Triangular spurge - comes from the American and African subtropics, which is often found on the island of Madagascar.
This member of the Euphorbia family belongs to stem succulents and is able to accumulate a large amount of moisture in the tissues. This gives the plant a huge advantage - it can go without water for weeks and feel great about the conditions where other flowers would hardly have survived.
Is triangular euphoria harmful
All members of the family of Euphorbia contain in their stems poisonous juice, dangerous to humans or animals. If it comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes, it can cause irritation, redness, severe burns and even poisoning or even death. If you are going to acquire such a "green pet", it is simply necessary to know about its potential danger.
The composition of the milky juice of milkweed is a substance euforbin, which causes a similar reaction in the body. It ranks first in terms of toxicity among substances of plant origin, but subject to the rules for growing a flower, the risks are minimized. Milkweed juice poisoning can be avoided by taking the following precautions:
- To carry out any work on the care, transplanting or pruning in high rubber gloves,
- Do not allow pets to the plant and small children
- To plant a flower only in a steady pot that cannot turn over,
- Do not put a pot of euphorbia in the kitchen or next to food, drugs.
If poisoning with euphorbia juice still occurs, it is recommended to wash the affected area with water and laundry soap and take an antihistamine. Then you need to consult a doctor who will help in further treatment.
Tripartite spurgeon care at home
Under natural conditions, triangular euphorbia is able to survive in the most poor soil and a small amount of moisture, so this pet definitely does not require complicated self-care. In order for the plant to look healthy and strong, it needs elementary conditions.
- Temperature. The optimal temperature regime, in which the trihedral euphorbia develops well, is considered to be + 18- + 20 degrees, but it can survive even when the temperature drops to + 4- + 5. If it is not possible to rearrange the pot in winter on a warm window-sill, it is recommended to light up the flower and raise the temperature of the soil itself - such measures will help to preserve the succulent. In the warm season, the pot can be taken out on the loggia or balcony, entering into the room after a cold snap,
- Lighting. Triangular euphorbia is a rather light-loving plant that feels good on the southern or eastern windows, but can grow in partial shade. This culture perfectly tolerates exposure to direct sunlight, but it is necessary to accustom the flower to them gradually to prevent the occurrence of burns on fleshy stems,
- Watering. This type of cactus is drought-resistant, therefore, requires moderate watering. Flooding the soil for it is much more dangerous than drying out, so when you moisten the soil in the pot you need small portions. In the heat, watering is carried out no more than 3 times a week, and you should always take into account the state of the substrate, the top layer of which must necessarily dry out. In winter, soil moisture is minimized, especially if the pot is standing in a cool place.,
- Humidity. The triangular cactus is undemanding to air humidity, therefore it maintains the neighborhood with heating devices and heat. However, periodic spraying from a small sprayer will benefit the flower and improve its appearance. If the euphorbia stems are dirty, the plant should be washed or wiped with a damp soft cloth,
- Feeding. During the period of active growing season (spring-summer), spurge needs fertilizers, which are ideal fertilizers for succulents. At home, the compositions are used 1 time in 3-4 weeks, but with the onset of winter, the additional “food” must be stopped. The fertilizer may be liquid or dry, but it is always applied to wet soil or with a watering solution,
- Crop. This procedure helps to maintain the health of the flower, to remove excess shoots and diseased parts, so it is carried out periodically. When the spurge reaches the desired height, its apical shoots are shortened using a sharp knife. Be sure to wear gloves to protect your hands from poisonous juice. Slices need to get wet with a napkin, because they produce milky juice, and also treat with crushed activated charcoal or charcoal to prevent infections and rot.
Features transplant at home
Since young euphorbia develops rather quickly, it is necessary to replace the flower annually. Adult specimens do not grow so intensely, so a pot change is carried out as needed (often 1 time in 3 years). The ideal time for transplantation is spring, when the succulent enters the phase of active growth.
Triangular spurge builds up the surface root system, so the pot for him needs to choose a wide and not too deep. The diameter of the tank should be slightly larger, and at the bottom there must be drainage holes for draining excess water. The flowerpot will approach both ceramic, and plastic.
Succulents require depleted soil for normal development, and spurge is not an exception. Most comfortably it will feel in the ground of the following composition:
- 2 pieces of leafy ground
- 3 parts of clay-sod land
- 2 pieces of sand.
You can also prepare a substrate of sand, turf and peat, mixed in equal amounts.
Transplantation is carried out in several stages:
- Spurge neatly gets from the old pot. If the earthen room is not separated from the walls, you need to knock on the pot.
- The soil is removed from the roots, all dry, damaged or suspicious processes are removed.
- At the bottom of the new pot is laid a layer of drainage (expanded clay, broken red brick or pebbles), which is filled with a small amount of soil.
- The flower is placed in the center of the pot, all voids are filled with fresh substrate. Barrel deepening is not necessary - it should be above the ground level.
- If necessary, spurge is fixed to the support, watered, then the pot is transferred to a bright and warm place.
After rooting, spurge requires the same care that was done before the transplant.
Pests and diseases
Pests very rarely infect triangular euphorbia, which is associated with poisonous milky juice. However, cases of infection with insects still happen - aphids, spider mites or mealybugs settle on the plant. Insecticidal preparations (Actellic, Aktara, Admiral, Iskra) will help in the fight against pests. Their solution is prepared according to the instructions on the packaging. If the infection is not too severe, it is enough to process the spurge with a soap solution (10-15 g per 1 l of water).
Yellow or brown spots on the stems, root rot, rough growths on the bark or loss of leaves affect the spurge in case of improper care or keeping in inappropriate conditions. It is recommended to adjust the mode of dressings, for a while priteny bush, water moderately and only as needed. If the condition of the succulent does not improve, an unscheduled transplant will help.
Moisture and watering triangular cactus
Succulent refers to drought-resistant plants. For him, overflow is more dangerous than drying out. Accordingly, watering should be moderate.
In the summer, it is recommended to water no more than 3 times a week. During the growing season it is necessary for the crop to ensure regular watering and not to wait for the complete drying of the upper layer of the soil.
In winter, watering the plant rarely needs. If the apartment is cool, then reduce watering to a minimum.
Triangular euphorbia not demanding to high humidity. In winter, spurge is not afraid of the neighborhood with heating radiators and heaters. In the summertime, it is recommended to air the room periodically and sometimes to spray the culture. Spraying and a shower give the flower vitality and improve its appearance.
Temperature and lighting
Triangular spurge likes heat and light. It is recommended to put a plant on the southern windows or east. Or near the windows. It is not afraid of direct sunlight, while it is recommended to accustom it to the direct rays of the sun gradually, otherwise burns are likely to occur. In the penumbra culture will also grow.
For active growth, euphorbia trihedral must be placed in the most bright place of the house
The air temperature in summer should be around 25 degrees, in winter it should not fall below 16 degrees.
In the heat of the plant can be carried on the loggias and verandas. However, when the temperature drops, it must be returned to the room.
Soil and fertilizers
Loose and permeable soil - what you need for trihedral euphorbia. Such soil can be purchased in specialized stores. Suitable primer for succulent crops. You can prepare the soil for the plant and do it yourself.
To prepare the soil will require the following components:
All components are taken in equal parts.
Fertilizing is recommended from spring to autumn.. As it is ideal complexes designed for succulent plants. These can be purchased at flower shops. These complexes include all the necessary substances and elements.
Since euphorbia has a shallow root system, one should not choose a tank that is too deep for planting. However, you should take a wide pot.
When transplanting a pot is required to take a pot. somewhat larger than the previous one.
On the bottom of the pot drain holes are required. Also at the bottom of the pot must fit the drainage layer.
A pot without holes is not suitable for triangular milk.
Diseases and pests
Euphorbia is very resistant to various kinds of pests. Because the milky juice simply scares them away. However, there are bold pests that periodically attack the plant.
- Aphid - little green bugs,
- Spider mite - red pest, it can be detected on the web,
- Mealybug - a pest that leaves a whitish bloom on shoots.
You can fight pests by wiping the plant with soapy water. It is also recommended to use insecticidal preparations (Aktellik, Aktara and others).
If you provide the culture with proper care, then you can forget about its diseases. But sometimes the owners of the succulent have to face a number of problems:
- With excessive watering and the stagnation of moisture in the soil is likely to fall off the leaves. It is disastrous for the flower to rot the root system,
- Excessive or inadequate feeding may result in leaf yellowing,
- The brown spots on the leaves are burnsreceived from direct sunlight.
Some flower growers do not disturb their spurge by circumcision. In this case, the plant is able to grow to huge heights, becoming a grand decoration of the room.
However, many owners of milkweed can not afford to grow such a high culture. And resorted to pruning.
After reaching the required height, cut off the apical shoots of the plant. Pruning necessary exclusively with a sharp knife. Slices should be treated with crushed coal.
Young copies recommends replanting Every yearand adults are once every three years. Transplantation is best in the spring.
Capacity for transplanted milkweed is taken a little more than the one that was previously. It should be wide, but not deep.
In order to transplant triangular euphorbia, you will need:
- Carefully remove the plant from the pot,
- Rinse the root system, clean and remove the decayed roots, if any,
- Fill the new pot with a drainage layer and top it with fresh soil,
- Plant a plant.
When working with a culture it is recommended to wear protective gloves.
Triangular euphorbia multiply with side shoots. To carry out the breeding process is best in the spring.
How to breed?
- From the side shoots of the plant young shoots are cut about 10 cm long
- The milky sap that is released by the stems must be washed off the appendix,
- Within a few days they are recommended to dry,
- Cut locations needed grind down,
- For planting cuttings it is recommended to use perlite or river sand. The soil must be moisturized,
- Take out seedlings to a bright and warm place where direct sunlight does not fall.
After the shoots take root and become stronger, they can be transplanted to a permanent place and into the ground for adult specimens.
Description, benefit and harm
Flower growers love spurge triangles for its unique shape and ruggedness. Plant does not need abundant watering and plenty of sunshine.
Landscape designers are actively using the culture for gardening apartments and offices, for the design of winter gardens.
What is unusual in this plant and where did it come from to Russia?
The plant is originally from the island of Madagascar. Also often found in subtropical regions of Central America and Africa. Euphorbia triangular grows on dry hills.
Triangular Euphorbia in Nature
The stem is fleshy and thick. It has a triangular shape, from which the name of the variety. On the stem there are numerous thorns.
Leaflets of small size and oblong shape grow on the tops of the stems. There are very interesting forms of triangular euphorbia, where the leaves have a rich crimson color, and the stem is a pink shade. The leaves are about 4 cm long.
Trihedral Euphorbia leaflets
In room conditions triangular euphorbia does not bloom.
What is the harm milkweed?
All varieties of euphorbia contain milky sap in stems and leaves. It contains a substance - euforbin, which is poisonous. Therefore, the juice is very dangerous for humans and animals.
If the juice gets into the eyes, it is likely temporary or permanent blindness. An urgent need to consult a specialist.
If the juice gets inside, you should immediately call a doctor, because it is dangerous the most severe poisoning. If an overdose of milky juice was taken, then a fatal outcome is likely.
Milkweed juice is extremely poisonous.
Therefore, when breeding and pruning euphorbia is required to be very careful not to harm their health. It is advisable to wear protective gloves.
The plant is required to put in an inaccessible place for children.
All parts of euphorbia actively used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. Mostly used stalks and leaves triangular euphorbia as well milky juice.
Modern pharmaceuticals also use the milky juice for the preparation of medicines. It is advisable to use them only as directed by a specialist.
Even in the old milky juice, various skin lesions were treated: lichen, warts, non-healing ulcers and burns. Also, the milky juice helps to remove pigment spots effectively.
In India, they used to make powder from milkweed root and used it to treat snake bites.
Also, the milky juice is used to make alcohol tinctures, and the leaves and roots are used to make decoctions. Juice has a laxative, diuretic, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory action.
Medichinsky drug based on the milky juice
It is believed that spurge effectively treats such diseases as:
- Cold and flu
- Gastritis and gastric ulcer,
- Tumor formations.
Because euphorbia triangular is very poisonous, it is not recommended to use it:
- Pregnant and lactating women
- Persons with serious diseases of the cardiovascular system
Triangular or triangular euphorbia is an original and unpretentious plant. In this regard, it is often used in indoor floriculture. Parts of euphorbia contain milky sap, which is poisonous and dangerous to health. At the same time, spurge is a very common culture in alternative medicine.
Prickly, poisonous, but beautiful!
Euphorbia triangular is the brightest representative of the family of Euphorbia. The plant has a large size. It consists of a fleshy trihedral stalk, with well pronounced ribs and spines. Sometimes green leaves of oblong shape appear on the top of the Euphorbia stem. Due to the presence of a juicy stem covered with tough skin and spines, many gardeners believe that this succulent is the most common cactus. However, it is not. Triangular euphorbia has nothing to do with the Cactus family.
The birthplace of the succulent island is Madagascar and subtropical territories of Africa. Here thickets of Euphorbia, more like a tree, are occupied by dry elevations. At home, the flower also grows rapidly, reaching a height of 3 meters and releasing many shoots. Euphorbia triangular is a perennial plant, which, if provided with the right conditions of detention, can please the owners with an original look for many years.
Important! Spurge triangular does not bloom in room conditions!
The roots of the plant are compact in size, so the succulent should be kept in a wide stable container. Otherwise, the flower may fall and injure the household with sharp needles.
Triangular euphorbia is an incredibly “grateful” and unpretentious plant that can get by with minimal care for weeks and not lose its beautiful appearance. Therefore, such a succulent is perfect for beginners, people who are constantly busy with work, and travelers who do not have the time or opportunity to look after their pet every day.
Important! Euphorbia triangular secretes poisonous juice, which when in contact with the skin can cause burns, irritation and an allergic reaction. Therefore, if the integrity of the stem is damaged, special care must be taken and gloves must be used!
If the toxic secretions of euphorbia do not scare you, and its original appearance seems quite attractive, then you just need to familiarize yourself with some of the rules that include caring for this exotic flower at home.
Soil and dressing
For full growth. Triangular urchin requires a loose, breathable substrate. For these purposes, perfect store ready stock, in which any cactus can grow. If you do not want to buy a ready-made substrate, you can prepare the soil yourself. To do this, mix in a ratio of 1: 1 peat, sand, as well as turf and leaf soil. To improve the outflow of moisture in the pot, the presence of a substantial drainage layer (expanded clay or brick dust) is necessary.
Young individuals are transplanted annually (in the spring), and adult succulents - 1 every 3-4 years, as the root system of the flower grows. In adult plants, it is desirable to replace the top layer of soil in the pot every spring.
Capacity for planting it is desirable to choose a wide, stable, medium depth. Otherwise, due to poorly developed root system, Euphorbia can fall. To prevent a large plant from falling, weighty stones should be laid on the bottom of the tank.
Important! Immediately after purchase, replanting the plant is not recommended, so as not to increase stress. The procedure is carried out in 2−3 weeks after the "move".
As for fertilizers - suitable compositions that can feed any cactus. Fertilize Trihedral spurge from spring to autumn 1 time in two weeks. In any case, before applying the fertilizer, it is advisable to read the instructions.
Diseases and parasites
Spurge extremely rarely falls prey to pests. Poisonous juice is a powerful weapon of the plant in the fight against insects, so far not all parasites are “attacking” the attack of succulent. Among the pests that still succeed are:
- a red spider mite that leaves a spider
- mealybug, the presence of which is evidenced by white traces appearing on the Euphorbia.
If one of the pests has been detected, it is necessary to isolate the succulent from the rest of the plants and treat it with insecticidal solutions.
As well as the plant may suffer due to improperly organized care:
- Due to an overabundance of moisture, a flower can drop leaves.
- Due to a lack or excessive amount of fertilizer, the succulent may turn yellow.
- Due to an excess of direct sunlight, the flower may become covered with brown spots.
With proper care organization, the plant will have a stable immunity and will not suffer from the diseases listed above.
Despite the presence of toxic milk, triangular Euphorbia still brings great benefits to its owners. It cleans the air well and kills harmful bacteria. But in the bedroom this flower is still better not to put. Its barely perceptible aroma negatively affects the quality of sleep, so succulent can cause insomnia.
Myths of Euphorbia
First of all, you will learn many contradictory myths and legends associated with this African plant.
By the way, the birthplace of the triangular euphorbia is the mysterious Madagascar.
It is believed that spurge is a plant of selfish, creative and narcissistic people. The more spurge grows, the more it provokes the development of the selfishness of its owner. I like this legend, I enjoy looking at the lush green leaves of my cactus.
Many people think that milkweed provokes quarrels, poisonous words, irony and evil jokes. Perhaps this is due to the poisonous juice of euphorbia and its sharp strong spines.
They say the plant can kill flies, mosquitoes and suck the health of very young children. It seems to be not true, but it is customary to place the plant at the front door, like a guard, in order to prevent evil influence.
How to care for euphorbia
The most important thing in care is properly selected land. The amount of land does not play a special role. Huge spurge can easily be based in a tiny pot, which indicates an undeveloped root system.
The land should not be too fertile, the classic soil for succulents, laid on a thick drainage layer of expanded clay, pebbles or rubble will be suitable.
You can independently mix sand, peat, ash and slightly acidic soil. On such a land, spurge will grow superbly. The main requirement for the soil - low density. Preferably the absence of clay and large dense lumps or stones.
It is very important that the earth clod does not dry out and is not oversaturated with water. To preserve the normal metabolism in the soil, cover the fertile land from above with a layer of pebbles, gravel or large sawdust.
Flower Pot Selection
The pot is better to pick clay, heavy, deep, always with a hole to drain excess water and a tray. Spurge triangular intolerable to bogging of soil and stagnation of water. Rooting of the roots will result in overturning and death of the plant.
Despite the fact that spurge is undemanding to the volume of land, it is better to pick up a pot in size. It is necessary that the green mass is not outweighed and the plant does not turn over.
As mentioned above, the plant is fragile, although it reaches a considerable size. Breaking the stem painful euphorbia painfully. At occurrence of rifts, it is urgent to wash off the poisonous white juice and burn the wound with ash. If the rift is large, it is more logical to take large shoots and root them.
It will be correct if you pre-install a high strong pole in the pot, to which you will tie the stem as it grows. This will help avoid injuries and breaks in the future.
By watering, spurge is relatively indifferent and can live a whole month or even two on the water reserves in its own fleshy trunk.
A side effect will be the transition of the plant to austerity mode, it will shed delicate green shoots from the tops, the plant's skin will become more dense, the trunk will stiffen. It is possible to remove it from this state by ensuring good watering and spraying.
The best mode will be abundant watering once a week in summer and once every two to three weeks in winter. Most euphorbia likes spraying and moist air.
In St. Petersburg, the most suitable air humidity for a plant is above 90%. Spray the spurge twice a day and he will be happy. Without spraying, spurge will not release tender leaves on tops, indicating good health.
In warm climates, parasites can live on a poisonous cactus - small midges or aphids. It is necessary to immediately destroy pests.
The easiest way to wash them out of the spray with a solution of soap or any insecticide. Pests can rarely damage the dense skin of a cactus, but can spoil tender green leaves and lead to decay.
In feeding, spurge needs little, it is enough to add a little mixed mineral fertilizer to the ground in the spring.
Nitrogen fertilizers cause rapid growth of plants, sometimes even too rapid, the stems do not have time to get stronger and blow out for half a meter in a matter of days, and then break off from their own gravity. Be moderate in fertilizers.
How to propagate spurge
- Break off or cut a vending branch.
- Treat the slices, wash off the poisonous juice, cauterize the places of the slices with sulfur.
- Allow the process to lie down for a few days and get used to the thought of independent living.
- Plant the prepared process in a moistened soil and wait a few weeks. Most likely, the process will take root and start a new sprawling poisonous and thorny bush.
As you can see, spurge is not a killing plant for real lazy people. Beautiful and powerful cactus, which feels great, as if by itself.
Sometimes it is enough to water it, do not forget to indulge with spraying and provide enough light. After a couple of years from the modest process you will have to live a huge prickly spurge.
Characteristic and description
Euphorbia triangular, trihedral or euphorbia trigon, and in Latin Euphorbia trigona are all the names of one of the brightest representatives of the succulents of the Euphorbia family.
it large plant with a thick and fleshy stem, distinguished by three faces and distinct ribs with small spines. On the tops of the stems grow small oblong leaves. This spurge often confused with cactusto which he has nothing to do.
The homeland of exotic succulent is an island Madagascar and subtropics of Africa, where it grows in the form of high strange trees on dry elevations.
Is it possible to keep euphorbia triangular at home?
Under room conditions, euphorbia is also not shy to grow, reaching 3 meters in height or even more if the height of the ceiling allows.
Euphorbia triangular well branched, over time, overgrown with numerous shoots.
In the prime of his years, having reached an impressive size, he resembles an unprecedented candelabrum with green trihedral candles. There is also an interesting variety with a reddish stem and dark crimson leaves, but it is a rarity in flower collections.
Cultivated as a room flower, euphorbia triangular does not bloom, but attracts florists extraordinary decorative. Rarely what office does without the exotic beauty of this plant. After all, it is unpretentious and is long-lived, retaining its impressive appearance for many, many years.
Next, you can see the euphorbia triangular in the photo and familiarize yourself with the features of home care:
The choice of location and temperature
Care at home begins with the choice of location. Euphorbia trigona grows well both in partial shade and in the sun. She will do any place in the house. The plant feels great and in a modest corner, and on the sunny windowsill.
Also, he will enjoy living on a loggia, in a winter garden or greenhouse. However, spurge must be accustomed to direct sunlight. gradually. Otherwise, on his leaves and shoots there will be burns.
From spring to autumn, succulent feels great at normal room temperature. In winter, the most favorable conditions for the plant - easy cool with temperature from 15 to 18 ° C.
Watering and moisture
In the period of active growth in the spring and summer, the plant needs regular watering.
The optimum schedule - moistening of the earth approximately once in 7-8 days.
Undesirable prevent overdrying of earthy coma.
Winter watering shrinking, and in conditions of cool content is carried out as rarely as possible.
It is important to know that the euphoria of the trigon, like all euphorbia, will easily survive a temporary drought, but can not stand the overmoistening of the soil. Stagnant water in the soil can lead to rotting of its roots.
To air humidity euphorbia trihedral not demanding.
Nevertheless, he adores spraying and bathing in the shower.
This gives succulent vitality, it becomes well-groomed and even more spectacular.
During such bathing it is necessary to cover the soil in a pot with plastic wrap. The “cosmetic” procedure such as cleaning the stems from dust with a brush will not interfere with the plant.
Soil and transplant
Euphorbia needs a loose, breathable and well drained soil. You can use the purchased mixture for succulents, or you can make it yourself by mixing equal amounts of peat, sand, leaf and turf soil and brick chips for drainage.
Young euphorbia recommended repot annuallyand adult plants every two or three years, as the roots take over the entire space of the pot. Between transplants, it is advisable to change the top layer of soil in the pot every spring.
Transplant is best done in the spring.
New capacity is selected by the size of the plant.
It should be voluminous, but not very deep, because the succulent has a superficial root system.
For large copies at the bottom of the pot should put weighty pebbles - it gives them stability.
Thick drainage layer at the bottom of the pot - perhaps the most important condition that euphorbia triangular imposes during transplantation.
After purchase, it is desirable inspect spurge for pestsYou can also wash it with warm water under the shower. Then you need to give him a week or two to adaptby placing it separately from other plants. Then you can gently transfer the succulent to a new pot, if possible, clearing the root system of the old earth.
Plant nutrition is carried out from spring to autumn. Ideal special fertilizer for succulents, which includes a complete set of essential trace elements.
Many flower growers do not limit their pet in growth, and he, feeling freedom, blows out to unimaginable sizes, becoming an exquisite decoration of the house.
How to prune spurge triangular?
If the size of the apartment does not allow to grow a high copy, you can trim it when it reaches the desired height.
To do this, simply cut off the tops of the shoots with a sharp knife and powdered cuts with crushed coal. Trimming milkweed triangular stimulates the formation of new shootsthat gives euphorbia slightly different shape.
It becomes bushy and more “plump”.
Benefit and harm
Can I keep at home?
As stated above, the plant has one drawback - its milky the juice is poisonous. But besides this, euphorbia triangular carries enormous benefits. After all, this succulent cleans the air in the house and kills harmful bacteria.
Many place the succulent near the computer to absorb electromagnetic radiation, confusing it with a cactus. And yet it is a good place for a plant. It will not protect against the harmful effects of technology, but it will set up its impressive appearance in the working mode.
In ancient times, healers attributed euphorbia miraculous properties. With the help of the sap, the plants used to get rid of warts, corns, herpes and parasites, were treated for various diseases.
In India, powdered from its crushed root healed wounds from snakebites. When collecting milkweed juice, healers wrapped the face with a thick cloth so that even the smallest droplets did not get on the skin and in the respiratory tract.
but modern medicine warns patients from such treatment. It is very likely the opposite result - severe poisoning. You should be especially careful when caring for the plant, making sure that its juice does not fall on the skin and eyes.
At hit of juice of euphorbia a burning sensation is felt on the skin, irritation, redness and even blisters appear.
The affected place begins to hurt and itch. It is necessary to thoroughly rinse it under running water and smear it with an ointment containing glucocorticoids.
To reduce pain, you can apply prednisolone or hydrocortisone ointment.
Cardiovascular failure may even develop. Very serious consequences arise when juice falls on the mucous membrane of the eyes - a person may even lose his sight.
If something happened from the above, depending on the situation, you should immediately flush your eyes, rinse your mouth or clear your stomach and consult a doctor immediately.
The dangerous properties of euphorbia trigons prevent some flower growers from acquiring it. However, this plant may be completely harmless, if you care to follow the following measures:
- Wear gloves when transplanting, pruning and other operations.
- wash hands thoroughly with soap,
- place the succulent in places not accessible to small children and animals.
As you can see, the spurge triangular, although dangerous, is amenable to “taming”. If you place it in the right place, carefully take care of it and give it regular care, the plant will take pride of place in the house for many years.
A large succulent plant native to Madagascar and subtropical regions of Africa. Stem thick, fleshy, triangular. Distinct ribs covered with small spines. On tops - small oblong leaves. In nature, it grows on higher ground in the form of fancy shrubs or trees.
In the apartment, an adult euphorbia triangular reaches 2-3 meters, often rests on the ceiling. Bush branched, with many lateral shoots. The shape of it is often compared with the candelabra. There is a variety with a stem of a reddish hue and crimson leaves, considered a rare variety. The long-liver, throughout all time keeps high decorative effect.
Actions after purchase
Even in the store, carefully inspect the plant, even if outwardly it looks healthy. Look for signs of rot, pests. Тревожные признаки — пятна, размягченные участки, липкость стволиков.
At home, immediately “bathe” the flower under a warm shower. Do not place next to other indoor plants. About 2 weeks are given quarantine and the period of adaptation. After two weeks, transplant the spurge into fresh, suitable soil. During transplantation as much as possible free the root system from the old land. At first, it is not recommended to apply fertilizers - plants actively feed plants in stores to maintain decorativeness.
Rules of care and a favorable microclimate
As a house plant, euphorbia trihedral is ideal for beginning gardeners. It is easily reconciled with inappropriate conditions of detention, rarely gets sick, retains its decorative effect for a long time.
- Lighting. Normally develops in partial shade and in bright light. Young plants are grown on the windowsill, adults in outdoor pot. Any window except the north one is suitable. In the summer you can take out on the glazed balcony. After winter, sunlight is taught gradually to avoid burns.
- Temperature. In summer, an average room temperature is suitable. In winter, it is slightly reduced to 15–18 ° C. A strong and sharp drop in temperature is recommended to be avoided.
- Watering. Watering regular, moderate. At average room temperature, incubate for about a week. The frequency of irrigation depends on the temperature in the room and the density of the soil. The top layer is allowed to dry well. In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced. The colder the wintering is, the less moisture is required by the plant. Full drying earthen clod and stagnant moisture is not allowed.
- Humidity. Normally develops at any humidity. Gratefully responds to systematic spraying, bathing under a warm shower. Before “bathing” the pot is pre-wrapped with a plastic bag - try not to fill the ground. It is recommended to regularly remove dust from euphorbia stems with a wet soft brush.
- The soil. Use loose, drained, breathable soils. Suitable store soil mixture for succulents. The optimal composition is equal amounts of hardwood, peat, sand and sod. For loosening crushed brick is added.
- Transfer. The frequency of transplants depends on the intensity of growth and development of the root system. The optimal time is spring. The surface root system is typical - the pots are used small and wide. Young plants are usually transplanted every year, adults - at intervals of 2-3 years. Between transplants, the top layer of soil is replaced annually. At the bottom of large floor vases to impart stability put large stones. They also perform the function of the drainage system.
- Feeding. Make special fertilizers for succulents. Follow the dosage according to the instructions. Between feedings maintain intervals of about two weeks.
Mostly vegetative propagation of euphorbia is practiced. As the cuttings use side shoots. The optimum rooting speed is achieved in the spring. The recommended length of the cuttings is 10 cm. Cuttings are cut with a margin.
Before rooting euphorbia trihedral, the sections are powdered with coal powder, the cuttings are dried for 2-3 days in a dry, ventilated, shaded place. Moist perlite or sand is used as a substrate. Until the roots appear, the cuttings are kept in the light, but protected from direct sunlight. The appearance of signs of growth is a signal for transplanting into separate pots with an earthen mixture for adult plants.
Because of the caustic, poisonous juice, it is infrequently affected by pests. Occasionally, it may be attacked by aphids, red spider mites, and mealybugs. Detect pests to slow growth, the appearance of plaque, stickiness, spider webs, minor damage to the trunk. Insecticides are used to kill pests. Well proved "Inta-vir", "Aktara". With a small number of insects, a single treatment is sufficient; with a strong one, at least three treatments are carried out with a frequency of 7-10 days. Sometimes there are problems associated with the errors of care, violation of the rules of maintenance.
Description, the nuances of growing
Cactus euphorbia triangular stands out from the species diversity of the genus triangular stems covered with spikes of red. In an apartment environment, succulent is able to reach a height of 2-3 meters. Leaf plates have a lanceolate, pointed shape. Blooming at home does not occur.
For trihedral milkweed, you can purchase a ready-made substrate for succulent plants in a specialized flower shop or prepare a soil mixture yourself from peat, sand, turf and leaf land in equal parts.
Top dressing and fertilizer
During the growing season, which falls on spring-summer, the spurge is fed twice a week with liquid complex fertilizers for cacti or succulents. With the advent of cold weather, the frequency of dressings decreases and for the winter period stops completely.
Young specimens are transplanted annually, but as they grow, the procedure can be carried out after 2-3 years, when the capacity becomes tight for the occupant.
During the procedure, which is carried out in early spring before the start of active growth:
- A larger pot is selected, taking into account the superficial root system of the plant.
- A drainage layer is placed on the bottom to prevent stagnant moisture.
- By transshipment, the succulent with the old earthy clod moves to a new capacity.
- The remaining space is covered with a loose substrate suitable for triangular euphorbia.
- The soil is compacted and moistened.
Trimming milkweed triangular
Shortening the elongated shoots makes it possible to preserve the decorative appearance of triangular euphorbia: a compact form is maintained, in which the plant develops even more luxuriant and more intense. Before cutting the succulent, the florist must prepare protective gloves and paper napkins that will help stop the release of the milky juice.
Fight against diseases and pests
Because of its toxicity, spurge is not a favorite food of harmful insects. However, it can sometimes be damaged by the whitefly and the scutes, which should be dealt with by treating the succulent with an insecticidal preparation. In case of violation of the irrigation regime and with constant waterlogging on the plant, the development of rot is noted. To save a flower, it is necessary to transplant it into a fresh substrate with the preliminary removal of diseased roots, and after transplanting, treat it with a fungicidal agent.