An orchid is a complex and capricious flower that needs to be surrounded with attention and care. Many growers complain that their indoor plants do not bloom for years. This is due to improper care of the orchid. If you follow certain rules, then you can achieve very good results.
The reasons for the lack of flowering
It often happens that a houseplant does not bloom for years. The reason may be the lack of light or the wrong temperature. If the flower is disturbed by the rest mode, then this will negatively affect its flowering. The cause of this adverse event is improper watering. In most cases, it consists in frequent waterlogging of the substrate.
In most cases, the orchid stops blooming due to lack of lighting. To solve the problems with flowering, in this case it is only necessary to provide the indoor plant with light. It should be remembered that an excess amount of light can also negatively affect the growth and development of the plant. The adequacy of the amount of light can be found on the condition of the leaves of the orchid. If they are characterized by a light green tint, this indicates the sufficiency of light. When a yellowish shade appears on them, it is necessary to reduce the amount of light. If the florist notices that the new leaves have a more saturated green color, this indicates a lack of light.
To ensure orchid blooming, it is necessary to care not only for the aboveground, but also for the underground part of the plant. It is quite difficult for flower growers to identify problems with the root system, but careful observation of the flower makes it possible. Immediately after the roots of the plant rot, it is impossible to see it by external signs. In most cases, the rotting of the root system of the plant is observed due to improper watering. That is why it is better to grow an orchid with a slight deficit of moisture than with its excess.
There are several reasons for the lack of flowering orchids. With their elimination the florist will be able to enjoy the beautiful flowering of the houseplant as soon as possible.
Orchid growing conditions
For? In order for a houseplant to bloom, it needs to ensure the right growing conditions, which are:
- Observance of temperature
- Moderate watering
- Creating an optimal temperature
- Regular fertilization
Quite an important aspect in the cultivation of orchids is temperature. The houseplant will bloom only at the optimum temperature. Some species are able to fully tolerate temperatures up to +50 degrees, but some species begin to dry out if the room temperature is more than +25 degrees. That is why before you grow an orchid, you must examine the conditions. Also, the grower must carefully monitor the temperature changes that the orchid does not tolerate.
In winter, it is recommended to create optimal conditions that require artificial highlighting. For this purpose, the use of conventional incandescent bulbs is prohibited. This results from the fact that at their application heating of a flower is made. That is why it is best to use halogen, fluorescent, mercury or sodium lamps, the power of which is not more than 40 watts. The duration of the light mode should be at least 14 hours.
It is strictly forbidden to place a pot with a plant above the radiators!
Watering the plant should be done in compliance with the temperature of water. Otherwise, the flower can get stressed and refuse to bloom. For irrigation it is recommended to choose water that fully corresponds to the temperature in the room. Some heat-loving species require hot watering. At the same time flower growers must ensure that its temperature does not exceed the rate of +45 degrees. It is strictly forbidden to use cold water for irrigation, regardless of its type. When watering, the grower must ensure that the water is completely drained from the roots.
Providing optimal conditions during the growing orchid is the key to its success.
How to make an orchid bloom?
In order to stimulate the orchid to bloom, it is not necessary to keep calm. You can spend it regardless of the season. During the period of stimulation, the plant must provide a temperature of +30 degrees. Orchid is characterized by the appearance of buds several times a year. They can wake up only if the flower creates a comfortable environment. When using this method, the kidneys can wake up in 1-2 months.
Stimulation of flowering plants is to reduce the amount of watering. To this end, it is necessary to increase the intervals between irrigation. If after the last watering the soil and the roots of the plant are dry, which can be determined by touch, then in this state the flower must be left for a certain time. In the summer season, the orchid does not water for 4 days, and in the winter - about a week.
Some growers with the purpose of stimulating flowering houseplants reduce watering twice. That is, the orchid is watered once every two days, and four. Do not feel sorry for the orchid. The plant will not only survive all the trials, but also bloom. That is why during the period of stimulation of rest, the application of a warm shower, spraying and feeding is not performed. When the spike appears, it is necessary to restore the normal mode of watering. During this period, fertilizers are not applied.
In order for the plant to bloom, it is necessary for it to provide optimal lighting. If the bloom is awakened in the winter, then it is necessary to install sources of artificial lighting in the room. After the orchid flowers appear, watering should stop.
Determine how correctly the awakening procedure can be carried out on the leaves of the plant. The lower foliage of the orchid becomes soft.
Stress - perfect bloom stimulation
The method of creating a stressful situation to stimulate flowering plants is used by many people, due to its high efficiency. The best procedure will be carried out in the spring. It is necessary to ensure that a stable night temperature was +16 degrees. The best option in this case would be the opening of a window or balcony. Some gardeners take out a houseplant to the garden.
At night, the flower must be taken out into the fresh air, and in the daytime - brought into the house. You can keep the orchid in the garden for a day. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that direct sunlight does not fall on the indoor plant. During the awakening period, it is necessary that the temperature difference be no more than 4-6 degrees.
During the period of application of this method, in the daytime, there is observed that orchid leaves receive heat and light, and at night - their cooling. This leads to the accumulation of carbon dioxide by the orchid. If there is an excess of this component, the houseplants will necessarily bloom. In some cases, this method must be applied in winter. During the period of the inducement it is recommended to ensure the highest quality ventilation of the room. A pot of orchids is strictly forbidden to have nearby heating devices.
For the cultivation of orchids recommended the use of a clear pot. This will allow the grower to monitor the level and quality of watering the flower. For the cultivation of orchids is necessary to carry out the selection of loose substrate. It should contain sphagnum moss, perlite and bark. Supplementation should be carried out once every 4-6 weeks. For this purpose, the use of special dressings, which can be purchased at a flower shop. The choice of a particular mineral is directly influenced by the life of the plant. To feed an orchid is necessary when it is actively growing. There are special feeding, which provoke the flowering of indoor plants.
Orchid has a specific flowering cycle. If she is not provided with full care, then it ceases to bloom. In order for the orchid to bloom, it is necessary to water and feed it regularly. Also, the flower needs optimal lighting and watering. If, while observing all the rules of care, the plant still does not bloom, then artificial stimulation is performed. To date, there are several ways to make the orchid bloom. The choice of a particular one depends on the wishes and capabilities of the grower.
The popularity of orchids
Phalaenopsis is the most popular orchid in the world in terms of sales. In recent years, one of the great stories about the world of gardening has been the rapid decline in prices and the huge increase in demand for them.
According to some sources, the orchid has now overtaken poinsettia as the most popular houseplant in pots. This is all possible because of the success in the cultivation and production of orchids, mainly abroad. Producers in Taiwan and the Netherlands improved the cloning of plants on an industrial scale, which made it possible to produce literally hundreds of thousands of beautiful identical flowers.
Since they are so numerous now, many people treat phalaenopsis as cut flowers - they bloom for a long time and when the flowers bloom, the plant can be thrown away. For some people, however, this simply does not work: they want to save and make it flourish again.
The good news is that phalaenopsis is one of the easiest to grow when you follow a few basic rules. This is important because, like many flowers, phalaenopsis really blooms only once a year, so after the plant has flowered, you will need to keep it alive and healthy until the next flowering season.
Why the plant does not bloom
When an orchid stops blooming and enters rest, no need to worry - it is not dead. You can wake up an orchid in various ways, so that it blooms again. Phalaenopsis plants grow on old thorns with a new stem coming out of a triangular knot along the stem.
They spend a lot of energy to create big beautiful flowers, because of which they are appreciated. Usually they begin their rest period immediately after flowering ends.
At this time there is a saturation of nutrient trace elements and forces for subsequent development. This period lasts up to 9 months and sometimes requires special effort to wake the flower.
Lack of light - The number one reason why plants refuse to bloom. Dendrobium, Cattleya and Cymbidium orchids are three popular varieties that need a lot of sunlight for growth and development. And if the orchid never leaves the dim boundaries of the house or office, you need to move it to light to produce inflorescences.
If you place the orchid in the sun, you will notice serious symptoms of a glut of light, such as tanned leavesthat can suppress flowering. In addition to cooler evening temperatures, shrinking days in the fall can signal an orchid that winter and cold are coming soon and you need to form buds. If you keep it in a room where the light passes 24 hours a day, then it misses this important signal.
If you use artificial light sources, then you need to use a timer to simulate the cycle of natural daylight and darkness.
Need to know about orchid preferences in warm temperatures. They must also experience temperature differences to induce flowering. If possible, set its night temperature to 10 degrees colder than daytime temperatures for two weeks when flowering begins.
Feed your orchids. Although it is true that orchids are unpretentious, the plant may need nutrient enhancement to provide better flowering efficiency. The best kind of fertilizer for them is fertilizer without ureawhich provides nitrogen even in the absence of microbial activity, characteristic of rich garden soils.
While many of the beloved garden flowers bloom in summer, many orchids bloom in autumn, followed by winter and spring blooms. Buying a plant with a flower is not necessarily a sign that the plant should bloom, as growers can cause flowering in the greenhouse, changing the light and temperature.
Therefore, to find out how the orchid begins to bloom at home, it is necessary to determine its typeand then you can learn about its natural flowering cycle. For example, Wanda blooms two or three times a year, each flowering cycle lasts up to six weeks. In contrast, the popular Cattleya and Cymbidia orchids only bloom once a year, but their ease of care makes them a popular choice for novice gardeners.
Transfer - This is a difficult business for growers of indoor plants. When they begin to break down, the roots may suffocate from lack of adequate ventilation. However, some flowers are “outraged” when their root zone is violated, and refuse to bloom for six months to a year after transplantation. Other plants prefer root attachment and will bloom only when it seems that they are suffocating in their pots.
To determine whether to repot a flower, appreciate the root system and not the foliage. Even good, stocky orchid means are destroyed over time, which can deny the life-giving air circulation for the roots of plants.
If the roots look brown or the planting material is similar to garden soil in density - it's time to transplant.
If more than one or two roots are crawling along the edge of a pot, it may be time to transplant or even divide the plant to maintain brightness.
If you give too much waterInability to bloom can be a harbinger of a rapid decline and death of plants. Plants going to bloom and getting too much water can shed and lose buds. Most of them need to dry between watering.
If they grow in a proper and hermetic pot, they will rarely suffer from over-saturation. Need to prepare irrigation schedule, pot size and environment. If the roots turn brown, it means that the person is watering too much. Wrinkled leaves may be a sign of too little or too much water.
Some gardeners make mistakes and try to give more time for drying in their good intentions in order to avoid oversaturation of plants. It must be remembered that orchids come from wet jungles and were subjected to regular gentle rain showers. If it becomes too dry, the leaves will pull out water from the developing buds in an attempt to self-preserve. How sad to see when the buds of the long-awaited flowers are yellow, shriveling and falling one by one, when the plant draws moisture back into the roots and leaves. If you have little time and you often forget that you need to water the plants, use moisture trayto create a more favorable growing environment.
For most houseplants, the lack of light is the number one reason that they will not bloom. Orchids are deceptive when it comes to light, because the leaves of a plant can look healthy and green, and in fact the plant receives too little light to actually bloom. Therefore, to make an orchid bloom at home, the first thing to try is moving the plant to a brighter place.
The best place to place is at window sills facing south or east.
In addition, you must ensure that there is no dust or dirt on the leaves. Even a thin layer of dust can block the light.
The same goes for windows. It is often necessary to clean the windows that provide light to the orchids.
When the plant is moved to a brighter place, you will notice that the leaves become light green and this is normal. A sign that orchids get enough light are light green leaves. Although they all need light, most of them cannot tolerate direct sunlight. They should be placed next to the windows so that they can receive as much light as possible, but not put them directly to the sun.
Do not turn over
In vivo orchids do not walk. Totally. Therefore, we do not shake the pot from place to place. It is advisable not even to turn it around its axis. This is not a sunflower to spin for the sun.
If there is a serious need to move the orchid to another habitat, then before transfer, make a mark on the pot. And already in the new place, put it on the side to the light, which was before.
Watch your feet
Orchids are sold in transparent pots. Unknowingly, some after purchase, transplant it into an opaque container. So you can not do. The root system of this plant is actively involved in the process of photosynthesis. Например, в природе корешки прикреплены к коре дерева, на котором растет красавица. Под кору проникает только малая часть. Все остальные висят снаружи и прекрасно освещаются.
Значит, и в домашних условиях надо обеспечить как можно больше доступа света к корневой системе.
И еще. Periodically look around the roots. When rotting begins, they change color. We'll have to urgently pick out your charm from the substrate or bark. Then cut off the rotting roots with a sterile knife or blade, grabbing a piece of healthy tissue. After the wound, it is necessary to cauterise ordinary medical green paint. And the substrate will have to be completely replaced with a new one.
Council Orchid grows to the clay walls of the pot. And the power there is zero. It must be glass or plastic. The most correct materials and ideal. Better plastic, it is easier to make a lot of lateral holes in it, so that the root system breathes freely.
We recall a tropical climate from a school geography course. Probably everyone knows that the humidity of the air rolls over there. Therefore, we create an artificial microclimate. Around put additional containers with water. Plus, additionally constantly (up to three times a day) we spray the air around. Not the plant itself, namely the air! If a few drops fall on the orchid, then it is not scary. But try not to let that happen.
Count the leaves
Most orchids begin to bloom only when they develop at least 7 true leaves. This corresponds to an approximate age of 1.5 years. If your beauty threw out the buds earlier, then after flowering she may not have enough strength to recover. You will then have to heal and protect her for a very long time.
Buying a plant in a flower shop, be sure to read the leaves. If there are less than 5, and flowering is in full swing, then refuse to buy. This is an artificial stimulation for the appearance of buds. Pity your nerves. How many of them will remain in the pot with a sick plant?
Council Still, they ventured and acquired a very tiny baby, but with a lush peduncle? Your patience and pity are endless. Get ready for a long rehabilitation period. For the plant, not for you.
Orchid for a full bookmark flower buds and long flowering need feeding. The most suitable fertilizers for this are with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. But the increased content of nitrogen and similar minerals harshly blooms. But it helps to grow a lush bush of foliage.
Therefore, we feed a small orchid with nitrogen, and then proceed to more suitable feeds. Only without fanaticism! Strictly follow all instructions on the package. And do not pour fertilizer on the eye. The overabundance of minerals is also destructive, as well as their lack.
Who about what, and we again about tropics. How does it occur in natural conditions? The long rainy season gives way to a slightly dry period. So we do the same.
First, we water the orchid for a long time and abundantly, and then drastically reduce watering. The plant understands that it is time to release the flower spike. After all, insect pollinators do not fly in rainy weather. Therefore, only after the cessation of abundant moisture can flowers be expected.
If you constantly moisten the roots with a small amount of water and do not take breaks, then you can not wait for flowers.
Speaking of the rainy season. Almost all orchid species have very small seeds. And in nature, they are found many kilometers from the parent plant. Was it possible for the wind to carry them so far in rainy weather?
It is said that the appearance of flowers very well stimulates spraying with warm water directly on the plant itself for two weeks. Water temperature is approximately + 35 ° С. Perhaps the orchid perceives such a procedure as the rainy season.
So, so what? We did everything as recommended, dance with a pipe near the pot, we lit a real tropical jungle in the room. And what an insidious orchid, still refuses to bloom!
Then make her a stressful situation. A brief shock will cause the plant to bloom. Because the beauty will think about the near death and hurry to leave behind posterity.
Sharp temperature changes. For example, to put an orchid at 12 o'clock in a room with a temperature 6-8 ° C lower than usual. There really is not to think about changing the lighting. Cutie snaked and needed a shake.
Such a trick is easy to do in spring or autumn, putting it at the right time at the open window or carrying it to the balcony. Just see that there is no draft, the Tropican women do not like this very much.
Winter is even easier. Just move the orchid closer to the central heating battery in the daytime, and on the contrary, moving it away at night. Only by all means moisten the air more often. Otherwise, instead of stimulating flowering, you will get dried foliage. Or cover the battery with a thick blanket for the night. Open in the afternoon.
Termination of watering. About the principle of the work of water is written above.
Refusal of fertilizers. It is possible that you just fed your beauty. Stop giving her fertilizer and any fertilizer. Absolutely. Still, you grow a flower, not fattening a piglet.
Change of lighting. On the day placed an orchid in a darker place. Or just one day do not light auxiliary lamps. The method did not work? So we increase the cruel time for the whole month. And nothing terrible will happen to an orchid if it sits in the dim light for 30 days. For example, in the bathroom. It is quite dark and very humid. Not a bad place in the kitchen under the sink. Just be sure to remove from there the objects of household chemistry. We do not kill the orchid, but we help it to start blooming.
Regular night cooling. It is made at the beginning or end of summer, when it is already hot during the day, and at night the temperature stays at + 10-15 ° C. Weekly training in such conditions and the orchid will bloom, as pretty!
Crop. It happens that the orchid has released a flower spike, but the flowers themselves are not even a trace. So we will cut. Looking for a kidney. They are very clearly seen on a long stalk. We count 3 pieces and boldly tick with a knife or blade. Only not with scissors! They will crush the delicate fibers of the plant. Ordinary knife dipped in antiseptic. After such a haircut orchid begins to accelerate and bloom magnificently.
Dirty on hand sellers strenuously process orchids with all sorts of growth stimulants. Moreover, doses that can make even an elephant bloom. You can also try some chemical agent. Only in adequate dosages. But these measures are advisable to use only when you have already tried all possible ways and are desperate to see the bloom of your pet.
You can not force the orchid to bloom immediately after the end of the previous flowering. At no time at this time begins a period of rest, about 4 months long. During this period, new leaves and roots grow, the plant is gaining strength and power. Wait a bit and do not forget to care for your darling. She needs your attention, rare abundant watering and fertilizing. And yet, it is often the period of rest - this is the best time for rearrangement and transplantation of a plant. While it is half asleep, it will not experience severe discomfort after your manipulations. Take advantage of such a convenient moment.
How to make an orchid bloom at home? Yes you! Nobody thought to force. This is too ungrateful. Just a little bit to spur, stimulate or help to bloom - this is our task. Carrying out all the recommendations, this task is quite feasible without much effort and economic costs.
Phalaenopsis usually blooms between the ages of 1.5 and 3 years.
It happens that the flowering appears prematurely. This is not always good, because a too young and still weak flower may not have enough strength to fully recover. Further consequences are unpredictable - the plant can be sick for a long time, and it can even die.
Usually, orchid blooms at least once a year (often 2 times)and the flowering period lasts from 2 months to six months.
In an adult and seemingly healthy orchid, the lack of flowering can only be explained by improper care.
Since caring for phalaenopsis is a complex and complex exercise, the error can be hidden at any of the stages.
The main mistakes leading to the lack of flowering:
- wrong temperature conditions
- insufficient lighting,
- direct sunlight
- excessive watering
- watering too cold water
- bust with fertilizers
- errors during transplantation.
Improper care conditions
It is the wrong care is the most common cause of the lack of phalaenopsis flowering.
The main mistakes made by inexperienced florists are:
- wrong location of the plant,
- insufficient lighting,
- disturbed temperature conditions
- improper watering
- excessive fertilizer flower.
It is easy to fix all these errors, the main thing is to follow the following rules:
- Flower arrangement. Do not place an orchid where direct sunlight will fall on it. This will slow down the development of plants and flowering will have to wait a very long time.
- Lighting. In summer, natural light will suffice. But in winter, phalaenopsis must be further highlighted. To do this, fit the usual fluorescent lights.
- Temperature. Orchid is a heat-loving flower. Therefore, the temperature in the room where it grows should not be below 25 ° C.
- Watering. Do not moisten the phalaenopsis too often. Each subsequent watering should be carried out only when the soil from the previous watering is already dry.
- Fertilizer. It is necessary to acquire first of all those fertilizers, which include phosphorus and potassium. This will have a positive effect on the formation of flower buds. Such nutrients are introduced into the soil no more than once every 5-6 weeks.
How to wake up a kidney?
There are several ways to wake up a flower bud. All of them are somehow connected with the need to arrange a little stress for phalaenopsis.
The first method can be used at any time of the year, the second one is more convenient to produce in summer. Both of these methods mimic the natural conditions, so it is absolutely safe for the plant.
The task is to organize the interval between irrigation so that the soil stays dry for 4-7 days. The degree of dryness of the substrate is determined simply by touch.. And do not be afraid, in nature there are also droughts. Normal watering schedule can be returned only when the flower spike appears.
Stress the plant can be arranged by a small temperature difference. To do this, overnight the flower is placed at a temperature of 4-6 ° C below the usual one (in the summer, transfer of phalaenopsis to the balcony is perfect).
Happy flower pot must be returned to the usual microclimate for the flower. This is a great way that will certainly return the orchid bloom.
Care for flowering phalaenopsis is primarily to provide full coverage. The flower will feel great if the duration of daylight hours is at least 12 hours. It is very undesirable to move the flower pot during flowering..
The orchid is extremely sensitive to the position in relation to the light, therefore it perceives even the slightest movement as stress. Watering during the flowering of phalaenopsis should be abundant. Water in this case, you need warm, not lower than 35 ° C.
Competent care and optimally selected microclimate are the main conditions for the formation of the peduncle in phalaenopsis. And if he still does not want to bloom, then simple, but properly done, the stimulation will very quickly eliminate this problem, and for many months the orchid will please the household with abundant flowering.
The main reasons why orchid does not bloom
Orchids are very light-loving plants, and the main reason why they refuse to bloom is the lack of light.
- If the flower is constantly experiencing a lack of sunlight, the flowering may not occur for years. Leaves will only grow. For example, Cymbidium orchid blooms only in very bright light, since in nature these plants grow under the open sun. For this variety, when grown in indoor conditions, it is very important to provide a long daylight day and bright lighting. But the foliage of dark green color with a lack of lighting will grow the plant very well.
- Also, the flower may not bloom for a long time if the ground is too moist. Excess water leads to the fact that the orchid stops flowering. It is especially important to observe the regimes of watering when the flower buds are forming by the plant. If the orchid is constantly plentifully poured, the buds, contrary to expectations, simply dry up, the flower stalks will become dry. During flowering orchids do not need much water at all.
- Be sure the orchid needs a rest period. To do this, in winter you should lower the temperature in the room and greatly reduce watering. For the plant to give new flower stalks, it needs a long rest. There are, however, some varieties of orchids that need to lower the air temperature only at night. During the rest period, orchids are not fertilized, otherwise they will not bloom at all.
Creating ideal conditions for flowering
To stimulate flowering, in the first place, the orchid needs to create ideal conditions. It is very important to choose the right place for the pot and ensure optimum care.
- There should be a lot of light, but at the same time you should not put an orchid in the direct sun. On the south side of the window pritenyut matte film. This rule must be observed in the springtime strictly, as the orchid in the spring begins to adapt after a rest to a longer light day. The soft sun in the fall does not harm the flower, and it can even be rearranged to direct rays. A light day for lush and regular orchid flowering should be more than 12 hours.
- The place where the pot stands should be permanent. Due to frequent changes, the orchid may stop blooming. Pot permutation is a great stress for a flower.
- Different varieties of this beautiful plant love different air temperatures. Thus, phalaenopsis prefer temperatures above +25 ºС in summer and about +15 ºС in winter. It is very important that the daily temperature drop is no more than 5 degrees.
- The humidity in the room should be between 40% and 70%. If the air is excessively dry, the buds will begin to fall off. Too dry air in winter can be the cause of the long-term lack of flowering in the orchid.
Basic phalaenopsis growing requirements
Phalaenopsis Orchid, did not leave indifferent any grower. If the tropical beauty ceases to bloom, the owners begin to look for causes and methods to solve the problem. The main advantage of phalaenopsis is the flowers of unusual beauty.
Before growing it is important that the basic conditions are met. One of the reasons for the lack of flowering is considered inadequate care and conditions of detention.
They brought a flower, transplanted it into a home pot, put it on a window sill and that's it. Nothing like this.
The orchid is very whimsical exotic plant, long may not bloom. If conditions differ from natural, uncomfortable temperature conditions, will remain empty. An important factor is the length of daylight, the optimum condition in the room. For each type of orchid there is a certain day length, allowing you to comfortably carry out the flowering process, fully develop flower stalks, open and pollinate flower buds and give seeds in buds. Home conditions do not always create the right lighting.
The direction of direct sunlight adversely affects the root system. The best option should be the distribution of sunlight and heat to the plant and the roots. In winter, connect halogen or fluorescent lamps. Homemade orchids begin to bloom, reaching the age of 1.5 to 2 years. The offensive season with a light day of the correct duration will help flower buds to be laid. They are invisible in the case, but will become visible in the conditions of active development of the peduncle.
The plant is thermophilic, and therefore you need to arrange a home comfort on the windowsill. Place on the south, southeast side, avoiding direct sunlight. The ideal condition would be to install blinds. This will help avoid leaf burns. If you managed to buy orchids that have faded or have not begun to bloom, you need to know its variety, look. This is very important information that will determine the basic correct conditions of the content, and therefore, contributes to the conditions to bloom.
The reason for the inability to bloom is also excessive watering or watering with cool water. Must be watered at room temperature. Any intervention for orchids is stressful. Transportation, plant transplant, any condition, poor home care will not allow bloom. Violation of the root system in case of damage, rotting or drying, will not be able to force flowers to bloom. It takes about half a year to recover.
Like any plant, an orchid requires a healthy nutrient. This will solve one of the problems - how to make the orchid bloom. For full growth and flowering, you need to saturate the earth with mineral fertilizers. This will force the metabolic processes to produce actively, will begin blooming orchids at home.
Special mixes for orchids are available in stores. At the beginning of growth, nitrogen-based fertilizers have beneficial properties. During the active growth phase, potassium and phosphorus will be beneficial. During this period, you need to reduce nitrogen fertilizers. Почки цветка активизируют свой рост, благодаря калию и фосфору. Постоянно подкармливать не нужно. Достаточно, чтобы во время роста был полноценный питательный полив. Каждые две недели, а затем каждый месяц.
Правила подкармливания орхидеи:
There is no need to feed the plant before and after transplanting. During the growing season must be fertilized. During abundant flowering is prohibited. Changing this condition can shorten the flowering period. You do not need to fertilize orchids during the flowering period, but also damaged by pests.
Top dressing can not be fired root system. According to the instructions on the package you need to dilute a certain dose of fertilizer. It is considered advisable to add top dressing after watering. In spring and autumn should not be fertilized more than 1 time in 2 weeks. In summer and winter, start feeding once a month.
- the value of acidity (pH) should range from 5 to 7
- fertilizers must be purchased individually for orchids. Allow blooming buds. For other plants, the nutritional composition is slightly different. This should be considered when growing exotic tropical plants. And also in mixtures for ordinary plants the dosage is much higher than for orchids.
Florists recommend that such concentrations of the solution, which need to be fed, specified in the instructions for fertilizer, be reduced 10 times. Approximately 1 ml of liquid fertilizer should be mixed into one liter of water, or in the same amount of mineral mixture:
- "Agricola" - mineral fertilizer, specially made for feeding orchids. Improve the appearance of the plant, increase growth and flowering.
- "Dr. Folly" - fertilizer for foliar feeding. Convenient to use, contains vitamins, acids and trace elements necessary for flowers.
- "Brexil Combi" - a storehouse of trace elements necessary to compensate for the lack of iron
- "Bona Forte" is a well-known complex fertilizer. Composed of all the necessary nutrients. Inexpensive and easy to use fertilizer
- "Pokon" - Dutch fertilizer. Apply to feed a couple of times a month. Easy to use and in price.
- "Fusco "as the groundFusco Flower Happiness»Designed for growing orchids. The active substances that make up the Fasco promote weight gain. Soil "Flower happiness" is very convenient. Its composition is as close as possible to the ideal. You can start feeding.
Artificial introduction of substances is not vital to ensure the growth and development of exotic plants. Orchids are able to independently obtain the necessary amount of useful substances from the environment. Recommend periodically fertilize the plant for early growth and improve flowering.