Roses - one of the most popular flowers on earth. Many love them for their exceptional aroma and exquisite beauty. Making up the scientific description of this plant, usually, apart from the appearance, they tell about growing conditions, a wide variety of rose varieties, their beneficial properties and the history of plant breeding.
Description of the rose. The history and useful properties of the flower
Images of roses abound in the cultural monuments of various nations that have come down to us from time immemorial. Five thousand years ago, the wild rose was “domesticated” in the Middle East.
Historical documents dating back to the past era indicate that even then the Queen of Flowers was revered by the Chinese and Indians.
In the myths of ancient Greece and the legends of the Roman Empire, rose is a permanent and often the main character.
The description of a rose in a scientific style necessarily implies the indication of the numerous beneficial qualities of the queen of flowers. Trace elements and vitamins (both in large quantities), as well as the unique properties of essential rose oil, make this plant an indispensable raw material for medicine, especially for cosmetology.
High bactericidal activity
Treatment of skin diseases (such as acne, eczema, etc.), removal of pruritus
Ability to soothe the nervous system
Inhalations with decoction of flowers or rose oil for the treatment of neurosis and depression
Remedy for cold, flu, cough, sore throat
Skin tightening and wrinkle reduction, smoothing of scars, stretch marks and scars
Laxative and anthelmintic pharmacological action
Mucous and resinous substances, the most active in the form of jam
In the description of the rose by the scientific style, it is necessary to mention that the plant is used in the preparation of perfumes. Southern beauty essential oil is the basis of more than ninety percent of all ladies' perfume.
When composing a description of a rose in a scientific style, it is necessary to indicate the following facts:
- Rose bush - sprawling. Along with such a form, a narrow, pyramidal one is often found.
- Height - from 30 cm to one meter. There are varieties, whip-like shoots reach 6 m.
- The color description of roses is best done by poets. Botany also says that the flowers of this plant are extremely varied. They are less than 2 cm, while others reach almost 20 cm.
- The minimum number of petals is 5, the maximum is 128.
- A row of roses has single flowers. Others inflorescences affect the number to two hundred roses.
- Coloring - the whole color range, except maybe blue.
- Damask rose exudes flavor, recognized as standard. In addition to him, these flowers belong to a variety of fruit and citrus smells. They also spread the scent of spices and incense.
Rose growing conditions
The single name "rose" refers to many varieties and whole species of wild rose, both cultivated by people and wild. "Tamed" plants require a lot of attention and need constant care:
- Roses love heat, but can tolerate a cold climate.
- Shadow is bad for them. At the slightest hint of it, these plants wither.
- But fertilizers and drainage when growing roses are useful.
- Also requires regular watering - a pledge of long and full bloom.
- An important role is played by constant pruning of plants.
There are more than 15 thousand. Some of them are old, the rest are modern (that is, bred after 1867). A great contribution to the development of the new line belongs to the Frenchman A. Guyot.
In gardening most often used large-flowered tea roses. They are able to bloom several times a year, being interrupted only for a little rest. Special elegance makes their decorative qualities very attractive.
The most elegant are miniature roses - decoration of the courtyard or even a balcony.
Climbing roses need support. But the arches and other complex structures look great in their bright framing.
Roses park unpretentious, can winter without shelter. Often they serve as a hedge.
The so-called romantic roses - gustomahrovye. The edge of their petals is carved, and the middle of the flower consists of four sections.
Copyright to beauty
Today the name of the variety often includes commercial synonyms. In a sense, it is a commodity to which it is necessary to attract the attention of the buyer.
Registration names protect breeders rights. And they treat their authorship just as reverently as photographers treat their name under a photo or the writers under a text. Help here is the release of thematic World Catalog.
Since 1930, copyright has been registered for new roses. The precedent occurred in the United States. A Foggy Albion boasts an Act of varietal plants and seeds. According to him, if a patented variety of a flower is propagated for commercial purposes, the producers deduct a percentage of the income to the author. Similar rules are followed in many countries.
The Federation of Rose Communities has a worldwide status. The publications “Modern Roses. The World Encyclopedia of Roses ”(this is the most detailed guide for those who study the history and the present of the species and variety variety of the Queen of Flowers, where the description of roses in a scientific style is given). The summary of the directory interests many.
Rose flower: properties
Calorie: 1 kcal.
The energy value of the product Flower Rose:
Fat: 0 g.
Carbohydrates: 0 g.
Rose flower - a symbol of beauty, as the delicacy of its delicate petals is harmoniously combined with sharp thorns. The rose is a member of the family Multicolored, Rosehip genus. The plant in most cases is a branched shrub, the stems of which are covered with thorns, the rose has green leaves and large fragrant flowers of various colors (see photo).
There are many legends about the appearance of this flower, but all of them are somehow connected with love. According to one of the legends, the rose appeared due to the efforts of the goddess Flora, who was unrequitedly in love with Cupid. The goddess in love decided to create a flower that would personify both sadness and joy. So a rose appeared. Seeing the flower, the goddess wanted to say the name of her lover, but instead of “Eros” she managed to say only “grew.” Since then, the rose, which Flora has created as a symbol of unresponsive feelings, has become a landmark flower for all lovers. Another legend says that the flower was born from the foam that covered the body of the ancient Greek goddess of beauty after bathing. The gods sprayed nectar on the rose in order to give it a charming aroma and make it more beautiful. Initially, the rose was snow-white, but when Aphrodite became aware of the injury of Adonis, she ran into the thicket, where her beloved died, the thorns wounded the feet of the goddess, and her blood drops painted white petals in scarlet.
For the first time this amazing flower began to grow in ancient Rome. Roman writers glorified the beauty of the flower, dating back to the 5th century. The Romans grew rose in gardens where only plants benefiting (spices, medicinal herbs) had previously grown. During the rule of the Carolingians, the rose was grown as a medicinal flower, noting also the decorativeness and beauty of this plant.
Garden roses became known at the end of the 18th century, at this time surprisingly beautiful plants were brought from Asia, the flowers of which had a pleasant aroma, reminiscent of the smell of tea. The first information about the rose is found in ancient Indian sources, although Persia is considered the birthplace of the flower. The Persians considered the white rose to be a gift to people from Allah himself. There is a version that the flower got its name in honor of the island, where it first began to grow - Rhodes. Cultivated this flower for more than 5 thousand years, as evidenced by archaeological data. Scarlet rose has always been a symbol of love, in the Middle Ages, the gentleman had to give red roses to his lady.
Planting and growing
You can plant and grow a rose at your summer cottage, if you create all the necessary conditions for it. Mostly roses are heat-loving flowers, so they should be planted in a sunny place. Very often, roses are grown from cuttings, that is, in a vegetative way. So roses can be grown even in the conditions of a city apartment.
For this you need a cut rose and potato. Potatoes contain many nutrients that will help the rose to settle down faster. In the potato should make a hole where you want to insert the cut rose. The flower in the potato very quickly take root, as soon as this happens, the rose along with the potatoes should be transplanted into the ground.
Useful properties of this flower due to the presence of a large amount of essential oil. Rose oil is one of the most valuable in cosmetology and perfumery. The aroma of roses is a part of many perfume compositions. Essential oil has a positive effect on the nervous system, has a mild sedative effect. The aroma of roses stimulates the brain. In order to get only 1 gram of essential oil, you need to process about 30 kilograms of petals. In Bulgaria there is even a whole valley of roses, a very valuable pink oilseed is grown there. Bulgarian rose oil is considered the best in the world. Products with rose essential oil are also world famous; they are used to care for the skin of the face.
Rose petals contain fatty acids that restore the protective properties of the skin, relieve inflammation and irritation. A slurry of rose petals is applied for 5-10 minutes to various skin problems. Rose petals kill painful microorganisms and promote healing. The gruel of petals is effective for eczema, acne, it is also used to relieve inflammation in psoriasis.
Skin problems will also help to solve the regular bathing techniques with rose petals or rose oil. For the preparation of medicinal infusion should brew a glass of petals with a glass of boiling water and insist in a sealed container to save the essential oils. Infusion should be added to the bath. Filter it is not necessary.
Use in cooking
In cooking, rose flowers are used to make the famous rose jam. The recipe for this useful sweetness is also known under the romantic name of "woman's revenge." To make jam, 200 grams of rose petals, a kilogram of sugar and a glass of water will be enough. Petals are covered with sugar and left to be candied for two days. Two days later, syrup is prepared from sugar and water with the addition of lemon juice, then petals in sugar are added to the syrup and boiled until ready.
Wild rose, or wild rose, can also be used to brew flavored drink, which is also called "Chinese tea." For the preparation of this drink will have to prepare the leaves in a special way. The leaves should be dried in the shade for one day, then rubbed into the palms until the leaves do not let the juice. Prepared leaves are poured on a baking sheet with a small layer and covered with a wet cloth. The baking sheet is kept at a temperature of 26 degrees for 6-10 hours. Then the fermented leaves are dried for 40 minutes at a temperature of 100 degrees. Tea is brewed, as usual, at the rate of 1 teaspoon per cup of boiling water. The drink turns out very tasty and healthy.
Rose Flower Benefits and Cures
The benefits of roses are enormous. So, on its basis it is possible to prepare various wound healing agents. For example, for getting rid of boils, treatment of burns and skin diseases Prepare an ointment of butter and rose petals. For ointment, a few grams of powdered petals and 100 grams of butter will suffice. The ointment turns out to be very delicate and fragrant, moreover, it is quite effective due to the bactericidal properties of the rose.
In folk medicine, there are many recipes for the use of rose oil. This kind of oil is an excellent antiseptic, which greatly expands the range of its use. It is best to cook oil from roses based on olive oil. To do this, 2 cups of petals pour a glass of olive oil and infuse for three weeks in a dark place. During this time, the bottle of oil must be shaken from time to time. After the mixture is filtered, and the oil is poured into another bottle. Rose oil is used externally for skin diseases or simply for the care of delicate skin, inside the oil is used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Drink medicated oil 1 teaspoon twice a day an hour after meals.
With angina and tonsillitis Sore throats are treated with vinegar from roses. To prepare the vinegar, pour rose petals (approximately 100 grams) with 9% vinegar and leave for one week. For diseases of the throat, vinegar is diluted with water at the rate of 1 teaspoon of vinegar per glass of water, with this solution, gargling the throat several times a day until complete recovery.
Harm of a rose flower and contraindications
Rose can cause harm to the body if you are hypersensitive. During pregnancy, the use of rose essential oil is not recommended. Before using the essential oil, be sure to make a test for tolerability of this product. To do this, a few drops of diluted oil is applied to the elbow bend. If allergic reactions occur, the use of the oil should be discontinued.
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- Rose - flower description
Rose - flower description
Among the huge variety of beautiful plants, roses are definitely popular. Because very few of them can be compared with them in terms of flavor, richness of forms, extraordinary color, and also long and abundant blooms.
This flower has a magical appeal and extraordinary beauty, which from time immemorial has attracted great attention of people.
Many of them composed a large number of fairy tales and legends about the beautiful rose, as it was very popular and loved by all nations of the world.
To date, there are several thousand different varieties of roses. But this is not the limit, because breeders are constantly trying to bring new, rare, unique, interesting, but no less charming varieties.
Rose flower description
Roses - shrubs that are from 0.15m to 2m in height and more, with straight or arcuate shoots that are covered with thorns. The leaves are complex, pinnate. And flowers with a double perianth and with a lot of stamens and pistils, small (from 1 to 16 cm in diameter) and large, single or collected in natural bouquets - inflorescences.
The genus rose belongs to the family Rosaceae and unites more than 300 species that grow in temperate climates. There are many varieties of forms of roses and there are more than 20 thousand varieties. As for cultivated roses, they belong to a large variety, the rose, and it includes 135 species.
Roses come in different colors: white, yellow, pink, apricot, copper, orange, red, purple, magenta, green. Flowers are: monochrome, bicolor, multicolor, mixed, painted and striped. Most varieties of roses - fragrant flowers. The fruits are small and large, with a wide variety of colors and shapes.
A rose is a plant with an active growth that grows upwards, with a round end. The rose belongs to flowers of very great importance, because it is the most popular flower in the world, which makes bouquets rich and luxurious.
The rose is kept classically: that is, 1/3 of the stem is cleared, and then cropped at an acute angle. The life of the plant depends directly on the variety.
The story of the rose. The rose is one of the oldest flowers, it is known since ancient times. She was admired by both the ancient Greeks and the Romans, her beauty was sung by medieval minstrels, and the monks grew up in monastery gardens. They tried to deduce also new varieties.
For many centuries, the rose was a symbol of beauty, so it is with this flower that the beauty of a woman is compared. Cultivated and selected the best types of roses in the Ancient East, in China, India, and Asia Minor. But the selection work on the cultivation of hybrids of flowers was widely developed in the XVIII century in Europe.
As you know, until the XIX century in Europe, the most dominated roses, which bloom once a season. And by the end of the century, there were about 4,000 such varieties of roses. Only later appeared varieties that were distinguished by their ability to re-bloom. This was the impetus for the work of breeders on hybridization, as well as the development of new varieties, which became the original forms for the creation of the main groups of modern flowers.
The centuries-old culture of flowers of different climatic, as well as soil conditions, the emergence of a wide variety of garden roses, and of rather complex origin and with different biological features, as well as decorative qualities, which necessitated their association into garden groups.
Но такое объединение весьма условное, оно помогает ориентироваться в выборе ассортимента роз, а также разработке приемов выращивания
Описание цветка роза
Это растение представляет собой кустарник, имеющий жесткие стебли или зеленые побеги высотой от двадцати сантиметров до шести метров. Побеги растения имеют шипы различной величины и формы. Однако есть сорта, которые совсем не имеют шипов. Листья у растения сложные, состоящие из пяти-восьми маленьких листочков. Цвет листьев может быть от светло-зелёного до темно-бордового. Размножают розы черенками или делением куста.
Цветёт это растение несколько раз в течение всего лета. Сорта растения различаются по форме куста и окраске цветов. На одном побеге бывает как один, так и несколько цветков. Цветы имеют разное количество лепестков. Простые бутоны могут иметь от пяти лепестков, а густомахровые — до ста тридцати.
По количеству лепестков выделяют несколько групп:
- Простые розы имеют в цветке максимум семь лепестков,
- Полумахровые. Имеют от восьми до двадцати лепестков,
- Махровые. Имеют более двадцати лепестков,
- Густомахровые. Have more than sixty petals.
The sizes of the buds of this flower are very diverse and it is very surprising, because the buds of the smallest rose of the variety “C” are not more than a grain of rice, and the largest bud is about eighteen centimeters.
If you follow some of the recommendations, you can easily grow any variety of this plant.
- Planted bushes should be watered at least once a week. In dry weather, you need to do it more often.
- Feed the plant to spring and early summer. As a top dressing for this plant, you need to use special types of fertilizers. They can be picked up in specialized stores.
- To cut off old bushes need early spring or in the autumn. Remove required dry branches.
- To combat pests need to stock up on special tools. It should be noted that each plant variety has its own pest.
- It is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the bushes and when the slightest lesion appears, the plant should be treated with fungi. Otherwise, the disease can lead to his death.
This plant is unpretentious. If you follow the recommendations, it is easy to grow a healthy and beautiful shrub of beautiful flowers.
Rose has a large number of healing properties. It is rich in vitamins and minerals. Medicinal raw materials are most often flowers. For treatment, infusions and vinegar from the petals are used, as well as rose oil, which has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects.
This plant has the following healing properties:
- Wound healing
Ointment made from the petals of this flower is a good remedy for boils and bedsores.
Especially useful is the honey with rose petals, which is prepared independently. To do this, the usual honey is mixed with a decoction of the petals.
It has powerful healing properties and has a tonic, anti-inflammatory and tonic effect. Its use is recommended for chronic inflammatory lung diseases. Honey from roses has an unsurpassed aroma and has a unique taste.
Rose petal tea is popular all over the world. It is brewed as a standalone drink, and also mixed with other components. Both fresh and dried petals are used to make this drink. Delicious, healthy and fragrant tea from this flower is a good antiseptic. It contributes to the improvement of the gastrointestinal mucosa, as well as an antiviral and antibacterial agent.
Especially actively used flower in cosmetology. Extracts from the flowers of this plant have a pronounced healing effect. The extract from it is well suited for the care of thin and sensitive skin that is susceptible to allergic reactions. The petals of this flower contain many natural fatty acids, which have the ability to restore the protective functions of the skin, and also effectively fight against aging skin. Creams with added oil help in the fight against skin inflammation, scaling and irritation.
Rose as a symbol
This flower has a different symbolism. First of all, it is a symbol of love and beauty. Interestingly, in the Arab countries, the rose is a symbol of male beauty, in Europe - female, and in India it is a symbol of abstract beauty and power.
Another rose is considered a magical flower. In German mythology, it belongs to the magical people - fairies, gnomes - being under their protection.
Language of flowers:
- White rose - means love, purity, laughter, fun. This color is suitable for any occasion.
- Red is a classic symbol of passionate love and loyalty. At the same time, he personifies freedom, change, and novelty.
- Pink means delicate love, deep affection, perfect family happiness.
- Yellow - is currently a symbol of betrayal and separation. However, before the yellow flower was considered a good luck flower. The yellow color was considered the most beautiful and prevailed in the color of the clothes of the emperors, as well as the priests. This color is a symbol of the sun, wisdom, joy, good mood, nobility and honor.
- Orange is a bright symbol of personality strength, it can mean both great joy and passionate desire.
In Christianity, the list of meanings of roses is very extensive. White roses are a symbol of innocence, martyrdom, chastity, eternal life, divine love, and so on.
Description of wrinkled rose and its fruits
Rose wrinkled (rosehip wrinkled, rose rugoza) - wild-growing view from the Far East, East Asia, represents a high (up to 2 meters), sprawling bush.
Description wrinkled roses should start with its leaves: they are dark green, wrinkled, bare on top, and pubescent from below, very unusual and decorative. The shoots are equipped with numerous spikes of various lengths and thicknesses, which reliably protect the bush.
As seen in the photo, the rose has wrinkled flowers, large white or purple-red, single or in groups up to 6 cm in diameter, appearing at the ends of the shoots from June and blooming until autumn:
They are bisexual and very fragrant, resistant to all adverse weather phenomena - whether it rains or wind, heat or temporary cooling. Flowers are laid, both on last year’s and young shoots of the current year, therefore, they give such abundant flowering.
The same wealth and fruits are wrinkled: they are large (up to 2.5 cm in diameter), bright scarlet, fleshy, edible, similar to small paradise apples.
Often on the bush at the same time there are flowers and fruits due to uneven-aged shoots. The fruit of a wrinkled rosehip hangs until late autumn, representing a valuable find, both for birds and humans.
Rose wrinkled refers to the durable stem shrubs.
In the first year, an unbranched shoot 7–12 cm long, having up to 14 leaves, appears from the seed. In the second year, the apical bud does not develop, and several lateral branches grow from the upper lateral buds. In addition, 2-3 strong shoots develop from the base of the stem, reaching 20–25 cm, called tillering shoots or substitution.
In the third year, tillering shoots branch out, and below their base, from the root collar, another 4-5 stronger shoots 40-45 cm high develop. They can bloom in the year of their appearance. In the same year, the development of the rhizome begins from the root collar, which by the autumn forms the root shoots.
In the fourth year, the root system develops, initially weak and insignificant. Tillering shoots do not form their roots.
Look at the photo: wrinkled briar stays in a state of constant flowering from June to October:
This happens due to the emergence of new shoots of replacement and the old withering away completely only by the sixth year of life. That is why this shrub is also called the remontant rose.
Pruning and reproduction of rose wrinkled
Knowledge of the biology of the formation of shoots helps to produce rejuvenation of the bush. Pruning wrinkled roses involves removing 5-6-year-old shoots and removing faded tops. Such care provides abundant and constant flowering.
Rose rugosa - a frost-resistant plant that withstands both harsh and winters with intermittent thaws without damage.
In the summer it is heat-resistant, does not require systematic watering. The soil is also not demanding, but prefers well-drained moderately wet, non-flooded loams.
When caring for a wrinkled rose, regular flowering requires regular feeding at least twice a month, alternating full mineral fertilizers with organic ones.
Rosehip wrinkled, along with doggy rosehip, is most common as rootstock for cultivated roses.
The disadvantage of it as a stock is the abundance of root shoots, but this has to be neglected because of the powerful root system, good, comfortable root collar and lagging of the bark during sap flow. The stock is most promising for high varieties from the group of remontants.
Reproduction of wrinkled roses is done by seeds, root suckers and stem cuttings. Stem cuttings are cut in autumn and stored in a box with wet sand at a temperature of +4 ... + 5 °.
Seeds propagate mainly stock. Seeds ripen from late July to October. Gather them as soon as the fruits begin to color, not allowing the shell to harden. Seeds are sown both in the fall, immediately after harvest, and in the spring, after preliminary stratification.
Rose varieties are wrinkled and the beneficial properties of rose hips
In a culture known decorative forms with white, pink and red terry flowers.
The most popular wrinkled rose varieties:
"Conrad Ferdinand Meyer".
"The Queen of the North."
In Holland, nowadays, the decorative form of this wild rose has been bred without shoots and without thorns, which indicates the perspective of the stock.
In his time, I. V. Michurin paid great attention to the wrinkled dog rose.
He created varieties:
"Dawn of the East."
"The Queen of the North."
"Carnation" with double flowers resembling carnation.
And semi-double varieties - fragrant and large:
The fruits of this rose are a valuable vitamin remedy. Only vitamin C in and contains up to 2.7%, as well as carotene, vitamins B, E, R. The beneficial properties of wrinkled rose hips are also due to their high content of mineral salts, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium.
They are used as raw - for making jams, jams, confitures, juices, and in dry form - for tinctures and for medical purposes as a drug for metabolic diseases, anemias and inflammations.
Tasty jam and kissel are prepared from wrinkled rosehip petals, used to produce rose oil and fragrant rose water.
History and geography of roses
The first hybrid rose was introduced in 1867 by Jean-Baptiste Guillot. All flowers of the species after this date became called "Modern garden roses."
Flowers belong to the genus Rosa, which has about 100 species of perennial shrubs of the Rosaceae family. These flowers are widely distributed mainly in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The whole world loves beauty, therefore even children can externally describe the rose plant.
Most species are native to Asia, but they also grew in North America, Europe, and northwestern Africa. Flowers from different regions of the world easily hybridize, leading to the emergence of types that overlap the parental forms, which makes it difficult to determine the main initial species. It is believed that the crossing, which eventually led to the emergence of many species of garden representatives, involved less than 10 species, mostly natives of Asia.
Many flowers are grown for their beautiful buds, which range from white, various shades of yellow and pink to dark crimson and maroon. Most of them have a delicious aroma, which can vary depending on the type and climatic conditions.
Damask rose flowers and several other species are the source of attars used in perfumery. In addition, many species, in particular rosehip, have edible fruits, which are a rich source of vitamin C and are sometimes used for canning.
Roses are shrubs, the stems of which, as a rule, are abundantly armed with thorns or thorns of various shapes and sizes. Flowers of wild beauties usually have five petals, whereas in plants grown by humans, this number often doubles (that is, they have several sets of petals).
The size of pink flowers varies from tiny miniatures with a diameter of 1.25 cm (0.5 inches) to hybrid representatives larger than 17.5 cm (7 inches) in diameter. The pink bud is fleshy, sometimes edible, the berry fruit usually varies from red to orange.
Morphological description of roses for children:
- Plants are represented by annuals, perennial grasses, shrubs, or small trees.
- Leaves - alternating or opposite, simple or complex, often armed with prickles, usually with stipules.
- Fruit - various types: bones, multipoles, boxes.
The unifying features of the family are full, perfect, actinomorphic flowers with a pronounced cup-shaped hypothesis and many straightened stamens. The perianth and stamens are attached to the edge of the flower tube (hypophia). Small flowers have readily available nectar on the melliferous disk, and insects collect abundant pollen.
Botanical description of a rose flower:
- calix - 5 sepals,
- corolla - 5 loose petals,
- male sexual organ - usually numerous stamens
- female reproductive organ - pistil, one or many, if one, then a compound, consisting of 2−5 fruits, if several, then simple. Ovary is higher or lower.
The morphology of the fetus is very diverse, in the hips it is a fleshy hypanthium, surrounding numerous nuts, in strawberries - an enlarged fleshy vessel covered with fruits, in blackberries - an aggregate fruit with an elongated vessel carrying numerous bones. Also, the fruits of Rosaceae include apples and almond kernels.
Today, questions remain open about the number of species. Many disputes about how many types of pink actually exist, because many of the representatives are incredibly similar. Species are classified as growing in the wild and those that are cultivated and hybridized by humans.
There are several main classes of garden representatives. The most famous and most popular class is the hybrid tea rooms, which account for most of the flowers grown in greenhouses and gardens and sold in florist shops. They include a full range of shades and have large symmetrical flowers.
Polyanthans are very hardy flowers that produce dense bunches of tiny buds. Roses Floribunda are also hardy hybrids, which were the result of crossing hybrid tea with polyantha. Grandiflora flowers are relatively new hybrids obtained by crossing hybrid tea and pink roses. Grandiflora produce flowers that grow on high hardy shrubs.
Among other classes of modern roses have recently become popular:
- curly, whose thin stems can rise on the trellis,
- shrub that turn into large bushes,
- miniature, which are plants carrying tiny flowers.
In total, there are thousands of identifiable varieties in these and other classes.
Roses are available all year round and are sold either in the form of seeds or in the form of cuttings. If you plan to grow in a pot, they can be planted at any time. Plants need to be fed regularly, and the amount of feeding will depend on the type of soil in which they were planted. Pruning is also important and should be done after mid-February for a long frost-free period.
Flowers can become infected with a number of diseases, most of which are caused by fungi. Powdered mildew appears as a grayish-white coating on the surface of young leaves and stems. The black spotted mushroom appears as noticeable dark spots on the leaves and causes them to fall.
Rust is also a common disease of roses. Aphids are common insect pests on leaves and young stems.
Queen of flowers in perfumery
This plant not only pleases with beauty, but also is actively used in perfumery. Rose essential oil is most valuable and in demand in the perfume industry. It is considered such a valuable product that its value is higher than gold and platinum in the international market.
It is worth noting that, despite the large number of varietiesPerfumers use only a few varieties of this flower. This is Rosa Damascene, or Damascus Rose, growing in Turkey and Bulgaria, as well as Rosa Centifolia, or Maya, which grows in Morocco and in France. In the perfumery, several more varieties of this flower are used, however, these two varieties are considered the most valuable and demanded.
Bulgarian is grown in the Valley of Roses in Bulgariaor Damascus rose since the twelfth century. This variety is of great value for perfumers. Bulgaria is the largest producer of rose oil in the world.
In France, the most famous plantations of this plant are grown in the Provencal town of Grasse. It is there that the French and May roses are grown.
Rose is one of the most beautiful and majestic flowers of the world. Perfume with the scent of this flower admire its elegance and versatility of aromas. Cosmetics based on extracts of this delightful flower give beauty and confidence to women.
Rose - description, characteristics, photos
The first described the rose ancient Greek philosopher and botanist Teofast. He also substantiated the scientific characteristics of wild and garden roses, as well as outlined the main techniques of agricultural engineering and breeding.As a result of the tireless work of breeders today, there are a great many striking roses with their beauty, obtained by crossing and long-term selection of several varieties of wild rose hips.
Depending on the variety, the shape of the rose bush is:
- creeping (ground cover),
- narrow pyramidal,
The height of the rose is from 20-30 cm in miniature varieties to 6 meters in long-blooming roses, cultivated in hot regions.
- Miniature roses grow to 25-35 cm,
- The height of polyanthus roses is 30-45 cm (some varieties reach 60 cm),
- Hybrid tea and floribunda roses have a height of 30-90 cm,
- Climbing roses reach a length of 2.5 to 6 meters.
In some varieties of roses, the branches are bare, in others they are covered with small setae. Thorny rose bushes can be densely dotted with short straight spines or covered with large curved spines.
Rose leaves can be leathery, dense, glossy or elongated, elegant, with a pointed tip. The color of the leaves is from light green to dark maroon.
Flowers of a rose have a size in diameter from 1.8 to 18 cm, and the number of petals can be from 5 (in simple buds) to 128 in dense-double. By the number of petals emit:
- Simple roses (maximum 7 petals per flower)
- Semi-double roses (from 8 to 20 petals in a flower),
- Terry roses (more than 20 petals in a flower),
- Double roses (over 60 petals in flower).
The shape of the flower has several options: pompon (spherical), pitcher, round, flat, conical or goblet-shaped, cup-shaped, rosette, cross-rosette.
What color are roses?
The color spectrum of roses abounds with the whole possible palette of shades, except for a pure blue color: there are red roses, scarlet, white, cream, apricot (peach), orange, yellow, pink, crimson, maroon (dark red), dark purple, green , lilac, blue, black roses.
Below are the varieties of roses by color:
Redandscarletroses: Varieties Amadeus, Belkanto, Flammentanz, Dortmund, Santana, Salita, Botero, Grande Amore, Piano, Cherry Girl, Girl Guiding UK Centenary Rose, Out of Rosenheim, Candia Meidiland, Paprika, Roter Korsar, Hot Chocolate, Feuerwerk, Kordes Brillant, Domstadt Fulda, Jugendliebe, William Shakespeare (2000), Heidelberg.
Whitesroses: Weise Wolke, Iceberg, Pascali, Avalanche, Frau Karl Druschki, Virgo, Margaret Merril, William And Catherine, Winchester Cathedral, Madame Hardy, Meifaissell, Kent, Panda Meidiland, Gourmet Popcorn, Alba.
Apricot(peach)roses: Grace, Caramella, Crown Princess Margareta, Charles Austin, Bengali, Rosemary Harkness, Bengali, Belvedere.
Light–pinkroses: varieties New Dawn, Sebastian Kneipp, Schwanensee, Rokoko, Winchester Cathedral, Queen Elizabeth, The Fairy.
Pinkandraspberryroses: Queen of Sweden, Alan Titchmarsh, Spirit of Freedom, Pink Robusta, Jasmina, Maxi Vita, Fortuna, Wedding Bells, Hansa Park, Amulett Young Lycidas, Johan Wolfgang von Goethe, Louise Odier, Bonica, Terracota, Cameo.
Yellowroses: China Girl, Friesia, Lichtkonigin Lucia, Rugelda, Graham Thomas, Gold Spice, Golden Age, Landora, Arthur Bell, Golden Wedding.
Rosesdark–purplecolors: Varieties Munstead Wood, Falstaff, Ascot, Astrid Grafin von Hardenberg.
Greenroses: Green Ice, Lime Sublime, Greensleeves, Green Diamond, Unique Green Rose, Green Planet, St. Patrick’s Day, Jade, Limbo, Melannie.
Brownroses: Black Tea, Julia’s Rose, Chocolate Ruffles, Estelle de Meilland, Leonidas, Coffee Break.
Lilacandpurpleroses: Rhapsody in Blue, Burgundy Ice, Midnight Blue, Blue Nile, Veilchenblau.
Blackroses: varieties Barkarole, Black Magic, Black Baccara, Tradescant. (in fact, these roses are not black, but maroon. They seem black only under certain lighting).
In addition to monochrome varieties, there are many variants of color combinations. Varieties of multi-colored roses:
- Red and white roses (Star n'Stripes variety),
- Orange-yellow roses (Hummingbird variety - Colibri),
- Creamy pink-orange roses (Barock variety - Barock),
- Golden yellow roses with pink edging (Talisman variety),
- Pink, cream and apricot roses (Chicago Peace variety),
- Red-golden-cream roses with stripes and specks on the petals (Decor Harlequin - Décor Arlequin),
- White and pink roses (First Lady variety - First Lady, Eden Rose 85 - Eden Rose 85),
- Creamy yellow flowers with pink edging (Gloria Day variety - Gloria Dei),
- Crimson roses with a white and silver tint (Monica Bellucci variety - Monica Bellucci),
- Terracotta roses with cream-colored spots (Paul Gauguin variety),
- Cream roses with cherry edging (Nostalgie - Nostalgie),
- Yellow roses with a reddening border (Pullman Orient Express - Pullman Orient Express),
- Yellow-pink roses (Midsummer - Midsummer),
- White roses with a yellow heart (Pilgrim - Pilgrim),
- Yellow-crimson striped roses (Broceliande - Broceliande).
Sort Stars n’Stripes
Sort Sunshine Babylon Eyes
Grade Monica Bellucci
There are also varieties of roses that change color during flowering:
- The Sunmaid rose variety changes color from yellow to orange and red,
- The variety of roses Reine des Violette (Rein de Violette) changes color from purple to violet-lilac,
- Rose Pur Caprice (Pur Caprice) has a golden-red color, but over time it acquires a greenish tint,
- Roses Greensleeves (Greenslives) bloom pinkish-cream buds that change color to light green,
- Rose Happy Chappy (Happy Chappy) changes color from orange to pink.
Some varieties of roses have an unsurpassed, subtle aroma, starting with the smell of classic damask roses, citrus fruits, and ending with subtle notes of spices and exotic incense. And other roses, on the contrary, have either a faint smell or no smell at all.
- The aroma of raspberries exude roses Prestige de Lyon, Grand Gala, Mainauduft, Madame Isaac Pereire,
- The smell of anise has roses of the varieties Grisbi and Paul Ricard,
- Fruit aromas are rose varieties Caprice De Meilland, Sonia Meilland, Frederic Mistral, Goldelse, Eden Rose,
- The smell of apples exudes roses New Dawn, Zephirine Drouhin,
- Lemon fragrance spreads roses of Rustica, Madame Hardy, Duftwolke, Princess Alexandra of Kent, Jubilee Celebration, Golden Celebration, Well Being,
- The fragrance of hawthorn are Magic Meillandecor roses,
- The aroma of honey and almond spread roses Winchester Cathedral,
- The apricot smell has a rose Liv Tyler,
- The smell of banana can boast of roses Meifaissell and Summer Song,
- The aroma of raspberries and bananas exude roses Laurent Cabrol,
- The aroma of sweet cherries and melons spread Paul Bocuse roses,
- The scent of grapes and pears are Lady Emma Hamilton roses,
- The notes of mango and lemon have a rose Notre Dame du Rosaire,
- The flavor of the passion fruit exudes Rose Rose Harkness,
- Cinnamon and oranges smell the rose Georges Denjean.
Where do roses grow?
Wild rose species, known as wild rose, grows throughout Europe, in Asia and North America. The first garden roses appeared in ancient Rome and ancient Greece, and beauties-roses came to northern Europe only at the end of the 18th century, where they were brought from Asia. In the gardens of Russia, the rose appeared only at the end of the 19th century.
Rose is a heat-loving plant, so the best results in its cultivation can be achieved in regions with a warm climate. Nowadays, the leaders in the cultivation and sale of roses are such countries as Holland, Colombia, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Ecuador.
Especially for the regions with risky farming, many frost-resistant varieties have been developed that give excellent results while observing certain agrotechnical norms. Therefore, in our time, the rose can be found in any part of the globe.
The modern classification of roses is not based on their origin, which is often lost in the depths of ages, but on the biological and decorative characteristics of a class or a conditional group. The modern classification of roses was approved by the World Federation of Rose Societies (WFRS) in 1976. The latest version is published in Modern Roses XI. The World Encyclopedia of Roses. Academic Press. 2000
- Species (Sp) - Wild Roses
- Old Garden Roses - Old Garden Roses
- Alba (A) - Alba Roses (A)
- Ayrshire (Ayr) - Roses Aishire (Ayr)
- Bourbon & Climbing Bourbon (B & Cl B) - Bourbon Roses and their Climmers (B)
- Boursalt (Bslt) - Roses Bourseau (Blst)
- Centifolia (C) - Centifolnye roses (table-shaped roses) (C)
- Damask (D) - Damascus roses (D)
- Hybrid Bracteata (HBc) - Bracciata Rose Hybrids (Bq)
- Hybrid China & Climbing Hybrid China (HCh) - Chinese rose hybrids and their climber
- Hybrid Eglanteria (HEg) - Hybrid Eglanteria (Eg)
- Hybrid Foetida (HFt) - Thetis Rose Hybrids, or Lutea (ft)
- Hybrid Gallica (HGal) - Hybrids of Gallic roses, or French roses (Gal)
- Hybrid Multiflora (HMult) - Hybrids of Multiflora Rose (Mult)
- Hybrid Perpetual (HP) - Hybrids of the Rose Remontant (Rem)
- Hybrid Sempervirens (HSem) - Sempervirens (Sem) Rose Hybrids
- Hybrid Setigera (HSet) - Setiger's Rose Hybrids (Seth)
- Hybrid Spinosissima (HSpn) - Spinosyssima (Spin) rose hybrids, or Pimpinellifolia rose hybrids (Hybrid Pimpinellifolia), or small-leaved roses.
- Miscellaneous OGR (Misc. OGR) - Variety of Old Garden Roses (Misk)
- Moss & Climbing Moss (M & Cl M) - Roses Moss and their Climmers (Moss)
- Noisette (N) - Noisette Roses (Noise)
- Portland (P) - Portland Roses (P)
- Tea & Climbing Tea - Tea Roses and their Climmers
- Modern Roses - Modern Garden Roses
- Floribunda & Climbing Floribunda (F & Cl F) - Floribunda and their climers (Fl)
- Grandiflora & Climbing Grandiflora (Gr & Cl Gr) - Grandiflora and their climers (Grand)
- Hybrid Kordesii (HKor) - Cordes Rose Hybrids (Cor)
- Hybrid Moyesii (HMoy) - Moyesi rose hybrids (Mo)
- Hybrid Musk (HMsk) - Muskus rose hybrids (Musk)
- Hybrid Rugosa (HRg) - Rugosa Rose Hybrids (Rug)
- Hybrid Wichurana (HWich) - Vishurana Rose Hybrids, Vihurian Rose Hybrids, or Vihura Rose (Vish) Hybrids
- Hybrid Tea and Climbing Hybrid Tea (HT & Cl HT) - Hybrid Tea Roses and their Climers (Chg)
- Large-Flowered Climber (LCl) - Climbing large-flowered roses (Plt)
- Miniature (Min) - Miniature Roses (Min)
- Mini-Flora (MinFl) - Roses Miniflora (MinF), or Roses Patio - Patio
- Polyantha (Pol) - Polycantha Roses (Gender)
- Shrub (S) - Shrubs (Shr)
Scrubs (semi-woven roses, shrubs)
Peanuts are a class of roses used in vertical and horizontal gardening. Inside the class there are 3 informal groups:
- nostalgic scrubs (considered as a type of scrub and not officially allocated to a separate group), including the group of English roses and some varieties of famous German and French brands.
A popular variety of this group and the best red rose in modern England is considered to be the variety William Shakespeare 2000 (William Shakespeare 2000). The rose bush up to 120 cm high is covered with small groups of double flowers of purple color with a violet shade.
- frost-resistant roses of canadian selection differ in good survival in the conditions of winter temperatures to-30-40 degrees.
The famous and popular variety of the group is the rose. Cuthbert Grant (Cuthbert Grant), a compact bush that grows up to 120 cm in height and up to 90 cm in width. Terry flowers of purple are collected in neat brushes of 3-9 pieces. The variety is highly resistant to black spot, ash and rust.
- ground cover scrubs (considered as a type of scrub and not officially distinguished into a separate group) form a group of varieties, which is divided into high and low creeping varieties, as well as small and large drooping ones.
An interesting variety of large drooping roses is a rose. Sommermorgen (Sommermorgen), used for curbing, in container plantings and for cutting. The shrub up to 70 cm and a width of up to 1.5 m is covered with small double flowers of light pink color up to 5 cm in diameter.
This species is the result of the breeding of multicolored and Chinese roses. The flowers of the plant are rather small (3-4 cm in diameter), collected in corymbose inflorescences. There are varieties of roses with the usual and double flowers of pink, red and white, with a pleasant aroma or absolutely odorless. Blossoming plentiful and long - to the first frosts. The height of a strongly branchy bush, depending on the variety, varies from 30 to 60 cm. Polycanthus roses grow well in open ground, and low-growing specimens are often grown at home. The most popular varieties of polyantov roses:
- SortOrangeTriumph(Orange Triumph)
Lush rose bush with dense flowers of red-orange color, having a diameter of 4-5 cm. This variety of roses is resistant to fungal infections.
- Variety of polyanthus rosesTheFairy(Ze Fae)
The buds are pale pink. The height of the bush is 70 cm. Width is up to 1.2 m. Up to 10-40 buds with a diameter of 3-4 cm appear on each hand.
- SortLittleWhitePet(Little White Pet)
Very beautiful roses with white terry flowers. Spreading bush reaches a height of 80 cm. The diameter of the flowers is 4-5 cm.
Plants with low, from 15 to 50 cm, compact bushes, covered with single or gathered in inflorescences flowers. The color of flowers is quite multifaceted, many varieties exude a pleasant aroma. The blooming of miniature roses is abundant and almost continuous until the most frost. Depending on the type, they are suitable for cultivation both in open ground and as a pot culture. Beautiful varieties of miniature roses:
- SortLittleSunset(Little Sunset)
A tiny rose with small double flowers of bright yellow color with a red border around the edge of the petals. The height of the bush is 30-40 cm.
A great option for indoor growing. Dense bush height of 25-35 cm abundantly covered with double flowers scarlet.
- SortLavenderMeillandina(Lavender Meylandina)
The rose is 40-50 cm high and 40 cm wide. The color of the buds is purple-lilac, the diameter of the flowers is 4-6 cm.
- Miniature roses Goldjuwel (Goldjuvel)
Flower diameter 3-5 cm. Buds yellow. The height of the bush reaches 40-50 cm.
Plants with surprisingly flexible and very long stems from 3 to 6 meters, which are great for growing on a support. Among the varietal varieties there are specimens with ordinary or lush double flowers of various colors and sizes. Climbing rose is deservedly considered the queen of the garden landscape, perfect for vertical gardening, has abundant flowering, is not too demanding to care, responsive to competent and timely pruning. Flower growers are happy to grow the following varieties of climbing roses:
Rose with large (up to 10 cm in diameter) double flowers of purple color. Stems reach 5 m in length, the plant is resistant to frost.
- Climbing RoseIndigoletta(Indigoletta)
A variety with extraordinarily beautiful and fragrant flowers of lilac-bluish tint. The plant tolerates frost well and is resistant to diseases.
- Climbing RosesHamburgerPhoenix(Hamburger Phoenix)
A variety with flowers of crimson hue, individual petals have white stripes. The height of the stems is 3-3.5 meters. The plant winters well in a harsh climate, little susceptible to disease.
Miniflora, or Patio roses
Varieties of this species are stunted (from 40 to 55 cm), with abundantly blooming flowers of the most diverse colors - from snow-white and bright yellow to pale pink and rich scarlet. Compact bushes look great in plantations of container type, which makes the rose patio relevant when making private garden plots and urban lawns. Popular types of rose Patio:
- Sort Heidi Klum (Heidi Klum)
Compact bush with large (7-9 cm in diameter), very fragrant double flowers of bright purple color. The grade differs in plentiful blossoming.
- the RoseHoneyBunch(Hani Bunch)
Very beautiful rose of salmon color with a pleasant delicate aroma. The height of the bush varies from 45 to 60 cm. Width 45 cm.
- the RoseAngelaRippon(Angela Rippon)
It belongs to the group of miniature roses and the group of patios. The flowers are salmon-pink with a strong aroma. The height of the bush reaches 30 cm.
Rose care, planting and cultivation, fertilizers, pruning
It is better to buy saplings of roses in nurseries, to choose varieties of Dutch or domestic selection, with compulsory vaccination and developed root system.
In determining the place for planting roses in open ground, they choose the sunniest plot, only some varieties tolerate partial shade, and most of them are depleted without bright lighting and cease to bloom. The composition of the soil can be any, but the earth should be neutral, drained and well-filled with organic matter. On weakly acidic soils, the intensity of color, as established by the variety, will not manifest itself to the full. The best time for planting roses is mid-May. It is necessary to dig up the earth on shovels bayonet and apply organic fertilizers: ashes, humus or compost.
Sredneroslye varieties of roses planted in open ground at a distance of 50 cm from each other, between the vigorous varieties observe a distance of 1 m. The rosebush is planted so that the graft is facing east.
Roses need regular abundant watering (1 time per week), the ground should be soaked with water for at least 50 cm. Mineral dressing is not recommended in the first year after planting: an abundance of chemistry can damage sensitive roots. Once a month, the rose is fed with a solution of mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20), ashes diluted in water, and infusion of grass (0.5 liters per bucket).
From the second year, roses are fed 6 times a season:
- in early spring, after removing the shelter (urea solution - 20 g per 10 l of water),
- after 14 days (ammonium nitrate - 30 g per 10 liters of water),
- before the formation of buds: any complex mineral fertilizers (Agricola for roses, Kemira, Health for roses),
- before the flowering of roses: solution of mullein or finished organic fertilizer (Humate, Baikal Em),
- after flowering: any complex mineral fertilizer,
- in late August: superphosphate (20 g per 10 l) and potassium salt (10 g per 10 l).
For abundant flowering roses need proper pruning. In park roses, a weak pruning is done at the end of flowering, and in the spring, frozen and weak shoots are cut. In climbing roses, only branches older than 4 years are completely removed, as well as dry shoots damaged by frost.
To avoid damage to flower buds, leave 2-3 flowering shoots and up to 5 replacement shoots. When pruning garden roses, 4-5 buds are left, which will provide abundant flowering and high-quality cutting material.
In mid-October, roses are prepared for winter, gradually bending climbing roses to the ground, and all bushes are treated with fungicides, such as Bordeaux mixture.
Depending on the variety, air-dry method, sawdust, dry chips and obligatory hilling of 10-12 cm are used as shelter.
Diseases of roses, photos and description
Большинство современных сортов роз обладают высокой устойчивостью к болезням и вредителям, но несоблюдение правил агротехники может вызвать ряд серьезных проблем:
Грибковое заболевание, проявляющееся рыжими и бурыми пятнами на листьях розы, а также деформацией побегов. Меры борьбы: пораженные кусты обрабатывают фунгицидами Топаз, Байлетон или 1% раствором бордоской жидкости. В качестве профилактики не допускают загущения куста и проводят весеннюю обработку иммуномодуляторами – Иммуноцитофитом или Цирконом.
- powdery mildew
Проявляется в виде белого мучнистого налета на листьях и бутонах. Затем этот налет сереет. Листья розы увядают, скручиваются, засыхают и опадают. Бутоны и цветки засыхают, прекращается рост растения. Особенно часто мучнистая роса появляется в дождливые периоды времени. Control measures: it is necessary to burn all damaged shoots. Rose bush should be treated with one of the following preparations: colloidal sulfur, phytosporin-M, tiovit jet, basezol, alirin, topazskor, bayleton. As a preventive measure, you can spray a rose bush with nettle extract or decoction of horsetail.
- perinosporosis, or downy mildew
This is a fungal disease that occurs most often in cold and wet summers. Manifested in the cracking of the bark of the stems, spots of red-brown or purple hue on the leaf plates (spots appear first on the back of the leaves), the formation of grayish bloom on the lower part of the leaves of roses, blackening and falling off of the outer petals of the flower. In contrast to black spot with downy mildew, leaves begin to fall off the top of the rose. The most effective treatment of the bush is its treatment with Profit and Ridomil Gold. All affected shoots need to be cut and burned.
- black spot
Fungal disease, which manifests itself in the form of spots, first purple-white, and then black-brown in color on the surface of the leaf plate. Severe damage causes drying, the leaves of the rose curl and fall. Prevention consists in digging the soil near the bush and spraying the plant with Spark in early spring. Control measures include pruning infected shoots and collecting dry leaves and burning them. As a treatment, you need to spray a bush with a combination of drugs Profit or Ridomil Gold (which contain mancozeb) + Scor or Topaz (which contain triazole). Processing of the bush should be carried out 3 times (1 time per week).
Manifested in the form of a change in the typical color of the leaves to pale green or bright yellow. The edges of the leaves dry up, buds of dark shade form on the leaves. After some time, the leaves fall from the rose bush. The reasons are the lack of necessary elements in the soil: iron, magnesium, zinc and others, as well as excessive or very scarce watering. The best measure to combat chlorosis can be considered only the introduction of the missing elements into the soil salts and competent agrotechnology.
- ascohyte spotting
Fungal disease withThe symptoms of which are multiple spots of yellow-white color with a border of brown shade, formed on the leaves of a rose bush. The leaves turn yellow very quickly, curl and fall off. Spores of the fungus persist in the fallen leaves, so it must be burned. Control measures include spraying the plant with Profit, Kuprozan, Ridomil Gold, Ditan M-45. Good results are obtained by fumigating bushes with colloidal sulfur.
Pests of roses, description and photo
- spider mite
A spider mite usually appears in hot, dry seasons. The affected leaves are covered with dotted bright spots, a spider web may appear on them, the leaves turn yellow, turn brown and fall. The best means for the prevention and control of pests are considered drugs Iskra and Fufanon.
- green rosy aphid
It settles on pink bushes, clinging to young shoots, buds, the lower part of the leaves and sucking the juices from them. A weakened aphid plant stops growing, the leaves curl, the buds either do not open at all, or the flowers have an ugly shape. As a preventive measure, roses are sprayed with insecticides even before bud break, and when a pest is found, they are treated once more with drugs like Actellic, Rogor, Methation.
- Rosy Cicadas
It causes great harm to roses. This insect is 3-4 mm long and has a yellow-green color with 2 dark spots on the head. Imago is very mobile, well jump and fly. Larvae are transparent and wingless. Due to the activity of the roseanaceae, the leaves of the rose are covered with tiny dots of white, while becoming like marble. Large populations of tsikadok feed on plant sap, which leads to yellowing and rapid leaf fall. It is necessary to fight the pest of a rose in the period of the mass appearance of its larvae: rose bushes are treated twice with Carbofos or other insecticides, keeping at intervals of 10-14 days.
Its caterpillar damages the leaves, buds and shoots of young rose bushes, often almost completely gnawing the plant. It is possible to fight the pest mechanically, collecting and destroying small populations of caterpillars; with their large aggregation, the treatment with insecticidal preparations Rogor, Arrivo, Inta-Vir will help.
- bronzovka beetles
Pretty quickly eat flower petals, with no less appetite, eating out stamens and pistils. Prefer to feast on varieties of roses with flowers of light shades. The measure of the struggle is to collect the beetles at sunrise, when the insect sits motionless on the rose bushes.