- When is it best to replant peonies, in spring or autumn
- How to plant peonies in the fall
- How to grow peony
When is it best to transplant peonies
The most suitable time for peony transplantation is the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, when it is still warm enough outside, but not hot, but from one to three weeks before the rainy season. If the flowers are transplanted during this period, they will be able to gain strength and adapt to a new ground much easier. With the arrival of spring, the peony roots will quickly germinate, will begin to actively absorb moisture and nutrients, which will have a beneficial effect on the plant (if the transplant is successful, the peonies will bloom next summer).
It is possible to transplant peonies in spring, but usually transplantation during this season has a negative effect on the bushes, they start to hurt, in most cases the flowering stops for a year or two. Therefore, if you do not wish to destroy the flowers, postpone the transfer of peonies for several months (until the "velvet season"), if this is impossible (for example, it is planned to build on this place, or the moles attacked the flower roots), then during the procedure itself In no case do not separate rhizomes.
It should be noted that the transplantation of peonies in the late spring and summer can not be carried out, it can lead to their death. The fact is that during this period buds are born, which flowers are going to be released next year in the form of stems, and if you disturb them, they will not form properly and eventually the plants will die. This will happen due to the fact that in the late spring and early summer the peony roots are not sufficiently developed, the millet kidneys will not have enough nutrients to restore
When can the peonies be transplanted to bloom next year?
If you need to transplant (seedlings) peonies, while you want to admire their flowering next summer, then the procedure is carried out in early to mid-September. Cut the stems at a distance of 5-7 centimeters from the tubers, neatly divide the tubers so that there are between three and five buds on the “delenka” (it is unnecessary to leave more, because it will be more difficult for the shrub to settle down). Place each "delenka" in your landing pit (with drainage required), bury, tamp and pour abundantly.
Terms of peony transplantation
The flower reacts sensitively to moving to a new place. The root system is restored over a long period, which leads to a later and less abundant flowering. In some cases, the pion may stop blooming after the procedure. The condition of the perennial and the periods in which the movement is carried out directly affect the renewal of the decorative appearance. It is better to schedule a transplant of pions at a time when they are preparing for a rest period.
The advantages of the spring landing
In early spring, you can change the place of flower growth only by the method of transshipment. To plant bushes by dividing rhizomes is not recommended. Compact plants during spring transplantation, as a rule, bloom later than usual or do not release buds at all. It depends on compliance with the planting technology and the general state of the root system. It is advisable for a weakened plant to remove appearing buds so that it spends its strength on rooting and prepares itself for lush flowering for the next season. Pion planting dates vary by region. The main requirement is soil heated to 7-10 ° C, saturated with moisture.
For early varieties of peonies transplant in August. By this month, perennial leaves the growing season, the roots accumulate the necessary amount of nutrients for future flowering. Landing takes place before the onset of the rainy season, which facilitates the adaptation process. Peonies at the age of 4-5 years have a powerful rhizome, which must be divided during transplantation. The procedure contributes to the rejuvenation of the old bush, allows you to get new seedlings.
Blooming peonies do not transplant, it leads to the death of perennial. When there is an urgent need to wait for the end of flowering, after which proceed to transplanting.
Plus autumn transplant
Peony transplantation in the fall to another place is carried out in September or early October, when the suction roots begin to grow. At this time, there is little preparatory work on the site, so you can prepare the plant and the future place for successful rooting without haste.
In the fall, the flower is transplanted along with the earthy clod and by dividing the roots. The rainy period contributes to the development of fungal diseases, therefore the places of rhizomes are carefully treated with an antiseptic.
Terms of seating peony bushes
The travel time of a flowering perennial is determined on the basis of the climatic characteristics of the region, which the calendar method does not always reflect. Transplantation of peonies in the spring to another place is carried out as soon as the snow cover disappears and the soil temperature reaches a positive mark. The appearance of the bush will tell you the optimal time: young red shoots should not exceed 5 cm in height.
In the autumn of moving perennial as soon as possible. Low air temperature in combination with high humidity make it difficult for a naughty flower to survive. A major role in replanting is the proper preparation of the site for planting.
There are varieties that must be transplanted to another site every 10 years. Otherwise, they stop blooming, they often get sick.
The reason why gardeners appreciate peony is a lush, fragrant bloom in early summer. If you plant a plant in an unprepared place, the ornamental properties of the perennial are reduced, a small number of buds are formed on the bush. Peony transplantation requires compliance with several rules on the choice of location and preparation of planting material.
Not later than 2 weeks prepared well for the plant. The distance to the nearest neighbor in the bed is a meter. Such a planting scheme contributes to sufficient illumination of the pion, ensures the circulation of air masses, and enables the correct development of the roots. It is necessary to transplant peonies on the lit area, away from large trees and buildings. The landing pit is prepared according to the following technology:
- at least 2 weeks before transplantation, a well is dug to a depth of half a meter,
- the bottom layer of soil is sprinkled with a drainage layer,
- ½ earth is mixed with compost and superphosphate,
- spill the hole with water, leave for sedimentation and dissolution of fertilizers.
Black soil or spring enriched soil is not fertilized with mineral supplements. If you have to transplant a flower in the ground with a high pH, 1 column of ash or chalk is added to the soil.
Preparation of planting material
Young bushes pass into the new hole with the ground. If in the process of transplanting the soil crumbled and opened the root system, the processes should be inspected and dry, damaged parts removed with a sharp shear. Slice sprinkle with activated charcoal or ash.
In August, you can repot the overgrown peonies, after separating part of the rhizome. Watering is stopped one week before the procedure. Gentle roots easily separated from the dry soil. When dividing adhere to the following rules:
- the dug root is gently freed from the remnants of the soil. It is impossible to shake and beat against the wall, it will damage the thin suction roots,
- dried for several hours in the shade
- shorten shoots to 15-20 cm
- a sharp, clean knife separates the rhizome, on which more than 6 buds are formed,
- 3-4 buds are left on each delenka,
- the incision site is treated with an antiseptic, suitable solution of potassium permanganate or garden var.
In rainy weather sticking to the rhizome of wet soil is possible. To easily assess the state of the root system and examine the kidneys, it is recommended to carefully shed a plant from a garden watering can. It is necessary to clear the earth by placing the plant on film or in a wide container. On weight the risk to injure thin roots is great.
How to transplant peonies
It is better to transplant peony bushes to another place in the evening. Prepared seedlings are immersed in the hole with the ground. In order to properly transplant peonies, it is necessary to deepen the bush 5-7 cm below the root collar. Young buds should be covered with a layer of earth. If you leave them on the surface, they quickly dry out, a deep immersion in the soil will lead to rotting. The ground around the planted peony is slightly tamped down - there should be no voids around the roots.
New bushes, formed as a result of dividing the rhizome, transplanted into the hole, spilled with a weak solution of manganese. This will prevent the development of fungal diseases, protect against rot in rainy weather. The depth of planting depends on the size of the seedling, while the root neck is covered with soil for 5-7 cm.
Experienced gardeners prepare a thick mixture of clay and ash, paste the roots of a dug-out bush with paste and cover it with burlap. In this form, seedlings can be stored for several weeks in a cool, dark room.
If you plan a flower bed of different varieties of peonies, replant the flower should be in accordance with the size of the plant. Tall varieties, regardless of flowering time, are placed in the background. Low perennials planted closer to the edge. 50-70 cm is left before the passage so that drooping stems do not obstruct the path.
Care for peonies after transplantation should be more carefully. A transplanted perennial needs favorable conditions for early rooting. Care in the spring and summer period consists of several points:
- weekly watering at the rate of 1.5 buckets of water per 1 sapling. In hot, dry weather, the frequency of watering increases or the soil is mulched around each bush,
- weeding and soil loosening to a depth of no more than 10 cm,
- Garter stalks wide rope as shoots grow,
- bud removal over the next season.
When the flower is transplanted to another place in the fall, especially by dividing the roots, they need shelter for the winter period. For this purpose, using spruce branches or cardboard boxes. With high acidity of the soil, mulching and shelter of perennials with peat should be avoided.
In the spring, the shelter is removed as soon as the active melting of the snow begins. From this point on it is necessary to provide seedlings with access to sunlight and air. At observance of all rules peony flowering is renewed for 2 year.
To transplant a flower to another site is a painstaking occupation that requires accuracy. Each transplant suspends flowering for one or more seasons. However, compliance with the basic rules will not only successfully move the perennial to a new place, but also rejuvenate the plant due to competent division of the rhizome. If you replant the peony at the end of August, then after the season you can get a strong bush ready for full bloom.
Features of peony transplantation in spring
In early spring, peonies are transplanted with a whole shrub, they do not dividing during this period. Plant survival is good, as there are many suction roots on the roots. But success depends not only on this - it is important to constantly maintain the soil in a wet state. Well, if the weather is damp, but in the dry spring will have to regularly water the planting.
It is necessary to start transplanting when the snow from the flowerbed has completely disappeared, but the bushes have not yet started to grow. The soil at the new site is prepared in advance: it is loosened, fertilized with sand, humus, compost.
Important! Fresh manure can not be used.
1. The old bush is completely dug out of the ground, trying to keep a lump.
2. Planting pit plentifully watered, set the bush peony and sprinkle it with earth.
3. The soil is tamped, watered and mulched with organic matter.
If mineral fertilizers were introduced into the landing pit, they must be mixed with the ground. Peony roots are fragile, they can burn.
Summer Peony Transplant Tips
The best time for a peony transplant in the summer is August. The heat is no longer so strong, the bushes will more easily transfer the procedure and adapt to a new place.
A landing pit for a summer transplant is prepared for six months. It should correspond to the size of the root system, its width is not less than 50 cm, and a depth of about 80 cm. The bottom of the pit is well drained, half-filled with compost or humus, watered abundantly and left until the end of summer. By the time of planting, the land will completely settle, and the roots will not be exposed after watering.
In August, an old bush of peonies is dug up, divided into parts, thinned. New delenki must have at least 6 buds each. Before planting, delenki are washed under running water and kept in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Important! If the root needs to be separated with a knife, then the instrument is disinfected beforehand.
During planting the roots are buried 5 cm in the ground, then sprinkled with fertile soil and watered. Planting depth is very important, otherwise the plant will refuse to bloom. In the future, peony care as usual.
How do you need to transplant peonies in the fall
Peonies transplanted in the fall, will bloom next spring. During the winter, the bush will rest, gain strength. Transplant is planned for warm days, when there are still two weeks before the expected frosts. That is the time needed for rooting bushes in a new place.
In each region, the transplant dates differ. In the Urals and Siberia, landing time is set aside from mid-August to mid-September. In the suburbs and the middle lane landing need to finish before September 25. In the south of the country, the procedure can be extended until the end of the month.
Instructions for transplanting in the fall:
1. Prepare a pit size of 40 x 50 cm, a depth of at least 20 cm.
2. Cut the old shoots to a height of 15 cm.
3. Dig a bush with a pitchfork in order not to damage the roots.
4. Remove the rotten or dry parts of the roots, if necessary, divide into parts.
5. Plant the plant in a new place, deepening the buds by 7 cm. Deeper planting will lead to rotting of the roots.
For planting, use a mixture of fertile soil with mineral fertilizers or humus.
Instructions for transplanting peonies to bloom
To re-transplanted bush bloomed, you need to properly plant it. First, choose a place where the peony will be grown. It should be a well-lit, dry area without drafts. It is good if the sun hits him in the morning, and in the midday heat the bush will be in partial shade. This will prolong the flowering period. Best fit is the eastern side of the plot.
Important! Peonies are planted away from trees or shrubs, as they block the plant with its shadow. Full development of the bush will be impaired, the flowering is out of the question.
Peonies grow well only in loose, loamy soil. In heavy ground, they grow poorly. The depth of embedding roots depends on the land on the site. If the soil is heavy, then delenki are buried by only 3–5 cm. On light soils, the embedment depth is increased to 7 cm. With deeper planting, the peonies will not bloom.
During the transplantation of pions need to properly plan a flower bed. The distance between bushes for low-growing varieties is about 80 cm, for others up to 110 cm. Tree peonies are planted at a distance of 1.5 m.
Peony care after transplanting
The next year after transplantation, experienced gardeners recommend cutting off the buds so that the bushes are stronger. Then in the future season flowering will be abundant.
After autumn transplantation, the bushes are mulched with a thick layer of humus to prepare the peonies for winter. If this is not done, the roots may die. In spring, the soil under the bushes is loosened.
When caring for peonies, do not forget about pruning shoots. Many gardeners do it wrong. Pruned shoots in late autumn, from mid-October to early November. In two weeks the bushes are fed with phosphorus and potassium.
Important! Earlier pruning of shoots weakens the bush, it does not tolerate winter.
During the trimming of the bush, the shoots are cut completely at the level of the soil. If during this period there is no rain, then the soil around it is plentifully watered. Place the sections treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. All plant residues are removed from the flower beds and burned, they can cause diseases.
Peonies are unpretentious flowers that are easy to grow. If you follow all the instructions, then abundant blooms are guaranteed every year.
Choosing the right time
It is important to know when you can plant peonies. The main reason for transplanting may be an overgrown bush.when it gets too big. This is bad for the development of the bush and flowering. Flowers become smaller, and their number begins to decrease. That's when the time of the pion transplantation comes. If you do not, flowering every year will be less. You can simply rejuvenate the plant by dividing the overgrown bush. Perhaps there was a desire to have a few bushes of a flower or transplant to another place.
It should be remembered that the bush younger than five years is undesirable to disturb, because they are very sensitive during transplantation. Their fragile roots can be easily damaged. You need to be extremely careful when transplanting and dividing the roots. Peony transplantation when it is better, it is important to know every gardener.
The most favorable period for transplanting and dividing the bush is the end of August and the beginning of September. At this time, the plant has faded and gained strength for further development. Soon they will have a period of rest, and they will safely endure division and transplantation.
Spring flowers transplant
Peonies can be transplanted in spring, although many experts advise against this. Сделать это надо в короткие сроки, когда воздух уже прогрелся градусов до семи, а земля ещё влажная. У цветка ростки не должны быть больше 15 см.Gardeners are digging up the entire bush, trying not to damage its roots. To do this, dig a bush in a circle at a distance of 50 centimeters to dig a flower with a clod of earth. In this case, the roots will remain the most.
Choosing a place for pion, you need to take into account his preferences. It is best to choose the east side. These flowers love long sun illumination. and do not tolerate the shadows. Therefore, they should be planted away from buildings, bushes and trees, which take all food from the soil. Drafts have a bad effect on them.
Pit for planting dig in advance. It must be at least 70 cm. Fill it with the prepared mixture. To do this, take in equal parts:
The flower prefers nutritious soil, so you need to add a little fertilizer to the mixture. You can take urea, superphosphate. Be sure to cover the fertilizer with soil so that the roots do not come into contact with it, because it can burn them and harm the plant.
Plentifully watered pit prepared for transplanting plants. Put the excavated bush of peony into it and gently sprinkle it in a circle with soil and tamp it down. You can water the bush from above.
It is advised that after spring transplantation, not to allow the plant to bloom. Appeared buds must be cut off. The flower needs strength to recover and grow further. Flowering takes a lot of power.
It is better to transplant and divide pions when they have faded and gained strength and nourishment. The most favorable time for this is the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. At this time, the roots and the plant are at rest, so the transplant is less painful. Over the long winter, the peonies in the new place will get stronger in order to grow well in the spring. Experts say that full-bloom after transplantation can be observed only after three years. It is possible even after five years not to wait for flowering, if you plant a peony wrong.
Features of the autumn procedure
In order to transplant a peony in the autumn, you need to dig a hole 70 cm deep and 50 cm wide a few weeks before. Water it several times during this time so that the ground is covered. Pruned on the bush the entire above-ground part, leaving ten centimeters. If we are talking about a simple transplant of a bush, you can simply plant it, as in the spring, by a method of transshipment, and water well.
- For reproduction and division they dig up a bush with the help of a pitchfork. They do not damage the roots as much as a shovel.
- The dug up bush is freed from the ground and washed.
- Carefully inspect the roots.
- Damaged or rotten roots are removed with a pruner or sharp garden knife.
- All tools that use must be processed.
- Place slices must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or ash.
- You can soak the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate or a growth stimulator. This procedure will help the flower to adapt and settle down faster.
The division should be carried out, considering the kidneys. For a full flower, six is enough. From a large bush can go two or three parts, which further grow into separate bushes. Thanks to this division, gardeners propagate flowers. When planting a flower, you need to carefully monitor not to sprinkle the buds. Five centimeters is enough for normal growth.
The first time after planting the peony should be watered frequently. For the winter, the transplanted flower should be covered with spruce, compost, or peat. In the future, care for him will be standard: weeding, feeding, watering.
The first two years the young plant will spend all its strength on building roots. Even if the buds appear, they must be removed. With proper division and landing after a while, you can get gorgeous peony bushes.
Terms of transplantation and division of pions
Peony transplantation is recommended when they are bloomed, are stocked with nutrients for the winter and are preparing for a rest period. Experienced gardeners are advised to do this in early autumn, in September. Transplantation of peonies in the fall makes it possible for delenkam to take root well and give strong shoots for the next year.
If necessary, you can transplant and divide the peony in the spring, but not later than the time when the plant showed bright red shoots no more than 15-20 cm in height. That is, before the green branch begins to form - in April or May.
If flowers were grown at home, or due to diseases in the flower garden it is necessary to transfer peonies to a new place - transplantation in summer is allowed, but without a division procedure.
Peony transplantation in the summer to another place without dividing the rhizome
Preparing a place for landing peonies
Approximately one month before the planned transplant, it is necessary to prepare places for new bushes. Planting pits with a depth of at least 60 cm are dug out on a sunny, sheltered from the winds place.
At the bottom of the pit poured a layer of drainage material (expanded clay, broken brick, pebbles), then the nutrient mixture for plant development. You can buy it in specialized stores or prepare it yourself by mixing one bucket of compost, peat, sand, and add a glass of wood ash and 50 grams of superphosphate.
The remaining volume of the pit is filled with garden soil, cleared of weeds and roots. For shrinkage, the substrate should be well shed with water, then, if necessary, fill the ground.
Reproduction division and transplanting peony bush
Peonies, transplantation of which is planned with the division of rhizome, must be older than 5 years. Adult shrub digging at an angle with forks from all sides, gently remove the rhizome from the pit and shake off the ground. If the soil is damp and stuck to the roots, it can be rinsed out of a hose or a watering can. This is necessary so that the kidneys are clearly visible.
Transplantation of peonies in the fall after flowering
The division of the rhizomes performed with a garden knife. This is done in such a way that there are 2-3 rhizomes and 3-4 buds on each delenka. Sections and broken roots are powdered with crushed coal.
Peonies - transplanting and breeding
If the gardener has a goal to transplant bushes without division, then during the transplantation of pions, their roots should not be washed. The entire rhizome is gently transferred to the prepared pit and filled with earth so that the buds are not more than 5 cm deep. Then the plant should be poured with a bucket of water in which several manganese crystals can be dissolved for disinfection.
Planting pions with delenki and caring for them
Delenka is placed in the center of the planting pit and sprinkled with a layer of earth no more than 5 cm. If you deepen the rhizome, it can rot, and if placed close to the soil level, the buds will dry out. After planting, the plants are watered every three days at the rate of: one bucket of 10 liters per plant.
We propagate a peony - transfer to another place of fresh delenok
In winter, the stalks of seedlings are cut to 10 cm and covered with spruce branches or compost.
If the terms of pion transplantation were chosen correctly, then in the first summer the plant will have an ovary of buds. They should be removed so that the plant does not spend the force on the formation of the flower - the first two years the young peonies will increase the root mass, so you should not get them to bloom.
Dividing and transplanting pions to another place will help to quickly fill flower beds and front gardens with these lush flowers. In addition, it is a great opportunity to share different varieties with florist neighbors.
Causes of transplantation
Let's talk about the most common causes of peony transplants to a new location.
- One of the reasons for changing the site for your green pets can be too big bushes pomp. Over the years, the plant grows and begins to interfere with all the neighboring inhabitants of your flower bed. At this time, the peony should be seated, rejuvenated, or even completely transplanted to a freer new place.
- Another no less compelling reason for a peony transplant can serve long growing season flower in the same place. This is done so that the flower does not become infected with any diseases and receive a sufficient amount of nutrients.
- The reason for moving the plant can also be site redevelopment. For example, if it is planned to build an arbor at the place where peonies are growing now, plant potatoes or dig a well. Maybe a lot of reasons, most importantly, you should know that the "move" flowers are not perceived very well.
The necessary conditions
In order for the plant's root system to quickly get stronger after transplantation and continue to grow rapidly in the future, it is necessary to create the right conditions for it. When transplanting peonies, you should choose an open area that is well lit by the sun and not obscured by a fence, neighboring buildings or other plants - this flower doesn’t really like to compete with the neighboring plants, the root system of which is strongly developed. Colors need freedom and plenty of space.
The roots of this plant are very fond of moisture, but a long time in the damp earth can easily lead to rotting. That is why you should not plant your green pets in the lowlands and in places where a high level of groundwater was recorded. Best of all, the flowers themselves will feel in the ground, which has a good drainage layer.
How and when to transplant peonies?
Let's look at when you can transplant a plant to a new location: in the fall or spring? And how to carry out the procedure of transplantation?
Peonies are transplanted in the spring with whole bushes from place to place.. Reproduction and division during this period is not accepted. After wintering, with the onset of summer, the roots of the bushes overgrow with additional suction processes. They help the plant to take root after the "move" to a new place. Peon transplantation is carried out in the spring in the shortest possible time, which must be followed: from the moment when all the snow melted, and the air warmed up to at least 7 ° C and until the growing season of the plant begins.
Pit under the bush should be prepared in advance. It is necessary that the land in it was nutritious and loose. The soil can be fertilized with compost, rotted manure or mineral fertilizers of any kind (it is strictly forbidden to use fresh organic). Land can be mixed with a certain amount of sand so that future watering can be carried out more qualitatively.
When digging a bush from the old place, be sure to ensure that its roots remain as safe as possible and are in one pile of the whole earth (earthy coma). It in no way need to scrape, flush or scrape. Place the shrub in the hole prepared in advance, preserving the integrity of the union of the earth and the roots. It remains only:
- bury and fix the bush of peonies in the ground
- carefully tamp it down
- water well.
The plant will grow stronger in a couple of days and further care will be of the same character as before.
Of all the summers, August is best for transplanting flowers.. At this time of year, the weather is no longer as hot as in the middle of summer, but there are still no heavy rain showers that can interfere with the process.
The pit for bushes must be harvested long before it is used for the first time - in about six months. For the manufacture of digging round deepening about 0.5 m in diameter and a depth of 0.8 m. At the bottom it is necessary to pour a little sand, compost or fresh manure, mix the resulting mixture with the ground, pour decanted rain water and wait for August to transplant .
At the right time, you need to carefully dig a flower out of the ground with a fork, you can thin it out if necessary, or carefully divide it into several parts. Flower root should have at least six buds. Before planting a peony, it should be disinfected and washed thoroughly.
If you plan to divide the root, then before the procedure it is necessary to sanitize all the tools and lubricate them with potassium permanganate or brilliant green to reduce the risk of infection of the root system with a fungus. After processing the root, gently place the peony bush in a prepared hole. Bury the plant about 5 cm deep, tamp and water the flower.
The process of transplanting flowers in the fall not too different from transplanting in spring or summer. However, this very method is the most common, since the root system of a plant is at rest before winter. Roots more easily tolerate the stress of transplanting at this time and will be able to get strong enough for the winter in a new place, so that in the spring you will be pleased with the new flowering.
As usual, it is best to begin transplanting a bush with preparing a new site, or rather, digging a hole. It is necessary to do this in the fall two weeks before the planned “relocation”. Pits under each bush should be:
- 40–50 cm wide,
- 15–20 cm deep.
Water well to our hole. If the ground is very dense, it should be moved with some sand. Before planting, it is recommended to fertilize the land with superphosphate, compost or humus. Do not forget about the drainage layer. The plant will benefit because if you pour some fine pebbles to the bottom of the prepared pit.
Before digging up a bush from an old place, it is necessary to shorten its shoots to about 10−13 cm in length. It is necessary to dig up the roots very carefully, moving away from the main stem at a distance of 20 cm. It is best to do this with a fork, because with a shovel there is a risk that you will unnoticeably cut off long roots. You should simply loosen the ground deep enough until the peony bush comes out easily.
As soon as the roots are free, they should be washed, and all rotten shoots (if any) will be removed. To perform the operation it is necessary, again, with very sharp garden shears, which have been pretreated with brilliant green or alcohol. The rhizome then should be briefly immersed in a solution of (weak) potassium permanganate.
When burrowing roots into the ground, be careful that the kidneys do not sink too deep into the ground: 5-7 centimeters will be quite enough. This is very important because, otherwise, they have all the chances to simply rot.
The first two weeks after transplantation, the peonies should not be watered too often, so as not to provoke the decay of the trimmed roots. After some time, you need to adjust the watering, making it regular.
The adjustment depends directly on the condition of the soil - on its moisture. Do not forget to carefully loosen the ground after each irrigation, it will not allow a dry crust to form on the soil surface and provide the roots with the necessary access of oxygen.
As soon as the plant gets stronger, it is necessary to start spuding. A hole should be made around the hole in the spring so that moisture will accumulate in it. Experienced gardeners recommend not to feed the peonies in the first five years after transplantation. In the spring, after the allotted time, as soon as the first sprouts appear, the plant should be fed with a solution of mullein and water, in a ratio of 1:20, approximately half a bucket for each bush of pions. Feeding is recommended to repeat after the appearance of new buds. And be sure to remember about weeds - they should be regularly pulled or weeded around ornamental plants.
Explanations and tips
Drainage. If the groundwater rises close to the roots, or you just need to lower their level, dig a drainage hole in the aisle and completely fill it with rubble, broken bricks or pebbles.
The root neck of the plant should be kept slightly above the aisle.
In some articles on plant transplants they write about the creation of a drainage layer at the bottom of the planting pit, however, there is no great need for grassy peonies, but for tree-like ones, this is of great importance. It is necessary to use drainage at a high level of groundwater, where plants are planted on low beds.
Fertilizers. Fertilizers are vital for almost any plant, especially when planting a flower. They will help the roots to be stronger, and also contribute to the good development of the whole plant. Phosphate fertilizers are indispensable in order to prevent brown spots on the leaves over time.
Phosphorus very often forms insoluble compounds when feeding, and then settles at a shallow depth. Organic phosphate fertilizers, such as bone meal, rather than mineral flour, such as superphosphate, remain the best for use, since it gradually decomposes and feeds the flower for quite a long time, which is not very useful.
In the lower layer of top dressing it is recommended to add weathered parted weeds from clay soil. It is clay soil that is able to retain most of the nutrients, unlike peat, sand or podzol.
Top. The top layer in the planting pit should be no less than 5−10 cm. No fertilizer can be added to it, therefore, from above, most often, simply sprinkle the usual loose soil, so that the roots of the flower receive enough oxygen and stretch down all the time.
Suction roots and their features
Each bush of peonies has up to several thousand suction roots, which are practically impossible to see with the naked eye (they are not much thicker than cobwebs). Уходят такие корни вертикально вниз на очень большую глубину.
Именно из-за них требуется выкапывать настолько глубокие ямы для посадки и делать слой из дренажа и подкормки, если грунтовые воды расположены достаточно близко.
Некоторые цветоводы ошибочно принимают за всасывающие корешки более короткие белые корни, которые являются ежегодным продолжением толстых запасающих корней. Suction roots appear around the end of September, so it is recommended to harvest delenki and plant peonies from August to September, until they appear, so as not to accidentally damage them.
Now you know that peonies can be transplanted when absolutely necessary at almost any time of the year, the main thing is compliance with all recommendations and simple rules. In this case, your green pets will be able to quickly settle down on a new place and will enjoy the eye with abundant flowering for many years to come.
When can I transplant peonies
Observing the necessary precautions, peony bushes can be transplanted in spring, summer and autumn. It is necessary to consider some nuances.
In the spring, peonies do not divide. Many flower growers claim that spring peony digging can destroy or greatly weaken the plant. Others believe that the transfer of the bush with the urgent need is possible immediately after the snow melt.
As long as the air temperature has not risen above +10 degrees and the above-ground part of the peony has not moved into growth, the plant can be moved to another place.
In the Middle Band, the beginning - mid-April can be considered a suitable time for transplantation. With warming, peony roots will begin to overgrow with small young roots, which will help the plant to take root in a new place.
If the transplant is done carefully, it will not affect the condition of the flower. A peony transplanted in spring will bloom in the summer, as usual. However, for the confidence of a gardener, flower buds from a flower can be removed, giving the plant the opportunity to direct all its strength to take root in a new place.
In the summer, perennials are preparing for a change of residence in late August. At this time, the summer heat subsides, it often rains. The roots of the plant are already fearlessly washed from the soil, inspected for diseases and pests, pruned if necessary.
Transplant can be combined with the division of the peony bush. Planted delenki immediately have time to take root before the onset of winter.
Transplant in the fall. Similarly, you can transplant and multiply the peony by dividing the bush in September - October. Experts recommend this time, as the most painless for a plant, the term of transplantation. The roots of the flower during this period have completed their growth and pass into the resting stage.
Dates of autumn peony transplantation depending on the region
Date, when replanting peonies, depends on the region. The terms of work indicated below are approximate, attention should be paid to the climate and steady weather in a particular area.
- Middle belt, Moscow region, Leningrad region - from August 20 to September 25,
- Ural and Siberia - from August 20 to September 10,
- Southern regions of Russia, Ukraine - all September, early October,
- Belarus - from August 25 to September 20.
Gardeners who follow the lunar calendar will need to know when to replant peonies in 2018:
- August: from 27 to 31 numbers
- September: from 1 to 5, 10-19, 23 and 24, from 26 to 30,
- October: from 1 to 3.
Autumn peony transplant step by step
Above, we have considered when it is possible to transplant peonies to another place, now let's figure out how to do it correctly. A few weeks before the start of work, it is necessary to prepare landing pits for peony bushes. The pit is about half a meter deep and the same in diameter. This size is necessary for filling the pit with a nutrient substrate.
The procedure for filling the pit is as follows:
- river sand is poured at the bottom (or fine gravel, expanded clay), a layer of 3-4 cm for drainage,
- then there is rotted manure or compost up to half the volume of the pit,
- the top layer is sod earth mixed with ashes.
Adding mineral fertilizers when planting peony is not required.
Peony bush digging in pitchforks from different sides, retreating from the stems of 20-25 cm. Digging in a bush in a circle, it is shaken, carefully releasing the roots from the soil.
Important! Peony roots are fragile and easily broken, so they act when digging, with all care. Pull the plant by the leaves of the soil can not be!
The roots of the plant are washed from the soil, inspect. If necessary, cut off the damaged parts. Leave in the shade for a few hours so that excess moisture leaves the roots and they become less fragile.
A bush with a sharp pruner is divided into parts so that on each division there are 4-6 growth buds.
For the prevention of disease and stimulation of growth, the deions of the peony are soaked in a solution of Fitosporin or potassium permanganate (saturated pink solution), then in Heteroauxin or Corneum for half an hour.
- Delenki planted in the hole to a depth of 15-20 cm, without deepening growth buds! They should be covered with earth by 3-5 cm.
- The soil around the bush is well pressed and plentifully shed.
- The foliage of the plant is cut at a height of 15 cm so that the flower does not spend strength on maintaining the green mass.
Transplant depending on the state of the plant (with buds, flowers)
It is also important to know when to transplant peonies, depending on their stage of development. The flower grower must be remembered - it is impossible to disturb the pion root system during the budding and flowering period! The plant has an active expenditure of force on these vital processes, and the inevitable injury to the roots during transplantation will cause severe stress to the plant. Peony may die.
Digging out a peony after flowering is less traumatic for the plant. But it is better to wait for August-September for transplantation.
In the spring, while the peony did not give the first sprouts, a neat transplant of plants to a new place is possible. Perennials need to dig with a large earthen ball.
When transplanting a large peony bush - it is more convenient to work together. Having dug around with a fork the bush in a circle and swinging it, it is hooked from both sides onto the forks and removed outside.
Transplant depending on the type of peony
The transplant recommendations described above are given for the most common and unpretentious - grassy peonies.
Tree species and Ito hybrids require more careful treatment. Without much need you should not disturb the plants.
Tree peonies are transplanted in August-September as well as grassy ones. Particular attention should be paid to the careful extraction of the plant from the soil. Tree peony roots are fragile and reach a length of 80 cm.
- The branches of the bush are tied in a bundle so that they do not interfere with work and do not break.
- The bush is digged around the circumference, departing from the center of 40 cm. At first they dig a trench on the bayonet of the shovel, then they take up the pitchfork, going deeper into the roots.
- Carefully swaying the peony, hook the earthen clod with the roots on the forks and remove it from the pit.
Ito peonies are transplanted by the same technology as the tree. The most important point in the placement of the bush in the pit is not to deepen the growth buds.
Why do not transplanted peonies bloom? Why do peonies wither after transplant?
Young peony delenki bloom 2-3 years after planting. This is a natural term necessary for the plant to build up the necessary mass of roots. If the buds appeared on the bush before - they pinch.
Untimely flowering significantly weaken the pion.
Other common reasons for the lack of buds:
- too little delenka
- split young and not strong enough peony bush, under five years old,
- the plant is recessed, the growth buds are covered with soil above 5 cm,
- the plant is planted finely, and in the winter the color buds are frozen out,
- too shaded flower is selected,
- the plant suffers from drought and lack of food.
In case of improper planting, the plant will have to dig and place in the ground properly.
Peonies can wither if the plant lacks moisture or, on the contrary, its excess is felt. The flower may suffer from gray rot - the disease affects the stems at the base, leaves wither, then fall to the ground.
Too little delenka of the peony root, can not cope with the provision of above-ground parts of food. Therefore, it is recommended to trim the leaves of peony after transplantation.
Care for transplanted peonies
After the autumn transplant, the bushes are watered abundantly, consuming up to 10-15 liters per bush. If the autumn is dry, watering is repeated a couple of times before the cold weather comes.
The soil is mulched with a layer of peat, wood shavings, or covered with spruce fur branches. This measure will help keep flowers from the winter cold.
After a spring transplant, perennials are simply observed, watering if necessary. If the roots of the plant have not been disturbed, changing places will not affect the growth of the plant.
We considered when to transplant peonies - in the fall, spring or summer - and how to do it correctly. However, it is worth remembering that they belong to plants that are very sensitive to damage to the root system. When choosing a place for a plant, it is necessary to carefully check whether all the conditions are created for a comfortable life of the flower. Excess transplantation perennial only harm.