Fruit shrubs

Description of alpine varieties of ornamental currants

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Most often, alpine currant grows in the mountains, which, when its name is not surprising. The fact that this berry grows in the mountains means that it is not demanding at all, both to the soil and to the environmental conditions. This plant easily survives even in a dry climate.

The key advantage of the berry is that it boasts high decorative qualities due to its appearance. Having planted currants on your plot, you will receive an ornamental plant that will be decorated locally throughout the season.

In this article we will provide a detailed description of this species and several popular varieties, as well as how to properly plant and care for this plant.

General description of the variety

At the moment, the variety has not yet become popular among Russian gardeners and is rarely found on their summer cottages. However, every year the situation changes a little. Alpine currant is a high-resistant and drought-resistant crop, and also belongs to densely leafy shrubs. In height, this plant reaches 2.5 meters. The beginning of flowering occurs at the end of May, and at this moment the plant is covered with countless yellow tassels.

The foliage of this plant differs from the foliage of other representatives of the currant in its size - it is somewhat smaller. Feather berries ripen around July 15, and their collection can continue until the last days of August. Berries cannot boast high palatability, however, they are used in the manufacture of mixed juices.

The harvest is very abundant - 7-8 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush. For individual branches, the productive age is 5 years, and for the whole plant - 15 years.

Features of appearance

From other varieties of currant Alpine variety has several external differences:

  • In the center of the inflorescences, which consist of five fully opened petals, there are short stamens. Inflorescences have a yellow-green dull hue and form a little drooping fluffy brush.
  • Quite high shoots which can reach 1.5 meters in length. The color of the shoots is reddish brown.
  • Foliage is small and smooth. One sheet can have a length of from 1.5 to 4 centimeters. Foliage color - dark green, glossy. By design are three-bladed with a sharp toothed edging, the shape is rounded or oblong. By autumn, the foliage becomes light yellow or dark yellow.
  • The berries ripening on this shrub are rather small - only 6-8 millimeters in diameter. Against the background of foliage, their dark pink color looks very impressive. Tastes rather mediocre.

The foliage of this plant does not fall off for a long time, so it retains decorative qualities until the onset of severe frosts. Alpine currant - one of the best plants to create a low hedge. The hedge from this plant looks noble, neat and aesthetic.

Most popular varieties

There are several varieties of alpine currant, some of which are particularly popular due to certain properties. Let us consider in more detail the most popular varieties.

Especially durable variety - this plant can live up to 40 years, which is unusually much for a bush. It is also resistant to frost and drought, relative shade tolerance. You can grow in the city, as well as in the polluted air, the shrub feels good.

Near tall trees also gets along well. Perfect for group plantings on lawns and forest edges, and for creating hedges. As a soil it prefers fertile suspensions and medium loams.

The variety grows slowly, adding no more than 15 centimeters of growth per year. An adult plant is a dense and compact shrub. The decorative function is preserved from spring to autumn. Schmidt is experiencing a good haircut and quickly bzavoditsya new foliage. Good for creating green sculptures.

The plant will stand out sharply against a dark green background, which further enhances the decorative qualities. The only drawback is that the berries have no taste.

Currant alpine golden

Dwarf form of this variety. In height, this shrub reaches no more than one meter. During the flowering period it becomes incredibly beautiful - it seems as if the bush consists entirely of lace of drooping pale yellow inflorescences.

The bright red berries that ripen at the end of summer are tasteless, so the variety is used exclusively for decorative purposes. By autumn, the leaves become pale yellow or crimson color.

To the environmental conditions, this currant is unpretentious, tolerates cold and drought, but does not like shading too much - it can affect it negatively. The curly hedge from this plant is excellent. Golden alpine currant is also suitable for creating geometric sculptures, as well as complex topinar compositions.

Variety, featuring neat shrubs of a noble appearance, which reach a height of 1.5 meters, and within a radius of 60 centimeters. The bush form is spherical, the foliage is thick. Weak growth rate.

Starting from the age of 5 begins to bear fruit. It boasts high frost resistance. Cuttings rooted with a probability of 90%.

Planting alpine currants

For planting this variety of currants suitable for both autumn and spring. If it is important for you to receive fruits from this plant - the bushes should be placed at a distance of 2-2.5 meters from each other. If you want to create a hedge the distance should be 1-1.5 meters.

If you want to create a curly fit using several bushes, you must place them at a free distance - more than 1.5 meters, otherwise they will develop slowly.

Pits for planting in size should be slightly larger than the root system. The planting pit is filled with fertile soil. After watering and compacting the soil, the root neck of the plant should be flush with the ground. Pristvolnye circles and stripes should be mulched.

Proper care

At least once a year in the spring period it is recommended to apply humus or compost into the soil. Twice per season (in April and after flowering) it is necessary to make complex mineral fertilizers with the content of useful microelements.

In the spring, it is also recommended to carry out formative pruning and loosening of the soil. During pruning, it is necessary to remove old and affected branches, removing them to the base.

The ideal time for pruning is before the start of sap flow, that is, at the end of March. First, the removal of bad branches, and then - the formation of the bush. If pruning is done in cloudy weather, it is better to treat the cuts with ashes, oil paint or pitch. Dry summer must provide 3-4 watering. The volume of watering - 30-40 liters of water per adult bush.

Breeding

Most often the reproduction of alpine currants occurs through lignified or green cuttings, layering, seeds. If you have chosen seed reproduction, then in the autumn period it is necessary to prepare fertile soil on the garden, clearing it of weeds, and sow the seeds there to a depth of 0.5 cm. A thin layer of lowland tofra should be mulched seeding. In a year you will receive seedlings that can be transferred to a permanent place.

If you want to multiply the Alpine currant with cuttings, then you need to cut the apical cuttings about 20 centimeters long. Cut them off with basal shoots or annual growths.

At the end of August, they are planted in a container on a windowsill or tepiltsu. In this case, a soil mixture of sod land, sand and peat is used. Before planting, you must update the slices of prepared cuttings and process them with root.

The cuttings root well and begin to grow closer to winter. Also, reproduction by layering is very well suited for this variety. For successful rooting you need to choose strong biennial growths.

Pest control

Pests are a threat to the health and development of this plant. One of the most dangerous pests is the butterfly moth. A very small insect with a body length of 1 centimeter and a wingspan of 3 centimeters is waiting for the winter, burrowing into the ground under a bush. During flowering, it begins to lay eggs. In this case, it will be impossible to save the plant.

However, it is possible to protect against this pest in a timely manner - for this you need to cover the soil around the plant with roofing material or a layer of linoleum. In this case, at the beginning of flowering, the pest will simply not be able to get out.

Also health Alpishy currants threatened aphid. This insect with a body size of not more than 2 millimeters feeds on bush juice. There is also a shoot aphid, which devours the branches of the plant and prevents them from developing normally. You can get rid of it with the help of Aktellik and Karbofos. Spraying is carried out twice with an interval of 10 days.

Characteristic

The currant of this species, whose name in Latin sounds like Ribes alpinum, is a shrub with rather thick foliage. He is able to grow at your cottage to 2.5 cm in height. During the flowering period, which usually occurs at the end of the last spring month, it is realistic to see tassels of so-called penetrating inflorescences on such a plant. They are traditionally painted yellow. Leaves culture a little less than that of ordinary currants. Each has a length of no more than 4 cm. The surface is smooth and pleasant to the touch.

Harvest can be collected from mid-July to mid-August. Berries can not boast of a special taste. But they have universal application, as they are suitable for additives in fruit preparations and preparation of mixed juices. The berries are usually about 6 to 8 cm in diameter and are colored pink. In autumn, the foliage of such a culture serves as an ornament to any garden. It remains for a long time on the shrub, and is also painted in a pleasant golden yellow color. From such a plant when performing landscape design, magnificent hedges are obtained.

Growing conditions

For planting such a currant is recommended to choose a well-lit place on the site. There should be no groundwater nearby. In the case when it is planned to plant seedlings in groups or for the purpose of the further formation of a hedge, between them 1 - 1, 5 meters must be retreated. Then you can expect to receive a sufficient amount of sunlight saplings and full development.

As practice shows, seedlings with a closed type of root system, which are located in special containers, have the best survival rate. Although their cost exceeds the other varieties, such expenses are justified. Novice gardeners often do not know when it is best to plant the seedlings. It is permissible to do this both in spring and in summer, and even in the autumn period.

With proper cultivation of currants should take care of a nutrient mixture for her. The size of the pit normally is 50 to 50 and 50 cm. You can do without drainage. It is advised to use high-quality humus, sod land, and sand.

In the case of preparing the site for currants in the fall, you can make fertilizer with high mineral content in the soil. In the spring it is necessary to dig a plot.

As an ornamental crop, this type of currant began to be widely cultivated in our country at the end of the 16th century. Today there are a large number of its varieties. Among them are ornamental foliage, painted in red and yellow, as well as unusual dwarf shrubs.

The most popular among gardeners variety of Alpine culture is Schmidt. This shrub does not take up much space on the plots due to its compact size. It grows no more than 15 cm for the whole year. From the Schmidt variety, gardeners manage to create beautiful green sculptures. On the bushes you can see the three-lobed leaves, reaching up to 4 cm in length. They have a noble dark green color.

In the autumn period, these plants are the ornament of each garden. As their foliage changes its color to rich yellow. The flowering period usually begins in May. Harvest can be collected in July and August.

Externally beautiful berries can not boast of a special taste. The advantages of the variety include its winter and drought resistance, as well as the ability to grow and develop normally in the shade. This is a long-lasting currant that can survive at your dacha even up to 40 years! Normally refers to tall trees growing in the neighborhood. For planting such a culture need fertile medium loamy or sandy soil.

Currant golden is a dwarf form of the Alpine species. Such a shrub can grow up to 1 meter in height. During the flowering period it pleases the eye with penetrating inflorescences with a characteristic yellowish tinge. Berries rich red color do not have a pleasant taste. Therefore, the shrub is usually grown in the country for decorative purposes. In the fall, it will decorate your garden with yellow or red foliage.

This currant should not be confused with golden currant, which does not belong to the alpine species. This shrub, known as Aureum, reacts poorly to shading. But it is resistant to the vagaries of the weather. From the bushes of such a plant, if desired, it is possible to create magnificent geometric shapes and hedges.

Dense bushes with a height of not more than 1, 5 meters, having a spherical shape, belong to the Pumila variety. They acquire the ability to bloom and fruiting by the age of 5 years. The degree of rooting cuttings is usually up to 90%. The advantages of the type include high winter hardiness.

Care for alpine currants

With proper care for the crops of this species should be aware of the introduction of fertilizing, moderate watering, pest control and characteristic diseases, pruning. At least once a year it is recommended to feed currants with high-quality compost or humus. This is best done in the spring. In April and after the flowering period, it is advised to apply complex fertilizers with a high content of mineral substances. On dry summer days, watering is required 3 to 4 times at the rate of up to 40 liters of fluid for each shrub. In order not to treat the plant for fungal diseases, prevention should be carried out. Excellently proven drug "Fitosporin."

Bushes are often attacked by pests such as spider mites, aphids, as well as leaf spots and rust. In order to repel pests using proven popular methods. Among them, dusting tobacco dust and treatment with a solution of special green soap. Pruning should be scheduled at the end of March. It is during this period that the sap flow does not begin in cultures. Remove dry and old branches. Further, it is recommended to level them in height, forming a bush to your liking. Sections can be treated with oil paint, sprinkled with ashes or smeared with boiling.

Features alpine currant

Alpine currant grows throughout Europe, Western Siberia, the Caucasus, western Turkey, and even Morocco. Although the plant is not very demanding to the place of landing, but loves the unshaded areas on the river banks, in the meadows and forest edges. This shrub, the Latin name Ribes alpinum, reaches a height of up to two and a half meters, the branches are leafy, the leaves themselves are glossy, of a beautiful rich green color. In shape, they are the same as in ordinary currants, but slightly smaller, about 4 cm. The foliage does not fall until late autumn, and acquires a golden-yellow shade in October.

At the end of May, the currant begins to bloom, the inflorescences are bright yellow, gathered in inclined inflorescences. Pink berries 6-8 mm, they can be collected from mid-July until the second half of August. Against the background of green foliage, such berries look very expressive, which makes the bushes decorative. Unlike ordinary currants, berries do not have a pleasant taste, but edible. They are used to add to various fruit and berry juices and preparations.

Planting currants

For landing it is better to choose open places where the plant will receive enough sunlight and heat. Alpine currant does not like highly moist soil, so if there is groundwater near, then this place is not suitable for planting.

Individual bushes are planted at a distance of 2-2.5 meters from each other, and if you plan to plant for hedges or groups, it is enough to leave a gap of 1-1.5 meters. Then the bushes will get enough space and sun for good development. The experience of gardeners shows that seedlings in containers, with a closed root system, take root in the best way. They may cost a little more, but there is confidence that the currant bush will grow well. Planting and transplanting can be done in spring and autumn before the onset of frost, so that the plant can take root.

Before planting currants important prepare nutritious soil. For this purpose, use the turf ground, sand or humus. A pit is made in the ground, a little larger than the root system of a bush; it is approximately a cube of 50x50x50 cm. Drainage is not required. После уплотнения грунта и полива прикорневая часть должна находиться на уровне земли. Если место готовится с осени, нужно внести минеральные удобрения, а весной перекопать.

Caring for alpine currant bushes is not very different from caring for other similar crops. It mainly consists of:

  • in timely feeding of bushes,
  • protection from diseases and pests
  • although the shrub is considered drought-resistant, it still needs watering,
  • periodically you need to cut the bushes and give them shape.

It is fed with humus once a year in spring, and it is also recommended to add complex mineral fertilizers twice a year - first in April, and the second time after the flowering period.

Fight against diseases and pests

Alpine beauty is also subject to various diseases and pests. it aphid, leaf rust stains and spider mite. It is best to do prevention than to eliminate an existing problem. Phytosporin, Ridomil and other means will help from diseases, and Fitoverm, karbofos - from insect pests.

Among the popular methods of pests using tobacco dust and treatment with a solution of green soap. Biological control is considered an advanced method, when some species inhibit the existence of others, while no harm is done to the plant.

If the summer was dry and hot, currant bushes need watering for normal development. To do this, watered several times with enough water, about 5-6 liters under each bush. A great way to watering is drip, then the plants absorb moisture well, and water is also saved.

Pruning of branches is done before the start of sap flow at the end of March or at the beginning of April, in order not to stop further growth and development. First of all, dead dead branches are cut off, then they shape the bush, aligning it in height. The cut points should be treated in a boil, smeared with oil paint or sprinkled with ash.

Main characteristics

Alpine currant is a deciduous shrub that will become a real decoration of any garden. The height of the branches reaches 2-2.5 meters, depending on the variety. The culture is characterized by excellent indicators of frost resistance, can withstand droughts and other extreme natural conditions. It grows best in the penumbra, if the place is sunny, it is important to provide the bushes with enough moisture.

Flowers of green-yellow color are located on the brushes, which fall down. The branches grow compactly and are densely dotted with rich green foliage. The trilobacy leaves are not much different from ordinary garden currants. Some varieties of currant leaf may be with a yellowish or olive tinge. The width of the leaves can reach 4 cm. The foliage keeps on the branches for a very long time, so the site will be green until the winter.

The berries are small. Shrubs bloom in May and June, and the harvest can be carried out from July to August, it all depends on the climatic features of the area. Fruits can be used in food, but they have very low taste indices, so in most cases Alpine currant plays the role of a decorative element of landscape design.

Interesting. Abundant flowering lasts for 10 days. Brilliant bright red berries against the background of rich green foliage look incredibly beautiful.

Alpine currant is characterized by moderate growth, the increase per year is about 15 cm.

Features of growing

The principles of alpine currant cultivation differ little from ordinary garden ones, but the main points and cultivation features should be taken into account. With this variety of bushes, you can not only get a harvest, but also beautifully and originally decorate the garden.

The plant is not demanding on the soil, so it is easy to take root in any areas. But most of all he prefers fertile, slightly acidic or alkaline soil. The best direction is south.

It is possible to plant currant bushes of this grade, both in the spring, and in the fall. Pits for planting dig a little more roots. First, a small hill of soil is poured, then a neatly straightened root system is placed, and only then it is filled with fertile soil. Bottom zone watered (10-20 liters of water) and carefully tamped. The root neck should be flush with the surface. At the end of the planting works, mulching of stem bands and circles is carried out. The first 2-3 weeks is desirable watering.

Interesting to know. Depending on the goals that are pursued in the cultivation of alpine currants, choose a scheme of planting bushes. To get the maximum yield, the distance is about 2.5 m, to form a beautiful hedge, the distance is about 1-1.5 m. To create beautiful green sculptures at a distance of 2 meters there should be no other bushes.

Breeding methods

Reproduction of alpine currant can be carried out in 3 ways:

  1. Layering. It is best to plant biennial growths that seem to be the strongest and healthiest to a new place.
  2. Cuttings. For such purposes, choose the material of the apical type with annual increments or young shoots. The cutting should be no more than 20 cm long. First (end of August) they should be placed in containers and placed in a greenhouse or at home on a windowsill. Then, after the appearance of the root system, the cut is updated, and the resulting roots are treated with a growth stimulator. Planting material can be moved to a permanent place. The closer to the winter, the root system begins to develop actively, and the cuttings take root,
  3. Seeds. This method of breeding is also acceptable. The collected seeds are sown in the fall. First, carefully prepare the soil, removing weeds and roots, and then at a depth of 5 cm place the seeds. Sowing mulch ground peat. A year later, the seedlings will be ready to move to a permanent place.

Currants of this variety need regular pruning, and more than other varieties. Pruning is carried out, regardless of the goals of cultivation, strictly in late March or early April, even before the start of sap flow. First, all dried and diseased branches are removed, and only then the required shape of the bush is given, according to the idea. Slices can be processed with garden pitch or wood ash.

Interesting to know. Regular trimming of bushes will help create beautiful ornamental cultures. Currant alpine varieties Schmidt is most often used to create beautiful figures.

Bushes require regular feeding in several stages:

  • Every year, fertilizing with organic fertilizers is required (a bucket of compost or humus in the evening period),
  • Mineral complex fertilizers are applied twice per season: in April, as well as after flowering.

In dry weather requires watering. About 3-4 buckets of water are poured onto one bush. It is important to remove weeds in a timely manner and loosen the soil. As we know, weeds are a site of accumulation of bacteria, which increases the likelihood of currant disease.

The first 2-3 years shrub bushes should be protected from large frosts. Trunks are simply wrapped with sacking.

Use in landscape design

Due to the dense and bright foliage, as well as large size, alpine currant bushes look great in single or any group plantings in the design of the site.

Use in landscape design

Among the most common uses of alpine currant should be highlighted:

  • Creating a living fence from a sequence of bushes, which each spring give the desired shape. Such a fence not only looks great, but also reliably protects from the wind and the curious glance of passersby,
  • Creating combined compositions with other cultures,
  • Planting single bushes, which when pruning give any shape, for example, silhouettes of animals or objects.

Pests and diseases

Pests are a danger to any garden plant, alpine currant is not an exception. The most dangerous insect is the moth bug (a small insect 1 cm long and a wingspan of 3 cm). She lays eggs during flowering, save the plant is no longer possible. To protect the bushes, you should cover the soil near the bush with roofing material in winter, and the butterfly will not get out of the ground. After all, the butterfly winters in the soil, burrowing in the ground.

Pests and diseases

The health and beauty of Alpine currant bushes are threatened by aphid. Escaping aphid eats young branches, preventing them from developing normally. It is easy to cope with it: it is necessary to spray such preparations as Actellica and Karbofos. Processing is performed twice with an interval of 10 days. Also can meet:

  • Rust,
  • Leaf spots,
  • Spider mite

The best disease control is preventive treatment of the bushes with Fitosporin solution.

Advantages and disadvantages

Among the most significant advantages that distinguish this species from the diversity of similar cultures, it should be noted:

  • Alpine currant is not demanding on the soil, as well as unpretentious care,
  • High yields
  • Frost - and drought tolerance,
  • Beautiful appearance, which can be successfully used in landscape design,
  • Resistance to many diseases.

As the main disadvantages should be noted the low taste, as well as the need for constant pruning.

Alpine currant is a valuable shrub, which is bred for harvest, but most often acts as a landscape design element. An ornamental plant of the described type is not picky in its care; even an inexperienced gardener can cope with the peculiarities of cultivation, having at hand a description of the simplest processes of agricultural engineering.

Alpine currant - a piece of mountain nature

Alpine currant is a shrub plant, reaching a height of not more than two, and often one and a half meters.

It blooms very beautifully with small flowers with a slight greenish tinge, and in some places with yellowish tints. The flowering is very abundant and therefore you can observe, as it were, a whole bunch of flowers emitting a delicate fragrance.

After all this beauty ottsvetet, fruits appear, painted in red. In the fall, the color range changes again and the alpine currant appears before us shrouded in deep yellow color of the foliage cast in the sun.

Alpine currant fruits in the second half of the summer season (end of July - beginning of August).

Alpine currant can be beautifully cut, only very carefully and preferably in early spring. After the foliage appears, the period of flowering will come, and you will fully be able to get better with your work.

In nature, alpine currant can be found in the highlands. No wonder that this plant has such a sonorous name “Alpine”. She is quite a frequent inhabitant of the mountains of North America, for example.

Application of currant alpine

Very successfully currant alpine used in landscape design. Bushes are quite neat with dense vegetation, respectively, even without a special hairstyle, which experts call “molding”, you can please yourself with group planting compositions from bushes only of Alpine currant or in combination with other shrubs.

You can often find hedges made of alpine currants. This, of course, is not a prickly reliable fence from thorns or wild rose bushes, however, in its beauty, the plant we are considering will perhaps surpass them. And yet, it's all an amateur.

Currant alpine for planting on the site, care, photos, growing conditions. Plant Nursery

If you want to decorate your plot with winter-hardy shrubs with high decorative qualities, but easy to clean, then you will surely like alpine currant.

It has several different forms and types, including dwarf, with yellow or red leaves.

The bush perfectly gives in to a figured haircut that allows to create from it a live fence or interesting objects.

This deciduous shrub in its natural environment is widespread in Europe, Western Turkey, the Caucasus, Morocco and North Africa. In Russia, it can be found even in Western Siberia. It prefers to grow along the banks of rivers, on light edges and glades, in mixed forests.

Alpine currant is a shrub reaching a height of one and a half meters with compactly located branches densely covered with foliage. Flowers of a greenish-yellow shade form drooping brushes. The leaves are shaped like a normal garden form, three-lobed, up to 4 centimeters wide, dark green, glossy.

The berries are small, 6-8 mm in diameter, pink color. Shrub blossoms in May-June, and fruiting begins in July and lasts through August, depending on weather conditions. You can buy saplings of currant Alpine in our nursery on the site www.zpitomnik.ru.

We guarantee absolute variability and high survival rate.

The berries are edible, but taste is low, so the plant is grown more as an ornamental..

Place on the site, like most decorative and deciduous plants, Alpine currant prefers well-lit areas where there will be enough solar heat. Choose a place where there is no groundwater flowing nearby.

If the seedlings are planted in groups or for the formation of a hedge in the future, then between them it is necessary to leave a distance of one meter or even a half. It is necessary for good lighting and proper development. The survival rate is best for seedlings with a closed root system, planted in containers.

They cost a little more, but more often it pays off, especially if you need one or a couple of bushes. Terms of alpine currant transplantation and planting are the same as for any other shrub. You can do it in spring, summer or fall.

Alpine currant is successfully grown in our kennel "Znak Zemlya" and well winters in the Moscow region.

If you want the shrub to develop well and please with its decorative look, then prepare a nutritious soil before planting..

Approximate dimensions of the landing pit - 50 * 50 * 50 cm, drainage is not necessary. Use humus, turf ground, sand.

If you are preparing a place in the fall, then add mineral fertilizers, and in the spring once again carefully dig the area under the bush.

Black currant planting and care, growing, photo

Magnificent crop of black currant thanks to the correct landing and leaving

Black currant is one of the favorite berries of gardeners.

The secret of popularity: in the natural richness of vitamins and undemanding culture to growing conditions.

Caring for black currants has its own characteristics, but it will not cause any particular difficulties if you choose and prepare a place for planting correctly, as well as time to trim and process the culture from parasites and fungal diseases.

Currant - planting and care in the country

Planted currants in early spring or in the middle of autumn. Planting currants in the autumn is preferable, since in the spring you need to have time before the sap flow begins and the buds bloom, the soil may not have enough time to warm up and the plant will die.

Under the currant choose a sunny place, protected from the wind with well-drained non-acidic soil (pH value of 6-6.5). Ideal fertile light loamy soil. To reduce the acidity of the earth make up to 1 kg of lime, chalk or dolomite flour per 1 square. m

Acidification of land for planting currants with dolomite flour

Currant is propagated by cuttings or dividing a bush by separating large shoots with roots from the main stem.

Growing black currant will be successful if you choose biennial seedlings up to 40 cm high, with 3-5 skeletal branches not less than 20 cm long, they best take root.

Consider how to plant a currant in stages.

Soil preparation

The selected area for 14 days before planting seedlings level, remove the rhizomes of weeds and leave for soil shrinkage. After 2 weeks, the plot is divided into circles with a diameter of 50-60 cm, which are dug up to a depth of 40 cm. The distance between them is kept at 1.5-2 m, while landing in rows - up to 3 m.

Three quarters of the pit is filled with a bucket of compost or other organic matter. 200 g of superphosphate, 60 g of potassium sulfate or 40 g of wood ash are added. A little black soil is piled on top of the fertilizers so that their concentration does not burn the roots, and then they are planted.

Planting black currant

The seedling is planted at an angle of 45 degrees, placing the root neck at a depth of 5 cm. This contributes to the growth of basal buds and the further development of a powerful root system. If the seedling is planted directly, the bush will form a single stem.

The scheme of planting currant seedlings

Planting currant ends with watering 5 l per well and another 5 l per circular hole around it. After watering, loosening of the soil is necessary: ​​up to 8 cm deep - directly under the plant, at a distance of 20 cm from it - up to 12 cm. Then the soil is sprinkled with fine peat or humus.

After completing the planting procedure, the seedling is cut at a height of 15 cm from the ground, leaving up to 5 buds on it. Cut branches can be stuck next to the main shoot, pour water with the addition of Kornevin and cover with a film or plastic container for rooting and engraftment. Pruning stimulates intensive plant growth.

Scheme pruning currant seedlings after planting

Spring care for black currants

Before the appearance of buds, all old, dried or diseased branches are cut to a healthy stem, wounds are covered with garden pitch. They introduce nitrogenous fertilizers (up to 80 g of ammonium nitrate or 50 g of urea per plant) for two-year bushes. After feeding, dig up the soil and water it.

Санитарная обрезка смородины

At the time of formation of the ovary before the beginning of June produce watering at the rate of up to 30 liters of water per bush, every 5 days. Do it in the evening, using warm water (10-15 degrees Celsius), at the root. For irrigation, it is recommended to make circular grooves 15 cm deep at a distance of 30 cm from the seedling. Water entering the leaves can cause powdery mildew.

Watering a young currant bush in spring

To improve the moisture resistance of the soil, mulching is desirable. You can use peat, straw or newspaper. It is important to do this in the phase of forming a green cone and buds to prevent moisture loss.

Currant care in summer

In the first half of June, organic dressing should be carried out: up to 15 kg of humus per bush, or liquid dressing (bird droppings diluted with water 1:10).

When there is no rain for a long time, timely watering is especially necessary. Usually enough buckets of water per week. Watering currants in the summer increases in the period from late June to mid-July during the ripening of berries, and is made every 5 days.

Caring for currants in June also includes pinching young stems tops on 2 buds to increase the number of side shoots. This procedure contributes to the development of new shoots. Deadlines nip and carry at a later date to delay the fruiting shrubs.

During the ripening of the fruits, foliar feeding is introduced: mixing 5 g of potassium permanganate, 40 g of iron sulphate and 3 g of boric acid. Dissolve them separately, and then mix together in a 10 l bucket of water. Spraying is carried out in the evening or on an overcast windless day.

Spraying and care for currants in summer

After fertilization or irrigation, it is recommended to remove weeds and carefully loosen the soil up to 5 cm in order not to hurt the plant root system located at a depth of 30 cm. Row spacing is loosened to a depth of 10 cm

Harvesting berries must be done individually, and not to pluck a bunch. So less likely to damage the plant. Watering and fertilization is completely stopped two to three weeks before harvest.

Care for currant bushes in autumn

After harvesting, starting from mid-August and throughout September, watering is done once a week, with soil loosening to a depth of 5 cm. With a dry autumn, winter preparation includes increased soil moisture — half a meter deep.

At the end of September it is necessary to introduce organic matter (4-6 kg of bird droppings), or feed them with minerals: 20 g of potassium sulfate and 50 g of superphosphate. In any case, when applying fertilizer add 200 g of wood ash. After that, they dig up the soil and mulch it to increase fruiting next year.

Top dressing of currant bushes with organic

Before the onset of the first frost, it is necessary to prune underdeveloped and weak shoots, as well as those that grow in the middle of the bush and thicken it. Underdeveloped and poorly developed young branches, of which leave only 3-4 of the strongest. An adult bush usually consists of 15 shoots of different years of life.

Diseases and pests: prevention and treatment

With proper care, currants are rarely sick, there are such diseases: Terry, anthracnose, gray rot, powdery mildew. Among the parasites, the kidney and spider mites, the fruit sawfly, the glass bowl and the moth are dangerous to it.

Caterpillars moth on a currant leaf

To protect the plant from diseases apply preventive measures. In the spring before the buds wake up, the bushes are watered with hot water at a temperature of plus 80 degrees.

Celsius, at the rate of 3 liters per 1 plant for treatment against pests and diseases.

They also carry out timely sanitary pruning of bushes to prevent thickening and regularly dig up the soil for the destruction of pests.

Also, before spring swelling of the buds, currants are treated and the soil under it every 10 days. To do this, use a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture, 2% solution of Nitrafen or Karbofos.

These drugs are also used when signs of disease or parasites are detected, in which case the care of black currants in the summer includes spraying 3 weeks before the berries are picked.

This will help protect the culture from septoria, brown spot, glass case and aphid.

During flowering and the appearance of the first leaves, additional treatment with fungicides is necessary: ​​Alirin-B, Gamair, Prognosis, Topaz, Glycoladine - from rust and anthracnose.

On how to get rid of kidney mite on currants, you can read in our article.

Preparing currants for winter

Proper care of black currants includes preparation for the winter. The soil under the bushes weed and clean fallen leaves.

Scheme strapping currant bush for winter

After the onset of the first frosts, the bush is spiraling upward with a rope, pinching it with a clothespin at the top. The ground is covered with mulch. After a large amount of precipitation falls at the base of the bush, they make a snow cushion with a height of 10 cm, and then sprinkle it completely with snow.

Growing currants on the plot will bring only pleasure, as the culture is not demanding and bears fruit superbly.

Carefully monitor the behavior of the plant, to always know what it needs, do not forget about the timely watering, fertilization and preventive treatments.

Then the black currant, the care of which is performed according to all the rules, will thank you with a magnificent harvest and a large berry.

How to properly care for and multiply alpine currants of different varieties

Many people want to have shrubs on their land that do not lose their decorative beauty throughout the year and are unpretentious in their care. Therefore, alpine currant has become popular among gardeners.

Indeed, this shrub in nature is found mainly in the mountains, therefore, winter-hardy. It can be cut, making beautiful sculptures or well-groomed hedges.

Several varieties with red or yellow leaves have been developed, which will add zest to any plot.

Alpine currant grows throughout Europe, Western Siberia, the Caucasus, western Turkey, and even Morocco. Although the plant is not very demanding to the place of landing, but loves the unshaded areas on the river banks, in the meadows and forest edges.

This shrub, the Latin name Ribes alpinum, reaches a height of up to two and a half meters, the branches are leafy, the leaves themselves are glossy, of a beautiful rich green color. In form, they are the same as in ordinary currants, but slightly smaller, about 4 cm.

The foliage does not fall until late autumn, and in October becomes golden yellow.

At the end of May, the currant begins to bloom, the inflorescences are bright yellow, gathered in inclined inflorescences. Pink berries 6-8 mm, they can be collected from mid-July until the second half of August.

Against the background of green foliage, such berries look very expressive, which makes the bushes decorative. Unlike ordinary currants, berries do not have a pleasant taste, but edible.

They are used to add to various fruit and berry juices and preparations.

Currant Varieties: Schmidt and Others

Grow currants for decorative purposes since the XVI century. Gardeners bred several varieties of alpine beauty, the most widely developed variety under the name Schmidt.

Alpine currant of Schmidt variety received its prevalence due to its excellent decorative properties. Shrubs grow small, leaves of a rich green color, which change to bright yellow in autumn.

The plant perfectly gives in to a hairstyle and formation of beautiful fences and sculptures. It is shade tolerant, drought resistant and frost resistant. Normally grows in cities with high gas content, as well as adjacent to tall trees.

Although the berries do not have a pleasant taste, they effectively stand out against the background of green leaves, emphasizing the elegance of the bushes.

The flowering period falls on May, inflorescences are yellowish-green, berries ripen in July and August. The shrub grows slowly, about 15 cm per year, so it is best to plant in groups or hedge. And what is remarkable, the plant is durable, grows to 40 years. At the same time it is demanding to the ground, prefers sandy soil or medium loam.

Currant Golden

Alpine currant varieties Zolotistaya - This is a dwarf form that grows to one meter and has acquired such a name because of the characteristic color of young leaves.

The bushes make excellent ornamental hedges and sculptures. In the spring, the plants are pleased with tender yellow buds, at the end of summer with bright red berries, and in the fall with yellow or red foliage.

This variety is unpretentious to weather conditions, but does not like shady places.

Alpine currant will be a great decoration of any garden or plot. It does not require special care, not capricious for the weather, but from it you can make a beautiful hedge, and a sculptural masterpiece.

Alpine currant: photo and description:

Alpine currant grows mainly in mountainous areas, so it is very undemanding as to the surrounding conditions, and to the composition of the soil.

It is worth noting that it deserves close attention, as the appearance and decorative properties allow you to admire it throughout the season.

In addition, it is so unpretentious that it can grow even in harsh climates.

Now on the backyards of summer residents, alpine currant is still quite rare, the description and photo of which are presented in this article.

This crop belongs to the category of drought-resistant, high-resistant and densely leafy shrubs, reaching up to 2.5 meters in height.

This plant blooms by the end of May and becomes completely strewn with yellowish tassels, gathered in the drooping inflorescences.

Foliage is the same as in other currant species, but smaller. The ripening of the first berries occurs somewhere in the middle of July, and they are harvested almost until the end of August.

The taste of the berries themselves is mediocre, but they can be useful for making mixed juices and used as additives to various fruit preparations. This currant gives a bountiful crop, which can reach up to 7-8 kg from one bush.

The productive age of individual branches is about 5, and the whole plant is 15 years.

Video “Alpine Currant Schmidt”

In this video, you will learn in detail about the Schmidt (Ribes alpinum ‘Schmidt’) alpine ornamental currant.

External features

Alpine currant (in the photo) has several differences from other varieties of this shrub:

● inflorescences consisting of five fully open petals, in the center of which there are short stamens, are painted in dull yellow-green color and collected in slightly drooping lush racemes,

● high shoots of reddish-brown shade sometimes reaching a length of up to one and a half meters,

● small smooth leaves 1.5-4 cm long, dark green in color, three-lobed, bordered with sharp denticles, oblong or rounded in shape, with the onset of autumn they acquire a beautiful dark or light yellow shade,

● rather small round berries only 6-8 mm in diameter ripen on it, they have a dark pink color and look very impressive against the background of foliage, as for the taste of these berries, they are low.

Varieties

As you know, there are several forms of alpine currant. Here are just the most common ones:

● Schmidt is extremely resistant to both frost and drought. It has small bushes with dense branching, which can grow well in the shade for 30-40 years.

● Aurea is a low shrub form with pale yellow medium-sized flowers and golden yellow leaves.

● Luciniata is a tall currant with beautiful decorative foliage with notched cloves.

● Pumilum - a plant with a spherical crown not exceeding one and a half meters. It is perfectly rooted, but it begins to blossom and give first fruits only five years after planting.

Alpine currant application

Many gardeners do not even think that, for example, currants can be an excellent solution for vertical gardening. There is a certain type of this shrub - alpine currant. The plant is interesting dense foliage, tall and beautiful scarlet berries. It is used in landscape design, alpine currant hedges look luxurious. Variations in the use of shrubs great variety. We will deal with the agrotechnics of planting and growing ornamental currants, and also see where it can be planted and what is decorated with the help of this plant.

How to plant currants

For planting such varieties of currants should choose a well-lit spacious place. Best of all, if it is a small hill or plain. The shrub is able to withstand light shade, but here's a big shade will adversely affect the plant.

If you plan to plant several bushes in a row or a figure at once, then do not forget to keep an optimal state between them. Best of all, if you immediately place the seedlings at a distance of about 1.5 m from each other. In the future, this will not prevent the bushes from developing; they will grow much faster.

In no case do not plant shrubs in close proximity to groundwater. Alpine currant is drought-resistant, so it will not tolerate an increased level of moisture in the soil. And you do not need to deeply deepen the cuttings in the ground, if this method of currant propagation is chosen. It is enough to dig a hole for cuttings about 5-10 cm deep.

Alpine currant is not particularly demanding on the soil, but it is still recommended to prepare the ground in advance so that the plant in it feels good. Best of all, if the soil will prevail black soil. You can also add a small amount of sand to give looseness. Be sure to dig the ground well before planting and break up large clods. This is especially important to do if you plan to plant not an adult bush, but a part of it or a cutting.

For the best development of shrubs in the future, it is recommended to add a small amount of mineral fertilizers to the soil before planting. Additionally, you should pour a little wood ash. It will prevent rotting of the root system in case of excess moisture in the soil.

Care instructions

Alpine currant like no other variety requires periodic pruning. They need to be made regardless of whether the bush has a bizarre shape or grows in a natural way. Pruning should be strictly at the end of March or early April.

You should first remove all dried branches, and then get to the alignment of the crown by giving the branches a uniform length using a garden shears. Slices can not handle anything, if kept dry and sunny weather. But if it is overcast and it is going to rain, then it is better to sprinkle the twigs with wood ash or even treat with garden pitch. This will significantly reduce the likelihood of infection with fungal infections.

In addition to pruning, you should ensure your bushes regular feeding. As for organic fertilizers, it is enough to apply them to the soil once in 1.5-2 years. But mineral nutrients should reach the roots much more often.

Be sure to water the soil with complex mineral compounds in April or May, when there is an active process of vegetation and bud formation. You should also feed the shrub after flowering. This will provide the plant with new forces on the formation of large fruits and the development of succulent foliage.

But one pruning and periodic dressing is not enough. Alpine currants should also be provided with proper watering. Although this variety belongs to drought-resistant, it is still not recommended to allow strong drying of earthen coma. After all, this can lead to the death of the smallest roots, which take moisture from the soil.

A sultry dry summer should provide drip watering for currants. It will not only feed the plant with moisture in the right quantity, but also significantly minimizes water consumption. If it is not possible to make drip irrigation, it is recommended to irrigate the currants 3-4 times at once with large portions of water over a season. For one adult bush, you need about 4 buckets of liquid for a single watering. In that case, if it rains often, then watering should be limited.

Periodically, you should spray currants with a solution of household or green soap to prevent all sorts of diseases and protect against pests. Aphid, which settles on the lower parts of the leaves and spoils the appearance of the plant, is especially dangerous. Therefore, you need to process the entire plant completely, and not just the upper surface of the foliage. It is also recommended to sprinkle the bushes with tobacco dust or wood ash from time to time, which well repels pests and prevents the development of many diseases.

Alpine currant is able to decorate any area with decorative of its unusual leaves and berries.

But still it is recommended to grow a bush only in places where there is a lot of free space, since currant cannot grow normally and please the whole season with its beauty in close quarters with other plants. If you plan to make a fence of such shrubs, make sure that they are at a distance of at least 80 cm from the fence. Otherwise, the plants will not look very nice.

Alpine currant: planting and care

Для того чтобы кустарник хорошо рос и развивался, необходимо выбрать хорошо прогреваемые и освещенные участки. При этом нужно обратить внимание на то, чтобы на месте посадки и рядом с ним не было близко залегающих грунтовых вод. При посадке смородины в качестве живой изгороди промежуток между кустами должен быть примерно полтора метра.

It is known that this culture is rather unpretentious with respect to the composition of the soil, but for a better adaptation of the plant it is recommended to prepare the soil in advance by adding a mixture of humus, sand and sod land to it. The size of the pit for planting is 50 x 50 x 50 cm. These shrubs easily tolerate frost, and their berries are not prone to shedding.

For a good development and growth of currant, you need to water it regularly, feed it and form the bushes in time. In the spring, it is desirable to loosen the soil and pruning, thereby getting rid of the affected and old branches, removing them to the ground.

Pest control

This type of currant, however, like the usual, is subject to the attack of the same pests. Most often, it is attacked by a butterfly moth and aphid. The first of the above insects has a length of 1 cm, and its wingspan can reach 3 cm.

The danger of this butterfly is that it waits for winter, being in the ground under a bush, and when the flowering period begins, it starts laying eggs.

It is impossible to cure a plant affected by a butterfly moth, but to protect it from the soil around the bush, you can cover it with linoleum or roofing material, then by the beginning of flowering the pest cannot get to the surface.

Gallic aphid can cause considerable damage to currants. This insect is slightly more than 2 mm, it feeds on plant sap. Another aphid, shoots, striking branches, slowing their growth. The best remedy for these pests are Karbofos and Aktellik. Repeated spraying of plants is carried out only after 10 days.

A fungal disease like anthracnose should be treated immediately. For this it is necessary to make a solution based on Bordeaux liquid at the rate of 0.1 kg of the drug per 10 liters of water.

The next disease is rust, which can appear on the bushes at any time throughout the season. Its source is the sedge or coniferous forest growing nearby. In order to get rid of rust, the bushes need to be sprayed with “Fitosporin”. If this does not help, you can use more powerful drugs, such as fungicides.

Currant Alpine: how it looks and how to grow?

Currant is a plant that belongs to the family "Gooseberry" and according to modern classification it has 190 different species. Currant Alpine ("Ribes alpinum"), is common in some places with a favorable climate for its growth: plains, forests, forest edges and meadows.

Description of the variety and its advantages

Alpine currant is an ornamental shrub whose height can reach two meters and has small leaves densely located on the shoot.

This type of currant blossoms about 10 days (approximately from the middle of May), flowers have a yellow-green shade and are collected in inflorescences. The berries of the Alpine currant are red in color and adorn the plant in summer and autumn.

Currant has good resistance to both high and low temperatures.

The amount of harvest that can be collected from the bush of this species is 8 kilograms. With proper care of the plant (watering, feeding, pruning, destruction of pests), the bush can be used productively for about 15 years.

How to choose seedlings?

To grow healthy bushes with a good harvest, it is necessary to take a responsible approach to the selection of seedlings. First of all, one should pay attention to their root system, since it is this part of the plant that plays the most important role for its further growth.

The best choice is a seedling consisting of a pair of basic and a large number of adventitious roots.

It is advisable to place the saplings in water or prikopat in a shaded (dark) place and water it abundantly.

To check the plants for the presence of glass (disease), you should ask the seller to make a cut with a knife on the shoot. If there is blackness inside the shoot (at the site of the cut), then such seedlings should not be acquired.

Peculiarities of care

The plant needs abundant, but not very frequent watering, because it does not tolerate excessive moisture. Due to the relative stability of this type of currant to high temperatures, it can be watered only once every seven days. Approximate amount of water - 10-15 liters per bush.

At the vegetation stage, alpine currant needs feeding (the plant must be fed at least four times), which involves the use of organic or mineral complex fertilizers. Qualitative feeding can be purchased in specialized stores, where each customer, in addition to the goods, can provide the necessary advice.

Another step in currant care is pruning. In order to prevent damage to the plants, currants are freed from dry, damaged branches or short shoots growing deep into the crown. It is recommended to carry out pruning in the spring period (from March to April). It is also very important to care for the plant and protect it from pests and diseases.

Useful properties and storage features

Alpine currant berries contain in their composition a large amount of vitamins and other nutrients. Red currant has many valuable properties for the human body:

  • affects the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract (the presence of fiber in the berries, prevents the occurrence of constipation and contributes to the proper operation of the intestine)
  • strengthens the immune system (a large amount of vitamin C in the berries, does not allow the development of viral diseases, and also helps to fight against malignant cells (cancer)),
  • strengthen the cardiovascular system (currants are rich in potassium, which prevents the development of strokes),
  • currant berries have a beneficial effect on the hematopoietic system (iron in their composition, is involved in the formation of red blood cells),
  • It has a positive effect on the skin and is used in cosmetology (vitamins and nutrients, protect from the harmful effects of sunlight and have a regenerating effect).

Care should be used berries for people with certain diseases of the stomach (gastritis and ulcers), hepatitis and hemophilia. Red berries can also cause allergic reactions, so pregnant and lactating women should avoid eating alpine currant berries in their diet.

Store fresh berries (pre-packaged in a bag) on ​​a shelf in the refrigerator, preferably not more than a week. Alpine currant is also suitable for long-term storage, as it almost never loses its beneficial properties when frozen.

Before freezing, rinse it thoroughly, put it in a container and put it in a freezer. This variety of currant is useful to use not only fresh, but also to make from it infusions, juices, decoctions, compotes and preserves.

Gardeners reviews

Gardeners note the simplicity and endurance of the plant, so they grow it not only for the harvest of useful berries, but also for decorative purposes.

With the help of alpine currant bushes, create beautiful green hedges, as well as dwarf alpine currant varieties are planted along the borders.

Like many berries, alpine currant has many useful properties, but in addition to its usefulness and taste, it is also able to decorate any area with its unusual appearance.

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Alpine currant: description and rules of cultivation

For alpine currants, it is typical to grow exclusively in the mountainous region, and therefore it can be concluded that this plant does not differ in specific care requirements.

This perennial shrub is undemanding to the environment and the composition of the soil. Alpine currant is visually very beautiful, its decoration allows the gardener to admire it for the whole season.

The plant is resistant even to the harsh and cold climate.

To date, to meet the Alpine currants in the garden area - a rather rare phenomenon. Perennial shrub is famous for its drought resistance, resistance to winter frosts and thick leaves.

Plant height can reach up to two and a half meters.

Currant, as a rule, begins to bloom by the end of the May holidays and forms densely strewn yellowish tassels, which are gathered in currant inflorescences.

The leaves of alpine currant are not much different from the leaves of other species. Perhaps visually they look a little less. The first berries ripen in July, and the harvest continues until early September.

Tastes do not make an unforgettable impression; nevertheless, alpine currant berries are ideal for making mixed juice or a high-quality additive to fruit preparation.

Currant pleases with a bountiful harvest, capable of reaching seven to eight kilograms per shrub.

In terms of yield, the productivity of one branch is approximately five years, and the whole plant is fifteen years.

For the Alpine currant is characterized by the presence of several differences from other species of the shrub. Consider them in more detail.

  • Inflorescence. Consists of six whole-open petals. In the center are concentrated short stamens, painted in dull yellowish and greenish shades, which are collected in a slightly drooping lush brush.
  • High shootswhose length can reach one and a half meters. Shoots have a brownish and reddish hues.
  • Smooth sheet of small size. Its length varies from one and a half to four centimeters. Possesses a saturated greenish shade. As a rule, it has a three-lobed oblong or rounded shape, a rim of sharp cloves, and at the onset of the autumn period they are painted in a juicy or pale yellowish color.
  • On the Alpine currant grow quite miniature round berries. Their diameter does not exceed six to eight millimeters. The berries have a rich pink shade and look lovely against the background of leaves. However, their taste is very mediocre.

To date, there are several varieties of alpine shrubs. Consider in detail each of them.

  • A shrub with pale yellowish and small buds and gold leaves is called Aurea As a rule, does not grow more than one and a half meters.
  • For Laciniata characteristic spectacular ornamental foliage with pointed teeth on the rim, as in the previous species. Shrub peculiar small length - up to one meter.
  • Pumilum - a very interesting type of currant. It has a spherical shape of the crown. The maximum plant length is one and a half meters. It has a strong root system, but begins to bear fruit only five years after planting in open ground.

I would like to pay special attention to the alpine currant variety called Schmidt (in the English version - Schmidt). This variety is famous for its resistance to strong frosts and sharp temperature jumps. Perfectly transfers and droughty summer days. Visually it looks like a small shrub with thick branches that can germinate and bear fruit well even in the shade.

The life span of one bush is thirty to forty years. The leaves have a rich greenish tint. In autumn, they acquire a yellowish color. The flower is round, has greenish and yellowish colors. Berries are inedible, visually resemble miniature balls. Their maturation occurs at the end of July and the beginning of August.

You will learn more about the Schmidt currant variety from the following video.

There are four methods of reproduction of alpine currants: seeds, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush. The first method requires a stratification procedure. In other words, the seeds are placed in a humid place with a low temperature regime and left for a couple of weeks. Their disembarkation can be made in an open ground or in the capacity intended for cultivation of a sapling.

The easiest and most convenient of all existing methods of cultivation of alpine currants is grafting. This procedure, as a rule, does not last long and does not require certain skills and knowledge from the gardener. The material for planting is a young shoot, which is usually located in the front rows of the branch.

The allowable cutting diameter is five millimeters. The height should not be less than fifteen to twenty centimeters. It is desirable to stick the cutting into the ground, slightly inclining it to half the length. The preferred time for this procedure is the early autumn period.

For cuttings perfect escape, with a growth or two-year branch. Cutting procedure is performed in order to root the shrub.

Breeding by dividing the shrub is the most time consuming method. For its implementation will require some experience and skills that will help you successfully cope with this task. This method is applicable only in the autumn months.

First of all, you need to dig out the root system of the shrub. Next, it is subjected to a careful inspection and divided into three or four parts. It will depend on the level of its development.

Then each part is planted in the ground, irrigated abundantly and the process of mulching is carried out.

For proper growth and development of shrubs will need to pay special attention to the choice of a well-heated and illuminated area. Do not forget that the landing site should not intersect with high-lying groundwater. When planting a perennial shrub as a hedge, it is recommended to keep a distance of two to three meters between plants.

As mentioned earlier, alpine currant is a non-capricious plant and does not require specific care. The same applies to the composition of the soil.

However, in order for the shrub to better adapt to the new environment, it is still desirable to do some preparatory work with the soil.

To do this, when digging the ground make a small amount of materials such as humus, sand and sod land.

The recommended size of the hole for planting perennial shrubs - the length, width and height are fifty centimeters. By the way, the plant is resistant to severe cold snaps and frosts. The berries are not showered. In order for the alpine currant to grow and develop properly, it is necessary to regularly supply it with water, add fertilizer, cut the foliage, forming a shrub.

In the spring, you will need to loosen the soil in order to saturate it with oxygen and allow the perennial shrub to breathe. Also needed pruning, so you save the plant from already dried or diseased branches. It is desirable to remove them right at the base.

Many shrubs are a real treat for harmful parasite insects. Alpine currant is no exception. Like everyone, it is subject to attacks by some representatives of dangerous pests. Butterflies, moths and aphids are a real misfortune for a gardener who breeds and grows.

A butterfly, as a rule, has a length of one centimeter, and its wings are capable of carrying out a span of three centimeters. The danger of this insect is in the spring. At the beginning of winter, the butterfly takes refuge in the soil under the base of the alpine currant. And when the shrub begins to bloom, the butterfly is engaged in laying its eggs.

The shrubs that the butterfly has managed to hit are no longer being treated, since this is an ineffectual occupation.

A small amount of gall aphids is also capable of spoiling the alpine currant. These insects have a body, the length of which does not exceed two millimeters. Their food - the juice of this perennial shrub. Another type of aphid is called shoots.

Its danger to the plant is that it is capable of hitting all the branches. Gnawing young shoots, it inhibits their development and growth.

The best and effective means against this type of pest are drugs called Karbofos and Aktelik.

By and large, alpine currant is prone to a single disease that can cause significant harm - rust. When infection is recommended to immediately begin treatment.

You will need to prepare a special solution, the basis of which will be Bordeaux liquid. The proportion is one hundred grams of Bordeaux fluid per ten liters of pure water. Next, you need to water the base of the shrub at the very roots.

To enhance the effect, it is permissible to spray the solution and the leaves.

Description of decorative currant

Alpine currant is not so common in horticulture because of its rarity. The plant is listed in the Red Book. In the wild form grows in Central and Southern Europe, the Carpathian Mountains, the European part of Russia, Eastern Siberia, the Caucasus and Scandinavia.

Features of the structure of the bush:

  • It is a tall bush, reaching a maximum of 3 m in height and up to 2.5 m in diameter of the crown.
  • The shrub is covered with dense foliage, the branches are directed strictly upwards and when they reach a certain height they fall down forming beautiful arches.
  • The leaves are carved, bright green, in autumn the color changes to yellowish or crimson.
  • The plant blooms from May for three weeks. The flowers are light green or yellow, clustered.
  • The fruits of currant when ripe have a bright scarlet color, spherical shape. Они не обладают каким-либо вкусом и ценятся только за декоративный вид. Ягоды появляются на пятый год жизни.

Растение неприхотливо и может произрастать на любых почвах. Его можно встретить в диком виде вдоль рек, на каменистых почвах, на опушках смешанного леса. Смородина растет одиночно или по несколько кустов в одном месте. In gardens, it is often used as a hedge.

Planting a plant

Shrubs better planted in the fall. So he adapts better and starts growing in early spring. For planting the soil is prepared in advance. Under the seedling they dig a hole to the bottom of which a layer of earth is enriched, enriched with mineral and organic fertilizers.

At the bottom of the fossa, they fill up a hillock of earth and a sapling is lowered onto it. Roots straighten and gently sprinkle. The neck should not go deep, it remains above the ground at a distance of 1 cm. If a group planting is planned, then the distance between the seedlings should be at least 2 m. The plant grows strongly.

Alpine currants can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.

One of the most common ways of planting - cuttings. They are purchased in garden centers. Seeds are obtained from an adult plant at the age of 3-4 years. It is more convenient to purchase cuttings and grow currants from them.

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