Spiraea Japanese - a unique plant that is useful on the site and as a hedge, and as a decorative ornament. You can grow spiraeus in a cool climate - it is quite unpretentious. We learn the features of growing Japanese spirea in the open field, find out all the nuances of planting and caring for them.
Spiraea, or tavolga, belongs to the Pink family. The area of its origin is Southeast Asia. The specific name of the plant (Greek "speira" - "bend" or "spiral") displays a characteristic feature of the branches of the shrub that smoothly bend. Among the many types of spiraea Japanese - one of the most elegant. Breeders bred varieties of this plant, which are widely distributed due to ease of maintenance and cold resistance.
Japanese Spirea is a summer-flowering shrub with pink, white and red-pink flowers. It grows up to 1-1.5 m, there are undersized varieties. Skeletal branches are short, long shoots depart from them. The leaves are small, oblong, in the form of an ellipse with teeth on the edges. Leaf blades at the bottom are bluish, green on top, picturesquely changing color depending on the season. The thyroid inflorescences, which are disclosed in different varieties from June to September, are formed on young shoots. Bushes live up to 20 years. Seedlings often bloom scanty, but then the plants become surprisingly beautiful.
The most common varieties are frost-resistant, not in need of shelter for the winter. Little Princesses Spirey's Little Princesse is small, compact, grows up to 60 cm, the rounded crown extends to 1.2 m. Oval, rounded leaves are bright green in summer, turning yellow-orange to autumn. Numerous flat inflorescences are pink-red, up to 4-5 cm in diameter. Spirea bush "little princess" in its heyday is an elegant pink sphere. The plant develops very slowly. Golden Princesses The compact globular spiraea of the Japanese Golden Princesses is a variety of the Little Princess variety, but this plant is low, up to 50 cm.
The crown is wide, grows to 0.9-1 m. The peculiarity of the variety is leaves, painted in a yellow tone, which varies according to the season. The brightest color in the spring, in the summer the shade weakens, and in the autumn gets a reddish soft color. The pink cloud of flowers shrubs pleases in June and July. Shiroban The shrub of a low, compact Spirea Shiroban, or Dhenpey, reaches a height of 60-80 cm, the crown width is 1-1.2 m. The narrow-lanceolate, saturated green leaves are small. Inflorescences with different colors on one bush: white and pink. Flowering time - July and August. During this period, the overgrown bush resembles a tricolor hemisphere. Goldflame Spirea Goldflame is also low: up to 0.8-0.9 m with a crown width of 1-1.2 m. The plant is especially attractive in color-changing oblong leaves. In the spring the leaf blades are red-orange, in the summer the hue weakens, turns yellow, and a copper tide appears in the fall.
And in the depths of the bush leaves remain more greenish. The inflorescences are small, crimson, adorn the bush from July to September, by the end of flowering become purple. Anthony Waterrere The compact domed spirea bush of the Japanese Anthony Waterrere grows to 0.6–1 m, 0.8–1 m wide. Shoots grow vertically or slightly hang down. Lanceolate leaves, dissolved in spring, are painted in red and burgundy. In the summer, the bush is bright green; in the fall it becomes orange or gets a rich shade of ceramics. Bright carmine inflorescences large, up to 15 cm in diameter. Bloom for a long time, from late June to September.
Proper care of Japanese spirea
The root system of the spirea is not very deep in the ground and needs regular moderate watering in dry weather. In order to improve the access of air to the roots of the plant, the ground should often be loosened, removing weeds. In the period of tying buds and abundant flowering, the bushes are fed up.
Spirea is resistant to many diseases, but may be affected by some pests. Timely inspection and control will help prevent them from harming the plants. The haircut of the Japanese spirea, blooming in summer, is produced in early spring, leaving strong healthy shoots and shortening them by 2 times. The average life expectancy of the Japanese spirea is 17 years, but if a plant that has reached the age of 4 does not start growing and grows poorly, it is better to replace it with another specimen.
Council To increase the period of flowering of Japanese spirea and stimulate the emergence of new buds, it is recommended to cut off the flowering inflorescences regularly. When cultivating varieties with yellow leaves, it is necessary to cut at the very base of the shoots with green leaves, which appear from time to time on plants obtained as a result of breeding.
Fertilizer and plant nutrition
Japanese spiraeus is recommended to feed twice a year:
- spring at the end of trimming bushes - complex fertilizer according to the instructions attached to it,
- in summer, during flowering, with organic fertilizer, adding superphosphate, which improves the formation of new inflorescences.
As an organic fertilizer, you can use mullein, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 6. In the absence of cow dung, it is replaced with chicken manure, diluted with water 1:18. Superphosphate is enough to take 10 g per bucket of the resulting solution.
Pruning Japanese Spirea
When growing shrubs, it is desirable to prune, which rejuvenates the plant, stimulates abundant flowering and allows you to create a beautiful shape.
The flowers of this type of culture are formed on the shoots of the current year, so pruning is carried out in early spring, before the start of growth. The shoots are cut to 5-20 cm, depending on the height of the variety. Remove dry, damaged and old branches, too thick bushes thin out.
Japanese Spirea grows best in loose, well-penetrated soil. Therefore, after watering and raining, it is advisable to loosen the soil in the root circle, removing weeds at the same time. To retain moisture and get rid of weeds will help the process of mulching. Use dry compost or peat as mulch.
Japanese Spirea is not afraid of the wind, so it can also feel good in open areas. However, too strong impulses can negatively affect flowering, therefore for the period of bud formation it is better to protect spiraeus from drafts
The plant needs moderate watering. If it is hot outside, then the procedure of moistening is obligatory. On average, in cool weather, they consume 10 liters of water (a bucket) per bush with one irrigation, in hot weather - 20 liters. The frequency of irrigation - twice a month.
Japanese spirea is propagated by dividing the bush, layering and cutting in open ground. The first two methods are the easiest. Only adults 3-4 summer bushes in the middle of spring divide, carefully cutting the root system into 2-3 parts. Too long roots can be shortened. Delenki planted in a permanent place and the first two weeks are well watered.
To obtain young plants using otvodok, take a well-developed lateral shoot, tilt it to the ground, laying in the prepared groove, pinned and covered with soil. At the end of the season, the shoots take root and give 2-3 young saplings. The following year, the layering can be separated from the parent bush and transplanted to a new location.
Eavesdropping is a more laborious method of breeding the Japanese spirea. In late summer or early autumn, parts of shoots 10–15 cm long are cut off. The lower leaves are removed, the rest are cut to half and the cuttings are placed in water with the addition of “Kornevina” for about 2-3 hours. Then it is buried in a wet mixture of sand and compost (bottom is compost, and the top is a layer of sand) at an angle of 45 degrees, since such a position well stimulates the growth of the root system. Cuttings covered with a package or a can. They monitor the soil moisture and periodically air the greenhouse. As soon as the plants grow, the cover is removed. For winter, seedlings are covered with leaves, agrofibre or spruce branches.
Japanese Spirea pests and methods of controlling them
Spirea is a resistant plant, but there are pests that can spoil the decorativeness of the bush. These include insects: aphid, spider mite, Rosy moth. Pests most often breed in dry and hot weather. Listochka damages the foliage of the plant. This mainly occurs at the end of spring. Aphid - sucks the juice from the young shoots. Mite - cobwebs the shoots of the plant with a web, this leads to premature drying of the bush. On-time treatment with chemicals (for example, from a tick - karbofos 0.3%, phosphamide 0.2%, Acrex 0.2%, from aphids and leafworms - Pirimor 0.1%) will not spoil the decorative look. Diseases spiraea is practically not affected. If your bed is decorated with Japanese spirea, then this information will help to carry out the correct and timely care of the plant, and it will thank for abundant flowering and beauty. Due to the large number of species and varieties of spirea, you can choose a plant to your liking
Role in garden design
In the garden of the spirea, the Japanese stand out with their smooth curves, abundant flowering and a contrasting shade of leaves. A shrub can stand alone as a spectacular spot or create magnificent hedges for garden zoning. Japanese spiraeus planted in compositions with other plants, near the paths, buildings, create flowering alleys. This species is easily combined with most decorative leafy plants. Low varieties are used as ground cover. Excellent partners - spruce, juniper, thuja. Japanese Spirea is well tolerated in urban environments.
Growing tips, nuances
Keep in mind, the first time spirea blooms only in the third year after planting. It should be patient - a decorative sight of flowering shrubs worth it.
It is also important to know that the root system of a plant is superficial, therefore it cannot take moisture from deep layers of the soil. Therefore, do not let the roots dry out, and be sure to water regularly with spirea, in the heat - twice as abundant.
Spirea bush lives about 17 years, but if at the age of four it is not pleased with abundant flowering, it is better to replace it with a higher-quality specimen.
Japanese Spirea - a real decoration of the garden, striking a unique combination of delicate flowers and bright color of leaves. In addition, the shrub unpretentious, so grow it under the force and novice gardeners. And our advice will help you with this.
Type of Japanese spirea has many varieties, characterized by the shape of the crown and the height of the bush, shades of foliage and flowers. Several common cultures:
- Shirobana - the variety is distinguished by a variety of shades of colors - from white to bright red, it depends on the lighting. Chaotically formed crown does not like everything, gives the bushes an untidy appearance.
- Golden Princess is a small shrub, grows up to 50-60 cm, and the crown diameter is more than 1 m. The leaves turn an unusual color in bright yellow shades in the spring, brighten in summer and turn orange in autumn. Distributed as a ground cover crop.
- Albiflora is a variety with white flowers that emit a rich, rich aroma. Low bushes reach 60 cm in height, drying out inflorescences must be removed, because they spoil the overall impression with an ugly brown shade.
Spirea of this species was imported from Japan, it is cultivated in China. High adaptability has helped widespread in our country in almost all regions, including the arid and severe northern regions.
Spirea Little Princess looks good in the landscape all year round, regardless of the season. Amenable to the formation and shearing, but in this case, the flowering will not please, because with the monthly pruning removed all the buds and flowers. The grade is recommended for gardening of the yards, school platforms, sanatoria and hospitals.
A single shrub will decorate a flower bed, because it does not let out a lot of basal shoots, it does not overgrow neighboring plants. Excellent look group landing as a hedge, a border at the lawn, covering the slopes. In the design of the landscape is used for lining groups of trees and bushes, flower beds, forest edges.
Little Princess is not a demanding crop, but prefers fertile, loose, moist soils with good drainage. Suitable loamy, neutral or slightly acid soils.
Selection and preparation of the site
The bush develops worse and blooms poorly, if you choose a very shaded area, a depleted soil. Moderately tolerates drought, adapts well to urban pollution. It is desirable that the landings are protected from drafts by outbuildings, fences, and other bushes, especially in regions with severe winters.
For planting choose a site on which the sun's rays fall at least 4 hours a day. The pit is prepared in advance, for two days. For cover plantings, a frequency of 6 plants per 1 square meter is allowed. m. Seedlings are purchased in the spring, before leafing, in April. In a cool room, they can be stored for several days without compromising quality.
They buy plants strong, without traces of parasites and rot, sick and dry shoots. Open root system carefully inspect, remove the roots too long and damaged. The roots are soaked in water for several hours, the containers are completely placed in a liquid, trying not to damage the earth lump.
Pruning long shoots, open root system is sprayed with a root formation stimulator. The shrub is very tenacious, so do not despair, even if you get a seedling with a dried earthy clod. In this case, before the landing procedure itself, several small vertical cuts are made on the roots, this causes their enhanced growth.
Pits are dug so large that the rhizome fits easily. In wet soils, a drainage layer is placed at the bottom of the well. Pooled sod is mixed with peat and sand 2: 1.
- A mound of earth poured into the pit at 1/3 of its volume.
- Sapling put on top, gently straighten the roots.
- They fall asleep with soil, without deepening the root neck.
- Rammed the soil.
- Watered with warm water.
Unpretentious culture is extremely easy to maintain. Timely watering and pruning, disease prevention - the basic requirements for abundant flowering and good development of spirea.
If, when planting, to add organic matter to the soil, in the first year of life the plant does not need additional feeding. In the future, it is sufficient to apply nitrogen fertilizer to the soil near the bushes in early spring, and in the fall - compost. The shrub responds well to fertilizer with a mullein infusion (1 part manure to 1 part water, stand 7-10 days). 10 g of superphosphate is added to 10 liters of solution (1:10), watered under the root.
The shallow root system of the plant suffers during the seasons of heat and drought. At this time, watered more often, weekly. In normal weather, 2 times a month is enough 15 liters of water under a bush. On hot days, irrigation will help the spirea bloom profusely and not lose its decorativeness.
The soil is loosened after watering and doge, when the surface is covered with a crust. The depth of digging is small - 5-6 cm. The pristvolny space is mulched with a layer of peat, up to 7 cm high. In the warm season they monitor the removal of weeds and debris.
Spirea Japanese Little Princess is practically not affected by diseases. The appearance of a bush will be spoiled by the attack of pests that are most often activated in hot, dry weather.
- The sheet worm damages young leaves at the end of spring.
- Aphid sucks juices from young shoots.
- The spider mite - braids the plant with a spider web, causing drying and dying off of the branches.
Prevent the attack of parasites system treatment of folk remedies and chemicals.
- Karbofos, a solution of 0.3%,
- phosphamide - 0.2%,
- acrex - 0.2%,
- pyrimor - 0.1%,
- tobacco infusion - 50 g of dry leaves is poured over 1 liter of boiling water, kept for 3 days,
- soap solution - 25 g of soap per 1 liter of water, add a few drops of kerosene.
Trimming, preparing for winter
Annual spring pruning stimulates the growth of young shoots and flowering splendor. The branches are shortened, leaving 15-20 cm above the ground. Clean dry and damaged shoots.
Summer bush formation implies pruning every month. The plant looks great and without flowers - the bottom of the trunks is not exposed, a thick crown of different shades gives a unique landscape. On varieties with yellow foliage, reverse shoots with a green shade of leaves are completely removed.
Frost-resistant variety does not require shelter for the winter. Only in the northern regions with strong colds are they covered with straw, they wrap with cloth and spruce branches the base of the bush to a height of 15-20 cm. Frozen shoots pruned in the spring, they are easily restored, do not affect the appearance and decorative effect.
The shrub reproduces well and quickly, adult plants in abundance provide planting material, so gardeners often do without buying seedlings. Пересадка неприхотливого растения возможна в течение всего весенне-летнего периода, главное – не повредить корневую систему при выкапывании и быстро перенести на новое место, стараясь максимально сохранить земляной ком на корнях.
Такой вариант размножения хорош при необходимости получить сразу много односортных растений. It is taken into account that varietal characteristics are not transmitted to the entire generation, but only 40%. This method requires not to cut off dried buds, and leave them on the branches before maturation. The fruits are removed at the end of the summer or in the autumn, removed for ripening. Unopened, but brown fruits retain a larger number of seeds.
Sown in October, November. Use a container with a fertile, light, loose earth, it is dropped in a bed. Seeds germinate in the spring, in the beginning of summer they dive when the shoots reach 2 cm in height. At the same time, the saplings are dismantled according to their varietal characteristics, because at this moment a difference in the color of the leaves already appears. Roots pinch, plant plants in boxes, at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other.
Planting material taken in July or in September - October. Autumn cuttings are covered with fallen leaves, covered for the winter with vegetable boxes. In the spring the plants take root, they require special care in the cold season. Summer cuttings are kept in greenhouse conditions until roots appear.
- Choose a strong direct escape.
- Cut into pieces, each of which has 4-5 buds.
- The leaves are removed from the bottom, the top is shortened.
- Put in the water for several hours.
- The ends of the petioles are dipped into a powder root former (Root, Kornevin).
- Planted to a depth of 2 cm in a container with wet sand at an angle of 30-45 °.
- Cover with foil or cut bottles of transparent plastic.
- Maintain the humidity of the air by constant spraying, air daily.
The method is suitable for young but well-developed plants. Scrub digging, trying not to damage the root system, it is washed from the ground under the tap to see the location of the roots and shoots.
- Determine the most developed rhizome departments to get evenly strong parts.
- Cut the bush with shears, get a few young plants with approximately the same number of buds and roots, each with at least 2-3 shoots.
- Holes make a garden drill if they need a lot.
- Cut the long roots, straighten the remaining gently on a mound of soil poured to the bottom of the hole.
- Pits fall asleep, compact the top layer, mulch, water.
Japanese Little Princess Spirea is a hardy variety that even an inexperienced gardener can grow.
Description of the Little Princess Spirea
The plant is a typical representative of deciduous ornamental plants of the Pink family. The name of the species comes from the Greek word "spiral", the form of which in the spirea has shoots and buds.
The height of the spirea Little Princess ranges from 15 cm to 60 cm, rare specimens grow to 120 cm. This perennial plant (life expectancy is 25-30 years) has very low growth rates, no more than 10-15 cm per season, especially in first years of life.
The shrub has a shallow, fibrous root system. Its leaves are decorative: during the flowering period, their colors are emerald green, and by the beginning of autumn they change color to orange-red. The leaves themselves are alternate with short cuttings. Their shape is lanceolate, with small teeth at the edges. The size of the leaves can reach up to 8 cm, but mostly they are no more than 3.5 cm in length. The crown of the spirea is round and dense.
Numerous flowers of spirea Little Princesses gathered in close corymbose inflorescences. The buds themselves are small and located exclusively on the ends of the branches. Color predominantly purple-pink.
The flowering period is in June-September with the constant formation of new flowers. After flowering, fruits appear at the ends of the branches, the appearance of which is not very aesthetic. They are cut off so that they do not spoil the decorative appearance of the plant, which in the autumn period is given by the beautiful leaves of the spirea. The Japanese Little Princess spirea blooms from the third year of life.
Spirea Little Princesses in Landscape Design
Since all periods of the active life of the Spirea of the Little Princesses during the summer season are accompanied by bright colors of flowers and leaves, it has received widespread use in landscape design.
Beginning in mid-spring, the Spirea Little Princess begins a one and a half month growing season, when the entire bush is covered with pale green leaves.
It is replaced by a flowering period (at the beginning of June). Despite the fact that the inflorescences appear only at the ends of the shoots, their density is so high that the leaves are almost invisible, and the whole bush is a beautiful pink mound of flowers.
With the termination of the flowering period (beginning of September), the leaves having a yellow-red or orange-red shade begin to play a major role in the decorative effect, remaining almost unchanged for about 2 months.
How looks Spirea Little Princesses in landscape design can be seen in the photo.
Little Princess Spirea Fence
The hedge of Spirea Little Princess is quite cheap and at the same time very beautiful solution. Its height will not be too large, but properly designed bushes have sufficient thickness, able to fence the area from animals.
Separately, it is worth pointing out that the Spirea of Little Princesses can be grown in any type of soil, so there should not be a problem with the choice of fence location. In addition, the direct stems of this variety (as opposed to falling varieties of spirea) are perfect for hedges without special methods of forming a bush. It can be said that the Japanese spirea does not need forming pruning when planted as a hedge.
The only drawback of using Japanese spirea as a hedge material is its low growth rate. If you take very young seedlings, the process of forming a hedge can go about 10 years. It should not be forgotten that in the first 3 years of life, spiraea does not bloom. To speed up the formation of a fence, it is advisable to buy adult bushes aged 4-6 years.
Little Princess Spirea Border
The height of the spireas of Little Princesses allows you to use it as a curb plant, especially in the first years of life. Spirea bushes already at a young age have sufficient thickness and can be used as a border.
Such borders can not only be used along paths, but also “tamper” with large tree-shrub groups, act as demarcating plants in vegetable gardens, be used as a perimeter of alpine hills, and so on.
Best of all, the Japanese Princess Little Princess in a “curb” performance of a spirea is combined with coniferous cultures: thuja, juniper, spruce.
Planting and care for spirea Little Princess
The plant itself is quite unpretentious, so care for him is simple. Perennials, with rare exceptions, are quite tenacious plants. To bring them not so much to death, but even to a bad mind, one should seriously “try”.
Nevertheless, even when growing them, one should not forget about the main features of caring for bushes of this type, especially those with thick foliage.
This should not be done, since such actions will lead to a significant increase in a large amount of green mass, and the first flowering may not occur in the third year, but much later.
Further details on the issues of planting and caring for Japanese Little Princess spireas in more detail.
Preparation of planting material and plot
The landing of the Spirea Little Princess is carried out in the spring, starting in mid-April or early May. The selection of seedlings is made according to the following method: it is necessary to take only those specimens that have a bare stem with buds, preferably without leaves. The roots of seedlings should be wet, without rot and dried areas. Saplings of good quality possess appreciable flexibility.
Preliminary preparation of seedlings consists in shortening too long roots and removing the ends of the shoots above 3-4 cm relative to the last bud on them. Immediately before planting, the saplings for a day are soaked in liquid, and then washed with running water.
The site for spirea is preferred sunny, but it is not critical. The plant tolerates penumbra perfectly. The root system is located close to the surface, so the groundwater level at the landing site is not critical.
The soil on the site can be any, even slightly stony, but Japanese Little Princesses Japanese spirey grows best on moist and loose soils of weak acidity. The ideal soil is the so-called “leafy ground.”
Planting Spirea Little Princesses
For planting the plant should dig a hole with sheer walls. The volume of the fossa should be about 3-4 times the volume bounded by the root system. The pit should be dug 2-3 days before planting and she needs to just “stand” open all this time.
Drainage is laid on its bottom in a single layer of broken brick or expanded clay. Soil for planting can be used like this:
- 4 pieces of leafy ground
- 1 part peat,
- 1 part of river sand.
Planting is made on an overcast or rainy day, while the plant is placed in a hole and sprinkled to the level of the root collar. After that, the soil is rammed and abundantly watered.
Finishes planting mulch soil in a diameter of 30 cm from the center of the bush with peat.
Watering and feeding
Abundant watering the plant is necessary only for transplanting and in the first years of life. Plants older than 2–3 years old need only a slight soil moistening once a week. Naturally, during a drought period, watering should be more abundant.
The root system, located close to the soil surface, with abundant watering can quickly begin to rot.
Top dressing is done 2 times per season. The first is carried out after spring sanitary pruning, it includes mineral fertilizers, standard for decorative perennials.
The second is done during the flowering period, it includes the use of organic fertilizers (for example, mullein in a concentration of 1 to 10).
Pruning Spirea Little Princesses in the Fall
Caring for Little Princess spiraea involves trimming it, usually done at the beginning of the season. This is a standard procedure, consisting in sanitary pruning and removing too old shoots that prevent active growth of the bush.
In the autumn, only the pruning of the fruit of the plant is performed, since they spoil its appearance and take additional resources from it. This pruning is carried out in July-September as the fruits appear.
Older bushes that are more than 10–15 years old are recommended to be cut once every 4–5 years to a height of 20–50 cm relative to the soil level. At the same time they should leave 3-4 buds. If after a similar procedure for 1-2 seasons the bush does not go to a bountiful growth, it is replaced.
Propagation of Japanese Japanese Spirea Little Princess
The plant is propagated by dividing the bush, and it is best carried out in the autumn. Planting of young plants should be carried out before the end of the leaf fall. At the same time, it is allowed to divide bushes that are at least 4-5 years old, that is, those that have already bloomed.
The breeding of the Little Princess spirea is also practiced with cuttings and cuttings; however, these methods are too laborious and their effectiveness is much lower than the previously considered division of the bush.
Diseases and pests
The plant is practically not subject to diseases, so it does not even require any preventive treatment. The only thing that could threaten him is the invasion of aphids or spider mites. In both cases, you should immediately apply a tool that gives a guaranteed result: some powerful insecticide or acaricide (for example, Actellic).
Spirea Little Princesses is a beautiful ornamental plant with simple growing and grooming conditions. This perennial lower tier is perfect for the formation of hedges and borders and retains decorative properties throughout the warm season.
There are several ways of landing little.
- Planting a bush. Bush little princesses can be purchased at a specialty store selling plants for gardening. By the way, the price for them is quite acceptable. Then you need to prepare the hole, in a pre-selected place. Abundantly moisten the roots and bottom of the hole, lower the bush and sprinkle it.
- Planting cuttings. According to gardeners, planting cuttings gives good results. Its essence lies in the fact that the stalk sits, cut off from the young escape. The cutting length must be at least decimeter.
- Landing layering. This type of planting is the most favorite among gardeners. Embark on it in the spring when the princess begins to dissolve the leaves. It is necessary to lay several branches in the furrows prepared in advance. So that they do not rise, it is necessary to fix them with something. Then, sprinkle the twigs with earth and water abundantly.
If everything is done correctly, then soon you will be delighted by its beauty, the flowered bush of the Japanese spirea. This plant very unpretentioustherefore, when creating the necessary conditions for growth, special measures will not have to be applied.
What you need Japanese spireas for good growth:
- The condition of the soil cover. Little princess grows literally everywhere, the condition of the soil does not play a big role. The only thing that must be done is to feed the plant once a year.
- Watering conditions. Spirea requires strong watering only at the moment of germination. In the future, no special efforts should be made in irrigation, only during the dry season.
- Winter period. With the onset of cold weather, princess bush must be covered with dry foliage. In the spring, the bush needs to be audited by removing the diseased branches.
Care spirea Japanese little princesses
Spirea little princesses, like any ornamental plant needs care. Since this plant is considered to be street and loving the sun, you should try to plant it on the sunny side.
But in principle, these bushes grow well on the shady side. To grow the plant better, every spring it is necessary feed fertilizer "Kemira Universal". Top dressing should be made at the rate of 100 grams per square meter.
When caring for shrubs do not need much to get involved in watering. If the season is dry, it will be enough to pour ten liters of water per bush twice a month. True, very young plantings require more abundant watering. During the care of recent plantings it is necessary to loosen the soil more often and remove weeds, especially after watering.
Immediately after planting, the soil near the plant should be covered with a protective peat layer. One type of care is shaving bushes. These plants tolerate it very well.
On the other hand, haircut should be done carefully, given the type and age of shoots. Spiraea are divided into two types, depending on the formation of the kidneys. If the buds are located along the entire length of the shoot, then it cannot be trimmed annually.
When pruning must be removed shoots that age from 7 to 15 years, as well as their frozen tips. Strong circumcision is carried out with the rejuvenation of the bushes. In such cases, cut the bush completely, leaving only the stump.
As a result, what happens rapid growth of young from the buds located near the rhizome. Then from young stock 5-6 strong shoots are left, and the rest is cut. From the remaining shoots and form a new bush. To bush early flowering spirea properly formed, pruning should be carried out in early spring.
Unlike early-flowering, late-flowering species of these plants, inflorescences are formed at the ends of the shoot. Therefore, they should trim every spring. The strongest bud is determined on the shoot and the rest is cut off before it.
And small and old shoots are completely cut off. After a certain time, the bushes are also completely cut off at the root. It should be noted that early flowering plants are more durable than late flowering plants.
One of the ways to care is to combat all sorts of pests and diseases that damage these plants. Unfortunately, there are many pests who love spirea. In order for the plant to develop properly, it is necessary to immediately deal with these pests and diseases.
One of the most dangerous pests is spider mite. Its appearance can be determined by the presence of cobwebs, early yellowing of foliage, holes in the inflorescences and foliage, as well as the general painful appearance of the plant.
As soon as you see such signs on the bushes, you must immediately take action. To combat tick applied spraying with a solution of phosphamide or karbofos. Methods for preparing solutions can be read directly on the drugs used.
In the summer of ordinary pest is aphid. Aphid destroys the inflorescences, sucking the juice out of them. When fighting with aphids, pyrimor, rosian lisper and miner are used. It is desirable to combine chemical agents with natural.
Description of Spirea Little Princesses
This spiraea cannot boast of great growth - it reaches only 60 cm in height. But it pleases with a neat crown, resembling an oval in shape. The diameter of the crown is usually up to 120 cm.
The main advantages of this variety:
frost-resistant, tolerates moisture deficiency,
resistant to diseases
grows slowly - no more than 10 cm per year
bush does not lose its attractiveness with proper care for 30 years,
ease of care.
Elliptical leaves on top are light green in color, and below are gray-green. Little princesses are blooming in June - August 30–45 days. At this time, the shrub really resembles a tender princess from a fairy tale. Цветки растения красно-розовые, собраны в соцветия на концах ветвей. Мелкие листочки прекрасно сочетаются с розовыми цветками, создающими пышную крону.
Плоды этой спиреи имеют невзрачный вид. The plant looks great in low curbs, it can be planted as a group, and singly.
Planting and caring for the little princesses spirea
Plant little princesses should be in areas lit by the sun. But the plant can adapt to a small penumbra. The soil of the spirea is undemanding, but still for its planting it is worth choosing a well-kept piece of land.
Little princesses require regular pruning. Carry it with the 4th year of life of the plant in early spring. When pruning removed the tops of old branches, dried and weakened shoots.
While the garden season lasts, it is necessary to remove dry foliage and flowering inflorescences. This is required to prevent the development of diseases and reproduction on the leaves of various pests.
Culture is propagated by division. To do this, the bush is divided into several shoots, each is planted separately. This should be done in the spring, before the plant leaves. In order for such seedlings to successfully take root and develop a powerful root system, they must be watered abundantly.
This spirea can be planted next to the silverweed, hunter, lavender and low perennial shrubs. You can also decorate her plot, planting in separate flower pots.
Putting a minimum of effort, you can quickly improve the garden area, creating a group or single plantings from this small shrub.
Planting and care
Spirea Japanese Little Princesses fully justifies its name. During the flowering period, this delightfully compact shrub with a rounded crown really reminds of small princesses from fairy tales: the short and very dense bush is covered with pale pink inflorescences that turn it into an openwork masterpiece. Unpretentious and cold-resistant Little Princess with its slow growth and beautiful dense foliage is characterized by a much wider scope of use in landscape design than its "relatives" - from curbs and hedges to alpine slides and the role of ground cover plants. A bush that does not lose its attractiveness even in autumn is perhaps the easiest to care for a large group of spirees.
Belonging to the Rosaceae family Japanese Little Princess Spirea It is considered a dwarf shrub: the average height of plants does not exceed 60 cm, although adult bushes growing in solo parts can grow to almost 1 m. Thanks to straight, small branches, a dense spherical crown is formed, the diameter of which is almost twice the height. Small oval leaves of rich shades of green not only emphasize beautiful flowering, but also create an incredibly compact and lush crown, similar to the "pillow". As with other species of spirea, the reverse side of the leaves is colored a lighter grayish shade, and by the autumn the palette is replaced with delightful tones of ocher, yellow and orange. In the middle of summer, the "Little Princess" is covered with small (about 4 cm) inflorescences of small pale pink flowers that bloom at the ends of the shoots. Duration of flowering is not inferior to its abundance: fabulous splendor lasts about 1.5 months. One of the main advantages of this variety is the slow growth (annual growth is no more than 10 cm in height and 15 cm in width) and durability (with appropriate care, the bush does not lose its decorative effect up to 30 years).
Little Princesses refers to the most unpretentious shrubs. Disease-resistant, easily tolerating frosty winters and droughts The Little Princess is absolutely insensitive to air pollution and soil-tolerant, although it certainly grows best in fertile, loose and wet soil. This type of spirea prefers sunny areas, but it can easily adapt to light penumbra. The only labor-intensive component of care is regular pruning, which since the fourth year is carried out annually in early spring. During such pruning, the tops of old branches are removed, as well as weakened and dried shoots. Throughout the garden season, it is necessary to regularly inspect the reverse side of the leaves, remove the flowering inflorescences and dry foliage as part of disease prevention and protection from pests such as rosaceae, spider mites and aphids. Thanks to timely cutting inflorescences Little Princesses will not lose its decoration throughout the season and may bloom again in August.
Unlike most spirees, to which only the cutting method can be applied, this variety propagates by ordinary division. The bush of Little Princesses is divided into several shoots, each of which is planted as an independent plant. The only condition for successful engraftment of such "seedlings" is abundant watering, which stimulates rooting.
In landscape design, this type of spirea is widely used both in group plantings and in solo solo parts. Little princesses - an ideal shrub for tamping, edging, making color spots and creating borders.
In the composition of various tree-shrub groups of spirea, the Little Princess of Japan often acts as an accompanying, stressing plant. This species is also actively used for bordering flower gardens, producing lush, openwork lines inside flowerbeds, rabatok and mixborders from shrubby ones. A low hedge is an excellent option for distinguishing the space in the garden and a bright decorative element. Little Princess brings unique notes to landscape groups on the banks of ponds and streams. This type of spirea is considered an ideal plant for framing stones and is very often found in rock gardens, where it can also be used as a ground cover plant, with soft cushions emphasizing the meaning of compositions. In addition, it is almost the only shrub that does not belong to the Vereskov family, which looks great in rockeries.
Partners for the "Little Princess" is easy to find. In rock gardens and flower beds, it looks good next to lavender, silverweed, St. John's wort, ornamental grasses, as well as other low perennial plants or shrubs. From woody trees, the best "neighbors" of Little Princess are conifers - fir, spruce, pine.
Separate directions in the use of Little Princesses for decorating the site - planting it in a variety of containers and flower pots for the front garden, terraces, recreation areas, pot gardens.
Agrotechnical features of cultivation
Not very important for the spirea are the conditions usually necessary for other plants, such as: the method of shelter in the winter period, the intensity of irrigation, the fertility of the soil. Waterslver is required only during the first year after planting in the soil.
Special recommendations for pruning are not provided, but under the skillful hands the crown of the plant is perfectly formed. Shrub able to grow from 30 cm to 1.5 meters.
This indicator depends on which particular variety was planted. The shape of the crown in some cases thick and dense, in others - disheveled and rare. But basically it can be described as spherical. Faceliness is very good, the trunks do not shine even near the ground.
Spiraea japonica are often interested not only fans and beginners. Information about her and images with her beautiful flowering can be found even on the pages of catalogs with planting material. There are gardeners available many different varieties of it. Flowering occurs in July and does not stop until August.
Only those shoots that have appeared in the plant in the current year are blooming. The usual period of ripening seed spirea - October. Her daughter plants take root effortlessly. For successful rooting is required to dig a hole, the size of which will correspond to the size of the root system. If the soil is fertile, planting will not require additional fertilizer fertilizer.
This shrub is often used as a hedge. For this purpose, suitable, in particular, spirey varieties "Albiflora."
Decorating land plot planting
The shrub looks bright year-round because it is very practical for garden design. In the beauty of meadowsweet there are no so-called failures that would affect a certain season.
The roots of the plant do not twist the root systems of the near-growing plantings, and the bush itself is not distinguished by a large number of root shoots. This beauty gets on well with any environment.
The recommendation of the landscape designer: such a variety of Japanese Spireas, like "Krisla", can be successfully used to create shrub-tree group, where its main purpose will be a disguise for high-growing representatives of open trunks. These may include, for example:
The compactness of the bush meadows makes it possible to plant it, including in flowerbeds with annuals and bulbous. They can even decorate the rose garden, in which there are also low-growing perennials.
Spirea will be indispensable where you want to create a bright single image, for example:
- Dividing border.
- When planting slopes.
Cut this plant you need to cut once a month, however, the plant, of course, does not bloom. For this reason, before planting, it is recommended to decide in advance whether the shrub will be considered as decorative or leafy or flowering.
Meadowsweet gives excellent haircut, the bush is well developed and fully leafed. Some plants of the compact variety give a golden wonderful shade of foliage, such as, for example, the spiraea variety of the Japanese Goldmound.
Rejuvenating or sanitary pruning is carried out in such a way that the symmetry of the shoots is not broken. Only dead wood and broken branches are cut. Shrubs that are older than 4 years are more pruned, they have remove several branches up to the trunk.
Decorative varieties spirea
Japanese spiraya has its own decorative varieties, and they, in turn, have their own characteristics and disadvantages.
This beautiful shrub can be described as follows: it has felt-trimmed shoots, succulent oblong leaves, blue-gray and green at the top, which are colored by autumn with all sorts of shades of red-orange tones.
Flowering lasts up to fifty days a year. This type of meadowsweet has many varieties that differ in intensity of floweringand coloring, the shape and height of the crown. It is believed that the following varieties are most common in our country.
Spirea Japanese Little Princess is able to form a neat shrub up to 60 cm high, with a compact rounded crown, blue-green leaves growing in the shape of an elongated ellipse.
Little Princesses has pink flowers, which are collected in inflorescence-shield. The flowering period occurs in early or mid summer. The shrub grows slowly.
Inimitable looks and single landing, and in the creation of shrub groups, gardening edges, in hedges. Among the shortcomings of this sort of meadowsweet, it is possible to note only a quick loss of the saturation of the hue with colors that are able to fade in open sunlight.
Japaniz Dwarf is another plant variety. Great for alpine slide, to participate in any garden composition. In height reaches up to 30 cm. The shape of the crown is rounded. The plant produces thin shoots with small green leaves.
In July, begins the period of flowering, and at the ends of the shoots appear lilac flowers, which are collected in carapace inflorescences. Flowering occurs so luxuriantly that it completely hides the leaves. The flowering period is long and lasts for 2 months.
Spirea Japanese varieties of Shiroban is a shrub that grows up to 80 cm. It has dark green narrow leaves of lanceolate shape, reaching a length of about 2.5 cm.
The shade of flowers at Shirobany can be hot pink or whiteand sometimes red.
It all depends on the amount of light falling on the place where the bush grows. Flowering begins in July, then the plant liberally produces new flower stalks until mid-August. "Shiroban" can diversify such compositions of landscape decoration, such as:
- Low curbs.
- Compositions of hvoynik.
- Rock gardens and other shrubs.
The main drawback of the Shiroban variety is the untidiness of the bush. But he easy to adjust. And without a haircut, shepherd forms a "chaotic" crown.
The spirea Japanese Albiflora (it is also the spirea Aliflora Japanese white) is a 60 cm tall shrub, the flowers are white, which is extremely unusual for the spirea, which blooms in summertime.
In this phase, the inexpressible begins to hover over the shrubbery. rich aroma. The foliage of the plant is oval, green, and on its background snow-white inflorescences look especially amazing. However, blooming, the flowers begin to acquire a brown-withered shade, because such peduncles should be promptly removed.
The Japanese Golden Princess Spirea is an interesting shrub that reaches a height of 55-60 cm, the span and diameter of the crown - 1 m or slightly higher. In spring, foliage takes on a bright yellow shade.
In the summer, it brightens, and in September the leaves turn out to be orange in color with soft semitones. Its leaves are 7–8 cm long. Flowering occurs in June and is very abundant. Themselves flowers of red-pink and pinkwhich are collected in inflorescence-shield.
It can reach up to 5 cm in diameter. Golden Princess attracts insects, for this reason it is not recommended to plant in places of children's recreation and for walks.
Groundcover spirea often used as a decorative element, which gets along well with other low-growing plants, like, for example, St. John's wort, lavender, rudbeckia, silverweed, yarrow, as well as field herbs. In recent years, many varieties of this shrub can be found not only in private landings, but also in urban parks.