Zephyranthes is a perennial herb. It blooms in spring, summer and winter. In common people received the name "upstart." This is due to the unusual behavior of the plant. As soon as the peduncle is peeking out of the ground, flowering very quickly (in a day or two) occurs. Buds literally bloom on the eyes.
Types of Zephyranthes
Zephyrantes Atamas leaves of narrow linear elongated shape, dark green. It blooms in spring (March, April) in cool rooms. It has white flowers (up to 4 cm long). The bulb is in the shape of an egg, with a diameter of about 2 cm.
Zephyranthes white (snow white) the leaves appear simultaneously with the inflorescences (white, sometimes with a slight pink tint at the edges), 30cm long, thin, tubular. Suitable for cool rooms. It blooms in the period from July to October. Bulb round (3 cm in diameter) with a long neck.
Zephyranthes golden (yellow) It has sheets of rectilinear narrow shape (30cm tall). It can be attributed to the winter flowers. Since it blooms from December to January. Loves cool rooms.
Large-flowered Zephyranthes (Pink) oval bulb (3 cm in diameter) with a short neck. The leaves are elongated, thin, dark green color, 20-30cm tall. The flowers are bright pink, bloom in April-July.
Zephyranthes multicolored another winter representative, blooms in December. Outside has a reddish-green hue, and inside - white. Suitable for cool and moderately warm rooms.
Zefirantes robusta or powerful in everyday life it is called, simply “homemade narcissus”. It has long, thin, bright green leaves, reaching 30 cm and light pink flowers.
View of Anderson's marshmallows the flower leans slightly to one side, has a copper-red shade closer to the edge of the petals, and bright yellow inside.
Zefirantes Minima - this flower will appeal to lovers of miniature species.
Zephyranthes lindley - large-flowered species of onion reaches 3-4 cm. It has dark green leaves with a width of 1-1.5 cm wide and large pink flowers with a diameter of up to 7 cm.
Zefirantes home care
Zefirantes loves sunbathing and is not afraid of even the bright sun, so it grows well in both the east and the south and west windows. In the summer it can even be taken out on the balcony or planted in open ground. In summer, the temperature should not exceed + 25 ° C, and in winter + 10 ° C.
Being in the summer in a room with dry air, the plant should be sprayed periodically.
During the active growth and flowering of zephyranthes. Adhere to moderate watering (the ground should be slightly wet). During periods of rest, the flower is occasionally watered. Except for situations when the plant begins to lose leaves, then it is impossible to wet the bulbs.
Ideal conditions for healthy growth can provide nutritious well-drained soil.
The composition may be the following: humus, sod land, sand (1: 1: 1) and some phosphate fertilizer.
Transplant of marshmallow bulbs
This plant requires an annual transplant, after the end of the flowering period.
Bulbs are planted in several pieces, in a tall and wide pot, while deepening so much so that only the neck remains on the surface (if it is short, then it is immersed completely in the ground). As for watering, it must be reduced so that the bulbs are not rotted.
Zephyranthes care in winter
When the plant drops all the leaves and buds, it should be removed in a dark place and reduce watering (practically excluded), only slightly moisten the soil so that the bulbs do not dry out, and in the spring, when new leaves begin to appear, put it in the sun again and resume watering.
It happens that zephyranthes does not shed leaves for the winter, in which case it should be kept in a cool, but bright place, reducing watering and not allowing the temperature to drop below + 10 ° C.
Zephyranthes bulb reproduction
Zephyranthes breed by bulbs and seeds. Bulb reproduction occurs during transplantation (during dormancy). Usually at this point a lot of bulbs "kids". They are then planted in a new pot of 8-10 pcs.
As for seed propagation, this is not the most popular method, since it begins to bloom no sooner than after three years.
Diseases and pests
- Amaryllis Cheese - whitish insects (3 mm in diameter), infect bulbs. As a result, the plant stops growing, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off. Insecticides will help in the fight against them (2 ml / l). If the defeat of the bulb is too large, then it is better to get rid of it. Ensure that the soil does not remain moist.
- Spider mitethe appearance is facilitated by dried air. It is easy to determine that it is this parasite - a spider web appears on the leaves, and the buds or flowers wither and fall. The plant should be treated with soapy water and then wiped (rinsed under running water without pouring the soil) with clean water.
- Shchitovka - brown plaques, sucking the cell sap, spreading over the surface of the stems and leaves. It is necessary to process the leaves with Actellica solution (1-2 ml / l).
- White fly if the affected zephyranthes are shaken, then small white insects will fly off of it. Their larvae are located directly under the leaves, feeding on the sap of the plant. Sick leaves turn yellow and fall off. To deal with the whitefly, you need to immediately, as it multiplies very quickly. To do this, once every three days the flower is sprayed with permethrin containing preparations, if it does not help, then they are treated with aktellik. Needless decreases the number of irrigations.
- The plant does not bloom - The result is a violation of the temperature and humidity (high temperature and excess water in the soil during the rest period). Also often the cause may be a lack of lighting and a large dose of fertilizer.
- Flower dies because of the overmoistening of the soil, the tubers start to rot, the roots die. If this happens, quickly remove the bulbs from the pot, let them dry out and if they have not continued to disappear, then transfer them to a new pot and do not water it for a couple of days.
Description and origin
Bulbous perennial of amaryllis family. It grows in a humid tropical climate. He likes to settle in the swamps and peatlands. In warm areas it is cultivated as a garden crop, in temperate climates mainly as a pot plant.
The flowers are wide open, crocus, different colors. Beautifully look the groups consisting of different grades. During the rest period, all the aboveground parts die off. Onion remains in the ground. After resting, she again releases leaves and flower stalks.
Interesting! In the people the flower is often called the upstart. The reason for this is not a foolish character, but a feature of flowering. Peduncle grows very quickly. Literally one day after the appearance of the peduncle, a beautiful flower, similar to a lily, blooms.
Popular indoor varieties
Together with hybrid varieties, there are about 90 varieties. Many of them are grown in artificial conditions. By coloring, varieties and varieties can be divided into three groups.
With pink flowers:
- Zephyranthes pink. A small bush about 20 cm. The leaves are dark, shiny. The flowers are small, but very tender. Blooms in the spring-summer season.
- Zephyranthes grandiflora. Bulb round, large. Leaves are leaf-shaped up to 40 cm. Tall peduncle, ending with large funnel-shaped flowers. The flowers are pink, orange stamens in the center. It blooms from mid-spring.
- Zefirantes robustus. Translated - "powerful." Blooms later - from the middle of summer. Peduncles long, flowers pale pink.
With white flowers:
- Zephyranthes of Atamas. Blooms in early spring. The bulbs are medium-sized, egg-shaped, the neck is short. Flowers are white, medium size.
- Zephyranthes is white. Tubular leaves - narrow, long. Bulbs rounded. When planting, they are completely buried in the soil. Funnel-shaped flowers, rather large. Perianth white, rarely reddish from the outside. Flower stalks of medium length. Flowering in the second half of summer or autumn.
With flowers of yellow color:
- Zephyranthes yellow or golden. Bulbs medium-sized, ovate. Leaves are linear, not very long. The flowers are yellow, in the middle part a little wider, large. It blooms in the middle of winter. In the south of the country can be grown in flower beds.
- Lemon Zefirantes It blooms in the late summer with lemon-yellow flowers. Peduncles long, flowers expressive.
Important! Contains toxic substances! Despite the toxicity, it is used as a therapeutic agent in alternative medicine. Often used as an external means in the form of compresses. It is considered effective for abscesses, hepatitis, cancer, diabetes and tuberculosis.
Propagated in two ways - kids or growing from seed. Vegetative method gives faster results.
- Children. Near the main bulb there are a lot of small onion-shaped kids. Separate them before the rest period and immediately planted in separate pots for several pieces. Up to 12 onions can be planted in one pot at a time. The degree of penetration depends on the shape of the bulb. Short necked onions completely. In elongated onions, the neck is left on the surface. Caring as for adult plants.
- Seeds. A good way to grow a new hybrid variety. Flowering will have to wait a long time. Young plants of seedlings bloom only for 2-5 years, depending on the variety and conditions of detention. Sown in the spring in a light ground. Until germination is kept under cover. Dive at the stage of two true leaves.
Why marshmallows does not bloom and how to stimulate flowering? Sometimes an onion can stay dormant for a long time. Possible reasons for the lack of flowering:
- Too large pot. In spacious pots, the bulb gains mass, but reluctantly forms flower stalks. Repot the flower in a cramped pot, do not separate the daughter bulbs for a while.
- Wrong location. In the shade or constant exposure to the sun the plant blooms rarely.
- Excess fertilizer. Excessive feeding stimulates the growth of leaves, but inhibits flowering.
- Excess moisture during dormancy, deep penetration of the bulb.
Description and features of indoor flower Zephyranthes
Help distinguish zephyranthes from other popular bulbous plants:
- leaves extended from the neck of the bulb,
- upright or dangling peduncles about 25 cm long,
- single flowers of various colors, shaped like crocuses or sparaxis, better known to gardeners.
The diameter of the corolla with a tubular bract is 7–9 cm, and the color of the petals and the core depends on the variety and variety of zephyranthes. Flower growers consider the almost lightning development and the appearance of flower stalks with buds to be a unique plant ability. But after completion of flowering, the developing leaves most often die off, and the marshmallow for a few months sinks into "sleep."
These features of the culture must be taken into account when caring for marshmallows at home.
Care for the marshmallow flower during the growing season, flowering and dormancy
With the advent of buds, zephyranthes need a bright sun and warmth. The plant is not afraid of southern windows, and when the air temperature is suitable, the flower from the subtropics of America grows well on a balcony and even in open ground, for example, at a country garden.
With proper care for zephyranthes, planting plants in a well-lit place ensures the rapid growth of the mother and the emergence of new bulbs.
In addition to the bright sun, during the growing season of bulbous culture requires:
Watering is carried out as the top, 2-cm layer of substrate dries out. If the moisture is more than the plant requires, do not avoid its stagnation and rotting of the extensive system of roots and onion ends.
In summer, when the air is dry and hot, spraying greenery becomes an effective addition to watering. This measure for the care of marshmallows in the home, as in the photo, helps to preserve the freshness of foliage and flowers even in open ground.
By September, zephyranthes begins to prepare for "hibernation." In most species of this bulbous culture, the state of rest lasts for several months. The impetus for arousal under natural conditions is seasonal climate change. At home, regulate the flow of life changes in the care of the flower marshmallows and temperature fluctuations.
When the leaves wither and fall on the plant, it means that it is time to transfer the marshmallow to a cool place where it will be dry and dark. The optimum temperature can vary between 5-14 ° C, but if it falls below, there is a risk of bulbs freezing.
During the dormant period, the plants do not need full-scale watering, they are not fed. But in order to avoid the drying of the bulbs, the soil is sometimes gently moistened with separated water.
With the onset of spring, the plant activates life processes, the first green foliage appears, and behind it the buds. At this time, the pot is transferred to the light and begin feeding and watering interrupted for the winter. Caring for marshmallows returns to its former direction.
In some species, the leaves do not fall off for the winter. Therefore, they are not removed in the dark, but try to keep at low temperatures, slightly limiting watering.
Planting and caring for marshmallows during flower reproduction
Every year, around small Zephyranthes bulbs, several small subsidiaries are formed, which are easy to separate and give life to new plants.
If planting and caring for marshmallows was carried out correctly, young bulbs quickly lay the germs of flower buds and open the buds a year after separation from the mother plant.
The easiest way to collect small bulbs in the fall, when carried out the transplant. For planting take wide boxes or pots, lay a drainage layer on their bottom, and pour a mixture of equal shares on top of it:
Well, if before planting marshmallows and caring for a bulbous plant, the soil was sterilized. This will exclude infection of the bulbs with fungi or damage to rhizomes by pests.
Zephyranthes are relatively small plants, so they look much more effective in group plantings, where 8 to 15 bulbs are located nearby. When landing in the ground must pay attention to the thin graceful neck of the bulb remained above the surface of the substrate.
Similarly, planting crops in open field. If the plants of zephyranthes are well-groomed, as in the photo, at home they can be pollinated and give seeds. From the moment of artificial pollination to the collection of seed, it takes about 60 days. Sowing is carried out in the same season, otherwise the germination of seeds drops sharply.
The seeds are spread on the surface of a loose finished substrate at a distance of 2–3 cm from each other, lightly sprinkled with soil and placed in partial shade. At a temperature of about 22–24 ° C, in a greenhouse, seedling boxes are located for up to 4 weeks. In most species, after this time, the first young shoots appear. Care for marshmallows brings good results. Flower cultivars grown from seeds open buds for the first year in their third year.
Zephyranthes: description, varieties of plants
Zefirantes is a bulbous plant, which, with proper and regular care, for many years pleases with its luxurious flowering. Under natural conditions, Zephyranthes can only be found in tropical countries or subtropics, which is associated with the heat-loving nature of the plant.
Zefirantes is incredibly popular among gardeners all over the world because of its features, thanks to which, by the way, it received several unusual nicknames. Sometimes called rain lily. And some are more prosaic in their choice and call the plant Upstart. Such an unusual name is associated with a surprisingly rapid development of the flower stalk, which grows literally at the click of a finger.
Zefirantes is a compact plant with a small root, a small ovoid bulb, sometimes having a rounded shape. The leaves are quite elongated, grassy (less often - hollow). Flowers solitary, medium-sized, with a long peduncle, star-shaped, often single-colored.
The plant blooms generously and long enough: from spring to the end of summer. In addition, each flower pleases with its magnificent view no longer than 2 days. Then it is replaced by a new one.
The plant is fairly well represented in its species diversity - there are over 40 species of zephyranthes, among which the following can be highlighted:
- White. The dark green leaves of the plant differ in a slightly unusual form: they are long (reach 30 cm in length), thin, tubular, somewhat resemble onion feathers. The flowers are white, erect. The active flowering of the plant begins approximately from the middle of summer and ends with the onset of the first days of autumn.
- Large-flowered. The leaves are long, slightly curved in the form of a gutter, can reach 35-40 cm in length. The flowers are bright: they have a rich pink color, and the stamens are bright orange. The species is distinguished by a long flowering: from the beginning of spring and up to the onset of deep autumn.
- Pink. Компактное растение с достаточно мелкими цветками светло-розового оттенка и тонкими прямыми листочками.
Подготовка и посадка растения
Если речь идет о только купленных луковицах, то пересаживать их следует лишь в том случае, когда им не очень комфортно в той емкости, в которой они находятся. Пересадку же необходимо осуществлять в качестве ежегодной процедуры (в период покоя растения).
Council При выборе подходящего горшка для посадки зефирантеса предпочтение лучше отдать более «тесному», поскольку растение не любит простор.
Итак, подготавливаем почву. Сначала засыпьте посадочную емкость на 1/3 дренажом (для этих целей можно использовать гальку или керамзит). Then thoroughly mix the soil mixture for the plant (sand, turf and humus - all in equal proportions).
Carefully remove the mother bulb and carefully cut off the children. Place the cut bulbs necessarily treat crushed charcoal (this will prevent the process of decay). Now we transplant the bulbs into a new container, pre-filled with the necessary components. About 10 bulbs can be transplanted into one pot: in the future you will be able to get a rich and very stylish composition.
Watch out for the location of the bulbous necks: the long one can be left slightly protruding on the ground surface, the short one should be immersed in it completely.
Subtleties of care
To plant you pleased at the right time with beautiful flowers, try to provide him with optimal conditions for "life." First of all, take care of the lighting: a shadow is contraindicated for zephyranthesu, so it is advisable to leave it either in the sun or in diffused sunlight.
The temperature in the room where zephyranthes will “live” should be above 18 degrees, but not higher than 25. After the end of flowering, zephyranthes should be placed in a cooler place where the air temperature does not rise above +14.
Water the plant should be in moderate quantities and not too often, so that the water does not stand in the pot. The dried up topsoil is a sure sign that it is time to water.
Feeding should be complex in liquid form. It is enough to feed the plant a couple of times a month, starting from the moment the leaves appear until the end of flowering.
Sometimes a plant may have problems with improper care. Most often, in their reviews, growers complain about the lack of flowering or the sudden death of the plant. In the first case, the flowers may be absent due to non-observance of the temperature / light regime during the rest period, during overmoistening of the soil, etc. The death of the same plant occurs mainly in the case of excessive watering. Then the roots simply die off, and the bulb rots.
The plant is sufficiently resistant to the effects of pests, but sometimes unwanted "guests" may appear in a pot of zephyranthes: spider mites, scutes, etc. When a mite appears, the plant becomes covered with cobwebs, flowers wither. A pest can appear in a room with excessively dry air. You can get rid of the tick by treating the plant with soapy water. After it dries, you should rinse it under the shower. The sure sign of the scythe is brown plaques on the leaves and stems. Deprive the plant cell sap. As a result, not only the leaves fade, but also the flowers. You can get rid of the problem by treating the plant with karbofos.
On this our acquaintance with zephyranthes comes to an end. Now you know all about the intricacies of growing it at home and can confidently accomplish this task. Good luck!
Description of the species
Zephyranthes from the genus bulbous, amaryllis family. There are more than 100 varieties and types, among them there are many hybrids, growing well both at home and on the street. It originated in the south of America in swampy places and in the tropics. They are planted in parks, alleys, they are decorated with private houses.
Zephyrantes, in addition to the nickname “upstart flower”, has romantic names: westerly wind and rain lily. During the rainy season in tropical countries, zephyranthes bloom in the form of bright flowers, similar to lilies, only smaller. It received its first name from the name of the god of the west wind - Zephyr, during which the zephyranthes begin to blossom. The upstart blooms just two days.
Upstart leaves look like a Chinese onion. During flowering, he releases an arrow, from which a crocus flower blooms. About 15 leaves come from onions, and flowers can produce up to 5. Petals come in different colors: white, yellow, red, purple. Usually planted in groups, so the flower looks spectacular. In a drought, the onions “fall asleep” and do not even give leaves.
- Lily Atamasco (Zephyranthes Atamasco) - a native of North America, where she is a prominent decoration of park places. Its glossy leaves appear simultaneously with flowers and slightly exceed their height. White flowers with a pink stripe. It blooms from May to July is very beautiful.
- Zephyranthes Candida is the best of the group, creating bunches of evergreen leaves, brilliant white flowers with golden stamens opening in the sun from August to October. The buds are beautifully shaded edging on the outside.
- Z. citrina is a more rare species associated with candida, but differing in shape and golden colors.
- Zephyranthes Carinata - the plant has narrow leaves, and its stem about 15 cm high bears a delicate pink flower 6 - 8 cm long. It freely blooms in open ground.
- Zephyranthes Macrosiphon is a plant like carinata, the flowers are slightly smaller, but more numerous, and sometimes updated in the fall. The treatment is simple - it is easy to grow and gives seeds freely.
- Zephyranthes Rose (Zephyranthes Rosea) - a beautiful view, with bright rose flowers, is native to the mountains of Cuba.
- Zephyranthes Treatiae is similar to Z. Atamasco, but is located in damping places and blooms a little later - from April to June. The leaves are weak and narrow, and the bulbs are so small that large white flowers, 3 inches long, turn red, delicately fragrant, bloom very unexpectedly. When grown outdoors, it should be on the warm side of the plot, like Z. candida, with a good layer of ash to protect the roots in winter.
- Zephyranthes Tubispatha is a beautiful plant bearing a white, slightly fragrant flower, 2 or 3 inches long. Native Antigua and the Blue Mountains of Jamaica. It blooms well in mild climates if protected in winter. Quite a gentle hybrid between species Z. carinata, sometimes found under the name Z. Spofforthiana.
Of the 100 varieties of marshmallow, home breeding on the windowsill allows only 10 species.
- When to plant seeds. Most species of Zephyranthes can sprout at any time of the year, given their tropical origin, in response to favorable weather conditions. In regions with more or less stable temperatures throughout the year - a tropical or subtropical warm climate - can be planted without any problems in any month. In regions with seasonality, especially with these winter months with an average temperature below 14 degrees Celsius, if there is no greenhouse or a place where the temperature does not fall below 10 degrees, it is better to wait for spring.
- Seed conservation. In general, the fresher the seeds, the upstart germinates and blossoms better. However, if you store the onions for several months before planting, it is best to place them in a dry, air-tight container. Ideally stored in vacuum packaging. If this is not possible, put them in the refrigerator, of course, not in the freezer.
- Substrate type. Planting substrate should have very good drainage, which is able to retain some moisture and preferably be slightly acidic or neutral. A good substrate is a mixture of vegetable soil or peat and sand, or vegetable soil, mucus (such as earth, consisting of clay and sand, commonly found in river valleys), sand and perlite. A substrate based on crushed coconut shell mixed with sand, perlite, silt and vegetable soil also gives good results.
- Where to plant. If the seeds are few, it is inappropriate to plant them in the soil, since it is much more difficult to control their growth and care, they are exposed to many adverse factors. Taking into account that most species of Zephyranthes form colonies in nature, it is best to plant several in the same pot or crop. If you want to transplant to the garden, do it when the bulbs already have a couple of leaves. However, the vessel must be quite deep so that the bulbs can develop to the depth that they prefer, so the minimum height of the vessel can be about 10 - 12 centimeters. No matter how beautiful the plants are, it is better to refrain from bonsai pots. Do not touch the bulbs once again, they do not like it. It is better to place them in a container, where they can develop comfortably during the first two years without the need for a transplant. When planting in the soil there will be less stress to bring them together with all its root that separates them.
- Substrate disinfection. After choosing the type of substrate and container that will be used as a seed, it is highly desirable to disinfect the substrate, eliminate the agents - bacteria, fungi, etc. A microwave can be used for disinfection to place the already prepared substrate at its maximum power for 5-10 minutes, depending on the amount of substrate. Boiling water will work too. Put the substrate in the pot, it should be resistant to high temperatures, and then pour the substrate with boiling water, stirring until it cools. What else is in the care?
- Seed preparation. When the substrate is already disinfected or until it cools, you can prepare the seeds for planting. If the seeds are fresh, they usually lose moisture and become wrinkled. To rehydrate them, simply place the seeds in a container of warm water and leave them for 8-12 hours before planting them. The older the seed, the more time you need. This promotes germination, possibly due to the restoration of seed moisture.
- Seed placement in the substrate. Planting density will be determined by a fairly obvious rule: the larger the plant, and especially the inflorescence, the more space will be required for its development. Therefore, if the pot is about 14-15 cm in diameter, about 30-35 seeds of small species, such as Z. citrina or Z. candida, can be planted. The number of seeds will be reduced to 15-25 for species such as Z. reginae, Z. macrorosiphon or Z. rosea and about 5-15 for larger species such as Z. grandiflora. In any case, the seeds should not be deeply immersed. Simply place them on the surface of the substrate and press them down a little to secure or apply a thin layer of the substrate — a few millimeters is enough.
- Fertilization seedlings. It is not recommended to fertilize seedlings until they live for one month. The reserves of nutrients stored in the seeds will be sufficient for them. After this month, up to 4 or 5 months, the plants can also live comfortably without fertilizers. But if you want, you can use leaf fertilizer. After 4 to 5 months, fertilizer can be used with irrigation water, preferably balanced or potassium-rich, since the roots of seedlings can still be delicate, it is better to use half or a quarter of the dose recommended by the manufacturer for at least two months. You can also use some organic fertilizer, such as humus worm, which is not too aggressive.
Flowering condition depends on the species. Smaller species can flourish very soon. For example, zephyranthes citrine is able to give flowers in just 8 months, and larger species can develop over three years. As with all bulbous plants, until the bulb reaches the appropriate size, there will be no flowers. If growth continues and the plants reach maturity, without long periods of forced rest — at low temperatures, then flowering will be early.
Almost all species have a natural rest period in which they stall and lose all or most of the leaves. It is necessary to observe the plants and, if you notice that they are “going to sleep,” give them a rest for at least one month, reducing and even eliminating irrigation and fertilization.
What if upstart doesn't bloom?
This excites many lovers of homemade zephyranthes. Here are some reasons:
- Large container. If the pot is too large, the flower will go to the root. A potty pot will make a flower grow upwards. Until the marshmallow matures, it is better not to replant it, sometimes up to 3-5 years.
- The place is incorrectly illuminated. Move the flower to another location. Sometimes such a simple measure gives a good result.
- Respect the conditions of the rest period. The correct care is important in such a period - do not flood the plant.
- Do not overload the soil with unnecessary care and fertilizers.
- Do not plant the bulb deep into the ground.
Planting and transplanting marshmallows at home
How to transplant marshmallows
Replacing immediately after purchase is not necessary if the bulb has not yet taken all the free space in the pot.
Replanting and planting plants are carried out as standard in spring. The bulbs must be freed from dry scales, removed rotted or dry areas and kept in the fungicide solution for 30 minutes.
Take a shallow, wide tank for planting. Usually, several bulbs are planted in one dish.
The soil is necessary friable, nutritious, with a neutral reaction. Suitable mixture of turf land, humus and sand in equal proportions.
Be sure to lay a drainage layer about 2 cm thick, consisting of fine expanded clay, brick dust, foam plastic.
Fill the container to half with soil, place the bulbs, keeping a distance of 3 cm between them and pour the substrate along the neck. Moisten the soil, avoiding water on the neck. After planting, place in a warm (25–29 ° C), light (without direct sunlight) place.
How to water
Watering requires regular: spend it as soon as the top layer of soil dries. Avoid stagnant water, because the bulb begins to rot. If you miss a couple of waterings, the plant on the contrary will begin to bloom faster. During flowering water more abundant. When the above-ground part fades the watering stops altogether. In hot, dry weather, you can spray leaves and flowers from a fine spray. For water treatments, use soft, warm water.
With the appearance of the first leaves after a period of rest, complex mineral fertilizers are introduced every 2 weeks. During flowering fertilize every 10 days. After flowering, the frequency of fertilizing should again be 2 weeks and continue until the aerial part dries so that the bulbs are stocked with nutrients.
Air temperature and lighting
The optimum air temperature during the period of active growth will be 25–29 ° C.
The best place is illuminated southeast or southwest windowsills. Protect from direct sunlight.
The onset of flowering of each particular plant depends on a number of factors: the variety, the length of the dormant period, the individual characteristics of the plant and external conditions. In some species, peduncles appear with the appearance of leaves, in others - after. Although a single flower pleases only 1-3 days, but each bulb contains several arrows and releases them alternately, creating the impression of continuous flowering (especially if several bulbs are in one pot at once).
After flowering, cut the peduncle, leaving 5-7 cm in length, and when it dries out, you must carefully unscrew. The dead parts of the plant should be promptly removed (dried flower stalks, also cut dry leaves before the dormant period) to prevent the development of various infections.
Why does zephyranthes not bloom at home?
- Too voluminous pot - the bulb “fats” and does not give flowering. Transplant into a closer bowl, do not rush to remove the daughter bulbs. Many growers recommend replanting the plant every 5 years.
- Incorrect lighting. Constantly being in the shade or under the direct rays of the sun will negatively affect flowering.
- During the rest period the humidity is high. Watering at this time is not needed, and the place of detention should be cool, with good ventilation.
- An excess of nutrients also leads to a lack of flowering. It is necessary to adhere to the correct mode of introduction of top dressings.
- If the root neck is covered with earth, the flower will not bloom.
Growing from seed
Seeds of marshmallow photo
To get the seeds yourself, you need to conduct cross-pollination. Seeds ripen in seed boxes for 2 months. It is necessary to sow immediately after gathering in a bowl with soil for amaryllis with addition of 1 part of peat.
- The seeding depth is 1 cm, keep a distance of 2-3 cm between them.
- Cover the crops with a packet or glass, place in a dark place and maintain the air temperature within 25 ° C.
- Ventilate the hothouse, maintain soil moisture with regular spraying.
- Expect seedlings for 20-25 days.
- When the seeds germinate, the shelter must be removed and place the container in a bright place without direct sunlight.
- In spring, plant the bulbs in separate pots. Grown from seed plants will delight in flowering for 3-4 years of life.
Transplant kids marshmallow
How to plant zephyranthes photos of bulbs
When transplanting spend separation of daughter bulbs. Separate the bulbs with their roots. You can plant about 10 bulbs in one pot. Soil and care is needed the same as for adult plants.
Zephyranthes is a tropical bulbous plant. Belongs to the Amaryllis family. Homeland - South and Central America. The name translates as "flower of the western wind." In different countries it is also called water lily, home daffodil, a flower of rain. В России прозван выскочкой из-за стремительного появления цветов — цветоносы уже через 1–2 дня после выпускания увенчаны цветами.
Стремительное появление цветов объясняет ещё одно название зефирантеса – «выскочка»
Листья зефирантеса прикорневые, узкие, до 30–40 см в длину, цветонос — 25–30 см, на нём одиночные крокусовидные цветы диаметром 8–10 см, розового, белого, красного, жёлтого цвета (в зависимости от сорта). Луковицы от 1 до 5 см в диаметре, округлые, в бурых чешуйках, ядовиты, поэтому не нравятся вредителям. Из луковицы вырастает несколько цветоносов. В природе существуют около 90 видов зефирантеса, 10 выращиваются в домашних условиях. The most common ones are white zephyranthes and grandiflora zephyrans.
Popular "home" varieties
- Zephyranthes is white. Leaves 45–50 cm long, funnel-shaped white flowers with a diameter of 6–8 cm. It blooms in July - October.
- Zephyranthes is golden. The leaves are 30–35 cm long, slightly wider in the middle, flowers are 7–9 cm in diameter, bloom in December - January.
- Zephyranthes grandiflora. The leaves are 20–40 cm long, the peduncle is 30–35 cm, the flowers are pink, with a diameter of about 8–10 cm, and the stamens are orange. Blossoms in April - July. Bulbs large - up to 5 cm in diameter.
- Zephyranthes pink. Plant up to 20 cm tall, with shiny leaves and delicate pink flowers.
- Zefirantes powerful (powerful pinto). This species has narrow leaves - up to 30 cm, peduncle - 20 cm. The diameter of pink flowers is 6 cm.
Features of landing and transplantation
A prerequisite for planting marshmallows - drainage in a pot
Zephyranthes ground should be light and loose
You can plant several Zephyranthes bulbs in one pot to enhance the decorative composition.
If a newly bought marshmallow feels loose in a pot, transplantation is not required.
Like all tropical plants, zephyranthes need a lot of light, and it also endures direct sunlight. Eastern and western windows are suitable for growing. In summer, the upstart can be sent to the balcony. Some gardeners for the summer period planted marshmallows in an open flower bed at the cottage.
Zefirantes loves the sun, so the right place for him is the windowsill
Temperature and watering
The optimum temperature for the proper development of zephyranthes is +20. +26 ° C. This is summer. In the winter, depending on the species, zephyranthes sheds or leaves leaves. In the first case, it should be removed to a dark and cool place with a temperature of +8. +14 ° C (suitable basement or lower shelf of the refrigerator). The earth must sometimes be wetted so that the bulbs are not dried. When new leaves appear, zephyranthes are put back.
If the plant does not shed its leaves, then it is left in a bright place, but it should still be cool (about +16 ° C). Watering at the same time is rare.
Winter time, when the flower does not grow, is called the rest period. He comes in most varieties of upstart in September - October, lasts at least 2 months, often up to six months.
In the summer the flower is watered often and plentifully. The frequency and volume of water depends on the degree of drying of the soil. It should be remembered that waterlogging and the more so the stagnation of water marshes badly. In addition to watering, spraying is needed - every 2 days. Water for the procedures - soft, separated by at least 6 hours.
Complex fertilizers for flowering plants are suitable for Zefirantes
Zefirantes favorably responds to dressing. They need to be carried out every 10 days in the active season - from the appearance of sprouts in the pot until the flowering stops. Suitable for this liquid floral fertilizer with a mineral complex (Cheerful flower girl, Kemira-Lux, Agricola). Organic fertilizer can also be used, but with caution (for example, un-reversed manure will lead to rotting of the bulb). Many elements needed by the plant contain ash. Nutrient solution can be prepared by adding 1 tbsp. a spoonful of ash in 1 liter of water.
Rules for fertilizing indoor plants:
- a surplus of fertilizers for houseplants is as destructive as a deficiency,
- plants absorb fertilizer well only in the active phase of growth and flowering,
- during the winter period, top-dressings should be rare due to low natural light, as a result of which the absorption of useful substances is slowed down,
- Do not conduct additional feeding in hot weather,
- fertilizer solution should not be allowed to fall on the foliage,
- fertilizer concentration for young flowers should be weaker than for those already established,
- Do not fertilize plants without carefully watering the soil, if this is not done - you can burn the roots.
From May to October, zephyranthes pleases with flowers. They live only a few days, but since there are many flower stalks, the effect of long flowering is created. After it ends, the leaves die off, and the dormant period begins. It's time to transplant zephyranthes.
Although a single flower of zephyranthes does not live long, due to the abundance of peduncles, the effect of continuous flowering is created
In one of the autumn months, the growth of the plant stops, the leaves dry, begin to fall. The rest period begins. Watering at this time should be stopped, and put the pot in a dark, cool place (+8. +14 ° С). The bulbs remain in the ground, dry leaves must be removed. Zephyrantes hibernation lasts about 3 months. When new young leaves appear, the plant is returned to normal conditions and renewed care.
Prevention and control of malicious insects - table
- Reduce watering.
- Spray permethrin-containing preparations every 3 days.
- Use drugs Decis, Actellik (according to the instructions).
- Remove affected bulbs.
- Water any insecticide.
- In the future, avoid overwetting.
- In case of severe damage, wipe the leaves with a 0.15% Actellic solution (1 ml per 1 l of water).
- Wash the marshmallows with soapy water, then wash the plant under a warm shower.
- Observe preventive measures - spraying (mite does not like wet places).
Flower grower reviews
Between the flowering periods of Lindley's Zephyranthes looks unremarkable: narrow long leaves and nothing more. Once it begins to bloom, do not take your eyes off the plant. Care for him is easy. The plant is propagated by onions.
Zephyranthes is simply called an "upstart". This name was given to him for the fact that this flower blooms unusually. Today there is nothing, but in the morning you look, he threw out an arrow, and the next day he blossomed. I have this flower appeared recently, my mother brought two types. At first I was not particularly happy about this flower, because it looked like a decorative bow. But when they both bloomed, it looked just great. One white blooms, resembles a daffodil, and the second - pink. Very beautiful flowers that do not require any special care. To make it better, it needs to be replanted. It blooms mostly in the summer and very short, but it is worth it to plant such a plant.
The flower got accustomed, he liked me on the windowsill, he liked my care, and after a couple of months he pleased me with the first flowering. I was surprised, because nothing foretold flowering, and then I suddenly noticed an arrow, and after a couple of days, the first beautiful flower. Then another one and another - how beautiful it is when several flowers bloom at once. From the moment a flower appeared in my house, three years passed, and my flowers (yes, I now have three pots with this beauty) have gone through three relocations, and everyone is alive, everyone pleases with their flowering. I like the fact that the flower is completely unpretentious, loves even direct sunlight, likes to bathe in the shower. I have white flowering marshmallows, and now I really want to buy with pink flowering. I recommend such a flower - it is very easy to care for, but so beautiful, both in the resting period (the green is bright, like onion feathers), and during flowering.
For many years Zefirantes pleases with its flowers. Especially in early spring)) There is a pot, there is nothing but thin leaves, and then you wake up the next day, and the arrow is already climbing in the pot (hence the name of the upstart). But I like the name RAIN LILY more. Since in nature the upstart blooms usually during the period of tropical rains)) I have a big-flowered upstart, there is almost no care for it, it stands in the scorching sun, though it loves when it is watered well and sometimes sprayed)) I transplant once every 2 years in a pot many bulbs are formed (therefore, I rewarded the bulbs of all my acquaintances and friends), I keep the youngest onion for myself, but the more bulbs in 1 pot, the more arrows-flowers will be))
I water only once a week and a half. And he feels fine, he stands on my windowsill, our side is not sunny, so he does not feel any inconvenience. His greenery is interesting, like onion greens, my mom calls him - onions. It reminds me of a chnitt, only the greens of zephyranthes are brighter, denser and juicier. Mine hasn't bloomed yet, but I hope that next summer it will please me with its flowers.
Zefirantes, despite its tropical homeland, the plant is unpretentious, easily amenable to "home education." Simple rules of care will turn into joy for flower growers - a bright and long flowering plant. Given that different varieties of zephyranthes bloom in all seasons, it is possible to ensure continuous decoration of the house.
Zephyranthes golden Zephyranthes aurea
Zephyranthes golden Zephyranthes aurea photo
In addition to indoor cultivation, the flower can be planted in open ground in the southern regions. Flowers are yellow, funnel-shaped. The diameter of the corolla is 8 cm. Flowering occurs in December-January.
Zephyranthes powerful Zephyranthes robusta
Zephyranthes powerful Zephyranthes robusta photo
The bulb is 4 cm in diameter. The rest period is clearly in September-November. Blossoming: April-July. Long petals have a pastel pink color. The diameter of the corolla is 5-7 cm.