Central Russia is a difficult area for gardening. However, experienced gardeners not only grow a variety of fruit trees here, but also get a rich harvest. This applies even to thermophilic apricot. For this breeders brought special varieties. Among them, judging by the reviews of gardeners, apricot "Tsarsky" is considered one of the best. Its fruits are gorgeous in taste, in appearance and even in the photo look mouthwatering. Those who want to plant this variety should familiarize themselves with the description and rules of care for the royal apricot.
History of breeding and characteristics of the variety
The variety “Tsarsky” apricot was bred not so long ago - a little more than 10 years ago. And even in such a short time, he deserved good feedback from gardeners of the Moscow Region and the Central Region of Russia in general. The royal apricot Skvortsov A.K. and Kramarenko L.A. were taken out - breeders of the Main Botanical Garden.
Trees of this variety are not high. The maximum height is 4 m. And they grow with moderate strength. The crowns are medium in size, but they bloom very luxuriantly in big flowers and give a bountiful harvest.
Fruits from an apricot of this grade of the average size, their weight - 20-23 g. They are oval, dense with a thick yellow skin that is covered with down. Sometimes the fruits have a light blush. The dense pulp of a fruit is juicy, has orange color and sweet-sour taste. The bone is small.
The Tsarsky apricot is highly resistant to low temperatures and all the negative climatic manifestations of winter. It adapts easily to the soil, even if it is not too fertile.
Planting and caring for the Tsarsky apricot is not much different from other varieties.
- Planting apricots in the suburbs should be postponed until spring. Before planting, you need to dig a good place under the tree - to a depth of ½ m. At the same time, fertilizer is applied - superphosphate and humus.
- The pit for planting should be 60-70 cm deep. At first, a stake is placed there to support the seedling.
- When the root of the plant is placed in a hole, it is covered with earth, leaving the young shoots of the root on top. After that, they are sprinkled with the most fertile soil in such a way that there is no void inside.
- Thus, around the seedling will form a slide of 10-15 cm, in which you need to make a small depression near the trunk, where irrigation and rainwater could penetrate.
- After planting, the young tree should be watered, having spent 20-30 liters of pure water. Makes it necessary, despite the soil moisture.
- At the end of the procedure, the seedling is mulched with peat crumb or sawdust.
Council Apricot can be grown from the stone. But, in this case, success will be 50/50. In half the cases, it will not be a sort tree, but a so-called “wilderness”.
Care and Pest Control Rules
In order for the tree to grow well and bear fruit, the following measures should be taken:
- water regularly
- remove diseased and damaged branches,
- brighten the stem and limes with the addition of blue vitriol in early spring and late autumn.
Despite winter hardiness and cold resistance, you need to take care of apricot protection in winter. For this you need not only to cut and whiten a tree. It does not hurt and cover it with a warm film.
Near the root of the tree, you can wrap with sacking. Around the apricot "Tsarsky" you need to dig around 1-2 m, throwing leaves, humus and peat on top with a layer up to 20 cm. You can also use straw, reed or corn stalks.
As for pests, most of all the apricot "Tsar" is afraid of rodents and plum aphids. Also, the tree can be affected by moth, sawfly or spider mite. To protect the plant and the next harvest, even before the buds are opened, the apricot should be treated with “Preparate # 30” or copper sulfate solution. Before flowering, you must also have time to process the tree solution "Chorus". During the growing season, apricot is processed by "Karbofos", "Fazalonom", "Zolon", "Decis" and "Sumition".
Apricot is not just very tasty. This is incredibly useful! These sweet fruits help strengthen the heart and blood vessels, relieve asthma attacks, cleanse the liver and body fluids. Enjoying chic taste and prevention of many diseases - this is the Tsarsky apricot.
Apricot Tsarsky: description
Apricot fruits strengthen the walls of blood vessels and the heart. They have a beneficial effect on the work of the liver, their use facilitates asthma attacks. In addition, they are also very tasty. But apricot is a southern plant. Therefore, breeders pay much attention to the cultivation of varieties that can withstand the winter frosts. One such apricot is Tsarsky.
Description of the variety suggests that the height of trees is average. They do not grow above 4 meters. This allows you to get a high yield and at the same time makes it possible to care for the tree without much difficulty. The grade differs in unusually large flowers of white color. They reach 4 cm in diameter.
The fruits of this oval-shaped variety have a mass of about 20 g. The apricot Tsarsky has a rather thick yellow skin. The photo shows that it is covered with a light down. Fruits that are illuminated by the sun have a delicate pink blush. Tasty and fragrant pulp of orange color dense, very juicy, sweet-sour taste. Experts estimate the taste of a variety of 4.5 points. The amount of sugar in the fruit is about 8 percent, acids - one and a half percent.
The stone is small, is only a tenth of the mass of the fetus. Usually it is well separated from the pulp. But sometimes it is difficult to do because the fruits are very juicy.
The variety of an apricot Tsarsky treats early. In regions with a warm climate begins to ripen in early August. High yield variety is no different. But then he bears fruit every year. The first fruits appear approximately in the fourth year after the tree was planted. They are formed on all types of branches.
Winter-resistant variety, easily tolerates lower temperatures and frost.
The apricot Tsarsky is deduced for fresh use. But from its fruits you can make a delicious compote, jam, juice.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main advantage of the Tsarsky variety is considered to be tasty juicy fruits. They become especially juicy and fragrant during the period of full ripening. Fruits have good keeping quality. They are formed on the shoots of different types.
The variety is frost-resistant and adapts well to weather conditions. It can be grown much more north than other varieties. Growing in the Central region also gives good results.
The disadvantage of a variety can be considered the small size of its fruits.
There are no particular differences between cultivation of Tsarsky apricot and other varieties. In the central region of his planted in the spring. But the plot for apricot is prepared in advance. Bring in organic and superphosphate. The soil is dug up to a depth of about half a meter. A landing pit is dug to a depth of 1 m. A peg is installed to tie up a seedling. Before planting, update its roots, cutting them by 1 cm. Then they dip the root system in the mud solution and allow it to dry slightly.
At the bottom of the pit poured mound of land, which put a seedling. Fall asleep pit, gently compacting the ground. Upper roots fall asleep fertile soil. Watered with two or three buckets of water.
Pristvolny circle mulch with peat or humus. The layer of mulch should be at least 5 cm. It prevents the growth of weeds, retains moisture.
Care for growing apricot
After planting the tree should be regularly watered. Remove weeds near it. The trunk in early spring is whitened with lime, which is added to copper sulfate. This contributes to the destruction of pests and helps to avoid cumulative diseases, diseases of moniliasis, verticillus, and bacterial spotting.
Monilioz - a fungal disease that can destroy all or a significant part of the crop. Manifested by withering, and further drying first flowers, then leaves and young branches. After a while, the leaves grow back, and before winter the tree looks healthy. But if it is not treated with copper-containing drugs, the harvest will not be next year either. Over time, the sick branches dry up.
The fungus spreads quickly from tree to tree. At the first sign, all stone fruit is treated. The affected areas are cut and burned.
But it is better not to wait for the development of the disease, but to carry out treatment for prevention. The Tsarsky apricot is sprayed several times during the growing season. In early spring, at the beginning of bud break, they are treated with Bordeaux mixture. Before and after flowering, sprayed with "Horus", "Skorom" or other drugs as indicated on the packaging scheme.
Young branches of the variety of apricots Tsarsky most often suffer from plum aphids. Garden ants contribute to its appearance, which help it to settle on the branches. Aphids multiply by covering the inside of the leaves. They curl, then turn brown and dry. Aphid covers a continuous cover of young branches. If you do not fight it, they also dry up.
Fruits are sometimes damaged by the plum sawfly and plum moth. The sawyer lays the eggs inside the fruit, the larva gnaws its inside and falls to the ground. After this, the filer crawls out of the carrion and climbs a tree along the trunk of the tree. Makes eggs and spoils the next fruit.
Plum moth - gray butterfly. Harm to plum and apricot fruits is brought by its larva, which gnaws the flesh near the stone. Pest control methods are biological (“Fitoverm”) or chemical treatments (“Decis”, “Alatar”, “Karbofos”). The biological control method is not harmful to health, but it is less reliable because the drug is easily washed off by rain.
Preparing the tree for winter
Tsarsky Apricot is a frost-resistant variety. But in the first years it should be protected from severe frosts. To do this, the trunk at the bottom of the wrap sacking. She also protects the bark of a young tree from hares and rodents.
They dig up the soil in the near-stem circle. Top cover with a layer of humus or peat about 20 cm thick. You can use straw or corn stalks. But they can live mice that gnaw the bark of apricot. You can use non-woven covering materials that will protect the royal apricot from severe frosts.
History of breeding and description of the variety
This variety is obtained as a result of free pollination in the Main Botanical Garden. Authorship belongs to the breeders A. K Skvortsov and L. A. Kramarenko. This variety more than 10 years ago was included in the state register and earned deserved love among gardeners. Tsar's apricot perfectly adapted in the central regions of Russia.
It is also popular among summer residents of the Moscow region. Grade calmly withstands forty degrees of frost. Excellent immunity allows him not to get sick. But this does not mean that the tree does not need to be prevented. In winter, the bark must be protected by wrapping the trunk with special materials to prevent damage by rodents. Sometimes you have to fight back the plum tree, which can settle on the leaves, as soon as winter recedes and warmer.
The variety is considered early. In early August, ripe apricots appear on the trees. I must say that the "royal" apricot does not give high yields. But breaks in fruiting are not peculiar to him. 4 years after the fruit crop was planted, the first fruits appear.
Tsarsky apricot should be planted in a place where groundwater does not lie close to the surface. Pear trees, maple, ash, oak will help to orient. These trees have deep roots to get moisture, and if they feel great on your site, you can safely plant apricot.
Characteristics of the tree and fruit
Trees of this variety have an average branching and do not grow high (maximum 4 m), which facilitates harvesting and care. During flowering, the crown is covered with large white flowers. The variety is self-bearing - this means that the tree does not need pollinating trees.
Plant apricot should be in the spring. The pit is prepared in advance and fall asleep fertilizer. Then everything is as usual: a stake is driven in to support the seedling, the roots are covered with earth, the young shoots are covered with humus, a well is made around the trunk, watered and mulch with sawdust. You can, of course, grow an apricot from a stone, but this will no longer be a “king”, but a wild game.
In order for the tree to develop well and to enjoy stable yields, it is necessary to take care of it. The first years after planting the tree is often watered, the soil is loosened, sprayed for preventive purposes from pests. Before winter, the tree is abundantly mulched so that the root system is protected from freezing.
Corn stalks and straw can be used to cover the stalk zone, but in this case, the possibility that the mice that will nibble the bark does not rule out. The best option is to use non-woven covering materials. They will save the tree during hard frosts.
Since apricots bloom early, they often suffer from spring frosts. To protect the crown covered during flowering material, folded it in two layers. The ends are fixed in such a way that the insects that pollinate the Royal Apricot can carry out their important work, and the flowers under the cover of such "clothes" are not afraid of uninvited frost.
On the trunks and branches of the apricot, you can see how frost bumps appear every winter. They need to be carefully examined, cleaned before healthy tissue appears and treated with Kuzbasslak. Every spring, the trunk of trees is whitened by adding bluestone. Add a little clay to make the solution adhere well.
The tree needs watering in moderation. The schedule is as follows: the first time is watered in the first days of May, the second time - before the fruit ripens (a couple of weeks). The last watering is in autumn. This procedure helps the tree to prepare for winter.
To protect the apricot from plum aphid, moth, spider mite and black plum sawfly, a set of agrotechnical, mechanical, chemical and biological measures is used that positively influence the development of the fruit crop and protect it from pests.
If preventive measures are not carried out on time (and in the event of a defeat, treating the tree), the branches dry out and the tree may die. Description of fruits is as follows: they have the shape of an oval and are yellow in color with a gentle light blush, covered with a thick skin with a fluff. Dense pulp exudes flavor and has a sweet-sour taste. The stone is small, it is easy to separate it, which once again confirms that the fruits are juicy.
Apricot is not just a tasty fruit, it is incredibly useful. Fruits are rich in vitamins, microelements and other beneficial substances. They are recommended to be used fresh to improve the protective properties of the body and in the treatment of certain diseases. In the form of compotes and jam make preparations for the winter. Bone oil is used in cosmetology.
Advantages and disadvantages
This variety has many advantages:
- incredibly tasty and very juicy fruits - one of the main advantages of the variety,
- fruits are well preserved
- the variety is frost resistant and adapts well to changing weather conditions,
- adapts well to the soil, even if it is not very fertile.
The only drawback is the size of the fruits, which are not large enough - 20–23 g. The unpretentiousness of growing attracts not only experienced summer residents, but also beginner gardeners. Chic taste, incredible benefits, excellent preparations for the winter - all this makes Apricot Tsarsky extremely popular variety. Its fruits ripen perfectly both in areas with mild and warm climate, and in more severe conditions. The only difference is that closer to the north fruits appear a little later.
History and description of the variety Tsarsky
Tsarsky Apricot is still quite young, launched and included in the State Register a little over 10 years ago, in 2004. Grade obtained by L.A. Kramarenko and A.K. Skvortsov, breeders of the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences as a result of free pollination in the third generation.
Thanks to the sweet and sour fruit, winter hardiness, simplicity in agricultural technology, the variety quickly gained popularity among gardeners and became widespread in the Central region of our country.
Apricot Tsarsky belongs to slow-growing, in height the tree reaches no more than 4 meters. The branching of the crown is average, but the flowering is luxuriant and abundant. The variety belongs to the self-fertile, the pistils of the plant are pollinated by their own pollen.
Apricot Tsarsky blooms profusely, magnificently and beautifully
The fruits of the Tsarsky apricot do not differ in large sizes, on average, the mass of each is 15–20 g. The fruits are oval, velvety, and pubescent yellow skin with a red-pink blush. The Tsarsky variety is early ripe, apricots ripen completely at the end of July. Fruiting begins with three years.
Small apricot fruits Tsarsky yellow with a red-pink blush
The flesh is orange, juicy and tender, with a pleasant aroma and sweet-sour taste. Contains 8.5% sugar and 1.7% acid. The tasting score is 4 points out of 5. A medium-sized stone can be easily separated from the pulp of ripe fruit.
Among the merits of Apricot Tsarsky we note:
- stable fruiting,
- frost resistance (covered trees do not die even at -40 ° C),
- приятный вкус фруктов и универсальность их применения,
- лёгкую адаптацию к почве,
- транспортабельность абрикосов и длительность сроков хранения (до 2 месяцев).
В качестве недостатков садоводы выделяют только небольшие размеры плодов и связанную с этим среднюю урожайность (30 ц/га).
From his own experience of growing apricots Tsarsky, the author of the article notes the weak resistance of the plant flowers to late spring frosts. Flowering occurs early, and fragile ovaries die. To avoid this, cover the tree crown with foil or double-folded cloth (we used old sheets). Attach the ends not on the trunk under the crown, but on the lower branches so that insect pollinators penetrate inside. An artificial dome will not prevent pollination, but will save flowers from frost. As soon as the danger has passed, remove the shelter immediately, otherwise in warm weather a greenhouse effect will be created, causing flowers to rot.
Instructions for planting seedlings
Agrotechnics seedlings variety Tsarsky is not much different from other varieties of apricots. But we highlight the important points that are binding:
- In the Moscow region, central zone and central regions of Russia, it is recommended to plant the Tsarsky apricot in early spring. If you had to postpone the landing until the fall, you need to hold it no later than the end of October, before frost began.
- Before planting, the area under the seedling is carefully dug to a depth of at least 50 cm. Then the earth is loosened, so that it is saturated with oxygen. During digging, humus and superphosphate are added to increase the nutritional value of the soil.
- The required depth of the pit for the seedling is 60–70 cm. A peg is installed in the center of the hole, to which a tree will be tied.
Hammer a peg into the center of the pit, then tie a seedling to it
Apricot is planted so that the grafting site is above the ground
After planting, young apricot is poured with plenty of water.
Apricot Tsarsky can be propagated and bones. Seedlings are strong and healthy, but in half of the cases, instead of varietal trees, “wild” grow.
Apricot tree care
Apricot Tsarsky for full growth and abundant fruiting need moderate soil moisture. Watering the tree should be while the growing season lasts. The first watering is carried out at the end of May, the next - during the growth and ripening of fruits, the last - at the end of October before wintering, in order to saturate the roots with moisture. In addition, it will help increase the resistance of the tree to frost.
Water the apricot in a timely manner, maintaining moderate soil moisture
For ease of harvesting, and also so that the branches do not grow and do not shade the crown, you will need a shaping pruning. Use a pruner or a sharp knife; cover up the cut areas with garden pitch.
Formative pruning - the key to proper growth of apricot crown
Immediately after planting, the annual sapling is shortened by a third so that the height of the tree above the ground is 50–90 cm. The second pruning is carried out the following year, and the crown formation begins: around the trunk leaves 5–6 strong and healthy shoots.
If the seedling is two years old, sprigs already appear. Then, after planting, cut “on the ring” all side shoots, except 2-3 strongest. And those, in turn, shorten in half. The central shoot, left as a conductor, should be 20–30 cm higher than the skeletal branches.
Starting from the third year, in order for the crown to form correctly, shorten the shoots with active growth every spring. Be sure to remove all buds and branches that grow below 50 cm from the soil level. In the autumn, cut off all dry and damaged shoots.
Formation of the crown of the Tsarsky apricot is carried out for several years
Over time, an adult apricot decreases annual growth. When it becomes less than 40 cm, start rejuvenating the tree. To do this, cut the skeletal branches into three to four-year-old wood, making cuts into powerful branches that go in the right direction.
Since the Tsarsky apricot grows slowly, not tall and forms a pancake crown, the need for regulation pruning occurs once every three years. For most other varieties, pruning is due to the fact that apricot does not shed the ovary, and subsequently the branches of the tree are overloaded with fruit. The fruits of the Tsarsky variety are of medium size and not heavy, therefore, the injury to the branches of the tree is not dangerous.
In the fall, prepare the plant for the winter. Lime trunks and wrap in several layers of durable fabric, such as burlap. This will help protect the apricot from frost and rodent animals. Mulching will also be helpful. Dig the trunk about 1–2 m around, and lay straw, humus, leaves, peat on the top with a layer of 20 cm.
A whitewash will save the tree from rodents
Apricot Tsarsky, though unpretentious, but a positive attitude to feeding with nutrients. In the spring it is recommended to use complex mineral fertilizers, in the fall - organic. In the summer season, trees can be sprayed with products containing potassium and phosphorus. The first time it is done before the start of flowering, the second - during the growth of the fruit, the third - after harvesting.
Apricot protection from pests and diseases
Despite the resistance to adverse weather conditions, apricot Tsarsky is subject to attacks from pests. The most dangerous for him are small rodents and plum aphid. Less common is the appearance of black plum sawfly, spider mite and plum moth.
Plum aphid - the most dangerous pest of apricot Tsarsky
Use comprehensive measures to protect trees from damage and help plants grow faster:
- In the spring, before the buds begin to open, process the apricots once with “Preparate 30 Plus” according to the instructions. This insecticide will help destroy wintering insects.
- Before flowering, treat the apricot trees with the antifungal drug Chorus, diluting 2–3.5 g of the product in 10 liters of warm water. It is also recommended spraying a solution of copper sulfate.
- After the plants ottsvetut, spray the crown with a solution of the preparation "BI-58 new" according to the instructions. Processing will help to cope with insects and larvae, parasitic on green leaves.
To kill pests effectively use karbofos. On 10 l of water take 55 g of substance. Processing is done before the appearance of the fruit. Replace toxic chemicals can be the following means:
Lel, Zeus, Aquarius, Tsarsky, Northern Triumph are more stable in our climate than the Son of Krasnoshcheky
I had a variety of apricots "Tsarsky", planted in an open area near the road and at 18-23 meters in a straight line from it a variety of apricots "Bryansk early", planted on the south side of the greenhouse. Despite the fact that he is 1.5-2 years younger, he looks bigger.
For now, Tsarsky stands apart. Some descriptions are devoted to him the whole "hymns" that he is perhaps the most frost-resistant apricot. And like from Kramarenko.
Although apricot royal average yield, gardeners celebrate annual and sustainable fruiting. The variety is winter-hardy and unpretentious in the care, and therefore came to taste lovers of juicy southern fruits. Even if you have a small plot of land, plant at least one apricot plant Tsarsky. And every summer the tree will delight you with sweet and healthy fruits, which are good both fresh, and compote, and jam.
Trees of this variety do not differ in growth rate (do not reach 4 m) and record yields, but they can boast of regular, systematic fruiting. Within 3 years after planting trees, the first fruits will appear.
- Self-fertility, that is, the tree is pollinated by its own pollen variety. The crop will appear even in adverse conditions (strong wind, a decrease in the number of pollinating insects, etc.).
- Quickly adapts to external factors. He is not afraid of wind, rain and cold thanks to breeders.
- Fruit weight about 20 g.
- A low tree is not branchy.
- Resistant to frost. The tree can withstand -40 ° C.
- Congenital immunity.
Royal apricot is pollinated by flowers of its own variety
Due to its characteristics, these fruits are tastier and healthier when fresh. It contains vitamin A, vitamin C and potassium, which is good for the heart and blood vessels. The use of apricots will have a beneficial effect on digestion, cleanse the body and improve metabolism.
Often these fruits are used to make apricot jam. You can add lemon zest, nutmeg or cloves. Since the pre-revolutionary times, the liqueur "Abrikotin" (which came from France), which was distinguished by its tart taste and rich red color, was made of these ruddy fruits. This fruit is just perfect for making a thick, tart and spicy drink. The liqueur is made either from apricot kernels (this is how a bitter taste favorite by many and the same aftertaste), as well as their pulp.
Tsarsky: description of the variety
In the description of the variety, presented in the "Handbook of the gardener and the gardener", it is said that the fruits have high taste. This, indeed, royal fruit. If the tree is properly maintained, it will certainly please the gardener with a good yield and even, beautiful fruits with a pleasant silky surface.
Variety "royal" has the following features:
- The plant tolerates winter, if properly prepared for this time of year,
- The tree starts to bear fruit very quickly. Already in the fourth year after the sapling was planted in open ground, the gardener will be able to try the first fruits,
- The plant is a good honey plant and, like a magnet, attracts bees to itself,
- Fruits have the correct rounded shape and yellow-orange color,
- A small dark brown bone has an elongated, oblong shape,
- Fruits have a pronounced taste of honey and a delicate, pleasant aroma.
This variety is a frequent "resident" in the villas near Moscow. Reviews of amateur gardeners show that cuttings take root well, the plant quickly turns into a full-fledged tree, and is resistant to temperature changes.
Royal apricot: the main advantages of the variety
the main thing advantage "Tsar" variety is that this variety was specially bred for a climate with a harsh winter and with frequent rains in the summer. By selecting the most frost-resistant saplings and crossing different varieties, the breeders have ensured that they, unlike the southern varieties, adapt well to the Russian winter and almost do not get fungal infections in case of prolonged heavy rains. The main advantages of this variety are as follows:
- The tree has a good yield,
- The fruits ripen quickly and together,
- Fruits are well stored, if you store them correctly,
- The tree is quite undemanding in the care.
How to save the crop
As soon as the fruits ripen, the birds flock to the garden, who are not averse to feasting on fragrant fruits. The fruit that the bird has pecked spoils, rots and soon falls from the tree. Many gardeners are thinking about how to save the harvest from annoying feathered guests. Of course, you can go with a gun and arrange a bird hunt, but this way of fighting for the harvest is not the most humane. It is best to choose other ways to scare away annoying guests, for example:
- You can hang old CDs on the tree, which will reflect the light and scare the birds with their iridescent rainbow shine,
- You can install on the plot garden scarecrow - a long pole with a transverse crossbar, which is wearing an old coat. Scarecrow does not have to be scary. Birds are not afraid of the scarecrow himself, but of clothing movements in the wind,
- Many birds are afraid of red color, so red rags and shreds can be hung on the branches,
- Another effective way to scare off birds is to hang old cans on the branches of the tree, which will make characteristic thundering sounds at the slightest breath of wind.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Seedlings intended for planting in open ground, it is best to buy in the nursery or in a specialty store. You can also order seedlings on the Internet or ask for planting material from neighbors in the dacha. In order for the Tsarsky cuttings to take root well and begin to develop intensively, it is recommended to plant them only when night frosts are no longer scary.
In some regions, the heat finally comes earlier, and in some - later. In this regard, when choosing a suitable time for landing, you should not be guided by the calendar with the recommended dates of landing, but by the actual weather conditions. Seedlings are planted in a well-fertilized and plowed up soil. When they enter a period of intensive growth, particular attention should be paid to regular watering.
Useful properties of the variety
In the description of the variety "royal" it is said that the fruits from the tree of this variety have many useful properties. Also in the description of the variety says that the "king" - a great honey plant.
Apricot "royal" - this is a real storehouse of vitamins and other healthy substances. Breeders who took this variety, initially set a goal to create a new variety with the maximum content of vitamins in the fruit.
Ripe fruits are rich in ascorbic acid and potassium. High concentration of potassium makes this fruit an indispensable product in the diet of the elderly and people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Also, the apricot fruit has the property of lowering blood pressure, so hypertensive patients should regularly include this beautiful and tasty fruit in their diet.
The fruit makes a wonderful jam, as well as jam and marmalade. In winter, dried and dried apricots can become an important source of vitamins. Homemade products are very tasty and healthy.
Fruits are rich in antioxidants - substances that slow down the oxidative processes occurring in the human body. Honey from apricots of this variety is also very useful: it reduces inflammation, strengthens the vitality of the body, kills bacteria and viruses.
In order to preserve the beneficial properties of apricots as much as possible, they are best dried or wilted. You can dry the fruit in the sun, in an oven set at a low temperature, or with the help of the Breeze dryer. Dried and dried apricots make excellent compotes, many housewives also use them as a filling for pies and pies.
How to care
When leaving, you should remember that this variety prefers measured, but regular watering. Each field watering land is desirable to loosen. This is necessary for effective drainage of the fluid, as well as for moisture to penetrate deeper into the soil. If you do not loosen the soil after watering, the earth may harden, and this will negatively affect the development of the root system of the tree.
When caring for apricot, you need to pay great attention anti viral and fungal infections, pests and parasites. If the summer in the region turned out to be rainy and overcast, apricot can get a dangerous disease - monilioz (another name for this disease is monilia). In the people, moniliosis is usually called "white rot."
When the apricot blossoms and bears fruit, it becomes a “tasty morsel” for the dangerous pest of the moth. As the name implies, this harmful insect is rapidly devouring ripening fruits. At the same time, she also does not disdain flowers and buds. A fruit with a wormhole is a sure sign that the fruit moth has already worked on this fruit. Flowers and fruits affected by moth quickly deteriorate and fall from a tree.
Coddle moth fight should begin when the tree is preparing to bloom. If you are late with taking measures, the plant may simply lose flowers, and, therefore, fruits. Usually, gardeners spray industrial trees with insecticides or fight poison for harmful caterpillars using “grandmother's” methods to fight the plant moth. Well-known in the fight against pests the so-called "Bordeaux liquid".
Variety "royal" is often used for making jam and jam. Jam made from such fruits has a thick and viscous texture, a pleasant sweet taste with a characteristic sourness, honey aroma and a beautiful golden color. Each housewife has her own special recipes for cooking apricot jam.
In order for the jam or jam turned out well, for harvesting it is necessary to select only ripe apricots, with no signs of rot and not touched by pests. In order to remove the bones, each fruit is gently cut across with a sharp knife, and the stone itself pops out after lightly pressing the finger on the flesh of the fruit.
Cook jam or jam should be on the slowest fire. It is best to use enameled dishes for cooking: pan or basin. In no case can you make jam or jam in a metal dish. As a result of the contact of the fruit with the metal, an oxidation reaction occurs, and when the fruit is heated, harmful substances are released. Jam cooked in metal cookware can cause severe poisoning.
During cooking, the jam must always be stirred using a wooden spoon. If you do not stir the jam, it will surely burn and acquire an unpleasant taste. You also need to timely remove the foam.
Готовое варенье не должно быть слишком жидким. Проверить степень готовности можно следующим образом: капля готового варенья не должна растекаться по поверхности.
Это - один из самых лучших сортов этих замечательных фруктов. Reviews of many Moscow-based summer residents show that they are deservedly popular in the Middle Belt thanks to winter hardiness, good yield and beneficial properties of fruits. If a novice gardener wants to plant an apricot on his plot for the first time, then the best choice is the “royal” variety. It will take root easily and will soon delight with its bright, rosy fruits. It’s not difficult to grow them, the main thing is to follow the basic care guidelines.