Exotic fruits

Exotic Passion Fruit

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Passion fruit is an unusual plant that has come to our latitudes from the hot humid tropics. Nevertheless, this exotic fruit perfectly got accustomed to us, so many gardeners are happy to take it to grow at home. Further, on the features of growing passion fruit (seeds, stones, cuttings), as well as the care of the plant at home (photos and instructions are attached).

The scheme of growing passion fruit from the stone, seeds, cuttings

Passion fruit (edible passiflora) is a climbing plant of the Passionflower family. This is a magnificent world-famous fruit that is very much loved due to the tender sweet pulp used as a dessert or a base for making drinks.

At home, this plant is grown not so much to get the fruit as to decorate the house, because the passion fruit blooms exceptionally beautiful, and it is worth the effort.

Since we are talking about growing passion fruit at home, the plant will safely “live” to an adult state when grown in any of the following ways.

Seeds. To really achieve a worthwhile result, it is necessary to use only fresh seeds: dry ones may not even come up. Therefore, a couple of days before the planned planting of the passion fruit, buy fresh ripe fruit in the store and select a few seeds. Spread them on the cloth and rub gently until the juice bags open. After that, wash the seeds and dry them. Then re-wash and dry (in no case in the sun).

Now you can start preparing a container for growing passion fruit: it should not be very deep. Pour there the prepared soil mixture (garden soil, sand, compost in the ratio 1: 1: 1). Make small furrows in the soil, keeping a distance of about 5 cm between them. Dip the seeds into the furrows about 1 cm apart and sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil. Water the seedlings and leave in a warm place. Moisten the soil periodically. When sprouts reach a height of about 20 cm, you can transplant to a permanent place.

Cuttings. This method of growing is very simple and can give the desired result in most cases. So, first prepare a deep growing container. The soil mix for growing cuttings should consist of fine-grained sand and fertile soil (3: 1). The soil with sand should be thoroughly mixed so that the mixture for growing is uniform.

Council You should not worry about the use of such a specific soil mixture (after all, it practically does not retain moisture). The fact is that the cuttings of the passion fruit at the time of planting do not have roots, and the main goal at the first stage of cultivation is to strengthen the above-ground part of the plant, respectively, it is she who should receive the lion's share of moisture.

The stalk must be chosen correctly: only young shoots with at least 3 buds are cut (cut is made obliquely above the lower bud). The soil is prepared the same as for seed cultivation. The stalk should be planted in a container immediately after it has been cut. Cuttings must be kept in a moist environment. It is possible to create such an environment with the help of an improvised greenhouse: it can be made from a box-shaped frame covered with a polymer film.

The created camera is moved to a sunny place with high humidity. The cuttings should take root in just a couple of weeks. After that you can transfer to a permanent place.

From bones. This method is quite exotic and will require special efforts (at least, patience will certainly be required). The fruit is thoroughly cleaned, the bone is freed from the pulp, and then thoroughly dried. Planting bone is not very deep in the soil. Sapling watered. The tank with the seed planted should be in a warm place with high humidity. Thus, the passion fruit will be provided with optimal conditions for the emergence of a sprout.

The subtleties of care for the passion fruit at home

Passion fruit - the plant is rather capricious, which means that it will require careful and serious care. The main activities for the care of the passion fruit:

  • Watering. Since the passion fruit is a resident of a humid climate, it needs to be watered carefully and quite often. Remember: the soil in which the fruit grows should never dry out completely. If your home air humidity is not very high, be sure to water the plant at least once a week.
  • Feeding. Passion fruit loves to "eat", so feeding should be generous and regular. Start fertilization should be in the spring, then add them once in the summer, and the last time - in early autumn. Slow-acting organic with a low nitrogen content (for example, granulated chicken manure) is best suited as top dressing.

  • Creating a prop. Because the passion fruit is a liana-shaped plant, it will need a strong support that will guide its movement. The passion fruit always seeks upward, and if given the opportunity, it will turn into a strong healthy plant, which also produces fruit. When the first antennae appear on the plant, they should be carefully tied with a thin rope and tied to a support. It is desirable to arrange the side branches in the direction opposite to the main stem.
  • Crop. Passion fruit must be cut off without fail, and it is desirable to do this no more often than once every 2 years in the spring. First of all, all old and weak shoots are removed. Never cut off an old branch at the base - leave a few buds, because a new shoot can grow out of it.

That's all the subtleties that you should know about growing passion fruit at home. Good luck!

Origin and varieties of passion fruit

The homeland of the passion fruit is the mountainous woodlands of South and Central America, and it can also be found in some places in Australia and Asia.

Passion fruit belongs to the genus Passionflower. Therefore, the second name of passion fruit is passionflower. More than 2 hundred species of lianas belong to this genus.

For home cultivation is most suitable purple passion fruit. It has delicious sweet fruits, is less demanding on heat and is much easier to care for it. But the yellow passion fruit has difficult conditions of maintenance, and its fruits are quite acidic. Therefore, such a passion fruit is unlikely to like flower growers.

Also in room conditions, blue and winged passionflower is grown. These varieties have a decorative appearance, large bright green leaveswhich have an oval or palmate-dissected shape with a glossy surface.

Some of the species can be planted in open ground.

The plant is a long lash that can grow quickly. Most of all this plant is valued for large flowers, their diameter can reach 12 centimeters. And the flowers are not only beautiful, but also smell good. In the middle of the flower there are two glands. After flowering, an oval fruit forms in the middle. Fruits have a yellow or reddish color, and the flesh has a soft, delicate texture.

Planting passion fruit

After the plant is purchased, it is worth transplanting. The soil in which the plant is planted in an industrial environment is not quite suitable for growing this plant at home. Therefore, immediately after the acquisition is to replace the soil with a more suitable one. For starters, you can use the same pot, but as the plant grows, the pot gradually increases in diameter.

Soil mixture can be used ready, it is sold in specialized stores. You need to choose a mixture with a high content of peat. But you can make up the soil yourself. To do this, take the garden, leaf soil and peat. All ingredients must be taken in equal proportions. Also add some sand to the mix.

The pot is chosen in the usual form. In the bottom of the pot should be holes, if they are not provided, then you need to make them yourself. In a plastic pot, just make holes with a hot nail.

At the bottom of the pot stack drainage layer of 2−3 cm. As a drainage, you can use expanded clay, small pebbles and other materials. Such drainage will not allow an excess of moisture to remain at the roots of the plant and they will not rot.

Before planting, the plant is well watered so that the roots are not injured too much. The plant is carefully removed from the old pot, the roots should be protected by a clod of earth. The sprout is transplanted into a new pot and carefully covered with earth. The surface of the earth must remain at the same level. The plant is well watered.

Breeding passion fruit

Most often, the passion fruit is propagated by seed.

You can get seeds in different ways:

  • Seeds are purchased in the store. The fresher the seeds, the higher the germination. When purchasing, you need to take into account the time of harvesting seeds
  • Independently removed from the ripe fruit.

Features of growing from seeds

If the seeds are removed from the fruit, then they must be thoroughly rinsed with water. When washing is performed poorly, a thin layer of pulp remains on the seeds, which will not allow the germ to germinate.

Wet seeds are slightly dried. Seeds are planted in spring; this is the most favorable period for germination and growth of young seedlings.

First you need to prepare the correct soil composition. The soil should be nutritious, but light. You can mix two parts of sod land, one part of humus and one part of sand. For growing fit pots with a diameter of 8 centimeters. In one pot you can plant 2−3 seeds.

In the pots poured the earth a little tamped and watered. The seeds are laid out on a moist soil, powdered with a soil of 1.5 centimeters thick and moistened again with a spray bottle.

The pots are placed in a room with good lighting and an air temperature of 20−25 degrees. To create a comfortable microclimate, the pots are covered with a film or glass.

Further care is regular airing and watering.

Shoots appear in 20−30 days after planting. That's when the film is removed.

After four true leaves appear on the plant, they are transplanted into pots with a diameter of about 40 centimeters. Soil use the same, as when planting seeds.

Some experts recommend planting two young plants in each pot. A young plant should be placed so that the stem is in the sun, but the pot was in the shade. At the same time, the plant can not be put in a draft.

On the plant in a year, the first fruits are tied.

Care for Passiflora

Caring for a plant has some rules:

  • First of all, passiflora needs to be tied up correctly. On sale there are special lattices which are intended for a garter of climbers. They can be made of thin metal or plastic. You can simply stretch the ropes and let them sprout as they grow.
  • Watering is carried out as the soil surface dries out. But with watering you need to be careful, excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the roots and plant disease.
  • Fertilizers are applied only during intensive growth, that is, in the summer period. At this time, the plants are fertilized once in 10 days. An excellent fertilizer is a liquid complex fertilizer designed for tomatoes.
  • During flowering, the plant must be pollinated manually. Pollination will be more effective if the humidity of the air does not exceed 70%. To begin pollination in the morning or closer to dinner. The process of pollination itself has no difficulties; it is necessary to collect pollen from one flower with a brush and transfer it to another flower. Thus all flowers are processed.

Growing passion fruit at home - a fairly simple exercise, you only need to properly organize her place, competent and timely care. And if you choose a suitable variety, you can collect a small crop directly from the window sill.

Passion fruit varieties

Before you plant a passion fruit, you need to decide on its appearance: the growing conditions for each of them require different.

The most unpretentious variety - purple passion fruit. It gives sweet fruit, while less demanding on heat than, for example, yellow passion fruit with sour fruits. There are also hybrids of these two species, they are more resistant to weather conditions and parasites.

Grow passion fruit from seed. You can buy them in a special store or get creepers from the fruit. You can also grow a vine at home from a vine that needs to be rooted, but usually getting a plant stalk for planting is quite difficult.

What are the conditions for growing passion fruit

Passion fruit is very fond of heat, thanks to which it grows quickly, while clinging to almost any support. For this reason, for the successful cultivation of vines it is necessary to organize a suspension system. It is best to make it in the form of a grid. In the process of the growth of passion fruit, its vine and leaves grow very quickly, so a very strong base should be initially organized for the plant. Additional garters for the passion fruit are not needed, as she herself acquires a strong mustache for fasteners, like grapes.

Seed from the fruit to get right before planting. It is desirable that the fruit was overripe, its surface is wrinkled. The seeds of such fruits are in the active phase, therefore they will quickly germinate - after about 2-2.5 weeks.

If it is purchased seeds, the seedlings will appear in about a month, as the seeds are “sleeping”, dried. But in this case, you can be sure that the seeds are ready for planting, there is information about the variety and rules of plant care.

Board

Growing vines at home should occur in a mixture of turf and peat. Seeds need to sprinkle with a small layer of soil. For planting you will need several seeds, each of which should be placed in a separate pot. Thus, it will be possible to choose the strongest plant and safely transplant the grown passion fruit.

Passion fruit is unpretentious in choosing the soil for cultivation at home, so you can even plant it into the ground from the nearest forest. Since there is no inflow of natural nutrients in protected ground, the plant should be fertilized with organic matter. For a uniform supply of substances necessary for growth, it is necessary to periodically add compost to the top layer of soil.

When growing a tropical plant, special attention will have to be paid to high-quality watering:

  • Although the passion fruit loves the wet soil, it is impossible to re-moisten it, especially to allow water to stagnate.
  • It is necessary to water a liana often as soon as the surface of the soil dries out.
  • Portions of water should be small, drainage should also work well.
  • In winter, the plant should be watered only once a week. The temperature around it must always be positive.

When a passion fruit grows in its natural environment, it has to go through many barriers to get to the light. Growing at home allows it to fill in the shady and sunny areas of the room. The pot with the plant should be put in a shady cool place. In the spring (March) you can prune the vine, it will not harm her.

If the cultivation of creepers occurs in ideal home conditions, it can give fruit within a year after the emergence of shoots. In the wild, this happens after about 6 months. The plant begins to bear fruit so quickly, because the life of the vine is short - only about 6 years. Already 3 years after the plant has grown, its yield is greatly reduced compared with the first year. For this reason, those who love this plant, each year planted a new instance in order to receive a good crop of passion fruit every year.

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Passion fruit only seems to be an exotic plant, but under certain conditions, this beautiful plant will not only grow well, but also please with small fruits. Passion fruit is considered an unpretentious plant that can be grown at home or in winter greenhouses.

Origin and varieties of passion fruit

The homeland of the passion fruit is the mountainous woodlands of South and Central America, and it can also be found in some places in Australia and Asia.

Passion fruit belongs to the genus Passionflower. Therefore, the second name of passion fruit is passionflower. More than 2 hundred species of lianas belong to this genus.

For home cultivation is most suitable purple passion fruit. It has delicious sweet fruits, is less demanding on heat and is much easier to care for it. But the yellow passion fruit has difficult conditions of maintenance, and its fruits are quite acidic. Therefore, such a passion fruit is unlikely to like flower growers.

Also in room conditions, blue and winged passionflower is grown. These varieties have a decorative appearance, large bright green leaveswhich have an oval or palmate-dissected shape with a glossy surface.

Some of the species can be planted in open ground.

The plant is a long lash that can grow quickly. Больше всего это растение ценится за большие цветы, их диаметр может достигать 12 сантиметров. Причем цветы не только красивые, но еще и хорошо пахнут. В середине цветка имеются две железы.After flowering, an oval fruit forms in the middle. Fruits have a yellow or reddish color, and the flesh has a soft, delicate texture.

Passion Fruit - growing at home

Passion fruit at home will require a lot of sunlight. Therefore, it should be located in sunny places, suitable eastern and southern windows.

After the plant is purchased, it is worth transplanting. The soil in which the plant is planted in an industrial environment is not quite suitable for growing this plant at home. Therefore, immediately after the acquisition is to replace the soil with a more suitable one. For starters, you can use the same pot, but as the plant grows, the pot gradually increases in diameter.

Soil mixture can be used ready, it is sold in specialized stores. You need to choose a mixture with a high content of peat. But you can make up the soil yourself. To do this, take the garden, leaf soil and peat. All ingredients must be taken in equal proportions. Also add some sand to the mix.

The pot is chosen in the usual form. In the bottom of the pot should be holes, if they are not provided, then you need to make them yourself. In a plastic pot, just make holes with a hot nail.

At the bottom of the pot stack drainage layer of 2−3 cm. As a drainage, you can use expanded clay, small pebbles and other materials. Such drainage will not allow an excess of moisture to remain at the roots of the plant and they will not rot.

Before planting, the plant is well watered so that the roots are not injured too much. The plant is carefully removed from the old pot, the roots should be protected by a clod of earth. The sprout is transplanted into a new pot and carefully covered with earth. The surface of the earth must remain at the same level. The plant is well watered.

Most often, the passion fruit is propagated by seed.

You can get seeds in different ways:

  • Seeds are purchased in the store. The fresher the seeds, the higher the germination. When purchasing, you need to take into account the time of procurement of seeds.
  • Independently removed from the ripe fruit.

Features of growing from seeds

If the seeds are removed from the fruit, then they must be thoroughly rinsed with water. When washing is performed poorly, a thin layer of pulp remains on the seeds, which will not allow the germ to germinate.

Wet seeds are slightly dried. Seeds are planted in spring; this is the most favorable period for germination and growth of young seedlings.

First you need to prepare the correct soil composition. The soil should be nutritious, but light. You can mix two parts of sod land, one part of humus and one part of sand. For growing fit pots with a diameter of 8 centimeters. In one pot you can plant 2−3 seeds.

In the pots poured the earth a little tamped and watered. The seeds are laid out on a moist soil, powdered with a soil of 1.5 centimeters thick and moistened again with a spray bottle.

The pots are placed in a room with good lighting and an air temperature of 20−25 degrees. To create a comfortable microclimate, the pots are covered with a film or glass.

Further care is regular airing and watering.

Shoots appear in 20−30 days after planting. That's when the film is removed.

After four true leaves appear on the plant, they are transplanted into pots with a diameter of about 40 centimeters. Soil use the same, as when planting seeds.

Some experts recommend planting two young plants in each pot. A young plant should be placed so that the stem is in the sun, but the pot was in the shade. At the same time, the plant can not be put in a draft.

On the plant in a year, the first fruits are tied.

Care for Passiflora

Caring for a plant has some rules:

  • First of all, passiflora needs to be tied up correctly. On sale there are special lattices which are intended for a garter of climbers. They can be made of thin metal or plastic. You can simply stretch the ropes and let them sprout as they grow.
  • Watering is carried out as the soil surface dries out. But with watering you need to be careful, excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the roots and plant disease.
  • Fertilizers are applied only during intensive growth, that is, in the summer period. At this time, the plants are fertilized once in 10 days. An excellent fertilizer is a liquid complex fertilizer designed for tomatoes.
  • During flowering, the plant must be pollinated manually. Pollination will be more effective if the humidity of the air does not exceed 70%. To begin pollination in the morning or closer to dinner. The process of pollination itself has no difficulties; it is necessary to collect pollen from one flower with a brush and transfer it to another flower. Thus all flowers are processed.

Growing passion fruit at home - a fairly simple exercise, you only need to properly organize her place, competent and timely care. And if you choose a suitable variety, you can collect a small crop directly from the window sill.

Passion fruit at home

The passion fruit plant (passionflower) is a guest from the hot tropical rain forests, which, as it turned out, was able to settle perfectly with us. However, in order to grow an exotic culture at home, it is necessary to have an idea about some of the nuances.

Description and types of plants

Passion fruit - an evergreen plant, the stems of which are covered with green foliage, resembling vines. Passionflower has unusual in shape and amazingly beautiful flowers, iridescent with various shades of the rainbow.

It is possible to plant passion fruit not only for beauty. Its tasty juicy fruits will not leave anyone indifferent.

You can grow any kind of exotic culture at home. But for these purposes, blue or winged passionflower is best suited.

Purple passion fruit - a variety characterized by unpretentiousness. She does not need as much heat as other species, but her fruits are juiciness and sweetness. In addition, such varieties as granadilla sweet and giant granadilla are popular in our country. The bay leafifice passionflower and banana passionflower are equally in demand.

How does passion fruit grow?

Passion fruit at home is growing excellently, but only for this you need to create special conditions under which the tropical culture will feel comfortable.

It is very important to protect the plant from the cold. If the leaves of the passion fruit became soft, yellowed or fell off, then passiflora lacks heat or moisture.

When growing passiflora in a comfortable environment, a year after planting, it can begin to bear fruit. The plant lives about 6 years.

How to grow a plant from the seed, seeds, cuttings?

Growing passion fruit can be done in different ways.

  1. From the bone. A bone pulled out of the fruit is freed from the pulp and dried thoroughly. Planted in the ground shallow. A pot with a seedling is placed in a warm place. It is important that the humidity is high. Provides systematic watering.
  2. Seeds. Only fresh seeds will do. 2-3 days before planting, the fresh fruit of the passion fruit is bought, from which seeds are extracted. They should be placed on a cloth and gently rubbed until the juice bags open. Next, the seeds are washed and dried (you can not put in the sun). Washing and drying must be repeated. In a shallow container poured the mixture, which included garden soil, sand and compost in equal proportions. In the ground, small grooves are made into which the seeds are laid. Top filled with a thin layer of soil. Saplings are watered and placed in a warm corner. When sprouts reach 20 cm, they are recommended to be transplanted to a place that will become permanent.
  3. Cuttings. In the container prepared for planting, the soil is poured, prepared according to the principle similar to seed planting. It is important to choose the stalk. All young shoots with 3 or more buds are cut obliquely over the lower bud. After cutting the stalk should be planted immediately. For favorable growth is recommended to take care of creating a moist environment. An improvised greenhouse will do. If everything is done correctly, then in 2 weeks the cuttings will take root. After that, the passion fruit is transplanted to a permanent place.

Care for passion fruit at home

An exotic passion fruit vine is a capricious plant that needs careful attention. In addition to regular watering you need to take care of plant nutrition. Since passionflower loves to “eat” very much, it is recommended to feed it frequently and abundantly. Start feeding in the spring, then again in the summer and one more time in the fall. Top dressing should be a slow-acting organic with a low nitrogen content. A great option - granulated chicken manure. In winter, fertilizers are not needed.

Important! Particular attention should be paid to quality watering.

Despite the special love of the exotic guest to the humidity, it is not necessary to overdo it. It is recommended to organize watering of vines often, but only after the soil surface dries out. In winter, it is enough to organize watering once a week.

Being engaged in the cultivation of passiflora in the conditions of the house, it is necessary to regularly spray it from the spray. The lack of moisture will lead to sad consequences in the form of discarded leaves and buds.

Nuances of growing at home

Passion fruit rather thermophilic fruit. It grows quickly and begins to cling to any point of support. Therefore, you should worry in advance about the organization of the suspension system. The best option is the grid.

During the growth of the vine and the leaves of the plant grow rapidly, so you first need to organize a strong foundation. You should not worry about additional garters, because the passion fruit tendrils are reliable and cling tightly.

In choosing the soil, the plant is unpretentious, so you can even plant it in the sod brought from the nearby forest.

For full growth requires bright lighting. For shading, do not worry again.

Important! In the shade grows passion fruit well. However, in this case you should not count on active flowering.

The room must be regularly ventilated, it is very useful for the plant. In the summer, she especially needs fresh air, so it is recommended to put a pot with a seedling near an open window or take it out onto a balcony.

How to trim and replant?

Prune passion fruit should be in the spring. It is recommended to do this 1 time in 2 years. First you need to get rid of all the old and weak shoots.

Important! You can not prune the old branch at the very base. Be sure to leave a few buds, they can grow a new shoot.

Cut the passion fruit is necessary only before the onset of the flowering period. If you do this at a time when the plant has already bloomed, it will negatively affect it - the exotic guest will weaken, and its harvest will decrease significantly.

Young plants must be replanted every spring, mature - once in 2-3 years. New capacity must be greater than the former. But taking a too big pot should not be done either, since in this case all the forces of the vine will be spent on the growth of roots and the growth of green mass, while the flowering will noticeably decrease.

Passion fruit - a tropical plant that can be safely grown at home. At observance of all requirements to the maintenance, the exotic liana will please gardeners with fine flowers and tasty fruits.

How to grow passion fruit

Passion fruit is used in food, but this plant is grown for home decoration. Edible passionflower (a genus of plant) has very beautiful flowers that will not leave anyone indifferent.

Note! To obtain a plant from the seed, fresh seeds are used that have not had time to dry.

Seeds are selected only from ripe fruits. Immature fruit contains unripe seeds, nothing grows from them.

Before planting, the seed must be laid out on a cloth and gently rubbed to remove the top shell from them. Prepared seeds need to dry a little and pour water for 1-2 hours and dried again.

  1. Capacity for landing should have a small depth. To grow a healthy plant, you must mix the soil yourself, using compost, sand and garden soil in the ratio of 1: 1: 1. Store ready soil will not work.
  2. The mixture should be poured into the finished container, and on the surface of the soil should be made indentations at a distance of 5 cm from each other. In the furrows should be placed seeds, retreating between them by 1 cm and sprinkle them with a thin layer of earth.
  3. You can germinate seeds in wet gauze, but there is a possibility of damage to the sprouts when transferring them to the ground.

Planted seeds should be watered with warm water and placed in a warm place, away from heating devices, as they dry out the air and the soil quickly loses moisture. As the soil dries, it must be moistened.

Sprouts should be planted when their height reaches 20 cm. Growing from seeds will take more than one month.

From cuttings

When growing plants from cuttings, a happy outcome is achieved in 90% of cases. Growing will require deep capacity. The soil is prepared from 3 parts of sand and one part of garden soil. Mix the soil to a uniform distance. In such a soil you can get a good plant at home.

To get a beautiful plant at home you should choose and prepare the cutting. For planting it is necessary to cut off the young shoots with 3 buds. The incision should be made along an oblique line.

The cutting is placed in the ground immediately after separation from the parent plant. The plant must be kept in greenhouse conditions before rooting. For this it is covered with a can. The soil is always kept wet, the jar of fruit is not removed until rooting.

Before the roots (2 weeks), the plant should be placed on the windowsill under the sun's rays. This will lead to increased evaporation of moisture and increased moisture in the improvised greenhouse. After 14 days, the plant can be transplanted to a permanent place.

Home care

At home, the fruit needs special care, without which it will not grow, bloom and bear fruit.

Brazilian passion fruit passionflower in need of high humidity. The soil in which the fruit grows should not dry out completely, it must be fully watered at least once in 7 days. The plant itself should be sprayed daily.

Daily spraying not only helps to maintain an optimal level of humidity, but is also a good prevention of the appearance of pests. Pests appear on plants with contaminated foliage.

If the humidity of the air in the room is low, then installing a humidifier or water tanks near the plant is not superfluous. Boil water should be poured into the humidifier, otherwise a white bloom will remain on the leaves of the plant.

Care for the fruit is carried out not only in watering, but also in the dressing of the germ. Fertilize the soil should be 3 times a year, but abundant. For fertilizing, you should choose fertilizers with a low content of nitrogen and a long-lasting effect; the best way is the droppings of chickens in granules.

Passion fruit is a lianoobrazny plant that requires good support. Fruit always grows up, if you do not give him the opportunity, then there will be no edible fruit from him.

For support, a metal frame with a small cell is best suited. As soon as the sprout starts the first mustache, they must be carefully tied to the support. All branches formed on the main trunk should be directed in the opposite direction from it.

Passion fruit must be circumcised in the spring months 1 time in 2 years. Pruning old and weakened shoots.

Note! Old branches should not be cut to the ground. They should remain a couple of buds, of which in the future there will be new shoots.

Regardless of the planting method, after 2 years it is required to make pollination of the passion fruit. This process must be carried out manually, as the anthers mature somewhat earlier than the stigmas are ready for pollination.

Diseases

Home lianas are very susceptible to various diseases, they infest parasites, which is not difficult to get rid of. All that is required is to carry out a daily abundant spraying of the plant, during which most of the pests die, and those that manage to escape are washed out the next day. To get rid of pests takes no more than a week.

As for viral diseases, everything is much more complicated. Passionflower is not amenable to any treatment, so the only way to save healthy vines from infection is to completely get rid of the diseased plant.

The passion fruit is a fastidious indoor vine that can decorate any interior. If you follow all the rules of care, you can get not only a flowering exotic plant, but also tasty fruits. According to the principle presented, a useful granadilla plant can be planted that looks like a passion fruit.

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What is different from fruit berry

Ученые не используют термин «фрукт», заменяя его словом «плод». Такое определение применяется для описания съедобной части растительности, сформировавшейся вследствие опыления цветка или завязи. Овощи к данной разновидности не относятся.

К фруктам причисляются:


  • яблоко,
  • грушу,
  • слива,
  • персик,
  • вишня,
  • gravy is pennsylvania,
  • cherry plum.


In simple words, the fruit is considered to be any fruit of the plant, ripening on trees and having juicy flesh and seeds for reproduction.

Experts attribute to the berries all fruits, developing from one ovary, and having a juicy flesh and a lot of small seeds. Ovary, in the process of ripening berries, transformed into pericarp suitable for consumption. The fruits in question may have up to several thin-skinned carpels. This category is allowed to include products familiar to everyone, for example, gooseberry, watermelon or banana. Wikipedia confirms the theory described.

The seeds in the berries are embedded in the pulp, with the exception of pepper. Its seeds are located in the hollow inner part of the fruit.

Examples of these berries:


  • banana,
  • avocado,
  • cranberry,
  • Rowan,
  • gooseberry,
  • currant.

Why not all berries have seeds in the center? Experts highlight the concept - false berries or polynokoshki. These include fruits that have bones on the surface or immediately under the shell, for example, strawberries or raspberries.

False berries develop and lower ovary. Their peculiarity is that in the structure of the berry flower tissues develop that are outside the ovary.

Example of false berries:


  • strawberries
  • raspberries,
  • blackberry.


In everyday life, berries are called all fruits with a sweet-sour taste and small size. Inside there should not be large stones, edible seeds are not taken into account.

Citruses are considered modified berries with a dense skin and juicy pulp. Experts gave such fruits the name - orange. Fruits with an even more dense skin, such as squash or zucchini, are berries, but have a special name - pumpkin.

How to distinguish the fruit from the berry

In botany there is no concept - “Fruit”. Everything that develops from the ovary is considered a fruit. Berries belong to this category, only they have a narrower name “multi-seeded fruit”. You can summarize - everything that has juicy pulp and a lot of small seeds inside are berries, and everything else is fruit.

In the nation, all fruits of small size with a pleasant, sweet-sour taste and bright color of the rind are called berries, no matter what category these products belong to botanists. All fruits that can not be taken with two fingers is called fruit.

Berries taken to use one or the whole handful. You cannot do this with fruit, it is too big and you need to bite off pieces of it.

Herbal products are distinguished by type of growth. All that grows on grassy plants or shrubs is berries, and only fruits grow on trees. But it should be noted that in this theory there are inconsistencies, as rowan belongs to berries, despite the fact that it grows on a tree.

Fruits consider some fruits growing on cultivated plants. And berries can be both cultural and wild. Small fruits can be edible and poisonous. Fruits have no such separation.

How to explain to a child

In order for a child from childhood to have a correct understanding of the world, he needs to be told about the difference between a berry from a fruit and a vegetable.

For children, information becomes the most accessible if it is offered with a clear example.

To explain what a berry is, the child should be shown a sectioned view of the product, so that he can clearly see that the fruit in question has fleshy flesh and a lot of seeds inside. The most convenient way to do this is by the example of the gooseberry, as it has a visual structure.

In order for the child to understand the difference between a berry and a fruit, you should suggest that he compare the apple and the grapes. The first has a dense structure, large size and dense bones separated from the pulp by a dense partition, the structure of the grapes is significantly different, it is, like most berries, soft and juicy, and the seeds are in direct contact with the tissues of the fruit.

Of course, the berry is also useful during pregnancy; children love it with pleasure. Therefore, I recommend everyone to find out in detail what is the particular watermelon? Below in the photo you can see how it looks, the method, how watermelon is grown in the greenhouse.

And then you can read interesting articles about the benefits and properties of watermelon, watermelon seeds are useful for the body and much more. Enjoy reading!

To learn more about the berry and its benefits for the body, read our articles below, as well as see photos of how the berry looks.

The use of blackberries can normalize pressure, strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Benefit for women is invaluable! Thanks to the berry, the skin is rejuvenated, it becomes firm and elastic.

Below you can see a photo of what a blackberry looks like and what varieties there are. And also read interesting articles to learn a lot of new!

Bilberry helps to normalize pressure, improves eyesight and restores the intestinal microflora.

You can read more about the beneficial and healing properties of the berries in our articles in this section. And also see the photo of what blueberries look like, how it grows and how to collect it.

Useful properties of the roots

In addition to succulent fruits, which are the most popular part of wild rose for the preparation of drugs, in traditional medicine the rhizome of the plant is used. It consists of such useful components:


  • flavonoids,
  • kakhetins,
  • triterpenoids,
  • tannins.

Its roots have pronounced anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties. Broths, tinctures and tinctures from the underground part of the plant are used to treat digestive disorders, inflammatory processes of the urogenital system.

Drugs containing rhizomes of rose hips normalize hormones, accelerate metabolic processes in the body. They are used for gout, muscle pain and in the presence of pain in the joints, with cramps in the limbs.
Important! After a stroke, it is recommended to take a bath with the addition of a decoction of the root of the plant.
Means in different dosage forms that are prepared on the basis of rhizomes, have a positive effect on the liver, kidneys, gall bladder. They are able to remove stones and sand from these organs.

Despite the beneficial properties of the underground part of the hips, medications using rhizomes should be taken carefully. They slow down the formation of bile, which can cause constipation. Also, dogrose root is contraindicated for people who are prone to thrombosis.


Rose Hips

The flowers of this plant have also found use in traditional medicine due to the unique composition:


  • essential and fatty oils,
  • acids,
  • glycosides,
  • flavonoids,
  • tannins and other items.

Drugs containing flowers have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Broth from this part of the plant is used in the treatment of conjunctivitis, blepharitis, stomatitis. The use of the inside helps to strengthen the heart muscle.


Rosehip oil

From this plant make an oily hood, which has many properties. It contains in its composition fatty acids (linolenic, stearic, oleic, palmitic), vitamins A, E, C, F and other useful components.

Due to its unique composition, rosehip oil is used as a choleretic agent. It can be used as a medicine for the treatment of hepatitis, cholecystitis. An additional effect that can be obtained by using an oily extract is an improvement in digestion. Also, this drug significantly lowers blood cholesterol, which will be useful in the presence of atherosclerosis.

Rosehip oil can be used as a fortifying agent to saturate the body with useful substances during the period of spring avitaminosis. It increases metabolism and even contributes to weight loss.

This medicinal substance is also used as an external agent:


  • for nursing mothers who have cracked nipples
  • to improve skin condition. It becomes more elastic, moisturized, fine wrinkles are smoothed, irritation is eliminated,
  • for healing wounds, scratches, abrasions,
  • with stomatitis,
  • eliminates age spots.

Important! Rosehip oil can be instilled into the nose for rhinitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis. Also apply to the face of wrinkles.

Medicinal properties of fruits

In the juicy fruits of the shrub contains a large number of nutrients with medicinal properties of wild rose:


  • vegetable fiber and various acids,
  • tannins,
  • vitamins - C, PP, K, E, B6,
  • minerals - molybdenum, calcium, magnesium, potassium and others,
  • essential substances.

Important! There are phytoncides, carotene, organic acids, tannins in hips.
Teas and decoctions from fruits are used as a general tonic for children, during pregnancy and for women who breastfeed. These medicines can be safely consumed in the presence of fever, muscle aches, coughs, and runny nose, when most medicines are contraindicated. They can also be used for the prevention of colds.

Rosehip has a positive effect on the circulatory system, metabolic processes in the body. It is used in the treatment of scurvy, anemia, inflammation of the bladder, kidneys.

Means containing the fruits of plants have choleretic properties, removes from the body the excess fluid that can accumulate in the tissues. Regular consumption of rosehip tea normalizes blood pressure, improves the functioning of the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, intestines. It strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has hemostatic and anti-inflammatory qualities.
Read! How to brew rosehip and drink it for the treatment of various diseases can be found in our article.

Rosehip infusion

It is used to improve well-being during colds and flu, stimulates the digestive system, cleans the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol plaques, nourishes the body with useful substances.
Important! Rosehip infusion can be used for rinsing the mouth with bleeding gums, stomatitis. If you want to brew dried rosehip, how to do this, read our article.
To prepare the medicine, use two or three handfuls of dry shrub fruits, which need to be put in a thermos and pour 930 ml of boiling water. Infuse healing liquid throughout the day, after which it can be applied inside.

Sing three cups of rosehip infusion per day. During treatment, do not consume more than a liter of fluid per day. To improve taste, add a spoonful of natural honey or sugar to the prepared medicine.


Remedy for men

Hawthorn in combination with wild rose has a positive effect on the sexual function of men.

The recipe for healing remedies:


  1. Use 1 tbsp. l hawthorn to pour 230 ml of hot rosehip infusion.
  2. Put this liquid in a small container in a water bath. Keep on low heat for 18 minutes.
  3. Remove from heat, leave for 50 minutes in an airtight container.
  4. Strain the prepared infusion, take in the form of heat.

An hour before the main meals, drink a means, previously dividing it into small portions.


Contraindications

Rosehip infusion is very useful for the human body, but it must be taken with caution when:


  • gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer,
  • with gastritis, which is accompanied by high acidity,
  • with thrombophlebitis.

Cooked drugs contain a large amount of acids in their composition, so after using them you must rinse your mouth with plain water. Also, do not take funds with the content of wild rose for a long time. It is best to take short courses of treatment for 7-10 days each with short breaks.

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