A real decoration of the apartment can be euharis (Amazonian lily).
Euharis or euharis (graceful, charming) is a perennial bulbous plant of the Amarilis family.
In the wild, it is found in the tropical rainforests of the Amazon.
At the end of the 19th century, it was introduced to Europe and has been one of the most popular indoor and garden plants ever since.
Tropical beauty lily immediately attracts attention due to the delicate elegant flowers in appearance resembling a garden daffodil.
Flowers are collected in inflorescences (from 4 to 8 buds in each) and are located on tall peduncle arrows.
Their color range is not too diverse, most varieties form snow-white inflorescences, flowers of bluish and cream shades are extremely rare.
Euharis sheets of large lanceolate shape, in length can reach half a meter.
The color of the sheet plate is dark green with a glossy shine.
Of the 20 species of euharis in room culture, most often there are three: large-flowered, snow-white and Sander.
Several photos of the Euharis flower:
In room conditions euharis cultivated for several decades. During this time, he has adapted sufficiently to various growing conditions. Euharis is unpretentious, not capricious, for which he enjoys love at florist. Let us consider in detail how to carry out home care for Euharis.
The forest plant euharis does not like bright sunshine.
Diffused soft light and partial shade - this is the most suitable for him lighting.
You can settle a flower on the east or west window sill.
In the summer of a green household, it is advisable to walk in the garden or on the loggia (balcony), be sure to touch its leaves from the sun.
Tropical lily loves heat. At temperatures below 18 degrees Celsius, the flower will hurt, wither and stop blooming.
Draft flower also does not approve, as well as temperature drops. This is desirable to remember, bringing it to fresh air.
In August, it is noticeably colder in the evening, so a tender plant should not be left to spend the night outside the house.
This process requires special attention.
The main thing is not to re-moisten the soil, but also to prevent drought.
Improper irrigation can lead to rotting of the roots, lack of flowering, as well as drying and yellowing of the leaf plates.
Watering should be moderate.
The water used is well settled at room temperature. The fact that the flower wants to drink will tell the top layer of the substrate - it will be dry.
Spray the plant should be often (after all, the humid tropics are the birthplace of the Amazon daffodil) with warm water, excluding moisture on the flowers.
Stage of rest (rest) lasts about a month. The dormant period of the euharis begins as soon as the last inflorescence fades. At this time, the plant is cleaned in a cool, shaded place. Stop feeding, rarely watered.
Rest is very important for the flower, during this time it is gaining strength and preparing for further growth and flowering.
About how to properly care for Euharis can be found by watching the video:
Graft and ground
How to choose the right tank for landing?
The euharis pot should be tall and narrow.
It is not recommended to take a very spacious pot, as in this case, the flower will throw all the forces on the development of the bulb, trying to fill the whole space with its roots.
Close pots push your green pet to bloom and grow its aerial parts.
The plant is transplanted infrequently, about once every four years (in March).
During this period, the pot is completely filled with bulbs and transplant euharis becomes necessary.
The old earthen clod is retained, transferred to a new container (the new pot should be slightly larger than the previous one, approximately 20%), placed on a layer of expanded clay drainage, sprinkled with fresh soil and well tamped.
Euharis propagated by seed and division.
The first method is very time consuming and rarely gives positive results. Therefore, experienced growers prefer the second, more reliable method.
The euharis shrub is usually divided during transplantation in such a way that the young daughter plant has at least four onions.
This will help the flower to adapt more quickly in the new pot, acquire new babies and bloom in the same year.
Below you can watch a video that captures the reproduction process of Euharis:
Euharis welcomes additional nutrition and responds well to organic fertilizers. It can be fed throughout the growing season (except for the resting stage) with a liquid fertilizer for bulbous and flowering plants:
With good care, euharis will please you with lush and long flowering. Amazonian lily blooms about 2 times a year - in winter and autumn.
It is very important to observe the correct mode of watering during this period, not allowing excessive moisture. Between irrigation the soil should dry well.
Benefit and harm
Euharis is considered a good ecologist, it is inherent in the ability to absorb harmful substances, purify the air and saturate the room with oxygen.
The plant has a strong positive energy, a beneficial effect on all living in the apartment, relieving them of depression and charging them with vigor.
The energy they release is sometimes so strong that the flowers that are with the euharis in the neighborhood start to wither and die.
Cohabitation with this plant is not useful to every green household.
White flowers of tropical narcissus have long been considered a powerful talisman for brides. To protect against the evil eye, envy and damage to the girls before the wedding weave them into their hair.
This luxurious flower, also called the Amazon lily: care at home for him, even a novice amateur grower can do it. She is unpretentious and grateful for the love and care of luxurious blooms.
Where to put the pot with euharis
Euharis does not like bright lighting. He likes penumbra more. Therefore, placing a flower pot with a plant on the southern windows is impractical. Lily will feel comfortable in an east, west window or on a shelf inside the room. In summer, the flower can be taken out to the garden or to the balcony. Only first you need to prepare for it a special visor that will protect the plant from the rays of the sun and from the rain.
Humidity and air temperature
In the room where the Amazonian lily is located, for its active growth and flowering, it is necessary to maintain a temperature between 24º and 28º heat. At a lower temperature, her flowers become smaller. After flowering (at rest), the flower is provided with a temperature range from 17º to 19º heat. If the temperature in the room drops to + 10ºC and below, the lily will start dropping the leaves, and the plant bulb may rot.
It is not necessary to organize a special humidity in the room where the flower is located. It is necessary to periodically spray and wipe the leaves from the dust with a damp cloth.
During flowering, these manipulations should be performed with extreme caution. Water that has fallen on the flowers can cause brown spots to form on them.
How to water euharis
For plants optimal is considered moderate watering. In the case of the Amazonian lily, the condition is maintained: "It is better to underfill than overflow." Watering is carried out with separated water at room temperature. The excess water that remains in the pan of the flower pot is drained. Regular watering in the period of growth of lilies is carried out when the earth lump dries to a third of the volume, and in the period of rest when the earth dries out to half the volume.
Frequent mistakes in the care of euharis
Ignorance of the main requirements of growing plays a negative role in the development and growth of the Amazonian lily. Home flower euharis requires proper care, and subject to the agrotechnics presents a luxurious kind of green leaves and an abundance of delicate flowers.
If the leaves on the euharis turn yellow and die alternately is a natural process. Yellowing all the leaves at the same time speaks of problems with the plant, such as:
- excessive or weak watering,
- low (less than + 10ºC) indoor temperature,
- sunburn leaves.
The plant can be "cured". It is necessary to remove it from the pot and inspect the onion for the presence of putrefactive zones. To cut off such zones, treat the cuts with ashes, dry and plant the plant again.
- If the plant is left for a long time without watering, its leaves will become sluggish. Watering should return foliage elasticity. But when overcooling due to an open window in winter or transportation, the turgor of leaves may not recover.
- If the Amazon lily twists and withers the leaves, then it is either sick in a draft, or its roots are damaged.
When and how to transplant euharis
Amazon lily does not like transplants. Therefore, if the plant is healthy, it blooms well and does not “fall out” of a flowerpot, it is possible not to disturb it for three to four years.
A healthy flower transplant is performed when many “babies” are formed and they interfere with the normal growth of the flower.
The child material can be used to propagate the plant, but it can also not be separated from the mother flower. In the latter case - transplanting in the renewed soil without separation, it is possible to achieve a more lush flowering of lilies.
March is the most favorable month for plant replanting. A healthy plant is transplanted into the prepared land by the method of transshipment, without disturbing the earthen coma.
If the flower bulbs are rotted, they are carefully released from the ground and washed with water. Then remove the rot (cut off). The cut surface is thoroughly disinfected by immersing the fungicide solution. Then sprinkle the incision with wood ash.
Depending on the original planting material (bulb with leaves and without leaves), there are two options for planting plants.
Planting Amazonian lilies with leaves
How to plant a euharis photo
Before planting, the leaves are not cut off, removing only yellowed and dying off.
- Depth of landing - 5-6 cm.
- Capacity for planting - high, narrow, with a hole in the bottom and drainage at the bottom of expanded clay or small pebbles ..
- Watering - the first 3 weeks of moderate, as the soil dries.
- The location is bright and warm.
Planting Amazonian lilies without leaves
The leaves before planting are completely cut at a height of 1 cm above the bulb.
- Planting depth - the top of the bulb looks out at 0.5 cm above the ground surface.
- Capacity for planting - the diameter is larger than the diameter of the bulb 2-3 cm.
- The soil is half sand.
- Watering - the first three weeks are moderate, as the soil dries.
- The location is bright and warm.
If you have planted an Amazon lily bulb without leaves, then the young leaves of the plant will grow about 40 days after planting. The fact that the top of the bulb is above the ground, will make it possible to easily observe the growth and development of the plant.
Land for euharis
Euharis flower home care Houseplant Euharis photo
Euharis loves fertile soil with good water and breathability.
The most convenient way to purchase special land in the store. It is necessary to choose the soil marked "For plants of the Amaryllis family". If this is not possible, it can be prepared independently by mixing the following components:
- humus 1 share,
- leaf land 2 lobes,
- river sand 1 share,
- peat 0.5 share.
The plant must provide drainage from coconut shells, expanded clay, small stones. He will take away excess moisture.
Why does euharis not bloom at home and how to make it bloom
Why euharis does not bloom Care rules at home
Provide the plant with the right care, and it will delight you with beautiful, fragrant flowers two or three times a year. Lily flowers open in turn and bloom for up to ten days each. Gardeners can create for the lily an artificial schedule for watering and fertilizing, which will ensure multiple flowering plants during the year.
The proven schedule of irrigation and fertilizing:
- January + 1 February half = rest period
- 2 half of February + 1 half of March = phase of active vegetation
- 2 half of March + 1 half of April = flowering phase
- 2 half of April = phase of active vegetation
- May + 1 half of June = rest period
- 2 half of June + 1 half of July = phase of active vegetation
- 2 half of July + 1 half of August = flowering phase
- 2 half of August = phase of the active growing season
- September + 1 half of October = rest period
- 2 half of October + 1 half of November = phase of the active growing season
- 2 half of November + 1 half of December = flowering phase
- 2 half of December = phase of the active growing season
Why euharis does not bloom? Video care errors
Sometimes the plant does not bloom though, it seems that it is in optimal conditions.
So the gardener made a mistake. Here are the most common:
- Wrong landing. The young plant is planted in a wide container, the diameter of which is many times greater than the diameter of the bulb. The tighter the potted plant, the faster it will bloom.
- Sharp temperature change in the room. The plant will form weak flower arrows or the bulb will rot in it, and flowering will not occur if the euharis is constantly in a draft under stress.
- Rest phase not sustained. It should last about a month and a half. During this period, the plant is not fed and watered rarely. Clod land should be half dry. This is checked using moisture indicators, wooden sticks or by weight of the pot. In the dormant period, the plant must organize good lighting.
This disease is often found in plants of the Amaryllis family, which include Amazon lily. The causative agent of the disease is the fungus Botridis. Disease prone plants located in wet rooms with low temperature. At first, the leaf plates of the affected flower soften, lose their turgor and darken around the edges. Then the infected areas are covered with gray mold and they die off.
Prevention measures: removal of infected areas of the plant, treatment of the flower with copper-containing products (copper sulfate solution, Fundazol, Topsin-M).
Stagonsporosis (red burn)
Diseases prone to plants that are in rooms with sharp temperature fluctuations or waterlogged. First, on the leaves, buds, bulbs appear oblong spots of red color. Then the leaves wither, flower stalks and buds bend and bend down, the bulbs rot. Euharis withers and dies.
Prevention measures: the use of high-quality bulbous material for planting, the treatment of bulbs with a fungicide before planting for half an hour (“Rovral”, “Oksifom”, “Maxim”) and subsequent drying (48 hours).
Mushroom mosquito (sciarid)
Moshkor black color. Her females place the eggs directly on the root of the plant. The larvae that emerge from the eggs feed on the root tissues and inhibit it. The result is a weakened, non-flowering plant.
The cause of the appearance of midges is the overmoistened soil in the flower pot.
Preventive measures: Treatment (watering) of the soil with Oktara solution at the rate of 0.8 g per liter of water, adjusting the frequency of watering.
Appear on a plant that is in a dry and warm room. The plant weakens, the leaves turn yellow and wilted.
Prevention measures: with a small number of pests - treatment of the aerial parts of the flower with a solution of household soap, with mass destruction - treatment with acaricides (Kleschevit, Fitoverm, Sunmite, Akarin).
Types and varieties of euharis
Amazonian Euharis - one of the most popular species, having a widely elliptical, brilliant, dark green foliage of the rosette with long petioles. The flowers are characterized by their location on an oblong (70-centimeter) peduncle and the formation of inflorescences of 3-6 in a tassel / umbrella.
Dimensions of fragrant flowers allow to consider them large - up to 12 cm, and the white color brings the narcissus closer to the flowers even more. May bloom 2 times a year, for him this is the norm.
Euharis grandiflora (grandflora) forms bulbs with a diameter of up to 6 cm. The wide oval foliage up to 30 cm long and up to 15 cm wide is pointed to the tops and sharply narrowed into petioles.
The size of the fragrant white flowers of this species is somewhat smaller - up to 10 cm in diameter, and they also look like narcissus ones, forming umbrellas, umbrellas of 3-6 pieces each. Flowering occurs in March and August.
Euharis Sander different 40-cm flower stalk and buds with 2-6 flowers. The flower color is the same - white, but they have yellow throat and core.
Euharis snow white in comparison with other described species forms the largest number of flowers in their umbellate inflorescences. There are 10 of them there! Peduncle is in length from 30 to 60. The flowers have white color, petals bent outward and yellowish blotches in the apical zone of the core.
Euharis Masters, with the same egg-shaped bulb with a diameter of up to 5 cm, characterized by a rounded, slightly elongated, narrowed and slightly pointed at the ends of the foliage. The length and width of the green leaves reach, respectively, 25 and 15 cm. The inflorescences in the form of umbrellas include only 1-2 flowers. In bloom enters early spring.
Euharis Toothless covered with elongated triangular leaves with dimensions of 22x10.Each bulb forms 4 leaves with oblong petioles. White umbrellas umbrellas consist of 6-8 flowers.
Euharis home care
Euharis at home is a very fastidious plant. He needs a high level of illumination in the room, even during winter, and the temperature must constantly be maintained in the range of 16-18.
At the same time in the summer he needs shading at lunchtime, when the sunlight is especially intense. The pot is selected spacious (20-25 cm in diameter) and placed on the window sill of the east or west window. It is recommended to plant 5-6 bulbs in one container.
Zefirantes is also a member of the Amaryllis family. It is grown up at care in house conditions without delivering troubles, but at observance of all rules of agrotechnology. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.
Watering should ensure stable soil moisture during periods of active growth and flowering, but it is not worth filling it up too much with water to avoid rotting of the bulb. Procedures are performed when the ground surface becomes dry about a quarter of the volume contained in the pot. Water at the same time is used separated by not less than 10-12 hours, or soft.
Following the end of flowering, watering should be reduced by one and a half months, adding as much water as is needed to keep the earthen coma in half dry form. At the same time, the degree of illumination is increased to a maximum with the help of additional lamps. Such measures will have a positive effect on flowering.
Soil for euharis
For the substrate need a mixture endowed with a high water absorption.
Such properties will have a composition of sheet and turf lands, sand, compost and clay (4: 1: 2: 2: 1). The pot must be equipped with drainage.
It is extremely difficult for Euharis to transfer transplants and branches of children, in connection with which it is recommended to do it once in 3-4 years and when the earth is completely woven over the roots, and there will be a considerable amount of bulbs in the pot.
To make a transplant in this case is even necessary, since the plant may die due to the lack of nutrient space. Then, with the onset of March in a transshipment mode, the bulbs are planted in a new pot, carefully stamping them to a depth of 5 centimeters. Those bulbs whose leaves are missing should be planted so that their upper parts are visible from the outside.
After completing the transplant itself, watering the plant should be carried out, which in the initial 2-3 weeks should be gentle (only after the soil surface dries out). But spraying the leaves should be done more often, using large amounts of water. New leaflets will begin to grow after a month and a half.
Fertilizer for euharis
The growth and flowering of euharis are periods in which he needs additional feeding. They are made twice a month until flowering is over.
Special liquid fertilizers are suitable for flowering houseplants.
Rest at the Amazon lily is not particularly pronounced. Therefore, after a flowering period, the foliage not only does not die off, but also fully retains its color, remains brilliant.
The end of flowering is the starting point of the transition to the period of rest, and the time for pruning, which involves the removal of all withered and dried peduncles.
If it is recommended for other bulbous plants to strengthen the mother bulb, it can be harmful for euharis, since full and frequent flowering is ensured by an increase in bulbous colonies.
Having gotten 1-3 children, the mother bulb begins to bloom, and the formation of flower stalks occurs on it and on children. By the way, with very good conditions of maintenance, the plant is able to bloom for the third time in one season.
Euharis in winter
Euharis is not afraid of dry air, but in the winter it is better to transfer it further from the heating equipment so that the leaves do not dry out. Failure to follow the proper temperature can cause serious health problems for this plant, and it will not be so easy to get rid of them.
Flowering in winter can be achieved by limiting the growing season and stopping watering in August, which will create an environment similar to dormancy for Euharis.
Euharis seed reproduction
Propagated by seeds is much harder, and this method is mainly used for selective approaches to rare plant varieties.
High germination seeds do not differ, and it will take more than one year to wait for flowering.
There are a lot of pests and diseases in euharis. This and aphidand thripsand spider mitesand scythe, and so on.
The first symptom of a lesion spider mite discoloration of foliage is the second - its abscission. The underside of the foliage is covered with a silvery web.
In this case, it is necessary to remove the affected leaflets and begin intensive spraying with water, and if the infection has passed to a higher stage, to process the drug actellic or decis.
The fact that the plant bred thrips, says the appearance of light dots already on the upper side of the foliage, after which it acquires a non-natural grayish-brown color with a silver shimmer.
Again, regular spraying of water on the leaves helps to get rid of the parasite, but not with a massive lesion - then Actellic comes to the rescue.
Shchitovka discolor foliage, lead to the loss of its color, its drying out and abscission. Here you will need a soap solution for cleaning out insects, or all the same actellic, if the degree of infection is too high.
Gray rot it is easy to detect by the gray soft moldy raids that have arisen on the leaflets. In order to eliminate it, it will be necessary to cut out the attacked vegetation zones, in advanced cases, they will process 0.5% chlorine dioxide.
Ventilation of the room with euharis should be increased to prevent re-infection with this disease.
Being under the influence of another disease of fungal origin - stagonosporosis - The plant suffers no less, while its leaves are dotted with longitudinal red spots. Seeing this, you should immediately get rid of the affected sheets, then process the euharis using copper sulfate.
For disease-related inaccuracies in the care should be noted one important, mentioned earlier nuance. In order to irrigate in any case, you can not use hard water, as it can cause yellowing and dying leaves.
By the rest period also need to be treated with close attention, because if you do not provide the plant with appropriate conditions for rest, it will not gain strength and is unlikely to bloom.
Euharis signs and superstitions
In folk signs, there is a statement that wherever the euharis grows, everywhere will be comfortable and cozy. It literally attracts the eye, creates a friendly atmosphere both at home and in the workplace, relieves accumulated tension from family / team members and, while promoting rest, does not at the same time “soften”, supporting the desire for hard work.
With him nearby, a person develops intuitive susceptibility. And for a single woman, euharis is also a powerful amulet that creates protection from all kinds of misfortunes. The flowering time of this plant is considered a favorable period for new beginnings.
One of the main advantages of euharis are its appearance. The plant has large and beautiful leaves, as well as delicate flowers that bloom twice a year. Another feature is the incredible and delicious aroma, which is a rarity among houseplants.
Euharis is not only distinguished by external beauty, but also by ease of care. Therefore, it is recommended for novice flower growers. Please note that the plant is large enough and requires a certain amount of space.
Often beginning flower growers are interested in the question of the number of leaves in euharis. It is considered that they should be 5-7. However, the amazon lily is mainly characterized by the presence of 3-4 leaves per one onion. It should be noted that the number of leaves in no way affects the abundance and quality of flowering.
Euharis care at home
Euharis is a very unpretentious houseplant that can successfully grow and bloom almost anywhere in the house. However, despite this, it develops poorly in the shadows without the proper amount of light.
If your apartment or house has windows facing north, the plant should be placed as close as possible to the window. If the flower size allows, it is desirable to place it directly on the windowsill.
For successful development euharis must receive a sufficient amount of light. However, direct sunlight (especially in summer) for the plant is destructive. Therefore, it should not be placed on window sills facing east and south. This can serve as the fact that the leaves will be strongly scorched by sunlight. In this case, it is necessary to provide protection to the plant, placing it to the side of the window.
The best air temperature for euharis is + 18-22 ° C. Those. at normal room temperature the flower will feel comfortable.
Please note that it is highly undesirable to grow a plant in conditions where temperature fluctuations are possible (7 degrees or more). This can lead to shredding of flowers during the flowering of the plant. Therefore, you should be careful not to leave the euharis on the street during the summer, as the difference between day and night temperatures will adversely affect it.
In winter, the plant feels good at a temperature of + 15-17 ° C. However, such conditions are very unfavorable for euharis, when young shoots begin to appear on it. During the period of active growth of the plant, the air temperature should not be below +18 ° C.
This is one of the most important moments of euharis care. Only by ensuring the correct watering of the plant, you can achieve good development and abundant flowering. The Amazon lily should be watered quite rarely and only after the soil has completely dried. After flowering, watering the plant is completely stopped. After a period of rest, when young sprouts appear on the euharis and their active growth begins, watering resumes.
The stagnation of water can be destructive for euharis. It will contribute to root decay and further death of the plant.
For euharis, in contrast to other indoor plants, the rule is that it is rarely better to water than generously and regularly, since it is much easier to save a dried plant than a flooded plant. Although it looks easy, sticking to the right watering is hard enough.
It originates from the moment the flowering of the plant ceases. This period is very important for the Amazonian lily, as it contributes to the restoration of the plant and its subsequent growth.
After flowering, dried flower stalks are carefully removed, while in no way touching the leaves. The fact is that during the rest period, euharis, unlike indoor plants similar to it, does not lose its beautiful appearance. It simply goes into the category of decorative and hardwood.
On average, the dormancy period for the Amazon lily lasts one month. Often it falls on the interval between April and October. However, if the plant is provided with proper and thorough care, it can bloom three times a year.
Often during the period of rest, euharis is transferred to a cooler room. However, this condition is not necessary for the successful development of the plant.
Top dressing of a plant should be carried out exclusively in the summer period and only when its active growth is observed. When choosing the right fertilizer, pay attention to its composition. The successful development of euharis will require mineral complexes with a low nitrogen content.
If a large amount of nitrogen is introduced into the soil, the flowering of the plant may slow down, although there will be an active development of the leaves. Therefore, do not overdo it too much with top dressing.
Mineral fertilizers for feeding the euharis are taken in proportion by about a third less than indicated in the instructions on the package. Fertilizer should be applied after watering at intervals of 2 weeks.
Often beginning gardeners face a problem when the euharis does not bloom. In most cases, this is due to the fact that the plant is planted in too large a pot, which is much larger than required. It is a mistake to believe that in a spacious pot euharis will feel better. Often this leads to the opposite effect. Full development of the plant and its abundant flowering is possible only if it is planted in a cramped pot.
Replacing euharis is recommended no more than once every three years. For this event it is recommended to take the following composition of the land:
- 2 pieces of compost earth.
- 1 part peat.
- 1 part of large river sand.
For a successful transplant, the ground should be provided with good drainage.
As can be seen from the above, caring for euharis is not a troublesome and complicated matter. Even beginner flower growers can easily provide it. However, sometimes even with this houseplant there may be some problems. For example, massive yellowing and fading green mass.
Please note that the yellowing of one or two leaves on a bush is normal and common for euharis. However, if this process involves more leaves, then action should be taken.
Yellowing of the foliage may be associated with hypothermia, overdrying or overflowing the plant. Therefore, when this phenomenon occurs, it is necessary to inspect the roots, and then remove their rotten parts. Euharis should be transplanted to a new land and placed away from direct sunlight. In this case, water the plants should be quite rare.
If the root system of euharis is completely healthy and not damaged, you just need to remove the yellowed foliage. However, it is still recommended to find the cause of this phenomenon and eliminate it.
If the euharis develops in conditions of very dry air, a plant can attack the plant. Although Amazon lily is practically not susceptible to pest infestation.
Euharis flower: home care
There are many species of euharis, but only three of them can be grown as a indoor flower. These are varieties such as:
The flower is considered unpretentious at home and even an inexperienced florist will be able to cope with its cultivation.
- It blooms in winter, releasing several flowers with inflorescences.
- Each flower lasts about twenty days, after which it falls.
- He has inflorescences in the form of clusters consisting of five magnificent buds that open one after another.
- The main feature of euharis is the fragrance emanating from the inflorescences. This is a rare occurrence among indoor flowers, the vast majority of which are completely odorless.
- The leaves are large, dense, dark green shade. Sheet length - 30 centimeters.
- The diameter of the flowers is about 12 cm.
Home care for euharis involves all the usual procedures used for a home flower: watering, feeding, transplanting and pest control. The only thing is that the amazon lily does not need pruning. This plant does not like the bright rays of the sunIn nature, euharis lodges in the shade of trees. Therefore, in the house, place it in the north-west or east. So, he will receive the required amount of light without falling under direct sunlight. As soon as flowering begins, bring it closer to the light, and when it stops, return it.
Amazon lily: home care
This plant is sensitive to both excess moisture and drought. Moisture may cause root rot or fungal disease. Water for irrigation must be separated or boiled. Some flower growers believe that using boiled water, they provoke abundant and long flowering. While the flower is young, it is watered more often, but it is observed that the soil is not constantly wet. As soon as the plant finishes blooming, stop watering and place the flower in a well-lit place. Most of all, euharis loves spraying from a spray bottle.
Do not allow dry soil in the pot. A flower is watered every three days during the period of budding and flowering, and after the euharis has faded, watering is reduced to once a week. Try to pour water without getting into the center where the trunk is located, otherwise you can ruin the bulb.
Feed the euharis should be once every ten days and only during the budding and active growth. During this period, the flower requires potassium for abundant flowering. The stores sell ready-made formulations with potassium. And also use and other mineral fertilizers, along with organic. In the summer should reduce the content of nitrogenous fertilizers in the feed.
The problems faced by the owners of the Amazon lily
Why do euharis turn yellow and die?
All problems one way or another, associated with poor or inadequate care of the plant. The most common ones are:
- Leaves become uneven and thin. Most likely, your plant does not receive enough moisture. Но есть и другая причина, симптомы которой похожи, - это переохлаждение. Если полив не устранил шершавость, листья не стали плотными, то переставьте цветок в более тёплое место. А также не поливайте его холодной водой.
- Нижние листья желтеют из-за избытка влаги. Look and touch them, if the leaves are soft, then perhaps the process of rotting the onions has begun. In such cases, the onion with a flower is taken out of the pot, dried and changed the ground. Also, be sure to remove rotting sites with a sharp knife and sprinkle the slices with activated charcoal. Then plant the plant in a new soil.
- Due to the dryness of the air in the room where the flower is located, he has leaves begin to curl. This protective reaction is designed to preserve the remnants of moisture. To avoid this, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, as your flower is not just spraying.
- Loss of leaf shape in the whole flower it may mean that the euharis was attacked by insect pests. Inspect the inside of the sheet where they usually lodge. As well as the cause of such a massive loss of leaf shape can be an excess of fertilizers or cold soil in the pot.
- The lack of light in winter can lead to leaves will fall off. To avoid this, place a flower under artificial lighting, and feed it and water it.
Why does euharis not bloom at home
The lack of flowering can be eliminated by feeding the plant with special mixtures. It happens that a natural cycle of a indoor flower gets lost due to improper care. For example, if he was not provided with a period of rest. As well as the lack of flowering is associated with a cooling, especially with drafts, which euharis does not tolerate.
Some flower growers, to stimulate abundant flowering, leave a few bulbs nearby. It was noted that when the euharis is crowded, it begins to actively bloom and vice versa, butonization in the free capacity may not begin.
Diseases and pests
The most common is gray rot. The disease has a fungal origin and an excess of moisture is a common cause of its occurrence. Recognize the disease can be on the soft leaves, covered with gray bloom. Over time, the stem of the plant is covered with gray mold and the flower dies. The diseased euharis is treated with a solution of copper sulfate or with Topsin. The affected areas should be removed, since they can no longer be restored.
These black midges lay their eggs on the roots of the flower, which is why the newly emerged larvae begin to feed on the sap of the roots. The plant languishes and stops blooming. In order to get rid of pests, the land in the pot is watered with Flock, and also stop temporarily watering the flower.
Otherwise, this disease is called a red burn. As in the case of gray rot, stagonsporosis provokes hypothermia and excess moisture. Externally, the disease manifests itself as red spots on flowers and leaves. If you do not start treatment in time, the flower begins to rot and eventually disappears.
To save the diseased plant often fails. In such cases, proceed as follows. Dig a flower and take out all the bulbs. Treat them for half an hour with a solution of Maxim or Rovral. After that, the onions should be dried for two days. Then they are planted again in a new soil. With the new planting material purchased in the store, do the same.
Many flower growers sooner or later face such a scourge as a spider mite. If fungal diseases are caused, as a rule, by cold and dampness, the spider mite arises from dryness and heat. Get rid of the tick with soap solution, which is treated all parts of the plant except the bulbs with roots. And such drugs as Fitoverm, Akarin and Kleshchevin help well.
If the Amazonian lily dries and loses its shape, it is possible that an amaryllis worm has settled on its bulb. Will help watering the soil with drugs Aktara and Vertimek.
What is it for?
Most often, the need to transplant occurs immediately after buying a plant in a store or as the bulb grows and multiplies, when it becomes crowded in the previous hill. Also a transplant is required in case of emergency., for example, when a flower is poured and there is a suspicion of bulb rotting. How to do it right here. In the same article, we will consider the features of transplanting a healthy plant.
When buying plants in a specialty store, inspect the pot in which the euharis is located. Often the flower needs to be transplanted. For growth, the flower needs space, so if the bulb is large and takes up the entire capacity, the euharis should be transplanted immediately.
If the bulb is small, then you should not repot the plant immediately. Wait until the onion completely occupies the space of the small pot. And when it becomes crowded, transplant it.
Attention! A new pot should not be too loose; it should be wider than the old one just a couple of centimeters.
Large ceramic containers or wooden boxes will be suitable for transplanting, as the plant will increase in size for a long time. Besides, capacity should be massive, as the large root system of euharis can overturn a light pot.
When is it better to repot the flower and when should you not do it?
The transplant takes place in March, because it is at this time that the flower is at rest. During the flowering period, it is better not to touch the plant, as it may not suffer such stress and will die.
There are certain transplant rules.:
- It is better to do this in early spring, more precisely in March.
- Transplantation should be done every three to four years.
- Euharis transplants after flowering, when the plant becomes dormant.
During transplantation, you should not separate the "kids" unnecessarily. Unlike other indoor plants, euharis alone takes a heavy root in new conditions and does not bloom for a long time.
How to transplant Amazonian lily at home?
First, the substrate is prepared with good moisture capacity. For self-preparation of the soil you will need:
- Land humus - 2 parts.
- Sod soil - 1 part.
- 1 piece of land with peat.
- Slightly coarse sand.
Further you must perform the following steps:
- Try not to disturb the whole structure of the earthen coma, as the flower is extremely sensitive to damage to the bulbs and roots. If you want to plant a flower, carefully divide the earthen room into two or the required number of parts, trying not to shake the bulbs out of the ground.
- In the cooked pot poured half of the substrate. After each pot is placed on 3-5 bulbs. The substrate is poured and carefully tamped.
- Immediately pour a flower. And later in the course of 3 years, the net will irrigate as the soil dries. Spray the foliage regularly and after a month you will notice that the euharis has given new shoots.
The bulbs with leaves are planted in the soil by 4-5 cm, but if the leaves are missing, the plant is planted 2-3 cm below the ground level. This is done in order to then observe the beginning of the growth of euharis.
We also offer you to watch the video, where the transplant process is clearly shown.
The subsequent course for the plant
Do not often change the location of the pot with a flower. Otherwise you will not wait for flowering. In order to avoid difficulties when caring for euharis, constantly monitor the plant and try to help it with obvious growth disorders.
Yellowing and dying off of old leaves of the Amazonian lily is a natural phenomenon. But if yellowing became widespread, then immediately eliminate the problem:
- Remove the bulb from the pot and inspect it.
- If you notice areas of decay, then cut them and sprinkle them with activated charcoal.
- Re-place the bulb in the ground and reduce the amount of watering.
Remember one rule that is suitable for euharis - better lack of moisture than its excess. Water for irrigation should be at room temperature.
Having large sheets, room dust often accumulates on the plant, which does not allow the flower to breathe through the pores of the leaf. Therefore, in addition to regular rubbing them with a damp cloth, it is also necessary to spray the Amazonian lily from a spray bottle as often.
Do not often replant euharis. Optimally - once every three or four years.
At times, feed the Amazon lily with fertilizer. Suitable "Bud", "Pollen" and other means for flowering plants. Enter them into the soil little by little, after watering. But do not feed frequentlyIt is usually necessary only during the period of intensive growth and flowering of the Amazon lily.
Important! The air temperature in the room with euharis should not fall below +15 ºС.
The flower should be well litbut at the same time, direct sunlight on the flower is unacceptable. Put the plant pot on the east or west side, so the scorching rays of the sun will not reach the euharis.
Proper transplantation allows you to maximize the plant from stress. And if the flower is not subjected to stress, will receive proper care and attention, then eventually you will get a healthy and beautiful euharis.
Optimal conditions for euharis
Surprisingly, many fans of indoor plants, growing on the window sills Amazonian lily, do not even know that this plant should bloom. The answer to the question why euharis does not bloom at home is always in the wrong care of the plant, failure to comply with the requirements for lighting, watering, feeding, choosing the wrong pot and ignoring some other features to which this flower is especially susceptible.
Location and lighting
Euharis cannot be called a light-loving plant, but absolute shadow is also a bad option. The flower feels good in partial shade and in bright light, but the plant does not like direct sunlight. The best place for euharis is the western or eastern sill. Windows facing north are also quite suitable as a place for a pot, but on condition that at least a minimal amount of light will be provided to the euharis. During the flowering period, the plant needs more light than during the period of growth and rest.
Watering and humidity
Proper watering is perhaps the most important condition for a good euharis development.
In order to avoid dust settling on wide leaves, periodically they should be gently wiped with a damp soft cloth or a napkin. You can gently wash the leaves under running water, while avoiding over-wetting the soil in the pot.
During the growth period it is useful to spray the plant, but at the beginning of flowering the procedure is stopped or limited: as a result of water droplets falling on the flowers, they become covered with rusty spots and completely lose all their beauty.
When flowering ends, watering should be reduced.
Feed the plant can begin as soon as the onion has sprouted. Twice a month, euharis is fertilized with universal mixtures for flowering houseplants, or organic fertilizers alternate with mineral fertilizers, and, choosing the latter, preference should be given to those in which the nitrogen content is low.
Top dressing lasts during the growing season and until the plant blooms. After that, for several months, fertilization should be stopped.
All the details of the euharis transplant
A large number of bulbs in the pot and regular feeding of the plant leads to the most decorative appearance of the bush. It looks luxuriant and blooms profusely.
Therefore, euharis transplantation should not be done too often. The plant does not tolerate this procedure very easily and is particularly hard going through root damage. therefore It is advisable not to transplant, but to cross over the euharis, fully preserving the integrity of the earthen coma, simply by moving it to a more spacious pot.
However, if the plant is left in the same pot for more than five years, the euharis may also die due to the limited space, completely clogged with new bulbs, which simply do not have enough space for normal nutrition and development.
Euharis should be transplanted when the plant is at rest after flowering (preferably in March).
It is best to choose a pot for euharis, which will be 2-3 cm larger than the previous diameter. It is recommended to give preference to shallow pots, the increase in the container should relate primarily to its width, rather than depth. In the lower part of the pot must be provided with several holes, which can drain excess moisture.
The next moment is the correct selection of the soil. The soil should be very nutritious, loose and moisture-intensive. You can buy a suitable substrate in a specialty store, but you can prepare the ground for euharis and on your own. It is enough to mix peat and sand or other baking powder in equal parts, and then add the mixture to the same volume of compost or leaf soil. It is also recommended to add loam (approximately 20%) to the resulting substrate. Another option suitable for zuharis soil is composed of sheet, heather (or peat), turf soil and sand in a ratio of 3: 2: 1: 1.
When the tank is picked up, the ground has been prepared and a suitable phase of plant development has begun, you can begin to carefully transplant the euharis.
At the bottom of the pot is placed a drainage layer (for example, expanded clay), on top - a layer of prepared soil. This layer is easy to calculate if you know how deep the euharis should be planted: as a result of planting, the bulbs should be 3-4 cm deep in the soil (if the bulbs are not germinated, it is allowed to leave the top above the ground, so the growth process will be easier to observe).
Then, the euharis is removed from the pot (for a start, you can gently loosen the earthen clod around it, making it easier to get it) and it is rolled over into a new one, while the plant is carefully supported at the base. After that, the required amount of soil is poured into the pot, and the soil is tightly tamped down.
Euharis: features of care after flowering
After flowering, euharis needs to ensure a complete rest phase, which lasts about one and a half months. It was at this time that the plant collects strength for future growth and flowering. Therefore, the intensity of its development in the next season directly depends on the care provided by the Amazon lily at this time.
So, when the last flower has dried up, the flower stalks should be cut (leaves should not be cut off). Then the plant can be moved to a less warm place and dramatically reduce watering. Feeding and spraying during this period should not be carried out at all.
In the resting phase, sometimes the leaves start to turn yellow at euharis. It should not be frightened, the green mass in speed will be restored. The end of the dormant period is indicated by the appearance of young leaves from the soil. Once this has happened, you can again begin to water and fertilize the euharis, and, if necessary, raise the temperature to a higher one.
Euharis, who is at rest, looks just as attractive as in the period of growth. It is not necessary to move the plant to coolness, it is only important to reduce watering and stop feeding.
Harmful insects and possible euharis diseases
The most unpleasant pests for euharis are the scale insect, Putinite mite, thrips, and powdery worm.
Shchitovka usually affects the plant, located in too dry room, so the best measure to prevent infection is a regular spraying of the leaves.
This small pest, covered with a wax shell, like a shield, sucks the sap from the leaves, as a result of which they begin to dry out. It is very difficult to see the shield with the naked eye, only the results of its vital activity are noticeable. However, armed with a magnifying glass, you can find the smallest pest, very quickly moving around the plant. If an enemy is identified, treatment is much easier.
At an early stage, the large leaves of the euharis are rubbed well enough with a sponge moistened with soapy water. But if the disease is prolonged, it is worth treating the plant with the Aktara solution and, if necessary, repeat the procedure every other day. Especially carefully spray the inside of the leaf, as it is on it usually inhabits the pest.
Appearance thrips also provoked by low humidity, especially at too high temperatures. The disease manifests itself as small spots on the leaves, which later merge into a large array. The danger of thrips on the euharis is additionally related to the fact that this pest is a carrier of various diseases, and at the same time some of them are practically not treatable. Therefore, at the first sign of damage, the plant should be immediately treated with an insecticide.
Mealybug manifests itself in the formation on the leaves of white lumps, similar to cotton, spider mite - in the appearance of spider webs between the leaves and multi-colored spots on the leaves. Pest control measures - insecticide treatment.
In essence, all the parasites described above are particularly easy to infect a plant in a dry room. Правильный уход и регулярное увлажнение воздуха поможет избежать заражения, а если признаки заболевания все же проявились – необязательно идентифицировать конкретный вид вредителя, поскольку правильно подобранный инсектицид позволяет эффективно расправиться с любым из возможных врагов эухариса.
Проблемы при выращивании эухариса
Амазонская лилия не доставляет особых хлопот в уходе. However, sometimes certain problems still arise. Consider the most common ones.
If the euharis does not bloom, this may be due to improper temperature conditions, too large a pot, or failure to provide the plant with a proper rest period. In addition, for flowering, the euharis bulb must be sufficiently developed, sometimes it takes up to five years.
If the euharis loses leaves for no apparent reason, this can also be explained by unfavorable temperature conditions or improper watering (excess or lack of moisture). A small amount of dried leaves does not indicate a problem; it is worth worrying if the phenomenon is constant, especially if dark spots appear on the leaves before they die.
If the leaves of euharis are covered with long red spots, it is a red burn. It is necessary to combat this specific fungal disease by removing the damaged parts of the plant (leaves and peduncles) and the subsequent treatment of euharis with copper sulphate or other copper-containing fungicide. The reason for the rotting of the bulb can be either stagnant water in the root system, or the so-called narcissus fly, also known as the hover. It is best to fight this pest in a preventive way, before planting the bulb in the ground. To do this, just hold the bulb for three hours in hot water (about 45 degrees), then dry well. A more reliable method - soaking the bulbs in a solution "Aktellika" or drug "BI-58".
Plants afflicted with narcissus fly are usually recommended to be dug out and burned, since control is considered ineffective. However, if you throw the plant miserably, you can put it in quarantine, removing it from the neighboring indoor plants, and try out some popular recommendations for saving the flower.
Whatever the problem, it is important to correctly establish its cause and take measures to correct the care of the plant, and then the development of the euharis will quickly normalize. .