Such a beautiful plant, like indoor palm tree, which has a very spectacular appearance, can not only decorate, but also transform any room. Palma enjoys great popularity among gardeners due to its unusual exotic appearance. So, it has very large sheet plates of extremely unusual shape. However, in order for such a plant to please you with its beauty for a long time, you need to learn how to properly care for it.
Types and features of indoor palms
Today, the acquisition of a large and spectacular palm for many people may remain an impossible dream, since the cost of such an instance is quite high. A palm tree grown in a specialized nursery can certainly become the main decoration of any home. But it should be remembered that by purchasing an already adult plant, you risk a lot. The thing is that once in unusual conditions, it can get sick and even die. Experienced growers are advised to buy small shoots or young plants. They are much easier to adapt to new growing conditions and changes in care. And they will increase the green mass over time.
The most spectacular part of this type of plant is its leafy plates, which have an extremely unusual shape and spectacular appearance. The shape of the leaves depends on the species. So, the leaves can be narrow, straight, have the shape of a semicircle, etc. But it should be remembered that the leaves of the palm trees in no case can not be cut. The fact is that the removal of at least one leaf plate can lead to the death of the whole plant.
But which of the many types of palm trees will be suitable for your apartment? You can understand this by reading the description of the most popular type among gardeners.
Features of bamboo palm
The most popular among palm trees with flower growers is a view called bamboo palm. The name of such a plant is rather unusual, as is its appearance, which is also incredibly effective. Externally, the leaves have a certain similarity with bamboo, due to which such a plant got its unusual name. This plant is loved by a large number of flower growers due to the fact that it is fast-growing and it is enough to take care of it. The main thing is to ensure that such a palm tree is quite abundant watering. The bamboo plants include the following plants.
This plant is the most popular among gardeners. As a rule, it is purchased in a specialty store by a very small sapling. After this palm tree is brought into the house, it is recommended to transplant it into a new pot a little larger than the previous one. After this, neante needs to provide the most favorable conditions for its growth and development. After just a few years, your room will be decorated with an adult luxurious plant. If such a palm tree is enough light and it will provide the correct enough abundant watering, then it can bloom and bear fruit. Thus, small yellowish flowers appear in its upper part, and then berries are formed.
This plant has a spectacular appearance and grows in the wild, quite successfully grown in urban apartments. A house plant looks like two peas in a pod like a wild fellow, only it has smaller dimensions. When grown at home, palmate dates can reach a height of about 200 centimeters. However, its growth can be controlled, and it will not give you much difficulty. So, you just need to timely cut the top of the plant.
Such a palm tree is quite suitable for growing at home. But in order for it to have a very effective appearance, as well as to grow and develop normally, it is necessary to ensure the most suitable conditions for it. So, for this palm it is very important to provide comfortable humidity, appropriate temperature conditions, as well as good illumination.
Such a plant has gained popularity among gardeners due to its rich color and unusual shape of leaf plates. However, it attracts in this palm tree not only a very spectacular appearance, but also a fairly simple care. Thus, a copy purchased at a flower shop can grow and develop normally in room conditions.
However, just buying a palm tree and bringing it home is not enough. It is necessary to learn how to properly care for it, then it will please you every day with its exotic and incredibly beautiful appearance.
Such plants react extremely negatively to heat, as well as to draft. In this regard, for the palm tree should find a place, the temperature in which is ideal for her. So, in winter, the minimum allowable temperature is 10 degrees, but in summer it should not be hotter than 16 degrees.
How to water
Do you often need to water home palms? Extremely negative such plant reacts to stagnant water in the soil. To prevent it, you need to make a good drainage system. It is done quite simply. At the bottom of the tank it is necessary to lay out a layer of large crushed stone or expanded clay. In summer, watering should be abundant, especially on hot days. In winter, watering should be moderate. But at the same time, the soil in winter should always be slightly wetted (not wet).
Features and characteristics of the room palm
The name of a plant growing in the territory of the tropics and subtropics, means palm. But so it is, the leaves of a palm tree, which are differently called fronds, often resemble the spreading palm of a person.
According to the features and shape of the leaves, the plants are divided into several types at once: cirrus and fan. Cirrus species is a culture that has small leaves located on both sides along the sturdy vein of a plant.
Fan varieties they differ from other species by the fact that its leaves are fastened in one point of the spine, thus forming an unusual umbrella or fan.
There is also a division into single-stemmed as well as bushy ones. With all this, bushy varieties can form one trunk after a certain period of time, but this happens very rarely at home.
Of course, palm trees most of all love to grow in a climate that will greatly resemble the natural conditions of flower growth, which is why the most important thing in the process of caring for them is to provide the flower with the desired level of illumination and heat around. It is necessary to make watering regularly and in copious amounts, so that it does not experience a lack of moisture, as well as dryness in the air. Also, palm trees are preferred when they are placed on a special tray that is filled with wet gravel.
The indoor palm tree reacts negatively to the transplant process, so it is rarely necessary to perform a transplant. You can buy this culture in any flower shop, while choosing a healthy and strong on the appearance of the plant. A longer but more interesting way to grow a plant is to plant a palm tree from seeds.
The most common varieties of home palms
The most valuable types of palm trees for gardeners are:
- Howay Forster.
- Rapis high.
- Palm tree umbrella.
- Howey Belmore.
- Hamedorea is elegant.
Should consider in more detail each of the varieties of this flower.
A special love and fame was achieved by the palm tree - Fovester Howove, which can in most cases be found in offices or in apartments.
Since this plant is completely unpretentious to growing conditions, it is able to please flower growers with its unusual dark green leaves that have a leathery structure, spectacular appearance, and lack of special conditions for care - only in some cases the plant can become sick of worms or spider mites.
The place of its origin is considered to be the volcanic islet Lord Howe, located close to Australia, such a palm looks like an exotic beauty on its appearance - beautiful and sprawling hairs are able to decorate only one stem of the plant.
Young cultures have almost vertical leaflets firing from the ground, which over the years become more decorative and more and more decorate the crown of the plant. The plant growth in one pot looks unusually beautiful, creating several tiers of a leaf at once.
Hoveya can safely withstand even a low level of illumination around, but it blooms best and grows precisely in bright light. It should be noted that with a lack of solar lighting and a normal level of heat, the culture will inevitably experience inconvenience and growth retardation compared with other cultures. If there is such an opportunity, then howe should be located near a constant source of heat, light. Also, the plant should provide regular and abundant watering, moisture and fresh air.
This palm is also popular among other species. She does not need special care. The main condition for its normal and comfortable growth is timely watering of the soil. Fronds of this culture in most cases have a vertical position, and in rare cases have a sprawling crown.
As a relative of Howi Forster, this plant does not lag behind it in its high demands for light, humidity and warmth. But, if the florist starts paying due attention to the plant, regularly spraying the plant and watering it, then in the near future he will be able to get the perfect palm tree to decorate his house.
The palm tree is quite beautiful and unusual in appearance, therefore it requires a little more care and attention from the grower, but it is definitely worth it. This amazing plant is considered very demanding on moisture.
Palm prefers regular spraying, but at the same time rotting is possible in its roots due to the large amount of non-evaporated moisture in the soil. To prevent rotting roots in the water for spraying, add a little alcohol.
Hamedorea graceful or bamboo palm
Beautiful chamoderia, which grows on the territory of Mexico, and accustomed to hot and humid conditions of life, is surprisingly well able to adapt to growing at home.
It is also the perfect palm tree for any inexperienced grower.
The unusual and exquisite top, consisting of feathery leaves adorns only one stem, which gives this culture even more decorative properties.
The white stripes on the plant beautifully ring the entire green stem.
The culture is unpretentious - like other varieties of palm trees, it only needs moderate lighting performance, warmth, and regular and abundant watering. At the same time, it is considered very dangerous to keep the hamedorea culture in strong arid conditions of growth - because of this, the risk of developing spider mites on the flower increases several times.
Also, we can not exclude the appearance on the plant of snails - even some fans to hit the leaves of palm trees.
Cat palm tree
A variation of Hamedorei, which is otherwise referred to as cat palm - It is considered quite popular indoor plants. Her lush and spreading leaves form beautiful cascades consisting of delicate greenery.
Caring for a plant should be carried out in the same way as for a large one. Cat palm is not whimsical at all. One rule that should be taken into account is that the culture prefers distilled water for the irrigation process and needs to be sprayed in the summer.
This type of palm is as unpretentious to the growing conditions as the Howray Belmore, which makes culture another widespread plant that is used for growing at home. Rapis tall, which comes from Asia, is able to favorably emphasize the appearance of any room with the help of its unusual fan-shaped leaves.
Rapis contains a special ability to endure the processes of drought, but in most cases it dies from a lack of lighting. But at the same time, in contrast to howey, rapis simply can not stand direct sunlight and can be covered with burns.
Expensive varieties of rapsis, which have a motley color, also require a fairly abundant watering, humidity and light index, but their high price category can scare away those who are unsure that they can properly grow the plant and provide it with all the decent conditions for normal growth.
In most cases, under the guise of a fishtail, they can sell a burning cariota. But besides, she is in some points different from her relative.
Soft cariot has bush shape, and only one barrel is burning, which is why, in most cases, the burning cariota is sold several pieces at once.
After all these palm trees grow older, and this happens quickly, the florist begins to wonder and not understand why he has so many large-sized palm trees that are very difficult to divide into several parts.
In the remaining indicators of cariot, burning is not inferior to the fish tail and definitely deserves the right to be called the ideal palm for home cultivation, if you grow this plant alone, and not in a group pot.
A palm tree that has not yet emerged among flower growers and has not gained wide popularity, but nevertheless is just as refined and unusual for growing at home, the Spanish cryosophila can greatly please every grower with its unusual flowering process and unusual leaves, which in most cases deviate only from single trunk.
Cryosophila is able to easily tolerate any lack of light levels and soil moisture, but it can be seen very rarely in flower shops. At the same time, the culture is so unusual that it is worth it to provide for it all the conditions for normal growth: the required soil moisture, watering, as well as heat and light around.
If you can give a flower a little of your care and love, then this plant will definitely answer you in return. beautiful halo big and branchy branches.
This is a variation of Chinese palm trees, which has a fan shape and differs from other varieties in their capriciousness.
For her, it is worth setting a very high luminance indicator - this condition is considered to be the main one.
In other respects, this exotic culture with large leaflets requires standard care for all varieties of palm trees.
It's pretty unusual plantwhich is capable of forming a branching shrub. It is considered a popular culture that grows in a room where there is a sufficient level of lighting and heat.
Needless to say, because indoor palm tree is a very refined plant that is able to attract others and attract the attention and look of people with the help of its exotic look.
Now a large number of palm tree varieties have been bred, but only those varieties that could establish themselves as unpretentious and most decorative flower varieties have become the most common and famous.
The considered plant varieties are the elite in indoor floriculture, therefore any gardener will be able to find for himself the plant that will settle in his soul and on the home window sill.
Distinctive features of a palm tree
Some of the types of indoor palms can grow in partial shade, while allowing you to create indoors interesting corners, the center of which is an exotic plant. With the help of such crops they often plant loggias and verandas. Even in a place with a harsh winter, they are an integral part of the garden in summer, where plants can be taken out right in tubs.
There are about 2800 species of palm trees on the planet.. The main difference between them and most plants is that the leaves are located at the top. But there are also such species in which the leaf plates start from the root bud itself. Based on the characteristics of the stem and leaves, there are the following divisions of indoor palms, which are called as follows:
- Reed. These species include Rapus and Hamedorei. The stems of these plants are tall, thin, similar to reeds. By the way, these cultures are blooming.
- Cirrus (peristoleum). The most popular cirrus are: Hamedorea elegant, Howay Belmore and Forester, date palm Robelen, Canary date, Gomuti, Raffia. These cultures are characterized by the presence of narrow leaves that are curved arcuate. They can grow up or be straight. In addition to this group, palm trees are both hard and soft.
- Fan. Сюда относится Хамеропс высокий и приземистый, Рапис высокий, Вашингтонии, Ливистония китайская (азиатская). Ствол расщепляется на несколько сегментов, которые отходят от центра, имея вид круглого веера. Они разрастаются очень крупными, у черенков имеются шипы.
- Саговые. Ложные пальмы, но при этом они имеют вид настоящих. В декоративных целях выращивается только один вид — Саговник отвернутый. This plant is a low palm tree, which has a cone-shaped small trunk, with long, feathery leaves spreading from it.
- Fish tail. This species can be attributed to Kariotu. The leaves resemble a fish tail: the fins are triangular or rhomboid in shape, which is why such a name has gone. These palm trees are among the fastest growing. Externally, the leaves resemble torn corn leaves.
Quite often, inexperienced growers take plants for palm trees that resemble them in appearance. For example, bit palm, yucca or dracaena.
Decorative indoor species
Indoor species are not only exotic and greetings from the rainforest, they also perform an important detail in the interior, often changing it almost cardinally. It should be borne in mind that not all palm trees are suitable for growing indoors. Most often, for these purposes, choose the following types of indoor palm trees (with photos and names):
- Date Date palms are the most common. Currently, there are more than 17 species, in the wild they grow in Africa and Asia. If you plant a regular bone in a pot from a date, it will germinate after some time. Germination of these seeds is almost one hundred percent, but they germinate for about a month. Literally in 5 years the young tree will become decorative. The best thing for this purpose is to purchase a finger-picked date. This species does not grow in wild conditions. Indoors, it can grow to a height of up to 6 m. True, this will take several decades. Date palms can also be attributed Robelena date. The fruits of this plant are inedible. Palm trees have a crown with leaves that gracefully bend down. The trunk of the plant is also original, as if shaggy.
- Areca Chrysalidocarpus. In nature, it grows in Indian forests. The crown is a huge bundle of leaves at the top of the trunks, which in length reach one meter. The trunk is covered with a large number of scars, which are arranged in the form of a ring. It will look very original in the Trahikarpus' veil room. This plant is ideally suited for indoor cultivation. Culture blooms and gives fruit. But the fastest growing cariota in the indoor environment. This plant is markedly different from other species. Externally, it resembles a triangle, which is drawn up. Life expectancy is no more than 20 years.
- Washingtonia This decorative palm tree has a crown in the form of a bright green large fan. Growing this type does not require certain knowledge, the plant is unpretentious in the care.
- Coconut (rubber). Such a plant will be the hardest to grow indoors. For growing will need a lot of light. Coconut palm is best suited for placement in the winter garden. In room conditions, mainly two species are cultivated: Weddell coconut and walnut coconut.
- Hamedorea (bamboo, water or cat palm). These species are ideal for growing indoors. Especially ideal for these purposes Hamedorei monochrome, elegant, oblong and high.
- Liviston. These plants are grown in room culture for several centuries. They are very decorative, small, but for successful cultivation they will need special conditions.
- Rapis. Unpretentious and slow-growing bush palm trees with soft dark green leaves. For indoor growing are ideal. Easily tolerate all the inconvenience: dry air, poor lighting and drafts. Outwardly very similar to Rapis Kentia, which also can be easily grown in room conditions.
- Hameropsi. These indoor plants are widespread, very decorative and unpretentious, grow slowly. Over time, the trunk becomes overgrown with brown fibers, the leaves are pinnate, with spikes.
One of the most capricious is Butiya, but if you find an approach to it, then the plant will delight you with an amazingly delicate crown with feathery leaves.
The rare species include the Hyophorb. Externally, the plant is a small palm tree, with a kind of leaves and a trunk that resembles a bottle at the bottom. Another rarity is Sabal, whose homeland is the subtropics of America. The plant is low, the leaves are a bluish-green, grow on short petioles.
And only passionate palm lovers know about the Betel variety, which has beautiful large trunks and a lush crown. In its natural habitat, the palm tree grows to a height of 20 m, and also has two-meter leaves. In room conditions it can grow for a long time, but at the same time it has more modest size.
Unsuitable for indoor cultivation
For many reasons, most palm trees remain unknown in indoor floriculture. Most often this happens because of the gigantic size or features of growth. These include:
- Olive, which grows in Africa. The tree reaches a height of 30 m. Once every 2 years, the palm tree sheds its leaves.
- Serenou creeping. This type of palm tree grows in the southern United States, as well as on the islands of the Caribbean. The plant grows very slowly, reaches a height of no more than 4 meters. Flowers have a pleasant smell.
- Wax or Carnauba. In natural conditions, the plant can be found in South America. Palm leaves have a fallen leaf that forms a lush scarf. Science knows several species of this plant.
- Bismarck The plant can be found in Madagascar. The leaves are silver.
- Pandanus or screw palm. The leaves on a tree trunk are arranged in several rows, in a spiral.
- Rattan or palm calamus. This plant is the longest in the world, its leaves grow from buds on the trunk. Plants cling easily to trees with thorns located at the ends of leaves..
Features of growing and care
Since in natural habitat this tree grows in the tropics, the most important condition for growing palm trees is proper lighting and sufficient humidity in the apartment or office space. Unfortunately, in rooms with central heating the air is often overdried, which can lead to the death of the plant, so it is important to know how to care for the palm family cultures.
Humidity and watering
The main principle of care is considered frequent spraying, which is no less important than watering. House palms can cope with the lack of watering, if you sometimes forget to do it, but the plant will not tolerate dry air. In the summer, the palm tree should be sprayed at least 2 times a week with warm water, and in the winter, when heating devices work, it is better to spray it every day.
For spraying, you must use distilled water, as the chlorinated water on the leaves leaves white marks. Water for spraying can be purchased at auto shops or collected drop by drop from your own air conditioner. It is considered suitable and filtered water. The leaves of the plant are sprayed on both sides..
In the vegetative period, which lasts from March to October, the culture should be watered daily. Watering should be moderate so that the soil always remains slightly hydrated. In winter, the plant is watered a maximum of three times a week. It is impossible to use water from the tap for these purposes. For watering a houseplant, distilled water is used, which must be left in an open container for 2 days, so that all unnecessary minerals will precipitate and the available chlorine will evaporate. Soluble salts in water have a bad effect on the soil, which can lead to a halt in plant development and disease.
Room temperature and transfer
Houseplants palm trees can not tolerate direct sunlight, but they need bright and diffused light. If the culture grows on the window sill, then it is necessary to ensure that direct sunlight does not fall on the leaves, so the plant should be pritenit.
Tropical culture needs to create warm room conditions. For example, Hamerops, Braheya, Trakhikarpus, Washington should be kept in cooler conditions, where the air temperature is about 15 degrees. All varieties are afraid of drafts, and the root system must be protected from the cold, so pots with a plant are not recommended to be placed on a cold window sill or floor.
Caring for a room palm also implies regular plant transplantation. Young trees are transplanted every year, and adults are less common. The pot is chosen a little more than the previous one. After the transplantation procedure, fertilizing is not used for about six months. Adult specimens who did not renew the soil are fertilized once a week from March to September. For these purposes, apply conventional flower fertilizer according to the instructions on the package..
Possible problems and illnesses
If the plant is properly maintained, you can see that the palm tree grows well, it has huge green leaves and a fresh appearance. But sometimes cultures can hurt. If the tree feels unwell, then typical symptoms will appear on it, indicating that something is wrong with the palm:
- Dry or brown leaf tips indicate that the air containing the plant is too dry and the root system receives little moisture. In this case, it is necessary to cut off the damaged tips and ensure that the plant is regularly watered and sprayed.
- If a room palm grows poorly, this means that the place where it stands is cold or damp, the plant does not have enough nutrition. To solve this problem, copies need to be fed and rearranged to a warm place.
- With insufficient watering observed yellow leaves. In this case, it is necessary to frequent watering.
- If the leaves get direct sunlight, the young leaves will dry out. In such cases, you need to remember the need for shading.
- If stains of rusty color have formed, this indicates a wet soil, hard water, or a sharp decrease in air temperature. It is necessary to reduce the intensity of irrigation, use only distilled water for these purposes, and also monitor the temperature conditions in the room.
- Drying of the lower leaves is normal for palms. They just need to carefully cut off the trunk.
If palm trees grow in a favorable microclimate, receive a lot of attention and quality care, they will begin to grow rapidly, creating real home tropics in the office or room. Therefore, before choosing a particular plant, it is necessary to know what conditions are necessary for its growth.
The advantages of decorating the interior with palm trees
Beautiful appearance is the main quality of decorative palm trees. It is characterized by a variety of sizes and shapes. These plants are both fast and slow growing. The low rate of ripening makes it possible for some time to grow a large palm tree at home, and before it reaches the size familiar to the natural environment, plant it in another place. The pace of development additionally depends on the care and amount of sunlight received. Each individual subspecies has some abilities that simplifies the choice for those who wish to purchase this plant. You can choose a beautiful and undemanding palm tree: smooth or prickly, fast-growing, if you need a large plant for a short time, or slow-growing, if the priority is the long-term presence of the palm in the interior. Some dwarf species are bred by man.
Some palm trees are somewhat reminiscent of the brush (if you take into account the fan-shaped view of their foliage). The name literally translates as "palm". Varieties of this plant differ in their growth, the shape of the leaves and the stem, the density of the plates. Foliage can be like a fan, umbrella, fern, dragon, or be lush and voluminous. Palm trees have one or more trunks, and, accordingly, are single-stem and bushy. Over time, they can be modified. Several stalks of bush palm are able to unite into one in the process of their development. Depending on the type of leaves, palm trees are classified as feathery and fan. The first type is characterized by a parallel arrangement of plates attached to the central vein. A distinctive feature of fan palms is the attachment of all the leaves to the stem at one point.
Popular species include:
This fan palm growing on the US Southwest Coast and in Mexico is named after scientist Tycho Brahe. The barrel is expanded at the base and has a diameter of up to half a meter. On it remain scars from dead foliage. The leaves themselves have very hard pointed ends. This species is well combined with other plants, so it can be found in different gardens and greenhouses. The subspecies differ in size, which makes it possible to grow them for different purposes. During flowering many inflorescences appear. Seeds - about 2 cm in size, have a round shape. Brachea is growing rapidly and requires attentive care. Water it needs a lot. But it is preferable that she received water often, without being exposed to an excess of moisture during irrigation. The bright rays of the sun for palm trees are harmful, while it can withstand cold up to +8 ° C.
This palm tree also belongs to the Palm family. The leaves are characterized by a feathery structure, and the height varies from a few dozen centimeters to 10 meters. The interior cultivates the view of Butea capitate. Under natural conditions, its trunk can reach 6 meters in length. The name was served by the capitate near the root. The leaves of the boutique are hard, arched, long-petiolate. They consist of dozens of xiphoid lobes with a loose location. The front part has a green color with shades of gray color. The reverse side of the leaves of the same color, but pale. The stalks are twisted with felt (in the young) or small thorns (in the adult individuals). As the palm grows, the lower leaves die and fall off. This explains the peculiarity of the appearance of the trunk. The plant blooms in late spring and June. In late October - early September, edible fruits ripen.
This plant is common in such countries:
The area of distribution in nature - dry areas of the South-West USA. The most famous are two species of this plant - robusta and philifer. The second subspecies is also called the stalk palm. This name he received because of the "beard", which is formed in adult individuals from fallen leaves. In the natural environment, these threads envelop the tree, completely hiding the trunk. The first subspecies is more common in Mexico, it is inferior in size to the American variety. Washington has large palmate leaves. For growing need a warm, lighted place, without direct sunlight. In winter, you need to give less water than in summer. Excess badly affect the appearance of this palm. Washington is unpretentious, but the dead parts need to be promptly removed. At the age of 5 years, this palm tree needs more space and gardeners have to look for a more spacious place.
Hyophorbe, also called bottle palm, grows in the island regions of the Indian Ocean. In natural conditions, the height does not exceed seven meters. Hyoforba has a seal in the middle of the trunk. He himself is smooth, without scars and other formations. Cirrus elements give the fan a presentable palm tree. Hyophorb requires careful care. The temperature in the room should not fall below +16 ° C. It is not recommended to put it near the windows on the south side. Gioforba should be watered in time, and the leaves should be wiped from dust (but not during wintering). This palm tree grows slowly and if it gets sick, the process of recovery will also be long. Deterioration will be signaled by dried foliage. To avoid this, you need to monitor the humidity in the room. Next to the hiofora, you can put a container of water or an aquarium.
Govay (Kentia) - one of the subspecies of the cirrus palms. This is an endemic plant Lord Howe, not found elsewhere. There are three popular types of this palm tree: Forster, large-fruited, Belmore. The height in the natural environment reaches 15 meters, and the length of the foliage is up to 5. Govay has a wide sweeping crown. The surface of the trunk is a ring formation in the form of scars from dead foliage. Caring for a plant is not difficult. All that is needed is to control the soil moisture. This palm tree is often decorated with landscape gardening facilities, offices, business centers. Govay does not require special care: it can stay for a long time without moisture and outside the illumination zone. However, experts advise to ventilate well the premises and not to smoke next to it. The usual temperature at which wild Govi grows is within + 20 ... + 25 ° С. The minimum temperature that it can withstand - +10 ° C.
It is found cariotics in India, Indochina and other areas of South Asia. The genus includes more than 10 different species. The juice of this plant is the raw material for the manufacture of sugar and wine. Cariota leaves have a split, and their edges - a special torn shape. They are somewhat reminiscent of fish tails. In spring and summer, the plant needs a lot of water, but you need to monitor the condition of the soil so that it does not accumulate liquid. При хорошем уходе кариота будет быстро расти. При желании скорость развития можно замедлить: для этого понадобится реже и меньше поливать ее водой. Внешнее состояние кариоты сигнализирует о том, какие ошибки допускаются при ее выращивании. Если количество потребляемой влаги будет недостаточным — листья пожелтеют. Потемнение листвы говорит о влиянии низкой температуры.If there are faint dots on the cariot, it means that the light is too strong.
The main subspecies of cariota:
It grows in many regions. This is South Asia, Australia, the Malay Islands, Polynesia. The soil for the plant are the banks of rivers and swamp forest areas. Despite the fact that liviston leaves have a fan configuration, the plates are not completely cut, but only three-quarters. On the trunk of the plant are traces of the stalks of dead leaves. In nature, the height is more than 20 meters, and decorative livistons grow to human growth. This palm grows both in height and in width. The main subspecies of livistons are Chinese and southern. The first is developing more slowly, but does not require much attention to itself. It is shade tolerant, but for proper development it needs enough free space. Livistons southern showy appearance. It has a thick stem and long petioles with sharp thorns.
This plant looks like a bush. It does not grow high even in its natural environment, it has a thin trunk. The leaves are also very thin and hard. The plant copes well with low humidity and low light conditions. One of the features of the rapis is frost resistance - it withstands temperatures of –8 ° C. The optimum temperature range is between +15 ° C and +20 ° C. This palm tree is well combined with the interior of the room and does not require large expenses for its cultivation. To care for her, it is not necessary to be an experienced gardener. In summer, the palm tree can be kept in outdoor conditions, in the shade. The plant grows better if you water it with filtered water, but you can not control the humidity in the room. Ground for landing should be loose and sour. The subspecies of rapis are visually very similar.
Varieties of this palm:
Popular feathery palm tree is ropalotilis. Rod has several species. Habitat in nature is the island of Norfolk and New Zealand. Unlike many types of palm trees used for decorative purposes, ropalostylis needs to be careful and given more time to care for it. Its stalk is covered with circular scars from fallen leaves, petioles are omitted. The leaves have a greenish-gray color. The lower parts of the foliage are slightly lowered. They are located as close as possible to each other, which allows ropalostylis to be used in the interior of small rooms. It has a protrusion in the trunk, similar to the leg. It can not be touched, otherwise the plant may die. During the flowering period, this projection is like a bird's tail. Watering and feeding ropalostilos often need. Of all the varieties, the most famous roopalistilis Bauer.
Sabal is an alternative to date palm and hameropsu. It can be considered one of the most beautiful palm trees. Sabal fans have a beautiful color, but it is not very popular among gardeners. The foliage is initially straight, but with age it gradually loses its integrity. The plates are deeply incised and blend well with petioles. Sabal is known for its healing properties. From its wood and extracts make oils and medicines, which are widely known in some countries. Dwarf Sabal is one of many species of this genus. It can be chosen as an ornamental plant due to its durability and simplicity at home. At first, the sabal grows slowly and begins to develop intensively after many years. In this, he is different from all other members of the Palmov family.
It is distributed in the subtropical regions of the planet. This is one of the most hardy types of palm trees. The plant copes with temperatures up to -10 ° C, but do not grow it in open space. Trachicarpus can be found in winter gardens and large lobbies. This palm grows slowly. If there is such an opportunity, then in the summer, trachycarpus should be moved closer to fresh air. Palm growth requires comfortable conditions - the air temperature is + 18 ... + 25 ° C, but if the temperature in the room is slightly higher or lower, then there is no need to adjust it or transfer the plant. Indoors with trachycarpus should not air stagnate. If it has an unpleasant smell, then it must be aired immediately. In winter, trachycarpus should be moved to a colder place. During wintering temperatures around the palm tree should not exceed +16 ° C.
Phoenix (date, date palm) is chosen due to the fact that it is easy to grow from the stone. During the day, the plant should receive as much diffused light as possible, and this applies to all seasons. Phenicia badly tolerates stagnant air. The top of the palm must be directed from the light source to the central part of the room. This is necessary so that the plant grows evenly. Do not allow stagnant fluid in the soil - this can lead to rotting. Watering should be reduced if brown spots appear on the leaves. If the date palm began to darken evenly, then you need to change the soil to fresh. Date leaves are very sensitive: if the earth is dry, they can fall. Their original form will not recover. For complex care, palm trees should be watered with soft water: snow or rain, depending on the season.
It grows in forests that receive a lot of rain. Hamedorea is also called bamboo palm. Under natural conditions, the plant is well protected from such adverse factors as the scorching sun or strong cold winds. This does not interfere with its cultivation in room conditions with low humidity. Hamedorea can have one or several trunks, that is, have shrubby rhizomes. Some people are mistaken, considering that several stems growing nearby are separate plants. However, Hamedorea with one barrel can be planted in close proximity to each other. The crown of the plant is very lush and thick. For this palm, an insect such as a spider mite is dangerous, so you need to closely monitor its health. Four species are cultivated in floriculture.
This palm tree grows in the Mediterranean region. Humperops develop slowly, and its maximum height is 5 meters. The genus is represented by only one species - humilis. For plants suitable sandy and rocky soil. The foliage is very tough and tight to each other, has a dirty green color. Trunks, as a rule, several. Hamerops tolerates bright light and sudden changes in temperature. In nature, it can often be found in places that receive large amounts of sunlight. The room in which hamerops matures must be regularly aired. You can keep the plant on the sunny side of the room. This is its difference from the overwhelming majority of decorative palm trees. Hamerops need to be fed with mineral fertilizers 2 times a month during the warm season.
The best place to grow palm species is the greenhouse. Palms located in such a room receive a lot of diffused sunlight from different sides. Their appearance will be better than in a regular room. But in view of the unpretentiousness of these plants, the creation of similar conditions in an apartment or house will give the same result. First of all, it is necessary to look at the state of foliage plates. If their appearance has changed, then this most likely indicates a deterioration in the health of the palm tree. At home, their leaves can fall off and grow. Up to three sheets can grow over a year, and fall off - more than four. Thus, the palm tree can remain without foliage and perish. Some species, since a certain time, are generally unable to grow it. Do not confuse the natural process of dropping leaves due to palm growth and disease due to inadequate care.
To avoid misunderstandings and properly care for your palm, you need to listen to the opinion of experienced gardeners.
Types of home palms
Varieties of tropical palm trees, there are many, but not everyone can get along at home. Like it or not, this is an exotic plant. Although it is stated as unpretentious, you should still understand the characteristics of a plant before buying, and not get the first one you see. For the convenience of plant lovers, ten descriptions of varieties of indoor palms will be given.
- Date The leader of sales among all kinds. This variety is very famous and popular due to the fact that it perfectly adapts to home conditions. But keep in mind that such a plant is actively growing, and you need to think in advance about where the flower will stand so that it will not be crowded. Keeping such a palm tree at home is a pleasure.
- North American. This palm tree bears another name - “Washington yarn”. Its distinguishing feature is the leaf “beard” of an adult plant. When grown, the leaves do not fall away when they are dried, but fall, and you do not need to remove them yourself.
- Howey. This is a palm tree with feathery leaves, which lives and develops beautifully in a low-lit room. At the same time it does not dry, and its foliage does not turn yellow even with the lowest humidity. Khovey is good because it is resistant to common pests, but it does not grow very actively.
- Rapis. One of the species with longitudinal striped leaves. This plant tolerates a dry climate, but the lack of sunlight can harm the plant. At the same time the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight.
- Mexican. This species has another name - “hamedorea”. Her growth is very slow, she prefers the average air temperature. Cold and bright light is undesirable for this species. The tree perfectly adapts to dry air, but very often it is affected by such a common pest as a spider mite.
- Asian The second name of this plant, similar to a palm tree, is “cariot”. This oriental beauty loves sunshine and does not tolerate too low air humidity. In a dry room, it becomes faded in color. Especially interesting leaves make her a favorite of flower growers.
- Spanish Another name for this beautiful tree is “cryosophila”. Such a plant will be a spectacular decoration of any room. It feels great in a dry and dark room, but to buy such a plant is very difficult, as it is a rare species.
- Chinese Another name for the plant is liviston. This naughty little tree requires a lot of light. When grown in a dry room, the leaves of the plant can dry. This is one of the species that does not require special care and is actively growing.
- Cat In another way, this decorative home palm tree is called “Calathea”. Quite a famous houseplant with wide and lush leaves, reminiscent of a cascade. Not very capricious in terms of care, but it is better to water it with purified water and spray the greens.
- Palm tree umbrella. An interesting plant with an original look, the leaves of which look like an umbrella. Such a plant should be regularly sprayed with water with a small amount of alcohol to prevent rotting of the plant.
Home palm: conditioning
In Latin, the word "palm" is translated as "palm". And it is quite justified, since its leaves are similar to a human brush. There are two types of plants, they are called fan-shaped and pinnate. Under natural conditions they live there, where it is warm and humid in the tropics and subtropics. If the climate where you live is like a native one or you can create the necessary room atmosphere, then growing palm trees will not cause much trouble. It is necessary to carefully study the conditions of growth of these plants in nature, so that later, armed with knowledge, care for them becomes easy.
The plant multiplies seeds, they can be found in specialized stores. However, in order to grow indoor palm trees to impressive size will have to really try. A palm tree is a tree, so it will take several decades to achieve maximum growth. But there is a way out, so that an adult palm tree appears in your room; it is enough to purchase it in a specialized store, where you will be provided with a wide selection.
To a tropical tree turned into a home and he was comfortable, you should follow the rules of care. Indoor palm trees love spacious rooms and plenty of space; they don’t tolerate when other plants are close to them.
Home palms: varieties
Most often in terms of apartments and houses You can find the following types:
- Date dates are most common among indoor palms. Since many people have the idea to plant a bone from a date in the hope of growing a whole tree. However, at home, a palm tree grows better with the name date Robelena, in which the fruits are inedible. The tree has a shaggy trunk, grows up to 2 meters in height with the formation of a lush crown, its leaves are beautifully curved.
- Dracaena is another type of palm tree, which has been widely used for gardening apartments for several decades, as it takes root well in rooms. This palm tree on the top of the trunk leaves gathers into a panicle bundles. The color of the leaves is light green, dark green and striped. Often from the root forms several trunks, stretches in height to two meters. It can be easily propagated by cuttings.
- Areca has a flexible trunk, at the end of which a powerful bunch of feathery leaves is assembled. In the rooms reaches two meters, the leaves at the same time can be up to a meter.
- Among the most adapted to the home conditions, the Trahikarpus palm tree stands out. Its trunk resembles a bottle, and the leaves - a fan, grow huge. It can dissolve the buds of white or yellow flowers with a pleasant aroma, as well as bestow blue-black fruits.
- The appearance of the Kariota is somewhat different. The leaves look like an elongated cocked hat, the wide ends of which seem to be torn off. Differs from its fellows faster growth, lives about 20 years.
- Howei Foster has become the most popular palm tree for growing at home. She is easy to care for. Many pests, such as spider mites and mealy worms, do not like it. Its leathery leaves are dark green in color. Her closest relative, Howay Belmore, is more demanding on irrigation.
- It copes well with dry periods Rapis, needs good lighting. However, you should follow the lack of direct sunlight, does not like shading. It grows, forming a shrub with fan-like leaves.
- It copes well with the lack of sufficient coverage of Hamedorea. It is also able to tolerate drought, but its delicate leaves are very popular with pests.
Indoor palm tree care
Since the tree in nature grows in the tropics, the most important conditions for plant development is sufficient humidity and proper lighting. Unfortunately, the air in the apartments with central heating, although warm, is often too dry, which leads to the death of the plant.
The basic principle of care is frequent spraying, which is no less important than watering. Indoor palm can cope with the lack of watering, if you forget to do it, but here the room does not tolerate the dry air of the room. Summer palm tree spray 2-3 times a week warm water, in the winter, when the batteries are running, every day. It is better to take distilled water for this, since the chlorinated on the leaves leaves white traces. It is purchased in the automobile or drop by drop collected from your own air conditioner. Also more or less suitable filtered water. Leaves sprayed from two sides.
In the growing season, which lasts from March to October, palm is watered daily. However, this should be done sparingly, so that the substrate always remains slightly moist. In winter water 2-3 times a week. Water directly from the tap is not used. For irrigation of indoor plants, separated water is used, which is left in an open container for 1-2 days, so that unnecessary minerals precipitate and chlorine evaporates. Water-soluble salts have a bad effect on the soil, which leads to the cessation of palm growth and disease.
Direct rays of the palm can not tolerate needs bright but diffused light. If the plant is on the windowsill, it is necessary to ensure that direct sunlight does not fall, so you need pritenyat. This tropical plant needs warm room conditions. Such varieties as: hamerops, trachycarpus, brahea, washingtonia in winter contain in cooler conditions with temperatures around 15 degrees. Everyone is afraid of drafts, and the roots should be protected from the cold, so it is better not to put the tub on the cold window sill or the floor with the plant.
Caring for a room palm tree implies its transplant. Young trees need to be replanted annually, adult tree less often. The general rule of transplanting domestic plants is that the pot should be chosen a little more than the previous one. After this procedure, do not use top dressing for about six months. Adult plants that do not renew the soil are fertilized once a week from March to September. To do this, according to the instructions on the packaging using conventional flower fertilizer.
Diseases of palm trees
If the care is correct, then you will notice that the palm tree grows well, it has huge green leaves and a fresh appearance. Однако иногда растение болеет. Если дерево плохо себя чувствует, появляются характерные симптомы, указывающие на то, что с пальмой что-то не так:
- Кончики листьев сухие или коричневые. Это означает, что воздух, где стоит пальма сухой, а корни недополучают влаги. Уход заключается в обрезке поврежденных кончиков и регулярном поливе и опрыскивании.
- Комнатная пальма не растет. So the place where she stands is raw or cold, there is not enough food. It is necessary to feed and put in a warm place.
- Yellow leaves are observed with insufficient watering. Water more often.
- Young leaves dry when direct sunlight hits the palm. Should be applied.
- Rusty spots appear when the soil becomes too wet, hard water or a sharp drop in temperature. It is necessary to reduce the intensity of irrigation, use defended water, monitor the temperature in the room.
- Lower leaves dry out. This is normal for palm trees, they need to be carefully cut from the trunk.
There are many types of palm trees, but whatever you grow in your tropical garden, remember that they are living beings and have a delicate attitude towards themselves. They also react to the psychological atmosphere in the room. If the trees develop in a favorable microclimate, receive a lot of attention and quality care, are surrounded by a positive emotional environment, they will begin to grow rapidly, creating true home tropics, which will cause everyone to admire beauty.
What are good home palms
Appearing in the apartment, home palm can be the main decoration. What is the popularity of this houseplant?
Palma is an elegant solitary plant. To decorate an interior with it, it is not necessary to plant the whole nursery. One such tree will fill the emptiness in the corner, become a full-fledged decor in any room, on the balcony, in the corridor.
The plant is not demanding to the growing conditions. No need to understand the intricacies of botany to grow a beautiful indoor palm tree.
A big plant - more oxygen.
There are many varieties of this plant, among which you can choose the one that is most suitable for specific growing conditions. These are palm trees for warm rooms, moderately warm and cool. If the area allows, you can choose a plant larger and taller. If not, there are species more modest.
The palm tree is suitable for cultivation and reproduction in any climatic zone. Even in winter, she does not need to create special conditions, only to protect from arid air. It is shade tolerant, so it is not necessary to place a pot with a flower just by the window.
Varieties of indoor palms with photos and names
Houseplants - palm trees are inhabitants of the tropics, but, they feel great in ordinary apartments, subject to proper care. We offer to get acquainted with the types of indoor palms: names and photos.
You can often meet in an apartment or house. It grows quickly, has beautiful fan-shaped leaves and unpretentious care. Brahea loves sandy clay soil, without excessive moisture.
A home plant is quite capricious: it grows long, it is dangerous for it to dry, excessive watering, and insufficient lighting. She will need frequent spraying and humidified air. But, with proper care, Butia will bestow upon the owners with its chic beauty.
Only some decorative palm trees are recommended to be placed in the sun. Usually they should be away from direct rays. The overabundance of light on the state of a plant can dramatically deteriorate. Also, this factor provokes rapid growth, which can lead to the fact that the palm will have to be moved to another place. Ideally, plants should receive diffused light. Only a few palm trees are resistant to shade. If the plant is transferred to the street, then you need to choose a place where it would constantly be in partial shade. Since most palm trees are light-loving, they are best placed on the sides of the window, reliably protecting the top of the crown from direct rays. Before you choose a place for a pot, you need to know which side the windows are facing. It is not recommended to place palm trees on the south, south-west and south-east sides. This recommendation does not apply to the most light-loving palm trees.
How to grow yourself
At home, you can do and reproduction of palm trees. Ornamental palms need to be grown by sowing fresh seeds, and in some cases by offspring. For germination the temperature is + 25 ... + 35 ° С. Sow them in pots with sawdust, moss and sand. A drainage layer with charcoal particles is placed on the bottom. Seeds germinate in a week or several months (it depends on the species). Doing a transplant is necessary before the start of active growth in the spring. It is necessary to transship young palms every year, old ones every few years. During these manipulations should be careful with the roots. The pot should be selected based on the size and shape of the rhizome. If the roots rise from the ground, then you should choose a high pot. For accelerated development in the spring and summer periods, it is recommended to use top dressing in the form of organic fertilizers.
Most palm does not tolerate the transplant process, so it should be done quickly and as little as possible.
Palms practically do not occur in the temperate climate zone and colder regions of the planet. Despite this, they can be attributed to the most adaptable species of wildlife. They can differ in cold, frost and dust resistance, many are able to withstand a dry or humid climate, adverse weather phenomena. These plants have become popular in decorating due to their presentable appearance. Decorative palm tree acts as a key element of the interior, well combined with other plants. They can be seen in many institutions and gardens around the world, including regions with a predominance of the cold period of the year. Growing in a residential area does not require large expenditures and does not take much time. All that is required is to know the basic rules for the care of ornamental palms.
Optimal conditions for home palms
Temperature. A comfortable temperature for a plant is 16-22 C. In winter, it should be even lower: 8-10 C. Some thermophilic types of palm trees (cariotism, areca, coconut, hamedorea, akantofeniks) prefer conditions of keeping in winter at 14-16 C.
Watering. It is necessary to water a flower in due time, often, without allowing drying of the soil. In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 2-3 times a week, in the summer - every day. If the plant is in a cool room with an air temperature of 5-7 C, it should be watered no more than 1.5-2 times a month, sometimes replacing it with a spray. So that the water does not stagnate at the bottom of the pot, it is necessary to put drainage there. Water should be defended with water. After watering, the top layer of soil should be periodically loosened.
Air humidity should be increased by at least 40-50%. Arid summer needs daily to spray the plant with warm water, even to arrange a shower. The same conditions are created in the winter if the air in the room is overdried due to central heating. With insufficient air humidity in the winter time, it is not necessary to increase the frequency of irrigation, this will not solve the problem. It is best to put a container with water next to the pot, install a humidifier or hang radiators with wet towels. Leaves twice a month, wipe with a damp cloth.
Lighting. Palm tree is shade-tolerant, but this does not mean that it is shade-loving. She needs good, diffused lighting, but without direct sunlight. With age, it becomes more shade tolerant. But some varieties of palm trees, for example, neante and hovey, feel great in conditions of constant penumbra.
Accommodation The plant should be placed where there are no drafts and cold air flows. There should be a lot of free space near the pot so that nothing prevents the growth of the flower. If a flower pot is standing near the window, it is better to curtain it with light curtains to prevent the rays of the midday sun from entering. It can be placed on a loggia only if it is insulated. Putting the pot on the cold floor is not allowed, because the roots are very sensitive to cold.
Gallery: indoor palms (25 photos)
The leaders among the indoor palm trees are bamboo. There are many types of such plants, more than a hundred. In height, they grow at least a meter, the leaves, as a rule, resemble a fan. Such a palm tree may consist of one or several trunks. Of the large number of species, it is possible to select a few that are most appropriate for domestic maintenance.
Hamedorea is elegant. This plant is absolutely not capricious, it fits even inexperienced florist. Actively growing and loves shaded places. Caring for a palm tree is very simple and is no different from caring for any other indoor flower that looks like a palm tree. On the green leaves are yellow flowers with a pleasant aroma.
Hamedorea monochrome. This view is also unpretentious, as the previous one. She loves the shadow very much and looks like a hamedorea elegant, only leaves slightly different. In single-color Hamedorei, they are longer and thinner.
Hamedorea is high. The largest bamboo palm tree, which grows to a height of 5 m. It has very long and thick branches with elegant narrow leaves. It can be multilateral.
Hamedorei Ernest-August. The lowest palm tree of all bamboo, but very beautiful. Its wide glossy leaves have small orange flowers on it. Very popular form for indoor growing, unpretentious in the care.
It is important to know that in a dry room bamboo tropical palm will slowly dry, and abundant watering will lead to rotting of the root system. Therefore, care must be appropriate.
Sago palm trees
Experienced growers know them as Tsikasy. They have a very interesting exterior. The trunks are covered with scales, and at the tops are bunches of long green leaves. There are more than 15 varieties of such indoor flowers, palm trees, but only 4 of them are good for growing at home.
Zicas drooping. He also called "turned away." This is the most popular form with an emerald crown and a trunk up to half a meter.
Curled. It bears another name - snail. Its leaves are pinnate, the stems can grow up to 2 m. The leaf shape is very similar to the feather of a pigeon.
Zicas Siamese. It is interesting white and blue tint of its leaves.
Rumpha A special feature of this tree is a very beautiful emerald leaf color.
It is important for the flower grower to know that if he spots spots on his sago palm, then this is a sign that the plant is suffering from temperature fluctuations or lack of fertilizer.
There are a lot of kinds of fan palms, and all of them will look like one feature - the shape of leaves. The sheet resembles a plate cut into a large number of parts that resemble rays. The most popular are the five varieties that can be grown at home.
Liviston. This palm tree prefers high humidity and regular watering. Moreover, it is recommended to water with warm water. Liviston does not tolerate drought. When home grown, the plant can reach 2 m in height. In the year it forms two stems with leaves. Mature at the age of 5 years. It looks just awesome.
Washingtonia Not a capricious plant, very fond of sunlight and fresh air. He feels well in a moderately dry room, but it is better to regularly spray a palm tree with water. It does not transfer transplantation very well, so you need to be careful with this.
Trachycarpus This species is resistant to cold, likes regular and abundant watering, as well as being in the open air. Reproduction occurs by seed. Palma grows well in drainage soil. Repot it only when the roots fill the entire flower pot.
Hamerops. This type is just perfect for home growing. A comfortable temperature for it is + 22- + 25 degrees, but the room should be regularly ventilated, regardless of the time of year. He likes watering with distilled water, mineral fertilizers and good lighting.
Sabal Quite a rare species that is not easy to buy. This palm tree with fan leaves is incredibly beautiful, but at the same time very capricious. If you overdo it with watering or not enough to feed the soil, the plant dries very quickly and becomes sick.
By the way, when watering any room palm trees should drain water from the pallet in order to avoid rotting of the roots.
Some tips for home tree care
In the room where the palm tree grows, you need to curtain the window with tulle. He will scatter the sunlight, and the direct rays of the sun will not burn the plant.
- Any palm trees do not tolerate drafts, especially in the cold season. Therefore, when airing a room, this should be taken into account.
- Do not allow strong drying of the earth.
- If the room humidity is too low, the plant should be regularly sprayed.
- For active growth, the tree needs good drainage and compost soil, and the pot in which the plant is planted must be high.
- Transplantation is done exclusively in the spring. A young plant needs to be transplanted no more than once a year, an adult - up to three times a year, and the old one does not transplant at all.
- For a warm room, it is preferable to choose a date palm, for a cold one - fan.