Guava is a tropical fruit that grows in hot climates. Guava fruit is called a tropical apple because of the similarity of these fruits. This fruit is very much appreciated and is considered extremely useful because it contains a large amount vitamins and beneficial trace elements.
Guava belongs to the family of myrtle plants. This family also includes eucalyptus, myrtle and feijoa. Homeland of this plant is Central and South America. Gradually, the region of its growth has expanded to Southeast Asia. Not an exception was Thailand, where these fruits have become very popular. This plant has the form of a shrub or low tree, the average height of which reaches from three to five meters, sometimes the tallest trees reach ten meters. Guava fruit twice a year. One tree can produce up to one hundred kilograms of fruit.
Gava is very rich in vitamins and microelements, having many healthy properties. This fruit has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. Particularly rich in these properties is the peel of the fruit, which also has an analgesic and antispasmodic effect. The same trace elements in its composition improve brain function and help in the fight against stress. Due to the high content of vitamins and trace elements in these fruits, they are recommended to be used by pregnant women, as well as by people who want to improve their immunity. This fruit helps in the fight against anemia, as it contains a lot of iron.
Frequent use of these fruits normalizes blood pressure and improves the condition of the cardiovascular system. A positive effect on the endocrine system, substances contained in these fruits are involved in the production of certain hormones. Also, this fruit helps with problems with the gastrointestinal tract, improving digestion. And guava seeds help in the fight against constipation. For these purposes, they are ground into powder and taken. Also, guava seed powder is included in weight loss preparations.
Used not only the fruit of this plant. The bark and leaves of guava also have beneficial properties. Of these, tea is brewed, which tones well, helps with dizziness, helps normalize the menstrual cycle, and also helps in the treatment of dysentery. Also a decoction of the leaves helps reduce fever, as well as in the treatment of throat and cough. Strong anti-inflammatory effect is applied to the wound of crushed leaves of this plant. Effectively relieve toothache, you can simply chew on the leaves of this plant.
What is guava, use in cosmetology. In cosmetology, this fruit is widely used. They use oils and extracts from plant asyah. Its extract is widely known as a tonic and astringent. Due to the fact that it has a high content of vitamins, the extracts of the fruits of this plant are considered to be one of the most active derma regenerating substances. They help to normalize blood circulation, improve skin nutrition, help restore skin elasticity and smooth wrinkles.
A unique and very useful cosmetic component - essential oil. The oil of this fruit contains valuable antioxidant lycopene, known for its strong protective effect, preventing damage to skin cells by free radicals. The oil of this plant, which is widely used in aromatherapy, has antimicrobial activity.
Contraindications and harm to guava
In the use of this fruit you need keep the middle ground, as excessive consumption can lead to indigestion. With care, it should be used by people who are prone to allergies and suffer from diabetes. Consuming large amounts of the unripe fruit of this plant can lead to a negative effect on the kidneys and adrenal glands.
Guava is a very useful fruit with a large number of useful properties. It is widely used not only in cooking and medicine, but also in cosmetology. He has a very small number of contraindicationstherefore, it can be safely eaten. But it is always important to remember that excessive consumption of any product can cause health problems.
Guava taste what does it look like
Guava is called a tropical apple, the king of fruits, outwardly inconspicuous green fruit has a sweet taste with a slight sourness, on the outside resembles avocado on the outside, slightly inside like feijoa. The taste is reminiscent of pineapple, quince and strawberries, outwardly in the cut, many associate the fruit with a small watermelon.
They eat both fully ripened with bright red flesh, and unripened with light yellowish or almost white flesh, especially in this form the fruit is respected in Thailand.
In general, it should be at least once, but try!
In Russia, it is rare to find guava on sale, but even if it was taken to the shelves, it doesn’t impress with taste, it’s better to eat it fresh, almost from a tree, while on a pleasant journey in East Asia (Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, India), Africa (Tunisia, Egypt). In these countries, the fruits are cheap because of the mass growth.
The chemical composition of guava
- The record holder in the content of vitamins C, A,
- contains vitamins K, E, group B (including, in a decent amount, folic acid), trace elements - potassium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, zinc, sodium, manganese,
- polyunsaturated fatty acids, including Omega 3,
Guava - how to eat right
Guava can be eaten like an apple, nibbling it bit by bit along with the peel, can be cut into slices and peeled, the seeds are small and very tough, but they are usually swallowed, so they perfectly clean the intestines, helping the digestive process.
An unripe white-pulped fruit has stiffer seeds, which can be broken and teeth, and even they are very sour fruits.
The most beneficial substances in the peel of the fruit are the antispasmodic, analgesic and antihistamine properties added to the above useful properties of the guava fruit pulp.
Guava juice - the benefits and harm
- Used in the treatment of diabetes, helps normalize blood glucose,
- very fortified drink
- it is believed that it treats asthma, bronchitis, ARVI,
- gives tone, energy and freshness
- good thirst quencher.
If the juice is too sour, then it is from unripe fruits and may adversely affect the work of problem buds.
Guava Leaf Tea
Guava leaf tea is a good remedy for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, it removes excess cholesterol, reduces pressure, strengthens blood vessels, regulates lipid metabolism, preventing obesity.
Drinking guava tea is also helpful when diarrhea begins, which is not uncommon when traveling. It stops intestinal upset, having anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. In Asia, dysentery, dizziness and menstrual disorders in women are treated with tea or a decoction of the leaves.
Tea from the dried leaves of the fruit, like the fruit, serves as an excellent prevention of diabetes.
And now from the health benefits of guava go to the possible harm.
Guava side effects or are there any contraindications
Although the fruit of guava has benefits, many nutritional and health benefits, it is also important to keep in mind its health side effects. Despite the fact that guava is a safe fruit, medical evidence is not enough to confirm its effectiveness or safety when used in medicine.
It is better to stick with the idea of eating guava in its natural form, without heat treatment and long-term storage. as much as possible.
It is better for diabetics to eat fruit without peel, as there are more sugars in the peel.
For our stomachs, often unripe fruits are not very good, they cause discomfort, again with kidney disease, it is better to prefer ripe fruits.
It is not advised to use this fruit in large volumes for pregnant women and nursing mothers, it is better to replace it with various herbal infusions and berry fruit drinks of local origin.
What is guava
Genus guava - the general name of a number of fruit plants growing in tropical forests of our planet.
Small, mostly up to 4 meters tall, myrtle trees are found in the Philippines, Patagonia, Brazil, both American continents, China and other countries with suitable climatic zones.
The fruits of different types of guava can vary greatly in color, shape, taste. Among such diversity, however, there are clear favorites for the balance of all the basic qualities: juicy, pleasant, fragrant, refreshing strawberry guava and guava guava. It is their most often tried by tourists and exported.
Guava Strawberry - fruits no larger than plum, in color can be either bright yellow with the same shade of pulp, or rich purple with red and white flesh.
Guava guava - The fruits are larger, similar in shape and size to a small apple or pear, but not so regular and smooth. The color of the skin and pulp varies from light cream to red.
And those and other fruits contain a lot of small and extremely hard stones, which you should always remember, so that after a delicacy a guava does not become a patient of the dentist.
The taste and aroma is incredibly fresh, tempting, with noticeable notes of citrus, strawberry, quince. At home, guava is used to prepare a lot of goodies, but we eat it mostly fresh, peeled and peeled, or used as a raw material for juices, which is preferable.
Guava juice turns out excellent, very vitamin, nutritious and without the risk of injury from the bones. Although they are also useful, they treat diarrhea: the bones have a good astringent effect.
Guava - good
In recent years, the popularity of guava has grown dramatically, nutritionists around the world are calling to supplement this exotic diet of pregnant women and especially young children.
1. Fruit helps solve iron deficiency problem pregnant and lactating, is also used to normalize hemoglobin levels in people who have undergone surgery.
2. Guava is an excellent dietary product that allows you to quickly get enough of yourself, but at the same time it contains a minimum of calories and a lot of fiber that helps cleanse the body of toxins and toxins.
3. Excellent antioxidant.
4. The champion in the content of vitamin C. Lifts mood, performance, strengthens the immune system.
5. Used to treat colds with complications of the respiratory organs - bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia.
6. Bones cure diarrhea and pulp from constipation.
7. Due to the high content of potassium, it is useful for the prevention of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
8. It has a rare quality - strengthens the lymphatic system.
9. Guava is used to treat suffering from convulsions and epilepsy.
10. Helps with disorders of the menstrual cycle in women.
11. With dizziness associated with overwork, apathy, nervous tension.
12. Guava cleans the liver and restores its functions..
13. Peel guava has pronounced anti-inflammatory properties, antispasmodic, analgesic and antihistamine
14. It is an excellent addition to a healthy diet.
15. With regular use, normalizes the endocrine system.
16. Used for cosmetic purposes for rejuvenating and nourishing masks.
Guava is one of the most environmentally friendly products, because the plant has a special mechanism for getting rid of diseases and insects - it does this on its own, so there is no need to treat it with various chemical insecticides and other poisons.
Despite the exotic roots, guava practically has no contraindications. Individual intolerance and a small chance of allergies - the most significant of them.
There is also information that the peel of some guava varieties provokes an increase in glucose, which diabetics should pay attention to.
For the rest, this is an amazingly tasty and healthy overseas novelty, which is worth trying at the first opportunity. But it is better to do it in the country where it grows - and it is cheaper, and there is more benefit. Be healthy.
How guava grows
Guava (guayava) is a low evergreen or semi-leafed, sprawling tree belonging to the Myrtaceae family, Psidium species, reaching a height of 3-4 meters, some instances grow to 10 meters. There are about a hundred varieties and varieties of guayavy, so the fruits of guava are very different in size, color and taste.
Guava leaves are not left without use - they brew tea with them, which has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and antimicrobial action.
In folk medicine, leaves are used in the form of decoctions and are used for toothache and stomatitis, and wipe problem skin.
Excavations in Peru showed that the locals grew this exotic plant there more than a thousand years ago. It was in Peru and Colombia that the Spanish conquistadors first tried this fruit and spread it around the world.
Guava Season in Thailand
Especially liked this fruit Thais. They make jams and preserves from it, compotes and juices, dry and soak them in sugar syrup, and brew tea from bark and leaves. A frequent serving option is fresh pulp, slightly unripe, sliced into slices and seasoned with salt or red pepper.
This wonderful fruit in Thailand is present all year round, because with long flowering, the ripening period lasts four months, and some varieties bloom and bear fruit twice a year, and the fact that Thais prefer to eat slightly unripe hard fruits allows you to try it every day. Ripening flesh, becomes more friable, acquiring a red color, Thais are happy to cook peeled and oatmeal pieces in sugar syrup. Dried and dried variations can be tried in numerous shops in Thailand.
What does guava look like
Let's now understand what a guava is.
Form: round oval, pear-shaped.
The color of the pulp is from pale yellow to various shades of red, and the color of the skin is from white-green to rich green, and although the seemingly rough skin of the fruit seems hard and not edible, it is not. It is thin and useful, and the fruits can be consumed directly with it.
With all the variety of shapes and shades, guayava resembles an apple or a pear in shape, not for nothing that it is also called a tropical apple, the surface is lumpy, glossy peel is similar to avocado. The size depends on the variety and place of growth, therefore it varies from 4 cm to 10-15. Fruits always have a rich aroma.
How to choose a guava
It is better, of course, to use freshly collected specimens. But if you have to buy an exotic fruit, pay attention to the skin, it should be a smooth shiny color, without stains and dents. The pulp of the ripe fruit is loose, soft, and bright. The smell is pronounced, but fresh.
Green fruits are very acidic and contain ester of hexahydroxydiphenic acid with arabinose, which disappears when ripe.
Guava how to eat
Guava can be used in different ways. You can eat it like an apple! But! Remember that fruit pulp has a large number of small bones, which are very hard. Of course, depending on the size and weight of the fruit, it depends on the size of the grains, and you can swallow them, and you can peel and peel the seeds, cut and serve it with salt, or rub it with red pepper. Therefore, as is the right guava, everyone chooses himself!
Guava composition and calorie content
The chemical composition of guava is characterized by a high content of folic acid, calcium, iron and phosphorus, potassium and magnesium, selenium and zinc, contains vitamins of group B, A, E, C. The pulp contains amino acids: glutamine and aspartic.
Guava, calories per 100 grams of product:
Your figure will not suffer from the use of this product.
What is useful guava
Due to the high content of vitamins and microelements, the "tropical apple" is one of the most useful and widespread fruits in countries with a tropical and subtropical climate. Are you ready to try an unfamiliar product in an unfamiliar country? Weigh the pros and cons. Guava, the possible benefits and harm. It is believed that with regular use of the fruit, it helps to relieve stress, distract and relax.
Guava and its beneficial properties
- It has an immunostimulating agent, due to the contained vitamin C.
- Gives a rejuvenating and supporting effect due to the constituents of amino acids and vitamin A.
- Improves digestion due to the contained fiber. The use of guava, which contains a lot of small grains, has a laxative effect, and tannins in all parts of the plant have tannins, providing an antimicrobial effect.
- Strengthens blood vessels and improves brain function, because The saponins that form part of the cortex improve the permeability of blood cells, due to which hemoglobin penetrates freely into the blood plasma, dissolves in it, improves brain activity and has a beneficial effect on the entire lymphatic system. Saponins enhance the penetration of proteins and other molecules through the cell membrane.
- Тот же сапонин оказывает раздражающее действие на слизистые оболочки, улучшает отхождение мокроты и в народной медицине плоды и листья используются для лечения бронхита и пневмонии. In addition, in the presence of saponins, medicinal substances are absorbed more easily.
- Useful for pregnant women, because being a low allergenic product, it carries the micronutrients and acids necessary for the development of the fetus, incl. folic. Magnesium helps to keep the future mother nervous system in peace, relaxes muscle tissue.
- Guava is also useful for dysfunction of the thyroid gland, since regulates and activates the production of glands. In Thailand, local residents use a decoction and fruit to regulate the menstrual cycle.
- In the treatment of diabetes mellitus, a beneficial effect on the patient’s body was also noticed, since she has a low glycemic index
- Actually, thanks to the original set of vitamins and microelements, this fruit is so fond of and firmly entered the life of local residents, giving them health and joy. In addition to all the described effects, exotic guayava will reward you with beautiful skin, good digestion, sharp eyesight and a snow-white smile.
Harm to guava
Describing the advantages of an exotic fruit, it is impossible not to say, and not to pay attention to the possible harm of guava. The fruit itself is low allergenic, but has a bright rich aroma, so allergy sufferers should carefully approach the choice of products in a tropical country. Even if you have good health, you should not overeat and eat away for the future, the same nutrients with excessive consumption will negatively affect digestion.
Green unripe fruit can negatively affect people with diseased kidneys.
How to store a guava?
At room temperature, ripe fruit can be stored for several days. If you bought a greenish guava, then it can lie for up to 2 weeks. In the refrigerator, the shelf life is extended to 3-4 weeks. Guava perfectly preserved in the freezer, and at the same time it does not lose any of its beneficial qualities or taste characteristics. There you can even keep it for several months.
How to clean and eat guava?
The easiest way to use guava is to divide it into slices with a knife, after removing the peel. You need to be very careful with the bones, it is better, of course, to remove them.
Also, the fruits of guava can be eaten as a whole, along with its bones. For convenience, the fruit is divided into two parts with a knife, and then eaten like an apple. In its ripe form, it can be eaten even with the skin. It will be slightly bitter, but it also has a beneficial effect on the digestive and cardiovascular systems.
The fruits of guava are wide in use, you can make delicious salads, juices, desserts, jelly or jam from them. Juice is added to sherbet and ice cream. Marinated guava goes well with meat dishes.
Guava, like many other fruits of Thailand, is a very tasty and at the same time useful fruit. When traveling to a tropical country, try to introduce guava into your daily diet. Not only will you succeed in strengthening your immune system, you will also discover new taste limits. And the most important thing is that you don’t have to choose a certain period to get acquainted with a tropical apple, because you can get it at an affordable price absolutely at any time of the year.
Dangerous properties of guava
Excessive consumption of guava (more than 1 kg at a time) can cause indigestion.
People who are prone to allergies, you need to use guava carefully.
Also, it is impossible to eat the immature fruits of guava for those who are prone to the formation of kidney stones.
Anyone who wants to learn how to eat a guava, as well as see it in the section, will be interested to watch this video.