Alokaziya Polly belongs to the hybrid varieties of the plant of the aroid familybeing evergreen. This bright representative of the genus is represented in the photo.
The birthplace of the flower is Southeast Asia.
Despite being related to other plants of the genus Alocásia, Polly has several distinguishing features:
- Alocasia is a shrub flower, maybe in the form of a low tree, about 50 cm.
- Plant has unusual heart-shaped leaves. They are quite long, can reach 40 cm. The edges of the leaves are framed by large-sized teeth. Color - saturated green, down to dark, has a metallic overflow. The leaves are veined. They may have a cream or greenish color. On one plant can be up to 10 leaves.
- Another feature of Polly - hydrators or water stomata. They are designed to remove excess moisture from the plant.
- The flower has a thick stem that grows vertically.
- Propagated by tubers. The root system is quite compact.
- Alocasia blooms very rarely. Even if you follow all the rules of caring for him, the inflorescences appear only on an adult tree, and not always. The flowers at the same time have a white or pink color. They have a very strong flavor. If during the flowering to conduct pollination, there will be berries, within which there are seeds.
Alokaziya Polly - an exotic large-sized plant. But despite this, care at home is simple and does not require special gardening knowledge.
You should know a few rules.
Homeland plants - the tropics, and, therefore, it loves moisture, so watering is important in this case.
In the warm season it is necessary to water the flower once every two days.
Pebbles should be poured into the pot stand, preferably large, and water should be poured into it.
However, it should not accumulate in the pan.
In cold weather, especially in winter, one and a maximum of two waterings per week is enough. In between, it is necessary to give the soil oxygenation. For this it is necessary to break it.
For irrigation it is better to use pre-settled water.
Do not forget about spraying flower leaves. Important and humidity in the room where it grows shrubs. Periodically, the air should be moistened with a spray with water.
The temperature regime at different times of the year is different. In summer it should be within +22 to + 26 ° C, in winter not less than + 18 ° C. The flower does not like a sharp change in temperature and draft.
Polly - light-loving plant, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. The best place for growing shrubs - the east and west side of the apartment. Once again briefly about how to water and care for alokazie in this video:
Alokaziyu can fertilize year round. Only should choose the right feeding.
So summer and spring it must contain mineral and organic additives, which include nitrogen and potassium. Feed the plant about once a month.
In autumn and winter shrubs, especially young ones, need phosphorus.
It stimulates the growth and development of the root system, increases resistance to various diseases.
Feeding should be carried out once a month and a half.
Proper care is a healthy plant.. Therefore, if you notice deviations from the natural appearance of the flower, it means that it is necessary to identify the violation and correct further care actions. A disease of a shrub may indicate:
Pests and methods of dealing with them
Polli is quite unpretentious. But under non-compliance with the conditions of cultivation, it becomes less resistant to attacks of pests.
So it can be attacked:
- spider mite. At the same time the foliage is covered with cobwebs and white dots. To cope with the pest will help conflictwhich is diluted with water in the ratio of 1 g per 1 liter. Use it to process the leaves.
- shield - scaly parasite that attaches to the plant. It looks like small bumps of brown color. Him wash off with soapy water, per liter of water about 15 g. This should be done with a brush. Leaves and soil can be treated with aktar solution, about 1 g per liter of water.
- whitefly - an insect of small size, which delays the plant in the fall of a brilliant color. Used to fight air condition solution, for 1 liter of water 0.1 ml of the substance.
- aphid - gray, green or orange insects. Most often, young shrubs attack, leading to their deformation. You can get rid of them with the help of a special composition: 1 glass of water, 1 teaspoon of liquid soap, half a glass of vegetable oil. All mix and process the plant. You can prepare a solution of insecticide fitoverma, 2 ml per half liter of water.
Flower Alokaziya propagated vegetatively: using cuttings, dividing the tubers and root system.
The latter method can be used in the spring during plant transplantation.
To do this, use a clean kitchen knife to divide the tubers into pieces, plant them peaty soil or sand. Cover with foil.
The pot should be placed in a room with good lighting and a temperature not lower than 23 degrees. Periodically, the film is removed at the time of irrigation and for airing the soil. As soon as the first leaves appear, it is completely removed.
Propagation by cutting can be carried out at any time. For this, the leaf is separated from the plant. Next, a procedure similar to the division.
Useful properties of Alozy Polly
All plants of the genus Alokaziya are healing.
They are used in small doses as a means for healing and disinfecting wounds.
From the leaves of plants is made and tincture to relieve pain in the back and joints.
Some doctors use this plant for treating tuberculosis.
Alokaziya Polly - a flower that can become a worthy decoration of your apartment. At the same time, it requires minimal care.
Tropical guest at the court of the Empress botany called in Latin - Alocasia macrorrhizos, which means Alocasia large root (large root). Today her name is Arma, since This herbaceous perennial belongs to the family of Aroids.
In the people, this kind of Alokazy was aptly called “elephant's ear"- for leaves with smooth edges. And also - a mourner or a pogodnika, because Alokaziya is a living barometer, forecasters cannot compare with it.
In order for Alokaziya to feel “at home” at home, she has to create conditions close to her family — that is, to imitate the heat and humidity of a tropical forest. Then this unpretentious, fast growing the flower will prosper. The difficulty is that the owners of the greenhouse climate is not suitable.
Alocasia large root - a valuable medicinal plant. Therefore, many grow it at home, despite the difficulties of maintenance.
This flower needs heat - not only in the air, but also in the soil, as well as in humidity at 80%, so it’s better to keep it in heated display cases or greenhouses - there it will grow quickly and begin to bloom.
Especially if, during the period of growth, treat Alocasia with nitrogen-potassium fertilizers at least once every three weeks.
Below is a video about the cultivation of Alokaziya Krupnokorniy:
Care after purchase
In the store, choose Alokaziya, which has at least 3-4 dense leaves without spots. At home, immediately transplant it into a wide and high pot, 1/3 full of drainage, and 2/3 with fresh soil mixture.
Wash the substrate substrate and inspect the roots. If the rhizome is firm and dense with its nodules, it will survive, even if it drops all the foliage. If there is rot on a tuber, it should be cut off. Burn the wound with fungicide and sprinkle with charcoal.
Dry the roots, and after an hour you can plant. Before planting, remove the remnants of leaves from the stalk, dry scales, so that they do not develop mold.
Allokaziyu need to determine the residence in a warm place to other flowers, where neighbors will cover it in the summer from the direct sun.
Watering and moisture
In the summer, the earthen clod of Alokaziya should remain wet, but it is not worth keeping the water in the pan - that it did not soak for two hours, drain it. In winter, frequent watering is not needed, as long as the substrate does not dry out. The flower loves soft, settled water.
It is necessary to spray Alocasia all year round, but ... large drops harm leaves, stain them, therefore water suspension in the air is better than spray from a spray gun. Add moisture, you can use a pallet with water, but only it should not reach the pot. More leaves Alokazii need to wipe or roll over the shower (just cover the soil).
In the apartment flowering is a rarity. Alocasia inflorescence of hundreds of small flowers resembles a fragrant ear covered with a pale green veil. In pollination, you can get red berries the size of a currant with seeds inside.
Below is a photo of the flower Alokazii:
To cut Alokaziya to form a beautiful bush, usually there is no need, but it grows quickly, and she needs trimming when the space for growth in an apartment is exhausted.
Then at the bottom of the stem (3-4 cm above the ground) make a cut with a sharp knife in a circle. After 2-3 hours, you need to rub the powder for root growth (for example, "Rooting"), Overlay the incision with moist moss, fix the compress with cling film and leave for 4-5 weeks. Moss moisturize after drying. In a month, roots will appear. Then Alokaziya is cut off and put in a new place, and the rest of the stump will soon acquire many children.
Below you can see how Large Root Alocasia (Large Root) looks like in the photo:
Benefit and harm
Poison and medicine - these properties often coexist in nature. Poisonous juice Alokazii can cause allergies and burns on the skin, and if you accidentally eat a piece of a plant (this happened, Alokaziya was taken for ginseng) - food poisoning can not be avoided. But at the same time, tinctures, chyme, ointment and oil from Alokaziya Krupnokorniyeva - can heal.
Alokaziya and its healing properties have been used by the Chinese for centuries, and in India and Sri Lanka, Alokaziya is still cultivated for medical purposes today.
Alocasia large root: medicinal properties
Tinctures (water and alcohol) from aboveground parts are suitable for the treatment of joint pain, wounds, polyarthritis, pneumonia, cholera, tuberculosis, toothache. Tincture on alcohol is made from a single sheet together with the stem. He insists in half a liter of vodka in the dark for 2 weeks.
Alocasia has antitumor properties. Her tuber minced into gruel is applied to the neoplasms.
Diseases and pests
Pests do not like poisonous plants and rarely attack them, so Alocasia is damaged by parasites only when weakened by improper care.
- Spider mite can start on the bottom of the leaves, if you do not spray the flower, and not moisten the air.
What to do: wash the leaves with water, spray them with a weak tobacco extract or purchased insecticide.
- Root rot due to stagnant moisture. The fact that this is happening, show drying leaves.
What to do: transplant Alokaziya, removing the rotten parts of the roots, in a pot with good drainage and loose soil. Drain the water flowing into the pan after watering.
- Pale, but not drying leaves - speaks of a lack of nutrients.
What to do: dressing for flowers with decorative leaves slightly dilute and pour Alokaziyu.
Not really amazon
The full name of the plant is Alocasia Amazonian “Polly” (A. amazonica “Polly”). It has nothing to do with the South American river, the birthplace of the plant is the island of the Pacific Ocean.
The name “Polly” is also misleading: the flower was not named after a woman, but for purely “technical” reasons.
Pollo's Alokaziya is a hybrid obtained by American postman Salvador Mauri, who chose a name for him according to his taste. It is believed that the valuable qualities of the hybrid - compactness and contrasting color of leaves - the result of a random mutation of the polyploid set of chromosomes. The term “polyploid” was shortened to “Poly”, the letter “l” subsequently doubled.
Breeders have found a hybrid Polly promising for growing as a pot plant, and today it is one of the most popular varieties of alokazii.
Polly bears an resemblance to another hybrid - Alokaziya Sander (A. sanderiana), which is sometimes sold as "Amazonian."
What is hidden under the mask
For the shape and pattern of leaves, Polly was called the "African mask", the "alligator" and the "elephant ear". It is a compact hybrid, about 70 cm high. It has shiny dark green leaves with prominent white veins and a carved edge, its length reaches half a meter.
They are elongated, arrow-shaped, shimmering in the sun with green and yellowish hues. When there is an excess of moisture, droplets of water from the leaves are drained from the stomata.
The juice of alokazii is poisonous; when it hits the mucous membrane, it causes:
- severe burning,
- then swelling,
- numbness of tissues.
Be careful yourself and do not allow children and pets to play with the alligator.
This hybrid has medicinal properties that have passed to it from the mother plant. In China, studies have been conducted that proved that a Polly-based drug kills liver cancer cells.
In the room, the hybrid blooms rarely, when flowering cob is formed with a green veil.
For Polly to be comfortable in the room, she will have to imitate the conditions of the rainforest for her:
- bright ambient light
- high humidity
- temperature + 18-25ºC all year round.
At + 13ºC, this hybrid discards leaves and leaves for wintering. To liven up it, transfer it to a well-heated room and water it carefully.
Choose for alokazii bright warm place. The plant tolerates light shading. Direct sunlight burns the leaves, which remain brown spots.
Humidity in the room should be high, 65-75%. Frequent spraying with hard water leaves a salt coating on the leaves. It is better to wipe them with a sponge, and put the pot in a wide pan with wet expanded clay or sphagnum.
Alocasia can be kept in the kitchen or in the bathroom with a window. Put Polly with plants that love moisture, it will be easier for you to care for her.
The soil in the pot should remain moderately wet. The frequency of watering depends on the season and the temperature in the room. In the summer, water Polly every other day, in the winter - once a week. Do not leave water in the pan for more than half an hour, because of waterlogging, roots are dying. In a pot around the plant, spread the chopped wood bark or sphagnum, this will help retain moisture in the soil.
Feed alokaziya every month, making complex fertilizers with irrigation from March to October. In November, feeding stops.
Skok to the new pot
If Polly grows heavily, transplantation is needed at the beginning of each spring. Compact copies enough to replant 1 time in 2-3 years. They do not mind if the roots in the pot are cramped - this makes the leaves grow more intense.
A healthy plant is simply transferred to a larger pot, filling the voids with fresh soil. Large specimens are not transplanted, but they change the top layer of soil.
The soil mix should be light, nutritious and well drained. To prepare the soil take:
- sod, leafy ground,
- sand in equal volumes.
- add charcoal and perlite, which prevents the earth from clogging,
- ready-made slightly acidic soil is also suitable, for example, for orchids or azaleas.
The roots of alokaziya are fragile, do not press too hard on the earthen room when transplanting.
Cut the plant is not required. Remove only damaged leaves.
Alocasia reproduces by root processes and grafting. They are easy to separate when transplanting. The cuttings are cut with a sharp knife just above the soil surface and rooted in a mixture of peat and sand in 1-2 months. Propagation of Alokaziya can be done by dividing the rhizome, choosing a part with a well-developed bud. When breeding seeds, the signs of the mother plant are transmitted only partially, so this method of obtaining new specimens is not used.
Who is the Amazon fighting
The fact that he was uncomfortable, the plant signals, dropping leaves. The reasons for this lack of water, heat and light, as well as pests.
Inspect Polly at least 2 times a week. If the air is too dry, spider mites and aphids appear on the plant. Before treating the insecticide, rinse the leaves under warm water or wipe them with a damp sponge.
Alocasia is a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the Aroid family. Representatives of the genus can be up to 40 cm in height; others are stretched up to 2 m or more, from compact or small sizes to medium and giant tree forms. In most cases, evergreens, occasionally with leaves falling for the winter, with an unusual shape of flowers and fruits, on sections of which there is a clear liquid that is called the milky juice.
The birthplace of Alokaziya is the rainforests of Southeast Asia, in its natural environment it can be found in Malaysia, in Ceylon. One of the features of alokaziya using leaf plates to get rid of excess moisture in the soil, in the air.
Во время продолжительных дождей, при избытке влаги в грунте, растение не в состоянии усвоить всю воду, при этом листья начинают “плакать”.
Superstitions are connected with this tropical flower, it is believed that the plant predicts rain, which is why it is sometimes called the “rainbow”. However, this behavior is very easy to explain - before the rain the humidity of the air rises, under the influence of which the leaves begin to release liquid.
Strong, thick, shortened stem is usually vertical, occasionally elongated and creeping. Rhizome thick, short, often tuberous or stolonoobraznoe.
Depending on the species, the number of leaves can be different, while in the period of flowering in some species there can be only one leaf. Many species, in addition to one sheet, have cataphills that perform a protective function in relation to the newly appeared sheet. In other species, the vagina of the previous leaf plays the same role — it is long, permanent, or falling.
Species with regularly emerging cataphills usually have small vaginas.
Petioles long, juicy, fleshy, dense. Thorny or sinewy have stomata on the surface of the leaves, through which the plant gets rid of excess moisture. Young leaves are mostly rounded.
Alokaziya plant has large, dense adult leaf plates 20-100 cm long with solid edges arrow-shaped, pithy, oval or thyroid with a pointed end, sometimes pinnacled into asymmetrical segments of an oval or triangular shape. Many species on the leaves in addition to the dark green color there are red spots, white or yellow pronounced strokes or streaks. And the type of copper-red alokazii does not have a spectacular pattern on a sheet plate, but the upper and lower sides are painted in different colors.
Because of the unusual shape of the leaf plate, the plant is called “elephant ear”, “trefoil” - since there are always three leaves on the plant. When forming the fourth, the oldest sheet immediately turns yellow and dies.
Its flower alokaziya forms infrequently. Flowering varieties among alokazy extremely rare. Inflorescences begin to form, in most cases, with new leaves and only in deciduous varieties. They have an unusual, candle-like form in the form of small, fragrant pale pink or light beige flowers, gathered in the inflorescence of the ear, partially wrapped in a wide veil, resembling a slightly unfolded scroll.
The inflorescence is located on a dense short pedicel. After pollination, fruits are formed - berries of ellipsoid or hemispherical shape of bright red color, containing 1-5 seeds each. As the fruit is set, the cover gradually cracks and opens.
Grow alokaziya because of the beautiful decorative leaves, because the flowers do not have a special aesthetic value. In flowering plants it stops, growth slows down and the formation of new leaves, or they partially fall off. Because of this, it is recommended to remove the flowers, and to cut the cut areas with activated carbon.
Tubers of some species are edible and rich in starch, so they are grown for human consumption. All parts of the plant are toxic, toxic substances that can harm health. Consuming them inside can cause numbness and swelling of the tongue and throat. The juice of alokazii, falling on the skin and mucous membranes, can cause severe irritation.
The plant is recommended to place in places inaccessible to children and animals.
The type of fragrant alokaziya has medicinal properties that are widely used in Chinese traditional medicine:
- leaves are used in the treatment of pneumonia and tuberculosis,
- stalks are used for stomach pain and toothache.
It should be remembered that the plant is poisonous and abuse, exceeding the prescribed dosage can provoke undesirable consequences for the body.
At home, care for Alokaziya requires regular, but at the same time, simple. It is quite simple to create suitable conditions - observing simple rules on content, the plant will delight for many years with its tropical, exotic look.
Having reached a mature age (5-7 years), alokaziya will blossom only when creating a comfortable environment for growth and development. Flowering is always accompanied by stress for the plant, because budding takes away perennial from a lot of strength. During this period, the growth and formation of new leaves is suspended, many species drop foliage. Because of this feature, it is recommended to remove the formed inflorescences, since many lovers of exotic, tropical plants turn them on because of unusual and very spectacular foliage.
Types and varieties
In nature, there are about 70 species of alokazii. Of all the varieties of alokaziya, only a few species are grown at home, where they grow no more than 1 m in height, although in natural conditions they can reach three meters.
In height, all types of alokaziya are divided into two groups:
- All large species with a height of more than 1 m are attributed to the first one (the bright representatives of the group are large-root alokazia or armaghum, odorous, calidora),
- in the second, compact species up to 1 m tall are combined (alokaziya sander, alokaziya klobuchkovaya, alokaziya amazonskaya).
The most popular for growing at home are:
- alokaziya polly,
- large root,
- black velvet and others, differing in original texture and color of foliage.
A rather tall look — at home it grows up to 3-5 m, diameter up to 2.5 m. Other names are mountain alokaziya, lead-gray alokaziya, and thick-stemmed alokaziya. In the wild, it is found in South Asia, on the islands of Oceania, in the tropical forests of Australia, it mainly grows in roadside ditches, along the edges of wet fields and near shelter.
Alokaziya krupnokornevischnaya has various varieties and garden varieties. The leaf plate is a monochromatic light green color, very large (it can reach 100-120 cm in length and up to 50 cm wide), ovate-arrow-shaped, more or less vertical, the edges are soft-toothed, sinuous. The scape is fleshy and strong, up to 60-130 cm long. The trunk is vertical (up to 1.5 m in height), further lodged. The plant is listed in the Guinness Book of Records because of the giant size of the leaves.
Alokaziya black velvet
Highly deciduous-ornamental variety with a low stem up to 10 cm, with a rounded or oval leaf shape (35 cm long and 25 cm wide) on strong petioles 15-25 cm. Other names are velvet alocasia, “Black velvet” alokaziya. At home it grows up to 30-45 cm in height. The refinement and singularity of black velvet lies in the color of the leaves - the lower part is monochromatic green, while the upper part is velvet, rich dark green with a metallic sheen and pronounced white veins. Blooms pink cob (up to 10 cm long) with a pink-white bedspread.
Popular hybrid, obtained by crossing odorous alokazii and alokazii gageana. Up to 1.5 - 2 m high, the leaves are large - up to 1 m long and up to 50 - 70 cm wide. The color of the leaf plates is preserved in the original version - they are bright green. The requirements for care and maintenance are no different from other species, however, open spaces are preferable for it. Alokaziya kalidora is as fragrant as the “base” species.
Deciduous ornamental plant belongs to the hybrid varieties, obtained by crossing the alokaziya sander and alokazii Lowe. Stem 15-20 cm tall, with dark green thyroid leaves, with a Y-shaped neckline. On the leaves of this species, the individual lobes with white, distinct relief veins are well visible; the edges are serrated or wavy. The leaves with dark strokes are sitting on long pink-green petioles 40-60 cm long. The plant blooms with small white and pink flowers, gathered in the inflorescence of the ear of 15-20 cm long. At home, does not bear fruit. Amazonian Alocasia at home has a height of 40-60 cm, crown diameter up to 60-80 cm.
Refers to tall species. Alokaziya sander grows up to two meters. It has a tuber-like shortened rhizome. Leaves 30-40 cm long and up to 15-20 cm wide, thyroid or arrow-shaped, elongated, dark green in color with a metallic glossy sheen. The edges and lateral ribs of the leaf are white, the petioles are brown-green, strong and rather long 25-60 cm.
Another name for this species is thick-stemmed, Indian or Armagh. Unlike other species, it calmly transfers overdrying of earthen coma, temperature difference, low air humidity. Large root Alokaziya is a tall plant, usually up to 1.5–2 m in height, with a strong, fleshy stem, and in its natural environment it reaches 5 m. The leaves are large, up to 1 m long, glossy, monotone green or light green in color. long petioles, arranged alternately. In nature, found in East India. In recent years, interest in the species has practically disappeared on the territory of Russia.
In the culture of the bush reaches a maximum height of 1 m, the crown grows to 1 - 1.5 m in diameter. Rhizome creeping, 1 - 1.5 cm thick. It is the most spectacular, decorative and compact among cultivated alokaziy. A distinctive feature of copper-red alokaziya is a different color of the sides of the sheet plate. The upper part is glossy copper-green, the lower part is purple and red in color, which is why this type of alokaziya plant got its name. The leaves themselves are with smooth, solid edges, oval, ovoid or heart-shaped, glossy, with a metallic sheen, leathery, up to 32-35 cm long and up to 20 cm wide, with a beautiful clear venation. In room conditions, often blooms - peduncles usually 2-3 pieces of 10-15 cm long purple.
The popular variety is sometimes called the “dragon skin” because of the unusual texture of large, oval-heart-shaped, slightly elongated leaves with a sharp end, resembling leathery wings and scales. Light green color sheet plate with a metallic, glossy sheen, effectively complemented by dark green veins. Alokaziya dragon is a short flower (not more than 1 m tall) with a short stem and long light green petioles leaning under the weight of leaves.
Alokaziya red secret
The grade of alokaziya is copper-red, was obtained relatively recently and is a miniature variety not more than 40 cm tall. Alokaziya Red Secret has large, fleshy, swollen leaves. The underside of the leaf is purple, the upper side changes its color depending on the age. For example, in a young plant it is red-green, but with age it becomes silver-green. Once a year for two weeks blooms, forming a white cob.
Hybrid alokaziya sander. A miniature form which is not more than 40-60 cm tall. Leaf blades are dark green, narrow, arrow-shaped, with pronounced veins of white-green color. Alokaziya bambino blooms white and purple flowers.
Perennial, reaching a height of 1.5 m and more. The leaves are fleshy, large, 50-60 cm long, 40-50 cm wide, gray-green, with a glossy metallic sheen, the underside of the leaf is dark red. Rather unpretentious in growing species. Quietly grows in the penumbra, although with brighter lighting its decorative properties are better manifested. While ensuring constant heat, alokiya Venti grows well and forms daughter nodules.
Alokaziya Odor is another name. It is a perennial herb up to 2-2.5 m tall, with a thick, short rhizome with a small amount of milky juice. From the top of the stem on one and a half meter petioles, leathery leaf blades are formed, heart-shaped or oval or heart-shaped, up to 100-130 cm long and up to 1 m wide, short-pointed at the top. The edges of the leaf are wavy; a part of the leaf in the lower part fits snugly to the petiole. It blooms rarely, but the inflorescence of the ear has an original smell.
In its natural environment, it is found in tropical forests, bamboo groves, along river banks, in the swamps of Japan, China, India, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Rhizomes are often used in Chinese folk medicine in the treatment of abdominal pain, cholera, hernia, and insect and snake bites. Perennial inedible due to the presence of calcium oxalate in the composition. In Japan, there is a ban on the use of alokazii in food, since the species of an odor is very similar to an edible plant and a giant taro.
A highly valuable deciduous-decorative hybrid of alokaziya sander, because of what it is often used in interior landscaping. Alokaziya Polly compact, low plant 50-65 cm tall, with a short stem. Large, thyroid, pointed leaves grow from the rosette on long fleshy petioles. Leaf plates up to 50 cm long and up to 20 cm wide, glossy, dark green in color with bright white large veins, with a jagged edge. Due to the shape and color of the leaves, the species is called the “African mask”.
Rarely flowering and relatively low plant. It grows 60-100 cm tall. Alocasia klobuchkovaya grows in tropical rain forests in Western India and on. Burma. Leaf blades are large, dense, ovoid, thyroid-shaped with rounded edges of a monotone bright green color. In the natural environment, leaves grow up to 1 m long and 60-80 cm wide, petioles up to 30-50 cm long. The trunk is thick, up to 5 cm in diameter, branching, reaching 60-80 cm in height. With increasing age, it loses its compactness, as a result of which it is used for landscaping spacious rooms. Only the most healthy and powerful plants bloom, peduncle 20-30 cm long. The plant can create daughter tubers, they are located close to the tubers.
Originally from the tropics, alokaziya prefers high air humidity. To maintain a healthy appearance in the summer season, the leaves of the plant are sprayed, the flowerpot is placed on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay, but it should be ensured that the pot does not stand in water, otherwise it may rot the roots.
In the cold season, when the central heating system is turned on, the pot with the houseplant alokazii is placed away from the batteries. To create additional humidity, air humidifiers are used. It is very useful to regularly wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or sponge.
Tropical plants prefer bright light, but in the summer it is better to shade it, or protect it from direct sunlight. In winter, some species need special care - the flower of alokazii should provide additional coverage (copper-red, Amazonian alokaziya, Polly).
Species and varieties with a monochromatic color of leaves are more tolerant of a lack of lighting, but variegated need additional lighting.
Temperature drop can cause deterioration and even death of the plant. In summer, the optimum room temperature is about 20 ° C; in winter it is not lower than 18 ° C. The flower should be protected from drafts.
Alokazii, like most others, requires the application of complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants in the spring-summer period every 14-20 days. Potash fertilizers are most suitable for tropical perennials. During flowering, feed complex fertilizer with a high nitrogen content twice a month. If the nitrogen content in the soil is not sufficient, plant growth slows down, and alokazia diseases can occur. In winter, the flower is fed 1 time per month.
Soil for alokazii should be nutritious, medium density, loose, with good permeability to moisture and air, the substrate with a weakly acidic reaction. Prepare the land for the plant as follows - leaf, coniferous, peat land (1 part) and ½ of the sand.
Perennial plant is quite unpretentious, but when grown at home, there may be some problems, mainly due to errors in the content of the flower.
Insufficient watering can cause spider mites to multiply. Fading leaves can be a signal of both excessive and insufficient irrigation - you should review the mode of irrigation or change the soil to a lighter and more loose. If the leaves began to cry, reduce spraying and watering.
Slowing or stopping the growth of a plant indicates a lack of nitrogen in the soil, to solve the problem, the flower is fed with a solution of urea at the rate of 1 gr. per liter of water. When too small leaf plates are formed, the flower suffers from a lack of nutrients, which means you should add fertilizing.
If the tips of the leaves began to dry out, then this means that there is an insufficient level of air humidity in the room, or the roots are running out of water.
How to save alokaziya with the loss of bright color, which indicates a lack of lighting? The flower pot should be moved to a more lighted place, and if natural light is not sufficiently used, additional artificial lighting.
The appearance of dark spots on the sheet plate indicates frequent temperature changes and the presence of drafts.
In the case when the perennial begins to lose leaves, check the rhizome for rot. При отсутствии какого-либо поражения подземной части цветок пересаживают в новый грунт.
Искусственно вводят алоказию в “спящий” режим, оставляяя цветочный горшок в прохладном, сухом помещении. При образовании новых побегов вазон возвращают в комфортные для цветка условия.
Почему у алоказии желтеют листья
What should I do if the leaves of the weather casing turned yellow, have lost their decorative appearance? The main reason for the yellowing of the leaves in alokazii is improper placement of the flower - with prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, the leaves begin to wither, turn yellow and fall off. The optimal illumination for the flower is bright but diffused light. Another possible reason for this would be unsuitable water for irrigation, containing iron, salts and chlorine. For irrigation using distilled or distilled water. It’s not a good idea to sound the alarm if one sheet turns yellow - this is a normal process, since when one dies out, a new sheet appears.
Planting and breeding
At home, Alokaziya can be propagated in the following ways:
- dividing the bush
- planting seeds.
Planting is made only in the spring in a fertilized, loose soil. Choose deep flower pots with drainage holes on the bottom. The pot is filled with 2–3 cm of drainage material, then the ground is filled up.
Young plants are transplanted every year in spring, and adult plants once in 2-3 years. It is necessary to provide a good drainage layer for better removal of excess water. For adult alokaziya transplant carried out by the method of transshipment. If you plan to divide the bush, the rhizome is freed from the earthy coma. Choose a new flower pot above the previous and larger in diameter. The need to transplant the flower is signaled by the roots protruding from the drainage holes of the flowerpot - this means that the roots have completely filled the entire space of the container and the plant has become cramped in it.
There are several ways how to propagate alokaziya: seeds, division of rhizomes (offspring or daughter tubers), stem cuttings.
Propagation of alokaziya seed method has a characteristic feature - variegated plant characteristics are not transmitted, this should be taken into account when breeding species with variegated leaf plates, and therefore, propagation of seeds can only be alokazii with one-color foliage.
Seeds are sown in spring in seedling containers with loose soil (peat, leaf soil and sand). When storing seeds lose their germination due to loss of moisture, because of what, sowing is carried out immediately after harvest. Deepen 0.5 - 1 cm into the soil, moisten and cover the container with a transparent material (glass, polyethylene) to create the greenhouse effect.
The boxes with the ground should be in a bright room at 22-25 C, the ground should be kept wet, constantly sprinkling. After the emergence of seedlings in 2-3 weeks, the shelter is removed. Seedlings dive in the formation of 2-3 leaves and transplanted into individual small containers up to 7-10 cm in diameter. The next transplant is made only after the root pot is completely filled. The method requires patience, because only after 1 year large leaves appear in a young plant.
During reproduction, stem cuttings in spring cut a leaf with a small fragment of the flesh of the stem at an angle of 45͒. Place the cut powder with charcoal and leave for 2-3 hours. To accelerate the development of the root system using root. Immerse the cuttings in this biostimulator for a couple of hours, after which they are planted in a separate flower pot with a sand-peat mixture. By the end of the first month, the stalk will take root - the beginning of the formation of new leaves will signal this.
In the case of reproduction of Alokaziya by offspring or daughter tubers, it is much easier to get a new young plant. Sprouted nodules are transplanted when at least one leaf grows and unfolds.
The division of the rhizome is carried out in the process of transplantation. The plant is removed from the pot, free the roots from the ground, if it is difficult to do, they are immersed in water. The bush is cut with a knife into several parts so that in each division there is one or several leaf rosettes or a growth bud. All sections are treated with charcoal, and then planted in individual flower pots. The temperature of the room should not be below 23 C. It is necessary to ensure regular spraying of new plants until the leaves on the sprouts become elastic.
Alocasia has healing properties. All parts of the plant have analgesic, antioxidant and antimicrobial effects. The ability to disinfect is used in the treatment of bactericidal, infectious diseases (streptococcus, staphylococcus, tuberculosis, etc.). Use alokaziya in cancer oncology - the plant inhibits the development of cancer cells, rejuvenating effects on the body.
Medicinal properties of alokazii used in the treatment of fever and malaria. The flower is placed near the patient's bed, especially when coughing, sneezing and purulent wounds.
Used in gardening design, alokaziya not only serves as an ornament, but also disinfects the air and neutralizes various poisons, toxic fumes.
It has a calming effect on mental state, improves sleep patterns, relieves stress after stress, helps with seasonal depressions.
It should be remembered that all parts of the plant are poisonous and the treatment should strictly follow the dosage set by the doctor.
Self-treatment with this herb is dangerous to health. Herb juice is also poisonous; when working with all parts of the perennial, rubber gloves should be used.
In culture, only one species is grown (large-root alokaziya), which has healing properties.
Alocasia is not included in the register of medicinal plants in Russia, and its chemical composition has not been studied well enough. The use of the plant as a remedy occurs in countries with natural germination of alokaziya.
In the leaves of perennial present:
- essential oils,
- hydrocyanic acid,
- mercuric chloride,
- biologically active substances - alkaloids, flavonoids, coumarins.
The toxicity of the perennial is caused by the presence of calcium oxalate in the plant cells, which has a strong irritant effect on the mucous membranes and skin.
Large-root alokaziya contains mercury, cyanide compounds.
For safety reasons, any use of a medicinal product based on a diary may be possible only after consulting a doctor. It is forbidden to use for therapeutic purposes alokaziya pregnant and during breastfeeding, as well as children.
For the preparation use alcohol (40% of the fortress) or vodka. Tincture of Alokaziya is made only from leaves with petioles. Take one leaf plate with petiole, finely chopped, placed in a glass jar, poured with alcohol or vodka in an equally proportional ratio. For the preparation of medicines take the lowest sheet, choose the one that began to die off, but at the same time retained the green cutting. Insist 2-3 weeks in a dark place.
The use of tinctures are found in various areas for the treatment of many ailments:
- rubbing on the basis of tincture helps to reduce pain when the joint disease, myositis and osteochondrosis, is used for thrombophlebitis, various lesions of the skin (eczema, psoriasis, etc.), hemorrhoids.
Consume inside with the treatment of prostatitis, inflammation and pulmonary tuberculosis, blood diseases, mastopathy, the formation of malignant tumors. With the use of tincture orally gradually increase the dose of reception. Doctors extremely do not recommend to appoint and use tincture independently, the course of treatment and an admissible dosage only the expert defines.
The healing properties of Alokaziya allow you to create various healing tools. For example, leaf gruel is used in the treatment of articular and rheumatic, dermatological diseases. Only the lower leaves are used - they are ground in a mortar until a homogeneous mass, used only as compresses.
Alokoziya the owner of large leaves with basal veins, located on the well developed thick petioles. The leaves of this flower seem to be specially created to attract attention. They are painted in dark olive color, on which very bright streaks stand out brightly. Thanks to this feature, the plant was used for decorative purposes.
In addition to color, the leaves are striking in their outlandish form and pointed edges. Because of this unusual look, people called aloe ear "aloe", so it is often called in the people. This decorative flower possesses hydatods, it is such narrow stomata, with the help of which plants emit excess moisture in the form of drops. Especially this skill is convenient for excessive watering.
Inflorescences of Alokaziya have the form of a racemose cob and consist of white or pale pink flowers. The flowering of the elephant ear at home is quite rare, many owners of this beauty have never seen the flowers of their pet. Because of this feature, Alokazia is counted among the ornamental deciduous plants.
The root system of the elephant ear has the shape of tubers. They are quite light, as well as dense and elastic to the touch. Over time, daughter tubers are formed on them, with the help of which several young plants can be obtained.
Varieties of alokazii
Alocasia is a genus of evergreens.. To date, there are more than fifty species that are representatives of this genus. Also, the breeders derived a lot of different hybrid forms of such a flower, among them they are distinguished by the height and shape of the leaves. Some species have large sizes, so not all alokazii can be cultivated at home.
However, regardless of belonging to a particular species, all plants of this type are treated almost equally. Among amateur flower growers, Alokaziya is a large-rooted (Mountain), Alokaziya Polly, Alokaziya Sander, Alokaziya large-rooted and Alokaziya Amazonian are most popular.
Alocasia belongs to the group of aroid plants, so many recommendations for the care coincide with tar and anthurium.
- In spring and summer, during the vegetative period of alokazia, abundant watering is required. Water this plant immediately. after drying the topsoil after the previous watering. Usually it takes a day.
- Make sure that the water does not stagnate for a long time in the pot tray. Periodically drain excess moisture.
- With the arrival of winter, reduce the amount watering up to one or two times a week.
- If you place alokaziya in a room with low temperature but excessive humidity, it will sometimes be necessary to dry the ground to prevent rotting of the tubers.
- In the summer, the plant must be sprayed with a sprayer three to four times a week.
- Wipe the leaves once a week with a soft, damp cloth.
- For irrigation and spraying, use only clear warm water (not less than twenty degrees).
- It is important to provide a plant required level of humidity. Dry air can cause spider mites.
- Adjust the irrigation schedule depending on the time of year, the lighting and the air temperature in the room. Lack and excess moisture are equally dangerous for the plant.
- When wiping leaves in the summer do not use stiff or fleecy fabric. For such purposes, an ordinary kitchen sponge is perfect, but it is absolutely impossible to wipe the leaves with an abrasive side.
Top dressing and fertilizers
In spring and summer, alokaziya needs additional feeding. During this period, fertilizers should be applied every three weeks. For these purposes, it is best to use organic or mineral supplements for indoor plants. This plant is very useful to obtain supplements with high nitrogen and potassium content.
For example, you can alternate drugs such as “Leaf” and “Agricola” for decorative flowers. Alokazi enough one spoonful of "leaf", dissolved in three liters of water. "Agricola" will need much less - only one teaspoon per three liters of water.
Do not forget that with the onset of autumn it is necessary to reduce the frequency of dressings to once a month and a half. Stick to this schedule until the end of winter and the beginning of the active growing season. Young plants need fertilizers containing components of the phosphate group. Such supplements contribute to the development of a healthy root system and immunity to various diseases.
Soil for alokazii
The elephant’s ear needs a rather loose soil that is well permeable to moisture and air. It should also be slightly acidic, the optimum degree of soil acidity is 5.5 pH. You can buy a suitable soil for alokaziy in the store for gardeners or prepare it yourself.
To prepare the substrate for this handsome tropical, use these components in the following proportions:
- One kilogram of foliage soil.
- Five hundred grams of coniferous soil.
- One kilogram of humus.
- A pound of peat.
- Five hundred grams of sand.
There is another recipe for preparing the ground for such a decorative flower:
- A pound of peat soil.
- Two hundred and fifty grams of leaf soil.
- One and a half kilograms of sand.
- Five hundred grams of marsh moss - sphagnum.
- Seven hundred and fifty grams of charcoal.
Depending on the required soil volume the number of components can be changed down or up, the main thing is to stick to the stated ratio.
Coniferous soil can be replaced with dry needles. Only one small handful will be enough for one pot of medium size.
When planting and transplanting alokaziya, be sure to use drainage material. They fill the bottom of the pot so that the water does not stagnate in the soil, otherwise the rhizome may rot due to an overabundance of moisture. For these purposes, use clay shards, expanded clay, broken brick, small pebbles and small crushed stone.
Diseases and pests
Despite its simplicity in the care, this decorative flower is quite vulnerable to various diseases and pests. Basically all health problems alokazii associated with too dry indoor air.
With a lack of moisture, the plant can be affected by pests such as scab, thrips or spider mites. In order to get rid of them and save the flower, it is necessary to solve the problem of air moistening and treat all the stems and leaves with soapy water.
It should be borne in mind - this method will help to deal with pests only at an early stage of infection, if all routinely treat the plant with acaricides. For example, the solution "Aktellika" in the calculation of two drops of funds for one liter of water perfectly copes with the elimination of such parasites.
As a preventive measure for the appearance of insect pests, take care of the alocasia and humidify the air and spray the plant and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
How to make alokaziya bloom
Flowering alokazii - a very rare phenomenon with home maintenance. But if you still decide to make your plant bloom, use the following tips.
- The flowering period can begin only in an adult plant over 4–5 years old.
- It can only bloom completely healthy plant, which is properly looked after.
- Create the necessary microclimate alokazii in the room where it is contained.
- Experts recommend to dry the earthen room for a short time. This will shake and provoke the ovary of flowering buds.
10/19/2018 admin Comments No comments
Alocasia is an exotic plant, which is very rarely achieved in the home. However, it is still considered one of the most beautiful decorative and deciduous indoor plants, therefore, it is with pleasure that homemade flower lovers grow in their apartments.
Beautiful leaves in the form of elongated hearts of olive color, the entire length of which are bright streaks.
Humidity and watering
Water this perennial should be abundant.
However, it can not be poured. But the lack of moisture affects the state of alokazii. Regular watering is carried out after the top layer of soil dries. And one more mandatory requirement for watering a flower is that there should be no water in a pallet after 1/2 hour. In winter, the moisture is not so necessary for the flower - just water it every few days.
In summer, the humidity in the room should be high enough. Usually the foliage is sprayed regularly, and every day the foliage can be wiped with a damp cotton cloth. It is also possible to place a pallet with expanded clay, in which water is poured so as to cover the layer of draining material, next to the plant.
Soil, drainage and fertilizer
Potted land should meet the following conditions:
- be loose
- good water flow
- have a neutral reaction (in a pinch, slightly acidic).
Such soil can be purchased at any specialty store - soil mix is suitable for tropical indoor plants. But you can make such a nutrient substrate yourself. It is enough to mix such ingredients: river sand, peat, humus, leaf soil and turf soil in the ratio 1: 1: 2: 2: 2.
At the bottom of the pot necessarily spread a layer of draining material with a thickness of 4 - 5 cm (you can use medium clay, pebbles).
In the spring - summer period, this room perennial must be fed several times. Первый раз удобрения вносятся весной, когда растение «просыпается» от зимней спячки и начинает активно расти. Обычно используют комплексное минеральное удобрение. И еще раз следует подкормить цветок летом, можно внести органику (перегонной или компост).
Пересадка и перевалка
Молодые растения пересаживают по мере необходимости – если корневой системе многолетника становится тесно в старом горшке. Older plants should be transplanted no more than once every three years. And you can not carry out a full transplant - just pass the flower along with the earthy clod in a more spacious pot.
Capacity for the flower is better to choose high, plastic pots are quite suitable. Each new pot should be a couple of centimeters wider and taller than the previous one.
Most popular varieties
There are not so many of the most popular types of alokaziya, you should tell more about them:
Large root alocasia - erect plant, it can reach a height of 1.8 - 2.0 m. Its foliage is oval, having the form of large hearts. These perennials grow bright red fruits.
Odorous alokaziya - The perennial received its name for the pleasant smell of small flowers, collected in inflorescences, shaped like corn cobs. However, this type of alokaziya blooms infrequently.
Medno - red alokaziya - this name indoor flower received due to the unusual color of foliage. The lower leaves of this perennial have a purple color, while the upper leaves are green with a copper tint. This species is the most poisonous of all perennial varieties.
Black velveteen alokaziya - one of the few species that bloom in the conditions of the apartment. Foliage - maroon with black tint, the entire length of which are light streaks.
Amazonian variety - the foliage of its elongated shape, dark emerald, with streaks of white. Inflorescences - pink with white tint, have the form of cobs. Growing this type of alokaziya in room conditions, it should be remembered - the fruits on it do not ripen.
Name: Alocasia (Alocasia)
Family: Aroids (Fam. Araceae).
Alokazia has large, lush green leaves that are variegated with bright bright veins and heart-shaped leaves on long, succulent stems, in some species a deeply wavy edge. Rhizome - tuberiform, the juice is poisonous.
Homeland is India, Indonesia, Australia and South America. It grows well in tropical countries due to its rapid growth and endurance.
Basically the plant is whimsical and requires excessive care. The only exception is a large root (Arum).
Choice and purchase
Recommend to choose variegated types of plants for home growing as the most beautiful.
Maintains a short stay in the open sun, although the gloss of leaves is better preserved in diffused light. It tolerates high temperatures in constantly moistened soil, but does not like a cool climate. It is recommended to place near the windows of the east or west side with diffused light, on the windowsills the flower will be cramped, due to the large size of the leaves.
Watering should be frequent, but without much waterlogging rhizomes. The environment surrounding the plant should be saturated with moisture, so it is recommended to irrigate the leaves when the temperature rises. Wipe the leaf surface with a wet cloth.
Use a slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5-6) with a high content of peat and sand to avoid waterlogging and better drainage.
After pruning the leaves, wash your hands well and try to avoid getting poisonous plant juice on the mucous membrane of the mouth and eyes.
The inflorescence is the ear, covered with a "veil". It blooms at home extremely rarely, but large shiny leaves make the plant already attractive.
It grows quickly, but the annual change of a smaller pot to a larger one is not required. Initially, the pot should be of sufficient size and high for greater stability.
To obtain a new instance, you should take the underground shoots - nodules. The cut off part must have a kidney. The nodules matured for germination should be dark and with scales.
Can be propagated by cuttings. Soak the stalk in the air to prolong the cut.
Reproduction by seeds is also possible, but this is the worst way to reproduce. Large-root alokaziya breeds and stem.
Types and varieties
Most often grown in indoor gardening large-root alokaziya (A. macrorhiza) and Alokaziya odorous (A. odora) with green leaves, differs from large-rooted smaller size and fused at the base of the leaf plate lobes.
Alocasia Odora (odorous)
Alocasia nebula in adult condition up to 70 cm. Leaves are gray with dark areas up to 45 cm x 25 cm.
Variegated species: Alokaziya Loewy (A. lowii), Sander (A.
Alokaziya - rules of care for a tropical stranger
sanderiana) copper red (A. cuprea) and their hybrids.
Alocasia longiloba Lowii (Lowy)
Most widespread Amazonian alokaziya (A. amazonica) is a plant with dark green heart-shaped leaves, slightly corrugated and with white veins.
Alokaziya Polly grade
Alocasia Amazonian Photography
Amazon alokaziya care
Amazon Alokazia photo
Amazonian Alokazia Flower
Another view - Alocasia metallica - is distinguished by a reddish shade of leaves.
Pests and diseases, treatment
Faded leaf color: lack of fertilizer.
Constantly fertilize in summer.
The leaf gleam is weak, the leaves are sluggish, wrinkled: dry air and insufficient watering. Systematic watering is recommended to avoid drying out the soil.
Drops at the ends of the leaves: increased air humidity, but does not need to be reduced.
Leaves wither, die off: waterlogging - improve drainage or too heavy soil - make it more loose.
Slow growth: lack of nitrogen in the soil - feed the plant with a solution of urea at a concentration of 1 g / l.
The plant is resistant to diseases and rarely damaged by insects.
Types of Alokaziya
Fragrant - herbaceous plant with a strong, thick and short rhizome. The shoots are very thick and reach a height of almost a meter.
The leaves are fleshy and leathery, reaching a length of about one meter, 60-80 cm wide.
Old leaves are oval and narrow, with an arrow-shaped base, young - thyroid. The flowers are sessile, have a specific smell. Small flowers, collected in a closed wing inflorescence - the ear. The cover that wraps the cob is up to 20 cm long and has a bluish-green color.
Klobuchkovaya - reaches a height of 60-100 cm, the stem with a diameter of about 50 mm.
The leaves of this species are large, can grow up to 1 m in length and width of 0.6 - 0.8 m, at the base are notched plates, dense, slightly pointed to the apex. Color from bright to dark green.
Only adult and powerful plants with many leaves bloom.
Fruits are semicircular and not large, up to 8 mm in diameter. Form daughter tubers, located tightly to the parent tuber.
Sander - has a short tuberiform rhizome, leaves up to 40 cm in length and up to 15 cm wide, notched pinnate lobes, elongated and arrow-shaped.
Color green with a dark metallic sheen. Petiole from 25 to 60 cm, brown-green color.
Copper-red - not a large decorative appearance. The height of the stem is only 10 cm, the stalks are 20-30 cm, the leaf blade has a heart-oval shape, pointing up, length up to 25-35, width 15-20 cm.
The upper part is characterized by a copper-green color with a metallic sheen, the lower part is an intense purple color. Peduncles collected up to 3 pieces up to 15 cm long, dark purple.
In the culture does not bear fruit. It has a poisonous juice that can cause irritation of the skin, so you must do all the work with gloves and, upon completion, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Large root - a very large plant, can reach a height of up to 2 meters, petioles with a height of more than a meter.
The leaves are characterized by an oval-cordate form with pronounced divergent lobes at the base of the plate.
Peduncle can reach 30 cm, cover of yellow-green color up to 25 cm.
The fruits are shiny, bright red, reaching 10 mm in diameter.
Amazonian - height up to 15 centimeters, petiole length 0.4–0.6 m, pinkish-green color with transverse strokes of a dark color.
The petals are elongated and thyroid, have pronounced lobes, length 40-50, width up to 20 cm, dark green color.
The height of the peduncle reaches 0.2 m, the ear of white-pink color, up to 10 cm long.
Practically not fruitful under the conditions of indoor growing.
Low - grows to one meter, has a short stem, forms root underground siblings.
The leaves are oval-shaped, arranged on long petioles, green in color, sometimes with white veins, on the reverse side a leaf of purple-violet.
Plates of bluish-green color, silvery veins.
Possible problems in growing alokaziya
- The withering leaves - earthy clod is excessively moist or overdried. It is necessary to adjust the watering or replace the substrate with a lighter one,
- It grows rather slowly - there is not enough nitrogen in the soil. It is recommended to feed a solution of urea,
- The tips of the leaves are dry and brown - there is a lack of watering or the air is dry in the room,
- Petals inexpressive and small - alokazii not enough light.
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Care for large-root alokaziya at home
If a large-root alokaziya appears in the apartment, its owner will not have to pay too much attention to the new tenant, but you should not forget that the plant comes from the tropics. First of all, a comfortable atmosphere is important for alokazii, so the air in the room:
- in summer it should be heated to 22–28 ° C,
- in winter it can not be colder than 18–20 ° C.
All alokazii, including the large root variety, do not like drafts, so the plants are placed away from the balcony doors and transom. A resident of the rainforest, alokaziya feels best in partial shade. At the same time, young plants are sharper than adults and react to direct sunlight, and to lack of coverage in the winter months.
The variegated varieties that have become popular today need more light than plants with even green leaves.
If the care of large-root alokaziya at home does not meet the needs of the culture, beautiful contrast foliage will not work. In the shade, even the white areas gradually turn green.
Not less than air temperature, its humidity is also important. In nature, the plant is constantly in a warm, humid climate. Therefore, getting into the home environment of large-root alokaziya can seriously suffer from excessively dry air. In the summer, especially on hot days, alokiya must be irrigated with warm, settled water. In winter, when spraying, one should be very careful, since carrying out such a procedure in cool air conditions is fraught with the development of fungal and putrid diseases.
It is much safer to wipe the leaf plates with a damp cloth, which will improve the appearance of the plant, as well as facilitate the process of its breathing. When taking care of home-grown alocasia at home, they do not use chemical agents that prevent dust from settling.
Alokaziya is moisture-loving and very demanding to watering. Extremely sharply plants react to a lack of moisture, irregular or miserable irrigation. A large amount of green mass requires a lot of water and nutrients. And if alokaziya feels discomfort, the leaves wither and may even fall off. But even with excessive watering, especially in winter, it’s not worth waiting for the plant's well-being.
Drops of water on alokaziya krupnokronnevoy - a signal of a small overflow.
If the plant is poured systematically, the earth lump constantly retains a large amount of moisture, alokaziya reacts with yellow and then brown spots on the leaf plates, loss of foliage and root decay.
In the summer, alokaziya is watered frequently and abundantly, making sure that the top layer of the soil noticeably dries out between the irrigations. 30–40 minutes after the soil is moistened, all excess water must be drained. On hot days it is reasonable to put a pot with alokaziya in a pan filled with water, in which the clay or crushed stone is pre-poured. So, the roots of the plant will not be in contact with a wet environment, but the soil does not dry out. In winter, alokaziya is slightly limited in moisture, watering 2-3 times a week.
It is very important in winter to monitor the state of foliage - an indicator of the health of this culture. Watering the plants is reduced as soon as water droplets become visible on large root alokaziya. If the leaves are covered with spots, we can already talk about the disease of the plant or the presence of rot in its underground part.
To maintain a large plant Alokaziya necessarily fed up. Fertilizer is best in the period from early spring to mid-autumn. The composition of fertilizers for tropical crops includes organic and mineral supplements. If desired, these components can be alternated.
The reason for the slow development of alokaziya, wilting of foliage and rotting of underground stems and roots can be the wrong composition of the soil mixture.
For the native inhabitants of the tropics, a loose, nutrient-rich soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction is necessary. In a pot intended for large-root alokaziya, they must be equipped with a good drainage layer. And as the soil using a mixture of:
- 2 pieces of humus,
- 1 part sand
- 1 part peat,
- 2 pieces of garden land.
To preserve moisture, the soil surface can be mulched with small pebbles, sand, or chips.
Transplantation of plants is carried out in the spring, loading alokiya along with a soil clod in a more spacious pot.
It is important to remember that planting a culture in a very spacious container, you can provoke the growth of alokazii. And here you need to consider the possibility of placing in the room of the grown plants.
Adult bushes require transplantation no more than in 3-4 years, and young alokazii can be transferred to a new capacity annually. The procedure is carried out in the spring when the plants acclimatize faster and easier.
At home, large-root alokaziya propagated by vegetative methods using the division of an adult plant, layering or cuttings. And in this case, spring is also the best time. In order for the sapling to take root and quickly acquire a good root system, it needs a temperature not lower than 20–22 ° C. Rooting alokaziya better in a light mixture of equal shares of peat and sand. When the layers give the roots, they are transplanted into the ground for adult plants.
Alocasia is unpretentious and grows without any problems even for flower growers with little experience. If the care of large-root alokazia at home is insufficient, the plant is affected by both diseases and pests. Lush green attracts many dangerous insects. Most often, on large petioles and leaves one can find spider mites, mushroom mosquitoes, shieldworms, aphids and mealybugs.
If you identify pests can not hesitate. The plant is necessarily treated with insecticides, which are selected depending on the type of insect found. When alokaziya is affected by fungi, fungicides are used in the fight against them.
The owner of large-root alokazii, who cares for the plant at home, should be aware of the toxicity of its juice and not forget about safety measures. In houses where there are children and pets, alokaziyu placed outside their reach.