Victoria is one of the luxurious varieties of garden strawberries, characterized by a unique aroma and sweet taste. In the spring, intensive active growth of the plant begins. Spring is the time when the foundation is laid for a good harvest of nutritious berries.
Before doing the feeding around the plant, the soil and bushes are processed as soon as the snow melts and the soil dries out well. The antennae are carefully cut off, and yellow leaves are hand-picked. If necessary, cut off the damaged areas of the bush. Then around him clear the place with a rake.
After cleaning the bushes in the spring (May), treatment is carried out for numerous diseases. To this end, potassium permanganate is thrown into a bucket of cool water so that the color is saturated pink. There also send 5 g of boric acid and 8 g of iodine. Mix well and water the bushes with this solution (2 cups each). A week later, you can start feeding Victoria.
How to fertilize strawberries after winter
When spring comes, the first feeding is carried out before the formation of buds. First you just need to take care, scrubbing foliage and dry shoots. The first time should be fertilized well saturated mullein, made from fresh manure:
- for fertilizer in a bucket of water dilute 1 liter of fermented mullein,
- If you do not use mullein, the first feeding can be done on the basis of urea (urea). In a bucket of water, 2 spoons of the product are diluted, and each bush is poured in 0.5 liters,
- top dressing is carried out after a rain, when the soil is wet. This will ensure good absorption of the mullein, as it will only spread over dry soil.
The advantages of mullein include saturation with phosphorus and nitrogen. The latter promotes the growth of the fruit plant, and phosphorus helps form the ovaries.
Rules for spring feeding berries
- The first feeding is done with the use of the drug "Chorus" at the rate of 12 g per bucket of water as soon as spring arrives. After half a month, you need to re-produce the treatment of diseases.
- Shut off the disease and spotting berries can drug "Topaz" - on a bucket of water 6 ml.
- It is allowed to apply foliar application called Plantafol at the rate of 20 g per 10 liters of water. Analogs are considered the means: "Growth concentrate", "Breksil mix", "Megafol".
- For better education of the ovary, you can add 10−15 ml "Boroplus".
During the flowering period, strawberries Victoria can be fed as follows:
- a glass of wood ash poured into a bucket and pour the product with two liters of boiling water. After a good stirring, the mixture is left for the infusion, and then 3 g of boric acid and potassium permanganate are added thereto. A spoon of iodine is added to the solution. This mixture should be watered strawberries, bringing the amount of water up to 10 liters,
- the mixture is stirred until uniform,
- for dilution it is necessary to use rainwater or separated.
Spray this solution can be leaves, ovaries and flowers. Under each bush is poured a glass of the mixture to ensure a great harvest.
In order to process young shoots in the spring, it is worth preparing a remedy from two powerful components:
The solution with the use of these components eliminates pests and grit, spotting and gray rot. In addition, the mixture with iodine saturates the berry with microelements.
You can prepare a solution from a bucket of water., a tablespoon of iodine and several granules of potassium permanganate. It is advisable to water this solution bushes, pre-sprinkled with fertilizer and ash.
Before you properly feed the strawberries Victoria, first loosen the soil with garden forks of about 10 cm. To improve the effect and protect the plant, sprinkle straw between the rows. After that, strawberries poured herbal infusion. It is a brown liquid, easy to prepare:
- 1/3 of the capacity is clogged with nettles, filled with water and infused in a warm place for 2 - 3 days
- without dilution, the berries are carefully watered with a solution and then with boric acid (10 g per 3 buckets of water),
- again the plant is watered.
Boric acid helps form the ovary. Before flowering, it is necessary to fertilize strawberries, and after feeding, processing is carried out from the weevil and mite.
Fertilizing strawberries Victoria yeast gardeners have become relatively recently. However, the results from the facility are impressive. Yeast remedy is used 2−3 times during the season. In the spring, in order to increase the vegetative development (somewhere in May), in the summer - during the active formation of fruits and after fruiting during the recovery period. As a rule, 5 liters of solution is enough for 10 bushes of berries.
Cook it easy. Allowed to use fresh and dry yeast. In a conventional plastic bottle, the solution is diluted and shaken up with quality. The recipe is as follows:
- If you use dry yeast: take 100 g, diluted in two liters of warm water and add 3 tablespoons of sugar.
- If you apply fresh yeast, the most rational ratio is 1 kg of yeast per 5 liters of water.
- The mixture is then poured into a bucket of water and liquids are added before filling. The mixture is left in a warm place for 4 hours. At the end of time, the bucket of the solution is poured into a 200-liter barrel.
- Water the bush should be at the root (at least 0.5 liters).
This remedy is popular for its potassium saturation.. In addition to it, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium are present in the ashes. The rapid solubility of the agent allows it to be used in dry form or as part of solutions in the spring.
The best for feeding Victoria strawberries is considered to be ash wood, and to prepare the solution you need:
- In ten liters of water dilute 1 kg of ash (about 2-liter jars).
- The infusion is left for a day with periodic stirring.
- Watering solution involves dilution of 1 liter of extract in a bucket of water.
- If you use the ashes in a dry state, it abundantly sprinkle the soil under the bushes. With subsequent watering, it is absorbed into the ground.
Foliar spring dressing
Every gardener knows that strawberries are a product rich in iron, zinc and manganese. That is why it is important to properly implement foliar feeding, consisting of 3 stages:
- Spraying young leaves.
- Held at the time of flowering plants.
- Processing green berries.
The key advantage of foliar feeding is that all the necessary micro and macronutrients reach the plant in the required form and volume. All these components penetrate into the foliage at once, which is acceptable in the period of demand for useful substances.
The best period is cloudless and sunny weather. Good results can be achieved by irrigating with a solution of boric acid, as well as products with a content of sufficient volume of nitrogen.
Timely and high-quality care for strawberries Victoria will bring you a rich harvest of healthy berries. Strawberry helps to increase working capacity, improves immunity, contributes to blood formation and is indispensable for diabetes.
History of the variety
In fact, the story of creation remains a big mystery. Put forward 2 main theories. One strawberry really got its name in honor of the Queen of England Victoria. According to the second, Peter the Great brought her to Russia from Holland. Anyway, the variety was not included in the State Register. Today it is so called to call some varieties of strawberries and strawberries. In various sources, information about Victoria differs: some say that it is a certain sort of strawberry, while others think that it is strawberry.
Strawberry-strawberry Victoria - the result of the crossing of 2 types of strawberries: wild and garden. The fruits are quite large and sweet, so many gardeners have long since begun to grow it. To date, the original variety of such strawberries Victoria is contained in the collections of only a few breeders.
This species loves the heat, so the bushes should be planted in sunny places. In the northern regions this is possible only in special greenhouses. In all other characteristics, the plant is not too whimsical. In the description you can find information that the fruits of such strawberries can bear only once a year, that is, it is not remontant.
Strawberry bushes are quite high. They have elastic leaves of bright green color. Berries are usually rich red. But the fruits have a high sugar content, so they should not be carried away by people with high blood sugar. The berries are very fragrant, large and beautiful, and therefore valued among professional gardeners.
Many varieties are early maturing. They can tolerate snowy winters well, but cannot withstand the summer drought. For it to bear fruit well, you need to systematically water the bushes. Sudden temperature drops are also not terrible for this variety of strawberry. It is better to grow it on light sandy soils. Strawberry Queen Victoria will not grow in clay and marshy soil.
Important! For strawberries better small beds. Their walls can freeze in winter, because of what the bush dies.
The berries are juicy, so it is almost impossible to transport them. Seeds are small. Each berry can be up to 14 g by weight. In a good season, about 1 kg of berries are harvested from one bush.
This type of strawberry is resistant to almost all diseases. But sometimes the bushes are affected by white spot. And from insects only strawberry mite is dangerous for them.
Agricultural engineering rules
For strawberries to grow well, you need to create special conditions. It is necessary to choose the sunny places as protected from the wind. It is advisable to put fences on both sides of the site so that the bushes are not blown.
Important! It is recommended to plant strawberries away from potatoes, peppers and tomatoes. Possible close planting with legumes, sunflowers and corn. It is better not to plant Victoria near the fruitful trees, because of the shadow of the plant can develop poorly.
To plant in open ground Victoria is better either in spring or already before winter. For spring planting the soil is prepared in autumn. If strawberries are planted in autumn, the land is prepared for a couple of months. Soil need to dig, remove all weeds and be sure to make the right amount of fertilizer. This may be compost, humus. Sometimes mineral fertilizers are added. To whom it is convenient.
Some gardeners believe that such strawberries are better planted in the ridge. Others say that you should not bother, but just put the bushes in the hole.
Basic landing rules:
- To each well add a little wood resin and 1 kg of fertilizer. All this needs to be mixed with the ground, water and only then plant, as expected, seedlings.
- Between rows, the distance should be at least 60 cm, and between seedlings - 35 cm each.
- It is better to dig up young bushes so that around them the brow is turned out. Thus, the water during irrigation will not leak, but will remain around the plant.
- After the next watering, the ground is mulched with straw or mowed grass. At the same time moisture in the soil is better preserved.
There is also a method of growing strawberries on the "film". The ground around the plant is covered with a mulch film or agrofibre. At the same time the berries remain completely clean, they are not damaged by any pests. Mulch does not grow weeds. Therefore, the landing is not too complicated.
Watering large-fruited strawberries
In spring, the plant is prepared for fruiting. Victoria Strawberry needs good watering at least twice a week. In this case, the water should be warm. For this kind of strawberry drip irrigation is better suited.
There is a simpler method of watering, which is as follows:
- Make a hole in the big barrel.
- They put the hose there and fix it with the help of an adapter.
- To avoid leaks, it is important to tightly screw the hose to the walls of the hole.
- At the end of the hose put on a special sprinkler.
- The design is established in that place which needs to be poured.
If you follow this simple instruction, then no special devices for watering will be required.
As the bushes grow, the soil is significantly depleted. In order for the plant to receive all the necessary nutrients, it must be constantly fed, and produced at least 3 times per season. The first feeding is carried out when the first 2 leaves of strawberries appear. Do this with a green solution or mullein. Manure must be diluted with ordinary water 1:10. This mixture is poured under each bush.
Important! To fertilize the soil with minerals, dilute 2 tbsp. spoons of nitrophosphate, 1 tbsp. spoon of potassium and 10 liters of warm water. But during the flowering strawberries need to be fed at least once a week with a green solution of various weeds.
Yeast is a very good fertilizer, but not dry. At 1 tbsp. spoon usually add 0.5 liters of warm water. This solution must be infused for about half an hour. After that, it is again diluted in 10 liters of warm water. Under each bush poured 200 ml of solution.
The soil around the bushes must be loosened. This will ensure a sufficient supply of oxygen to the roots of the plant. Loosen need to be careful, as the roots of strawberries are on the surface.
Loosen need to gently
Also often need to trim bad leaves and antennae. In this case, the plant will be better fruiting. Old bushes that will not bear fruit will be removed.
Prevention and treatment of possible diseases
Garden strawberries are practically not ill, especially fungal diseases. It can only threaten viral white spot. It develops in the spring during the growing season. Red spots appear on the leaves. Further, in the center of such spots, specific whitish dots are formed, in the place of which then holes appear. To get rid of the disease, plants are treated with a solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Processing solution Bordeaux fluid.
For prophylaxis, all bushes are sprayed with blue vitriol or other solutions containing copper. Processing plants is carried out before the beginning of their flowering.
The most dangerous in this case is the strawberry mite, as it provokes diseases of strawberries. The leaves shrivel, dry and turn yellow. On the inner surface appears whitish plaque. The fruits can not develop normally and simply dry out.
They fight strawberry mites with insect-acaricidal agents, for example, omaite, a clean garden, as well as zolon and fitoverm. All these tools are very toxic, so you should work in gloves. The tool is diluted immediately before use. It is filled with warm water, as indicated in the instructions. The solution is sprayed all over the bed. After a few days, the plants are best placed under the film. Insects are destroyed faster due to the formation of the greenhouse effect.
Preparing for the winter
Victoria strawberries are quite cold-resistant. With a snowy winter, the plant does not freeze out during severe frosts. If there is no snow, even a temperature of −8 ° C can lead to the destruction of the bushes. Strawberries are considered an evergreen. She winters with leaves. Autumn haircut also does not need to produce.
Plant nutrition is stopped in August. At the same time, remove the extra antennae, dig between the rows. If necessary, the bushes can be covered for the winter with straw, humus or with the usual spruce branches.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like any other variety of strawberries and strawberries, Victoria has its advantages and some disadvantages.
The main advantages of strawberries:
- the grade is not too whimsical to frost and other weather conditions,
- has a wonderful smell and taste
- resistant to various diseases and pests.
- such strawberry is practically unsuitable for transportation,
- requires constant and abundant watering,
- flowers may be damaged during the spring frosts.
In general, the strawberry-strawberry variety Victoria attracts with the simplicity of growing and caring for bushes. The berries are beautiful, large. They are juicy, have great taste and smell. Therefore, this kind of strawberry is very much appreciated among professional gardeners.
Victoria variety secrets
Information about the Victoria variety is rather inconsistent. The origin of the name of the variety is explained in different sources in different ways. It tells either about the English Queen Victoria, or that the breeding of this variety and its widespread distribution has become a kind of victory - Victoria. The homeland of this variety is also not reliably known: both Holland, France, and England appear. In the register of plants of this variety and not at all, but at the same time it is actively grown and distributed by gardeners.
Attention! Victoria variety is mistakenly attributed to strawberries, but this is a variety of garden strawberries. That is why there is a similar confusion with varieties of these two types of berries.
Strawberries and strawberries: learn to distinguish.
These plants can be distinguished from each other according to the following criteria:
- the strawberry bush is taller and stronger, its inflorescences rise above the leaves,
- strawberry fruits have a more pronounced aroma and rich taste,
- fruit strawberries are pollinated by themselves, strawberries are not. Male bushes must be alternated with female when planting in rows, otherwise the strawberry will not yield,
- in the shade, strawberries continue to bear fruit, but produce smaller berries, but strawberries do not bear fruit at all.
- fruits of garden strawberry, unlike fruits of strawberry, are not uniform in size and shape.
Strawberries and garden strawberries are different plants, although in many ways they are so similar that they are no longer distinguished by the people.
Victoria planting rules and peculiarities of care
Fruity wild strawberry varieties Victoria must be planted on a well-lit, not blown by the winds plot of land. Try to choose a place so that during the daylight the shadow of buildings, a fence or large trees does not fall on it.
The soil must be prepared in advance, ideally, a month and a half before planting. The first stage of preparation: fertilization. The following types of organic fertilizers are suitable for strawberries:
- Potassium salt
- Ammonium nitrate (for spring disembarkation).
The second stage of soil preparation: digging and loosening.
Tip Do not plant bushes immediately after loosening - the soil must "settle".
Some gardeners begin planting strawberries at the end of March, but these dates are more appropriate for the southern strip. For the middle lane, the start time of the disembarkation is May, but the ideal time, according to most gardeners, is July and August.
You can plant bushes in different ways:
- individual bushes at a distance from each other,
- single "carpet"
- nesting landing: the central bush is surrounded by several seedlings,
- in rows (the most common way).
It is enough to water the plant every 3-4 days, but it is worth monitoring the condition of the soil and the air temperature: in hot weather, watering should be done more often. After the crop is harvested, garden strawberries require additional watering to increase the future harvest.
Ways to take extra care for strawberries
One of the types of additional care for the Victoria variety is mulching. The first time it is necessary to produce at the end of flowering, the second time - in the autumn, to prepare the bushes for wintering. Sawdust, moss or straw can be used as mulch.
Also, the Victoria variety needs regular feeding. In the spring, when the snow melts, you can use manure, ash or bird droppings from natural supplements. Chemical fertilizers - ammonium nitrate.
When the strawberries have blossomed, it is better to use natural fertilizers as feeds: weeds infused with water during the week or a mullein solution.
After harvesting from natural fertilizers, biohumus and ash are used, and from chemical fertilizers, potassium sulphate and potassium nitrate are used.
As you can see, the strawberry variety Victoria does not require complex care. It is not quite whimsical, does not need pollination, simply multiplies and gives a high yield. If we talk about feedback, then from the minuses only small size of the berries is noted, but at the same time they are very sweet and fragrant. All these qualities are appreciated by many gardeners, which is why fruit strawberries are so widespread and in consistently high demand.
Features of growing and care
Every three years, the plants should be transplanted to a new place. For better growth and abundant harvest, the bushes are covered with a spanbond or any other material similar in their characteristics. Leaves are cut before winter, only a growing point remains. Everything is filled with foliage. In the spring, the leaves are removed and the area with strawberries is covered with a layer of ash from humus and sawdust.
April is best for planting seedlings. When planting this month, the first harvest can be removed in June. Seedlings should have a large developed root system. In order for plants to better take root, before planting, plants are dipped into a solution of clay and mullein. To do this, take a bucket of clay, half a bucket of mullein, everything is mixed and filled with water. It should make a smooth creamy mixture. The roots in this treatment receive additional nutrient medium.
For large berries from the bushes, all mustaches are removed. When growing a mother plant, 2 strongest whiskers are left, which will later be planted. From the mustache grows new planting material. Flower stalks are removed.
Plant nutrition is done twice per season, in spring and during fruiting.
Timely weeding, dressing, watering and processing from diseases and pests protects the plant from death, and increases the yield.
In almost any backyard you can find Victoria variety strawberries. The berries of this variety grow quite large, the aroma resembles wild berries. Strawberries should be transplanted once every three years, otherwise the fruits become small, the taste is inexpressive. Berries of this variety allow you to feel the depth of taste of this culture.
Strawberry Victoria Description
For the Victoria variety, large-fruited, frost-resistant, unpretentious, resistant immunity to diseases and pests are characteristic. The negative sides include poor transportability.
Botanical description of the variety:
- The bush is strong and compact.
- The root part is strong and developed.
- Stems erect.
- The leaves are medium in size, emerald green.
- Peduncle straight. White petals, inflorescences larger than average.
- Fruits - conical berries with a dense skin of bright red color. The taste of ripe berries is sweet, with a pleasant aroma of wild strawberry. The sugar content reaches 9.2%. The flesh is tender, pink. The weight of one berry reaches 12 g. The crop ripens during the summer, from June to August. For a season fructifies 1 time. The yield of one bush is up to 1 kg per season.
- The seeds are tiny.
Due to the taste of berries, Victoria variety is consumed fresh, and also used in cooking for making jam and popular dessert dishes, for example, strawberries with cream.
Features care for strawberries Victoria
The main condition for growing strawberries is the choice of a suitable place: on a sunny, inaccessible to the winds, non-scorched area, the chances of getting a generous harvest increase. The absence of nearby trees, as well as beds with tomatoes, potatoes and peppers, which adversely affect the development of berry bushes, have a positive effect.
Strawberry seedlings are planted in the soil no earlier than April, and harvest in June. Before planting seedlings in the soil, dip the root of the plants in an aqueous solution of clay and mullein: mix 10 kg of clay and 5 kg of mullein and fill with water to the consistency of sour cream. To get big berries, remove the mustache from the bushes.
Feed strawberries 3 times per season:
- in the spring, 14–21 days after planting,
- at the beginning of flowering and at the time of fruit set,
- in the fruiting season.
To do this, use organic fertilizers, for example, dissolve the mullein in water, a ratio of 1:10.
Every 3 years, transplant bushes, otherwise the quality of the harvest will deteriorate - the berries become shallow, and the taste loses its expressiveness.
With the right agricultural practices and caring care, even a novice gardener will grow Victoria strawberry bushes, richly covered with juicy berries.
Victoria variety: strawberries or strawberries?
It is believed that strawberries are grown in the fields and in the garden, and strawberries - wild berries from the forest. Is it really so? In fact, quite a few strawberry berries in the garden in fact are garden strawberries, including the variety of Victoria. What is the difference?
Strawberry has small pointed berries with rich aromatic pulp. Shrubs are divided into male (flowers contain only stamens - they do not give fruit) and female (with pistil flowers). For the ovary of berries, female plants should be pollinated from male bushes, which is why strawberries have low yields and not all gardeners plant it.
The fruits of garden strawberries are larger, juicy, tender, with a slightly sour taste. Flowers of strawberries contain pistils and stamens, do not require additional pollination, therefore, always produce a crop. At one place the bushes actively bear fruit on average for 3-5 years, and then it is recommended to update the plantings.
Strawberry on the left, strawberry on the right
Where did this berry come from?
The first garden strawberry was bred at the beginning of the 18th century in France by crossing virgin strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) and Chilean strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis). The Victoria variety, named after the English Queen Victoria, was brought to Russia at the end of the 18th century. Over time, the berry has become widespread.
It is interesting. The word "strawberry" in the Russian language comes from the word "earth", since the berries are quite close to the soil. In Russia, the first strawberry appeared in the 17th century, during the reign of Aleksei Mikhailovich, who was very up to gardening and broke a garden in the village of Izmailovo with unusual plants at that time for Russia.
Advantages and disadvantages (table)
Due to its positive qualities, Victoria is very popular among gardeners and farmers in the whole territory of Russia, and the fruits are widely used in cooking.
It is interesting. Garden strawberries are popular for use in traditional medicine. It is recommended to eat it in its pure form in case of vascular sclerosis, hypertension, gastric ulcer, kidney disease and kidney stones, pain in the joints, as well as stress and insomnia. The juice from the berries is useful for gallstone disease. Garden strawberry masks are an ideal remedy for skin whitening and for the treatment of acne, while fruit packs are used to treat eczema, rashes and small wounds.
Planting strawberries stands on a sunny windless place with sufficient accumulation of snow in the winter. The fact is that the roots of strawberries are located in the surface layers of the soil and at temperatures below -8 ° C without snow, they simply die. And for bare root hairs, through which the plant receives all the nutrients, any temperature below 0 ° С poses a great threat.
A place for strawberries should be sunny, it is desirable that there is some kind of shelter nearby - protection from the wind
The close location of the root system of the strawberries of Victoria to the surface of the earth causes increased demands on the quality and composition of the soil. The most favorable for planting flat dry areas with sandy sand. Crude and swampy or groundwater levels less than a meter from the ground, as well as soils with a high salt or sand content, are unsuitable for planting. Landing in high beds is also not recommended: there is poor air ventilation and little snow accumulates in winter.
Soil preparation and planting
It is not recommended to plant strawberries in a freshly dug bed. When settling the soil will tighten the roots and rosettes deep into, which is undesirable. The bed for planting should be prepared in advance - ideally in half a year, adding nutrients to the soil, the best is humus. Dosage - 6 kg per 1 square. m of soil. If desired, ammonium nitrate, potassium salt and superphosphate can be added to the humus - 20 g each.
A week before planting, it is necessary to dig up the ground on the spade bayonet and add fertilizer to a depth of no more than 10 cm, since the roots of the plant are located close to the soil surface. Experienced gardeners recommend adding ready-made nutritional mixes for strawberries and strawberries, widely represented in specialized stores. This will simplify the work on the bed and help to avoid errors in dosage. Plant better in cloudy weather and then shade the plants until they gain strength. Experts recommend planting in May, when the bushes are gaining strength and are preparing to bloom, or in August - more suitable for young seedlings.
Planting strawberry seedlings
Since the variety is distinguished by lush and strong bushes, it is best to plant them in rows at a remote distance from each other - about 30 cm between the bushes and 60 cm between the rows.
Do not neglect the standard care - regular weeding and removal of weeds. Care must be taken that the soil in the root zone is not washed away by water. Loosening the soil in the garden will not allow the land crust to form, and the roots to bare.
When growing Victoria experts recommend mulching. For these purposes, sawdust, straw, moss or film. The first mulching should be done immediately after the end of flowering: it will preserve the ripening crop. The second mulching is recommended in the fall — peat or straw — to cover the root system for the winter. When mulching with straw, it is necessary to ensure that it does not rot and rot, otherwise it will contain pests. This option is suitable for those gardeners who have the opportunity to monitor the condition of the beds.
Mulching protects the soil and plant roots and also prevents the emergence of weeds.
It is recommended to remove rotten berries and dry damaged leaves to prevent diseases and the spread of pests.
One of the ways to take care of Victoria is to regularly change and update the bushes. On average, strawberries should be transplanted to a new location every 3 years. Large strong bushes are selected. You can change the landing site in the spring or late summer. After transplanting the plants should be shaded from the sun and provide them with regular watering until they get stronger.
History varieties Victoria
The origin of this variety is still a mystery. There are two versions of the appearance of strawberries. According to one of them, the berry got its name in honor of the English Queen Victoria, during the reign of which the garden with strawberries was laid out. According to another version, the variety was bred in Holland, from where it was brought by Peter the Great. Sovereign fell in love with the berry as a child, and the monarch brought a Dutch novelty from a trip to Europe.
The variety did not make it to the register, as this name, after years, was firmly established for many varieties of strawberries and garden strawberries. However, the mysteries associated with this plant, has not become less in our electronic age. Information in the Internet space can also be found absolutely contradictory: someone speaks about Victoria as a varietal berry, someone calls so absolutely all types of strawberries. It is quite difficult to find reliable information on the forums, as gardeners, sales assistants of garden stores and even some biologists create confusion in the comments, indicating different characteristics, descriptions and growing tips.
According to one version, the strawberry variety was named in honor of the British Queen Victoria.
Description of the strawberry victoria
Victoria was originally bred by crossing garden and wild strawberries. It was brought to Russia in the 18th century. From the middle of the XIX century, gained popularity not only among the representatives of the aristocracy, but also among other segments of the population. Since then, gardeners and gardeners everywhere grow large-fruited garden strawberries of different varieties, naming them after Victoria, once bred. Given all the available facts, it is worth considering the characteristics and tips for growing large-fruited strawberries. At present, the Victoria variety in its original form can only be found in the collections of some breeders.
Victoria is actually a garden strawberry. It is a monoecious plant. Strawberries are determined by nerds as dioecious.
Strawberries are very thermophilic, prefers sunny places. Therefore, in the northern regions of Russia is grown in greenhouse or home conditions. The rest of the culture unpretentious. Strawberries fruit no more than once a season. Not repairable. Strawberry bushes are tall, the leaves are elastic, powerful, rich green. The color of the berries is red. Fruits have a high sugar content (9.2%). Large fragrant berries are highly valued by gardeners.
Varieties of large-fruited strawberries are resistant to many diseases, but are often affected by white spot. Of the pests for them is the danger only strawberry mite.
Characteristics of large-fruited strawberries
Most varieties are early maturing. In snowy winters, they are well tolerated by frost, but can freeze out at a temperature of -8 degrees, if the snow has not fallen. Drought Strawberry does not tolerate. She needs systematic watering. Sharp temperature drops are not terrible. Varieties called Victorianot zoned. Strawberries prefer light sandy soil. It does not grow in clay, loamy or marshy ground. When planting in such a soil, the root system of a plant begins to suffer. You should not build and high beds for strawberries. The walls of the beds are strongly frozen in winter, which leads to the death of plants.
The berries of large-fruited garden strawberries are very juicy, which makes it impossible to transport the fruits. The color of the berries is saturated red, however, the flesh is pinkish. Seeds are small. The average weight of the fruit is 8-14 g. These varieties are distinguished by high yield. For the season, you can collect up to 1 kg of berries from the bush.
The fruits of garden strawberries are very juicy and large. The weight of one berry can reach 14 g
Strawberries give preference to sandy non-acidic soils. The acidity level should not exceed 5.6 ph. Place for landing you need to choose a sunny and windless. Planted in spring, after frost. Strawberries are propagated in three ways: by seeds, by whiskers and by dividing the bushes. You can grow plants on your own or you can buy large-fruited garden strawberry seedlings in horticultural centers or on the market. Приобретение готового саженца упрощает пересадку растения в открытый грунт. Такие растения не болеют после посадки, так как корневая система полностью закрыта. Как же высадить рассаду земляники на дачном участке, чтобы растение быстро укоренилось и хорошо росло?
- Горшочки с рассадой ставятся в ёмкость с водой, чтобы земля пропиталась влагой.
Strawberries can be put in a pan with water
"HB 101" refers to natural fertilizers
The distance between the holes should be 30 cm
"Heart" when planting does not deepen, it should be at ground level
When planting shears, mustaches and excess leaves are removed.
After the planting of strawberries, the soil must be mulched to reduce the number of weeds in the future.
How to care for garden strawberries
Large-fruited strawberries need constant care. Only watering and dressing will not be limited to:
- After watering the soil must be loosened to provide the plants with the necessary amount of oxygen. It is important to remember that the root system of this culture is in the upper layers of the soil, therefore, loosening is carried out with caution.
- Throughout the season, strawberries are pruned with old leaves and whiskers. Mustache pruning is carried out, first, to ensure that the plant has better fruit. Secondly, that strawberries, like strawberries, do not spread around the garden. After all, there are sockets on the whiskers, which take root pretty quickly in a new place.
- Sick and old plants from the beds are removed every year. They will no longer bear fruit, so do not be afraid of this procedure.
Disease prevention and treatment
Unlike strawberries, large-fruited strawberries are not susceptible to many diseases, including fungal. However, white spotting poses a real threat to it. Viral disease affects plants in the spring, during the vegetative period. The appearance of reddish specks on the foliage indicates the occurrence of the disease. Then the center of the spots becomes whitish. Later in their place there are small holes. The virus affects not only the leaves, but also the whiskers and flower stalks. To get rid of white spotting, the plants are sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (1%).
White spotting occurs due to excessive moisture. To prevent its occurrence, it is necessary to control the frequency of watering and follow the planting pattern of strawberries.
As a disease prevention, spraying with solutions containing copper, for example, copper sulphate (3%), is recommended. Processing plants carried out before flowering.
White spotting primarily affects foliage.
Preparing strawberries for winter
Garden strawberries are cold-resistant. It does not freeze at -20–25 degrees. But this is provided that the winter is snowy. In the absence of snow, strawberries can freeze out already at a temperature of -8 degrees. According to botanists, strawberries are an evergreen plant. And winter, unlike strawberries, it should be with leaves. For this reason, the haircut in the autumn do not hold. Preparation for the winter period is as follows:
- Already in August, the plants cease to feed.
- Extra mustache removed from strawberries.
- Rows are digging up to provide oxygen to the roots.
- Large-fruited strawberries are covered for the winter with humus, straw, and spruce branches.
Gardeners are advised to use organics for shelter. The use of synthetic covering materials can lead to the appearance of rot.