. The second option is most often used in areas with a cold climate. The soil before planting should warm up to eighteen degrees of heat. The soil should be light, well pass water and air. In the autumn season it is recommended to add organic matter to the bed at the rate of five kilograms per square meter.
After sowing or planting seedlings, it is recommended to cover the beds with plastic wrap to create protection against insects. But before flowering, it should definitely be removed. Watering should be plentiful, especially in hot weather.
Weed vegetation should be carefully removed until the melon forms creeping stems. But you should be careful. Sprouts strongly resemble clover, they can be easily confused. As soon as the bush is stronger, he will begin to survive the weeds.
Melon on a bush
Pinch, feed and bush formation
To make the plant more branchy, it is necessary to pinch it. This will help the bush to form side branches. It is necessary to feed during active growth using nitrogen compounds. Upon completion of flowering and the appearance of melons in the ovary, phosphate and potash fertilizers are used.
To stems do not curl on the ground, they can be tied up. Experienced gardeners use low grids, but for the resultant fruits they will have to think about support.
In addition to the usual fresh consumption of fresh, cantaloupe made excellent candied fruit and jam. It is caused by a small shelf life. It is made from berries and dried fruits, but this process is rather complicated and long.
Although culture is distinguished by medium-sized but very tasty fruits, it is still popular not only for industrial cultivation, but also for home gardens. It is considered the only species successfully cultivated in Russia.
Cantaloupe melon, the yellow flesh of which has an incomparable aroma and delicate flavor, is a valuable food product. The fruit is famous for its high content of ascorbic acid, which has a beneficial effect on the immune system and helps the body to cope with viruses and infections. A melon is also good in terms of nutrition, since the inosine present in its pulp prevents the formation of cholesterol and the accumulation of fat, and also strengthens the hair. Thai melon (photo above) contains a record high amount of carotene, as well as folic acid, vitamins of group B, fiber.
In the food product, as a rule, goes fresh. In addition, the melon is used in the preparation of various desserts, vegetable and fruit salads, fillings for baking, jam.
The plant with small but very tasty fruits is of interest not only in terms of industrial cultivation, but also for owners of small farms. This is the only type of melon that is widely and successfully cultivated in all of Western Europe, including Russia.
Advantages and disadvantages of culture
First of all it should be said that cantaloupe melon is the ancestor of almost all European varieties and a close relative of the Central Asian ones. Culture has a number of positive qualities and minor flaws:
- The characteristic coarse mesh skin prevents fruit from cracking from excess moisture.
- The plant is perfectly adapted to wet and cool summer.
- Cantaloupe melon ripen 2-3 times faster than Asian varieties.
- The plant is characterized by high resistance to such a disease as powdery mildew, the scourge of melons and gourds in a rainy summer.
- The size of cantaloupe inferior to Asian relatives, less fragrant, but still has high taste characteristics.
- It is not stored for a long time, therefore it is recommended for consumption in the first 2-3 weeks after collection, after 1-1.5 months the fruits lose all their attractiveness.
Cantaloupe melon: growing
Experts advise to choose a separate place for planting from other crops. It should be well lit and warmed by the sun, without cold drafts and winds. The southern slopes of the site are optimal in this respect. Thai melon (the photo of the fruit is presented in the article) prefers light soils that are well permeable to moisture and air, cultivated and with a neutral reaction of the environment. Preferably, the autumn application of organic matter (compost, manure) under not very deep digging (up to 30 cm), in an amount of 5-6 kg per square meter. The plant is moisture-loving and requires abundant systematic watering.
Melons are planted directly into the ground or in a seedling method, the second option being preferable for cold regions. Planting is carried out as soon as the soil warms up well (+ 18 ° C).
The plant is extremely unpretentious, and it can grow not only an experienced gardener, but also an absolute novice. Cantaloupe melon gave rise to many varieties, but the basics of caring for them all are the same. Like all gourds, it is very demanding on the level of moisture in the soil, especially in a very dry and hot period.
In the spring, after disembarking, melons should be covered if there is a threat of return frost. Further care is weeding, shallow loosening after irrigation and fertilizing with mineral preparations. Under the ripening fruit you need to make a lining to protect them from wet soil, as this can lead to rotting. During the period of active growth of the plant, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers is recommended, and after flowering and at the time of melon formation - phosphate and potash fertilizers.
Directly during the ripening of the fruit, it is recommended to reduce watering so that they are more fragrant and sweet.
Currently, cantaloupe melon is not as popular as a few decades ago, but amateur gardeners continually turn to the process of growing it. However, the selection work also continues. The following two varieties are the most promising.
- Iroquois is a new variety of East American cantaloupe. The plant is powerful, with long lashes and dark green large leaves. Maturing terms are average. Fruits are clearly segmented with a coarse net on the skin, oval in shape, the average weight is 1.2-1.7 kg. The sugar content is 12-13%. Longevity usual for cantaloupe, so the fruit must be collected on time, avoiding over-spelling. The plant has a high resistance to diseases.
- Blondie - a variety of new breeding with good characteristics. The ripening time is average - 80-85 days after planting. The hybrid belongs to the famous French cultivar Charente, characterized by high environmental plasticity, that is, the ability to adapt to climatic conditions, humidity levels, soil characteristics. The plant is powerful, with long bushy lashes. Fruits are small, flattened or oval in shape, weighing up to 600 g, do not have a characteristic peel mesh, segmented. Bright orange flesh has a sweet taste and pronounced aroma. Variety resistant to root rot.
Not to mention the varieties of cantaloupe, which were most common in the 50s of the last century: Prescott ordinary, warty and thin-skinned, Carmelite, Best early English, Paris.
Cantaloupe cantaloupe (Cantaloupe) is a variety of large berries, the mention of which scientists met even more than 2 thousand years ago. The most recent mention of the musk melon we find in the Indian and Guinean records. However, the most common opinion is that this variety has Western Europe as its birthplace. At the same time, it is absolutely certain that only some varieties of cantaloupe crops were brought to us from Europe. And the appearance of this varieties of unique melons we are obliged, oddly enough, to the Crusades.
When the Crusades spread around the world, the knights often took home to their homeland their surprised or liked finds and grains of strange plants. Thus, cantaloupe seeds were delivered from Armenia and presented to the Pope of Rome as a gift. Another remark about this type of melon can be found in the records of Rome, which are specifically dated to the 1st century AD. er Now it is widespread, and you can see it in every corner of the modern world.
Cantaloupe came to the Russian Federation and America directly from Italy, where they loved this fruit for its luxurious taste. From Italy around the world widely spread numerous varieties of cantaloupe melon culture. In agrarian production, cantaloupe is valued mainly for its simplicity. Severe droughts or, on the contrary, excessive moisture during the whole season do not interfere with maturation of this plant. Masters of cooking also use nutmeg in their dishes, because it has a strong aroma and pleasant taste.
Famous cultivars of cantaloupe melon
In Russia, however, as in other countries, breeders sought to bring out more and more new varieties that could easily adapt to the local climate. It was possible to get at least 15 varieties, and this is before the 50s of the twentieth century, of which the most famous are:
- Tsaritsyn day.
- Moscow cantaloupe.
In the late 50s of the last century, the breeding of the newest varieties continued the same way. Now most often create and breed melons the following varieties:
A huge number of varieties of this fruit are scattered all over the planet, but Charente enjoys the greatest popularity today. The fruits of this variety differ in small size and weight (600-1200 years). For all other indicators Charente is similar to ordinary melons, but its peculiarity is an exceptionally strong and persistent aroma, as well as a refined taste that is not found in other varieties. Musk Melon Charente bred exclusively and only in France on protected ground.
Musk melon or Musk melon Cantalupa is recognized worldwide not only due to its captivating taste, but also for its healing properties. In a sense, this fruit literally has no analogues among other fruits. For example, it contains the largest amount of carotene compared to other melons. In addition, a large concentration of sucrose is present in cantaloupe. The presence of sugar in this berry is higher than in watermelons, where there is a lot of fructose, which, if it is in excess, can harm human health.
In fact, the ability of our body to repel attacks of airborne, “cold” germs, exciting SARS and influenza, depends primarily on the state of the main and main safety barrier - nasopharyngeal mucosa. It is his and is able to support the melon due to its unique properties.
Cantaloupe also contains iron, which is twice the volume in chicken meat and 17 times higher than the iron content in dairy products and milk. Vitamin C can be distinguished from the healing components, which, again, is much higher in quantity than this element in watermelon 3 times.
Musk melon can be useful for eating in situations where a person suffers from baldness, obesity or an excess of cholesterol. The substance inosine prevents the progress of these pathologies. A significant amount of potassium prevents the increase in pressure, so cantaloupe will be very useful in chronic hypertension. Moreover, this fruit is also low-calorie, for this reason it can safely be eaten with diets.
Use of cantaloupe
The most common use of nutmeg is her eatingHowever, cantaloupe is also a raw material for the preparation of candied top grade jams and preserves. Unfortunately, as a food, this fruit (or rather, this berry) can be consumed only by those who grow it. This is due to a very short temporary shelf life, and therefore she invented a different use: as a raw material for the manufacture of jam and nutmeg.
Cantaloupe has great popularity and высушенном виде. Впрочем, придется приготовиться к длительной и сложной процедуре, чтобы сухофрукты из мускатной дыни получились наивысшего качества.First, the fruits are placed on a flat surface, where they undergo the procedure of wilting in the sun for a couple of days. Next, cantaloupe rinsed and dried. After drying, the melons are divided in half along the entire length and all seeds are removed from the bright orange middle.
Next, each of the halves of the fruit is divided into equal shares from two to four or five centimeters, depending on the subsequent use of the resulting dried fruit. Each of the lobes is peeled, and a green layer is removed that borders on the skin. In this form, cantaloupe melon pieces are placed for another 8-12 days for wilting in the sun. After the dried fruits are ready, they are twisted into braids or their likeness (for example, into plaits) and put into boxes covered with parchment paper.
By its texture cantaloupe dried fruit turn out firm, on tastes - sweet-sour. The composition of moisture in the dried slices is almost zero, but at the same time they will have a high sucrose content, which reaches almost 65% of the resulting product. Humidity is about 15%, and sometimes less, it will depend on the timing for which the wilting was carried out. In finished form, candied cantaloupe fruit is distinguished by light yellow or light brown hues. The number of dark spots they have is always the smallest and does not exceed more than 5% of the total area of the obtained product.
Cantaloupe is a berry that can prevent and even help overcome many diseases, add useful components to the human body, or simply brighten the past day with its unique taste.
This product is used in most countries, sometimes even as a raw material for the production jam and candied fruit in the culinary and confectionery business, and for good reason, because, in essence, there are no more fruits similar in taste and content of nutrients on our planet.
Chinese melon, cantaloupe, cantaloupe melon - this variety has many names, so it is sometimes difficult to remember everything.
This plant belongs to the pumpkin family. Bushes powerful, creeping with large leaves. Fruits come in different shapes: sometimes flattened, as if segmented, sometimes smooth and oval. Fruit weight varies from 500 g to 1.5 kg. The sizes seldom exceed 25 cm. The melon is covered with a striped, relief peel. The flesh is muffled orange, sweet.
This variety is widely distributed in Western Europe, North and South America, primarily due to the fact that high-quality candied fruits and preserves are obtained from the fruit. Moreover, cantaloupe is rich in carotene, which increases its value. In growing it is unpretentious, resistant to many diseases. The mid-season variety, however, is not suitable for long-term storage, although it is distinguished by high rates of transportability.
Terms of ripening
When choosing a variety for planting, you always need to know when the growing season ends and the ripe fruit can be picked from the bed. Cantaloupe has ripened by the end of August, although the ripening time may vary slightly.
To make sure that the fruit is ready to be harvested, check the stem - it should be easily separated from the fruit. The peel, during the growing season is dark green, when ripe becomes beige. Often after a dry summer, it is white.
You can check the ripeness and experimentally - cut one fruit in two to find out the color of the pulp. When the melon has ripened, the flesh turns dark orange with a pink tinge.
Cantaloupe - unpretentious variety, which means that special care is not required. However, in order to grow large fruits, you will have to care for the plant with proper attention.
Watering the plant should be plentiful, especially during dry periods of summer. But it should not be allowed to accumulate water in the aisle - it will spoil the stems and fruits. On hot days, the leaves may look faded, wilted, but this does not mean that you need to water more - they will return to normal by the evening. Try not to pour water directly on the stem, better under it or nearby, so as not to spoil it.
After sowing, it is best to cover the beds with a film to protect them from insects. You can fix the film on the wire frame, but you need to remove it when the plant begins to bloom, so that insects can pollinate the flowers.
Until creeping stalks are formed, weeds should be carefully weeded out, which slow down the growth of the melon. However, be careful - the young sprouts of Cantaloupe are very similar to clover, so they can be easily confused with a weed. Once the stem is stronger, the melon itself will survive the weeds from the garden.
If you wish, you can tie up the stems so that they do not curl over the ground. The best solution would be to use a low lattice, but at the same time formed fruits will have to be maintained.
During the season, this variety requires 2 dressing with nitrogen fertilizers before flowering and one dressing with phosphorus and potassium during the flowering period. This will help the plant to quickly gain nutrients, which will greatly accelerate the growing season.
Cantaloupe contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, inosine, carotene, folic acid, silicon, fiber.
Eating this type of melon nourishes the body with nutrients that have a positive effect on immunity, skin and hair condition, and metabolism. They also have a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract, since the beneficial substances of Cantaloupe act as an absorbent for toxins, helping to quickly remove them from the human body.
White peel of melon is not only an excellent ingredient for candied fruit, but can also serve as one of the elements of cosmetic face and body care, being part of the nutritional masks.
This sort of melon is found under different names: Cantaloupe, Chinese or Musk. It belongs to the pumpkin family, it ripens in bahche with large leaves. A ripe berry can be oval smooth or flattened. The maximum weight of a melon can reach one and a half kilograms, but not more than 25 cm in length. Cantaloupe peel is embossed and striped, which can be clearly seen in the photo.
Musk melon is actively used to make candied fruits and preserves, which is why it is quite common in America and Western Europe. This is an incredibly useful berry, because it is a mine of carotene.
Those who are engaged in the cultivation of Cantaloupe, know that this sort of melon is not whimsical and has a high resistance to various diseases affecting pumpkin crops. But, its essential disadvantage is a small shelf life.
For a start, proper preparation of the soil for planting a melon is required. Muscat white melon and other Cantaloupe varieties love the hot climate and loamy or sandy soil. Be sure to install drainage. In addition, Cantaloupe grows best in a weakly acidic environment.
Melon planting should be well lit. To make the fruit tasty, it is recommended to fertilize the soil with rotting manure or compost. In addition, the land should not include garbage.
Landing is best done only after the earth is well warmed. The best time for planting seeds is a few days before the last frost. In order not to risk and not transfer seeds, it is better to plant them at home and only after they have taken root to plant the seedlings on the plot.
Peculiarities of care
Despite the fact that the Musk melon is not whimsical and as such does not require care, you will still have to take care of it. If as a result you want to get big fruits, you will need to perform the following actions:
- watering melons copiously, especially during the drought period, but care should be taken to ensure that water does not accumulate in the aisle, this can lead to damage to the fruits and stems,
- beds better covered with a film (prevents insect parasitism), which is subject to removal after the start of flowering,
- weeds need to be cleaned until creeping stems appear,
- during one season, 2 additional feeding is required, with one before flowering, the second during it.
Pros and cons varieties
Muskmelon has many advantages and is the ancestor of almost all varieties:
- the berry does not crack in case of excessive moisture,
- Cantaloupe melon easily tolerates not very warm summer,
- there is a rapid flowering when compared with Asian varieties, this figure is two or even three times faster than them,
- It has resistance to the disease called powdery mildew, which develops in all melons during the rainy period,
- high taste qualities.
As for the shortcomings, only one is noted here - a small period of storage of the fruit. After harvesting the melon must be consumed within 3 weeks.
History of origin
It is believed that Cantaloupe or Musk Melon is a variety of the variety, which has been mentioned in sources more than 2000 years old. Based on the records of Guinea and India, it is assumed that such a variety originated from these lands, although Western Europe is considered its official homeland.
During the Crusades, it was brought to the knights, who were famous for their predilections for collecting various wonders, including seeds. In turn, she fell into the hands of the crusaders as a gift to the Pope from Armenia. This species is also mentioned in the Roman treatises, which date back to the 1st century of our era. Today, Cantaloupe or Musk Melon has spread throughout the world.
Useful qualities and composition of berries
The melon of this variety is unique in its composition. It contains carotene and is a low-calorie product.. It includes:
- Carbohydrates, fats and sugars.
- Coarse dietary fiber.
- Vitamins A, B and C.
- Calcium, iron and other minerals.
- Folic acid.
It is important that this vegetable exceeds the chicken meat by 2 times and milk by 17 times. Useful substances in the composition of the product can have a beneficial effect on the human body.
The elements in the musk melon are capable of:
- Improve memory thanks to its choline. Eating this element in the period of childbearing contributes to high-quality formation of neural connections in the fetus.
- Protect the body's cells from the effects of free radicals, due to the content of beta-carotene. Antioxidant increases the body's resistance and increases its resistance to stress.
- To prevent the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation on human eyes.
- Improve the body's resistance to heart disease and prevent the development of stroke and certain types of cancer due to a substance such as zeaxanthin.
- Reduce blood pressure with potassium.
- To prevent the accumulation of cholesterol in the liver due to the presence of inosine in melon. Also, this substance protects against hair loss.
With the constant inclusion in the diet of this vegetable significantly reduces the risk of obesity, heart failure, diabetes. Eating helps to normalize hormones and improve the functioning of the stomach and intestines.
Frequent use of melon is not recommended for people with kidney disease. To get the maximum benefit from the product, you must choose a ripe vegetable. Melon in diameter reaches 15−25 centimeters and has the shape of a flattened ball. From above it is covered with a thick rind, which may have a different color, depending on the variety: orange, greenish and yellow.
The mature fruit is distinguished by its inherent hardness and aroma. When tapping a vegetable, it will make a dull sound. If you scratch a melon with your fingernail, then the skin inside will be green.
Disadvantages and dignity
This type of berry fell on the territory of Russia from Italy. He is considered the forefather of almost all varieties of melons grown in European countries. Among the positive qualities of the vegetable can note the ability to:
- To maintain wet and cool weather in summer.
- To mature three times faster than Asian varieties.
- Resist the formation of powdery mildew on leaves in rainy weather.
- Maintain excellent taste.
The main disadvantage of this product is its short storage in fresh form. After harvesting, it should be eaten within three weeks. During long-term storage, fruits lose their taste. This melon belongs to one of the rare species that can be easily grown on the territory of Russia.
The most attractive melons
Breeders are constantly working on obtaining new varieties of melons. The most successful works include the following varieties:
- "Iroquois". The variety is derived from an East American plant. A characteristic feature is the large leaves of dark green color and the presence of long lashes. Fruits have an average ripening period, with a rough mesh on the skin. Fruit weight varies up to 1.7 kg and is oval. The variety is excellent against many diseases of melons and gourds.
- "Blondie." The variety has an average ripening period and perfectly adapts to new conditions. Fruits have a small, oval, flattened shape. Their weight rarely exceeds 600 grams. This species is resistant to root rot.
- Charente. Melon of this variety is grown in France. Fruits reach a mass of 600 grams to 1 kilogram. The berry has an amazing taste and persistent aroma. The French often use it as an additional ingredient for various dishes.
- "Gaul". The variety is obtained by Israeli breeders. On the external parameters it is similar to cantaloupe. It tolerates cold very well and can grow equally well in dry and humid climates. It has excellent immune properties. It has large fruits and pistachio-colored flesh. Refers to the mid-season variety.
You can grow melon in any region, the main thing is to choose the right variety. Caring for melons is the same as for other melons.
Growing fruit and bushes care
Experts in the cultivation of melon crops advise to pre-pick the soil for planting yellow cantaloupe melon. The lands for melons should be perfectly illuminated by the sun and not be exposed to the cold wind. The best option for this type of activity is the southern slopes.
Melon can be planted with seeds in the ground or get pre-seedlings. The seedling method is in most cases used in areas with a cold climate. Land for landing should be heated to 18 degrees. The soil should be loose and light, so that air and moisture can easily pass through it.
In autumn, organic fertilizers of 5 kilograms per square meter are applied to the beds for planting melons. After planting seeds or seedlings, it is recommended to cover the seedlings with a transparent film to create the greenhouse effect and provide protection against insects.
Before flowering, the film is removed from the bushes. In hot weather it is necessary to provide the bushes with enough moisture. Water is poured exclusively under the stem. Prior to the full formation of creeping stems, remove all excess weed vegetation around the bushes.
Bushes nip for better branching. During the period of active growth, plants need feeding. For this purpose, apply fertilizers with a nitrogen content. After flowering and during the formation of the ovary are transferred to potash and phosphate fertilizers.
Stalks of plants can be tied up so that they do not curl on the ground. Some gardeners use low grates for this and make special support for the fruit.
Ways to eat
In addition to eating fresh, the melon is dried to decorate desserts, or jam and jam are made from it. Fresh vegetable perfectly quenches thirst, but for a long time in this form is not stored. During the flowering period of bushes, beekeepers receive a delicious honey called beckmes. From the seeds they prepare aromatic vegetable oil.