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African cucumber kivano: description and useful properties

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Every year new exotic fruits and vegetables appear on the shelves of supermarkets. Even buying a sample for the sample, not all lovers can say with confidence that they are holding a fruit or a vegetable, and how to eat it in general. Another such novelty is kivano. What kind of fruit is this? Some believe that kivano is a fruit as it is, which no one really knows. Others believe that this is a vegetable. And only in one opinion, all are one. A fruit that looks like a hedgehog is very useful. How do they eat kivano and what kind of exotic plant is it? In this need to understand.

Interesting fruit

Kivano fruit is called conditionally. In fact, this is a vegetable from the Pumpkin family. Simply put, a close relative of an ordinary cucumber. It is called differently - African prickly cucumber, two-horned or jelly melon. Those who call him cucumber or anguria are wrong. These are completely different plants in which you can see only some external similarity.

Two-horned melons are grown everywhere in countries with hot tropical climates, and are bred in New Zealand, the USA (California), Israel and Colombia.

Kivano is an annual grassy vine with thin but strong stems. In length, it reaches 5-6 meters. This is a heat-loving plant of short daylight, which can be grown as a garden crop and as a decorative vine.

Kivano leaves look like cucumber, only smaller. In their sinuses are numerous yellow flowers. Like the rest of pumpkin, they are divided into male and female. During the entire growing season, the vine is abundantly fruiting. Observing all the rules of care, you can collect up to 200 fruits from a bush. To achieve such a result is real, constantly breaking off the green leaves. But the yield may drop sharply if at least one kivano fruit remains on the vine and ripens.

How to grow it in our country?

It is best to do this through seedlings. Before sowing the seeds in pots for a day, you need to soak in a nutrient solution. As soon as the threat of frost has passed, young plants, after mandatory hardening, can be planted in the ground. A place for kivano should be protected from wind and direct sunlight. Despite the fact that the plant is thermophilic, it does not tolerate the hot sun. Burns will quickly appear on the leaves, and flowers and ovaries may fall off. Kivano prefers a light, loose, permeable soil. It does not tolerate drought and waterlogging. The stems of the plant need support. Therefore, it is desirable to plant them under the fence or tie up with a string, occasionally twisting the stem in a clockwise direction.

As an option, you can stretch the grid that the vine will thickly braid. Due to the rapid growth and abundant foliage, young plants should be placed at a distance of 50-80 cm. Further care for Kivano is simple. This is regular watering (especially after each harvest), soil mulching (the root system is weak, when loosening it is easy to damage), weeding and additional feeding every 10-12 days, and you must alternate organic fertilizer with mineral fertilizer. The plant responds well to foliar nutrition with microelements. Side shoots should be pinched, especially with heavy thickening. In this case, the stems with male flowers are removed first and foremost. Crop is removed every 4-7 days with the obligatory subsequent watering.

This plant has many advantages, the main of which is resistance to diseases characteristic of the pumpkin family. But there is one drawback. Kivano is very sensitive to daily temperature changes. However, the first domestic variety, the green dragon, has recently appeared on the market. He was brought specifically for our latitudes. The development and growth of plants of this variety do not depend on the length of daylight and are more resistant to low temperatures. In addition, they begin to bear fruit after 2 months.

Growing indoors

If there is no garden plot - not scary. Balcony or loggia are perfect for kivano. How to grow and what is the feature of caring for him in indoor conditions? First of all, you need to pick a pot under the plant. Its volume can vary from 5 to 25 liters. It depends on the area of ​​the balcony. That indoors on a liana fruit were tied, it is necessary to carry out pollination manually with a brush. This is done only in the morning when the flowers are open and pollen is viable. The resulting fruit perfectly decorate the balcony or loggia.

And what does it taste like?

Despite the fact that kivano is called jelly melon, it is no larger than an average orange. Green with marble stains, the peel of the fruit is covered with soft thorns. When mature, the kivano acquires a yellow color. African cucumber is a very watery vegetable. Its green flesh is similar in texture to jelly. Therefore, the ripe fruit has to scoop it out with a spoon.

Sweet and sour Kiwano, the taste of which resembles melon, banana and cucumber at the same time, contains many beneficial substances and has healing properties. Its flesh is rich in carbohydrates, vitamins of group B, macro- and microelements, the main ones are iron, zinc, calcium, copper, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. And yet most of all in it is ascorbic acid.

Prolonged use kivano, especially in the winter, helps to strengthen the immune system. Due to the low calorie content (only 44 calories per 100 grams), it is recommended for people suffering from obesity. And due to the potassium content, the fruit is useful for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. But this is not the end of its application in medicine. With its astringent properties, the flesh of the fetus promotes healing of wounds and stopping bleeding.

Prized kivano and in cosmetology - as a component that is part of the face and body masks. They have a pronounced tightening and toning effect on the skin. Due to the increased fiber content, the fruits stimulate intestinal motility and are recommended for the prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. During chemotherapy, regular use of juice favorably affects the condition of the hair, slowing down and reducing their loss. Even diabetics can eat the fruits of horned melon.

How is it used?

How to eat kivano depends on the degree of ripeness of the fetus. Eat it in a green form, and fully matured. Greens are salted and pickled just like cucumbers. Kivano will give an original taste to compotes and preserves. But most often the fruit is eaten raw. Its dense green flesh is added to desserts and salads. Cocktails, sandwiches and main dishes decorate peeled slices. How to eat kivano if it is ripe? To do this, cut it in half and select the whole pulp with a spoon. After that, the empty halves can not throw away, and wash well. If you put them on spikes like legs, they will turn into original dishes for serving snacks or an interesting accessory for serving the table.

Many are interested in how they eat kivano in his homeland. The most popular dish is an appetizer with seafood and cheese. It is prepared simply. Seafood should be mixed with soft cheese and add kivano. Sometimes you can do without seafood. It is enough to cut the cheese into slices and top them with jelly-like flesh of African cucumber. From Kiwano juice you can make a delicious and healthy cocktail. To do this, add to it the juice of lemon or orange and beat them in a mixer. They serve such a cocktail in a glass of kivano sandpaper.

After eating horned melon, no serious consequences were recorded. And yet, people prone to allergic reactions, it is recommended for the first time kivano try carefully, in small pieces.

Having figured out how to eat kivano, it remains only to say that ripe fruits are beautifully stored at room temperature for several months, almost until spring. So, they can perfectly support immunity throughout the winter.

general information

Some mistakenly call kivano melon, because the appearance of the fruit resembles this fruit. The African cucumber has an oval oblong shape of an orange shade. Its main difference from the melon is that it can detect medium-sized thorns resembling horns all over its surface. Plant culture refers to grassy lianas.

The taste of the fruit is slightly tart.. The pulp has a jelly-like consistency and resembles a classic cucumber. The appearance of the plant can be called unique, because it is difficult to confuse with other exotic fruits. The liana itself, from which the kivano grows, is highly immune from many diseases and has good yields. The length of the grassy creeper can reach five meters. Sometimes you can find homestead plots that are decorated with this plant.

As a rule, African exotic fruits can not boast a large number of varieties. However, this does not apply to horned melon kivano. There are many zoned varieties, the cultivation of which is allowed almost all over the world. Today, there are five groups of countries that export large quantities of kivano. These include:

  • Italy,
  • New Zealand,
  • Israel,
  • South American countries
  • countries of Central America.

As stated earlier, hot Africa is the birthplace of the Kivano melon.

Each fruit can reach a length of up to 10-12 centimeters and weigh 300-400 grams. Some specimens can grow up to 20 centimeters. Anyone who sees a kivano at least once will remember the appearance of this attractive fruit for a long time.

Seeds from African cucumber, as well as from ordinary ones, are completely edible. As for taste, it can be liked by no means everyone. Some claim that Kiwano has a mixed taste of lemon, banana and classic cucumber. Others say that it combines the tastes of an ordinary cucumber and melon.

Composition and calorie

Kivano is characterized by a low calorie level. For every 100 grams of product there are about 44 kcal. The ratio of nutrients is as follows:

  • 1.3 g fat,
  • 7.6 g of carbohydrates
  • 1.8 g of proteins.

When translating these indicators in the daily share of consumption will get 2% of proteins, fats and carbohydrates per 100 grams of product.

Also in the kivano includes a large number of nutrients. These include ascorbic, folic and pantothenic acids, as well as thiamine, pyridoxine and niacin. The mineral composition of African cucumber is represented by potassium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, magnesium, manganese, copper and calcium.

Beneficial features

The main feature of Kivano fruit is the possibility of its regular use during the diet, because it contains the minimum number of calories, and 89% of its mass is water. In this regard, the African cucumber is perfect for those who are trying to keep track of their figure and diets.

The fruit contains vitamins A, C and B, which have a direct impact on the functioning of the human body. Cucumber kivano able to remove toxins from the body and enhance immunity. Thanks to its regular consumption, you can increase overall tone, refresh and quench your thirst.

In countries in Africa, you can meet people who use kivano to stop the blood when receiving minor wounds. This is made possible by the astringent properties of the plant. Melon pulp is applied to the wound site and tightly pressed. This stops bleeding and reduces the risk of harmful microorganisms entering the wound.

Beauticians also use Kivano in their practice.. The pulp of the fruit can be used in the manufacture of special masks for toning and cleansing the skin. To enhance the cosmetic effect, kivano is often mixed with honey.

Potassium contained in the plant is very useful and recommended for use in case of irregularities in the cardiovascular system.

Also, African cucumber is useful for people with diabetes.

Terms of Use

The rind of the fruit is not suitable for consumption. The flesh is served to the table along with the seeds without prior preparation and processing. This method of drinking African melon is classic and is used most often. However, there are other methods.

Sometimes fruit pulp is passed throughjuicer. The result is a delicious juice. It can be mixed with other juices or drink in its pure form. African cucumber is great for making jam and jelly. It can be added to various fruit salads and snacks.

Kivano fruit - what is it

Although the fruit is considered a fruit, it is a vegetable. It is 8 cm long and grows on a multi-leaved liana like a cucumber. The leaves of this plant are smaller in diameter. The weight of each such “fruit and vegetable” is 250-300 g.

Kivano come from hot Africa, but it is successfully grown on an industrial scale as a vegetable in the southern countries of Europe and the United States, in Central and South America, New Zealand.

The taste of this fruit is ambiguous. Some feel a banana and a cucumber with a lemon, others a banana with a kiwi, a third a cucumber and a melon. But all note that the taste is pleasant, refreshing and light. It is worth noting that horned melon is 98% water, so it is great to quench even strong thirst.

How to eat an African cucumber

Cut the fruit in half or in quarters and eat with a spoon. Pulp consistency is similar to jelly. From kivano they cook fragrant jam, add it to sweets and desserts, prepare meat sauces and salad dressings. Small fruits (gherkins) are pickled and eaten whole. It turns out a real delicacy.

Whole shell half can be used as an original dish for appetizers or salads.

Fruits are stored for up to 1 month, so they are used for interior decoration..

Topping

To avoid strong thickening of the bushes, side shoots need to be pinned. Pustules are removed because they take away nutrients. When the fruits begin to appear, they are regularly harvested. Do not allow them to outgrow. Timely collection will allow new fruit to be tied, and the harvest will be greater. When the growing season comes to an end, all the fruits must be collected, and the greens put in the compost heap.

In the cultivation of African cucumber is nothing complicated. Subject to compliance with all the recommendations, you can get a good harvest of overseas fruit and surprise all the neighbors in the cottage with an overseas wonder.

Acquaintance with an exotic fruit

African cucumber kivano is not for nothing so called, its above-ground green part is represented by an annual liana, which grows in acceptable conditions, occupying larger areas than a regular cucumber. Initially, the culture was spread only in Africa and South America, but at the moment the fruit is grown in Western Europe and the Balkans. This is due not only to the fact that more and more people want to diversify the daily diet with unusual fruits and vegetables.

African cucumber is resistant to most pests and diseases, which makes it possible to save on means of combating the latter.

First of all, everyone is interested in what is the fruit of an exotic culture. There are many analogies of what the kivano fruit looks like: a small horned melon, a yellow cucumber with needles, even the semblance of the closed “jaws” of a flycatcher plant. The biggest difference from the usual cucumber for us is a very thick skin that is as hard to bite through as the skin of a melon or thin-skinned watermelon.

For this reason, many people believe that most of the product after cleaning will go into the trash, respectively, will remain only a small part of the pulp that does not cover the costs.

An important question is what taste has horned melon. Kivano has a specific taste that cannot be identified with any familiar fruit, just as if you first tried a banana and tried to compare it with what it might grow in a vegetable garden. Generally speaking, fruits have a sufficient amount of moisture and a sweet and sour taste that quenches thirst well. Having tried it for the first time, you will feel the similarity with cucumber, melon, banana and lime, but each person has his own analogy, so in this case, everything depends on a subjective opinion.

Seed preparation before planting

Before sowing, seeds should be soaked for a day in a prepared solution of sodium humate. To do this, we buy in a specialized store fertilizer, which has an identical name (do not confuse with potassium humanity).

You can also use fertilizer "Epin-ekstra", which gives the same effect.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

Immediately it should be said that it is impossible to sow directly into open ground, even if you live in southern latitudes. Recall that in the spring there can be serious temperature drops, respectively, there is a risk of losing all the seedlings at once.

После того как посевной материал набухнет, его следует положить в теплое место до проклевывания на 2-3 дня. Хоть данный этап и не является обязательным, однако он увеличит шансы на прорастание.

Посев на рассаду проводится в конце апреля – начале мая, чтобы перенести в открытый грунт в тот момент, когда температура не опускается ниже 10°С, а ее колебания не имеют большой амплитуды. To plant seeds should be in the purchase nutrient loose soil. A small single container is used, the diameter of which does not exceed 10 cm.

Care of crops

After sowing kivano, we will discuss further cultivation at home.

In addition to the above, you need to loosen the soil and keep the soil moist. So you will achieve optimal growth, which further allows you to get a harvest earlier.

Planting seedlings on a permanent place

Next, we discuss the subtleties of picking African cucumber in open ground. We indicate the best place and consider the bad options.

Planting is carried out in 3-4 weeks, depending on the speed of growth and development of seedlings. If you are not sure that sufficient temperature will be maintained at night, then dive seedlings under the film or into the greenhouse.

Watering, weeding, loosening

Watering. Do not think that if the plant is from Africa, it means that it is necessary to “arrange” the Sahara in the garden. In such conditions, the kivano will quickly die, and you will waste your strength in vain. Watering should be at least 2-3 times a week, if it is not very hot outside.

If the sun bakes in such a way that the earth cracks, then we water it daily, checking the soil near the bushes for humidity with a stick or with special electronic devices. Consider that watering is carried out before sunrise or after sunset, otherwise the plant will suffer from such irrigation.

Weeding. Be sure to remove all the weeds in the area where the crop grows. Do not forget that for the formation of green mass kivano requires a large amount of mineral and nutrients that pull weeds out of the ground.

Loosening. Loosening allows you to give the roots access to oxygen. It is necessary to conduct it when the earth is covered with a crust. For this, early morning or evening is better suited. During the day you can not do this, otherwise your actions will lead to the evaporation of a huge amount of moisture from the soil.

Pinching escape

If you grow horned melon not in the role of an ornamental plant, then nipping is a must. Be sure to pinch the side shoots, otherwise the volume of green mass will affect fruiting. We form bushes so that they look like a circle shape or, if so conceived, stretched into one solid line.

Hilling

It is not an important part of care, however, if the soil overheats much during the day, or is just as overcooling as much during the night, then it would not hurt to hilling to protect the roots from overheating or overcooling.

Hilling also helps retain moisture in the soil, which is especially important for southern latitudes, where summer is very hot.

Fertilizing is carried out on a mandatory basis, and not only organic matter, but also “mineral water” must be applied to ensure rapid growth and the need for green mass. From organic can make the infusion of mullein, chicken manure or grass. Of mineral fertilizers, it is better to give preference to the complex ones, which include the NPK complex.

If you use a support, then you can vertically tie up the main stem of the type of bee pollinated cucumbers. So you can put the bulk up, saving space. You can also use a cucumber net, which is great for kivano.

You can do without a garter, but in this case, the vine will take a lot of space, and when grown in a greenhouse without a garter definitely not do.

Harvesting

Fruits begin to collect in August, when they turn yellow. At this stage, they are perfectly stored, but the taste is poor, because they taste like over-ripe cucumber. To get the most delicious fruits, they need to be cut at the moment when they turn bright orange. You do not have to wait to collect a large number of fruits at once, as this will slow down the formation of new ones.

After harvesting, “horned cucumbers” are stored for no more than six months without freezing or placing in a refrigerator.

How to eat kivano fruit

Talking about how to grow kivano, it is worth mentioning how to eat this fruit.

As you might guess, the peel is not used for food, which means it must be removed. However, the edible part is so tender that it can’t be separated from the skin like an orange slice. Therefore, the fruit is cut into two parts, and jelly-like "filling" is chosen with a spoon. Then it can be salted or sweetened, added to various dishes. If you like the taste of the fruit, then you can use it without mixing with anything.

This concludes the discussion of an interesting "brother" of cucumber, which is advisable to grow not only for sale, but also for personal use. It is worth remembering that all the described rules must be observed to obtain a good harvest, which will differ not only in taste, but also in benefits to the body.

What it is?

The amazing plant has African roots, but it is increasingly found in Russian gardeners and gardeners. Due to its very peculiar appearance and some similarities with the cultures familiar to our consumer, kivano is called horned melon and even an African cucumber. Such analogies are due to the presence of peculiar thorns on the surface of the fruit, as well as in the light of the oval-shaped fruit.

From the point of view of its belonging to any species of plants, it belongs to the grassy vines from the Pumpkin family. The peel has a yellow-orange color, with jelly-like pulp containing a large number of seeds. Judging by the reviews, the taste of kivano is quite tart, while the skin is rarely used for human consumption. The degree of fruit maturity is indicated by the color saturation of the fruit — the ripe fruit becomes bright orange.

As a rule, an adult plant reaches a height of about 5 meters, although due to its ability to curl it has a very decorative appearance. That is why kivano often acts as an element with the help of which it is possible to design an original garden plot or even a loggia. The culture is very hardy, it stands out for resistance to various diseases, in addition, competent agricultural technology allows you to get a fairly decent crop of fruit.

Despite the fact that the origin is African kivano, today there are a lot of varieties of this plant that are recommended for cultivation in a particular region and climate. Some varieties are oriented for breeding in Siberia in greenhouse conditions. With a favorable climate, it is quite possible to grow horned melon in the open field in the central regions of Russia.

Fruit is a small calorie. One fruit contains about 44 cal. As for nutrient balance, kivano contains the following:

  • carbohydrates - 7.6 grams,
  • proteins - no more than 1.8 grams,
  • fats - 1.3 grams.

There is a domestic variety of creepers called Green Dragon. One-year culture, its vegetative period is about 80 days. The height of the stems is usually three meters. Mature fruits reach a mass of 150 grams, can be stored after collecting at least six months. But still the main suppliers of fruit are the countries of Africa, Israel and South America.

The liana blossoms in small but numerous flowers that have a yellow color. Climbing plant has a superficial root system. Foliage resembles cucumber green mass, but differs from it in smaller sizes.

Fruit is a small calorie. One fruit contains about 44 cal. As for nutrient balance, kivano contains the following:

  • carbohydrates - 7.6 grams,
  • proteins - no more than 1.8 grams,
  • fats - 1.3 grams.

Regarding the daily norm for the body, it is worth noting that about 100% of the necessary substances fall to 100 grams of the fruit. With regard to the acquisition of an exotic fruit, in this matter it is worth relying on the following recommendations:

  • the fetus must not have visual damage, in addition, medium size kivano should be preferred,
  • bright color indicates that it is ripe,
  • the fruit must be firm to the touch
  • in addition, ripe kivano spikes should be yellow.

If the fruits are supposed to be transported anywhere, it is better to opt for the unripe products. A distinctive feature of the fruit is the ability to ripen in torn form. There are a number of recommendations concerning the storage of fruit at home, in many respects the requirements are similar to the conditions necessary for storing cucumbers. Like most fruits, kivano is best kept in a special lower compartment in the refrigerator. In order for the fruit to ripen, you need to leave it in the sun.

As a rule, fruits that do not have mechanical damage can be stored at home for about six months, since the pulp reliably protects the skin from the effects of external factors.

How to eat fruit?

The question of how to use this fruit is of concern to many. In this case, the matter concerns both taste preferences and maximum benefit. To enrich the body with folic and ascorbic acid, kivano is eaten fresh when the fruit has just been picked. It is not necessary to subject it to various heat treatments, the only limitation is the rind, which is completely unsuitable for food. The flesh is eaten with the seeds, the fruit is cut into two parts, and the inside is drained by a spoon. In addition, it makes a wonderful fresh. It can be drunk as a standalone drink or combined with other drinks.

Kivano make jelly and jams, compotes. The fruit can be pickled and even pickled. Fruit can serve not only as a separate dish, but also act as an ingredient. The fruit is quite often found in fruit mixes or other light snacks. In addition, it serves as an excellent decoration for dishes.

Some gourmets even eat African cucumber skin, because it is rich in fiber and B vitamins.

Fans of exotic fruits successfully grow Kivano not only in the open field and in greenhouses, but also from seed houses. Like most plants, in addition to planting seeds, the vine is grown by cuttings or seedlings. However, planting seeds in most cases will be more efficient. Pots with a plant can be found on the balconies or even at home. As a rule, a large volume container filled with fortified soil mixture is used as a container.

The seedling of a plant can sprout at a temperature from +25 to + 35ºС. Growth delay will occur if the temperature is not observed. Cultivated vine in several ways. Most often they prefer to use seeds that are sown a month before transplanting them to the site or in the greenhouse. Immediately in open ground seeds can not be sown, because the slightest decrease in air temperature will cause the death of a young plant. Usually this time is in April or May.

The day before planting, the seed material is soaked in a growth stimulator, after swelling it moves into the pot with soil. The plant needs good drainage and nutritious soil. In some cases, after soaking, the seeds are left in a warm place until spitting. It usually takes 2–3 days, but this step is optional. However, it will increase the chances for the subsequent germination of the culture.

With the landing in open ground in no hurry, before that it is better to place the plant for several weeks in a greenhouse. In order to properly plant the kivano, it should be noted that the optimal layout of the lianas will be the creation of several rows, the distance between which should be about 40 centimeters. Land for landing should warm up to at least + 10ºС. The depth of planting is no more than three and a half centimeters.

Plant a vine on a plot should be in a place where direct sunlight will not fall on it and there will be no drafts. The best option would be landing along the fence or any buildings. Kivano grows well in loose and light ground, but drought and excessive watering can destroy it. To date, there are no self-pollinated varieties of kivano, so when growing vines at home, pollination is carried out manually using a brush.

In order for the plant to adapt as quickly as possible in the ground, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the basic rules concerning agricultural engineering.

Growing kivano requires compliance with the mandatory requirements for the care of the crop. It is necessary to adhere to such a description of the mandatory steps as:

  • weeding - the soil around the plant needs regular loosening and removal of weeds, since the plant will develop well only in light soil,
  • watering - crop irrigation should be performed at least 2-3 times a week,
  • fertilization - like most garden crops, the African liana needs fertilizer, a good mullead for growth and development of kivano will be mullein or chicken manure, but the prerequisite for feeding the crop is the alternation of organic matter and mineral nutrients, it will be useful to provide extra root feeding,
  • topping - so that the plant does not thicken much, pinching of lateral processes is carried out, empty flowers are removed from the crop in general, young weekly ovaries should be removed after 1-2 days, because such works will help to form new fruits,
  • hilling - these activities are not mandatory, but if the soil is overheated during the day or if the ground is noticeably supercooled overnight, it is better to hilling the plant to protect the root system from temperature fluctuations, in addition, it will help retain the nutrient moisture in ground
  • some fruit should be left on the plant for full ripening, from them in the future you can get seeds for planting new crops,
  • at the end of the growing season all fruits need to be harvested and plants to lay in compost.

You will learn more about kivano sowing in the next video.

Calorie and chemical composition.

Kivano fruit fruits themselves have low calorie content, not more than 44 kcal. Moreover, for 100 grams of this rare in our area of ​​the exotic we have:

  • proteins no more than 1.8 g,
  • fat - 1.3 g,
  • carbohydrates - 7.6 g.

If we translate these values ​​into the daily share of consumption, we get: on average, 2 percent of fats, proteins, carbohydrates per 100 grams of African cucumber. It contains many vitamins: water soluble - C (ascorbic acid), B1 (thiamine), B9 (folic acid), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 ​​(pyridoxine), B3 (niacin) and fat soluble - A, also beta carotene. The mineral composition of horned melon pulp consists of the following elements: manganese, copper, calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, iron. They are presented on both micro and macro levels. Thus, we see that organic acids and mineral salts entering the chemical composition can be useful with regular use.

Contraindications

But not everything is as smooth as it would seem. What is good for one may be harmful for others. And the African cucumber is no exception to these rules. In fact, he has no expressed contraindications, but possible manifestations of food allergies. And here is the rule, everything new and exotic for our body must be tried in small portions. Individual intolerance to an exotic fruit is also possible.

Seedling care

Seed pots are kept in a warm, well-lit place. The required temperature is 25 ° C, drops more than 5 degrees are not allowed. Therefore, when airing the room crops cover.

Seedlings should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Usually, to protect them from burns, the window glass is sealed with plastic wrap.

The duration of the daylight hours is 12-14 hours, at first it will be needed additional lighting.

The soil in the pots regularly loosen and moisturize, drying is not welcome.

Rules for planting seedlings in open ground

Timing. With strict compliance with the cultivation of seedlings by the end of the 3rd week, seedlings are ready for transplantation. In a cool climate, they are given another week or 10 days until the weather is stable and warm.

Place for landing. Although the horned melon is distinguished by its thermophilic behavior, it does not tolerate the direct rays of the hot sun: there are burns on the leaves, flowers and ovaries fall off. Therefore, the place is chosen so that in the midday hours exotic liana was pritenen.

Do not plant kivano in full shade, there will be neither flowers nor fruits.

Does not like Anguria drafts and wind. Therefore, the area under her landing should be protected from them.

The soil need friable, light, moisture and breathable, well-drained - stagnant water destroys the root system of African cucumber.

The horned melon grows quickly and is capable of spreading over the whole area in a short time. It is usually planted near a fence, arbors, or they immediately set up supports.

Landing scheme. Optimally on one square meter to have two vines.

Open field maintenance

Horned melon is watered 2-3 times a week in moderately hot weather. If the air temperature exceeds 30 ° C, watering is required daily.

Weeding is obligatory not only for young, but also for adult plants.

Loosen the ground as needed, avoiding the formation of a crust on the surface. Как и для полива, лучшее время – рано утром или в сумерки, когда скорость испарения влаги уменьшается.

Прищипывание проводят при избыточном росте зеленой массы: боковые побеги с пустоцветами удаляют полностью, остальные – на завязь. Если кивано выращивается как декоративное растение, прищипывать побеги необязательно.

Окучивание целесообразно проводить при большой разнице дневной и ночной температур. The measure will protect the roots from overheating or overcooling, in hot areas helps to retain moisture.

Top dressing bring every 10 days. Organics alternate with mineral complexes. As an organic top dressing, mullein, bird droppings, herb extracts are recommended. Mineral fertilizers should contain NPK-complex.

To diseases characteristic of pumpkin, vine is resistant. Pests rarely attack.

Harvesting and storage

The first fruits begin to ripen in August. The pale green color gradually changes to yellow, then the rich orange.
Cucumbers are cut as they ripen, not waiting for mass ripening, otherwise the formation and ripening of new ones will be slowed down, the harvest will be less than expected.

Store fruits without additional processing in a cool room. Shelf life does not exceed 6 months.

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