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How to grow a feathery clove and care for it

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Lush feathery carnation is a herbaceous perennial that can develop up to 40 cm in height. It has an upright stalk, its flowers are collected in pairs in small umbrella inflorescences. For the first time this beautiful variety of cloves was discovered in the central and southern parts of Russia. Thanks to the successful work of breeders, you can grow a wide variety of varieties of this unique perennial.

Like most perennials in bloom, a lush feathery carnation after the first year of planting provides only a powerful stem, and a lot of flowering pleases only in the second year. Lush flowering begins in June and lasts a whole month. It can be propagated by ripe seeds, dividing the bush and the usual cuttings.

Growing conditions

Primary planting of the carnation with plumose and further care for it does not require much effort. For its normal growth and development it is necessary to provide the following conditions:

  • a light loam or sandy loamy soil containing a sufficient amount of silicon will be suitable for planting, otherwise the stems may break,
  • choose a sunny area with penumbra in the second half of the daylight hours,
  • as for air temperature, the plant is resistant to any of its radical manifestations: it withstands arid heat, in the winter period for protection requires cover,
  • beautiful pinks need to be moderately watered, ensure that no liquid stagnates in the soil,
  • during the initial disembarkation, a large amount of natural organics is introduced to a permanent place; in the spring, it is also necessary.

Simple ways to reproduce the popular carnation feathery. This variety of carnation is able to multiply in the following accessible ways: dividing a mature shrub, growing from mature seeds, which is customary for many by grafting. You can use any of the proposed options to propagate this beautiful flower on your site, creating your own unique carnation breeding history.
Let's look at each of the proposed methods in more detail.

Propagation of carnation by plumy grafting

Reproduction of carnation pinnate cuttings photo

The optimal period for him is from June to July.

  • The material is taken from the upper parts of adult plants or strong side shoots, on which there are no laid color buds.
  • On the bottom of the stem is made razrezik for better root formation in this place, remove the excess leaves.
  • Ready cuttings are immediately planted in peat pots for rooting.
  • When you see the formation of new shoots and the active growth of the aerial parts, you can safely transplant the rooted specimens to a permanent place.

It is best not to damage the roots, freeing a clod of earth from the container so that it does not crumble. Water the seedlings before transplanting, but do not pour. Gently press the walls of the cup or container to the center so that the earth moves away from them. Try lightly to remove the pot from the earth. Usually it is not difficult, and the plants are planted without any damage to the resulting root system.

Propagation of carnation feathery division of the bush

Before the beginning of the period of active vegetation, in early spring, or after the end of the rapid growth of perennial, at the end of the hot summer, they divide the perennial shrub to propagate it.

  • Carnation neatly dug.
  • A sharp knife carefully separates a part of the rhizome so that it has at least three points of growth.
  • Separated bushes immediately planted in a permanent place of growth.

Usually, there is no problem with the survival rate of new bushes, it is enough to irrigate abundantly until the wounds heal at the root, usually it is a period of seven to ten days.

If we sow on seedlings at home

Carnation feathery seedling growing seed photos

  • In March, seedlings are sown in a small wooden box or immediately in individual cups.
  • The soil should be sufficiently moist, loose.
  • Depth of embedding is 0.5-1 cm. The distance between neighboring plants is planned no closer than 3-4 cm, if it is thicker, they will have to break through or swoop extra shoots.
  • The box is covered with glass. Place in the lit place, sprout seedling at a temperature not lower than 18 degrees.
  • When shoots appear, the glass is cleaned, it takes about 6-7 days.
  • Strengthened seedlings dive with the appearance of 2-3 true leaves.
  • Two weeks after the picking, start hardening the seedlings for preparation before planting in the ground.
  • When the plants are accustomed to fresh air and the wind with the sun, they can be safely planted in a permanent place, provided that there is steady warm weather without night frost.

If we sow directly into the ground

The carnation is not afraid of low temperatures, so it is safe to form a bed during the physical maturation of the soil, when frosts are past - at the end of May. You can do it differently: sow in April under the film or in a glass greenhouse.

  • We make grooves of small depth, approximately 5 cm.
  • Carefully sow the seeds, only slightly covering the ground.
  • Of course, you should try to sow less often, keeping a distance of at least 2-3 cm between the seeds.
  • But if it turned out to be thicker, do not be upset: later it will be possible to simply pull out extra shoots or even transplant to a new place.
  • Transplanted when plants reach at least 5 cm in height, watering the bed abundantly before, so as to remove the roots from the ground as carefully as possible.

Leave between bushes about 20-25 cmso that there is enough space when the plants grow. All excess need to be pulled out and transplanted or simply thrown away.

All the described methods are easy to perform, do not require additional efforts. A striking fragrance emanates from a bright feathery carnation, even an ordinary schoolchild can cope with her leaving, and she will delight in her rapid flowering for more than a year.

Diseases and pests

Most often, this resistant plant is susceptible to the following diseases:

  • fungal fusarium, affecting the entire flowering plant. Excess moisture from the rhizome itself can cause this pathology. To save this unique perennial, it is necessary to carry out medicinal sprays,
  • during the overmoistening of the soil rust develops. To prevent this disease, foliar dressing is produced,
  • Attack of malicious insects: unfamiliar earworms, annoying Bears, spider mites. They can damage the root system of a plant.

To get rid of nasty little bears, better prepare for their invasion in the fall. To do this, in the autumn, we dig a small pit, where we fall asleep to clean manure, cover it with a film. In the spring we open the film and destroy the assembled "guests" in the pit.

To get rid of unwanted earwigs, it is enough to put traps from moistened grass, which they will use as a shelter from the heat. After they gather, they are simply destroyed without the use of aggressive chemical compounds.

To remove the spider mite, perennial sprayed infusion of onion peel, 10 g of such a simple composition must be diluted by 0.5 buckets.

Sort Balaton

Clove feathery Balaton

Fringed flowers are extremely attractive, the bushes do not grow higher than 25-30 cm, look very elegant and compact. And the flower bed always has a rich, delicate aroma. These are spectacular plants for creating curb lines and a luxurious accent on an alpine slide.

Sort Fairy tale patterns

Carnation feathery fabulous patterns photo

The flowers are large, terry, rich color from white to pale pink and scarlet. Bushes are compact, densely shaped stems and many buds. Unforgettable scent.

Pleyad variety

Pink Carnation Pleiades photo

The most popular varieties are the hybrid group: Breath of Love, Spring Beauty, as well as the Sonata, which has a different color - from pale white to rich burgundy, the last variety is the Pleiades, which has massive inflorescences.

Cirrus carnations in garden design

Pink Carnation in landscape design photo mixborder

Among all perennial plants designed to create an ideal garden, this variety of carnation ranks first. It can turn any place into a zest: a small flowerbed, a rabatka. To create lush cushions and unique garden mats, many gardeners use a pinium. This perennial quickly forms a terry carpet that can be used to refresh any home turf or replace it.

In combination with coniferous shrubs and garden roses, these lovely glades of blooming carnations create an atmosphere of comfort in any garden. If you want to create a blooming oasis in your garden, then you should pay attention to this variety of carnation, which is resistant to many diseases and the ability to bloom for a long time.

In addition to indescribable beauty, the lush carnation fulfills its direct purpose: its developed roots strengthen the soil. It is an excellent material for covering the soil. They are usually planted on small slopes, slopes, or placed on the edges of small flowerbeds with renewed soil.

Conclusion

Planting carnation feathery in the photo variety Cottage Pink Dianthus plumarius ‘Ideal Violet’

Cirrus carnation is a unique perennial flower with a stunning scent and longevity. With the help of her flowers you can decorate the edges of the flower beds, creating compositions of incredible beauty. With proper care, carnation can please more than one generation with its lush flowering.

Pistilic carnation is pleasing to the eye; several varieties can be planted on your plot to diversify the color assortment. The chic holiday look of these varieties of perennials can refresh any unformed plot. Fluffy plum plum is an excellent option that can be used to create your own unique composition.

Botanical description

This perennial plant grows up to 30-40 cm in height, characterized by upright stems, linear sessile leaves and flowers collected in umbrella inflorescences. The root system is pivotal, the fruit is a box. As for the color of flowers, they can be white, purple and even combine several shades (for example, dark red and white). Flowering occurs in mid-summer - from the end of June and all of July.

Like many other perennial plants, a feathery carnation in the first year after planting on the site will please you only with a powerful stem, and flowers will appear on the plant only from the second year of development.

Spread

It is believed that the eastern part of Europe, as well as the central and southern territories of the Russian Federation, is the birthplace of the cirrus species, but today it is widely distributed far beyond their borders. Thus, information about its cultivation comes from North America, China and even Africa, because the attractive appearance of a feathery carnation simply cannot leave indifferent flower growers from different parts of the world.

Popular varieties of clove feathery

Breeders do not sit idle for a minute, so even the feathery type of carnations had its own varietal variations. The most popular of them are the following plants:

  1. Scottish Terry Clove - grows up to 40 cm and is characterized by a variety of shades of flowers.
  2. "Menjesti" - different white and fragrant flowers.
  3. Repair Form - plants grow to 25 cm, bloom twice a year (in June and in August) and may have terry or semi-double flowers.
  4. Feathery dwarf carnation - represented by a 25-cm plant with very large flowers (up to 6 cm in diameter). Many varietal variations of dwarf carnation bloom only in winter, which is why they are often grown indoors.
White Alba, dark pink Desdemona and Pomegranate are considered to be no less popular, and all varieties have the same green-gray gray leaf plates, but different colors of the colors themselves.

Use in landscape design

Depending on the variety of the feathery variety of carnations, their blooming can be observed from late May to late July, and in some cases, the flowers bloom again - closer to autumn. Therefore, it is one of the most ideal options for decorating the garden, because it is suitable for creating rock gardens and flower beds. Thanks to the lush stem part, the carnation will be an excellent option for creating ground cover carpets and bright flower pillows. In sunny areas, these plants can replace the usual lawn, and in combination with coniferous plants and roses will create a cozy home environment.

Growing at home

The described flower can not be called an overly demanding plant, so it can be grown both in open areas and in the home greenhouse, the main thing is to comply with certain growing conditions, ensuring proper care for the carnation.

Conditions of detention

First, decide for what purpose you want to grow a flower: to decorate your home or decorate a garden. On this depends the method of planting carnations and the conditions for its further cultivation. In the first case, you will need 30-centimeter pots and sufficient space for their placement, as well as appropriate temperature conditions - about + 18… 20 ° C (in the cold season, these values ​​may be lower). When disembarking in an open area, good illumination of the site, soil fertility and drainage are taken into account. Cirrus carnation loves light very much, but it does not tolerate flooding of rhizomes.

Soil and fertilizer

An ideal substrate for the described plant will be a mixture of sandy and loamy soil with the addition of humus and sand. In addition, we can not ignore the acidity of the substrate, which should be neutral. On acidic lands, the feathery clove grows very poorly, therefore, before it is planted, peat and sand are added, and if necessary, this mixture is supplemented with dolomite flour.

Watering and moisture

In dry weather, the plants are watered once a week, but if during this time even a small amount of precipitation has fallen, then it is better not to touch the flower. Over-wetting the soil and the high humidity of the clove does not endure, which can often hurt or even die in a matter of days. For the same reason, it is worth avoiding stagnant moisture on the site, and if necessary, it is desirable to immediately organize a good drainage system.

Vegetative

If for any reason seed reproduction does not seem to be a good option for you, then you can dilute a feathery carnation on your plot by cutting or dividing the rhizome. Grafting helps preserve the varietal characteristics of the flower and is not as difficult to perform as it may immediately seem. Cuttings are obtained from shoots that do not have flowers on themselves, but with 2-3 knots and about 4-10 cm long. Vegetatively propagated cloves

All chopped "sticks" should be deepened into a container with sand a few centimeters and cover with a film on top. As soon as the cuttings have their own root system, they can be moved to the chosen place in the garden or left until spring, but at a temperature not lower than + 15 ° C. In the first case, it is possible to proceed to planting at the beginning of summer, and after wintering, the cuttings are planted only in late May.

The second method of vegetative propagation of carnations involves dividing a bush of rapidly developing plantings with many processes. There is nothing particularly difficult in this procedure: the selected shrub is carefully dug out of the ground and divided into two parts, but so that the root system is as preserved as possible. Each of the received parts landed on a separate place. It is recommended to use this breeding method at the beginning of the growth of the carnation, that is, in the spring or at the end of the summer.

Relation to temperature

For regions with a temperate climate, a pinnate carnation will be a fairly frost-resistant plant that does not require any shelter even in harsh winters. However, in the northern regions with winter temperatures above -30 ° C, gardeners should better take care of additional shelter that will definitely help preserve flowers (especially young ones) until next year.

Possible difficulties in growing

Growing the flower described should not be too difficult, even for a novice grower, but some of the nuances of the process is still worth knowing. For example, the carnation does not like overwetting the soil, therefore it is desirable to exclude any possibility of flooding. In addition, you should pay attention to the weeding of plantations, especially in the case of young bushes. In this case, try not to pull out the seedlings themselves and not to damage their root system, since in the future they will not take root.

To create certain problems and violation of temperature when planting flowers. Both seeds and young plants in a flower bed may not be well tolerated by sharp drops in temperature, so it is worthwhile to carefully select the time of disembarkation or be more careful about maintaining the temperature conditions at home.

Pests, diseases and prevention

Diseases and pests can be the biggest problem when growing cloves, although the feathery variety is more resistant to them than the rest of the cloves. К самым распространённым недугам относят фузариоз (грибковое заболевание, поражающее всё растение и обусловленное излишком влаги у корневой системы) и ржавчину (ещё один результат переувлажнения грунта).

In the first case, the main symptoms of the disease are rotting of the stem part of the flower next to the root, yellowing and twisting of the leaf plates, while in the second one there is swelling of the leaves and the complete dying off of the plant. To save your green pet from these misfortunes, at the first signs of a lesion, it is necessary to treat the plant with special fungicidal preparations that are easy to find on sale (for example, Bordeaux liquid, Acrobat, Ditan, etc.). In the role of preventive measures act foliar dressing of 0.5% saltpeter.

Among insects, the pests of carnations are earwigs, bears, and spider mites, which damage all parts: stems, leaves, and flowers. The method of control depends on the type of insect:

  1. When the bear invasions in the autumn, it is recommended to organize a small hole, fill manure into it and cover it with a film so that all insects crawl to wintering exactly in this place. With the arrival of spring, their refuge opens and destroys all its inhabitants. If you don’t want to wait, you can simply pour a solution of soap and water into their holes.
  2. If the carnations have suffered from earwigs, then wet grass will do for the construction of traps: they like to hide in it from the heat in the summer. The principle of operation of this method is similar to the previous one.
  3. In case of spider mite lesions, all plants must be treated with insecticides (for example, “Aktelikom”) or use one of the popular treatment methods: onion peel solution, infusion of garlic or tobacco, per 10 g per 5 l of water.

In addition, in any of these cases, you can use insecticidal preparations purchased in a gardening shop.

As you can see, the feathery carnation definitely deserves attention, because it is not only very beautiful, but also unpretentious in its care, which means that with minimal physical expenses you can get an excellent decorative element of your garden.

Feedback from users of the network about cloves

Elfi, these carnations need a lot of light and quite a noticeable difference in temperature at night and daytime, which is difficult to do at home. Feed a weak solution of complex fertilizer and do not pour, which is very dangerous. The situation will improve after the transplanting of seedlings into the ground, I assure you :)

The best varieties and hybrids

Varietal groups of perennial perennial carnation and its mixtures are presented in a wide variety. And it allows gardeners to create beautiful flower gardens on their plots. Among the most popular:

  • "Pleiades" - variety mixture. The height of the bushes reaches 40 cm. The color of the flowers is limited to the palette, which includes shades from pure white to rich red. The flowers are terry, rather lush and look massive.
  • "Sonata" - variety mix. Shrubs have a height of about 35-40 cm. The flowers are incredibly beautiful: white, pink, red, rich maroon. Plant blooms from June to August.
  • Group of hybrid varieties, which includes "Breath of Love", "Spring Beauty" and "Doris." Shrubs are relatively low - up to 30 cm. The flowering period lasts throughout June and July.

Rassadny method of growing

Growing clove feathery perennial seed seedling method is carried out in March. The scheme is as follows:

  • We pour fertile, loose soil into the container and moisten it a little. We make small grooves.
  • We sow the seeds, sealing them to a depth of about 1 cm.

On a note! When sowing between seeds, it is necessary to leave a distance of at least 3-3.5 cm, otherwise later the plants will not have enough space, and the seedlings will have to be thinned out, removing excess seedlings.

  • Cover the container with glass or plastic and transfer it to a well-lit place. The room temperature must be at least + 18 ° C.
  • About a week later, the first young shoots will appear. At this time, the covering must be removed.
  • At the phase of formation of the first pair of true leaves, we dive the seedlings into separate cups.
  • After 15 days, when the seedlings are strong enough, we begin to harden them, leaving them for a few hours in the fresh air.
  • This event will prepare young plants for transplanting into open ground.

    Planting seedlings in open ground

    Circus cloves are planted around May in the month when the weather is warm outside and the threat of night frost is over.

    • The site should contain light loamy or sandy soils with a sufficient amount of silicon, otherwise thin stems will begin to break as they grow.
    • The place should be well lit by the sun in the first half of the day, while it is desirable that the penumbra should form here in the afternoon.
    • We are preparing a garden bed: we loosen the soil, we bring in organic organic matter and make holes, leaving about 20 cm between them.
    • We plant one seedling into each well, sprinkle the roots on top of it and press down a little. Substrate moisturize.

    Sowing seeds in open ground

    Since the clove is a perennial perennial is a cold-resistant plant, the formation of beds can be started as early as May.

    Tip! It is possible to sow cloves and feathery in April, only in this case the bed must be covered with polyethylene or a small glasshouse must be built!

    • In the selected area make small grooves with a depth of about five centimeters.
    • Put the seeds in them, sprinkle them on top with earth.
    • Seeds are preferably sown rarely, leaving between them at least three centimeters. If it turned out to be thick, then later, when shoots appear, the extra sprouts will need to be simply dug up or transplanted to another place.

    On a note! The bed is thinned after the plants are at least 5 cm tall. Before digging them up, the soil is abundantly moistened and then the shrub is carefully removed along with the roots!

    Care for feathery carnation is competent watering, timely fertilization and periodic soil loosening.

    As for watering, for this plant it should be moderate. The soil is moistened only as the substrate dries. It is important to ensure that there is no stagnant water in the ground. It is especially important to observe this in the spring - during the period of melting snow.

    From time to time around the bushes should remove weeds. It is convenient to do when weeding the beds. However, remember that the rhizome of the feathery carnation is in the upper soil layer, and therefore it is necessary to loosen it very carefully.

    Top dressing bring throughout the entire growing season. The first time the plants are fertilized in the spring, immediately after transplantation into open ground. The second time feeding is introduced into the phase of the appearance of buds, the third - during the flowering period.

    Important! Perennial perennial carnation does not tolerate potash fertilizer and fresh manure. In addition, it is important to be careful and not to overdo it with supplements, in which there is a lot of nitrogen, otherwise fungal diseases can develop!

    With the right care in the second year, the bushes of carnations with feathery trees will give you a lush, fragrant bloom. Methods of reproduction

    Carnation is propagated by a perennial perennial by cutting or dividing a bush.

    Plant description

    The carnation is pinnate is a herbaceous perennial plant, whose height reaches 40 cm. Its stem is upright, powerful, often not branched. The leaves are linear, with a length of not more than 10 cm. The color of the leaves and stem is gray-green.

    As you can see in the photo, the flowers of the carnation of the feathery perennial have a pink or white color. May be solitary or form loose umbellate inflorescences, consisting of 2-4 flowers. Petals are divided into narrow segments.

    The carnation is pinnate, being a perennial, in the first year only gives a leafy stem, and flowering begins in the second year of its life. The flowering period falls on the month of June and lasts until August, after which the ends of the shoots produce fruits - boxes with seeds inside.

    Perennial perennial carnation, thanks to the efforts of breeders, has many varieties that differ in shape and shade of flowers

    Rassadny method of growing

    Growing clove feathery perennial seed seedling method is carried out in March. The scheme is as follows:

    • We pour fertile, loose soil into the container and moisten it a little. We make small grooves.
    • We sow the seeds, sealing them to a depth of about 1 cm.

    On a note! When sowing between seeds, it is necessary to leave a distance of at least 3-3.5 cm, otherwise later the plants will not have enough space, and the seedlings will have to be thinned out, removing excess seedlings.

  • Cover the container with glass or plastic and transfer it to a well-lit place. The room temperature must be at least + 18 ° C.
  • About a week later, the first young shoots will appear. At this time, the covering must be removed.
  • At the phase of formation of the first pair of true leaves, we dive the seedlings into separate cups.
  • After 15 days, when the seedlings are strong enough, we begin to harden them, leaving them for a few hours in the fresh air.
  • This event will prepare young plants for transplanting into open ground.

    Sowing seeds in open ground

    Since the clove is a perennial perennial is a cold-resistant plant, the formation of beds can be started as early as May.

    Tip! It is possible to sow cloves and feathery in April, only in this case the bed must be covered with polyethylene or a small glasshouse must be built!

    • In the selected area make small grooves with a depth of about five centimeters.
    • Put the seeds in them, sprinkle them on top with earth.
    • Seeds are preferably sown rarely, leaving between them at least three centimeters. If it turned out to be thick, then later, when shoots appear, the extra sprouts will need to be simply dug up or transplanted to another place.

    On a note! The bed is thinned after the plants are at least 5 cm tall. Before digging them up, the soil is abundantly moistened and then the shrub is carefully removed along with the roots!

    Care for feathery carnation is competent watering, timely fertilization and periodic soil loosening.

    As for watering, for this plant it should be moderate. The soil is moistened only as the substrate dries. It is important to ensure that there is no stagnant water in the ground. It is especially important to observe this in the spring - during the period of melting snow.

    From time to time around the bushes should remove weeds. It is convenient to do when weeding the beds. However, remember that the rhizome of the feathery carnation is in the upper soil layer, and therefore it is necessary to loosen it very carefully.

    Top dressing bring throughout the entire growing season. The first time the plants are fertilized in the spring, immediately after transplantation into open ground. The second time feeding is introduced into the phase of the appearance of buds, the third - during the flowering period.

    Important! Perennial perennial carnation does not tolerate potash fertilizer and fresh manure. In addition, it is important to be careful and not to overdo it with supplements, in which there is a lot of nitrogen, otherwise fungal diseases can develop!

    With the right care in the second year, the bushes with carnations will give you a lush, fragrant bloom.

    Cuttings

    By cuttings, this plant is recommended to propagate in early-mid summer.

    • We choose the strongest bushes and separate the upper parts or lateral flowering branches from them.
    • In the lower part of the stem of each separated shoot, we remove the leaves and make an incision - this will help the rhizomes to grow faster and better.
    • We plant cuttings in peat cups filled with fertile substrate for rooting.
    • After new shoots are formed on each cutting and the above-ground part goes into active growth, we transfer them to a permanent place in the open ground.

    Recommendation! To get the rhizome of the peat pot should be very careful. And in order not to damage them, it is recommended to first water each seedling, then press the walls to the center so that the substrate moves away from them, and only then lightly try to remove the pot!

    Dividing bush

    By dividing the bush feathery carnation is best propagated in early spring or at the very end of summer. The plant must be carefully dug and divided the rhizome with a knife into several parts. At the same time, at least three growth points should remain on each part of the root.

    Separated parts immediately planted in a permanent place. At first, young plants must be watered abundantly so that the wounds on the root would heal quickly.

    As a rule, it takes no more than two weeks for rooting, after which a feathery carnation propagated by dividing the bush is carried out with the usual care.

    Possible diseases and pests

    Perennial perennial clove is characterized by strong immunity to various diseases and pests, and with proper care it is extremely rare. Common problems include:

    • Rust. It develops with constant overmoistening of the substrate. For the prevention of this disease it is necessary to produce foliar dressing.
    • Fusarium is a fungal disease that affects the entire bush. Plants begin to ache with excess moisture from the rhizomes. For treatment, spray fungicides.
    • Earwigs. In order to get rid of these pests on your plot, you need to place traps of rotted hay or wet grass. The parasites will start to hide in them from the heat, after which it will be quite easy for you to destroy them without chemistry.
    • Medvedki. It is better to start fighting with their invasion in the fall. We dig a hole, pour manure into it and cover it with foil. In winter, the pests will slip into this warm shelter, and in the spring you will need to remove the cover and destroy all "uninvited guests."
    • Spider mite A thin cobweb on the above-ground part of the plants will testify to its appearance. To destroy this parasite, use onion peel infusion. The product is diluted in a bucket with vedas and sprayed on the affected bushes.

    Perennial perennial carnation is one of the first places among the plants used in flower gardens. Even a small flowerbed or bedding with its help acquires a special highlight. And it is this flower that many gardeners use to create unique colorful “carpets” and flowering “pillows”. And as the feathery carnation grows quickly, and it blooms wildly, it can freshen up and best decorate any home turf and a whole country plot. It is successfully combined with modest coniferous shrubs and elegant roses, ground cover plants and vegetable cascades.

    Pink Clove

    Carnations, growing in nature, most often you can find on dry and light areas. It can be meadows, talus, slopes of ravines and mountains.

    Planting plants on flower beds, they need to create close to natural conditions. They do not like stagnant water, but they tolerate droughts well.

    In the soil there must be sand, otherwise the plant will lack silicon and its stems will be brittle. Clove feathers attributed to wild plants.

    She is a perennial and is able to tolerate a good winter cold. It grows to about 35 cm tall. It has oblong-linear leaves, which are located on creeping stalks, straight lines depart from it, on which single flowers grow. The diameter of a developed flower is usually 3 cm.

    Pink Clove represented in a large variety of varieties, here are some of them:

    • Scottish terry - height is 40 cm, the color can be different, the most famous is Menjesti - beauty with white fragrant flowers,
    • repair formthat grows up to 25 cm in height, bloom takes place in June and repeats in August, flowers are terry and semi-terry,
    • miniature plumose carnation (D. Plumariusnanus) is a spectacular compact plants up to 15 cm tall.

    The most common are such varieties, as Alba with white flowers Desdemona - dark pink, carmine flowers (pomegranate).

    Blooming clove Lasts more than a month, beginning at the end of May, in rare cases in June. Repair varieties can bloom again in the fall.

    In hybrid forms carnations vary in color from pure white to pink and carmine. The flowers themselves are both simple and terry, they emit quite a pleasant fragrant aroma.


    On the secrets of care spathiphyllum, read this article.

    Here you will find instructions along with a photo about caring for fatsheder.

    Seed germination

    For sowing seeds preparing the ground. Sod land and peat are measured equally, with slightly less river sand added to it. Everything is mixed to homogeneity and distributed in containers.

    The earth must be watered, then sow the seeds and lightly sprinkle them with sand. From above everything is covered with a film. The optimum temperature for germination is 18 degrees Celsius.

    When seedlings appear, the container should be moved to a room with a temperature of about 12 degrees or create such conditions in the place where the crops are located.

    Lighting should be good - if it is not enough, it will be necessary to illuminate the sprouts with the help of fitolamps. With an insufficient amount of light, watering is reduced as much as possible, otherwise there is a danger that a so-called “black leg” will appear on the seedlings.

    Seedlings after sowing appear in a matter of days. On the sixth or seventh day you can already see their appearance. If the cultivation of seedlings made in greenhouse conditions, you can dive them in boxes.

    Dive produced after the two true leaflets appear on the seedlings. Earth diving mix is ​​prepared in the same way as for landing. Примерно через месяц после высеивания растения пикируют в отдельные вместилища, при рассаживании надо постараться не заглублять корневую шейку.

    When the fifth leaf appears on the seedlings, the growth point should be pinch. In the second half of April, carnations begin to harden, bringing to a place without strong drafts, where there is a lot of air.

    Most easy way for breeding carnations next. In the autumn, after the plants are dry, the seedbags are harvested, and they are sown in the spring to a depth of 2 cm in the spring. Then do the same as in the case described above.

    Planting seedlings

    Should not be planted clove feathery too thick. The distance between plants is better to observe about 35 cm.

    This is necessary because soon after planting the flower forms around itself something like a pillow of stems and leaves, which covers the soil.

    Pink Clove it is better to grow on sandy, loamy soils. Place for growing should choose a well-lit. For fertilizer it is better to use humus.

    Great decorative effect is obtained by placing a carnation on the lawn in the form of spots. Carnation remontant forms may not stop flowering throughout the summer.

    You can also read more about planting and caring for Turkish carnation, carnation, and Chinese carnation.

    And for the curious, we suggest to familiarize yourself with the video about the feathery carnation.

    General description of terry cloves

    This herb with erect grows to 30 - 40 cm in height. Linear leaves have a greenish - gray color.

    This flower has been known since about the 11th century.. Presumably its homeland is the center and south of Russia, the east of Europe. Naturally, modern varieties of this plant are significantly different from their distant ancestors. The development of such a science as selection allowed us to admire a variety of colors, and made it possible to use new varieties and hybrids of this unpretentious plant for our flower gardens.

    Perennial garden carnation: peculiarities of cultivation

    To avoid confusion, it is necessary to understand the botanical names. Garden carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is a separate species with a rich history. However, in everyday life is often called "garden" different carnations, cultivated as ornamental plants.

    The most famous species and subspecies:

    • Garden or Dutch carnation - a perennial plant with a height of 20 to 70 cm.
    • G. Turkish - grown as a biennial.
    • G. lush - perennial plant.
    • G. Alpine - perennial.

    Attention! Almost all carnations introduced into the crop are perennial plants. However, in central Russia, thermophilic species are grown as biennials or annuals.

    Depending on the variety, simple linear leaves of the garden carnation may be green or blue-gray from a wax coating. The diameter and color of the rims vary greatly. Flowers solitary or collected in several pieces bloom from June to August and September.

    The subspecies of Chabot Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus var. Schabaud) is of hybrid origin. Flowers of large size, double or semi-double, of various colors: white, red, yellow, pink. Some varieties tolerate temperatures of –10 ° C for a short time. It winters in open ground in central Russia with shelter.

    Soil requirements, site selection

    Garden cloves prefer light, humus-rich, neutral and slightly alkaline soils. If the substrate is acidic, then add lime, ash. Heavy clay soils improve the introduction of peat and sand. Peat and perlite are added to the soil for container culture.

    For planting carnations choose a well-lit area with light penumbra after 14 hours. Then the bloom will be quite long. Shady place is not suitable: leaf growth is inhibited, flowers most often do not develop. Plants in hanging pots, pots and containers should be protected from direct sunlight, desiccating the soil.

    Garden carnations are not recommended to be planted together with moisture-loving plants. Also, avoid proximity to streams or other bodies of water where the soil often becomes swampy.

    When and how to plant?

    Perennial garden carnation is grown by seedling method. Sow the seeds at the end of February or in March, pre-soaking for a day. Prepare the seed boxes or other suitable containers with loose loamy soil.

    Lay out the seeds on the surface of moist soil, sprinkle with a small amount of sand on top. The boxes are covered with glass or transparent film and left in a dark place at a temperature of 17–20 ° C. After 4–7 days, shoots appear. Capacities with seedlings are exposed on the window sill, well lit by the sun. Sprayed with water from a spray bottle. After 3-4 weeks, young plants dive into the soil of the greenhouse. Then dive seedlings pinch to stimulate branching of the stem and root growth.

    How to plant a garden carnation for a permanent place:

    • Dig holes at a distance of 15-30 cm and a depth greater than the root ball.
    • Add compost and sand with a layer of 3 cm to improve soil permeability.
    • Drop the seedlings in the hole, sprinkle with soil and compacted around the roots.
    • Water the seedlings.
    • Mulch the soil.

    Attention! Drainage is necessary for the discharge of excess water during irrigation. Carnation does not tolerate waterlogging at any age. Young plants are particularly affected by waterlogging.

    Direct sowing in the ground is carried out in mid-May. Seeds are deepened into the soil by 1 cm, covered with a film on top to accelerate germination and protect against cold. As soon as shoots appear, shelter is removed.

    Watering plants

    Perennial carnations cope better with a temporary lack of moisture than with its excess. Water the plants moderately, only after the topsoil is dried. Send a stream of water on the soil around the root, and not on the leaves. Each time after watering, it is necessary to loosen the substrate so that a crust does not form.

    Leaving after flowering

    If you pinch withered stems and inflorescences, then more new buds appear. Immediately after flowering, the stems are cut at a height of about 10 cm above the ground to maintain compactness.

    It is recommended to replant heavily grown carnation bushes to a new location. This procedure is best performed in August or September.

    Types and varieties of perennial cloves

    Flower growers try to choose ornamental plants for the garden, which retain their freshness for a long time and do not require complicated maintenance. The Dutch large-flowered carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus var. Semperflorens) perfectly meets these conditions. It is a perennial, repairing plant (re-flowering). Hybrids that are grouped are obtained by crossing several types and forms of cloves. The flowers are large, double, petals have a fringe on the edge.

    The dwarf carnation garden "Lilipot" becomes very popular among gardeners. This is a group of hybrids: "Yellow F1", "Orange F1", "Scarlet F1" with red petals, "White F1", "Light Lilac F1". Plants up to 25 cm high bloom profusely all summer, retain their compactness without pinching, can be used for planting in open ground, containers and flowerpots.

    Old varieties of chabot cloves are grown mainly for cutting. Low-growing garden carnation from the group of F1 Dwarf mixture hybrids and the re-riotant variety “Baby of Nice” are suitable for flower decoration of rabatok, mixborders, loggias and balconies, cultivated in containers. Compact bushes copiously covered with double flowers. You can sow the seeds in the ground or grow seedlings.

    Even a novice gardener, summer resident, can grow a garden perennial perennial on a plot or in a container. It is important to remember the needs and characteristics of the plant, follow the recommendations for growing seedlings and care. Carnation will thank for the care abundant flowering and bright greens.

    A garden carnation is a beautiful and fragrant flower, about which only a baby doesn’t know anything. Translated from the Greek carnation means "divine flower", which is customarily presented not only to women, but also to representatives of the strong half of humanity. About how there are varieties of perennial garden carnations, how to properly plant and care for it, multiply and with what to combine in landscape design - you can learn about this and many other things from our article.

    Description of the plant: varieties and varieties

    Perennial garden carnation, planting and caring for which is incredibly simple - this is the favorite guest of the backyard. Culture has many varieties (more than three hundred), pleasing us with unusual shades and their combinations. The composition of cut flowers will stand for a long time in a vase on the windowsill, exuding a stunning aroma and inspiring for unexpected feats.

    Any kind of carnation will look wonderful on a flower bed at home.

    Having decided to plant a perennial carnation on the plot, it is important to determine the type of plant, because it is much more pleasant to care for your favorite flower than to see a random plant on a daily basis. Among the variety of varieties of garden carnations, you will undoubtedly be able to choose the very plant that will become a real decoration of your front garden.

      Perennial feathery carnation stirs the imagination with its playful appearance. Its distinctive feature is the thick bushes of emerald-sky color, covered with double flowers, the diameter of which is almost 3 cm. flower bed, will create a divine fragrance in the air.

    Perennial feathery carnation

  • Perennial garden carnation (dutch), obtained by breeders by crossing the most spectacular species of carnation, exceeds its counterparts in the period of continuous flowering. Such a plant will delight with a rich palette of colors from the beginning of June to stable frosts. Slightly more fortunate residents of countries with a warm climate: they can admire the colorful flowering almost all year round, with the exception of rainy periods.
  • Widely known and popular in the flower market. perennial carnation shabo. Compared with other varieties, this carnation has larger flowers of various shades (yellow, scarlet, burgundy, pinkish) with a very persistent and captivating scent. Terry flowers have a wide variety of petals: they can be corrugated, slightly curved and arranged in a bud.

  • Perennial Turkish Carnation attracts gardeners with its unpretentiousness, tender fragrance and colorful flowering. The diameter of the inflorescence can reach 12 cm, and the flower can contain up to three shades at the same time - these are the main differences of the Turkish carnation from other varieties. Pictures and ribbons on petals look extraordinarily beautiful and elegant.
  • The perennial garden carnation prefers sunny patches of soil, but by choosing a shade or marshy soil, you cannot get a strong culture and rich flowering. The soil should have a neutral acidity. Optimally, if it turns out to be peaty, sandy and sandy loamy. It is possible to lower the acidity of the soil with the help of dolomite flour, and to make it easier by sand and regular peat.

    Plant carnation in a sunny area

    Seeds are planted back in March, when the air temperature reaches a stable level of + 15ºС. Then they are lightly sprinkled with earth, moistened and a film laid over the top. At a temperature of + 18ºС the first shoots appear. Now you can slightly lower the temperature and put the boxes with shoots to light. A carnation spikes with the appearance of the second leaf. This is done very carefully, without deepening the root neck. In open ground, seedlings are planted at a distance of at least 30 cm.

    Carnation Care

    Perennial carnation is a fairly unpretentious plant, the care for which does not require much time, effort and labor from you. All that is needed is to water and remove weeds in a timely manner, regularly feed them with special additives for flowers and cut off the heads immediately after the plant has faded.

    Maintain soil moisture balance

    Attention! Try to protect the carnation from waterlogging. To do this, water it often, but in moderation, from time to time, loosen the soil. Especially be careful during the period of melting snow: excessive moisture can provoke root rot.

    After the garden plant has faded, the heads are cut off and the stems are slightly shortened. The garden carnation will surely reward you with a repeated flowering closer to autumn for the warmth and care given. In winter, the plant is better to cover, especially if it is to be not snowy winter. Often gardeners to preserve the culture transplanted it in pots and entered into the room where she successfully overwinter.

    Fertilizer and dressing

    The perennial carnation, as well as any ornamental plant, needs additional feeding during the whole vegetative period. Feed must be first in the spring, then at the time of the appearance of the buds and, of course, with the appearance of color.

    Remove weeds so that they do not interfere with the plant to grow

    Attention! Do not use fresh manure or potassium based fertilizer! Be careful with the amount of applied nitrogenous feeding: excessive amounts of it can cause fungal diseases.

    Garden carnation responds well to mineral supplements.

    Perennial carnation is usually propagated by cuttings or by dividing a bush. The best time for grafting is the beginning of June. A suitable, seemingly healthy stalk 10 cm long is selected and carefully cut. At the bottom, a small incision is made, then the handle is placed in a moistened soil and covered with a film for faster rooting. The cuttings of the carnations, as well as the young bushes, with the right care perfectly take root.

    Diseases and pests of garden cloves

    Like any other flower culture, garden carnation is prone to diseases and pests. To avoid ticks and aphids, to protect the plant from gray rot and other misfortunes as much as possible, breeders advise not to forget about simple, but very important rules for caring for the plant.

    Check flower beds regularly for pests.

    Important! Regular overmoistening of the soil and excessive accumulation of nitrogenous fertilizers are the main reasons for the formation of fungus. Therefore, it is extremely important to monitor the condition of the soil, periodically loosen it, fertilize and enrich the soil.

    Once every few years, you can change the place where you grow a clove or plant a calendula nearby.

    Garden carnation in combination with other plants

    All varieties of perennial carnations can be grown in various flower beds. They look great in a group planting, and single. When creating vegetable flowerbeds, it is important to take into account that variegated carnations of rich colors will look good in a neutral and more restrained environment. Ideal partners for her will be:

    • yarrow,
    • venichnaya kohiya
    • graceful gypsophila,
    • two-color groundsel.

    Carnation in landscape design

    Carnations with feathery flowers of sky shade are perfectly combined with bright blue bearded irises. But the neighborhood with tulips is still to be avoided. The fact is that the latter can infect a decorative carnation with diseases, and those means that are commonly used for the treatment of carnations are not suitable for delicate tulips.

    Garden carnation in landscape design

    Perennial ornamental plant is not the last line in landscape design. Garden carnation - is the full mistress of flower beds, all kinds of alpine hills and rockeries. Group planting with roses allows you to effectively decorate the lawn and an open terrace. Bright and lush bushes carnations beautifully fit the Japanese-style rocky garden, at the expense of such flowering islands, the garden will retain its decorative effect for a long time.

    Perennial carnation: video

    Perennial clove: photo

    Decorative plant with bright flowers, sweet aroma is a popular inhabitant of various types of flower beds. In addition, a carnation garden perennial suitable for container gardening balconies, terraces, patios. With the help of seedlings of modern varieties, you can quickly create beautiful flower carpets in pink, bright red, white and yellow.

    A garden carnation is a beautiful and fragrant flower, about which only a baby doesn’t know anything. Translated from the Greek carnation means "divine flower", which is customarily presented not only to women, but also to representatives of the strong half of humanity. About how there are varieties of perennial garden carnations, how to properly plant and care for it, multiply and with what to combine in landscape design - you can learn about this and many other things from our article.

    Perennial garden carnation is a plant that is characterized by a short flowering and in our regions it is mainly grown for no more than two seasons. It grows in the form of a small shrub, the height of the stems of which reaches 60 cm. The rhizo is poorly developed, it lies not deep - about 10-20 cm. Their color is different.

    Stem thin, strong, leaves, as a rule, narrow, painted in a deaf green or gray-green color. По завершению периода цветения на стеблях появляются плоды – семенные коробочки. Цвет семян коричневый либо бурый.

    Распространенные виды

    Если вы решили вырастить на своем участке садовую гвоздику, то, прежде всего, необходимо определиться с видом. This is not easy to do, since the species and, of course, the variety variety of this plant is quite wide, but at the same time there is a very high chance to make your flower garden the most vivid, colorful and original.

    So, consider the most common types of garden carnations with a description and photo.

      Dutch This species is obtained by selection of the most beautiful carnations. It is characterized by the longest flowering - from the beginning of the summer period and up to the first frost. It blooms bright, colorful, lush.

    On a note! In countries with a warm climate, Dutch carnation can bloom almost all year round. Its flowering in such regions stops only during rainy periods!

  • Cirrus. The plant is formed into a neat bush with emerald foliage. A characteristic feature of the varieties of this type of garden carnations is the appearance of the petals - they have longitudinal slits, because of which the flower is as if studded with feathers. The diameter of one flower is about 3 cm. It blooms throughout June-July and gives the garden a bright palette. Color of flowers from white to dark red.
  • Shabo. In the flowering period produces large flowers of various colors: pink, yellow, maroon, scarlet, etc. The aroma is bright and persistent. Flowers, as a rule, terry, while their petals can be corrugated, somewhat curved, simple or folded with a delicate bud.
  • Turkish One of the most unpretentious species, which gives an incredibly colorful flowering and gives a delicate fragrance. The flowers are collected in neat inflorescences, the length of which can reach 12 cm. The flower is unusually beautiful and can contain two or three shades at once. On the petals is often observed fringe.
  • We land in the ground

    Perennial carnation prefers sunny terrain. If the soil for growth is swampy, or the place is shaded, then successful cultivation will not work, flowering will be scarce. The optimal choice of soil is with neutral acidity, it is great if it turns out to be with peat (clay or sand).

    Acidic soil can be neutralized independently; this is done by adding dolomite flour. Facilitate the soil by adding peat or sand.

    Planting seeds should begin in early spring (March). The temperature by this time should stabilize and be about 15 degrees Celsius.

    It is not necessary to drop the seeds, they are slightly covered with earth, watered, and covered with foil. When the temperature rises to 18 degrees, the first shoots will appear.

    The picking is carried out after the appearance of several leaves. The procedure is carried out carefully, so as not to damage the young and completely fragile roots.

    After the first shoots, the seed containers are brought to light, the temperature is slightly reduced. When the seedlings reach 30 centimeters, you can freely plant it in open ground.

    Caring properly

    Caring for a perennial carnation will not take much effort, the flower is quite unpretentious. You need to follow a few simple rules, and the flower will delight with its aroma and flowering:

    • Timely watering.
    • Removal of weeds and weeds.
    • Feeding.
    • Crop. After the carnation has blossomed, its buds are carefully cut.

    Important! Excessive dampness will be detrimental to cloves. Therefore, should be watered often, but in small quantities. Carefully consider the period when the snow starts to melt or it rains heavily. The earth needs periodic loosening. A large amount of moisture can lead to putrefactive processes of the root system.

    At the end of the flowering period, not only the buds are cut, but the stems are shortened. For proper care and attention, the carnation will be grateful, and will bloom a second time in late August and early September.

    In winter, cloves are recommended to cover (wrap), especially in frosty weather. Many growers do not leave the flower in the ground, and transplanted into pots and containers and transferred into the room. The plant tolerates such wintering successfully.

    Feed and fertilize

    Like all decorative flowers, garden beauty needs feeding. The whole vegetative period make various fertilizers. Begin the procedure in early autumn. Important periods in which dressing is required:

    Do not fertilize the clove with fresh manure or with potassium. Also, care should be taken dressing containing nitrogen. If you overdo it, fungal diseases can occur.

    Mineral feeding will be very useful.

    Garden carnation in combination with other plants

    All varieties of perennial carnations can be grown in various flower beds. They look great in a group planting, and single. When creating vegetable flowerbeds, it is important to take into account that variegated carnations of rich colors will look good in a neutral and more restrained environment. Ideal partners for her will be:

    • yarrow,
    • venichnaya kohiya
    • graceful gypsophila,
    • two-color groundsel.

    Carnations with feathery flowers of sky shade are perfectly combined with bright blue bearded irises. But the neighborhood with tulips is still to be avoided. The fact is that the latter can infect a decorative carnation with diseases, and those means that are commonly used for the treatment of carnations are not suitable for delicate tulips.

    Garden carnation in landscape design

    Perennial ornamental plant is not the last line in landscape design. Garden carnation - is the full mistress of flower beds, all kinds of alpine hills and rockeries. Group planting with roses allows you to effectively decorate the lawn and an open terrace. Bright and lush bushes carnations beautifully fit the Japanese-style rocky garden, at the expense of such flowering islands, the garden will retain its decorative effect for a long time.

    Growing by seedling

    Planting and subsequent maintenance of a perennial garden carnation is not difficult and even a beginner grower is able to rule with this. Seeds for seedlings are laid approximately in March in a large container or peat cups.

    Recommendation! In order for the seed to produce healthy, strong seedlings, it is advisable to soak it for a day in a weak solution of succinic acid!

    So, garden carnation is grown as follows.

    • Fill the container with a fertile substrate, moisten it and make small grooves.
    • Sow the prepared seeds. It is not necessary to deepen them too much into the soil, it is enough to distribute them over the surface and sprinkle some sand on top.
    • Cover the container with polyethylene or glass and define it in a shaded place. The room temperature should be within + 18..20 ° C.
    • After some time, the first shoots will appear on the soil surface. At this time, remove the cover and rearrange the container on a well-lit window sill.
    • Periodically moisten the substrate, but do not allow the stagnation of water.

    Important! With irrigation it is better not to overdo it, otherwise the seedling will be struck by a black leg - a fungal disease. For this reason, it is better not to water the plants, but to spray them with water from a spray!

  • When the first pair of true leaves appear on the shoots, we pick them into separate containers. Watering is carried out in the same mode.
  • Two weeks later, after the young plants take root, they need to pinch. This event will allow you to continue to get a strong lush bush with a strong root.
  • Approximately 15 days before the carnation on the open ground, we begin to harden it. Every day we remove the seedlings to fresh air first for a couple of hours and gradually increase the exposure time.
  • During the summer, the bushes need to pinch, cutting off all the flowered flower stalks from the shoots. This will help stimulate the release of new buds. Later on, after the flowering stops completely, all the stems should be cut off from the bush, leaving about 10 cm above the ground.

    Preparing for the winter

    Garden carnation is characterized by good frost resistance, and therefore quite calmly endures the winter cold. If the winter was snowless, then in this case it is recommended to cover the bushes with spruce or sawdust. This event will help prevent freezing.

    On a note! In addition, when growing garden carnations for several years, from time to time it is recommended to replant bushes to a new place. This is done, as a rule, at the end of July - early August.

    Diseases and pests

    Garden carnation, when properly cared for, hurts and is affected by pests extremely rarely, but nevertheless, sometimes situations arise when an infection occurs.

    Among the pests are the most common spider mites and aphids. In the fight against them, insecticides such as Actellic, Aktara and Mospilan show quite good results. With a weak infection against insect parasites and ticks, folk remedies can be used, for example, an infusion of potato tops or onion peel. Means are prepared from dried plant materials, filled with boiling water. He insists for two days, then bred in a bucket of water and spray the affected plants.

    When infected with a gall nematode, diseased bushes must be removed. After that, the soil in the garden is repeatedly treated with boiling water, and then use one of the chemicals. Here you can use "Phosphamide" or "Mercaptophos".

    If medars have settled on your site, they are fairly easy to destroy with the help of traps. In this case, the preparation for the struggle should be carried out in the fall. In September-October we dig several holes in the garden, fill them with fresh manure and cover with foil. Medvedki will begin to crawl into these shelters, where they will remain to spend the winter. In the spring, it will be quite easy for you to destroy all pests without the use of toxic chemicals.

    In order to protect the garden carnation from fungal diseases, it is necessary, first of all, to be properly watered and to prevent stagnation of moisture. In addition, at the beginning and in the middle of the growing season, plants can be treated with fungicidal agents such as Maxim, Chistotsvet, Topaz, or Fundazol. And at the same time it is extremely undesirable to grow this flower next to tulips, since these plants infect the same diseases.

    Interesting to know

    There is a lot of interesting information about garden carnations, which is useful for every gardener to know:

    • The leading country for the cultivation of cloves - Tanzania. Most breeders are working on breeding a new variety, improving existing ones. Because of this, the popularity of carnation is growing all over the world.
    • At home, carnation does not tolerate noise. In this setting, the flower fades quickly.
    • Flowers are usually given to young people going to the army. The flower symbolizes victory, and returning home in health. The tradition goes back to France, and is used in other countries. Soldiers who carry a carnation with them consider it a talisman that protects them in difficult moments.
    • Italians pin a flower to the uniform of their beloved, thus showing love. She protects him in dangerous situations.
    • Clove is one of the most exquisite spices, known worldwide, and used by many culinary specialists. Just get it from the usual garden flower is impossible, the effect will be completely different. The spice is made from a tropical clove tree.
    • The carnation is not always a symbol of blood; in the history, the “carnation revolution” is known, which ended peacefully.
    • The Windsor Duke decorated his costume with a white bud. For this reason, it is an indicator of aristocratic style and easy life.
    • Belgians consider the carnation to be the flower of the poor. Most often it can be seen in the miners' front gardens. It symbolizes the flowering of life after the dark mines. The bouquet is presented as a gift to her married daughter.
    • Very fond of carnation needlewomen, who adorn her vintage lace.
    • Carnation is considered to be the "Divine Flower" that decorate the tables.

    Difficulties you may encounter

    Most often, beginning gardeners who have bought a carnation face problems, and they do not know the rules for caring for it, and do not follow them. In this case, the flower begins to hurt, divorced various parasites.

    One of the most dangerous problems is the bear, nematodes and thrips. The most productive fight against them with the help of chemicals.

    So that fungal diseases do not arise, care must be correct and timely. This is the best prevention.

    On a note! It is recommended to plant a perennial carnation away from tulips in the front garden. They may have the same disease, only methods of dealing with them are different. Those substances that can be processed tulip, cloves are contraindicated.

    Carnation garden perennial, planting and care for which is very easy - often found on garden plots. It is difficult to pass by a garden in which a bright and fragrant carnation grows. Since ancient times, it was about this flower that they quietly wrote and sang songs, told many legends. Carnation has a bright red color, so mostly legends are associated with bloodshed. In many countries, carnation is considered to be a symbol of victory to this day.

    Every year they bring out more and more new and beautiful varieties that are not left without fans.

    Clove garden perennial

    The variety of varieties is very large, and each of them pleases with its beauty and originality. Flowers not only decorate a flowerbed, but also look great in a vase on the table. Bouquets are long, exude a pleasant and delicate smell. In addition, going to a celebration, you do not need to run to the flower shop, just look at your own flower bed, and a wonderful composition will be ready.

    On a personal plot it is possible to land any grade. In this case, everything depends on the florist, someone wants to observe certain flowers, while others want to see something new. In any case, perennial carnation will decorate the garden.

    Consider the popular varieties in detail:

      Cirrus. It has quite large flowers, about 3 centimeters. Bushes differ in density, and color admires with an emerald shade of bluish outflow. The entire summer period of a flower bed with carnations will be poured with delicate tones, from white to purple. Flowers can be used for landscape design. A great plus is a pleasant fragrance.

    Garden (Dutch). Obtained as a result of breeding work. Differs in long-term flowering. Already in early summer you can observe a variety of flowering, and it will last until the onset of the first frost. It is for this reason that the Dutch carnation is very popular, especially in the area where there is almost no winter. In such weather conditions, flowering can last the whole year (except for the rainy period).

    Shabo. This variety is distinguished by a variety of color palettes. On your flower bed, you can create a whole rainbow. Another distinctive feature of the variety is the size of the flowers, the petals can be of different shapes: folded in a bud, crimped, with slight bends. The fragrance is tender, captivating.

    Turkish The main advantage of the variety - it can contain several colors at once. The color palette is very rich, large bud sizes, can reach up to 12 centimeters. There may be various rims and patterns on the petals, which makes the branches truly unique. Popular because of its simplicity in the care.

    Grade Information

    At the moment there are many varieties and hybrids of this plant. Everyone will be able to choose according to his taste:

    The most popular varieties include the following types of plants:

    • Dwarf type. These flowers are short, can grow to a maximum of 15 cm in height. Due to this, they look spectacular as a rim around the flowerbed. This variety of plant includes such species as Desdemona - dark pink flowers, Pomegranate - flowers of carmine shade or with Alba white flowers.
    • Scottish plant. The height of these flowers is about 40 cm, usually they are terry, with a variety of colors depending on the type of carnation. Flower gardeners' favorite is Majesti, flowers are usually terry and semi-terry, 2.5 - 3 cm in diameter, of snow-white color with a persistent pleasant aroma. The advantage of this variety is remontance, that is to say simply “two-time” flowering. If the first time blooms in early June, again around August.

    There are also hybrids of this plant, which are slightly different in their characteristics and appearance.

    Conditions for successful cultivation

    Carnation loves soft and fluffy earth (for this you can add sand and peat, and slightly loosen the earth). Heavy and acidic soils are practically unsuitable for growing this plant. On such soils, even lime or dolomite flour does not help. The flower will be weak, small-colored and very painful.

    The land must be fertilized. (preferably with organic fertilizers, they must be applied immediately before planting). In the future, should be fertilized cloves depending on the phase of growth. When there is a set of stem and leaf mass, we use fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen.

    Before flowering, we give preference to phosphate - potash fertilizers, this will allow to obtain abundant flowering with larger flowers of carnation pinnate.

    Best of all, this flower grows in well-lit areas. Обладает уникальной возможностью выдерживать высокие температуры и обжигающие прямые лучи солнца. Конечно, небольшая затененность на короткий отрезок дня не принесёт вреда.Although the clove is pinnate and is considered to be frost-resistant, it is still advisable to cover it with at least foliage. The roots can slightly freeze, and in the spring we have a not so lush curtain, and even with bald spots.

    Although clove feathery is considered drought-resistant, however, regular but moderate watering is necessary. Water under the plant should not stagnate or turn sour. This can be explained by the fact that the soil is compacted and oxygen ceases to penetrate to the roots of the carnation. As a result, the leaves begin to turn yellow, the roots of the plant rot, as a result, the plant may die.

    What are the features of caring for a flowering plant?

    Weeding from weeds is done only in the phase of sprouts and young plants. In the future, the plant clove feathery itself clogs the weeds, because it is not without reason that it is considered a groundcover plant. In the course of flowering, ottsvetshye buds are removed, taking part of the stem. This technique allows you to continue to get large and beautiful flowers, and the plant will make it more lush and compact.

    How to propagate feathery carnation

    There are three ways of breeding a feathery carnation. These methods are widely applied to other flowers, and even to plants from your garden. Such breeding methods include the following:

    Seed propagation

    When sowing the seeds of the carnation directly into the ground to a permanent place, you must wait for the soil to warm up sufficiently. Shallow depth, previously spilled soil, we sow seeds of feathery carnation. Sprinkle them on top of a small amount of soil. Approximately in a week the first shoots will appear.

    You can plant a carnation plant in the form of seedlings at a permanent place. To do this, use the mini window greenhouse. Carnation seeds are then sown in March in a well-moistened and loosened soil.

    Sow shallowly, sprinkle a little and cover with glass mini-greenhouses, remove the glass after the first germs appear. Later, the plants dive about 4 - 5 cm apart, after a strong and grown seedlings can be planted on a flower bed.

    Dividing bush

    This method is used in early spring or late summer. This method consists in dividing a large bush just dug out into smaller bushes and planting them in a permanent place. The main condition - the presence of good roots.

    Cuttings

    The time of application of this method is reproduction - the end of June, the beginning of July. Cut the cuttings, up to 15 cm long, with an adult carnation. On the cuttings should not be flower buds. The lower leaves must be removed and made shallow, about a centimeter in height, cut under the lower node of the handle. The stem of a carnation prepared in this way should be planted in a cup with a moist and nutritious primer. 2 weeks after the rooting of the cutting, you can plant it in open ground.

    As a result, it should be noted that the carnation is a beautiful and unpretentious flower that even a novice gardener can grow with the right approach. So that the flowers will delight you with their paints as long as possible, do not forget to water them, fertilize and trim them.

    Features of the form

    Cirrus pink (Dianthus plumarius) in nature is common on the calcareous mountain slopes of Western Europe. The herb with erect and creeping bluish-green stems reaches a height of 30-35 cm. Vegetative shoots are covered with thick oblong leaf lanceolate form, which persists until spring. Flexible stalks lying on the ground tend to take root in the nodes, forming elastic cushion bushes, ornamental throughout the season.

    At the beginning of summer, fragrant, simple and double flowers appear singly at the end of the shoot, singly or forming loose racemes. The flowers are five-petalled, silky texture, sometimes corrugated, with deeply cut fringed edges of the petals. Blossoming plentiful and magnificent, lasts about one and a half months.

    Sonata

    Carnation pinnate grade Sonata (Sonata)

    Low plants with upright stems up to 35 cm in height and a mass of creeping shoots are successfully used to design rockeries and create narrow rabatok. Numerous flowers are double, fragrant, with a diameter of 3-4 cm. Petals are strongly dissected, delicate, fringed. The presented colors are various - pink, red, white, crimson with smooth transitions of tones and spectacular shading.

    When grown by seed through seedlings and early sowing, the bushes will be covered with flowers already this year in mid-June and will bloom throughout the month.

    Double White

    Carnation pinnate Double White

    Exquisite white-boiled flowers are the hallmark of the variety. Bushes form dense clumps 25–30 cm high and can be grown as resistant ground cover plants. Long linear leaves of gray color successfully shade white terry flowers with deeply cut fringed "frosty" edges. The aroma is gentle, unobtrusive.

    Plants are unpretentious, multiply well, resistant to drought and frost. This is a great variety for rock gardens, elegant borders and mature rocky gardens.

    Maggie

    Carnation feathery variety Maggie (Maggie)

    A stunning variety with large bush flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm. The plants are low, 15–20 cm high, form compact bushes with numerous flowering shoots and long needle-like bluish-green leaves.

    Lush flowers with soft pink petals are decorated with a raspberry contrast tone at the base and a jagged edge. Blooms profuse, bright, lasts from the beginning of June to mid-July.

    Carnation pinnate Variety Variety

    Small bushes reach 25–30 cm in height and form dense dense clumps. Vegetative shoots are densely leafy, easily rooted in the nodes. Smooth bluish-green leaves are narrow, long. The flowers are elegant, simple, with a diameter of about 3 cm, with satin petals of various shades - red, crimson, pink, white. The edges of the petals are strongly dissected, fringed. Flowering generous from the beginning of June for a month.

    Easily propagated by seeds, flowers appear the next year. Plants are resistant, grown in one place for 5–6 years without loss of decoration. Bright compact bushes are magnificent in the design of retaining walls, rock gardens or porch.

    On the variety of species and varieties of carnations, read the article "Carnation - the best varieties and hybrids."

    Site selection and soil preparation

    Clove feathery, like other related species, loves light, well-drained soils of neutral or weakly alkaline reaction. Poorly developed plants on heavy low-acidic soils, and in this case, the site requires a preliminary arrangement - drainage, making sand and reducing acidity.

    By eye, the increased acidity of the soil can be determined by the presence of specific vegetation on the site - horsetails, sorrel or buttercups. Sour soil is improved by adding lime, wood ash, ground limestone or dolomite flour.

    In the autumn, the plot is dug up on a spade bayonet, introducing leaf earth and sand to improve the structure of the soil. Cirrus carnation in the wild dwells among the stones of the harsh mountain slopes, developing on poor soils, and therefore does not require excessively fertile land in a flower garden.

    It should be remembered that fresh manure as a fertilizer for all carnations is categorically contraindicated.

    If you plan to plant a small number of seedlings, it is worth to fill only planting pits. To do this, prepare a mixture of:

    • 2 pieces of leafy ground
    • 1 pieces of humus,
    • 2 parts of sand
    • 0.5 parts of ground limestone (shells).

    Planting pits prepared in the fall, and in the spring planted seedlings or seedlings. Such refueling will be enough for the full development of plants for several years, and for more lush flowering and better wintering two additional feeding is carried out per season.

    Cirrus carnations bloom better in open sunny areas. But even in the shade, bluish-green dense bushes with narrow leaves look wonderful and decorate a cool corner, revealing several fragrant flowers in early summer.

    Landing features

    Growing feathery cloves

    Unpretentious feathery carnations propagate by seed and vegetatively. Seed propagation of a new variety is more affordable - seeds are easy to get and they are inexpensive. The liked variety is grown through seedlings, planted in a permanent place, and further propagated by one of the vegetative methods.

    Experienced growers note that the periodic rejuvenation of carnations through seed growing increases their decorative effect and stability. Vegetative reproduction alone will eventually lead to a weakening and degeneration of the population.

    Seed propagation

    In order to achieve full flowering next year, it is desirable to sow in the fall in the year of seed collection. For planting use greenhouses, seeds are placed on the surface of the soil, consisting of equal mixtures of sod or leaf soil and peat.

    Crops are plentifully sprayed from a spray bottle, the greenhouse is kept covered. Periodically repeat spraying and monitor the emergence of seedlings. The sprouts will appear in 8–10 days, then the film is opened slightly, regular surface irrigation and loosening are carried out.

    When two pairs of true leaves appear, seedlings are planted in the same greenhouse with distances of 10–15 cm and left to overwinter. As soon as steady frosty weather sets in, plantings are covered with spruce leaves and fallen leaves.

    In regions with very harsh winters, as well as in the cultivation of valuable varieties and hybrids, young plants are dug out for the winter, placed in clay pots and put into non-freezing rooms.

    In the spring, the carnation is sown under the film in early terms in early April, and the shoots are taken care of in the usual way. Most varieties of feathery carnation will form a full-fledged bushes and bloom only next year.

    To get flowering plants in the current year, apply seedling method. Well succeed in growing through spring seedlings of Sonata variety mix and Terry carpet.

    Seeds are sown in late February - early March on window sills or in greenhouses. In the first two weeks, the seedlings are required to light up, the temperature is kept moderate - 15–17 ° C. Water is not too plentiful, once a week.

    In order to avoid the defeat of planting a black leg, when a pair of true leaves appear, sprinkle earth with foundationol or pour a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

    Bushes division

    The easiest method of breeding perennial carnations. On a rainy September day, a uterine plant is dug up and divided into seedlings with a well-formed aerial part and root system. Excess, weak, thinned stems and roots are removed.

    Too long creeping stems shorten. The resulting seedlings are planted in beds in prepared pits, generously watered and laid mulch.

    Plant Care

    Care for feathery carnation

    A carnation is planted in the spring at a permanent place - in April-May, placing them at distances of 20–40 cm, depending on the variety. To form continuous borders between low-growing varieties, gaps of 20–25 cm are left. After planting, the bushes are watered and mulched with peat or compost mixed with sand.

    Watering and feeding

    Cirrus carnation does not tolerate too hot periods, quickly fade and loses its attractiveness. Moderate watering in a dry season will help to maintain decorative longer. In addition, these perennials, planted in a rare penumbra of dwarf birch, rowan trees or low coniferous trees, will not only look luxurious, but also be able to survive the midday heat without losses.

    Water the planting every 7-10 days, trying not to damage the delicate petals with the water jets, so it is better to use ground irrigation.

    Feed up plants at the beginning of flowering, using soluble complex fertilizers for flowers, for example, Kemira Flower brand. The second feeding is carried out at the beginning of September with fertilizer with a predominance of phosphorus, which will strengthen the root system and improve wintering.

    With the onset of the first strong frosts clove spuds loose soil, covered with spruce leaves, fallen leaves, reeds, setting the top wooden boxes or woven baskets. Do not use polyethylene and other non-porous materials. In early spring, shelters are removed, the earth is loosened and renewed mulch.

    Pests and diseases

    Cirrus carnation is one of the most unpretentious and resistant species, but is still subject to attacks by aphids, thrips, spider mites and cabbage moth.

    Aphids and thrips - Typical pests of carnations, which are able to greatly deplete young plants and deprive adult bushes of decorativeness. Aphid colonies are visible to the naked eye, a thrips lesion is suspected when pale spots appear on the petals and leaves, and the bushes are weakened, and the flowers often never bloom. With a strong lesion, apply a double treatment with insecticides - Intavir, Decis, Bi-58 or garlic extract.

    Butterfly caterpillars cabbage scoops they attack plants at the beginning of summer and quickly eat buds and young shoots. When a small number of scoops appear, the caterpillars are harvested by hand, the bushes are treated with an extract of wormwood and soap chips. With a massive attack, the pests of the plant and the ground around it are pickled with one of the pesticides.

    If the leaves turn pale, turn yellow, curl and dry, and at the ends of the shoots are seen the finest cobwebs - planting struck spider mite. In this case, the treatment is carried out with a suspension of colloidal sulfur or a solution of karbofos.

    In cool rainy weather, and when grown in cramped and damp greenhouses, carnations inhibit fungal diseases. The appearance of light brown, with a dark border, and later black velvety spots on the leaves and stems indicates the development black spot.

    Dirty gray oblong foci - a sign alternariosis. If at the base of the stems are visible dented brown spots with a pinkish-brown fuzz, and the stems rot and fall away, the plants are amazed Fusarium.

    In the event of a fungal disease, it is necessary to limit watering, increase ventilation, treat plants and soil with Fundazol (2 g per 1 l of water) or copper chloroxide.

    When on the leaves of the tubercles (pustules) a brick-red or orange color, formed by the pathogen rust, the affected bushes are destroyed by digging with roots. Healthy landings and the surface of the soil are treated with a suspension of colloidal sulfur and sprinkled with sulfur powder mixed with lime-fluff.

    Video about growing a feathery clove

    Applying the basic rules of growing a pinnate carnation in practice and picking up a few wonderful varieties, you can easily arrange a flower garden and an alpine slide, add bright color accents in the summer and add a soft texture in spring and autumn. The efforts to grow an unassuming perennial will pay off a hundredfold with the beauty, variety of forms and colors of tender inflorescences flashing on the cushion of needle-shaped bluish leaves.

    Breeding garden beauty

    Perennial carnations can be propagated in more than one way, there are several:

    The cuttings are carried out in early summer. Cut cuttings only with a strong and healthy plants, the optimum of its length of about 10 centimeters (not less).

    In order for the development of the cutting to take place rather quickly, the slices can be processed with growth stimulants. Planted material in the nutrient soil. Until the first leaves appear, the cuttings must be covered with a film.

    Young cuttings quickly grow stronger and develop, and very soon it will be possible to observe small bushes. Reproduction by cuttings is very popular.

    The process of planting seeds is described at the beginning of the article. You can add to the information that the seeds are bought as in a flower shop, and they are collected on their own. Collection of dry boxes is carried out after full ripening in the fall.

    Reproduction by seeds of hybrid varieties is not recommended, the new flower cannot repeat the quality of the mother, so the preservation of the variety will not work.

    The reproduction by dividing a bush takes place at a perennial carnation. The procedure is very simple, the part with the roots is cut from the mother bush, and transplanted to a new place. Caring for such a plant does not differ from the usual, flowering will be next year.

    Does the plant hurt

    Such diseases and pests are peculiar to perennial carnation:

    So as not to have to treat the plant, get rid of annoying pests, it is necessary to properly care. A strong carnation has good immunity.

    Follow the rules of watering, more often loosen the soil and remove weeds, every 2-3 years, transplant bushes to a new area. In this case, most problems can be avoided.

    Grade terry carpet growing from seed

    Carnation feathery carpet growing from seed photo

    carnation feathery terry carpet photo

    Sort Fairy tale patterns

    Carnation feathery fabulous patterns photo

    The flowers are large, terry, rich color from white to pale pink and scarlet. Bushes are compact, densely shaped stems and many buds. Unforgettable aroma.

    Pleyad variety

    Pink Carnation Pleiades photo

    The most popular varieties are the hybrid group: Breath of Love, Spring Beauty, as well as the Sonata, which has a different color - from pale white to rich burgundy, the last variety is the Pleiades, with massive inflorescences.

    Cirrus carnations in garden design

    Pink Carnation in landscape design photo mixborder

    Среди всех растений-многолетников, предназначенных для создания идеального сада, эта разновидность гвоздики занимает первое место. Она способна превратить в изюминку любое место: небольшую клумбочку, рабатку. To create lush cushions and unique garden mats, many gardeners use a pinium. This perennial quickly forms a terry carpet that can be used to refresh any home turf or replace it.

    In combination with coniferous shrubs and garden roses, these lovely glades of blooming carnations create an atmosphere of comfort in any garden. If you want to create a blooming oasis in your garden, then you should pay attention to this variety of carnation, which is resistant to many diseases and the ability to bloom for a long time.

    In addition to indescribable beauty, the lush carnation fulfills its direct purpose: its developed roots strengthen the soil. It is an excellent material for covering the soil. They are usually planted on small slopes, slopes, or placed on the edges of small flowerbeds with renewed soil.

    Conclusion

    Planting carnation feathery in the photo variety Cottage Pink Dianthus plumarius ‘Ideal Violet’

    Cirrus carnation is a unique perennial flower with a stunning scent and longevity. With the help of her flowers you can decorate the edges of the flower beds, creating compositions of incredible beauty. With proper care, carnation can please more than one generation with its lush flowering.

    Pistilic carnation is pleasing to the eye; several varieties can be planted on your plot to diversify the color assortment. The chic holiday look of these varieties of perennials can refresh any unformed plot. Fluffy plum plum is an excellent option that can be used to create your own unique composition.

    Perennial Clove Perennial: Methods and Rules for Growing

    Perennial perennial carnation fell in love with many flower growers for their gentle, unobtrusive aroma and surprisingly beautiful flowering.

    Plus, it is unpretentious in care, enduring and able to develop without a transfer to a new place.

    This flower looks gorgeous in rockeries and flower beds, mixborders and rock gardens.

    Cirrus carnation is characterized by a bright color of bushes and simplicity in growing

    Plant description

    The carnation is pinnate is a herbaceous perennial plant, whose height reaches 40 cm. Its stem is upright, powerful, often not branched. The leaves are linear, with a length of not more than 10 cm. The color of the leaves and stem is gray-green.

    As you can see in the photo, the flowers of the carnation of the feathery perennial have a pink or white color. May be solitary or form loose umbellate inflorescences, consisting of 2-4 flowers. Petals are divided into narrow segments.

    The carnation is pinnate, being a perennial, in the first year only gives a leafy stem, and flowering begins in the second year of its life. The flowering period falls on the month of June and lasts until August, after which the ends of the shoots produce fruits - boxes with seeds inside.

    Perennial perennial carnation, thanks to the efforts of breeders, has many varieties that differ in shape and shade of flowers

    The best varieties and hybrids

    Varietal groups of perennial perennial carnation and its mixtures are presented in a wide variety. And it allows gardeners to create beautiful flower gardens on their plots. Among the most popular:

    • "Pleiades" - variety mixture. The height of the bushes reaches 40 cm. The color of the flowers is limited to the palette, which includes shades from pure white to rich red. The flowers are terry, rather lush and look massive.
    • "Sonata" - variety mix. Shrubs have a height of about 35-40 cm. The flowers are incredibly beautiful: white, pink, red, rich maroon. Plant blooms from June to August.
    • Group of hybrid varieties, which includes "Breath of Love", "Spring Beauty" and "Doris." Shrubs are relatively low - up to 30 cm. The flowering period lasts throughout June and July.

    Rassadny method of growing

    Growing clove feathery perennial seed seedling method is carried out in March. The scheme is as follows:

    • We pour fertile, loose soil into the container and moisten it a little. We make small grooves.
    • We sow the seeds, sealing them to a depth of about 1 cm. Note! When sowing between seeds, it is necessary to leave a distance of at least 3-3.5 cm, otherwise later the plants will not have enough space, and the seedlings will have to be thinned out, removing excess seedlings.
    • Cover the container with glass or plastic and transfer it to a well-lit place. The room temperature must be at least + 18 ° C.
    • About a week later, the first young shoots will appear. At this time, the covering must be removed.
    • At the phase of formation of the first pair of true leaves, we dive the seedlings into separate cups.
    • After 15 days, when the seedlings are strong enough, we begin to harden them, leaving them for a few hours in the fresh air.

    This event will prepare young plants for transplanting into open ground.

    Planting seedlings in open ground

    Circus cloves are planted around May in the month when the weather is warm outside and the threat of night frost is over.

    • The site should contain light loamy or sandy soils with a sufficient amount of silicon, otherwise thin stems will begin to break as they grow.
    • The place should be well lit by the sun in the first half of the day, while it is desirable that the penumbra should form here in the afternoon.
    • We are preparing a garden bed: we loosen the soil, we bring in organic organic matter and make holes, leaving about 20 cm between them.
    • We plant one seedling into each well, sprinkle the roots on top of it and press down a little. Substrate moisturize.

    Sowing seeds in open ground

    Since the clove is a perennial perennial is a cold-resistant plant, the formation of beds can be started as early as May.

    Tip! It is possible to sow cloves and feathery in April, only in this case the bed must be covered with polyethylene or a small glasshouse must be built!

    • In the selected area make small grooves with a depth of about five centimeters.
    • Put the seeds in them, sprinkle them on top with earth.
    • Seeds are preferably sown rarely, leaving between them at least three centimeters. If it turned out to be thick, then later, when shoots appear, the extra sprouts will need to be simply dug up or transplanted to another place.

    On a note! The bed is thinned after the plants are at least 5 cm tall. Before digging them up, the soil is abundantly moistened and then the shrub is carefully removed along with the roots!

    Care for feathery carnation is competent watering, timely fertilization and periodic soil loosening.

    As for watering, for this plant it should be moderate. The soil is moistened only as the substrate dries. It is important to ensure that there is no stagnant water in the ground. It is especially important to observe this in the spring - during the period of melting snow.

    From time to time around the bushes should remove weeds. It is convenient to do when weeding the beds. However, remember that the rhizome of the feathery carnation is in the upper soil layer, and therefore it is necessary to loosen it very carefully.

    Top dressing bring throughout the entire growing season. The first time the plants are fertilized in the spring, immediately after transplantation into open ground. The second time feeding is introduced into the phase of the appearance of buds, the third - during the flowering period.

    Important! Perennial perennial carnation does not tolerate potash fertilizer and fresh manure. In addition, it is important to be careful and not to overdo it with supplements, in which there is a lot of nitrogen, otherwise fungal diseases can develop!

    With the right care in the second year, the bushes with carnations will give you a lush, fragrant bloom.

    Breeding methods

    Carnation is propagated by a perennial perennial by cutting or dividing a bush.

    Cuttings

    By cuttings, this plant is recommended to propagate in early-mid summer.

    • We choose the strongest bushes and separate the upper parts or lateral flowering branches from them.
    • In the lower part of the stem of each separated shoot, we remove the leaves and make an incision - this will help the rhizomes to grow faster and better.
    • We plant cuttings in peat cups filled with fertile substrate for rooting.
    • After new shoots are formed on each cutting and the above-ground part goes into active growth, we transfer them to a permanent place in the open ground.

    Recommendation! To get the rhizome of the peat pot should be very careful. And in order not to damage them, it is recommended to first water each seedling, then press the walls to the center so that the substrate moves away from them, and only then lightly try to remove the pot!

    Dividing bush

    By dividing the bush feathery carnation is best propagated in early spring or at the very end of summer. The plant must be carefully dug and divided the rhizome with a knife into several parts. At the same time, at least three growth points should remain on each part of the root.

    Separated parts immediately planted in a permanent place. At first, young plants must be watered abundantly so that the wounds on the root would heal quickly.

    As a rule, it takes no more than two weeks for rooting, after which a feathery carnation propagated by dividing the bush is carried out with the usual care.

    Possible diseases and pests

    Perennial perennial clove is characterized by strong immunity to various diseases and pests, and with proper care it is extremely rare. Common problems include:

    • Rust. It develops with constant overmoistening of the substrate. For the prevention of this disease it is necessary to produce foliar dressing.
    • Fusarium is a fungal disease that affects the entire bush. Plants begin to ache with excess moisture from the rhizomes. For treatment, spray fungicides.
    • Earwigs. In order to get rid of these pests on your plot, you need to place traps of rotted hay or wet grass. The parasites will start to hide in them from the heat, after which it will be quite easy for you to destroy them without chemistry.
    • Medvedki. It is better to start fighting with their invasion in the fall. We dig a hole, pour manure into it and cover it with foil. In winter, the pests will slip into this warm shelter, and in the spring you will need to remove the cover and destroy all "uninvited guests."
    • Spider mite A thin cobweb on the above-ground part of the plants will testify to its appearance. To destroy this parasite, use onion peel infusion. The product is diluted in a bucket with vedas and sprayed on the affected bushes.

    Perennial perennial carnation is one of the first places among the plants used in flower gardens. Even a small flowerbed or bedding with its help acquires a special highlight.

    And it is this flower that many gardeners use to create unique colorful “carpets” and flowering “pillows”. And as the feathery carnation grows quickly, and it blooms wildly, it can freshen up and best decorate any home turf and a whole country plot.

    It is successfully combined with modest coniferous shrubs and elegant roses, ground cover plants and vegetable cascades.

    Carnation flower Cirrus perennial garden Planting and care Photos and description

    Beautiful feathery carnation is unpretentious and quite hardy perennial. It is appreciated by many experienced gardeners for the bright color of bushes, the ability to grow without moving to a new place. Magnificent carnation looks gorgeous both in the photo and live.

    Description of clove feathery

    Lush feathery carnation is a herbaceous perennial that can develop up to 40 cm in height. It has an upright stalk, its flowers are collected in pairs in small umbrella inflorescences.

    For the first time this beautiful variety of cloves was discovered in the central and southern parts of Russia. Thanks to the successful work of breeders, you can grow a wide variety of varieties of this unique perennial.

    Like most perennials in bloom, a lush feathery carnation after the first year of planting provides only a powerful stem, and a lot of flowering pleases only in the second year. Lush flowering begins in June and lasts a whole month. It can be propagated by ripe seeds, dividing the bush and the usual cuttings.

    Growing conditions

    Primary planting of the carnation with plumose and further care for it does not require much effort. For its normal growth and development it is necessary to provide the following conditions:

    • a light loam or sandy loamy soil containing a sufficient amount of silicon will be suitable for planting, otherwise the stems may break,
    • choose a sunny area with penumbra in the second half of the daylight hours,
    • as for air temperature, the plant is resistant to any of its radical manifestations: it withstands arid heat, in the winter period for protection requires cover,
    • beautiful pinks need to be moderately watered, ensure that no liquid stagnates in the soil,
    • during the initial disembarkation, a large amount of natural organics is introduced to a permanent place; in the spring, it is also necessary.

    Simple ways to reproduce the popular carnation feathery. This variety of carnation is able to multiply in the following accessible ways: dividing a mature shrub, growing from mature seeds, which is customary for many by grafting.

    You can use any of the proposed options to propagate this beautiful flower on your site, creating your own unique carnation breeding history.

    Let's look at each of the proposed methods in more detail.

    Propagation of carnation by plumy grafting

    Reproduction of carnation pinnate cuttings photo

    The optimal period for him is from June to July.

    • The material is taken from the upper parts of adult plants or strong side shoots, on which there are no laid color buds.
    • On the bottom of the stem is made razrezik for better root formation in this place, remove the excess leaves.
    • Ready cuttings are immediately planted in peat pots for rooting.
    • When you see the formation of new shoots and the active growth of the aerial parts, you can safely transplant the rooted specimens to a permanent place.

    It is best not to damage the roots, freeing a clod of earth from the container so that it does not crumble. Water the seedlings before transplanting, but do not pour.

    Gently press the walls of the cup or container to the center so that the earth moves away from them. Try lightly to remove the pot from the earth.

    Usually it is not difficult, and the plants are planted without any damage to the resulting root system.

    Propagation of carnation feathery division of the bush

    Before the beginning of the period of active vegetation, in early spring, or after the end of the rapid growth of perennial, at the end of the hot summer, they divide the perennial shrub to propagate it.

    • Carnation neatly dug.
    • A sharp knife carefully separates a part of the rhizome so that it has at least three points of growth.
    • Separated bushes immediately planted in a permanent place of growth.

    Usually, there is no problem with the survival rate of new bushes, it is enough to irrigate abundantly until the wounds heal at the root, usually it is a period of 7-10 days.

    Growing Clove Feather from Seeds

    If we sow on seedlings at home

    Carnation feathery seedling growing seed photos

    • In March, seedlings are sown in a small wooden box or immediately in individual cups.
    • The soil should be sufficiently moist, loose.
    • Depth of embedding is 0.5-1 cm. The distance between neighboring plants is planned no closer than 3-4 cm, if it is thicker, they will have to break through or swoop extra shoots.
    • The box is covered with glass. Place in the lit place, sprout seedling at a temperature not lower than 18 degrees.
    • When shoots appear, the glass is cleaned, it takes about 6-7 days.
    • Strengthened seedlings dive with the appearance of 2-3 true leaves.
    • Two weeks after the picking, start hardening the seedlings for preparation before planting in the ground.
    • When the plants are accustomed to fresh air and the wind with the sun, they can be safely planted in a permanent place, provided that there is steady warm weather without night frost.

    If we sow directly into the ground

    The carnation is not afraid of low temperatures, so it is safe to form a bed during the physical maturation of the soil, when frosts are past - at the end of May. You can do it differently: sow in April under the film or in a glass greenhouse.

    • We make grooves of small depth, approximately 5 cm.
    • Carefully sow the seeds, only slightly covering the ground.
    • Of course, you should try to sow less often, keeping a distance of at least 2-3 cm between the seeds.
    • But if it turned out to be thicker, do not be upset: later it will be possible to simply pull out extra shoots or even transplant to a new place.
    • Transplanted when plants reach at least 5 cm in height, watering the bed abundantly before, so as to remove the roots from the ground as carefully as possible.

    Leave between bushes about 20-25 cmso that there is enough space when the plants grow. All excess need to be pulled out and transplanted or simply thrown away.

    All the described methods are easy to perform, do not require additional efforts. A striking fragrance emanates from a bright feathery carnation, even an ordinary schoolchild can cope with her leaving, and she will delight in her rapid flowering for more than a year.

    Diseases and pests

    This perennial is famous for its good immunity to common plant diseases. Во время надлежащего ухода за красивой перистой гвоздикой никаких мероприятий по предотвращению вероятных атак опасных вирусов, грибков.

    Most often, this resistant plant is susceptible to the following diseases:

    • fungal fusarium, affecting the entire flowering plant. Excess moisture from the rhizome itself can cause this pathology. To save this unique perennial, it is necessary to carry out medicinal sprays,
    • during the overmoistening of the soil rust develops. To prevent this disease, foliar dressing is produced,
    • Attack of malicious insects: unfamiliar earworms, annoying Bears, spider mites. They can damage the root system of a plant.

    To get rid of nasty little bears, better prepare for their invasion in the fall. To do this, in the autumn, we dig a small pit, where we fall asleep to clean manure, cover it with a film. In the spring we open the film and destroy the assembled "guests" in the pit.

    To get rid of unwanted earwigs, it is enough to put traps from moistened grass, which they will use as a shelter from the heat. After they gather, they are simply destroyed without the use of aggressive chemical compounds.

    To remove the spider mite, perennial sprayed infusion of onion peel, 10 g of such a simple composition must be diluted by 0.5 buckets.

    Popular varieties of clove feathery

    As a result of experimental cross-breeding of a plum tree with a feathery garden variety, a lot of interesting hybrids were bred that can be grown in your garden plot.

    Variety Balaton

    Clove feathery Balaton

    Fringed flowers are extremely attractive, the bushes do not grow higher than 25-30 cm, look very elegant and compact. And the flower bed always has a rich, delicate aroma. These are spectacular plants for creating curb lines and a luxurious accent on an alpine slide.

    Grade terry carpet growing from seed

    Carnation feathery carpet growing from seed photo

    carnation feathery terry carpet photo

    How to plant and care for feathers cloves

    In pursuit of the beautiful flower growers are often faced with the fact that they choose unique, but such capricious plants. A magnificent alternative to them will be no less beautiful, but far less whimsical miracle of nature - pink carnation.

    Its refined stem with exquisite bluish leaves, topped with a fragrant flower, is unlikely to leave aesthetes indifferent.

    This correct representative of the flora with the right care can be not just a spectacular element of the garden, it can turn into a visiting card of your site.

    What is a clove feathery?

    Under this name lies a wonderful perennial plant, which can delight with its beauty for 3-5 years. In the wild, it is found in the mountains of Europe, but there are also cultivated varieties:

    • Dwarf carnation,
    • White terry "Alba"
    • Carmine "Pomegranate",
    • Dark pink "Desdemona"
    • "Cyclope",

    On average, they are all low: only 30-40 cm - and have a bluish-green leaves of oblong shape, which are the main decoration of the plant.

    It blooms for a month, and at this time the leaves are almost invisible: there are so many eye-blossoms on the bush. The latter are of two types: simple and terry - but they both have an extremely delicate aroma.

    A nice addition to this is that the pinta is not whimsical yet.

    Seed planting

    Growing seed from a process is not complicated. In March, it is necessary to sow some seeds in a box for seedlings, placing them to a depth of 0.5 cm.

    Why should there be a few? The fact is that they are characterized by excellent germination, so all that you plant, will rise.

    And if there is no desire to dive small carnations, it is better to take into account this fact.

    The first shoots in the tray will appear within 5-6 days, in a week all the rest will be felt.

    In April, they must be transplanted into a greenhouse, and in May - to the place where the plant will live for the next couple of years.

    The carnations sown in this way will begin to bloom by the end of the summer of this year.

    You can plant seeds in May immediately in the ground, but flowering, in this case, will appear only in the early summer of next year. Around August, young seedlings need to thin out or transplant individual bushes to a permanent place. If you ignore this step, the plant will die.

    Cutting is best done in May-June, when vegetative shoots are easily distinguished from peduncles. The shoot should have 3-4 pairs of leaves and be 3–9 cm long. When the necessary option is chosen, a cut is made directly under the knot.

    After that, along the lower internode with a scalpel or a sharp knife, longitudinal cuts are applied, the thickness of which is one third of the stem. The resulting cuttings are placed in pre-calcined sand or perlite (so as not to infect cloves with fungi), shading and moisturizing abundantly.

    If everything is done correctly, the roots of the plants will appear within 2-3 weeks.

    But by dividing the bush plum plum does not work. It has a single taproot, from which the shoots diverge, and therefore, no matter how lush the bush is, it is impossible to separate it.

    The best place for this plant is sunny, but partial shade is also acceptable. True, lush bloom in the latter case will not.

    Carnation loves limestone, but all other soils, except for sour peatlands, will work fine.

    It can not stand only stagnation of water, so a place on a hill flower just needed.

    In carnations and tulips, there are a number of similar diseases caused by fungi, and therefore it is better not to plant them nearby. The neighborhood of lovely gladioli, hyacinths and irises is also not pleasant: these flowers are weak to the same bacterial diseases as carnations.

    As noted earlier, the flower is unpretentious. All he needs is moderate watering and support with complex or vitamin fertilizers. It is enough to “feed” a flower once a year.

    As for diseases, fungal infections for carnations are especially dangerous. Their signs are multicolored spots with a velvety patina that appear on the stem and leaves.

    The worst of all possible diseases is fusarium.

    The fungus that causes it is parasitic inside the plant, as a result of which the root, the base of the stem, rots, the leaves fold.

    When treated with copper and fungicides that are effective in combating other fungi, the disease does not disappear.

    The optimal conditions for the development of this infection are warm and humid weather. If the plant has undergone such an attack, it must be removed on a mandatory basis and destroyed.

    After that - the earth with an interval of one month to pour twice fungicides.

    The benefits of carnations are obvious: this flower will decorate your garden and will not require special care. And if you create the necessary conditions for him, he will delight you for many years.

    Garden carnation perennial: cultivation, reproduction and care:

    Perennial carnation is a decorative herb-growing plant, which belongs to the family of cloves.

    Its scientific name sounds like Dianthus and literally translated from Greek means "divine flower".

    In general, the culture is not among the fastidious species, however, some species differ in some specific requirements in terms of care.

    Varieties

    In nature, there are more than three hundred species and varieties of this plant. It is found in Europe, Asia, North America and North Africa.

    The widest distribution is typical for the Mediterranean region. Four varieties have become most popular with domestic gardeners: the Turkish, Chinese, feathery and garden carnations are perennial.

    About them in more detail and will be discussed further.

    Turkish carnation

    The origin of the plant is considered to be Southern Europe. It was from there that it came to our country, where it gained great popularity among novice and experienced gardeners.

    Its key advantages are unpretentiousness, delicate aroma and bright bloom.

    The main feature, which is characterized by a perennial Turkish carnation, are inflorescences with a diameter of up to 12 centimeters, in which flowers are collected (the size of each individual is about 1.5 centimeters). They can be combined to three different and unusual colors. As in most cases, the plant blooms in the second year.

    Sowing culture can be carried out both in spring and in winter. When using the breeding method of reproduction between individual bushes, it is recommended to leave a space equal to approximately 15 centimeters.

    In August, a picking is carried out, after which this distance should double. In any case, this type of perennial carnation develops quite quickly and tolerates frost well.

    As for the type of soil, the humus soil with good drainage is considered the ideal option.

    Chinese carnation

    This species, also known as Dianthus chinensis, began to be actively used in gardening in the eighteenth century. Its homeland is considered to be North China, Japan, Korea and the southern part of Primorsky Krai.

    Despite the fact that the culture is perennial, Russian gardeners mostly grow it as an annual plant, and occasionally as a two-year plant.

    The height of individual copies ranges from twenty to forty centimeters. On their cranked stems are gray or green lanceolate leaves.

    As for the buds, they can be monophonic or dyed simultaneously in several colors.

    The best place for planting such a plant as a Chinese carnation perennial, is a well-lit area with fertile loamy soil. Before planting it is recommended to introduce some organic fertilizers.

    Reproduction occurs with seeds that need to be sown in a greenhouse, where the temperature is about fifteen degrees, in the middle of April-month. Transplanting to a permanent place in the garden is carried out in May.

    The distance between the individuals is 20-30 cm. A month after the emergence of shoots, the plant acquires two pairs of true leaves that need to be swooped down.

    As for feeding, it is usually carried out twice - three weeks after transplantation and during the beginning of the formation of buds. Flowering falls on the month of August.

    Fight against diseases and pests

    Every experienced gardener knows that the perennial carnation should be planted as far as possible from tulips.

    The fact is that these plants have similar diseases with which they can infect each other.

    Moreover, as practice shows, the tools that are used to treat all, without exception, varieties of carnations, adversely affect the tulips.

    The main pests of culture have become nematodes, thrips and medvedka. For their destruction the plant is sprayed with chemicals.

    This should be done in a timely manner and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. One of the worst enemies of the flower has become a fungus.

    To fight it, it is necessary to prevent excess nitrogenous fertilizers and excessive soil moisture under the cloves.

    As for the most common diseases, they were Alternaria, fusarium, mottling and rust. The first manifestation is the formation of brown spots on the leaves and stems with a touch of olive-black color.

    When fusarium bushes develop very slowly and shrink quickly. During mottling visible blurred spots and bright veins. It usually appears in the spring, and its causative agent is not known.

    Rust is characterized by yellowish bloated spots on the leaves, and sometimes on the stems.

    Proper care is the primary method of preventing disease and controlling pests of a crop. As already noted above, loosen and weed the ground should be regularly. In addition, every few years it is advisable to transplant bushes to another place.

    Interesting Facts

    Tanzania is considered the world leader in flower cultivation, where flower growers and breeders make a lot of efforts to popularize it throughout the world.

    Carnation perennial does not like noise. A striking proof of this is the fact that if you put a constantly working loud-speaking radio near it for a few days, it will soon wither.

    For the Belgians, it is considered the flower of poor people. As a rule, miners are keen on growing it, because the plant personifies life after coming to the surface. In addition, in Belgium there is a tradition according to which parents give a bouquet of carnations to a daughter who is getting married.

    In France, these flowers are presented to young guys who go to serve in the army, thus wishing them a quick return in health and successful service.

    Cirrus carnations: varieties, planting and caring for them

    Pink carnation - a flower, loved by all for the simplicity of growing and care. To all this, you get beautiful and pleasant-smelling flowers.

    The great advantage is that it is a perennial plant, therefore, it does not need to be re-planted every year.

    This herb with erect grows to 30 - 40 cm in height. Linear leaves have a greenish - gray color.

    This flower has been known since about the 11th century.. Presumably its homeland is the center and south of Russia, the east of Europe.

    Naturally, modern varieties of this plant are significantly different from their distant ancestors.

    The development of such a science as selection allowed us to admire a variety of colors, and made it possible to use new varieties and hybrids of this unpretentious plant for our flower gardens.

    At the moment there are many varieties and hybrids of this plant. Everyone will be able to choose according to his taste:

    The most popular varieties include the following types of plants:

    • Dwarf type. These flowers are short, can grow to a maximum of 15 cm in height. Due to this, they look spectacular as a rim around the flowerbed. This variety of plant includes such species as Desdemona - dark pink flowers, Pomegranate - flowers of carmine shade or with Alba white flowers.
    • Scottish plant. The height of these flowers is about 40 cm, usually they are terry, with a variety of colors depending on the type of carnation. Flower gardeners' favorite is Majesti, flowers are usually terry and semi-terry, 2.5 - 3 cm in diameter, of snow-white color with a persistent pleasant aroma. The advantage of this variety is remontance, that is to say simply “two-time” flowering. If the first time blooms in early June, again around August.

    There are also hybrids of this plant, which are slightly different in their characteristics and appearance.

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