Absolutely all, without exception, representatives of the family of ferns are distinguished by unusual, refined beauty. But the most elegant and tender of them is adiantum (lady's hair).
It is no coincidence that this very fragile plant is compared to the beautiful hair of the goddess of love. Its green tender and very lush foliage, which rests on elastic and thin petioles, beautifully sways with even a slight movement of air.
After reading the article, it will be possible to find out more information about the plant Venus hair: care at home, especially the cultivation.
Caring for an adiantum plant requires the same patience and diligence as hair care. In the process of growing in the conditions of the house it is nourished, moisturized, sheared and washed.
It should be noted that this variety of fern, compared with other indoor plants, has an important advantage - when grown in the conditions of the house it does not need a lot of light. The flower feels great in partial shade and in the shade. Proper care of this plant will allow for many years to enjoy the patterned and lush greenery that adorns even the dark corners of the house. There are many beautiful indoor plants. Venerin hair - the most gentle and elegant among them.
Its name comes from the Greek a diant, which translated means “not to wet”. This is due to the fact that the surface of the leaves of the plant is as if covered with a film - water does not linger on them, it immediately drains.
A bit of history
More than 200 years ago, the flower of hair Venus (photo presented in the article) settled in the dwelling of man. Flower growers immediately appreciated the elegance of openwork leaves (their name is waii). In those days, this plant, gentle and sensitive to air quality, could not adapt to simple cabins with stove heating. Adiantum and other types of ferns were grown only in winter gardens and greenhouses of rich families.
Central heating has improved the quality of the atmosphere in the apartments, so these flowers began to decorate the rooms of various houses. However, this was not without problems: the dry air of apartments with central heating had a negative effect on the health of the fern. Today there are many ways to create the moisture that the plant needs, so a wonderful adiantum is bred at home without too much trouble.
Places of growth
The flower of the Venus hair is the brightest representative of a large and beautiful family of ferns. Its habitats in the wild - the lower tiers of mountain forests (tropical and subtropical). However, today adiantum has adapted to a mild temperate climate. It also carries light frosts, but in severe cold its aerial part dies.
The plant grows in the Crimea, in the North Caucasus, in Central Asia, in the Mediterranean, in Europe, in the mountains of Africa and in America. Adiantum prefers mountainous, wet and shady places to a greater degree. It can grow on stony ground. Settles at waterfalls, on river banks and in crevices of rocks.
Favorite place - limestone soil near the source of moisture.
In total there are approximately 2,000 ferns in nature. Adiantum is recognized as the most sophisticated. Some varieties of his favorite flower growers for the original foliage. But the most popular among them is the adiantum venerin hair (detailed description below).
- Adiantum large-leaf native of America. It has pointed leaves (length - 30-50 cm) with an unusual color. Young plants are painted in a reddish-pink color, but eventually turn green.
- The stopant adiantum (pedatum) is the most cold-resistant fern. On flexible dark-colored petioles (about 60 cm long) there are small leaves dissected by an umbrella, dissected from one side.
Venerin hair (see photo in the article) is a perennial herbaceous fern with a thin and curved rhizome covered outside with scales of brownish-black color. The leaves have a regular and opposite arrangement. Petioles (length - 25 cm) are shiny, dark, covered with scales at the base.
The leaves are small, green, may be tinged with gray. The plates are quite wide, smooth, dissected. There are trapezoidal, wedge-shaped and obovoid forms, located on the petiole in the form of a fan.
Among adiantum there are species cultivated in open ground. For example, the above stop. In the rooms they grow mostly Venus hair. However, in fairness, it should be said that varieties such as Ruddy's adiantum, transparent and delicate, are also good for growing in a house.
A representative of this species grows well in the penumbra, so the most successful place for it is the northern or eastern side of the room (a place in the back of the room or a window sill).
- The plant does not tolerate fully enclosed spaces, as it always needs fresh air.
- Does not like drafts. When they flower may die.
- Do not allow dust to accumulate in the room. Regularly need to carry out cleaning with a damp cloth and often air the room.
Above all, the content of any harmful substances in the air is detrimental to this flower. For example, it does not tolerate even tobacco smoke, and also the place of growth in the kitchen adversely affects it. The optimum room temperature for an adiantum is no more than +22 degrees Celsius in the summer and no less than +15 in the winter.
The root of the plant has a superficial arrangement, so you can use a wide and shallow pot for growing. The drainage layer must be thick enough. Ready soil for ferns can be purchased at the store, only in it you need to add a little sliced moss-sphagnum and charcoal. The soil for homemade flower Venus hair suitable nutritious, slightly acid and porous. It should dry out quickly and absorb water well.
Approximate composition of substrates:
- They are added to 2 parts of peat land on one part of humus and leaf earth, as well as 1/2 part of sand.
- Leaf earth and peat (3 parts), 2 parts of sod, humus and sand (1 part) are mixed,
- Sheet earth (3 parts) is mixed with peat land (2 parts), with humus and coarse sand (one by one),
- Equal proportions of peat, sand of large and sod land are mixed,
- Pine bark, coconut fibers, leaf earth and humus are mixed in equal parts.
Venerin hair, like other varieties, requires some care.
- The plant does not tolerate any movement very well, so the pot should always stand in one place.
- To improve the condition of the plant in the summer it is necessary to actively (daily) spray it with warm water.
- In winter, the plant does not need water procedures, as they can have a detrimental effect on its development.
- In the spring and summer period, it is desirable to carry out planned feeding with liquid fertilizers (2 times to reduce the concentration indicated in the instruction). Produce it should be no more than 1 time in 3 weeks. Winter feeding is not needed.
Venerin hair - a flower, care for which includes the pruning of the affected and yellowed leaves. This should be done in the spring - to give the plant neatness. Also, this process stimulates the emergence of new, young leaves. After removing the old greenery, the plant should be watered and sprayed well.
The main rule of watering is moderation and regularity. The plant has a negative attitude both to overwetting and overdrying. Therefore, it should be watered a little and often. In the spring-summer period - three times a week, in the fall - less often, and in the winter - once in 7-10 days. It should be monitored to ensure that the top layer of soil dries between waterings.
It should be remembered that does not tolerate the Venus hair chlorinated water. It is best to use detached and filtered.
The rest period in adiantum, as in all varieties of ferns, is not as pronounced as in other flowering plants. The period of its rest is from November to March, when growth is only slowing down. At this time you do not need to hold any special events. It should simply remove the pot from the heating devices, provide high humidity and diffused light, and also protect against drafts.
Watering should also be reduced (above in the article more detailed information about this).
There are mentions of this flower in the writings of Pliny the Elder (the ancient Roman writer). It says that the healers of those times, noticing the similarity of the foliage of the plant with curls, began to recommend it as a remedy for hair.
In the Caucasus, and today, some nations rinse their hair with infusions of the plant Venus hair. They believe that thanks to him hair shine. A decoction of the leaves of this flower in China is used in the treatment of tobacco and alcohol dependence.
Adiantum itself, as noted above, does not tolerate tobacco or any other smoke.
There are several legends about the origin of the plant. One of them says that on the place where a young beautiful girl fell from a cliff, a waterfall made its way. Her hair turned into a fern.
According to another legend, the goddess of love Venus, cutting off her hair, dropped a small strand, from which the adiantum grew. Hence its name.
There are many different beliefs and flowering fern. Our ancestors believed that the fern blooms magically: on the eve of the summer solstice (the holiday of Ivan Kupala) a fiery flower grows, so bright that it is impossible to even look at it. And it blooms for just a few seconds. Then the fiery flower breaks down with invisible power. But the person who broke it before can gain power over everything. Ancestors could not understand how this plant multiplies. Therefore, similar legends about fern, possessing mysterious power, were born then.
However, science was able to debunk the secrets of the fern. Absolutely all adiants never bloom. The nature for them has provided the mechanism of reproduction by spores. They are formed from this plant from spring to autumn (on the edge of the leaves or on their tips, in sorus). As they mature, they acquire a brownish color. Spores are very small, similar to dust.
By creating the plant hair of Venus the most suitable conditions, indulging in all its whims and habits, you can get a wonderful emerald-green patterned frond.
This plant will decorate any corner of the house. It is even surprising that such a delicate flower is content with even penumbra in the depth of a room. Looks great adiantum and on the windowsill, and in hanging pots, and on the stand.
Adiantum - the most elegant fern
Adiantum is an instance of a multiple fern species. In natural conditions, it can be encountered in the most hidden corners of the tropical and subtropical mountain forest. Venerin hair also subdued a moderately mild habitat. And, maybe, it endures a slight cold, but in the frosty time, the part that is above the ground dies.
Representatives of this species can be found:
- on the Crimean peninsula,
- in the north of the Caucasus,
- in the mountains of Africa,
- near the Mediterranean,
- in the Americas,
- in European countries.
The flower is very fond of mountain landscape and shady, as well as wet places. The fern does not need a large amount of land, it can grow even on stony ground. It grows near waterfalls near the river bank, in the crevices of the rocks.
About two hundred years ago, Adiantum settled in people's houses. Flower growers did not remain aloof from the beauty of its leaves (their names are fronds). But there was another problem, because the flower is very responsive to air qualityHe could not adapt in houses with stove heating.
For this reason, rich people who have greenhouses and winter gardens could afford to grow this flower. Soon central heating appeared and the air in the apartments improved significantly, and therefore adiantum could afford to grow all lovers of this species. But a new problem has emerged - an excessively dry atmosphere in heated apartments, which is harmful for ferns. At the moment, there are different ways to humidify the air.
Today, Adiantum lovers can easily breed this rare fern. Since the humid air according to the advice of medicine is useful not only for flowers, but also for humans.
The name adiantum appeared from the Greek word adiant, in translation (not wet). There is an invisible film on the surface of the leaves of this flower, so the water drops flowing from them are not absorbed.
Features of the Adiantum
Adiantum is the most sophisticated indoor flower. The second name of the plant is Venerin hair, it is characteristic only for this variety. There are other types, no less attractive, but little known.
From typical of a fern with a rosette of elongated hanging arch leaves, the flower has a difference in the form of dark cuttings in shape, similar to a spiral. Just because of the cuttings of the plants compared with curls. For whatever reason, only Venus hair? Since this deity itself is the personification of love and splendor, coming out of the depths of the sea.
Only she can wear such a refined head of hair. Because curls, cuttings, covered with wavy petalsvery reminiscent of curly hair. On the edge of each petal is a sorus, it is a pocket in it ripen fern seeds.
There are some beliefs about how Adiantum appeared. Attractive, young age girl, fell off a cliff. It was in that place that a waterfall formed, and the curls looked like a fern. The next fable says that when Venus sheared, dropped, one curl, which got its name.
Appearance and important features of the plant:
- Adiantum is not a very high fern, because its leaves do not reach a length of more than 40–60 centimeters.
- Fern grows fast, for the spring and summer period, can double, consider this ability when choosing a permanent place of plant growth.
- Adiantum is a capricious flower and does not welcome travel. from one place to another. If a hair is harvested from Venus, this is reflected in its vegetation, which loses its fluffiness and can dry out. We advise you immediately select a suitable place.
Healers of ancient times noted the similarity of the leaves of a fern with curls and, therefore, advise this plant for medicinal purposes for hair onions. And the people of China use the infusion of leaves for the treatment of alcohol and tobacco dependence. Venerina hair will push you to a healthy lifestyle. Since it is overly susceptible to contaminated oxygen. Does not tolerate tobacco or any other smoke.
The pampered vegetation of the fern will bring florist trouble. It is enough just to provide this flower. habitual conditions for its dwellingand he will delight you with his magnificent green willow. The flower will decorate every corner of your home, while other flowers will not want to live there.
The flower does not need additional lighting in the winter, as it loves shaded places. Venerin hair is perfect for growing on a stand, suspended, on the windowsill.
How to care for adiantum
Adiantum home flower does not tolerate scorching sunlight. When choosing a shady place, please note that you need to have it. near the north or east windows, as from overly blinding light, delicate fern leaflets die off.
Venerin hair in the apartment loves fresh air, but he does not tolerate weathering, and dust, in connection with this often need to perform wet cleaning in the room, where this home flower resides, and freshen the air in the room. Smoking around the plant is prohibited, as well as carbon monoxide from the kitchen can ruin a flower.
Dry air is harmful to fern:
- In summer, the temperature for the flower is not more than 22 degrees Celsius.
- In winter, the temperature should be 15 degrees, far from the heaters.
The plant does not like when they change its habitat, so try not to move the pot with adiantum. Spray fern with warm water every day, especially in the hot season. In a cool period, it is not recommended to spray the plant, as this will harm it.
We advise you to feed the fern from April to September. For this liquid fertilizer will do for indoor or deciduous ornamental vegetation. Apply half of the indicated rate on the package, once every three weeks. It is not necessary to feed in winter.
In order to maintain the elegance of the flower in the spring, it is necessary to cut the yellow and dry leaves. This will help him find strength for the new processes. After treatment it is necessary to spray with water.
Правильно ухаживать за растением поможет постоянное увлажнение земли, так как её пересыхание приведёт к пересыханию и гибели листвы. Важно не переусердствовать с поливом, потому что сгниёт корневая система у цветка.
In order to prevent poor-quality moistening, it is necessary to put the flower pot in a container with water at room temperature. Polka dots should be in the water until such time as the top layer of earth in the pot flashes from the water. Then a flower is put in the sink so that unnecessary water is goneand return to his place. In winter, you do not need to water the plant plentifully, but the rule of moisture remains the same. It is recommended to moisten in the winter time once a week, and in the summer two times.
The flower prefers a spacious pot. As it grows at a slow pace, it is necessary to replant it once every two or three years in the spring, when the roots of the flower begin to look out of the drainage holes in the pot. For an obsolete flower, it is necessary to change the surface layer of the soil five or seven centimeters thick each year.
Fern has massive roots so it needs spacious pot of wood or ceramics, unglazed in the inner part with fairly large drainage holes. To transplant the plants on the bottom of the pot lay out a massive layer of drainage base.
Land for adiantum requires loosened, sour and fertilized with humus. For this purpose, peat with deciduous soil in the ratio of two to one. To do this, sprinkle a small amount of substrate on the drainage layer and place the flower in a new pot and gradually pour the soil so that there is no empty space in the pot. But at the same time, do not press in the soil, as the flower loves loose soil.
Adiantum pests and diseases
The foliage of the plant contains harmful substances for insects, but in spite of this, the harmful insects are very poison-resistant and harm the plant. For example: aphid, spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs.
In order to remove the shield from the affected leaves, use a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. To cure aphid fern is necessary spray with soapy water and then wash it off with clean water. Forced measure is to treat with a solution of Decis or Biotlin, Derris, Fitoverma, as well as Antitlin, Intra-Vir, Aktellik.
Antitlin and Fitoverm are suitable for combating mealybugs with insecticides such as Konfidor, Aktara or Confident, Mospilan. From spider mites apply Fitoverm and Aktellik.
Often have a fern dry at the edges of the leavesby acquiring a brown color. This is the problem of improper moistening or gas blowing out near the flower.
The problem of twisted, but not dried, leaves of the adiantum lies in the extremely low air temperature, but at the same time increased humidity. If the leaves are pale, this indicates that the plant must be rearranged to more dark placesabout. When the flower leaves fall off - this is a problem of low air humidity so systematically moisten the fern.
The composition of fern leaves include triterpenoids, lipids, essential oil, steroids, fenalkorbonovuyu acid. The foliage of the plant serves for medicinal purposes. Medicinal powders, syrup, infusions are made from it, which are actively used by people in the west of Europe.
Water extract from a plant is widely used, as it has antimicrobial properties. BUT syrup and infusions are used as antipyretic and expectorant. It is used in diseases of the liver, spleen, and bladder, as well as for the treatment of respiratory diseases.
The juice of foliage from adiantum is used in the form of lotions and compresses for the treatment of malignant ulcers and from the bites of rabid animals. For the treatment of alcoholism in Chinese medicine apply sap from a plant. Another juice is used to rinse hair to get rid of dandruff. To do this, we recommend to dilute the juice of fern with water and rinse the hair with this solution. For the treatment of psoriasis using alcohol infusion.
Description and nuances of cultivation
In the wild, the plant is found in the mountainous regions of the Caucasus, the Crimea, as well as in Central Asia on moist limestone near water bodies. The name fern is obliged to gentle, light-green leaves, resembling weightless hair, women's curls, on elongated cuttings. Legends associate the origin with the goddess Venus. On the refined leaf plates, the sori shine through. Thin rhizome covered with black color scales. Plant height can reach 70 cm.
All types of adiantum, not excluding "Venerina hair", need a loose, fertile soil with an acidic reaction. A soil mixture with similar indicators is prepared from peat and sand, which are taken in a 2: 1 ratio. Before use, the substrate is calcined in the oven for about 20 minutes for disinfection.
Lighting and location
In natural conditions, the fern chooses shaded areas, and therefore, at home, you should not place a flowerpot in bright sun, which can lead to the death of leaf plates. The optimal place for the openwork plant will be the window sills of the north or east windows, which do not open for ventilation. Venerin hair needs fresh air, but does not tolerate drafts. With a place for a pot, you must decide immediately: the plant does not like a change of location.
Venerin hair is quite picky about temperatures and does not react badly to an increase in thermometer values in the spring and summer period above 22 ° C. In winter, ensure that the fern stays in a cool room with a temperature of 15 ° C.
Watering and spraying
Flower Venerina hair does not tolerate overdrying earthen coma, what causes yellowing and discharge wai. However, too frequent watering, accompanied by stagnant water in the roots, is also detrimental to the plant due to the development of gray rot. To balance the irrigation regime, it is necessary to carry out the lower irrigation, placing the pot in a bowl with water. After the topsoil is completely soaked with moisture, the flower is moved to the sink to drain the excess liquid. In winter, the frequency of procedures is reduced by half. Adiantum loves moist air and needs to be sprayed daily in the hot season.
Attention! Water procedures are carried out by separated or filtered water.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Fern fertilizer is held every three weeks from mid-spring until the arrival of autumn, when fertilizing is reduced. In winter, the fern does not need additional nutrition at all. As a fertilizer, you should use liquid mineral complexes in half the dose indicated on the manufacturer's packaging.
With the arrival of spring should be pruned yellowed and aged wai, to maintain the decorative and direct all the vital forces of the plant on the formation of new leaves.
How to transplant a plant
Since the indoor plant is characterized by slow development and love for cramped dishes, transplantation should not be carried out more often 1 time in 2 years. The signal to the procedure is the fern roots that have appeared from the drainage holes.
Spring transfer is carried out as follows:
- A wide pot is taken, at the bottom of which a drainage layer of broken brick or gravel is placed.
- Drainage slightly covered with a loose substrate, which rolls of Venerin hair.
- Voids are carefully filled with soil mixture, after which the soil is slightly compacted and moistened.
With this method:
- A shallow reservoir is prepared, which is filled with a previously disinfected soil mixture of peat, sand and a small amount of leafy ground.
- Spores are soaked for disinfection in a pink manganese solution.
- The substrate is moistened, and spores are distributed over its surface.
- Crops are covered with glass and moved to a shaded, warm room.
- When shoots appear, which is noted after 1-12 weeks, the glass is removed.
- The box is transferred to a bright place without bright sunlight.
- After the seedlings are stronger, they are sabotaged in several pieces into separate pots filled with peat.
Tip! In order to accelerate germination, it is necessary to organize the sowing of the lower heating within 21 ° C.
During transplantation, a procedure is carried out in which the root is cleared of soil residues and divided into parts using a sharp, sterile instrument. Each delenka should have several growth buds. Injured places are covered with crushed or charcoal. Delenki are planted in separate pots in such a way that the root neck is flush with the ground level, so that decay does not begin.
Attention! Fern with injured root system takes a long time to take root, so you should not wait for a quick start of intensive vegetation.
Plant Diseases and Pests
Due to the content in the leaf plates of the insect repellent enzyme adiantum Venerin, hair is rarely affected by pests. Sometimes on the shoots of an ornamental plant can be noted aphid, shield, spider mite and mealybug. So that the insects do not do much damage to the beauty of the flower, it is necessary at the first signs of vital activity of one or several harmful organisms to spray the fern with an insecticidal preparation according to the instructions on the package. Venus hair disease is not susceptible.
Venerin hair requires the same gentle and diligent care, as well as live hair. At the same time, adiantum has a significant advantage over other plants that are grown at home.
It does not require a lot of light. And with the right approach to care, it will bring joy and decoration to the house for a long time, even on the north side of the house and in dark corners.
Hair is also often used to create beautiful bouquets for a wedding. But it must be remembered that after the adiantum is cut, it very quickly fades.
Venerin hair belongs to the genus Adiantum and to the Pteris family. Its natural habitat is tops, and in the climatic zone of Russia it can be grown in a greenhouse or botanical garden.
In Russia, the fern is found in the wild only in the mountains of the North Caucasus and the Crimea, and it can be found abroad in the countries of Western Europe, Asia, Africa and North and Central America.
It grows most often in forest zones on the banks of mountain rivers, gorges, in rock cracks, near waterfalls.
It is also suitable for decorating apartments and growing at home.
The name of the flower adiantum goes back to the Greek expression a diant - do not wet it. It was given to the plant for its interesting coating on the leaves, which does not allow them to get wet.
The fern is a perennial plant, grows up to 60 centimeters. Its roots are short, creeping, with black scales.
Scallop wai, growing up to 25 centimeters, black with brown color, thin and glossy, with small leaves of delicate green color, resemble hair curls.
Along the edges of the leaves is a sorus, a pocket in which spores are ripening, of a dark color. Adiantum sporonosit throughout the summer, the leaves of Venus hair grow to 40-60 centimeters.
It grows very quickly, for one spring its socket can grow twice. And when choosing a place to land, it must be taken into account, and planted so that he was comfortable.
Adiantum do not like transplantation, if it is often transplanted, then its fronds will lose their decorative effect and may dry out. Therefore, it is always better to choose a place for it immediately.
Varieties of Venus hair
Ferns in nature there are more than two thousand species. And adiantum is considered the most gentle and elegant. And some of its species are widely accepted by gardeners.
The most famous species is Adiantum venerin hair, and very often this name refers to all types of adiantum.
Adiantum venerin hair
In nature, it is found on the stone banks of rivers and lakes located in the mountains. Its leaves can grow up to 25 centimeters, they look asymmetrical and heavily feathery.
Dark petioles are crowned with small leaves, up to 3 centimeters long, and are arranged in the shape of a wedge and cover the pot with an openwork sheet.
Light green leaves and black stalks are very effectively contrasted. Spores plants ripen from late spring to October. At home, adiantium is propagated by dividing the root.
This species of fern was bred in America, where it is found along roads and along drainage ditches.
Its leaves are pointed, up to 50 centimeters long, very unusually colored. The young shoots of it are red with a pink tint of color, and the green shade acquire over time.
It is the most cold-resistant type of fern. It can grow in the wild in the southern regions of Russia and in some places can be found in the middle belt.
Flexible dark petioles grow up to 60 centimeters, on them small leaves dissected from the edge are umbrella-shaped.
Bushes of this type have a semicircular shape. Suitable for growing at home, and not capricious, like other species.
Sometimes it is also called shallow hair. Grows freely in highlands in Africa, Australia, India.
Petioles brown, growing to 35 centimeters, crowned diamond-shaped leaves, with jagged edges and pubescent bottom. Sorus they are located very tightly. Well suited for growing in the house.
Found in the wild in the tropical belt of America and the Antilles.
Petioles up to 30 centimeters long, black, with delicate feathery leaves, very decorative. Distributed as a houseplant.
Homeland of this species is Nepal and India. The petioles are red-brown in color with elongated leaves of a rich green color.
The fern grows to a height of 40 centimeters and is often used as an ampelous plant.
It is the most unusual species among ferns. Long flexible petioles end with semicircular leaves, resembling horseshoes.
In the wild, it is found only in the Canary Islands, and grows up to 20 centimeters. Its dwarf variety grows only up to 10 centimeters.
It is a native of tropical America.
Its leaves are long, creeping, and the stalks are dark brown, almost black. It is popular as a houseplant and has several subspecies.
Differs very fast growth, and reaches a height of 50 centimeters. Its curly leaves are loosely arranged on the petioles of a gray-brown color.
It is distinguished by small growth, up to 40 centimeters and good drought resistance. Its leaves are rounded, toothed, densely arranged on petioles, crawling on each other.
Comes from Africa, Australia and New Zealand. It has unusual petioles, colored purple above and black below. The leaves are loosely wedges wide with rounded edges.
Conditions for favorable growth
Attitude to lighting in Venus hair is very simple.
He does not like direct sunlight, and feels most comfortable on the windowsill on the north side of the house.
In rooms where it is quite hot, he will feel good under the shelving.
All types of adiantum grow well in the open air, but in order to grow for a whole year, it is not allowed to lower the temperature below 10 degrees. If the temperature rises above 20 degrees, it is necessary to provide additional moisture.
Dry indoor air is detrimental to the fern. With a long period of dry air, it will begin to lose leaves.
Therefore, it is necessary to spray it with warm water, boiled or tap water, from a spray bottle every day.
In order for the air in the room to be humid, you can use a pallet with moist expanded clay or peat, or use special electronic humidifiers.
You can place the fern in a damp room, kitchen or bathroom, or arrange a plant pot near the indoor fountain.
Such humidification is mandatory during the heating period in apartments, and on hot days in summer. It is necessary to arrange once a week for the adiant shower, covering the ground with polyethylene, from overwetting. You can also ventilate the room, not very cold air.
The room where the adiant pot is located must be kept clean. The fern does not tolerate dust and strong odors such as tobacco and fumes. In the room it is necessary to conduct airing twice a day, and twice to carry out wet cleaning.
Adiantum prefers to be watered with soft and warm water, which is defended for 24 hours. Watering is done after the topsoil has dried, at least once a week.
In the summerand during the heating period in winter, it is best to water twice or thrice a week.
In autumn and winter Adiantum periods are watered very rarely, since at low temperatures the roots of the plant can rot.
Fertilizers are applied under the roots of the plant every two or three weeks, during periods of active growth in the spring or summer period. Suitable for adiantum organic compound fertilizersSuitable for ferns or ornamental hardwoods.
При этом рекомендуемую дозу лучше сократить в два раза. При этом использование минеральных удобрений не желательно. В конце осени и на всю зиму подкормки убирают.
Сажают венерин волос в широкие горшки или вазоны, для комфортного расположения мощных корней. The crown of a fern at the same time falls on the walls of the pot outside.
The soil mixture should be used from peat, humus, sand and charcoal, with the addition of calcium fertilizer. Or buy ready-made mix in the store.
If the need arises to transplant a fern, then it must be done at the end of March.
In this case, the pot must be chosen larger than the previous one.
Soil for transplanting choose the same as for the primary landing. Transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment in order to exclude damage to the roots of a fern.
Since ferns never bloom, the rest period is not as pronounced as those of flowering plants. In winter, adiantum simply slows down growth processes.
At this time, he needs diffused light, high humidity, moderate temperature and protection from hot air and drafts. Comfortable temperature is 15-20 degrees.
In this case, the lower the temperature in the room, the less will need to water the plant.
Adiantum propagation occurs in two ways: by dividing the bush and spores
Reproduction by dividing the bush
This division is mainly done during transplantation. A well-developed bush is divided into parts so that all the individual parts have buds. Separated parts should be landed immediately and provide enhanced maintenance.
They are collected from the mother plant or bought in the store.
- Spores are sown in a container with soil consisting of sand, peat and earth.
- From above it is covered with a film or glass and placed in a warm room, limiting direct sunlight, airing daily and ensuring regular watering.
- A month later, the first gatherings will appear, then remove the film and move the container to the light.
- Transplantation is carried out when sprouts reach a height of 2-3 centimeters.
In addition to decorative properties, adiants also have medicinal properties.
Leaves and stalks of Venus hair are used to treat smoking dependence.
And in Italy, a drug has already been created, from the acid contained in the adiantum, which treats alcoholism, coffee and tobacco addiction.
Infusions and powders from plants are often used as an antipyretic and expectorant.
In some countries, in the form of pasta from plants heal wounds, treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. And in the form of powder treat gastritis, jaundice, urolithiasis is used as a diuretic and laxative.
General description of the plant
Even experienced gardeners celebrate the grace and tenderness of this variety of ferns. Florists also did not deprive this flower of attention, using it when creating a variety of compositions.
This fern is more suitable as a indoor flowerrather than decorating bouquets. The bottom line is that the cut stalks fade extremely quickly.
The leaves, striated patterns, look very attractive, and their bright colors will refresh any room and increase the mood on cloudy days. Adiantum is a perennial plant. Its height reaches 55−60 cm and more. Rhizome very sprawling, creeping.
Adiant room conditions
The crown of the plant will be very lush and beautiful if you create all the necessary conditions for the flower. Caring for a plant such as Venus hair is quite complicated. His need:
- cut off
- spray with a spray bottle
- provide quality and timely meals.
Adiantum is very sensitive to moisture. This indicator should be at least 60 percent. Moreover, high humidity should be maintained throughout the year. Therefore, during the heating season, the flower should be placed as far as possible from the heating equipment.
Another important factor is moderate or diffused lighting. You need to ensure that the plant never fell into direct sunlight. The optimal solution for adiantum is the east or even the northern window-sill. In winter, the fern does not need additional illumination.
Soil for planting this culture must have a special composition. In addition, it is necessary to select a sufficiently spacious pot for it, because Venerin hair has a very spreading root system. Soil mixture is prepared from the following ingredients:
All components should be taken in the same proportions. This composition will provide young seedlings nutrition.
Additionally, you can add to the mixture preparations with calcium, sand, crushed coal and other ingredients. When you care you need to make sure that so that the soil at the base of the rhizome was loose enough.
Features planting flower
This plant can be propagated by spores or division of the bush. Each method has its own characteristics.
The division is more suitable for the reproduction of adult plants that have lost their original aesthetic properties. This should be done as carefully as possible, because the slightest mistake can lead not only to damage of planting material, but also to the death of the old plant. In addition, the new parts have a poor survival rate.
The procedure is desirable to carry out in the spring. To do this, the fern must be removed from the pot along with the rhizome. Then it must be cleaned from the remnants of the soil.
After that, you need to sanitize the blade that will be used for trimming. At least one healthy leaf should be present on each cut piece.
Preliminary it is desirable to sterilize the soil. After planting, moisten the soil and the plant a little, and put the pots in a warm and shaded place. Feed the roots better by spraying. Adult plants need to provide the same care as the young.
Venerin hair is able to multiply and spores. However, this method has a lot of difficulties. The temperature in the room should not fall below +22 degrees. In addition, for this breeding option you need to prepare a soil mixture with the addition of sand. Then you need to find the most healthy and large sheet. He has small brown specks in the lower part - spores. The leaf should be separated from the whole flower, after which disputes are removed from it. To sterilize the soil it can be heated in a frying pan or in the oven.
Drainage and prepared substrate should be placed in the drop tank. The soil needs to be moistened and you can start landing. Spores need to simply pour on the surface and lightly sprinkle with the substrate.
Then the pot should be covered with glass or cling film to create a greenhouse effect. Lighting in the room should be as dark and warm as possible, and after the first sprouts appear, the flower can be opened and brought to the lighted place.
When the germs are strengthened and grow a little, you can select the strongest of them for subsequent transplantation into open soil. The distance between them must be at least 3 cm.
The most important elements of adiantium hair care for homemade venerin hair are top dressing and watering. If the flower began to dry sheets, then it is with these two procedures that something is wrong.
Water for irrigation should not be too high or too low temperature. The best option - room. It is possible to use rainwater for irrigation, which definitely does not contain any dangerous impurities.
It is erroneous to believe that once a hair is harvested from a tropical climate, it definitely needs abundant watering. In fact, everything is somewhat different. It is necessary only to prevent the soil from drying out. If the plant receives too much moisture, it can die.
It is best to fertilize the land with a special flower concentrate. To do this, fit any "store" feeding. Fertilizer is preferably carried out during the entire growing season.
Hair transplant is recommended in spring time. Experienced growers say that the best results can be achieved if it is done every year. The scheme of action in this case will be similar to that used in the reproduction of Venus adiantoma hair.
What is this flower - Venus hair
Venus hair is a plant of the genus fern. Such a plant is widely distributed in the wild in Asia, Western Europe, America, Crimea, Africa and the Caucasus. However, in our area, gardeners love to grow it at home.
Many gardeners consider hair wool one of the most sophisticated indoor plants.
Venerin hair has very beautiful leaves on long shoots. He has a thick green and unpretentious care. Therefore, it is often used for the design of the landscape garden.
This fern is a perennial culture. However, in all his life he does not grow above sixty centimeters. Venus hair has scaly creeping rhizomes. Its leaves are three times pinnifested, with the length of their brown glossy stem can vary from ten to fifteen centimeters.
Fern leaves are covered with a film, due to which they can not be wetted with water. This plant is propagated by spores and with the help of vegetation.
Venus hair has a lot of other names. Let's get to know some of them.
What other names has a flower a virgin hair:
- Female fern
- Venus Hair,
- Adiant sheet.
Its main name, hair, was received for the fact that if you rinse it with a decoction of hair after washing, they will become beautiful, shiny and silky. This flower has other beneficial properties.
Useful properties of plants Venus hair
Venerin hair is not only a very beautiful home plant. It is incredibly healthy. Therefore, it is happy to grow the hostess in their apartments.
Long since in Indian practice, the leaves of this fern were ground in a paste and used as an excellent wound-healing agent.
Do you know that fern is one of the oldest plants that has survived to our times. There is evidence that the fern grew up in the era of dinosaurs. However, then this plant had gigantic dimensions.
It is difficult to overestimate the benefit of adiantum. This plant has an amazing composition due to which it is actively used in traditional medicine to combat many diseases.
Useful properties of venereal hair:
- Venus hair infusions have a strong antibacterial effect. It can be used as a natural antibiotic.
- In case of diseases of the respiratory tract come Venerin hair. It has an expectorant and soothing effect.
- With diseases of the spleen, liver, urinary, and genital tract will help fight the fern of this species.
- In addition to the expectorant and emollient effects, Venerin hair helps with coughing by removing the infection from the respiratory tract.
- Veronikin hair has a healing and antiseptic property. Therefore, it is used to heal cuts and other wounds.
- If you mix the Venus hair with honey, then you get an effective remedy for gastralgia. It is also effective in respiratory diseases.
- If you need to urgently bring yourself to working condition, use a drink of venereal hair. It has a strong energy effect.
- It is believed that with the help of venereal hair, you can effectively deal with dependence on cigarettes and alcohol.
- Psoriasis can also be cured with tincture of Venus hair.
- This plant copes with dandruff. In addition, it improves the condition of the hair.
Flowers Venerina hair is very useful and have a lot of applications in the medical field. Therefore, we advise you to take a closer look at it.
Folk recipes with fern Venus hair
Miraculous tinctures can be made from venereal hair. They are effective in dealing with many problems, and are actively used by traditional healers.
Recipes with Venus Hair:
- Their venereal hair can be prepared anti-dandruff. To do this, you need to tear a bunch of fresh leaves, fill them with half a liter of water and boil for a quarter of an hour. After that, the composition is diluted with the same amount of pure water. You got a medical hair rinse.
- From a sore throat will help you a tablespoon of the plant, filled with a glass of boiling water. This remedy is infused for thirty minutes, after which it is used for gargling.
- To get rid of the boil, chop the foliage of venereal hair, and attach it to the formation.
- To get rid of cough, pour 50 grams of venereal hair, half liter of boiling water. Pour the composition into a thermos and leave it there insist during the day. The next day, drink the resulting product during the day.
- Purchase veneer hair juice and almond oil at the store. Mix the ingredients in equal proportions and use for rubbing with bronchitis.
This is not all prescriptions for drugs with venereal hair. However, those described by us have the best reviews. Therefore, their effectiveness can be no doubt.
About ferns go different omens. For example, it is believed that on the night when this plant will give flowers all desires will be fulfilled. Unfortunately, however, the fern cannot bloom because of its breeding method.
As for contraindications to venereal hair, they are not. It is necessary to take into account only the possible individual intolerance.
Care for Venus hair at home
Since hair Venus is a really useful plant, it should be grown at home. The easiest room to buy a fern in the store. However, it is quite a whimsical growth, so it is important to know how to care for it.
The plant Venus hair in culture multiplies mainly vegetatively - the division of rhizomes
Venus hair care:
- This plant is very sensitive to watering. Its soil should not be excessively dry and too moist. Venerin hair needs to be watered regularly, but moderately.
- Feed this plant from May to September. It uses liquid dressing, the dose of which is reduced by half.
- It is also important to monitor the humidity of the air in the room where the fern grows. He does not like dryness. Therefore, you will have to use special moisturizers.
Venus can not be called completely unpretentious. He does not like dryness and he needs a special watering. therefore, those who constantly forget to water the plant, such a fern will not work. However, the complexity of caring for venereal hair will pay off with its miraculous properties.
Flower Venus Hair (video)
Venerin hair is a fern, which has a mass of valuable properties for health. Therefore, it is widely used in traditional medicine. In addition, this flower has no contraindications. Therefore, you can safely use it for the treatment of various ailments. Be healthy!