Thyme is a widespread herb worldwide used in various fields (culinary, traditional medicine, perfumery, landscape design). Planting plant combines pleasant with useful - blooming thyme (this is the second name of the herb) gives freshness to garden plantations, and can additionally be used in home treatment. Further details should be considered peculiarities of growing thyme in the Moscow region, which also applies to all regions of Central Russia.
Features of growing thyme in the Moscow region
Regardless of where the thyme grows, you must follow the basic rules for the successful cultivation of the bush. The conditions of the Moscow region are moderate, so the characteristics of self-planting and care can be applied throughout Central Russia.
The key points for successful plant growth include the following points:
- it is required to pick a fertile soil - the plant is unpretentious, but rooting will not occur in an acidic environment,
- during the summer it is necessary to carry out 2 times fertilizing plants with mullein,
- every month, for an attractive flowering, a solution of eggshell or calcium is poured under the bush,
- since thyme is an ornamental shrub, it needs to be pruned — in early spring new shoots are removed to the stiffened parts, and in the fall, the buds have faded,
- soil drainage is required annually - this plant is afraid of excessive moisture, therefore it is necessary to use expanded clay to ensure moisture removal.
As for the wintering of thyme, there will be no problems in this matter. The suburbs are not distinguished by severe winters, frosts here are rare. As a result, the bush does not have to cover for the winter or sprinkle with fallen leaves. In the spring the plant will resume its growth and flowering to the full.
How does this plant breed?
Thyme can breed in the following ways:
- independently - unplanned rooting of the stems occurs, which is why the plant quickly spreads throughout the suburban area, drowning out the growth of other plants,
- seeds - not used by gardeners due to a certain complexity and duration,
- cuttings - a common breeding method, if necessary, to plant additional several bushes,
- dividing the bushes - is used when necessary to reduce the size of the bush, it is required to dig out the bush fully and divide it into several parts without damaging the root system.
The division of the bush is often used in case of need to reduce its size. Several shoots that have not yet gained strength and are not stiff are removed from the common stacks, get rid of them in a convenient way. You can plant them separately in a suitable soil for thyme and wait for their rooting - you get a new bush plant.
How to choose a place for landing?
To grow an ornamental shrub, you want to plant it in a place where the sun is always present. If thyme is placed in the ground in a shaded area, the shoots will lengthen and the number of buds will decrease.
It is recommended to “hide” the bush from gusts of wind, which occur frequently in the Moscow region. Therefore, the plant should be planted near the house, farm building or near the fence. Thus, most of the day the sun will shine on the bush, respectively, it will help to form a bright and colorful bouquet.
Choice of soil for thyme
You can not plant a bush in heavy soil - this will lead to stagnant moisture, even with annual drainage of the soil. As a result, the root system of the plant will rot, the leaves will turn yellow and gradually become black. It is also impossible to plant a plant in a marshy area or in a lowland of a summer cottage - during the rainy season, the land in such plots dries the longest.
Properly planted thyme in open suitable soil does not require additional manipulations - it is enough to choose a place for planting sand and even stones in the soil. It would be better if you put thyme in sandy soil - this contributes to the better formation of bright buds. In the wild, you can find successful flowering and growth in rocky soil.
It is necessary to consider carefully all the details of planting, so as not to harm him. Features and recommendations will be presented for the Moscow region.
After a landing site is found, follow these guidelines:
- the whole area where the bush is planned to be placed is to be dug up in spring,
- the root system will feel comfortable only when the soil is heated to 13 degrees,
- seedlings are planted when it reaches two months,
- the box with seedlings is preliminarily required to be taken out into the air and left for 2 weeks.
During this time, the seedlings will harden, and will feel comfortable in the open field. Next, it is planted in the ground, digging a hole in size in accordance with the root system.
It is impossible to overwet the plant, the root system is not afraid of drought, therefore it will be enough to water the bush as the topsoil dries. In hot weather, it will be enough to water once a week, if necessary - twice. The rest of the time, watering is sufficient once a week, especially if a layer of expanded clay or river sand is laid out around the bush.
Such actions will help moisture to remain longer in the ground, without exposing the roots to harmful effects.
Thyme is recommended to feed, to get a healthy crown and buds. Provided that before planting fertilization was carried out with organic matter, fertilizing is required to be made in the spring, even before germination. In subsequent years, use urea or ash during pruning.
You can not use fresh manure, because the plant from such feeding is saturated with organic matter and fade.
Diseases and pests
As part of the thyme contains a large number of different essential oils, so the pests are reluctant to use the bush as food - they do not like the smell. The bush is also resistant to diseases, so it is rare to find powdery mildew and other problems here.
With improper cultivation of other crops located near the thyme, can be found on the leaves of the weevil, aphids or meadow moths. Fighting them should be based on using traps or spraying an insecticide solution.
With the stagnation of water in the ground can detect the development of fungal diseases. To fight it means to stop watering for several days and use the solution for the treatment of fungus. To prevent the formation of fungal diseases, it is necessary after each watering to loosen the ground.
Collection and storage
Thyme grown in the suburbs is suitable for use throughout the entire growth and flowering period - from spring to autumn. Collect it in accordance with the following purpose:
- shoots are used for making tea and decoctions,
- young shoots are recommended to use fresh - they can relieve inflammation, using in the form of compresses, or in dried and crushed form, for cooking,
- flowers are torn down for self-made perfume.
Collected parts of the bush are required to be laid out on a newspaper and dried. Thus, you can store the collection for a long time.
Thyme or thyme is a “multifunctional” plant, suitable for trouble-free cultivation in areas of the Moscow region. Feel free to start planting, asking for cutting from familiar gardeners - next year you can plant a shrub in the open ground.
Description and useful properties
Thyme is the popular name for creeping thyme. This perennial plant reaches 20-30 cm in height. Shrub stalks thin, spread along the surface of the earth, forming a dense carpet of fragrant green with numerous inflorescences. Depending on the variety, thyme flowers may be light pink, lilac or saturated lilac color. Creeping thyme blooms throughout the summer. The fruits of the shrub resemble small boxes.
The unique composition of the leaves of the plant allows its use in several directions at once:
- In cooking. Thyme seeds are used as spicy seasoning. Young greens perfectly complements the taste of fish and meat dishes, is part of various sauces.
- In perfumery. Essential oils contained in the leaves and flowers of thyme, are widely used in the creation of perfumery and cosmetic products.
- In medicine. Thyme is known for its healing properties. It is an excellent antiseptic, has expectorant and anti-inflammatory effects. Used as a sedative and diaphoretic. In addition, it contains tannins and organic acids.
Features of cultivation in the Moscow region
Shrub is valued for the fact that it combines the properties of a beautiful flowering ground cover, fragrant spicy greenery and decorative decoration of portable pot and pot plant. Features and methods of growing thyme in the Moscow region depend on what goals the gardener pursues:
- On the windowsill. This method of cultivation allows you to provide fresh spice on the table all year round. Thyme is grown on the southern window-sills, pinching the inflorescences, in order to form as much of the green growth as used in cooking.
- In containers and bowls. Some varieties of thyme are capable of forming dense caps of bright inflorescences. Neat, bright bushes of the plants serve as a wonderful decoration of portable beds.
- In the open ground. The most common method of growing thyme. As a ground cover shrub, it is used to create mixborders, soloist or serves as a bright backdrop on alpine slides, spreads along the tracks.
Most actively, creeping thyme multiplies on its own. Creeping stems of plants have the ability to quickly rooting, which allows the shrub with each year more and more spread on the site. Because of this feature, gardeners artificially limit its growth in organized flower beds. In the case when it is necessary to artificially propagate thyme, resort to the following methods:
You need to plant seeds 70 days before the soil in the area warms up above 15 degrees. In early or mid-March, planting material is sown in containers with moist soil (a mixture of equal shares of peat and sand). Small seeds lightly sprinkled with soil, cover with a film and placed in a warm place until germination. It takes from 1.5 to 2 weeks.
When the first sprouts hatch, transfer capacity to a bright place. As the seedlings grow, it is necessary to thin out the shoots and monitor the humidity of the earth. At the age of 70 days, the seedlings are ready for planting in open ground.
Reproduction by cuttings
Creeping thyme is easily propagated by cutting. To do this, select strong, developed shoots that have reached a length of 10-12 cm. There should be no inflorescences on the trunks. They are neatly trimmed with sharp shears and placed in river sand. Pre-moistened soil from the spray, the cuttings covered with a film. Within 2 weeks, the formation of roots and the plant can be planted in a permanent place. In the process of rooting it is necessary to weed the soil from weeds and not to allow the overmoistening of the soil.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
An adult bush of thyme is dug out of the ground and part of the plant is separated along with the roots. The division should be carried out with caution, seeking to minimally damage the small processes of the roots. For better survival, you can handle the root system root. This should be done strictly according to the instructions. The separated part of the shrub is planted in the ground under a special coating or glass jar.
Features of cultivation in the open ground
Thyme can safely be classified as unpretentious and easy to grow perennial plants. Requirements for the conditions are minimal. A shrub can grow any gardener. And yet it is necessary to adhere to certain rules of landing.
The place where the culture will grow should be well lit. In the shade the shoots of the plant will lose their decorative effect, stretch out and will bloom badly.
The soil for creeping thyme should be good to pass moisture, have a neutral level of acidity, be light and moderately fertile. Well-growing shrub on sandy and sandy soil.
The optimal distance between the thyme bushes is 30-35 cm. Young seedlings need timely thinning.
Easily tolerates drought, because it does not need additional watering. The danger is an overabundance and stagnation of moisture, as this damages the root system of the plant.
Frost-resistant On the territory of the Moscow region, you can leave to winter without additional shelter.
In order to provide the culture with the most comfortable growing conditions, it is recommended to pay attention to preparing the soil, watering, fertilizing and pruning perennials.
In autumn, the place where the planting of thyme is planned is carefully dug up to a depth of 20-30 cm. It is freed from weeds and remnants of old roots. If the soil is oily, heavy, then it is necessary to dilute its composition with river sand and peat. Thyme responds well to the introduction of wood ash into the soil, it helps to maintain the desired level of acidity and prevents the development of root diseases.
Watering thyme is necessary only in a period of prolonged drought or heat. Usually it suffices moisture obtained in a natural way. You can provide additional watering during the active growing season, but this should be done carefully, not allowing moisture to linger in the roots.
Experienced gardeners mulch the soil around the shrub. For these purposes, fine gravel, straw, compost or large river sand is suitable. Mulching will help in weed control and reduce labor costs for thyme care.
Pruning a perennial plant is carried out to give it a decorative look. It is recommended to subject bushes to this procedure twice a year. Spring shorten the stems by two thirds, leaving the odesnevevuyu part. Young shoots will increase neat, dense hat. In the fall, prune old, damaged stems, remove faded shoots. Use with a sharp pruner.
Diseases and pests
In compliance with the basic rules of agrotechnology, creeping thyme is highly resistant to diseases and pest damage. Essential oils scare away most insects. In rare cases, it affects:
- sandy slow skin
- meadow moth,
To combat these pests use shrub treatment with an insecticide solution. As a preventive measure, you can use various insect traps.
Among the possible diseases of thyme can be identified fungal diseases. Their appearance contributes to the stagnation of moisture in the soil, prolonged rain. Proper watering and periodic loosening of the soil around the plant will avoid these problems.
Why is thyme so popular?
Thyme is appreciated not only for its beautiful look and flavor, but also for excellent healing properties. Thyme is applied:
In folk medicine. Pleasantly smelling, rich thyme tea, rich in beneficial vitamins, active substances, is able to calm the nervous system, eliminate pain, cope with colds and many other diseases. From its leaves and flowers make decoctions, infusions, essential oil. Dried thyme herb is added to the pillow so that sleep is deep and healthy. In the old days with the help of thyme fumigated premises to get rid of germs and pests.
In the perfume industry. Flowers and leaves are processed, and essential oils are added to creams, perfumes, toilet water, soap.
In cooking. The leaves of this plant are added to food as a seasoning to give it a special taste and unique aroma. Thyme seasoned and meat, and fish dishes. As a spice, it is added to baking.
Thyme in landscape design. Sometimes thyme is used to decorate the plot in the country.
Thyme is believed to be a wild plant that grows in the southern regions. But amateur gardeners have been cultivating thyme for a long time in those corners where the summer is not so hot and long. The plant is fairly easy to adapt to a different climate, and feels great.
Thyme: cultivation of which species is popular?
Despite the fact that there are more than 300 species of this plant, only four are grown in garden plots. Their healing and decorative properties are most pronounced:
Thyme Marshall. Used as a remedy for eye disease.
Creeping thyme. Planting and care will subsequently be useful for treating colds and coughs, from abdominal pain, to improve digestion.
Common Thyme. This species has been specially cultivated. Used to treat rhinitis, colds, gastritis, pancreatitis. Tea from thyme is an excellent antiseptic. Planted this type of thyme in the flower beds to decorate the site.
Lemon Thyme. The leaves have a greenish-yellow color, the plant has a pleasant lemon smell.
Feel free to choose any of them!
Cultivation of thyme in the open field in the Moscow region
Decided to have thyme? Посадка и уход не займут много времени, а растение легко приспособится к любым погодным условиям и почувствует себя довольно хорошо.However, in order for the plant to decorate the site and be pleasing to the eye for many years, it bloomed abundantly, was healthy and suitable as a seasoning and first-aid kit on the garden bed, it is necessary to take care of it, water it in a timely manner, weed it.
How to grow thyme?
To grow thyme in the open field no extra effort and application of special knowledge is required. Thyme perfectly tolerates the conditions of a dry summer and a snowy winter. For its rapid growth and development, abundant flowering requires a lot of moisture, so the climate of the Moscow region creates the best conditions for it.
Thyme was bred from wild varieties, it grows well on any soil, except for acid clay. Not afraid of this plant and strong frosts.
Thyme will be healthy and will grow quickly if you plant it in warm sunny places garden plot. So that the stems do not over-wet and do not rot during the off-season, the soil next to the stem is covered with a drainage from small pebbles or gravel.
Thyme looks good, as an element of decorative trim garden paths. Planted at the edges of the path, it gives it a well-groomed look. This plant is suitable for rose gardens and alpine hills, will serve as a wonderful decoration of an ornamental pond. And if you plant it next to the house, you can not only get aesthetic pleasure by watching its intricate buds, but also inhale the scent of flowers both in the early morning and late evening. It is possible to strengthen the decorative effect by planting thyme of a different type on the flower beds.
What soil does thyme grow best on?
It is important not only to think about which side the plant will be planted on, but also take care of the ground. In its natural habitat, thyme grows on stony or sandy soils.
If the land at the dacha does not meet the specified characteristics, it can be improved by preparing more favorable conditions for thyme. This plant does not release its root very deeply, so it will not take extra effort to prepare the soil. Enough surface treatment. The soil must be mixed with river sand, gravel, small stones. You can add a shell.
If you plan to plant a thyme on a rocky alpine slide, the best solution would be to place it on its top, so that it would not be flooded with water after watering.
Caring for Bogorodskaya grass
Thyme care is not burdensome at all:
- Watering. The plant can do for a long time without watering. But in the dry summer it will still have to be watered.
- Top dressing. In the spring they produce top dressing with a solution of cow dung. He also needs ash, which is added to the soil, pre-mixed with the ground.
- Rejuvenation. To make the bush look better, they dig out the ground from its shoots. The shoots are placed in pits and sprinkled with fresh, enriched soil. For greater reliability, you can press them with special brackets. Over time, new roots are formed, and regrown plants can be planted in other areas.
Cut thyme during flowering. At this time, the concentration of essential oils in its leaves and flowers is highest. After pruning, plants are covered with loose soil and watered.
Cut the stems, flowers and leaves dried in the shade, then packaged in canvas bags.
Thyme: Cultivation in open ground seed
The genus Thyme has about 214 species and is distributed not only throughout Eurasia and the northern part of the African continent, but even in Greenland. Of the vast diversity of these undersized shrubs, creeping thyme, which is also called “thyme” or “Bogorodskaya grass”, is most widely distributed in the culture. Thyme forms a low (no more than 15 cm) fragrant carpet on the surface of the earth. Landscape designers highly appreciate this plant for its ability to bloom almost all summer, forming vertical pink-purple inflorescences at the tips of lying shoots. The plant is resistant to trampling, therefore it is perfect for planting between stone paths and as an alternative to grass lawn. As a ground cover perennial, it is indispensable for creating rockeries and rock gardens, as well as for vertical gardening.
Thyme must be planted in open ground in the spring only after a stable warm (not below + 13 ° C) air temperature has been established. Place for landing should be open and well lit by the sun.
The most comfortable plant feels on loose and moderately fertile soils: sandy loam or loam. It is better to prepare the site in the fall, digging the soil with the introduction of humus or compost. If the soil is too dense, it should be loosened a little by adding peat or sand.
Thyme does not like soils with high acidity, therefore, when preparing the site for autumn on such soils, it is necessary to additionally carry out liming with the help of lime, dolomite flour or crushed chalk. Wood ash is less suitable for this purpose, but it will serve as an additional mineral fertilizer for plants.
In the spring, the flower bed must be re-dug up and sowed seeds, mixing them with river sand for convenience. In addition, you will provide additional shoots for young shoots and prevent moisture stagnation.
Grown up seedlings should be thinned out, leaving a distance of at least 30 cm between plants.
For an earlier start of flowering, thyme can be grown through seedlings. To do this, the seeds should be sown in prepared pots with a substrate as early as March. It is possible to accelerate the appearance of seedlings by creating a greenhouse effect with the help of glass or film. Watering seedlings should be moderate. A month later, after the first shoots hatch, you can begin hardening the plants, and after a couple of weeks - plant thyme in open ground.
Variety of varieties
The following varieties of creeping thyme are most common in our gardeners.
In addition to the thyme in the gardens of the middle lane, three more of its varieties are well established: common thyme, lemon-scented thyme and early thyme.
Thyme (thyme): features of cultivation in the apartment and conditions of Moscow region
Both names - thyme and thyme - are equally familiar and used by the people. The plant is known in almost all continents of the globe. Pleasant aroma, small inflorescences found their application in various industries: food, perfumery, pharmaceutical. Gardeners prefer to grow thyme on their own, so that the healthy plant is always there.
Both names - thyme and thyme - are equally familiar and used by the people.
How does thyme look and where does thyme grow?
The plant has been known for many centuries. In ancient Greece, he was given special honors, considering that it gives life. Antibacterial, antiviral and fungal abilities surprised people of past epochs and contemporaries. Grass has common signs:
The second name - thyme (citriodorus) - translated from Latin means “incense” or “plant that publishes incense.”
Types and varieties of thyme
More than 300 species of plants are known and openly by scientists, in Russia there are more than 120 of them. At different times, the grass was called differently by different peoples. He is known as boron pepper, incense, lemon smell, swan. But among the variety of the most popular three:
The common variety has been developed by breeders for decorating personal plots, medical uses. As part of all parts of the thyme many essential oils and minerals useful for the human body. It is recommended to strengthen the human body:
- cleansing the airways
- strengthening the nervous system
- microbial withdrawal.
There is a belief that if you sleep on a pillow filled with healing grass, then colds will remain on the sidelines, and life time will increase significantly. Thyme decorated icon of the Virgin. She gave health, defended from the black forces, hence another name for thyme, Bogorodskaya grass.
Thyme is not replaceable in cooking. Seasoning has its own smell and special distinctive properties. They are added to taste to meat dishes, in bread, preparations for the winter.
All parts of thyme contain many essential oils and minerals useful for the human body.
Perennial bush is afraid of frost. A low thyme changes color gradually as it matures. At first it is yellow, then it becomes light green. It seems that the greens sneak around the yellow field, filling the leaves from the inside. The edges of the leaves remain yellow. The name "lemon" is explained not only by color. The plant gives a pleasant lemon scent. Seasoning refresh drinks, add spice to dishes. Inflorescences of another tone, they are purple. Moreover, a bouquet of inflorescences opens gradually, so the center is made up of unopened flowers of a dark purple brown shade, and light purple flowers run along the edges, it seems as if the leaves are cast in a burgundy tone.
Flowering time - immediately after the snow melted. Sometimes small drifts still lie on the site, and thyme is already pleased with its bright shine. The early variety is suitable for alpine slides, flower beds, paths. He loves the bright sun, but can be placed in the shade. Then the stems with inflorescences begin to reach out to the light, pulling interestingly towards the sun's rays. Buds can move tens of centimeters from foliage. Flowering in such places will be less. Buds pale pink, close to purple. Stems with leaves can be compared with a young spruce branch, only the needle is slightly bulky.
The shrub is a member of the Cluster family. It is short with stems that grow up or recline. The leaves are oval, flat and long. In the streaks of foliage contains oil of ether. From May, thyme begins to bloom. The buds are connected to one outlet of numerous inflorescences. Purple and pink buds cover the greens, creating a beautiful carpet. Flowering lasts until September. You can meet the plant in its natural environment, it likes sandy steppe expanses, coniferous forests. Interestingly clings to the slopes of the rocks. Features grade:
- unpretentious and grows on any soil,
- not afraid of drought
- resistant to frosty climate.
If there are climbs, slopes or elevations on the plot or in the garden, it is good to strengthen them with a creeping plant. It will descend in an original direction to where the host will direct it. Foliage will merge with inflorescences, you get a solid purple hat.
This is the lowest grade, it covers the ground with a dense veil only 1 cm high. The leaves are very small - 3 mm. They are dark green with a pleasant aroma. The shoots are so tightly intertwined that it is very difficult to separate one shoot from another. The name suggests what distinguishes the variety from others - the similarity with mosses.
Thyme bushes can be decorated with stones, if you put a container with the ground between them. Thyme grows very quickly, for the season it can reach far enough. Fans of domesticated mosses often replace this type of plant with thyme. Inflorescences have a delicate purple hue with fluffy stamens rising high above the petals.
The plant rises to 40-50 cm. The rhizome is strong and branched. The rod goes down, allowing the bush to sit tightly on the ground. Variety stems have a tetrahedral shape, they are spicy and directed upwards. The part close to the soil is woody. Leaflets cover the stems. The foliage is small, up to about 1 cm. The shape of the leaflet is not completely flat, along the edges there is a gentle bend. Thyme bloom begins in June. Buds originally change color: inside the petals are bright white, outside - purple. Closed buds in the form of panicles hide the white color, the opened ones resemble small whorls. Dried spice gives a bitter-hot taste.
Characteristic differences of a grade:
The inflorescences create individual bouquets, so it will seem that there are many vases on the ground. Part of inflorescences are collected in precise geometric cubes.
This variety looks great on the alpine hills, beloved gardeners. Buds attract a large number of bees and butterflies. Around the flower bed in the country will always be fun and fragrant. To feel the whole scent of the bush, you can just touch the inflorescences, stroke the buds. Clouds of pleasant smell spread with extraordinary ease, filling all around. Dense greenery closes the alpine structure with a dense pillow.
Rainbow variety has the second name - vegetable. The leaves are advised to use as a seasoning for vegetables, they will change the taste, will bring novelty and zest.
Preparing thyme seeds for planting
Seeds are planted in a greenhouse or mini greenhouse for seedlings. Sometimes containers are prepared for this. When shoots appear, they are separated from the weeds. The soil that best fits the grass should consist of peat and sand. Small shoots watered gently with a spray gun. Seeds with proper care will give strong seedlings that will bloom in the first year.
Thyme seeds are planted in a greenhouse or mini greenhouse for seedlings
Timing and technology of planting thyme in open ground
Technology planting thyme in the suburbs:
Shoots appear at air temperatures above 18 degrees. We will have to wait 2 weeks. That is why the seeds are advised, first to plant at home, to prepare seedlings. Then start working with her in the open field. The age of seedlings for transplanting to a permanent place is 70 days. Seedlings take root well after vegetable crops. Change the place of growth is necessary every 5 years.
Rules for the care of thyme in the open field
Rules and secrets of gardeners:
You should know that the thyme has practically no pests, but it is afraid of excessive moisture, it begins to subside, the stems and roots are dying. Уход за тимьяном в Подмосковье не сложен. Климат позволяет проводить все мероприятия, получить красивые пышные кусты, обеспечить себя полезной приправой и лекарственным сырьем.
У чабреца практически нет вредителей, но он боится излишней влаги
Секреты выращивания тимьяна лимонного в домашних условиях
Растение можно вырастить дома. This will require the usual flower pot. Stages of work:
The pot is covered with a film or a piece of covering material; it can be closed with glass at home.
Put a container with seeds in the apartment on the windowsill so that the direct rays do not fall on the seeds.
The first part of the work is completed. Further waiting for the emergence of shoots. As soon as they appear, the cover is removed. After 2 months you can make a picking, that is, choose the strongest seedlings and separate them. The extra ones are transplanted to other pots, just thrown away. To get delicious greens, the plant is constantly pruned. It is important not to allow the plant to bloom. Seasoning is always on hand.
Thyme is waiting to be looked after, then he will give a great seasoning. The plant will help to cure pathological diseases, will become a prophylactic.
Thyme can be grown at home
Options for using thyme in landscape design
Thyme is combined with flowering shrubs of the site, will find its neighbors, he will become the center of attention. The main thing is to find him a place. The beauty and convenience of the grass is that it covers the soil with a dense carpet, preventing the weeds from breaking through and spoiling the appearance of the charming fragrant shrub. Options for using thyme in decorating the garden:
In landscape design, thyme has found application in different countries in its own way, sometimes they emphasize nationality and mentality.
How to collect thyme (video)
- Planting a plant around the arbors, you can not be afraid of annoying mosquitoes. Shake the flowers and the fragrance will scare away the annoying garden dwellers.
- Thyme lawns (English). They are formed in the spring, later they begin to change flowering from the variety. Lawns often have different color buds. The main thing is not to place them along the way, so as not to trample beautiful leaves.
- Compositions with other varieties. They are planted under tall, among low flowers. Originally combined with carnation, dahlias, peonies.
- For the basics of the rosary. Thyme carpet will shade the main plant, which will be located in the center.
Thyme can be grown at home or on the plot, a perennial bush will create an unusual mood and fill the garden with a pleasant aroma and incense. The healing effect of the bushes has not been disputed for many centuries, therefore both experienced and novice owners of summer houses and houses are willing to grow it. The plant will decorate the site, give it a unique appearance and attract an abundance of flowers.
Thyme, outdoor care and cultivation
The people have long known about the medicinal and aromatic properties of this wonderful plant, and official medicine has adopted a green doctor.
It is believed that thyme is exclusively a southern plant. And indeed in the wild, it can easily be found in the steppe and forest-steppe. However, fragrant leaves and inflorescences entered our first-aid kit and cooking in such a way that cultivating it no longer presents difficulties even in far from southern regions. For example, thyme, cultivation in the open field in the suburbs, feels perfectly fine, but people should take care of its durability.
If you have long been in love with a beautiful fragrant plant, and do not want to cook fish without thyme, and you do not have a large plot of land, you just need to plant thyme.
In order to grow this plant, you can buy a bag of seeds, sow in a tub, wait for shoots, grow and then transplant into open ground. And you can plant already own-rooted plant.
You can buy thyme from amateur growers, in the market or in the store. When buying a rhizome with an open root system, you need to carefully look at the roots, stems, and leaves. If the plant does not inspire confidence, give up the purchase. Thyme root system should be well developed, but even if it is not so, do not despair, because it leaves the roots off the stems, but do not need to allow pests to enter your plot. The plant that you buy should have a healthy appearance, the leaves are dense, shiny, elastic. A withered plant can of course be reanimated, but it will take time and may not succeed.
If you purchased in a specialized store, with a closed root system of thyme, planting and care will not present any difficulty at all. The plant is removed from the container, the root system is carefully inspected for root rot, cleaned, straightened, and planted in a hole prepared in the ground.
Choosing a plot, give preference to the south side, sunny, warm.
Shadowing thyme survive, but the bush will be loose, the cuttings will stretch, the leaves will become smaller, the internodes will increase. The plant, planted in the shade, is not able to accumulate the desired concentration of essential oils, so you will not be delighted with the smell of it.
Thyme growing on a sunny plot has the form of a compact shrub. If you really like teas, spirits, culinary products with Bogorodsky grass and often tearing off its branches and leaves, then you provoke fouling side shoots. By the fall your pet takes the form of a ball. This plant looks very nice in the garden and can easily decorate a flower garden.
A plant planted in an openwork shadow will follow the ground. In other years, it “braids” the ground in such a way that it turns into a low, green, shaggy carpet. When the plant blooms, the carpet becomes mauve, and above it a lot of bees. This picture looks very wonderful, and the slightest touch to the "carpet" is simply a fragrant cloud that scatters throughout the estate.
Choosing a landing site for thyme, take care of the soil. In nature, he prefers sandy, rocky soils. If your lands are far from natural, improve them to please the fragrant plant. Thyme root system is completely shallow, so there is no need to select a lot of soil. It is enough that the upper ball is well loosened and mixed with coarse-grained river sand, pebbles, rubble, and shellfish.
If you have a place for thyme on an alpine hill, it will be the most successful solution. However, it is not necessary to carry out his landing at the foot of the hill. Flowing from the tops of the water does not really like thyme.
Planting thyme for culinary purposes provides proximity to the kitchen, so do not “evict” thyme in the backyard. If thyme grows close when the soup is ready you can instantly “tweak” a handful of green leaves and throw it into the pan. The aroma of this plant is very strong, adding to culinary and confectionery products you must remember that it is a semitone, and it will give your dishes both refinement, piquancy and unforgettable.
Growing thyme in the open field will not burden even the busiest person. The plant is excellent without irrigation.
If your soil is completely “lean”, then spring dressing with a solution of cow or pig manure diluted 1:10 or chicken litter 1:20 will not interfere with thyme. But what he really needs from fertilizers is ash. Mix the ashes with the soil 1: 1 and pour under the laid cuttings. Slight alkalinization will be enjoyed, thyme foliage will acquire a rich green color, and the aroma will increase.
Thyme, planting and care in the open field for which are easy and understandable, also ages, like all other plants. Over time, and this is on different lands in different ways, mostly 3-6 years, the plant will begin to thin. The middle of his bare, the leaves will begin to go to the periphery and he will need rejuvenation.
To rejuvenate the bush, you need to dig out the ground from the shoots, lay the stretched shoots into the pits and sprinkle it with fresh soil. For reliability, shoots can be pressed to the ground with specially made wire clips. After some time, roots will form on the shoots laid in the ground. After 1-1.5 months, rooted shoots can be planted in new places.
Thyme preparation is carried out during budding and flowering. At this point in the shoots, leaves, buds accumulate the greatest amount of essential oils. Pruning plants carried out early in the morning, leaving the shoots above the surface of the plant at least 5-8 cm long. "Bouquet" is tied up and suspended for drying in a well-ventilated room, without access to direct sunlight.
After pruning the bush spud loose and fertile ground, watered. After some time, the plant releases new shoots and becomes green and leafy.
Despite its southern origin, thyme is a fairly cold-resistant plant. If, nevertheless, you are afraid of losing the plant, then, preparing it for winter, spend hilling with sawdust, and cover it with non woven material.
How to grow fragrant thyme on the windowsill - the secrets of experienced flower growers
In this article we offer you information on how to grow thyme on the windowsill with your own hands - tips and tricks.
This spice is very common in cooking, and in traditional medicine, and in cosmetology.
She has a decent use everywhere, she is highly appreciated.
And for good reason.
Thyme on the windowsill - how to plant and how to grow
From this article you will learn:
Thyme , also to chabre? c and chebre? c (lat. Thymus from dr. grech. . or . ) - genus of the family Luminous ( Lamiaceae ), one of the largest and taxonomically complex genera of this family.
Useful properties of thyme
For those who love this amazingly smelling spice, growing it at home is just a godsend!
Moreover, it is a very short and compact bush, which will not take you much space or time to care.
But on your table there will always be the famous Provencal spice, which you will use at your discretion - both in dishes, in cough tea, and in cosmetic personal care.
It is believed that sleep on a pillow filled with thyme grass brings health and longevity.
How can thyme be used?
Grown in a pot, this spicy grass feels great on a sunny window sill or loggia, where there is good ventilation.
It has a small root system, so it does not require large pots.
Thyme blooms very beautiful! So it is also a decorative ornament for your home, nice looking.
In general, the perfect spice in every sense!
How to grow from seed?
Tip: until the first seedlings appear, it is better to lightly pot the seed pot, and not to keep it in open sunlight. Sometimes it happens that too strong rays of the sun ruined shoots. So it is better to make a moderate access of light, do not be too zealous in this.
Germination of thyme seeds is very good, the first sprouts appear within 10-20 days, and in a couple of months you can leave the strongest shoots, and weaker ones can be transplanted into other pots or distributed to friends-acquaintances.
How to grow from cuttings?
This method is also used quite often. This is usually done in the fall.
The action plan is as follows:
Thyme on the windowsill - Proper watering of plants and other methods of care
It is recommended to water very moderately, trying to re-moisten the plant, but do not plant it too.
The best choice for growing thyme at home is the south window of the apartment.
In addition, if thyme has enough sunlight to grow, it will not stretch to a height and will not wither.