Palma Zicas is an ornamental plant widely used in landscaping.
Thick beautiful trunkresembling the shell of an ancient animal, gives the plant a flavor and attractive appearance.
Settle Tsikas in his apartment, and he will become her worthy decoration.
Further in the article we will talk more about the plant Tsikas: home care, photos of popular varieties, diseases and more.
Want to make your interior more exotic and unusual? Want to attract the attention of guests for a long time? Then Tsikas is a plant for you. Cycas considered one of the oldest plants on earth. They appeared in the Mesozoic era, and from Greek their name translates as “palm tree”.
Natural habitat This plant species is all Asian countries, Australia and a number of Pacific islands.
But now they are successfully divorced at home.
Cycass or Cycas is a small plant that looks like a palm tree. Trunk it is covered with thick bark and resembles shell. It consists of leaf stalks, which had previously died off. The core and seeds of this plant are almost 45% starch.
At the top of the trunk plume grow plume leavesrather large - up to 2-3 meters long, they appear once a year. Cycad leaves have 2 distinctive features: being in an embryonic state, they are folded up snail-like, and always have one powerful nonbranching vein.
Unusual plant with leathery leaves. It grows to 7-9 meters in tropical parks and gardens. Dumps old leaves when new ones grow. A special feature is the ability of seeds to float, which is also the reason for their spread everywhere.
A small plant, up to 2 meters, with a miniature crown and a thick trunk. The leaves are dark green. In nature, grow individually or in small groups. The top of the trunk crowned sporofilla with bright red ovules.
Habitat - Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia. These are the highest cicasas, up to 13-16 meters in length.
Tsikas revolyuta: photos of this species.
It grows in the savannas of Indochina. The trunk to 2 meters in height, thickened to half. Leaves are pinnate, thorny yellow with thorns.
Widely distributed in coastal forests in Madagascar. It grows up to 10 meters, the top of the plant branching out. Cycadia seeds have a goose-eater size.
It is found in Vietnam. His sheets do not have thorns.
Media or medium.
It grows in the north of Australia. Its seeds have long been the staple food of the local population. But due to the toxicity of the seeds, they needed careful treatment.
A low tree growing in India, Vietnam, Bangladesh. His megasporofilli have the form of a cock comb, for which the tsikas was named just that way.
Features care after purchase
Zicas requires proper and competent care, growing slowly, spreading new leaves once a year.
After the purchase, it is advised to water the plant, and for six months not to replant it into the pot wider.
Cycassus (Cycassus) will enjoy on the windowsill on the sunny side, he loves direct sunlight. Perfect for cicas space at the south-west or southeast window.
Zicas is very selective in the matter of temperature. Summer the average temperature should be 21-25 degrees, in the cold season the temperature should not fall below 10-12 degrees, but not more than 18 degrees Celsius.
It is important to know that if in winter the cicasu is not cool enough, then it may lose part of the leaves.
The humidity of the air in the room where the cycad grows must be very high.
Also, any measures are welcome. I increase the humidity - wiping leaves with a damp cloth, spraying with separated soft water and using a “double pallet”.
How to water? Zikas loves moderate watering.
Water for irrigation take warm, watered 2-3 times a week.
Rest period - from November to early March. At this time, it is worthwhile to reduce watering to a minimum and keep the cycad in a cool place.
He likes cycads and take a “warm shower”, the main thing is to avoid wetting the earth in a pot.
Graft and ground
Transplanted young stock once a year.
For adults You can simply update the top layer of the earth, but if the roots of the plant have occupied the entire inner space of the pot, then you can transplant.
Cicasas are planted in turf, peat and leafy ground or acquire ready-made soil for palm trees. Be sure to put clay on the bottom of the pot.
And here is a video about how to properly transplant Tsikas.
This video describes how to save Zicas grown under the wrong conditions.
How is breeding done at home? It is possible to propagate cicas flowers under room conditions by separating the shoots in the form of bulbs (children) from the stem of the plant. Place the cut sprinkled with activated charcoal and dried for 2-3 days. The shoot is planted in the soil, and until the roots appear, they are watered slightly.
Another video that tells you how to care for Tsikasu.
Diseases and pests
Why do cicas turn yellow leaves? What to do? Zicas in room conditions in need of proper care.
Abundant watering and low temperature lead to decay of the roots, the leaves dry and die. Also, the leaves may turn yellow from insufficient watering.
BUT overly dry air and lack of minerals lead to stains on the leaves. Avoid direct sunlight, they cause burns to foliage.
The main diseases that are affected by the cycad are shchitovok and thrips. These parasites damage the leaves and the stem of the plant, spots appear and the leaves die off.
Clean pests a cloth with a soap solution or special preparations such as "Karbofos" or "Aktellik".
A bit of history ...
Sagovnikovye is a family of gymnospermous plants. The ancestors of cycads are among the most ancient representatives of flora on our planet. There were cycads from ferns. This is reflected in their appearance. Today, scientists have managed to record about one hundred and thirty species of plants, united by ten genera. In the flower supermarkets of our country most often you can find the genus Tsikas.
Basic information about the flower Tsikas
The name of the flower has Greek roots and translated as "palm". However, as we have already learned, Tsikas and palm trees have nothing in common. However, in horticulture, this plant is called both Cycadite, and sago palm (solely due to external similarity). The plant is characterized by wide, long leaves of a very exotic form. In wildlife, individual species of cycads can reach from two to five meters in length. At home, plant height varies from thirty to eighty centimeters. For the year the plant adds no more than three centimeters. This allows us to conclude about its longevity. In nature, the tsikas can exist for a century.
The plant blossoms at home very rarely. The main reason is the inability to create ideal conditions for its development. Therefore, you can only watch the seductive flowering of Sagovnikov representatives in the greenhouse.
What you need to remember! Zicas grows very slowly. The plant adds to growth no more than 3 centimeters per year. Therefore, the consequences of improper care of the sago palm will not be immediately visible. And then it will be almost impossible to fix them.
The choice of location in the apartment or private house
The first thing that growers face when they bring a pot of cicasum home is choosing a place for a plant. Cycad does not like cramped, its leaves need space. Especially as the plant grows, it will take up more and more space. It should be ensured that other plants or furniture do not obscure the sunlight.
Zikas loves sunshine very much. However, you should not expose the indoor plant in the south side. Direct sunlight has a negative effect on the development of cycad, and can cause a reduction in its life, fading and other unpleasant moments. Therefore, the optimal location for cicas is a well-lit room with diffused light. If you put the cycad in the penumbra, it will grow very slowly. And the rate of its natural growth and so does not have high rates.
An ideal place for cicas: in proximity to the windows facing south-east or south-west. It should regularly turn the flower so that all the leaves are evenly illuminated by sunlight.
In the summer, in the hot afternoon heat, the plant is better to pritenyat. In the cold season, the light-loving cycad can lack sunshine. It is necessary to produce additional lighting of the plant with the help of special fitolamps or ordinary fluorescent (or energy-saving lamps).
If the plant breeder does not have the opportunity to purchase a phytolamp, then it is worthwhile to install a 36 W gas-source light source in the immediate vicinity of the cycling arrays. Also suitable energy-saving lamps with a capacity of 40-65 watts. The duration of the daily lighting is at least 12-14 hours.
If the tsikas experience a severe lack of sunlight, it will simply cease to grow. Stop development will continue for several years. In order to avoid the onset of adverse effects, many plant growers in the summer try to bring the cycad to the street.
The content of the article:
Little about the plant
When looking at this plant, associations with a palm tree, pineapple and fern involuntarily arise. But to the palm, and even more so to the bromeliad, tsikas has nothing to do. It belongs to the family of sago jugs. One of its names sounds like - "Cycas" or "Cycadite". It grows very slowly and at home can grow to a height of one and a half meters. At the same time, cicasas rarely exceed a half-meter length. Although it is growing for a long time, its life span is impressive. Under proper growing conditions, he is able to grow for decades and survive more than one generation of his owners! A young plant usually gives one - two leafy plates a year (it happens more, but rarely). But keep the leaves of cicas is not one year. After 10 years, this is already a magnificent "palm tree" with 12-15 leaves. In nature, the tsikas conquered a fairly vast territory. It grows in Australia, Madagascar, India and tropical Asia. He found a place for himself in our Caucasus and Crimea. The plant is very, very old. Only ferns, chlorophyts and aspidistra can compete with it in this. Tsikas already grew almost 300 million years ago (260 - 280 million according to various sources). Of all the species of this plant, and there are about 90 of them, they mostly grow in their home conditions “Tsikas drooping”. It is most suitable for home cultivation and has 4 varieties. But there are other types of this plant, quite suitable for indoor flower growing.
Lighting and location
Zicas loves places with good bright lighting. Even direct sunlight will benefit him. An exception may be, perhaps, the burning midday sun in the summer. It is best suited for him placement at the windows of the south orientation. In the warm season, if possible, it is necessary to take out the tsikas to fresh air. In urban areas, suitable balcony or loggia, and for small plants and the open window. But at the same time care should be taken to protect the plant from wind, drafts and heavy rainfall. By the bright light cicas, too, should be taught gradually. If you immediately put it in a sunny place, the plant will receive severe burns.
Watering and humidity
Proper watering and spraying cicasas - the key to successful cultivation. The main reasons leading to the poor state of the plant are associated precisely with improper watering and spraying.
Zicas can not tolerate both dry soil and waterlogged. The frequency of irrigation and the volume of water for irrigation depends mainly on the temperature of the content, air humidity, volume and composition of the earth. If we take the average, then, provided that all other conditions for growing cicasas at home are observed, then the frequency of watering in the warm season should be 1-2 times a week (abundantly), and in winter no more than once in ten days (moderate ). Pay attention to the quality of water for irrigation. It should be clean, soft and warm. After 30 minutes, the water that has drained into the pan must be drained.
Spray cicas should be regular and frequent. In the summer - at least once a day. In winter, if the plant is at normal room temperature, it is advisable to spray twice a day, at a lower temperature less often, depending on the humidity of the surrounding air and the temperature of the content.
With the onset of spring and until the end of summer, the tsikas feed up every two weeks. From the beginning of autumn to the onset of winter (dormant period) - once a month with half the dose of fertilizer. In winter, feeding is stopped. After cicas transplantation, fertilizing begins no earlier than a month later.
For fertilizing, you can use fertilizers for palm or usual full fertilizer for decorative and hardwood indoor plants. It is noticed that tsikas well perceive fertilizers for orchids and cacti.
Until the plant reaches the age of five years, it is necessary to replant it every spring. Older plants are transplanted only as needed. Basically, a transplant will be required if the old capacity has become small. On average, this is once every 5-6 years. For very adult and large plants, you can limit the change of the topsoil.
The cicas root system is delicate and fragile, so it is better not to completely clear the ground from it, but to limit ourselves to transshipment. A new pot for transplanting should be only slightly larger than the previous one. It should be guided by the fact that the distance from the "bump" to the edge of the pot should be approximately 2 - 3 centimeters. Its depth should be sufficient so that at the bottom of the pot you can create a layer of drainage material of at least 2 centimeters.
For the same reason, the land for cicas must be light, must pass water and air well. If you do not want to risk, making it yourself, then choose the land for palm trees. It is fully consistent with these conditions, and in addition, and quite nutritious.
If you want to make it yourself, then the composition of the land for cicas transplantation can be recommended as follows:
Sodland - two parts,
Leafy ground - part,
Coarse sand - part.
As a drainage for young plants, expanded clay can be used. But over time it collapses, therefore for plants, which are transplanted very rarely, the clay will be unsuitable. For an adult cicasas, it is better to use large river pebbles.
Cicasum leaves turned yellow. What to do? If this phenomenon is local in nature and the bottom sheet turns yellow, then it is not scary. This is a completely natural, natural process - the death of the old leaf. If all the leaves begin to turn yellow, starting at the tips, then most likely the ground is too dry, cicasu lacks moisture. But the most common and serious cause of yellowing leaves - rot. It is formed due to the fact that at the top of the stem - the bumps systematically gets and accumulates moisture. In this case, you will need to clean up the damaged area, emergency transplant and plant treatment with a fungicide. Also, the leaves may begin to turn yellow and from insufficient lighting.
Do not grow new leaves. Leaf growth for cicas is normal. But if the appearance of a new leaf has exceeded all imaginable terms, then this is clear evidence of a lack of nutrients. Should be ordered feed according to the recommendations.
Rotting of the lower part of the trunk of cicas. This is also a common problem associated with improper watering. When it occurs, you should immediately remove the plant from the pot, remove all damaged areas, process them with a fungicide, sprinkle with activated carbon powder, air dry and plant in fresh soil. The pot before planting must sterilize or take a new one. Usually after this tsikas loses all the leaves. Do not be afraid. If measures were taken in a timely manner and further care is correct, then new ones will begin to grow.
If in a dormant period cicasa does not provide cool conditions of detention, then it is likely that he can start dropping leaves.
Pests. Subject to all rules for the care of cicasus at home, the attack of pests is unlikely. But you should be wary of thrips and scythes. Particularly dangerous is the shield. With a small amount of it, it is removed manually, but if there are a lot of pests, then spraying the leaves and watering the plant with the solution of Aktara will help.
Types of cicas
Tsikas revolyuta (ticking) compact, and therefore gained special recognition in the circles of gardeners. A small thickened shoot of this species is crowned with a rosette consisting of 10-15 pinnate sheets of dark green color.
Ulitkovy cicas (tsikas curled) has large dimensions in comparison with the previous view. Its foliage from middle to upper part in the region of the central vein is covered with spines.
Cypress Cypress близок к предыдущему виду, произрастает на Мадагаскаре. В естественной среде его высота может достигать 10-ти метров, при этом верхняя часть растения часто разветвляется, а семена — размером с гусиное яйцо!
Сиамский цикас вытягивается на максимальную высоту в 1,8 метров. But the length of its sheet can be 1.2 meters (width - not more than 20 cm).
Cyper Rumph grows in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. For this kind of characteristic, without exaggeration, a huge growth - more than 15 meters.
Cicas sickle It is named so because of the curvature of the foliage, which is also versatile - glossy in front and matte in the back.
Zicas home care
Unlike natural conditions of living at home, the cicus room is limited to a height of 1.5 meters, the maximum length of its leaves is 50 cm. Although it grows slowly, but with proper care it lives for a very, very long time - a few hundred years!
The plant belongs to the category of light-loving, so it should be placed only in the southern part of the apartment, where it will feel great, even in direct sunlight. In the summer, the cycad is placed on the balcony or in the garden, so that the light intensity increases gradually (otherwise, the palm tree can get burned, especially during the noon time). In the place where the tsikas is located, there should be no drafts and powerful winds, being alone in the open air hardens and stimulates its growth.
The optimum temperature for growing in the summer and in the offseason is 20, the humidity level should be high, which is achieved by spraying and washing the dust from the foliage under the shower at least 2 times in 14 days. When performing any type of irrigation, be it spraying, watering, and so on, water should not be allowed to enter the cone, which is recommended to cover with polyethylene so that only the foliage remains open.
Zamia is also a representative of the family of cycloses, has an elegant appearance, which allows it to become a living decoration of the interior. All the necessary recommendations for home care can be found in this article.
Watering requirements are no less. As in the case of saturation of the earth with moisture, and in the conditions of its drying, cicasus is threatened with death. Thus, the frequency of watering should be adhered to once every 7 days during the summer.
Water should be slightly heated and separated for at least 12 hours. The intensity of irrigation in the spring-summer period should be calculated on the basis of the fact that the soil should dry out slightly before the next procedure.
It is important to maintain the humidity of the earth coma throughout the volume, and the excess liquid should flow into the pan, from where they are drained 20-30 minutes after watering. If the air temperature rises by 20, it is necessary to cover the pallet moistened with gravel.
The soil should be good to pass water, to be neutral or slightly acidic. Planting is usually carried out in the palm soil mixture, which can be purchased at a flower shop. And in order to make the substrate itself, you need to mix 2 parts of sod land with leaf earth, humus, peat and sand (all in 1 st part). Plus, on the drainage layer will need small stones or ceramic shards.
Before putting the tusk into the prepared mixture, it is necessary to disinfect it, not once spilling boiled water on it or keeping it for 15–20 minutes in an oven heated to a temperature of 200. So you can significantly reduce the likelihood of damage to certain diseases, which will be discussed later.
Tsikas home transplant
Cicas transplantation up to 5 years of age should be performed every year in spring, then every 3-4 years with the annual replacement of topsoil.
When transplanting this plant, it is important not to flick or wash the root system, and also to maintain such a depth of planting that the bump is located on the ground surface. As the substrate fit the above mixture, do not forget about the drainage layer.
Cicasa needs to pick up such a pot so that its dimensions are not so large that the excess soil unoccupied by the roots will become an accumulation of soured earth, and it is necessary to change it during transplantation only if there is really little space in it.
For a start, the vessel is quite suitable for a couple of centimeters larger in diameter compared to the diameter of the plant stem and a depth of 2-2.5 times the diameter (for example, with a diameter of 20 cm, the depth is 40-50 cm).
From the middle of spring to the end of summer, that is, at the growth stage, the cyclic palm must be fed twice in 30 days. For these purposes, palm fertilizer, traditional complex fertilizer for houseplants (without calcium and magnesium salts) and organic matter in the form of dry cow manure are used.
When autumn comes, the frequency and concentration of fertilizing should be reduced to 1 time in 30 days and half, respectively. The plant also responds well to orchid and cactus fertilizers. Before you apply fertilizer, you need to moisten the soil, otherwise the roots can burn. It is impossible to fertilize the diseased cycas, in the winter, right after the transplant, with a lack of lighting and low temperature.
Zicas - is one of those plants, which bloom at home occurs very rarely. If this phenomenon miraculously occurred when grown in a pot, in female specimens (tsikas - dvomnik) in the upper part of the trunk in cones the formation of large orange seeds with a length of 3-5 cm is observed.
However, it is unlikely that they will be used for breeding purposes, as this requires greenhouse conditions and specialist experience.
Formation for a cyclot is an empty sound, but most likely it is necessary to carry out pruning (purely for sanitary purposes). It includes only the removal of old dead leaves and damaged leaf plates.
Any such actions are performed in gloves, as the tsikas contain poison. Moreover, the admission of animals and children to it should be strictly limited.
Zicas in winter
In winter, a period of rest for cicasum. A suitable temperature for this time is 15 ℃ (not less), and it is optimal to maintain a higher temperature of the soil than the surrounding.
The plant likes to be in the winter with close sources of heating and additional lighting with special fitolamps. The second line the length of the day, which should not be less than 12-14 hours.
Watering at this time should be no more than 1 time in 10 days, the soil in between watering should dry one third. The amount of moisture needed by the plant varies depending on temperature and lighting, and therefore, with the approach of spring, water supply should be gradually increased, just as it decreased before winter.
Zicas breeding at home
Of the 2 existing methods of reproduction of cicasus in the room environment - seed and children - it is advisable to use vegetative, since independent cultivation of seeds is a very difficult task. On the contrary, children multiply this plant, in principle, the power of each.
Tsikasy give on their trunks young stems resembling bulbs. These shoots in the second half of winter or in early spring should be carefully cut off (it is better to choose those whose diameter is equal to or greater than 3 cm), process them in fungicide and dry them within 24 hours. After that, the children are ready to land in the peat-sand mixture, where they will root for 6-9 months in conditions of moderate watering.
Before starting the procedure of separating the stems from the stem, it is necessary to clean the first ones from the mud clusters, and to make the separation itself using a disinfected chisel, trying not to cause any harm to the parent plant. After cutting, the wound of an adult plant is treated with paraffin, garden pitch or covered with fungicide, and until healing takes place, water it with great care, protecting the cut-off area from water ingress.
The processes also do not interfere with the processing in the growth promoter. Young specimens exhibit better rooting in conditions of high humidity, partial shade and at a temperature of 28-30. As soon as the children take root, they are transplanted into a standard soil mixture.
Features of the plant
Cicas is often called the sago palm, paying tribute to its appearance. A sufficiently powerful trunk with a diameter of up to 20–80 cm and a height of 2–7 m, topped with a shock of carved leaves (up to 60 or more), is quite consistent with this.
But if you look at how the leaves of cicasus are born, produced and opened, you get the overall impression that we are dealing with a fern.
The plant has nothing to do with palm trees and ferns! Choosing a tsikas for keeping in room conditions, you should remember the following:
- Cycad grows very slowly, giving one corolla of leaves per year (1–2 leaf blades, rarely up to 5 pieces).
- Difficult enough to reproduce (sparse shoots or purchased seeds).
Thin and symmetrical leaves of the plant are attached to the central axis. First, the central axis is ejected and unfolded, and then the leaves themselves. This is quite a long and interesting process.
The leaves are held for a long time, for years, so over time, the cicasal bush becomes more and more magnificent. At home, for 10–15 years, the plant may have up to 15 green leaves in the outlet.
The height of the bush will be 1–1.5 m, while the plant does not develop a pronounced long stem (as in natural conditions). The trunk of cicas is called caudex. Sometimes it is called a "cone", but this is wrong, since cones are formed in the center of the leaf rosettes when the plant propagates.
As a houseplant, only one species is usually grown - a drooping or turned-away cicas (Cycas revoluta), as well as 4 of its varieties.
Varieties of cicasus: revolyuta and its descendants
There are about 90 varieties of sago palm tree. However, at home, there is usually only a drooping ticus (revolute), which is due to its optimal dimensions for the interior (maximum plant height up to 1.8 m). Based on this type, 4 varieties were created, which are also suitable for home maintenance.
Preparation of the necessary soil
When preparing the soil for cicas by yourself, the following ingredients should be taken:
All components must be used in equal proportions.
If you use a purchased substrate, you should take the soil for palm trees. That is, the soil should be light, but rich in organic nutrients, with a minimum amount of mineral additives. At the same time, the substrate must have good moisture permeability to avoid stagnation of water. With the same purpose, good drainage is required at the bottom of the pot. For him, you can use large pebbles.
Transplant (after purchase and not only)
Zicas grows very slowly, so frequent transplants are not required. An adult plant is transplanted in the spring of 1 time in 5-6 years, when the pot becomes very small. If the capacity has become small for a young plant, then it should be transplanted.
The diameter of a new pot should be 2–3 cm larger than the caudex value. It is preferable to take a low tank.
Since the root system of the cycad is quite fragile, it is best to transfer the plant, that is, to move the whole earthen ball with the roots into a new pot without destroying it.
- Rinse new pot of the required size with running water and dry it.
- Place a drainage (a layer of washed large pebbles) 3-4 cm high at the bottom of the pot.
- Sprinkle drainage with new soil.
- Before transplant, trim 1/3 of the leaves (mostly the lower ones, the oldest).
- Places slices sprinkle with charcoal.
- Taking the plant for caudex, carefully pull it out of the old pot, if possible without disturbing the earthen ball with the roots.
Important! Cicas roots are very fragile and brittle. In places of damage, they may begin to rot, so when transplanting or transferring, it is necessary to transfer the plant very carefully from pot to pot.
When buying plants, it should be remembered that plants imported from other countries, as a rule, are in a special transport substrate. Therefore, the cyclic plant should be immediately transplanted into the suitable soil after purchase, since it will not receive good nutrition in the substrate. This should be done in the same way as described above.
Table: Difficulties in the Care of the Saga Palm - Causes and Solutions
- Providing moderate watering,
- use of a pot with drainage holes
- removal of excess moisture from the pallet.
- Good drainage during planting,
- adding charcoal, sand or perlite to the soil,
- removal when planting rotten roots.
- Increased humidity
- Additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.
How to germinate tsikas seed
It is almost impossible to get seeds at home, since the cycad of the house does not bloom. Therefore, the option of growing cicas from seeds is possible only if they are purchased in a specialty store. Features germination of seeds:
- Before planting, seeds are soaked in warm water (+ 24–26 ° C) for 24 hours.
Important! When cracking seeds can not touch or remove the shell, "helping" to sprout. They contain all the necessary nutrients for new plants.
How to grow cycad from shoots
When cicasus creates comfortable growing conditions, shoots may appear on the trunk (caudex). The germination sequence of the side processes of cicasus:
- The lateral process is cut off with a knife from caudex, trying to inflict minimal injuries to him and the adult plant.
Rooting of a seedling occurs within 6–9 months.
Why is it worth getting a cycad - reviews flower growers
This home palm in a tub will help to create an atmosphere of a warm south in the apartment, in the house, the attribute of which is a palm tree. Compared with the inhabitants of the southern countries, Tsikas is not large, the height of the trunk is 20-25 cm, the leaves are up to 50, and maybe more than a centimeter, but as a home flower it is not at all small. At home we call it “pineapple” because of the great similarity of the stem with this fruit :)). He got into the caring hands of my sister literally extinct, she bought indoor flowers from her aunt in the bazaar and she offered to pick up the poor guy who, if no one takes, she just wanted to throw out. My sister brought him and none of us believed that he would come to life, he looked so sorry. He landed him in the garden on the most sunny place, watered, cut off all the dried twigs and ... Oh! miracle! By the end of the summer, green sprouts appeared on the top of the head. So he grew and gained strength. As soon as the sisters got cold they transplanted into a large pot and on New Year's Eve the children dressed up a fir-tree :)) The lower leaves dry up and die they must be cut off, due to this the stem grows, and from the rosette new leaves-paws grow. The leaves are hard as pine, only flat, with a prickly tip. Vegetatively propagated, that is, it has a “baby” growing on its trunk at the rhizome, it should be carefully cut and planted, and the cut on the parent trunk should be processed. There is a baby on this flower, but I didn’t see him right away and he didn’t get into the frame. He loves light and warm, moderate watering. Here is such a guest from warm countries, thanks to the efforts of her sister, decorates our parental home :).
Daneli, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek
I saw this flower and fell in love! Since it is expensive, then bought it very small. Brought home began to read how to care for him and understand why he is so expensive! My flower is almost completely under the descriptions on the Internet on special flower sites. First of all, I recommend to get the purchased "Pineapple". My couple of days after the purchase began to die, the leaves began to dry. When transplanting found that the roots are twisted at the bottom of the pot in several circles. New leaves are very rare. My flower initially had two leaves, now in general one, but big. I had already sprayed it and rearranged it all over the apartment in search of the best comfortable place for it, to no avail. I bought a special fertilizer, began to feed it hard and, lo and behold, a new leaf appeared, but one of the old ones dried out. Flower, insanely beautiful, but also very whimsical. Here is my handsome for 3 years, the bump does not grow, sheet one, but I sincerely believe that I can still bring it into a divine form. My advice is to buy a small flower for starters, the price is rather big and it will be very disappointing if you put out a large amount, and he will die. And as you figure out how to care for him, then you can take a big one.
Marrmelade, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
My husband and I were presented with a cycad for the wedding before August. Then it had three leaves. Two more leaves grew last spring, to which I was incredibly pleased. But unfortunately, this spring he did not amuse us with new leaves. In principle, it is not surprising, since these fall-winter, due to our economic problems, there was no proper care. Even some leaves turned yellow ... Now they have stopped progressing, but the yellow areas remained. I try to spray regularly. I water as the land dries, I read that I do not tolerate stagnant water at the roots.
A year and a half ago, I also bought a tsikas, well, I really like it. In the book I read that this is one of the slowest-growing flowers, and I prepared to wait for one leaf per year, but what was my surprise when from the middle (and not from the sides, as I thought) a tuber (I’ll call it that) climbed as much sheet. и что самое интересное, они выросли за 2 недели полностью, опережая в размере старые листья вдвое прошлым летом, я его выставляла на свежий воздух на летние месяцы, и я наивная всё жду продолжения чуда в этом году, но пока даже намёка нет, а сами листья за эти полтора года, если и выросли, то только на 2 мм, но я всё равно продолжаю его любить.
Tsikas - an interesting plant that creates a special flavor of indoor garden. Emerald greens and behavioral features give it a mystery and originality. Therefore, it always attracts attention. It's funny to have in your collection a plant whose age is in the hundreds of millions of years.
Planting and care for cicas (in brief)
- Bloom: the plant is grown as a decorative leafy.
- Lighting: bright diffused light or partial shade.
- Temperature: during the growing season - normal for residential premises, in winter - not less than 15 ˚C.
- Watering: moderate in summer, scarce in winter.
- Air humidity: high - 70-80%. Frequent spraying of leaves with water and rubbing with a damp sponge, as well as wrapping the trunk with moist sphagnum moss is recommended.
- Top dressing: in the period of active growth once a month with organic fertilizers that do not contain potassium and magnesium: with a solution of mullein or horse manure. Mineral fertilizers cicasu not suitable.
- Rest period: relative, from late autumn to early spring.
- Transfer: young plants - once every 2-3 years, adults are better not to repot, but annually remove the top layer of the substrate 5 cm thick from the pot and lay fresh soil.
- Breeding: lateral offspring, if any. Seed propagation - for professionals.
- Pests: scythes, aphid, mealybugs, spider mites.
- Diseases: root rot, caudex rot, chlorosis.
Flower Tsikas - description
In appearance, the flower tsikas looks like a palm tree - a tree with a height of two to fifteen meters with a fairly thick trunk. With a three-meter height of the cicasas, its trunk can reach in the girth of a meter thickness. Barrel "chained in shell" of the remnants of dead leaves. Cicasum leaves, pinnate or double pinnate, similar to the leaves of a fern, grow from the top of the trunk. Lives tsikas more than a hundred years. Homemade zicas grows only up to half a meter or up to 80 cm, and in one year it adds no more than three centimeters in height and produces only one row of leaves, first soft and slightly pubescent, bright green, and eventually becoming darker, tough, bare and glossy. The cicasum room flower is more like a bush than a tree, and despite the fact that many consider the plant a palm tree - the name itself comes from the ancient Greek word kykas, which means “palm tree” - it has nothing to do with palm trees, but it is related with ferns. Due to its slow growth, the plant is often grown as bonsai. Tsikas blooms at home very rarely. In female plants at the top of the trunk, large orange-colored seeds form cones, reaching 3 to 5 cm in length, but greenhouse conditions and the efforts of an experienced specialist are required to obtain seeds suitable for breeding.
How to care for cicasas.
Before you grow tsikas, find a place in the apartment that is worthy of this plant, and if you decide to buy an old enough copy, keep in mind that it will take a lot of places. Room tsikas - light-loving plant, but hit on the leaves of the direct sun shortens their life and deprives the attractiveness. The cicas grows in the penumbra, but the lack of lightning slows down the process of the formation of new leaves, and the cicas does not rush to grow without that. The temperature regime, usual for our apartments, is well suited to cicasus, but in winter, the cicas prefers coolness in the winter, but the thermometer should not fall below 15 ºC.
Care for cicis is primarily in properly organized watering plants. In summer, soil moisture in a pot should be moderate, watering is reduced in winter, and the amount of water required for moistening is in direct proportion to the room temperature: the cooler the room, the less water is needed and the less often the water should be watered. For irrigation, use soft settled water at room temperature or a couple degrees warmer. Try to avoid water entering the plant crown. Humidity of air for cicas requires increased - 70-80%, this can be achieved by frequent spraying the leaves with separated water, wrapping the trunk with moist moss and frequent rubbing the leaves with a wet sponge.
Caring for a palm tsikas provides feeding the plant once a month during the period of active growth with organic fertilizers that do not contain magnesium and potassium salts. The best fertilizers for cicasus are mullein or horse manure bred in water. Cicas does not tolerate mineral fertilizers.
Seed propagation of cicas.
You can hardly succeed in growing a tusk from seeds: experts in greenhouses and nurseries are engaged in seed reproduction of this plant, as at home tsisk almost never blooms, and there is no one to pollinate flowering tiskas in apartments. But if you got good seeds, soak them for a day in warm water, then spread them out over the perlite and gently press into it. Germination should occur at a temperature not lower than 25 ºC for two to three months. When the seedling forms a first leaf in a month or two after germination, it is possible to transplant the seed tusk into the soil for an adult plant.
Harmful insects and diseases.
Pests are the most dangerous for cicasas, as they are protected from insecticides by wax. Adults need to be harvested by hand, and the larvae are destroyed by treating the land part of the plant with contact and systemic agents: acephate, carbaryl, pyrethrin, pyriproxyfen or other pyrethroids. The treatment is carried out in the morning or in the evening at a temperature below 30 ºC. Repeated treatments can be carried out at intervals of 5 to 10 days. The crayfish powdery mealybugs, which spread throughout the plant, are affected. Collect the pests with your hands, then treat the whole plant with a preparation containing cypermethrin, not forgetting to moisten the soil in the pot with the compound. If necessary, the treatment can be repeated after five days, the number of sprays - up to four sessions. If the tsikas have occupied aphid, the plant will have to be sprayed with phosphorus drugs 2-3 times at weekly intervals. And the plant mites settled in the ground part of cicas are destroyed by triple treatment at weekly intervals with drugs of acaricidal action.
Of the diseases of cicasus most often have to deal with rot of root and caudex - the lower part of the trunk. Carefully remove the plant from the pot, clean the roots of the substrate, remove all blackened and darkened, as well as soft places with a sharp sterile knife, lower the tsikas for half an hour into the fungicide solution, then sprinkle all the cuts with crushed charcoal and allow the plant to dry for several hours. Then the tsikas should be planted in a fresh, sterilized substrate, after having dipped its roots in a solution, which accelerates the process of root formation. Do not worry if the tusk during rooting sheds all the leaves - it is easier for him to survive. Worse, if the rot hits the trunk from the inside, then the plant will die.
Zicas turns yellow.
Most often in the readers' letters there are complaints that the leaves of cicas are turning yellow. This is a really common problem, which in most cases, fortunately, can be fixed. If you don’t know what to do, if the tsisk turns yellow, start solving the problem by finding out the reason why the tcask turns yellow, and there can be several reasons, as usual:
- micronutrient deficiencies,
- lack of nitrogen in the soil,
- irregular lighting
- root injury.
In the first case, the problem may be due to the fact that you didn’t feed, but it may be due to the fact that the plant is not able to absorb the added feedings due to too low temperature or due to a change in the soil pH value, the reason for which chronic wetting with hard water. Because of this, the roots have ceased to develop. If the fact is that you have not provided the plant with the necessary microelements, the problem will be solved after fertilization, and the next leaves, which appear on the cicasus, will already be without yellowness. If the reason is a chronic violation of the conditions of cicasum, the plant must be transplanted into a new soil, and you have to remember the rules of care. Nitrogen deficiency is eliminated by making supplements containing this element in its composition, but, alas, the old, yellowed leaves no longer turn green.
As for the wrong lighting, here you will also have to refer to the rules of plant maintenance, because each type of cicasas has its own requirements for light, therefore the leaves turn yellow not only when there is a lot of light, but for some species it happens just because light is not enough. Sometimes the cicas leaves turn yellow if you take it out in the spring to a balcony or courtyard without first hardening.
Cicas leaves turn yellow if the plant has not been watered for a long time or, on the contrary, it has been done too often, and also if the roots of cicas are cold or you have applied too concentrated top dressing - the root system gives you a signal about a serious problem with yellowing leaves, and the sooner you see the signal the easier it will be to fix the problem.
If the lower leaves turn yellow and dry in cicasis, this is a natural process, and if the tips of the leaves dry up, then most likely the air in the room is too dry or you have given top dressing in the wrong dosage. Clarify these questions and correct errors. Tsikas - too expensive plant to treat care of it frivolously.
Cicas drooping, or wrapped cicas, or revoluta cicas (Cycas revoluta),
whose birthplace is southern Japan. The trunk of this plant is up to three meters high, columnar, thick - up to one meter in diameter. Leaves are pinnate, up to 2 meters long, their numerous narrowly linear, slightly bent leathery leaves are densely arranged, pubescent at a young age, but eventually darken, become bare and glossy. Cones of male plants narrow-cylindrical, up to 80 cm long and up to 15 cm in diameter, female cones loose, covered with reddish cannon. Seeds are large, orange. This species is most often grown in room culture, and it was precisely the care of the revicue cicasis that was the basis of our article.
Curled cicas, or cicasus (Cycas circinalis = Cycas neocaledonica)
- a plant with a columnar stem up to three meters high and leaves reaching two meters in length, growing several pieces in one bundle, directed upwards in youth, and later arranged horizontally. On the plumose leaves up to 50-60 densely located narrow-lanceolate leaves on each side of the central vein, their length reaches 25 cm and width - 1.5 cm.
Cicas Medium (Cycas media)
It is a palm-shaped tree up to seven meters high with feathery leaves, reaching a length of 180 cm. The leaves are collected in a socket on the top of the trunk. Male cones are small, up to 25 cm long, female look like a bunch of ears. In Northern Australia in the 19th century, the seeds of this cycad were used for food, but they had previously been specially treated for their toxicity.