Japan itself is an amazing country, this is a wonderful place where we can see many strange, frightening, but at the same time exciting things that, of course, will not leave us indifferent.
Probably, one of the most large-scale components of Japan is nature, and it is precisely the secrets of nature that are most there, you can learn to open and discuss them for a very, very long time, but today we will discuss only a small part of this topic, namely, Japanese kerry.
Japanese Kerriya or Japanese Kerriya Pleniflora
We will talk about such a beautiful and fabulous plant like kerry, this plant got its name in honor of William Kerr, he was the first gardener in the royal, botanical garden on the island of Ceylon. And as you probably already guessed, it grows precisely in Japan, respectively, it is also called Japanese kerria.
In itself, the plant is a shrub, shrub Kerria. This is an amazingly beautiful creation of Mother Nature. Its beauty lies primarily in the elegant and graceful structure of thin branches that form intricate, interesting patterns, it would seem, like any other Japanese plant. And of course, the leaves themselves complement the whole picture, which smoothly continue the image already given by the branches. They seem to be carefully bred by the skillful hand of the master, but we all know who the master is.
The color of the plant is remarkably yellow, even more than yellow, the leaves are bright and even golden, it is pleasantly pleasing to look, the color is soft and does not hurt the eyes, the appearance of the plant is really very pleasant. However, remarkably, there is another variety of this shrub - pink kerriaSuch a view also has a place to be and, of course, it is no less attractive and sweet to the eye.
And now let's talk about the features of kerry as an object of nature. For example, about the period when it blooms. It blooms, oddly enough, in the spring, this warm and, of course, favorable time for flowering of any shrub. To be precise, it happens in the last days of May, then Japanese kerium is just starting to bloom. In addition, kerria, surprisingly blooms several times: it re-blooms at the end of summer, but, unfortunately, it blooms not as abundant as in spring in May.
Another simply amazing property or The peculiarity of this pleniflora is resistanceexactly like a real Japanese samurai. Japanese plant itself is very gentle, but, despite this, it withstands frost well, and behaves enduringly in winter, however, sometimes the ends of the shoots freeze in winter.
Perhaps you are interested to know how to grow such an unusual plant, now we will find out, because whatever the shrub, you can find an approach to it and grow it safely. Kerria does not tolerate wind, especially coldtherefore, landing should be carried out in a place covered with winds.
Of course, one of the most important factors is the ground. Moist fertile soil mixed with sand and containing clay is suitable for Japanese kerri.
It's no secret that over time, any plant of a shrub or flower begins to dry out, of course, the plant will live for a very, very long time if you properly care for it, but it is constantly, however, with a certain frequency, modified in every way, and sometimes cuttings or individual sprigs on kerrie begin to dry out. They need to be cut off so that the shrub could continue to develop safely, but this should be done at a certain time, preferably cutting off dead cuttings in April.
Under these conditions, you can easily and, most importantly, properly grow Kerry, to summarize:
To grow this plant, you need to remember two things:
- Closed from the cold winds place.
- Fertile land with sand and clay.
Probably, if you have already decided to care for Japanese keryriya, then it will be interesting and useful for you to learn about the reproduction of this plant, how it is easier and more effective to propagate Japanese keryriya we will find out right now.
The easiest way to propagate kerriya is to divide the bushOf course, an older bush is best suited for this purpose. After the separation, it is necessary to press the flexible shoots of the plant or somehow attach it to the ground. Thus, you will get horizontal otvodki, of course, it is better to do this if you really can press but at the same time leave the shoots whole, for example, tying them to the perch, or place a plate or any other device that will not give the plant to rise.
In addition, there is another way of breeding this lovely plant. You can also separate the growth from the bush and grow it, it is recommended to do it in a shady place, where, of course, there will be no winds and frost. At this time, while Kerria has not yet grown and has not grown stronger, it must be watered, and abundantly, but not excessively.
Now let's talk about how to properly plant the Japanese kerry, so as not to damage it and so that in the future it will grow and flourish. At the very beginning, of course, it is necessary to dig a hole for kerria, it should not be particularly deep, there will be enough holes about sixty centimeters wide and about fifty depth.
The hole should be filled with a favorable soil for cultivation, turfy soil, humus or other fertile soil, and finally add approximately eighty grams of natural fertilizer. And already in this hole full of excellent soil, the shrub itself should be planted, after which, of course, one should not forget about the irrigation of kerry.
Sometimes it is worth transplanting the kerry, so it will be more beneficial for the plant, and since it is not particularly fastidious, you can do it at any time, however, you should never forget about accuracy. True, there are certain tips that it is still better to perform a transplant in the spring or in the fall, at this time there are no leaves on the shrub yet.
This plant is really very, very moisture-loving., and watering, especially after transplantation is worth more.
It is important to know the subtleties of growing and caring for this plant, here are some of them:
After the first flowering of shrubs, around July, the plant should be pruned, and start fertilizing with a useful extract of mullein. High branches need to be cut more abundantly, and stick to the same level of cut. Young boreholes can also be slightly cleaned, but in no case is it recommended to cut them off, you can only clean them up a little, so to speak, for decency, and then the curry will feel fresh and pleasant, and will be able to blossom freely and easily.
Judging by the state of the plant, it is possible to determine how often it is worth feeding it with the miraculous extract of the cowshed. Abuse of fertilizer, of course, is not desirable, but to improve the condition of the shrub, you can pour it with mullein one more time a week after the cutting operation.
These procedures, cutting and fertilizer, stimulate the active and rapid flowering of Japanese kerri. There is an active expansion of the crown of the shrub. In addition, the number of young and fresh shoots increases markedly.
To summarize the care of the plant:
- When drying and active growth, prune the cuttings and the plant itself.
- Fertilize kerry special substances in reasonable quantities.
Several interesting features of kerria are in its forms, in addition to the most common Japanese Kerry, there are several other equally interesting varieties of plants. The bush, besides the basic form, has one more - terry. In the usual form the flower consists of five bright yellow petals, in diameter they reach five decimeters.
In the case of terrycloth, the flowers resemble more miniature roses are also yellow. These flowers appear, as a rule, closer to the top of old branches, at the ends of young shoots, or even on the shoots of fresh leaves that appeared only this year.
That's all the most important and most interesting information about this amazing Japanese plant - kerriya, it will perfectly decorate your garden or give colors to any other place, but you should not forget about caring for the shrubs, and then it really will not cease to please you with its bright, a pleasant view, carefully watch kerriya and then your mood will always be normal.
Garden forms of Japanese Kerry can be divided into two groups: with simple and double flowers.
Of the varieties with simple flowers, the most popular are Variegata, Golden Guinea, Simplex, Kin Kan, Albiflora and Albomarginata. Particularly interesting Variegata - the shortest variety of Kerriya. With a height of no more than 1 m, usually 0.6–0.7 m, with leaves covered with spots and bordered with a white stripe, this bush will become a real decoration of your garden not only during flowering, but throughout the whole season.
The same leaves and varieties Albomarginata, but they are less common than other varieties. The Golden Guinea variety is distinguished by its largest flowers - up to 6 cm in diameter.
If you are a fan of garden wonders, you should look for Albiflora Kerriya - the only variety with white flowers that is still very rare.
Of the varieties with double flowers, you can often find a variety of Pleniflora. Tall, up to 2 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter, during abundant flowering it becomes lower and wider due to the branches bending under the weight of dense-flowers. Flowers resemble small balls or roses. It is thanks to this variety that Kerria got its second name - the Japanese rose. This is the most decorative and beloved variety of gardeners.
Garden forms of Japanese Kerry can be divided into two groups: with simple and double flowers.
Among the ornamental shrubs, Japanese kerria is considered a special, rare and exclusive star. It is not as popular as forsythia. Often the plant is bypassed by the attention, thinking that such its pystsvetnost and showiness - a sign that the plant will have to provide complex and tireless care. But caria is one of the most unpretentious plants that can be recommended even to the most inexperienced gardeners. Endurance and unpretentiousness of this shrub can compete only with its decorative qualities.
Kerria Japanese (Kerria japonica) - Oriental in origin, and in style too, decorative deciduous shrub from the family of Pink. The specific name of kerriya often leads to confusion, because the actual birthplace of this plant is not actually Japan, but China. Folk names of plants - vivid evidence of its extraordinary beauty of flowering. Easter or Japanese roses - this is exactly how Kerry is known around the world, and it is especially loved in European landscape design.
The average height of carrion is limited to 1.5-2 m (up to the maximum 3 m, kerria grows both in nature and when grown freely without forming in gardens), and is easily regulated by shaping and trimming. They are compact deciduous shrubs with thin shoots. The shoots of Kerria are green and straight, they initially form a rather strict pyramidal crown, but with age the shrub becomes more lush and curly, the shoots bend, the shape of the bush changes. One of the most valuable features of Japanese kerri is strikingly elegant, not too thick, but seemingly curly krone. This shrub seems fluffy and elegant at any time of the year, even in winter, impressing with its lace pattern and bright light green color of shoots. Kerrion shoots are thin, they look amazingly elegant and only emphasize the beauty of the plant. All small-sized Kerrias have beautiful lanceolate leaves, the length of which varies from 2 to 10 cm and width up to 5 cm. The serrate edge of the leaves adorns the plant, as well as their saturated light green color in summer. The underside of the leaves is pubescent, the upper side is bare. The yellow spring and autumn flowering of kerry seems to pick up the crown: in the fall, the leaves of the plant are repainted into a bright yellow color, completing the yellow parade of the plant.
The flowering of Japanese Kerria starts in April, and in regions with severe winters in May and continues in June, it is striking in its duration. With favorable weather and high temperatures, sufficient soil moisture bushes bloom again in August or September. On average, the period of flowering of kerria lasts from 25 to 35 days, sometimes more than one and a half months. The duration of the flowering period directly depends on the weather and growing conditions. If kerriya froze over the winter, then the bush blooms only by August-September.
The flowers are single flowers, superficially resemble buttercups with their rich yellow color, simple petals and a fluffy center of stamens. Flowers are located at the ends of the shoots or in the axils of the future leaves. The diameter of the flowers ranges from 3 to almost 5 cm in the best varieties. Along with simple forms, there are also terry varieties. By their smell, kerries are most similar to dandelions.
After flowering, almost black prefabricated spherical drupes are tied, but only in regions with mild winters. In the middle lane, kerries do not bear fruit.
Decorative forms and varieties of Kerry
Entangled in the diversity of kerry is very difficult, because in the genus of these shrubs, Kerria is a single plant. Yes, and decorative forms or varieties can literally be counted on the fingers. But at the same time boring kerry will not name. For those who want something unusual or even brighter, kerry offers a large selection of decorative varieties. On sale there are kerries with simple and double flowers, and the varieties allow you to choose between the size and characteristics of the structure of the bushes, lush color or different silhouettes.
The best varieties of kerria for the middle band are rightly considered to be:
- Japanese “Picta” curry with a meter bush, variegated leaves, on the surface of which almost white spots appear unevenly and a border (Japanese Variegata is sold under the same name, this name can be considered synonymous)
- slow-growing form with asymmetrical white-leafed leaves and a nondescript “Albomarginata” bush,
- Japanese curry "Argenteomarginata" with a thinner white border and rather high two-meter bushes,
- Japanese “Plena” curry, which is often called a buttercup shrub in catalogs and nurseries, is an actively growing form, especially suitable for hedges due to the formation of numerous root shoots,
- Pleniflora, one of the most popular in Japan, is famous for its golden shade of terry flowers, more like pompons,
- “Golden Guinea” variety with a flawless form of simple flowers, dazzling lemon-dark color and an unusual profusion of flowering,
- Kin Kan variety with simple but blooming flowers in surprising numbers
- white-flowered form "Albiflora".
The only "but" when choosing varietal plants - you must choose the varieties that are grown in your area, because imported or non-acclimatized cultivars may be unpleasantly surprised by the loss in the very first winter or poor flowering.
Kerria japanese (Kerria japonica)
The use of carrion in ornamental gardening
Japanese Kerria is equally good both as a solitary shrub (soloist) and in a large group. This plant is able to cope with any task. Kerries can be combined with other shrubs and woody, herbaceous plants of any size, as long as they are suitable conditions.
Curry can be used even in gardens of minimal size, in particular, on the small courtyards of the townhouse. This is a compact and highly decorative shrub that does not get lost in a large garden and can perform a variety of decorative tasks on medium-sized plots.
The main feature that is appreciated by kerria is early and twofold flowering. This is one of the most spectacular spring flowering shrubs. As a spring or autumn accent, Kerry is introduced into the baton of continuous flowering, grown in seasonal compositions.
Kerya Japanese in the design of the garden use:
- in hedges,
- on flower beds,
- in mixed rabatka,
- in single beds,
- for decorating lawns (singly or in small groups),
- to create background arrays,
- to decorate the front garden,
- on the meadows of the ground covers,
- in landscape landings.
This shrub feels good not only in open soil, but also in container culture. And in tubs, and in pots, and in stone flower houses or socles, kerria will place magnificent accents in the garden, fit into the pot garden or add expressiveness to recreation areas.
Japanese curry can also be used for forcing, decorating winter and spring interiors with blooming twigs.
The best partners for Japanese kerri:
- hazel, rhododendron, spirea, forsythia, mahonia, bladderwood, deren, silverweed and other landscape bushes,
- decorative deciduous perennials and ground covers - geyhera, phlox, periwinkle, tiarella, zhivuchka,
- spring stars from tulips and daffodils to primroses and forget-me-nots
Terms required by the carrier
Kerria perfectly adapts to the very different lighting. Этот кустарник будет украшением и солнечных, и светлых, и полутенистых, и даже тенистых локаций, где в эффекте подсвечивания с керрией смогут потягаться только белоцветущие кустарники.The possibility of growing even in the scattered shade of large trees without completely losing the ability to flourish is simply explained: kerria starts the parade long before the bulk of the leaves of the trees grow. But the intensity and abundance of flowering in strong shading decreases in comparison with plants growing in open areas. On sunny southern places, flowers tend to fade. When choosing a place for planting kerri, it is worth remembering that the plant does not like open and blown places, it is not windproof enough because of the fragility of the shoots and will fully reveal its beauty only in protected areas.
The requirements for the soil of this shrub are also quite modest. Kerria is able to settle down anywhere, but it reaches the most decorativeness on high-quality garden soils. Japanese Kerriya prefers moderately moist soils, it can grow even in damp provided it has established good drainage. The main thing is that the soil is loose, loamy or sandy, not too fertile and not depleted. Sand should be added to the heavy soil during planting, and organic and mineral fertilizers to the poor soil.
One of the main advantages of Kerria - resistance to contaminated environments. It can be used in urban gardening, decorating sites near highways and other places with increased gas pollution.
Kerria japanese (Kerria japonica). © David Beaulieu
Features landing kerriya
Japanese Kerriya can be planted in spring and autumn. For the middle band, spring planting is preferable, but you can plant kerry in the autumn, provided there is a good shelter for the winter - six weeks before the arrival of stable frost. In the spring of planting seedlings carried out before blooming buds. If you buy seedlings of Japanese Kerry with a closed root system, the plants can be planted during the entire active garden season.
Kerry is planted in planting pits with a depth and a diameter of about half a meter. In places with high soil moisture pits make deeper and lay on the bottom of a high layer of drainage. Removed soil is improved by adding organic and mineral fertilizers. Curry is installed in the planting pit with preservation of the previous level of burial, having the root collar not below the level of the soil. After planting, it is necessary to conduct abundant watering and mulching.
Japanese Kerry Care
Kerries are considered easy-care shrubs, but they still need additional watering. Without drought-compensating water procedures, kerria can shed its attractive foliage much earlier than its duration, its flowering will worsen and decrease. Kerries do not need regular and frequent watering: it is enough not to forget about basic 2 - 3 very abundant irrigations over the summer, which will not allow the plant to lose its decorative effect in the driest season. Additional procedures are carried out during the flowering period and on the hottest days.
Pruning and formation of Japanese Kerry
The main pruning on Kerri spend in the spring. As with the planting, the procedures for sanitary cleaning and shaping must be completed before the start of sap flow and kidney swelling. The plant necessarily cut all dry, damaged, affected by frost shoots to healthy wood. After sanitary cleaning, all remaining shoots (if necessary, maintain strict forms of the bush) are shortened to a quarter to one third of the height in order to stimulate thickening and to obtain a more spectacular and abundantly flowering crown. For carriages that grow without forming, pruning can be avoided or slightly shortened the tips of the shoots to stimulate growth.
In the summer on this shrub pruning comes down to shortening the withered shoots to stimulate the growth of young twigs. Shortening is usually carried out in June, a few days after flowering, before shoots that did not bloom during the first wave. In adult Kerrii older than 5-6 years, the oldest, four- and five-year-old shoots are also removed after flowering so that the bush is constantly updated. In the summer, if necessary, thinning too thick bushes is also carried out.
The twigs of the plant are thin and easy to cut, but you need to use only very sharp tools and try not to cause the sprigs much harm, making clean and smooth cuts.
Top dressing for Japanese kerri
Mandatory dressing is made for shrubs after pruning - early spring and summer. Kerria is satisfied with both mulching with compost and full mineral fertilizers in liquid form. The plant does not like manure, but loves additional fertilizing wood ash.
Japanese Kerria in the flower garden
Wintering Japanese Kerria
The cold resistance of kerri depends directly on where the plant was cultivated. Usually for this shrub claim frost resistance is below average, the ability to withstand temperatures down to -20 degrees and freezing to the level of snow with stronger frost. But in fact, it is better to specify the frost resistance for each specific plant, because the Kerries grown by local nurseries, as a rule, do not freeze even with very unstable winters with sharp temperature fluctuations. Frosting to the level of snow cover as a result of severe frosts, kerium is restored after trimming damaged tissue in just a few weeks and pleases with flowering in terms typical for the second wave of unfrozen shrubs - in late summer and early autumn.
The main difficulty in organizing proper wintering of the shrub is the need to ensure the dryness of the plant. When locking up, vyprevaniya, stagnant thawed on the occasion Kerry almost guaranteed to die. Therefore, in the fall, even local, acclimatized plants always additionally protect. You can simply cover the shrub with waterproof materials and mulch the trunk circle with dry leaves. But if you make the shelter more thorough, save the shoots until spring from freezing, flowering will occur in typical terms and will be amazingly abundant. As a shelter, it is enough to organize tying or bending the crown, filling the bush with dry leaves with a light cover with a waterproof covering material (any film will fit) with ventilation holes. Such simple protection will help protect the plant from both severe frosts and excess moisture. Shelter for the winter is created only when the air temperature drops to minus 10 degrees (this is done to prevent decay).
They take shelter gradually, only after the strong return frosts have gone, carefully accustoming sensitive shoots to the sun. Untangling of kerrias is carried out in stages, first removing the film, then reducing the height of the dry hilling to 15 cm, and then removing the shelter altogether.
Description of shrub curry
Japanese kerria is characterized by rapid growth. Its green shoots can reach a height of about 3 m. They resemble twigs, which are woven into a kind of cone. The leaves are similar in structure with the leaves of raspberry, grow to 10 cm, have jagged and pointed ends. In the warm season, they are painted in a light green color; closer to autumn, their color changes to a bright yellow tint. The flowers grow alone and exude a sharp aroma, their diameter is about 4.5 cm. The flowering period begins from the end of spring and lasts until August. Re-flowering is also often observed in the fall. The climate of the middle lane does not allow Kerria to form fruits.
Graceful shoots break easily with a strong gust of wind, so that the best place to plant will be the area near similar flowering shrubs: spirea or Chinese tea. In the spring with the rapid flowering of various plant species, it will look wonderful next to the red phlox, lilac irises and the buzulnik.
Planting Kerry in the open ground
Arrangements for planting in the open ground in Kerriya are carried out in spring or autumn, until frosts begin. Saplings grown in pots are allowed to replant in any period of the year, not counting the winter.
The best place for landing will be sheltered from the wind and illuminated sunny area. If you plant kerry in the penumbra, the flowering will be less intense. For example, a neighborhood with tall fruit trees would be an ideal option. Their crown will protect the flowers and leaves of a bush from burning out.
The soil for cultivation should be chosen wet, fertile and loamy. All forest plants feel great in it. Initially, dig a hole to a depth of 40 cm, the bottom is fertilized with a mixture of soil with humus and sod. Then it adds 60-80 g of complex mineral fertilizer.
Kerry seedling is placed in the center of the hole, after straightening its roots, after which the empty space is filled with the rest of the prepared soil. The surface is gently pressed and poured over with water, while the neck of the root should protrude from under the ground.
Care for the garden in the garden
In order for the plant to look healthy, beautiful and well-groomed, it is necessary to provide it with proper care and timely watering. Growing this shrub in the open field requires regular weeding, loosening and fertilizing the soil, cutting off dead branches and dried flowers.
Watering should be carried out with the drying of the topsoil. Its frequency increases with flowering or too dry weather. Water for irrigation must first be defended and heated in the sun. In case of excessively rainy summer, it is necessary to carefully observe the development of kerry, to constantly loosen around the bush and remove weeds. She does not like an overabundance of moisture.
To ensure the fastest possible growth and abundant flowering, the soil is periodically fertilized. After the plant has completely faded, it is fed with an extract of mullein or overripe compost, adding wood ash to the fertilizer.
Shrub can be safely transplanted to another location. However, it is better to try this procedure not in the winter or late autumn. The ideal time for transplantation is spring or mid-October. During this period there are still no leaves on the plants.
The bush is carefully dug out of the post without disturbing the integrity of the roots and leaving an earthen clod, then it is moved to a previously dug indentation and the steps are repeated at the first landing. It is necessary to provide abundant watering for several weeks of kerria in order to properly saturate the roots with moisture.
Japanese Kerry bred in several ways: by dividing the bush, layering, shoots and cuttings.
In early April, you can cut lignified cuttings, and in July - green. They must form at least one pair of kidneys. The cuttings are planted in a cold and shaded greenhouse. The appearance of the roots is quite a long process. Cuttings are left for the winter in the greenhouse. The following year, at the end of spring, they are transplanted into pots or other containers and transferred to a warm room, and after a year they are transplanted into open ground.
In the autumn is carried out breeding shrubs. To do this, he separated the young and planted separately. Sibling roots are adapted for quick adaptation. Subject to the observance of careful and regular care, they are well acclimatized and grow into a full-fledged adult plant.
It is easy enough to breed Kerriya using otvodkov. For this, in early spring the young shoots of the shrub are laid in specially dug trenches, which have a depth of no more than 7 cm. After a few weeks, the young shoots are able to form the buds of the cuttings. When they reach a height of 10-15 cm, these narrow grooves in which a new life was formed are covered with a layer of earth. In the fall, the shoots take root, so they can already be transplanted to another site.
The division of the bush is often carried out in conjunction with the transplant. The excavated plant is carefully released from the soil and rationally divided into parts, leaving healthy roots and shoots in each of them capable of surviving. They are disembarked in the same way as when the first bush was first planted. Then the soil is well moistened.
Before the buds begin to form on the shoots of kerriya, it is required to organize trimming of the shrub. To do this, you need to separate healthy strong branches from damaged and extinct shoots. They are shortened by a quarter. The plant after the correct pruning looks more compact and attractive and begins to bloom profusely.
When the flowering period is over, full pruning of old shoots is carried out, and young shoots are only shortened by several centimeters to preserve the shape of the bush.
Leaving after flowering
The territory where the warm climate prevails is a favorable environment for the development of shrubs, therefore it is not necessary to cover it during the winter period. In areas of the middle belt sometimes frosty winters occur with the lack of necessary snow cover. In such conditions, it is required to organize a safe shelter.
Tips for growing Kerriya in the Moscow region
Measures for planting and caring for kerry in the areas of the middle zone are equally carried out in all regions. However, the cultivation of shrubs in the Moscow region or in the Leningrad region requires special conditions. It is covered from freezing in late autumn in dry weather so that the shoots are slightly pressed to the ground. Around the bush pre-laid foam. From above the plant is carefully covered with fir branches or dry leaves. In order not to spruce up, a peculiar frame is set above the bush. This self-made shelter should be well ventilated.
As soon as the early spring arrives, in dry, cloudy weather, the kerrium is carefully released from the shelter. First of all, the frame is removed, and then the leaves are removed. To keep the shoots from getting burned from direct sunlight, they are protected with any covering material. This will save the plant from death. Sometimes in such cases, the burnt shoots can be cut, only the flowering is likely to be broken.
Types and sorts of kerrie
As mentioned earlier, the family of kerry has only one species - Japanese keryriya, but it has a large number of different garden forms:
- Albomarginata - the most slow-growing species, which is characterized by asymmetrical leaves. Along the edges they have a white edging. This type of kerriya is especially popular with many gardeners.
- Variegata can reach heights up to 60 cm, differs in intensive growth. Leafy plates are creamy white, flowers have a yellow tint.
- Argenteo-marginata - a tall plant with yellow flowers and leaves that have a thin border.
- Kerria Japanese Aureovovillegata is a medium-height shrub with double leaves and complex beautiful buds and is characterized by a long flowering period, which can reach up to 3 months.
- Kerria Golden Guinea - graceful slender plant with simple flowers with a diameter up to 6 cm.
- Kerry pleniflora called shrub, which in spring is covered with small double flowers, resembling pom-poms in shape.
- Kerrius Albiflora has white flowers of small size.
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Types and their descriptions
Kerria - deciduous shrub. Leaf plate is long-pointed, pubescent on top, and naked on top. The flowers are small, reach a diameter of not more than 5 cm. The bloom is long-lasting, there are varieties that bloom again in autumn. Types of Japanese Kerriya:
- The most common and popular species is Pleuflora. It has dense double flowers about 3 cm in diameter. The height of the shrub reaches up to 3 meters, and a width of up to 1.5 meters. Flowering begins in May and lasts until mid-June. In autumn, the shrub may bloom again. Japanese Kerya Pleniflora propagated by cuttings and new basal shoots.
- Albo-Marginata - different decorative foliage. The dark green leaf plate has a white rim running along the very edge. This plant form is characterized by slow growth and asymmetry of the leaves. Despite this, Albo-Margginata enjoys great love among collectors of rare plant species.
- Albiflora is a tall evergreen shrub with small white flowers. The leaf plate of a dark green color acquires a yellow color by autumn, which eventually drops. This variety is in harmony with other types of kerri.
- Variegata is a low shrub, up to 60 cm in height and grows up to 1.5 meters in width. Dark green oval-shaped leaves with snow-white spots. Flowers are bright yellow, pyatilepestkovye. The shrub quickly grows and develops. Propagated by cuttings and young basal shoots.
Planting and Care Rules
Japanese kerriya is an unpretentious shrub, even a novice gardener will be able to grow it. A place to disembark is necessary to pick up the sun, protected from gusty winds. In the shade, the plant will also grow and develop, but there will be no lush blooming.
The soil for planting should be well permeable, so loam will be ideal for growing Kerriya. The pit is prepared like this: into a prepared hole, the depth of which should be half a meter, add compost or humus, mineral fertilizers and wood ash. The distance between the plants should be at least 60 cm.
It is very easy to care for an evergreen shrub, as it is unpretentious, rarely affected by diseases and attacks by pests.
Watering and feeding
Japanese Kerriya needs to be plentiful and timely watering in dry time and during the flowering period. Care must be taken to ensure that liquid does not accumulate around the plant.
Shrub feed organic fertilizer (mullein) once every 10 days. A top dressing made from wood ash and humus will also be a good feed for the root system. Fertilizers are applied to the soil immediately after spring pruning.
Pruning and breeding methods
Pruning is the main procedure in care and is carried out according to certain rules:
- After the cold weather, the plants are cut off weakened, poorly wintered branches, as well as those that create increased thickness and prevent the emergence of new shoots.
- The main pruning is carried out immediately after the first flowering. To do this, shoots, which were flowers, shortened by ¼.
- Young branches are cut in half to give rise to new lateral shoots.
- Adult shrub rejuvenate every spring.
Kerria multiplies well:
The easiest and fastest method of reproduction is by means of elbows. Flexible shoots gently tilted to the ground, so that you get horizontal cuttings.
To do this, prepare a trench depth of 7 cm and fix shoots. 30 days after the new foliage begins to appear, the ditch is covered with fertile soil, leaving only a small tip of the shoot above the soil surface. By the beginning of autumn roots will form. The separation of cuttings from the mother plant is carried out in early spring.
And you can also separate the escape from the bush and root it in a specially designated place. Rooting cuttings must be engaged in the summer.
When breeding by dividing the bush to completely dig out the plant is not necessary. Enough undermine the side shoots and with a lump of earth transplanted to a new place. It must be remembered that the kerria quickly grows in breadth, so the shrub needs to prepare a spacious place.
Diseases and pests on the plant does not settle. Florists are not aware of cases of Kerria, which greatly facilitates the care of an evergreen shrub. With proper care, the plant does not even need to be prevented.
Growing in central Russia
Evergreen shrubs can be grown in all regions of Russia. But in order to grow it in the middle lane, you need to spend a lot of effort, time and follow simple rules of care.
For the winter plant need to cover. Before shelter, branches are bent to the ground and carefully covered with fir branches or dry leaves. In order not to straighten the branches, a well-ventilated frame is made above the plant.
Upon the arrival of spring, the shelter is removed and shaded from direct sunlight. This procedure should be carried out in cloudy, calm weather.
Kerria in landscape design
In order to create a beautiful flower garden, shrubs need to be planted in the background. We must take into account that the plant grows rapidly in breadth and for this it needs more space.
Kerria looks good in a single planting, as well as a hedge, and also looks harmonious with other evergreen shrubs, such as: weigela, magonia, forsythia, with thujas and junipers.
Japanese kerriya is a unique shrub, one and only of its kind. Ease of cultivation, minimal care, timely pruning will turn every corner of the garden, where the tree is growing, into a favorite place for spending time.