Blackberry berry is an amazing gift of nature, which contains many priceless elements, vitamins and nutrients. The plant belongs to the genus Rubus from the family Pink. In our area, it is customary to grow a blackberry blackberry (in Ukrainian it is called “ozhina”, and a bushy blackberry, which is called cumanika.
Despite the many similarities with the healing raspberries, it is not grown commercially on the European continent. However, Mexicans consider culture the most sought-after of all berries, so the country is the leader in exports to the United States and Europe. In our area, blackberries can be found only in the wild and in some private gardens, however, the popularity of keeping bushes in their areas is growing steadily.
Garden blackberry refers to perennial shrubs with flexible stem shoots that are covered with many sharp thorns, however, some hybrids grow without thorns, giving an excellent crop. If you equip the culture of reliable support, it can grow to two meters in height. Blackberry leaves are trifoliate or five-semidividual with a light green color, pubescent on both sides. During flowering, the plant turns into an amazing honey plant. During this period, flowers with a diameter of about three centimeters are revealed, creating an elegant composition. The ripening of black fruits with a bluish bloom begins in August.
As for growing blackberries in the home, such an occupation requires a special approach and effort. However, the invaluable properties of the fruit are a convincing argument for novice gardeners, so sooner or later they come to the question of planting. The procedure is usually carried out in the spring, not in the fall, as is done with other berry crops. The best time period for landing is the end of April or May, when the spring sun normally warms up the soil.
When choosing a place to land should find well lit areaprotected from the wind. Exposure to drafts can damage the leaves and berries, preventing the normal pollination of flowers.
Experts recommend embarking on the landing not on the plains, but on the southern or western slopes, which will prevent winds from the east and north. Good growth rates are seen in drained, breathable soil, including loam. The plant also feels good on sandy soils. If cultivation occurs on carbonate soil, then most likely there will be a problem of lack of iron and magnesium.
Optimum pH 6. Before planting bushes need to restore order in the area, taking into account all agronomic techniques. First you need to clear the bed of weeds, pests and vectors of infections. With regular fertilization of the bed, it is not necessary to add other top dressings for the green part, since this will cause a buildup of green mass and deterioration of fruit bearing. However, if the land is very depleted by previous crops, then when digging holes, the blackberry should be mixed with the top layer of soil. In this case, organic and mineral compounds are used at the rate of 10 kilograms of organic matter per square meter of land.
If you doubt that you will be able to plant the plant yourself, be sure that there is nothing difficult in this matter.
To avoid irreparable consequences, it is better to buy planting material in proven nurseries, preferring annuals with a well-developed rhizome, two stems and a formed bud near the roots. As for the size of the pit, they are determined by the quality and age of the seedlings. The distance between the blackberry bushes is determined by the characteristics of the variety and way of cultivation, and there are two:
When the bush method in the pit they plant 2−3 seedlings with low rates of sprouting, placing the pit according to the scheme of 1.8 × 1.8 meters. Tape method will be useful for varieties with enhanced spine formation.
A sapling falls into a pit or furrow, in the process of which the roots are straightened in different directions. Then the pit is covered with earth.
Features care for blackberries in the spring
To make the culture grow fertile and healthy, she needs to provide the right care. It consists in:
- regular watering
- loosening the soil
Also, it is impossible to do without the obligatory preventive and curative measures, and in order to give the culture the proper form, it is necessary to carry out formative pruning. This is done at the moment when the spring comes into its full rights, and the air temperature starts to rise. Basically, when planting a blackberry, there are no difficulties, the main thing is to take into account all the subtleties and rules.
At the initial stage need to install a trellis, which will then be tied fruiting shoots. Sturdy pillars of two meters in height begin to dig into the ground at the beginning and at the end of a row on both sides of the bushes, as well as between the first and the last.
When growing a straight-growing variety, do not be surprised if there is no harvest in the first year of life. In order to achieve good fruiting next year, you need to perform the pinching of the main young shoots that reach 100-120 centimeters. It is important to shorten the tops by 10 centimeters, and when the lateral branches grow, they are also slightly pruned. Ultimately, the bush becomes well-groomed and compact, although it does not affect the yield.
It is necessary to water new saplings 1,5 months, increasing watering during prolonged drought. During the fruiting period, the procedure is also repeated, using rainwater or tap water in a barrel or other large container.
In order for the crop to be good enough, you should properly care for the substrate. If in the first two years you grow tilled vegetable or green manure crops in between rows, then in the future you must keep the aisles under the black steam. As soon as weeds appear, they need to be cut, loosening the soil between rows 5-6 times per season to a depth of 10-12 centimeters.
To prevent further development of weed vegetation, the site is mulched with straw, sawdust, pine needles or forest fallen leaves. It is also desirable to process the soil with a 5 cm layer of rotted manure or peat compost. This solution will protect the ground from weeds and prevent the formation of a crust on the ground surface. In addition, the blackberry will receive many nutrients.
Features feedings and breeding
Fertilize for blackberry need the same method as for other berry crops, such as:
Nitrogen and organic supplements are introduced in proportions of 40 grams per square meter. They need to be used annually, excluding chlorine-containing drugs. If manure is used as mulch, you will not need to apply phosphate fertilizers.
Culture can be propagated in summer, winter and spring. If you intend to grow the creeping variety, then this is done by the apical and horizontal layers. As for the bush varieties - by dividing the bush, basal suckers or by means of cuttings.
Reproduction using apical otvodok is considered the easiest way, because in spring time climbing escape can be bent to the ground and prikopat its upper part of the substrate. In this case, the tip will begin to take roots, and then new shoots from the buds placed under the ground. In the future, it will remain to separate the escape from the mother bush.
If we are talking about reproduction in horizontal layers, the culture is bent down to the ground and covered with the soil along the entire length of the shoot. This creates several bushes.
As for breeding root suckersthat appear every year, then this method also has a good performance. As planting material, you must use those elements that have grown to ten centimeters in height. It is desirable to remove the offspring in May or June. During this time, they finally take root in a new place.
Some varieties of blackberry do not give offspring, so the only way out of the situation is to use the division of the bush. It is important to divide the dug bush and choose the most mature delenki, which can normally take root after transplanting. The rest is disposed of.
Reproduction by cutting it is necessary, if desired, to preserve the varietal properties of the mother bush. In this case, it is necessary to cut the cuttings from the upper third of the shoot in June-July, having processed the lower section with a root-forming substance, and then plant the prepared material in small containers with a mixture of peat and perlite. The cups are placed under the film, providing 96% moisture. Within a month, the cuttings will begin to form roots, so soon they can be transplanted to a new place.
Autumn care of the culture involves diligently preparing the bushes for the winter. First you need to prune dry and damaged branches, and then cover the ground around the roots with a layer of mulch based on peat or dry sawdust. Then it is necessary to spray the bush with atellik - a special remedy for pests, as well as copper sulphate, which will become a reliable defense against diseases.
When, if there are severe frosts in your area, down to -10.-20 degrees, the plant is better to cover. However, frost-resistant varieties are able to tolerate such a temperature regime is quite normal, except for the lower mark of -20 degrees.
To cover the culture from the cold, you can remove the branches from the trellis, bend them to the ground and carefully cover them with corn leaves, laying a covering material on top. As it is possible to use ordinary polyethylene.
You must understand that to successfully implement such an action when growing upright varieties is not easy. High probability of damage to the shoots, so on the top of the shoots should fix the load, which with the further growth of the blackberry will bend it to the ground.
It is known that blackberries do not suffer from the problem of sticking under the film, so humus, straw or sawdust can be used for insulation. It is better to abandon the fallen leaves, because it is an excellent place for the development of dangerous microorganisms. Instead, it is better to rake and burn away from the garden.
One of the most important, and at the same time troublesome actions in self-care for blackberries, is pruning. However, it should be done as often as possible, otherwise the culture may be subjected to all sorts of infections. There are several types of blackberry:
Cumanica (straight-growing) blackberries can grow up to three meters in height, and sometimes more. As it grows, it forms many shoots of replacement, and fruiting begins in the second year of life, as is the case with raspberries.
In the spring before the development of the kidneys, the gardener should get rid of the dry and frost-damaged stems, as well as frost-bitten tops. Shrubs of the first year are double pruned, which is a good stimulation of lateral shoots. For these purposes, in May, the tops of the branches are shortened by about 5-7 centimeters. In turn, in July, side shoots that grow to 0.5 meters in length should be shortened by 7–10 centimeters.
Here you need to leave only 6−8 the most robust copies. All others are completely removed.
As for mature blackberry bushes, then, in addition to frost-hit and broken branches, weak shoots must be removed. You can leave no more than 4−10 strong branches, while shortening the lateral branches of 20−40 cm. During the growing season, it is necessary to remove rapidly developing root shoots.
Blackberry care at home - quite troublesome and demanding. However, with the right approach and taking into account all the rules, it becomes as simple and accessible as possible. Be prepared to devote the necessary time and effort to plant and further maintain the culture, and she will thank you for a great and pleasant harvest.
The best time to plant a blackberry
Russian gardeners everywhere planted raspberries and strawberries, which have long been accustomed to. Blackberries on their plots are planted only true fans of the south-smelling berries.
It is best to plant blackberries in the midst of spring, the soil finally warms to the required depth.
The plant develops well where there is a lot of light and no drafts. Do not forget that a strong gust of wind is able to cause irreparable damage to the bush. This can be a major obstacle to the future pollination of flower stalks.
It is best to look for a landing site on the southern slope or on the western side of the garden plot.
Blackberries very well and quickly rooted, growing on generously drained and nutrient media. To make the soil crumbly, you can mix it with sand. It is important to create these conditions so that the water does not stagnate in the soil and the plant does not “suffocate”.
If the soil is carbonate, in preparing the planting pit, it must be fertilized with iron and magnesium.
The best guarantee of excellent blackberry yields will be early weed control and disinfection at the site designated for it. These measures will also save the unadapted plant from the invasion of aphids or the formation of destructive mold.
It is important to pre-saturate the earth with organic (manure, compost, and ground egg shells) and mineral agents: 10 kg of organic matter, 15 g of superphosphate, 25 g of potassium sulfate. This amount is provided for processing 1 sq.m.
How to plant a blackberry
In order for the blackberry to take root and enjoy the harvest for a long time, it needs to be planted correctly. Saplings for planting need to buy in specialized stores or in nurseries with a good reputation. The best option - seedlings with a developed rhizome and at least two stems 0.5 cm thick and more. At least one kidney should be present on the root system.
In the process of planting agriculture, professional gardeners recommend to follow these rules:
- The correct characterization of the seedling and the knowledge of its age are necessary for determining the width and depth of the pit for planting. The distance between the bushes and buildings or other plants must be at least 1 m.
- In determining the distance between shrubs, the main role is played by varietal characteristics and the ability to form shoots, a method of cultivating a plant. For cluster planting, several bushes with a low level of shoot formation are planted in one pit. In this case, the scheme is suitable: 1.8x1.8 m.
- If the bushes have a developed shoot formation, they are recommended to be planted by the tape method. Seedlings are distributed in a row at a distance of 1m from each other. The row spacing should be at least 2-2.5 m.
To land a blackberry in compliance with the technological requirements, you need to act as follows:
- Loosen the soil, fertilize and dig a hole or make a furrow of the required depth.
- Carefully place the seedling in a pit or row, straightening rhizome. With one hand hold the plant vertically, with the other - gently fill the root and base with earth. The bud at the bottom of the stem falls asleep 2-3 cm.
- Leave a small depression in the landing area. This will contribute to water retention during irrigation and the penetration of melt water.
- Squeeze the soil around the seedling and water it abundantly. Use for each 5-6 liters of water.
- When the liquid is fully absorbed into the ground, it is necessary to immediately mulch. For these purposes, you need to take compost from peat and chicken or horse manure.
- Acting with the utmost care, cut off the tops of the shoots. Should remain no more than 20 cm above the ground. It is also necessary to remove the fruit buds.
How to care for blackberries
To shrub pleased abundant fruiting and gaining strength, you should take care of him. Necessary care activities include:
- regular watering and moistening of the soil to prevent cracking of the ground from drying out,
- loosening the soil for breathing roots,
- preventive and therapeutic supplements and treatments,
- pruning shoots to give the shrub the desired shape.
Trellis - the best solution for maintaining particularly high shoots. It is enough only with the arrival of spring heat to install them into the ground and attach plantings to them. Having installed the supports at the beginning and at the end of the furrow, you need to place them every 10 meters from the middle.
Between the supports, you need to stretch the wire in three rows: at a height of half a meter, 1.25 m and 180 m. Bushes are tied to the highest wire in the second year of fruiting. No need to tie young shoots. They themselves, as they grow, will cling to the necessary support. Most importantly, control the direction of growth of shoots. Otherwise, they will grow haphazardly, tangled with other plants and acquire an unkempt, even abandoned look. It may also cause damage to the shrub.
A blackberry that grows straight will not produce a crop in the first year. To achieve a good yield for the next year, it is necessary to perform the pinching of the main shoots with a height of 100-120 cm.
Пинцировка заключается в следующих манипуляциях: срезаются верхушки кустов на 10 см, а после отрастания веток по бокам, нужно укоротить их на пол метра. Это гарантирует растению ухоженный вид, не причиняя вреда урожайности.
В течение 45 дней после посадки ежевики, растению необходим усиленный полив, особенно во время жары. Плодоносящие кусты нуждаются в дополнительном поливе во время роста, развития и созревания цветоносов. Categorically it is impossible to take for these purposes not separated distilled water. It is better to use for irrigation rainwater or separated in a few days in the sun.
Blackberry planting is very simple, the main thing is not to thicken the landing. As it should be 1.5 meters between the bushes, and should be left. Otherwise, then harvesting is inconvenient, and the plants do not get enough space. I regretted leaving the whole meter. Have to replant.
I think half a meter is not very critical. I would leave as is. More would be cut. For the future - would put the blackberry as expected
Description of blackberry garden
Garden blackberry is a shrub with a flexible stem shoot and a perennial rhizome, seated with sharp thorns. Today, you can find blackberries without thorns. It is characterized by resistance to diseases and pests, stability of the crop. Blackberry bush can reach a height of two meters, if there is a support. Blackberry leaves are serrated, trifoliate or five-semidividual, pubescent on both sides and have a light green color. The flowering blackberry is a honey plant. White flowers are revealed in diameter about three centimeters from June to August. It all depends on the climatic conditions and variety.
Blackberry fruits are black with a bluish bloom, juicy. They ripen in August.
Planting blackberries in the spring
Growing this culture is not an easy and unusual thing. But the use of it for the human body is a convincing argument in order to master the agricultural technology of this berry, rare for our locality. Most often they plant blackberries in the spring - at the end of April or at the beginning of May, when the ground warms up. For it is necessary to find a place that is well protected from the wind and illuminated by the sun. Wind can injure berries and blackberry leaves, as well as prevent pollination of flowers. Blackberry landing is best done on the western or southern slopes, and not on the plains. So you can protect the bushes from the north and east winds.
Blackberry grows well on nutrient breathable, drained loams, as well as on sandy loam soils. But on carbonate soils - it will be a little iron and magnesium. Hydrogen is the best indicator for it is pH 6. Before planting a crop in the soil, put it in order with the agrotechnical requirements of this berry. To do this, free the soil from pathogens, pests and weeds since autumn. If you fertilize the soil in the garden regularly, then you do not need to apply fertilizer specifically for blackberry. It may, because of this, build up greenery at the expense of fruiting.
But if the soil was depleted by previous crops, then add mineral and organic fertilizers to the folded top layer during the period of digging holes. To do this, take 10 kilograms of organic matter (humus, compost or manure), 25 grams of potassium sulphide and 15 grams of superphosphate per 1 square meter of land. When planting, pour the plant roots with this mixture..
- To reduce the risk of failure as much as possible you need to buy plant seedlings in well-known nurseries.
- It is better to purchase an annual sapling, it will have a well-developed root system, two buds on the roots and two stems will be formed, the thickness of which in diameter will be more than 5 millimeters.
- The width and depth of the pit is determined by the age and quality of the seedling.
- The distance of the bushes of this culture from other plants or structures should exceed 1 meter.
- The gap between the bushes depends on the method of cultivation of the crop (bush or belt) and the ability of the variety to sprouting.
- If you chose the bush method, then you need to plant 2 or 3 saplings with a low level of germination in one well. At the same time the hole is placed according to the scheme 1.8 by 1.8 meters.
- The belt method is suitable for varieties with enhanced shoot formation: the culture is planted in a continuous chain in the furrow. At the same time, the distance between the seedlings should be about 1 meter, but between the chains - 2.5 meters.
Sapling must be lowered into the furrow. The roots are straightened in different directions. After that, it is covered with fertilized soil so that the bud, which is located at the base of the stem, is under the ground for about 3 cm. But to fill up the ground to the level of the main plot is impossible. There should be a hollow below the surface of about 3 centimeters. This is done to accumulate snow and save water when watering. After that, the soil near the sapling compacted and each of them watered with about 3-6 liters of water. After the water has been absorbed, the wells need to be pulverized with manure or peat compost. After planting, the shoots are cut to 20 centimeters from ground level, but the fruit twigs are completely removed.
Caring for blackberries, which grows in the garden, is weeding, loosening the soil, regular watering, feeding, carrying out preventive and therapeutic measures to combat pests and diseases, as well as pruning and the formation of bushes. It is obvious that planting blackberries and caring for this culture are labor-intensive processes and need special knowledge.
First install the trellisto which you will tie up the fruiting shoots of the culture with a string. At the beginning and end of a row on both sides of the bush, it is necessary to dig in strong pillars with a height of 2 meters. Such pillars are driven in every 10 meters between the first and the last pillar. Draw three rows of galvanized wire between the posts:
- at a height of 50-75 centimeters from the soil,
- at a height of 125 centimeters from the ground,
- at a height of 180 centimeters.
The stalks of the second kind are tied to the highest wire. They will give a harvest in the current year. But the young shoots to give the harvest until they are, therefore they are not tied up. They are only sent to the wire, and they grab for it themselves. They should not grow chaotically. It is for this reason that they are sent one by one.
If you grow a blackberry upright, then keep in mind that in the first year it does not bear fruit, and in order to get a harvest next year, young shoots that reach 1 meter are worth the panic. For this, the top is cut by 10 centimeters, and when the side branches start to grow, they will also need to be cut a little. But this is done only when they are more than 50 centimeters.
During the first month and a half you need to regularly water the saplings that you have planted in the current year, and also watering is necessary in drought. The bushes that are fruitful also need watering. It is especially important to water them during active growth and ripening of fruits. Do not use cold or well water. The best option is a tap or rainwater settled in the sun.
In order to have a good harvest of blackberry, it is important and the condition of the soil on your site. In the first two years, it is possible to grow green manure or vegetable row crops in between the rows, but after that it is necessary to contain passages under the black steam. Weeds should be pulled. The soil loosens to a depth of 12 centimeters 6 times per season. Around the bushes, the ground is loosened with a pitchfork or hoe 3 times during the growing season to a depth of 8 centimeters. Less often, you will have to fight weeds and loosen the soil if you grumble a plot with fallen forest leaves, needles, sawdust, or straw.
A fifty-centimeter layer of peat compost or rotted manure will be a good source of balanced nutrition. It will prevent the formation of a crust and help you avoid the appearance of weeds in the area.
During the period of fruit ripening, the blackberry area should be darkened from the sun, otherwise it can burn the berries. For darkening, tighten special blackout nets..
- Urea or ammonium nitrate is applied in the calculation of 20 grams per 1 square meter and organic fertilizers (4 kilograms per 1 square meter) are applied at the beginning of the growing season.
- Potassium sulphate and other potash fertilizers (not containing chlorine) are applied per 1 square meter, 40 grams per year.
- You do not need to fertilize phosphorus mixtures, if you use manure as mulch.
- But if you do not use any organic matter, then it is necessary to add 50 grams of phosphate every three years.
Blackberry breeds in spring, winter and summer. Blackberry creeping propagated horizontal and apical layers, bush - cuttings, basal suckers and division of the bush.
- The easiest way is to propagate the apical layering. It lies in the fact that in springtime, any climbing escape can be bent to the ground, and its top can be stuck with soil. Very quickly the top will take root, and after that, new shoots from those buds that were under the ground. Only then can the escape be separated from the mother plant.
- During reproduction by horizontal layouts, not only the top but also the whole shoot is poured to the ground along the entire length with soil. Thus it turns out several new bushes. Prikopanny escape is cut, and new bushes are planted in a new permanent place.
- Root scions are best propagated bush blackberries. They appear every year near the bush. But for landing on a permanent place are suitable only those that have a height of more than 10 centimeters. It is best to offspring offsprings in late spring (in May) or in early summer (in June). To settle down on a new place they will have enough time before the cold weather.
- The division of the bush is necessary for those varieties that do not give offspring. In this method, it is important to divide the dug-out bush so that each delenka can take root in a new place and is sufficiently developed. But the bush with the old rhizome must be disposed of.
- Cuttings are used to produce offspring from valuable blackberry varieties. From the upper third of the shoot in early summer, cuttings are cut, which consist of part of the stem, leaf and bud. The lower cut of the cuttings is processed root-forming agent. After the stalk is planted in a glass with perlite and peat and placed under the film. The humidity level should always be 96%. When the roots appear, the plant is planted in open ground.
Where to plant blackberry bush?
The most convenient option for breeding blackberries - planting seedlings. Under each seedling digging fossa half-meter width and depth. A layer of 5-6 kg of humus, 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potash fertilizers are created in the planting pit. In order to prevent the roots of the plant from contact with fertilizers, a layer of soil removed when digging is added so that the hole is approximately 2/3 full. How should spreading the roots of blackberry, put the seedling in the recess and cover it with residual soil. At the same time it is necessary to control so that the growth kidney is not deepened by more than 3 cm. Be sure to tamp the ground in order to eliminate the air pockets near the roots. After the bush has been planted, the ground part is cut to a level of 30 - 40 cm from the surface of the earth, a shallow hole for irrigation is formed, and the soil is mulched with a layer of humus.
Blackberry bush care
In the spring, blackberry bushes need to carry out formative pruning. It is necessary to remove the sick, frozen, broken shoots, and unnecessarily long ones - to shorten. To increase the yield of blackberry, you need to shorten all the tops of young shoots. With proper care, the blackberry will delight you every year with healthy and tasty berries.
The best time to plant a blackberry garden is early spring. During the summer, the plants will get stronger and easier to tolerate winter frosts. Most often planted blackberries on the border of the site in one row about one and a half meters from the fence. Approximately 3 weeks before planting it is necessary to prepare the soil. To do this, compost or rotted manure, potassium sulphate and wood ash must be applied to planting pits of about 40 cm³, all fertilizers must be mixed with soil, watered and left in this form before planting time.
And removed from the site.
Fruitful shoots are directed along the wire, and new ones are left in the center. With
The first places in popularity among the varieties of blessing blackberries are: Hull Thornless, Smutsem, Tornfri, Lochness, Black Setin.
Before the onset of cold weather, the fruiting stalks of the bush should also be slightly shortened.
Blackberries are rarely found in the garden plots of modern summer residents. A pity, because this berry has a wonderful taste and a lot of useful qualities. In order for the blackberry bush annually to please you with a large and rich harvest, you need not only to plant the plant properly, but also to take care of it regularly. For compulsory procedures that need to be repeated periodically in the first place it is necessary to include care for blackberries in the spring, namely trimming a bush.
Blackberry: landing and care
We are accustomed to the fact that blackberry is a wild berry, but recently new varieties and hybrids of berry bushes can be seen more and more often on private gardens. In temperate climates, frontal blackberry species, which endure the winter cold well, take root especially well, but winding varieties endure the winter hard, especially if the weather is unstable - frosts give way to thaws. The process of planting a garden blackberry, like caring for it, is a lot like raspberry growing. From the article you can learn how to properly plant a blackberry in the spring.
When planting seedlings should be filled with fertile soil. Do not forget to ensure that the root neck is 2-3 cm below the soil level. Water each bush with water and mulch the planting with compost, sawdust or peat. After that, seedlings should be cut, leaving 20-30 cm of stem above the soil surface.
Propagation of girlish grapes
In central Russia, the blackberry is not frost resistant, so safe wintering will have to be taken care of additionally.
- send fruiting shoots in one direction, and new - in another. With
Since in the middle zone of Russia, the blackberry is not frost resistant enough, it should choose places protected from cold winds and well warmed by the sun.The rules for planting and caring for blackberryless varieties do not differ from the characteristics of growing a “classic” barbed berry.Garden blackberry requires regular watering, especially during flowering and fruiting. Land at the roots of the bush should be periodically loosened.It is much easier to take care of garden blackberries, if the place for planting was chosen correctly. If the bush has enough sunlight and does not bother the wind, then the plant will develop much better than planted in the shade or on a blown area. Taste berries can also change not for the better, if the plant does not have enough sun and heat.For the convenience of shrub care, it is recommended to use a trellis — buried in a row along the blackberry landings, 2 m high poles with a 4-wire wire stretched between them. The bottom row of the wire is located at a level of 80 cm from the ground, the subsequent rows are formed every 40 cm. The shoots are tied up to the wire like a bush.Blackberry planting is best carried out in early spring, immediately after the snow melted. In the autumn it is also possible to plant the berry, but there is a danger that the fragile seedlings will die over the winter.Caring for garden blackberries is a regular fertilizer shrubs. In the first 3 years after planting, plants need only nitrogen fertilizers. In subsequent years, in spring, plants should be fertilized with ammonium nitrate, and then loosen the soil and mulch with a layer of about 5 cm. In autumn, planting should be fertilized with potassium sulphate and superphosphate. After that, the soil should be dug forks. Do not forget that all fertilizers need to be applied only after a good watering of shrubs.Today on many sites you can find a thorny shrub with black raspberry-like fragrant blackberries. This useful plant with tasty berries was first discovered in America. Today, many varieties and about 300 blackberry hybrids are bred. All of them are divided into large groups, such as, for example, blackberry, wild boar, cumanika, sundew or creeping blackberry, half-spreading blackberry and many others.Preparing for the winter
Fructifying shoots are directed in waves along the lower rows, and the young - along the top.Fan formation methodPlant blackberries wiser in the spring. A planting pit with dimensions of 40 x 40 x 40 cm is prepared under each bush. Before planting, 5-6 kg (half a bucket) of well-rotted manure, 100-150 g of superphosphate, 40-50 g of potash fertilizers are introduced into it, and mixed thoroughly with the soil. It is better to fill the roots with natural soil (to avoid burns), and place the enriched soil in the pit above. Saplings of straight-growing blackberries are placed at a distance of 0.8-1 m from each other, the distance between the rows is 1.8-2 m.
Like raspberries, blackberry shoots have a two-year development cycle: in the first year they grow, lay buds, in the second they bear fruit and die. Цветет ежевика поздно - в июне, а это значит, что что цветки не повреждаются весенними заморозками и ягоды вызревают ежегодно и обильно.
Растение хорошо развивается на одном месте на протяжении 13–14 лет. После этого ежевичный куст лучше всего пересадить на новое место.
Главной особенностью во время ухода за садовой ежевикой является правильная процедура обрезки куста. Каждую весну необходимо удалять все отмершие, засохшие и поломанные ветки, а также побеги, которые плохо развились.
Berry crop care includes regular soil loosening,
Choosing a plot for planting blackberries
Almost all varieties of blackberry need a garter. Gardeners use several types of blackberry placement on the trellis. For example, in a fan formation, young shoots are tied up in one direction. The following year, they will ripen berries, and appeared
Garden blackberry - planting and care
The small flowers of blackberry are white, the berries are green at first, and as they ripen, their color changes from red to rich black. Blackberry berries are quite large, some weigh from 7 to 12 grams.
For the winter, the bushless blackberry is laid on the ground. In order not to damage the plants, you can lay them together with a trellis - carefully pull out the supports and lower the entire landing flat. The bases of the bushes on top are covered with peat and leaves, and later they are covered with snow.
Garden Blackberry Care
Thorny spikes are perhaps the main drawback of blackberries. However, there are varieties without spines. Caring for blackberries without thorns exercise much nicer.
A small bush of blackberry should be left about 8 powerfully developed shoots. For larger bushes, this figure will grow proportionally at the rate of about 15 shoots per square meter of the plant. Weed control and timely, fairly abundant watering in hot weather. In the first two years to fertilize the plant and carry out its pruning is not required. If the next year after planting inflorescences, they should be cut off, so that the blackberry does not spend strength on fruiting, and formed a strong root system and the main branches of the bush. Nitrogen fertilizers are recommended for the first time to be applied in the 3rd year after planting.
You need to start by choosing a place. Blackberries grow well and abundantly fruiting, if growing in well-lit places. In the shade shoots are over-drawn, and the berry is not so sweet. It is also important to choose an area where there is no stagnation of water. For blackberries, drained loamy soils with an average level of acidity are preferable. Agrotechnics note that this crop is injured during strong winds, therefore it is recommended to plant bushes in a place protected from the wind, for example, along a low fence at a distance of 70 - 80 cm from it.
Young shoots will be tied in the opposite direction.
Planting blackberries in spring
If you decide to plant this shrub on your plot, then you will probably be interested in the question of how to plant and grow blackberries. First of all, it is important to take into account the characteristics of the variety that you want to grow. So, cumanica is very similar to garden raspberries. It has excellent frost resistance, and breeds root suckers. The sundew is more fruitful, but its cultivation is complicated by the fact that creeping shoots of this blackberry variety are covered with powerful spikes. But the half-spreading blackberry has no thorns at all, but at the same time its yield is lower than in previous species. In addition, the winter hardiness of the latter two types is much lower than that of the cumane.
How to plant blackberries in the spring?
In the spring, the bushes should have time to open up to a strong swelling of the kidneys and make formative pruning. That is - to shorten too overgrown shoots on the growth of the current year (cut from one third to half the length of the shoot), pinch the shoots growing in an undesirable direction.
Cut out from the ground itself
Separate placement of fruit-bearing and growing stems facilitates the care of plants and harvest. Easiest way
Blackberry fruits soon, in the second year, and regularly. It is unpretentious - it grows on a variety of soils. Dislikes only carbonate (they are affected by chlorosis) and salinization. Responsive to feeding. The highest yields are given on fertilized, well-drained loams. Overmoistening does not tolerate.
The best varieties of blackberry with thorns are: Darrow, Agaveam, Wilsons Airlie, Abundant, Lucretia.
Blackberry Plant Care
An important point in the care of blackberries is the so-called pinning - removing the tops of young shoots. This procedure allows you to stimulate the growth of new stems, as well as to increase the yield several times. In addition, the total volume of the plant will become much smaller, the bush will look neater and become more healthy, and the number of fruits will only increase.
In winter, under the blackberry plantings, a rather thick mulch layer of humus, sawdust, etc. should be created to insulate the roots, while young bushes themselves should be hidden from the cold under the covering material. Preparation for landing, landing of blackberry
When forming by the weaving method, the fruit-bearing stems are intertwined between the two upper rows of the wire, and young shoots are tied to the bottom.
To get a good harvest of blackberry, should be properly placed shrubs on the site. If you ensure that the blackberry garden has the proper fit and proper care, then it can grow in one place for up to 15 years. This shrub is absolutely undemanding in care. They grow blackberries in sunny places, but in the shade it gives good yields. However, the berries begin to ripen in such places a week later. This shrub is drought-resistant and can grow on any soil. The best yields are given by blackberries grown on soils rich in humus.