The fencing of private property with a fence made of a profile sheet, wood or brick has become so familiar that few people pay attention to it. If you want to see something more original on your plot, then a fast-growing perennial evergreen hedge that serves as a decorative fence is a good option.
Types of plantings
Due to the rapid development of plants, it is not necessary to wait several years until the barrier reaches a height of one and a half meters. The living fence will be a suitable solution if we are talking about areas of complex configuration. It is much easier to shield such territory with shrubs than with lengthy, rigid building materials.
The most famous evergreen living fast-growing hedge of deciduous and coniferous plants. The more familiar shrubs and plants of the convolvulaceae family also find their use.
The choice of hedge is determined by the taste of the owner, financial capabilities, design of the land, construction of buildings.
Spruce looks very aristocratic as a living fence. For fencing using exclusively decorative varieties. When buying you need to take into account the location and illumination area. For dark coniferous plants, moderate illumination is better suited, blue and golden needles are sunny territories. Spruce rather undemanding plant.
Coniferous trees do not respond well to highly located groundwater and clay soil due to low air permeability at the roots. The recommended planting density of the roots is 30–55 cm. Plants should be planted in cool weather at the end of August and all of September. Remains of soil at the roots are not removed., and transferred to the well, so as not to damage the root system.
There are much more leafy plants, so shrubs and reeds are often used in live fences. Plantings quickly reach a height of one meter in the first year, and in the next season they will become two meters. Shrubs and wines require constant care:
- The growth rate of plants of different species is different, so it is necessary to form plantings.
- Vegetables and fruit trees in the area should not suffer from the growth of climbing, ornamental plants.
- Inside the bushes, arches can be formed to form an entrance.
- As an obstacle you can use not only ornamental plants, but also fruit-bearing ones.
If protection of the territory and plantings from vandals is required, thorny perennial plants with thorns will do. They form an additional protection area. When designing a fast-growing perennial hedge, it is necessary to take into account climatic conditions, groundwater, soil composition and landscape.
Some plants of different species easily carry a neighborhood with each other. They can form multi-level barriers and achieve good lighting without damage to the plantations.
If you need to grow a high fence, you need to pay attention to coniferous plants with a high density of branches, which will not feel discomfort during frequent planting:
- Arkorona - has large picturesque cones, dark green needles, a cone-shaped crown. The width of the plant reaches three meters, height - four meters.
- Inversa - resistant to frost, hanging brush, trunks must be tied up.
- Konika - frost-resistant, hard paws, with soft needles, crown cone-shaped, height up to two meters.
- Lawson - prefers moist soil, protected from the wind. In the summer, the tree must be well watered and spray the foliage.
- Balsamic or Arizona fir - fragrant, soft needles, the height reaches twenty-five meters, moisture-loving plant that does not need decorative pruning.
- Thuja Brabant - the plant is unpretentious, it grows quickly, its height reaches ten meters, its width is up to three meters. After planting, it is necessary to water weekly, in hot periods - twice a week.
- Leyland's kupresstsiparis - the height reaches twenty meters, for a year the tree adds up to one and a half meters, it tolerates shade well, watering is required only in drought.
To obtain a low fence, use dwarf species of fir trees:
- Ekhiniformis - crown resembles a ball.
- Little Jam - it is advisable to use a spherical haircut crown.
Deciduous plants for hedge:
- Boxwood is suitable for cutting any shape, planting density is 20 cm, in the year of planting the crown is not sheared, then it is necessary to dub every month, unpretentious.
- Laurel cherry - unpretentious to light, has large white inflorescences, does not bloom without watering, the distance between plantations when planting in the barrage is 60 cm, it is necessary to cut it once every six months.
- Barberry - allows you to create an impassable living barrage of prickly shrubs, you need to plant plants in one row in spring or autumn. The main trimming is carried out in the summer, in the spring - thinning, dry branches are cut, so that there is constant fruiting.
Perennial loachs will help reduce labor costs when caring for a hedge:
- Ivy is unpretentious, does not require frequent watering, it is necessary to do pruning in the autumn period and feed it regularly, cover it with fallen leaves for the winter.
- Euonymus - needs fertile soil and regular watering, but do not allow excess moisture. Its inflorescences are poisonous, so it is not recommended to grow, if the family has small children or animals.
- Periwinkle - a hardy, frost-resistant plant, inflorescences are large, bluish in color. It grows even on poor soils in drought, the height of one and a half meters.
- Cotoneaster is well suited for hot regions. When planting in the wells, it is recommended to add sand and large drainage. For cotoneaster, it is better to choose well-lit areas. Plant height reaches five meters, flowering period - March-April.
- Dwarf turn is an economical option that does not need constant care. During flowering, the turn spreads an unusually strong almond flavor.
- Loach will not protect the site, but will mask the area from the eyes of strangers.
- Annual flowering hedges can be formed from the weaving of nasturtium, kobey, decorative beans and sweet peas.
- Climbing roses look very nice, but it is undesirable to use them as external fencing. Roses do not tolerate moist soil with a water table above two meters. With the vertical tying method, there is no hedge effect, it is better to use horizontal trellis grids.
The owner of a country site can create a hedge without assistance. To do this, select the desired barrier density, take into account the composition of the soil, the depth of groundwater and the type of terrain.
Curly perennial species are the fastest growing. In just one season, they grow several meters, forming a solid carpet of leaves. Unfortunately, not all of the evergreen vines tolerate frosts, so for regions with cold winters the choice of such plants is small. Most often, they use periwinkle, euonymus and ivy at the dacha plots.
Periwinkle belongs to the evergreen climbing shrubs, and can be used to create hedges up to 1.5 m in height. The stems and leaves of the plant are remarkable for their durability, are not afraid of frost, and always keep a fresh look. Periwinkle flowers are quite large, most often blue and blue, although there are other shades. Periwinkle grows well on poor soils, can grow both in the sun and in the shade, tolerates drought well. If the overgrown stems are cut and stuck in moist soil, they will take root.
It is recommended to plant the plant in early autumn - until mid-September. To create a fence, you will definitely need a durable trellis of the appropriate height, since without a support, periwinkle will travel along the ground. To achieve the greatest decoration, the soil must be carefully loosened and fertilized with organic matter. Best of all, periwinkle grows on loamy and well-drained soils. The optimal distance between plants is from 20 to 30 cm.
In the first year of planting is to cover for the winter, because the fragile stems and roots can freeze. In the future, such measures are not needed. Periwinkle tolerates pruning, but pinching is recommended for better tillering. Once every three years, fertilizing can be done with organic fertilizers, pouring leafy soil.
Euonymus has many varieties, among which there are curly. Especially popular are Forchun's Euonymus (Blondie, Harlequin, Sanspot) varieties, which are distinguished by the decorative coloring of leaves. The plant loves fertile, loose soil and abundant watering, but reacts poorly to stagnant water. The variegated varieties should be planted in sunny places, since they become dark green in the shade, but the varieties with white and yellow leaves are better placed in the penumbra, since they burn in the sun.
It should be noted that the euonymus belongs to poisonous plants, and if there are children in the family, it is better to find another perennial for the hedge. When disembarking, be sure to use protective gloves, and upon completion of the planting work, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Forchun Euonymus "Silver Queen"
Euonymus cuttings are rooted under the film for 1.5-2 months, and only then they are planted in a permanent place. The distance between seedlings is about 20 cm. To form a hedge, be sure to install supports along which the growing shoots are directed. In the summer, the plants are fed with mineral fertilizers twice a month. Euonymus does not tolerate frosts very well, therefore it is recommended to cover it with spruce leaves or dry leaves for the winter, especially in the early years. Formative and sanitary pruning is carried out in early spring.
This evergreen perennial has many advantages over other climbers:
- tolerates cold and withstands short frosts, without losing a fresh look,
- all its varieties are distinguished by a high decorative effect, due to the shape and color of the leaves,
- the height of the ivy fence can reach 3 meters,
- growing fast
- Goes well with all garden plants.
What does ivy look like?
In order for the hedge to not lose its decorative effect, ivy should be watered regularly and periodically carry out complex feeding, starting in early spring. It should not be allowed to dry out the soil and stagnate water, you should also strictly follow the dosage of fertilizers, since an excess of nutrients reduces the attractiveness of the vine.
Forming pruning is carried out in the autumn, and at the same time old or damaged shoots are also removed. In regions with frosty winters, it is recommended to cover ivy with dry foliage. The most decorative varieties are characterized by increased sensitivity to cold, and therefore are more suitable for southern areas. Ivy is propagated by cuttings that are rooted in containers before planting in a permanent place. When planting rooted cuttings between plants, 30-50 cm is left, and the soil must be mulched.
Like euonymus, ivy is poisonous, and skin contact with the plant can cause swelling, itching and redness. True, the sensitivity to this poison is not all. However, it is necessary to wear planted plants and pruning with gloves, and it is recommended to wash clothes that could be touched by the shoots.
Barberry bushes are very strong and durable, with proper cutting form an impassable living wall. Among the evergreen varieties, the fastest growing are boxwood, fine-marsh, and Julian barberry. The plant is great for both molded and free-growing hedges, looks spectacular in single-row plantings and in combination with other shrubs.
Evergreen barberry species are recommended to be planted in the penumbra, as opposed to deciduous, which are more like sunny places. The soil can be any, but on nutrient and permeable soils decorativeness of the bushes is much higher. Planting is done in spring and autumn, saplings must be with a lump of earth or in a container. You should not buy planting material with small, poorly grown roots, as well as seedlings whose roots are bare or affected by diseases. A strong beautiful hedge from such plants will never work out, you will only spend time, effort and your money.
Different design options for barberry fencing
When planting, the root ball must be level with the ground line, and the ground around the bush should be well compacted, watered and mulched. In regions with cold winters, the barberry is recommended to cover with non-woven material with the onset of the first frost. Sanitary pruning is performed in early spring, forming - in summer.
The laurel cherry refers to evergreen perennials, although in cold regions it can shed leaves. A lot of its varieties are known, but only laurel cherries grow quickly. All other species are slow-growing, therefore less in demand in private gardening. Decorative plant give numerous white flowers, collected in brushes up to 12 cm.
Laurel Cherry, Blossom
The laurel cherry makes good shade, withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees, grows on calcareous, sandy, humus-carbonate soils and loams. At the same time, the plant reacts badly to a lack of moisture: it grows worse, ceases to bloom and bear fruit. When planting between seedlings leave 50-70 cm, basal circle must be mulched. Formative pruning is carried out the following year, at the end of the summer, then the bushes should be cut twice a year.
Boxwood - Decorative Gardening
For hedges boxwood is considered the best option. This plant can be given any shape, it perfectly tolerates cold, shade, undemanding to the composition of the soil and moisture. However, most species of box can not be called fast-growing, especially dwarf varieties. If you do not want to wait a long time until a hedge is formed, choose tall plants.
A variety of shapes from boxwood
When planting, seedlings are placed in a row with a pitch of 15 cm, watered abundantly and immediately cut off the shoots by two thirds of the length. The soil needs to be mulched or covered with black agrofibre. The best time to plant is spring. In mid-June, the bushes should be fertilized with mineral fertilizers. In the first year you do not need to cut boxwood, but the next year you can already form a fence. An adult bush is sheared once a month, starting in April and ending in September. After pruning, the plants must be watered and fed, which contributes to the formation of a dense dense crown.
The approximate terms of the formation of a fence
A hedge of plants that grow quickly, you can equip from several types of plantations. Such a fence requires constant care both during the growth of only planted shoots, and during the already formed fence. Plants for fences are selected so that the fence was obtained the same height and density. After all, different types of greenery grow unevenly - some instances are drawn up, others have time to grow during this time in width.
Plants are selected so that they are fenced off the territory, but did not penetrate the neighboring area. Perennials and annuals are used for hedges. Annuals need to be re-planted annually, which is not always acceptable. Annuals are also not suitable for fencing the outside of the site.
Fast growing shrubs
Fast-growing bushes - the optimal solution for the formation of a thick hedge in a short time. For the fence of the site from the outside will fit specimens with prickles. The result will be an impassable fence that will qualitatively protect the territory from uninvited guests and animals. Can pick up not only ornamental shrubs, but also fruiting. You will receive both a chic fence and blanks for the winter.
Copies are selected so that the result is a fence of approximately the same size. Some shrubs negatively refer to the removal of the tops. Next, consider the most appropriate species for fast-growing hedge.
Shade-tolerant and unpretentious shrub. It is best suited for external fencing. It has beautiful leaves and ornamental fruits that are edible. Berries due to nutritional properties used in traditional medicine. The height of the bush is 2-5 m. It blooms from March to April for about two weeks, then the leaves bloom. Abundantly fruiting in open areas and neutral soil, but grows well under any other conditions.
Planted in spring or early summer. You can create a bookmark of a fence from a cornel in the fall, but not later than 3 weeks before frost. When planting in autumn leaves from seedlings removed. Для закладки изгороди подходят экземпляры в возрасте до двух лет. Осеннюю посадку на зиму можно прикрывать листвой.
Неприхотливый кустарник с отличными декоративными качествами. Растение имеет пышную округлую крону. It can grow in the shade, but the leaves lose their rich color. The bush is great for urban fences along the motorways.
Container copies are suitable for laying the hedge. They can be planted throughout the warm period. It is frost-resistant, does not demand shelter. Only with very strong frosts the tips of the shoots can freeze slightly.
The prickly bush capable to grow on any soil is drought-resistant. Poor attitude to stagnant water in the area. Thanks to the prickles an impassable fence is being formed.
For hedges use and stunted, and tall varieties. The plant is decorative, especially during flowering and fruit ripening. For the fence will need a large amount of material. Fruits are suitable for home preparations.
Unpretentious and undemanding in care. Bushes compact up to 3 m high, do not demand careful cutting. The fence turns thick and impassable. The fruits are edible after frost, have healing properties. Particularly beautiful fence in the spring during the flowering period, when it still did not bloom leaves. It attracts almond flavor.
When laying a fence each bush is cut, leaving a height of up to 15 cm. This measure allows you to accelerate the growth of the shrub. To obtain an impassable fence, pruning can be repeated for the next year. Further support the desired height.
You can see a photo of a hedge in the country from various plants in this article.
How to plant and care for a hedge of spruce - read here.
Read about the advantages and disadvantages and hawthorn varieties for hedges in this article.
For a fast-growing hedge it is possible to take annuals provided that they will be located on a support as a decorative element. They are sown quite thickly. Such plants will not protect the area from animals and outsiders, but carefully cover it from unwanted eyes. Every year the plants are updated.
For a one-year fence suitable Kobeya, sweet pea, Ipomoea (twisted panych), decorative beans, nasturtium and others. They are intertwined with each other, the result is a continuous green flowering panel up to 5 m high, depending on the type of annuals.
Also popular are the following types of perennial plants.
Very decorative during flowering. The fence of them turns impassable thanks to the thorns and interweaving of the vine. The shrub is recommended to be slightly separated from other flowers. The plant does not tolerate stagnant water. It should not be planted in places where groundwater is located closer than 2 m.
Bookmark hedge perform in autumn until mid-October. Form the appearance of the fence from the second year after planting bushes. Plants are tied up. Horizontal garter gives only height growth, vertical - a large number of shoots. This must be considered when forming the density of the fence.
Decorative the entire warm period. To bookmark the fence using bushes no older than two years, planted in the fall. Plants grow best in open areas. Clematis does not tolerate acidic soils, overflow of water and constant dampness, fertilizer with peat and manure. In hot weather, the soil must be protected from overheating by mulching with humus.
To clematis bloom profusely, they must be cut off. The bushes are sheltered for the winter, since the root neck of the bush is subject to freezing, especially those parts that have not yet risen to the surface.
The ornamental bush up to 6 m high. Attracts gardeners with high decorative qualities during all warm season. The fence can be formed from different grades of honeysuckle. The result will be a blooming fence of various shades: yellow, carmine-red, rose-red and orange-yellow. Beautifully combined with climbing roses.
Fruits are edible, in some varieties they themselves fall off. The first 5-7 years only need sanitary pruning, crown hedge form at a later age.
Decorative due to its foliage, which develops in large quantities. Fences can be assembled from different plant varieties. The bush perfectly transfers a shadow, but in too shaded places loses foliage. Does not tolerate scorching sunlight. Ivy is not demanding of soil, pruning and care, as long as the soil does not dry out.
Trees for a fast-growing fence
Among the trees, the fastest growing is eucalyptus. For landscaping using varieties Gunni, few-flowered and lemon. They are undemanding to the soil, drought-resistant. The height of the fence is regulated by trimming. It is recommended to cover for the winter. Do not allow the soil to dry out.
Suitable as a fast-growing hedge, unpretentious to the quality of the soil. Some varieties can be shaped as a shrub by cutting a trunk. There are low-growing and dwarf trees, for example, purple willow, goat willow, they are very decorative as a green fence, but they love moisture. The fence in the heat is recommended to spray.
Unpretentious and grows in any soil. The fence is formed from young shoots no older than a year. Branches intertwined with each other, it turns out an impregnable fence. The tree is not demanding to care. The height of the fence is controlled by trimming, in this case a lot of shoots appear. Under such a fence, aspen birds appear over time.
Suitable for fences with a height of 2-4 m. Does not tolerate acidic soil. Grows equally in the sun and in the shade, easily tolerates drought and heat. Excellent response to a haircut. It is cut twice a year, removing thick lignified branches. The entire warm period is very decorative, especially in the fall.
About other types of fast-growing trees can be found in the following video:
Unwanted hedge plants
It is not recommended to use plants for hedgerows that grow strongly in different directions, digging the soil. Such instances include raspberry and blackberry, shadberry, ryabnik and the like. Such plants should not be planted at the border with another plot. They are very difficult to control by trimming.
It is not recommended to plant bushes susceptible to attack by pests and diseases as a hedge, for example, Kalina. A thick fence during an “epidemic” is difficult to treat with chemicals, moreover, such a treatment is harmful to health. Such a fence quickly loses its beautiful appearance due to pests, it is extremely difficult to fully protect it from diseases.
Not recommended for fast-growing hedges non-winter hardy perennials. The freezing specimens will need to be systematically replaced, in case of severe frosts, the fence may completely die. Do not plant the plants you need. periodically replant. Such a fence gradually degenerates, losing the original appearance.
Planting and care
Initially mark the territory. The material for the fast-growing hedge can be planted in two ways: dig a trench at least 40 cm deep and 60-100 cm wide, depending on the number of rows, or dig holes for each specimen separately. Planting pitch is chosen depending on the type of plants.
Soil in the hole is recommended to replace the nutrient composition. The mixture is prepared in accordance with the needs of the plant species. The crown of the hedge is formed during the first 4 years. Not all plant species need pruning after planting. Usually in the first 2 years pruning is not used for climbing varieties and some shrubs. Some species of plants, for example, conifers, need a pyramidal pruning to prevent shedding of the lower branches. All plant species need systematic watering and dressing during rooting and growth.
Evergreen plant varieties
If you live in the territory of central Russia, then you should not make big bets on such cultures as oriental thuya and cypress trees, as well as Korean and balsam fir. In this region, they take root poorly: they are able to winter only in conditions of thick snow cushion in winter.
Better to create a hedge use such plants that will be adapted to local climatic conditions your country.
They will not only qualitatively decorate the whole area, clean the surrounding air, but will also restrain gusts of wind and snow.
It can be either dwarf spruce or gray tall. You can also find a simple spruce with different height. There is a half meter Serbian spruce, the needles of which differ from others in brilliant and dark green coloring with two bluish stripes.
This is one of the most common and well-known conifer species. The most unpretentious varieties of juniper will look very good as a hedge: horizontal, Chinese, Cossack, ordinary, virgin.
Fir is not a city tree, as it could be impeded by its comfortable growth on the territory of the city. Only in urban areas, it is able to take root and delight the eyes of others with its unusual beauty. For growing in central Russia, such varieties of fir as a whole-leaf, single-color and balsam are suitable.
In gardening, in most cases, cold-resistant and unpretentious varieties of this crop are used. Truly decorative are: ordinary, mountain, and also wemuth pine.
- Pea-like cypress
Evergreen culture, which includes various variations of shapes, colors and overall sizes. He is able to tolerate the winter and low temperatures. This plant is distinguished by its high levels of simplicity.
Tees - is the undisputed champion among all evergreen crops for endurance and cold-resistant qualities. The plant feels well in a living fence, which will be in a shady place. Especially prefer to grow in the conditions of central Russia varieties such as Canadian, as well as berry yew.
Of the large number of families of this culture, special attention should be paid to the thuja of the western type. This plant is able to withstand any manifestations of the Russian winter. This type of plant includes a large number of forms, as well as varieties of varieties.
You can choose a dwarf western thuyu, which in most cases grows up to the mark of 60 centimeters or its opposite - the 15 meter giant thuja, which has a spiral crown shape.
Fast-growing hedge of climbing flowers
They differ from evergreen plants mainly in that their decorativeness index does not stay throughout the year, but only that period of time while the plant has leaves. A large number of deciduous crops flourish beautifully, are considered honey plants, used in traditional medicine, and can also produce a large number of fruits.
These are the most common types of shrubs and trees: black agony, acacia, elderberry, hawthorn, euonymus, elm, cherry, honeysuckle, turf, willow, cotoneaster, viburnum, currant, jasmine-chubushnik, maple and lilac.
Fast-growing plants for hedge
From these plants, you can create live decorations for those who do not want to wait too long. Although it cannot be said that such crops will somehow lose to the rest, for both the evergreen and deciduous crops grow quickly. In addition, each of these plants is attractive in its own way and can withstand the negative effects of the atmosphere and low temperatures.
- Deciduous Barberry of Thunberg - This is a culture, shoots in which purple-red, yellow and bright spots stand out in the whole composition. One of the most common plants in construction outside the city.
- Euonymus. And in the summer, and in the autumn plant is capable of striking a large number of multi-colored foliage: from white to purple. Even at the time when the leaves on the plant completely fall off, it remains beautiful, as well as hung with a large number of fruits.
- Privet. To cut this shrub is one pleasure, as in this case you can embody absolutely any creative idea, you can get a green wall or any geometric shape. The only drawback in this case is that this plant is not accustomed to frost, so the plant will have to create additional shelter on the territory of the middle lane.
- Cotoneaster. Flowers and inflorescences of the plant are modest in appearance, but they are not considered the main decoration of the plant. Decorative culture gives purple leaf color. To this beautiful color, red berries are also added to the plant, which continue to hang on the branches until it is very cold outside. It is very easy for a cotoneaster to give any shape you need for a haircut, which for a long time will not lose its decorative effect and general outlines.
- Hawthorn. He draws the attention of people around him in the process of spring flowering, as well as in the summer, when the ripening berries on the plant become yellow, orange, and also red. In autumn, the foliage of the plant shows itself all over. An indispensable plant is considered for fast-growing hedges in the Moscow region, as well as in other regions and regions of our country.
- Forsythia. Also considered a decorative culture. In most cases, it is planted during the creation of the most dense fences. Its buds look attractive against the background of dense and juicy foliage.
- Boxwood. Such a plant is not afraid of exposure to temporary frosts and low temperatures, but can not survive when exposed to strong winter winds, as well as direct sunlight in the springtime. With due respect and proper care, the plant grows in a short time and gets a bright green color that lasts throughout the year. You can use trimmed hedges.
- Yew. This evergreen plant, which has a dense, but not barbed needles. Depending on the variety or variety, it can be grown in the form of a simple bush or ball, a candle and a cone. The roots of the plant creeping type. The plant is considered very convenient in the process of active cutting.
- Thuja. Evergreen and fast-growing shrub. Gardeners prefer to use it because of the dense crown, as well as the pleasant aroma and clear outlines of culture. To create a hedge, you should use western thuya, which will not require special care and cultivation from the gardener, as well as be able to endure the bad weather.
Creating a multi-tiered fence from plants
Single-tier density of living plantations is most often created due to the economy of a larger territory of the site. For her need to choose such trees, in which the branches will grow from the very base of the trunk. These trees can be called maple, linden and poplar.
If there is no problem in front of the cottager, the area will be much better if he starts growing a multi-tiered green fence, which will be able to properly cover the site from strong wind. In this case, it turns out that, selected by the height indicators, trees and shrubs will not overlap each other, but at the same time they will attractively harmonize with the color background. They will bloom and bear fruit in a certain order.
- The highest tier of several tiers can be: linden, ash, willow, buckthorn, mountain ash, poplar, maple
Such trees grow mainly to the level of three meters. The highest representatives of this culture are white or blood-red deren, common barberry, as well as Amur, common buckthorn, narrow-leaved and silver loch, spiky and smooth irga, black-fruited aria, Hungarian and common lilac, hazel, Tatar honeysuckle, maple Gin. .
- To create green fences with a height of 1.2 to two meters, it will be good to use gray and wrinkled roses, shiny cotoneaster, willow spirea, Thunberg barberry, Russian broom, alpine and golden currant, hip and curvy and alpine varieties of honeysuckle.
Cultures with such a height adapt well to growing in a certain zone, in which a special border with neighboring plants can be designated, and also to divide the entire territory of the site into specific zones.
- Even lower green fences, ranging from one meter to 1, 2, can create such cultures as low-growing types of Thunberg barberry and chubushnik, as well as Bessey and ferruginous cherry, steppe almonds, Japanese, and three-blade spireya.
- If you want to create a small curb with half-meter-high plants, you can freely start growing caragana, Thunberg barberry, Japanese spiraea, Chubushnik (Dwarf and Dwarf) and lingonberries.
How to create fast-growing plantations in the garden
Shorn plantings will look particularly impressive. They differ from each other in particular compactness and accuracy, and are also capable of maintaining a given shape for a long time. And after a few years there will be the formation of an impassable hedge. Чтобы получить такой пейзаж, стоит правильно выбирать культуры для процесса посадки, которые смогут качественно сохранять свою форму на протяжении долгого времени, а также легко восстановятся после процесса стрижки.
Все такие качества имеются у лип, блестящего кизильника, а также боярышника, барбарис сортов Альберта, альпийский, татарский и покрывальный. Honeysuckle, white turf, alpine, and Canadian currant, maple - Tatar and Ginnala possess such properties. Also to such plants is attributed poplar - Canadian and Berlin, purple willow.
With all this, you can also make planting conifers. A simple spruce, European larch, as well as two types of thuja - Smaragad and Brabant are well suited for cutting a green hedge. The larch looks especially decorative after the cutting process, it is in good condition even when all the needles fall off completely.
What crops are suitable for prickly green hedge
Hedge with thorny plants is a real frontier for your home. Dense thorny bushes will be difficult to overcome not only the common man, but also a pet.
Such a fence can be obtained if the planting of wild rose, hawthorn, blackthorn, barberry, Manchurian aralia, as well as Eleutherococcus prickly is carried out. More worth exploring such a plant from photographs from the Internet.
What are the hedges?
Worldwide, hedges since ancient times were used in garden art. And in the countries of the east, and in prim England, such plantations were an integral part of park culture. This method of landscape design has many variations.
The height of the fence is the main parameter by which they are classified. Depending on this factor, share:
Curb Fence. Green living fences (up to 1 m) perform a purely decorative function, consisting in the selection of paths and paths, the separation of lawns and flower beds.
Hedges. The fence height from 1 m to 2 m is intended to zone the site.
External fences. Plantings with a height of more than 2 m serve as a fence, limiting the external space.
Green wall. Almost irresistible park construction, reaching a height of 4 m. It is an excellent substitute for traditional fences.
According to design features, internal and external hedges are conventionally divided into:
open - are purely decorative obstacles that perform the function of conditional division of zones,
half-open - visually protect the object, but do not become a mechanical obstacle,
closed - not only visually protect the territory, but also represent a real physical barrier from plantings.
The plants themselves can be planted in one or in several rows, in a different order. Multi-row hedges are simple, that is, all plants are the same in height and variety. There are multi-row cascade plantations in which plants of different heights.
By the type of plants used to create living fences, the following groups are distinguished:
Evergreen plants. Retain decorative throughout the year. These include conifers and some deciduous plants.
Deciduous plants. In the winter shed leaves. At this time of year, the fence becomes naked and transparent, which is not always convenient. But then, the rest of the time, the owners are happy with the seasonal change in the coloring of the leaves, and some also with colorful flowering. This group includes various trees and shrubs.
Perennial plants. Such fences are created for several years.
Annual plants. Allow to equip the fastest growing fence. But she lives only until winter, then the plants die. Usually used annual vines.
The hedge will protect you from prying eyes
Fast growing hedge
Fast-growing shrubs are the ideal material for creating such plantations. Shrubs grow fairly quickly and have a number of advantages with respect to trees and lianas, which are as follows:
shrub fence easily zoning the site (garden, garden, recreation area, playground, etc.),
allow you to equip curbs near the paths, flower beds and other places,
ideal for creating any shape due to shearing and trimming (ball, square, pyramid, etc.),
among the bushes there are species with different shades of foliage, which allows you to transfer accents to some details,
similar fences due to dense foliage perfectly protect the owners of the site from street noise and dust.
Consider some not-so-complicated fast-growing shrubs that do not lose their decorative effect from the first days of spring to late autumn.
From the barberry, you can quickly form a perennial evergreen hedge. Due to its plasticity, it allows the formation of low hedges-curbs. It tolerates a haircut. If you plant bushes less often, then you can get completely impassable, impassable and very prickly thickets. Unsolicited guests in the form of neighboring cats and dogs will not penetrate through such jungle. It grows quickly, very well increasing the green mass.
It looks very decorative, as it changes the color of the leaves at different times of the year. Shades range from bright green to scarlet yellow and almost burgundy. Dark red edible berries ripen in the fall and adorn the shrub to frost. It looks spectacular as a monoculture in a single row planting, and in composite solutions with other bushes.
The culture is distinguished by unpretentiousness and good frost resistance. The most common fast-growing varieties of barberry are small-bredavschuyu, boxwood, Julian and Thunberg. Evergreen species prefer penumbra, deciduous better develop in the bright sun.
Prive is very loved by landscape designers and gardeners for their extreme simplicity and very fast growth. Among perennials, it is considered practically the fastest growing. It tolerates decent frosts and drought. It grows on absolutely any soil. It feels great in sunny areas and in the shade. Will allow to form quite high fences up to 4 m high.
The wall of this shrub is dense and thick, requires regular shearing due to rapid growth. Privet is an excellent object for creating garden sculptures of shrubs. It can be given almost any shape.
The berries of this plant can not be eaten, they are considered poisonous. But the birds feed them with pleasure. In dense thickets they love to build their nests and raise offspring various small birds. In winter, privet always discards foliage.
Decorative unusual shrub that has many varieties with different color leaves. It grows very quickly, over the summer its branches can stretch up to 40 cm. The culture is very winter-hardy and resistant to various diseases. Even in severe frosts, the bushes only slightly freeze the tips of the young shoots. Prefers to grow in sunny open spaces. But it will perfectly survive in the shade, although it will lose its color saturation.
The leaves are very unusual and decorative, have similarities with the leaves of maple, viburnum and currant. Coloring may have dramatic differences, depending on the variety. There are varieties with a yellow-golden color and purple-red. Very original look plants with leaves of 2 colors at once: burgundy and gold.
The bush has the ability to grow at the same time in all directions, while it is usually almost perfectly round. In height and width can exceed 3 m. Allows you to form any fancy shapes out of yourself by trimming. In late June and early July, the plant is densely covered with umbrella-shaped inflorescences, consisting of a large number of small whitish-cream flowers.
Such plantations remain equally decorative at any time of the year. The foliage they do not shed and can not please the owners with a variety of colors. Evergreen hedge always looks a bit gloomy, especially coniferous plantations. To avoid this, it is recommended to combine coniferous crops with deciduous in one planting. Coniferous shrubs and trees will not only decorate the site, but will also clear the air of harmful impurities due to the phytoncides contained in the needles.
Evergreens should be selected in strict accordance with local climatic conditions, since severe and snowy winters are not able to survive most of the heat-loving crops. Planting them again every year is not very reasonable, and it is quite expensive.
Such a hedge always looks great and goes well with other garden plants. It will suit any garden style and design. Even in winter, covered with snow, such a fence looks extremely impressive. Many owners believe that green spaces grow very slowly and require intensive care. But it is not so. Choosing the evergreens correctly, you can get a green fence in 2-3 years
In the first years after planting, spruce trees grow very slowly, but after that they significantly accelerate their growth. Brought a large number of decorative varieties. Most of them have very dense dense branching and impenetrability. Look good in group plantings. The culture is resistant to extreme cold. Not very demanding on the composition of the soil, but does not grow well on heavy clay soils. Does not like lowlands with stagnant water.
Norway spruce Inversa
All conifers need good lighting, with its lack of branches stretched and laid bare. Fir trees with golden and blue shades of needles grow better in sunny areas, and with dark green needles they prefer partial shade.
The crown begins right from the ground and is perfectly shaped, which allows you to create curly hedges. Planting height can reach 30 m, the life span of plants is about 250-300 years. Such a hedge always looks great and goes well with other garden plants. It will suit any garden style and design.
Box and thuja western
Boxwood is one of the oldest ornamental shrubs. This evergreen plant has about 30 varieties, each of which has its own unique. It is a rather thermophilic culture, it does not tolerate frosts and requires careful shelter for the winter. In the northern regions almost never used. Boxwood is a rather unpretentious shrub that grows on any soil. Easily tolerates shade and transplant at any age.
The branches are covered with small shiny leaves. When pruning does not lose decoration and allows you to put into practice any fantasy. It does not grow very fast and does not require frequent haircuts. There are dwarf varieties, and there are varieties that can grow up to 3 m under favorable conditions. The better the conditions, the faster the boxwood will grow.
Thuja is an evergreen shrub, but it can change its color depending on the time of year. In the summer it is green, and by the winter it gets brownish shades. There are a lot of varieties, and they are very different from each other. There are globular varieties of light green color that do not require a haircut. And there is a columnar thuja up to 7 m high, which have a rich dark green color. Fast growing plants of some varieties are able to create a hedge in 3-4 years.
Culture tolerates frost well and does not require additional shelter. He likes regular pruning, from which it is better to bush. The densely planted seedlings look very good; expanding, they turn into a solid green wall.
Plants for hedges can be very different. When choosing them, there are many factors to consider. With proper selection of planting material, proper planting and proper care, the green fence will allow you to enjoy your magnificent view for many years.
Pros and cons of hedge
Evergreen hedge will help give the site an attractive look and save the family budget for the construction of the fence and care for it (painting, application of anti-corrosion agent). Living fence has the following advantages:
- good protection of the site from curious passersby,
- saving money
- constant oxygen production
- positive effect on the mental state of a person
- protection of the site from dirt, noise, dust, wind,
- the ability to divide the land into zones (summer kitchen, garden beds, sauna, etc.),
- a barrier to entry to the site of unauthorized people and animals,
- improvement of the microclimate,
- giving the site an attractive look.
In addition to the advantages, there are drawbacks to the live fence:
- requires constant care,
- it will take time for the plants to grow.
You can purchase already grown plants for a live fence, but in this case you will have to pay more for them.
Vegetation requirements for hedge
In modern landscape design, vegetable fencing is widely used in the design of plots. With its help, they make a zonal separation, apply it as an element of decoration around some buildings, make framing of paths and paths on the site. Recently, such a fence began to be used as an alternative to the usual concrete, metal or wooden fence.
When working with evergreens for hedges, it is possible to experiment and grow high, compact or low fencing.
You can create a high, lively fence of plants with thorns, then no hooligans can not exactly get to someone else's site. When choosing a height, the host of the section has no restrictions, as for the width, it should not exceed 0.8 m.
When choosing vegetation, it is necessary to take into account some parameters: with a large perimeter of the fence, care must be taken to ensure that the plant chosen is not whimsical and does not need constant care. The owner will be very difficult to care for each plant planted, if there are 100, and sometimes much more.
If you make the wrong choice, you will have to spend all your free time on caring for a hedge, not on rest or garden beds and fruit trees.
People living in cold climatic conditions, you need to choose not only unpretentious plants, but also resistant to frost, so that in the future you do not have to dig out frozen plants and plant new ones instead. In this case, the owner will have to constantly spend money on the purchase of bushes.
In addition to the above parameters, you need to pay attention to that:
- how long the selected plant will grow,
- can it give shape
- are fruits or flowers present
- the number of growth seasons
- and it is desirable that they have constant care.
It is possible for the fence to choose plants that twist or trail. For them, a trellis is being constructed or they are simply left to curl over the fence present, thanks to these bindweed you get a beautiful green fence. About which city is better to choose, see this video in this video:
Curly fencing will take a small amount of space wide. Still, this plant does not need much time for growth, after about a year it will grow and completely hide the area from curious neighbors. Deciduous, climbing and coniferous plants are very popular in creating hedges.
Conifers do not grow as fast as bindweed, but they have their advantages. Such plants are cold-resistant, perfectly amenable to cutting and not very demanding to the ground. These hedges well look in any season, are combined with all types of plants and styles in which the site is issued. Before purchasing a conifer, you need to decide where it will be planted. Green plants love penumbra, and honyniki with various shades on needles prefer sunny terrain. For information on how to make a living fence of conifers, see this video:
This vegetation should not be planted in places where water stagnation occurs. The best soil for them is a mixture of sand, peat and turf in equal quantities. The landing is carried out very carefully, it is impossible to disturb the earthen room, in which the rhizome of the plant is located. In case of violation of the earthen coma or root, the ephedron will take root for quite a long time;
The distance between the seedlings ranges from 0.2 to 0.7 m, everything will depend on the type of fence and the type of hodge.
Fences from the conservator are constructed in 1 row. This is necessary in order for each plant to have enough light, otherwise the branches below will be exposed. Landing is made in August and September, these months are the most optimal for hvoynikov. Healthy and strong seedlings can be planted in the summer, but only during cloudy weather.
After planting in the summer, the seedlings should be hidden from direct sunlight, these measures will help the plant settle down faster. As soon as the shoots begin to appear young shoots, they need to be watered regularly and from time to time to spray the crown. These procedures will help strengthen the plant and improve frost resistance.
In a large variety of deciduous plants you can find evergreen varieties that can grow very quickly. Due to the fact that they are fairly easy to cut, for a short period of time on the site will be neat and attractive fence.
Барбарис достаточно крепкий куст, при правильном формировании с его помощью можно создать непроходимое ограждение. Среди сортов можно найти не только вечнозеленые, но и быстрорастущие. Барбарис можно сочетать с другими кустарными многолетниками. Вечнозеленый барбарис нужно высаживать в полутеневом месте.
Чтобы куст хорошо выглядел, перед посадкой нужно удобрить грунт.
Barberries are planted in spring and autumn, it is necessary that the root was with a lump of earth. During the purchase of seedlings need to carefully examine the rhizome: if the seedling with bad, bare and small roots, then it is better not to buy. Of these seedlings will not grow a good plant. During the landing, an earthen room with the root should be located at ground level. The lump is dropped into the hole and powdered, the soil around the bush must be tightly tamped and watered.
In places with harsh climatic conditions, bushes must be covered after the first frost. Pruning of bushes to remove old leaves and branches produced in early spring, and it should be done regularly. To shape the bush pruning done in the summer 3 times per season. Determine the choice of perennial helps this video:
Boxwood is the most suitable option for creating a live fence. This plant is absolutely not whimsical, it does not require constant soil fertilization and watering. Almost all varieties of boxwood grow very slowly, especially dwarf species. If you do not want to wait a long time, then you need to choose tall varieties. During planting, seedlings should be located in 1 row at a distance of 0.15 m from each other.
Box after planting, you must immediately water and trim the shoots to 2/3 of their length.
The most favorable time for planting is spring. In the middle of 1 month of summer, 1 bushes are fed with fertilizer of mineral origin. Trim the box can be a year after planting. Mature bushes need to be trimmed every month from mid-spring to early autumn. After shearing, boxwood should be carefully watered and fertilized.
To choose a suitable plant for a hedge, it is necessary to know how the climatic conditions will be transferred, in which place it is better to plant, and what should be done to preserve an attractive appearance. Before acquiring any sapling, you must first pay attention to the condition of its roots. With the right approach to planting and caring for a plant, a live fence will delight the owner with their appearance for a fairly long period of time.
What should be considered?
If you plan to create something capital, not for one season, then you should take a responsible attitude to the choice of plants and the selection of varieties. For a hedge it is better to plant frost-resistant, drought-resistant and non-demanding fertility species. You should also consider the possibility of defeat diseases and pests. The less attention a planting will require to itself, the better. Frozen twigs, dried out specimens, chlorotic and corroded leaves - greatly reduce the decorative effect. To eliminate such problems will take time and a lot of skills.
However, even if the most unpretentious and adapted species and varieties are selected, for a quick result it will be necessary to ensure optimal growth conditions. Planting material for the fence is taken at the age of 2-3 years (with the exception of conifers, slowly growing in the first years of life). Older plants have a voluminous root system and are sensitive to transplants, and from annual seedlings, getting a full-fledged hedge will require more time. The most realistic period for which it is possible to form a green hedge, subject to the use of quality planting material - 2 years. And this applies only to fast-growing species that give a good increase.
For rapid growth, plants need a supply of nutrients in the soil and a sufficient amount of water, so they plant in fertilized soil and provide regular irrigation in the first years, especially during droughty periods. If the dacha is located in the vicinity of groundwater, then most plants will require good drainage in the form of a layer of rubble or broken brick at the bottom of the planting pit or trench.
In order to eliminate the risk of young saplings freezing, in the first 2-3 years it is necessary to carry out a shelter for the winter with a nonwoven material or a mulch layer of dry leaves, needles or lapnik. For the protection of fruit trees, it is undesirable to use mountain ash, as it has diseases and pests common with apple trees, and such plantations can turn into a hotbed.
Plants for fast and long lasting results.
To quickly create an eco-intake, you can use undersized (about 1 meter in height) and medium-growth (2-3 meters in height) bushes, evergreen branches, waving lianas and even trees. It should be understood that if you use conifers, then in any case such a quick result as with shrubs will not be.
Nevertheless, experts recommend for the evergreen hedge a few representatives of conifers - record-holders in annual growth. These include berry and canadian yew, western thuja and juniper.
These species are ideal for homogeneous plantings, and for multi-tiered compositions as a backdrop for low-growing shrubs. Planting material of conifers is taken at the age of 5 years, it is preferable to purchase seedlings with a closed root system.
Below are the best options for the fast-growing hedge with the main characteristics.
Green apple leaf
Forms a magnificent krone with sprawling branches. It reaches a height of 3 meters. The leaves are large and carved, depending on the variety, may have a lemon or purple color, brownish or purple hue.
Negatively reacts to lime content in the soil and does not tolerate waterlogging (drainage is necessary on heavy soils). It is photophilous, frost-resistant, but in severe winters frosting of the tips of young shoots is possible, resistant to gas pollution and dust.
The natural appearance of the plant is a sprawling fountain-like shrub. Immediately after planting, the top is pruned, in the early years, the side shoots are shortened by several centimeters to produce a powerful fluffy bush.
It has a spreading crown. The height exceeds 2.5 meters. In addition to decorative leaves with a bright border, it is attractive in spring with fluffy inflorescences of white or cream color.
It grows on any soil. Growing up in Siberia, it perfectly withstands the vagaries of nature, but does not tolerate drought, shade-tolerant. Trimming begin the next year after planting and hold it twice per season to maintain the correct shape. Without pruning, the bushes from the bottom become bare and look sloppy.
Spreading shrub with early flowering: yellow flowers bloom before the leaves and densely cover the shoots.
Prefers light breathable and calcareous soils. It has good winter hardiness and drought resistance, light-requiring. Adult plants are cut after flowering to developed buds.
Upright shrub up to 2 meters high with large spherical inflorescences. Demanding on soil fertility and moisture. Light and heat-loving, shelter required in the northern regions. Does not need shaping trimmings.
It is very decorative all year round, has long spines, is represented by dwarf and tall forms. Unpretentious. You can choose varieties for different growing conditions. Easily amenable to any shaping. Pruning is carried out after flowering and at the end of summer.
It has a compact bush up to 2 meters high with thorny shoots. In spring, it is beautiful with numerous white flowers, in summer - with dark green, purple or bright red leaves, and in late autumn - with blue berries - “balls”. It grows on any soil. It is frost-resistant, well transfers shading. The bush turns out dense and accurate and without frequent cutting.
Thorny bush is medium in size, very attractive during flowering period. Does not tolerate stagnation of water and close groundwater. It grows well in different climatic zones. Formative pruning is carried out annually in the autumn after leaf fall.
Tall prickly shrub with abundant flowering. Any soil is suitable, including poor and heavy clay. It is frost-resistant and shade tolerant. Without pruning does not lose decoration. Planting can form any height. In practice, an impassable continuous wall is created by splicing the side branches of neighboring bushes.
Liana with large beautiful leaves. It is undemanding to soil types, but in the early years it responds well to top dressing and fertilizer. It is frost-resistant, rarely affected by diseases and pests, shade-tolerant.
Formation consists in tying and direction of vines. Rapid growth requires mandatory pruning in the first year after planting to remove sticking and outgrowing shoots. It is also necessary to periodically sprinkle naked growing roots.
Evergreen liana. Prefers fertilized and moisture-absorbing soil. Does not love the sun, young plants must be covered for the winter. The autumn pruning of “sticking out” and dry elements is required, as well as the shortening of the shoots to produce a lush fence.
Weaving plant with a long and bright flowering, suitable for creating a hedge in height from 1 to 2 - 3 meters (depending on the variety). Prefer well-drained loam. Light and moisture-loving, in the Middle zone require shelter.
Pruning depends on the variety group. In some cases, pruning of withered shoots under the first developed bud is used, in others - autumn pruning of young growth at a distance of about 30 cm from old wood.
Powerful vine with bright green leaves, in its attractive during flowering and fruit formation. Unpretentious and very aggressive, light-requiring. Requires strong support and regular pruning spreading.
Low (up to 1.5 meters) bush with a rounded crown and silver leaves. Undemanding to fertility, well tolerated waterlogging. Light-requiring, drought-resistant, has good winter hardiness. With the help of formative spring pruning, you can create low hedges of any shape.
Reaches a height of about 8 meters. Even poor soils are suitable for it. Adapts well to growing conditions. Adult plants are trimmed at the beginning and at the end of the season.
It is appreciated by graceful leaves and snow-white inflorescences with a pleasant aroma. Grows on poor and saline soils. Drought-resistant, heat and light-requiring, does not tolerate harsh winters. Pruning is carried out to limit the growth and activation of branching, without regular care, it turns into thickets and gives many young growth.
What to choose from the variety? A matter of taste. Ornamental shrubs will become not only an obstacle or a means of zoning, but also a spectacular decoration of the garden.
Fruiting fast-growing shrubs for hedges not only decorate, but also benefit in the form of medicinal berries. However, with such cultivation with frequent haircuts, you should not expect big harvests. If you want to make hawthorn jam or barberry jam for the whole family, it is better to plant a separate bush and care for it accordingly.
The fastest growing hedge is obtained from lianas (grapes, hops), while in a short time you can form a high and dense eco-selection. But for vertical growth, creepers require support, which must be quite strong to withstand the weight of powerful shoots growing over the years. Rapid growth requires regular and proper pruning so that the plant does not tangle everything around.
For durable plantings fit and trees. Willow and acacia give a very good annual growth and quickly reach the desired height. The fence of them does not have to be high - with the help of pruning you can easily change the natural appearance of the plant.
In order for the fence to turn out to be quite dense and the plants do not oppress each other, it is necessary to withstand the recommended planting pattern. It is more convenient to plant in a trench with a depth of 0.5 and a width of 0.6 m. Seedlings are aligned along the string - this is important for creating a flat wall. Climbing plants are placed in 0.25 m, for low-growing shrubs a distance of 0.5 and 1 m is acceptable, for tall shrubs the distance is increased to 1.5 m.
For most species, spring planting is more favorable, but an autumn one is allowed, provided that the seedlings take root before frost. Many representatives will need a garter to the support, so the stakes with twine should be prepared in advance.
The trench is filled with a fertile mixture of compost, sand and peat. For shrubs need stimulating pruning after planting, which allows you to get a highly branched lush bush. Lianas (with the exception of girlish grapes) are not pruned in the first year, allowing them to develop the root system and increase the green mass. In the first year, plants need good watering and mulching with humus or compost.
Planting fast-growing plants, you need to take into account two of their shortcomings: the need for frequent cutting and strong development of young plants. Over the years, such a fence can act as an invader at the dacha. High powerful fences can shade small areas that need to be considered when choosing plants.
For those who are inclined to extravagance, a combined solution of different types or of several contrasting varieties of the same type will be an excellent solution for the design of a cottage or a country house.