Dill and parsley - the most common greens in the country. It is easy to plant and grow, it is easy to prepare the ground for planting and take care as well. If you follow the minimum rules for caring for greens in the garden, the lush, beautiful and fragrant greens will constantly delight you and your family with their taste.
Features of the cultivation of parsley and dill in the country
Dill is an unpretentious plant that does not need feeding in the process of growth. He refers to to early plants that take nutrients from the soil fertilized in the fall.
You can start harvesting a month after the first shoots. At the same time, the height of the bush will fluctuate around 20-30 cm.
Parsley, like dill, will appear a few weeks after the first shoots. But if you plant it step by step, exactly how it will be indicated later in the article, you can constantly feast on fresh greens.
Since parsley is a cold-resistant plant and can withstand temperatures up to -7 degrees Celsius, it can be grown a little before the appearance of the first snow. Even under the snow, she will be able to keep green and fragrant leaves for some time.
If you wish, you can plant parsley and dill in the open ground right on one row or side by side. They get along normally and do not interfere with each other, if you leave enough space for the development of each individual bush.
The process of preparing the beds to plant parsley
Prepare the beds for scattering parsley seeds directly in the season itself in the spring. It is necessary to choose weeds, having eliminated their root system without fail. Flatten the soil and prepare the furrows no more than 20 mm depth.
As for fertilizers, it is best to use them in the fall in the form of compost and humus. In springtime, everything can be supplemented with urea, ammonium nitrate and potassium-phosphorus complex.
To plant dill
Best for dill beds to prepare since autumn. For this you need to make rows no more than depth 0.2 m, actively fertilizing them with humus and other mineral fertilizers.
With the arrival of spring, the land plot is loosened, leveled, and made into furrow stripes with depth 20 mm. Between individual rows is worth keeping 0.2 m. That will be quite enough.
After a uniform distribution of seeds in the beds, they do not need much sprinkling, so lightly.
For planting dill prepare the furrow depth of about 2 cm
It is not necessary to water the beds with greens for the next few days after planting, they do not like it. This can lead to the appearance of fungus, as a result of excessive moisture.
To prepare parsley seeds for planting it is recommended:
- evenly put the seeds on a saucer with wet gauze and wait for the first shoots to appear,
- after that, the seeds are considered ready for planting. But sowing them is extremely careful not to leave the sprouts. Otherwise, all work will be in vain.
To prepare the seeds of dill for planting it is recommended:
Before sowing, dill seeds are processed a little longer than parsley seeds. At the first stage, everything is identical. Seeds laid out on wet gauze and for several days they wait until the first shoots appear. But in this case it is extremely important to control the temperature regime. It should be in the area +50 degrees Celsius.
After three days, the seeds are processed with hot water, maintaining the temperature in the area +20 degrees and cover them with gauze. And only in four days the first sprouts will start to appear.
Sprouting dill seeds
Before each planting the seeds of greens are advised to dry and spread in a well-moistened soil.
So that you do not need greens, it is necessary to sow it in stages, in other words once every two weeks. If the root variety of dill and parsley is planted, a distance of 70-150 mm should be left between individual bushes, for leafy plants it should be increased to 200 mm.
In the springtime, when the temperature can drop significantly at night, cover with greens. This will protect it from frost. While in the summer for a hot climate, where most of the day the sun burns everything in its path, it is better to plant part of the dill and parsley somewhere in the shade. This will protect the plants from premature yellowing.
Some gardeners planted both that and other greens directly in the same row. She normally gets on with each other. After all, the conditions of its development and growth are basically identical.
Departure after landing
It is worth making watering of greens if necessary, if the ground dried up. It is better to do this after cutting the leaves. But it is important to prevent the appearance of a crust to the surface of the root. This will bring nothing good to the plants.
Pull weeds costs as they appear, while loosening the soil. Thus, you remove plants that interfere with the normal growth of greenery, and enrich the soil with oxygen.
Special difficulties in the process of planting and the development of parsley and dill in gardeners does not arise. Since the greens are unpretentious and do not require special attention.
You just need to look for the soil, watering it in a timely manner, and in time to remove weeds that parasitize the beds. Do not need anything else. If the soil is fertile, and you have fertilized it with humus since autumn, you do not need to use an additional fertilizer complex. Minimum effort and useful greens on your table.
What conditions does dill like?
There are some features associated with the cultivation of dill, which must be considered to get a good harvest of this plant:
- this culture must be planted in sunny places, because it loves a long daylight hours and the bright light of the sun,
- plants should be watered often enough, the ground in the garden should always be well hydrated,
- this grass is quite resistant to frost and cold,
- greens grow poorly on poor soil
- In addition, fresh seeds can sprout long enough, this is due to the high content in the culture of essential oils.
Knowing these features, you can easily find a suitable place at the summer cottage to plant greens there.
Proper processing of dill seeds before planting
Since the fresh seeds of this plant are rich in essential oils, they can sprout for quite a long time. That is why before planting they must be properly processed.
To do this, we offer you the following scheme:
- Put the seeds in a small bag of gauze and soak them in warm water, temperature
which is about 50 degrees. 4-5 times a day, drain the settled liquid and pour the seeds in clean water of the same temperature. This procedure must be repeated for three days. So you can disinfect the seeds, which, in turn, will contribute to a more rapid emergence of seedlings,
- Next, the seeds should be laid out in a thin layer on gauze and cover with steamed sawdust or a damp cloth. So they must be left for 4-5 days at room temperature until at least some of them have sprouts.
- Finally, just before planting, the seeds must be dried for half an hour. And only after that, sow in a well-moistened soil.
When is the best place to plant dill?
Since this plant is rather cold-resistant and able to tolerate light frosts down to -4 degrees, it can be planted from mid-spring. By and large, you can do it right away, as it finally snows in the country. The first seedlings may appear at air temperatures above +3 degrees, but the optimum temperature for germination is + 15-20 degrees.
If you want to constantly eat fresh greens, start sowing dill in early April, and every two weeks sow to him a new batch.
Usually, the air temperature reaches the desired figures by the end of April, but you can try to plant this grass a little earlier.
Meanwhile, to get a good harvest, the bed for spring sowing must be prepared in the fall. Dig the ground to a depth of 20 cm and add mineral fertilizers to it, as well as humus if present. In April, you will only have to gently level the ground and moisten it well. Then it is necessary to make grooves with a depth of 2 cm at a distance of 20 cm from each other and sow the seeds in them, lightly sprinkle them on top with loose earth.
Is it possible to plant dill for the winter and how to do it?
In order to have tasty and fragrant fresh greens on your table already in early spring, you can plant dill before winter. In this case, the beds are also prepared in the fall, adding organic and mineral fertilizers to the ground. Before the earth freezes, they plant 3.5 cm of dill seeds in the soil.
To prevent the formation of ice crust, which can prevent seed germination, the bed should be covered with mulch. As it can act as inorganic materials, such as film, pebbles or gravel, and organic, for example, spruce needles, humus, hay or sawdust.
In addition, dill seeds can be planted at your dacha, even in winter. To do this, the bed, which you prepared in the fall, must be freed from the snow, and the seeds should be scattered over it, and the top should be covered with earth, mixed with a lot of humus.
What do you need dill when planting?
To get the expected results when growing dill, you need to familiarize yourself with some features of this plant:
- dill loves wet soil
- on poor lands grows bad
- he needs as much daylight as possible,
- quite resistant to cold weather
- culture seeds contain many essential oils, and because of this they sprout for a long time.
Taking into account all these subtleties, it is possible to understand how to plant dill in exactly what area to sow it and what part to take in its cultivation.
How should dill be planted?
Since the culture can tolerate air temperature down to -4 degrees, seeds are dispersed already from the middle of spring. Their germination occurs when it is +3 degrees outside, and the best temperature for green growth is +15. +20 degrees.
Well, now about how to properly plant dill. In order to get an early harvest, it is necessary to start seating on the first ten days of April. Of course, if the temperature is acceptable for that. Seed should be sown every two weeks to ensure the continuous growth of young culture.
Ideal dill survives on a neutral porous ground. Heavy soil is not suitable for him.
How to plant dill and parsley in the country? Yes, very simple! First you need to prepare a bed (preferably in the fall, so that in the spring you can sow the seeds early). Next, you need to dig the soil to a depth of 20 cm, make it mineral fertilizers and humus. Already in spring, it will only remain to carefully level the ground surface, create 2 cm indentations in it, make 20 cm distance between rows, wet the ground and sow the seeds. From above they are covered with loose soil, slightly tamping it. Do not watering seedlings. Seeds can go deep into the soil with water.
What do parsley like?
This crop is more demanding than dill. Parsley loves the land provided with fertilizers, moderately cold and damp. It germinates perfectly after tomatoes and potatoes, can take root next to the carrots. In order for the plant to begin to bush, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with rotted manure before sowing the seeds and how to mix the fertilizer with the soil.
Interested in planting dill and parsley in the country? About dill has already been said, but about parsley now we will discuss in more detail. The advantages of a green plant is that it is unpretentious to the light. You can safely plant parsley in the shade. However, on the ground in the sun sprout a little earlier.
The first step is to lay out the seeds of the culture on wet gauze, which is spread on a flat object, and set them aside for 3-5 days. Then, when sprouts begin to appear, they should be planted in the ground.
Parsley Sowing Process
How to plant dill and parsley in the country, if the goal is to get a rich harvest? About dill everything is already known, and now more about parsley.
The soil must be prepared in advance, before planting seeds. Carefully weed weeds, plow the land and break up lumps. Create tracks 2 cm deep, keeping a distance of about 10 cm between them. It is better to take care of this in advance, in the autumn period to make mineral fertilizers in the soil. In the spring, you can add potassium phosphate compost, urea and ammonium nitrate.
Dill and parsley seeds soaked optional, you can sow them in the ground and dry. But in this case, parsley will sprout much later.
After the whole process with planting, it is advisable to cover the sowing site with plastic wrap. This will protect seedlings from cold snap. It is imperative to water the beds with culture, especially in dry weather.
Parsley and dill at home
Not everyone has a summer cottage to produce crops of vegetables and greens. But there is a window sill in each apartment. This is a great place to grow plants. For this you will need:
- plastic containers or earthenware pots,
- the corresponding soil is a mixture of sand, garden soil, peat and sawdust in equal parts (you can purchase special land for seedlings),
- home garden lighting lamps
- plastic film (to create a greenhouse effect).
How to grow dill and parsley?
At home, plant such a crop is not difficult, but it would be nice to get acquainted with some plant varieties before planting. First you need to know what are the varieties of dill:
- early maturing (Gribovsky, Grenadier) - it is already possible to harvest 35 days after the first shoots
- mid-season (Aelita, Richelieu) - these varieties give more leaves and greenery itself, the crop can be harvested 40-45 days after germination,
- Late-ripening (Salute, Kibray) - create luxurious and fragrant greens, these varieties have an increased amount of nutrients.
How to sow dill and parsley? About parsley will be a little later. First, the seeds will need to be put in warm water for a day, which should be updated every 6 hours. Then it is necessary to slightly dry them and immediately disperse into sufficiently saturated soil.
Dill seeds should be planted at a distance of 15 cm into previously prepared indentations or simply into the ground, sprinkled with a layer of earth at 2 cm. 20 degrees.
Sowing dill and parsley requires certain knowledge in this matter. What is necessary exactly dill:
- a sufficient amount of moisture (constantly watering, especially during the period of seed germination),
- fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers (the soil should be fertilized once every two weeks after watering),
- air temperature (the most favorable for dill is from +18 to +21 degrees).
Parsley, like dill, can also grow at home without any problems. It comes in two varieties: root (its roots are used in cooking, they are made from medicinal broths) and leaf (to get fragrant and beautiful greens to the table).
What are the plant varieties:
- root (Berlin, Sugar and Urozhayny) - these varieties are early and late, suitable for long-term preservation and for drying,
- leafy (Bogatyr, Curly Sue and Esmeralda) - they are bred because of the fragrant and luxurious greens.
Leaf parsley has two types of leaves: curly and simple (they are spectacular when preparing dishes). Picked leaves for a long time retain their freshness and smell, and do not turn yellow for almost a week. Leafy greens after cutting grows back very quickly.
How to prepare the seeds and plant them?
To begin with, wet gauze or cotton cloth in boiled water and put seeds into it. Then wrap the gauze in parchment and put in a cold place. Seeds should be there for a week. It is necessary to soak the cloth every day and weed the seeds. In a week they will be ready for planting in the soil.
How to sow dill and parsley in a container? About dill has already been said above, but the parsley is required to sow to a depth of 0.5 cm and sprinkle with a layer of earth on top. Then cover the container with polyethylene and hide in a dark and cool place. The primer itself must be covered with a cloth dampened with water and watered every 2-3 days.
Seeds should be watched, daily moistening them with a sprayer and airing. After three days, the first shoots should grow. Now the gauze can be removed, and the container moved to the window sill, where there is a lot of light. It is necessary as often as possible to spray the young parsley with water. Young stalks require thinning, leaving a distance between them of not less than 4 cm.
Посев укропа и петрушки, а также уход за ними оказываются не такими сложными, как может показаться на первый взгляд. Что можно теперь сказать про петрушку? Что она любит? Есть некоторые требования к уходу за ней:
- infrequent watering (every 3-4 days) is unacceptable if the soil dries out or is excessively wet,
- feeding with a solution of superphosphates (5 g per 1 l of boiled water), produced once a month,
- air temperature: the best - from +22 to +24 degrees (parsley does not tolerate cold and drafts).
How to plant
Parsley is unpretentious, but will require a little attention. Sowing is done in April, or before the winter, in November. In the second case, the parsley will start growing a little later after the snow has come down.
Properly prepare the soil for parsley planting
The advantages of parsley is that it is undemanding to lighting. Before you grow parsley in the country, you can choose a plot for sowing in an open sunny place or in the shade. On the sunny side shoots appear earlier.
- Place the parsley seeds on a damp cloth (preferably gauze) spread out on a flat plate, and leave for 3-5 days. After they begin to germinate, land in the ground.
- Prepare the soil on the bed before planting. Carefully weed weed, picking the roots, loosen the soil, break the clods.
- Make grooves with a depth of about 2 centimeters, maintaining a distance of about 10 cm between them. It is better to attend to this in advance, during the autumn harvesting of the vegetable garden, when organic and mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil. In the spring, add urea, ammonium nitrate and potash phosphate fertilizers.
- You can not soak the seeds beforehand, but sow them into the prepared soil dry. But in this case, the parsley will rise much later. For example. If the landing time is the second half of April, then noticeable shoots will appear by the end of May.
- Cover the area with parsley with plastic wrap. This will help protect the shoots from sudden cold.
Be sure to water the garden with parsley, especially during the dry season. This will prevent the yellowing of the plant after cutting the leaves.
To parsley was constantly in your diet, sow it in stages, about 1 time in 2 weeks. Thus, when you take off one crop, the second will be “on the way”. After the parsley sprouts, thin out it, leaving 7-15 cm between the bushes for the root variety and 20 cm for the leaf.
In addition to sowing seeds, you can grow seedlings of greenery. Parsley is a biennial plant, so you can make the distillation in winter, and in the spring to get fresh parsley. Take a few seedlings of root parsley, and in early spring plant in a high bed. Before planting, store seedlings in the basement, dropping the roots in wet sand.
Proper planting and care will provide you with a rich harvest of parsley.
At the end of March, leaf parsley seedlings can be planted. Its growth will be long, in a month the bushes will begin to form. In this case, you need to choose an unshaded area under the bed. Already in early May, you will have a lot of fresh greens.
Parsley tolerates cold up to -7 degrees of frost and does not die after the snow falls, continuing to grow.
At the end of autumn, root parsley is harvested in the same way as carrots: they are dug up, put into boxes with dry sand and lowered into the basement. If the bed with parsley is high and dry, leave a few roots in the soil, so that in the spring, after the snow melts, get fresh greens.
Without dill it is impossible to imagine our kitchen. Greens, flowers and seeds of this plant are used fresh in salads, first and second courses, preservation.
Site selection and preparation of soil for planting greens
These plants are quite unpretentious and do not require much time. But still some features of soil preparation and planting exist.
If you correctly select a plot in the garden for planting greenery, the crop will pleasantly surprise and delight.
- In the autumn, you should carefully dig up the soil and add fertilizers: based on 1 square meter, 5 liters of humus are mixed into the soil (you can replace the mullein, which is diluted with water 1:10), one third of a bucket of sand and one tablespoon of superphosphate.
- If it was not possible to dig up the ground in the fall, then before sowing seeds it is recommended to add mineral fertilizers in the form of 15-20 grams of urea to the ground, about 30 grams of superphosphate and 15-20 grams of potash salt per square meter.
- So that the stems and dill leaves do not begin to blush, you should avoid a soil saturated with lime. For parsley, this soil is not terrible.
- Planting dill seeds and parsley can not be postponed in the spring until steadily warm days and nights. It is not scary if at night there are still small residual frosts - the greens tolerate poorly heated soil and are not afraid of frost.
- When you plant the seeds, you can mix them with a small amount of sand for convenience, as they are very small.
- In order to still slightly protect the seed material from too wet and frozen soil, it can be planted not in holes, but not in ridges. Planted seeds sprinkled on top of the ground.
- The place for sowing can be chosen both in the shade or partial shade and in the sun. Although the sun's rays contribute to a more active growth of parsley. Dill is recommended to be planted solely on a sunny plot, otherwise the plant will be sluggish and not active in growth.
So, in the process of preparing the soil is nothing complicated. Even a beginning gardener will cope with the choice of a place for planting, digging up the soil and fertilizers.
Cooking seeds of dill and parsley for planting
It is believed that the seeds of these two types of greens do not sprout quickly and germinate rather slowly. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend several preparatory processes with seeds.
- Pre-seeds placed in a small bag of gauze or natural fabric. Then soak in water for several days. In this case, the fluid must be changed at least five times a day.
- Then the seeds spread on a wet napkin on day 3 - 4.
- The third step is drying the seed material. Soon you will see that the seeds prepared in this way for planting will ascend much faster and will be more crisp in consistency.
You can not do pre-soak, and immediately planted dry seeds in open ground. Then the first shoots will appear much later, and the plants may not turn out so juicy and lush.
Sowing seeds in open ground
You can plant crops in spring, preferably in April. Possible landing before winter in November. Then the first shoots will be after the last snow has melted.
- In the prepared area, furrows up to two centimeters in depth should be made; the distance between rows should be no less than 20–30 cm. This will provide the necessary area for the full development and active growth of plants. Between the seeds themselves there must be a distance of 3-5 centimeters.
- Dill is planted at the rate of 20-30 grams of seeds per square meter. Land before landing must be well moistened.
- After planting, it is recommended to cover the beds with a film in order to protect the plants from night frost. Although dill and parsley are resistant to frost, it is still worth to make sure.
- It is not recommended to irrigate the beds abundantly for several days after planting, because the seeds can go deeper into the soil. This may hinder the further development and growth of greenery.
- For the harvest to be constant throughout the entire season, planting is carried out not once, but divided into several stages. After 14 - 20 days after the first stage of sowing, you can annoy a second time.
Green crops are completely undemanding, it is only necessary to provide fertile fertilized soil and seeds prepared for planting in advance.
Dill and parsley care
- When the first shoots appear in parsley, thinning is obligatory: the distance between the shoots should be left at least 10-15 cm for the root and 20 cm for the parsley leaves.
- Thinning is necessary for dill. Leave a gap of about 10 cm between the bushes. This will ensure the growth of dill in width, make it thick and juicy. Without a thinning procedure, dill goes up quickly.
- Dill harvest ripens about a month after emergence. If the plant has reached a height of 30-40 cm, then it can be torn off along with the root.
- Parsley, its roots are stored as well as carrots: in a cool and dark place in a container with sand. Greens are often dried and also used in cooking.
- Water greens necessarily throughout the growth. Dry soil can lead to wilting shrubs and slow growth and flowering.
- For dill dressing is not necessary in the growth stage. If the soil is poor, then you can add liquid manure, ammonium nitrate and nitrogen, and during flowering plants need potassium and phosphorus.
Dill and parsley, some lovers of greens are grown right on the windowsill in pots. After planting the seeds after 4 weeks the first shoots appear. Especially in winter, such fresh greens are welcomed by all households without exception.
Why is it worth planting parsley and dill on the plot
This green is truly universal. Planting of green crops can be safely carried out not only in the Central zone, but also in other, more northern, regions of our country, where spring is always cold, overcast, rainy. With proper fit young greens are excellent. And if, before planting, mineral fertilizers are also introduced into the earth, young greens will begin to grow by leaps and bounds. Planting greenery should certainly enter the spring calendar of garden and garden affairs. To plant on this dacha this unpretentious greenery, beloved by Russian summer residents, is certainly worth it, because:
- She is a great source of vitamins,
- With proper care, these crops produce a good harvest, and, if there is a desire, you can even grow greens for sale. So do experienced gardeners,
- It happens that at the dacha empty places leftwhere nothing grows. Such "bald spots" look pretty ugly. In order to fill these voids, you can plant greens,
- The fragrant greens with their specific spicy scent scare away many dangerous pests. So, according to many gardeners, if you sow dill between potato bushes, the Colorado potato beetle becomes much smaller,
- If the seeds are properly prepared for planting, the first shoots appear very quickly. This is convenient for those summer residents who have little patience.
Doctors and nutritionists argue that the daily use of herbs from their own seasonal area is the best prevention of many serious diseases. Dill and parsley are very good for health because:
- Eat greens these cultures are possible without restrictions. Both herbs are hypoallergenic, so they can be included in the diet of young children,
- The spicy smell of these herbs improves appetite, stimulates digestion, promotes the active development of gastric juice,
- Regular consumption of healthy crops helpst get rid of toxins,
- This green contains antioxidants, so it is actively used in cosmetology. Dill essential oils are part of many cosmetic preparations, and parsley treatment masks made at home help whiten freckles and permanently get rid of age spots,
- In plants contains vitamin Ctherefore, those who eat dill and parsley are less likely to suffer from acute respiratory diseases.
Nutritionists recommend including in your daily diet fresh dill and parsley for those who want to lose weight. Vitamins, minerals and organic acids, which are contained in the leaves of parsley and dill, normalize metabolism and promote fat burning.
Also, regular consumption of fresh greens from their own summer cottage improves heart function, normalizes blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and helps get rid of gastrointestinal disorders. Dill has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Parsley promotes deep cleansing. Also parsley contains folic acid, so this herb is very useful for pregnant women, especially in the early stages of childbearing. AT Russia from time immemorial knew about the beneficial properties of dill and parsley, so the leaves and stems of these plants in dry or fresh form are often used in traditional medicine.
Eating aromatic plants is a great way to diversify your usual menu. Most often greens are used:
- In cooking salads with fresh vegetables,
- In home canning,
- As a seasoning for meat and fish dishes,
- As beneficial and nutritional supplement boiled or fried potatoes, as well as mushroom dishes,
- Dill goes well with seafood.
For the preparation of vegetable salads, that and other greens are finely chopped, and then added to the rest of the ingredients. Chopped greens give the salad a savory taste, best of all, it goes with a classic cucumber and tomato salad.
Professional chefs argue that parsley is best suited to meat dishes (pork, chicken, beef, and lamb), but dill blends perfectly with sea and river fish, as well as seafood (calamari and mussels). Add parsley to meat dishes should be shortly before readiness. You can use both fresh parsley and ground dried. Finely chopped dill is added to fried fish or fish soup shortly before being cooked. You can do it differently: put chopped dill and chopped garlic in a frying pan with hot vegetable oil, which will then be fried fish or seafood, for example, mussels. Roasting in fragrant dill oil will give the fish dish an incomparable flavor.
Dill is traditionally used in home canning. All housewives, salting cucumbers for the winter, know that dill gives them a wonderful taste and seductive crunch. However, not everyone knows that dill, due to its antibacterial properties, prevents damage home canned vegetables and contributes to the long-term storage of pickled cucumbers or tomatoes. This makes dill a truly indispensable herb at the height of summer, when the crop of cucumbers ripens in the summer cottages.
The daily use of fresh seasonal greenery helps to diversify the fasting menu for those who observe summer Orthodox posts: Ouspensky (August 14 - August 28) and Petrov Fast (mid June - July 12). At this time, vegetable salads and potato dishes with the addition of fragrant young greens are often prepared in the monastery refectory and in the homes of believers.
The choice of location and seeds
First of all, you need to choose the right place for landing. Greens only seem unpretentious culture. In fact, the yield depends largely on whether the place for planting is successfully chosen. Dill must be planted in a sunny, well-lit place. If you put him in the shade, he will grow much slower. And parsley, on the contrary, can be planted in a shaded place, for example, in the corner of a plot or under spreading fruit and berry trees.
Both crops can be grown both in open ground and in the greenhouse, as well as at home on a windowsill. The most common variety of dill is considered "Gribovsky". Parsley is of two kinds: leaf and root. In parsley leaves, all the energy goes into the growth of leaves, so those who want to regularly eat fresh greens, you need to choose such varieties. But there is another kind of parsley: it forms very few leaves, but the root is developing intensively. Parsley root is also actively used in cooking and medicine, so some of these varieties may suit someone.
Many gardeners complain that dill, sown in open ground, rises very slowly, and do not understand what's the matter. The reason most often lies not in the poverty of the soil or the lack of irrigation, but in the chemical composition of dill seeds. Dill seeds contain a high concentration of essential oils, it is these oils that delay the appearance of the first shoots. However, there is an excellent way out of this situation: the stratification of seeds. In the process of stratification, some of the seeds inevitably die, but the best ones remain.
In order to plant young greens, it is first necessary to prepare the soil. After the bed has been dug up, and the stones and debris have been removed, it is necessary to put compost or manure into the soil, and both are possible. Next, with the help of the rake you need to carefully make several shallow furrows. In these furrows and to sow seeds. After sowing, it is necessary to fill the sowing material with earth, but you should not be too zealous, otherwise you can not wait for the first shoots.
For the same reason, you should not immediately water the beds with seeds sown in them. Under the strong pressure of water seeds can go deep into the soil, and no longer ascend. This often happens because watering the greens immediately after planting is a very common mistake of novice gardeners.
If the weather does not indulge in warmth, and weather forecasters predict night frosts (in the first decade of April, this is not uncommon), you can cover the bed with the sown polyethylene film. However, as soon as the sun warms, the shelter should be removed so that the first shoots do not suffocate. Those who grow the first greens in the greenhouse, should regularly air the greenhouse. This will help avoid dangerous fungal infections.
Как получить хороший урожай
Дачники часто жалуются на то, что укроп и петрушка плохо растут. Однако, есть садоводы, которые ежегодно собирают большой урожай первой зелени и для себя, и на продажу. Для того чтобы петрушка и укроп обрадовали хорошим урожаем, их необходимо регулярно поливать. Эти две культуры, особенно петрушка, любят, чтобы the ground was always a little wet.
A necessary event for the care of the first shoots of greenery is weeding. While dill and parsley seedlings are still small, it is very convenient to weed them. If we neglect the weeding at first, then it will be much more difficult to hold this event. Dill and parsley will grow, stretch out in length, and the gardener will simply not be able to carefully pull out the weeds without damaging the greens.
The soil from which the young shoots of the first green are looking must be regularly loosened. This also needs to be done in a timely manner, while the plants are young, and it is convenient to get close to them. During loosening, do not get too close with a chopper or hoe to tender shoots, so as not to damage their root system.
Dill and parsley - favorite greens of Russian summer residents. If you plant these crops correctly and provide them with decent conditions for intensive growth and development, they will certainly bring a good harvest. Growing greens in your own summer cottage is the easiest way to provide the whole family with healthy and tasty vitamin supplements to your daily diet. Those who are just planning to familiarize themselves with the basics of gardening, can begin just with the planting of young greenery. Having a good harvest, an inspired gardener can move on to growing more demanding crops.
Proper planting parsley
Parsley is of two types: leaf for vitamin greens and root for soups, pickles and pickles. In order to taste spicy leaves earlier, you can plant seeds in late autumn, before the first snow. Then, as soon as the earth thaws, you will see the emerged shoots. If late, sow at the end of April.
There are several ways to speed up the spicy grass.
- Shoots appear faster in the sunlit area.
- Hold the seeds in a damp cloth for several days and sow when they begin to germinate.
- Warm a sown bed with a film or a covering material.
If all the sunny places in the garden are occupied, you can grow parsley in a shaded area. For the crop too bright rays are undesirable: the leaves quickly turn yellow. The best option is to plant spicy grass under trees or shrubs. In the spring, until the buds have blossomed, the bed will be well lit, and then the lush crown will save the plants from hot rays. On the table, parsley and dill go well together, but on the garden there is no friendship between them. If you sow both crops side by side, neither one nor the other will produce a good harvest. Doesn't want parsley alongside cilantro, cumin and carrots. It is advisable not even to plant it on the beds where these plants used to be.
In the autumn, dig a bed, put humus into poor soil. In the spring, add complex fertilizers, loosen and form a bed. In the second half of April, make grooves with a depth of no more than 1 cm at a distance of 20 cm from each other. Sow the seeds and cover with a film for heat and moisture. Planting can be made before the winter in November. Some summer residents prepare a bed before the first frost, in the winter they clear the ground of snow, sow seeds and sprinkle them with a thin layer of humus. Overwintered crops germinate very quickly.
Plant dill and parsley seeds in moist soil and do not water the crops for 3 days. Water will drag fine grains deep into the ground, and seedlings will have to wait a long time.
Dill Garden Care
When the first green appears, it is necessary to thin the plantings. Pull out extra plants so that the distance between them is about 10 cm. Engage in such work every day, uproot several bushes and eat twigs for food. Dill will grow, and you will gradually free him a place. The same should be done for parsley: for the development of the roots, the distance between the plants should be 10 cm, and for leaf varieties - 15 cm.
With a lack of moisture, dill quickly forms the stem. Baskets of inflorescences will be useful for soups and autumn preparations, but the greens will lose tenderness and there will be few twigs. The same thing happens when too dense landing. Water the plants so that the soil is always wet. Top-dressing of this culture is usually not required, it lacks the nutrients incorporated during the device of the bed. If you notice that the twigs turn yellow, apply nitrogen fertilizers.
To enrich your winter diet with vitamins, grow parsley and dill on the windowsill in flower pots. For this purpose, you can recruit fertilized garden land or buy soil in the store. Sow in several stages with an interval of 2 weeks. Do not forget that plants need a long daylight, install a fluorescent lamp above them. In March, you can plant more bushes and, when the earth thaws, move the seedlings to the garden bed.
Dill and parsley - unpretentious crops, care for them requires simple, but when growing must take into account the characteristics of plants. There are general guidelines suitable for most varieties. These tips do not always give a good result: breeders have deduced many varieties of spicy herbs, some of them require a special approach. Be sure to read the instructions on the bag of seeds before sowing them at the cottage.
Never plant dill and parsley on the same bed. First, they have different requirements for the conditions of development and care. Secondly, these cultures oppress each other. Plant them on different sides of the garden, the greater the distance, the better the harvest.
It is possible to plant herbs in spring and autumn, and even in winter under the snow. Seeds contain many essential oils, therefore they slowly germinate. Wintering in the garden accelerates the emergence of dill and parsley. If you are going to sow in April, prepare the grains. If the planting is carried out correctly and on time, the abundance of tasty and healthy herbs is guaranteed.