Allspice dill can be found on almost any summer cottage - it takes a bit of space and is not picky in the care. However, green thickets are not obtained by any owner. The article will tell about the varieties of the celery family representative, the nuances of planting and the secrets of cultivation, which will help to gather a good harvest in the open field.
Description: varieties and varieties of dill
Dill is an annual spicy plant from the umbrella family (celery). He has many varieties, although in appearance, live or by photo, it is often difficult to determine the plant belonging to any of them. For orderliness, they are divided into 3 categories:
The early group includes Gribovsky, Umbrella, Far, Grenadier. Sow them in open ground under the film in early spring. From seedlings to stem formation in these varieties takes 1-1.5 months. They almost immediately begin to bloom, so a lot of greens can not be collected. But for preservation or fresh salads is enough.
Mid-season varieties ripen for 5-10 days longer than early and throw more greens (up to 10 leaves). These are Patterns, Lesnogorodsky, as well as Boreas, Umbrella, Richelieu, Kibray. You can also collect seeds and umbrellas from them, which are used in seasonings. Later varieties - Buyan, Salute, Alligator, Amazon - form a stalk in 65-70 days. These varieties are the most fruitful: with proper care and watering, they release more than 10 leaves, therefore they are very well suited for sale or reproduction.
Planting in open ground
The main requirements that are important to observe when landing:
- Good watering.
- Soil fertility.
- Sunny place.
It is important to remember such nuances:
- the culture is frost resistant,
- seeds sprout slowly due to the high content of essential oils.
To prepare the bed in the fall, dig the soil to a depth of 0.2 m, apply mineral fertilizers and humus. Planting can begin as early as April (for early harvest), as dill will endure and -4 C.
There is a practice of plant reproduction in winter. With proper care so you can enjoy the greens a couple of weeks ahead of time. Clear the bed of snow and scatter the seeds on the surface. Cover with compost mixed with soil. At the time of snow melting, the seeds will be pulled into the ground with the water and germinate. In early spring, cover the crops with film, fixing it at the edges.
To dill the plantation was green all the time, sow the seeds twice a month. The technology of planting and caring for late varieties is different: it is necessary to maintain the seeding rate at 2-3 kg / ha. So the plants will have a sufficient area of food and at the same time - protection from weeds. Caring for dill is reduced to such manipulations:
- plentiful watering
- fertilizer - with poor development,
- treatment in case of illness.
Attention! In the phase of 2-3 leaves it is necessary to thin out the dill shoots. Leave 8-10 cm between plants. Then they will grow bushy.
Fertilizer and dill feeding
As a rule, fertilization is not practiced as part of dill care. It is believed that for the successful cultivation of the plant enough fertilizer, added before planting. But if the soil was still poorly nourished with nitrogen, the dill will turn yellow. In this case, it can be fed with urea (1 tsp in a bucket of water), mullein (1:10) or “Bioud” (1:20).
Collection and reproduction of plants
Cleaning dill, first thin out densely growing areas. If the plant has reached a height of 20-25 cm, you can cut off the entire umbrella, leaving a growing point. Another option is to tear off 2-3 leaves gradually. If the inflorescence has grown large (50 g), you can remove the plant from the root.
Fallen seeds will pass the breeding procedure themselves. After wintering in the open ground, they will grow even better and faster than those sown in spring. It is necessary to reproduce the collected or purchased seeds in the following way:
- Put them in a bag of gauze and leave for 72 hours in warm water (+50 degrees C), periodically change it.
- Put the seeds on a piece of gauze, cover with a moistened cloth and steamed sawdust. Keep at room temperature until sprouts appear.
- Immediately before planting, dry the seeds.
Council You can take growing seedlings on the windowsill. After a month in the container it is planted in open ground.
Diseases and pests. How to fight
This spicy culture is not afraid of pests in the open field, as he fights with them. Its aroma attracts insect predators and parasites, which bring a lot of benefits to the garden. Predators eat pests, parasites harm their health and the integrity of the offspring. Therefore, the cultivation of dill in the area also reduces the number of aphids and caterpillars.
Powdery mildew, peronosporosis, and fomoz are among the diseases that can affect dill. How the affected plants look can be easily identified by the photo. At the first symptoms of powdery mildew, spray the plant with sulfur (20 g per bucket of water). In the case of peronosporosis (or downy mildew), copper oxychloride (40 g per bucket of water) or Bordeaux mixture (100 g of copper sulfate and lime per bucket of water) will help. Among the preventive measures:
- adherence to culture,
- collecting seeds exclusively from healthy specimens,
- warming the seed at a temperature of 48-49 degrees C.
Dill and its combination with other plants
Many gardeners look at dill as an auxiliary spicy plant, so they evaluate it in terms of benefits or harms for the main crops. The combination of an umbrella family representative with salad and onions will be a good one. If you plant it between cabbage rows, the taste of the crop will improve. And cucumber dill increases the fruiting period. It also has a beneficial effect on:
Adverse is the combination of dill with tomatoes, carrots, fennel, sweet peppers, but it grows well after tomatoes. Also a good plant precursor is potatoes. After it, they try to plant legumes, potatoes, garlic, onions, tomatoes and peas. Dill is valuable in vitamins C, B and P, carotene, the content of iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, essential oils and acids. He is a great helper for disorders of the digestive tract, diseases associated with nerves. And the taste of spice is an integral part of many dishes and seasonings.
How to grow dill in the open field
Any plant is only an ornament of the garden, if it is healthy and well developed. It depends on the type of soil, the nature of watering and feeding dill. On the basis of knowledge about the culture, the place of sowing is selected.
So, for dill requires:
- neutral light soil
- sunny or slightly shaded planting place,
- deep topsoil
- moderate watering without stagnant water
- timely balanced feeding.
At the same time, dill develops poorly and turns red on acidic soil and turns yellow on alkaline. For dill health it is necessary to have a good humus layer of soil. Fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers when growing dill in the open field will help get a lot of vitamin greens.
Terms of sowing seeds and soil preparation
Sowing dill seeds to produce herbs and seeds can be podzimnym and early spring. For greenery and umbrellas for salting, you can sow the seeds during the whole season until mid-August. In the future, cold-resistant culture, falling under brief frosts, does not die, but loses its decorative foliage, it becomes red and dried.
Dill should not be placed on the soil after liming and making dolomite flour. It is impossible when sowing seeds and in the future to sprinkle with a bed of ashes against pests. Sour marshy soil is detrimental to dill.
Dill soil is prepared in a place open to the sun with a deep digging. At the same time for each square of the earth should be made a bucket of humus or compost, two tablespoons of superphosphate and a spoonful of potassium sulfate. No ash is added to the crop. With a high standing of groundwater, the bed is raised higher. The predecessors of dill can be any plant, except for celery.
Seeds germinate at a soil temperature of 5-7 degrees, while maintaining a brief decrease in temperature. Preliminary preparation of seeds for quick germination consists in the destruction of the covering layer. How to plant dill seeds in open ground depends on the season. So, podzimny sowing make seeds without pre-treatment. It is not necessary to accelerate the seedlings with early sowing. In this case, the optimum time for germination is suggested by the biological calendar of the plant set by nature.
If sowing is carried out later, when return frost is not possible, seedlings can be obtained earlier. To do this, pre-seed germinated within 4 days. In a warm place in a linen cloth, the seeds are naklonut, and shoots appear in a week. You can hold the seed in advance in growth stimulants, ash extract. Water when soaking seeds is replaced 2 times a day.
If you grow dill seedlings, the plant development will accelerate. Seedlings are planted in the evening and in a few days pritenyut. Plant survival is good.
Sowing should be carried out to a depth of 2 cm on the previously spilled hot solution of manganese grooves. The distance between the seeds is 5 cm, between the grooves is 20. You can plant dill seeds in open ground as a compaction culture among other vegetables, leaving enough space for its development. For receiving greens during the whole season, dill crops are made in two weeks. Another way would be the use of varieties of different ripening periods, sowing bush two-year hybrids.
Growing dill in the open field
In order for dill to develop well it needs nitrogen fertilizers. But spicy greens accumulate nitrate compounds, which makes it less healing. Therefore, the best will be to feed the plant fermented for five days with nettle infusion. This is a good nitrogen supplement and does not tolerate aphid. You can immediately perform the protection of the plant and its feeding. Use insecticides in dill can not.
To repel and remove aphid colonies on a vegetable bed, spraying with a solution of an alcohol liquid can be applied. If you use 2 tablespoons of Troy per 10 liters of water, spraying will drive the pest. Alcohol should be only crude ethyl, with fusel odor or fragrance. Aphids will fall, it needs to be covered with earth.
Another way to prevent the main pest of dill greens will be sowing a few thyme bushes, the smell of which will scare away aphids. In addition, you can use liquid fertilizer organic fertilizer, saltpeter. But it should be noted that fungal diseases, rot, develop on wet, nitrogen-rich soils. It is necessary to keep a balance, do not overfeed, do not flood the plant, after each watering loosen the soil, delivering oxygen to the lower layers.
How to grow dill in the open ground, if there are changes in the color of openwork foliage. If the twigs acquire yellowness, you need to feed the plant with saltpeter, watering at the root. Red bottom leaves signal phosphorus deficiency. Bush wilted, despite watering, you need to remove the diseased plant and determine the cause. Often this is due to root rot with improper care. To save such a plant is already impossible, you need to take measures so that the infection does not spread to neighboring bushes.
Useful properties of dill
Greens can be used as they grow. The grass gets the greatest aroma during the formation of the inflorescence, before its opening. At this time, and harvested fragrant greens for winter use. The substances contained in this spicy greens have a beneficial effect on the body in small quantities.
In addition to cooking, where dill is indispensable, it is used for medicinal purposes:
- reduces pressure in hypertensive patients,
- improves the digestive tract,
- has an analgesic effect
- improves the urogenital system,
- improves lactation.
Dill oil and seeds are used with special properties in the use of both drugs. However, you can not abuse the fresh herbs, you can bring your body to a reduced tone and drowsiness.
Fragrant dill is used not only in cooking, but also for medicinal purposes. It contains many macro-and micronutrients, vitamins P, PP, A, B2, B6, ascorbic acid, as well as petroselic, palmitic and oleic acid. Due to the easy digestibility and the content of useful substances, dill can be taken not only for adults but also for children. Eating greens in small quantities, it will greatly benefit the human body and help:
- To improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract and urogenital system.
- It is recommended for hypertensive patients. Regular consumption of dill reduces pressure.
- Acts as a painkiller.
- Restores metabolism.
- Improves blood supply to the brain.
Need to remember! The body's tone will be less and sleepiness will appear if you eat a lot of dill.
Choosing a place
To the plant developed correctlyand the harvest was good, you need to create favorable conditions for it. Adhering to the requirements necessary for the plant, a place for sowing is chosen. It should be:
- Slightly dark or sunny.
- Have a neutral soil with a deep arable layer.
It can be planted in the area near the cabbage, tomato and cucumber. But too close to dill will take nutrients and moisture from other plants. In acidic and alkaline soil, dill develops poorly and becomes yellow or red. Therefore, do not forget about balanced organic or mineral supplements. With their help, greenery on your site will be much more.
Place for planting dill prepared in advance. At the beginning of autumn, the chosen area for cultivation must be deeply dug up. Manure or compost is added to the soil during digging. If the land is acidic on the plot, a liming should be carried out. The procedure is repeated with the onset of spring, adding complex mineral fertilizers. Sowing seeds in open ground can be done in late autumn or early spring.
- Spring sowing. Suitable conditions for seed germination - at a temperature of + 16-18 degrees. Spring sowing begins from April 20 and continues until the beginning of May with a minimum warming up of the soil of about +5 degrees. Seeds are planted and sprinkled with a layer of soil 0.5 cm. After germination they are thinned. Between sprouts leave a distance of 10 cm.
- Autumn sowing. Sowing of seeds in the winter period do before the onset of the first frost - in the middle or end of October. Seeds are planted at a depth of 4 cm. For the winter, the area is covered with mulch. Autumn sowing will provide an earlier spring harvest.
Sometimes dill is sown in winter. On the site they remove the snow and scatter the seeds. Add humus to the ground, which covers the seeds. Then everyone falls asleep with snow. The site is closed with a film, if there is a strong frost. Crops will ascend with the first snow melt.
So that the beds always have a fresh harvest., you need to purchase several varieties at once. Seeds with different ripening periods are planted on the flower bed throughout the season. But it is worth remembering that the early varieties are resistant to cold, so the frost is -4 degrees they are not afraid. But later varieties love the heat and can freeze during early disembarkation.
- Before planting, seeds are soaked in warm water for 3 days. This is necessary so that they quickly sprout. Otherwise, their germination process will be very long due to the high content of essential oils. Soaking time can be reduced to two days, if instead of water to use ash solution. When soaking the water is changed twice a day: in the morning and in the evening.
- Then the seeds are put in a solution of growth stimulant and left for 24 hours.
- For disinfection, they are put in potassium permanganate for another 30 minutes and only then they are thoroughly dried.
- Seeds are planted in transverse rows with a distance of 15 cm from each other. If sowing is done randomly, then during spring planting they count on 1 square meter. meter and a half grams of seeds. If winter planting, their number doubled. The approximate distance between the plants will be 5-6 cm.
- Seeds sprinkled with earth and slightly compacted.
- A few days after planting the seeds do not water. Otherwise, their water will wash away deeper into the ground.
- After 1.5 weeks, the first shoots will sprout. Without pretreatment, sprouts will appear in 2.5 weeks.
- For active growth dill requires careful watering. Therefore, the bed should be regularly watered. The soil should always be moistened by 60-70%.
Need to know! Having planted a salad near dill, it will be possible to calmly weed a bed without fear of digging up the plant. The salad will quickly germinate and will serve as a beacon indicating where the dill is located. All summer the bed will be decorated with fresh greens, if you regularly plant new seeds on the vacant space.
Collection and storage
To keep the harvest for a long time, will help the rules of collection and storage:
- In the daytime, greens often fade, especially in the hot period. Therefore, the harvest is better to collect in the early morning when the dew dries.
- For everyday use (dressing salads and soups) fit young cut greens. Для срезки выбирают растения высотой до 10 см, предварительно опрысканные водой.
- Чтобы всегда можно было воспользоваться молодым укропом, его хранят в морозильной камере. Тщательно промывают, высушивают, режут на части, раскладывают в полиэтиленовые пакеты и замораживают. Свежий укроп, замороженный кубиками, можно использовать для косметических масок. To do this, dill finely chopped, poured boiled water and spread in molds.
- Plants between 25 and 30 cm in height, on which the inflorescences were formed, are dried. Drying is carried out in a room with good ventilation or in the shade.
- You can store any part of the plant: the grassy part, the seeds or the whole plant. Whole dill is collected in bundles and hung.
- New leaves of the cut plant will reappear if, when cut, leave the stem 2 cm above the ground.
- To use dill for pickles and marinades, it must continue to grow until it reaches its final ripeness.
Need to know! With the natural drying of dill, most of the useful properties are preserved. A dill, dried in the oven, loses all the useful substances and fragrant aroma.
Any plant is prone to attack by parasites, and dill is often affected by aphids. It is not necessary to fight the pest, using chemicals, as the greens absorb them. therefore used for the treatment of only folk remedies:
- Onion peel pour hot water and insist a few days. Treating a plant with such a disinfectant will protect it from aphids and other parasites.
- On each site grows nettle. Her stems and leaves are poured with hot water and infused for several days. Then water the plant. A solution of nettle - this is a good fertilizer for dill and protection from aphids.
- Pests are deterred by sharp odors. For example, the smell of citrus. All insects will disappear if the plant is sprayed with tincture of tangerine peels.
- Wood ash insist on hot water for 24 hours. Then filter and add grated soap. When the soap is dissolved, dill is sprayed with the prepared solution.
- Thyme bushes planted near the plant will also protect it from aphids.
Need to remember! You can not flood the plant with excess water and overfeed, otherwise rot and fungal diseases may appear on damp soil.
Features of growing dill
The plant is unpretentious and can grow on almost any part of the garden. Since dill is a perennial crop, subject to proper care, it can grow on its own, without requiring additional human intervention. In the fall, seeds are showered on the soil, and sprout in spring, and there is no need to sow them additionally.
Dill can be grown in open soil by several methods - sowing seeds in spring or late autumn. The culture is cold-resistant, so it easily tolerates small frosts (not more than -6 degrees C). Allowed to carry out the laying of seeds in the soil in late autumn, for example, in late October or early November. Specific dates directly depend on the region where the plant will be grown.
There is another option when spring planting is carried out, which must be carried out immediately after the snow melts and the soil dries out slightly. Around mid-April, but no later than at the end of May. Culture reproduces beautifully with the help of self-seeding. If umbrellas with seeds are not removed in the fall, young shoots will appear in the spring.
An excellent option would be to prepare the ground in the fall:
- It is necessary to dig the ground to a depth of not less than 20 cm.
- Mineral and organic fertilizers are applied.
- The liming of acid soils is performed.
- During the spring digging, urea (20 g), superphosphate (20 g), potash salt (20 g) is injected.
When choosing a site for planting dill, follow these tips:
- It is not recommended to sow the plant in places where last year parsley, carrot, parsnip, fennel or cumin grew.
- Umbrella plants are not considered the best neighbors.
- The ideal would be the soil on which grew beets, cabbage, cucumbers, potatoes, tomatoes and legumes.
- Dill is a unique plant, as it has a positive effect on the development and growth of certain types of vegetables, for example, improves the taste of cabbage, cucumbers, beets and potatoes.
- An umbrella plant has a negative effect on the growth of carrots, tomatoes, sweet peppers and fennel.
To get a good harvest, you need to properly prepare for planting seeds:
- Experienced gardeners are advised to pre-soak the seeds and only after that to plant in the ground.
- Seeds are wrapped in wet gauze and left for several days, as they should swell well.
- Before planting, the seeds are dried in the open air for about half an hour and placed in the prepared soil.
- Approximately 10-14 days begin to appear uniform shoots.
- The seeds of the crop are not too demanding to temperature conditions and begin to grow actively at +3 degrees C.
- The crop can be grown seedlings, but only in the case of the bush dill varieties.
Sowing dill in the open ground
Some guidelines for planting dill:
- Grooves of about 2 cm in depth are prepared in advance.
- Grooves are poured with water, but not too plentiful, so that the ground is slightly damp.
- There must be a distance of at least 20 cm between the rows.
- When sowing in the spring rate is 1 g per square meter. m., in the fall of 2 g per square meter. m
- On the bottom of the grooves poured the prepared seeds.
- A layer of dry earth is poured on top.
- It is not necessary to perform additional watering of seeds.
Care after seeding
Dill is among the unpretentious plants, so do not require any special farming practices. It is enough to perform the simplest procedures:
- Weekly watering is carried out, which increases in very dry weather.
- It is important to systematically loosen the soil.
- Be sure to remove weeds as they appear.
- If the seedlings are too thick, thinning is performed.
- On poor soils, the use of potash fertilizers is required.
- Several times per season, if necessary, hilling of shoots is carried out.
Dill is a moisture-loving plant, so the soil must be constantly kept wet. It is not recommended to water the greens too plentifully and often, otherwise the plant will grow slowly and begin to ache. As a result of excess moisture, the concentration of oils contained in greens is significantly reduced, due to which it becomes less fragrant.
If dill is used with a short ripening period, fertilizers are not applied, as the plant does not lack nutrients. If the culture grows too slow, it is possible to additionally carry out nitrophosphate or urea in the following ratio - per 1 sq. m. soil is taken 10-15 g of fertilizer.
Loosening and weeding
In order for the greens to be saturated with useful substances, it is necessary to weed regularly the bed. If weeds are not removed in time, they strongly compact the soil, which is why moisture is retained in it, which negatively affects the development and growth of the plant. Dill is best grown on breathable soils. After rain or watering, loosening is recommended.
Shelter in the heat
Dill, like most types of greens, is not too fond of the heat. As a result of exposure to excessively high temperatures, the soil quickly dries out, which stops the growth of the plant, and the leaves become too sluggish. So that greens do not lose their useful qualities and structure, a small canopy can be installed above the garden bed.
During harvest, it is recommended to follow a few rules:
- The collection is best done in the morning when the dew dries. In the hot daytime greens much fade.
- The optimal height for cutting green is 10 cm - this size the plant reaches about 30 days after planting.
- Before harvesting pre-greens are sprinkled with water, then cut with scissors.
- To root again gave new leaves, you need to leave the aerial part of a height of 2-3 cm.
- If the greens will be used in marinades or pickles, it is necessary for the plant to reach dairy technical ripeness.
- Suitable for drying plants that have reached a height of 20-25 cm.
- Drying is performed in the shade where there is good ventilation.
- For storage is used not only grassy part, but also seeds.
- Young greens can be stored in the freezer, spreading them in plastic bags.
Dill: planting and care in the open field
The bed for spring sowing need to be cooked since autumn. It is required to dig up the earth to a depth of about 25 cm and add a bucket of humus (per square meter). In the spring, it is enough to level the bed with a rake and make grooves at a distance of 20 cm and a depth of 2-3 cm from each other. Sow the seeds in them, sprinkle them on top with a small layer of humus. It is not necessary to water before emergence.
Throughout the summer, dill can be sown not once, but at intervals of 20-25 days to get fresh greens. That is the time of its maturation. At this point, the plant reaches a height of about twenty centimeters. To get seeds, you will have to wait a little longer, before the umbrellas ripen. These are the basic rules for growing dill in the open field. Everything is quite simple and will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener.
Sprouts dill: features of growing
This variety has appeared on the seed market recently. Its appearance and technology of cultivation are somewhat different from those of ordinary dill. If you do not comply with agricultural technology, then he, of course, will grow, but he will lose his elite qualities. The main feature of this species is its size and strong foliage. Sprouts dill can grow up to one and a half meters in height, therefore, the distance between plants should be large (25 cm). It is more demanding on soil fertility and climate, and therefore it is planted in greenhouses. Cultivation of dill in the open field is also possible, but only by seedling (sowing in mid-April - early May). It is planted on the bed when the air temperature is set within 20-25 ° C.
The capriciousness of dill is offset by its high yield. So, 20 plants will provide you with greenery, not only for the whole summer, but also for the winter.
If you practice cultivation of dill in the open ground, the flower stalks are best removed, especially in central Russia, as the seeds still do not have time to ripen, even in greenhouses. The plant only in vain will spend power. This variety is best grown exclusively for greenery.
One of the main enemies of fragrant greens is powdery mildew. It can appear at any time in the form of white bloom on seeds, stems and leaves. Mealy dew most often occurs at the end of the summer, when the nights are cool. As a result, the plant loses its taste and is no longer suitable for eating. Perhaps the appearance of downy powdery mildew, which is characterized by the appearance of chlorotic spots, gradually turning yellow.
Dill may also be exposed to fomoz. This fungal disease manifests itself as blackening on seeds, stems, and sometimes leaves.
These diseases, in principle, can appear at any time, regardless of whether you practice growing dill in the open field or greenhouse. It is impossible to treat plants with chemicals, therefore it is only possible to apply preventive measures, namely, alternating crops, timely destroying weeds and infected specimens, as well as disinfecting fennel seeds. To do this, before planting, they must be heated in hot water (50 ° C) for 30 minutes.
Growing dill: the main nuances
- Thinning. This is the case when you do not need to regret the plants. In the phase of 2-3 true leaves, shoots must be thinned out, leaving a distance of at least 6-7 cm between neighboring bushes. This contributes to the better development of dill, it will be strong and even. For bush varieties it is generally a mandatory procedure, and it can be carried out in several stages, gradually bringing the distance between plants to thirty centimeters.
- Greenery grows in about a month, so fertilization is not required during the growing season. In extreme cases, if you notice yellowing of the leaves, you can water the plants with a solution of urea or mullein.
- Young greens can be pulled straight from the spine, but from adult plants (25 cm and higher) it is better to pick off only green leaves.
- Choose for planting sunny places where there is no stagnant moisture and fertile soil. In the shade you will get a pale green or almost yellow dill.
Growing dill: the choice of varieties
Often, growers and gardeners do not attach importance to the varieties of dill, because the greens - it is green. And this is a completely wrong opinion. In the modern seed market, the choice of dill varieties is very large. As a rule, they all differ in terms of ripening, and sometimes in agricultural cultivation. Therefore, carefully read the inscriptions on the bags with fragrant seeds. It is worth noting the following varieties of dill.
- Mid-season: Anna, Gribovsky, Umbrella, Lesnogorsky, Salute, Patterns.
- Late-ripening: Alligator, Boreas, Superdukat.
- Bush varieties: Buyan, Bouquet, Sultan.
Harvesting and drying the crop
Harvesting of greens for drying or freezing is done in 25-30 days after the shoots appear. By this time the plant grows up to 15-20 cm in height. Before freezing, rinse the herbs and let them drain. Then dill should be crumbled and packaged in sachets or containers. You can also dry it. This should be done not in the sun, but in the shade, in a well-ventilated room. Store dried dill in jars with tight-fitting lids or in paper bags, the same goes for seeds.
Be sure to plant on your site fragrant dill! Planting and care in the open field does not require much time and effort. But as a result, you get not only delicious, but also very useful spicy greens, and the seeds are great for use in pickling and salting vegetables, in addition, have medicinal properties.
Neighborhood with other cultures
In principle, dill does not conflict with other vegetables, herbs, in general, with the fact that almost everyone grows in the garden. The main thing that you need to remember is that you can not plant dill where last year was a bed with celery. In addition, planting dill in open ground should be planned so that it does not cause damage. This means that the greens should not grow in the vicinity of the stem of another vegetable, otherwise it will take nutrients from another plant, sucking all the juices through the base or roots.
Video “Planting dill for the winter”
In this video, you will learn about the results of planting dill for the winter. You will see what it looks like, what difficulties it encountered in the process of growing it, what is needed for this event and the like.
If you want to get dill as early as possible, then you need to make in such a way that sowing of seeds should be before winter or in early spring. However, it should be remembered that planting dill after liming and making dolomite flour is strictly prohibited! It is also forbidden to sprinkle a bed of ashes when sowing seeds. In addition, remember that the acidic swampy soil is detrimental to dill, we strongly do not recommend planting it there.
The soil is brought in on the sunny part of the vegetable garden along with a deep digging. At the same time, fertilizer should be applied to each bucket of soil. Ashes do not make in any case!
As a rule, the seeds germinate at a temperature of 2 to 4 degrees Celsius. The optimum temperature is a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius. The plant can grow in light shade, but plant it in better lit areas. Greens form when the daylight hours are at least 9-11 hours, but in order for the seeds to appear, it is necessary that the daylight hours be 14-16 hours long.
Dill needs a neutral ground, a sunny place, or a very light shade, moderate watering (see that water does not stagnate) and balanced feeding. It will blush on acidic soil and turn yellow on alkaline. In order for dill to grow healthy, we need a humus layer of soil. Top dressing will help get a lot of greens.
Autumn sowing is delayed, so that the change does not have time to grow sooner than necessary. First, prepare the first beds. And at the first frost the seeds are planted and covered with cool ground.
Soil for planting
Dill planting and care in the open field should occur in wet weather, otherwise the dill will fade, and its leaves will be tough. The land should be at least 70% wet and the humidity above 60%.
Before planting, always fertilize the soil. Organic fertilizers - 3-5 kilograms of manure or 6 kilograms of compost.
Mineral fertilizers 160 grams of potassium salt or 220 grams of superphosphate.
Seed can be sown from mid-spring to June. Before planting, you need to prepare the seeds, that is, they germinate at home. Try to keep them for 2 days in a solution of ash. Alternatively, place it in a gauze bag with warm water for several days. However, if you are going to plant before winter, you may not process the seeds. Also, do not accelerate the seedlings during early sowing. If you are sowing while the frosting is physically impossible, you can speed up the seedlings by holding the seeds in special stimulants for several days.
In order for dill to develop it needs nitrogen fertilizers.
Однако зелень скапливает нитраты, что нивелирует все ее полезные свойства и порою делает даже вредной. Поэтому лучше всего подкармливать укроп уже бродившим крапивным настоем. Тут стоит особо обратить внимание, что этот настой ненавидит тля! Так что, можно будет сразу сделать и подкормку, и защиту. Применять инсектициды нельзя!
Если вы желаете отпугнуть тлю, то можно сделать опрыскиванием спиртовой жидкостью. It will be enough to use 2 tablespoons of "Troy" in 10 liters of water and spray. Alcohol should be only ethyl. When the aphids fall, just fill it with earth.
She also hates the smell of thyme. In addition, she is afraid of organic fertilizers and saltpeter. However, it should be remembered that the fungi develop on those soils that are filled with nitrogen. Therefore, you need to keep a balance: do not overfeed, do not pour the dill and from time to time to loosen the soil.
Perfectly drives away citrus peel pests or onion peel. They are poured with hot water and insist for several days. If you see aphids, spray the dill with this solution.
If you see that the twigs become yellow, then try to feed the plant with saltpeter, watering at the root. If you see leaves with a red tint, then pour phosphorus. If you see that the bush wilted, despite watering, then there may be several reasons. The most frequent of them - root rot or improper care. Alas, there is no way to save such a plant.
Seeds are planted several centimeters deep. Remember that two grams of seeds will be enough for one square meter. You can sow dill in rows, but then thinning will be necessary.
Dill - a very unpretentious plant. When you leave with him, the main thing is to follow these rules:
- Water 1-2 times a week.
- Periodically loosen the ground.
- Clean up weeds as they appear.
- Hurt too thick plantings.
- Feed the plant with potash fertilizers.
- Spuding greens and, of course, harvesting when it comes to life.
You can use greens immediately, but if you want to store it, it is better to pull it out during the formation of inflorescences. At this time, the height will be about 30 cm. Collect dill in the early morning, in the afternoon it may fade a little.
If you want to always have fresh greens on the garden, then, every few months, sow new seeds.
The advantages of planting in the open field is that dill has a huge amount of vitamins, it is convenient to care for and collect sorrel. Also, the cultivation of dill in the open field requires a minimum of work and at the same time gives the most vitamin greens. And all due to the fact that he loves a long day of light, the sun and calmly endure cold and bad soil.
Cons - dependence on the weather, a short growing period. And the fact that the seeds sprout for a long time because of the content of essential oils. To reduce the time, just put the seeds in warm water for a couple of days - all essential oils will go there. Do not forget to change the water from time to time.
How to plant dill on the windowsill?
Cultivation technology is not too different from a similar process in the open field. Here are some tips for those who want to get fresh greens all year round right at home.
- In winter, you need to organize additional lighting (plus 5-6 hours in the morning, evening hours).
- In the process of growth, fertilize with concentrated fertilizers.
It may not be so important to thoroughly carry out all these prescriptions for planting, caring and gathering. The main thing is to treat any business with a soul. The more it is done for the plant, the greater the yield it will bring. And it doesn’t matter where dill grows - on the window of the house or on the garden bed. The main thing is that this plant is a great gift to your mood and health.