Mid-season variety of eggplants Black handsome gained popularity due to the special shape, color and lack of bitterness when cooking. Judging by the experience of growing this variety, Black handsome able to surprise the simplicity of cultivation and rich harvest. With proper care, an unpretentious vegetable retains the ability to bear fruit under adverse weather conditions. The description and characteristics of this variety are presented below.
Description and characteristics of eggplant variety Black Handsome
Thanks to the work of Russian breeders in 2006, the variety was included in the register of domestic seeds. Since then, it has been successfully grown in both the southern and northern regions, including the Moscow region. The first thing that catches the eye when meeting with a variety is a rich purple-black color, a pear-shaped medium-sized form. Gardeners marked the following characteristics:
Eggplant Fruits Black handsome elliptical shape with a dark purple shiny skin
- variety is enough fruitful,
- maturing attributed to mid-season varieties,
- since planting seeds reaches maturity after 120-140 days,
- seed planted for seedlings in March, in open ground by the end of May,
- harvesting July to August in the south to September.
If the rules of cultivation are observed, good yields are guaranteed. It is considered commercially attractive for cultivation for sale. Fruits with a length of 15-20 cm covered with a shiny skin look appetizing and attractive. The average weight of 150-200 grams. In taste superior to many varieties.
Advantages and disadvantages
In terms of good yields and unpretentious growing characteristics, the variety has several advantages:
The flesh of the Black Beauty is almost white. very tasty
- Bush plants does not shade a bed, the fruits ripen perfectly.
- Ripe eggplants reach medium sizes.
- Suitable for cooking any dishes, drying, preservation.
- Variety less susceptible the occurrence of pests, diseases.
Among the shortcomings can be identified - weak root system. The plant also does not like shading, when choosing a place for the garden should take into account this moment.
The variety was obtained artificially in the middle of the 20th century. Characteristics of the vegetable made it very popular with gardeners. The fruiting period of this medium early variety can be two months. The largest crop can be obtained by growing eggplant seedlings. The plant is compact and grows up to 70 cm in height. Fruits of an eggplant of a grade black handsome can be black or dark-violet coloring. Directly the fruit can grow up to 20 cm, and its weight can be up to 900g.
Eggplant black handsome have extremely tender white flesh. The bitterness is absent. Due to these and other characteristics, vegetable is widely used in cooking. The variety is eaten fresh, after being heat treated, seamed.
The variety has a high yield: with competent agricultural technology from 1 m² up to 9 kg of fruits are harvested. The fruits are fastened excellently, so that the variety is successfully grown in greenhouses and greenhouses. The variety is thermophilic, in central Russia it is recommended to plant it in greenhouses, which will prevent problems with overcooling of plantings.
Growing by seedling
Most growers are advised to apply seedling technology of cultivating the variety for early harvest. One should not forget the thermophilicity of the vegetable and its long growing season.
- In the southern regions, where it is already warm from mid-April, planting can be carried out directly into the ground.
- Seedlings are planted in February and March. The success of cultivation largely depends on the quality of the seeds and the correctness of care, to which the variety is very demanding.
- The first thing you need to choose the right seeds. We recommend to give preference to the first selection labeled F1. The seedlings from it are resistant to diseases and temperature changes. The soil for seedlings can be purchased, there should be no problems with it. When using garden soil, it is fertilized, disinfected from fungi and infectious diseases.
- Used seeds are additionally recommended to be processed in a growth stimulator to accelerate the emergence of seedlings and the plants to be viable.
- Additional lighting will also be needed, because young landings need light 12 hours a day, and when landing in February, the length of daylight hours is a maximum of 9 hours. Illumination is provided with incandescent lamps or special fitolamps for plants.
- Saplings dive at 4-5 week after germination. Plants should be transplanted in individual containers, which activates the development of the roots and a positive impact on yield.
- Care for seedlings is not difficult. Vegetable growers should spray young saplings with a spray gun, carry out regular top dressing, loosen the soil. Ready strong and healthy seedlings guarantee a great harvest.
- In open ground or greenhouse, seedlings can be transplanted as early as 80 days after emergence. To date, the plants have 6-8 full leaves.
A black handsome eggplant planted in the ground begins to grow rapidly, and can begin to bear fruit in a month. With frequent watering and proper feeding, fruiting can last for two months. It is only necessary to harvest in a timely manner, because a long stay on the branches of ripe eggplants weakens the mother plant, the taste of the vegetable worsens.
Planting seeds in open ground
Before starting the description, we note that this technique is resorted to only in the southern regions. Black handsome can grow at temperatures above 15 ° C. Any cooling can destroy the landing.
For this reason, landing in the ground is possible at an air temperature of 15-18 ° C. The growing season for early ripening varieties lasts about 100 days, therefore, such planting can be done no later than mid-April. Further care of the seedlings is simple.
Plants need to fertilize plants, remove weeds, and water the beds in a timely manner. The southern sun soaks eggplant juice and allows you to get a great harvest of delicious vegetables!
Soil for seedlings
Land for planting seeds is sold in stores for garden and cottages. But you can make a mixture with your own hands. The three main components of quality soil are:
- turf (part 1)
- humus (2 parts)
- peat (2 parts).
Some ash is added to this mixture, and a good fertile soil for seedlings is obtained. Land should be disinfected with a solution of water and potassium permanganate, before planting seeds into it.
Black handsome in cooking
- The fruits are different delicious taste and have juicy flesh. You also need to say about the high content of vitamins and useful trace elements in vegetables.
- Special valuable eggplant in winter and in early springwhen there is a shortage of beneficial minerals and vitamin deficiency.
- Eating eggplants promotes weight loss, normalization of digestion and digestive tract. In this regard, many nutritionists recommend including this vegetable in the diet for weight loss - salads and stews.
How to grow eggplant seedlings?
It is possible to plant eggplants of the variety Cherny handsome with seeds directly into the open ground, but the chance of friendly shoots is small, and they will grow for a very long time. The seedling method is much more often used even in hot, southern regions.
Sowing seed on eggplant seedlings begin in February. Seeds are recommended to choose a well-known manufacturer. They may cost a little more, but they will pay for themselves completely. Before planting, it is advisable to soak them in some growth stimulator, but this is not necessary.
How to grow eggplant seedlings
Land for planting is disinfected with boiling water or potassium permanganate. It is enough just to pour it with a weak solution, this will be quite enough. Then it should be fed to the seeds quickly sprouted.
Eggplant seeds are planted with black handsome man - in a single file to a depth of 2 cm, not more. The distance between the individual rows is up to 5 cm. After planting, the ground is watered (so that it does not blur, you can use a sprayer). Now it remains only to cover the film and wait until the seeds germinate. It can take 7-14 days depending on the quality of the seeds, the type of their treatment, the fertilizers that were applied to the soil.
After the appearance of sprouts, the film is removed, the box with plants is put on a bright place: a balcony, a window sill. Sprouts, while they are small, need a long light day - 12 hours. If the day is short, which is natural for February, you can install LED, fluorescent or phytolamp over the box with seedlings.
Approximately 4 weeks need to dive seedlings in separate pots. If this is not done, they will stretch out a lot, the roots may get tangled, in general, it will not give anything good to sprouts. But a separate pot will provide plenty of space to the root system, it will be able to harden, and the culture will become more resistant.
Eggplant seedling care is simple: watering, loosening the ground (with a small spatula or even a pencil, so as not to damage the roots), and adding additional fertilizers. The latter can be made with any fertilizer for eggplant or seedlings, mineral or organic mixtures.
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How to plant eggplant in open ground?
Only after 80 days, when sprouts will have 6-8 leaves, it is recommended to plant them in open ground or a greenhouse. If you transplant eggplant Black handsome correctly, then after 1 month you can get the fruit. The duration of fruiting is usually stretched for 2 months.
Eggplant planting scheme
A culture grows well where onions, beans or melons were previously grown. The best variant of the earth is black earth, loam. If the soil is clay, it is worth adding sand and ash. Fertilize any soil before planting for 2 weeks or since autumn. Fertilizing is necessary in the greenhouse, if the plant is planted there.
For planting seedlings, eggplants are made in rows, with a distance of 90 cm between them, each hole is dug to a depth of 25 cm. Between individual seedlings in a row they leave about 50 cm. Only in this case they won't interfere with each other.
Each hole must be watered and fertilized if the land is not fertilized. Then the seedlings are planted, covered with earth and no longer watered for 1-2 days. It should be taken, and the excess moisture this only interfere.
How to care for eggplant?
Thanks to good care, you can get a harvest in 1 month. So what does Black Beauty Eggplants need?
When the first flowers appear, it is important to treat the plant with a growth stimulator.
- When the first flowers appear, it is important to treat the plant with a growth stimulator. The fact is that the flowers are pulled from the eggplant a lot of strength, and fertilizing can accelerate the development of flowers and getting a harvest.
- After the bush has grown enough, you need to pinch its top. Ovaries leave 10, not more, otherwise the fruits will grow slowly.
- Hilling is carried out after rain and watering about 5 times during the entire cultivation period.
- Watering is provided regular, but moderate, only separated water is used, it is heated in the sun.
- Fertilizers are applied 5 times per season. In the period of the appearance of flowers and fruits, it is recommended to use organic substances, as mineral substances can harm the taste of the vegetable or lead to wilt flowers.
What can hurt and how to deal with pests?
Eggplant Black Handsome has an average resistance to some diseases, and yet the processing of special substances, or at least prevention of people, does not hurt.
From black legs need to use bleach. As for the Colorado potato beetle, either a specialized tool or simply manual cleaning can help. At the same time it is necessary to collect the beetle 2 times a day, only then this method is effective. It is also necessary to use folk or specialized substances from medvedka, slugs and similar pests.
In order for eggplants to hurt less often, the ground before planting, and the seeds themselves are best treated with potassium permanganate. The lower leaves from time to time break off so that they do not touch the ground, and once in 2 weeks the aisle can be covered with ashes.
Seed preparation for planting
Eggplants are grown mainly seedlings. First of all, pay attention to the shelf life of seeds. The manufacturer always indicates the date of packaging, storage. If there are doubts about their suitability, it is necessary to germinate the seeds inside a wet wipe.
Eggplant seeds Black handsome
To increase the resistance to stress of the plant, the seeds can be kept for several days inside the refrigerator. This will allow them to harden, which is extremely important for the northern regions, where weather conditions fluctuate towards low temperatures. Before planting, treat the seeds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or pharmacy peroxide.
Preparing the soil for planting
Eggplants of any sort love friable, fertile soil:
- To achieve this in the autumn you need apply organic fertilizer (manure, bird droppings), dig up a garden bed.
- Have a bed in the opento have more sun.
- In the spring, as the snow melts with the arrival of heat, the beds are folded. Thanks to the autumn preparation, the land will be crumbly.
- In areas where loam or saline soil gypsum is added for looseness (1 ton of gypsum per 1 ha).
The prepared bed is left until the weather conditions favor the planting of eggplants. It is not recommended to plant them where last season grew - potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers.
Characteristics of a variety
Feature of the variety - yield. Proper care, the use of recommended agricultural technology will allow you to harvest a good harvest. Everything depends on the growing conditions - the fruits in the open ground are larger, but they are smaller, in greenhouses, on the contrary - there are many more eggplants.
Productivity - up to 2.5 kilograms of fruit per one bush. In favorable conditions, up to 3 kilograms are collected from the plant. Seeds have excellent germination - at least 98%.
There will be no particular difficulties in growing Black Beauty - care is no different from other agricultural crops farming techniques. Main requirements:
- regular watering,
- the introduction of nutrients
- weeding, loosening the soil,
- treatments from pests, diseases.
Features care in the garden and in greenhouse conditions are the same and do not require special knowledge and experience.
Growing eggplant Black handsome occurs only through seedlings - planting seeds in open ground will not allow to harvest, although the bushes will grow powerful and tall. In warm regions, it is recommended to send planting material in containers with substrate at the end of February, in cool areas - at the beginning of March. In Siberia, growing seedlings to do better in the 20-25th of the first spring month.
Young plants of eggplants do not need to be fed. Caring for seedlings Black handsome consists of regular watering (it is recommended to do it on the edge of the containers) and loosening the surface of the soil with a thin stick. Picks spend 5 weeks after the first leaves.
Plant care rules
There will be no particular difficulties in caring for the Black Handsome, especially if you already have experience in growing eggplants. The main thing - to observe the regularity of watering, making nutrients, follow the development. The plant is resistant to diseases and pests, therefore, compliance with preventive measures is often enough to prevent insects or fungal diseases from damaging the shrubs.
Over-dried soil or excessive moisture is detrimental to eggplants. It is recommended to carry out frequent watering, but with a small amount of liquid. Be sure to monitor the water temperature - it should not be lower than 23 degrees.
Watering has several important requirements:
- to irrigate the soil before fruiting at a distance from the bushes - water can damage or clog the ovary,
- to loosen the soil before irrigation,
- after the formation of fruits, watering is carried out from above, above the bushes.
Water is recommended to be poured in advance in containers and placed near the garden bed or in the greenhouse for heating.
The root system of plants is located near the surface of the soil. It is recommended to take this into account when loosening the soil - do not penetrate deep into the ground, so as not to damage the delicate roots of the plant. Improper process can destroy the bushes.
The introduction of nutrients is recommended when planting seedlings. In each well send 25 grams of ash, so as not to burn the roots, mix the substance with the ground.
During flowering the following dressings are recommended:
- Mullein (1 liter), 200 grams of ash per bucket of water.
- On 20 grams of urea, superphosphate, potassium chloride per 10 liters of water.
- 35 grams of amofoski per bucket of liquid.
During the fruiting period, preference should be given to potash and phosphate supplements - they promote the growth of fruits, prevent the ovary from falling off. It is recommended to use such compounds:
- At 40 grams of potassium salt and superphosphate in a bucket of water.
- 20 грамм сульфата калия растворить в ведре воды.
- На ведро воды 45 грамм суперфосфата и 20 грамм мочевины.
Обязательное условие – хорошо оросить грунт перед внесением питательных составов. Это позволит предотвратить ожог корневой системы.
При снижении температуры рекомендуется под каждый куст подсыпать по 100 грамм древесной золы. Это способствует завязыванию плодов и предотвращает их опадение.
Black handsome, in the absence of formation, can grow up to a meter in height, which will affect the yield. Get a compact bush will help timely pinching shoots. When the plant reaches 25 centimeters in height, pin the main stem - it stimulates the growth of lateral lashes. Before the first internode remove all shoots and leaves.
Diseases and pests
Among all existing diseases, the Black Handsome is most often affected by black leg and late blight. The main causes of disease are excessive moisture. To prevent danger to plants will allow careful adherence to the rules of agrotechnology - watering is carried out only as needed.
Insecticides or home remedies are used against pests. It is better to collect slugs manually - if you start to combat pests in a timely manner, there will be no particular difficulties. An important rule is to apply chemicals no later than 3 weeks before harvest.
Harvesting and storage
Tightening the collection of fruits is not worth it - it will affect the shelf life and taste. Remove the eggplant with a cup, leave part of the stem - this will extend the shelf life.
It is recommended to begin harvesting fruits in the technical ripeness phase, after the eggplants become almost black. Send immediately to a dark cool room - the shelf life in this case will last up to 25 days. If the eggplants were collected immature, use a refrigerator for these purposes.
Black handsome - one of the varieties of blue, which has many positive qualities. Growing will certainly bring pleasure even to an inexperienced gardener, and the excellent harvest of tasty and healthy fruits will serve as a reward for his efforts.
The history of eggplant Black handsome
Eggplant variety Black handsome received breeders LLC "Agrofirm Search". The tests of the new variety were completed in 2003, and since 2006 it has been registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. Eggplant is recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth and North Caucasus regions. It is considered a plant of open ground, but can be cultivated in greenhouses. Not an industrial grade, intended for private households.
If desired, eggplants can be grown in pots
Video: The experience of growing eggplant Black handsome
Technical ripeness of eggplants occurs 110–140 days after germination. The fruits of this variety are elongated pear-shaped or heart-shaped, short (up to 10–12 cm long). On the cup there are rare spikes. The weight of the fruit is not too large - an average of 112–200 g, a maximum of 250 g. The rind is glossy, thin, brown-violet or violet-black color. Yellowish or greenish flesh has a dense texture, has a great taste, without bitterness. The seed in the pulp is very small.
The pulp of eggplant is yellowish-white in color, with a small amount of seeds, and the taste is very good, without bitterness
Black handsome is not cold-resistant, therefore, in open ground it can be grown only in warm areas, and in cold climates it is necessary to plant these eggplants in greenhouses so that the plants do not freeze.
Characteristic varieties Black handsome
Black handsome eggplants are characterized by a number of undoubted advantages:
- taste great
- high yields (average 6.5 kg, maximum 10 kg per 1 m 2). In terms of hectare is 336 kg / ha, that is equal to the yield of the variety Almaz,
- joint harvest ripening
- attractive appearance of the fruit,
- excellent indicators of logs and transportability,
- good resistance to pests and diseases.
Disadvantages of this variety are also present - it does not tolerate temperature drops: prolonged heat (more than 30 degrees) and prolonged cooling will lead to falling off of flowers and ovaries, general oppression of plants.
In cold regions, as well as for early harvests, eggplants should be grown in a seedling manner. The number of fruits in the seedling method also increases.
To obtain seedlings, eggplant seeds should be sown in February, preferably in peat pots with a diameter of 80 mm. As a container for planting, you can use plastic cups and plastic bags with soil: any individual container eliminates the need for subsequent picking and facilitates the transfer of plants to a permanent place. The soil in the pots need to lay pre-disinfected to avoid diseases of seedlings. It is best to use purchased soil.
The first stage of seed preparation is sizing by size.
If you bought undiluted seeds, they need to be prepared for sowing. First of all, they are sorted by size, they remove damaged and moldy seeds. To select full seeds, it is necessary to soak the seed in salt water for 20–25 minutes. All sprouted seeds are considered unsuitable for sowing. Dry the remaining seeds.
Before planting, the seed should be disinfected - soak for 15–20 minutes in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. You can disinfect in another way: immerse the seeds for 20 minutes in water at a temperature of 50 ° C, then for 1 minute in cold water. After that, the seeds for 12 hours, put in a solution of trace elements, and then - for 24 hours in the refrigerator.
To protect the seeds from infections they are immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate
Seeds to increase vitality and accelerate germination can be treated with a growth stimulator: soak in a solution of wood ash, sodium humate or nitrophoska (5–10 g per 1 l of water). You can use the finished products, for example, Energen.
Seeds are planted to a depth of 2–3 cm in warm, moist soil and covered with film to maintain the temperature and humidity conditions. For rapid germination, the air temperature should be around 22–26 ° C. Germination occurs in 6–10 days. At the same time, it is necessary to immediately remove the film and reduce the air temperature to 16–18 o With the daytime and 14–15 o C at night. This mode is maintained for 6–8 days, then the daytime temperature is again raised to 26–27 degrees, and the nighttime temperature is maintained at the same level. Under such conditions, the root system develops optimally, and the plants are prepared for the climate of the open ground.
Eggplant seedlings require illumination with phytolamps for full development.
It should be borne in mind that young eggplants need about 12 hours of daylight hours for proper development, and in February only 8–9 hours of daylight hours. Therefore, seedlings require artificial lighting, which is carried out by special fitolamps, as well as conventional LED or fluorescent lamps. Lamps are located at a distance of 0.5 m from the seedlings.
Video: Eggplant Seed Care
In addition to lighting the seedlings require proper watering and feeding. The first 1–1.5 weeks should be watered no more than once every 6–7 days using warm (25–28 degrees) water. Watering should be careful not to bare roots and water does not fall on the leaves. It is advisable to add potassium permanganate (to pink) to the water during the first 2-3 irrigations. Starting from two weeks after germination, watering is carried out as the topsoil dries. With a lack of watering, the stem will begin to turn wood ahead of time, and subsequently the yields will be insufficient. At the same time, no stagnation of moisture should be allowed to prevent root rot.
Feed start from 7-10 days after seed germination, then fertilizer is applied once a week, preferably with watering. The main fertilizer should be phosphorus preparations.
To protect against diseases, once a month you should sprinkle the soil with ash.
Soil preparation and planting eggplant
The soil is prepared in autumn - before autumn digging, humus (4 kg), superphosphate (0.5 kg) and potassium chloride (0.1–0.15 kg) are introduced into the soil for each square meter. Please note that eggplants can not be planted in one place every year.
For planting in greenhouses, soil consisting of turf and rotted manure (3: 1 ratio) is recommended, with a layer thickness of 25–30 cm. In the spring, 10 g / m 2 of nitrogen compounds should be added.
Re-planting eggplant in the same place is allowed after 3-4 years. Can not be planted after potatoes, tomatoes and other nightshade. The best predecessors for eggplants are onions, cabbage, pumpkin, beans. The soil for eggplants requires a light, loose, rich in organic matter.
The most favorable time for transplantation into open ground is May-beginning of July, depending on the timing of sowing seeds. Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place is usually done 75–80 days after emergence of shoots. By this time, 10–12 full-fledged leaves form on the bushes, sometimes even flowering begins. Being transplanted to the garden, young saplings of the Black Handsome begin to actively develop and in about a month bring the first crop.
After almost 2 months of growing in containers, seedlings may already be blooming.
It should be borne in mind that planting in open ground should be carried out at a soil temperature of at least 14 o C (usually this happens in April). Lower temperatures adversely affect plant development. To protect the root system, you can plant seedlings on a “warm bed”, in which straw, grass and other organic matter, which releases heat during decomposition, are buried to a depth of 30–40 cm.
If you have sown seeds immediately in open ground, be sure to treat young plants when the first flowers appear with growth stimulants (for example, Energen). Without this, the development of bushes will be very slow.
The ovaries on the bush leave no more than 10, in order to avoid milling of fruits. Pasynki (shoots growing out of the leaf sinuses) are recommended to be removed by many, but you can not do this - the less the plant is injured, the better. It is necessary to clean the yellowed lower leaves, as well as the deformed fruit.
You can form a plant in 1, 2 or 3 stalks
Watering should be regular, preferably in the evening. Water should be used warm (24–25 o C), but it should not fall on the leaves. The first 1-2 weeks after planting should be watered at a minimum to prevent the plants from drying out. In the subsequent time, water is watered every 3–5 days in hot weather and every 8–10 days when wet. The lack of moisture is detrimental to plants - development slows down, flowers and ovaries fall. Excess water is also harmful, as it causes a disease of the root system. After each watering or rain, it is necessary to loosen the soil under the bushes (to a depth of 4 to 8 cm, depending on the age of the bush) and hilling the plants. Aisle need loosen 5-6 times per season.
Hilling needed to improve root system aeration
The optimum temperature for growing eggplants is 26–28 degrees. At lower temperatures, flowering ceases, and at temperatures below 13 o C the plants begin to die. Prolonged heat (more than 30 o C) also leads to oppression of eggplants.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
Eggplants need additional feeding at least 4–5 times a summer. The first time it is necessary to hold in 2-3 weeks after transplanting. The optimal feeding consists of a solution of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds (10 g per 10 l of water). You can use a ready-made complex fertilizer (for example, Dissolving). The second time this procedure is carried out in the period of budding (1–1.5 tablespoons of potassium sulfate and ammonium nitrate per bucket of water, then a teaspoonful of superphosphate granules for each bush). When the first fruits appear, they give nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer (for example, 1.5 tablespoons of ammonium per bucket of water). Periodic fertilization with solutions of chicken manure or mullein will also be useful.
20–25 days before harvesting, 1 cup of fertilizer solution is poured under each plant (1 tablespoonful of superphosphate and potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water).
To protect the eggplant from disease, it is necessary to observe crop rotation and other agricultural practices.
- For the prevention of late blight, plants should be treated with ashes, and when a disease appears, with copper preparations (for example, Bordeaux mixture).
- To prevent tobacco mosaic, periodic spraying with Fitosporin or a milk-soap solution (20 g of soap per 1 liter of milk) will help.
- Fungicides treatment (Horus, Antracol) helps against gray rot. Sick fruits need to collect and destroy.
- From the black leg of the plant is treated with Trichodermin.
Eggplant pests can attack
Treatment with insecticides (Confidor, Fitoverm) helps them.
Harvesting and Harvesting
If Black Beauty eggplant is provided with proper care, the fruiting period will last 2 months. Fruits must be harvested as they mature, otherwise the plant will weaken, and subsequent yields will not be of superior quality. Eggplant is firmly attached to the stem, so you need to cut them with a sharp knife or shears. Eggplants are stored for a long time: even without a refrigerator, the fruits can last for 2-3 weeks. The black handsome man is suitable for cooking both your favorite caviar and other culinary delights.
Along with eggplant caviar, fried eggplants are one of the most popular dishes.
I grow eggplants for the 5th year, but the super harvest, so that I ate from the belly, froze and made a lot of blanks, I received only in the past. I often see good reviews about the variety Black Handsome. She planted him, but he was not surprised by the harvest. And just surprised hybrids: Ping Pong, Green.
Today I harvested eggplants: “Black Beauty” (all fruits are almost the same size. On a bush 4–5 pcs.)
my handsome black man went very badly (a few plants) so nothing was stored in his memory except for this
Black handsome rather late, at least for our area. Therefore, it may not overwhelm the harvest. I have a friend of his necessarily every year plants, but in the greenhouse. So there he does it, though not so much on a bush, but each piece is not less per pound! And the total harvest is obtained more than with a hybrid.
Ninulia, Nizhny Novgorod
Eggplant Black handsome got its name for the beautiful fruit. This sort of eggplant is one of the most popular. One of the biggest advantages - seedlings sprout on average for 5 days (when other varieties are 14 days). The seed must not be planted deep - 0.5–1 cm deep, watered and put in a dark place, covered with a salafan package. When the seedlings rise, water as the land dries. In early June, can be planted in a greenhouse or in open ground.
I was angry with this Black handsome, I took the place in the greenhouses. Here, he appeared in greenhouses and delivered it, and bloomed, but the fruits were not tied.
Olga K, Yekaterinburg
Black handsome - unpretentious variety, allowing you to get a good harvest of high-quality fruit with a very small expenditure of time and labor. The main thing is to properly grow and transplant seedlings, because further care is no different from caring for other vegetable crops.
Characteristics and description of the variety
The handsome black eggplant variety artificially made in the middle of the last century and today is widespread among gardeners:
- This is a medium-early variety that ripens in 110-120 days. The period of fruiting can be two months, and growing eggplants through seedlings allows you to get the maximum possible yield.
- The plant itself is compact, reaches a height of 70 centimeters. Eggplant varieties may have a black or dark purple color. The length of the fetus can reach 20 centimeters, and the mass of large matured samples is 800-900 grams.
- Pulp of eggplants of this grade extremely gentle, white color. She has no bitterness, so this variety of plant culture, due to its excellent taste characteristics, is widely used in cooking. With the same success can be eaten fresh, used for heat treatment and various preparations for the winter.
- One of the features of this type of eggplant is an excellent yield, which, if it is properly cultivated, reaches 9 kilograms per square meter.
- Note also that this type of eggplant perfectly tied fruit. This fact allows you to grow it in greenhouses and greenhouses. I must say that this type of eggplant is thermophilic, and in the central zone of Russia, experienced gardeners recommend planting it in greenhouses, which will avoid problems with overcooled plantings.
The fruits of this variety are cylindrical-pear shaped, of medium size, the weight of one eggplant can be from 150 to 400 grams. The skin is smooth, glossy, thin, the color in the stage of technical maturity is dark purple. When fully matured, the color becomes purple-black. The average length of eggplants is from 15 to 25 cm.
Fruit ripening is fairly amicable, and it provides convenience when collecting eggplants. Fruits form first in the lower part of the bush, and if there is enough heat and light, then they have time to ripen at the top.
The flesh is very tender, cream-colored, absolutely without bitterness and voids, the seeds are very small. On the cup may be a few spikes.
Вкусовые характеристики отличные. Поэтому баклажаны этого сорта могут использоваться как для приготовления различных горячих и холодных блюд, так и для консервации. Плоды также замечательно подойдут для сушки.
Сорт Черный красавец отличается хорошей урожайностью, в среднем 5-6 кг с одного квадратного метра. При благоприятных условиях выращивания урожайность может достигнуть 7-8 кг с квадратного метра.
Обработка и посев семян
Eggplant variety Black handsome makes sense to sow for seedlings in the second half of February. Seeds germinate long enough, therefore, to accelerate germination, it is desirable to subject them to treatment - soak for a day in a solution of stimulants. You can use both home remedies (aloe juice, honey solution) and purchased ones (epin, zircon, energe, humates). Eggplant plants are not very good at picking, therefore, in order to prevent them from falling behind in growth, it is advisable to sow the seeds immediately in separate containers. Two seeds are placed in each pot, so that if both of them later grow, one of them, the weaker, is carefully cut at ground level.
Before the emergence of shoots, it is necessary to maintain a rather high temperature - + 25 + 30 ° С, the seedlings do not need light at this stage.
Shoots may appear within one or even two weeks. They need to immediately provide bright lighting. Eggplant seedling develops rather slowly, before planting it in the ground will need to be fed several times with complex organo-mineral fertilizer. In the greenhouse, seedlings of eggplant are usually planted in May. But the timing of planting seedlings in open ground are determined primarily by the establishment of warm stable weather, with an average temperature not lower than + 15 ° С.
A few weeks before planting the seedlings in the ground it must be hardened. To this end, eggplant plants are carried out on warm days at a temperature of + 16 ° to + 20 ° C.
Before planting, eggplant seedlings are preventively treated with phytosporin against fungal infections.
To determine whether eggplant seedlings are ready for planting on a permanent place can be as follows: the stem should reach a height of about 20-25 cm, while well-developed leaves will be at least 5-6 pieces.
On a cooked bed, eggplant seedlings Black Handsome are planted at a distance of 40-50 cm, while there should also be at least 50 cm between rows. Under the conditions of the middle band, eggplant seedlings can be planted under temporary film covers in order to get an earlier harvest.
Avoiding landings to harvest
Watering should be moderate, but frequent, in hot and sunny weather - daily. The first dressing is desirable to spend 10-12 days after planting seedlings in the garden. The best option would be the alternation of organic and mineral fertilizers.
During the flowering period, the plants can be treated with a solution of boric acid to increase the number of ovaries. Also during this period, eggplants, it is desirable to sprinkle with any growth promoter. Repeat treatment is necessary at the time of the appearance of the first ovaries.
Eggplant bushes need to be formed in order to get maximum yield. Pinch the top of the stem when reaching a height of 30-40 cm. It is also necessary to remove the smallest buds and ovaries, on one bush there should be no more than 12 pieces, preferably in the lower part.
As a top dressing and prophylaxis against various insect pests, it is recommended to sprinkle the soil around the bushes of eggplant with tree ash several times per season. As a defense against the Colorado potato beetle, the following remedy may well help (so as not to apply chemistry). Dilute 100 g of birch tar in 10 liters of water and sprinkle the plants with eggplant.
Fruits need to be collected regularly and not allow them to grow, because it affects their taste, fruits in fully ripe form can slightly bitter in the area of the skin. On the other hand, in a greenhouse, a variety may have time to give a second wave of fruiting, if the first eggplants are picked in time.
To get a good harvest from the garden, it is necessary to observe the distance of planting seedlings. If you plant too thickly, the bushes will grow up, excessive shadow will cause harm. Root rot can form, the fruits will ripen longer. Shrubs, rarely planted, will quickly dry in the sun, may require their garter.
Ideal - to plant seedlings at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. To make it easier to water the plant, you can organize holes or indentations. Some gardeners, To avoid tying up, take 2 bushes per 1 well. This technique is also used if the seedlings are weak, at least one of the bush should take root.
Eggplant Black Beauty seedling before planting may already have color
Planted seedlings are not watered with cold, settled water. To warm the water, it is enough to pour it into buckets in the morning, in the evening the sun will do its job. The best landing conditions are in the afternoon. If you land in the morning, the sun can burn the leaves, they will settle down worse.
Departure after landing
- When it rains so that the roots do not rot, it is necessary to ensure loosening.
- During the summer heat water so that the soil does not dry out. Eggplants love moisture, in the evening you can spray them.
- 10-12 days after planting, plant needed fertilize by any universal means or a solution of fermented humus 1:10.
- To prevent pests, soil under the bushes can be sprinkled with ashes.
- To the bushes had a squat shape and good fruit, pinch the top of the main trunk.
- Small flowers, deformed ovary - it is better to delete, otherwise they will take away power from the bush.
Diseases and their prevention
The most dangerous disease for this variety is root rot (black leg). The most common infection occurs if the seeds have not been processed. To do this, they are sprayed with solutions or special means. You can cure the bushes, if you notice the first signs in time. You can use the drug Herbal Sporin. Pour the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate. An uninvited guest, a Colorado potato beetle, often visits a garden bed.
Harvesting and storage rules
Depending on the region and the time of planting, harvesting occurs in different ways. Usually eggplant fruits from mid-July until autumn. As they ripen the fruits are removed from the bushes. The peduncle is carefully torn off or cut off from the bush with garden scissors. Store in a cool place or refrigerator. Cellophane bags for long-term storage are not suitable, inside the vegetables can rot.
It is best to cut the fruits of eggplants with shears or a knife, leaving part of the stem 4-5 cm long
It is impossible to wet or wash vegetables before storage. If storage conditions are respected correctly, eggplants will have a 12-14 days presentation. Thrifty eggplant gardeners prepare conservation or dried. If you are not lazy in the summer and planted a bed, in the fall you can stock up on a variety of eggplant pickles for the whole winter.
After examining the material presented, you can grow eggplants, which will differ from other varieties in taste and rich harvest. A handsome black man will become a favorite at his summer cottage and will not bring much trouble!