However, on the basis of wild growing plants, many wonderful varieties of Veronique, as well as their hybrids, are created, and so they ask for our mixborders and alpine slides.
There are also many rare species of Veronique, able to decorate the collection of many sophisticated flower growers. In this article I will not be able to talk about all the Veronica, because there are about three hundred types of them, but I would like to draw your attention to those that, I believe, are worthy of a wider recognition of gardeners.
There are several versions of why the plant was called Veronica. In one of the legends it is said that it received its name in honor of Saint Veronica. Saint Veronica is a woman who gave Jesus cloth on Calvary to wipe the sweat from her face. On the fabric remained, imprinted face of the Savior. After the invention of photography by papal decree, Holy Veronica was declared the patroness of photography and photographers.
One of the most beautiful of all species is considered to be a great Veronica. This is a long-lived perennial with plump shoots up to fifty, and sometimes up to seventy centimeters in height, on which oppositely are egg-shaped toothed leaves, pubescent underneath.
In varietal veronica large, with a rare planting, shoots form a beautiful dense, almost dome-shaped dark green shrub. From the end of May to almost mid-July, the top of the bush dome becomes dazzling blue thanks to numerous blossoming flowers, from about seventy millimeters to one and a half centimeters, gathered in dense racemes up to fifteen centimeters long. Due to the beauty of inflorescences, Veronica is often called the royal Veronica.
Veronica flower growing in the garden
Royal Veronica can be grown on almost any garden drained soil, but it gives preference to loam. The plant is light-requiring, but tolerably grows and develops in partial shade. He likes abundant watering, but can tolerate short-term droughts and does not tolerate soil clogging during the cold season. Winters without shelter, withstands temperatures of up to forty degrees below zero.
Veronica growing from seed, dividing the bush, grafting
Veronica is multiplied most often by seeds - it is not difficult to grow it from seeds. If there are not many seeds, it is desirable to sow them for seedlings. Having grown even a small bush of Veronica, you will be able to harvest and sow your seeds in the future - their flower Veronica sets up well, they ripen in September.
Seeds can be sown directly in the soil in the autumn or spring periods. Veronica is also often multiplied by dividing a bush: it is done either in the spring, as soon as the plant starts growing, or in the autumn periods, September and early October.
Experienced flower growers royal Veronica propagated by green cuttings that are cut from the tops of young spring shoots to flowering.
Typically, a large Veronica flower is planted in a mixborder, where it perfectly shades the plants with large and bright flowers. However, I believe that the beauty of the royal Veronica is more expressive if it grows solo, for example, on a lawn. Veronica inflorescences large can also be used for cutting.
Types of plants Veronica and reproduction
Another rather large and not very well-known species is Veronica mountainous or Kemularia. This plant has leathery, thickish, rounded-lanceolate leaves up to fifteen centimeters long, collected in basal rosettes.
Especially good is the variegated form of Veronica grief - Variegata. Over time, the whole curtain of these sockets are not connected to each other. Most of the leaves of the outlets overwinter, and in the period of April-May new ones begin to grow. A little later, flower stalks with heights of thirty to eighty centimeters appear over the rosettes, rarely covered with small leaves.
At the end of May, graceful brushes of rather large as for Veronique, about a centimeter in diameter, white-blue flowers with blue veins bloom on the peduncles. Glorious veronica blooms two to three weeks to mid-June.
Veronika goryachavkovaya - long root plant When young affiliated sockets form at the ends of the stolons after flowering, the mother plant dies off. Therefore, in the winter it takes several independent outlets.
Kemularia is unpretentious: it is light-requiring, but will grow without problems in the penumbra. It develops well on almost any well-drained soil, including limestone. Since in the wild this veronica grows in the wet mountain meadows, then in the garden do not forget to water it.
Veronica breeding gentian seeds and vegetatively. They can be sown before winter or in spring directly into open ground or sown in spring for seedlings. You can also cut off a piece of rhizome with roots in the spring or autumn and plant it in a new place.
Ginseng Veronica is planted in the foreground of mixborders, individual clumps are made of plants, and large rockeries adorn it, especially those near the reservoirs.
Get to know each other
Let's take a closer look at these flowers. Why is the plant so named? The explanations are: perhaps in honor of a saint named Veronica, and scientists assume that the name was formed from Latin words "Vera unica", What means real medicine (Veronica also has medicinal properties). Anyway, it is necessary to pronounce this word with an emphasis on the second syllable.
The genus Veronique is large (almost 300 species), is part of the family plantainIts representatives are found in all parts of the world, but most of them are in Europe and Asia, many species grow in the Mediterranean. There are also a lot of Veronica in our country - about 150 species, many of them grow in the Caucasus and in the European part of Russia, there are some species in Central Asia.
Basically, all Veronica are herbaceous plants, but there are also half shrubs. Often perennial, but there are also letniki. They look different: some are high and some are low and even creeping, the leaves are usually simple, they are often opposite, but there is also another arrangement.
Common in Veronique flower structure. They are usually medium-sized, the lower petals fuse and form a tube, the upper petals are not fused. Inside the flower are two stamens and a long pistil. Flowers are not single - they form inflorescences in the form of spikelets or a brush.
Veronica and lilies of the valley
And of course the color: almost all Veronica differ in different shades of blue and blue, and only occasionally there are pink or white colors. When the plant blooms, fruits appear in the place of the flowers - seed-box.
Meet Veronica can be at the edge of the forest, among the meadow vegetation. Some species prefer mountainous reliefs.
View Spikelet Veronica (Veronica spicata) distributed quite widely. In our country it grows in the European part, and in Siberia, Central Asia, in the Caucasus, also lives in Western Europe and the Mediterranean.
The plant is low (up to 40 cm), a few shoots. The leaves are oval-oblong: the lower ones have scapes, and the upper ones are sessile. On the tops of the stems dense buds are formed in the form of tassels up to 10-12 cm long with bright flowers. The flowers may be blue and pink, purple or white. Flowering begins in June and lasts about 40 days.
This Veronica is beautiful in its original form. In the garden it will be beneficial to look as a single curtain or in a group with other perennials. It prefers loose soil, likes a sunny open place, drought-resistant and winter-hardy. How to plant this plant, which possesses not only decorative, but also medicinal properties, you can learn from the publication We plant veronic spike (spikelet) - vertical garden accent (video).
Many varieties are derived, differing mainly in the color of flowers:
- Icicle (White Icicle) - white flowers,
- Barcarolle - pink flowers,
- Blue Peter - blue flowers,
- Blue Carpet - bright blue flowers, short shrub,
- Red Fox - dark pink flowers,
- Romiley Purple - dark purple flowers,
- Heidekind - pink and crimson flowers.
Veronica filamentous (Veronica filiformis) come from Europe. There it grows in mountain meadows, forming solid green carpets.
This evergreen creeping perennial. Very thin shoots quickly run up in different directions, roots appear on them, cling to the ground, take root - and grow — run further, in breadth, in all directions. Forms a beautiful green rug with small round leaves.
In the spring, this entire carpet is also covered with small pale blue flowers, which rise above the greenery and seem to hover in the air, - Veronica blooms. Unusual beauty! Especially well this species feels in the penumbra on poor soils.
However, sometimes there are problems with this Veronica: it happened that for me it just dropped out almost the whole, only individual bushes remained. Knowing this feature of it, I planted several plots in different places where it does not bother me especially. It happens that in one place the plant constantly dies, and in the other it grows well. So Veronica creeping - will fall in one place, remain in another.
I like her very much, and therefore, despite such a little capricious temper, I keep it in my garden. It is also suitable for rockeries, as it is quite drought-resistant, although it is moisture-loving. You can create magnificent carpet arrays from it or plant it under berry or ornamental shrubs.
Veronica is big
Widespread - Veronica is big (Veronica teucrium). In our country, it is found in the European part and in Western Siberia, as well as in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Mediterranean. It has creeping rhizomes located superficially. From them grows many direct stems from 30 to 70 cm high. The oblong, serrated leaves at the edge sit oppositely. Bright blue flowers are in racemes.
Blooms profusely in spring, at this time the whole bush looks very nice. But gradually the shoots begin to lie to the side of the center, the bush seems to be falling apart. Therefore, it is desirable at the very beginning of flowering to tie him up. After flowering, I usually prune shoots, and they then grow back.
Veronica is big
Veronica is big very unpretentious, but loves the sun. Hardy, soil undemanding. Varieties with different height of the bush are derived:
- True Blue - bushes up to 60 cm tall, with blue flowers,
- Schirly Blue - bushes up to 50 cm tall, dark blue flowers.
Veronika is gray
Also widespread Veronica is gray (Verona inca): in the European part of Russia, in Siberia, in Western Europe, in the Far East, Japan and Korea. This species, 40 cm high, first has a spreading shape, and after flowering it turns into a compact pillow that is adorned with wide white-felt leaves.
Veronica is gray. Photo site picsbase.ru
It blooms from the end of July for 35 days with very bright blue inflorescences. The plant is unpretentious, winters without shelter, suitable for rocky gardens.
Veronica Gorechkovaya (Veronica gentianoides) is widespread in the south of the European part of Russia, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus and in Asia Minor. Accordingly, this is a more thermophilic look. The plant is considered to be a group of pillow plants: it forms cushion-shaped rounded bushes not more than 45 cm tall. Leaves forming a rosette, leathery lanceolate. Pale blue flowers fill loose spike inflorescences on peduncles up to 30-70 cm tall. Blooms Griefing Veronica since the end of May for two to three weeks.
This Veronica is so beautiful, but it also has varieties. Nana - dwarf variety. The height of the pads is not more than 10 cm, the peduncle is 20-30 cm. This variety also has a shape variegata with white-leafed leaves, and the rim in the spring has a pink color.
General plant information
Veronica is a very common plant, varieties of which are represented in different countries of the world. This can be explained by its unpretentiousness and drought tolerance, because of which she manages to survive in any climatic conditions. The plant is undemanding to the soil, so it feels comfortable as on sandy and clay, and on loose and marshy ground. At first it decorated the forests, fields and mountains, but after a while it was used for decorative purposes for growing in flowerbeds.
When Veronica became a cultivated plant, it served as the basis for the development of new varieties adapted for decorative gardening.
However, the man became acquainted with Veronica creeping a long time ago, and at that time she was valuable to him because of her medicinal properties. There are several hypotheses about the origin of the name Veronica. Perhaps it is associated with the Greek word, which translates as "little oak", or Latin, which means "real medicine" or "genuine plant". There is also such a version that it received its name in honor of Saint Veronica.
Types of Veronica
The genus of this plant is quite numerous and includes more than 300 species. But at the same time he has very few representatives who can be used for growing in the garden.
However, bred for such purposes varieties are very unpretentious in the care and cultivation. After all, Veronica not only successfully endures any weather vagaries, but also blooms for quite a long time and can grow in various forms. Moreover, among them there are varieties that are most often used for decorative purposes:
- This species can be found in many places. Most of its representatives live in Europe, North America, the Caucasus, Turkey and Siberia,
- habitual habitats are light sparse forests. When we first met Veronica officinalis can be mistaken for a flower forget-me-not,
- the main feature is that in the process of growth, the stems are stretched and intertwined, resulting in a beautiful green rug decorated with blue flowers,
- decorative nature of the plant shows when grown in flower beds and paths. Veronica officinalis has egg-shaped leaves that are slightly stiff and have a short leg,
- the characteristic color of the flowers is pale blue, although in some species the shade may be white,
- this variety blooms for a long time, so you can enjoy it throughout the summer,
- The main methods of reproduction are the use of shoots and sowing of seeds.
- it is common practice to sow under winter or spring,
- After sowing, a lot of time must pass - 2 years before the flowers grow,
- Veronica officinalis can be grown on poor soils and in the shade, while it can successfully endure long periods of drought.
- in natural conditions, this variety is most common in China and Japan,
- being a short-growing plant, it can grow up to 25 cm, inflorescences decorate the top,
- during the growing season forms straight standing stems with pubescence. The characteristic shape of the leaves is ovate with a jagged edge, reaching a length of 3 cm,
- has cropped inflorescences resembling spikelets. In the first weeks of flowering, the ear is thick, but later it becomes looser,
- during the flowering of this variety flowers with a blue or purple shade are formed,
- flowering begins in July and lasts until autumn,
- habitats of this variety are steppe, meadows and fields of Asia, Siberia and Central Europe,
- creeping shoots form a thick carpet up to 10 cm high, which is decorated with inflorescences of blue or blue hue,
- leaves are egg-shaped, grow on short legs,
- what makes it unique is that it retains its green color in winter,
- Veronika creeping is an ideal option for decorating stony gardens and ornamental flower beds at reservoirs,
- as the main methods of reproduction using sowing seeds or grafting,
- after planting the seeds, the plants begin to bloom only two years later. Favorable conditions for breeding cuttings occur in May.
Even with all the simplicity of this plant care for Veronica in the winter should include moderate wateringAs otherwise, when overwetting occurs, there is a danger of its death. To care for this flower is not so difficult, because you can use any soil. Veronica feels most comfortable at a temperature of 14-20 degrees.
There are many varieties that can grow well in dry periods of summer. The need for moisture is highest in the spring, before the flowering period. At the moment when the first flowers begin to open, watering is reduced. When the last perennial flower of Veronica withers, they prune the aerial part of the plant. This measure will stimulate the formation of new young leaves. Therefore, this procedure allows to ensure the aesthetics of the plant during the whole spring-summer period and autumn.
Для получения новых растений вероники можно использовать следующие способы размножения:
- деление корневища,
- посев семян.
As a rule, when growing Veronica spikelet, gardeners prefer the method that suits him best. Sowing seeds to a permanent place is best in the fall. However, it is possible to do this in the spring, but first it will be necessary to carry out an operation of hardening the planting material — stratification. For grafting, the most opportune moment is created in the summer. Here it is necessary prepare young stems tops. Subsequently, they are placed in the ground for rooting or water to stimulate the formation of roots. At the moment when the plants develop a well-developed root system, it is possible to transplant into the open ground.
However, most often new bushes of Veronica are obtained by dividing the rhizomes. The popularity of this method is due not only to the minimum time spent, but also to the highest percentage of survival in a new place. It is recommended to do this in the spring or early autumn. First you need to remove the ground stalks, after which the perennial plant is dug. For the operation of dividing the rhizome, you can use a knife or shovel. It is important to divide the plants into uniform parts so that the first cut root contains at least 3 shoots. Upon completion of the division, it is important to immediately transfer to a new location.
Useful properties and application of Veronica
Many centuries ago, people learned about the medicinal properties of Veronica creeping. Therefore, in ancient times it was used for the treatment of various diseases. This quality of the plant has not lost in the modern world, where it continues to be actively used in traditional medicine.
It should be remembered that the tops of plants with leaves and flowers are valuable for the treatment of diseases.
They are harvested at the beginning of summer - at the very peak of flowering. It is very important to minimize the drying time, so this operation is carried out at high temperatures - 40 degrees. This allows you to minimize the loss of flowers and maintain the natural color of the plant. After properly conducted drying, the plants retain their medicinal properties for 2 years. After this period, they become useless.
Although, perhaps, many novice growers are unfamiliar with Veronica plant, but it is quite a popular plant, and not only among flower lovers. The fact is that a person met her many centuries ago when he learned about medicinal properties. Therefore, initially it was used in medicine for the treatment of many ailments.
In modern conditions, creeping Veronica has found another use - to decorate various landscape design elements. Therefore, the spikelet Veronica is so often found in the garden. Due to the high simplicity of Veronica, you can grow it almost anywhere. The easiest way to do this is by breeding it with cuttings that guarantee a high survival rate.
Features agronomy Veronica: cultivation and care
Veronika is loved by gardeners for its unpretentiousness, the lack of special techniques, the variety of species and varieties. If Veronika is chosen as a resident of the flowerbed, then you should remember the basic rules for any perennial plant.
Important requirements that do not get around:
- The sunny side of the site where the light will be present from morning to evening. Shady and half-shaded areas will not give those decorative properties that are declared by breeders.
- Pay attention to watering: each type requires a certain amount of water. When breeding Veronica you need to get acquainted not only with decorative value, but also the conditions of care. Herbaceous creeping species do not tolerate drought, die without water, flowering stops. Upright tall species can easily endure drought and heat.
- Liquid organic fertilizers in the period of budding and flowering are used as top dressing. In nature and wild breeding, it is excellent without additional feeding. Soil nutrients are sufficient for growth and flowering. Beds with depleted soil can be fed organic matter: humus, manure, an infusion of nettle and burdock.
- Tall bushes need a garter. Thin stem does not withstand the pressure of the wind, which can not only tilt down, depriving the aesthetic appearance, but also break. Suitable rods, fence, willow branches.
- In the autumn after the end of flowering, the ground part is cut off, the roots are additionally covered with humus, peat, dry foliage, and spruce branches, creating a pillow that will protect from abnormally low temperatures.
How to grow Veronica seedlings at home
Veronica plant growing from seed to seedlings photo
In February, the seeds of Veronica are moistened and kept in the refrigerator in a wet cloth, wrapped in a bag, for about a month.
- We take out the seeds that have undergone stratification in the refrigerator in order to plant them already in March.
- Fill containers or cups with nutritious soil.
- The seeds of Veronica, albeit small, but allow you to sow them one by one, so do not be lazy and place one seed in a cup or 5 cm apart from each other in a container.
- Sprinkle with a thin layer of earth, moisturize.
- Cover with foil before germination.
- At emergence of shoots the shelter we clean, we locate seedling on a light window sill.
- Watering is carried out as the soil dries; there must be holes in the container to drain off excess water.
- When the seedlings appear 8-10 true leaves, it can be planted in the ground.
Veronica seedling ready for planting photo
Before planting, seedlings are hardened, accustoming them to the air and the sun. This should be done one to two weeks before the planned disembarkation, gradually increasing the time spent on the street to full days.
Autumn planting seeds in open ground subject to seed stratification (cold test).
Spring sowing requires artificially created conditions of exposure to cold for 1-2 months. After that, the seeds are immersed in the ground, no deeper than 2 cm, so that germination is not difficult.
Dividing bush considered a fast and convenient way of breeding. Peduncles will be in the first year of planting. Choose the largest bush, separate several shoots with a shovel or garden knife. After moving to a new place, the bushes are covered for successful adaptation. After ten days, the covering material is removed, giving the bushes independent growth. Usually the procedure is carried out before flowering, in spring, or after - in early autumn.
Reproduction Veronica cuttings photo
Reproduction by cuttings passes by cutting from a healthy bush shoot length of 10 cm. Give germinate in water, and then planted in a permanent place.
How to propagate Veronica cuttings photo
You can hold the cuttings for several hours in a solution of the root and place in a nutrient soil for germination. But in this case it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions by closing the cuttings with a plastic bag before rooting.
We multiply veronica cuttings photo
The procedure is performed in August, then the sprout will have time to take root and harden in the ground before winter. The following year, the bush will delight excellent flowering.
The beauty of Veronica, its species diversity will appeal to any gardener.
Veronica landing and care photos Veronica surculosa
Due to its natural endurance, Veronica is rarely affected by infections. An overmoistened soil, a shady zone of a garden can provoke the appearance of downy powdery mildew (gray deposit on the leaves). For processing prepare a fungicidal solution of the preparations Fitosporin, Alirin-B, Hamair.
From the annular blot virus will help the elimination of the diseased plant, processing the flower beds with nematocides. The carriers of the virus are soil nematodes. Yellow, twisted foliage - signs of destruction of the soil by nematodes, and plants - ring spot.
Among insect pests most often you can find caterpillars eating foliage and young shoots. Warming up the soil, timely weeding, a break in watering will save them. Less common are scoops, peppered moths, and long-faced moths, from which the treatment with isecticides will help.
Plant Description Veronica veronica, origin
Veronica Spiky red fox photo
Veronica is difficult to confuse with other plants due to a combination of nettle, plantain and bluebell signs. If you look at the flowerbed with veronica from afar, it is not very bright, but it resembles a solid carpet. Therefore, when creating a garden decor, not one plant is used, but several at once, diluting the green mass with bright spots.
Root system. Each type of Veronica has its own differences in the appearance of rhizomes:
- filiform with surface location
- thick with shallow germination
- thin mesh, occupying a large underground area.
Perennial bushes have a solid root that withstands winter low temperatures.
Annual species differ in more gentle roots: filiform and superficial.
Stems. Veronica has a long, dense, cylindrical stem. Some species have an erect land part, others - creeping. Depending on the location of the stems, the plant represents its decorative value. The strong interlacing of fibers makes it possible to withstand weight loads while walking a person or an animal. Break off or tear off part of the bush will not work, only using the tool.
Leaves. Externally, the sheet plate resembles nettles: oval with a carved edge, have small hairs. Unlike nettle leaves no burns, behaves friendly. The color range of green mass is mostly bright green, although there are instances of gray. Leaves are located on the stem alternately or oppositely, rarely in verticils.
Flowers. The natural color is rich blue, in garden culture you can find white, blue, purple, purple hues. The inflorescence is a spikelet with a dense arrangement of small flowers on it, a bell-shaped form with a carved edge. Blossoming alternately from the bottom up, so the flowering is obtained long. The lower ones form seed boxes, while the upper ones continue their flowering.
For their creeping appearance in the people, the grass is called serpentine or Veronikova grass. In fiction you can find the name "goat muzzle" or "bluish". Some species are like forget-me-nots, so this name also stuck with Veronica.
All garden varieties are produced from a wild-growing species. The combination of decorative properties and natural endurance made it look the most numerous in the plantain family.
Types and varieties of Veronica with a description and photo
The prevalence around the globe allowed us to adapt to any natural and climatic conditions. Some species are named after the place of growth, and variety names more closely resemble the description of external signs. The remoteness of the places of domestication of Veronica gives an explanation of such significant species differences. There are low and tall plants, with a long erect stem or short up to 30 cm, shrub with a strong stem or grassy filiform stems.
Veronica Armenian Veronica armena
Veronica Armenian Veronica armena photo
Its blue flowers are more like forget-me-nots, the same opened five-leaf inflorescences. The mountain slopes and a sharp change in the temperature regime left their mark on the appearance of Veronica. The plant is short, creeping, green mass fills the entire space of the flower bed. Needle leaves create an image of a fluffy carpet, where blue flowers shine from above with a bright pattern.
Armenian Veronica grows up to 10 cm. This size allows you to resist the wind, a small area of the sheet plate does not allow moisture to evaporate quickly, protects the fading in the sun. A large variety of varieties allows you to choose the color range.
Veronica Caucasian Veronica caucasica
Veronica Caucasian Veronica caucasica photo
The leaves and stem are deep green; the lower part of the plant is darker than the upper. The leaves are small, elongated with notched edges. They are located in the axils in several pieces, dispersed evenly along the stalk. Flowers have a pastel color, mostly lilac or lilac in color with thin purple streaks. Stony ground is well suited for cultivation, so the flower can be used in the design of alpine slides.
Caucasian Veronica in landscape design photo
Small size resistant to windy weather. Creeping strong stalk recovers quickly after crushing, resistant to trampling. Does not tolerate chernozem soil, this is taken into account when preparing the flower bed.
Veronica woody Veronica surculosa
Veronica woody variety Veronica surculosa ‘Waterperry Blue’ photo
A plant with a strong, creeping stalk that lumbers after winter. He likes well-drained soils, is not afraid of low temperatures, but in a harsh climate it is better to shelter from freezing.
Perennial, whose flowers bloom in early July and delight with its beauty until mid-September. The color of the petals from rich pink to purple, there are varieties with bright and pastel colors.
Veronica Crimean Veronica taurica
Veronica Crimean Veronica taurica photo
Its bright blue flowers on a dark green background are visible from afar. Therefore, it is planted in a rocky background. Many gardeners prefer to plant the Crimean Veronica on the edge of the flower bed, draw up curbs and paths. It prefers a mild climate without temperature fluctuations, so in regions with a changeable climate it is better to grow as an annual.
Veronica peduncle Veronica peduncularis
Veronica Sturgeon Veronica peduncularis ‘Georgia Blue’ photo
The herbaceous perennial plant blooms with blue four-petal flowers, the middle of which is yellow. From a distance they remind of forget-me-nots or violets. Bush tall, up to 70 cm, abundantly blooming.
Veronica Veronica longifolia
Veronica Veronica longifolia photo
The species is characterized by tall bushes, up to 1.5 m, with a thin long stem, branching out from above into several flower-bearing panicles. The inflorescences themselves are high, flowering begins from below, reaching to the top by September. Shades range from mauve to bluish and blue. More suitable for growing with wildflowers, on large plantations, decorating wild lawns.
Veronica officinalis Veronica officinalis
Veronica officinalis Veronica officinalis photo
A common perennial in the regions of central Russia and eastern Asia. It is noticeable due to its gentle lilac or blue flowers and gently green leaves, gathered in bunches.
Veronica officinalis and dlinnolistnaya possess not only decorative value, but also medicinal properties. They are used as an anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, choleretic agent. Prepare broths and one-component drinks and as part of fees.
Veronica ordinary increases blood circulation, restores cognitive functions: improves memory, concentrates attention.
Planting and breeding flowers Veronica
Veronica is usually propagated by three known methods: seeds, dividing the bush and cuttings. Each of these methods requires attention and compliance with the rules and a certain sequence. You can use any of the available methods.
Consider the most common way of breeding Veronica - how to plant this culture with seeds. Propagation by seeds allows you to get a large number of plants.
It is desirable that the seeds are fresh, of good quality, healthy, genetically pure and, accordingly, have good germination. Before sowing, add some room temperature water.
Seeds are placed at a distance of 2 - 5 cm from each other, sprinkled with earth. Veronica requires sowing her seeds to a depth of about 3 cm. Next, we cover with plastic wrap or plastic lid.
Then closely monitor the soil moisture. Under no circumstances should the soil be dry. Soil moisture is checked daily. To avoid the formation of fungi, make a few holes in the lid for air ventilation. The time of emergence of seedlings depends on the size of the seeds and the variety of Veronica.
For flowers of Veronica, the division of the bush includes the complete digging of the plant and its division into two or more parts. This practice is usually carried out by gardeners in order to keep the plants healthy and create additional stock.
Perennial flowers, such as Veronica, favorably tolerate such shock procedures. Veronica bushes are divided every 4 years, or when the plants grow too much. Procedures are carried out in the fall.
Sharing a plant is easy: just dig out the entire root, and then carefully divide it into several sections, depending on the size of the rhizome. You can cut the roots with a garden or old kitchen knife. After that, shake off the excess earth and remove all dead parts. Transplant new young plants immediately into open soil or into large pots.
This method is most often used if they want to get homogeneous specimens of a plant, propagate and preserve their favorite species and varieties. In addition, when cutting, young seedlings bloom earlier than when grown by seeds.
Works are carried out in early spring. Cut several shoots from the central stem of the plant. Cuttings need to be cut with a sharp knife so as not to damage the tissue. The length of cuttings on average is about 5 - 10 cm.
Next, place the cuttings to a depth of 2 cm in pots with loose, moist soil (the best option would be a mixture of peat and sand). Накройте саженцы вероники полиэтиленовой пленкой или пластиковой крышкой и поместите на 6 недель в теплое место.
Укоренившиеся черенки высаживают в горшочки. Pots should be in a bright, cool room. Keep out of direct sunlight. Plants need to be periodically aired and watered.
Within two weeks, young saplings form roots. It's time to take cover. Gradually accustom new plants to sunlight. With the onset of sustainable heat, in May or June, plants can already be transplanted into open ground to a permanent place.
Where better to plant Veronica in the garden
Veronica is an excellent plant, which is characterized by high efficiency in growing. Most varieties of Veronica are very hardy and meet the requirements of our climate zone.
Flowers like sunny places with partial shadow. Therefore, for best results, plant them in a place where they will receive the morning sun and daytime shade.
Veronica is tolerant to a wide range of soil types, but it thrives in moist, well-drained and acidic soil, which at the time of planting was enriched with a generous amount of compost or other organic matter.
The soil should be brought to normal water balance. If the soil is dry, the flowers of Veronica tend to wither quickly. But if you resume watering, plants can be quickly reanimated.
Partners for Veronica and use in landscape design
Veronica in landscape design can be used to design alpine slides, rockeries, flowerbeds and mixborders. This culture can give any landscape naturalness.
Shrubs look great near ponds, beautifully decorated even the curb and other places where not every garden plant takes root. In addition, the flowers of Veronica look great with partners such as Badan, Buzulnik and Highlander. A composition with a simple chamomile will also look harmonious.
How to care for a plant in the garden
The blooming period of Veronica is from June to the end of October. Plants can reach a height of about one to two meters. Caring for perennial plants is quite easy: the requirements for the care of Veronica are minimal.
The only thing you need to remember - watch the soil moisture! Since the root system of Veronica leaves much to be desired, the plant responds well to the addition of clay to the soil and regular watering during a long drought (at least in the first season after planting).
Or try to increase the acidity of the soil to prevent rapid loss of moisture from the soil and control the growth of weeds. For top dressing of bushes you can use any recommended and commercially available fertilizers. Process immediately after the beginning of the growing season, then resume work in mid-May. Since the end of July, potash fertilizers have been applied, which increases the frost resistance of the plant in the event of a long and cold winter.
Flowers Veronica should be protected from the effects of cold and winds. For this purpose, the best air frame made from the branches of coniferous trees. Ensure the proper circulation of air to the plants, prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases.
Veronica does not require pruning, except for the removal of faded inflorescences and stalks damaged by frost or disease. Therefore, try to remove dried flowers or stems from time to time - thus you prolong the flowering season.
Possible difficulties in growing
Veronica flowers attract many butterflies, bees and other insects. But, fortunately, resistant perennials are immune to such threats and cope with them effectively. Veronica is also almost not affected by diseases and pests.
The only thing that threatens it is gray mold and powdery mildew (fungal diseases).
To fight these fungi, use chemicals (for example, Chorus, Oxyh, copper sulfate).
Or use biological analogues (Topsin, Fundazol, Falcon, Tekto), which will be non-toxic to humans and animals. To combat fungal plant diseases in enclosed spaces, the use of biological preparations is more acceptable.
In addition, the bushes of Veronica are sometimes attacked by aphids and thrips. But if they do not meet in large numbers, you can be calm and not take any action. After 2-3 weeks, the plants independently cope with their natural enemies, there will be no trace of the pests.
Veronica seems to be a small and defenseless bush, but in fact it is a perennial with a very strong character. Having planted Veronica's tubers in your garden, every year, from spring to autumn, you will enjoy this unpretentious and bright plant. The graceful flowers of Veronica will shine brightly in your garden in blue, pink and white.
Depending on the habitat in the natural environment, veronica requires certain conditions when grown in the garden. For Veronique spikelet, large, filiform the most common garden land with a small addition (if possible) of rubble or sand will do. The place can be chosen as sunny, open, and partial shade.
Veronica is very unpretentious, does not require any special care, they do not cover them for the winter. After flowering, they are usually cut, after which the green mass grows rapidly again. Most species are drought-resistant, so they do not even need watering.
Veronica can be propagated vegetatively and seeds. The easiest way - the division of the bush. Large bush dig and cut into delenki having buds. The best time to divide is spring, when the plants have only grown.
Array of veronica
You can propagate and cuttings, which take the tops of young shoots. The cuttings are rooted in the shade in loose, moist soil.
It is better to sow seeds before winter, and bloom occurs in the second year.
Veronica in the garden
Talking about different Veronica, I have already said that some species are suitable for rock gardens, rockeries and retaining walls. Others are beautiful ground covers that form solid green carpets or thick turf pads. Veronica look good and on the shore of the reservoir, adorned with stones. In mixborders next to other perennials Veronica spikelet and the big will be excellent vertical accents.
In my garden now grows four types of Veronique. The very first (I do not even remember when or where it came from) Veronica is big. The plant is well, very unpretentious: it has never been such that it froze, fell, or something unforeseen happened. It grows with a neat curtain, it grows a little, in May it blooms amicably and abundantly in bright blue color in spike-shaped inflorescences. When it grows strongly, I divide the curtain, sit on it, and just send the excess to compost. And for many years this flower makes me happy.
The second appeared in my garden veronica filamentous. Well, I really love ground cover plants, and this Veronica is one of those, it is also called creepingbecause it literally crawls, spreads along the ground.
Another view - Spikelet Veronica - just recently appeared on my site. And this summer I suddenly found a bush on the path near the garden. Veronica Dubravnoy - this grows in our forest. Fingering a carrot with a carrot and suddenly I see: bright blue eyes are looking at me with a light border around the edges.
That is what her flowers look like. I don’t know how she came to me, but, of course, I left her: let her grow, then maybe I will plant her somewhere under the bushes of sea buckthorn or apple trees. You can read more about Veronica Dubravna in more detail in the publication of our site. Forest and field plants in the garden: Veronica Dubravnaya.
Plant Veronica in your garden - any of them will be a wonderful decoration of your site.
Specificity of breeding flower Veronica
There are many positive qualities in decorative culture.That is why this plant has become popular with flower lovers. In addition to a huge palette of colors, Veronica is distinguished by the ability to adapt to weather conditions and light care. Let's consider the basic conditions for the breeding of this culture:
- The plant loves sunny places. It is preferable to plant it in fairly light areas of the flower garden, where both in the morning and in the evening time there will be a lot of sunshine. Victoria is able to live in shady places, however, there she will not be able to so brightly and attractively please you with her beautiful flowers and will lose her beauty.
- It is watered in different ways, depending on the variety of culture. When planting a particular cultivar in your flower bed, carefully study the watering schedule of the plant and how much water you will need to spend on its irrigation. For example, grass species trailing along the ground require systematic irrigation, and in a very dry climate they stop blooming altogether and die after some time. On the contrary, flowers with tall and even stems in the heat and drought feel satisfactory.
- If you want to enjoy the beautiful and lush flowering, Veronica is recommended to feed. Natural fertilizers diluted in water are added to the soil near the plant, making it at the time of budding or flowering. Wild varieties can do well without fertilizer, if they are in relatively nutrient soil.
- Types of Veronica with upright stems, tying up is necessary, otherwise, because of windy weather, it will begin to lean toward the ground or, in general, may break. The material for the garter can serve as flexible wood rods or wooden slats.
- Perennial flowers, Veronica, need to be prepared for the winter season, cutting off the part that is above the ground. And the soil where the roots remain is covered with fallen leaves, peat, spruce branches or humus.
Veronica flower propagation method using seeds
Flower Veronica, very often planted with seeds and do it in the late fall. Using this method, it is necessary to expect the appearance of flowers only after two years after planting. Sometimes sowing is done in the springtime, only in this case, the seeds must be kept at the required low temperature. Seed preparation and stratification is carried out in the following way:
- At the end of winter, prepare the seed for the procedure. Moisten them with warm water, place in a damp cloth and place in cellophane. And store in the refrigerator for about one month.
- In early spring, the grain should be placed in small pots with soil, until shoots appear under the seedlings. Make a nutrient composition for fertilizer, add it to the soil and spread the seeds with an interval of five centimeters or individually in their own small capacity.
- After that, cover it all with a light cover of earth and lightly moisten it with a spray bottle.
- Cover the places of planting film and wait until the shoots will break through. When they only appear, remove the film and move the container with the sprouts closer to the window with sunlight.
- Regularly feed the plants with water as soon as the earth begins to dry out. Make sure that there is a drainage system in the drawers or pots.
- Veronica's seedlings are allowed to be planted in the open soil in the event that they grow 8–10 leaves.
Provided that the seeds are sown in the fall, then it is allowed to do this immediately in open ground, and the procedure described above is not required.
Flower propagation Veronica by dividing the bush
Highly convenient to propagate the flower by splitting the bush. This method is necessary to preserve the identity of the species and in order to accelerate the appearance of colors. In this case, the buds begin to appear on the transplanted bushes in the very first year since the time of separation.
To do this, pick a large bush, with a knife or shovel, separate part of the processes simultaneously with the roots. And the obtained segments of the bush, transferred to another suitable place for this, and cover with film for up to ten days. After, the film is removed. Propagate Veronica in a similar way, you need only during the period when the plant does not bloom, therefore either in spring or in the autumn.
Growing flower Veronica with cuttings
Cuttings are cut from large adult culture, the size of these shoots should be approximately 10 centimeters.
The segments are placed in water until a small number of roots appear on them. To improve the process, it is allowed to add a special agent to the water - root root.
After the roots appear, the cuttings should be immediately planted in the flower garden soil.
It is possible to germinate sprouts immediately in the ground, however, then they must first be left for two or three hours in the root, and the soil should be selected better. In addition, they must be covered with a film, until such time as they do not take root in the flower bed.
This method is good to use in August, and the flowers of the plant will be able to appear as early as next year.
How to care for the plant
The time in which Veronica blooms, lasts somewhere from the beginning of summer and right up to mid-autumn.. Flowers can grow up to about 1–2 m in height. It is not difficult to take care of perennial crops: the conditions for caring for Veronica are simple. Only one thing you need to understand - watch the relative humidity of the soil! For the reason that the root system of the plant is not very hardy and capricious, it responds well to the addition of clay to the ground and systematic irrigation during the period of prolonged dry weather (at least in the very first year since planting).
In other words, strive to increase the acidity of the soil in order to avoid the rapid loss of fluid from the earth and avoid the appearance of weed plants. For fertilizing the bushes you can use all sorts of recommended and readily available fertilizers. In the middle of summer, you can use fertilizers with potassium content, which increases Victoria's frost resistance if the long and cold winter comes. Flowers, Veronica, must be thoroughly protected from windy and frosty weather.