Snowdrop (Symphoricarpos) - is a deciduous shrub that belongs to the family of honeysuckle. Snowberry is commonly called the wolfberry in the people. Cultural varieties of the snowdrop are planted in city parks and squares.
The genus includes about 15 species. In the wild, it grows in North and Central America. An exception is the variety Symphoricarpos sinensis, which can be found only in China. The origin of the name is associated with the Greek translation of the word. There are two roots in the word: “gather together” and “fruit”. Upon careful inspection of the plant, it becomes noticeable that the berries on the branches are tightly pressed to each other. The peculiarity lies in the fact that they do not fall for the winter and firmly hold on the bushes, thereby providing food for the birds.
Description of the plant snowberry
The height of the snowberry can reach 0.2-3 m. The shrubs have entire opposite leaves located on short cuttings and grow up to 1.5 cm long. The branches of the plants are flexible, which allows them not to break under heavy snow cover. Collected in axillary racemes, flowers come in a variety of colors and begin to bloom, usually in July and August. In place of the withered buds, a fruit is formed that resembles a white or black-violet ellipsoid stone-house. Its diameter is about 2 cm. The flesh is a delicate white shade. Fruits can not be eaten.
For growing in the garden is best suited for snow white, which is often planted as a hedge. Another equally popular variety with pink pitted trees grows well only in warm regions on fertile black soil dominated by warm winters.
Planting snowberry in open ground
The snowberry is an unpretentious plant. For the cultivation of any suitable areas and soil types. A powerful root system can prevent erosion and shattering if you plant bushes on a slope. The best time for planting will be spring or autumn. Site preparation is performed in advance.
How to plant
To grow a hedge from a snowberry, you should choose strong adult seedlings. Along the length of the hedge, they pull the twine and dig out a groove, the width of which should be at least 40 cm and depth - 60 cm.
In the case of an autumn planting, it is better to dig a hole and groove a month before the planned activities. For spring works the site is prepared in the fall. When the soil contains a large amount of clay components, an additional fertile layer is laid in the pit. To do this, mix crushed stone and soil mixture consisting of sand, peat and humus and provide young plants with top dressing. Dolomite flour, wood ash and superphosphate are added under each bush. Do not bury the root neck too deep. It should be at the level of the surface area. Before lowering the bushes into the pit, it is important to hold the roots in a clay talker. Watering seedlings carried out every day.
Soil and watering
As mentioned earlier, the snowberry is resistant and does not require special attention during growth. However, if time allows, why not care for the bushes and make them more attractive. For example, mulch circle with peat. The plant will respond well to periodic soil loosening. Like many ornamental shrubs, the snowberry needs pruning, watering and treatment from diseases and pests. Watering is carried out only if the summer is too dry. On one bush you will need to take 1.5-2 buckets of water. If there is enough natural precipitation, you can forget about watering. Loosening is done after rain or watering. At the end of the spring-summer season, the site where the snowberry grows is required to be dug up.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
In the spring, the bushes are fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. The following feeding is repeated only in the middle of summer. To do this, dissolve 50 g of Agricola in a bucket of water.
If it is necessary to transplant the shrub to another place, it is better to do this before the rhizome grows strongly. Transplantation is done on the same principle as the first landing. The most important thing is not to damage the bush while digging and not to violate the integrity of the root system. An adult plant has a fairly extensive range of food, so it is recommended to dig around the bush as far as possible from the main trunk, so as not to stumble upon the roots in the ground.
Conducting pruning is better to coincide with the onset of the spring period, then the bushes will recover faster. The plant should be pruned until the sap flow has begun. At the same time, dry old branches or shoots are removed, which interfere with growth and thicken the bush. They can be shortened by half. Pruning does not affect future flowering, because flower buds are on the shoots of the current year. Slices are treated with garden bar to prevent infection. Rejuvenating pruning of bushes is carried out at a height of 50-60 cm. During the summer season, sleeping buds are able to form other shoots.
To grow a full-fledged plant from the seed, you need to spend a lot of time and effort, because it is one of the most laborious ways. The seeds are removed from the drupes and spread on a nylon to squeeze out excess liquid from the pulp. After that they are placed in water for a while. Then they sink to the bottom of the tank, and the remnants of the pulp float to the surface. Dried seeds are planted in late autumn in boxes containing fertile soil mixture, and a small layer of sand is poured on top. Planting containers covered with glass to create a greenhouse effect. During the germination of seedlings observe a regular mode of watering. As a rule, the appearance of the first leaves of the snowberry can be observed in spring. Pick up seedlings in open ground spend a few months.
Reproduction by layering
Reproduction by layings is carried out in the spring. To do this, the lower branches are bent to the ground and sprinkled with a small layer of soil. During the summer months they are provided with regular watering and feeding. After the branch is well rooted, it is cut off from the main bush and transplanted to another location.
Reproduction by cuttings
As a planting material using green or lignified cuttings from 10 to 20 cm long, on which are placed several healthy buds. Containers with sand are suitable for storage.
Harvesting green cuttings is carried out in June after completion of flowering shrubs. Cut the largest mature shoots and immerse them in water. Any cuttings are allowed to be planted in the soil of the same composition as during reproduction from seeds. Landing is carried out to a depth of 5 mm. Containers with future young shoots are stored in greenhouses or wet areas. After three months, the root system of plants will grow. Then they can be transplanted to a permanent place. By winter, young seedlings are covered with dry foliage or fir branches.
Diseases and pests
The plant is resistant to pests and diseases. This is due to the fact that the snowberry is a poisonous shrub. Infrequently, infection of leaves with powdery mildew and fruit with gray rot occurs. In order to prevent the bushes in the early spring is treated with a three percent solution of Bordeaux liquid. This treatment reduces the risk of fungal infections. When detecting signs of disease, the snowberry is sprayed with fungicide preparations, for example, Topaz, Topsin or Quadris. Other ways to get rid of the infection will not bring results.
Types and varieties of snowberry
Snowberry white - This is the most common variety that grows in wild conditions in open areas, along river coasts or mountainous areas. Shoots reach a height of 1.5 m. The shape of the crown is spherical. The leaves are oval or rounded, their length can be up to 6 cm. The flowers form a racemose lush inflorescences of a soft pink shade. During flowering the bush is so covered with buds that the green foliage is barely noticeable. The fruits look like round white berries.
Snowberry ordinary or coralgrass - differently called "Indian currant". The territory of its growth is North America. Dark green shrubs can be seen on meadows or along river banks. On the place of bright pink buds beautiful coral hemispherical fruits covered with bluish bloom form.
Snowberry West - grows in groups, forming dense thickets near reservoirs. Lamina light green, pubescent below. The flowers are pink or white. They gather in small racemes. The berries of this variety are soft pale pink or white.
The varieties of the snowdrop also include varieties: mountain-loving, hybrids of Chenot and Henauhlta, Dorenbosa.
How to plant a snowberry
- The landing pit or trench must be prepared in advance. In the fall, a landing site is prepared a month before the disembarkation day. For planting in the spring landing site is prepared late in the fall.
- Landing place digging, then dig holes in the size of 0.65 x 0.65 meters.
- Crushed stone is placed in the pit, then the nutrient mixture: humus, ash, peat, river sand and superphosphate (200 grams per bush). Such a “pillow” will provide food for the sapling for a whole year.
- Seedlings planted every one and a half meters.
- If you want to create a hedge, then use the trench method. The trench should be about half a meter deep and of the same width. Up to five seedlings are planted per meter.
- For planting is better to take two - three summer bushes.
- After planting, it is necessary to shed a shrub well for several days.
Important! The root neck should be flush with the soil surface.
How to care
In the process of cultivation, it is necessary to apply fertilizer to the soil annually for better development of the shrub. In early spring humus is added to the soil, 5-6 kg is enough, in the summer they are watered with a solution of mineral fertilizers, and potassium salt and superphosphate, 100 grams of each substance are added to enrich the soil before winter.
Shrub does not like excessive waterlogging. It is rarely watered, but in case of a prolonged drought, it is necessary to spill up to 2 buckets of water under each bush twice a week. Watering is carried out only in the evening. In the rainy summer the snowberry is not watered.
The shrub needs regular pruning. In the spring you need to remove dried, broken, damaged branches. This is important for sanitary "cleaning" of the bush. The snowberry positively reacts to pruning and begins to form new shoots. When frosting branches after winter, quickly restores the volume of the bush.
The figured spherical formation of the bush is possible from the age of two.
For the old bushes spend rejuvenating pruning, since by this time the flowers and fruits become small. All branches are cut "under the stump", leaving the length of the shoot about half a meter.
In addition to the basic agrotechnical methods, they loosen the soil and weed weed. From my own experience I know that mulching of the tree near the shrub leads to the appearance of pathogens and becomes an environment for the reproduction of pests, so it is best to leave the soil under the shrubs open.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The snowberry has a high immunity to diseases, but in rainy seasons, powdery mildew and gray mold can be affected.
To cope with these diseases, spraying with special agents is necessary. Spraying with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid gives the best result, but you can also use fungicides like Skor, Topaz, Fundazol.
A serious pest for the bush is aphid, it attacks young branches that grew in May.
The easiest way to get rid of aphids: regular dusting of branches and soil under the bushes with a mixture of ashes, tobacco dust and shag, taken in equal shares.
In the past, in Russia the snowdrop was necessarily planted near the house, it was believed that it protects against evil forces, troubles and misfortunes.
The pros and cons of the snow berry
The gardeners of the Middle Strip came to the yard unpretentious ornamental shrubs. Unlike the thermophilic and soil-demanding species with pink fruits, the classic snowberry is ideal for growing in the Central region:
- absolutely not demanding to the light regime - it grows in the sun and partial shade,
- grows on wet lowlands and dry hillocks
- practically does not have fungal diseases,
- in our latitudes, a native of America never acquired dangerous pests.
The bush has a long flowering and maintains a decorative appearance for almost the whole year. Vigorous young greens with fragrant flowers are replaced by heavy clods of snowy berries.
Until now, there is no consensus about the harmful effects of snowfield berries on the human body. Due to the high content of acids and saponin, the snowfield fruits are considered dangerous. An adult will not eat them, and a small child may taste beautiful berries - this is absolutely contraindicated.
Forest animals and birds feed on snowfruit fruits in winter - frost destroys dangerous substances. The Indians of North America knew about the medicinal properties of the shrub of the snowy berry - they treated the stomach ulcer with fresh juice. Wild fruits and now used in the manufacture of dosage forms.
Recipes of traditional medicine use the snowfield for the treatment of skin diseases, non-healing wounds, inflammations and even tuberculosis.
Do not forget about the toxic properties of snow berries and consult a doctor for recommendations on the method of treatment and dosage.
Sneznik - planting an unpretentious shrub
Snowberry bush is ideal for registration of the dacha. Any free space will fit for planting a bush: in the sun or in the shade, on a hillock or in a damp lowland - an unpretentious plant feels great in any conditions.
You can get acquainted with the technology of the autumn planting of the snowberry in general from the video:
A snowberry planted on a crumbling slope with tenacious branched roots will stop soil erosion.
It is possible to plant bushes of a snow berry both in the spring, and in the fall. With enough attention to planting, seedlings take root well, planted even in the heat of summer. For the rapid growth of young plants should be planted in the soil prepared in advance.
What you need to know about planting a snowfield
For a separately located bush they prepare a landing hole 50 x 50 cm and a depth of 50 ... 60 cm.
Planting otnokov snowdrop for the formation of a hedge produced in a trench of a similar section (50 x 60 cm). Given the sprawling shape of an adult bush, the density of the landing of the layers should be at least
- ..150 cm - for single plants,
- 4-5 plants per 1 running meter - in a trench for a hedge.
A trench or pit for planting a snowberry in the fall is prepared in advance - in the spring, and for spring planting - for the winter. The time interval is necessary for shrinking the soil and averaging the nutrient composition, which filled the pit.
At the bottom of the pit (trench) lay 10 ... 15 cm of drainage and fill with separately prepared soil mixture:
- 1 part of coarse river sand,
- one part of compost or loose humus,
- 1 part peat,
- 600 g per bush of wood ash,
- 200 g per dolomite flour bush,
- 200 g per bush superphosphate.
After a 2-week period (the minimum time for shrinkage of the soil), snowberry seedlings are planted. The most convenient way to plant seedlings with a closed root system. Transplant with a clod of earth occurs painlessly for the plant. Such an operation is not tied to the season.
When planting it is necessary to control the depth of the sapling of snow. After watering and subsidence of the soil, the root neck of the plant should be flush with the soil surface.
In order to guarantee quick acclimatization, the cuttings in a new place and good contact of the root system with the soil are recommended to dip its roots in a clay mash before planting. For the first 4-5 days after planting, the snowberry is watered daily at the rate of 3 ... 5 liters per bush.
Layers for planting a decorative bush can be obtained independently in any quantities.
Very simple method of obtaining seedlings
Cutting variant: the snowfield shrub easily forms the layouts using the “Chinese” method: the bush branches are dropped to a depth of 2 ... 5 cm and fixed with a stone or wire brace. Depending on the conditions, the new bush is ready for transplanting in a maximum of six months.
After planting the snowberry care for the bush requires minimal. The implementation of simple agricultural practices does not take much time:
- Mulching a tree trunk of 8 ... 10 cm with a layer of peat solves the problem of regular watering, weeding and loosening the soil.
- Полив снежноягоднику дают только в сильную жару – 15…20 л/куст.
- Осенью приствольный круг перекапывают.
- Ранней весной производят санитарную обрезку куста.
- В середине апреля (Центральный регион) дают подкормку: в приствольный круг под перекопку вносят 5…6 кг (1 ведро) перегноя или компоста, по 100 г суперфосфата и калийной соли.
- Вторую подкормку дают в середине сезона (июль-август) — на 1 куст растворяют 50 г Агриколы в 10 л воды.
You should not worry about the wintering of the white snowberry - all its hybrids easily endure a 30-degree frost.
Decorative shaving of bushes produced in late May-June - a month before flowering. Such forethought allows the plant to form flower buds on the already shortened branches. A neatly trimmed shrub or hedge in flowers or covered with fruits is decorative and will delight with a beautiful view until the next spring.
Description of the snowberry
The flowering of the snowberry white photo as the flowers of the snowberry look Like a snowberry blossoms photo
Snowberry, there is a similar name - snow berry, described by such characteristics:
- height 0.2 - 3 m, branches thin, flexible,
- leaves are oval, 1–1.5 cm, on a short scape, strictly opposite, at the base there is a pair of blades,
- flowers are placed on the tips of branches or in the sinuses, are collected in inflorescences up to 15 pieces, pale tone - white, pink or red, flowering period - July, August,
- fruits - juicy drupes, 1–2 cm in diameter, placed very tightly, ripen alternately, the color of the berries is white, sometimes red or dark purple, the fruits of the snowberry are not edible, poisonous to humans, when crushing emit cotton.
Planting in open ground
Choosing a place for a shrub can not be puzzled, it serves any design ideas. Attractive quality is unpretentious. The snow berry will grow in the sun and in a sparse shade, in arid soil and moist, on a flat stretch and slope (by the way, it will perform anti-erosion functions).
Snowberry is planted in spring or autumn. A prerequisite is the advance preparation of the soil. If you plan to plant in the fall, then a month before that, and if in the spring, then in the fall. This condition is mandatory, especially on loamy or clayey soils.
If your landscape solution is a hedge, then a trench 40 cm wide and 60 cm deep is needed. Saplings for a hedge will approach two - four-year-old, place them in a trench on one line (for example, under the tense rope) at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. When placing solo or in small groups, maintain a distance of 1.2 - 1.5 m, the pit will fit a square - 65x65 cm.
Prepare the following supplements in advance (for each plant):
- dolomite flour - 200 g,
- wood ash - 600 g,
- superphosphate - 200 g
The landing technique is as follows:
- 30 minutes before planting the roots of the seedling, it is better to dip them into the clay talker shallowly so that the plant is saturated with water,
- a 5-cm layer of fine crushed stone is laid on the bottom of a pit 40-45 cm deep and 0.5-0.6 m in diameter to ensure drainage,
- top soil mixture is poured - river sand, peat, humus or compost, as well as additives,
- the seedling is deepened so that after the soil subsides, the root neck is at the ground level,
- it is desirable to seal the earth with palms around the trunk, so that in the end there are no voids left (they contribute to the drying of the roots),
- The first week after planting is required daily watering.
Conditions for growing snowberry
To be honest, there are no special rules for caring for a snowberry. You can not care for him at all. However, if you give a couple of hours a month to this plant, the bush will look smarter and neater.
What would the snowberry want to get?
- Mulch from peat or humus in the near-bar circle (layer 5 cm),
- Loosening the soil after rain (to a depth of 8-10 cm),
- Weed removal (as needed),
- Watering in a dry summer (1 - 1.5 buckets under each bush about once a week),
- In winter, the trunk circle should be dug to a shallow depth, up to 10 cm,
- Some varieties require shelter (burlap, straw, coniferous branches),
- In the spring it is desirable to feed (5 kg of humus, 100 g of potassium salt and superphosphate),
- Top dressing in summer (on a bucket of water 10 g Agricola),
- Sanitary and decorative pruning.
Snow berry transplant
When the need arises to transplant the snowberry, you need to do this carefully, without damaging the root system. The bush builds up a powerful root, the radius of the circle of the bush's food is at least 70 cm, therefore, it is necessary to carefully dig the plant, after having dug it at the specified distance.
The transplant itself is performed according to the same rules as the initial planting and is tolerated by the plant easily, if we properly protected the root from damage.
Forming and trimming the bush
After the snow melts, even before the sap flow, it's time to bring the bush in order. What should be removed:
- dry bitches,
- damaged branches,
- thick thickets are thinned
- viable branches are cut in half or a quarter,
- branches on the necessary form of the bush.
The snow yogurt tolerates this procedure very easily, and on thick, adult branches, sections are sealed with a garden pitch.
Young plants need to be cut more often, it stimulates the growth of lateral shoots, otherwise we will get not a bush, but a tree.
It is necessary to observe an adult bush - if you notice signs of degeneration (small leaves and flowers, frail shoots), then it is time to prune the stump, leaving the branches at a height of half a meter above the ground. In the same season, the rejuvenating measure will show itself 100% - beautiful young shoots will cover the bush.
Disease resistance Video about the snowberry plant
Another plus in the money box of the snowberry is disease resistance. Fungal infections are common diseases, so you rarely notice signs of powdery mildew or gray rot of fruit. Then the shrub should be treated with a fungicide solution (any of the modern ones - Topaz, Fundazol, Quadris, Scor, Topsin or another antifungal drug). In order to avoid such situations, it is necessary to regularly conduct sanitary treatment in the spring with a solution of Bordeaux mixture, prevention is better than treatment.
Pests often bypass the bush side. But ... Aphid loves young shoots very much and attacks them in May. A simple popular method of struggle - treatment of ashes before the rain. It will rain and wash away the pest along with the ashes. If it does not help, then you have to carry out chemical treatment.
Planting snowberry seed
Snowberry seeds photo
Like any plant, snowberry can be propagated by seed. The process is time consuming and long, but possible. The first step is to prepare the seeds from the berries. Berries gently soften, squeeze the pulp through stocking or double gauze, shake the remainder in a jar of water.
Pulp with water to drain, dry the seeds. If necessary, storage - stored in a paper bag or a cloth bag. They need to be sown before winter, but not in open ground, as small, light seeds can float away with snow.
- Seeds are sown in a box with soil, then covered with a layer of sand, and only then put out on the street, covered with sawdust or dry foliage.
- Seeds will spring in spring, and maybe next spring.
- As soon as the sprouts get stronger and release 2-3 true leaves, they should be transplanted into separate containers.
- During germination, the substrate must be moistened. Watering is done through a pallet or from a fine spray.
- Shoots are understood quickly when the growth is 10-15 cm, the plants are hardened within two weeks and planted in a permanent place.
- The bush will bloom in the third year.
For spring sowing a greenhouse is needed. Fill a box or pot with an earthen mixture and sow the seeds in early spring.
Seedling snowberry seed photo
Improving germination can help such procedures:
- soaking seeds in water
- stratification - keeping the seeds in a mixture of sand and peat at 0 ° C throughout the winter,
- scarification - intentional damage to the hard seed coat to facilitate germination.
When the seeds germinate, they need moisture. Young shoots should be pritenyat and protect from drafts. Dive seedlings can be in June after the appearance of a few of these leaves.
3. Cutting snowdrop
Snowberry breeding cuttings how to propagate the snowberry
It is possible to cut woody cuttings in autumn, the cutting should contain at least 3-5 buds, therefore a length of 10-20 cm is sufficient. The cut under the lower bud is oblique, and above the upper one - even. Cuttings stored in the cellar, immersed in wet sand. Green cuttings are cut on a summer morning when the snowberry has bloomed. For cutting fit only ripe shoots (they break with a crunch). These cuttings are immediately placed in water.
The stalks must be rooted. Place them in a box with a mixture of peat and sand, as for seeds, to a depth of 4-5 cm. The box should be in conditions of heat and high humidity. By the fall, the seedlings will increase the root system and will be ready for planting in the ground. In the winter they should be covered with leaves.
Snowberry bushes are surprisingly hardy. Even the most sophisticated hybrids can withstand frosts below 30˚ C. Only young plants and seedlings require shelter. To do this, gently press the branches to the ground and pinch with metal forks, cover with spruce leaves or straw, leaves, any organic material at hand, or use a spunbond.
Healing properties of the snowberry
Most drugs are poisonous in large doses, as well as the snowberry. Small doses of this plant have been used:
- fresh berries are used to heal wounds, cracks in the hands,
- mashed leaves in the gruel also treats skin damage, is also used to treat ulcers,
- decoction of the cortex was used in tuberculosis and venereal infections.
Since the healing properties of this plant are not fully studied by professionals, the above-mentioned means belong to the ancient Indian, shamanic methods, it is not recommended to experiment with the use of the snowberry. Not for nothing that the bush has another name - the wolfberry. You also need to abandon the planting of this shrub in kindergartens and on the territory of elementary schools, because children's curiosity can get the better of it and then you cannot avoid trouble.
- Arrangement of seedlings at close range. The snowberry grows quickly, creating overgrown thickets,
- Lack of pruning, then the shrub looks unattractive,
- Placing Variegatus varieties in thick shade, then the edging of the sheet loses its contrast.
Snowberry bush in landscape design photo
Snowberry photo in the garden Shrub snowberry white in landscape design photo
The snowberry has become so popular because of not only its endurance, the ability to grow in almost any conditions, but also its incredible gas and smoke resistance. These qualities made it possible to apply it not only in park culture, gardening, but also in urban gardening. The snowberry bush is very dense, it easily tolerates a haircut, so today the snowberry is found as a hedge:
- in parks, squares,
- in residential buildings
- separates the sidewalk and the highway
- along the railways
- near the village houses.
Snowberry as a hedge photo
Also, this plant is perfect for other purposes of landscape designers and gardeners:
- to create inscriptions from plants on the lawn,
- used as a ground cover under large trees,
- dwarf varieties are good for rock gardens,
- to combat the shedding of soil on the slopes,
- as a maintenance-free decorative spot on the lawn (single or group planting),
- for decorative fences: - monophonic, for example, mixed with a white rose, - contrasting - with a red,
- also late autumn contrast is created by a snowberry and a mountain ash planted nearby,
- The elegant snowberry looks beautiful against the background of conifers, especially in the fall, when its leaves are orange,
- It is useful for gardeners to know that the snowberry is an exceptional honey plant.
Pink snowberry in landscape design photo Growing snowberry
There can be a lot of solutions, go ahead and have fun!
Planting and care for snowdrop (in short)
- Landing: spring and autumn.
- Bloom: from July or August.
- Lighting: bright light or partial shade.
- The soil: any, including stony and calcareous.
- Watering: only in drought, in the evening, at a rate of 1.5-2 buckets of water under each bush.
- Top dressing: in early spring, 5-6 kg of humus or compost, 100 g of potassium salt and the same amount of superphosphate are introduced into the basal area. In the middle of summer, if necessary, the bush is fed with a solution of 50 g Agricola in 10 liters of water.
- Trimming: in early spring, before the start of sap flow, sanitary and formative pruning is carried out.
- Reproduction: root growth, division of the bush, layering, cuttings, at least - seeds.
- Pests: do not hit.
- Diseases: powdery mildew and gray rot of fruit.
- Properties: the plant is poisonous.
Shrub Snowberry Description
The snowberry bush grows to a height of 20 cm to 3 m. It has rounded, full-length, opposite short-stem leaves from one to one and a half centimeters long, with one or two lobes at the base. Flexible branches in winter do not break under the weight of snow. Flowers of the correct form, greenish-white, red or pink coloring are collected on 5-15 pieces in axillary or final racemose inflorescences. Snowflake bloom begins in July or August. The fruit of the snowy collar is an ellipsoidal or spherical juicy stone-tree with a diameter of 1-2 cm of red, black and purple, but most often white in color with oval stones compressed laterally. The flesh of white fruit resembles sparkling grainy snow. The fruit of the snowberry is inedible. The plant is a honey plant.
In ornamental horticulture, the snowberry has become most popular white, or brushy, due to its gas and smoke resistance, and the hedge from the snowberry wall most often attracts the eye. The snowberry flower with pink fruits feels uncomfortable in a cool climate, it prefers warm winters and black soil.
When to plant snowberry in the ground.
One of the main advantages of the shrub, besides decoration, is its unpretentiousness. It can grow both in bright sun and in partial shade, both in wet soil and in dry. If you plant a snowberry on a crumbling slope, its thick rhizomes will stop erosion and crumbling of the soil. Planting snowberry in the open ground is made in the spring and autumn, but whenever you become engaged in it, the ground on the site must be prepared in advance.
How to plant a snowberry.
If you are going to plant a hedge, choose for this purpose two-four-year-old saplings of snowberry. Stretch twine along the line of the intended hedge and dig a trench about 40 wide and 60 cm deep along it. 4-5 bushes are planted in one linear meter of the trench. When solo or group planting bushes have at a distance of 120-150 cm from each other. The size of the pit in this case should be 65x65 cm.
Pit or trench dig in advance: for the autumn planting - for the month for the spring - in the fall. Pretreatment is especially important if there is loamy or clay soil in the area — the soil in the pit should settle before planting. A layer of crushed stone and fertile soil mixture prepared from river coarse sand, peat and humus or compost is added to the pit with 200 g of dolomite flour, 600 g of wood ash and 200 g of superphosphate added to each plant. Planting snowberry is carried out in such a way that after trampling the soil in the tree circle, watering and settling the soil in the pit, its root collar is level with the surface of the site, but half an hour before placing the plant in the pit, it is desirable to dip its roots in a clay mash. The seedling is watered daily for the first 4-5 days.
How to grow a snowberry.
Due to the absolute unpretentiousness of the snowberry, you could not care for them at all, but if you give him a minimum of time and attention, he will reward you for this with well-groomed and luxurious beauty. Care for the snow bug consists in mulching the tree circle immediately after planting with a layer of peat 5 cm thick, loosening the soil to a depth of 8-10 cm, removing weeds, feeding, pruning, watering and protecting against insects and pests, if necessary. Watering the snowberry is carried out only in a dry season - under each bush in the evening poured a half or two buckets of water. If the summer is relatively wet, then it is not necessary to water the snowberry at all. It is more convenient to weed and loosen the soil in the wheel lap after rain or watering. In autumn, the ground around the snowdrop is dug up.
In the spring, 5-6 kg of compost or humus, 100 g of superphosphate and the same amount of potassium salt are added to the tree near the trunk. The second time the snowdrop bush, if necessary, is fed in the middle of the season with a solution of 50 g Agricola in 10 liters of water.
Transplantation of snowberry in the garden.
If for some reason you decide to transplant the snowberry, do it as quickly as possible, until the bush has built up a powerful root system. It transplants the plant easily, but it is carried out in the same manner and at the same time as the initial planting. The main thing in this process is to properly dig up a bush, causing as little damage to its roots as possible. The fact is that the radius of the nutritional area of an adult bush of the snowyberry is from 70 to 100 cm, that is, to dig it without unfortunate consequences for health, you need to dig it in a circle at a distance of at least 70 cm from the bush.
Pruning snowberry transfers easily. The best time to trim the crown is early spring before the start of sap flow. Удаляют все поломанные, сухие, подмерзшие, загущающие, слишком старые и поврежденные болезнью или вредителями ветки, а здоровые укорачивают на половину или хотя бы на четверть. Не бойтесь обрезать куст – цветочные почки у снежноягодника закладываются на побегах текущего года, а после обрезки кустарник легко восстанавливается.Sections on branches thicker than 7 mm must be treated with garden pitch. On bushes older than eight years, leaves and flowers are formed small, shoots are weak and short. If you have noticed this, then it is time to carry out a rejuvenating pruning “on a stump” at a height of 50-60 cm. During the summer, young strong shoots are formed from dormant buds on the remains of branches.
Snow Pest and Diseases.
The snowberry is very resistant to diseases and pests, and most likely they bypass it because the snowberry is poisonous. It is extremely rare, but still affects the plant powdery mildew and gray rot of the fruit. To prevent the infection of the snowberry with these fungal infections, in early spring, before the buds swell, the bushes are treated with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquids. If you have not done the treatment and the plant is sick, spray the bush with one of the modern fungicides - Tiovit Jet, Fundazole, Topaz, Fast, Quadrice, Topsin or some other preparation from this series.
The division of the bush snowberry.
In early spring, before the start of sap flow, or in the autumn after leaf fall, the overgrown snowdrop bush is dug up, divided into parts and planted delenki in the same way as the seedlings during the initial planting. Each part should have well developed roots and strong young branches. And do not forget, after dividing the bush, to cut sections on the roots with crushed coal.
Breeding snowdrop layering.
In early spring, push down a low-growing young branch, place it in a pre-made groove in the soil, fix it in that position and cover it with soil, leaving the top above the ground surface. All summer take care of the cuttings: water with the bush, fertilize, loosen the soil around it. In the fall, the rooted cuttings are separated by shears from the mother plant and transplanted to a permanent place.
Reproduction snowflood cuttings.
You can propagate the snowberry by green and lignified cuttings. Lignified segments 10-20 cm long with 3-5 buds are harvested in late autumn or early winter and stored until spring in the basement, placed in the sand. Cut off the top edge of the need above the kidney, and the lower obliquely.
Green cuttings are harvested in the early morning, in the beginning of summer, as soon as the flowering of the snowberry grows out. It is necessary to cut off large, well developed and matured shoots. It is very easy to determine whether the shoot has ripened enough for propagation by cutting, it is bent, and if the shoot breaks with a crunch, it confirms its maturity. After cutting, the cuttings are immediately placed in a container with water.
Green or lignified cuttings are planted in boxes with a substrate of the same composition as for seed propagation. Depth of landing no more than 5 mm. A box with cuttings is placed in a greenhouse or greenhouse and rooted in conditions of high humidity and moderate humidity of the substrate. By the autumn, the cuttings will acquire a stable root system, and they are transplanted into the ground, covering for the winter with leaves and spruce branches.
More simple methods - vegetative, they are common among gardeners:
In addition to the high decoration, snowberry will please you with unpretentious care. This shrub is completely picky about the composition of the soil on the site, but, like many plants, will develop better on loose fertile soil. Therefore, at the planting stage, it makes sense to work a little and properly prepare the soil in the chosen area. But you can select absolutely any place for planting the snow bug, both sunny and shaded.
Snowberry - unpretentious plant. Photo from botanichka.ru
Saplings of this culture are sold today in almost every garden center. They can be planted in open ground both in spring and autumn, for this purpose it is better to choose bushes not younger than two years. During spring planting, the pit needs to be prepared in autumn, and if an autumn planting is planned, the procedure is carried out at least one month before planting.
Saplings of snowberry in the nursery. Photos from klemmsgartenmarkt.de
If you want to create a hedge from a snowy fence, you need to dig a trench 0.4 m wide and 0.5-0.6 m deep throughout the planned plot. 4-5 seedlings will be planted for each running meter. With a single planting a pit under a bush is prepared with a size of 0.6 x 0.6 m and placed no closer than 1.2-1.4 m from other plantations.
In a trench or pit, you must first lay a layer of broken brick or expanded clay for drainage, if the soil in the area is heavy clay. Then pour the mixture composed of equal parts of humus, peat and coarse sand. In addition, you need to add 200 g of superphosphate, 100 g of potassium sulfate and 0.5-0.6 kg of wood ash (during trench planting such fertilizers are applied for each seedling).
The hedgehog of their snowberry. Photo from baumschule-horstmann.de The snowberry needs to be planted after the contents of the planting pit have settled. This will avoid the penetration of the root neck of the plant. A new green guest is placed at the same level at which he grew up before, and then plentifully watered and mulched.
On our site you can visit the market, where you can find offers for the sale of snowberry seedlings of different varieties, as well as other ornamental and fruit bushes.
Freshly planted plants must be watered daily during the first week. And the bushes that have taken root in and mastered the new conditions will no longer require such reverent care. If summer is issued hot, they need to be given 1.5-2 buckets of water 1-2 times a week. If it rains regularly, you can forget about watering at all.
Snowberry - drought-resistant plant Snowberry gratefully will react to additional feeding. To do this, in the spring, it makes sense to add half a bucket of humus to the trunk circle of a bush; in the summer months, feed it once with a solution of any complex mineral preparation, and close to the autumn, put 100 g of superphosphate and 50-70 g of potassium sulfate into the soil. With this approach, the shrub will actively develop and annually produce a large number of beautiful fruits.
To increase the comfort of the existence of a plant in your garden, you need to regularly loosen the soil in its circle, remove weeds and dig up the soil under bushes to a depth of 8-10 cm in the fall. This culture does not require protection from diseases and pests. Extremely rarely, it is affected by powdery mildew or gray rot of the fruit - it is easy to cure them with approved fungicides (Topaz, Skor, Kvadris, etc.).
The snowberry is resistant to diseases and pests. Photo from gardenofeaden.blogspot.ru The white snow bug withstands the harsh winters and is experiencing a decrease in temperature to -35 ° C without any problems, so it will not require you to build any additional shelter. But even if the plant is damaged by frost, in the spring it will easily recover and will give a good growth of young twigs.
Snowberry in the winter The snowberry is incredibly easy to tolerate the pruning pruning, so without fear, grab the shears and cut off unnecessary shoots. This procedure is best done in early spring before bud break. At this time, you need not only to form a beautiful crown, but also to cut out all the frozen and dried and thickening shoots.
After eight years of age, the snowdrop may require anti-aging pruning - old bushes are less actively increasing their annual shoots and therefore often lose their former crown thickness. The plant needs to be stimulated by cardinal measures, that is, cut off all its ground part to a height of 0.5-0.6 m, leaving some well-developed shoots.
Snezhnogododnik easily tolerates a haircut. After the procedure, all cuts with a diameter of more than 0.6-0.7 cm are covered with garden pitch. This pruning helps to wake dormant buds on the left stumps, which will soon give powerful shoots and allow you to create a new lush crown of the bush.
Watering snow bushes should be quite abundant and best in the evening, when the sunlight is not so much "fries". The rate of irrigation of mature plants is considered to be about 20 liters of water per 1 m². If the plot is equipped with an automatic irrigation system, then you should choose drip irrigation, because when the rotors are poured mostly foliage, and not the root system. And also do not forget to periodically feed the plants with various mineral fertilizers that contribute to rapid growth and a brighter appearance.
Pruning shrubs should be in early spring, while the buds have not yet blossomed. During this period, shoots should be shortened by either 1⁄2 or 1⁄4 part. In the process of pruning, you must be very careful not to "chick" too much, because some may be formed kidneys.
From time to time, an adult plant needs sanitary pruning. Too thickened, old, broken and dried branches should be removed, and the cut itself should be smeared with boil. Do not be afraid to cut off the excess, because the crown will get more oxygen, young shoots more nutrients, and the bush itself quickly enough to recover.
Ornamental shrubs that have reached 7-10 years old, characterized by short shoots and rather small leaves and flowers, need rejuvenating pruning. At a height of about 50 cm, the branches should be completely cut off, and old or damaged ones should be removed altogether. In just one season, sleeping buds will give life to young sprouts.
Read more. Pruning ornamental shrubs.
Video "Unpretentious plants for the garden - snowberry"
The bush is very resistant to damage from various pests or diseases.
The main danger lies in the appearance and development of gray rot on the fruit or powdery mildew, which is a consequence of the overmoistening of the snowberry. A solution of calcined salt, to which you should add a little laundry soap, will perfectly help in the fight against such diseases.
As prevention, dendrologists recommend using 3% Bord fluid, which is sold in gardening stores.
Root growth, on which the snowberry is so rich, is not only capable of producing another plant, but also helps to save the shrub from strong thickening. It is precisely because of its dense and large curtains that the bush from time to time expands independently and “moves” around the backyard territory. Planting should be transplanted in early spring or in the autumn months.
The height of the snow bug can vary from 0.2 to 3 meters. Its entire edge-opposite leaf plates have a rounded shape and a short petiole, they reach 10–15 mm in length, with 1 or 2 blades at the base. The branches in winter do not break under the weight of snow, as they are very flexible. The final or axillary racemes of the cyst form consist of 5-15 pieces of regular flowers of red, white-green or pink color. This shrub blooms in July or August. The fruit is a juicy drupe of spherical or ellipsoidal shape that reaches 10–20 mm in diameter. The fruit can be painted in violet-black, red, but often white, inside the oval bone, compressed laterally. The flesh of these berries looks like shiny, granular snow. These berries can not be eaten. This shrub is a good honey plant.
The snowberry white (brush) is very popular among gardeners, as it is highly resistant to gas and smoke. Particularly impressive is the hedge from such a bush. This plant with pink berries prefers to grow in regions with mild winters and black soil, while in cool climates it develops worse.
What time to land
Snowberry is distinguished by its unpretentiousness. For its cultivation suitable shaded or well-lit place with dry or wet soil. If you plant this shrub on a crumbling slope, then it is able to stop further destruction and erosion, thanks to its dense root system. It can be planted in open soil in autumn or spring, and it must be remembered that the soil on the site should be prepared in advance.
In that case, if you want to create a hedge, then for this you will need seedlings that are 2-4 years old. It is necessary to stretch the twine along the line of the intended hedge and already along it it is necessary to dig a trench with a depth of 0.6 m and a width of 0.4 m. 4 or 5 seedlings should be planted per 1 meter of trench. You can also plant a shrub solo or create a group planting, while keeping a distance of 1.2 to 1.5 m between the plants. With such a fit, the size of the planting pit is 0.65x0.65 m.
The landing pit or trench should be made in advance. If the landing is carried out in the fall, then it will be necessary to prepare a place for landing 4 weeks before the landing day. For landing in the spring, the site is prepared in the autumn. If the soil at the site is clay or loamy, then special attention should be paid to the preparation of the landing site, the fact is that before the day of the landing, the ground in the pit should settle. A layer of rubble should be laid on the bottom of the pit, and a nutritious earth mixture consisting of peat, river coarse sand and compost (humus) is poured onto it, while fertilizer should be added to it, so 0.6 kg of wood ash is taken for 1 bush , 2 kg of dolomite flour and the same amount of superphosphate. It is necessary to plant a seedling so that after compaction of the soil and its subsidence after abundant watering the root neck of the plant is at the level of the soil surface. However, before proceeding with the direct disembarkation, the seedling itself should be prepared; for this, its root system is immersed in a clay mash for 30 minutes. Planted plants during the first 4 or 5 days should be ensured everyday watering.
Diseases and pests
This plant is highly resistant to diseases and pests. And this is most likely due to the fact that this plant is poisonous. Very rarely, this shrub can powdery mildew, and sometimes rot appears on the berries. As a preventive measure, in early spring, before the buds swell, it is necessary to treat the bushes with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (3%). In order to cure an infected plant, it should be treated with a fungicide, for example: Fundazol, Fast, Topsin, Titovit Jet, Topaz, Quadrice, etc.
How to grow from seed
Growing a snowberry from seeds is quite a laborious and lengthy process. But if you want you can try. First you need to make a separation of the seeds from the pulp of the berries, then they are folded into a nylon stocking and squeezed well. After that, the seeds must be poured into a not very large container filled with water. The mixture is thoroughly mixed. Then you have to wait until the seeds settle to the bottom, with the pieces of pulp should float. Remove the seeds and wait for them to dry properly.
Seeds are sown before winter. This should not be done in open soil, as small seeds in springtime can come off along with snow cover. For sowing, you should use boxes that need to be filled with a nutrient substrate consisting of peat, river sand and humus, which must be taken in a 1: 1: 1 ratio. Seeds need to be spread over the surface of the substrate, and then sprinkle with a thin layer of sand. Capacity must be covered with glass. In order not to wash the seeds, watering should be done through a pan or with a fine spray. Seedlings can be seen in the spring. It will be possible to pick the seedlings directly into the open ground at the end of the season.
How to propagate root shoots
Near the shrub grows a lot of root offspring, they create large and fairly dense curtains. Therefore, this plant is able to actively grow and move from the seat. Dig the curtain you like and plant it in a permanent place. By the way, this will help prevent thickening of the bush.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division of the bush can be done at the beginning of spring, before the sap flow begins or in the autumn, when the leaf fall ends. To do this, choose overgrown shrub, it is dug out and divided into several parts. Then delenki planted on new permanent seats, following the same rules that are used during the initial landing. Attention should be paid to the fact that each delenka should have strong developed roots and young healthy branches. In delenok, it is also necessary to process the cutting sites on the root system with crushed charcoal.
How to propagate by layering
At the very beginning of spring, you need to choose a young branch that grows close to the ground surface. It is placed in a groove dug in the ground and fixed in this position, and then covered with a layer of earth, while the tip of the layer should not be filled. During the season, it is necessary to take care of the cuttings, as well as the bushes themselves, namely: water, feed and loosen the soil surface. By autumn, the layering will have to give roots, it is cut off from the parent bush with shears and planted in a permanent place.