- This variety is bred by selecting the best specimens of the Honeysuckle Start variety.
- The height of the bushes - 1-1.1 m.
- Crohn sparse, rounded shape with shoots directed upwards.
- Fruits are large, up to 2 g., Oblong, spindle-shaped with a characteristic pointed top.
- The peel of ripe fruit has a blue color with traces of wax.
- Ripe berries have a sweet, not cloying taste with a slight color.
- Fruit pulp contains 6-7.5% sugars, 55-61 mg. vitamin C.
- The variety Blue Spindle has a high resistance to the main diseases of this crop.
- During the winter, the variety withstands temperatures down to - 32 - 34 degrees.
- The variety is self-productive and needs to be pollinated with honeysuckle plants of other varieties.
- From one bush honeysuckle collect from 12 to 2 kg. berries
The more correctly the soil will be selected for growing the variety, the higher yields can be obtained in the coming years. For the Blue Spindle variety, a plot with such parameters is best suited:
- Fertile soil layer of at least 19-20 cm.
- Soils are fertile with neutral acidity. The best conditions for the development of honeysuckle plants are created by planting them on the black soils of ordinary and light sandy soils.
- Honeysuckle does not like long-term wetting of the soil, so the variety should be grown on a plot with a deep location of groundwater and protected from spring flooding by flood waters.
- Due to the fact that the variety is self-productive, there is a need to place it at a distance of no more than 50 meters from other varieties of honeysuckle.
- A place for growing honeysuckle should be well blown by the wind, as this condition contributes to an increase in the percentage of fruit set.
- The fruit set depends largely on the number of pollinated insects (bees, osmium) in this area.
- To ensure the best care for the plants, it is necessary, if possible, to level the soil surface around the honeysuckle bushes.
- Illumination of honeysuckle plants should be in sufficient quantities, since the size of the fruit depends very much on this.
The variety can be propagated independently according to the rooted cuttings method. To this end, in the autumn, cuttings are cut from well-developed and healthy shoots so that each has at least 2-3 viable buds. After this, the cuttings are tied up in bunches and put into a wet substrate (sand + sawdust) in which they are located before the onset of spring. In the spring the cuttings are sorted, viable specimens are selected and planted in a fertilized trench. Planting depth should be 2/3 of the total length of the cutting. Next, you need to provide the cuttings with optimal growth and development conditions (watering, feeding, watering). After the formation of root rudiments on the cuttings, they can be planted into the ground.
Selection of seedlings
If the gardener decided to buy a ready sapling, then in this case it is necessary to clearly understand what parameters the quality planting material of this fruit crop has:
- The best survival rate is observed in annual honeysuckle seedlings.
- The root system is viable, not overdried, healthy. On one plant should be a root system with many roots, which reach a length of 20-25 cm.
- The above-ground part of the seedling (shoots) should have a typical color without damage and signs of fungal diseases.
Landing time and method
Planting material is recommended to be planted in the fall for 25-28 days of the onset of constant negative air temperatures. During such a planting period, honeysuckle plants that have been planted have time to settle down and form a new root system. Spring planting is risky, since during the summer hot period, honeysuckle seedlings can die before they take root. The process of planting honeysuckle consists of the following works:
- Dig holes that have a depth of 35-37 and a width of 40 cm. The distance between the landing pits should be at least 1.5-1.6 m.
- A few weeks before planting honeysuckle in the planting pits contribute 5-6 kg. rotted manure, 90-95 grams of granulated superphosphate and 25-30 grams of wood ash.
- In order to shorten the period of dissolution of the applied fertilizers and increase the reserves of soil moisture, 10-13 liters are poured into each well. water.
- The day before planting, the roots and tops of the honeysuckle shoots are shortened with a pruner by 1-2 cm. The root system is soaked in water with the addition of preparations of Pennant or Potassium Humate (14 ml. By 8-10 liters of water).
- Honeysuckle seedlings are placed in the middle of the planting pit and the roots are covered with a fertile layer with a shovel.
- Around the sapling make a groove in the soil depth of 8-10 cm and pour water there in the amount of 7-10 liters.
To provide honeysuckle plants with comfortable conditions for growth and the formation of high yields, it is necessary to carry out timely irrigation:
- During the first month after planting, the seedling needs to be watered every 3 days. For each sapling spend from 7 to 10 liters. water. At this time, the drying of the fertile soil layer around the seedling is unacceptable, as this may lead to its death.
- From early October until the first frost, watering should be done once a week. Watering rate - 10-13 liters. on one plant.
- Since the spring of the second year of cultivation, watering is carried out as the surface of the soil dries, but not less than once a week.
- During flowering - the formation of fruit timely watering is especially important. Therefore, at this time watering is carried out twice a week for 6-10 l. on one bush.
- It should be remembered that excessive watering is undesirable. Therefore, when conducting irrigation, it is necessary to take into account soil moisture and the amount of precipitation that has fallen.
To accelerate the growth of shoots and the formation of more berries, the variety must be fed annually according to this scheme:
- In early April, before opening the kidneys, the honeysuckle needs to be fed with carbamide at a dose of 15 g per 1 square meter. m. For this purpose, the above-mentioned fertilizer is scattered over wet soil. If the soil is not sufficiently moist, it is more advisable to prepare a solution of urea (25-27 g to 9-10 liters of water) and pour it on the soil surface in the normal range of 3.6-4 liters. on 1 square. m
- After budding and foliage, honeysuckle should be fed with a liquid mullein in a dose of 4-4.5 l. on 1 square. m
- During the period of fruit formation and growth, it is best to feed the honeysuckle with a solution of fermented bird droppings. To do this in 13-14 liters. water dissolve 1-1.5 liters. litter. Carefully dissolving droppings in the water, make a solution under each honeysuckle bush in a dose of 3-3.5 liters. on one bush.
In order for the above-ground part of the honeysuckle to have good illumination and airflow it is necessary to prune every spring:
- Cut to 1/3 extreme shoots, thereby improving the illumination of the central shoots.
- Cut dried or broken shoots.
- The shoots which are strongly damaged by wreckers or diseases are subject to removal.
- Escape frostbitten during the winter is shortened to the first viable bud.
- It is not recommended to trim the tops of the annual shoots, as they contain the bulk of flower buds.
- Honeysuckle bushes that grow over 16-17 years old should be rejuvenated pruning.
Honeysuckle plants love to grow on weed-free areas with a fairly loose soil structure. Therefore, starting from the first day of cultivation of plants of this variety, it is necessary to systematically loosen the soil to a depth of 4.7-6 cm for the targeted destruction of weeds and to maintain the soil surface in a loose and crumbly state. For loosening, you can use a variety of tools from the ordinary chopper to the cultivator or cutter.
The variety can become powdery mildew. This fungal disease affects plants in rainy weather with an air temperature of about + 12 degrees. Diseased plants can be recognized by the presence of white bloom on them. Such a raid primarily appears on young shoots. Honeysuckle bushes affected by this disease shed their leaves very early, lag behind in development and reduce the yield of fruits to 45%. Methods of dealing with powdery mildew are as follows:
- Careful collection of fallen leaves and their further burning. To bury such leaves in the soil is strictly prohibited, because on their surface there is a significant amount of spores-pathogens of powdery mildew.
- Planting healthy seedlings.
- Spraying the shoots before budding with the Oxyh fungicide.
- At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to immediately treat the aerial part of the honeysuckle with Bordeaux liquid at a concentration of 1%.
Out of a wide variety of pests, aphids cause the greatest harm to the variety. This pest has insignificant dimensions (1-3 mm.) And has a light green color. Aphids feed on the sap of the honeysuckle leaves, which often leads to their curling. For a short period of time, aphid can gather in large colonies and significantly inhibit honeysuckle. The spread of aphids is often promoted by ants. Measures to combat aphids are as follows:
- Transfer of anthills outside the site where honeysuckle grows.
- Spraying of bushes with insecticide BI-58 N, Kombifor, Bombardier.
- Dusting colonies of aphids with tobacco or tobacco.
To harvest the berries start when they are fully ripe and painted in a characteristic color. Harvesting should be carried out on the basis of such recommendations:
- Ripe berries crumble quickly enough, so the collection of berries should be systematic with an interval of no more than 2 days.
- It is necessary to collect the fruits in dry weather so that the harvest can be kept fresh for a long time.
- You can only pick berries completely ripe without damage and rot.
- It is not recommended to pick berries with powdery mildew or heavily damaged by pests.
- Harvested honeysuckle fruit is best stored in wooden or plastic boxes with openings in the bottom and sides. The thickness of the layer of berries in the box should not exceed 17-20 cm.
Preparing for the winter
After collecting the berries you need to hold a series of activities for the care of honeysuckle bushes and preparing it for wintering:
- Destroy weeds and at the same time loosen the soil by 8-10 cm.
- Watered twice during October in a dose of 15-17 liters. water on one bush.
- Sanitary pruning is carried out after the end of leaf fall, during which parts of the shoots that are heavily damaged by diseases are removed.
- Feed honeysuckle liquid mullein in the normal 3-3.5 liters. on 1 square. m
- The roots of young seedlings planted recently need to be warmed with sawdust, roofing material and agrofibre.
Description of honeysuckle varieties: Blue spindle, Leningrad giant, Blue Bird
"Description of the sorting of the acuminatum Bluebrower"
Honeysuckle - is one of the most beautiful representatives of garden plants. Since it begins to bloom almost one of the first in the garden, it will please us with its fruits, which are very similar to blueberries.
After analyzing in detail the description of the variety of honeysuckle Blue Cranium, you can understand how it blooms and what its growth depends on. The average bush with a fairly rare crown can reach one meter in height. Honeysuckle shoots, usually straight and thin, have a greenish color, and structural, ie, skeletal branches, usually grow straight up. The leaves are colored dark green, slightly elongated, and pointed at the base. The shrub can be planted anywhere, it always bears good fruit, the berries are almost always large, black with dense skin. And on the fruits themselves a wax bloom forms, but this does not affect the taste. Inside, the fruits have a tender flesh.
Berries to taste sweet and sour. But if there is a long drought in the region, the fruits become bitter.
"Description of sorting and squeezing crops" Leningrad Velikican "
Honeysuckle berries are very rich in acids, vitamins and pectin substances.
Honeysuckle: description of the plant and variety of varieties
When the fruits ripen, they fall to the ground.
Consider the description of the honeysuckle variety "Leningrad Giant", which will give a general concept of this plant. A sufficiently tall shrub with erect branches, reaches a height of maximum 1.5 meters, the crown approximately 1.6 meters in diameter. The fruits are shaped like a cylinder with a rounded base and a flat top. The berries taste sour, have a dark blue color, a slight roughness and with an average degree of wax. The yield of this variety is quite high. This variety is considered to be the most large honeysuckle variety among other varieties.
Productivity from one bush, about 3 kg of fruits. In order to always be with a harvest of honeysuckle, it is necessary to plant several varieties of honeysuckle on the site, since the variety “Leningradsky giant” is a self-fruitless variety. Seedlings are usually planted on light soil, with sufficient lighting, they are very fond of the sun.
The most popular honeysuckle variety "Blue Bird": an ornamental and unpretentious plant that pleases us with its dietary fruits and the earliest harvest.
Fruits contain: ascorbic acid, biologically active substances and bioflavonoids. Berries of this variety can be eaten fresh or used for processing. If you grind honeysuckle berries with sugar and freeze, it turns out very tasty. The bush of this variety is very beautiful, with sprawling branches, with pubescent shoots, perfectly tolerates frost and frost, which do not affect the flowering period, but the variety is unstable to winter thaws and does not like the heat.
Since almost all varieties of honeysuckle cannot self-pollinate, they need pollinators. To do this, it is recommended that several varieties of this plant be planted in the plots so that they can pollinate and produce crops.
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Honeysuckle Blue Spindle - edible variety with high yield
There are many different garden berries and fruits, but honeysuckle plant is of particular importance. The beneficial properties of this shrub are amazing.
Breeders have deduced many types of edible honeysuckle, able to settle down on the suburban areas. In 1980, the Blue Spindle variety appeared, which is easy to grow, knowing the rules of planting and caring for it.
- 1 Description of the variety
- 2 Growing
- 2.1 Landing features
- 2.2 Rules of care
The Blue Spindle variety has appeared due to Siberian breeders, therefore frost-resistant descriptions of other varieties recommended for cultivation in Siberia can be found here). The name was due to the elongated shape of the berries.
The height of the bush can reach 2 m, and during the season about 2 kg of crop can be collected from it. Berries in length reach 2.5 cm, weight about 1 gram.
It tastes sweet with little perceptible bitterness, acidity is almost absent. A characteristic feature of the variety is a strong wax coating on the fruits of dark blue color.
The Blue Spindle is a self-fruitful variety, the following varieties of honeysuckle are perfect for its pollination:
- Blue bird,
- In memory of Gidzyuk,
Honeysuckle blue "Tom"
This is important: ripened berries of honeysuckle fall off very quickly, so you need to harvest immediately.
Based on the reviews of experienced gardeners, we can conclude that this early ripe berry is universal. It is not only resistant to various diseases and pests, but also a source of numerous vitamins. Therefore, experienced housewives make it juice, compote, jam and wine.
Honeysuckle Jam - Great Dessert
It is better to plant this variety of honeysuckle in the middle of autumn on the sunny side of the plot. It is also important to choose a place protected from the wind in order to avoid fall of the buds.
Take note: when propagated by seeds, the properties of the variety are lost, so the best way is grafting.
At a distance of 1.5 m, pits of 50–50 cm are dug out and immediately filled with 2/3 of humus with the addition of charcoal. And only a month later, they start planting, for this, a shank is carefully rooted to the ground by 2 cm, trying not to damage the root system. After the seedlings are watered and mulched with compost and peat.
Planting honeysuckle in the garden
Caring for honeysuckle involves the commission of certain actions, namely, pruning, timely watering and fertilizing.
Young honeysuckle bush
It is necessary to water the berry bush regularly, so that the land does not have time to dry out, otherwise the fruits will not be large. On watering an adult plant can take from 3 to 6 buckets of water.
Fertilize the Blue Spindle at the beginning of spring by mulching, starting from the first year of fruiting.
Like most shrubs, honeysuckle should be pruned starting at 3 years of age. In the spring, dry and damaged shoots are removed and branches are thinned to prevent thickening of the crown. Honeysuckle over 15 years old should be rejuvenated, completely cutting off the bush at a height of 50 cm from the ground.
Scheme trimming honeysuckle bushes
The Blue Spindle is blooming very early, so the harvest will be early. The first berries appear at 3 years after planting, but in small quantities. If you follow all the rules of honeysuckle care, the Blue Spindle will be annually happy with the first summer berries.
Watch an interesting video about feeding Honeysuckle Blue Spindle:
Жимолость голубое веретено фото и описание
Химический состав ягод жимолости съедобной разнообразен. These berries contain vitamins C, A, B group, fructose, organic acids, tannins, pectin substances, macro- and microelements (magnesium, potassium, aluminum, phosphorus, calcium, manganese, iodine, copper).
The content of certain chemicals varies significantly depending on the place of honeysuckle growth. Thus, in a hot climate, its acidity decreases, but the content of sugar, tannins and dyes increases, causing the berries to have a slight bitterness. In a cool, humid climate, the acidity of the honeysuckle fruit increases, it increases the content of vitamin C.
Characteristics and advantages of the variety Blue Spindle
Before proceeding to the description of the variety Honeysuckle Blue Spindle and its features, I would like to mention its advantages:
gives high yields
long periods of fruiting,
Bred in 1980 on the basis of the Siberian Scientific and Research Institute of Gardening in Barnaul, the variety has high rates due to which it can be grown throughout the territory of the Russian Federation.
Bush honeysuckle srednerosly, round shape with a rare crown. The height of an adult plant is not more than 1.5-2 m. Shoots are thin, straight, directed upwards at an oblique angle. The leaves are oval oblong, with a pointed tip, gray-green, concave in the middle.
Fruits are large, about 3 cm in length, weigh 1-1.5 grams. The shape of the berries is oblong, resembles a spindle. The top of them is pointed, and at the base the fruits are flat. Their surface is slightly bumpy. The color of honeysuckle berries is dark blue with a waxy coating. Their flesh is tender, sweet-sour without bitterness.
It is interesting! Honeysuckle Blue Spindle fruits contain sugars, vitamin C, vitamin P, acids and pectins.
Regardless of the region where the honeysuckle grows Blue Spindle, the yield is always high, you can remove up to 2 kg of berries from a bush. The tree begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting. The period of fruiting from mid-June to mid-July.
The blue spindle is a honeysuckle variety that tolerates winter well, is resistant to diseases, loves moisture. The only disadvantage is shedding. About 10% of fruits fall.
Little secrets of landing
The landing pit should be at least 50 cm deep and half a meter in diameter.
The roots must be carefully straightened.
You need to water in 2 stages. For the first time, when the pit is half covered with earth, it allows the roots to go into the soil with the water and to harden in it. The second time - completely filling the pit, in the educated hole.
The root neck of the plant should be 2-4 cm deep into the soil.
After planting, be sure to mulch the soil at the base of the bush.
Nuances of care
The plant prefers a sunny open place, protected from winds and drafts.
Honeysuckle is unpretentious, however, when planting, it would be good to prepare the soil for the plant, fertilize it (make a refueling of 1 liter of ash, 1 bucket of humus and organic fertilizer) and put a drain on the bottom of the planting pit. In the subsequent fertilizer should be applied under the bush, at least once a year, in the spring.
Honeysuckle fruits Blue spindle edible. However, their quality is completely dependent on irrigation, which is one of the most important factors in the maintenance of honeysuckle, especially during the ripening of berries. So, you need at least once a week to pour 4-5 buckets of water under a bush.
A warning! If in the summer the honeysuckle gets enough moisture, then its fruits will not be bitter.
In addition to the obligatory sanitary pruning, when all dry and damaged shoots are removed, starting from 3-4 years of life, it is useful to ensure that the crown does not thicken, which will protect the bush from diseases.
Honeysuckle Blue spindle is self-infertile. And therefore, for its pollination, it is necessary to plant one of these varieties side by side: Cinderella, Blue Bird, Azure, Kamchadalka, Tomichka.
Useful properties of honeysuckle Blue spindle
The reputation of honeysuckle, like a real vitamin bomb. And all because the fruits of the plant contain many nutrients. Raw materials are not only berries, but also young shoots and leaves.
Honeysuckle is used as a diuretic to fight against obesity, as a general tonic, for the treatment of hypertension, tonsillitis, and many other diseases. Its antioxidant properties are also known in cosmetology.
Useful honeysuckle berries The blue spindle can not only be processed by making wine, compotes and jam from them, but also frozen, or stored as dried fruit. In any form for a long time saved a large percentage of vitamins.
Tip! Even a small portion of these berries can enhance health and preserve beauty. Therefore, it is good to take it as a rule to start the morning with the fruits of honeysuckle.
Honeysuckle Blue spindle can be beneficial and its beauty. Fences made of bushes serve as a wonderful hedge. With the help of plants you can decorate unsightly buildings on the site.
Whatever role honeysuckle performs, this bush is worthy of growing on our sites. He will bring great benefits for its beauty and vitamin freshness!
History of growing honeysuckle Blue spindle
The variety appeared thanks to the workers of the Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia named after the Soviet scientist MA Lisavenko (Barnaul). After free pollination of winter-hardy and early Kamchatka honeysuckle, seedlings were obtained that are distinguished by more compact, but no less productive bushes. For the color and shape of the berries, the variety was named Blue Spindle. In 1980, honeysuckle was tested on all state variety sites in Siberia, and in 1989 it was included in the State Register of breeding achievements and recommended for cultivation in all regions of Russia.
Honeysuckle loves sunny areas. Groundwater should not rise to the soil surface above 1–1.5 m. Planting pattern is 1–1.2 m between bushes and 2 m between rows. The variety is self-fruitless, it needs cross-pollination, that is, you need to plant at least 2-3 shrubs, and different varieties. Good pollinators are other forms of Kamchatka honeysuckle: Cinderella, Azure, Kamchadalka, as well as any varieties that bloom at the same time.
The best time for planting seedlings with an open root system is autumn, a month before the onset of cold weather. Young plants of the Blue Spindle tolerate even the most severe frosts - up to -45⁰C. It is undesirable to plant in spring because honeysuckle dissolves buds very early. At the beginning of the season, it needs a lot of energy to develop leaves, flowers and shoots, and a newly planted plant needs to gain a foothold in the ground, restore and develop roots. Bush is not strong enough even to build greens, he can be sick for a long time and even die.
But this does not apply to saplings grown in containers; they can be transplanted by transshipment during the entire warm season.
From containers, seedlings are transferred to a permanent place without disturbing the roots.
Stages of planting honeysuckle:
- Dig a hole with a depth and diameter of 40–50 cm.
- Pour into a hole a bucket of humus or compost, 100 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate and 300 g of wood ash. Mix everything well.
- Make the hole bigger than the size of the root. The lower part of the shoots (5-7 cm) should be under the ground, that is, honeysuckle is planted with the root of the neck. The roots must be straightened, they should not be bent and twisted. If the seedling is in a container, carefully remove it with a clod of earth and plant it 5-7 cm deeper than it was before.
- Cover the pit with soil, tamp with your hands.
- Pour 5–10 l of water and lay a light and breathing mulch, for example, fallen leaves, a layer of 5–7 cm.
Trimming and shaping
Shaping the Blue Spindle is easy. First, the bush in this variety is not too thick, and secondly, any honeysuckle does not like pruning. Berries are formed on annual, not yet lignified growths. If you shorten the branches, then deprive yourself of the harvest. Therefore, the formation consists of only two stages:
- The first 3 years after planting the bush should grow as he wants.
- Then annually cut 2–3 the oldest branches on the ground into a stump or shorten them to a strong vertical shoot.
Old branches are different from young ones: they are thicker, rougher, their bark has a dark shade, but the main sign is that weak (short) growths grow on such branches, or there are none at all.
Many consider the cracked and ribbed bark to be a sign of aging or illness. However, this is a biological feature of honeysuckle, it is also manifested in young branches.
Honeysuckle rejuvenating pruning: old branches shortened to strong vertical growth
The simplicity of the formation does not negate the annual sanitary pruning and thinning. Every spring, cut off all the knots growing inside the crown and down to the ground. If the branches are crossed, interfere with each other, shade, cut out the most clumsy, spoiling the appearance of the bush. It should be removed in parts, that is, cut into pieces. If you pull the branches from the bush entirely, then damage the rest. During pruning, try to give the bush a beautiful look, that is, leave the shoots equidistant from each other, directed in different directions and upwards. Cut growing low along the ground. These branches are good for breeding horizontal layering, but the berries on them usually does not happen.
Peculiarities of care
Blue spindle - drought-resistant variety. You may not water the bush at all, but if there is a possibility and a desire, especially when there is no rain for a long time, moisten the ground under the honeysuckle every 1–2 weeks (2–3 buckets under the adult bush). Berries will be larger, and bitterness in them - less. It is important to know that the roots of this culture are superficial, the ground under the bush can not be loosened. To avoid cracks, cover the tree circle with hay, straw, and rotted sawdust.
If the soil under the honeysuckle was not covered, compressed, then pierce it in several places with a fork and only then lay the mulch.
All fruitful perennial crops need to be fed, and honeysuckle is no exception. To give you a harvest, the bush takes out a lot of nutrients from the soil that need to be returned.
- Early in the spring, as soon as the earth thaws, or late in the fall, when the leaves have flown around, scatter half a bucket of humus under a bush, mix it with mulch.
- During flowering and in August, when buds of the next harvest are laid, scatter a glass of wood ash and mix with mulch.
- In the autumn, in September-October, around the periphery of the crown, make an annular groove 20 cm deep, evenly scatter 1 tbsp. l superphosphate, pour and level.
Humus is a natural source of nitrogen; it is fertilized with honeysuckle in early spring or in the winter.
Reviews of Honeysuckle Blue Spindle
I don’t know how other varieties are munching, but I have Cinderella and the Blue spindle have a little bitterness, it is noticeable when you make jam, because I love a little bitter bit, I like it.
I grow 2 varieties: Blue spindle and Lakomka. They were still small, they only wintered once, but the berries were already quite large, but still green.
I had - Blue Spindle. Not bad by the way. But do not say that delighted. I would like sweeter berries.
The main advantages of honeysuckle Blue spindle: undemanding care, resistance to frost and drought, precociation. In order to get good yields of large berries every year, you just need to plant a bush next to other varieties. The main disadvantage is the sour taste with bitterness, but if the honeysuckle grows on a sunny plot, then the berries will be tastier.
Where is it used?
Honeysuckle is often used to prepare medicines.. Branch-based decoction promotes the flow of urine from the body with the progression of cystitis. In some patients with pyelonephritis and other related diseases in the morning there is a strong swelling. To eliminate this unpleasant symptom you need to use a useful decoction.
Honeysuckle fruits recommended for use in the diagnosis of hypertension. They will help reduce heart rate and sinus rhythm disturbances. Honeysuckle helps to alleviate the condition in diabetes mellitus, is indicated for slimming and lowering the level of cholesterol in the blood. In the spring, if patients are diagnosed with avitaminosis, you need to prepare a decoction of the fruit. During this period, it is necessary to use a vitamin remedy from honeysuckle as a cold prevention.
How to make an infusion of honeysuckle
For the preparation of useful infusion need take 15 grams of finely chopped dry leaves and pour a glass of hot water. Boil the future tincture for five minutes, cool and filter thoroughly. When angina infusion is used to rinse the larynx.
It can also be used as an antiseptic for inflammation of the glands or gums. If there are wounds on the skin, pre-crushed leaves can be applied to their surface for quick healing. Honeysuckle normalizes stools and helps relieve constipation if you drink the infusion twice a day before meals. Thanks to this drug, you can strengthen your own immunity, cure the stomach and normalize the liver.
Fruits, dried by all the rulescontain a natural antibiotic. Due to such properties, they are often used by residents of the North who live in harsh climatic conditions. Fresh juice from honeysuckle, which is indicated for use in the progression of dermatological problems, brings the maximum benefit. Fresh juice is ingested one tablespoon three times a day. This tool will help cleanse the skin. Take it to the complete disappearance of the problem.
Honeysuckle Blue spindle: its description and characteristics of the variety
In the temperate continental climate, honeysuckle berries are sweeter, they contain more sugars and vitamin C.
All these nutrients can be saved by harvesting as a medicinal raw material. Berries are dried, frozen, canned. The bark is harvested in early spring, dried and stored in a dry place. The leaves and flowers are harvested during flowering, also dried and stored in a dry place.
Not only the honeysuckle berries are edible, but also the leaves, flowers, and branches have healing properties.
Fresh honeysuckle berries are a source of vitamins and minerals, they are used as a fortifying agent and a source of vitamins after a long winter, as these are the first ripening berries. They reduce blood pressure, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, reduce the effects of atherosclerosis, treat anemia, strengthen the immune system, stimulate the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, reduce bleeding, have antioxidant (prevent cell aging) and anti-tumor effect. Honeysuckle berries are able to bind and excrete heavy metal salts.
Juice from fresh berries of edible honeysuckle has wound-healing properties, treats various skin diseases: trophic ulcers, eczema, psoriasis, etc. Juice lubricate the affected surface of the skin for 10 to 14 days.
Infusions and decoctions of edible honeysuckle leaves and flowers have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anti-edematous properties. They are taken orally for kidney and urinary tract diseases, edema, diarrhea. Such infusions can also gargle, flush eyes with various inflammatory diseases.
Infusions of branches and bark of edible honeysuckle are taken for edema, inflammation of the large intestine, washed wounds, treat burns, are used as a gargle with colds. Gout and rheumatism use baths of young twigs of honeysuckle.
The fastest growing culture in your garden. The fruits ripen in the first half of June, earlier than strawberries. The annual yield of honeysuckle is due to the high frost resistance of the plant, which can withstand the temperature drop to minus 40 degrees without damage, this is also facilitated by the lack of demand for heat during flowering. Flowers and ovaries easily tolerate spring frosts to minus 8 degrees. Honeysuckle bushes are medium-tall (up to 1 m) and vigorous (up to 2 m). Fruits are rich in biologically active substances P - active action (200 - 1800 mg /%), represented by anthocyanins, kakhetins and leukoantocyans, ascorbic acid (60 - 80mg /%), vitamin B1 (30 - 40mg /%), vitamin B, sugars organic acids, pectins, tannins and dyes. Berries are used as a vessel-strengthening agent for hypertension, for disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, as a diuretic and tonic. Juice treat lichen and ulcers. Honeysuckle is very resistant to pests and diseases.
Honeysuckle variety "Blue spindle" wins the taste and large size of the berries, early ripening. But ripe fruits on the bushes do not linger for a long time, and therefore with an irregular harvest of berries, the probability of losing a significant part of the crop is quite high.
Honeysuckle Blue Spindle: Description
The plant belongs to the Siberian varieties and is edible. But in nature you can meet and ornamental shrubs. They have a high yield. People collect fruits for making delicious jam, compote, juice and wine.
Fruits are elongated, have a fusiform shape. Their shade is dark blue, there is a gray patina on the skin. Shrubs of the presented variety are considered medium thick, their size is small. The height does not exceed three meters, the fruits ripen early.
Grade Blue spindle отличается от других тем, что при полном созревании плоды осыпаются, поэтому людям важно своевременно собирать урожай. Кустарник неприхотливый и практически не имеет отличий от других растений. Несколько раз в месяц требуется подкармливать его при помощи органического удобрения. Наиболее эффективная и подкормка с использованием азота. Кусты хорошо переносят зимовку и не требует укрытия. This is a perennial shrub that will delight its fruits for several decades.
This variety produces tasty jelly, jelly and jam. Berries are used for the preparation of traditional medicine. The leaves contain a large amount of magnesium, so patients with hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis need to take care of preparing the infusion from such raw materials. Fruits contain a large amount of sugar, vitamin C, pectins. The yield from one bush reaches 2 kg of berries.
Breeders compare the presented variety with berries of Bakchar giant. This is a small shrub that attracts people with its large fruits. The plant belongs to the dessert varieties, so Bakcharsky giant grows on many plantations. The bush differs in the increased resistance to strong frosts and sharp temperature drops. The shape of the berries of the Bakchar giant is elongated, cylindrical. They taste sweet and sour, the flesh is tender, but it has a good density. Bakcharsky giant even adapted to the strong Siberian conditions, so it is not planted in the southern countries with hot climatic conditions.
For planting honeysuckle seedlings are used, cuttings and cuttings. The plant develops well only in conditions that are comfortable for it and with proper care. There are several rules to consider when planting:
- the depth of the fossa is up to 50 cm, the diameter is not more than 400–500 cm,
- when planting the roots neatly straighten,
- water the plants in several stages (the first time they fill the hole with water so that the roots can go well into the soil and harden, and the second time they water it after falling asleep the hole),
- root neck deepens to a depth of 3 cm,
- After planting, the soil at the base of the bush should be mulched.
If the plant is watered regularly and abundantly throughout the summer, the fruits will not be bitter.
It is important to remember several features of honeysuckle:
- The plant develops properly and grows in a sunny open place. It should be reliably protected from wind and draft.
- Honeysuckle is an unpretentious shrub that loves fertilized soil. The best option - ash, humus, organic fertilizer.
- The quality of the fruit depends on watering. In a week, it is advisable to pour out up to 5 buckets of water under a bush.
- Damaged and dry shoots must be regularly removed, sanitary pruning carried out. The crown should not be thick to protect the bushes from various diseases.
- The variety is samobfruitny. In order to pollinate, it is recommended to plant one of the following varieties nearby - Blue Bird, Tomichka, Cinderella and Azure.
Honeysuckle is used not only for boiling jelly, jam and preparation of traditional medicine. From the bushes, you can create a beautiful live fence. On the site near the house you can decorate the plant in an unusual structure.
Honeysuckle variety Blue spindle
Honeysuckle Blue spindle is an excellent choice from a variety of varieties bred by breeders. It is drought resistant and not afraid of even severe frosts.
The berries of this variety ripen early, replenishing the body with healthy substances. Honeysuckle is used as a tonic, to combat obesity, treatment of angina, hypertension and many other diseases. Even a small portion of berries brings great benefits to health and beauty.
Characteristic, description of the variety
Honeysuckle berries The blue spindle is elongated and fusiform, with a pointed tip and a flat base weighing on average 0.9-1.3 grams, the maximum weight reaches 1.5 grams.
Regardless of the area of growth, they always have large sizes: 2.7 centimeters in length and 1.1 centimeters in diameter. Dense skin of blue-blue fruits is covered with a strong wax coating. Their surface has a slight transverse rigidity.
The texture of the pulp is delicate, the taste is sour-sweet, refreshing. A bitter bitterness is felt in the dry summer. Tastes of honeysuckle fruit Blue spindle received a tasting score of 4.5 points out of 5. The taste of processed products of honeysuckle berries is consistently estimated at 4.7-5 points.
Depending on the area where bushes grow, the chemical composition of the berries includes:
- dry substances - 12.1-12.7%,
- acids - 2.2-3.1%,
- the amount of sugars - 6.4-7.6%,
- pectic substances - 1.14%,
- Vitamin C - 18.5-61 mg / 100 g,
- Vitamin P - 386-992 mg / 100 g
Bushes of honeysuckle Blue spindle vigorous, with a rather sparse crown of rounded shape. Adult plant reaches a height of 1.5-2 meters. Thin, stemless shoots are colored greenish on the sunny side with anthocyanin color. The leaves are large, oblong-oval, with a pointed top and base. On a midrib the lamina is folded.
Honeysuckle variety Blue spindle refers to the earliest, with the first thaw blooms. Shrub flowers resistant to spring frosts. Honeysuckle Blue spindle is self-infertile. Its pollinators can be any varieties and forms derived from the Kamchatka honeysuckle: Kamchadalka, Blue Bird, Cinderella, Azure. Well suited in this quality are the Memories of Gidzyuk and Tomichka.
Honeysuckle Blue spindle is drought-resistant and winter-hardy. Bushes do not freeze slightly even in severe winters.
Yield, collection and storage
The blue spindle is a high-yielding, fast-growing variety of honeysuckle, which begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting. Harvest ripens from mid-June to mid-July. With one bush for the season, you can collect an average of 1.5-2.5 kilograms of berries.
The berries have little sugar, but plenty of vitamin C. Fresh honeysuckle, ground with sugar, is the most delicious. Boiled jelly from berries, compotes, make fruit drinks. In winter, honeysuckle is dried, frozen, and the most delicious jams and preserves are prepared. To give a special color and savory taste, honeysuckle berries are added to wines, tinctures, compotes, and assorted.
History of the variety
Honeysuckle variety The blue spindle was bred in 1980 in Barnaul by the breeders of the Siberian Research Institute of Horticulture I. P. Kalinina, Z. P. Zholobova and Z. I. Archer. This is a seedling of the selective form of the early and winter-hardy Kamchatka honeysuckle from free pollination.
The resulting seedlings differed more compact bushes, but retained a high yield. For the shape and color of the berries, the new variety was named Blue Spindle. After passing tests on all parts of Siberia, the honeysuckle Blue spindle since 1989 included the State Register in all regions of the Russian Federation.
Honeysuckle Blue spindle has become the favorite of many gardeners who grow it on their plots. Their reviews highlight the versatility of this early ripe berry.
Connoisseurs attribute to the main advantages of the variety:
- annual fruiting and high yields,
- early ripeness
- lack of care,
- resistance to drought and frost,
- large berries with good technological characteristics
- compact bush.
Among the shortcomings of the variety, they note a strong shedding of ripe berries. Fruits of the Blue Spindle variety ripen uncommonly, so the harvest has to return to the bush every 2-3 days. When breaking some berries, others fall off due to the movement of the branches. Resourceful gardeners advise to lay a light cloth under the bush before picking berries. In this case, all the fallen berries will be clean and whole.
Terms and place of landing
To shrub honeysuckle fruit in one place for more than 20 years, it is enough to choose the right place and plant it. Honeysuckle Blue spindle is better planted on the sunny side of the site in mid-autumn. It is important to choose a place protected from the wind so that the buds do not crumble from its gusts. To the soil surface above 1-1.5 meters should not rise groundwater.
Honeysuckle Blue Spindle is unpretentious to the soil, but the plant develops best on fertile loamy or sandy, loose drained subacidic soils. It is advisable to fertilize poor soil when planting plants with humus (5 kilograms per 1 square meter). 500 grams of dolomite flour per 1 square meter are added to acidic soil.
Selection of seedlings
For planting honeysuckle variety Blue Spindle, you need to choose healthy seedlings grown in specialized fruit and berry nurseries. Adult overgrown plants with a height of more than 1.5 meters should not be acquired, as they take root poorly and begin to bear fruit not immediately.
Small cropped cuttings with a height of less than 20-25 centimeters that have not yet had time to develop are also not recommended to buy. The optimal age for honeysuckle seedlings is 2 years. Shrub before planting should be carefully inspected, remove broken shoots and roots.
Saplings with an open root system is best planted in the fall, a month before the onset of cold weather. Young bushes of honeysuckle Blue spindle are able to tolerate even cold weather down to -45 ° С. It is undesirable to plant plants in the spring, because the honeysuckle dissolves buds very early.
On the development of leaves, flowers and shoots at the beginning of the season, it will need a lot of strength, and the newly planted plant should be fixed in the ground, develop roots. The bush does not have enough energy to build up greenery, the plant can be sick for a long time and even die. This does not apply to seedlings grown in containers: the whole warm season can be transplanted by transshipment.
Blue spindle requires cross-pollination, so you need to plant near a minimum of 2-3 bushes of different varieties.
Planting honeysuckle must be done in several stages:
- Dig a hole with a depth and diameter of 40-50 centimeters.
- Pour into it a bucket of compost or humus, 300 grams of wood ash, 30 grams of potassium sulfate, 100 grams of superphosphate, mix well.
- The dimensions of the hole must be larger than the size of the root. Honeysuckle planting with the deepening of the root of the neck: 5-7 centimeters at the bottom of the shoots should be underground.
- It is necessary to straighten the roots of the plants so that they do not bend or twist. The seedling in the container must be carefully removed with a clod of earth and also planted 5-7 centimeters deeper than it had grown before.
- Cover the pit with soil and tamp it with your hands.
- During planting a bush watered in 2 stages. The first time - after the pit is covered with earth half. The roots go down into the soil with water and harden in it. The second time is to the hole formed after falling asleep.
- Lay a layer of 5-7 centimeters of light breathing mulch.
How to deal with pests and diseases?
The Blue Spindle variety is characterized by high resistance to pests and diseases. Sometimes plants can infect reddish-olive blotch, blackening of branches, powdery mildew, and tuberculosis. These diseases cause fungal infections.
Each of them has its own symptoms: from some fungi, plants fall off prematurely, turn yellow and dry up, from others the shoots turn brown or blacken. Cancer and viral diseases (mottled leaves, mosaic-rezuha) affect honeysuckle less often.
There are no drugs against viruses yet, and fungicides are used in the fight against fungal diseases: a 3-4% solution of Bordeaux mixture, Scor (2 milliliters per 10 liters of water) and others.
During the period of ripening of the berries, the caterpillar of the honeysofedum is damaged by them, which is why they turn blue early, and then dry and fall off. Other harmful insects damage the leaves of honeysuckle and entangle them with cobwebs.
To combat leaf-eating pests, Decis preparations (2 milliliters per 10 liters of water) and Inta-Vir (1 tablet per 10 liters of water) are used, and anti-sucking is treated with Actellic (2 milliliters per 2 liters of water) and Confidor (1 gram per 14 liters water).